Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 17, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 17, 1844 Page 1
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TH Vol. X., Mo. 10*?Whole Ho. M78. Meeting of the Hew York Formers' Clol A meeting was held yesterday of this Asflocialii in the rooms of the American Institute. Atnonj those present, were General Tallmadge, Color Clarke, Dr. Stevenson, Dr. Gardiner, Msssrs. Sli man, Brown, Boawell, Meigs, and a great mat others, who either took a part in, or came to w ne?s the proceedings, which were of a very use! and interesting kind Gen. Tallmadge was culled to the Chair, ui Mr. Meigs, who acted as Secretary, proceeded read a paper on grafting, which was submitted the club by Mr. Brown. This highly usef brancn was treated of at great length, and co: tained a particular, yet condensed treatise on gral tug. The diHerent modes were Bpecitied and cor pared; those most suiftble for different time places, and species of trees ; a correct specificatit of the mode of successfully performing and seci ring the operation, with a variety of illustrations i various kinds. When the paper laid been read, a vote of than! was passednrm con. to the writer, for which tli Chairinun said should be esteemed a valuable com munication. The Chairman then said that th meeting was open for any gentleman to make wha ever observations, on the subject before themgrafling?and to throw out any new or valuabl suggestions, which might occur to him thereor lie said that at these meetings they did not follov the plan of speaking. Finding that they could a tain their purpose as well by means ofcoiiversalior lie, theretore, hoped, that all would willingl join, and let them have collectively, the benel of their individual experience. A very interesting conversation then took place, an several gentlemen performed the process of grafting i the different modes, as chip, stock, slip, bud grafting, So l)r. Stevenson recommended the use of India Rubber as compost, instead of that generally used It was found t answer all the purposes, and was not disagreeable to liar die like the others. Re then submitted to the meeting a ingenious but useful plan of cutting the splice or join with such precision and uniformity that an exact tit si cured the jnuction of the surface of tbo inner hark, matter of first rate importance to the surety of the pn cess. Mr. Carter then performed a newlv-discovere method of bud grattiog, which he said rarely or nev? fails; it was called ''scallop budding." Mr. Itoswell reli tod to the meeting a manner of grulting practised by hint und Illustrated it particularly; the comport used in thi case was compounded of 1 lb. of; tar, J lb. of beeswax, an 3 o/.. tallow. It was objected by one of the gentleme that this was an inconvenient plan; that the compost rt tjuircd to be kept warm previous to its application to th joint engrafted; and that there was a surety in avoidin too great a degree of heat, us it was detrimental to th juice of the bark. Dr. Stevenson next drew the attentio ot the meeting to the subject of grafting the walnut. H said that a ere at improvement could be made by due attei tion to the matter. The Spanish chesnut had been trie in uns country, niu nardly un instance of over one in lift living through the severe winter waa known; yet b; grading them on walnut stocks, they could be easily a< climated. Mr. Bos well thought that if the need wor planted good Iruit could be procured. Or. Htevenso said that he had ascertained from experiment, that howet er inconceivable it was that a tree should produce fnti differing from that from which the seed came, it waa tru in this case, if the chesnut seed were selected with a due care, the fruit from the young tree would be found t possess' qualities of flavor, appearance, &c., and to t much degenerated. A very interesting question wi here started by Mr. Gardner. He called their attention t the assertion made by some good and credible authoritic that many?even as .many as 'iU, different species of fra. might be engrafted and flourish on the same stock. Fa his part, he did not see its perpetuity. Nevertheless it ha been spoken of by Colamella, Theophratus, and even b Pliny, the younger, who was considered a credible at thority, on matters relating to Natural History. Thl topic excited much interest and a minute was made of il likely for the purpose ol future investigation. The Chairmsn then rose to address tne Club. He sai there was a topic ol what he considered great importanc to which he begged their attention, because it was nc only of interest to them, but to ths State and th? natio at large. He said from all he could learn that there ws ground tor apprehension that a deterioration in qualitj us well as a diminution of quantity was observable in th wheat crop in this State ; and that the evil was a grnwin one, not the less for its not being recognized or knowr It pr.ivo 1 that the soil was deteriorated. He would us ail illustration lVI??n ? 1 "* 1 " ? ??-? ?- loin iuj dick 10 me earl periods of agriculture in thia country, and when th aoil might be said to be in a virgin state, they foun that prndwee of an tcar vtvn hi. wheal, ?> ?<? too high an average, but m least Ihey all cor , euricd in saying that it was great beyond what It i now in the same places. Much benefit might be derive fiom a systematic enquiry,and he would thiuk itadvisabl to open a correspondence with local societies, end ohtui information from them as to their mode ot culture, to pr< cure camples of the wheat, also of the soil; and such oth? particulars as might furnish correct data for suggesting remedy. He wished jt to be understood that his remark were intended more to promote enquiry, than assertions c what was known to be true ; he would, however, ventur to say that the average production of the river counties c this State would not he more than ten or twelv bushels per acre, and they had reason to fear tha the average crop ot the whole Stats would not be mor than fifteen bushels an acre. Agricultural chemistr; demonstrates that what is taken of!'from the strength ani vigour of the soil in tho production of its crop will b< about one^wentieth of its aggregate fertility. ItnAove that if they were unjust to the soil, and return nothing o that abstracted, they could not expect it to be for everge nerous ; and in this they ha l n solution of why the croj was not equal now to what It was twenty years ago. I was well known to the Virginia planters what the reaul of this system was A diminution of one-seventh wai observable in the wheat crop there, and the populatioi lelt it so much that they wete emigrating to the newe: soil* of the west from their worn out fields; and the sami truth warns us that we are following in the footsteps o the old States, and that if we do not alter our plan, oui inhabitants will be obliged in time to emigrate too. Ii the face of this truth, that one-twentioth of tho fcrtilitj of the soil is annually taken from it by cropping, whe would say that manure was not requisite, they were unjus to themselves and the soil both, if they did notenquiri how far they might restore to it its richness, and he foi the interest of agriculturers and farmers to manure th? soil. Kvery city, town and manufactory were great re crpticle* for what might enrich the soil, and teemed wit! what might ha made a profitable source for the farmer.? The Soda works, tijs works, ashes, salts, and every filtl and ofl'il. if .judiciously used, would superabundantly supply all the loss of the soil; and I hope,'gentlemen, wil not Hcctisedtne of talking politics, if 1 allude to dirt pile< in the street, for no eartlily object but the generation o Opthaimia and other diseases, instead of being sent to th< country, where it would be of use, and on its way givi employment to the people who want it He was inform ed thnt the owner of a Potash manufactory, near the hem of I.ake Champlain, caused tho remains to bu thrown int< the bake, whilst not one of our agriculturists eontlirinni Nought to benefit by the productive qualities it contained lie wli much pleauid the benefit derived from the discus nion on Horticulture, and be was certain that the estah lishment ol" a regular correspondence with branch aocie tics would do much good, and impart lessons of wisdom lie made the remark without any allusion to details, t( draw from others their information. Dr. Sxrvissott wn? called on to make a few remarks lie said that the fact, however strange, was not entirrlj new to him. A few days ago. when at Albany, he was in formed by a gentleman that the rich western lands almu Cayuga, which formerly pro lured thirty bushels, did no now produce more than twenty per acre The system ii this State wss the same as that of Virginia, when the peo pie were reduced to poverty, which must lie the case here This waa n matter of great importance. There were twi mode* of living?one was on the interest of capital?thi other on prodnctire industry, aad farmers should alteni to this ; they should asceitain whether their capital wai not infringed on by n system ofagricnllure which injiirac their land. The system in Knglaud keeps the land vith out deterioration atid was perfectly attainable here Tin people here have the choice of emigrating or doing this There is no other alternative. It was for them to make en quiry and suggest areme?!y. du great cities like this, mer, of science abound, and coma into collision the one with the other, and thus maka discoveries they could not mak? alone. Scientific or practical men cannot of themselvai rr.nHe discoveries ; it requires tin m to work together.? It" therefore thought that a coricspondence with the dif ferenl counties would enable them to ascertain the pro UUCtiv ene.s of the soil now ami at former periods, anil se >eral other things of imjiortance to know. Dr. UiRiutkn said, however alarming the grcnt diminu tion from thirty to twelve husiiels per acre was,thers w h still an evil not mentioned which was concomitant with the present system By the deterioration ol lands stimulus was given to occupy (rosli and more productivi soil, and thereby ? competition created which waa rtiinoui to the occupiers of the firmer. Kvery year the K.rie Ca ?U l.iought down nn enormous quantity of wheat to this market from new lands, and pulled down the price. Hi **//*??!/! romae!/ m- 1*1. ? ?. .. ?.in r?MiK.ct tc me proposed correspond cnce, another object might ho secured. ticlenee toll* ?n that there 'am scattered throughout the world, In im inense ipiantitios, certain aaline materials, such at marl and vnrious descriptions of phosphates, w hich are knowi but to chemists and mineralogists, but which an; of infi nite value to the agriculturist if well applied. Tws of tin most valuable (productions in nature, nllumina and pho* phate. weio known but as curiosities. There was ren r^n to believe that in this state these things abound. Thi htis not been investigated. it has not been shown when these lertili?ing soils existed; ond If your committee di nets attention to the point, it will b(! important The will ascertain where such soil exists, in what nuantiliei and the facilities! of transport to certain parts, and thu your committee will exist for much more important pur poses He would not trespass further on their attention The ( ii un>M added that for several yeft-? t|?, Nnglul gys'em of agriculturd had been introduced, and with free twr.r.u's, on hong Island,'; and ai"o in some port* ol Nov J e racy. (i was then proposed that a committee, consisting o Messrs. Millmim, tlardincr, Drown, CJarke, Whitman Bosv. ell and Meigs, should bo appointed, wdth power t< add to theirtnumher, for the purposa of opening a commu nlcation with the different "Societies, ami individuals throughout tha country , for the purpose of inquiring a to the mode of farming now in use \ the productiveness E NE NEl b. now and at former periods, of the soil, and other thingi connected with tho mbject. J Mr. Waktman made some remarks on tLe efficiency o [St the agricultural school* of Kngland, and recommended th< lt.\ adoption of similar institutions Uoro. lie entered int< .. some very interesting details respecting their formatioi "" and support, and stated seveial of tho benefits lusultiiig iy from their establishment . Several extracts hearing upon the pursuits of tho Clut " were read from the English Annual llegister for l"!>2 ant 111 ITtiH. A good deal ot amusement was tUfortled by tin light these extracts threw upon the rustic and entbryc *vaic vi sunny ?i unai penoa, una uie uiiiuxing shubi hi mail# twee then (o A present of books was received, and numerous horti cultural ipecirnen* presented to the Club, the moit re 1? maikable ol which was the llaytieu Potutou. Itwasraisei U1 by the owner in Florida?SOU bushels on three fourths o an acre it nieasuied 13 inches |long bv 'J in circunifer 11' ence. and is said to be even super.or to the common pots ft. toe. They are lor sale by Mr. Ruby, Vesey street, at >1,01 per bushel After a highly useful inquiry on sepjs, the choice ol s, quality, and time of sewing them, the meeting adjourned )n till Friday nest, when the subjact is again to be taken u; "r CCJ* We give below a lull report ol a very into resting case, which is being tried before Judge is Kent, in Brooklyn. It grew out of a bill filed ir ie Chancery by a wife against her husband for c divorce, charging him with adultery and dissertion, t. Upon the hearing, the Vice-Chancellor directed ar - issue as to the charge of adultery. The defendant e is a Prussian, came to this country about three y years ago, and commenced the practice of medit cine in Brooklyn. lie is a good looking man, >> about forty-five years of age, wears a military y frock coat, frogged, buttoned and braided up to the throat, ar.d mounts a huge pair of mustachocs. J Some time in 1842, he paid his addresses to hi? " wife, then Miss llarman, who was entitled to a a handsome fortune in her own right, and won her. |? They were shortly alter married, and in about n three months separated, and have so continued. Mrs. Van Court lias;instttuted the present suit to get a rid altogether of the Doctor and his mustachoes Circuit Court, King's County. ,r Before Judge Kent, i. Arsn. 16?John Dot vs. Richard Rot.?Judge Dickmas i, opened the cue tor the plaintiff', detailed all the facts te |g the Court nnd Jury, titer which he called d Sarah M. Briktow, colored girl?She testified that she n knew Mr. and Mrs. Osborne and Doctor Van Court, th( s. Doctor's house was Rt the corner of I'earl and Nassau e streets; Mr. ond Mrs. Osborno lived there; witness re? uidnd with thorn for nhniit turn woo!*??. :? ???? * e months ago; it was last spring; there was another c.o n loreil girl there at the time; Mr. and Mrs. Osborn and Dr. e Van Court slept in the'3rd story; the Doctor occupied the ). room on the lett hand side; it was a back room, Mr. and d Mrs. Osborn occupied the rooms opposite to each other, v [Here a diagram ot the third story was produced, and y handed to the Court und Jury, to show the locality of the rwoms, and the facility for getting from the Doctor's room e to Mrs. Osborn's; the door of Mrs. Osborn's room was in n the entry; there was a passage from the Doctor's room into j. hers; wrtness had not lodged there, but she used to gel It thero about seven o'clock in tho morning; there was no e other female in the house but myself and Mrs. Osborn; jl when 1 got there in the morning, I always found her up o stairs in the Doctor's room; upon those occasions I alwayt ,e lound the Doctor in his dressing gown and slippers, but is always had his pantaloons on; there was a great Intimacy o between the Doctor and Mrs. Osborn; I saw her sitting in ,g his lap; I saw them in other parts of the house than the jt room; I saw them together in his office, and the dooi r locked upon them; this was after breakfast; I saw them d twice. v By the Coras-?How did you know she was there? t. A. 1 heard her talk; I have seen them take other liberis ties with each other; I have seen her dress him and fixing t his clothes on, his pantaloons in particular; she used to button them up for him, to see if they were a good lit; d they used to go out to ride together; I saw them go out e to ride together as often as three times; the last Sunday ,t I was there 1 heard Mr. Osborne speak to her, i-a the preu sence of the Doctor, about it; I used to go homo every ls evening about 9 o'clock, and leave Mrs. Osborn after me with the Doctor, e The witness'pinderwent a long and injurious cross-cxg amination by Jamks 11. Whitino, Esq., in tho course oi , which, she admitted she did not know the names of the e mouths or seasons, it was so long since she went to school, y Ai.?.sander D. Stkwakt was next sworn and examinv ed. He testified that he was a peace olflcur. and knew the d house No. 1) C hurch street: his business led him there; it " is fe^NKiyifoJirrSlV.'p^e'btecerrgave similar testimos nyd Mr. 'W/iiTifcri excepted to the evidence of these two e witnesses, and the Court noted his exception. u Joivathax Ltom sworn and examined?Resides at ISJ Washington street, Brooklyn; knows Dr. Van Court; ! r did some work for him last July; also knows Mr. aod tt Mr*. Osborn; saw Mrs. Osborn at Van (."ourt's house; it H was in the bark parlor I think I saw her; there was no ,f other lady there at the time hut her; the doctor was e there ; she had her hat on at the time and was standing up; ,1 I was fixing the sideboard ; it was about one o'clock ; the e doctor sent out for some s'rawbt rries and milk. and they ,t eat them ; after which 1 saw the doctor put his arm round g her neck and kiss her ; 1 thought at the time she was his |. wife, and as I often kissed my own wife, 1 thought it unite j natural that he should kiss his, und I thought nothing (, more about 1'; I saw her there frequently before the aud her husband came to live at the doctor's ?b?m ?u? o ? i I intimacy between them ; but us I said before, I thought k they were man and wife, nnd took no notice of it until 1 3 afterward* heard they were not; I win there one evening t making *ome repair*, and went up Ktairs and took thu nob j of the door in my hand, and found the door locked, and , heard a female voice in the room, and the doctor jumped , op and came to the door ; he w as in a very awkward way , at the time, and seemed much excited; he said he would u he down presently ; I went away ; I only could see the I loot et the bed ; I did not see who wa* there, bat only , heard he voice ; f am satisfied it wa* her voice from ha, ving spoken to her before ; be turned back again and shut the door. i Cross-examined by Mr Wiiirmo.?I did not see tlietn eat I the strawberries together, but I heard them eat them ;they . made a noise eating them ; they eat with spoon* ; they r made the same noise that other people do while eating . with spoons ; I think they were table spoons that they used; Itlid not hear the kiss, but I saw it. ?Did the i doctor tell what taste it hud I A.?No, sir; bnt he smacked his Dps after, and from that I thought it must , usve been vrrv sweet. At the time I saw them kissing hey were on the sofa ; he had his right arm round her I waist; I could not tell whether she hud her lionnct on or I id'; her face was turned toward* Pearl street. Alter he t kissed her, he got up and came into the back parlor , where 1 was ; I have had a quarrel with the doctor ; I did > tot say I would be revenged of hirn in the presence of . several persons, nor in the presence of any person out of I court; I think not; I hove no recollection of it ; I have , not watched to get testimony in this case; 1 have never heard of it until last Thursday, when I got a suhpu-na ; I lon't think I recently abused thu doctor near bis store, I might have called him an impostor. VV'si. A. Osbdr* was next called.?Mr. Wiiitivo objected to swearing this witness, on the ground that a husband cannot lie a witness against hi* wife. Notwithstand, ing the form of the present action, it i* a suit Hguiust Mrs Oabornilf the doctor can be reached it is only by stabbing her, and it appears to me that lie cannot be permitted to lestroy the character of his own wile. Judge Kevt ?Mr. Whiting, have you any authority I i Wmitino ?I do not at present recollect any paiticu'.ar , authority, but I have the general authority that neither , wife or husband can be evidence against each other 1 . have never met a case yet that a husband can be an evidence against hi* wife or a wife an evidence against a , titband; the general rule is the other way, and although , this Is iii form n suit against another person, yet it is a suit I charging the wife with adultery, and I insist the husband , cannot be called to give evidence of that fact?they may i chII the wife, she would be a Tery proper evidence ior them; but I repeat it tlicy cannot call the husband, such a , course if allowed would break up the relations between husband and wife. JuJga'll admit him for the present, i Wm. A. Oihorn examine)?I have no interest in this suit, except that I want to save my wife from destruction: . I have been acquainted with Dr, Van Cort a year or two; 1 , have been married about 13 years; I first got acquainted with him by going to see him as a physician, to seu if he could relieve my wile from a liver romplaint; it was the first lime I saw him; he came up next day; he came to hoard at my house after he had left his wife, or alter she had turned him out, a year ago last March, ami continued to board with me until my wife and I moved into his house ; about the 1st or '3d of July, 1813; I was in the hnbit of ta| king medicine for him to different places; Mrs. Oshorn 1 quit my bed whila he hoarded witli us, ami went up stairs | and took the bed room next his, and there was a communi' cation between their bed rooms; the doctor got married to 1 Miss Harmnnin the early part ot January, IMI3, after he got married he continued to visit at my house, hut not as 1 a physician; mv wife had no occasion ior him then Q? Afler'your wile and you came to live at th? Doctor's (louse,did she lodge in the same room' A?No, but I 1 urged her so hard one night to come in and sleep with her child, that she come in and threw bersnll on the bed in her clothes; that was tlio only night she slept with mo 1 for a year. Q?While you weie residing there state what yon saw in relation to Mrs. Oshorn's villi* to the ' doctor's room? A?She was always in the habit of going ' into hi* room with him when he went to bed, tnd he lock; II.1, dnnp ?n,l?.l..-V~..?ll ?... - . ???. wnij uimr ,ui miuui iiini ?n nour " she would come out, go to the glas* and arrange her hair, f and go into her own bod room. Dvuf.mai?State what intcrcuurie you saw between f them in hi* room. 'i WiTxr.s*.?1 saw her assist in dressing liim, fixing his * pantaloon* and cravat; I always saw her da it when fw?? there. Iirar.MJt'v.- dilate w tint oilier freedoms you *aw he'ween ' them in the mornings in tin lied room. WiTcrri*, ? 1 only inw then: once; I had been praying all ' that night lor her conversion and fur the doctor'*, break of day I went to Iter room and she vw gone; I then I went to his room audit w as locked; 1 then went and ??t on , my bed to watch them and aomtUmc after sunrise she e.umn > out of hi* room ; 1 then went into his room urn) found hint there, he had hi* pantaloon* on, when she came out she went to the glai* and fixed her hair ; ?he was not then i dressed for the day ; I then left the doctor'* home, and , want and took hoard wttk Dawson; this wai iu thv W YC V YORK, WEDNESDAY I i latter part of September, and 1 toak rooms lor the accommodation of myself and my family ; my wile told me she f would come it I would not me any violence; she thea i took a trot and headed me and dashed down to Mrs. Dawi ion's ; I then told her that her effects and her child was i there, and to go in and take care of tliein, but in about an r hour alter she went nine un/1 I t? 11... i.. forbid him of giving her any inure drugs, or in anv man> ner to harbor her. iu aightfor nine days afterwards, she 1 came back Ur her clothes, and went uway immediately s after and lias not resided with me since, (f.?Do you i recollect upon any occasion remonstrating in Ins presence i about his taking her out to ride with him. A?Yes, sir, the Sunday hvuuiug oftue row, i told him then not to take - her into his wagiui(uny more, in consequence of the talk in Brooklyn, and 1 challenged him three times to mortul I combat with deadly weapons, but he would never ref sp-iinL Disi.ju.x-- llepaat what you suid to them that evening. Witxkss?When my wifo and the Doctor came in.I told ) them I caaie to say a lew words to them; she gut up to go out; I caught her by the wrist, and said she should stuy ! and hear a few words from me,and I usked her to sit down I and hear me; she then took hold of the lamp and threw it > at me; I called to the colored girl to come and take it from her; the girl came and took it, and my wife then gntano. titer and threw it at me; there was spirit gas iu it, and she , spilled it; the child ran between us and screamed, and I took it in my arms; the Doctor wanted to send the colored I girl out, but 1 told hur to stay, as 1 w anted her for a w It ( ness; Mr. Booth then cainedown, and the Doctor brought us into his drug store, in a few day* alter, I moved di?-v n > to Mrs. Dawson's, and took my bourd there; I do not know ! where my wile went after she left .Mrs Dawson's; I never let my eyes oil her until she came for her clothes about ' eight or nine days afterwards, and have never seen het , since until about two weeks ago. Q?Do you recollect hearing the Doctor say anything of his ability to take | away another man's wile, i^uostion objected, and objection allowed ( Cross-r-iaminrtl by Whitimu?I am a silver plater l>y profession; my wife had lieen ill lor about live years before I liecame acquainted with the Doctor; fro n the time of the birth of her child she was complaining more or less of | a pain in her side; she was certainly very ill before I npt jilted to the Doctor in June, 1842; he hoarded at the house j in Kulton it. Q?Were you then able to pay him for his services. A?1 paid him a part; his wife then turned him out and ho came to lioard with me; the only lived with him ninety days, and he then came to me. <4 ? Why did you go to live at the Doctor's house. A?My wile threatened to burn the house and the stables in the neighborhood if 1 did not go there; she lett my bed some five or six weeks before we left for the Doctor's, i.nd w ent Up the re cotid story and slept in the room next Ids; 1 have r n re collection that 1 ever consented to her leaving my bi-di I never told any one that I consented to i'; I sever toll McCains that 1 consented to it; there is not five words nl ' truth in hisafliduvit; I attended sometimes to the Doctor's ' ' business, and distributed some medicine for him; I novel 1 spoke well of him as a man, but 1 did as a physician; I think 1 rode with the Doctor to McCabc'a and slept with him there, hut it was previous to bis liol.l- 1 ' ness with my wife; I have no recollection of sleep ing with him there since his own wife tinned him out; ' 1 I told Jamos Lorimer Graham, Krq , and others, that I he- ' lieveil my wife win virtuous; that she M as a christian, ' anil that no one could load her astray, alter I went to Mrs. Dawson's, but although I .said so I did not believe it; I ' told every one that I thought worthy of talking to, that I ' . believed she hod not criminated herself, hut I had my 1 ' reasons for it; I paid the Doctor no runt. Q?Did you not 1 ! consent that you and your wife should go to the Doctor's? A?No, sir, I did not. U?Why did you go in'o his scr- \ 1 vice? A?To keep peace between him and my wife. 1 1 was lorced to do it to keep me and my family lrom being broksn up; lie was always asking me to do this and the : other for him?alter lie got married 1 bolted from him, in fuct. Q?You talked of praying, when was that? A?I ' ' prayed every night. H?Were you not jealous of your ' wile? A?No, sir, but I prayed for her salvation. Q? 1 When did you begin to pray i'or her I A?When I saw ' ber in danger. Q?How long did you pray for her before ' ' you saw anything dangerous ? A?I prayed for her from 1 ; the first time i thought her conduct improper. The witness was cross examined at great length by Mr. ' Whitiku, and finished by stating that he believed his wife 1 to be as good a woman as ever lived; and did not care if she slept five months with the Doctor, if she would only come bacu and Jive with him and their child. There were three or four other witnesses examined, but their testimony only went to corroborate the testimony of 1 the previous witnesses, except that two of them swore that Mrs. Osborne slept at the Doctor's after her husband bad taken hoard at Mis. Dawson's. After which the plaintifl rested. Mr. Sroo-xp.ii opened the defence in a long speech tluv purport of which was that the suit was instituted, not exactly to divorce the plaintiff anil his wife, but to get a di . vorce between him and ber fortune, and to accomplish this object au innocent and a virtuous woman was to be sacrificed. After Mr. SmoNMi had concluded, the court adjourned to Tuesday morning. 1', IGth yiprff"?''florAs'iV 'farter.?This case, ! reported in yesterday's Herald, was resumed, when council addressed the jury on part of the plaintiff. It was an action to recover the price of 8 casks of varnish, on sale effected by truck. The case turned on a point of fact, as to the quality of the article sold. It was shown for plaintifT that the sample produced at the time of effecting tlic sale was of u different quality from that furnished. The defence relied on was, that the article, bona fide, was delivered according to contract, am] that the article of varnish varied in price according to quality. The jury 1 will render a sealed verdict Wednesday (this) morning. Before Chiet Justice Jones. CantUi ri. Or ran It: turanee Company?His Honor the Chief Justice, who is occupied in the second branch of this court, charged this morning in this case, in which a mass of testimony was examined, chiefly in relation to the probable effect Of damp air and sea water on goods The case lias been noticed twice in the Herald of lant week. The jury will ronder a settled verdict Wednesday (this) morning. The case ol HiUton vs. American Ineuranrt Company was then called on. The court adjourned over. V. N. Circuit Court. Before Judge Itctts. Aran, lfitli ? Mutiny and Remit.?The trial of William Smith for mutiny anil rn endeavor to cause a revolt on board one of the Havre picket ships, reported in yesterday's Herald, wus resumed. Judge Ue.tta charged the jury, dwelling on the character of the testimony introduced to sustain the Indictment, and also on that Introduced for the defence. It almost invariably hnppencd that ' in such cases the higher otticers of the vessel were to be ' louml Knung with the captains am) mute* of vessels ; while I on the other hand the suitors were to be found at the ihle ' of the men In the presentcase thin was the fact, ami the 1 jury should therefore weigh with due caution ai.d delibe- 1 ration the evidence on both sides. The jnryfrendore 1 a verdict of " Guilty of an end .avar ' to create a revolt." The prisoner waa removed flu Honor then disposed of two motions, I In the case of Jrtst /foytct all adi. {'nitrd .S/u.'rs, nn BP- t [ilica'ion for a new trial, the Court considered li?e plaii.tiili entitled to put the case on the Calendar. The motion whi > granted. , llama* vs. Nnlham.?Motion for new trial 1 Mathi wt, the I'irat*.?Mr. Mmsi at,of conn1 for prl- i oner, put in a long affidavit, pravin postponement on I the ground* ofthe nhrence of several material witnesses t Mr Nakh followed in support of the application c The U. s. District At ronsi.r opposed the motion on < the ground ol the facilities that had heen nltorded to nri- \ soner to secure the attendanco of witnesses since last I term. ( Mr. MsancRT remarked that prisoner's circuinstuuce* operated a good deal against him , Alter some briel explanations on tio'.h sides, it was , agreed that th" prisoner'* trial he fixed for Tuesday next. The Court then ndjotirni ,1. , (iemital bexsloitx. Before Itecorder Talinmdg- and Aldermen Brady and Hatfield J B. Piin.i.irt, Ksq , Acting District Attorney. \enn. ltf? lliqhu-ny llrbbtry?Peter Mctliuley afia$ Williams, was tried on the nbove cSn?igo, for robbing William Murray, formerly of Pennsylvania, m ar Pittsburgh. Murray stated that he met tin- srcil>e| on the (i'h ot " March in Orange street alter duik, and iirucmdeii with < him and a wotnan that accused called sister. 1 j *2 Mill- f tierry stivet. Witness then went up s'airs with Hi" wo man, and McGauley omne in soon Hftcr and lacked the ' door. 1U iinmedinti'ly seized witneri, threw him down, i slid took H in money from his pockets hy violence r,n i I lorcm The detencoconducted hy J U. M isi n, K.wp p showed ou cross examination that witness w as partially v intoxicated on tho evening in question, and had previous i to going to tho room with tiic girl, obtained change fur ? c $6 gold piece in payment lor iom? licpior. n The prosecution called a colored man, named < ox, who v saw the accused and Murray lighting in the street, when o the litter said the accusad was trying to rob him. This li testimony was confirmed by the altidavit ol another wit- n ness. Mr. Msxi mi.itvr summed up the case for defence ' lltlt fllhmilU/t nn culimAtiv X..-? * - ? ' .....v.. ..u inn J'iir Biieriiiii<on HI)- " hhiic.k returned a verdict of guilty, and he 'vas remanded f< for >entmic?. Thi? in the fourth time ho his hern tried I' for similar oll'eneea. I Prevent meni ?The Orand Jury came into Court with a presentment pointing out tome of the thousand-times told evils of the "itraw hail" system, which was read and or- <J Jered to t)f published, and tent to the Legislature of the ' State. J Bnttlary.?A voting man namnd Charles Smith, a shoe- t; maker, from Baltimore. was tried on a charge o( burglary s in the third decree, for furoiMy entering the atom ol a Scliermcrhorn, lianrkvr it Co., 49 South street, on the i night of the vOth of March, about 7 o'clock, and stealing t 1.1 certificates of lllinoit and Michigan Canal, of >(.100 f< each, $1000 in hank notes and specie, which was found in t hit possession. Tim ttore was entered by fnlse keys, and a the. iron nafeby a key belongincto the stote, which was t afterward* found in the possession of the pi isonor, as lit- t was alioutto leavo lor Philadelphia tho next morning, alter ihe otfienco was committed. The Jury returned a verdict of guilty, and thu Court remanded him lur sen- ( tenee r The Coin t then adjourned till IhU morning at 11 o'clock. Court Cnlontlnr?Tills Day.

St eBRioit Colbi? Nos. lit, 37, 30, 2!?,4?, 1.1, ttt, ?7, 6H, t 70, 71, 73, !M, W, M. ;j Common Vei.ts.- Nos in, -JO, il, J-t, 1J, J.i, j#, '<7, 'Jl, 30. Iowa.?An election wivs h"l'l in Iowa on Mondny week, to take the sense ot the people on the propriety ol a State (Government, in the Burlington district, thet o v as t s majority of M for the convention, and the Hawk K.j e is | of opinion tliatjtthu people have deckled iu favor of l! o v msMurt. q IRK I HORNING, APRIL 17, 184 Harrltburg. [Cunresponilencv of tho Herald.] Harrisruhq, April 14, 1S44. j In consequence ot' not understanding un amend- t ment to the revenue bill or misrepresenting it, I ob- {] serve that the stoek speculators in Philadelphia ti have been making a harvest by the depression of " the state stocks of Pennsylvania. The amendment * wae, to submit the sale ol the public works to the 0 people at the next annual election, and it was moved by Col. Koumlort, the chairman ol the * committee of ways and means, lor the very pur- u pose ot securing the passage ot the tax bill, which t, is connected with the bill lor the sale of the public works. Instead of weakening this bill, as the p brokers ail(l speculators have reuresi-nleil f?rtli?ir li own porsoiiul advantage, it strengthens it iimiieanumbly, as nil the voles that have Deen had u[>on " it since has demonstrated. There is a clear ma- {J jority of front twelve to fifteen in favor of the hilt; p and there is not the least doubt of its passage, notwithstanding the panic which has been attempted h to be got up by the brokers. The public works of a Pennsylvania will be sold, and a lax of three mills 1 on the dollar will he levied, and this will place our good old commonwealth on the high ground that she once occupied. Franklin. c _________ f, From the North.?We received last evening i' Albany papers ot yesterday morning. We lind the * following items in them :? h The bill authorizing tlio L'tica and Sckenectady railway Co to carry freight was debated yesterday afteinoou, in Committee in the i louse, but not disposed of. '' The committed of r.onfui cut eon the part ot the Senate, "J' re))orted in part to that body, recommending that the So- ? ante recede liom its amendment* in relation to Ulute Debt and Liability. The report was accepted by the Senate, by a vote ot SI to9; ou l thus the proposed amendments 11 in relation to State Debt and Liability have been passed " by both houses. The water in the river commenced fairing yesterday, L and receded very slowly?not over six inches during the toy; hut still it is not so high as to seriously incommode business. c JitPRihsY in N't.v. Bruxswick.?For tlic following |j reti lark able st.Ueiuei.l we arc indebted to the New ,) UruwiwickerTho <>ov?rnor ct New liruuswick, lias f, ??ul a message lo the Legislature of that Province, on the (j; subject i'i a malady most hideous uiul fatal in itsclinrau- r? ter, w hich exists among the population ol Krench dc- (j scent on the shore ol tnnOulph ot St. Lnwrence, and v which the medical men ol that locality considrr to re- p semldetbe leprosy ot the 17tli century. The Chamber n, a cut into committee, ou the :24th ultimo, to take into con liberation the massage, it appears that this disgusting Lseu.e, made its iirsl np;ieaiunco in the year 1824, una j, but, since then, seven persons have died of it, after having languished lrom three lo six the most deplorable 'J slate One of these iitrsons, who hail retm d to u woods n :ubin, through a hole in which he wus fed, died, it was thought, in a state of mental insanity, ltiit every one win (l apprehensive of the contagion, which, in some cuses, it ^ ww believed, had been curried by the overseer of the poor, whose duty it was to provide these poor Wretches o| with tho Joo/t necessary to sustain existence, and for which thuv retained their natnriil nnruatitnil It is alleged thut mich is the contagious nuti re ol this ma- |jJ lady,that persons have been infected by reposing in the ? ante beds with those who had it, und tiiut a young man |8 who had assisted ut the luntral ol one who had died ot it, , sad on whose clothing some of the mutter htul dropped, contracted the disease und died ot it. Also, that in the county of Gloucester, there have been ulxrut twelve persons attacked by this disease, and nearly the same num- o ber on the other side of the boundary between that county hi and Northumberland. It is believed that there are other ai cases which aro concealed, because the moment it is if known that any one is sci/.ed w ith that disease, he is uni- cl versally shunned and banished society. Among the cases in enumerated, is that of a female who was thipwn-cked hi at Caraquet, on her road to Quebec, und returned to Chat- s< ham, wnero the disease developed itself in her person, and tl communicated to two inmateB of the tamily in which she c. resided, and to a child which visited the house, of whom tl the wholu throe died. It appears that the uulady is incuruble, and invariably terminates in death. The leading of the documents which accompanied the message, ex \ cited the warm sympathy of the Chamber for the (inform- t) late aull'eicrs. firs. Thomson und Kurle, expressed their (l opinions thut the disease was not leprosy. The. former ^ [Kiiuted out the effects of the mode of Ihing and of the ,, habits ol the population among which the disease prevail- v ed. These he declared to lie exceedingly iilthy, winch v not only predisposed them to scrofulous ufl'octlons, but w txadereU suoh very dillu uU W r?,noTiViV W'F.Gi! i'6'Yhduce a bealiliy action of t'oth mind and body. ? 1'he Chamber unanimously voted T600 to the Lxecutiv* ,, to procure medical assistance, to separate the inleetni tl from the healthy population, and to ameliorate the condition of the former us much as jiussibU;. Another Ij.vp.ok S?ntr.?McKay 'c Picket, litm '! week, commenced the framing ol n ship ol t>j?warilsol 1,00(1 tons. This ship is contracted lur by Capts William arid Francis Skiddy ol New lurk, and is to b? commanded by Capt. Wm. Skiddy, and 'o bv employed r.s j, l regular packet between New ?ork aiidLiver|.o<il,aiidw ili ? be named the John R. Skiddy. She will measure 170 feet j, :>n deck. M b et w ide an I .iJ deep, and is calculated both Tor a rapid saner an I a good cu rler : is to U> constructed sntiri ly ol wtiite oak, and has in inches dead rise, with a long llat floor Her keel measures -J7 by C< inches lor- t1 want, diminishing alt to 10 by l.>, and has only one depth, at Merrimack built ships have become quite popular ut New ui l otk. Any one can satislv himself of this, w ho w ill ex- ''I imino the St. George, the Conner, the Augustine Heard b the Taciflc, and other liao ships. The ships built on this H river generally have been, for the lust twenty years, A w hich is as lur back a* our recollections of such matter* |> extends, the best specimens of durable end substantia) dt naval architecture ullont, ami the buildi rs have been fore- '' nost in all the iniproi ements which here been udopfed (' luring all this time. Almost all ol the ships which have leen built en the Merrimack within l.'i or'.'0 years, are low running in the whaling fleet or in the carrying ri rade, and ore still perlsctly sound and strong ? si IVithiu a few years the number of our ships h is so lr ncreused that more attention has been drawn to ta hen clou irtcr, and ihe demand inrieusi-s with tlie rui - ot i,')'. tV'e noticed Iu*t week , in passing tiy the ship yards, c.i hot there were several other ship* on the stocks, ami c.i here is, we believe, one beside* the large ship of which Ji VP have spoken, Imihling lor a New York house, hut we tail not the time to obtain any f'tither particulars.?tftw >ui i/j>ort Hrrahl, .1/nil 1 IIoitlUP.I.R ANI? DlSTBESSIXO I 'aUIMITY.? A cor ' eanondent of the I lover, (N. II.> (iuzeltte f'urni>Ii- ' s tiio following melancholy particulars :?" (in a rivent norning tin >1 welling house of Jeremiah Hbaw, in Moul etihnrongh, was discovered to he on fire. The chambei i the i asterly corner of the house wrapped in Unities in * Inch slept one Win. l,ow, formerly VViliiam I. Horn, vho was accidentally there that night, ami who retired letween ten atul eleven o'clock. A distressing scream nl in ire from that chamber awoke the. wifa ol an absent son *h if "Squire Shaw, who sprung from her bed, rim to thnt cl handier tben wrapped in Hamcs unit called to I.ow, and ol hen to each sleeping room iu the house, and then with tor little child, both In their night clothes, she escajied in:o the street. The tumily or families in the house ot . Squire Shaw, consisted ui twelve Je rsotts besides I.ow livideil into three families ; the provisions, furniture, ami '' 'lothing nf all of whom, were all w ith lulling exception .l le strut ml, with Use furniture anil clothing ol a sick, wi- " lowed ilaugliter, under the caie ol physicians The whole " o-s is ctimnti .1 at two thousand dollars. The content' 11 it thn Fast Voiillonlxvrongli Post Dili en were likewise ile truyed. I.ow was found with kis head nnd one foot life) oil'sml much of hia fieth consumed, in the cellar. vv lirectly undrr him usconsumcj. M _ _ ?(i A Tiiief CHCATitn.?Tiie story ol whittling uut ' hoe-peg- untl selling 'hilt lor oat - remind* nte ol Yr.riKi' pedlar Down Kail not long since who stopped ir tie night at a public house, Mel like nil other hiimunt rwvijnra. wentto thestable before retiring lor the night 8; a .\-e how dobbin fared. On his way to the stall lie eanie a | 'i euntact w ith anountiv wagon, loaded, as he supposed. to jm ti e f illing of the bags, with unit. Now. a Yankee ct .edlar i < the last man on earth to let his nag go hungry th vhen there is plenty of provender within fach vpucU |i ? thong!.t Ids plnu was laid, and quicker still it was esc- in nted; n bag was taken trom the stranger's wagon, the yj innth untied, and dobbin's trough very liberally supplied pa irith its contents. This next morning, the country man hservo I that his bsgs had been misplaced, and a part of lis cargo missing, which led him to investigate a little itnro rlitfiiilv. f iiciimctMnfi c I*?<1 lii?n ?/? a<i^tu?si Hm fri tr ?fore*nid, ami on examination nt tin: premises hull n N* u?hel of ahoe.peg* of which his load was composed, was <'o jund linger <1 ddun'* none untaatrd and undamaged The 0,1 rdlar nfopul it/art brraltfatt.? Vorittpentftnl of tin^nr S' Vhiz. ?r, Tiib Season and tub Rivnt.?Th" weather, ac. larioc the hit week, dm ontiiiif btn m?t it raordinary. April ?eem* to have taken the livery of Hi one. Tho day* liavr lieen very warm, and even tlx ,,n lights are not chilly. Heed time ha* come, air! certainly 7" omewhat earlier tlmn usual. Tho va*t body of mow iround the. head water* oi tho Hudson, At e rapidly melt ,n' ag away beneath the warm suo. Thii i* the only w ay 0 aeconnt for tho present high water. .No rain ha* fallen n* or neatly ten day*, and yet the water ha* boon *teadllv ,l0 ising, and is now over part of the pier. Tho rlrer craft ire very tuny, and the whatve* .ire blocked tip with the tnloading of merchandize and the lading of produce (01 ar ho Now York market Jlrfut, .Ifitil la. ri War in Fi.onma ?Lieut. Montgomery, of tlic de I. M Army, with a detachment of *oldier* under M*mm- H nand, who went in piimiiit of the Indian* , returned on A< I'lnirad ?y morning ln*t. We tinderatand that tliey came 1 pen the Indian* and tired at them, without effect, and A hat the Indian* took to a ewamp and escaped. The roop* destroyed their eanoc*. Ac. I'm tarn la fin trite, l\lh nil. ,, Journey hen Stone f't rnens ?This r:ln*a of our u iii/.eii* remain lirm and unite I in tin stand th'*v have |? akin in reference to a Jilst and fair scale of prices tor or heir la! or; and we Arc gratified to learn that Wright and laiker have agreed to pay their workmen in Accordance j, villi (he term* ?et forth in the hill of price*. May other d> oatmctori lollow their example ? <J,?Vy Man. Pa tiot. .i IERA 4. Westchester Circitt.?The April term ol this 'ourt wan held laat week, in Bedford. The Hon. < hvSlks H., Circuit Judge, presi ling ; ami is Ion. Aaho* Vit>, Hence W'uiie, unit I./.hi Lot huouo, tl ouuty Judges, associated. The presiding Judge up. hi eared in u?ual health, and charged the Cirand Juiy m I, is forcible and perspicuous manner, alter which they re- in ,reil and entered uj>ou their duties ; hut we Uuderstanil I! 0 new bills of indictment were found by them. A num. tt er ol slander suit* weie determined?one of which u>- ,| ulted in a verdict for the plaintilf of $ob , and in the c ther, in like rnauuer, with a verdict of $114. c CiiHM'iarni.K Lily, the prize pugilist who killed McCoy, n 1 Halting* laat year, wan arraigned, at tin* teim , and \ nder a plea of guilty, was lined f.iOO damage* lor the act ;i :id outrage upon the public peace, and to *tand committed i: j the county jail until paid. p A man named fitenneard, was nrraitcned on a charge of u erjury, in swearing to a catalogue ul article* burnt it, a d ro in the town of \v eatcheiter, upon which he had elfi ct- li d un insurance in the New Yoik t'ompaDf. After ex- t mining a number ot witnesses, and occupy nig the court u early two day i, the Court chaiged the Juiy favorably to E lie defendant, and the jury acquitted him without leuvrng b heir *eat*. A trial uUo aatne elf, oil a plea ol trespass on the rasa letwecn two gentlemen of t'ullabergh, which resulted in ' verdict ol $400 in favor ol the plaintilf.?WtslchrtUr ir raid, ,'ljiril 10. | Season in Canada.?The 1'icton (C. W.) Sun, n I the 2d April, says:?On Saturday laet we had a.- ' m ere a snow storm a* w e have had thii> winter, accomunied us it was with a severely cold and searching wind, liicli blew tho snow into heap*. Indeed, lrom the ub- * nice of snow in some places, and the very hard frost* we c ?ve had, we lear the w heat crops have suffered. Our ft ry remains us yet " in ley letters bound." The Quebec o says, tliat the ice hits disappeared on the St. Law- ti Mice lor a distance of three league* between St Augti*tiu oi id Quebec, so that the navigation may lie open at an hi ulier period than ha* been generally expected. h ? ui Naval.?We learn that tit" Reaper, at Salem, ' orn Coast of Africa, reports U. S. ship ilecatur at Kinda, Keh. 16, lor ft'U|Hi Messurudo. 'l'lie U. 8. ship St. Louis, Keith, sailed ironiCupe Town, e ape of O'ood Hope, lor Chinu. on the Mod ol February. lf ______ ja The Fibiikriks.?The extensive preparation for niching fish at this season, all along our shore, at- \ ird to the men thus employed goodoppi rtuiuty to supply L is demand of all the villages on the Hudson; hut lew tail, however, have as yet been taken at thin place; very neones, iievenHeirss, ncio oueruu oil nuinruuy ai .is 1. a pair. We may now expect a rich supply uuil a cut *|>oiiilirig reduction in price. A gi eat variety of other '' sh are also tukeu in the same nets, and no doubt every ariety of tastes in the iish way can lie giatitied at out Hidings lor the few coming weeks of this month and the ext.? Sinii Sing Jit raid, .lyrit lti. Prosperity ok our Villack ? No village in 01 lorthern New York is increasing in business and Sl [ipnljiiou faster than Oleirx f alls. A large number ot " widlingN (over lup) have been erected during the last vo years? still rents are very high, utnl many families uxiouu to beconiM citizens of the village, are prevented oin the imposfcitiility ot procuring suitubiu tenements? 1) u unusually large number oi buildings including reve p. il spacious stores and too churches, are either in progress rt I election or intended to be built the present season si here is not u better locution in the state for munufur g ircrs of every description, and its peculiar advantages ol e tuatiou at the head of canal navigation on the a iudson, and ita immense water power, must sooner or d iter attract the attention of manufacturers and capitalists am abroad.?Git n't talis Clarion. r Screw Propellers on the Lakes.?Since the ? pent tig of navigation, the Propellers on Lake Eric, q itvveen Detroit and Bultalo, have made nine milt tan houi b i their average rate ol sjteed 'J his is nearly at fast us b io ordinary steamboats on that lake, though the first b lass boats average twelve miles an hour. Last season the si luximuin speed of thu propellers was only serin miles un w uur?und were therclbre culled creepers." But tins si iason, improvements m their machiuery, Use , enable lem to wild sib per cent lo their speed. As they can still my cheaper than steamboat*, ibis increase will giw p lem more ol the lake trade and travel. v, Kavaokr of Small Pox?Fatal Dei eition.? ? Ve learn fnun the irjcinpiiis (Teuuesbee) Eagle, c nit the people of De Soto County, Mississippi, aiednud- t! ally uttliciud with the Small 1'ojt, with which they huv? ? eun inoculated by a steam doctor. An individual vtiy mpropeily quizzed Uie lulter by telling him that ihe on1; r.ij ivv.u?.u ?uvuu- i.-nnu waiiv iu?. r..-a.i .v ? irus HiJ I mix it with now muk. The .strainer <!jU m>, uu<< v? maculated twenty orthirty j*i j Jim The result has been dreadful hi the iStieine. i he rl olo country in inlhu most jiuii.lul nlm-ni a..d o nsti tnu on. Aud all to gratify lume CouUtnplilde lellow's dcsito ' > quiz. wakm wkv: h?:r in Mass?a jrrntlcman wh< ( r-ivJ*-ri !i Lroohun", in u note to us thin morning. v avt . Vi.lerjuy at J I'. M , th" tberhmmetcr, in lb> u li uie Hiul ma northerly front, stood at 33. This was only scot-dud during the last snmmer )>y three days in Inn <r nil two in July , nine iu AugustIt was warm enough ? i town, but we believo the ruurcury did not rise much t Ihjvc so Tht! mercury was down tu 66 nt 0 o'clock to ay. "Thus we go."?Hostnn Tratueript, jlpril lfl. Smew* in ("in< inkati?Vetterduvmorning about ? .vo o'clock, Coroner Halt*.* wusciillcd ujion to hold . n inquest (No. 1 >1 upon the tody ol John McVlillni, en? h I the proprietors of the Kagle Hotel,who hy the evidence liciteu nml tlie examination o( the jury, caine to his death j, > tbeeffect of poison, token under deiangemi nt of mind ft le ivus nn old r> udent iind highly ec teemed hy his friends (. subsequent examination el lour of our most enitiien< * hysicians, resulted io their conviction that Mr. M. hie' 1 li d in an apoplrtic tit. uud this belief is strengthened by ^ .e luct thin in' had sullcnd a stroke somo y cats since. in Hm/ Jlpril It. Ni.w Vouit Lk<;jsi.ati:ki;.?The Senate to-dny i 'ceded front its amendments to tlte Stale l'elo n ul Liability levolutions of thu Mouse The Astembh ' rve made the bill lor the establishment ol an e.xpcrimri, I Normll School at the capital ol tlte State, u special ( sler, lor Wednesday morning, at ll o'clock?a question t, srtaiuly of much public interest, and one on which wi mnot but anticipate a favorable result?Jtlheny ! * ftfos, Jlpril 16. , Ivmikkants to Missotni.?ThotituinrlH of enn * rants are pouring into Missouri erciy week. The; jme to better their condition, and will probably pur?ui ie right nnurso to effect that desirable object.? St. /.ohm I tparlrr, jlpril tl. . K Woor..?The lluliuque Transcript states lltnt ihnt cion of rounlry will soon do u large business is raising i teep and wool lor market. p Inhictkii for Mi;rj?kk.?Anton? the prisoner dieted at the late session of tlie (irand Jury, uud chatgt <i is morning, are John and Nancv Ja> kson, (colored ) uirged with causing tlie death of < leo llagumen. a rhlld " five years, hy ill tieulinent ?Ahuar/. Jldr , jlpril l.'i. kmv.aroo ii k.movkti.?a flii> from lite l'.in?<>r I'liig, dated Aj?ril 13, sta'ea that "'the ire posted down tin vrr yesterday, and we have at length clear navigation i this city. The ice under the influence o) the ton bad RComu quite tender, and slipped away with very 1 itt! i proar. The ice pokers iliil their dtjfy hunilsorm ly, a anal." K ?? l( Two ok a Trai>k.?Mr. Carter, " the lion king,' ' '.*r? married, on Sunday lust, to Mit-a Chapman, <?( J' auchester. The old adage that 'two ef a tiade nevet <-, [tee," ?as for once disproved bv the fact that Mr arter'srival, Mr Van Anibingh, outdated as gmom'. an on the occasion.? hondon Obierrrr. at f'ojjSTtTt I'.Nr V OK KnoI.AND aNH S'OTl.ANli? < hi itnrday h Parliamentary paper was issued, giving [food ileal of inlormation respecting the registered ?h c ? II of Kngland, Wales, mat Scotlutel. showing the in ease in 184'fS, ns compared with Is:t?, it appeals * at the total of registered electors for II rit n {n in i'l Was H4I.7SJ, uiid tliutin ld.10 tlio total was b07,!H)3 - r, Scotland the total w us in the same period sa jit, and la ,431?making together n total inri i hm- in 1 - I.' 3, as com- ol ired with lH|d..|(l ol Hit "94 lltctoo Lunitim lln.iLl " _ ri (-AfgAiN Ih.AhKt.v''- [''aiMIi-v ? Mrs. Ahhott. for- 1 erly the widow of Ciptnu Ji hnstnn lllukelv, ol i',' mill Carolina, whose nntttieal eUill and gallantry e . nimamier ot the I H ship Wasp hi our war ot Isl'i, not r> dy immortali/.ed his own name, hut shed a naver dying e ory upon the nat al prowe- . of his country and whose dy child and daughter, I'dney RUkely, the Btate of * irtli ( arolina magnanimously adopted and educated, In * knnwledginent ol the heroic deeds n I her father; la re t ling in Santa Cnz, on an estate left by her Inst husband < r. Ahhott, who died lu re not long since, after she l,?l rne hi i several children. Miss Kdnny w as I iriied sitsvit two years since, to a Dr. Van flritlon, of I i? and ; hut she died in child-bud, in leas than twelve p inths afterword* And the only memorial I saw of thi? ?i it of the Tllakely*, was her portrait, full sire hi d well >t rented, hanging in the parlor of hnr mother, Mr- Ah It. I. if if an nJJ'tcrr e/ llir. Palatine, .Ipiit 4, ' ? " - t, 4 N'avAt..?Tlie r S Dri'. !\nnei-r left the n.t' i) J. mhorage at Korfcjllt on tie -,',i ftist , an I |?l i ?:j J 1l( ctly to sen. w ind M. AV. The following is a li ' ; ' ,i terra :- T. D. Shaw, Lt. Com g ; Ucntad r H led. v Iter ; Act'g Master. \V II l I Porter; ''llgen i I In ' Moaaermittf : Passed Midshipman chares \l Morris ; St'g Tiiraer, (1 A. I>elliis?.y . A,i.M i|in sii. I . t bin ,0 user's Steward, Chas l\.is man ; Act'g Boatswain, John llrow n ; Act'g ' urpi nter, tiro. Williams. Art Alt:tN Priiiikv.-'i he present wo k aviW l.e liusy one Hnionk our we.-tern forwarders, j fte i rio rannI opens on Thursday. A " run hlna'ion" I a* !0n formed I" wveii the ownei* of th-iliIt r? nt line* n ml*, whereby > Mn.loi n and n 'on pile tat It lor fii igV ' id pasviiageis I " been C. 'ahl shed, tpu'e a laigi 11 liount of mct"'i udi/.e. fcc . I t already arrived, aw ,( ig shipments to I lie West. V ight tow .hoots, leavill hi- ? hi witli goods, i, ind Irom New Votk this jrKJiiut'g ? Ibiry ,'ldr-i tdjiril 10. LD. *rU? Two UnU< Pakott. Affair?A Upmored Hi k.i,.?a diflinlty. for several days past linn hern known to ext in tliii city Mwm-n Jame* Scholt ami fierce Butler, iv husband of tbulatr P uuiiv lv cm bio. Mr. Scho'.i U the >n ol Janiog Schott, late raahier of the (iiiard Bank, and utband of an annul.In and accnuipliiihed daughter of the itejamu! Welling, Kmi. It appear! that Scott accuaed utler, in hi* absence ol acting in a dUrtipeclfyl manner iwarda Mr*. Hrholt, which gave ri*e to several angry uartela, and much conversation in our communit). 'J he onduct of 8cho;t became violent, and upon aeveral ccusiot!" h!:i w ile win treated in a rude and violent man yr Finally, complaint wua lodged before lUtceru'cr mix ny me l ily oi ii?i fr 10lids, when her ItUkbaad wan rrtsKtuil and liold to hail, several days since, 'ho parties n question, acr.otu|iani<d by their Iriendf, loft I'hiladel diiu lot North I uiolinu, with the mowed intention, it in iinloritnod, ofjiettling .tht ir dittlcblty by u recourse to eudij weapons. Thanimor now is, and by many heieved, that u duel has occurred on the Virginia and North urolma line, and one, il not both parties, either killed or roi tolly wounded. 1 hope suclr mav uot prove the rale, ly the .Southern mail I < ould leuru nothing more - Triune. That Diet...?Bets ran very In h yesterday about mr city, us to the pt nimble result of the duel beweeii Mcourt. Kcliott and Butler that w at to have taken dace lust Saturday morning. Both hud been practising vith the pistol for two w eck? before. It wat conjectured bat one or tbe other would certainly be kiUed. U'ecanlOt believe that the hostile meeting look place ?Spirit of he Tim's. Ct'iiA.?We have Havana (lapera to the 3rd inst. la tan/us and its vicinity are in n state of much exitemeiit Disturbances still continue there, which the lovuruinent are actively engaged in suppressing Arrests f the rioter s, the auspicious uud the discontented, are uutirs! as occurring, and tiflord evidence of much vigilance n the part ol the authorities. Verbal information has Ben received to the ell'ect that a number ol abolitionists are been tampering w ith the slaves on the plantations, id tliat the inhabitants near Miit.ui/UM. had to flee tor teir lives; ulso, (hut a tiumberof houses had been burned. PortihATioN op Rochester..?The gentlemen ngttged in getting out a new Directory at Rorhesir, have taken the census of that city. An abstract ol It published in the Duily Advertiser, us follows . Malts. t > rnnltt. Total. fhite, 11,6'!) 11 ,iau olored 14!) litis 61V xt ma optdation in 1811 '20,1116 , icreuse of wluie population since 1841, 3,994 " " colored " " " 84 Total increase in three years, 3,368 JriwiK IJn.ioTr.?This Juti'se lints been convicted i every charge brought Hgamst him and removedby the mate ol Louisiana sitting as u court. The veto on tw o of te articles wan 10 to 4; and on the other two 11 to 3. Amusements. American Mcskcji.?As this is the usual family otiduy and grand performance* take place at halinst 3 in the alteinoon, there will, of course, be a grand ll*h, and hundreds ol Indies and little oius will git. t ightof the enormous Giant mid Giantess. They are teat ouch. In tho evening there will also tie a splendid ntertainment ut n ipiarter before H o'clock. < >o r ai ly and void the lush, lint amoiigit all the other good things, on't forget the Gipsy Queen. Peall's Museum?This establishment in its nost palmy days ol prosperity, never enjoyed a ;reater share of success than at present. The Lecture loom is nightly filled with the stilt ol our city. The I'sr. nette, adorned with so much Ireauty and grace, imparts j the place an air rlitfingtu peculuuly prepossessing. '1'He idles can aiu'Oj s calculate on obtaining a good seat, the est being exclusively reserved lor them. This is as it honM be. An entertainment takes place this alt* moon, then the Lapland Llw ait and a host of perlormers can be nan? all lot one shilling. Massachusetts ami Vermont R ailroah ? The ooks lor subscription to the capita) slock ol this Hailroud, rare opened at luattlckuiough on Wednesday altemoou rst, and in the course of two hours tfriOPOO were subcrt?cd,aud it is confidently expected the amount will be ami d to ?11111,0110 in that town alone, and to ?600.000 in he tow us west of Kitchhurgh, which w ill insure the contraction ol (he Jladroad ? Truy Iltnlgrt. ('avae Bitldincj ?The Hudson md Delaware kiihI Company have deepened their < anal throughout ita . hole i'xtcnf one loot, at an exju use ol 4100.WS' 'I hev .... ..m wunnemi ut itounitout, lur ?2 .'si j er ton. i:riii>ev Dratii of two Distinuctsiied Citizens f V\'aikktown.?The Muck Ktvei Journal an.ntu , s the almost simultaneous deaths ot the Hon kgert Ten i.yck and the Hon. Micah Sterling, two of the u>.t estimable and universally esteemed citir.cnsof Wamtown. Mr. Kteiling was first attacked with scarlet leer, which, cauring lullammaUon upon the lungs, termi,a*. d luUilly Nir b. tnough a native oi t uimectlcut, has esided for more than thirty years in Jtlfeison county.? i'ew men were more extensively know n, or more university laspec.ted. Judge Ten Kyck was a native of this ounty. He too w us much te peeled a', home and abroad. HARPS-HARTS. rAMKH HANLKY, the only pupil ol Sebastian Krsril in ' the Lulled Males, otters lor sale at the Mrnufaclory 32:1 recf.eest *f 3d acroae, * tine asiroriinrnt ol brilliant locedm.d njilily timshed I'liKMir.M EATKMT DPVBl K ACTION HA KM. JAMe.R HANI. K \ laviiix tlrs unit ediste patrrmafe of the RES'Uf.N T ol ti.eUnrlid statu, together with tr.t.aiouisli rum the musical piofts'inn, end ll e American Ministers at ilie osir*s t/( Lundon and Paris. ihrse Mr. I L.nlr v submits are a .(licit ul rrtuni'ib e that Ins lla'pr, * liich mniufaetuied eu rely on lie- prr uii'U. ind lire Iw.'terials srrnsoi cd w,th X ?|ecin lirid or lire peculiarities ul climate, dec sic iu| enor to say ict can Ire imported. Ev"* 11AKIB KLl'AIHKl)? t'2d street, 3d tvruue. 1.23 litr'ap 111 VSII I 1 \ 's I'l. I.HI ll l n'l'i r t w lei. I. ,vnt . CiPKh me i r pued with iccum-y, un1i,fh nod dtipnuh 11 ilir mtit tC'?i|li|jc mien, by Wm W a*aun Apolln mr>' I II, 6 (.a'haute aunt, Irtnu A. (Jai jr.. l'| n t.\r < i,? i-t, ''7J (-'*1 r a'.icet, Lon fHYrlOIAN'H. ?.??l V1RY PKALKRS AND PK I? AK!> ?ui plod with Diuk? nid Vtrilicinn an yrry ivitontlli' I'.m*; i Ito it Urn i-a'orlii c it of l'iifuui ty, II ur Dili, h . riici, fcc. d for l'i ? and country deatera, hy Wm. V '?< ti, A i otli tari.u H.tii. M< Catherine it: ei t. New \ oilt. (il l)II11 r l/ia?? Mid family Mnlieind?* much litrucr .mil ? i?i quality of I'rugi and Midicmi than i? ii?ifi>lly kept or? i|i*, wIn |i i|c nil r uil, by Wm. Wntiftu, I I.-mil. Ike , l{KltlMlIM 11.1 I, X CldlMiM a 12 )?I *er CARDS t CARDS?; ICAR I IS" ? ' JATKNT ( AitlJ I'llfiSHI-lli'inirbUr it p'rt.cularly adapted to the printing ( f ca ilt, it v. cite, wiiii r'?(lac lily and I < ititt : our iiennn tinny ?hl- to j rit. t I nrk I'ibeortt cuama.rd tarda in TWO Ml" tTKHwuliriir! Hn|?,ii r ikory (ur'arc ( i da (m nnfactiued *i||f,n y for i > etlibliitilnri.1,) aud pi luted at (lie following ticrt 10 ' carila for 'id trail I iK) tarda for 11 td 20(1 do " 1 HlOO do 12 l!0 J O do $1 ( 0 " I Ai mi do $1 id ( ' mmon ratil??t * > pric*t XYLOOHAFHIC KABhil.H?A Crne nutleiMiiire at?o i kept alw ay i on hand JOB fill NTl.'iO?Jb errry raiiitr I;KO\V.\-?ON v f o it2 I w er 'Mi t inbl ( reel, near h niton MKSSKS. hi NllTo\ A CO., 10 Biro \ DVVAV I A s i OK tlOl HK. A N l> I OHN y 11 Of BUM A l> W A V AMI rill III K> N'l II H'l 11KKT, A lir. i III. MU.h AO KM a i i N*w Vuik lor ilie -.ale ? nl (I ar t IRK AT F. SMASH rfmkpv. or the< ur'cK oiimim p, i? ii nod oth??r Ditrmret r.f the Lute* a? ?!'* DAVS f.'l MMKIAM BALAAM IKr , wl irN it r.ow sekrow i dg U b,' I'liytimu mm! ih?tt ? tr aI| it ? ?ju f t >* I Jl\ I'l'ION A join( ".I ,fic:> r? t.f m? ili ttugnnh <1 ?h\*i?inM* of l.nrdriQ tc?tnjnuy ? *ch Motile ? 1 ihe U .It no I'r cr $\ j> r b< file. Mciifi I? Itf'o \< ill fttiuiih thet>ub'ic <*K \ti? with |At?r? xiMiuiiif tl>. itnliovi^ on ( ittiiuini'lioa, Ur Prvaoct if* rtfd ? l?h ol lh*? Lungs, Woo Id wrll fo grt ouf i). K BHADLI'K. 100 ! ovrtttrret. Button, ???. * AmfiiffM Ag*i>t. H TOU^K.y, JcVtin't Ccn ''f?, Middon I ooutr ifi Bttiftil Apat Icy tw Biitt of N?w Voik. I < iCTnii Ju mTTHmTN JOHTH HIV KK l;|srKNSAH\. 20t' Knlroa Mrof^ !>(!< I (hi MMhUI^ON coniniMi d to Ik* r.onsuli^d con Ipui tally en all x?ri vf t ? duties, v> Inch h** ruict wit bout ???r r uy ur IPS', aiftf to d ft t.r furiui't; and r? cent entry I art < u.?Iy "Uniii/tihu*Ic rnirt 'u th cr to nt day* fne uiotl iiinntr Strir.fnr t yield u> Dr. M ' ? o ?! *i rrcttful irentmtt, witHntif | .aii. lu ihr wof?t loruit <rl Mrictuir he v% at >VulVO!C> ANI> rONHTITl TIONAL PKBIKITYl.ia kfl> c'iihi. khd ibe tn n i f viIm r?lti< u Ii in k tmet. i ficri*t habit hi youth, inducing nofurr .1 MiiiMiona at d a I mat* ini">i?r ?y, arc ra lir?lly by U? M. on |ia>liulo itl prircip.'c. Ir r<"ti r ri/il.< )?,*"i > > * hrnlihy lo-r hp' inttatiBK ita orinioal aijcr. -k in'wt tier iwoutlml oruo K5%- ? I)r M Ii ld? no cormauimi *itl> medical rri-trinln i I 111 claim to be IIIKMOIH, aa lie l?. parhtpi, thr only qualified drrrtii'C Airy, u in ll.c uy. fee hn I'iplomki, U til* ofc*. rot! . Ki'lton a.r'M. I.ciirta po/t-jiald, and Co.,trinlnf a i* 'will i . I'll* mrdicnii 'iid ?d?ic (o ^uy part of the Cnion. IflleejnO j K t ear Orninairh api? 2m* rt: "^It ( OKBITT may be conaulieil c nlulaotiaily at nil ofJ fi. a, lb i iu?ne (lri?t. f doom (Tom Chatham firniiRer, rrr?.i (III), itfmn.'d ll at Dr. ( olhitt II a B enbei cf ll.e ?>l U"' my hi -*?*? K r?, noil ttint h hM m-lntt |y cm fir.pd hi* pMcti r finiTi li-iue ii-. rr l to the imtnut ,-i-rt i n clan ?? i l ill* nu |no? kv?i pVvin yrsrs m iK city , < iv Vof? ) which pikmtm l>it fnti.s n'tpu'ion. t'*?iit,nU hipiIic iip do nut rpc tj ki* t -r nirerx ihan i* to bp fon d in j iiiPtiCf. Th? l>, cl'ir rniitimin the itsfnrtSnatr tfainu il.r . .! *i pixiiry, .u it tun n> l)|i>utMi(l? of vii tim* li*c-ut ifr In a fpv? day* n in il ?utir*!y from iIip tytt'm "vp it w ;oili(.|i trpitpil by n |>rr*oii I?r llv ijii ilif p<1, i net by |iiftfliil n mi t i|ii*rk?. * tin r? tp irvar I ol t'pui (Hp ci y IVrannn .Ifliiiinl wit), protwintpd anil inw'pfi'p si?i i no. drapnir ol being rratorrd to IipvIiIi, ar)l)'i"g r i < rbit'. a pract c 01 mtiiy yi .i'? lut nLihlune i iIip el if'* fepuiabon li i mkill ,md ahili y. Saictoi?v ?o,i 'Iip (loc or a ,irofouml atimi ,, A rm.liri.iP mav be had I n ypfil ? return iliv ??? in ant "f in Gnu i?fl' l'n* " HM.IGHT IUH MONROVIA OK POHTPHAVA. yArt'i Oiriiii i Niw I "in A. nl ?l l* I J IK.M, 0 I'UO tOAl H... ,|. r. fn.|. m lot * rein?.C.n i i I In- rPPiir il 'fit. iiffirr mi I ! < f?'?l I nt'tan. at * ?(< < I' M . tin It mi.;- irixii 'O nf i'ip nlfc of a?? ut MM im* t i 1' y yiuwf t "Ml' i'* ' ,w ?*? A' . -ton Ntry Yard t>v iIip IdO diy -I Miy-miip < t,*r i.i,i i,a (im.mrn-i i fr-uht will l># pi rwi'tfd on hnaid tin id, TiiP (i. v. rumen' II- "?nt to dlifci Uw I <u<lti If r ? . , fi;n t Pltl pf of the |?ifl? aboyp n?in?d. No pr tnur ill b K()DT ( WKT>10RK N<fy A|f.?( SI UJ It* M Water ilrf l.