Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 12, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 12, 1844 Page 2
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* in. JVU. iLuuJfi m i NEW YORK, HERALD, New Verk, Friday, April IS, 1844. HIGI1LV I1P0STAX1 FROM THE SOITII. Mr. Olay in Charleston. His Abandonment of the High TariJ System. We received last which we find condensed reports of the sentiment of Henry Clav, d?livered in that capital, whereii he adheres to the policy of a National Hank?iu. declares his hostility to the ultra tariff systen entirely, in the most unequivocal manner too. In the present state of public opinion, affecting the Presidential election, this is u most important declaration. The following is the condensed report, as we find it in the "Charleston Patriot" of the Sth last.:? Mr. Clay Speech. From our position, we could not hear Mr. Clay at thi New Tauatre on Saiurdaj, to the bent advantage, but ai accurately a? our memory aud opportunitiea suable u* xm/~ war ill mudeavor t j present an outline ot his speech which occupied nearly two hours in the delivery, market by those graces oi manner, felicities ot expression, am finely modulated toues of voice lor which he is distiii guished. What, to our judgment, constitutes the secret o Mr. Clay's eloquence?for it is the first time we havi listened to his oratory ?is his earneit sincerity This is thi spell that not only captivates the hearts uf the million, bui binds, by the magic of a sympathy as universal us speed; itself, the audience to the orator undthe orator to his an dience. In fact, it is the foundation ot all true oratories power?the only source of effective eloquence?whet Lei of the pulpit, the bar, or the rostrum. Mr. Cut commenced by thanking the citi/ens o Charleston for the hospitable attentions by which he hai been honored, modestly disclaiming the appropriation o these flattering manifestations of popular respect, ot whict the thronged building afforded, on every side, one of thi most gratiiying proofs, as due to his personal merits. He iheu adverted to the calumny and detraction ol which he had been ma le the subject, one of the evide ices of which was. that his tour through a portion of the South had been undertaken tor electioneering purposes Mr Clay, in warmly and earnestl, disclaiming auy such design. stated that his intention iu visiting tile lour southern States, through a portion of which he had passed, alter his visit to New Orleans on business, was t indulge a curiosity, which he had long n it. to become better acquainted with a part of the Onion to which he had been hitherto a stranger, and to gratify those friends who had extended to him a hospitable invitation. He then most gracefully adverted to the pleasure he had experienced in exchanging courtesies with the citizens ot a State, which boasted of the eminent names, consecrated iu Revolutionary history, of Marion, Sumter, Pinckney.-'Rutledge, 4tc In this connection, Mr. Clay most happily introduced the name of William Lowndes, with whom he had been in political association during u period ol alarm for the safety ol the Union, and on whom lie pronounced a warm and lofty eulogium. In allusion to the Missouri compromise, Mr Clay avewed himself as being influenced ou that occasion, as well as every othei involving conflicting claims and interests between differ* cut sections of the Union, by that spirit of compromise, conciliation and mutual concession which directed the conduct ol our ancestors in iramiug and adopting the con stitution, and which must influence their descendants if they wuli to preserve it as the heritage o! Liberty mm the bond of Uuion. Mr. Clny then entered into a rather extensive explanation of his opinions in relation to the tariff. He strongly disclaimed all ultraitm on this branch of our domestic jhilicy. He moa eloquently deprecated txtremei in legislation and government as destructive of the Union. He denounced ultruism in all its tortus and applications as became an American statesman, which sentiment met with h spontaneous response by the whole assembled auditory. He slated that he had been governed by these principles i.i assisting to frame the act ol 1SJ3. of which he stated the home initiation to have been the essential feature, without v Inch it could not have been adopted He avowed himself iriondly to incidental protection, after providing tor such a reveuue us would bo required lor an economical administration of the government, giving such support to those departments of domestic as come into competition w ith similar branches of foreign industry. He called on the advocates of extreme opinions?the ultraists of free ti ade and prohibition?to make a patriotic sacrifice of their peculiar opinions on the altar of the common good, guided Dy the spirit of compromise and mutual concession. The next topic of Mr. Clay was a National Bank. His opinions and public conduct in relation to this subject, were vindicated with ability, and his views in relation to the necessity of a National currency must have been acknowledged as sound, while his exposition of the evils of an unregulated currency admitted as strikingly true,whatever differences of opinion may exist as to the best means ot supplying that necessity, and devising a regulating power lor correcting these evils. Mr Clay stated, however, that he was wilting to leave tins subject to public opinion, content to he guided by its voice and governed by i:? dictates. He then spoke of the administration of public aft'sir. for the last fifteen years, as productive of all, or nearly ail, the private distress and public embarrassments, which have marked that period He adverted to the malversation of public agents, the mugiiituJe and ex tent of private frauds as a distinguishing feature of tan times, an l looked forward to a change of policy as the remedy of these evils an 1 the means of restoring uutionai and in lividual prosperity. Mr. Clay closed with allu ling to his position as a candidate for the Presidency, observing that he had been brought forward for the ultice through no agency of his own His frien Is, he stated, stand answerable for having preseutel his name betore the American people, as a candidate for the highest honor in their gilt. He observed that tie had not yet given his assent to this spontaneous net of his friends, hut did not know how soon he might do . o, reserving this as the secret of his own bosom. He had been thus compelled to explain and dwell on topics personal to himself. He was expected to suy something, and he had said what appeared to him fitting and appropriate in his peculiar attitude before the audience he was addressing Mr. Clay was repeatedly applauded and cheered daring and at the close of this very effective and eloqueut address. Rally or the Clay Forces.?The Clay men are ;;oing to rally their broken forces to-morrow nighti in order to see what strength llieo can muster with which to begin the contest for the Presidency, ll is rather an interesting mutter of speculation whether they can collect sufficient force to take the field yet. However, we shall see. We understand that the famous Mr. Botts, who made snch a dash for immortality in the attempt tc head oft" Captain Tyler, is to make a speech or, this occasion, and as he has never been heard ir this quarter, a vast crowd will go out of cunositj to hear him. Botts is a smart fellow, full of Vir ginia fire, and will make a capital speech, wel worth reporting, lie will make some pungent ant h ippy hits, ami we shall have our reporters there ti give him at full length. Increase of Steam Vessels.?Another new steam ship is to be launched at seven o'clock tomorrow morning, from the ship yard of Win. II. Brown, at the foot of Tenthstreet. This steamer is to he called theUepublic, and will he profiled by two of Oapt. Ericsson's submerged screws, of eight feet in diameter each. She is rigged with three inasts, and is intended for sailing as well as steaming. Mr. Brown has built her foi Charles Morgan, Esq., of this city. .She is on< hundred and forty feet long, twenty-live feet beum and eight feet in depth. Any one can, therefore see by this that she is beautifully modelled ant symmetrically shaped. We learn that Captain John It. Crane, who astonished the world a few years ago, in navigating the little sti-anier Stockton, of about fort) tons, over the broad Atlantic, is to command tbii new steam ship. He is one of our most skilful navigators, and accomplished a feat unequalled in daring in the history of nautical affairs, when he crossed the wide ocean, troni England to America, in a cock boat. It is said that he will take the .Republic to the Gulf of Mexico, and run her between New Orleans and Matagorda as a regular packet. It is astonishing to witness the rapid progress thai steam navigation has lately made in our coasting trade. Since the introduction of Captain Ericsson': propellers into this country, there has been a com plete revolution in this business, and we confident ly expect to see, in a few short years, our wholi inland and coasling trade monopolised by screv steam vessels. In this city alone there are no les the 1 seven ships of this description now on th stocks. On the Delaware we believe there are om or two. On the Lakes there are several, and b; mid-summer there will be upward of seventy-five to one hundred vessels p.opelled by the submerge* screw. As Captain Ericsson receives ?2 or $3 i ton lor every propeller used, he is reaping a ricl harvest, .^uch an invention deserves as much. N ew Orleans mom.?The democrats elect ed their Mayor, Recorder, and a majority in th< Municipality Council on the 1st inst. Waut.agk's BaftKFiT.?Mr. Wallack takes hi benefit at the Park to-night. He has been pluyini in conjunction with the beautiful Mrs. liroiighat: to excellent houses during the lust fornight, an will, doubtless, have a bumper to-night. Tiib Misses Com minus' Concert is given at Nil lo's this evening. The programme is very rid and the fair vocalists are able to givs all they pic jnise in the most satisfactory manner. / t I HI* I?J I J llJP'.l. JtHid Maryer?tite Mayor EIhIi ' I be election of this worthy and respectable eiti~ zen to the office of Mayor of this city, in the recent extraordinary revolution, has turned every , eye upon his position?his history--his connexions j J ?the great publishing house with which he is con- 1 ' nected. Every one is enquiring?"What kind of a ! man is Mr. Harper V' "What are his sentiments!" IF| "Where did he spring from!" "What are his | I views V "What sort of a Mayor will he make J" j J These are very natural enquiries, and it may be j n difficult to answer them lully; still let us try " and give as satisfactory a reply as may be in our 1 power. ( James Haiqier is a native ol Long Island, and his 1 birth-place is but a few miles distant from the city of New York. We understand that his father and ? mother were natives of the North of Ireland, and 1 Methodists, who settled in Long Island, and were themselves respectable by a life of piety, industry, integrity, and blamelessness in all their social intercourse. Mr. Harper, the Mayor elect, is the , eldest of four sons, his three brothers being all as Bociaieu witn nun in me largest puutisning nouse ever established in this country. All the members of this wealthy and influential firm have the same general characteristics; industrious,prudent,shrewd, intelligent, moral and religious They are, indeed, worthy representatives of that race from which they have sprung?a race in whom the energy and lire of the Irish character have been happily blended with the sterling qualities of the English and Scottish people, and who have made the North of Ireland in intelligence, order, and prosperity, the very antipodes of the other portions of that beautiful, but unhappy island. James Harper commenced life as a journeyman printer?the first employment of not a few of the best men our country has produced?and we believe ut one time wrought press work atso much per token, in company withThurlow Weed of Albany, now the editor of the whig paper there. By the most untiring industry, and the most rigid economy, which, habits singularly.temperate and irreproachable. rendered easy, Mr. Harper accumulated a small sum, which added to the savings of his brothers, John, Wesley and Fletcher, formed the capital on which was commenced that establishment which has since become so extensive. It was here attending to his business, that the new party in seurch of ! an honest and upright man to represent their views 1 and principles as Chief Magistrate of this greut i city, found James Harper, and threw the mantle of ' popularity over hint?a mantle which thus for once descended on shoulders worthy of that honorable 1 covering. As we have already stated, Mr. Harper r is a member of the Temperance Society, President of one of the most respectable associations in this city?the Lady Franklin Society?and has always given to that great cause the most zealous and efficient support. He is a member of the Methodist church, und like most of the opulent adherents to that zealous denomination of the Christian church, he hus contributed in the most munificent manner the means of enabling it to carry on its extensive machinery for the propogation at home,and abroad, of the great truths of Christianity. The political sentiments of Mr. Harper, as may readily be supposed, have been the subject of much inquiry and speculation. We learn that he, as well as his brothers, belongs to that clnss of indepcn dent politicians who approve or disapprove, according to the dictates of their own conscience and judgment, of the men and the principles of every party. We understand, indeed, in the case of the Mayor elect, that he regards John C. Calhoun as decidedly the most eminent statesman of the present age in this country. But notwithstanding this partiality for the distinguished southern statesman, we are not authorised to set Mr. Harper down as a Calhoun man, in the ordinary s*nse of the phrase. The statement we liavt made will, however, afford the means of forming some opinion as to the general views entertained by Mr. Harper with respect to the great questions connected with the interests and welfare of this country. " What sort of a Mayor will Mr. Harper makeT" is perhaps the most trequent and interesting inquiry just now. This natuially leads us into another inquiry?What aort of a partner is he in the great pub\i?4iing house with which he is connected 1 As we have remarked, there arej four brothers in this firm?James, the Mayor elect, John, Wesley, and Fletcher. .Tames, the eldest, has heretofore had charge, or general superintendence, of all the foreign and domestic correspondence. John has had the control of the financial department, assisted by Wesley, and to Fletcher, who is full of wit, humor and vivacity, has been assigned the task of talk ing with authors, and doing the conversation of the firm. In this department James also takes some | share, and his conversation is full of anecdote and interest, his business talents being of a very valuable 1 and important character in his particular line. It will thus be seen that the complicated end mighty affairs of this immense establishment has been ' heretofore conducted on the principle of division of ' labor amongst its principals. Each of the brothers 1 has supreme control in his own department, and ' the decision of each on any particular point con. nected with the affairs of his department, is final? a most pleasing proof of the mutual confidence in | each other's integrity and sound judgment. These are the principles on which this great publishing ' house has been conducted, and by which it has become the greatest in this country. The firm is now worth probably one million of dollars, and may be said to be only, as it were, commencing business with the present revival of trade. With such a man, from such a school, as its chief magistrate?a man experienced in business?of the most industrious habits, of the strictest integrity? untrammelled ?by party?uncorrupted by any party associations?altogether beyond the reach of any of those influences which too often operate on men not rich in this world's goods?there is surely every reason to hope that the affairs of this city will he managed for a year at least with order, regularity, despatch, and honesty. Independent Mails.?In the last week a trial . has been pending in Boston, relative to the legalir tyof private mails. Wm. B. Kimball was the den??. /\ai r\ .u- _i _ iridium, uiiu mc i U3i VII1UC J^rjiai IIIISIII me I>IctIIItil!"in the case. On Wednesday, Judge .Sprague charged lb'-jury, and instructed tlieni as follows:? lit. That if a passenger in a railroad car or steamlioat, paiiing ovor a post road or route carry ing a letter with out tlie knowledge or consent of the owner ol the car or steamboat, or any ot his agents or servants, such owner is not liable to the penalty provided by the 19th seetion of the act of 'id. That such knowledge or assent are not to be presumed Irom the facts admitted in this case. lid. That the peraon who send such letters by such passengers is not liable to the penalty provided liy the iith section ot said act, unless the owner of the car or steam1 lioat is liable to the penalty provided by the IDth section 1 of said act, 4th. That the setting tip a post by railroad, car or steamI not setting up a foot post within the meaning of the 3d section of the statute of lsi". In consideration of these instritetionsa yra Jorma ? verdict in favor of the defendant was rendered, v This opinion of Judge Sprague is looked upon as s directly contrary to that given by the U. S. District t* Judge ut Baltimore a short time since, and leaves e the carrying of letters over post or any other roads, y open to all persons possessed of a common share ot r uici. "i pw? me ou*ine-s into the hands ol tho?e J who will carry letters lh<' cheapest, and calls loudly ? upon Congress to pa^a Col. Merrick's lull at once, i These instructions of Judge ttprague, and the verdict ot the jury in this case, show conclusively thnt the existing Post Office laws will soon he almost a * dead letter, and that the department will he sent to ruin in rapid strides hy the cheap postage system. Every body will send by the lowest priced convey. ? ance. We are opposed to any infringement on ex-1 p i-iting laws, no matter how onerous they may he, ? hut we are decidedly in favor of a rreduct.on in j the postage on letters, and wc rcaily hope, as ntnetenths of the people do, that Congress will not end this session without adopting Col. Merrick's hill, ' or some hill like that. Let us have a reduction at t, one*. This is the only way of keeping the laws > inviolate and the Post Office Department out ot dtbt. J JL- . ? _ LI i [[fjBLl _ ,M II I.1ML i 'J C'm Rvokm. The reforms which the new party must carry into eflect immediately on their advent into power, have reference mainly to the , printing department?the appointments to office? 1 the licensing of grog shop9?the abolition of gam- , bling-houaes? the suppression of houses of ill- 1 fame?the regulation of omnibuses?the streets? J the police?the teorganization of the fire depart- < merit?the purification of the administration of jus- 1 tice?the suppression of rowdyism. What a t melancholy commentary is presented by this ca- J talogue of needed reforms, upon the conduct of the parties heretofore in office ! And what i an impressive exhortation to duty, fidelity, and 1 diligence does it address to the new occupants of the seats of government! And yet we have named only a few of the most prominent reforms, which occur to us at the moment. We shall take up this { subject day after day until the meeting of the new ' Common Council, and thus present the whole con- j dition of the city and the evils which have been t affiicting us, in order that the new corporation may ' fit Us* tliftn in (tunri < Amongst the first reforms which will come up, will he that with reference to removals and appoinments to office, and in what mode the printing of the corporation will be done. We trust that no man wilt be appointed to office unless he be ot good moral character, and a temperance man, either in practice or by open and public profession. Let this he an indispensable qualification If this righteous and just principle be established, a death blow will be struck at immorality and the ginshops. The closure of the grog-shops on the Sabbath will, we trust, be one of the first measures adopted, and also the closure of printing and pub. fishing offices. We publish a Sunday paper, but if the new corporation wish us to keep our establishment shut on the sacred day, we can still accommodate the public without open doors. Another point is the printing of the corporation, j This hus hitherto been the fruitful source of cor- j ruption and extravagance. The public patronage 0 has, been bestowed lor the purpose of pampering miserable, dying, sinking party organs. Look at p the Evening Post and Plebeian! We trust that o .u:_ ...:il I... it.l ,l.? I una win uc icuicaacu ? uiai uic utw ^ will avoid any connexion with any newspaper, but ? leave the newspapers to take care of themselves? and that the printing will be done by contract? ti open to the lowest bidder after having been duly advertised, and that the advertisements of the cor- j, poration will be given to the papers of the largest circulation, which would be true practical eco- e noiny. o These views occur to us to-day, but wt shall en- 4 large upon these and other branches of reform, and h force home upon the,new corporation the necessity ? of at once redressing all the evils which have y been afflicting us foryears.and for deliverance from s which wc have been crying in vain. None of 'hem ^ must now be overlooked. p Civilization ok tiie Age.?Wc understand that "j a grand ' milling match," made up for one or 8000 ii dollars a side, by professors of the pugilistic art in w this city, is to take place somewhete near Montreal f, one of these days. The recent indictments, trial, l> and convictions of the brutal prize fighters in this * State, has driven them from this neighborhood? h and as the practice is somewhat congenial with * John Bull's tastes and habits, they go out of the n State of New York to the State of Canada. It is 4 said that #20,(KM) in bets depend on this fight. We <j trust that if these fellows go to Canada, the autho- 0 ... * o nties of Montreal will be good enough to keep them there. 4 _____________ c Chris Lilly, the Pugilist.?We learn from Westchester County that Chris Lilly appeared be- r fore Judge Ruggles and his Court at Bedford yes- J terday, and plead guilty to the killing of McCoy in u a milling match some time ago. lie wasscntenced s to pay a fine of #500! It is said that a part of the t Court intended to inflict a severe punishment on * Lilly, but Judge Hughes stated that the county had incurred an enormous expense in these milling match trials, and he was therefore in favor of making the parties pay a portion ot the expenses. Hence the above sentence. Italian Oi*kra.?The lust bulletin appears in 1 another column, und brings the gratifying intelligence that the opera is in the most favorable condition, and gives promise of immediate recoveryRead the bulletin. Conviction for a Strike.? By reference to the proceedings in the Court of General Sessions, it will be seen that two journeymen weavers were convicted yesterday for a "strike and conspiracy" I to obtain an advance of wages, by destroying the j property of employers. | Theatricals.?Mudunie de Goni and Mr. Knoop j < were in New Orleans on the 2d inst. i j To Clly Office Seekers. J. G. Bennett, Esq.:?1 have scarcely received | the intelligence ol my election to the office of Alderman and already 1 arn continually called upon to dispense favors in the way of promises to my fel- t low citizens, all, us they say, Natives. In order to t prevent ns many as possible of giving themselves 1 the unnecessary trouble of presenting letters, &c. ?f true faith and capabilities, 1 will say at onoe, j 'hat should removals take place, the places will not h be filled with anyone who is connected with either j t of the two political parties of the day; or who have j t held an office under either Whig or Democrat c within the last four years; but from those who are identified (as Alderman Hoggs says) with the Native Atnericuti Republican party. The object of < tlie IMorin party is retrenchment, and if those 1 who hold oliice remain, their fat salaries must be J cut down nt least one-half, lly giving the above a ' place in your valuable journal, you will oblige one , of the Aldermen Elect, i ( f?tranrte Disappearance.?The following curi- j ous story was related to use yesterday: A schoon- 1 I or I iti-ly left the Jiort oi Sisal, hound lor New Orleans, ! i with a cargo of somewhere aliout !f.3,0o0 in value, com- t posed of h.ilvjs ol'deerseins, hats, cigars, tobaco and other ' i exportable commodities peculiar lo that region in the bay I ol i ampeachy. She had besides on freight the sum of j tiO.onn 111 specie Wlin mree or lour passengers inn owncn 1 of the greuter part of the cargo. The schooner having , got up as tar as the iunglish turn, she then dropped anchor to await the turn of the tide ; whilst the passengers , anxious to land, took an opportunity of getting iu a j steamer and came up to the city. Before tney left the vessel, they paid the Captain the price of their passage $2H t each, the latter telling them he should hint up, and pro- [ tialily the next day they would meet again. Strange to 1 . say, however, nothing more has been seen of Schooner or . Captain : the passengers, the owners of the cargo, alter , ! waiting five days ai wcarc told, gave information to the ' 1 authorities at the Custom House; and an armed Cutter has I 1 been sent down to the Oulf to endeavor to ascertain what ! 1 has become oi her. It is susposed that the master on ; 1 getting rid of his passengers and (hiding the coast clear, j1 lias again put to sen, u illi the view ol appropriating both the vessel and her valuable contents.?\i w Urltans Ilrp., ?/?pril 2 Manufactories at the South.?A correspondent J of the Charleston Courier in speaking of the Cotton Factories in that State, gives the following particulars ( ot one of them ?the Saluda The laetnry is beautifully \ situated on the Saluda river, three miles Irein Columbia, j and is worthy ot a visit, it only to admire its romantic scenery. The main building is'u heavy one, of beautiful granite, four and a half stories big' , 'J00 leet long and 60 feet wide. There are (i 000 spindles aixiUO looms in action, and lit) hands, mostly negroes, are here constantly at ' work. The fabrics are cotton bagging, nsnahurgs, and several kinds ol shirting, and large quantities of yarn. I lo not know the amount manufactured, but with the extraordinary facilities and advantages of location, tha profits ought to be very considerable. The immense water power here afforded, with such an extensive country to supply as the upper distticts of South Carolina, and the grain growing counties of our neighbor, the North Statu? lie pioximity to the capital of the State a railroad with ill mi minn uuim.iik u, i vmiuiiim.auiig >% nil ' iimirniuii? provision plantations nil around?Hint tint raw material drought to the spot ; nil these are a>l vantages io desirablt, that tliu stockholders have here n most valuable investment. I lenni tbatthny are cluing a good business. With reg ird to the other factories, I know nothing, but liave no doubt they are all doing well Wklland Canal Hiot.?The Wetland Canal went into operation on the. 2d instant. Two polic*| officers, viz.: Ueorge Stoker and Mr. McCullogh, werr attacked near Dunnville, on the fanal, on tint night ot March 30th, by n party ol Irish laborers, and dangerously wounded with shovels and pickaxes, and left lor dead? The recovery of Mr Stoker was considered very doubtful One of the rioters was arrested?the others escaped to the United Stat a, Movfmrnt of Troops.?We learn that orders were received by fien llrady to move two companiesn o H inlantry stationed at this |w>st to La Poln'e. to the extreme end of Lake Superior They sre to garrison a new post there to protect the miners We hear that com panjr A, ( apt Clary, is one of th? companies selected and the other is to be Capt. Hmitb, of Capt. Merrill's com pany.?Jhtroit Mvtriiurr, *1pril a Cltjr Intelligence. | Coroner'! Oltlce?Thursday.- (Jcicjot rtou Inia.iipt ?The Coroner wu belled yeateHay to hold en inquest i jii the body of Margaret Evans, wile of John Evans, of OS Charles street, who we*found drowned in the cittern et:ached to the houae of John Thome*, 362 West Sixteenth (irtt-t. -She retired to reat with her huabend aa uaual, on he night of the ISth of March, and waa iound oiiaainar in tie morning, and not heeid Item till discovered in the ciaern by Hannen June*. She waa married on the 4th of November leal, and aoon after her huabaud discovered that iho wan not in a proper atate of mind She waa acquainted a lib the family of Mr. Thome*, and entered the yard through the gate leading to the alley, which ia never kept locked. Vei diet, suicide by drowning (luring inapt a 1 deraugemeut. UaowMiD.?The name of the sailor drowned from the ihip Talbot, from Cunton, whs Charles Treadw ell, aged 21 j ( ears, a native of Massachusetts. Circuit Court?JClisg'a County. liefore Judge Kent. April 11.? The Somen Cate Jigain?Kugent II Sulli an va. Commodore Perry.?Mr. Sculea, on the part ol tha ilaintiff, roae and aaid, that the present waa a |>enul action irought by the plaintiff against Commodore Perry, and it tro-e out ot the unfortunate difficulty that occurred on joard the Somers. It was for a violation of the writ of labeaa corpus. The plaintiff was an apprentice attached o the United States aervice?the defendant was au ofllcer if the highest rank in the service also. The plaintiff was ought to be impiicated in the much talked of mutiny on Hiard the Somers, and waa placed under arrest and in tons. ins roomer ut-uiiug ruai ue was in iruui, ouu w ieving that her son was lunocent, applied lor a writ of l.ibeas corpus to Judge Uieeuwood. wtio granted it, and he matter was subsequently board beloie him, and he lecanie satisfied that the boy ouglit to he discharged, here being no specific charge against him, liur no piocess ront any tribunal by which he could be held; nor did it | ippear tnat he was guilty of any crime Under those cir:urostancei Judge Uieeuwood made an order lor his reease that is, reinauding him back to the navy to resume lis duty; but directing that lie should not be again placed inder arrest or in irons. This order was served on the lelendant, hut he said lie would not be bound by it, aud he boy was again placed in iions. Mr. Bcoles continued o say that the writ of habeas corpus bus been regarded, >oth in this country and in Great Britain, as the great paladium of our liberties. Our citixens and the subjects of ireat Britain, whenever tliey require it, have a right tn his writ to ascertain what were the churiges against him, rod to guard it from abuse, the stalutu suys that the act mjieses a fine ol $W00 upon any officer, or other person vlio disobeys it Counsel concluded by saying hut he undei stood the toJe ground ol deience to be, thut udge Greenwood had no jurisdiction, and therelore no ight to make the order ?that the whole ol his proceedigs weie coram non judice, and void in law ; but I now nderstand they will admit nothing, und we will be bliged to prove our whole case Judge GakKaiTOon w as then called to the stand and exmined for plaintiff?lie testified that he remembered the roceedings that were had before him in February, 18-13, n a habeas corpus case in relation to Kugetie Sullivan ? lere the judge handed the papers, consisting of the petion and affidavits, the writ of habeas corpus and order, 'hicli were read in evidence. A. 0. Ookf was next sworn. Mr. Scolks was proceeding to examine the witness as 3 the proof of a copy of the order on Commodore I'erry. Mr. Uidwki.i. insisted that it was not legal evidence; he original order should be produced, and objected to the roof ot a copy. Judge Kkxt overruled the objection, and Mr. Bidwell xcvpieu. Examination proceeded with?Witness served a true copy n Commodore Terry, and showed him the original; the 'ommodore said he could not regard the order as he was cting under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy; e would not acknowledge the order as binding on him, lid he would not discharge Kugene Sullivan irom custoy. Witness did not see Sullivan then, but on the 18th ol binary saw him and took him fiom on board the United lutes steamer Fulton; she was at the Navy Yard at the ime and attached to the United States navy; he was a risoneron lioard and guarded by officers and marines. Cmiti.r.s k \v11 son sworn?Testified that he wasimrisoued at the Navy Yard with Hullivnn; it was in Febusry, 1843, remembers that Sullivan was taken before udge Greenwood on a writ of habeas corpus-, they were npiisoned on board the Fulton steam Irigate; witness , as also imprisoned with Sullivan in the Navy Yard, and n bourd the North Carolina; alter he was brought back rom Judge Given wood, he was uot put in irons; he was laced in a bunk bv himself, and no communication was Uowed between him and the other prisoners; saw Comlodore Terry there giving orders and asking questions; e ordered that the prisoners should be placed six feet part, and that no communication should be allowed beween them; there was a guard over all the prisouers light and day; witness thinks Sullivan was conftned hero one day alter he came irom Judge Greenwood; canlot say what became of him after; lie was returnud next ay and put on board the Fulton steamer and ironed by rderof Captain bauds; Commodore Perry had command f the yard, and Capt. Sands acted under liim. Catharine Scot i sworn?Testified that she is the ino her of Kugene Sullivan; was present when lie was disharged by Judge Oreenwood; had a conversation with .'ommodore Teiry the day after; he told witnois she night see her sou in the presence of an officer; she went it-xtday and saw him; he was at thv time under a guard; u her conversation with Commodore Perry Judge Greenvood's order wan leleried to, and he seemed very much iffended and dissatisfied with it Captain Hands was subsequently called and proved that luliivan was confined on u charge of mutiny en board he Homers, und that his confinement alter Judge Greenwood's order, was lor the sume ollence; that at ull events ib knew of no other. 'J'he plaintiffs cnse was here rested. Mr. Biuwell, I?r the delendunt, rose and said'that it was tine as plaintiff's counsel had stated,that the question lere would turn on a point of law, and thcgieat question would be, had an officer of the state courts aright to mte.rsre with our rnilttury and maratime codes and destroy tin isciplinc arising out of them. He also contended that th< eclaration was not trained according to the statute; that he offence was not accurately described therein, ami :ould not be supported lie next adverted to the proceed.igs before Judge Greenwood, and contended that the iriginal record should tie produced and proved and not he minutes of the proceedings. He said that no similar wwer was ever claimed by a civil officer, either in this lountry or in the eotintry from whence we have derived lur civil and military codes, and it was never intended hat the habeas corpus act should confer such powers ahose claimed by Judge Greenwood. Mr. Bidwell con:luded by asking lor n nonsuit. He was ably replied to by Messrs Scoles and McKeon. Judge Kent, alter briefly stating his reasons, granted e ronsiut. Plaintiff's counsel excepted, and the case ia to ie brought before the Supreme Court, and if the nonsuit s set uside, the whole ot the Somera affair will lie gone >ver again, as Commodore Perry, to make an effectual iefeuce, must prove that there was a mutiny on hoard the tamers, an>l that Sullivau was one of the mutineers. Messrs Scoles,-McKeon and Cooper for plaintiff; Messrs ilidwell and Owen for defendant. Superior Court. Before Judge Jones. April 11? CasseUi vs. Ormn Insurance Co.?An notion :o recover the amount ol insurance on a quantity of silks uul shop goods which had been shipped in this city lot lavanna. Tliis case was adjourned over to this day. Before Judge Oakley. Mulford vs. Mills ? An action to recover $3000. A draft or this umonnt was drawn on a party named Storm, dated it 60 days sight, and accepted on Stli April, IH44. The lelunce was that the hill was accepted s an nccommoda ion draft without funds, which was known to the Bank if Susquohaniiali Co., Pa. Verdict -non suit. Moiie Military Movements ?The splendid,well trilled corps,the Greys, composed of as fine a set ot > ottng nen as can he found, under the command of Col. Newell \. Thompson, have voted to visit the cities of New Vork unl Philadelphia during the month ef July next. The :itizena of those places will have a fair opportunity of vitnes<ing as perfect a specimen of citizen soldiery as the ilil Bay State can hoast of.? Huston Post *tlj>ril 10. Early Stiiawheuriks ?We received yesterday 'roin James Welch, gardiner, a present of tine "cherry ipe" Strawberries, the growth of the present season, from [he garden of Andiew lTohinson, Ktq in this town We iinve rarely, if ever, seen finer speci uens of this delicious rruit, or of more ample size.?New Bedford Mercury. Suicide.?James Percy Brown, of Mississippi, formerly a Representative in the Legislature of that State lor Bolivar county, while in a state of mental alienation, on Tuesday night last, put an end to his existence by tiring the contents of a pistol through his head.? Louisville Dime, rfjeril 6. Fakminuton Canal Open.?The Eclipse, Capt. Norton, arrived this morning, with wood, clocks, ind country produce, from Bristol Basin Captain N reports the f anal in good order as fir as he came, though he water is at present let oil' from the lower level, in or ler to repair one ol the lock gates, which will be done tomorrow. Wo anticipate a nrisk trade on the Canal the iUSUin(_ season.?New I hunt Herald, .lyril 10. New York Legislature.?In the Senate on Tuesday, the hill to dissolve the Pilots Charitable Society in New Vork city, was read twice and passed. Edenton Fisheries.?The largest haul of fish that has been made among the seine fisheries on Alliemarle Hound since our last publication, that wo have heard of, is'1000 shad and70,INK) herring.?Edenton Sentinel,Jlpril 6. Sickness in Alabama.?The interior of Alabama is renreswnted to ho very sickly. Measles ami the scarlet lever are the prevailing diseases. The former prevails at present in Mobile. Am is He me nt a. s Chatham Theatre.?There is a tide in the affairs of men, which, taken at the flood, lends on to fortune. There is, also, a tide in the ull'airs of theatres, und our wonts are verified by the continued success ol the above named establishment. The last new drama Marmaduke Wyvil. has been as successful ax the author's best friends couhl have wished. Somen hat of n sensation was created hy the debut of the new dunseuse, Mad'lle Viola. On Monilav. Mrs. McClnre will make her first appearance, on which occasion, Mr. K. S. Conner, if rtcovered, will appear. Aukiucan Mi'skum.?Uninrrellelcd run at the Museum! The manager was obliged hut evening to give a third performance fo meet the crowd w ho were in waiting. Me will give two splendid performances to-day, one at 3 I' M , on n half past 7, and a third one, if necessary (to children, in the at ernoon; we need not advise the old they will go afternoon ami evening both. This is the las' week of the minstrels; the (iiants an I Uypsies can tie seen at all hours. (J0?ENCH\N I'dKN rs TO KINDLE LOVE.?There ire mam j>ro<ligious influences to excite love, hut yotrb and health are the only genuine philters. Or, as Ovid it) S? " Would'st thou he loved, he amiable." Vet hair on the upper lip of a youthful, healthy and imiahin woman is decidedly an antidote to love. Lose o time, therefore, in getting a bottle ol Oeuraud's Poudri -(nbtlle, which will elUctuallv eradicate it without the .lightest injury to the skin To be had only at C7 Walkei street, first Store FROM Broadway. Card. Mr. FtinmxD Paluo has the pleasure of announcing t tO the patrons of the Italian Opera, and the public, that at t a numerous meeting of gentlemen, held ou Thursday ere- t ning the 11th inst , in the saloon of the Opera House it c was determined that the success of his euteiprize during | the past season, fully sustains the anticipations of its most i sanguine friends ; and that it is therefore desirable to open I the heusa for another season of twelve (.eriormaucae, i which shall terminate about the first of June. ( The management tor the ensuing season will be in the i hands of 8ig De Begnis, whose ample abilities to dis- 1 charge its duties are too well known to need commands- i tion Under his direction a series of Opera Bud'a will be i produced in a style of unsurpassed elegance and complete- i neas, in which tnu foruu-r and all the additional resources of the establishment will be employed. The price oi tickets for the ensuing season of 12 nights ( is fixed at $10 each, transferable, with seats secured. A | large portion of the number reouirud to be taken have been subscribed for, and Mr. f'aimo trusts that the lovers of music, who have already so liberally supported the opera, will continue their patronage for the|present season. The subscription list may be found at the box office, between the hours of 10 A M. and 4 P. M. An adjourned meeting of gentlemen friendly to the proposed season, and to the permanent establishment of the opera in this city, will be held in the saloon of the Opera : House ou Monday eveniug, 13th inst , at a P. M., when i the i ubscriptiun iist will tie submitted. (?- SCROFULA, AND ALL IMPURITIES OK THE BLOOD?All wiio are so troubled, should resort to Comatock's Sarsatmiiila. which i. a genuine and strong ex- | tract from thin Celebrated Hoot. Immense quantities are sold, and in no single instance do we kno at ot its not giv. ing universal satisfaction The price is just half of all other SarsaparilldH, and the bottle us large, namely, fifty cents per bottle, $4 per dozen. It is sold at til Courtlandt j street. Qn- SHALL MEN FOREVER BE DECEIVED IN THE MOST SERIOUS TUINOS /?Shall a worthless imitation oi Dalley's Magical]Pain Extractor, which it is wall known has alleviated human suffering, and in many instances saved life, be loisied on the community, lor gain, without eliciting an universal burst oi indignation against the imitator. Suffering reader ! Buy not, until the fact it dcmontt rated to you, which is,' Dalley's ! We have no fear of the result, it will eventuate in the knowledge that the trueand genuine Dalley's Salve lit* he had at hie agenry 09 Walker street, first store from Broadway, and if " H Diutr" be not written with a pen on every box, avoid it as poison, and shrink instinctively from all that is offered you at half pricu. (VJ- CAPTAIN BROOKS, of Steamer Nimroil, reports as follows:?He crushed his hand,and it swelled and pained him so excessively that he was laid up five days. He was told that he would be laid up for months?he kept it poulticed, hut could not reduce tue swelling or pain, till a fiieud told him to take off the poultice and put on CONNEL'S M AGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR, from Comstock (k Co., 91 Courtlandt street, (.'apt B had the salve and used it at once, and ill five hours the swelling was removed and the hand cured. Capt. B. has also used it in burns | and says its effects are most marvellous; he took a dozen, j and declared lie would as soon be without bread as this Salve; he has sent dozens to get it and will verify all we herein spy, and much more. This SALVE will cure any of the following complaints or no pay will he taken for it, viz:? Burns, Scalds, Rheumatism, Piles, Ring Worm, Krisilielas. Bruises, Sprains, Soro Eyes aud|Nipples, Eruptions, Salt Rheum, Chilblains, Ulcers and old Sores, Tetter, &c. CAUTION?Buy only, remember, only at 21 Courtlandt street in this city, or you may be cheated with a counterfeit article, which must be avoided as poison. Jfcy-THE CONCENTRATED EXTRACT OF BARS APAIULLA, Gentian and Sasafras, prepared by the New Vork College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established lor 'he suppression of quackery. This powerful extract, epared by scientific and medical men, will he found in initely superior to the mixture sold by druggists as Sananarillu, who are totally ignorant of the medicinal propercs ol the roots from which they make the extract. In all feseases arising from an impure stute of the blood, such as - rofula, salt rheum, ulcers, chronic rheumatism, pimples * . uatules on the face or bod}'.nodes,pains in the bones or j> ints, and all complaints arising from an improper use of mercury, this extract will be highly beneficial. Sold in single bottles at 75 cents eacn, cases of half dozen, $3 AO ; , 1 dozen, $6, c.arulully packed and sent to all parts of ?e Union. Office of the college, 95 Nassau st. W. S. KICHARD90N, Agent. N. n. A liberal discount to country practitioners and {It?- I.1TE11ARY NOTICE ?The Yankee, published in lloston, seems to crowd itself into every nook and corner of Gotham, for we find it on every table and in every reading room. We presume its unparalleled success is owing, in a great meusure, to the original, and we believe sole contributions, of Professor hi^aham. who has immortalised our bays and harbors by his "Water Witch" tales. Every number contains a pretty story lrom his prolific pen, while the editor seems to search heaven and earth for all the witty and pungent sayings afloat. Who would begrudge Tour dirty red cunt* lor a copy ot the handsome faced Yankee, that present* hi* clean face with hi* weekly budget of mirth, inspiring joke*, tales and poetry. We were in error last week in stating the price to be three cents. It is three dollars per hundred copies? four cents single number. It is cheap at sixpence, but the publisher says the immense circulation warrants the low price. J. A. TUTTLC, (1 Aim street, Agent. (K7- PROFESSOR VELPKAU'S CELEBRATED PILLS, for the radical cure of Gonorrhceu, Gleet, and all mucopurulent discharges from the urethra. These pills ire guaranteed to ell'ect a ]?rmanent cure in all diseases ol the urethra, in a shorter time than any other remedy 'vcr brought before the public, without tainting the reath, disagreeing with the stomach, or confinement j rom business. Price $1 per box. Office of the College ol Pharmacy and Medicine, 95 Nassau street. \V. S RICHARDSON. Agent. " N. B.?A liberal discount to country practitioners and medicine venders. QtJ- THE CASE OF MRS. YOUNG, RESIDING at Orient, L. I., is worthy ol notice?she hnd been subject to severe attacks of nervous headache, and could not find any thing that would relieve her, and tvas obliged to take 'o her lied. She heard of Dr. Sherman's Camphor Lozenges, ami during one of her attacks used a few, which relieved her in fifteen minutes. This was in January last ; she has not suffered with it since, and feels confident that they am always sufficient to relieve her during her most severe attacks Dr Sherman's Warehouse is 106 Nassau ?t. Agents?227 Hudson. corner Spring; 198 Bowery ; 77 East Broadway ; 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn ; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia ; and 8 State street, Boston. ijQf- THE GREAT SALE OF REAL ESTATE, belonging to the Corporation, takes place this day, at 12 o'clock, at the Merchants' Exchange. The Committee have parsed two very wise resolutions?the first and most imi?>rtant is, they have appointed our old friend and democratic fellow citizen. James M Miller, auctioneer ? l lie second is, they have unanimously resolved that every lot offered shall be sold without reserve to the highest bidder 1 he proceeds are to he applied to the payment of ! th city debt, and will lessen very considerably the ! amount ol taxes to be paid by our citizens next year. OQh CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY CURED.?The j Conic Mixture, prepared by the College of Medicine and I'harmocy of the city of New York, is confidently re ! ommended for all coses of debility produced by secret in | tulgence or excess of any kind It is an invaluable reme i ty for impotence, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend , trig on mal-foimation.) Single tmttles $1 each ; cases of half a dozen $6; careu!)y packed and sent to all parts of the Union. OHiceof the College of Medicine and Pharmacy. 96 Nassau street W. A Rlt'HAHDBON. Agent N. R.?A lit cral discount to country practitioners and j medicine venders. QQ- IT IS USELESS TO TALK TO A DULL OR j stupid person ; such a person would rather suffer than < believe in any of the inventions or improvements of the | age. Such a person would rather be blind and feel his way in darkness, through life, than believe that the Roman Eye Balsam, just touched upon his eyes, would let the light of day shine on his senses. To such persons we j have nothing to say?but to reasonable thinking persons, who believe in the powerof certain remedies, we say that | the Roman Eye Baism is the most effectual, stile and ' ceitain cure lor week eyes, inflammation or soreness of the eye, or eyelids, dimness of sight, loss of Right from sickness, old age, exposure to cold, and in the indistinctness of sight caused by too close an application to minute objects. Indeed, it is an excellent application to any distaseoflhe eye not requiring a suigical operation In smull jars, a ith full directions, price -lb cents Sold wholesale and retail, by A B Sands Si Co No. 973 Broadway, corner of Chambers street, (Granite Building) 79 Eulton street, and 77 East Broadway, New York. Qtf- PRIVATE MEDICAL AID.?The member* of the New York Collero of Medicine and Tharmacy.iu returning the public maims lor tne unerai support they have received in their eft'erts to " suppress quackery," beg leave to state that their particular attention continues ,( be directed to all diseases of a private nature, and from the great improvements lately made in the principal hospitals of Europe in the treatment of those diseases, they can confidently offer to persons requiring medical aid ailvantages not to he met with in any institution hi Mas country, either public or private. The treatment of the College is such as to insure success in errry case, and is totally difterent from that ocrn r.ous practice of ruining the constitution with mercury, and in most cases leaving i disease much worse than the original. One of the members of the College ,for many years connected with the i principal hospitals of Europe, attends dnily for a consult* ! tlon from fl A.M. to 8 P.M. Terms? Advice and medicine, $6 A cure guaranteed. Impostant to Couistrv Invalids.?Persons living in lie country ami not finding it convenient to attend pertonally, can have forwarded to them a chest containing ill medicines requisite to perform a perfect cure by stating heir case explicitly, together uhth all symptoms, time ol contraction and treatment received elsewhere, if any and unclosing (A, post paid, addressed to W. 8. RICHARDSON, Agent. Office and Consulting rooms of the College, 9/> Nassau reot ft?- TO IMPROVE THE COMPLEXION AND soften and beautify the skin, the Blanc de Perlr, a French pi operation, ol a most delicate and natural white, is the only composition proper to he applied to a delicate skin ? In jars, at on cents each Also, a very superior ami delicate article of French Rough, tiint imparts a beautiful, life like blush to the complexion, without injury to the most delicate skin. Price 37J cents Also a large assortment of very delicious perfumes and F:ncy Soaps. For sale, wholesale and retail, liy A. B SANDS fk Co., wholesale and retail druggists and chemists, '373 llroadway, corner Chambers street, (Qranitu Building.) {JfT- RICORD'3 PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MTN TURF.?For the permanent cure of primary or secondary Syphilis, and all alfections produced by an impaoper ns< of mercury. This pnwerftll alterative should be used by ill | ersons suspecting u venereal taint In their systen from former disease. It is warranted to remove all impii rities from the blood Bold, in single bottles. $1 each ; li uses of hall down, $5, carefully packed, and sent to al ptrts of the Union. Oliice of tne College of Medicim and Pharmacy, DA Nassau street. ' W. 8 RH1HARDSON, Agent N . B.-A liberal discount to country practitioners am medicine venders ft/- MARIA, MARIA, V OUR DKLItlOl M CHEEK*, he row and the lilly? pshaw' your cheeks are more deli* :loua, more pure, white, yet rosy red, than ever lovtr bought or poet wrote of, yet seven weeki since, what a countenance wae year*; how yellow yonr neck end arm*, tow freckled your cheeks and your forehead garnish* <1 |?ith blotches. How grateful must you feel to 51 in B I . or sanding you a half a cake of JONES' Italian Chemical loap, the other half of which had given her a beautiiiil, slear complexion. Adviae every one to get a cake at the ilgu ot the American Ragle, Hi Chatham street, or S23 3roadway; mind, aak for JONES' aoap, take no other; get t In Brooklyn at 1311 Fulton street; in Boston at 8 State itreet; in Philadelphia at 3 Ledger Boildings Mutd, be* ware of a dangerous couuterleit. OQt- AMERICANS, TRIUMPHANT FOREVER -In jne ward at the last election, thirty-nine in one district had the sense to work on the respect of all parlies by im proving their upper stories; hundreds of them bought a three shilling bottle of Jones' Coral Hair Restorative ? Thus you saw none of them with bad, red, dry hair, but each had soft, dark, auburu hair, free from scurf or dandruff Any who like to apply this nerd not go bald or whiskerless, as it positively forces the hair to grow?stops it falling of, tic., nut to dress had hair 'tis excellent; it keen* it soft and silky. Sold only in this city at the sign of the American Eagle, S3 Chatham St., and 323 Broadway. or 139 Fulton street. Brooklyn; 8 Slate St., Boston; t Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. ft?-WHITE, RED OR OREV HAIR CHANGED to a dark brown or permanent black by the Moorish Hsir Dye. Sold for UO cents or $1 a bottle, at the sign of the American Eagle, 83 Chatham street, or 323 Broadway, New York, and 139 Fulton St., Brooklyn. From Hayti.?Accounts from St. Dntningo to the 31st ult represent that the insurgents had a force of 3.000 men within the city, end about 6 000 on the lines. The new Governor chosen by the Spanish population had iust arrived from Curacoa. and was uctinar as Ueneralissi* mo *r all the forces. There had been some skirmishing on the linen between the belligerent*, and a number killed, the particulars of which had not transpired. It was thought the place would be able to hold out for some time, a* many persons In favor of the rebellion were coming in trum the country. fttj- DR. OOURAUD'3 ITALIAN MEDICATED SOAP, is a positive anil never tailing cure for freckled, pimpled, blotched, rough, chapped, dark, diseased, eruptive skin. Day after day we are receiving testimonials of the wonderful cure of *kin diseases performed by the Italian Medicated Soap Be sure you get the genuine or you will he cheated with a worthless counterfeit; at87 Walker street first store FROM Broadway, is where you get the genuine, nowhere else; be on your guard. Ocy-CHINESE HAIR KRAD1CATOR, from 21 Courtlamlt street, warranted to remove the hair from the face, neck or arms, and will not injure the skin. MONEY M i ItKLKT. Thursday, April 11?0 P. HI. The stock market is generally improving. Trices are advancing, and the sales indicate the existence of a butter feeling among operators. Norwich and Worcester ail vaaced per cent. ; Canton lj ; Ohio 6'a, ij; Vickshurg |; Mohawk J ; Farmers' Trust j ; Pennsylvania G's fell off 1 jj per cent. ; Long Island 2 do ; llarlem and Illinois closed very firm at yesterday's quotations. The money market isj sensibly tightening. The Banks are calling in their stock loans for two reasons. The first and most important at this moment is, to enable them to make as favorable reports as possible, and the second, is to raise the prices for money among the brokers. When stocks are advancing, an operator will sub mittothe payment of one or two per cent more for a loan, rather than have it called in, and be compelled to sell hid stock at the market price. 'I lie banks take every opportunity to do this they can invent; and the brokers, in many cases, submit to the best terms dictated. There is, however, a greater demand for money for classes that have heretofore made few applications for loans. The commercial classes are seeking discounts from the banks toiiuite an extent. Short paper is readily taken at 6j a & per cent at most of the banks. The New England Worsted Manufacturing Company of Kramingham has declared a semi-annual dividend of ten per cent. The Neptune Insurance Company of iloston has declared a dividend oi twelve per cent for the past six: months. The stockholders of the Washington Bank, Boston, have concluded to continue the business of the institution, and not wind up its ati'air* and divide its capital, as contemplated. Bonds of tho City of Hartford were sold in Boston yesterday, at auction, as follows $06,000 City of Hartford stock, in bonds of $6000 each, payable 1863, interest t> per cent., payable semi-annually, 2jj a 3 per ct. advance. $600acity of Hartford 6 per cent, stock, payable May, 1360, imerest semi-annually, 3 per ct. advance. $1000 City of liurtford stock, interest 8 per cent, paj abin annually in 1363, -J; psret advance. $3000City of Hartford ?j percent bonds, of $1000 each, interest annually, payable IS 15, 1 per ct. advance. The receipts of specie at New Orleans on the 2d ins<^ amounted to $104,300, of which $161,800 was from New York. The receivers oi the Newburyport (Mass) Bank have obtained an order from the Supreme Court w^tich Vill enable tbum to r.loto up tlie aflalrs of that institution, and make a dividend among the creditors next (all. The receivers have given notice to all persons holding hills of said bank, or having other claims against taw! corporation to present the same for allowance on or before the 6th of September, to become entitled to a dividend of the asset* of the bank. Receipt* or the Wiitwt (Mass.) Railroad roR the Week Kndinu April 0. 134.1 1844. Passengers $4,371 $4 813 Freight, Ac 4,269 4,310 Total, $8,640 $9,12* Receipt! for the Firit Three Months, for Three* Year*. 1842, $8">,903 1843, $82,319 1841, $109,660 The receipts of the Michigan Central Railroad thl* year* compared with last, show an enormous increase. Total receipts far March, 1843 $4 027 " ' " 1344 9,398 Increase this year $3,371 The total receipts for three months, 'ending the 1st inst of each yenr were as follows : 1813, $11,061 1344, $31,6V, (lain. $20,623showing an increase of nearly t*?o hundred percent. Receipt* of the Southern (Michigan) Rail raid for March 1843, $1,680. ... 1844, $2,312. ... Gain, $2,493 The rapid improvement in the receipts of the Rsilroud crossing the peninsula., connecting tho waters of Luke Huron with thuso of Michigan, is an evidence of .'ho importance of the works. The communication with the extreme we t by water, is obstructed long alter the Lakes become navigable, by tho quantity of iae that collects at the straits of Mlchilimackinac. This obstruction will be rendered jminipor imii ny me completion o! the railroads through Michigan. All the woiks of internal improvement at th?i west, lor the transportation of produce, must increase in value with the growth of the country. The immense improve ment, shown in the above returns, is but a rommi nee mint of what it must ultimately be. The amount of merchandise g ing west, and the amount of produce coniiug east, from the section of country bordering on these improvements, is yearly increasing; and tc, what extent it will reach is beyond all calculation During the session of the Michigan Legisla:ure, hills were introduced, proposing the sale of their rail roada. They were dsfeated. Their possession will, eventuaU-y, prove a source of great revenue. The receipts will, in a few years, more thaix pay the interest on the public debt of the State. The Secretary of the Treasury has transmitted to the Senate the annual statement of the commerce and navigation oi the United Stntes. The report is made up to Jane 30, 1843. Exroins iroh the United Status, von Nine Months, endino June 3n, itt3. fisheries, $2,112,618 *i'?s f!2 Koiest, 3 33I.M9 < ottoo, ? Agriculture. 10,919,602 Manufactures. .t.z.j ji? Totil taIu.- of domestic exports, Do do forego do Total viluf of export. Dnmmtir. jirlichi. Exported iu foreign venels, $17,*#6.914 Do American do 60.I07.S19 Fnrrign Jlrticlct. Exported in foreig.i vexsel., '.J***? Do American do 4,9t6,?17 J()4 1Jg <M Of the domestic produce export?!, $37,740,161 was to Great Britain. Imports into the Unitkk Siates por Nine Months, E.ndiio Ji'ifK 30, 1843. Kree of dtltv .434.674.4*4 Ad valorem duties $16,6S4,h76 Specific do 12,494,340-29,179,'21* Total import, ftt-l 7M7W " export hi 346,410 Excess of export* in nine months, $19,699,061 Number or Vniru air vino at am. the Port* oe the United State* eon Ninc VIontii* *1mn iron. Forri^n, Total4.S72 ... 2.rr0 ... 7,761 OP the*#. arrived at Boston,- UJ ... ah* OH New Yolk, (175 .... 278 .... Mil Mew Orle.uit, ... 213 l.OM l,143,.r>23 tons of American shipping entered, and 1,386,083 tons cleared, from the poits of the United State*. >84,789 tons of foreign shipping entered, and 63.1,04!! tons cleared dining the name period. Oi the .331 752 of foreign tonnage, 47)3,404 was fritlsh. Tonnac.e oe the United State*, June 30, IH43. The registered tonnage 91 Of '.nrolled ami licensed tonnage, 1,070 >'> 7>t* fishing vessels 73 14-4 33 2,15.' *!02 03 Of registered Hml enrolled tonnage, there were employed in the whale Athene*.,... ,4i4|174 86

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