Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 20, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 20, 1844 Page 2
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.NEW YORK HERALD Hew York, Mondajr, May AO, 1844. Tl*c Herald and Supplement. We publiih to day a SUPPLEMENT to the Haasi. In order to givu our city readers a full view ef the intr eating foreign (intelligence brought by the Britanni teener. Thin SUPPLEMENT is furniihed gratii to our reguif eerriera and subscribers?to the newsboys that sell in th treats, and transient readers, they are sold a! one cent ii quantities, and two cent* by the single number. Those readers of the HeraM who wish to have the SUF PLEMENT grant in the city, on the arrival of thi steamers, will find it to their advantage to call at tin office and become regular subscribers. The IVews from Europe?Its Importance. The news which we publish in our journal to day, brought by the " Britannia," which arrived ii Boston on Saturday last, and which we yesterda; circulated ahead of our coternporaries as usual throughout the city and country, is of more thai ordinary importance in one or two particular points The first point which strikes us as especially im portant, is that in] relation to (commercial affair!! It seems that the treaty negotiated by Mr. Whea ton with the German Zoll-Verein, has created i great sensation amongst the financial, comtnercia and political circles in the British metropolis, si much so that ihe subject has been introduced int the House of Commons, calling forth some ver significant remarks from the Minister, which ltav been commented on in several articles publishe in the leading journals. It seems that this treat with the German Union excites much more feeling and touches more acutely in the tenderest point than the Texas treaty aboat which we have raisec such a dust here, and expected to see on the othei side of the water, a corresponding degree of excitement. The fact is, all the fuss made here about Texas, is laughed at in England.? They don't care a straw it appears, eithei the government or the people, whigs or lories, what we do about Texas?whether we annex it to-day or to-morrow, or next year, or whether we takt the whole of Mexico at one sweep. But not so in differently do they regard the negotiation of th< treaty with the German Zoll-Verien. That hai give them a stab under the fifth rib, and they fee it very sensibly, so much so that Sir Robert Peel the Premier, holds a threat over the heads of th< U. S. Senate in order to deter them from ratif'yinj the treaty. The truth is that this treaty is the com inencement of a new era in commercial legislatioi ?the opening of a policy which will strike i greater blow at the supremacy of England in every point of view, and elevate the United States par passu, than any thing yet attempted, and all this.sin galarly enough it produced by the policy of Johr Tyler and the diplomacy of Mr. Upshur. And tlx sensation creatad in Germany is equally great ant significant. We have received a number of com mutiications from Europe, particularly from Ger many, wriuen no aouui oy persons in me inieres of the, British manufacturers, blazing away aguins Mr. Wheaton and Mr. Lewis Mark, the consul both of whom have had much to do with tin treaty. On this subject we have given a number of tm portant extracts, showing the temper and disposi tion of England in relation to this treaty. The next portion of the news which is peculiarly interesting, is that in relation to O'Connell. Fron certain proceedings of the Repeal association, i would seem that there are symptoms of rebellioi amongst the repealers against the further tyranny of the O'Connell clique in Dublin and throughou Ireland. Ns doubt, they are beginning to be ver restive under the galling yoke of O'Connellism i that country, although they have not the means c getting rid of it so easily and readily as we hav in this free land. It appears also that O'Connel has come out with another violent and bitter at tack on the southern institutions of this country and particularly devoting to the devil and darnna tion of the hottest kind, the unfortunate, but hones and sensible men of Cincinnati, who wrote hin a letter some time ago, telling him the truth, an< giving him some wholesome advice in relation ti his furious tirades against this country. Thoo open, violent, blackguard and impudent attack are in keeping with the general conduct c O'Connell towards this country, and will, we hope be considered by the repealers as a receipt in lu for the last remittances picked out of the pocket of the hard-working Irish here. As the account are thus squared up to this day, we hope the Hon John McKeon will call his repealers together, an< open the books for the next three months! Why not plunder the poor Irish a little more ? Another and Texas Movement?Mori Disorganization in the Locokoco Ranks.?W< perceive that the great Napoleon of the extre.m gawhe of the democratic party in this city, Alder man Shaler, or us he is sometimes known by tin toubriqutt of " Hold-over," has called the wholi left rank of the locofocns to hold a series of publi meetings in favor of "Tyler and Texas," in orde to elect a new batch of delegates to the Conventioi at Baltimore, on the 27th. A few days ago tin " Old Hunker" portion of the party issued a decrei in favor of the nomination of Mr. Van Buren, a all hazards, without saying a word about this nev issue, which is going to split them into fragment ?we mean the Texaaquestion?but that decree fel still-born from the columns of the Evening Pout The present mnvsinent is of altogether a diflieren character; it is got up with consummate skill am ingenuity; for the agitation of this exciting qnef tion, during four or five successive evenings, and i different sections of the city, will raise a gres Hame, and add greatly to the enthusiasm in favc of the annexation. Indeed the example of the n spec-table democrats in Washington, who are de ceiving each other, by the introduction of that celt brated Irish principle, which was the corner-ston of the policy of the Kilkenny cats, seems to b carrying everything before it, not only in Washing ton, but in New Orleans, New York, and ever where. Texas meetings are now held all over the Soutl and West, and the people appear to be gettirq Texas mad. Men are abandoning Van Buren In hundreds and thousands, because he is on boti sirlesot the Texas question,and are tnkin? up evei John Tyler, the madman. We shall report tht meetings in this city lolly, tor they will he amusini and spirited. Tirx Secret War Message against Mexico.We Rive in this day's paper the Secret Message o the President, in relation to the ordeyng ot troop and Hhips of war, which someol the papers derlar to be a declaration of war against Mexico, and fo which they lustily demand the impeachment < John Tyler. We have examined the Message, t< nether with the accompanying documents, whic are too voluminous lor insertion to-day, and reall we cannot perceive such thunder and lightning All looks quiet and peaceable, and very proper t be done in such a case, and we rather think thti the President couldn't have done otherwise in t)i< premises. Splendid Sale of Old Original Paintings.The collection of old Italian paintings, which havi been exhibited in Clinton Hall for several weeks will be sold by auction on Wednesday, the 27tl inst., by Simeon Draper, Esq. We understand that ronnoimrur* from Boston Philadelphia and Baltimore, are coming on, o sending on, to make purchases. The collection ii very fine, consisting of several choice originals o the old Italian masters, whose works have neve] before been seen in this country We shall ente into particulars to-morTow. Ka< in<j on Beacon Coirse.?There will be (im racing on this course to-day, to-morrow, and o Wednesday. Among other fine horses, Ripton i ntered for to-day | OarlMt Hpecl?l EspreM. i * As usual, we beat every other one, in obtaining ~~ the last foreign news, brought by the Britannia. = Our special express left Boston in five minutes after , the steamer arrived, or about 7 o'clock Saturday i p. morning, and reached our olhce at a little after J r. 11 o'clock on the same night, thus performing the c t distance intifteen hours running time. This was J done almost without an effort. , To beat us iu the transmission of this news to r New York, every exertion was made by the other | e |>a|>er8 of tins city. No less than three expresses * n were originally arranged?one for Beach, one ? probably tor the Wall street press, nod f one for the Chevalier Wikoff. After a jj ? quantity of poor soda water effervescence, i 8 these extensive arrangements were thrown into J one. in the hope of thus being able the better to t ueut us..'Accordingly, on the arrival ot the steamer, ? we were to be utterly annihilated. Our enter- a prising agent in Boston saw these threatening pre- j it parations making; he heard that the fine steamer t y New Champion was engaged, and that she * , was to cruise between Stonington and New 4 n ITaven, with six printers on board, in or- r i. der to meet the land express to come by horses, or railroad, or pigeons, or balloons. Well, he i i kept himself very cool, patted his horses kindly on ? - their beautifully arched necks three timeB a day, i a and when the Britannia arrived he obtained our pa- ' I pers, and, in fifteen hours thereafter, he was in our J u office, leaving the combined express of Beach, Wi- ? 0 kofl & Co., assisted by the waiters of " Long's ) y Hotel," somewhere on the road between here < e and Boston ; and the probability is, that they are J d yet safely lodged and cared for in some country i y tavern on the road side between the two cities. We * , did hear, however, that a portion of this Beach and n , Wikoff express was picked up in Long Island Sound v 1 sometime yesterday morning by the steamer Wor- tl r cester, and kindly brought to this city. We hope t so for the sake of humanity, if for nothing else. {j When Beach, the Chevalier, itec. attempt to run P again, we hope they will take in more steam and ?, more energy ; and we advise thein at the same o 1 time to let our messenger alone. We say for him ' that he is not to be trifled with in any way or ,\ ' shape, and this they must bear in mind. The New Appointments by the Common Cotms cil ?We have received a number of communica- n [ tions seeking to cast reproach on the new Common h Council for their recent appointments. It seems ^ , ihat the exclusion of such men as Sammons, Oak, ley, B. S. Whitney, and the most violent of the (j orators during the agitation of last winter, is bitter- h , ly complained of in certainquarters, and that the dis- c t appointed men are endeavoring to stir up a portion p , of the Executive Committee against the new Com- 11 I mon Council, with Mayor Harper at its head. The [! . truth is, that although the gentlemen named, and , others, as appeared from the reports in the Hernltl, > might have been very well fitted, in some respects, | to carry on the work of agitation, yet they are not f1 . well calculated for the responsibilities of office, in . consequence of their want of prudence, discretion, ^ t and liberality. Indeed, we stated as much some ? i ago, in an article giving an account of the calibre and gifts of these orators. \ e Perhaps there never has been any party organiza- ' tion in this city, which embraced so much practi- J cal good sense?so much intelligence?so much . honesty?and so much sound American feeling, as y the 44 American Republican" party, taken as ? yr whole, and without reference to the accident of ' i birth. But amongst them there were a few violent, t t ultra spirits, through whose instrumentality the ' a odium heaped on the party was created. But all s y this is subdued now by the wise action of the Cotnt mon Council. Neither Mayor Harper, nor his coly leagues were elected by the people of this city to t n get up religious prejudices or proscriptive lneusares ! >1 against any sect of Christians. They were not elect- i e ed to follow the bud example of Bishop Hughes, 1 II which had so much to do with the production ol | - the bloody scenes in Philadelphia. 1 , No doubt tbe ultras who have been disappointed ( - in geftinj? office will complain. It is very natural. ' t Hut there are not offices for all, and besides offices j l should be filled by men of sense and moderation, f and christian charity, and not by violent demai ^ipgv? Certainly, we would not trust any man e who would rut another's throat on nrconnt of his 1 s religious opinions. And us Mayor Harper and his , d colleagues are quite of our way of thinking, it is likely we may hear a good deal of grumbling iu II some quarters for a short time. M i s Latkr from Africa.?The Atalanta, Lawlin, arrived yesterday from Monrovia, Africa, in thirty- j j five day's pussage. We have received Africa's Lu- ( y minary to the 20th of March. ( We learn that aship supposed to be the Crawford, late of New York, but more recently a packet be14 tween Havana and Cadiz, was fell in with by H. B. 1 '' M. brig Preble in the act of taking a cargo of nef groes on board. An attempt was made by the brigs | boats to board her, but the British were beaten off. J e The Crawford then took in her cargo of one thou- t e sand negroes and proceeded to sea. When ofr the < c harbor, she again fell in with the brig but soon out- ' r sailed her and made her escape. I n The American squadron was on the coast with 1 e officers and crew all well. I e [From the Monrovia Luminary, March 8.] ! t During the last three months an unusual number have I visited us. Americans, Knglish, French anil Dutch, have i all seemed determined that we should not want, while we s possessed the means wherewith to purchase of them.? Hence goods, provisions, wearing apparel, &c., as well as | 1 a great many other " needfuls and extras," have been, and , still are very plenty, and in some cases equally cheap. We I are glad to say too, that our citizens generally have been , in circumstances to profit by this abundance, as much has , I been bought by them. This must increase the revenue, . while it imparts ability and energy to the government.? t Gladdening as this is to the heart of every lover of his : n country, we are not assured after all, but our friends at the it water-side will have the most delightful experience o< this feeling. Well, we are not envious of them. But this is not the best of it. Home of the good s hip- musters after havmg traded, and made their hundreds or more, deem it but 1 , their duty to leave behind them when they close up their 1 business, a token of gratitude to God and their customers, for their success. Lest some should not conceive how this could well be done, the following examples may not be thought irrelevant. One muster of a Dutch vessel, ' gave us ten dollars foi oar Missionary Society. Another, _ master of an Knglish vessel, gave to the same institution, V more In* mailt*, It*It with his agent, to he paid whenever called for, in money or goods, thirty-five dollars, for himsell and crew, to go toward supporting the minister that 1 ' might tie appointed to this station lor the present year. 1 y Supreme Court. \ i Mat 1*4.?The following gentlemen were duly admitted 1 , during the present term now in session, as Counsellors of 1 the Supreme Court:? " Joseph C. Alhertson, Iloliert Angus, John L. Booksta- ' j ver, Anson Bingham, Robert Bnrnanl, Mason 8. Brewster, Aaron B Belknap, Lew.s Benedict, Jr., Benj. 8. Brooks, Augustus W. Clason, Josiah M. Carter, Lo Crand Dodge, 1 John Henry Dutton, Benj. J. Duryea, Christian O. Eckel, James R. Howard, Archibald Hilton, William J. Uoppin, t Henry Ogden Irving, William Judion, Edgar J. Leete, ? Edgar Logan, Moses B. Maclay, Ahiathan B. Millard, Stephen L. Magoun, James Morroeh, A. R. Meniie, Wm, i North, Richard H. Northup, William Norton, John 11 r Power, William H. Ronalds, Wm 8 Rowland, Sandford , S Smith. Jared M Smith, Edwin W. Stoughton, J. Law,l rence Smith, Frederick R. Sherman, John II. Southaid, I- Daniel Trnmbley, Edmund Terry, Emory Townsend, I Martin II. R Van Hoevenburgh, Phineas C. Wright, John II Watson, John W Wisner, A. Hamilton Walfis, Chas y D Wright, Michael Weyant, Alexander Wilkins r The following gentlemen were also admitted as Attor' nays of the Supreme Court:? 0 Egbert Hugg. Wm O Bryan, Francis Byrne, Oeorge lt Brailshaw, Joseph E. Burnard, John B. Burnett, James C. Blake, John Bowron, Thomas C. Campbell. Edwin Clark C J. Farley Clark, Anthony P. Campbell, James 8. Coon, H. O. Cooke, Howard c. Cady, Thomas C. Dodd, Abra ham D. Ditmas, Wm. A. Dod, Myron < . Eaton, W. C. R. Engliah, Matthew H Furman, Robert Ferguson, John B. f Oardiner, Wm H Oriswold, lames H. Oihbs, E'rederick Hughson, Abraham V. Ilarpending. Lydig M. Iloyt, An. drew J Hammeriley, Wm L. Hyatt, George A. Halsey, , Hamilton Harris, Thomas Hyslop, Henry M. Hyde, Henry ' Hnrster. Alfred (f. Jones, Christopher Jordan, Oeorge L Keefe, Tiffany Lawyer, Jeremiah Larocnue, Henpamin C Leveridge, L. A. Lawrence, Thomas Pir.ton Milner, ' ' James McOny, Robert McVey, Archibald Mc Mart in r John H. McKarland, Allen Melville, Cornelius Minor, J. < h Oakley Nodaue, Effingham H. Nichols, Alfred A. Phillips , ' has. A. Purdy, Matthew W. Pennie, John W Prisson, i ' Thos. II Rodman, Worthington Romeyn, Edgar Schiefler lin, Peter Remsen Strong, James F Starbuck, F.. L. L. Sbephard, Peter Shspter, Jr., Nathaniel B. Smith, Wm. II : Sfogdlll, John Satterlee, Shtibel E Swain, Alirahnm B Tappan, Lewis F Therasson, Joshua H Van Wych, En i gene Valentine, J. W Vandeweer, D. D. Van Alityne, Lu ' j cien p. Wetherby, Loren Wood, Laysel B. Wait, Joseph n j W. Winans, John Wilkinson, William E. Welwter, Elias H L. Winslow Egbert Whittaker, Jared Sparks, Moses Warren, Jr., Peter Sbapter, Jr., Joseph Watkius, Ellingham | W Walgrove, Jr Vrmy and Navy Movements In the Nouthwwt< r<i the Senate oe the United State* : In answer to the resolution ?f the Senate to the ISth initant, requesting to be inlormed 'whether, since the comiiencemeiuol the negotiation* w hich resulted in tlie trea'y icrw lieiuie the Si nate for the annexation oi Texas to the Jnited State*, any militaiy preparation ha been made oi trdereii by tlie President, tor or n auticijiation of war ; ind, if so, for what cause, and with whom was such tvai ipprrhended, and what are the preparations that have been node ! ordered Ha* any movement or assemblage or lisposition of any of the military or naval forces ot the 'nltu.l Uulu l,...,n I lostilities ! And to communicate to the Senate copies ol ill orders or directions given lor any such preparation, or or any such movement or disposition, or for the future onduct of such military or naval forces 1 have to inarm the Senate that, in consequence of the declaration of itexico communicated to this (iovemmcnt, and by me laid let'ore Congress at the opening of its present session, un louncing the determination of Mexico to regnrd as a delaratiun of war against her by the United Stales the deftlitive ratification of any treaty with Texas uunexing the erritory of that Republic to the United States,and the ho|>e md belief entertained by the Kxectitive that the treaty vith Texas for that purpose would be speedily approved tnd ratified hy the Senate, it was regarded by the Execuive to have become emphatically its duty to concentrate it the Gulf of Mexico and its vicinity, as a precautionary neasure, us large a portion of the home, squadron under he coinmuad of Captain Conner as could well he drawn ogether ; and, at the same time, to assemble at Kort Jesup, in the borders ol Texas, as large a military force as the de nandsof the service at other encampments would authorise o be detached. For the number of ships already in the Julf and the waters contiguous thereto, and such as are dared underorders forthat destination, and of troops now issembled upon the frontier, 1 refer you to the accompanyng reports lroin the Secretaries of the War and Navy Delartments. It will also be perceived by the Senate, >y ri lei ring to the orders of the Navy Delartment, which are herewith transmitted, that the naval illicer in command oi the fleet is directed to cause his ihips to perform all the duties of u fleet of observation, and .0 apprize the Executive of any indication of a hostile delign upon Texas, on the part of any nution, pending the leiiberations of the Senate upon the treaty, witli a view hat the same should promptly be submitted to Congress or its mature deliberation. At the same time, it is due to nyself that 1 should declare it as my opinion, that the Jnited States having by the treaty of annexation acquired title to Texas, which requires only the action of the Soiate to perfect it, no other Power could be permitted to in ade, and by force of arms to possess itself of, any portion 1 1I1B H.limil} ui 1 CJIOB, |/CIIUJJIB JUUI UtllU?.UV?. .l^li lis treaty, without placing itseli in a hostile attitude to the rnited States, and justifying the employment of any.mili iry means at our disposal to drive back the invasion At le same time, it is my opinion that Mexico or any other ower will find in your approval of the treaty no just cause 1 war against the United States; nor do 1 believe that lere is any serious hazard of war to be found in the fact f such approval. Nevertheless, every proper measure rill be resorted to by the Executive to preserve upon an onorable and just busis the public peace, by reconciling lexico, through a liberal course of policy, to the treaty. JOHN TYLER. Washington, May 16, 1844. From Jamaica, dec.?By the Orbit, Cant. Gilham, rrived yesterday in the short run of three and a alfdays, we have advices from Havana to the 7th instant. Ve have also a copy of the " Jamaica Morning Journal,'' fthe 30th nit. Advices from Barbados, to the 6th April, had been reeived at Jamaica. The weather was more favorable than t had been for the manufacture of sugar, and the planters ail availed themselves of the change in getting off their rops. The " Barbados Standard," of the 6th, says?"The ountry, we learn, has been favored with a few vegitatng showers ; the young canes generally look green and ealthy, and the planters are daily converting the old ones nto " prime muscovado," which ihey are getting down as ist as possible for shipping to the home market." A general hospital was in the course of erection, at Bnrlados, and would be soon in readiness for the reception ol he poor sick. Trinidad papers had been received, but make no men; ion if the crops, from which it is inferred they are in ? H ivttg condition. A new species of wild duck visited Barbadoes in M u ch; :hey were of very large size, and some fifteen of them w ere tilled. Their apnenrunce at that season was considered ome.Uiing remarkable. Copt. Uilham states that he understood from the Ameican Consul at Havana, Mr. Campbell, that the American lonsul at Kingston, Jamaica, had been murdered by the Jacks. The. Kingston Journal of 30th makes no mention if the circumstance, although it was reported to have teen committed on the 28th April. A dramatic company had arrived at Havana for the Paeon Theatre, the largest and best, it is said, that evei lisited Havana. A shock of an earthquake was experienced at Porto Rico in the 16th tilt., which caused nearly all the houses to :reak mere or less. The church was injured considersdy, and several houses were thrown down in Ponce and 3ttyamn. The Captain of the brig Alphonzo, who ar ived two days afterwards, from New York, states that tOO miles from the Island he felt the shock severely. The Count of Mirasol, the new Governor of Porto Rico lad arrived. Advices from Mexico to the 17th, and from Vera Cruz o the 23d April. The Mexican Congress adjourned on he 31st March. An act was paused on the 30th. extending the time to three years for the sale or reshipment ot good* prohibited bv net 4 of the decree passed 14th Aug last. I>any of militia unci u hand of robbers, near Alamoa?the militia wore nearly all killed nnd hung upon trees. The Narajoe Indiana had been defeated in New Mexico, ind .VH1 home* and mule*, and 1600 head of cuttle wen uken from n A tremendous earthquake wa* experience!! in Hayna iftu on the 95th March, which done great damage. City Intelligence. howrr Police Office?Sunday.?Forokky.?A young man, named John Thom(>?on, recently a clerk lor George Douglass, of Burling alip, waa arrested yesterilaj by olticem Kelyea and Killinger, on a charge of forging n check on the Bank of America, for $700, in the name of hi* employer. He confessed his guilt, and will be sent to the State prLon for two yeurg. Or?-TiiE Picture, Juggler Clock, Arc., belonging to Madam Sutton, will remain at Gilpin's Exchange Reading Room until Wednesday the 22i) instant, to enable those that have entered their names to call and procure their tickets. A few tickets only remain which can be procured as above. Naval.?Annexed is a list of officers on board he U. S. store ship Lexington, ready for sea William M. Glendy, Lieutenant, commanding. Lieut* ?F.dwanl Middleton and A. F. V. Gray. Surgeon?David K.ghert, with orders to the U. 8. ship Fairfield. Purser ? lohn C. Spencer, Jr..with orders to ditto. Acting-master? Daniel Amman. Midshipman?William H. Smith, order0 Mediterranean squadron. Acting-boatswain?Amos Poison. Acting master's mate?Coltson Gale. Purser'siteward?Theodore Quastoff. Hospital steward?William V. Towndrow. Passengers?Hov. Chester Newell, chapain, with orders to the frigate Cumberland, Mediterra lean squadron , Mr. Thomas B. Ashton, of Philadelphia. The 17. 8. ship Vincennes, Com. Buchanan, sailed from Havana on the fith inst. on a cruise, and the U. 8. brig Homers, Lt. Brent, on the 7th. The U. 8. steamer Union, Lieut Com'g Bell, left Norfolk on Wednesday evening for 1 cruise in tlie Gulf of Mexico. Mexic o.?There was a ridiculous report incircuation yesterday, that General Santa Anna was dead. The lews was said to have been received in a letter via Havais, and to have been carried there hy the mail steamer.? IVc have ma le inquiries and ascertained that there is not i word ot truth in the rumor. The steamer left Vera Druz at the same time as the Kirkwood, which arrived lere on Thursday, and had not reached Havana on the 4th nst., when the T. Street left?X. O. Tropic, Way 11. Appointments py the President.?Archibald W. Hyde, to be Collector of the Customs for the District of Vermont, and Inspector ol the Revenue for the port ol Alburg, in the State ot Vermont, vice William P. Briggs, removed. C leorge II. McWhorter. to be Collector of the Customs for the District, arid Inspector ot the Re- I venue lor the port ot Oswego, in the State of New York | vice Thomas 11. Bond, removed. Thomas Gate wood ti he naval officer for the district of Norfolk and Portsmouth ; in the State of Virginia. Michael Kennedy, to he Consul of the United State* for <'aj enne, in French Guiana. Jo- j siah Raymond, to he consul of the U. States for Man/a- | nilto, in the. island of Cuba Robert P. DeSilver, ot PermiiK-ini* In lie Consul of the I . States lor Port Louis ill Ihe Isle of France. Thomas W. Waldron, to be consul oi the IT. States for Hong Kong, in China. Caul S. Forbes, to be Consul of the I State* for Canton, vice P. W.Snow, leceased. Thomas O. Peachy, to he Consul of the I'ni ted State* for Amny in China Richard S. Belt, to he Con nil of the United States fot Vatamora* in Mexico, vice Daniel W. Smith, resigned. K M. Auboyneau, to he Conml of the U. State* for I,a Rochelle, in France. Henry J IIrent, to be Consul ol the 1'. States for ilnveniia, in Italy. Warder t 'reason, to be < onstil of the U. State* for Jerusalem, in Palestine. National .Iockev Races?Remit of third day's races.?Proprietor's Purse. #300?Three mile heat*. Wm, It. Johnson'* b. h. Midas, by ltowton, ' 1; Col. F. Thompson'* h. h Pryor, by Priam, 'I a; P t Johnson's ch. h. the Colonel, hy Priam, 'J 3 T I, 3. Boycp's rh. r. Will See! by Foreigner, 4 <11*.; "-'m. Ilol mead's b. c. Hepresentative, by An<lrew, 5 <li?.?-T, ne: 1st heat 6 54?3d heat ft.ha?.Vnf tnl., May 17. national jockkt Cl.t'k It aces?i! kstri.t ok 4tji day's Races.?NationnI Jockey Club Purse, fc'ooo four Mile llmls. col. Wm. R. Johnson's g. h. flluo Dick, hy Margrave, I I Henry Walker'* ch h. by (-'.mancipation, dam B<-t*ey, <li*. Srcosn Rsrr. Soil, Day Ptaprielar's Purse, flOO Mile Heats. Henry Walker'* b. c. by Ma/appa, dam hy Ooliah, 1 1 P. R. Johnson's Ke-wan-nee, by Cetus, . . 3 3 Time?l?t heat l.M?3d h<?at 1.64. The Buflalo Hunt will take place on Saturday (this) afternoon at 4 o'clock.?No! Intelligencer, May IS. Duels at the Some?No. 1.?On Sunday a rlu*;! was fought at V'icksburg, hetwecu Col. J. ft. Robin* and Ja*. M Downs. The partlc* tought with yager* at fifteen pace*, and the latter was *hot aero** the brenst. The wound was not considered fatal. No. 1 ? A day or two after, a street fight came off between the editor of the Sentinel and Dr. Macklin. the second ol Down*. The attack wis from the latter. The parties struck several blows, and proceeded to revolving pistol*, in which it 1* salt Macklin received a mortnl wound in the brea*t These light* originated from a difFerrnee from which T. F.. Robin* and the Hon. S S Prentiss were the real parties, and another duel between these worthies *?i expected to come off in a few day*. No. .1. On tin I 4th tnst. in the same rjuiet city there wo* a street brawl I between Major Miller, United State* Marshal and Major Dunn, the teacher of military tactics. The parties met at the Prentiss House in VioKibtirgh an4 belabored eHrl> other with cudgels. They *ilhfe<|uently fought In the I treet with pistols Imt without effect. Splendid Triumph of Vim* Tempo at the Park mid On- Philharmonic. The concert given 67 this n n r i v a H e'd 'virtvoto nj the Park on Saturday night, was in every respect one o( the best treats of this season, so rich 111 musical delicacies, so transceudanl iri the display of artisticul skill, unequalled by any past and most likely unsurpassed by any future, and taking the calibre of the selection into account, a happier than which could never have been imagined, undoubtedly the most interesting of all the harmonious festivals so lavishly but not enough bestowed upon liw u,'i>rKhmi>Hr.j In/ thm liintr of the violin. The masterpieces introduced in his former concerts were splendid specimens of those deep inspirations, which must be studied and can hardly be grasped at a first and even a second hearing from his stern and inflexible adherence to the highest principles, utterly uninfluenced by any other considerations The pieces played by Vieux Temps on that evening, were of the fashionable but not frivolous school ; every note of which invites the listener to applause and which invitntion was fully responded to by the public. We pass over lienors variations where he drove the immense difficulties like chafl before a hurricane;; we do not stop before the capriccio fantastico, in which he out-Puganini-ed Pngunhti; we throw only one glance at his fantasia on the Pirata, in all respects a picturesque noem and a philosophical development of profound passion, to concenttate our praise on the variations on Yankee Doodle, which were of course encored ; it is impossible to describe the comic grandeur or the grand comic of this delightful composition, full of wit, fresh as a primrose in early spring; emanating from a clear f ancy and as free as dear ; abounding in the most daring difficulties, which he always introduces in his works to make their execution eusy to him Why was he so cruel to play tint sweet Carnival of Neiv York so Intel Was it not ungrateful towards his many friends, to show them the golden apple to make them enlv hungrier 1 Why does he not play it in his farewell concert at Palmo's to-morrow evening 1 It is true, we have there beside his magnificent concertos, the varutions on one string on airs from Norma, which he played last evening at the Philharmonic during the performance of the Spirit of the Fountain at the Park. Aptopos. Through the execution of this gorgeoue emanation from the human intellect, where variety and continuity clasp each other in film embrace, the newly, and, we believe, the only unanimous!) elected honorary member of that distinguished so ciety, Beethoven's Asylum, said his thanks for this rare arid richly merited honor. He was overloaded with applause, which reuehed its climax at the public delivery of the diploma by the president we iiteuuuii me cunuus iuci, iiiui ur rAuuuy ui rived, after the simphony in C by Beethoven anc before the overture to Snnkspeare's " Midsummer Night's Dream," by Mendelsohn, Bartholdy, the two principal columns of classic music who formed the Art de Triomplie through which the celebrated composer violinist made ins entry. We pity both the public at the Park and the Philharmonic, that they could not be in both places, but fortunatelj he plays all his gems to-morrow in his farewell concert?the last, opportunity we have of ever hearing him?and we may hope, from the amiability ol the obliging artist, that he will delight us oner more with liis inimitable Yankee Doodle, although it is not put down in the programme. Important Ejectment Suit.?Some of the heirs of tiie late Lord Bohngbroke commenced a suit, which was tiied at the circuit in this village, during th? Last week, to recover a large tract of Jand lying in tlit town ot Naples. The title, which the plaintiffs sought to establish, was derived from Phelps &. Gorham, and through it, claim is made to several thousand acres. The lam was conveye,d to five children of Lord Bolingbroke, bj Thomas Eddy and wife, ot New Jersey, in the year 1807 Lord Bolingbroke resided, at the time the conveyance was executed, in this state, and had resided here tor s number of years under the cognomen of Belasis. Much interesting testimouy was given upon the trial, relative to the family of Lord Bolingbroke, by Col. Depuyster, ol the City of N< w York, who was examined as a witness in the cause. The defendant claimed to derive title from the heir of Marvel Ellis. The cause was well calculated to exhibit the professional knowledge and legal acumen of the counsel for the respective parties, inasmuch m muny 4u>'BlloUH worn ruiscu luuuiung uir uuiciciu i uic of construction, and laws that have existed in our stab from the year 1799. The trial was conducted and man aged with much ability, on tho part of the plaintiffs, by Alvah Wordcn, Ksq , and on the part ol the delendant, by D. B. Noxon, Esq., of Syracuse, B D Cooper, Esq , ol Utica, Jared Wilson, and Walter Hubbell, Esqrs., of this village. The jury foun.l the title in the plaintiff's undei the instructions of the circuit Judge. The land titles ol the town of Naples have for a number of years, been in an unsettled state, ami it is fortunate for the interests ol that town that there is now a prospect of these titles beiag speedily quieted.? Ontario Repository. Vessels on the North River.?Providence vessels have established a considerable, market at the ('il ferent factories on the hanks of the Hudson, and the in terior towns, for the sale of coal which is pitted from t mine in the island of Rhode Island. It is of a quality si milar to the Nova Scotia coal, and meets a ready market ?./I/Artwif ./?</?.. Mnv 18. Halifax Mackerel.?Several grows frauds hayt been discovered in mackerel imported from Hali la* and the neighborhood. A lew mackerel are put ai each head of the barrel, and the rest is stoues and sea weed. The mackeral have the inspector's name when they were peeked, and whether the fraud was perpetrated at the time ol packing, or aiterwards, is not known. Amusements. Chatham Theatre.?A new and splendid serif; of entertainments commences here to-night. Burton appears as the hero of a new and splendid productioi of his own, culled " The Intemperate, or A Sister's Love a character which,from his great experience on the stage he will delineate to the very life. The other character.' in the piece will he atily sustained by the best members o the excellent company. Mise Oannon and Mr. Brookwill appear in new dances ; and Miss Reynolds, Mis* Woods, and Winans. And in addition to nil this, tin sterling comedy of " Sweethearts and Wives" will bt acted, with Burton, Miss Reynolds, and the full corps In sides, in character. To-morrow night, Blanche's grain anil last burletta of " The Fair One with Golden Locks,' will be produced in magnificent sty le, with entire new scenery, decorations, costume, properties, he. It will In one of the grandest affairs of the season. Raymond ife Weeks' Grand Menagerie.?An) commentary upon the excellence of this establish mi nt would he superfluous, as the evidence of thousandhas testified to its merits. The order and regularity of the arrangements of tho pavilion, at their central position corner of 9th street and Bowery, defies all objection ; niie independent of the wild animals, and the unflinching in treptdity of Ilerr Driesliach, the scene is diversified by performances that are both entertaining and instructive The establishment leaves this city on Wednesday tor theii summer tour ; a hint sufficient to induce families to avai themselves of the present brief occasion. American Museum.?'To satisfy r general desire, the manager of this popular place of amusemein has re-engaged the Orpheans lor to day; and also has tn gaged " Great Western"the celebrated comedian, imitatoi of a locomotive, Ike.; also Cerito, the charming danseuse in all a rich bill lor to-day. Performances at 3J and 9 P.M The Giant and Giantess can he seen throughout the day and evening. TheGipsey can be consulted from mornim till night. Garden on the top of the Museum is opened and well filled with refreshments. Go and try them. Edroi'K and America combined cannot pro nunc its k<i"al.?Only tor a second conceive merely for a moment imagine, and jmt for an instant un tertain the idea of two splendid paintings representini the destruction of the churches in Philadelphia ; a dwarl a giantess, and eight performers, inelnding Winchell, thi inimitable, unrivalled ami entertaining humorist ; Mis Mary Barton, Master Barton, and Miss K. Barton ; Celesti the danseuse, ami a host ol other performers ; not lorget ting the wonderful Orphan family ."consisting of father mother, and seven smull children ; all to he seen for om shilling. These are the real Orphan minstrels, as the; sing often, eat often, and drink often. (K7-SOMKTHINO NEW UNDER THE SUN.?W1 were told yesterday of a new plan tor making a man pleas ed with himself, if not with every body. Ho, trottinf around to Broadway, without waiting for the " next ens toiner," we were sntigly.'ensconced in I'halon's easy chai ami had our cranium treated to a first rate renovation un der his hands. The fact is lie is, or ought to coin a for tune out of this new enterprise., having relinquished tin tonsurial part of shaving, and devoting his entire salooi to hair dressing and shampooing, lie has provided : j large numherot first rate brushes some 300 with whicl he renovates the head, and which am not used the sec ond time without clennsing?this feature commends jtsel to every person whose nerves are continually shocked hi coming in contact with the common use of a brush that! used on the head ol every loafer that may give liia six pence tor a inave. r ommenu un in mis neai, clean am healthy plan introduced by Phalon, !1M Itroadwny, oppo site St. Paul's. PRIVATiu MRDlCAf, AID.?The member* i the New V ork College of Medicine and Pharmacy, it returning the public thank* tor the liberal support ihet have received 111 their effort* to " suppress <)uackery, beg leave to state that their particular attention continue U ne directed to all diseases ol a private nature, and fron th' great improvements lately made in the principal hor pitnls of Knropo in the treatment of those diseases, th<" can confidently otter to person* requiring medical aid ml vantages not to he met with in any institution in tin vmntry, cither public or private. The treatment ot th College is such as to insure success in every cuso, and i totally different from that nutu cions practice ol ruinini the constitution with mercury, an! in most cases lenvin; a disease much worse than the original. One of the men tiers ol the College ,for many years connected with th principal hospitals of Kurope, attends daily for a consult) .ion trom 9 A.M. to s P M. Terms?Advice and medicine, Acure guarantee* hircktaist to Cotmrsv Irevs 1.1 ns.--Person* living i the country and not finding it convenient to attend pei tonally, can have lorwarded to them a chest Contninin all medicines requisite to perform a jierfeot cure by statin their case explicitly, together with nil symptoms, tine c contraction and treatment received elsewhere, it n nd enclosing fft, port paid, addressed to V/. 3. rk'hahohon, M. I)., Aqent. Office and Consulting ronton of the College, (to Nasna street flr7- DAM.F.Y'8 MAOICAlTpAIN KXTRAt TOl Salve, at ?7 Walker street, first door from Broadway. I H Dallsy lie not written?mind, wsiT-rrrr?with a pen 01 the corner of every box, avoid it as poison {&- COL. RICHARD MENTON JOHNSON.?It ii .leairaMe that an many of the friend* of llll'HAUD M. JoHNteON, tbo Warrior, 8tate*inan and Patriot, from every State In the Union, that can make it convenient, hould bo preaeit at the Baltimore Convention ou the'J7th nut. 10?eod7t?1-W QTJ- MNEMONOTECHVV.-Hk it Branch, by request, Will repeat )ii? free lecture o'i Mnemonic* at tb< Lecture Room ol the New York Society Library, at the cornerol Leonard at. an<l Broadway,"" Monday "waring ? n'rl<vl- ? ?*>,.,.lv Tim 1 ,'l<tumental bi?U anil detail o! the System of Aime Paris, will be tonpnrrd with the c0pf-rifhted fundamental haiu and detail ct the system ol Proi. ' oiirinid. The public generally ate respectlully invited to attend. SfcM. (PJ- VELPKAU'8 SPECIFIC PILLS FOR THE CURE ol Gonoulioea, Gleet, and all niocupurulent discharge* Irom the urethra. These pills, prepared by the New Vorh College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the suppression of quackery, may he teliod on as the most speedy and effectual remedy for the above complaints.? They ure guaiaiiteed to cure recent cases in from three to five days, and possess a greater power over obstinate discharges and chronic gleet, than any other preparation at present known, removing tlse disease without confinement from business, '.anting the hrevth or disagreeing with the stomach. Price fl per hox. Sold at tlie Cilice of the Collegi ol Pharmacy and \todicine, f'5 Nassau street. W S. KICHAIIOSON, M.I) Agent (K7- A GOOD SHAVING SOAP AT LAST-To make a Good and Lasting Lather?The Soap this is comjiosed of Is the o!d|Naple sSnap?it is kept in stare IS to 'JO veers before it is imfsirted. Those who hava used it well know its worth, and that it is the very best Soap over uiHde for shaving?it makes a thick, rich, lusting, easy lather, soltaning to the. beard and healing to the skin?it is now purified, beautifully scented and put in nest shaving jars for use, at 3, 4 nud a shillings each, at 82 Chatham street, or 3)3 Broadway. What a mean phgyv' of a man he must be who, having had, dry, liursh, rough dirty hair, is yet too mean to pay thrae shillings for a bottle ot Jones' Coral Hair Kestor.i tive, which would not only make it clean, soft, dark, silky and beautiful, but keep it so a long time. It also cures semf or dandruff, stop it falling oil', lotces it to grow, he. Sold at hj Chatham street ; 3J3 Broadway ; and 13') Fulton street, Brooklyn ; 8 State street, Boston ; 3 Ledger Buildings, Phila. <fc?-DR. FELIX UOUKAUD'S POUDUES SUBTILE9, or Penetrating Powders, for uprooting hair. The most safe, speedy and effectual remedy ever discovered for the complete eradication of human hair. This inestimable preparation has entirely annihilated those deleterous, uncertain and dangerous compositions which have hitherto been too frequently employed. No lovely or heautilul woman, who has the unsightly appendage of a demonstration ol a beard on her upper lip, huiry sides of t lie lace, moles, or a mass ol hair covering an intellectual lirow, should delay a moment in procuring a bottle of these in 1 1 t'?. ? ~r.mif Guru I VU11IUII1C JIVWI1C1N. rUUHUftLUf IIIUKll ?Vi? from Broadway. Tested buying. Prool' positive this and no mistake. Beware of counterfeits. (ft?- THE CONCENTRATED EXTRACT OF SAR8APAR1LLA, GENTIAN AND 8 AR8AFR AS, prepared by the New York College ol Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the suppression of quackery. This refined and highly concentrated extract, possessing all the puri tying qualities and curative powers of the above herbs, is confidently recommended by the College, as infinitely superior to any extract oi Sarsaparilla at present before the public, and may be relied on as a ceitain remedy for all diseases arising from an impure state of the blood, such as septula, salt-rheum, ringworm, blotches or pimples, ulcers, pain in the bones or joints, nodes, cutaneous eruptions, ulcerated sore throat, or any disease arising from the secondary ettects of syphilis or an injudicious use oi metcury. Sold In single Bottles, at 76 cents each " in Cases of half-a-dozen Bottles, $3 60 " " one dozen " 6 00 Cases forwarded to all parts of the Union. N. B.?A very liberal discount to wholesale purchaser* tillice of the College, 96 Nassau street YV. 8. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. (ft?- IT IS MELANCHOLY TO CONTEMPLATE the number of exquisitely moulded laces, beaming with grace, loveliness axd intelligence, yet marred by pimples, blotches, freckles, roughness, sullowness, redness, or some other delect of the skin. One cuke ol Dr. Felix Gouraud's Italian Medicated Soap, will rapidly cure all these disfigurements. We can refer you to several of our most esteemed citizens, who have been cured by the above Medicated Soup. Buy no where else but at 07 Walker street, first store from Broadway?50 cent* a coke 1 n Mill D.c,.I,.A lluiMtr Trill. ?ey, Rochester; Gruy, Po u gh keeps ie; Myers, New Haven-, Green it Co., Worcester; E. C. Ferre, Middletown; 76 Chesnut street, Philadelphia, itc. Qn- TO THOSE TROUBLED WITH SORE, IN FLAMED, OK DISEASED EYES ?To be afflicted with any disease that injures ' the windows ot the human mind," us the eyes have not been inaptly called, is one ol the most distressing ol all maladies It a remedy is neg lected too long, the regret oftentimes becomes more bitter the older we grow. " God made the mountains, fields, and forests green, That we might worship when his works were seen." To be deprived of sight by our own neglect, when a proper attention would dual diseases of the eye, is dread fnl Indeed The Roman Eye balsam will cuie the most inflamed, sore, or diseased eyes that one can be afflicted with. Children are often thus troubled, and parents and others should make use of the Eye Balsam. Prepared and sold by A. B. SANDS & CO , 1173 Broad way, corner Chambers stieet; sold also at 70 Fulton street, and No 77 East Br ad way. I'i ice 26 cents. (BJ- IUCORD'S PARISIAN ALTERATIVE M!> TURK?For the cure of primary or cecondary Syphilis and all affections produced by an injudicious use of mei "ir*- ..The irreat adyuiitajres possessed by this powerfu iltrrative over alt ether preparation* lor lie. cur,: oi ay philis, is, that while curing the disease it improves tin constitution, whilst mercury generally leave a mudworse disease th in the one it is adiniiiistwed for. Thf best recommendation we can give of it is, that it is now extensively prescribed by the medical faculty, who for 1 morly considered mercury the only cure lor those com plaints. Hold, in single lottles, $1 each ; in coses of hal' io7.en, $6, carefully packed, and sent to ul) parts of tht Union. Office of tlio College ol .Medicim and Pharma cv, 94 Nassau street. W 3 RICHAKDSON. M D . Agent 00- A D1SGUSTINO MAN AND WOMAN ARE , they who have so little honest regard for themselves as to continually have those nasty eruptions, pimnles, and I Idotches on their faces and neck, or in fact te nave any disfigurement er had discolored skin, when one cako of - the famous Jones' Italian Chemical Soap would give them a good, healthy, clear complexion, and free them from any eruption, pimple, blotch, freckle, sun-burn, tan; cure musipiito, bed bug, galinippers, Sic. It is sold for AO cuntil cake, at the sign of the American Eugle, 82 Chatham st. or 3-23 Broadway, N. Y., or 139 Fulton street, Brooklyn Mind, it is sold no where else in New York genuinsj take care or you'll be cheated with a swindler's countnrteii.? Agents?8 State street, Boston ; 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia. {JIJ- IHK ITALIAN U*f. UllANUEB TI1C. MAllv from nny color to a beautiful glossy brown or jet black, without the possibility of destroying the softness and beauty of tho finest head ot hair. ! is very easily applied, and will not color the skin Warranted in all cases to give perfect satislaction Prepared and sold wholesale and retail by A B. SAND8 & CO, Chemists, 27.1 Broadway, corner of Chambers street, Granite Building. Bold also at 79 Fulton street and 1 77 East B oadway. Price 60 cents {fij- JON8T1TUTIONAL DEBILITV CUBED.?Thfonic Mixture, prepared by the Collegu of Medicine an' Pharmacy of the city of New York, is confidently re commended for all cases of debility produced by secret in diligence or excess of any kind. It is an invaluable reme dy lor imjiotence, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend ing on mul-formation.) Single bottles fil each ; cases of half a dozen $6; care fully packed and sent to all parts of the Union. Office ol tho College of Medicine and Pharmacy. 9.' Nassau street. W. fl. BICHA HDSON. M. D., Agent . 0&- "DELAY IS DANGEROUS," AND IS OFTEN i- times productive of ruin. A slight cold, which at its np 1 pears 11 ce did not seem worthy of notice, has led to tht most fatal consequences. Dr. Sherman's Cough Lozengei ' will give immediate relief?they have effected cures in ths > must desperate cases, and are better calculated at the changeable and cold season to remove all severe and troublesome coughs, than any other medicine in use ', They are highly recommended by the faculty and pre ' scribed to their patients. Dr. Sherman's warehouse is al I OA Nassau street. Agents?227 Hudson street ; ISA Bowery ; 77 F.ast Broadway ; 86 William street j 8 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, and h State street, Boston. HONK<V MMIKET. ' Sunday, lllay 10?0 I*. M. r The Stock Market during tho past week has not advanced so steadily as during the previous weeks.? ' There has not been so much speculation going on, 01 ,, so favorable a feeling ns regards a further improVe a ment. The bears all through the late movements in 1 stock 1 have been a very formidable party. By a rombina '[ (ion they hnve hud a great influence on prices, which i served to keep down the fever for speculations Th< bams have nearly abandoned the field, and unless *om< 1 movement arises to supply the place of the oppositior carried on before, there must he a great advance in prices during the next two months. A strong party of bears in | the street checks speculation to a great extent,and ensure) 2 a greater regularity than would otherwise exist. Th( opposite party will, however, in times like the present \ predominate, as high prices continually attract convertJ to it, who only serve to carry on. tho bubble, unti want oi capital, or a tightness of the money mark*'1 ' breaks them down, when their opponents step in and per , feet the work commenced. The two great parties en gaged in stock apecnlations resemble those engaged ii " political matters. The business of each hears some re ' semblance, as the success of troth, depend, in a measure i on the extent oi the bets made with each other. Spcou ' lation in lancy stocks is so fluctuating, that the aamt party, within a period of two days, may change from i i hull to a hear several times. Were it not lor these upa am ' downs, and the influences that are brought to hear 01 ^ pricps, this system of gnmbling would he carried to ar enormous extant. The principle of selling shert stock li 1 a very important one. There must, in all branches o business, be as man) buyer* as sellers. The interest u one is diametrically opposed to the other. One uses hi* influence to depress and the other to advance prices.The balance is in this way regulntcd, and the elements ' are so equally divided, that the regulation is steady.-i, Stocks, will, undoubtedly, reach higher piices~hetwerri this and the moment for contraction in the Bank mova ment* for the quarter? than (hour now 'current. The immense amount of money in the hand* of speculators, is euro to he employed in some temporary movement?from ?hich they can at iny time withdraw-and at present we are nothing holding out greater or better prospect* than operation* in fancy stocks Those who are seeking permanent investment*, will, no doubt, he attracted by the present quotation* for rome of our be*t State stock*, but those who are bent on speculation, are not satisfied with the small advance* good sound stocks experience, but must dash into some attractive fancy, that will make or mar their fortune* in a very short time. I'micks us-Stocks in isr .Nsw Yoax Mskkkt. Sal. Mm. 7Vu.ffVy 7Vy JVy .SVy L Island, H2!g aIX 78 8?% 81 75 " Mohawk, X 78 ? 762 76 Ik li Harlem, 83S ?3>i S2^ _ ?3X 83 ratenou ? 83 ? 13 83 81 83 Hamuli,; 58X MX MX M 61 69 MX Farmers Loan,* 42 42 41 42 42 4IU 41 Norwich .'Old VVor.* 66 MX 65 68 671? 63>? 6lX Ohio 6's, 99 99 ^ 99 99 9?}< 99* 89 Illinois, 45* ?5>J 45* 46 46* 46 45* Indiana, ? 43* 43>, 44_ - 1:1* Kenluctty6's, 104* 183* ? 103* 103* Idtfc 103* Pennsylvania 5'*, 76* 77 78'4 77 76* 7tX 76 The closing prices show a decline from those current at the close of the week previous. Price* through the week fluctuated strikingly, and in msny Instances experienced an advance, but it was lost before the close. Ohio S's aro very firm. There has neatly five months interest accumulated on this stock, and yet it is quoted below par.? Canton shows a tailing off of 3} per cent since Thursday. A dividend on this stock is promised in June, but it is yet very uncurtain whether it will be realized. We received last night by our private overland express | from Boston, advice* per Britannia from Liverpool to the 5th inst. In a commercial point of view, the European intelligence by this arrival is of the greatest importance. The money markets of Europe remain iu a very easy, comfortable statu. The rate of interest continue* very much reduced. The dissentions on the three and a half per cent reduction* up to the 4th inst., only amounted to ?347,119 The budget presented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, appeared to be very satisfactory. The quarterly averages of the Bank of England show a steady in" crease in all the leading features Bank ok England. Dec. 2.'43. Feb U.>44. wjp. 20. *44. Incr. Deer. Circulation,?19.124,000 20,414.000 21,427,000 1,011.000 Depoaitei, 10.944.000 1 3.924.000 13 Bit,000 309.000 Seenritiet, 20 920.000 22,482.000 22,130,000 232,000 Bullion, 12,273,000 14 993,000 16,Ot5.4KO 1,022 000 There has heen an increase in all departments except securities. We see by the London papers that large amounts of English capital have lately heen invested in French three per cents, on account of the low price at which they are 'quoted. This may eventually raise the value of money slightly in London. The aspect of commercial affairs generally throughout Europe is very favor" able and furnishes cvidenceof th? prosperity of all classes The most interesting item we notice in our uespatcnes in the excitement creeled in Parliament and throughout Great Britain by the late treaty formed between the Uni" ted States and Prussia, acting for the German confederation. A debate arose in the British House of Commons regarding this subject, when Sir Robert Peel stated that hu would postpone allusion to the question until he was informed of some movement on the treaty in the Senate of the United States. The excitement produced in K.nglnnd by this treaty will .undoubtedly,lead to some proposal from the British Government, to this, for the formation of a similar treaty between the two countries The Zoll Veroin treaty will urge forward all the Kuropean govern, ments to the same result. The most formidable manufacturing competitor Great Britain has in the world is Germany, and the probability of the manufactures of that nation being admitted into the United States on a more favorable footing than those of the former, has created a feeling in the British Parliament that must eventually lead to a complete revolution in all existing treaties, and perfeet commercial systems more in accordance with mutual reciprocity and national interests Great Britain has heretofore carried on with all nations a war of tariff* She now finds that all those nations on which she has inflicted retaliating duties, have combined for their mutual benefit, and to become independent of England's monopoly. The British ministry have closely watched this growing jealousy on the part of the nations of Europe, and have adopted measures tending to place their country in a position to bear more favorable commercial treaties than heretofore. The property tax of Great Britain was, undoubtedly instituted for the purpose of rsising.'rovenue, so as to relieve the customs. It is an experiment limited to three years to test its efficacy. It has, so far, met'the most sanguine expectations, and ail doubt as to its permanency and advantages have hpen removed. The ministry have already named the items on which existing restrictions are to bo removed. The duty on glass, currants, coffee, and wool is to be reduced. The property tax was imposed to supply the deficiency in the reveaue, and to relieve the trading and commercial interests hy a reduction in the customs. This is the first step towards reciprocity For fix successive years prior to the adoption of this tax, the revenue of Great Britain fell short of the expenditures. The deficiencies were supplied by an addition to the debt of the country. With this annual deficiency staring them in the face, how was ^t possible for the government to reduce the revenue from customs, by perfecting treaties of reciprocity with every nation ? With ? 1 every disposition, they were without the power. The property tax has worked so favorably, and the revenue increased so rapidly, and the large surplus in the treasury has given the ministry so much confidence in their resources, that a further and more important reduction will undoubtedly soon be made in the tariff. Uevkuuk ok Great Britain for tiie Year Endinu Ai-hii, 5th, 1844. Customs ?18 426 033 Ditto, applicable to other public works into Excise 1*2.96-2,011 Stamps, 7,0110.1# Taxes (hand and Assessed,) 4,192 473 Property tax, 5,366 888 Post office, 6-28 000 Crown lands,. 147,600 One shilling and sixpence, and four shillings in the pound on pensions and salaries 5,216 Small branches of the hereditary revenues oi the Crown, -29 017 Surplus fees of regulated public offices 50,424 Money received from China under Treaty of August, 184-2, 903 802 Imprest and other Monies,. 123,209 Money received from the East India Company 60 000 Unclaimed Dividends (more than paid,) 37,113 K.V> R.1.S I-JA Expenditure* for the tame period, 50,739,607 Surplus for 1S44 ?3,095,437 Estimated revenue for the year ending April 5, 1846 ?51,790,000 Ditto, expenditure, do dtf 48,043,170 ?3,140,830 Total (tirplua for two year*,. . . ?5,344,467 Thi* will place the treaaury of the kingdom in a condition, sanctioning some alleviation lrom the taxation that bears so heavy on their foreign trade. In 1843, when the properly tax went into force, the duty on thirty-threo principal article* of import were reduced, the consump. , tion of which ha* since decidedly increased. A more li. i beral scale of duties was at that time placed upon many > articles, the production of the United States, and nn equivalent expected from this country. We give England the credit of acting in many instance* in regard to commcr. t cial systems, a* liberally as the unfavorable condition of her treaaury would admit; but other nations cannot be governed by her slow movements, and have protected thair - own interests,in formingfavorable.treati' swith each other. Great Britain finds other powers advancing their manufacturing interests and increasing their foreign trade, without reference to any ol her movements, or regard for her connection. The supremacy of England a* a maim, lecturing nation, or as n dictating power to those of the world, has passed away. She threatened retaliatory duties on German manufactures, to obtain exclusive privii leges lor her own, which, instead of having the desired effect, prompted the confederation to place restrictions on those of Great Britain. There Is no treaty in existence between England and the Zoll Vereln, by which the man- ? ufnetures of Grent Britain must be admitted on a par with 1 those of the most favored nation, but there it between 1 Great Britain and the United State*. The British Mini*. 1 try undoubtedly have an eye to tome future advantage*, ! in proposing a reduction of the duty on wool. The total . importation of wool into Great Britain for IS43, amounted ' to 47,796,001 pound*, the largest portion of the finer qua ' lltie) of wool imported come* from Germany. This may t he a conciliatory measure, ami intended a* an equivalent for anticipated concession" from the Customs-Union We have at all event* a start in this business. The treaty causing all this excitement abroad, ia tieiore the Senate. It will undoubtedly he ratified, notwithstanding the British Premier's threat to enter his protest against it, and the manufacturers of Great Britain will receive a severe check, first, by the introduction into one of their greatest market* Americnn manufactures, particularly cotton yarn and twist, nnd-second, by the admission of German manufactures into this country, on more favorable terms than are granted to those of any other nation. The only obstruction to an immediate ratification of this favorable treaty is the existence of an absolute and unqualified tieafy between this country and Great Britain, stipulating that Kngland shall he put on the same footing as tlnJ mod favored nation, without giving corresponding equivalents. The condensed quarterly report of the Banks of (his State, for May, shows an expansion in all the movement* since the last returns ) i?

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