Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 21, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 21, 1844 Page 2
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Ww YOiMv HKItALD. New York, Himdajr, April 41 1M4. Arrival of the Aeadla. Thin --team ship war sixteen day* out yeiterday noon, and should have arrived atBostou before the mail left !lf ?he did we shall receive her new* at an early hour thi* morn ?" Who la Sratailrlit' We are are ahle, at length, to aolve this question, which has so terribly puzzled the small editors from Bangor to Matagorda. Seatafield is a native of Pennsylvania, of German parentage. He was educated at an American i j college. While here he sent several of his ( uprightly sketches to the editors of some ol our first magazines?the " Knickerbocker," among others, ! who, with their usual discrimination, refused thein a place in their pages, lie left the United States j poor and reputationle-s as a writer, and sought a home beneath the shadows of the mountains of Switzerland?where, in his retirement, he has pro- ; duced works, not "damned by the faint praise" of the American press, the conductors of which were pleased to call him a dabbler in literature; I but works which have received the highest praise of Schlegel, the most impattial critic of the age? works which far transcend the writings of our Irving, Cooper, Paulding, Arc. cVe. And now, r.vw.>...n "mi ivicigu muicie, wc arc &?iuuu luinii him an American. Thus has it been, with other distinguished American authors, who have never been appreciated at home, until England had lavished her wealth of praise upon their productions?uuthots whom w.' now cherish with delight. Let us do all in our power to win home, by a true estimate of Seatsfield's talents, our exiled brother from his wandering. To use the language of his great German critic, he "extracts from language its every beauty and tone, as the wind the song of the tree harp?beautifully, naturally, and withou' exertion. You glide through his descriptions with the ease of a canoe upon some lost streamlet, whose shores are fringed with flowers, and whose air is fragrance." To read him is to admire?and when his works appear, the public will obtain the richest feast which it has ever enjoyed in the wide fields of literature tor many a day, and from our country's infant gae i. Thk Texas Question.?This promises to be more and more interesting, although we have not yet got the terms of the treaty. We understand that Mr. Calhoun is preparing a most powerful letter, addressed to the President, which will be published in a very short time, in favor of the annexation. "We also learn that three members of Con- I gross have addressed a letterto Mr. Van Buren, on the same subject, and that he is very busy in his re- I tirement at Lindenwald, preparing a reply, also in f avor of the annexation, but which will not be pub lished till uhout the time of the Virginia election. ! Mr. Webster is expected this week to deliver his j sentiments again on this subject, and possibly Mr. Clav m?V h#? hrnnirht ant According to nil appearances the Texas question "will have great effect on the next Presidential election. Subscriptions for the Erie Railroad.?We liad a number of very excellent speeches at the late meeting at the Tabernacle, stating the advan- i tages which the completion of this road would con- j i'er on the city of New York, and proving ruathemetically, arithmetically, syllogistically, and every j other way, that the stock would pay a very handsome dividend, when the work would he finished. All these speeches are very good?these public meetings are very good?the names of the officers of the meetings are very good?but how does the subscription go on T Why do not the men of wealth, who give tfie help of their great names, show that they believe in the representations made by large subscriptions to the work. How much have Win. B. Astor, or Stephen Whitney, or George Griswold, or any of these great capitalists subscribed'? We are persuaded that if Wm. B. Astor would put down his name for $100,000, that that little hue would do more towards completing the work, than the longest and most powerful speech ever made in the Tabernacle. And rightly so. That would be acting on the practical common Keu*e principle of a gentleman who once subscribed ?o some Irish subscription list, at a meeting hi Philadelphia, at winch we were ourselves present. fc?everai excellent speeches hud been made in favor <>l the charitable movement, in all of which the speakers spoke of the amount of their sympathy. At I i&t a tall, six-toot, Keiitlemanl)-lookiiig ntaii, bl-pped u,?, and -aid?" Let's conie to work?I yinputluze to the amount 01 $$100!?there's the in >ney !" This is the way to go to work in earnest Let this system be at once adopted in relation to the Erie Railroad "New York in M ition !"?John Jones publishes the whole of the recent Tyler meetings in this city under the startling head ol " New York in Motion." John is the most credulous creature alive. At each of these meetings, which were all held privately and nobody knew of them till after they were published in the " Aurora," probably one dozen persons attended. These "Tyler Meetings" are the most exquisite hoaxes o< the day ; hut the way thai John Jones swallows them is a caution to the whale that swallowed Jonah. "A Pretty Time of Day!"?Our cotemporary of the Cowier, with great classical taste, says that "it is a pretty time ol day, if the oftiee-holders must be the serfs and slaves of Captain Tyler," referring to the nomination of Mr. Ferris, which the Courier opposes in the most savage manner. We have not the slightest doubt that the Courier has many reasons to advocate the continuance of Mr. Curtis in cilice ; but if the whig Senate have any disposition to disorganize the locofoco party here, and help 'heir own cause, they will by all means confirm Mr. Ferris, and all others of his character. ITvutnt'etnm <>? Paimtim/ w TKo annual *?vllll?l lion of the National Academy ot Design opens on Wednesday next at the .Society Library Rooms. We understand that it will contain a number of very excellent paintings, and some very choice ones. This is the season for exhibitions of paintings. We have had for some weeks a very interesting exhibition of original paintings by the old Italian trusters, at Clinton Hall, and there has also been a private exhibition of the collection of the late human Reed, Esq , somewhere in Greenwich ?t., consisting chiefly of the productions of American artists. We observe, also, that Mrs. i'atl, the widow of the celebrated connoisseur, has for sale three originals, which are amongst the most valuable paintings in the country. There have been other exhibitions, we believe, in various parts of the city; showing altogether, that a taste for art is rapidly increasing, and that during the ensuing two months, exhibitions of paintings will be quite the rage At the Clinton Hall exhibition, we have observed several artists engaged in copying. This is a new teature, reminding us of the galleries of Europe, such as the Louvre. Well, the fine arts must prosper in this country. We have now, by the help of good Signor I'almo, got the Italian Opera permanently established. The popularity of Ole Bull, and other great violinists, evince the pervading taste for music ; and we have just seen that the taste lor paintings of the ancient and modern masters is growing rnpully in this city. Cou> Wkatiikr.?The atmosphere here and iri Boston has become quite cold. In the latter, on Friday, the mercury was down to .'HI deg. Navat,.? U. N. frigate Constitution sailed Iron Hampton Roads last Tuesday for New York. Abavdo.nko.?There is to he no day-light line t< Boston for the present. FORTNIGHT LATER FROM CHINA.1 The clipper ship Natchez, Captain Waterman, has arrived in a very abort passage from Canton. She sailed on the evening of the Utli of January. The news she brings is of the most unimportant character. Air Cushing had not arrived at'Canton. He cannot unive there before February It is to be seen, by all accounts, that the Celestials are rapidly becoming KuropeaniBed. They are losing their exclusiveness. [From Canton Preu, Jan 13.J From Canton we hear nothing of interest, except that trnde is going on its usual course, and that a for imports generally are satisfactory. We have seen a translation of " The at tides whereby the New Tariff is to be regulated," as published by orderof the Loyal Senate of Macao in the same volume with the original. The duties that ure now levied are generally either four or six per cent on u fixed valuation of most articles, although some, where the qualities are too various, and the diflerence in value too great, are ad valorem. H. M. Steamer Dr vtr arrived at HongkongI'tom Chu-aa anil Amoy on Sunday last. From the former she brings dates to the 1st of this monthThe accounts from Shanghae are not so favorable as was hoped, many obstacles being thrown into the way of an unshuckled trade. We have copied some particulars on this subject from the Fri n of Chin >: it is hoped however that the firmness of H. M. Consul will soon establish commerce on a satisfactory tooting, agreeable to the letter und sense of the treaty, and Captain Balfour's management is highly spoken of in the letters we have seen. From Amoy we learn that sickness prevailed to a most alarming extent; the following extract from a letter lias been kindly sent us: " The sickness here, chiefly ague, has been in the last month dreadful. Of 176, composing the European strength of the garrison, sucn was their condition, that there were actuully -136 admissions into hospital!" fKrom Hongkong Gazette, 9th January J We have news from Shanghai up to the 24th December. We have already mentioned that some difficulty had occurred owing to the circumstance of a Chinese boy having been wounded by a shot lired by a European. Traae is extremely dull, but there is every prospect of an improvement now that the Chinese are made aware that their attempts to establjsh a monopoly will not be allowed tp succeed, and we doubt not that our next arrivals will bring us information of a more pleasing character than the present. We must again repeat that it will require ronatant vigilance on our part to prevent ourselves from being over-reached ; though foiled in this in stance, the Chinese will not be discouraged from making other attempts, and we hope a remonstrance will be made by H.E. the Plenipotentiary on this gross attempt to violate in the outset the terms both of the original and supplementary Treaties. Changpeih the acting Governor Genera' of Kcangnan anil Keangse reports that the foundations of the va'ious fortresses along the banks of the Yangtzekenng have now been laid, and that lie anticipates, after a careful inspection of the nascent structures, that henceforth the defences of the river will be able to withstand the most determined attack. The Lieut. General of Fokeen reports the fitting out of a fleet of wur junks during tlnee successive years, and wishes to have several changes in the navy introduced to render it more imposing. Keying, High Imperial Commissioner, Gov. Gen. of Kiangsoo, iX'c. A:c., hereby makes this official communication:?The American Consul having represented to us, "that in arranging the new tariflj the duty on foreign Ginseng had alone been left unequal, and that it was proposed to rate it a9 follows, viz: on every 100 cattes of foreign Ginseng to rate two-tenths as first quality, and eight-tenths as inferior quality, and levy duties on those rates according to the newly established rules; and that this once agreed to, afterwards there should be no more change," and other words to the same effect; whereupon I, the High Commissioner, having consulted with the Governor General, and having ascertained from the market price of foreign Ginseng that the above statement was perfectly correct, we forthwith agree to the said proposal. Canto* Markkt, Jan 6,?Imports.?American Domestics and Drills are languid, only a few sales of small quantities being reported. Betel Nut.?Tha stock in Canton is small, but there are a few enquiries made. Camlets continue in demand at our quotations. Cochineal?Prices are maintained, although the demand for India has ceased. Cotton is still somewhat languid, though sales are recommencing ; chiefly of Bombay and Timievelly. The finer qualities continue most in demand. Cotton Vai n is still very depressed, even more so than before, in consequence of the late heavy arrivals. One sale is reported at per pecul. Iron and Lead remain dull, no sales being repoited of either ; the stock is large Long Klls are in a little request in Canton at our quotations ; at Amoy the stock is large, especially oi scarlet, and the market there consequently dull. (>pium continues in a state of great depression ; the dealers being much alarmed and afraid to purchase more than sufficient to supply the immediate wants Pepper ? Our quotations are almost nominal, there being scarcely any demand Rattans ?Stock and demand equally small, ltice is in moderate demand, at our quotations. Tin?The stock is small, but the demand less. r.?, I'lutes ?The so toil v is small tint utmost snttiri.nt. the market not being able to support H heavy stock Wool :eri?, Spanish Stripes.?We hear ol no sales having been ma le in Canton At Amoy . the supply is moderate?at l liusan. excessive KsroRTs.?Alum is in less demand, but rates are main tallied Cassia?A considerable quantity has been shipped for F.ngland as well as to India; prices are consequently well supported. Khubaib?No purchases have ached us. Silk ?The market is again almost bare, all 'be lately received supplies having been tiought up? l ess -Ankoi, stock 8(|00 } cheats; < uperbtiOOdo; nothing lib g Congo?Considerable purchases have been madi luring the week chiefly of the better qualities, of which w now remain. Iluiigmuey?Stock 3300 chests; noting doing. Ningjeng ?S ock 3500 hall cheats; u con - iderahle purchase at our quotations is mentioned fe Hoe?Stock 160U chests; few transactions have taken lace Orange Pekoe? Stock HOC chests; a few purchases ire talked of Souchong?Nothing doing; uo fine tea re mains. Gunpowder and Imperial?Few transections are mentioned, and those only lor teas of the finer qualities lyson, Young Hyson and Hyson Skin ?Purchases have been large during the past week, of Hyson Skin especially. Twaukay?A few purchases only have been reported to us Export of tea to Great Britain in six months from lsi Inly to 31st December, 1843. in 41 vessels. Congou lbs. 17,156.863 Twnnkay lbs. 953 74f Caper..,.., " 158 21i Hyson " 106 111 Souchong.... " 3f3 636 Hyson skin... . " 79,526 Hungmuey... " 92,473 Young llyson. . " sal 941 Sorts " 12.188 Gunpowder.... " 863,441 Pekoe " 333,070 Imperial " 170,36-1 Orange Pekoo " 677,447 Total Green lbs. 3,636,'iltl Total Black lbs. 18.97i.S37 Total in 6 months, lbs. 31,598,066 Affairs in Canada.?Our advices front Montrea are to the 16th inclusive. On that day Montrea was in the hands of a nipb. It was the day ol election. The laborers from the Lachine canal had taker ; possession of several ol the polls, which were obliged to he closed; and Mr. Moulson, a brothei of the government candidate, was seriously wounded in one of the affrays. When the messenger left, ! Drummond, the Canadian candidate was reported to be 190 ahead. In consequence of the riots the military were ordered out, and a concentration of a considerable military force was directed, by the government, al Montreal. [From Montreal Herald, April 16 1 The laborers employed on the upper part of the I.acliinc (.anal have, during Sunday evening, destroyed a coder dam, erected for the purpose of keeping the water olf the works under progress. This will be the means of putting .i stop to the work on this section for some days. This villainous act has been committed to give a pretext for lieinsr idle ilurinir the election, and ho evaduur Mr. Kit inly'h order. It 11 one of the transaction! rei|iiircd under the system Hid down by the leading Drummond men. Last week seven or eight children, at the notith weat and of Ht Joseph street, went into a fleld in that vicinity ; and eat a quantity ol wild parsnipi We understand that lour of the unfortunate children have aince died; the others ar- not i xpected to recover. Shortly alter their | decease they became quite black and coveied with lumps On Sunday at noon the thermometer stood at 78degrees I Fahrenheit, in the shade; yesterday it fell to 41 degrees The public ollices will close at Kingston on the lath . May. and will be opened in Montreal aliout the K)th. j < arriagns were crossing on the ice at (Juehec on th? llth; nut the ice was dangerous. Home horses fell through. One carriage, containing a horse, was drawn by men ; this, in the words of the (Quebec Gazette, war reversing the process The navigation of the St. I.awrence Is opened to Threi Itivers, and a boat is expected Irom (Quebec on Monday The Champlain is opened, and the lirst boat started yes terday. Sunday Amijskmknts ? Now that the warm and sunny days of summer are approaching, the numc' rous masses of citizens, who are shut up during the other days of the week, seek the refreshing and balmy breezes of ihe country. We have no lack of delightful country excursions in our immediatt vicinity. There is Hoboken, n most delightfu spot, and now more attractive than ever. Thei there is Nowlan's, at Yorkville, a most lovel place, delightfully situated, commanding the mot j glorious prospect on the Island. The "Abbey, on the Bloomingdale road, is a perfect paradise Staien Inland also presents a very attractive cxcin -ion. The sail across the hay is enchanting, an ( Mr lllancard, at New Brighton, or Mr. Pieris, i the < 11 ft on House, are ready to supply the tnoi elegant dinners. AkKivKo in Town.?The Hon. Daniel Webstf >. < arrived in town, uml is at the Astor. One Day Later from Spain. I We have received, l?v the way of France, the Madrid Gazette, of the 11th ult., the official paper of Spain. < It contain* two official despatches of the Spanish i General, (General Boneali,) charged wi h the i operations against the revolutionists at Alicante, i Under clute of the 6th March, he announces the I surrender ol Alicante on that day; that the ringleader of lite revolutionists, Bonet, with Beven other of his officers, eluded his vigilance, and had escaped I early in the morning. 1 Under date of the 8th March, he informs the ; government ol Madrid that the day previous he hud | succeeded in capturing Bonet and his party at a neighboring town; that they were reconducted to | Alicante, and shot at seven in the morning of the j 8th, together with 16 other individuals (among* whom whs the mayor of Alicante) making 21 per. 1 sons in all who suffered death. ! The Gazette also contains a proclamation of , VTeuriai ivuutan m aiii;aiiic, uaicu i in i?iaicu, > stating that, as a great number of individuals, who j had taken a conspicuous part in the revolution there, had secreted themselves, he shall have all i persons harboring them shot, and directed a dili- 1 gent search to be made throughout the city by his j troops, at every house and family. . This capture and disposition of Bonet will be one i of the means of restoring quiet to t>pain. Very Late from nra Cape.?By an ocean mail we have received the Cape Town (Cape of Good Hope) Gazette, to the 22nd of February. That , part of the world was in a quiet state. All thut we i can find of interest is annexed i? ' In our last number we made known to the public the abolition of >he Port Dues from ami after the 2nd instant, and we are happy to add, that the benefit of this ordinance ' has been extended to the trading vessels which had arriv- > od previously ; but were in out port on that day, as then 1 particularized in the Gazette. t Amongst the arrivals during the last week, are several | from the Eastward, merely putting in for refreshments, | without landing any of their cargoes?our market, at pre- , sent, not standing in want of Kastern produce. Another . vessel which parsed, would have touched at our port for the same purpose, hut declined doing so on account of the port dues, now abolished. City Intelligence. i The Co mm ox Council.?Both boards of Aldermen mee' to-morrow at .1 o'clock, and considerable business, of that | character which is likely to create discussion, will he < presented for consideration, and which will afford the ! members an opportunity to distinguish themselves,'/audi \ he ilonible, before they are officially ex inguiified. I A child burned to dxath.?Ellen Dugan, a child about a year and a half old, whose parents reside in Third ' street, near Avenue 11, was accidentally burned to death ' by its clothes taking fire on Thursday forenoon, during 1 the temporary absence of the mother. The little sufferer ' died on Friday night in great agony. . Another Child, who Died from Burninc ?On Friday, ] Oletia Ann Mctiovern, aged eight years and a half, was , burned to death at No. 118 Amity street, in the rear, by i placed in the yard by her mother to heat water for wash- j ing. In it not lamentable that motheri wlttaot take more , care to protect and guard their children ftwl accidents of ( the description above described. Scarcely a week passes ( tint we are reluctantly compelled to narrate the death of i children by accidental burning, and we regret that so , much carelessness should be manifested on the part of i parents. m ToLicr. Offices.?Nothing transpired at either police ' office worth recording. j State Paisois.?The convicts sentenced on Friday were J taken up to Sing Skig yesterday, by the Deputy Sherif! ' of the institution, Mr. Owen W. Brannen. j U. M. Circuit Court. ! Before Judge Bctts t A rH11. JO?Conviction of lloff, the Mail Robber.?Colin- i sel summed up in this case to-day, when His Honor i charged the jury. In his opening remarks he dwelt upon \ the wisdom and policy of Congress, in framing a statute < on the subject of mail robberies in the United States. To i establish the offence it was first necessary to prove that < the public mail had been taken away, and that letters had i been taken out of the Mail. In order to do this, the public < prosecutors resorted to purely circumstantial evidence, | which in its character was sustainable by inferences and , deductions, which, if relied upon, had all tho weight | and power as if the prisoner was actually caught i in the fact by eye witnesses. The Inquiry in the i present instance was propounded as to whether or no < the mail hag was actually robbed? The mail bag was found , floating in the river, and the letters were found | floating in it. The inquiry then arose did this fact prove j that they were stolen? Captain Hyatt proves the finding | of the hag. in relation to the finding, does it prove the , fact of the robbery7 And if you believe that fact, thon | you are to take it as if a party had actually seen the com- ( mission of the fact Next, the jtiiy should consider that j if there be any doubt as to the individual guilt of the pri- i soner, he is entitled to the benefit of that doubt. The jury , should next consider whether or no the robbery, (if it was a robbery.) was committed at Hudson, or elsewhere. The i evidence for the prosecution w ent to show that this mail whs brought to Hudson, and deposited in the office, in cus- | tody ol the prisoner; but the jury should consider if the | particular mail charged against the prisoner was the mail , that was robbed. They should well and carefully consHer every fact connected with the case The first intima- i tion of the robbery was on the finding of the bag in ths river by Miller, who returned to the office j and asked the prisoner I loll' if he had left the office during i the time he had the mail in custody, to which the prisoner , replied, he had not The whole evidence, therefore, turn- | ed upon purely circumstantial evidence ; and the fact ol ! the prisoner's denial of being at the river, was rehutted by | Griffin, who aw ore he met him coming from, hut not going to, the river The time, however, was left unaccounted i for; and then the question arose, as to whether or no he i was on his legitimate business ; hut the fact of the priso- , net's being found |ioking at the ice, on the river, with an iron bar. was fully established. However, prisoner sc- < ounted lor it in a very reasonable way, by saying he was | in the exercise of his duty, trying the strength of the jce, i in order to asceitain whether or no the lioat could go The i finding of the bag in the immediate vicinity of the lioat, i when it ha I jimt started, was to he looked upon with caution, and tin' j'iry should tyell weigh the far' and the probability of the prisoner's connexion with it. Mere declarations, as had been very properly rp. marked by prisoner's counsel, should at all times be viewed witli jealous caution ; and the jury, therefore, should not rely with too much confidence on this species of evidence. The next fact to which he would call the I attention of the jury, was that of the letters purporting to contain money directed to (ireeley V McK.lrath Thai I one of these letters contained a $20 hill was fully esta1 blished ; and the chief (mint, therefore, for the jury to l consider was whether the $20 given by the prisoner to a I v!r. Jordan was this identical hill h vidence for the prosecution went to show that this hill was one from the i Orange County Rank. Vermont; but the number and the other essential requisites for identification, did not go to i that ex'ent that would prove conclusively that this was the identical note. The mother sworn that this | $40 was given by her to her son, the prisoner, and though the mother had shown some discrepancy in bet I testimony in relation to certain conversations and decla rations, which she arconnted for by explaining to the Court her age and deficiency of memory, and also hei confused stnte of mind on hearing of this transaction The jury should, therefore, weigh fully and carefully all the facts and circumstances connected with the case, which rested fully upon the credibility that attaolied to ' the witnesses on both sides. The jury withdrew, and after an ahsenco of fifteen minutes rendered a verdict ol Arflfy." $rj- II there are among our readers any ladies or gentlemen who question the good disposition ol their lovers (they must first have lovers), they are recommended to attend Mr. Colton's Exhilirating Gas Exhibition at Niblo's Saloon, on Tuesday evening next. (See advertisement.) The immense number of ladies nnd gentlemen who attended the two previous exhibitions which this gentleman gave in the Broadway Tabernacle a lew weeks since, need not be urged to attend this?the expense is trilling, only 2ft crnis, not half what it should be. But let no one suppose, because the tickets are only 25 cents, that they will get only 23 cents' worth. We hope to see a large proportion of ladies take the gas, as wc presume there will be, il perfect order is observed. Wont there be funt A in car me nti. Increased Attractions ?The Chatham Theatre i has deservedly won, and still maintains a high reputation, a* the People's Theatre It ii no exaggeration i to assert that at no Theatre, in the city can a legitimate I drama lie represented with such elfect. Sir*. McClure has, ?ko I>QV? wool/ Qlinoartul 111 Urtmu nf li?r molt Itt i vorito characters, supported by Connor, Hc.olt. Wareham, and Winans, with the popular Mia* Reynolds To-mor) row evening, Connor, who ha* made himself quite a favorite, take* a benefit, and produce* " The Stranger,'' with a variety of other amusements. Among the forthcoming novelties, we find the company will be still further . strengthened by the accession of Yankee llill and Mrs. ' Silsby. We are also to have a juvenile performer, who i* - spoken of as one of the first musical prodigies of the day. The bill is, on the whole, one of the greatest ol the season. ' Amkkican Musrum ?No legk th in 20 OrtOpersons ; visited the (linntsnt the Museum lust week. The , manager will continue the exhibition through the present week, and has made arrangements to give two per I formnnce* rvery day?one at hall past three I". M , and onr l at eight. There will be n great t ush we doubt not, for the h.tbiopians, Cole, < erito and Mi>* Adair, are to appear, y having been re engaged for the week! It is worth the it admission to get a peep at the <'tents?the Oipsry can be ? consulted at all hours. OTh J'eale'g New York Museum goes ahead of everything. A dwarf smaller than Tom Thumb, r* a giantess taller than the one at the American Museum, and seven performers, the best that A tnerica can produce are we think sufficient attrition* for one shilling, sn'l 'I the public Hveni to be of the same opinion to judge by tin immense number of persons who visit tho Musentn every evening The Ureal Western Mrs. Western, Conovet. Celeste. Miss Adair, Miss Ifliinrbard and W. Conover, the comic singer, ara some of tha bright particular stars, The ' pai quette plan which the msnager ha* introduced succeeds to admiration. Lecture In Lkfiyette Church, by Revd. Or. Belhune. The Kev. Ur. Bethune.of 1'hila , delivered a discourse onWednesday night,to a very large assembly, in Lafayette Church. Seldom has such profound attention been evinced on any occasion as wasmanitested on this. The discourse was a sublime und lucid vindication of revealed religion. The eloquence, profound learning, und wonderful extent nt readmit?the cotnnletn masterv possessed hv the Reverend gentleman, of civil and ecclesiastical listory?hia familiarity with-sacred and profane, indent and modern autliora, sophists, burds, entliutiasts and philosophers, made an obvious impression ; and the time occupied crept past almost imperceptibly. The Dr. expressed a little regret at having disapjointed them on a former evening, and feared thut lis remarks to-night would ill requite the llattenng nterest manifested. The question he proposed to discuss was: "What is the source of rnoraf opinion." Hy "moral opinion" he meant those which relate to what ought not to be, or what we ought not to do. They had in intimate connection with the state of man after leath and a future state, and it would be necessary lo take a review of the opinions of antiquity which sore on the subject. The inquiry first suggested was, as to the source of human knowledge in general. Whatever plausibility might be in Locke's iheory ol innate ideas?and it had many opposers ?he could not entertain any belie! in innate ideas of moral truth Whatever the mind takes cognizance of, must he different from, and cannot be contained in itself; and if the doctrine of innate ideas be true, the opinions of men must he identical, as to the being of a God. It was well known what latitude existed among different nations on this point, and that some did not at all recognize the truth. One of the most eminent men of the Jay, and who Iihs greatly distinguished himself by llie education and mental cultivation of mutes, nsicrts, that the first ideas they ever possessed of the icing of a God, were imparted by him. He did tot believe that there was a natural conscience mfheient of itself to determine what was wrong uid what was right. Nay, there were some who, with seeming reason, doubted the existence of a leparate moral faculty. The case of the Spartan my, who saw no wrong in theft hut in its deletion, was relevant to the inquiry. The difference if learned authorities was great us t? the nature of rutli, and u was notorious tnat some were unuu to lite evil ot a falsehood if it did not prove injurious; and the maxim that the ends sanctities the means, ar to do evil for the Rake ot good, was well known, tnd allwent to prove that conscience was subservient to something superior, and could not he its own standard, judge, and jury. It was still an important enquiry, "Was here light enough in the world without revelation, to liscover what is right or wrong) what ought to be done? tnd what ought not to be done) To treat that question 'airly, reference must l>e antiquity; to those ages it do re the birth of Christ, when the world was illumined iy the splendid mysteries ef divine revelation. Socrates, lie wisest and best ot the heathen philosophers,and whose lame should never he spoken without admiration, assertitl, that "inspiration was necessary to impart a knowledge if the divinity." He (Dr. B.,)doubted whether there is such t thing as natural religion, or whether that which passes by the name is only a natural confirmation of revelation, jf there be truth in the holy scriptures, there was a leveatiou to man from the very beginning. Moses, in his account of the creation, tells us that man's primitive state mas one of Innocence and felicity: and both his and the estimony of St. Paul, set lorth his fall, and consequent de iravity. His position went no farther than that unaided lature was insufficient; he did not deny that natural truth :onfirmed those of revelation. But there wus an importint difference in proof before and after discovery. (Jod nade an early discovery of himself to man?who became lark through perversity and blindness; and the erroneous eligions of the world were not made through efforts, or lid not originate in a desire to discover God, tut were departures from him The correctness if the assertion that conscience was referable, and derived rom revelation, could be sustained by many arguments, 'irst?It was agreeable to the common sense of mankind. So nation, either ancient or modern, attempted to deny hat man was created by God, and as the contrary would >e perfectly absurd, there was no use in confuting it. rhu universal testimony of all ages ascribe man's origin o a divine source. The heathens invested Diana with livine perfections, whilst her abode was with men. The loul, by the greatest authorities, was looked upon as a diline emanation from the mind of God, and that philosophy ,vas either sent direct from heaven or brought down by rcen. Anarotius, in his life of Pythagoras, says so. The jarly teachers of morality, and law-givers of the Peruana, Kgyptians and Chaldeans, were their priests, who professed to hold immediate intercourse with heir Gods. The oldost compositions on record were uiliticvl, and it was curious that the Latin term or i>oet and prophet were the same. The name of fod among many ancient nations was that which distinguished their earliest lawgiver, a striking instance of which wm afforded hv that of Belus. Baal, or the Baalim >f scripture. (Tho Hev. gentleman then took a review of icathen mythology, and pointed out its bearing on the nquirv. The honeat, sober, and rational Socrates limsnlf believed that he wa8 attended by a Demon ind Guardian Angel cent from God to counsel him or hiajwelfare, and guide bin life ; and tho Delphian jrar.le predicted for Aristotle that he was to be a great philosopher, although he would have laughed at the teachings ot the oracle himself. The vulgar regard for lremna, divinations, fortune tellers, and the Norse and Lapland witches, were all analagous to the old mythological errors ; and all these, however fabulous, fraudulent, or false, showed the belief iu a divinity, and the force of moral truth in man. It was very douhtlul whether human reas in was in itself adequate to discover scientific truth, although an after perception of these truths was" perfectly reasonable, lie thought it was to be ascribed to revelation The authorities of Hesiod, Virgil, Lucretius, Tihullus, fee., say the golden, liappy age, came first, when' man was innocent ind happy, when life was without care and pain, and a icene of uninterrupted joy. So the earliest ages of renote antiquity was the time of the Saturnalia, when Saturn, the lather of heaven, the most venerable of all the gods, reigned personally over, arid dwelt with men, and Vsirea or heavenly justice had her abode on this earth, intil growing depravity frightened her hack to heaven. It no belief of this kind existed, it might he u'ed ?s a plaudhle argument by skeptics against revelation ; but when ive find the universal and concurrent testimony of the world?of all nations, barbarous or refined, thai at one period the divinity held converse with mankind, is the strongest confirmation of our faith, and proves that the moral principle is not inherent in the human mind, although agreeable to the common sense of mankind. The next consideration was, whether or not it was handed down to man by divine revelation. Beyond doubt, whatever knowledge was diffused through the old world u as ieriv' d from the east, and most probably first conveyed hy those immigrants, who,travelling westward, settled' in the more genial climate of Greece. Htillingfleet has brought an amazing amount of research to prove that the Pelasgians, a people whose history is shrouded in obscurity. derived their nam" from Peleg, the filth from Noah, and he is sustained by the learned Grotius in this opinion. It has become very fashionable, especially among the metaphysical and somewhat visionary German lilrrati There, was various fashions in learning, ns In coRts. To prove that the learning of the Greeks was not imparted to them from others, hut radical and spontaneous, and to carry out their then ry they are driven to the necessity of making the great personages of their history imaginary ; hut that the master spirits, the nrofoundlintellects arose in the midst of darkness, unaided, was a personation too silly even for German philosophy. Dr Bethuno then entered into an examination of the writings of the most eminent of the Ilea thens, quoting some of the most sublime passages from Plato. Pythagoras, Aristotle. Cicero, Uc , to show that their views on the two grand doctrines of the existence of God and the immortality o( the soul was imperfect and crude ? The great Ttilly,alter an which he alludes to the tact that some nations were so barbarous as to be without any conception of God, which might arise from the had mnnncrs of the age, the dillerent accounts given ol the deity, by difier nt writers, their clashing npinloni?says, in his Tusculan Ques tions, that there was little certainty on the sub ject, and that if he were to he guided in his belief by clearness and plausibility, he would go for the Atheist rather than theTneist. He en'ertnined ahelief in a future state from the universal anxiety about futurity, the transmission ol the works and acquisitions of men to posterity, the desire for children, for monuments and eulogies.? " Hercules," said he, "wished for heaven, hut if he had not hy his labors secured a passage through the world to it, he never would have gone," and he was of opinion that as all antiquity was on his siJe in a belief of futurity, philosophers might draw their strongest arguments, not from reason, nut irom nature, ur. ncinune tnen took n masterly survey of the proofs of the antiquity, authenticity, and divine origin of the Holy Scriptures. lie proved that the Books of Moses wen; incomparably more ancient than any other extant Porphyry has quotations from him; Berocions, the Babylonish historian, makes mention ot the Jewish records; while Manetho, the Egyptian, lived but 370 years before Christ The learning ef the Hindoos was of greater obscurity; but no doubt it was of great antiquity. Ward, the missionary, who has acquired l.y vast research, great familiarity with.their MOfM writings, refer them to nbout the time o| David. Josephus says thnt Abraham, when in Egypt, instructed t'ycrops in arithmetic; but whatever truth there might be in that, it was certain that the iriHuence of the Jews on the opinions of the Egyptians, during their sojourn there, must have been great,'and in no small degree connected with the boasted leamiag of their magi. It was on record that Pythagoras pursued his travels among the wise men of Babylon, and Zoroaster,who restored thethab dean system about the timeof the prophet Daniel, was said to be from Palestine and a pupil of Daniel It was well known that so 1 e traces of resemblance existed between the Zendavesta and same parts of scripture, especially the Tsalms of David; and this was hard to lie accounted for, consider ing the tenacity with which the Jews monopolised and guarded their sacred writings.and the rigid spirit ofaeclnsion which marked them as separate from the rest of the world. The inference was conclusive from all he said, that there was nothing innate in the human mind to furnish a perfect standard of morality ?a sure guide between right and wrong; thnt the truth of morality does not depend upon human reason, hut upon a revelation from Clod to man. lie would stop here, as ho feared the arguments were dry and wearisome. The conviction, however, that an interest in religions truth prevailed among them, and that they were desirous to see tested the validity of skeptical objections, encourage I him It was a matter for exultatioq that the divine oracles of (Jad have qnd shall survive all the various and clashing and loose systems which would rear themselves in their stead. And it would be wise to|rememher the words of the old divine ?" Pernicious weeds maybe planted in divine soil; the Devil built his chapel nowhere but on the acred ground where t tod's temple stood ; truth is of (hi greatest antiquity, although error has still the most wrinkled face, and would pass Iter deformity for antiquity and there is nothing so t Id as that which cvouhl not give an account ol its nge " Thedoxol'igy was sung, and the vast assembly separa led, evidently much edified by the eloquent and powerful argument In defence of the fundamental truths of ortho doxy. Meeting of the American Institute. 2 At the lust meeting of this body, the subject taken up tor discussion whs, "Whether ihe I mted flutes cuuand should manufacture its own railroad ii on." c Mr. Chahdi.ei, the Vice President of the Association, took the Chair, and Mr. Meigs was appointed Secretary. t he Chairman opened the proceedings hy inviting all to take a part in the discussion, and he hoped no hesitation would be evinced, because as their principal aim was to elicit tacts, through an intimate interchange of opinion, they did not attend so much to thetortc us was usual in the deliberations of public bodies. Mr. Smith took a review of the proceeding* of the Institute at its previous session, lie had gone to that session prepared to give an auswer to the question in the negative ; but his convictions were altered, and lie would state a few of tho reasons which made thut change. Mr. 8, after dwelling on the importance of manufacturing iron fur reasons founded on financial considerations? stating that the railways being made, or in contemplation, would require iron to the amount of thirty millions of dollars?next proceeded to prove that, from the facilities of this country? the abundance of ore?that they were able | to produce a better article lor tne name price luau England. It wu nodata to reason upon the minimum price of the toreign article. The Kuglish manufacturers suiil it did not pay them; and, from all he could learn, if they had u payiag price, it would stand her nearer fdty than thirty dollars per ton. He was for a protecting duty ; although some cried out that as iron was requisite to finish and go ' on with our railways it should he admitted tree, he was certain it they once begun right to make iron for them- ' selves, the supply would he (ully equal to the demand. Mr. Oakley was not there, he said, at the last meeting, hut understood that much information was thrown upon the enquiry. But he understood that there were some statements which were a little problematical. A gentleman hud stated, for instance, the*, iron could be produced > here for per ten; but he did not hesitate to%sav that < was absurd, and the course alluded to by the gentleman would never be successful in an attempt to produce Iron at this price. He thought that such statements going ' abroad were injurious, becuuse they gave rise to expectu tions not to be realized. As to the enquiry?whether the people of the United States cau make their own iron, that was no more than to ask were they as ingenious, as Intellectual, as enterprizing as the animals that vegetated in the mountains ol Wales and the forges of Staffordshire. That did not require an answer?the difficulty was elsewhere. He looked upon ir.n as an embodiment of labor in its process trom beginning to end. If a ton of iron cost !fiS0, *30 ol thut would be labor. Now, by a refurence to late accounts Irom England, they were there paying about 6 shillings sterling in wages, whilst here Ihe same would cost $3J. This must make iron dear here. The abundance of capital in Kngland, also, gave them an advantage over this country, where monev was dearer. Money could lie hired in Kngland for the hall of its price here; therefore the difference of interest was an important item. Another obstacle was, that as it did not do to have iron manufactories in these vicinities, but in the interior, where limestone and mine- < rals abound, few men would be found willing to se- ) elude themselves and their 10,1100 dollars for this purpose, and it would he well to remember that in no business did success so much depend upon personal care and nice calculation, as in the making of iron. He knew ! many places in this country where a ton of iron could be produced with less labor than in Wales, but that labor was what they wanted and not ingenuity. TheAmericans were progressing in an acquaintance with the iron as well as other manufactures. There were not only not more difficulties in making railroad iron, but there were less than in making other kinds of iron. There were other kinds < made here more diiiir.ult. It was want of encouragement 1 and protection which kept them back, and nothing also. Mr. liLooMnti.D took a different view of the question.? ! It was not whether we could maae iron, but whether it would be our jtolicy to do so. He did not think, consider ing the value ol capital, that iron and coal were rarely contiguous?the expense of the transport of coal?the dearness of labor, and the Importance of furthering the railways now making or to be made, that it would be wise to nut on a prohibitory duty. He was a friend to railways, and ho did not wanttnem to bo in a fix lor want of iron. ' There was no mine in this country adequate to supply ' iron enough. He did not find fault with the protective 1 duty so much as the uncertainty ol the work. It might be wise to put on duty on other kinds of iron, and a more moderate one on railroad iron, say about $5. It was a question of policy, and although pleased with the information he had received, he must hold to his own views?that so long as they could get iron for $40 per ton they had it lower than they could make it lor themselves. Mr. B pointed uut the importance of railways in case of war, and said ho did not think it safe to exclude foreign iron until s?ch times as they could make it themselves. The Chairman called attuntionjte the very important view taken of the question by Mr. Oakley, and which he 'hought was the essence of it, namely : that, if hitherto the United States lias not manufactured Kailroad Iron, it was for the want of protection. There could be found plenty of responsible men who would, to-morrow, take a contract to supply any quantity of iron, as cheap as it can be imported, for 10 years at least, A commotion of an incidental kmd here took place, by a gentleman finding some objection to the protection svstern on a statement madu at a former meeting ; but Mr. YVakemanset him rightpn observing that the remark had referred to a particular case, and was not of general application. Mr. Simpson made some very sensible observations in answer to the free admission of iron. He showed that the died of It would be to promote any competition with England, who having the market to herself, would follow up her own policy, and sell thein as dear as she could? ihat nothing could givo her inoro pleasure than annihilating American manufactures. He thought it a shallow |M)licy which only attended to the production of things cheap. That was the liolicv of Kuiope?starving Ergland did so, but it woulc not lie a good precedent lor this country. It would be wiser and more glorious lor them 'o sec the laborer having lair comfiensatiou lor his labor, ind the means ol raising his family, and pcrlormiug tiie duties ol a good citizen. He thought if protection were given to native Iron, tin re would grow up a confidence; more than enough for thejr wants would be produced lie did not think that Railways were of such paramount inqiortance that they should have the preference of other interests. The nation was more inlebted to Canals than Railways. He conceded the point, that although lie liked high wages, as it was all spent in the country,yet it might be too high in some cases ; but the very best plan to lower it would be to make the manufacture permanent, uniform, stable, and emigration would pour in her thousands to do all the work Mr. Mkiui took up the question ol latior. A gentleman thought that he could get a man in Wales to work for a shilling a day; hut would he come here? if he would, he would open the way for him. It would be found, however, that when the Welchman came here he would want a dollar Every man should work here?no time for idling, more than what was requisite to rocruit the body; and if a man did here as they do in Wales, (as was stated by a gentleman,) work in matter That did not make him the worse?he was the right kindof a man?one the merchant anil the lawyer would not want to trouble. He gloried in such men Talk about a shilling a day for that man! lie longed to seethe day when every man living by his strength would get twenty shillings per day. When that day came this country would tie before all the world ; now it was only before them be cause in the old world n man could get hut a shilling, vhile here he could get a dollar They were starved. In China a man would work for three cents a dayhut one citizen of America would drive half a dozen before him When the iron was made here, they should recollect who got the money, and who had (he nan. that was far better. He was prepared to go any l> ngth for the protection ofthe article which aliurds work ind wages to the working man; ^hut would lint sttacli so much consequence to silks, wines, tind other such things; ho would leave them to Europe. The French paid them a high compliment; they had more railways than all Europe put together. They were sending cotton goods to Manchester, and their commodities were going in cargoes to China. American enterjiri/.e was capable of anything, and the sooner they began in Congress to protect it the better. (Applause) Mr Oaki.kv then addressed the meeting in an able apeocta in favor of protection, and the meeting shortly after adjourned. CtJ- A BEAUTIFUL SET OF TEETH MAY BE preserved; a discolored set maybe restored to a pearly tirKiftinnou tirtil tliu fnrtnr tuhiph en nfttm nnlli'ntc uPniittil the teeth and cause* decay, toothache, and sponginess of the arums, may he removed hy the use of Sherman's Orris Tooth Taste, which also prevents those accumulations, and renders the breath sweet and pleasant The first Dentists of this and other cities have used it with great satisfaction, and publicly recommended it, and thousands of persons who are in the habit of using it, prefer it to any dentriflee they have ever used. It is perfectly clean, and free from those deleterious compounds which so often bring on premature decay in the teeth, and has met with gnnerul approval wherever it is known. It may he obtained at Dr. Sherman's warehouse, 106 Nassau street, and of his agents 110 Broadway; 10 Astor House; 227 Hudson street; 168 Bowery; 77 Kast Broadway; 8(1 William street; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; and 8 State st, Boston m- R1 CORD'S PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIX TURE?For the cure of primary or secondary Syphilis and all affections produced by an injudicious use of mercury. The great advantages possessed by this powerful alterative over all other preps rations for the cure ot Syphilis, is, that while curing the disease it improves the Constitution, whilst mercury generally leave a much worse disease than the one it is administered for. The best recommendation we pan give of it is, that it is now extensively tiresciibnd tiy the medical (acuity, who formerly considered mercury the only cure for those complaints. Sold, in single bottles, $1 each ; in cases of hall ', $8, carefully packed, nnd Rent to till parts of the Union. Office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, 98 Nassau street, W. S. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. fft?- DA I,LEY'S MAGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR SALVE?For instantly ouring burns, scalds, piles, blind or bleeding, and all inflammatory complaints. Be sure ami get the genuine at Dalley's Agency, 67 Walker street, first stere FROM Broadway. Of??THE MOST VALUABLE EXTRACT OF BAR8APAR1LLA, at present before the public, is that prepared by the Now York College of Medicine and Pharmacv, established for'hn suppression of quackery, as will be sfen from the following notice ot it in the late edition ol ' Brande's Practical Dictionary of the Materia Medica ? "This article has been prescribed in chronic rheumatism?in obstinate cutaneous eruptions?in indolent ulcers?in glandular affections?in diseases of the bones, attended by dull aching pains, tumors and nodes?wasting of the flesh?an<1 it has proved a valuable remedy, anil has lometimes effected a cure where other alteratives have been long administered in vnin, and when the diseased itate of the system has been of many years duration In 'he Rfter treatment of syphilis, and in cases where merctt ry has injuriously affected the system, it possesses powers . not liilhe.tto observed in any Other article of the Materia Uedira " Sold In single Bottles, at 76 cent* etch. | " in Cases of half a dozen Bottles, $3 .*.0 <? " one dozen " 6 00 ( ase.s forwarded to all parts of the Unio i. I n. B.?A very liberal discount to wholesale purchasers. Office of the College, !(' Nassau street. W. 8. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. OO Subscribers, live dollars encto?Those Splendid Articles belonging to mad. Sutton, LEAVING FOR EUROPE, Cun be seen at Gilpin s Reading Room, in the Exchange. All persons who intend to subscribe, uie re|uested to enter their names at once in the looks ol the Committee or Collector, as the list, which is lust tilling up, vdl bo taken from the Books when complete, so that hose whose names are not entered on the Books, must lecessarily be excluded. The articles are most costly and rare, comprising :? 1st. A I.croc a??i) Sri.i.isiiiu Paintini. in Oils, brought rom Rome?The Artists'Studio. and. A Si rtrb Oilt Jtuciin, Clock, with Music rhe gruatest curiosity?the juggler performs with music. ad and 4th. Two Maunii ickni Gilt Urudkn Pobcklai* Vails, representing the Beloved and the Forsaken, with Sne Landscapes on the other side (formerly belonging to Vlurat, brother-in-law of Napoleon ) 6th. A Beautifim. anu Oruuwal Dksuiisku 8hip Clock, with the ship sails, tkc, of Ivory ; Harbour of Brest, on Copper. Also, lor Private Sale, or will be added to the above ar LIClfKS, fllOUlU IOC lUUICHUBli w n?w?w viinu VIIW Limited number, a Superb Horizontal Grand Action Pianoforte. with metallic tube*, plate, Sic.; made to order expressly for Madame Sutton?very rich and brilliant tone. To be aeen at 60 Greenwich street. " Aphil 20, 1844. Ma. Bennett Sin:? You will much oblige me by inserting in your respectable journal the following receipt with my answer thereto. The reason of my deeming Ihi* a proper mode of pro ceeding is, because 1 hare written to Signor Marchese .It Santangelo, and his not having the courtesy ot reading my letter, but sending it back unopened. Respectfully yours, AN l'OGNINI. Si sono ricevuti dal Sig. Antognini trenta dollari per la ua jtensione contrattata a mese, uon comprendtndovi in i]iiesta somma l'indennitu che dovrebbe, e che gli *i rilascis, per un tappeto tutto nuovo da lui rovinato, mobili nuovi sporcati, porcellana, rottu e latte, tc ed altre straordinarie somministrazioni, itc. rimanedogli solo a pagure la politura de' suoi stivali alia donna di servizio. Aprile 20, 1844. 8ANTANOELO. Parmi che coi trenta dollari fattimi pagare dal Sig. Marshese di 8antangelo per toll died giorni, ch' to thmin ai in iub casa ilcorrente mese, egli debbu dim bastantemunte ricompensato dei daiini solid ti, per i mobili nuovi tpor< ali, :ome pure rimhorsato pe'l consumo di alcune taz/.e di ti' i latte. Le altre stranroinarie tomminislrazioni poi delle piali io possa essere debitore al Sig Marchese, ignoro afatto qtiali siano. La rovina del nuovo tappeto consiste in ma inacchiacagionatadalla imprevistacadutad'un malsi uro tavolo, sul quale era statu posto dalla cameriera un levizio di tc. Hisulta adunque che la porcellana rotta, lo 'u per mero arcidentr, e noil gid per coipa mid, come dice 1 Sig. Marchese. Ua quanta sopra credo poter francumente asserirc, che ion intendo iucontrare obbligazione di sorta col detto dig. Machese, e che Tesp ressione, gli si rilascia, della tpiale gli si serve nella succitata ricsvuta, 1 alt'.itto iuori di iroposito. C1R1LLO ANTOGNINI. 20 Aprile, 184-1. QlJ- rOUDRK SUBTILE?For completely and permanently eradicating superfluous hair from tipper lips, irows, or the stubborn beard ot man. At 67 Walker st, irat stnrn ftnm TtrnaHumv ia tho rmlr itlaee in Mow VnrL ...... ""VI ? ?-J ? ..... tJSJ- CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY CURED.?The Conic Mixture, prepared by the Collegu of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, is confidently re 'omrnended for all cases of debility produced by secret in lulgence or excess of any kind. It is an invaluable remely tor impotence, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend ing on mal-formation.) Single liottles $1 each ; cases of half a dozen $fi; carefully parked and sent to all parts of the Union. Otlice ol thu College of Medicine and Pharmacy. 9b Nassau street W. SrRICHARDSON, M. D., Agent 0(7- UOURAUD'd BLANC D'ESPAONE, OR SPANISH WI1ITE?For tho complexion, is basely counterfeited. Buy only at the old established store, (17 Walker itreet.fitst store from Bioadway. Every box has a gold ngraved label, with lily?every other is counterfeit.? Also, Gouraud's Vegetable Liquid Rouge, Hair Dyes, Pomatums, Hair Restoratives, and all kinds of Perfumery. 0(7- PRIVATE MEDICAL AID.?The members of the New York College of Modicine and Pharmacy, in returning the public thanks for the liberal support they tave received in their oifarts to " suppress quackery," beg leave to state that their particular attention continues .(. do directed to all diseases of a private nature, and from he great improvements lately made in the principal hospitals of Europe in the treatment of those diseases, they ,an confidently offer to persons requiring medical aid advantages not to be met with in any institution in Una iourtry, either public or private. Tho treatment of the College is such as to insure auccuas in every case, and is .otally diiterent from that ueru r;ous practice of ruining he constitution with mercury, anl in most cases leaving i disease much worse than thu original. One of the members of the College ,for many years connected with the principal hospitals of Europe, atteii<la daily for a consultaion from 9 A.M. to 8 P.M. Terms?Advice and medicine, >6 A cure guaranteed. Imforzaxt to Countrv Invsmds.?Persons living in .he country and not finding it convenient to attena pertonally, can have forwarded to them a chest containing dl medicines requisite to perforin a perfect cure by stating; .heir case explicitly, tugethur with all symptoms, time or contraction and treatment received elsewhere, if any nd enclosing J.6, poet paid, addressed to W. 8. RjCHARDBON. M. D., Agent. Office and Consulting rooms of tba college, 96 Nassau, reet CC7" 8TRANOER8 LOOK OUT-Or you will be cliented with a dangerous counterfeit of Gouraud's Italian Medicated Soap, so famous lor curing pimples, freckles, blotches and all dark or diseased, or discolored skins, an.l rendering them delicately white and of a silky softness. Buy n" where but at 97 Walker street, first store from Broadway. Filly cents a cake?one warranted to cure. OQh VRLFEAU'S SPECIFIC PILLS FOR THE CURE of Gonorrhoea, (lleat. and nil mncuniinilpne >9ti<hirsi? from the urethra. These pills, prepared by the New Voi k College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the suppression of quackery, may be lelted on as the most speedy and effectual remedy for the above complaints.? They are guaranteed to cure recent cases in from three to live days, and possess a greater power over obstinate discharges and chronic gleet, than any other preparation at present known, removing the disease without confinement from business, tainting the breath or disagreuiug; with the stomach. Price $1 per box. Sold at the Office of the College ol Pharmacy and Melicine, U6 Nassau street. W. S. RICHARDSON, M. D. Agent. MONK V ItlARKKT. Saturday, April 40.?O P. M. Stocks were in little better demand to-day, and price* shnw a slight improvement. We quote an advance in Ohio G's of J per cent. Farmers' Trust J. Norwich ami Worcester 4. Harlem Vlcksburg {. Canton J. Stonington 3j. Long Islands. Mohawk 3 Canton lj).? Pennsylvania ft'i, and Paterson, closed firm at yesterday 'a prices. Reading Railroad declined 1 per cent. No sales at the old Board of Kentucky, Illinois, or Indiana. The sales were quite large, and the impression is in favor of a further improvement. The money market is evidently tightening. The rote of interest has, within a few days past, been raised, and the hanks demand full six percent. This has been in a great measure caused by the great abundance of uncurrent Safety Fund money presented in Wall street for re damption. The brokers have had more offered than they could raise funds to receive. The country merchants come in so fast, and arrive so well freighted with funds, that for a short time this difficulty will no doubt he experienced. The large brokers in Willi street who redeem the country Safety Fund bills, are obliged to send to Albany lor returns. We understand that so great a quantity has been sent up that it requires three or four days to obtain remittances in return. This takes out of this maiket a large amount of capital, and has, within a few days. caused <|iiite a scarcity of money in the street In consequence of recent attempts to counterfeit the hree dollar notes of the Bank of Smyrna, Delaware, the Directors have ordered all notes of that denomination to he withdrawn Irom circulation and destroyed. The canals of this State have been opened through their whole length. The receipts at Albany for the first two days amounted to $ 14,086, a sum larger than has ever before been received in the same time. Tho business transacted at the Custom House,'of this port has not been quite as large during the present month as for those previous. Several Kuropean packets have arrived, but their cargoes are not so extensive or valuahlo as those arriving earlier in the season. ThereI ceipts from customs at this port up to the 20th inst. for 1844, as near as can bo given?part of this month being estimated?amount to a little more than $6,A00,<MK). Rkvcisub at this Port khow Customs. For the quartpr ending April 1st, 1844 $6,7.11,646 Fram 1st to the 20th of April, partly estimated.. 860,000 Total from Jan. 1st to April 20th, 1944 $6,611,646 This shows very lurge receipts. April mBy show as largo returns as March. The imports so far this month have been very heavy, but a great amount is composed ol free goods. Several Fftst India ships liavo arrived, the principal part of whose cargoes pay no duty. The report of the < 'anal Commissioners is still on the ta tile of the House of Assembly of this State. The annexed extracts are taken from that portion published "There is an increase in the tolls compared with tin* yenr 1842, of 6992,804. Of this increase, $209,820, or 68 12-100 per cent is on descending, and $122,674 or $36 88-100 |>er cent is on ascending freight. Tho total movement ot property on all the canals, for the yenr of navigation 1843, show ing the value at the place of shipment, the tons of and the tolls on each article, i* given in the following statement. The total tons of all descriptions ot property which moved on the canals is shown to be 1,613,430, and the total value of the same property, $76,276,000." ' 'lire annual avcraee of the total tons arrived at the Hudson Kiver, is as follows : ? From I8lf) to IHW, 6 years .7(19.702 " 1835 to 1638, 4 " 676,460 Increase, tons 34,842 This shows but n very trifliag increase for the past five years, over the previous liva. The rpport further says : "Thestriking disproportion between tho tnnnogeol the forest and of agriculture arriving at tide water on the F.rie Canal and on the Champlain Canal will l>? noticed. On tho champlain Canal, over 00 per cent is from the forest, and less than 3 per cent from agriculture. A refer*

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