Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 13, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 13, 1844 Page 1
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TXT JLJt . Vol. JU, Ho. 10?-Wholo Ho. 367n. TUe Uruat (Vhlir * OttOimmOO ole last Krenlng to celebrate the Birthday ot Henry Clay?The First tiun In the Presidential Campaign?Ore at Speech ftem Air. Botta?Immense Crowd* and Intenao Excitement. The largest and most important meeting which the whigs have had for years in this city, took place at the Tabernacle laat evening. The ostensible purpose was the celebration of the birthday of Henry Clay, but the real intention was to muster their forceH and take ground for the Presidential ranipaign. We have seen the Tabernacle tolerably well crammed on various occasions, but never so densely crowded, as it was last night. There could not have been more than twenty additional persons introduced, unless they intended to occupy places on the shoulders of others. The galleries had been reserved for ladies, and they presented a most imposing array ol female loveliness, elegance and fashion. At either side of the organ hung suspended two flags, one inscribed "4th Ward Clay Club, 1844," with a well executed portrait of Mr. Clay}" the other "3J Ward Democratic Clay Club," with another portrait of the "Great Kentucky Orator." A large banner hung between, on which was inscribed "7th Ward Democratic Clay Club, founded 1841," and the motto "Justice to Harry of the West." This banner was surmounted with a li. berty cap. The "Capitol" of the Union appeared in the distance, and in the foreground the "Millhov nf fh/? Sln?hor?" ninnnfpri An n with some appropriate devices. Another banner from "The Ladies of- the Eighth Ward to the Patriotic Whiga," with the motto "None but the brave de. serve the Fair," was also suspended from one of the pillars of the spacious edifice. Shortly after 7 o'clock, the vast meeting was organized by the appointment ol Alex. W. Braofoho, Esq. as Chairman, with the following additional officers:? Vice-Presidents. 1st Ward, J. N. Reynolds and John M. Flint, 3.1 " Revo C. Hance and Georgo K. Nesbit, 2d " William Dodge and Jamea Von Ostrand, 4th " Jaines II. Braine and Charles Chamberlia, 6th " John C. Hamilton and Galen T. Porter, 6th " Thomas J. Doyle and Clarkson Croiius, 7th " James K. Wood and Conrad Sweet, 8th " William H. Sweet and Cyrus Chcnery, nth " Marshall O Roberts and Abm.Van Orden.Jr 10th " N O. Bradford and Nathan Richmond, 11th " John McGowan and Jamos Abbott. 13th " M. llopper Mott and Marcellus Eells, lattt " Ed ward Collin and Augustus Morand, 14th " Johu T. Allen and John B. Scoles, 16th " 11. E. Davies and Harvey A. Weed, 16th " Charles Turner and Edward D. West, 17th "J Theodore E. Tomlia&on and John llidley. Philip Brissel), Silos Cbickering, 0. Robb. Secretaries. Giles M. llillyer, John T. Dodge, lusepii n?rr, jouii i. uiuyu, John A. Schuyler, P. H. Smith, William II. Landon. After the meetiug had been thua organized, The Cbajrman said that lie had the pleasure of announcing the presence of the lion. Morris Franklia. (Tremendous applause.) It was then moved, seconded and carried by acclamation, that Mr. Franklin be invited to take a seat on the right of the chair. Mr. Franklin accordingly made his appearance on the platform, and was greeted by the most enthusiastic and prolonged applause. After its subsidence, he thus addressed tne meeting:? Fellow Citizens For this Crush evidence of your confidence and regard, permit me to return to you my siucere and grateful acknowledgments ; and in the sincerity of anovcitlowiug heart, to renow my allegiance with yon in the great and glorious contest in which the whigs of this country are at this time engaged. (Ureat applause.) And it is indecdencouraging in these days of political apostucy, when mitny ate filing on our right, and multitudes wavering on our left, to find that there is a noble band yet remaining,who are determined to guard ourThermopo, iy.i! against tiie assaults of professing friends within, and open and avowed enemies without. (Cheers) And although in the recent contest from which we have just emerged, we were scattered like sheep without a shepherd, yet when the rallying cry will sound throughout our borders?when the bugle note shall be heard throughout our land, and the swelling chorus of exulting thousands shall animate the heart and nerve the soul, we will again present an unbroken phalanx, against which the wave* of political despotism will dash in rain. We will say to them in the language of inspiration, "Thus far shalt thou come, and no iarther." (Tremendous applause) Ves, fellow citizens, in the cause ot Henry Clay?(tremendous cheering)?in the cause of that man whom we all delight to honor, we are one and indivisible, and when the time arrives, we will plant his standard before our army, and then the proud eagle of our country will again soar in her native majesty, bearing in her beak the noble motto of our democracy?" Excrlsior-Ex cehior." (Great cheering.) Again, I thank you?I thank you. Mr. Franklin then cat dowu amid great cheering. The following ode wax then sung by Mr. Bci.i., assisted by the Sacred Music Society. ODF, Jlir?"Hail Columbia." COMTOiF.n BT 0. 0 STUART, til)., NEW VORK. Ilnrra ! the morn in glory breaks, And Freedom from her slumber wakes, And peats her trumpet to the skies ; While loud a nation's voice replies, Huzza! to the auspicious day, When bright! v rose the star of Clay And high above the stormy blast The how of hope and promise cast, And broke by Freedom's temple fane Tho remnant of Oppression's chain ! Chorus. Firm, beneath its steady light, us dare the low'ring night'. boon shall beam a brighter day, 'Neath the Star of Henry Clay ! From mountain high, and lowly vale, That trumpet swells upon the gale, And millions from their labor spring To bH the thund'ring echo ring, And slowly break the clouds away. While.yonder gleams the star of Clay? Our Victor, who in might arose. And, o'er the heads of Freedom's foot, The Constitution's banner flung, An I Freedom's learless challenge rung Chorut. Finn, beneath, Sic. The farmer rests upon his plough, The artizan with sweaty brow ilcside his ringing anvil kneels ; And while the deaf 'ning echo penis, He breathes a prayer, end hails the day When brightly rose the star of Clay '. Beneath whose mild, Proltclivt light, The harvest iields again are bright; While Commerce's wings spread o'er the sea, Bear On the trophiss of the u eo '. Chorui. Firm, beneath, Sic. And not alone ny Freedom's fano, Is heard that stirring trumpet strain ; But far, amid the Grecian Isles, And where Bolivia's summer smiles, What grateful millions hail the day When brightly rose tho star of Clay ! Ami o er tho tyrant's bloody throne, With kindling light an<l ({lory shotio, And loft a bow of promise there, For those who still the fetter wear ! Chnrut. Firm, beneath, Then let us ihuut with lestal cheer, And hail the name to freedom dear, And while our echo shakos the sky, Ltd every freeman's heart reply, Huzza to the auspicious day Which drove the a ormy ckii 1 away And beaming o'er corruption's night, Kcstoied the bolunccj of right,? Where, soon, his hand our loes shall weigh, And turn their idols all to Clay ! i CAorus. Firm, beneath its steady light, Let us dare the low'ring night 1 Soon shall bantu a brighter day 'Neath the star of Hr.nav Cusr ! The Ciniasisn then said- 1 have now the honor of introducing to you the Hon. Jours M. Boris of Virginia.? (Thunders or applause) Mr IIotts stepped forward and was received with indescribable enthusiasm. The whole multitude rose rn mamr, and the shouting, waving of hats,and every possible demonstration of applause was continued fur some minutes There was then a pause, but it wss at once broken by a stentorian cry of "Three cheers for Botts," which were given of course with doah-nlng efleet. Alienee was at ln?t obtained, and Mr. IIotts thus spoke, at first In a low tone, hut afterwards so as distinctly to be hesrd throughout the building I present myself belore yoti, fcllow-eitheii* and brother whig* ol New-York, in redemption of a pledge that was made bv my friends in Washington, during rny absence Irorn that city, that I would lie present and participate with you in the proceeding* ol this evening. I came here neglecting, perhaps, the most interesting question, sive that of the success of the Whig party, to which I have ever been call*,! on to givemv attention?(cheers)? not from any pen-o ial interest that was to result to me, but in vindication of ih ? right! of the people to a full, E NE NE free unJ untremme.iloil repiesentatiou in the t 'ongreM of the Unite J States, and I have come anions you personally unknowu?a stranger rather hoping to entitle myself by service heiuatier to be rendered to the great whig cause, to your favorable eonsidr ration, than promi-iug or dating to trope that 1 had secured it by any thing that 1 had dune heretofore. And if I do not aland abashed and overwhelmed by the enthusiastic reception that 1 have met with here tonight, it is only bccauko I know that 1 uui among niricls una leel us much at home as if I were indeed in my native land, beloved Virginia?(tremendous Cheering.) beloved, i say, and beloved she is, for with ail hrr laulU?with all her errors-with ell liur misfortunes w hich has fallen thick and heavy upon her in the last lew years, she is still the land ot Washington?of Jefferson?of Madison?of Henry?and last, though not least,ol him whose birth day we now assemble to celebrate. -(great applause, and three cheers lor Virginia, followed " iiinectauvK more.") True aids 1 too true it is that she has bucoflR byeword and a repiouch amongst her sister Stutes by the infidelity and treachery of one of her sons, blame not the State for that !? All that I claim?all that I set up a claim for in the whig cause for is, that It was one of the sons of Virginia who first denounced the traitor, and discharged what he faithfully believed to be his duty in endeavoring, at least, to bring that puuishment upon his guilty head which his treiohery demanded aud the constitution prescribed (tremendous cheering.) [Here some one near the door called out "speak louder?wo can't hear a word here !"J 1 am very sorry for it, said Mr. D.; but it is rather my misfortune than my fault (loud cheers ) 1 am ut present laboring under an excessive hoarseness, ot which it has been impossible for me, notwithstanding all my shorts thiough- I out the day, to get rid (cheers.) Follow-citizens, we have been often told that a crisis had arrived in the affairs of our government, uud more than ever has that been true; but in my humldo judgment, never since the formation ol our government has there been such mi important crisis as that which now presents itscli to the consideration of the people of this country. To our revolutionary sires belonged the task, and most faithfully, did they discharge it?el establishing the independence oJ America and of framing the government under which w e live. To us aud upon us, their children, has devolved, il not the more important, at least the more responsible task ol maintaining and perpetuating that liberty which was handed down to us by them us a rich legacy unto their issue, and of preserving inviolate to latest tintra those institutions which were lruiued.not for their,but our benefit. miu mc i|?chiiuii ii, nuvv can wi) uf m succeed in accomplishing thin nil important task. h'or the last fifteen yours the reign of destruction?il 1 may tiro the term? the reign of destruction has prevailed. A party has hod the possession of the government during that period, whose whole and sole object appears to have been to pull down and destroy all thai was raiuablu iu the institutions of the country. Destruction has been the order of the day, until at last we have been brought to that point whuu it becomes the duty of every reflecting, sober, wise and discreet man in the country?to take this subject in hand for the promotion of their! rights and liberties, I shall in the course of the addiess which I pur pose to muke this evening, indulge in no porsonal re flee tions either upon parties or individuals. (A voice?" I'm sorry tor that!") i'ersouul reflections perhaps might well be made, but I shall abstain from them. 1 am content to rest this great question, upon which we liuvo now iu a few months to decide, u[>on public measures?upon the policy ol'the country?such as has prevailed during the last fifteen years, au'd such as will pruvail, should wo be fortunate enough, as no doubt wo shall be, in the ensuing election. (Great cheering ) What aro tliu true issues before the people now I What are the great points on which the two parties in this country ore now divided I The whig party proposes measures calculated to relieve the country from the ditliculties and disasters through which it has recently passed? u reform in tho currency?a tariff for revenue, with incidental protection to all the great interests of the country?(great cheering)?to the several branches of domestic trade and industry?a distribution of the proceeds of the sales ol the public lands. (Great applause.) Our opponents propose in the stead of those measures, that half tried and most thoroughly condemued scheme, the tub treasury?(laughter)?free trade, if any body can understand the term?I am sure I can't (renewed laughter)?and a squandering, a wasteful and extravagant squandering of the proceeds of the sales of the public lauds by the geueral government. And it is a little remarkable that in no part of this broad laud do you find a single objection raised in any quarter against the expediency of any one of the measures proposed by the whig party. All the objoctions are what ii called " constitutional objections" (u laugh) Aye, constitutional objections; taised, too, by a party that have never failed, when they thought it would advance their interests, to trample on the constitution and to violate all lav (thunders of applause). They cannot find constitutional authority for the incorporation ot a bank?they cannot find constitutional authority for a protective tariil" ?they cannot find constitutional authority fur the distribution of the proceeds of the sales ot the public lands? but they can find constitutional authority lor an insurrection Rnd rebellion (applause.) They can find constitutional authority to dislrunchise a State ol its whole representation, and they can find constitutional authority to trample upon a law ol Congress and create representation in violation of that law. (Renewed and enthusiastic cheers ) Mr. Botts here went en to speak at some length ot the importance and pressing necessity of printing the constitution in a form for universal circulation?to lie read by everybody, and taught in the public schools, like the Lord's Prayer, to which only it was, he said, second in importance. (Cheers.) He then supposed the case of a locoforo demagogue haranguing against a United States lt-,,lr BnJ Uin. 1-1,..- ...7?... ...K? I..,.I .*,..1 studied the constitution. The voter thus informed might say in reply to the assertion of the othur, that such an institution was unconstitutional-tbat the first Congress in 1791, composed chiefly of the Iranian oi the conitltution, and amongst them the 'father of his country," pawed a bank hill. (Tremendous applause.) In IRI1 again It was submitted to Congress, and passed the House oi Kepieaentativca, being tost in the Senate by a tie vote, but decided by the casting vote of Cieorge Clinton, the Vice i'rcaident. The voter might say, " I gee such men us James Madison and Henry (day deciding 011 the constitutionality of a United States Dank, and they, I take it, are aa good judges as you can pretend to lie, Mr. Ileniugogue, or Mr. Orator, or Mr. Democrat, or whatever vou please to call yourself." (Laughter and cheers.) I tmd that these men, after they had at ono time opposed it, grown older and wiser, saw the'neceosjtv of tins measure, and in 1816 they changed their ground and sustained the constitutionality of a hank ol the United States?(loud cheers.) ? 1 flnd else that the voter could go on and say "that when the question was submitted to tho Supreme Court oi the United States, the venerable John Marshall, then at its head, (and a purer and wiser man never was found in uny oountry,) that Court decided in 1818, that the law Incorporating a Rank of the United States, was in accordance with tha provisions of the Constitution; and this opinion they expressed in terms perhaps never used liefore or since by that highl legal tr|buna]?that "it was the unani moos and decided opinion of the Siuprutr.e Court of the United States"? (cheers ) He might go farther and say that in MM this Bank was rachartered by both branches of a democratic Congress, and its consti tntionallty recognised and acknowledged by the corner-stone, the pillar and the arch of modern democracy?Andrew Jackson?(cheers and laughter.) But the demagogue might contend that the power was not expressly granted by the constitution. But that argument was absurd, because if Congress had the power to levy duties and imposts they had the power to prescribe how they should he tuken cure of and disbursed (Cheers) Besides, Congress had the power lo coin money and regulate the value thereof. And ut>ove all, it had the power to make all laws necessary to cany the foregoing ptov isions into execution. But the democrat might then say, " Oh, hut it lias power only to make such law* as are indispensably necessary." (Laughter) ? Well, then, it might he replied thut that is an interpolation?there ia no such word as " indispensably" in the clause of the constitution in ijuestion. But granting them the benefit of the interpolation What then I Why the unconstitutionality ot their darling Sub-Treasury scheme was ut once established. Kor as there were various modes of cll'ectlng the same object?lirst by an United States Bank, then again by the Sub-Treasury scheme, and then again by State Banks, the Sub-Treasury plan could not be indispensably necessary. (Chuera) ? Hut he (Mr. B) was willing to rest the whole in the experience of the last -Id years as to the utility of a U. S Bank, to the experience of Col. ltirhard M. Johnson himself, or to that of John C. Culhoua, who in 1810 supported and voted lor a U. S. Bank ; and who us late as in 1*31 claimed to bo thcfather of iillank of the U. States (hisses ) He (Mr. B.) was not fond of reading upon such occasions?but he Jeonld not refrain from reading a short passage from .VIr. Calhoun's speech in 1831. Mr B. then read the passage, in which Mr Culhouii said?'-Unless you give the highest practical mil. formity to the value of hank notes, so long as you receive them, and treat them as money, you violate that provlson of the Constitution, which provides that the curreney shall be uniform throughout the United States. There is no other alternative. 1 repeat you must divorce the government entirely from the hanking system, and if not, you /are bound to incorporate a 'bank, as the only sale an! effuctunl means of giving stability and uniformity to the currency." (Uourl cheering) And yet this is the gentleman by whose party wo are assailed as federalists, because we stand firm by our principles?principles w hich he thus himself so fully en. dorsed (Cheers) Mr. McDulbe in his celebrated pamphlet of "one of the people," said?" you may impose duties and draw from the hard earnings of tho laboring man every dollar that can be spared from the means of hit actual subsistence, for the most unjust and oppressive?the most tyrannical and iniquitous purposes -, and yet no man can complain ol the constitutional jiower which is vested in Congress in the exercise of its wisdom and discretion in carrying out the provisions of tho Constitution." This was liis remark after proving the constitutionality of a Bank of tho United States. Mow Mr. MeDufHc's sentiments have changed ,-inco then 1 need not tell you. (Cheers) As to the question of a protective tariff, Mr. B said he would not occupy tho time of the audience in discussing it with the demagogue whom he hail supposed to beharangaing the p-ople And why 1 Because lie regarded an ounce of fart an worth a pound of theory.? [Mere some slight degree of confusion was occasioned by aeryof "turn nim out," referring to some one nonr the door, who had attempted same interruption. But in a moment or two order was restored | He would only direct i attention to the eiperienr.e of the past. them go back to 1*80, and look at the law passed by the framers of the constitution.whose preamble read?"VVbereas, it is neces sary for the support ol government, and for the protection of home industry, that duties should be levied, be it enacted," and so forth (Loud cheers ) Such were the views "f the fathers of this republic, whose memories lire cast in the shade hy the spurious democracy that has risen in the country within the last few years. (L'/tidt beers) ? Trace it down, and you cannot find any man who has (Hied the Presidential chair, wl o lias not recognised the con stitutional power and expediency ol a protective tariff? When the great battle was (ought ou the principle* of W YC :w YORK, SATURDAY I protection in lull?lor I will hurry and,come down to period?Ilenty flay stood then an the champion ol the protective policy." (Croat applause) Who, then, he would tuk, followed in the footstep* ot their illustrious predecessor I (Laughter und cheer* ) Who were the men that then looked up to Henry (day lor information!? Who were they that then stood an Henry flay itood, and voted with him' Tell it not in (iath? publish it nut in iu? mri-eii ni askcioii, lor it would not lie believed by the democracy of the present day. Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Utireii, and Thomas liartu Denton were the men ? (Laughter and cheers.) These were the men that then recoguizedithe constitmionality and expediency, the wisdom and the necessity of a protective tariff. Trace the history of the country from '-.'ti to 'II, and look ut its condition By tlio operation of tlio taritf, affording encouragement and employment tr domestic labor, gradually, daily, hourly, he might Hay, the country improved in its condition in every aspect?increased in population and respectability and energy, not only meeting the. expenditures ot the government, but paying oil'ten millions annually of the public debt, which was finally dischuiged in 183S. in the year 18:17, when Mr. Van lluren first went into utiice, the government for the first time contracted a debt in the time of peace. Then the revenue began (o diminish?business (lagged in all its departments?every arm of industry was disabled?thousands were throw n out of employment?tlio energies of the people were paiuly7.ed?commercial confidence was broken?even the credit of the government was degraded, and when a commissioner went to Kngland to negotiate a loan on tile credit of the general government, ho was hissed and hooted slid almost kicked out ol the country. (Laughter ) Fortunately for the country it hud a whig ( ongress, which passed a healing measure? 0110 ineusure in that great system of legislation which tlicy proposed- and that was n taiifl' lor protection, (t 'lieeis) And w hat was the result .' Immediate and instant prosperity lollowed on its heels. (Renewed eheenng) Commerce revived?laborers found employment?capital also found employment?confidence between man and mail was restored?the credit of the government revived ?those bonds that could not he sold in the maikit (or '.>7 and Oo per cent were run up to 118. (Loud cheers ) What was the condition of the country now in comparison with what it wus then I lie did not ask such an intelligent audience as that. Mr. U. then went on to spe.?k of the distribution ol the proceeds of the sales ot the public lands He alluded to tnc decision ot the Supreme Court ol the United btutes in the case of Jacktun against Clarke anil olhtit ill 1838. The whigs claimed these proceeds as a trust found to held by the general governnv nt for the severul States. Rut it was vulling to yield the legal claim, lie lusted the whole ([uertUon on the claim in the Constitution which provides that Congress "shall have the power to diipose of and make all needful laws and regulations respecting the territory and oilier property belonging to the United btutes " He then alluded to the case of liem ml Lafayette on whom the nation, on unn ni i,,? ?.-? i in the tullness ot its gratitude lor Ins eminent und mdispensihle service* during thu revolution, determined to bestow sonic substantial token of in regard. 'Miey had not thu Constitutional power to vote liini uny of the public money, but Congress gave him filly thousand acres ' oi thu public lauds, because they had tltc pow er to dispose of that, and the vote ivus sanctioned by Mr. Jeli'erson himself. (Loud cheers.) but modern democracy?aye, modern democracy?spurious and false democracy (said Mr. Botts with peculiar bitterness)?I do not apply my words or language to the great mass of the people of the democratic party, who ure, I believe, as liouest us you or J, but who have been misled by ignoiant and designing demagogues. 1 speuk el' the heads of thu party, and I make no exception with them. (Tremendous cheering ) This false and spurious democracy has recently discovered that there is no constitutional power in Congress to dispoRe oi these proceeds. Why did they not make the discovery helote the measure beeame one of the leading mensurcs ot the Whig party '! Because it was the r< suit of the genius, the wisdom and the patriotism of Henry ('lay. ((treat cheering.) And becuuse its adoption would benefit eve. y man throughout the I nion. ((ii eat,enthusiastio and tremendous cheers.) There was another question on w hich Congress found they had the power el stripping the States. They had I ioigutten Van Bureu's voice in 1 M2t?, ami all the provision o( this same document that 1 desire to distribute, amongst the people. What is the language ot thu Constitution on that question : " The time, place and manner oi holding elections, shall he prescribed in each plucu , but Congress shall have the power by law to make or alter such regulation, except as to thu place for electing Senators,"? that is in making the whole or to alter and to modify any part thereof; ami at the iotination ot the Cougirss the ground was taken by Mr. Madison himself, that it was indispensable to tiie formation ot the government to do tins-, lor he said the time must arrive w hen one part of this Union must get the power of the other in each State The word ge> >y miindr ring w as not then in vogue, us it is now. (Tremendous laughter and vociferous cheering.) in a Idiuoii, lie sai<', the sta't a may refuse it and throw eft the government. The whig Congress of Ibli did it. They found ( 'Bptain Tyler at that session racing lor it. (Hoars of laughter ) He signed the hill, hut he tiled his protest against it in the Department of State ; yes. under nis solemn oath ofottice, and then he went point blank against it alterivards; and the Oemurrutic party seized hold of it, and they denied ita constitutionality, notwithstanding they said it always should he. Vet some of the States, at that tiinc elected by the general ticket, and they refused to obey, and all were iu disi tticta under their own State law. So I proclaim it, the government provided for us by the fathers ot our Constitution, has been revolutionized ; for we have not the govern men* now acting as the Congress ot the United States ? (cheering) ? ami there are twenty men there who have no more claim* to be there than any gentleman in this Hall. (Laughter.) Let us see how it ix. Geoigia sUcted her member* under her State law and sent un eight representative* to the House ; shortly alter that law was passed a whig came into jiower and then the new law, a* was ritpi-okud, was recognized by the legislature that came into power-they had already seut up eight member* under the State law by the general ticket system.? Suppose every other State in the Union had occupied just the same position us Georgia under the general ticket, what would have be-n the spectacle presented I You would have two hundred and twenty two elected under the State law ; and two hundred and twenty-two elected under the general ticketwhat would have been the consequence of this I each of those two classes of representatives?would they be recognized by the Sonate 1 There would be a curious sort el clashing of interests and under the *line Congress ; in such a state of thing* what would have become of this constitution w IhCIi declare* ihat the law of the United States on this particular topic shall be the law of the land I Now, God knows twenty votes appointed under such a construction ol the law ex ercise an undue influence in the deliberation* ol Congress, und therefore the system ol' election of which I complain, demands to be remedied. (Cries ol hear, hear.) But, fellow citizens, there i* another question and other parties in this country to which I desire to call your attention? there is the war party?and there is the peace party, too? there is a party in.this country, whose end and a|m is to Involve tis in a war tor party purposes. 1 ask you my friends are you prepared to go to war ??are you prepared, 1 say, to go to war with any power, strong, or feeble, for paity ends I?or lor the vindication and protection of the national property at the North F.aatern Boundary, as fust made by that party, in the Ashlmrton I treaty. An opportunity of negociation was ofl'ered at that time and pending the question, war was the cry?war was tne cry I repeat; but mv friends that uuestion was adjusted by a whig Mantle. (Tremendous entering ) I do not mean to approvo or condemn that Treaty; it gave us tieace ; but i think we neither gained nor lost much by the Ashbuton truaty, except that we have saved our honor (Loud ami prolonged cheering ) But I shall bring you to the next question on which the war party sent out the cry ?the Oregon question ?(cheering)?when tlmt question was first mooted, "war," "war," resounded through the hills of Congress, aye "war" " war" to the kniic. We will fight for it says Thomas Harte Benton?(laughter) ? Yea, my friends, we will light lor it, but not while it can be settled by amicable negotiation?(rapturous chcers)when all lails, there is not an American heart but will light?(Tremendous und continued applause)-? , and no American would propose to light till all failed (hear, hear.) This ninie attempt has been made to embarrass the negotiation, just at the moment there wus a probability ot negotiation, on tills great question with the present British Minister, Mr. I'akenham; yes, that is, the moment they select to pass a resolution that the term of the British occupation of Oregon should cease t but thank God, wo have a whig Senate, and that question is set at rest- (loud cheering ) And now, now, there is a greater question and a more mtIoiis question?ono which strikes deeply ut the root ami loumlationof our government?one that is not only calculated, but can't fail to stir up society from it*|tuundution and wako this Union to its very centre - I mean the projected annexation of Texas It is not the annexation of Texas to the Uuited States, but the United State* to Texas ?(laughter.) 'This is a question in my judgment the magnitude of which it is difficult to comprehend the conseiinences of which no man can foresee. This question must lead to an immediate or ultimate disruption of this Union (sensation.) 'I lie measure has got its origin in land speculations ; and it is enough for me to know that the Union ol these State* would he placed in jeopardy?they would he placed in jeopardy I repeat? lam a union mm-(tremendous applause) I t.m not a Southern man with Northern btelings-(Inughte.i) but I am a Southern man with national feelings -(eoriletou* cheering)?nnd if it should lull to my lot to be saciiSced oil any politics! question that may arise, God grant that it may be in defence of the Union of thu States?(prolonged and reiterated cheering nnd applause for several minutes) This treaty has been negotiated, let me tell you, already, and it will soon be presented to Congress in ? very imposing form by Mr. Tyler. (Lotid laughter ) .Mr. Tyler has made up n lorm, whether we shall take Texas in the Union, or let It go to Great Britain. (Laughter! I do not mean to say that Mr. Tyler's piedeliction in favor of annexation convince* m? ? (fauirhtei! I would miulrr inmn nlhor ^r,nr.-?,..u? before I would consent to take it ourself; nor am I e<[iinlly afraid of British acquirement. (l-otid cheering.) A* I before observe!,this is not the annexation of Texas to the United States, but of the United States to Texas?for wo would identify our policy with Texas, and not Texas with OHM. We should iiy annexation (irM niiimc the debts of Texas inj thi* age of constitutional reform.((. lighter.) The United Stabsi would have to pay the debts ol Texas by admitting her into the I nlon. It would then he put upon us to pay the debts ol Texas, and to espouse her quarrels (Hear, hear ) Who is for doing this? Kor ont, if I stand single handed and alone, I will never eonsrnt to the negoeiation? (cheering)?where I think there is danger by i' I am for this government ami for this Union ; as it was made by ottr lathers, and we have liveil happy tinder it (rapturous applause) yes, happy, for the last sixty years. Suppose the Hriti-h desire to keep Texas, what is the question lor us to consider 7 Does it happen that because K.ngland may wish to take Texas, is that a reason why we should wish to take it In ' We have recognized the independence ol Texas. I lore her so much that I would do all I could to enable her to maintain her Independence. Applause ) We rctojuiseJ )RK J VtORNING, APRIL 13, 1& her independence because she sui.l ?he was able to main tain it, and if she is nut able to maintain her independence she is a province of Mexico, ami let her go hack, lam not for plunder to u^gtaiulife the North, the West, the East or the South. Suppose . aaada called upon us and proclaimed her independence?suppose Ireland proclaim ed her independence, we would recostnisM it- hut nnli so far us to say limy wore independent?wo would ri'. cognise it 011 the presumption thai they wore independent, and it would be e:t actot public plunder to do otherwise, lor the late of nations is in it. Cheen.) But it is suni Mexico is to he bought up, and then there can be no

Tear; hut lot Mexico even nisent, I am opposed to it. I am opposed to the acquisition of any further territory.? Vt hero aic we to slop.' Annex Texas to thu United Stules and is it to stop time' No, these philanthropists who meats to extend the Union by this annexation, they would next go to Mexico,next to < alilornia, and they would take it to llarien?(laughter.) Aye, and they would not stop short ol Cape Horn itself. "if Texas w i .lies to lie taken in, let her g>? to Mexico, it she w ishes it; hut let a proposition he made to let her intoour Union, and thai moment I would raise uiy utrn and my voice ngainst it; because I think it would lead to the dissolution of the Union. Now, I appeal to two members of Congress who are present (Messrs. Davis, of Kentucky, and Hunter, of ,Vn ginia.) if the present House of Representatives does not inott resemble a metiugeiie and hear gulden than n dolibtru. tire Assembly of the nation?(roars ol laughter.) ? Such is the character of our House that we can't get i t ongress of the United States to legislate wisely or quiet ly ; 1 am against it thru, out and out, let it be u |iopulur ot uuiKipulur measure 1 never stop to inquire whether s measure is popular or unpopular, and I am proud to say 1 am the iirst that mean to take ground against it; but we must lake it herause England w ishes to take it .' England has no right to take Texas ; and I would resist it lo thu death, us one of the great family of nations. (Loud applause.) 1 do not think that England wants it. Itcould nut lie valuable to England, except for growing cotton ; hut England is opposed to slave lalxir. (Cheers) If England lias an eye upon Texas, let our Uovernment inake n Eoit at Key West, and England dure not show her lace upon eur borders. We can stud thu whole ocean with steamers nuia out' station on the Mississippi to the t tulf ol Mexico, and tlii n keep Kiigiand tlown. There in a report that Mr. ruckeuham hits into mini thin <>ov eminent that Kngland does not desire annexation. I believe it ; hut there is another tumor- it is believed that Mexico bus becomo a party in this intention. I hum it 1'iom a high authoiity, that the minister from Mexico said that imnexu tion would lead to war. I now conic to lliu North; I speak freely here as I do at hotne ; it is u question to lie dim cussed ; and now huloio this is made a question of manufacture of public opinion, there is a party in this country that differ from my views ou this question ; there is a patty in this country that since the time nullification wus charged against them, huvc been evei suspected of udesign to dissolve this Union. I have no sympathies with them. Whether their design has been abandoned or not I have yet to leuni. I speak of the Calhoun party. I have recently heard two distinguishad men of that party speak?I don't mean to say I have heard Mr. Calhoun. 1 have heard Mr. 11. Klictt, ol South Carolina, and who are cupuble ol singing hosuiinahs to their party ; also Mr. Dully, and all declared they never knew this country, tor one fourth ol a century except from oppression. What reference it lias to this question ol Texas 1 do not know. If there is such a party, 1 array myself against tlicni, and more than thu locofocos?and tiod knows 1 am opposed against them stiong enough. Some may he anxious to know whut I desire to do with Texas F I desue to sue Texas keep her independent position, and if wu are to stretch the constitution ut ail, let it be for the purpose ol maintaining her independence, ami give her money.? It is money she only wants lor this purpose. As a southern man, 1 condemn the fanaticism ol the Nertli in forcing this question ; while 1 equally condemn the South for refusing the right ot petition. (Loud and vociferous cheering ) if ever this Uuiou is to he dissolved, it is by this very question ol slavery. 1 have thus crudely presented to you some of the issues in this contest ; permit me for one moment tu turn your attention to the inen of those great parties who entered thu contest. Look to both ot them. I will not insult your understanding by drawing a compari-on between the lion and the weasel ?(laughter and vociferous cheers)?I will nut insult you Dy drawing a comparison between the splendur of the sun and the tapering of a candle, 1 will not insult you by drawing a comparison between u giant and a dwnii, (Hoars ot laughter.) 1 will not insult you by dtawing a compaiison between Henry Clay and Van Uiireii. The Honorable Member here reviewed the comparative claims of both candidates during their political cureer, and concluded his reinurks in relation to Mr. Cluy, by turning to thu painting of the great Kentucky orator, and quoting .shukiqa-aru'H well Known lines from iUmlet:? " A combination und a lorm. indeed, that ones assurance of o mail." Ho then hit hunt at Vuu Huron, umt reviewed his politicul course, and took h cursory glance at the rtcent election of Connecticut, giving Anioa Kendall some hard hit*, stilting that he represented the <Uvil, which canned roais oi laughter, and woundup hi* remarki hy stating that ho hoped to have the pleasure ol meeting his New Vork friends in November next. The cheering was immense at the conclusion ol his long address. The following song was then sung TilE GATHERING. Tfise?" Hunters' Chorus." From hill and liom valley, Thev eagerly sally, Like billows of ocean, The suss is in motion. The lines ate extending O'er mountain and plain; Like torrents descending, They hurry amain Like torrents descending, They hurry amain. The Gathering ! The Gathering .' We'll lie there! We'll he there! The Gathering ! The Gathering ! We'll he there ! We'll be there ! There '. There ! There : Each i ye dashes brightly ; Each bosom beats lightly , The banners are glancing, And merrily dancing; While proudly the standard Of Liberty doats, And the music is swelling Inspiriting notes? And the music is swelling Inspiriting notes. The. Victory ! The Victory ! That we'll gain ! '1 hat we'll gain ! The Victory ! The Victory ! That we'll gain ! That we'lllgain ! Gain '. Gain '. Gain !J Again we assemble? The traitor shall tremble . For strong us the ocean, A people in motion! Tiik Im.a or No\kmmcr, The day of his doom, He long shall remember In silence and gloom, lie long shall remember In silence and gloom. The traitor ! The traitor ! lie shall lull ' He shall fall ! The traitor '. The traitor ! lie aIihII fall! lie shall fall! I allFall ! FALL '. Considerable excitement w ar here produced by a young gentleman who emanated from among the ciowd, and addressed, or attempted to address the mi eting The attempt, however, proved >i failure. The cries of " rut him down," " I'ut him out," "Go on," "No," were of the most tij* roariout kind. The Chairman said he lord the pleasure of introducing to them The Hon. Gariixt Davis ol Kenturky. Mr. I), commenced by saving that he felt sure that he was more indebted lor the honorable invitation of the citizens of New Fork to that great meeting, to Ilia relation that ex0.1.1 betw ecu him and the ill list none son ot Viiiriniu. the great Henry I lay?(Chuurs.) He hnd the honor ol standing tlieie us Itia representative. (Cheers) Two Jays ago, ami he hn I not any intention ol liuin){ present. Tiieie were other gentlemen who were inviteilj to participate in the discussion ami prouui ding* of that evening, but were pieventeil from amending > hut it was through some of our friend* abroad hut 1 wai induced to leave my duties at Congics* to come to lee them. He was a stranger to them, and unknown to fame?the humblest ol | the wing ranks : In: would throw himself on their indul- , genre, during the few crude and concise remarks he was goiug to make in pt est nee of the inhabitants of this great commercial emporium. The aide exjiosure of whig I principle* they hud heard, had left him hut little to do.? | lie fully subscribed to those eloquent delineations, lie would, however, advert to two remarks in addition to I what had * happily fallen from the last speaker. There | could be no rational doubt on the mind of any mas who j would lead the monetary concerns of this Union, that a' National I! ink ihouM meet their approval. They hail confederacy of different kinds that ol Towns, of States Stc.; and that measure was necessary lor the internal I trade of the l'nlon. (Cheers) Out of the thirty-seven names who signed the Federal Constitution, nearly all of thi iii gave their names in lavor of tho measure, ami at the head of them u as the father of Ins country? (Jeorge Washington ? (KnthusUstlc cheering)?And in those perilous times which intervened between the tormina tion of the revolutionary war. and the signing of the Federal Constitution. A* to the land question, which his friend alluded to, lie had hut a fuw lemurks to make. The excess ol the proceeds at the sales sf western hinds, after applying it to discharge the lawful debt of the , country, should and does rightfully belong to the State possessing those lands. That was according to the deed of session. No power should wrest the suridus from the State, after the just and lawfully contracted debts of the revolutionary war were paid. (Cheers ) These were (ho principles introduced by Mr Clay in his celebrated band Hill. (Loud cheers ) This, then, received the interpretation from the father of this great country, which the whigs put iqion it, and was a proof ol the great correctness of their view s (Cheers.) In a short series of years Hie revenue hns varied from one and a hall to twenty-five million* of dollars. The public land* are w anted to help tho Stall * out ot debt, and give them the mean* of placing American industry cn a sine and solid basis. (Loud cheers) The Federal ' onstitution say* the basis on whirh the protective tariff was funned, required tho surplus of the land revenue to be distrihnted lor public live, end that the debt might not be a burthen on the Mates (Cheers) lie wished them to think ol then great Canal, srid of thegenltisof c hiton who planned that stupendous work, which connected the great inland seas with the Atlantic. II this country were to go to war wilu Fnglntid, or any other notion of Kurope, what would he it* aid to these Slste* ' Why the munitions of war, the hardy soldier from the Western States, w ould rush down on its waters, assemble here in lorce, and defy the foreign aggression ol tuiy enemy who dared to assail HERA 14. thin |?nrt of their country. (I.oudcheeu) The protection , ol commcrw, of agriculture and mechanical> i i were all jaiiimi-J up in the i|\ie?lion and tin- ust di*tn- ( tuition ol die public lunJn uoulil give the power, which i heaven, liy its prime vallist declined in iavorol the mini who should earn his bread by the sw eat of hi* brtiw, to i enjoy the bles*ing? of lilt- (cheer*.) We wanted such an exercise ol the power of government a* tu< the most , beneficent and juut?to protect tlio American citi/.cn whether native or adopted (cheer*.) Hero i* the diaunctiun I between the two parties?the construction ol the Whit; ' upon the constitution is?a taiitl for revenue, and lor the i wine protection ol native industry. That was not the doctrine of their enemies, lie wan confident the country , without protection could not cope with foreign rnauuiar - mica, owing 10 m>; usprivsuon, IM Musi I y, t.iC liiggaiilly wages ol the Kutojieau urtr/ai.s. They want a j loteoljou, not un exclusive sy stem, to protect them in any department ol lul or. It woulii no longer do to tend to Kurupc tor supplies tor their matket, when they had niechamek sulticient lor every thing at home (loinl cheer*.) knglund J might talk to them about this?hut she protects tier own | people. Again, years ago she passed a law making it a , penal otl'ence to bury their dcud in anything but woollen cloth; and that she did to encourage her w oollen manufactures, The genius and energy of Cromwell, by a pro> lective policy, and the wisdom ol his plans, tnppluiited - Venice, Genoa, Hud even Spain, and mude his country the haughty mistress of the seas (cheers.) Ami even i when his son Kichnrd was deposed and Charles restored, - gieataloul us the latter was, he did not attempt to altei ' mat policy which euahlrdthut haughty island to have i " Her march upon the mountain waves, Her home upon the deep." , (par isl applause.) He thought that this country should have, like other nations, their state que:,-lions, uml cease puity wrangling. The great questions ol' the public html, the tarilf, and even bin li us all others should how to? s (cheers ) These were what distinguished the great w hig statesmen of the day, and on tiiis they were prepared to join issue with the foe in the coming contest (cheers ) Whut part was New York going to take in thnt. The Km- c piro State? an imptrium and mi impel 10 w a., piepaicd to do its duty (cheats.) lie wished her to sliuke oil the apa- , thy she hu<i assumed uiid go ioitli to victoiy. Mr. Davis s then proceeded to piuts a splendid eulogtum on Mr. t lay, and concluded umid loud and continued cheering. The Hon. Washinutom IIust next addressed tlie assem- ' My?He thought it was hardly m-cessury lor him to ud- j dress tliem afier the eloqueuce ol the last speaker, hut he was too rejoiced to see the splendid assemblage ol tin , w higs of this city, to ho Tlie occasion was one ot J great importance as oring me birth-ilny ol the grcut chant- | pion of whig principle*, Henry Ciuy? (cheers.) Thepre- u ceding speakers hail well defiguatcd that party who claim all political lor themselves a? u spurious democracy. 11 | here pet milled, he would like to nay something ol their po- k Ucy when in power He (Mr. 11.) was once a ilemociui himself, and, though he was sorry, his country tupporled Jackson in measuics ol which the country still feci * the eftect*. He nuw hia, error, and wan lully prepkred to do pennance, to make ample retribution lor these poll- '' cut bins -(cheers.) He claimed to be a democrat and ru '' did they all: Mich as was the lather ol the constitution, J' hut not such as Mr. Van Buren professed to he. In the e coining contest he had no fear but Mew ) oik would he *' found side by side with Kentucky ; and ho felt a strong ' impulse to tender to the whigs ol the Knipire City the light hand of fellowship on that spot. When the bill is " presented, it will l>e duly honored?(cheers.) (in the lib " of November next, it would Ire paid uud they would not a ask a single day ol grace?(cheers and laughter) Clay was not the son of Virginia or Kentucky, he was the sou of the w hole Union?(cheers ) As tor Van Buren, he, as a Nuw Yorker confessed with sorrow, he wus a son of that Stale?(cheers and laughter. But they w ould keep him to themselves?not tor him) alone they love him, hut lor their own credit they would not let him be * known as such abroad. (Laughter and applause.) He '' wus too good to be shared, (Luughtcr ) And it any attempt was made to put him forward, it specially became ' them to step forward oiul prevent it. (Cheers ) He had 1 no ill will ugaiust Mr. Van Bvren. His friend w ho spoke before him sai l he never originated any great measure? hui that wus an error. If he remembered right, lieorigi- P natcd the caucus system. (Loudcheers ami laughter.)? v That was the only measure he originated, and in that one he was true to the principles ol his existence. (Ureal ' cheers.) W'.o would ever hear, if he lived to the end ol 1' the world, ol a meeting to celebrate the birth day ol Van Buren 1 (Laughter, and cries of nobody ) His public a principle umbodiud the principle of the highwayman, without uny of his gallantry. (Laughter ) Mr. H. concluded by calling upon them to do their duty by showing that they do not consider Van Buren as a tit or proper candidate for President, and w as loudly upplauded. c There were now frequent cries Lr White, but the Presi- * dent introduced r Hun. John Cot-Lvr.r. lie would not at that lute hour 1 detain them as the great ability show n by tnc preceding speaker made it unnecessary j but at some future occasion o he would he most happy to meet them and tulk ov _-r some t local attain ol great importance. a Mr. Davis dwelt at some length on tho relorm that was o needed in different departments ai the state government, $ particulaily the uppropi^utioti and management ol the cu- e list taxes. He showed that by a Judicious management, ti the public debt of thu state might be discharged by the t< canal revenue in a short time, lie announced the coming tl of the Lion of the West, and sat down amidst immense d cheering. t The choir thou sung an ode, alter which the meeting adjourned. t King's County Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent. Eugene //. Sullivan es. Matthew C. I'm y.? I'iolution oj the liubeat Corjiui?Tho follow ing points weie taken by ' Meltrs. Modes ami Mcheon, of counsel for the plaintiff in ' this case, re|icrted by us yesterday. 1 lit. 'That a Mupreme (Joint Commissioner has power to " issue habeas cotpus, wiser an uppientice in the United I Slates Navy is unlawfully imprisoned without the process ol any court, or uny charges produced against him- thir not being an excepted case by the statute; and that the laet of Ins being a United States appi entice dor* not shut i him out of the pale of the civil jurisdiction. 'Jn<l. That having ubtuiued jurisdiction of the case by ti the presentation of a petition duly verified, and *11 si * quently deciding unon an issue made before him that he J' hud jurisdiction, the adjudication of tho < ommisMouer i.. conclusive upon this jioint until reversed ; his onlrr due n ehatgitig the party cannot be treated as a nullity, and in tl tin urlisin f?r the fif?i?ol!v lor u rA.inu.i ' Hum* cam I*, it cannot be urged us a g ound ol detente [ that the < maUntooar hud o juMltnn, ind his I1 order might then-tun- tic disregarded. j Judge Kent expressed his opinion that a person attactied to tlie Navy, hud by that act subjected himselt to uu t uuthoiity which might ho deemed to savour ot despotism 1 Ho wui under tin: rules and regulations and inhji-ct to V ducipluie of the Navy, and not protected hy the haben* j corpus act. Once luwlully enlisu-il, he cannot apply h-i ? protection from imprisonment to the civil authorities. No t Judge or Court has a right to enquire into the cause of his I imprisonment, and to discharge hirn upon habeas corpus, * if no legal cause appear. This would be an interference with the discipline ol the Navy. The provisions of the -t iiuht us corpus act wvre for the protection of persons in * civil life?not those attached to the army and navy. A Judge could issue a habeas corpus fur the purpose ol 1 ascertaining whether a person wus law fullv enlisted us ,1 soldier or sailor, but having ' ascertained that he wus so unlisted, h? hnl no further power to proceed. The person was then out ot hi* Jurisdiction. When, tlu-relur . ( Judge Greenwood uscertuined that Hullivan was a law fully enlisted apprentice in the IT. H. Navy, his power aver him ceased. He ought to have remandt d him to the i service, and not to liuva interfered with his imprisonment i; I think that Judge Greenwood erred in remanding him to < the service, and discharging him from lni imprisonment. The Judge rays his imprisonment was without cause; hut * I think that he had 110 light to look into this matter I t may he v. rong, hut this is my opinion The order made by tiim was u nullity, und < uinmo lore IV-rry was justilii .t in disregarding it. The question is an impor tant one, and J will he reviewed liy the Supreme Court. who ran rorrrr. ' me if I err. The other objections in the cusr I shall riot t regard I shall direct a nonsuit solely iijkjii the gioiind ,, that Judge Orernwood hod not jiirUdiction, and that his t order was a nullity, which Commodore I'erry wus autho tl riacd to disregard. 9 ItIcIiiiioimI i.em i nl Srsslnns. ,, April II fuir of Mary Hoilim.?Ahiiut 4 o'clock, I' " M., the Grand Jury carried into Court by Mr. Mmk tVj. Hants, their foreman, and pri sented tw u lulls ut indictmeut y against Mary Bodine for murder, one for arson, one foi i; receiving stolen goo<l?, and one for burglary. On the lat tcr being hande l to Mr. Morrison, he immediately rose ~ and demurred ore l? nu? to the indictment, w hich to- ha-J I not read through, to: <!? feet m form ,< The demurrer was admitted by the district Attornej >' to he well taken, and a nntle proin/iii was theieupon eu- * tered. The other cases were sent to the Oyer Ik Term! lier. " The Koar mas also stated to the t ourt that he held in his c, hand a presentment, which he was instructed hy his fed- |v lows to submit te the Court, und asked leeve to have the < ? same read hy the clerk of their body, and placed on lilo hi Mr. Mohsison, as nmnvt rnriir, suggested tin- propriety JJ of having the paper examined hy the < ourt before it was rend. The ( ourt, however, permitted the presentment to tie read, the substance ol which was, that tlie Grand Jury ~ considered the proceislingi of yesterday, in giving further and special instructions to them, as an imputntion f upon the (iiand Jury, which they desired to remove Mr. M. then stated to the Grand Jury that the proceed ings complained of conveyed no censure upon them, but ' had exclusive releiencc to the course ol the District Attorney that the statements contained in their presentment must have hern derived from unreliable vomers mi l distinctly disclaimed tli? least ffniure upon them. Mr. < i ?n, tin1 District Attorney, lfiiUid,anil rlmrg('<l city lawyer* with having attempted to dictate to tl.? t onrt and Jury ?? to the ?onme. of proceeding* in the case ot Mr*. Bodine, and that lie,a* an olhrer ol the couit protested against it. Mr. M. with considerable warmth, repelled the nccttM loin, and *ai 1 that the suggestion ol the Dialriot Attoriiet wa* a *]>ecie* of p< tty foging, which did not devervu and would not receive any answer from him. That being > memlar of that bar, be was us much an officer of the > onit ai Mr Attorney, who, like other small cock*, might I >1 more confidence while atnnding on hi* own hillock In I the absence of hi* learned associate. Mi. liruliam, be k-lt bound to Interfere when their rondnct ? n unju?tly a? nailed. The Korcmaii a|>|* ared to be **ti*lied uilh thee* '^r planation given, and the jury were diachargvd lor the w term. A recognizance had been entered in'o by Mr. House, to man the elder, for the attendance ol Albeit [Iodine us* cl witness at the Iiest I #ort ol Dyer and '1 erminer. The Dtita* i Atrrtw Immt I Ukai it should uUo la* 9 signed tiy the witne**, who w as a minor. Mi . Moaaixis otnei l< I to gratifying thecaprires n| the | gentleman nny further that Mr < knew, or ought to ^ know, that an infant could not bind himseli in that way The Distsk r Ai i- ?'.>?:v *tienuoit?ly insisted in his re I u ijutxi menu, | t LD. r*U? Two Cuu. Mr. JIuni'uM said In' aliouM advise the w itness to l>e :omniittrd, if the order was made, and have bim brought out on habeas corpus ?hen it would l? decided ?. ho was light and who was wrong. 1 he Cot at held that the recognizance "would be void, ?nd that the objection w?? well taken. The < ouit then adjourned to to-uiorrow at lOo'clock. Urntral Sessions. Before Recorder TalJmadge and Aldermen Brady and Hattield. Joka? 13. run.lie#, Ksq. Acting District Attorney. h ainsv ? Stntmir l)mj? Cast of Mortmn?In the case of Madame < oatello, convicted ol a miidemeunor in producing abortionirum the person ol Zulma .Vaia.che, the court tt.iti 1 proceeding# waul.t he?tayed, a# u bill of < xceptions had liu-n prepared lor the action of the Supreme Louit. Mudumt L'athti ine liuttul, also convictid of the same offence, but ri comm. nded lo mercy, and at present rncitnlr and the mother of aevcn children, tin: court imposed u line ol $vl.i only. Kapntron l.urtuz, the seducer and betrothed of the un(oitunute girl Xulmu Alurasche, w a# sentenced to a tine of $--!;.ll and hnpiisoumeut in the county purl for two months. Jukrph limns, alias Iffcines, convicted of hurglury in the third degree ia hieuhing into the stole of Messrs. Havens 4i < u in .Market s'.ieet, in compans with a man who escai-ed, w as sent to the htate piison lor two j ears. John Hurl:, convicted of un attempt to commit a burglary, was sentenced to the penitentiary tor three months. Jjtit ill Joint, a colored hoy, convicted ot grand larceny in stealing n gold watch Irom a lady in dill street, was lent to the House ot Keltige. Ft amis Sit trail and John Carlin, for un assault on Ranlull Hrriith, were fined $10 each H'illiaui Coon anil CudJrry Fritz, convicted of an assault ind buttery, were also lined $10. Josrjili 1 loirs ami Klltti Francis were ulso fined #10 lor jsnuJts and batteries. Micharl Cook, ou two couvii lions lor jK'tit larceny, to lit- I'criitentiajy for three months. Trial for Burglary.?A hoy iiumri] Nathan Kenny, wa? rieil tor u burglary in the third degtcein eiiteiing the hop ol Thomas Taylor, No. 1(1 Sixth avenue, on the 36th f March, In theiday time, and steuling a watch. Jewelry, iBir ot lioots. aud other articles, vulued at about $3.'j. The ury returned a vet diet ol guilty, and the court sent him o the Ilotiee ol Refuge. I'lra of Uuiliy ?Morris Uclauy, indicted on eight charts ol receiving stolen property, knowing it to tie such, utored u plea ot guilty on one indictment, by advice of lis counsel Enoch K. CsMr, and wus oidered to appear m f iiduy lor sentence Jamrt Morrow entered a plea of guilty to an assault and lattery on John McMaliou, ot 36 avenue A, and sentence ? usi ended. T he court then udjourned till Monday neat. Ik. Editor :? As publicity has been given in your paper, in relation o a charge made by one Kruncis Say re, a lawyer, before lie May or of Una city, 1 wish you to announce through our columns, the fact, that yesterday Mr. Say re presentd himself before the (hand Jury, now in session; and the aid jury, after In tiring the case, dismissed the complaint s unworthy ol notice. I ask the publication of the above as ail act of justice to lysell, and u complete vindication ot my character, an roll as to remove all suspicions which might now exist gainst ine in reference to the mullein allegt d. ROBERTH. SHANNON Hated New York, April 19. 184-1. Court of lounion Picas. Before Judge t Whii-tl'cr. Arnn. 19?Strong rt. Buuoek.?An actiou of assumpit liroaght against defendant on a note for $900, passed or a quantity ot groceries. The defence put in was that nil the goods were not deiveied. The i-uinta invofTed mere questions of fact as to he delivery. The note wus dated April, 1843. The jury are to brio# in a sealed verdict this morning. (irrtnly vi Lloyd.?All action ol replevin to recover the rice ol u horse, wugon and harness, plaintiff's property, . inch liad lieeu taken on 23d June, 184&, first defence, that plaintiff sold the property to drfrn?nt, and the other w as that the horse was sold to a third erson. The juiy found a verdict for plaintiff for $109, the full mount claimed. J- Livingston for plaintitf?J. Duryea for defendant. Hoard of Mupervlauis. Arnn. 19?The Recorder in the chair.?A communi ation from the Commissioners and Superintendent o< ommon Schools ask ng for an appropriation for the pin huso ul u site lor a school house in the Thirteenth Ward, telenet! to the ( utilise! ol the t oiporation. The report of the ( ommittee ol Annual Taxes and the pinion of the ? ounscl to the Corporation in relation to lie constitutionality of the School Law in lelerencc to pplicatious made by the Commissioners and Inspectors 1 Common Schools -the first ior an appropriation of 16,UN) lor tlic purchase ol a site tor a School llouie to lie reeled ill the fourth Ward Tim second ?" annmtirm on of *7?(Mi tor tin' )iiiiohiiK<- of u site tor n School House J he erected 111 the. Seventh Ward, wan railed up. Alter ne reading ot the report and the opinion of Mr. I owrey, and a considerably debate, the paper* were laid Oti he table. Several account* u ere next presented and referred to he appropriate committer*. CHEAP Ml'iMC. A GHAND Collection cf K.nsltth end Foreign Music for fx the P'ine Forte, at only I'HMKK Li.N'JS A PAUL, >r sale at Mr*. K liN1 >'M, Ml Fulton street, (near Broadway,) vhere may alio mav be had all the New and k aahionabla.Moaic a aeon ?? publish?1 iQitructioii book* for the Piino Fotle, Guitar, Flute,Vioin, to . he. Mime bound io a eu| trior mun r at reduced price*, all 3t l,t pit * m ~NK WlWKNV SOUIIi JIXlJ TZHilTLAMPS JtTOllAM fc HAlrOMWUUT. MI Uroadw.y, v.. aid re '* IP' ctfally luvitr their liirnds and customers to an Inapsc. iou of a patent article of Lard Lamp, the brat of which r-now to bo offered to the public. Meear* W. kH will * ibit, mrhi veuinu during the month of March, a variety of loee Laid Solar Lamps.soire burning Lard, aome Hpeim and lime Whale (ill Tli-ir Lamps are mad.' by trie celebrated i&iiufiiituieis, Cornel,us & I o , and Ik line ottering them to lie public tin y have hren aobnutled. lor thorough examination, > a committee of scientific srntleinrn attached to the I jalitute I Pennsylvania, who have repoite>> that the of lard in nruiuu theae tempi ia about e,|unl to lb' coil of (perin oil at 0 cool* per itallon; and have siven their report in fiver of the .amp, as boms the moat aupvnor I ltd Lamp that hav couir nder their rouce. Tliia, t..geth, r w ,th the high aiandias of be inauulaciureri i* a tulTicieut suarautre that it ia the moat upi rior Lamp, alllh.ns* considered, now ill u>e The man .er hi wliirli these lamp* are constructed it such that either aril or.oil may lie uied, ai d ran be li-p*. in ord< r without the e.ul trouble. A well>- and prrl'e, t lainr, With good globe .nd cloinney, wtcki tie that will last for rnaur yarv, can be old lor two dollar! and nlfy crou. aud will stve twice tli* iglit of au ordinary astral lamp. \V. It II have completed rewiring uldiliont cf mint* new paitmia to their prrtent v k' njaoritiienr, and mil n il at more lemmablr mn than kt ii)' Iiuuk in tin* eity. A lull aaaiirtnirnt of all the following rticlea will alto bo loan) at their aliow room : ( v. oil ami candle I liaiideliera, I'eodanti, Mantel LighU, Iracketn, portable Burnett, Lantern", iic. ftinuiiloirH. Candrl ihraa. Bracket Chandeliera, Wall Brarkta, Huoj nilir k Solar Urnckrta, Cliandrliert and I'endanla, a r* article ef Solar Sid* Lamp*. Alio, I'Utaii ami Japanned tlooda, Cutlery, and Kino Cat ilait, cnmpriflug the beat anortu.rut iu tbc (Jailed Slate*, mi I in* pc T .nTW TkTIcLK Kilt MIA VINO.?KKKIO A f? CHKAM OK hAPONINK turiuui any abating aoep nil* in iiic, and pronnaiicrd l y thoie who have trie* it. to treed all r.ihrn in in.akihk a rich and |<rrinaiirat latlipr. lienIpiii 'ii hiring bird be.rdt and trailer Inret are rrr|ueated to rail .ml rue it lair trial, mid if nut ppiIpciIv aai.alird. the monry a ill br rp urued. '1 hp followiag I* one of theYiuinber of Inert received by tlip manufacturer:? Siw VnHB, Dee IOiIi, 1141. Draft Stn,?*.m ,ng the " il.'e tfat fl?th it heir (Wait I too," ot ibr leant rapr' iil y w In n travelling, it so "unthaven" chin. tpinrui'K |pc?.lly flam an ricurtion, whru arriving at Col heater, l urn!., I ttvpia-d i t.iAilorp, and the pr pn?tor. my rv eicellent Iririid, J II. Wheeler, Kk) . <>Ii?p vmg my hairiraa, pip?p|itPd nip i point'your Shaving Crpaui. Willi* life pvoied to ic.mnlic |iuraniti, I mn acquainted with uioit o ip tapmiari oils r< rnpui.inU produced during the Iitearni cenny. and for the pur|ai?e lutemicd, I know none winch I rnr a a highly at >?tir rcem < f ffapouine. I ihti* niter you myopi k ii nl it a rneriia, and my liienua would like to kuow where it .a> lie (din.iicd in the city. Viinn kr. K C. Kenan, - JONATHAN DODGK.M D. Connie in auv quantity by the manufacturer's ay nt. No. 71 laidiii lane, aim by all the principal llruggirta and f ancy loud dealt r? iu the City. J. W HuLBhlf rUN. ml lm*m Altnr MP. .VI arc Till1" KiTtiTn HA LOON ~ u i lie antwcriber hnviog enlarged hia Saloon i> nr ? rradv to 'commodate hia cutlomert with pleu'y of ro. in, and al?n ? dh I the d> liracien which our market alforda. IIii dining room ill acrninintidate at I Jill )>eraona a1 a t.nie. '1'be Saloon la been newly pmutrd ,iud redecorated, and for coateoieoce it now untilrpanted. The aubicribef takea tint opportunity of returning kit tin re tlmiika tu hia ruitoine>? for the ierv liberal patronage latela'tlowed npoo him, and la I leaned to he thut aatured tliat hi* ide.imrv to |dea*e have been duly appreciated, and he pledge* imaell tu t|aire ueithei paint nor e?|?ite to merit a contin*ice of paat larort Ilia aiaittatt, 'the Judge, ' will to* e?*f ,?dy to attend to the withet <>f the moat latf idiona. DAVID A < ?UI 1.1'. Proprietor, m7 lm?m ,\o in Knlton atreef. Or in t or Jr rrr *?orr litsrnaucr CoMrany, } No !(, Wall ?t, opposite the Ktrhaage. I PHIS ('ouioanv eor.nnurt I Inaure against Lots and UaI n.Aijt by Kim, Ml ? oda. w nil and merchandize, and alao """ 1)1 KiteTOKs. ~ Thorn** W Thorre KliibaRim, T (intra* T. Woodruff, Ai.vmi Unkrr, H I! liobinu . M. L>., Drake, THomptnn I'ntr, Jowph Alleu, Slow* Tuckn. .)?(? K. Holme*, John H. l>*nd??n, John P. Moore, John II. Lee, Jaine* II Whiting, f'alebC. 'I'onn, Win. K. Thorn, Krancu r. Thomu Morrell, Jnliu L. Merrill, K.ujrme Bog?rt. THOMAS W. THORN K, Preuidant. OV.O T HOPK. Serrrturv mlrn SPRING ~G O ODS~ " WILLIAM T. JENNINGS It CO , DHAPKRS AND TAILORS. No. !43l llrnailwnv-Amrrlcan Hotel. OPPOSITE TIIK FOUNTAIN. I K L in the receipt nf * l*rye aianriini iit nt New Oond* lor ? S| 11iiK wear, iiirlmliiiit hieneh mid I nkI> h I ateiineree in iw ?tyle?, ?tri["??, plaid*, Sir nrli Silk, Satin and CKnllv "tirm, direct their Loudon and Pan* A*etirv, throunh hieStliry will l>? Mibhd to Inrniih ?' an mly d?rr nil the >Tp|||f? r?f tlir urntnij, %n?l |?y * unTitiff of lH* import**'? profit i itfforil (ttrinrnti at. At 111 lovtrr piica thin th"** which h a?* (ttttl^ritad t^#? ct iirpro. whiUt m*?\ afi?nt?*n wi*l b? dtrtrU mi ht*rflofort to tin* cofHT trot ill* mi ih* wonoiny of a gari flr?t fnti? \*oiUitm?j?i.?p, with tyl* and character in I in 10 jm*w ) k.N TINO AND tULL?.cT I NO OK KILL?I'KTfcK ? AVMAH having |?*I ciimmenred hi* old hntn r*? of h-tiling, Collecting o Kent*. Bill*. *?.. reaper! jolly (elicit* r |*tronngr o| i | nhlie. ?l hi* olliec, No. 1)4 It jet, w?m( uocr eeiuw ?erkm*? it r. At MAM. ml Itn'.c