Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 2, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 2, 1844 Page 1
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I'V I I III nil Ml II I "" nil I th: W Vol. X* Ho. OS-Wkolo No. 3660. To the Public. THE NEW YOKE HERALD?daily newipapor?pabliihed every day of the year except New Vear^deymna Fourth of July; Price 3 cents per copy?or ?/ jo per ar num?postage* paid?cash in advance. _ , , THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price 6J cent* per copy, or M 13 per annum? postage* paid, cosh in a trance. . ... ADVERTISERS are informed that the circulation of the Herald U over THIRTY THOUSAND, and increasing last. It has the largest circulation of any paper in this city, or the world, and is, therefore, the beet channel for hutinen fitn in the city or country. Prices moderate?cash in advane* PRINTING of all kinds executed at the most moderate price, and in the most elegant style. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PnormcTOB op thk Hvrai.o Establishment, Northwest corner of Fultpn and Naswmi streets. Niiv V ORKAND PHILADELPHIA ilA aAOAULIMI. DIRECT, ;Kox Nkwabk, NKWBau.-Mivrcx, Piunoxtoiv, Tacnrop, BoHDBNTQWN \tl? BuBLINOTOIV. THROUGH IN SIX HOURB. Leaving Mew > or'* doily from the loot of Courtlandt s?. Moniiuj Linest 1 A M.?Mail Pilot Line at Gi P. M. The Morning Lisa proceeds to florduuwwn, from thenoe by Steamboat to Philadelphia. The Ei ..wing Line proceeds direct to Camdea (opposite to FhitttLlphia) wiihont chaLge of cars. Piuo- ig ra will procure their tickets at the ofBce foot of Canrtlindt icr.-u, where a commodious sttamhoat, will be is readiness, with baggage, crates on board. Phil uk-lphia tiAgftuge crates are conveyed from city to city, wihout being opened By the way Each train is provided with a car io which are apartments and dowsing rooms expressly for the ladies' use. Returning, the lines leave Philadelphia from'the foot of Walant street, bv steamboat to Bordentnwn at 7 o clock, A. M and by railroad from Camden, at S o'clock, P. M. The lines for Baltimore leave Philadelphia at 1}i A. M., and A o M I-;.... . .?,: ? ?r ,u. i:??. r,.,.? V. yn,y j9 3m?m PITTS BURO, BY- THE PENNSYLVANIA CANAL fc RAILROADS Tim mprrior Line of Packet* i* now in CO * plet* o rder. New boat* hare be-u placed oa the Line, and every arraiigeir-nt made that cat be desired to lecme the comfort of traveller*. The interntira count-y whi-h the ronte pa*ie*,render* it the m"?c agremble that can he taken for the Wa*t. Kor farruli-e t sveM'ior wot ward it i* preferable to all other route*. N o effort hai been spared to male the accommodation* onboard th* boat* ample at d coin pie. '1 hey are in chare* of experienced, attentive, and obliging captain*. *o that the trip from PHILADELPHIA TO PITTSBURGH I* raaceredoue of pieiror* rather than toil. FARE ONLY $10. OFFICE N. E. CORNER FOURTH AND CHESTNUT STREETS, Where every informal on may be obtained. [Ty"" Ben'* may al*o be tecur-il at 13 aouth Third *t,and at the DEPOT. 274 .MARKET STREET, where the Car* ttart from every morning at S o'clock. m'i6 1 m rc A. CUMMINOS, Agent. ARRANGEMENTS KOR l#44 OLD ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE, 109 Pine street, corner of South. m. & m TMTb^I,kanw,kn^no^n*?i? tf\ Osl I Th^tfPnllDTI flf In^TIWllIl mid tlir public in, to the fallowing arrangement* for 1844, for the purpose of bringing out cabiu, 3<1 cabiu, and steerage passengers, by the Regular Liue of Liverpool Packets, sail iug the lst,6th, lUh, IbtJi. 31stand 36th of every month. By the London Paelten, to sail ism New York, the 1st, 10th and 30th?and from London on the 7th, 17th and 37th ofeach mouth. In connection with the above, and for the pnrpose of affording still greater facilities to passengers, the subscriber has established a regular line of fret class New York built, coppered and copper tastened ships, to sail punctually every week throughout the year. For the accommodation of persons wishing to remit money to their f undies or friends, drafts are giveu, payable at sight, on the following Banks, viz :? Proviupial Bank of Ireland, payable at Cork, Limerick, Cloninel, Londonderry, Sligo, Wetford, Belfast, Watarford, OaJway, Armagh, Athlone, Colerain. Balkna, Trelee, Youghal, Knniskillen, Monagnau, Banbridge, Ballymena, Parsonstown, Downpatrick, Cavan, Lurgan, Omagh, DanganuM, Bandon, F.nnis, Ballyshanuo Strabane, Hkibereen, Mallow, Moneymore, Cootchill, Kilrush, Dublin. Scotland?'The City Bauk of Glasgow. England?Messrs. Spooner, Atwood St Co. Bankers, London; R. Murphy. Waterloo lload, Liverpool; payable in every town in Great Britain. For further information (if by letter, post paid,) apply to JOSEPH McMURRAY, 100 Pine street, ccruer of South, re. Y. I Or Messrs. P. W. BYRNES fc CO, 36 Waterloo Road. J9 6m*re Liverpool STATEN ISLAND FERRY. ^ * Oc and alter Toes dry, Kebrnary 27th, the Boats will leave as follows, until furt: rr notice i? Leave Stolen Island. Leave New York. At 8)4 A. M. At 9 A. M. 10 12 " 5 P"M" P" v. n. On Bandar the boat will lsave at U instead ef 12. fe29rc .Mtn NOTICE?The S'eainbiat POUTS ^CySAeelaMOUTH is now being thoroughly rspsirrd SKsSHuHLand will be ready at the arening of navigation to taw boats intermediate to Troy, Albany sad New York This hoa* will h .ve c>parities for towing equal to any on the river; and it is h'jjed that it willpbtain a fair inpnort. m>il lm?rc P. OOMSTOCK. SPRING ARRANGEMENTS. BLOOMINi+OALE. MANHATTANVILLE AND FORT WASHINGTON LINE OF STAGES Fate ro Mabhettanville, 12)4 Cents. Fare to Fort Washi'gton-* 25 Cents. got** Trii Lineof Stages will commence tnnoing M ndiy, April 1, 1811, as follows Leavug Ma-.lia'taaviLe st 7 o'clock, A. M , aud co... u ,..g every hour unnl 6 P. M. l eaving New York, corner ot Tryon Row and Chatham st, two doo.a i ait of the Harlem Railroad Office, at 9 o'clock, A. M , and continue running every boar until 8 P. M '1 his Line of Stages p sees the rplun aud Lunatic Asyinma, Burnh.m's Mansion House, the Ahbey and Backer's Hutel, Trinity Church Cemetry, the High Bri ge aud hurt Washington. B moore; m27 lra*re Proprietor. ^PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. -POSS srtt DAILY, Sundays r scapred?Through Dir!L?^5j7>sCj|Urect at 7 P .\1., from tlii Steamb >at Pier b>3EsMZHQKatwe>-ii CoiirtHndt aud Liberty str-ets. Tie ste-mboat KNICKERBOCKER. Captain A. P. St. John, Mond y, Wrdnes ay an i Friday, at 7 P. M. The Sie-.mnoat ROCHESTER, Captain A. Honghton, on Toesdav, Thursday and Sate'day, at 7 P. M At Five o'clock P. M.. L?udisg at urn m-J-at.* Places:? 'Ihedt mloat < UllTIS PECK. ( Wm. H. Peek, M' uJay_. Wttln vdav. Fri 'ay,jmdjunrlay, at 5 P._M. 1 lie Saeainoojt iV > i 11 fi 'if. >iie/\, o.iwsiu win. n. Tioe?dell, iVesd v Thut ad y end Saturday ct S 1*. M. i.f'a irimcr.i i.ik' th * lift' of bouts will arrive in Albany in ami le tuae to take the Morning Train of Can for theea?t or L>~The above Boats aw new and snbstantial. are formatted with new and eiegant State Rooms. an J for speed and accomuiodatioxs areun-ivaHed on the Hudson. Korp.vssagc or freight, apply on board, er to P. C. Schultz at theomceou the whirl. al NEW YOilK, ALHANY, AND TROY STEAMnOAT LINE. ^ dM jgM AKRANOKMENTH FOR. 1144?MORNf*llt II J*''"" LINE-Krom the foot if Barclay est, I iMTr n' ^ o'clock A. M., \Sundays excepted.) The Stesmboat TROY, Cart. A. Uorham. and The Steamboat KM I' I RE.C apt. S. R. line. Kveiling Line?Direct from the foot of Courtlamlt street, at 7 o'clock P. M. [Suui'.aya excepted 1 The Steamboat SHALLOW, C7*Pt. A. McLeon, and The Steamboat ALB AN Y, Cant. It. B. Mary. The proprietors of the New York. Aibiny and Troy Lite would respectfully iilorm the public tnat their boats have during the recess of navigation the past winter, been refuted and replenished throughout, and many improvarmuts Vrled to tho comfort of the traveller The Troy and Empite. aa heretofore, Will form Ike Moraine Line, from the Steamho<t Pier foot 01 Birc'cy itreet, runniag daily [8uadays excei ted] making the principal intermediate landings en the River. The Swallow and Albany will form the 7 o'clock Evening LincflAroug/idirecfld.ily (Sundays (excepted.) Theabor. boats urc of tbefirit class ol Steimboata. and for peed and accommadationa are ucaurpaaaed, and what is of greater inreresr to the traveller, are nuder :he eornmand of officers well known to the public?their names clone ia a sufficient guarantee of kind attention, civil deportment nud safe management. New York. March U 1844. m!5ec PASSAGE FROM ENGLAND, IRELAND, SCOTLAND AND WALES, VIA LIVERPOOL. Mg- THE luhseriher has mad* nnertnallnd arra, g*m?nt? WnVyfor hringug out emigrants this rear. 1844. Thoar dsUklb>en'liuK lor ih?ir frieuda would do well to apply at the old wtablislied racket office nf JOHN HV'.nnMAN, #t South at N. B.?The nhlei cl this line now leave Liverpool every five dava, anldr fia can aa naual be furnished for on v amount, payable at nil the principal banking institutions throughout the united buadora. apply "* anon. rc " jJOj. rOH LIVKHPOOL-The New Line Heialw tMtfWPacket list April.?Tha lartfior Ntw York boilt ASSR^ckPt .hip LI VkHPOOL. Capt John Kldridp.lUO tont brmh-ti, will tail u abort, bar wulir day. . For freight or paataga, havinc wy tnpenor iiccoranaoda'ioiu, apply tt &. Cartain tl Houlh it. rnceof ravage 9IC0. The taperior paean thip Queen of the W?t, Capt Philip Woodhnutn, iiO toot barmen. will tuccerd the Liverpool, end Mil on tier regular dav.itit May m?toA21c FOR r ALL.?The tloop THOMAS COL * KR JHMW.af8iag Slug, now laying at tha foot of Spring itreet, JfijHBgpNaw York. Hha wat built by Thomat Colyer, at Ring 8i"K. *n^ '? "JT TTK" ?'d> *"d one of the failctt anil beit bnilt tlooj* on the Hodton nrer. Sht it centre-board, and of light draught of w*t'r.' enrriet about 120 tont, and ia well adartrd for thefreighUug or lain bar botineat. For farther particular* apply to JoIKph AOATfc, . . Broadway, New York, Adminiitrmtor of the-nttate of Franklin Agate, decanted. mi 1m*ee FOR L1VKBFOOjL?New Line?ltegplar Picket iHkof 20 th Apnl?The tn'mdid packet thip BIO DON 8, JjuUlJapt K. B. Cobb, oi 1080 tont, will tail aaabore, her l"o*fr?ight or putage, haring aecimmodaiinta uneouatled'iidor or comfurt, appl> oa board, at Orleant wharf, Toot of Wall etreet, or to ^ ^ COLLINS It CO. M Sonth at Th?pack-TItnP Sheridan, Capt. J F.Depayjter. of 1000 tont, will sacoreil th# SiUdom.and sail tha Mth af May, har ragular ,Upittengeri may rely on the ihiptof thin line taileg rnnetnally at adrertiieO. ' to ***fB ""]?? FOR LIVERPOOL?Packet of the ?. AprilteHHWThe interior, fast tailing Packet ahip 8HA.KSJmK&PKARk.. Captain Minor, will ponitiyely tail at abore. h?r regular day. . . Hhe hit tup-rior accommodation* for cabin,tecond cabin and , paateiitert. Thotn withing to tecum btrtht thould 01 9o.tb.tmt. E NE NE THE CHEAT CCITHOVERSV IN TIE I EPISCOPAL CHURCH, j PASTORAL LETTER. To the Laity op my Pastoral Charge :? ? Brethren, beloved in the Lord? v Certain of your body have published and disse- ? minaled a document bearing tneir names, designed v to place me before vou as an arrogant assumer o( ii prerogative beyond the just claims of my office, ? and therefore as one un wot thy of your confidence, C and obnoxious to the disrespect and suspicion of the community. I have no regret, on my own ac- h count, that they have thus frankly expressed them- ? selves in their own names. My firm and fearless | adoption and vindication of measures conscien- | tiously deemed by me to be inseparable lroni the n faithful discharge of my official obligations and re- t spousibilities, have called forth manifestations of " ill will and hostility, both privately and publicly ex- ^ pressed, to which, from their unonynious and irre- 1 sponsible character, or from other sufficient causes, " 1 deemed it neither a demand of duty, nor a die- i tate of propriety, to make any answer. Now, how- f ever, i am accused before the church and the r world under names deserving respectful considera- i tion ; names, too, which give painful evidence v that there has been a subjection of understanding " to feeling, and of principle to passion, in quarters ' where I would have little expected it. \ Iain accused of a high-handed measure of ty- t, ranny, and of an unprincipled trampling on the ( rights of the laity, in the manner in which I treated t the movement of the Hon. John Duer, ut the close d of our last convention. i That movement was a censure upon my conduct f in a matter of pastoral counsel to the clergy and 1 people of my charge. The censure was contained r in a document, signed, or to be signed, by that ' gentleman ana others, and brought forward by a him, without the accompaniment of any resolution, und evidently on the presumption that lie, and t they," and any others, had a right to spread upon t the minutes any document which they might see ? fit to prepare, even without a resolution designed ' to test the sense of the convention whether the li- " berty should be takeu or not. , . On principles which will be duly appreciated by $ all lovers ot good order, i was instantly convinced i that duty to the body over which I presided de- I manded of me to save it at once from such an outrage. I adopted the course marked out by duty. I am blamed, however, for not having allow- 1 ed an explanation. The whole matter having been an unjustifiable assumption of prerogative; (hat is, an assumption ot the right of members to spread what they please upon the minutes of the convention, I could be faithful to my trust as the head of that body, laden with peculiar responsibility in the preservation of its good order, only by running 1 the risk of refusing sanction to, or co-operation with, such disorderly proceedings. I could in no way recognize their admissibility. 1 say running the risk : for upon the unhallowed principles which are so often allowed to govern human conduct, there might have been?I felt the possibility, but feared it not?an applying of the maxim which gives to power the control of right, and I might have been put down by acclamation. But (Jod be thanked ! I have a which fears Him and loves righteousness ; which has ever been distinguished forchurch knowledge, church principles, and sound church sympathies; and which had proved, years before, how surely it was to be found on the side of right, when disturbance is bred within it.? The principles in which my distinguished predecessor, Bishop Hobart, so often found security and refuge in his trials tor the church's good, were still its characteristics ; and 1 was nobly sustained ; as appeared by manifestations immediately alter the adjournment, and has ever since continued to appear by the most unquestionable tokens.? These have made my dioceso dearer than ever to my heart. In the spirit of one of those noble sallies of conscious rectitude, and Arm, pure, and tinblenchcd purpose, which were so characteristic of Bishop Hobart, and which he manifested when, some thirty years ago, an effort was made in convention to interfore with his episcopal prerogatives, but was put down by what 1 trust will ever be the tone of New York churchmanship?I would say, brethren, I thank you lor the sound principles and correct feelings you have manifested, and the right stand you have taken ; but allow me frankly to say, that highly as I am gratified by your support, and truly strengthened as I ieel by your concurrent opinions, I should, in any event, have persevered in my purpose. But it may be said that room should have been allowed for explanation, which might have resulted in the offering of a resolution that the proposed document be entered oil he minntes, as a protest. The abstract right of protest it ia unnecessary lor me toldiscuss. Kmiuent civilians have sustained my course on tnc sauna principle connected with that subject I regard the chief question, however, as not that of the right of protest. It is a principle ot common justice, that when official prerogatives are conferred, and correspondent responsibility defined, by competent authority, rights are thus invested in the subject ol those prerogatives and of that responsibility. That is, the person clothod with the prerogatives has a right to claim exemption from any other restriction in their exercise, than is involved in the prescribed mode and measure of responsibility. Among the most generally acknowledged maxims of good government, is to be ranked that which makes especial application ef this principle to those who are invested with peculiarly weighty official responsibilities ; and such as subject them, for the public good, to marked exposure, to popular misunderstanding aud ill-will. The protection ot these in the conscientious and independent discharge of duty, has ever been a leading object in every well-regulated polity. The Church has not neglected it. In consideration of the grievous weight of official responsibilities imposed tijioii her Bishops?often of the most delicate nature, in solving points peculiarly obnoxious to misunderstanding aud censure, and having connections and bearings, and leading to processes, which must necessarily be kept, at least lor a time, from public observation?she ha9 furnished them with securities in their official acts, which every sound and intelligent friend of social order and good government sees to be necessary to sustaining them in the righteous, fearless, and indepeudent administration of their episcopate. r\ %_ D:^l,nM n??. /sartAitlisnllr roinnnoihla nnlv hv thtiir ami-nubility to trial on presentment by their respective conventions, of by any three of their own order. Within this responsibility they are cunenically secured and protected in the discharge of their duties. In no other way ran they be called to uccount. Any judgment upon them, 1 or censure of them, in other modes, is irregular, uncaironical, and an infringement upon their rights Such judgment and censure were attempted to he passed by the signers of Mr. filler's document. I fear those gentlemen?and the remark applies in principle to those whojhave signed the late appeal to you? were little conscious of the extent to which they hail suffered themselves to be drawn for the purposes intended by that paper. Their act was an im[ieachmenl of an individual before a tribunal to which he was not legally responsible, except so far as it might choose to exercise its right as a presenter for trial. But nothing was brought before it in this light. It was to be made the instrument, through its minutes, of condemning the Bishop for abetting unchrisnan conduct aud unsound doctrine. On what principle of justice, and of regard for equal rights, could these gentlemen ask of me to allow myself to be judged and censured by the Convention I Will they carry the doctrine on which their procedure was based into any connection that they may sustain with the administration of civil justice 1 1 trust you see, brethren, what is obvious to every sound Churchman, the correctness of the distinction between ray position in the Convention as Bishop of the Diocese, and as President of the Convention. In my former capacity, it is both my prerogoti,ve anil duty, as the chief pastor of the diocese, togive to its couacil,and through that to my whole spiritual charge, such religious instruction, advice, -md exhortation, as to me may seem right and proper. And this lathe prerogative,-brethren, which I said, and now say, and which 1 should he unworthy of your confidence, and of the oversight of you which the Holy (Ihost has given me, if I should aver hesitate to say, I will assert, and maintain, and exercise, to the last extremity. Such are the grounds, brethren,'on which I aver that any resolution offered to the Convention going to impugn any of the Bishop's acts, whether in the discharge of his peculiar episcopal prerogatives, or those of his pastoral iftlce, except in the shape of a proposed impeachment of him for trial, is irregular, disorderly, uncanonical, anil an invasion of his rights. The President of the Convention | is therefore hound to refuse to receive it as utterly out of order. I Even in the matter of advice, ao wisely cautious, con ervative, and just are our canons, that they provide each Uishop, in the Diocesan Htanding Committee, with his proper advisers in his official transactions. The inter Terence of conventions, therefore, in this matter, directly or indiroctly, is out of order. Here is another important 1 security to our Bishops in the dischargeof their functions. , And while law thua prescribes and settle* the mode and measure of their resjionsihility, it thus also, as before observed, secures their right*. All reaching beyond it in r 'he latter, and ail invasion of its bounds in the former, are ' necessarily of an unjust, oppressive, and radical character 1 and tendency. Nor ii this principle, brethren, confined to episcopal 1 rights and prerogative*. It applies also to the clergy and I laity. Suppose n proposition nad com* before tha Convention impeaching the character and conduct of one of 1 the clergy, in any thing that he may have done, or any counsel that ho may have given, in his pastoral capacity, 1 or in consequence of any thing that may have appeared i in his parochial or missionary report, as spread upon the journal ; think ye that I would have allowed of it* being ' entertained ? No, surely, I would have reminded the ? Convention that they were not a Judicial body, and had no right to pass judgment on the clergy of the diocese, ' snd would have fearlessly and utterly refused to subject any of my clergy to such an invasion of their rights. Suppose, too, dear brethren of the laity?for the suppo- ' sition comes lairly within the scop* of the matter by which a few of your brethren have endeavored to array you against me?suppose that a member of the Conven- . 'ion should rise and offer a document for entry on tho mi- ? nutes designed to lade nny of you with charges unfavora- , bly affecting your character and standing as members of c the Church ; think you that I would so far forget your f right* as to allow you to be thus arraigned before a tiody , t which the Church has not made you responsible T I , rust you know me too well to think so. t No, brethren, f am for law and order 1 thank Ood ^ that these, as provided in eur branch of the Church, so < W YO :w YORK, TUESDAY MO tappUy accord with the great catholic principle* which ur Divine Lord and Maater hai established for His mys-1 B ical body. By these I wish to abide. These I commend Pre i your serious consideration and study. These I would T ave yon press home to your consciences in all that you and o touching the Church's interests These 1 would have A ou ever bear in mind with on especial reference to your the itueuship in heaven, and your attaining to union there wai /ith the Church of the first-born. The world lias invest- tior d tho Church on earth with certain civil rights, and thus per sith a correspondent civil character. They are valuable / a their way. But let them all perish, before a worldly tog pirit enthrals the Church, or one jot or one tittle ol strt .hrist's ordinances in her behalf is sacrificed. C I trust you new see, brethren, that the appeal which no' as been made to you is unfounded and unjust. It calls h n you to coudemu your Bishop in a way utterly unau- the liorized by the Church. I affectionately commend what h have now said touching it,to your serious consideration, stn think it will satisfy you?that is, those of you, not ma- t iy I trust, who hud doubts?that your Bishop has not 10."> ransccnded his powers, or forfeited his claim to the con- 1 idence which he has so long enjoyed from you ; that lie of 1 ins but done his duty i and that there is no teason why leei he peace, good order, and godly quiet of the diocese A liould be invaded, and the churacter which it has ever ths naintoiued as a sound branch of the Catholic Church be 1 eopaided, by any thing connected with the parochial civil reli ranchise which you are soon to be called to exer- tur ise. In this, as a civil matter, I would leave you tho iptiroly unrestrained. But as a matter connected Co viththe Church of the Living Ood, the spouse and body wa if Christ, and thus with your spiritual character anil J iopps, I must, as the pastor of your aouls, pray yon to be- Boi vare how you commit yourselves Let the solemn fast of / 'ussion Week be duly observed. Let the Holy Kucharist sen ie received, in all Christian preparation of heart, on the J Jreat taster Festival. Then, seeking by special prayer sto< Jod's guidance and blessing, go to the election of War- ma lens and Vestrymen, in the fear of Ood, and as a matter / nvolving solemn Christian responsibilities. Let spiritual of :onsiderations and views preponderate with you ; ami wh ay deeply to heart the blessings which God's word pro- pre lounces ou those who love, and seek, and pray fur, the refi >eace of Jerusalem ; and its awful maledictions on those we vho foment and encourage therein disorder, contention, J md strife. lot And may Ood, dear brethren, bo with you! Directed (A >y His most gracious favour, and furthered with Ids con- fer fimal help, may you?humbly, sincerely, and disinterest Ah sllv devoted to His glory, and the spiritual and eternal juil velfareof yourselves and your fellow men?so dutifully wa ind piously demean yourselves as members of the Church do' ixemplary in all its requirements, and timling your chief Co oy in the promotion ol its spiritual interests, the enlurg- rig ng of its borders, and the strengthening of its legitimate J loly influences, that finally you may attain to the glory, tab lonor, and immortality of its triumphant state in hea- i ven! the Ood grant such blessing to you all, through Jesus ma ?Krlat nnr RIubbo/I 1 .rtrii ftn.l Sittrinnr f 111 From your affectionate pastor, hir BENJ. T. UNDERDONE, pui Bishop of New York. me Nt.w York, March 23, 1844. j _________ co) General Seuloni. ^ Before Recorder Tallmadge and Aldermen Hatfield and Purdy. j Jonas B. Phillips, Esq .Acting District Attorney. _a, April 1.?Commencement of the Jipiil Term ?This Court g,.( net this morning agreeable to law.and thcfollowiug calenlar was presented of cases to he tried,viz Manslaughter I; Uohhery in the first degree 1 ; Burglary 8 : Grand L*r;eny 7 ; Embezzlement 1; lnsnring Policies in Lottery 1; L'ontempt of Court 1?Making in the total 19 cases; in ad- m( lition to which 16 persons had beeu previously indicted, w, tnd two held as witnesses?so that all the cases amount to anly 37. nu The Grand Iiu/iicst,?The names of persons summoned to is GranilJurors were called,and tlie following appeared to (u| terve and were sworn, viz :? t,,, Elias L. Smith, Foremau; John Conway, Lucius S. t0; Domstock, John Campbell, Thomas Dugan, Frazer Dun- u? ham, Jeremiah Dodge, John J. Fisher, John <J. Fisher, n,, Deorge 11. Hibbard, Joseph Keeher, Abraham Miller, John un Smith, Edward Shortell, James E. Wood, Harvey Weed, lacob A. Westervelt, and Isaac V. Briggs?18. ca The Charge.?The Recorder briefly charged the Urand Jury, lii.s lemarks being principally directed to the law (jf governing elections; spoke of tne evil of Junk shops, and Quitter congratulating the inquest on the smallness of the wl salendar, requested them to retire and proceed to busiaess. Kp Other Grand Jurors?Leonard K. Smith and James H. Iloughtaling appeared afterwards, aud were sworn as ro Grand Jurors. The Petit Jury.?As customary, eighty.four petit jurors fa were summoned, but only 23 appeared to serve. Finer.?A fine of $25 each was imposed on nine grand |js and petit jurors for non-attendance at the last term of the Court. Trial for Forgery,?Harvey Van Tassell, an aged man, was then called to trial, indicted for forgery in the second nr degree. This unfortunate man was charged with passing it counterfeit $10 bill on the Middlebury Bank of Vermont on the 35th of last January, at the store of Abi ahum Solo on, No. 104 Diruiou street, in payment of $3 for the pur- w chase of amutr. The Prosecution, in order to establish the scienter, or guilty knowledge that the bills were bad, called James C , Andrews, of No. 450 Grand street, and also a clerk in Wood's tool store, corner of Chatham and Duune streets, vt to show that the accused passed two others the same evening at their respective stores. w The Defence called Alderman Hatfield, and many other 10 respectable citizens, to testify to the good character of the prisoner previous to the present accusation. cc The jury found the prisoner guilty, and the Court sentenced him to the Htate Prison for live Tears. There were '3 four other indictmenti agaiust him. Trial of Gulick, the Militia Fine Collector.?This person was next tried for an assault and battery, on Mrs. Frances m i'hillips, a young married German female, of No I3ti Attorney street, committed on her person on the 29th of Sep- r' temher last. The prosecutrix deposed that on the day in question, ~~ Gulick came to her house, and proceeded to take away a bureau, clock rocking chair, See , while her husband was absent, and as she was conscious that neither herself or 11 husband owed aught, sho' refused to allow him to take "F the property, upon which he kicked her in several places on tua body, and caused her to vomit ranch Mood. She J" was io the family way at tha time. He also snatched her * 1 child from her "arms, and threw it on the door. She was confined to her bed lor some time afterwards in consequence of the injuries received. 'M Amklia Pmivkr deposed to being present, and saw Mrs. ,, Phillips bleeding Irom the mouth, and her arms scratched >vl Barbara Ho?K.NSi.Ar K deposed to the same effect; Gtl lick was then coming down stairs. 11,1 The defence rested their caso on the grounds that On- ? lick was at the time lawfully employed collecting a militia fine, and levying on the goods, and used no more vio- I lenco than was nt cttsaary to make the levy, as Mrs Phillips resisted his authority, for which purpose theycallrd his two caitmen, named Stephen Underbill and .Samuel "I Vanvelsor. The Jury did not agree on a verdict, tight being for a conviction, and four for acquittal. A strange 0 affair. Pfra o/friii'/iy.?Henry C. Barnes impleaded with Hervey Van Tassel, indicted for forgery in passing the fit counterfeit hills on the Middlehury Bonk, Ct., pleaded . guilty, and the Court sentenced him to the State Prison lor five years. ,ir Adjourned to Tuesday at 11 o'clock. 0. S. Circuit Court. as Before Judge Betts. ^ Amu. 1.?After his Honor had taken his seat, and the usual proclamation made for opening the Court, the fol- 0( lowing gentlemen were sworn of the grand juryrn John Morrison, Foreman; Kdmund Anderson, Jared P. tB Adee, Peter J. Bogart, Patrick Brennan, John Cumerford, ca Calvin Condit, John Culver, George Fickctt. Wood Geleson, Jabcz Gardner, Joseph B. Hart, William flurry, f0 Andrew B. Haxtun, James W. Hall, Daniel U. Miller, 0f' Hiram Nott, Lewis lleynolds, Charles M. Talbott, John G. Trihhletts. w, The Judge, who seemed to be laboring under the effects 0II of his recent illness, briefly addressed the jury. He said |C| he was happy to inform them there was hut a few cases on the calendar, and in all probability they would bu de- j,;| talned but for a short time?alter which he withdrew. rj,. One or two unimportant motions were next disposed of, and the Court intimated to the bar that the criminal business would not be taken up until the 16th of April, but irum that day would be continued for the remainder of ?0 the term?that on the first Monday of May the civil calendar would be taken np, and the intermediate time he- nn t ween this and the I Ath of April would he devoted to die- j trict business and honkrnptcy cases. H, Tht Harry Case JtRdin ?Mr. John A. Barry presented a | petition praying for a habeas corpus to be directed to his toi wife and others to bring up the bedy ot his child. The petlfion was handed to the clerk, and the matter stands >ver for further consideration. The Court adjourned nn- flli ;il this morning. ' 'O Vice Chancellor'* Court. thi Before the Assistant Vice Chancellor. C? Amu. 1.?Vecitiont?MWtr vi. Mal're?Bill dismissed ,. 1 rith costs. l!" Martin ft. Mat on, ft al?Decree declaring trust for llinnr* If Mmnn pntitlpil' tn rnrnDpncntinn Executors of Storm vi.Storm,it at?Decree tYiftt executor* 0 night *<.'11 in tluiir discretion, nnd that tha two Bnrmer's aim ''.ich one-fifth of the sharo of Ann Storm. Mr*. Joopcr's portion to he vested in trustees. Ilauli hen M. Krteham and the public administrator, 4r? lillof interpleader sustained, Complainants costs to he >aid, and defendants to interplead Banta vi. Garner and otheri?Bill dismissed with costs, C" is to Van Brunt, kc. Harder't at vi. Harder it at?Decree, complainants enitled to the Irish and Claverick farms. No costs to either r"' >arty. ""i tiridley vi. Domett?Decree, complainant entitled to redit on hi* mortgage, $000 and interest, residue of his , ;laims disallowed without prejudice. '1 Wardell vt Patchem?Decree, plaintiff" to pay balance of mn Vewhead's deht, with interest ahd costs. Welti and wife, pi. Hitchcock?Defendent not entitled to etain the trust fund as claimed. Decree to account, and or new trust. Costs and further direction reserved. , ?????? ter Steam Frtoate Princeton.?On Saturday, the tio tropeller of this frigate was examined, nnd to the urpriseof every one, upwards of iso lathomsof a hawser vere found reeled closely around it to the tiiicknes* of a < ommon size hogshead. This incumbranc&ad impeded ' ter sailing from 13 to 0 knots an hour. Tnv hawser, it vill be recollected, was a part of the towing line by which he was attached te the brig Caraccas, which she under- . ook to tow down the Delaware several weeks ago. The lawserin question was cut off" the propeller In length* of < Ive and six fcft?fhil, Inquirer, April 1. M, >RK ] i RNING, APRIL 2, 1844 Common Council. oaed or Aldcrmkn, Monday, April 1.?Aid. Puaotr aideut. 'he minutes of the last day's proceedings were read I approved. layor's h'elo. -A message was received from Hia Honor Mayor, vetoing the resolution to flit the polls iu the 16th d different lrorn what they hud been at the last elecl The polls remaiu in statu >/uo, an they stood at that iod. 'cliliont Referred. ?Krom owners of steamboat Sarua, for exclusive use of slip lietween Jay and lluane lets. ii nsnmongers ai r unou itiaruei, praying noi 10 oe reveil from that quarter, as contemplated by the Hoard, rom citizens, praying to have a regulation between Bloomingdale lloail and Kait River, i om Samuel Trice, ottering to purchase lot 363 William set. rom John Brinkley, olt'ering to purchase lots 103 and Chatham street. irporti ? la l'avor of refunding to Thomas Hall a sum ?10, paid by him under some erroneous impression as i, in takiug out a Ganger's license, lltiiniing slicense to butchars to sell meat otherwise in by the quarter. n favor of umeiiuing the assessment law, in so far as it ates to personal tax, with a memorial to the Legislue to puss a law on that subject, which proposes to ailirize the Board of Supervisors, instead of the Board of aimon Council, to remit erroneous taxes. The report s adopted, on motion of Alderman Wood hull, till. Wooohuli. objected to giving new powers to the ml of Supervisors. lid. Pi'roy was opposed to any infringement of the pre>t regulation of the law on this subject, lid. Scolks was in favor of altering the law as it now od, and the advantages by such a regulation were nifust. lldermnn Pi hot was astonished to see the Alderman the 14th Ward looking for un alteration of this law, en he himself had acted and fully concurred in its ivisions. However, modern theorists were hunting for arm, and the wise and salutary provisions of this law re now sorglit to he altered. tlderman Scoi.r.s, in reply to the gentleman from the h Ward, had only to remark, that, in relation to his Id. Scolus') course oi action on the subject, he had rereil, but had taken his course, just according to the ilerman of the 10th, whose long experience, skill and Igment had given lrim such sound knowledge, that be s guided by him. According to the doctrine laid tvn by the gentleman from the 10th, whatever the mmon Council had done for the last century, was ht and proper. tl/tarnmn WnmiMi i.i. moved to lnv th#? mpmnrinl nn thp lie. Mdernan IYrdy felt that it was an unjust censure on isa who had been in office for a long term of years, to ke this alteration. There were sucli men as Stephen ten, whose long experience and high character stamped n as a person of the most unsullied integrity, and the sage of such an act would imply a censure on such u as he wss. Mderman Woodhull felt that as this practice was reunified for over onu hundred years, and had been in ration so long, it would be unwise to alter it; he, theree,was of opinion this whole subject ought to be laid on I table. Uderrnan Scolf.s contended that there was no law that ve the Common Council power to enact ; and this is the it time the question has been raised. Vlderman Waterman was ot opinion that investing the ard of Supervisors with such powers as contemplated the Report would be unwise. Fhe question on laying on the tabic was tskcn ; and, on ition, the subject mutter of the Report and Memorial ire ordered to be laid on the table. Mderman IYrdv ottered a resolution, which was unanilusty adopted, proposing that it be referred to the mayor forward the same to the Legislature, praying the pasje ot a law authorising tho Supreme ( ourt to hold one rm each year in the city of New York ; and a second rclution in favor of protection of mechanics' labor, and ainst employing the inmates of the State prison ia the mufacture of articles of trade ; both resolutions were lunimously adopted. Reports, from the Hoard of Assistants, in favor of appliBta for office, were taken up. Reports, in favor of the appointment of James P. Vanrpool, as Inspector of Lime ; P. Kavanah as Inspector wards; and Nathaniel Murphy, as Inspector of Lime, ere adopted. Report, in favor of the appointment of M. Davis, as inector of Lime, was referred beck, with objections. Resolution in favor of lighting the Common Council om with gas, was passed. Report from the Committee on Roads and Canals, iu voi of William Carr, was referred back Report, in favor of giving extra compensation to Wflim Fay, for digging a well, was referred back. Resolution, in favor of )>aving 14th street?passed. Resolution, in iavor oi paving Battery place?referred. Resolution, in favor of building a sewer in 23d street, ar 4th avenue?adopted. Resolution, in iavor of lighting Canal street, Houston reet, and Clinton place with gas, was passed Also, in vor of lighting Contra straw! anil Rronrae street, which as lost. The Beard then adjourned. Boaro or Assistants.?Assistant Alderman Browne in ie chair. The minutes of the two last meetings wen ind and approved. I'utition oi U. Keelan to be allowed to remove a smal oodun building in Twenty First street to a small dis nee from where it staeds?granted. Petition of Edward Phelan to correct tax?referred tc } III III 11 ICC UI1 WAC?. Petition of Wm. Reed to be relieved from tax?referred i committee on taxes. Tetition of Jacob Moore and otheri to be allowed to coa ruct a drain at their own expenie. Referred to Com ittee on streets. Tetition of John Lynch to be paid carriage hire?refer id to committee on finance. Petition of Thomas Winterbotom to be relieved from tas referred to committee on taxes The reading of rejioi ts ol committees were next in order Jte]>ort of committee on application for otlico on the potion of Stephen Cuiry to be appointed weigher and in icctor of bale liny?accepted. Repoit of committee on wharves and slips in favor ol ling tip the west side of Coenties Slip und widening rout street?referred to counsel to the corporation. Report ol Street Committee in lavorof regulating Avete II at 13th street, and the hulk[head between 17th and th streeta?accepted. Report of Street Committee in favor of renumbering ing street under direction of street inspector- accepted Report of same committee in favor of building a well id erecting a pump in 41st street near Bloemingdale Road accepted lte|K>rt of street commissioner in favor ol repaying i>ring street between Crosby and Kim streets- accepted Report of street committee (adopted by the Board of A1 trmen) in favor of allowing owners of property in tin |iper part ot the city to erect court yards?concurred in Resolution calling for information trom inspector o mps and gas?adopted. The ordinance for the reorganization of the Crotor r|uediict Department waa taken up, read by sections and issed with a few slight amendments. On motion of Assistant Alderman PrTTioaiw, the report the committep on the ordnance was read and accepted ul committee discharged. The ordinance was then received and passed by its title The board took a recess for 30 minutes. Remonstrance and memorial, signed by 147 citizens ;amst granting tlia pier at the loot of Duane street to the lie Railroad Company ; the reading was called for, aftci hich it was referred to Committee on Finance. Document No '1.1, being a majority and minority repor the joint special committee on the supplementary mc orial of Messrs. Kllicott, for relief in the mattei of cer in pipe contracts was next taken up and the reading lied tor. The majority report recommended the adoption of tin Uowing resolution, which waa appended to the repor the Finance Committee Resolved, That the Comptroller he directed to draw hit irrant in tavor ol Kllicott k Brothers for, $10,943 So, uptheir giving a receipt in full for loss on contracts of war pipes, and charge to account of Croton Water Board. The minority report was averse to the claims of Messrs. licott, and recommended the adoption of the lollowiug solution Resolved, That the petitioner* havo leave to withdruw rir petition. A ft..r considerable discussion it was referred to the Cor. ration Counsel The rule* warn suspended and the following petition* d document* were pres'ented I'etition of Jacob Ilackther, to be relieved lrom tax.? iferred to < Committee on Finance retitionof E Godfrey, for reliel from taxes. Referred Committee on Assessments. Iltportffrum Committee on Public Offices end Repairs? favor of paying money to several person*. Ordered on 5. Vnprrnfromth' Horn 4 of .lldrrmrn ? Resolution adverse the bill now in progress in the Legislature for locating s Supreme Court permanently in the city af Albany.? incurred in. Itesolutien in favor of the bill now before the I.egislareto abolish State Prison labor ,was ncxt|brought|undrr i consideration of the Roard. Concurred in. Ftesolution, that the office of the Clerk of the Common iiinril be lighted with gas. Adopted. Adjourned to Monday evening at Oo'clock In Ch?ne?i*)r. Before the Vice Chancellor. Aprii. 1.?Dxcisions?Sprint vs. Vandrrpoalt.?In this to his Honor said the suit had become defective (but t abated) by the bankruptcy of the complainant, and fore any further proceeding* could be had, the bankpt's assignee must be made a party to the suit. The ition must therefore be denied. Thr North Rirrr Inttirrmrr Company VS. Jairph C. miry and IVifr .? In this case the exceptions to the mas'* report must be overruled, with costs to be taxed?the ister's report to stand confirmed, and the surplus to be id over to A. C. Burr. Superior Court. Aran. I.?Term began in this Court to-day. After the m jury were awoin, the Court proceeded to hear taons, which occupied the remainder of the day. Court Calsnflar?This Day, fuprPior Couai ? I, 3, 3, 6, 8, 9, 30, 10, II, 15, 13, 14, 10. yiacuiT Coort?Nos. 00, 66, 67, 6h, 71, 73, 73, 77, 33, ',01,43,64,78,70,80, 85.83,80,86,87,88, 80, 00, 91, 03, 00, 06, 98 99, 100, 101, 103, 103, 104, 100, 106, 108, 100 1, 111, 115,113, 114, 110,116, 117, 118, 110. roMMO* Pi.pai?No*. 3,61, 10, 6, 7,8, 13, 31, 40 10, 11, 30, 44. -3HERA Circuit Court. Ann. I.? Edwards adi. Reynoldt?This case w hich hail been tried before, aud hut been twice noticed in the Herald, both of Saturday and Sunday, was summed up " to-day by Counsel. It wat a transaction on a landlord's warrant brought to recover tho amount of a ipiantity of household furniture, taken before thu rent became due. The articles were seized on the 30th of April, 1843. and the rent fell due not until the first of May. Tlii* cum! rested at both aide* on (Saturday. Counsel iummeil up thii day, and the Court charged, vi The Jury will render a sealed verdict thin morning A j] verdict at the former trial was rendered for (tKM) in the Supreme Court. " Court of Common Plena. Before Judge Lilshooirer. ^ Aran. 1.? H". II. Mftstnger ri. J. II. Hamilton rt at.? Hint to Landlords. This wiu an action of Trover B ver the amount of value of a quantity of household furni- i. turo taken under a landlord's warrant from the plaintllt' I'laintitt'occupied as sub-tenant, and the principal ques- U lion was to ascertain, if under the act of ltt-W (known as the exemption law) a tenant not residing on the premises, j| was entitled to tho benetit of that law, which reserves lor ri the occupant a sum of (160 tree from levy or distress ? The law enumerates a certain class of articles?such as c mechanics' tools and instruments used by artizans, w hicli h are exempt froin the operation of the law apart from other ii property, consisting ot household furniture and such like articles. It was shown in evidence that the house win r stripped of the property and that vurions articles, the property of a sub-tenant, were taken away. fi The jury rendered a verdict ol (140 damages for plain- v tlCMM tf cents costs. d The Court adjourned to this day. ( ?? tl City Intelligence. Police Ofllce?>Hvlls or Justice?Moxrsv.?Knock- Jj ki> Uow.x and llo ii in o ix thk Srnnr.?While a peaceu- " tile citizen, named Ilenry llardenbrook, of No. 70 James street, was passing, last evening, down Oak street to his c' hnuso, some mttians sallied from that Delations haunt for the depraved, culled " Liverpool Alley," and he was most jj cruelly beaten, and robbed of (30. Watch was called, but 1 no response, and the villains run off Subsequently, how- j( ever, an arrest was made and a scoundrel, named William t Miller, was arrested ns one of the pernetrntors of this C gross and tlagrant outrage., and he is fully committed to a answer for this high handed oll'ence, llow long is our u city to be ii.iested with these miserable haunts for ti the depraved, receptacles for the wretched, the owners of the property fattenin on the spoils ? Shame ! Another Burclahy No. 3 College I'lace. the dwell- )i ingof.Mr. Sydney Mason, was entered yesterday after- ? noon by false keys, and a number of coats, cloaks, See. e stolen. Tho burglars escaped, having completely strip- c ped the hall. * The Bowery Police.?Kveiy thing quit t and the ' magistrates lolling in their easy chaira. Coroner's Office.?The Coroner was, aa usual, on the qui vive, but no cases were presented for hii considers- t tion. 9o much the better for the city and the citizens. ? Mr. Kditor:? Iluving been applied to bv several persons re- t specting requisites for naturalization, I take advantage of your columns to unswer all whom it may ? concern. The questions generally propounded are:? 1st. Who are entitled to naturalization, and what prool is necessary to obtain n certificate I id. What is requisite for one arriving litre before IS years of age to obtain a certificate 7 3d. Is a mariner debarred the advantages ot naturalization because he in the progress of bis culling lias not been Ave consecutive years in the territory ot the United States 7 4th. Does a temporary absence from the United States on business er pleasure, not intending to make the foreign country a residence, during the five years, disqualify the applicant from procuring his papers I nth. If a parent is naturalized, does that make his minor children citizens 7 Answer. 1st. Any alien who has been a resident for five years continuously in the United States, and shall have two years previous to his application, declared his intentions to become a citizen, and shull have resided for one year in this Stale, may upon proving these facts to the officer by a competent witness, be made a citizen, it also appearing he is a man of good moral character, Ike. fkc. Those atriv- ' ing here previous to 13th June, 1012, can take out their j papers without proof of having previously declared their intention. 2d. One ariiving here under 18 years, after he lias'resided in the United States five years, and one year in the State, may obtain his papers upon the like prooi as ' above, excepting no proof ol declaration is neccssury. ' 3d. A manner is not debarred?so held by Judge Botts. ] The Justices of the Superior Court and Justices of Ma- ' rineCourt, some of the Judges of the Couit'ol Common ' 7'leas, hold differently. 1 4th. Temporary absence does not exclude a person from 1 procuring bis papers. Ho held by the same Judges and Jutile* a as iu last answtr, and held dlllen ully by tome of the Judges of the Court ol Common Pleas. nth. The naturalization of the parent dona not natui ralizo the miuor childiun. The error that it does, has j ueen occasioned ny sup|ioiiing me law 01 inu-j nail a prospective operation. It doe* not. ttwiu merely passed to I apply to a class of tuci that then existed, and was meant to naturalize only the minor children of parent* who had previous to June, 1B0J, become naturalized. Mo decided > by nearly all the Judges and Justices. A. 11. C. I Pkstrijctivb Fibk in Bai-timore?This morning, a fire broke out in a frame building owned by Archibald Sterling, situated on the west side of Centre Market Hpace, and occuppied by Hugh Bell ax a shoe store, and John Oveare ax a hat and cap establishment.? The fire orginated in the first mentioned store. 80 rapid was the progress of the flames, that they soon communi ' rated to the adjoining property on each side. The next building, adjoining on the North, was owned by John It. Wright, auctioneer, and the upper part and back building occupied by him us a dwelling, and the store room below by Thomas Wilson, as a dry goods store. The back building atidjuppor two stories ol this property were ' wholly destroyed, together with the entire household fur- 1 niture of Wright. The building adjoining on the South, occupied as a dry goo Is store by Samuel W. Merrymen, and Simeon 1 ranrk wns also.with its contents, destroyed Mr. F. oocupied the upper stories as a dwelling, and was insured ft ,900 on his stock and furniture in the Firemen's oIHcp. The next house adjoining was owned by Myers, and occupied by Messrs. Walt/ell ik Brother*, asadiy ' goods store. The adjoining house was occupied by 8 A ' i'eirce, as a lint store ulid dwelling. Insured in the Kquitahle?damage very slight. How this fire originated ' is not known. iTte entire amount of the loss we have no means of ascertaining?it will not probably exceed $10,001) ? Baltimore Clipper, March 80. J A Wickkd Magnktizkr.?Miss Harriet L. Johnson, of Burlington, Vt., publishes an account ol 1 the imposition practised upon her by Dr. Smith, a rungI neti/er and phrenologist, who protends to cure nil diseases by" iatroleptic" applications! Mhe warns all voting t women who would maintain good characters and cherish virtuous minds, to keep clear of Dr. Smith's phrenology and magne'ism. "This dangerous scientific, gentleman," she says, "pretends that he has full power over me,that he can stop mu in the street, and the like. 1 have discovered him to tie a man void ot all good principles, which ought to Influence the mind of a gentleman. I have dis. r covered him trying to gain my affections, and living to practice upon me a course ol cond ict that would intvit tnbly lea l me to disgrace and ruin. He canie where I was, and asked me several uneitions, all leading to one point, tliatol attracting my mind, and gaining attachment r 1 had previously accused him of exciting organs which would have effect on my mind, and cause an attraction r He acknowledged that he had, and seemed gratified that t he had so far succeeded in effecting his object. From information which I have no reason to dispute, it seems 1 that I am'not the only,'young woman that he has in mi It ml, and that he ha* im|>osed upon *ome of tlietn in the same manner that he would have done upon meif it had been in hi* |>ower." Stkaiiiioat Disaster.?During the evening ol ] Wednesday about 10 o,clock, ns the lew ste-im- , lioat Westen, Cspt. Littleton, on her first trip from 1'ittsburg, wa? aicendlng the Mississippi, a ihort distance below the (irand Tower, she w?? run into by the Allirpiipim , descending. The Alli<|uippa struck the Weston on trie | l.irhonrd ol the boilers, cutting her nearly in two, and | breaking her down, ?0 that she sunk In about three tnin , utes to the cabin floor; the forward part going down immediately, the stern and hurricane roof remaining out Oi the water. There were a large, number of passengers on deck and also a number In the cabin. Of those on 4 deck, it is believed that a number wete di-owned, but it Is . as yet impossible to ascertain with Certainty how many, or the names. Two children on deck were drowned and several missing. Of the cabin pa*s<tngrr*, It la believed all were saved. The Weston went down ?o suddenly < that the passengers on deck saved nothing. Those in the 1 cabin mostly succeeded in getting out their trunks and haggago. The Weston cost $10,000, of which $10,000 was insured. Among the cabin passengers on board of the Weston was N. Irresser of New York.? .Sr. Lout's ft'n March 29. Another Murder - A fatal nfl'rny, resulting in murder, occurred at Richmond, La., on the lPth inst. We learn from the Vicksburgh Sentinel that one Mr. Bradford " had Challenged a Mr. Mason to fight aduel, which was refused on account of the advanced age of the | challenger. Some time after Bradford came into a billiard room, while Maaon was engaged in a game, and, reading , the challenge aloud, denounced Mason as a coward, in- t He then left the room, and Maaon proceeded to his resl- i dence, armed himaalf with a double-barrel led shot gun. ' aud came out into the street, where he met with Bradford, * and after a few word* had paased between them, the latter i attempted to draw a piatol, when the former fired both I liarrela of his gun, which was charged with buck shot v and mortally wounded his antagonist. After receiving tha wound, and whila he was lying on the ground. Bradford tirad his pistol and wounded Mason, the hall passing through his right arm Biid bruising hi? side. Bradford . livad tint a few minutes alter lieing shot." 1 Increase ok Hanoor.?If is estimated that over ? un hundred new buildings will he erected in Itangor the coming season. This appears well for our city, ; and with other indications of thrift, we think our good lit- < tie city may regain her former honorable standing as a ' place of business and of enterprise. ^ Akh ondino Treasurer Wanted.?flov. Brown, of .Mississippi, offers a reward of $2,000 for the appr? hen- ' slon of Richard H (Jraves, ,late State Treasurer, nnd a In- , gttive from Justice. LD. Two C?nta. Very Late from Canton. The Stephen Luriiian, Buxton, haa arrived from liHinpoit, whence elie bailed on the 19th of IVinber?nineteen daytt later than before received. Mr. Gushing, our minister, load not arrived. Letters of the 19th December Bays that the Delhi id Mary Lllen, and Konalion, would all get away rry boon lor the United Stutee, and probably the lelena. The Petrel would sail in a few days for fanilla. The lunita of the port of Anioy are thus tiened:? The inner waters, including " Koolungioo'' Island, to ugeda Island, on the 8. W. snie, to tho six islands on the us tot n sale. Tho following are published a . the pilot regulations for 10 poll ol Amoy. Wi. Kvcry pilot is to have a license signed by the llai ong, countersigned by tho consul, and .tmnptti with tho sspe tivo seals of the ollices ol those luncttunariea. Id. To entitle a pilot to his license, be must pi educe a eititicaloof his fitness, signed by at one captain ot ?r .Majesty's ships, which certificate will be lodged at the Iritish consulate 3d. Every pilot boat is to hoist a red and white Hug heizoutally, with un English numtier on the Hag. 4th. '1 ne lotion ing are the rates of pilotage: For every iot?f water the ship draws, Ml cents per loot, both inrard and outward trom the Chaw-Chat Kocb, uud one ellur per foot from a line drawn trom bumtia Island, hapef Island, and I'aktia Island, or in the proximatcs of tern. bill. All British merchant ships are liable to the pilotage urn and to the Chaw Cbut Itock, beyond outside whicti is optional. Annexed are the regulations for the reception of foreigu Dins ut Hong Kong, in payment of duties:? T. M. C. C. nprt-s weighing, II9 7 II 0 lej ium ucllnia, ?t igi nig,- 111 I i i Iriirtui do Ill 9 (I 0 olmtut do - 113 1 i * 0 tiiliiSM do Il> J 3 ? ho|u> d do 1.3 2 0 7 re to bo consideied respectively equal to 100 taels weight 1 Hycee silver, iu uli casts where tho impeiial duties aav be nuid in unv one of the ubove named coins. [Krom the I'ekin Gazette.] Victory ok thk Imi'skiai. Arms?The imperial arn * inve obtained 11 decided advantage over the mountain) ti x I Kokouor, who tor a long while most obstinately rusislilthe ( hinesc authohtiea, and at one time even threatend an invasion of the neighboring province! ot 8/echuenleveral Mongul chief* w ho gave assistance to the n guar soldiers, and by their bravery and perieverance broke he spirit of the rebels, are to be promoted, and to receit a II the cattle they took a? a reward. Thk Navy.?The naval otlicers of Chekeang liavebetn irderrd to charter as many vessels for the use of governnent as they deem advisable, in order to render the fleet expectable. Thk Army.?To supply the wants of the provinces, an ificient militia is to be raised end drilled. Inundation.-?lioth in August and toward the latter end I September the inundation in (Junhwuy as w ell as Hoian, was learlul beyond all former experience, immersing t hole districts, and spieading devastation throughout the and. 1 he tenor of all the memorials u|<on this subject is icart rending, and the Kmpcror has ordered that u luige urn of money tic loithwitli sent in order to relieve the uflerers from starvation. The annual examinations huvu >een stopped for the present, until tliu wateis have subsiled, and all the otlicers, from the Governor down, en rutted with the construction of the dyke* along the uuikiof the Yellow river, are sentenced to very severe muishment. Camphor (according to the decision of the superiutcu lent ol customs atJAmoy,) if lor foreign exportation,ha* to lay a double duty, by he native dealer as well as by the myer. Criminals sentenced to death for opium smoking are igain to be reported at the Imperial Autumnal revision of ill cases of capital punishment. Shanghai was declared open from the 17th of Novemier, a llritish consulate being temporarily established. iVe make the following extracts from the notice of Captain lalfour, the Consul :? Kor the present the limits of the port ot Shanghai are leclared to (be within the lines formed by the I'aoshan point hearing West, and the battery on the right bank at ;he mouth of the river below Wootung, hearing South West. The place of anchorage for loading and unloading within the port is as close over as jiossible to the left bunk at the head of the river, adjacent to a creek tiamed the Wootung How, which, at about three quarter* of a mile below the wulls of Shanghai, tliachuiges it* waters iuto SJi.inghai Kiver, and when the number of vessels may tender it requisite, ships must anchor liaad and stern, leaving the DVigulion of the river clear, and the mouth of the YVooiung How well open. The intendant of circuit und superiutendent of customs lot* estatdishod a govurume.nt banking establishment or Shroff shop for the receipt ot tonnage due* and inipuit und export duties, and lias fixed the ottir.eiu the street leading trom the little east gate ot the city to the bank of the liver, the firm being held by six partners, named Y'aouHang-y uen.C'hoo-Hoahiiig, Maou-Hengho, K wo YVuniting, Choo-Yucnjee, King-Yuenke Any of whom is em powered to grant receipts for moneys paid on account of the above purposes. The ex|iort of teas to Great Pritain|(or tlio five months ending Nov. 30. 1R43, were 13,017,044 lbs. of black tea and ?i.03'J,7t>7 lbs. of green tea. The J G.Coster, Harlow, which sailed for New York, Dec. II, had on lionrd aa passenger R P. I)ai,a. The Talbot which sailed the same day hail T C. I.ewis and franco, passengers, and the Akbar which sailed on the 10th far Muuilla, GeorgeBtorgU. Another Fire in Pirr<nt;Ro. Another fire broke out this morning, about 5 o'clock, A. M., in the Nail Factory of Ilissell, Sample & Stevens, in Allegheny City. The factory waa wholly de*' royrd?lo?? $1000, of which $3000 was insured. Their Rolling Mill was on fire for a while but the tuaely arrival ol the Fire Companies saved it. Yesterday, we had a small fire in the same city, but it was soon extinguished.?Pilltlurg letter, March 2ft. Coai, Trade.?From .ill the information wo can cleun, the iiuuntity of coul on hund in the diflerent markets, will not exceed tona, about the quantity sent to market by the Huilroud since the first of January last consequently the consumption for the year ending on Monday next, is about 1,'MO,000 ton*, being an increase of about 100.000 over the consumption of the previous year. Themaiket will require this year nearly I,.100,000 ions. As this is the period at which prices arearrangid tor the commancent of the Summer trade, the business is slacking off a little. The Railroad is not very busy, and on the Canal but few cargoes have been shipped at Indefinite rates of freight. In thecourse of n week or two,tl.e business will begin to move more rapidly.?rottnviUr Journal, March 30. Thorn, the murderer of Wilson, now imprisoned at Thomastown, awaiting liis execution, continue* quite troublesome. The officers have recently .ll.^n.-nriul a i.lot fit mill rivfltlf-* for till, TTIIItdcr ui ?om? ol them, and thereby to make hi* e?Mp?. Hi* < outumacy i* astonishing, considering hi* tluntion. He m-oms to be blind a* to )ii* true position, and think* he hall be lilierHted, when hi* probationary year expire*. He ?ay? lie ha* made tip Ins mind not to marry Mr*. Wilcon. when he grts out. Ilii love (for which be did the foul deed ol murder) ?erm* to have turned to hete. lie.tliiuk* he win not uaed fairly when the trial occurred by Mr*. Wilson. Miserable man ! How strangely inruinated when the light of liberty i* never on earth again to blraa hi* eye*.?Portland Jlrgut, March W. NovF.t. Freight.?The French brig Mart-lnil Morrati, f'npfmn Laneier, arrived at this port lust evening, from the Coast of Africa. The Morrati ha* on iKiard two tn-HUtilnl Xebraa, aeveral large Apea, a spltnlid llengMl Tiger, for Drieahach, and an enormotii ribbedaoae Italoon, all imported by the proprietor* of nayniond'a -xtenaivo menagerie. The Moreau waa formerly n Bp*lith *laver, called the Ban Joseph, we* taken by a French orvrtte, about eighteen montna ilnce, and carried into viartinwpie, where *he waa pttrchaied by her present iwner* she at ill exhibit* an hardrck* evidence* ol the lorrid traffic. In which *he waa formerly engaged. The >rig lie* at the flrnt wharf above South afreet, and will veil repay the curiotti a visit.?Phil Chronicle. i'-x-tinvernoa William Carroll, ofTcnnf?*t, lied in Naahvllle. on the 23d nit. VTOKTH AMRRIOAN FIHK INSURANCE CO.? 1" Nina Thousand I'olbira stock of thi* enmraav. of which Itohert Aindie I* I'rr-ident mid John Mr It air is Secretary? ilan. 110 ah?i?-? North American Treat and Banking tfoirminv. >f wlueli I horn** (I Talmags ?i? I'rsi ideal. Dan I <). Tyke Vile Pre?id-nt. ami William It. t noke < ?*hier?for ?ale at mode,at. puce*, and o. credit ,.fj A^ %,.L ArLAlNF., No 7 New itrret. N. IT., ?who wi'lie* tn purchase for cajh, JOO ?hs'e, ?ti ck nf tve Jfftrrnnri fn??ira??c* t o.of wnfcn TNomii W. Thorn* ti Pr*nd-ot. and (Irnrge T Hope i. Secretary. i"tl l> T?Store No 1 New *rrefi, near Wall atreet ; three irnrr brick hnn-? It Walker ureet : two *tory brick hmr*e 329 Kivinatoii |tr<et, "table in rear ; and tbree ?tory bona* II iludlon itreet, J-raey City. mh28 1m* rc rTlATTTMAN ?A ste..dy,active man, lately arrived I'rnm Knroiie, w?nt? a lilnation in the shove eapaeity ; ran h? sa! ufactorilv recommended by *n -tleinea and rminaat eoachmeu n (his city, a* to hi* knowledge of horses sod capability rf Irirmg; would make huni-lf generally uiefbl to h s employer, in no objection to town Or country. Any command forrsrded to the ofTiee ol thia Taper for L. D. thall be r-sicctfiilly tended to. m2t cc [>Ai;K *,T blllP UTI'-A FROM HAVRt-t nn. gnae. hy i thia ihip are requested to send their permits on hoard, st ter No < North River. All goods not permitted by the ith inntant.will be *eait ro the nbic store. mil fee ? ? #50 reward. OOBBKRY AT TDK IIPFF.K BI LL'S HKAII-N'jt ! day morning. March Kith, he'*rr r t ami 3 " I c*. > "? rreral of the Drovers had the" mnmt hnrglanoii .lv . i.trr. d sd their packet* rohbed of gi-U. *ilvr end hill*. aim-un'.i. g i ahonf iTIM and believed tn lie a* follow, !? tine Fifty Dollar hill. Bu rlier.* a-d IkovriV Bank; Ore In dred Foliar Bill oa one . fthe ( liv Banki;Jfo in Amman < fold Ten. end 1 Fir-Dollar l-iecrs: J Ten" B*nk of forth \m?rici, Philulelphia: * Ten"* Itan 4 bout $tl?# III n -lei. pr-iicipaliv New otk But*, with mini 'euuai Ivania and Delsw-are Note*. Also, shout $14 in liker. Aim, one nl?-f?ki-in*d knglnh Silret W*|ch, with * piece yoke ont of the crvil il The shore rew-rH will he paid ror the recovery of ihe mon v m J conviction of the ihwf-ot ttbr nther mil ft'rf* OKO. tlil^CN, Proprtttp

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