Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 31, 1844, Page 1

May 31, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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i 4 T H Vol. X., No. 15*1?Whole No. 3714. MR. WEBSTER'S GREAT SPEECH AT TRENTON, YE8TERDAY. Immense Gathering of the Whig* of New Jersey. The Whig Convention at Trenton, New Jersey, on Wednesday last was the greatest political assemblage of the whigs which has ever been collected together within the borders of that very gallant State. The day was remarkably fine, and the place of meeting?the State-House yard?well adapted for the assembly of such an immense multitude, and there were probably no less than eleven thousand persons on the ground The badges, banners and emblems of the delegations from the various counties were very tasteful, and with the gay summer dresses of the numerous ladies who favored the occasion with their presence, gave the scene quite an animated and picturesque character. A remarkable degree of enthusiasm inspired the multitude, and thu feeling which was displayed in the various routes by which the delegations reached the place of meeting, was, we were told quite unparalleled in the history of electioneering within the sober bounds of New Jersey. About 2 o'clock the Ions procession of the dele Rations reached the State House, and the convention was organized by the appointment of Governor Pennington as President, and a number of Vice Presidents and Secretaries. After the letters of apology for absence from the Hon. Messrs. Fiieungiiuybon and Clayton, had been read by the chairman, a recess of half an hour was taken, in order to afford the delegates from the respective counties an opportunity of consulting together in order to select their district electors for President and Vice President After this business had been effected, the Convention was again called to order, and the report was made by the nominating Committees. This report, after introducing a number of resolutions of the usual cast, and one alluding to Dauiel Webster in a warm and complimentary manner, which was received with leud applause, returned the following us the names ot the electors;? John B. Arscaiao. Chiklli Hive*. lit Dist Edward Q (lusieby. 3d " John M. Lee. Sd " Edward J, Rogers. ?n " James Stewart. 6th " Abraham Godwin, Tha Hon. Mr. Kino then addressed the assemblage. He said he wasdelighted to meet the whigs ot New Jersey in the battle field of Trenton. They were now about to march to victory, not less momentous in its consequences than that which resulted in the independence of the United States. The ship of State was endangered by the bad management of the locofocos?it was the duty of the whigs to save her from destruction. He then went on to descant at some length on the leading measures of the whig party. [After speaking tor some fifteen or twenty minutes Mr. King turned round to the Chairman, and asked " How long have I been at it 1" " Oh! never mind ?don't look at the watch?go ahead?time wus made fprslaves." Mr. King accordingly went on for Bome time longer, relating a number of lunny anecdotes, which tola pretty well.] The Hon. Edwakd Stanley followed, and said at Captain T/ler w,u w>rsa man Judas fscariot , because he wouldn't follow the example of Judas in hanging himself! (Cheers.) Mr. s. spoke foi abnut halt an hour Hnd made quite an efiective speech, a good deal in the vein of Mr. King's,mix iog humorous anecdotes and pungeant sarcasm with much spirit and effect. Mr. 3. concluded by saying that now anu hereafter the names ot Clay and WvbBter were indissoluble, which allusion was received with tremendous applause. Mr. Wsiisrnu then addressed the assemblage He looked somewhat fatigued and exhausted, hie eye had less than its usual brilliancy,and altogetnei Mr. Webster appeared much lees animated than we have seen him on such occasions. He spoke m follnw* r? Fellow Citizen* of Now Jericy?I have been requested to address you to-day, and to-day in appearing bciure you I make aa exception to a general rule of conduct which 1 have found asyself obliged to prescribe. 1 have found it necessary to come to a resolution of abstaining in general from meeting largo assemblages of my lellow-eiti MM for the purpose of addressing them. 1 am disposed, I hope, to do the duty of a good citizen and a good whig, in carrying on thu cause of all good whigs, and in supporting the acceptable noniiiiai.ons now before the public Vet I must, nevertheless, as a general practice suffer the duty ot addressing large bo dies to devolve upon others, who, to at least an equal de gree ol ability, may add something more of vigor and ol effect, lam employed?I am necessarily engaged in pri vate and prolessionai pursuits which require lay attention. But I have thought that iu the circumstances ot the casebeing near at hand, and having a strong desire to comply with the wishes ol friends, I have so lar infringed a general resolution as to have the pleasure ol meeting you here today. I had the pluasure of seeing the tepieseiitatives of the whigs of the Union at Baltimore, and since i have been amongst the people of Boston to receive their deleSation from the Convention, and have made a lort visit to my native State. Gentlemen, with this occasion I must beg leave to close these occasions of addressing large and numerous assemblages, which are likuly to occur so trequsntly in the progress ol the present election. We meet, gentlemen, to near the concurrence of the whigs of New Jersey in the proceedings ol the Baltimore Convention. We find that concurrence to be, what we ail knew it would be, unanimous and hearty. There is no murmur of whig dissent here or eisewhere. The favorites of the people lor the first aad second offices in their gift are belore us, and so im as i miuw or cau learn iroin any pari 01 ma country with which I am acquainted, there ia no mistake about that matter. The atate of the aountry ia aomewhat liar. All that was ho|>ed to have been accomplished hy the revolution of 1840 haa not been accomplished It aeema to be necessary to resume that struggle, and so far as we now sea, the struggle must proceeu upon the same genaial topics of controversy us in lt>40. I do not know at this hour who may be selected to lead the opposition to the whigs. Nor do 1 tupjiose it to be very mate rial. It ia euongb for us to know that we stand upon our own old whig |>iinciples?that we mean to defend our own whig opinions?that we mean still to support, so far as we can, the true and genuine whig ni'-asures which we all adopted, and w nut her the opposition against Us be in one man's name, or another man's name?whether stronger or mure feeble than of old?it still remains l'er us to do our duty, and achieve a victory if we can?(u vo%e, " That we will.") 1 think so (laughter.) Now, gellemen, it would tie quite uupaidonahle for me to iuii over ail the topics which have been discussed as questions ol dispute between the great partias that have divided this country. There are some leading ones, already adverted to bv the honorable and able gentlemen who have preceded me, and on which I will say a lew, and only a lew words. It gave me unfeigned satisfaction, gentlemen, to find in the addreirei that have been delivered to you byable, and i iatinguiihud, and popular men in two ot the moit important Southern State*, that leading topics?the leading topic, I may (ay?of theae addresses, 1* the conviction that tbey express, in behalf of themselves, and of the whiga of the State* whence they ? the conviction which they express ot the sound principle* and the salutary tenilencie* of the gi eat doctrine ot protection to American industry. Our state ia extremely changed in this respect by the event* of the last year,and 1 suppose 1 may congratulate you,as I certainly take joy and congratulation to myself, lrom the persuasion that I feel that we have got lound a great point, over great difficulty j that we have achieved a gieut purpose ; uccom plished a great end in regurd to the tariff policy of the country. What 1 regard is this, that in the present Congress?in a Mouse ol llapresentatlves, composed ot a great majority of our adversaries, a proposition substantially to alter the law ol 1N41, has signally and totally failed. Now the causes ol its failure are as gratifying as the fact of failure itself.? What are they 7 Why, in the first place, gentlemen, I think the Question has been most admirably discussed in Congress at the present session. Tho whole subject lias been explored with an industry and great talent. It nas been discussed by members of Congrwis from this State, and other States in a manner highly creditable to the debating and legislative talents of the country As I have said the sources of the power?the constitutional power have been fully explained. Tho question has lieen traced back to the time of Washington?the time of the Constitution?and the time before the Constitution. And all this inquiry and all this research have ended in this great result, that from the time ol the destinies ol the country springing up after the conclusion of the peace in '?3, down to the adoption of the constitution. and afterwards throughout all its earlw iftrution too, it waa an acknowledged object of that in?trument to protect the manufacturing an<l other (nduatry of the people of the United Htetei agnlmt a cheeper labor and the greater capital of Knrnpe ? In the firat place, gentlemen, I eacribe much of the influence?much of the happy influence which haa produced the defeat of the late meaaure inUongreae, to the geiieroti*, the enlightened, the manly manner in which the South* ern State* have come out and manifeited their opinion on thnae HUhJecta. (Uheera ) They have felt, and tliey were willing to nay that?to declare that they do not ane that all their cotton lieldi were blighted by a tarifl'?that the wealth and comfort ol Southern plautera are deatroyeu or ahridged by a ayatem which protecta American in dnalry. They meet the matter in a manly, intelligent and atateamanlike manner. They enter into the dtaauaalaa and reat It o? their awa high aharaeter , the M i. - E NE ] J merits o( the question its? If and the intelligence of the State to sustain them in the opinions they bold end the courses of public policy they pursue, and this i chance is proved not to be vain. In the next place, gentlemen, i believe that tinea the subject hut been better discussed. thf> err a at hn.lw r* ( iUa - i t? .*-..1 ^ have come u> understand this matter a great deal I letter The cry haa been everywhere that a protective policy favored rich mauulacturera?corporuuoua with largo iu vestments?capitaliati who employed operative* under them. Well, now, gentlemen, 1 do not belli ve that there i? a plainer proposition in the world?one more capable ol jirocf and demonstration, than that in the condition ol thing* which exist* in thi* country, a policy protecting American industry ?giving employment to person* not producers ol' agricultural product*?is one highly Ix-ntlicial to all concerned in the farming interest. Now, without going into any great theory in this matter? without laying down general proposition* and drawing g. ueral inferences, let me tor a moment address my sell to this assemblage?most of whom, 1 perceive, are connected with the farming iuterest of New Jersey. The great interest of New Jersey is the farming interest ? i he next interest in importance is the mauufactuiing, and there is comparatively little foreign commerce. These two interests, the farming and the manufacturing, constitute the aggregate of the pursuits uf the people of Now Jersey. Well, now, the appeal, and it is a useless appesi, a delusive appeal, has always been made to thu farming interest, that the effect of a protective policy was to raise the price ol the article* that the farmer purchased Well, if that ware true, it only answers half the question, because uveiy lurmer has an interest in prices on both sides?the prices bath ol the articles he purchases and those he sells. If it were true that a tariff policy enhanced, in tome degree the price of articles which a farmer purchases, that would not settle the question. We must go farther, and a-W whether it has a corresponding, a more corresponding effect, a greater effect in influencing the value oi w hat he has to tell. But now, gentlemen, I appeal to you, and to ill men every where?men who will j leld theory to fact ?who will give up dogmas lor truth. I appeal to every man it, in |ioint of tact, those articles which a lat titer of New Jersey has to purchase lor the use of himself, his wife and children, are not chtaper now than they were at the commencement of the protective policy of the United States / Do you not clothe your children a? cheaply 7 Do you not obtain all the comforts, such as are capatile ot production amongst yourselves, as cheap/ siipjiose there can be no doubt that you can obtain all these urticles at a cheap rate?cheaper, not only in regard to the money prices, but cheaper also in comparison with what you have to exchange tor the purchase of them Vnd uow what is the great interest ot the great body of the farmers of the United States? I take the body ol far mers of New Jersey as illustrative of all the rest, because they are here to-day in great numbers. What is their iutereat 7 Most undoubtedly it is that there shall be a fair price for what they raise by the tillage oi their own landa?a steady price?a reasons ble price?in other words that there shall be a market and a certain market lor the production of their labor. Weil, how is this to be secured ( We see it is not to be secured abroad 7 To talk of a market abroud is idle / There is no such market. Where then is it to be lound / Where but in the neighborhood and amongst the conmmuuities of the producers?amongst those who manufacture cloth arid labncs of all descriptions, and who are ready to buy and pay for the agricultural produc.s of the country, it seems to mo to bo the most destructive policy in the world ; prompted or rather recommended by our adverse rres ; that we may check all domestic industry, put down all domestic industry er at least give it no considerable encouragement, because, in my humble judgment, we thus ailtinf'Mua urtii nhlilnp ilu trroot mnrlmt uiltirh ir in thi. ""H" B-*-?> ?'?'?? ! " ~.w.. .. ,? interest ol every American tarmer to have at near as possible and as laige us possible. Why, is it nothing to the farmers of western New Jersey, whether the mauutaoturers of rhiladalphia he flourishing, and able to buy and consume the agricultural products? Is it nothing to the farmers ot this part of New Jersey, near to Newark aud Fatersou. whethertlie manufacturing interest ol'I'aterson andNewark go ou prosperously 7 Is it nothing to these farmers whether the manufacturers being employed there in the various mechanic arts, ate ready to buy and lurnish a market lor the agricultural products of their neighbors I ll this be true ina neighborhood?in a county?in a State ?it is for the same reason, true also throughout the whole grain-growiug, provision-raising, agricultural portion 01 the community throughout the whole country. There is more?much more gentlemen, connected with this topic, than I can think of pressing on your attention just now. But one thing 1 wish to remark, 01 no small importance, considering that this is on tin whole an agricultural community, deriving ita means o> support from cultivation of the earth. The time?the progress of the arts?the general improvements taking place in society, bring about a rega.d to agiiculiuir, in comparison with other pursuits of life, no peculiar change Gentlemen, it lias been well said, that " in agriculture there is no steam engine." From the very natute of lai m tug pursuits, they are incapable ol such improvements in .he progress of uie arts and the use of muchutery as attend other occupations in life We canuot plough the laud by steam, nor hoe our corn, nor thrash our grain, nor cradh our harvests. All the labor ot agriculture is to be done substantially as it whs done a hundred years ago, by manual operations, and the expense incurred in agriouiteral pursuits is hardiy diminished by aii the improvements that have taken place in the mechanic and other arts, I hope agriculture is tiAOf liiiftnr tiniloraf,iAi1 iivwl + !/! irul an a aitionitu an/1 aah. ducted with more economy, and thrift, arid general im prove.ment. But what I mean to say is, that this greai branch of industry is not capable ef availing itself to tin same extent us other pursuits, of the discoveries of science, and new modes of the application oi artificial power But in tho meantime the general progress ot society goes oil Life proves mora and more expensive. The educution of childien costs more and more, and the general habits of life are mora and more costly. If th?n, it be true that the agricultural interest has not, or can not, diminish the ost of its labor; and, if on the other hand, the necesseiy expenses of lite in that vaat mass of our population, in stead of diminishing, are upon tho whole, if anything, rather increasing, is it not ol the first importance to the general happiness oi tho community to keep up prices olugti cultural products, at least to a reasonable and proper l ute of remuneration for the labor rtquited in their cieation? Ind Hit be just and expedient?it it be practical wisdom to attempt and endeavor to maintain the rates of agricultural produce as high as will secure an udeijuaie remuneration lor labor -to euable the farming interest to sustain itsell in the enjoy ment of its usual amount ot comfort, prosperiy and wealth, then I know not how this is to be ncoornplished but by fiudiiig somewhere in our country a neat market! 1 tegard it then, gentlemen, as altogether a perverted state of things-it is a wrong statement of the <{Hestion to-day that tariffs for protection are beneficial only or mainly to thOBe engaged in the manufac tures of the country. They ate as beneficial to the agricultural profiteers of the country as to any other class ; to those who have a necessity for a market of consumption for the ar icles they raise 1 am disposed to press the few moments (hat may be allowed to me here, rather in discoursing to \ ou tioon these tbines. which, in mv oniinon. lie at the uundutiuu ol the prosperity of the country, and which, if I understand it, 1'ioin the very' platform ol whig principles, than to indulge in other or more miniating discussions and observations. Well, gen'lemen, this question of tariff and no tariff i:settled so fur?I should think, settled so far, because it baa been made a test question. It is u party question. It has been made a party question, and we know mat in this the feeling amongst those to whom we are opposed is pretty strong. Thc-m is much adhesion?much tenacity?a great deal of glue-(a laugh)?that cuases them to adhere together. But what is the result What liai been the result I I have observed bat under all the drill und discipline of party tbia question of tariff or no tariff ii now the greai and leading subject of division. It not, what ia Iif any one question divides the country it is this?unless ,t be the new one of Texas, about which I have nothing to say at present. If there be one question which divulvs the two paitiea more thau another, I ask you, is it not the tariff question! Well, here are five or six gentlemen who now represent this State in the Congress ot the L'ni md States?how were their votes formed. 1 suppose, like other men, they are sulliciently attached to party ?known as party men; calling themselves party meu.aaJ desirous ot, 1 have no doubt, so lar as their consciences will allow them to support party meusurea? what did they do I Was not every one ol them compelled either by conscience, or their sense ol res|>onsibiiity to their electors?which, by the by, is In itself a tolerably good consrieneo for a public man, (a laugh) was not every one of them, I a-.k conqielled to vote against their party and in favor of Mew Jersey I Very well. There it is. The proposition to place this repealing bill on the table for an everlasting rest, was made, if I mistake not, by a member from tbia Htate iu the House of Representatives,belonging to the majority of that House, and now where is consistence 7 What is ex pected. and what will take place 7 la it to 7>e supposed -n it.,.. ( .1- ...i lugivm M'Kruiinucu, mill |>Dii ?anilini the main objects, policy end principles ol the paity, il acting from u comoiousness of duty uiul resitonsibility to their constituents, that they will still come here amongst you, aud press oil your support for the flrst and second offices of the government, men who think not with them lint against them-- -men whom they have found themselves obliged to opjiose ?whose views they have been constrained to think pre judical to the intereita of New Jersey? I speak with all respect of these gentlemen, hut 1 allude to thia aa an instance in which conscience and a sense of duty ?of re sponsibility,sometimes obliges them to differ from what is considered the great measure of their party, and which in too many instances is followed implicitly. I hope that in this case, parly power and party discipline will not lend those gentlemen to the support oi men, In favor of; the principles which have been thus discovered to he repugnant to conscience, and the supposed interests of the (tropin. I go from this to s,iy one word or a lew words on another subject, not so very pressing, bat which iormed a topic In the struggle of 1810. t mean the great question which has divided parties with respect to the currency of the country. Oentlemen, I do not mean to enter on this occasion into a discussion ol tho currency question, in regard to the measures proposed and adopted by any party on any occasion, in order to secure a just collection of the revenues Of the government, ami to furnish a proper cir dilating medium for the country. My oninions on all these subjects are sufficiently known. They are not changed. I do not now touch them nor enter on the mat ler. Hut I still have my opinion that the present state ol things in tho country is interesting as well as gratify ing ; surrounded with some danger, but at the same time en compassed by a great many blessings, the whole ot which leads me to believe, what others I dare say do not apprehend, that within a period shorter than most people imagine, the currency question may become again fc must interesting concern, and a leading question in tho polities of this country. I have said tnat I do not inn,it to say anything to dsy of a National Hank, or K* I chequer, or Sub-Treasury. I wish to say something, W YC NEW YORK. FRIDAY M however, on our general date and condition aa a nation that uses a metallic and paper currency, as a mixed cur rency without any control exercised over it by the Government What 1 mean to key 1 will say in the fewest words, and in the briefest manner possible, presenting my views as those merely ol a private individual embracing nothing new?nothing novel. 1 have no discovery to make?no new projects to untold, lint 1 wish to keep the public attention alive. I wish to keep the attention of men of propert) ? ol industry?of all who wis j to secure the reward ol their toil?alive to what I believe a danger, and that danger be longs to hanks?its danger belongs to the nature ol tlih mixed circulation ol specie and iiauer. Gentlemen, gold and silver are known to he universal standard of value, all over the world, a* a medium ot pa>ment. It circulates amongst nations and iudiTidiial*. It i? a standard of value. Now it can lie fairly enough said, that all the money iu the world belongs to all tho nations in the world, and each has its pro|iortion according to its sbate in the commerce el' the globe. It is the otftce of coin to be a universal paymaster, to settle balances between nations. Thus the excess of imjiorts or exports is regulated. Just as when a farmer goes to mar ket he takes with him some money , in order tnat he may pay in coin the balance of excess, if any should arise, between what he sells and what he buys. Bills ot exchange, indeed, circulating all over the earth prevent to the lull extent the actual transmission ot coin, llut all this is ellectcd more or leas by the medium of paper. 1 do not de ny that a paper currency is safe. It has been well proved that it can bo kept to its true character, its proper uses, but it is of a representative chatacter. The paper dollai is ol value only when it can bring a silver dollar in ex change when it is desired. But, like other representatives, this paper sometimes lorgets its constituents. (Laughter.) It sets itselt up to be something or somebody; whereas, in truth, it is nothing uud nobody of itself. Well regulated bank poper being the representative of coin, and being a faithful representative ol coin, takes an important and responsible puit in the direction of commercial affairs, but when it sets itself up for something. or proposes to act an independent part, tben it is like the clown in the play, who proposed to personate the character ol u monarch : ''moonshine," it is all "moonshine" (Laughter.) Why, then, gentlemen, in my humble apprehension, in the present state ol the law, and in the absence of any supervising power, there is danger?there is danger that this paper money will not be kept within strict l.mitsof subjection, and that to-day there may he an expansion, to-morrow a curtailment; that prices maybe raised to an excessive height, followed by u corres)iondeut reaction, and that then disaster, and what is called " a crisis" will arrive Now, gentlemen, it is the true interest of thiscountiy and ot every working man in it to preserve steadiness ol prices, and security not ol extravagant but of reasonable prices ; constant occupation ; h ready market; the general conviction that time ia money ; a state free Irom panic, free from disorder and violence,in wliich every man ia protected in bia own pursuits, by steady and just laws ; these, these are the elements which at once compose and secure the welfare of a community Now that we ure commencing unew cureer ol prosperity, us wc hope, it is encumbent on banks in the absence ol supervisors on tbe part ol the government; it is encumbent on them in an emiuent degree to guard the country against shacks aiising from over-issues of paper; and lor myself, whenever 1 am culled to say any thing to tho people of this country, 1 mean in a spirit ol friendliness to these institutions?not exactly to admonish, for that might be heyoud my duty?but to suggest that in ihe present state ofthiugs, they are bound ly every con siderations to keep iheir issue within bounds, and not in tbis state of gieat and probably fluctuating prospeiity, to hurry the country on to another crisis and another catastrophe. We have had exiieriencc?let us profit by it The dangers before us are visible, 'ihe rocks upon which others have split are high above water We muy see them strewed with the wreck and rum of former limes, and let us all, let government and people, let everybody, let the master and the pilot and the helmsman and all the crew, be wide awake,and give these dangers and breakers a wide berth. (Cheers ) Gentlemen, there is another subject connected with the foreign policy of the government to w hich I shall advert, M being only one of the things which will require the wisest counsels; tbe wisest deliberation of the wisest men, if we shall succeed in obtaining change of government. I mean, gentlemen, the commercial relonn which has become uecessary Wo have heedlessly and thoughtlessly, in the excess ol our ill-judged generosity in years past, ventured upon our what is called reciprocity in the inter course of nations. It is all fallacious. There is iu tact no such thing, when you bring it to the practical results, ns reciprocity iu Tact, however much it may look like it in principle. Now between us and Bremen anil Sweden we have given them a reciprocity in that tradc TThklh bakings Id us properly anil justly. According to all our termer usages?according to the great principles of all our early navigation acts I will not go into that case. I know that New Jersey is not so much concerned in this us some of the other States But 1 mention it as one of the great public interests which must come to be considered and finally disposed of within the next lout years, and on that account uionu the country hat great interest io having Its councils guided outing hat period by wise, experienced and sale men. Thest are tilings connected, gentlemen, with the administration of the Government, in regard to the powers of govcrnmeut?matters which touch tlic grout principles ot whig doctrine, to which I only allude. 1 see heretolay circulated amongst the multitude, remarks made by me some years ago on the subject of encroachment of ex ecutive power. I am glad to see them before the people. I am willing to stand by them. I hold now as then that the Executive power in this country has dangerously in creased?is increasing?and ought to be diminished. (Cheers) Gentlemen, tlioie moment! arc precious. I know that you receive what I say with kindness, and therefore 1 trust you will spare these cheers ind allow me to go on in nty own plain way m the discharge of what 1 deem my duty. Gentle men, on the organization of this government the great difficulty with your lathers and mine, was how toconstitute the Executive power. They knew very well how io make a House of Uepresentutives, because they liau been accustomed to popular elections and organization ol legislative bodies for a hundred years They knew well enough how to constitute a Senate, because they might constitute that as the old Congress was, by members ol the Legislatures of the States. On all this they had precedents and practice. It waa a high load and an 0|ten way But, then, in this country they never hail a supreme power vested with high authority, and how was that to he constituted 1 None of the examples in Europe applied. Most of them presented instances ol hi reditary right ; ol inherited monarchical arbitrary pewer, with the exception of the disorderly military ]ioptilar election of tho I'olixh King, and some minor instances in the riintmm ol Switzerland anthelsewhere. They hud no precedent to guide them in constituting a popular elective Executive, with such limitations as should prove it to he stilti ciently energetic for the execution of the laws and tin ".reed. If they are not, then I for one am ready to with traw rny subscription from that cwd. Now I ask, if ;horo he anything In thin anmmary of whig principle* that i* not coneiatent with the higheat interred* jf the people 7 I ask if thera be any peraon present who toes not belong to the whig party?who ha* no assorisiont with them j I nak, if in all this we nee anything not ;onformahle to the best interest* ol the country 7 lie will ay, pvrhapa. not. ile will aay, perhaps, the whig* do not ;ome up to thr ir professions. Well, if he say a that, I have i very ready answer, " Von juit adopt these whig principle* and carry them out hotter than the whig!" (La igh:er.) If the principles ho good, why refuse to adopt and ipply them on account of a name. Are wo not ill one people 7 Do we not live under the same iky, and own a common destiny 7 Why then he divided by party spirit 7 (Cheer*) And what are men? Nothing Let me tell you tluit thin or that man is notnina but a single embodiment it may he of good principle or bad principle ; a rallying point, worthy of all commend* don in some instance.* ; but after all what is an individual? What is the tenure of the life of any man 7 What hi* hcJitrity of permanent usefulness or ability 7 Oenllenten, principle is every thing ; measure* are everything. What we do now is done for us and our posterity. We Jiave now before us names which wn all delight to honor. And nil those flags and banner* that bear the names of Clay and Krelinghttysen? honorable usmrs to cheer us all onward !? all thi* I delight to see But our pur|<ose In all these efforts is not merely to oariy our alec. Ilou - te ensure a triumph over poUtloal adversaries. I (lerforinance of executivo powers, and yet not dangerous to the liberties of the people, nor likely to eu crouch on other departments. Now I shall not say that they failed in this undertaking. I think they did not fail. I think they provided lor an executive to be constituted in such a manner, as by prudence and wisdom and sober discretion on the part of the people,is calculated to answer the purposes of an executive, without endangering the dbcriies of the people, or encroaching on other depart rnents. Experience has proved it. Wushingtnn proved it. li.s successors ptoved it. They showed that the thing was practicable; that hy the election of good tnen of eminent talent and virtue, who loved uuty better ban ottice; that with such men an executive might be constitutt d that would meet ail the citcuinstances of the public exigencies. 1 will not say that they provided an Executive always safe as wise, no matter in whal hands. They left it to their country to place in this high allied men only of comprehensive patriotism and high characb r, and in all respect worthy of the momentous trust. Now, in my opinion it lias come to this I do not speak of recent occurrences, I speak of the time when those remaiks were made which I have nave seen entertained this day. I sny it lias come to this that the Executive power has become, in my humble judgment, to have a strong tendency; a strong tendency to the personal aggrandi/rment ol the man who, for the moment, may happen to hold it; a strong tendency, I my, to make him w ho holds thu Executive power, consider himselt as the universal represi ntstive of the American people; clothed with some undefined authority, as if lie weni hi mine uegn-e hiiiivc me i giiiiuuuuii, vhiiih^ iiiuisel! names not known to the t Destitution, and lorgeing that he i* but ft magistrate chosen by the people, end no more the "louresenlative" of the American people, than he la of all the other nations ol the earth ? The views cap reused o? this subject by me, eight or nine years ago are still retained. I huvu run them over in my eye as reprinted, and I adhere to them entirely. 1 believe it is one of the most pressing duties oi the American people to keep a sharp eye- I will not say to w?teh with ex tieme jealousy, but I will say with extreme vigilance, the progress herealtet of the Executive power, lor as naities become more reckless, the |irrxons holding the office of President of the United States will he more disposed to fa voritism and indulgence of pHrtiransliip, tnan to irnitatu all that steady and just-that wise and patriotic? that grave and statesmanlike administration of the executive of which Washington presented such a model, ?nd his successors such an example to nil who are to noma after them. Gentlemen, we assemble here as whigs Now I take a short summary of whig principles to be?

reasonable protection to labor?maintenance of a sound surrency?all practical reformation and extension ol .ommcrce?the consummation of the Constitution?and he preservation of the respective (tortious of all thn department*. We take these to bo all articles of the whiir ? * " 4 j } Hi ??i >RK I [ORNLNG, MAY 31. 1844. would go further. I wish to establish the greet measures w hich in my conscience I believe will tend to the |>er petuetion of the C onstitution, end are essentially necissa ry tor the good of the people. Let us do something thai ui jy remain. I would address myself, therefore, to all Jeiseymen, more especially to the young men who may bear me. I would adjure them to act on this, and oa all occasions, on broad principles?intelligible principles of duty (lentlemen, there remains much to be doue. I like all these displays. I'll is collection of good wbiga, with good leelirgt 1 like these banners and fugs, and all this rhow of ardor and zeal, because they are proofs of good i esolution? if j ou please so to say, they are the efferent mice ol a good spirit, but they still prove that a good spirit exists hut let me tell you, friends?let me tell you that the humblest llag that shall be found upborne anil floating after victory?tha poorest piece ol bunting, shot through though it may tie like a sieve, and torn to rags and fatten, if slier the battle it still remain floating hi the breeze, is worth vastly more than u thousand glossed and handsome standards, which before the hattla display their silken lolds to the winds. Let us take care and see that such a flag is ours after the contest. Let us see something floating when the battle is lought, and not be called upon to skulk away with our beantilul banners and glorious badges, and to bide in some ignoble corner. Now. gentlemen, we have much to do; and you younger men have much and mora than I. You hsve to address the weil-meaniiig, the well-disposed, and there are thousands such in the other party. Vou must ask them whether they do purpose to support men, who, so far at they and you can judge, are opposed to the interests of the country, and whether they will leave what they conscientiously believe to be for the good ol the country under the tolismanio power of party You uniit converse thus ameng your neighbors. I?o your duty and do not coasider the woik accomplished till the whig triumph has been made secure, by * strong and decisive) mojority In December next. Gentlemen, 1 will detain you not a moment by saying anything of the distinguished men selected at Baltimore? us the persons tinder whom you rslly. I need not do that 1 be first voice ol dissent has not yet been heard. Mr Clay husbeen befoie the country lor thirty years, and has. lit several times before been thought ol fur the same high ol flee. Circumstances have prevented an unanimity hereto foie. But there ii now that unanimity. An.I I not only hope, hut I believe, that thin united elfoit will result in his triumphant election. Hiill Jena need I sped1 a word to you at Mr. Kreelinghuysen; he is known to you ai well as to me. A native of your own State, a cherished sou of New Jersey, he is worthy of all confidence, and ho enjoys it all. I can only say for one, that if it were in my (tower to-day to remove him irom the place he holds as nominated lor the Vice 1'residency and to put any other man at my pleasure in his nlace, I would hold on upon him with both my hands and all my heart, anil keep him just where ho is. Gentlemen, we are assembled as whigs, on ground distinguished by whig conduct, by whig indttrauco, b> whig nurturing, by whig bravery, and by whig victor y inearl) times. For myself 1 claim nothing ; hut as a member ol the great whig party 1 do claim a paiticipatiou in a noble and gloiious inheritance. 1 claim to be of that patty, end one of them by regular descent from Washington and the whigs of the revolution. And if tkeie be any whigs at this day, who aet themselves up as wiser tkuiu Washington aud his associates and copattiots, they are whigs with whom 1 do not associate. 1 believe conscientiously thutii we were now to appeal to every revolutionary man on the loco ot the wholo continent, who had seen those perilous times ; if you were to take every living man who had a scor to show irom thu revolutiou, every one who limps from the loss ot a leg iu revolutiou wry times, and put to them the question, ninety nine out ol every hundred ot them would cry ont success to the whig cause! Go the neighborhood of any battle Held yen please. I have tried it at Bunker Hill, at Concord and Lexington, and 1 say that none of the men there, whom God has preserved to us from the scenes uf the revolution, does not now feci ail his sympathies ami ail his aUections, running, voluntarily and copiously, in favor of the whigs. You live, gentlemen,in the neigblior hood of scenes renowned in the history of the great whig party and its immortal leader. If there is any thing in lo eel associations, if the iniud is moved liy what the eye sees, if it is toucncd by what recollection brings to memory, I know no place more calc ulated to excite the feelnuts, to animate the natriutism. or to console whins loi whatever disappointment they in.iy be forced to uinltlgo than the scenes which surround us. Here at one time the whole whig lorce of tho country was concentrated on that cold and bloody winter of seventy-five wid seventy six. Gentlemen, 1 never read in m> life, 1 cannot read now, the history ot the transactions it Trenton during 76 and without a thrill of emotion. More than thirty years ago, iu the early pait ol my life Hid when I was not known to ten persons in New Jersey I was led to go through bII this scene, so memorable lot that cunipaign, to gratify, I will not say a cuiiosity, hut an anxiety , a patriotic leeling, as 1 may call it, to traci the operations ol the suffering patriots and heroic minds ol our army. I followed the march of Washington front the ferry eight miles ohove, down the river road and the Pennington road, to the battle in which the Hessians wen raptured. 1 returned with him?examined the battle fields tnd traced his steps to the White House, and so along tin Quaker road to the Friend's Meeting House at Princeton. I examined alone the field where Mercer fell-, the housito which he was carried; the house in which he died.? All this I did wheu 1 was very young. 1 did it under the direction of a distinguished citizen ol New Jersey, evei honored among you while he lived, eminent for services in both Houses of Congress; I mean the late Hichaid Stockton,ol Princeton, und a son of that Richard Stock ton who set his name to that immortal instrument, ths Declaration of Independence. And, gentleman, when I consider how near the whole cause of Revolution ary Whigs was to being lost hy the complete capturi ol the whole American army, with its immnitai leader at its head, and consider the Providential t> cape from superioi force, I feel in the first place, a devou sentiment ol gratitude to Providence for so remsrkahh a preservation, and next an overwhelming regard and ad miration for that skill and fidelity and judgment which guided their leader, and for the steady attachment, tin loyal devotion to liberty of that gallant band, if so glorious results followed Washington's movements in 7.ri ami u/hat hutlU ttlnrn rrwirs* ivnrthv tn li*? a ml lying ground lor whips of the present (loy than thia ! The day i not to dark ri then. On that dark day tin patriotic efforts of the whig* shed light upon thia bright lay. the effort* ol the whig* of thia < oy spn ad Over it a *t til greater anil brighter light, and a superior Inrtre ! I ahull riot have the happlneai mioii again to see such an rasemhlage of New Jt racy people. For one 1 rejourn I sincerely rejoice, ut the opporiutiity of having met you. Let us return to ourhomea, to our placea of appropriate duty, and determine that, lor ua arid our household, wi will adhere to the Whig faith of our auceatora, that we will give in not at all to any temporary purpose, to nny personal pur|<oae, to any partisan purpose, the feeling hat we have a country, that we havo a public liberty bought by the blood ol our fathers, tranamitted to out hamla for safe keeping. Let us hand it down to our chiltrrn; let 11a teach them ita value and tell them what to lo themselves; let ua leave them a parents'blessing, connected with u parents' solemn injunction, never to descit ihctruo interest* of their country. Mr. Webster here concluded amid loud cliearillg. As he turned from the stnnd Gov. Penning ion pregeniea Mini wiim a most mugninceni wri*?iii of flowers, 1 he tribute of the ladies of Trenton. This Mr. Webstpr received very graciously, and then, after handing a rather bulky menuscript to the reporter of tlie Courier Of En quirtr, lie retired from the platform. As lie proceeded down the steps, the crowd Mimewhat obstructed his progress, and it friend would have repulsed tlieiu, hut Mr. Webster said with u pleasant smile?'" Don't, I beg?after all, it is very easy to descend." " Yes, hut you'll soon be higher!" exclaimed a voice in the crowd. This was followed by a cheer?Mr. Webster then gallantly presented the wreath to a beautiful lady on the platform, remarking that it was most meet to adorn her heud. The Convention then broke up, and the vast multitude departed tor their homen. Common Counrll. Dotno or ALDcttMrn, Thursday, Mar 3D ?An appointtil Meeting of the Hoard took pluco Mat evening, at 7j o'elock. IticNjkMD C. Bihih ran iv, K*q. President in the Chair. The minntea of the tart day'a prooeedinga wire read and approved. The lotion log Petition* wore, received : ? Of Dr. James O. I'ond against renumbering nth Avenue. Of John Dncket and othera of the Kith ward, againat the "pruritic of Making in Ihr public tlrrrti on thmdayi."? nil p< tilion waa referred. Of daniuel J. Camp, for return of money paid hy him without any equivalent Of Hindi ) pcraoua, in relation to the opening of the 7th I VI vie A |>etition, praying to have a nuiaance removed in St'iyvesant arpiare. Of J. Whiting and other* fur paving Washington ftreet. Ol Kdward (Jreen and othera for a hydrant. (If Ifm.rtF i.raainir In hn ar.t.nintxd rile tiulgl.. ... 3 I | ^ W V.., er, with a resolution which w as adopted Of T. Mnssey, of New Haven, praying tho Board te iniiiect hi* street denning machine, with u view to its sdoptton for the n*rot the city. Petition of .1. Price anil other*, praying an incrrasaol latnti* In Broadway. Appropriately referredOf William O. Moore, with a resolution accompanying, praying to ho appointed Inspector of Wood. Adopted. A oommtinicution was received fiom Mr J Price, giv Ing an interesting accotint af the puhlic fountains in t'aiii, nnd containing some suggestions in relation to awnings stul lump posts, which was referred. A petition wus received rromJame*,r,itti?on and others, praying to have a free hydrant in 10th street. Petition from Kennedy Boyd and othera, praying the Board to prevent dram storea being left open on Mundays Heferred. Petition praying to abate nuisance in the ?th Ward. Referred. Petition praying to remove public caiti from C anul street uml Broadway. Itcferird Petition from Hydrant Company No. 1, praying an increase of members Referred. jlnpointmmtt.? John Boyd and Kll Kemholi, Inspectors of Lumber. Petition Irom P Hmith, praying a lease for Brooklyn and Houth Kerriea Heferred. lte|iort Irom finance ( ommittee in favor of granting an appropriation to A. (J. Clawaon, for building a public tower In Oth Avenue Adopted iera: A communication ?ai received liom the Deputy Comptroller asking compensation lor cxtrn services. Denied. From Street Commissioner,in furor of paving 10th street I Adopted. . Fiom same, in favor of repaying Dleecker street, lie far ml ' Petition praying an appropriation lor a pump In dlkl and .Mill atreets. Kelerreil. A communication from the City Inspector in relation to I the abatement of public nuisances, was received and referrad. Keaolutfon, providing that the teceiver of city taxei be I directed to cro?* from the tax book certain item* in rela- i tion to erroueoui assessments. Adopted In favor ot improvement* on the Bloomingdale Road. Adopted In lavor of removing the Fulton Fish Market. Adopted The Board of Assistant* hricentered, when both Board* I proceeded with business in Joint Ballot. i appoint intuit -J B Cnndit. II. B Wce<l, Edward Broaa- | sell. Solon Butfam and W. H. ltumhar.1, Inspector* of . Election in Diatticta iu the Mb, bill and loth Wards. , Itesolution.making it obligatory on each member of the Board to inquire into and report all abuses that may exist ' in their different localities Adopted. A resolution in lavor of the appointment of Thomas McDonnell us one of the Inspectors of Flection, wus adopted. Petition of Henry A. Kay, praying the uppointment ot Corporation Attorney. Deterred Resolution iu favor of tho appointment of John \V. White iu City Weigher. Adopted Resolution hi lavor of reducing the salary of the Deputy Receiver of Tune* to J.I ,'JlKl per annum. Carried. In favor of reducing the snlury of the t oliectur of City Revenue to 51 ,'.'00. Adopted. In liivor of reducing the salary of the Regulator of Pub- I lie t locks to pMJB per annum. Adopts I. 1 In favor ot reducing the salary of ilia Clerk of Fulton < market to per annual, compelling tba said clerk to ( i undertake the cleansing of the market, and 'o pay ull the ( individual expenses. Adopted. l'hu resignation olflCdwurd liwen, late Asaiatant Street Commiaaionrr, waa received and placed on the Ale. It* morals.?John McKibhen Irom the office of superm- 1 tendent of paving, B. D. Waiek from the othcn ol super I mtendent of public clock*; J. \V. lloscv clt peundkiepir i Glh ward. Samuel L. Tilden,corporation attorney; Jacob | Lioycr irom the office ol' superintendent cf public inaiketa, | Henry Knymond from the office of deputy collector ol ( iii?e*?mcnta; Joicph Koae, Jr., from the office of collet | tor ol the city revenue. Appointments?Horatio Allen and Harvey Hunt, com miaaionera of the Croton Aqueduct. B C. Benham, police officer I at ward. Thomaa Minor, dock matter 13th ward. Benjamin Ward, superintendent public market*. Abraham Weeder, pound matter 13ih ward. E H. Dominick, regulator of the public clocka. Thoa. U. Oakley, collector of city revenue. A. Q. l'hompaou, collector ol aaaeaamant*. Jehu Waite and Samuel Ludlow, deputy col lee toil of aiaeaamenta. Francis A. lloaa, police officer Id ward. '1 ho petition of Stephen bammoua. praying the ap{ eint uitnt of corporation attorney, waa presented, when, on ' motion, the aya* and noes ware called for Oil an uccouipu , ovine retolution in lavor of hi* anuointmont? a yet 1H noes tf, 'nujoi it) J. The Board of Assistants withdrew, and the Board adjourned to Wednesday neat. Board or Assistafit Alderman, May 30.?Mr. Ktra Dil l., ('resident of the Board. having taken the chair, and the roll huving been called over, aud ai{uorum being piesent, they proceeded to business. The nuautes of the last meeting were read and approv ed. The petitions were then nceived. The first u as from the inhabitants ol the 9th ward, praying for a fret hydrant at the corner of Illetcker anil i'erry streets;also, oneirom an inhabitant in 11th street, for damage done b) the overflowing ol the sewer. Kelerred. The lollowuig appoinimenbi were made: Isaac 1' (louder to be Inspector of Klectious in the 4th district ol 10th ward ; Solon Butlon, ot the .'iih district ol 10th ward, Wm 11 Humbert,'id district; H. B. Weed, id district Blh ward. Hepoitofthe Committee of piers, wharves and slips, was then read, in which the petition of K. it bhep|?nd. pru) nig for the jmrchoso of a slip in Brooklyn, between Cuthanne and hull in Slips. The report stated that the land prayed lor was already let to Mr. Conkliu; therefore ike cor|ioralion hud no land to let, situated as mentioned m the petition. Mr. Aldan moved to refer the report back to the com miUce, as there was a question of right involved in it res|iecting Mr. Conklin's title to the wbarl alluded to; end if the leport was adopted,|it, would go to support Mr Conkliu'* claim. Alter a biicl discussion, the motion was agreed to. On motions and resolutions being admitted from th< o'In r board, the Hist was relative to tlie coipuiution print tug; bting the rejiort ot a special commidee, anpoiotni ouie time since, on this subject, in which they reoom tneuueu ine aoiuiliiug 101 aeitieu irnucn ?ui p. Iiuiaiii^ such wotk. ami the lowest tender be accepted. Theie wub u paper lead lioiu the minority of this com mittce, m on meuding that open ceutiucts should ha on tend into with such parties as did it cheapest. Both papers were ordered to lie on the table. '1 he Board ol Assistants then agreed with certain raso lutiona of the Boattl of Aldermen, relative to directing the Comptioller to keep separate enttiesol all the receiptr ind expenditures ni money, and also directing him to furnish to the Boards particulars of the receipts and <x penditureoi ilia corporation lunUi, and auch suggestion! is he thought proper lor the iniproveuient ol the funds ol IMCanaraiiOSt and a ictieuchinaut o 1 the ixjemlnuiof their reveiiilo. I ne iwjiowing [ erfons were men ciecivu to serve ? Inspectors ot Mictions ; John Bulk Icy, 7tlr district 11 the 7th wuid ; J It. Williams ami Andrew II Btnnttt, 7th listrict, 4th ward ; Ml win Townsend, uth district, Hit ward ; James It It merest; 4th district, lAth ward. Also Simon Ackfciman, Inspector of Lumlier, and Loon aid Avery, l)e|iuty Cleik of Clrntoii Mutket. The resolution u! the Board of Aidcrmen abolishing the ollice of rfuperintendont ot Lands, was concurred in. Other resolutions of the name Board were conctirrod in, relative to repair* ot stieeta in different directions. (Several resolutions ot the Boaid of Aldermen having ht en biought in the 14th rule ut the Board ot Assistants a as suspended, for the jintjane ot taking the same into consideration. Amongst them was a resolution adjoint nig it Dot k master for the nth, Oth and Ifith wards, ut a ?itj.try ol foot), wlur.h was agreed to. Kor these thiei wuiiis theie were loinirrly three persons, at n salary ol $1000. The petitien of J. I'rice ami others, praying lor on increase of lamps in Last Broadway, was tefeired to tin ommlttM ni Lgggpa u4 Ow. The |>*-tition of Jumea Smith, relative to the letting ol Kulion and South hYrriea to other parties, and praying i hut the Corporation ? onid take the boats, (ice. ol the pre vioih lessee* at u luir valuatiun ol two impartial periont wn ordrreil to lie referred to two atich petsons, subject to the concurrence of tlie Hoard of Aldermen. Tho petition of Aug. W. Itaw son, praying for the exe etition of a leaae of certain property in Bioomingdulc road and constructing h aewer thereon, w.ta concurred in. The Board then proceeded to take up the unllniahed litis mis ol the previona meeting. It was concurred in that the Klib Iiepartment of Kultuu market should he re inored, for the purpoae ol making improvements in Iht lip. air. Chxri.ick moved that the roadway of the west aidi of Kulton atieet lie repaired. Thu pateme.rit will In u moat ditgraceful condition, and some accidents had hup l>ened in conscijuenee, which would involve the < orp-i istfon In conaiderable ixpenso, and yet mine ten or filti t n dollar* would repair the w hole. In the coane ol ?omc diacuiilon it win elicited, thai oine time iinre a reaolution wan jamed that Kulton iiip houll be widened, ami when Unit wm done the othei would he attended to, hut that the Htreet ' nramisaiotier had ao much on hand Juat now that all could not he attended to at once. A reaolution hi) concurred in with thn Hoard of A1 l?-i men, agreeing that Hlooralngdalu Howd ahould he railed to a uoilonii height with the 7th avenue. The Boiird having adjourned to join the Hoard of A1 denneu in joint hollot-on their return, Mr. Chat lick drew the attention of the Hoard to aomo matter* agreed i I to on the 13th inat, relative to refunding to the butcher* the premium* on (tallage, and called ujioii thn ( omnii?- i loner nf luwa and regulation* to rejiort thereon. It had | long before tin- < ouut il, utnl it wo* tune it wu ret tied. I After tome diicuttion It vu can led that the tubject ( hould be relorrrd to the Market Committee t Mr. Cnablic k drew the attention of the Board to an I ordinance laid on thetalde on thu 14th of May.relative to i a refoim ot the notice of thin city. It wax h reluiui that f wax much looked for, and which thn intijorit) of the mem- i hern ol tlmt Hoard hMil idedgen themaelvna to at their elec- i tion, yet thny now derlred to ihrink it, by it lie on i the tahle, After a brief diacuaiion, a motion u aa made that it lit) on tho taM? The ipieatinn having been put, | a ml (the vote demanded, it wa* lutind there were " ayea i and 7 noe*. The i|tie*tion of reform of tho jiolice thereforp idaiida in Btntu ijnti lor tho prevent. It waa tht-n movpd, and named, that the Board adjourn i to Wednetday neat at 7 o'clock, and thr meeting broke up accordingly, I?akikl Wkbsier's Opinio."* or Fekn.?TIip Mayor communicated to tlie Hoard original letter* <>t a correapondence between himaelf. Judge Teat, ami linn i Haul. Webater, relative to the refunding ot a foe ol tl'HH which had heen paid the latter named gentleman, to a?n?i in the management of certain an it* in the Supreme ' ourt , of tin" I ttltw Smtea. in which the city waa a party. Mr Webvter, although denying the legal right ol the cHj t? | demand a ainglu dollar ol tliat lee to he refunded, ottered to return $400?being one, half. Alter the document* ( were read, Aid. Molly offered the following preamble and 4 reanlution : ? Whereaa, the Mayor h?? received from the r Hon Daniel Webater a latter, in which he nfteia to lefunil to the city one half the fee he rpceived in the caaea in the j Supreme Court ol' the United State*, in conaequence of x hia not being able to attend the court in aid of Judge Teat. ( ot the time the caaea were argued, and Judge T?at, having 4 dated that he almulii deem lOOh an arrangemer.tjeriuita , h e and luat. Be it therelom reaolved, That the Mayor he anthonzed to writ* to Mr Wehiter, tint h rMri rtlH *um of *o<>n will Im perfectly latiatertory to the city , I'pon the adoption of thu r> aolution, the ayrw ami aoea , were called, when Aldeiman t lament, Molly, Neville , Pomeroy ami Bimmona, A, voted In the altirmutive, and , Aldermen ? nrry, Jnnea and Hhreve, 3, in thr in native., . MoA,ie Cnrflot ation Prorttilnit?, .May JI Cftor* in F'txiri/ia?tl?e urwa from en?f Florida i? any tinnir but encouraging t aptain Uavltt, mi rived from Cbrutal River, in/omit iu that all the nop- It, that auction ara complett ly turned u;> lor want ot rain Thla i* ton an one! eenaon they have Io?t their Cropt, and nio?t ol the ppttlera tieing very poor, and depending ?ole|j upon their labor for itipnort, Ihey will tie compelled li abandon the aettlament Now Port Florida Palnat, I8C. I fnit | It J LD. . ... ? . r~????lli W?it Two Ceuu. iiuporuuii mm ihm. We have received by yesterday's mail, advice* "rom Galveston to the 16th, and from Houston to he 15th instant. We look upon the intelligence hus received as interesting and important. It appeani that the Mexicans had made every preinralion toginvade Texas at a moment'* notice The following interesting letter from ottr correspondent, and the subjoined extracts from the Hons* ion Telegraph, contain nil the new*. Galveston, Texas, May 1(1, 18-44. The gatne ot " nil four*," winch is playing in Wusmngton for Texan, is oneol the most rtinutkaule, pernio*, that was ever witnessed in the history ufpolitical gambling. Tyler and Benton are " high and low," nud Clay and Van lluren " Jack and the janie." Clay has a bad hund, but he is master of he game, and will win the stake Tyler holds excellent cards, il he knew how to play thetn, ana it i? cbietly by tiis own errors that be is brough to the verge i.f ruin. All are desperate, but Saui Houston has stolen the trump card, and in bin hand is the issue of this gteat political game. We have every reason to believe lhat a treaty ot alliance is already signed w iih Kngland and France, and that in (10 days, at farthest, Mexico will acknowledge the ituleocndence of Texas. Il? r porta will then lie tree to hngliuid Hnd France?her cotton, sugar, tobacco, rice, Arc., and shipped in lurcigu milium*, auu ;ur |uuu? ui tuvu uuiicii ceivcd free of duty in return. Thus a tr?;de of leveral million* per annum will bp lost to the Unied State*. (New Vork and jN'cw Orleans,) and irii jr twenty millions of cotton fabrics front ine north, which would, in cane ol annexation, bp sold to Tpxhh and Mexico, hnd shipped in American bot:oina, now remain in Lowell and Providence, and rot upon their shelve*. The liubdities of Texas, lot exceeding fixe millions, will be puid by Eugand, and n snfliciency of public domain trani-ferred to her sovreignty to pay the debt. All along the shores of the (lull will be great fleets of vessels laden with rich merchandize. From the loom* of Lyons will come forth the most delicate silks, while the muslins ot Manchester, A'c., will mingle, with the gold of Mexico, and the shawls of Cashmere. The "island city," with its surrounddu tract, will remain independent, and become a rival neighbor to the " Crescent." Half the Itaguct in lie Republic will be turned into principalitys? French and Germans will occupy the vast regions if Bexar?the English will become gr<at in the -11st,and the Yankees, lords of the thousand villages cattered among the green fields of the west. TeXcP, jnder the protection of the Lion anit Eagle, w ill ' wax fat and kick," while tke stars of the south will be shorn of their brightness, and lorcver b?:ome dim. This gambling game to which I have alluded, eminds me ol the table of the Cock and Fox TJio Fox of Lindenwald, seeing the Cock of Ashland luietly perched upon a tree, hailed him and said? 'he.wna glad to see him?there was no longer iRiisft for nunrrf*!?-nil llw* world ?r? M i>furr ?? Come down and we will embrace each othu." " Friend," replied the cock. "1 ain glad of this good news, and it given rne double pleasure to hear it from you " And here the cock gave a loud crow of rejoicing. "What is that 1" said the lox. "I ?ee two hounds approaching rapidly," says (he cock?" no doubt thev are coning to give ua the news" "Good bye," says the lox, " 1 have a long way to travel, and we will talk of this hflair mother time." "How," aoya the cock, "I thought you said nil the world were at pear# " " So I did," say h the lox, "but mayhap thev hav'nt heard the news." And here the fox took to lua heels, and the cock gave u. louder crow ut the double pleamre of outwitting hi# friend. Il is said heie that Thomi noil's mission to Mexico will be successful, lltit, mayhap, you have not heard ihe news. There is one prominent man in ihe Texas movement, who was in Texas about in* time nt tne revolution, arm ion one or two thousand dollars worth of lurnitnre, Arc., duin.u ilie "runaway scrape," so called. lie lonrieren lux account afterwards to Gi v. lii rneit, foi 48,bOO dollars, which waa immediately rejected as an imposition. Hurnett rays he had'nt a fuithirg over $2,000 Well, the said Thomjiaon^ in connexion w ith Almonte, probably, renders his account to the United Plates Government, lor M< xicau m*>Iiiiitons, to the tune of twelve hundred thousand dollars! and 1 understand the commissioners have actually awarded htm Tour hundred thouenud dollars! He and Almonte, no doubt, to thare the spoils. Now ihia is abominable! A second edition ol the Florida war! It should be rigidly investigated, and the commissioners he ni&de responsible tor defrauding the govetnment with th? ir tyes open. It is high time honesty returned to the government house,before the doors are forever clow d .igxinet her. How goes Texas funds? notes and bands? Most of them were issued at six for one, and will he redeemed at that ratio?never more than Its or 18 cents on the dollar. This yon muy rely upon, and -o may the public The Commission) rs under the u.; I dr.,I llw. ,.1,.,rd.S.t ... T. . ... >.. I... -hort ot five millions, hi d a male ol valuation will lie so mud)-, thut lew o| the notes and bencls will tie redeemed higher than the above mien. There will lie no injustice in line, na the holders never paid more lor tliern, and tliev h?ve never been worth more in the uiaikel. Like nil Kevulutinrinry debts, it will be paid "low and alow," and Tex ih, having the example ot" England, France, and ihe United Stales betore her, will not be more just >r generous than either ol three "magnanimous powers." The beat way to obtan their lull value is to enter lands with them. They will be received it the (ieneral Land Oflire, ar.d two dollars of the notes will buy hii acre ot good land. In this way the speculation ta a good one, and the heat that can lie made. Count Salignv, the French Charge, has left the country in disgust. 11 in mission lias closed in Texas.lie says lie caine Minister to a Kepublic, and not to a petty State. lie apprehends Annexation, and does not relish it. The United ."Mates, he says, won't havelTexas any how?England won't ha\? her, and France, l.u llelle France, don't want her. She tnusl "go hack" to Mexico. The Count is a inun ol greater vanity and less polish than is com. mnn to hi* countrymen, and his absence will not be regretted. Persevere in your good work of reforming tit* men and women o| thia world, and you sIihII find your rcwatd in the next. Yours, A'c. P. (.?. [Kroin ih? Houtluo Te'eunph, M <v IS J ( upturn Hayi tinted Washington on the SOth ult. Ma reported, that the .Mexicans Hint were captain! by him a few week* since, had taen tried andcouvictod of tiensonable conduct, by a Court Martial appointed by him ugi? to law Not liavli g the antliority to puniah thrui. lie bail turned them urn to the civil tie tru J at the uext term of the liutnct Court. Since the cap mre of the*c bainlita, the partl/ana of Leal have kept at n ?*le dirt Mice from our Wratem frontier. ( om. Moore, Capt, Lothrop ami Lieut. Snow arrived in :?wn on Monday. 1 hey are on their way to Waihingtuu n await their trial befoi e the Militia Court Martial 1 hey ill exprcia grout anxiety to meet their accnaera ; and en. eitiun no fear* that any dugrece enn be ca*t upon (htm, >y a tribunal compoaedof honoraliie and uptight m< u We learn fiom Mr. C'atlin that one of trie roldiera be. ringing to the Spy Company ot Copt. Ilay*. came on i*. ireaa a few daya aince to La Orange, and biougbt new a hat the *piea bad ldtely found two large and ?ut>taijtiaf iridgua, erected over the Nuecea end HIo Kriu on the died mute from Bex.r to the Tiraniio al?ive the upper oid It la lupposed that I hear hridgea ueia fleeted by ?en Woll. in order that his troop" might male a rapid natch into Texas , Mini some appiehanaion ban twin n it i* the writ, that be intended to make another incuraian 0 Bexnr. We comi-ler nil itu h |ipr*hfMk?il giom d. irai. We <lo not bellei be will 'hire to enter Trxea e hilw he negoclationa for tin- munition of Tex?? to ine United statue are pending We dip ronlldent that these In nigra were eii'Pted while our comniiiiloneri weie at Nutniias. Oen. W'oll intended the luomenl tbe negociatinna were iiiokrn elf In daub suddenly into Teaai at the head ol a 'k) ly of cavaltT. and create the alarm of Invasion , and if ln< eho'tld fin.I himself hotly preaaed by otir citiaeni. lie would auddenly retreat over theae bridges, destroy ing hem ? he retired , tint the Intervention til President Ty1 r Uaa defeated all hi* plana, for tho present | and he will >m compelled to wilt for a more favorable opportunity to gntlier freah lanrela in Texas " We must give the Mexcana credit for exerting mote akill in diplomacy than our pu it government ; lor they while treating for peaoe, were >t?sily engaged in preparing for *<r, W>< learn from the ( ivilian, that the export* from th? ?ort oftlalvaaton lor the quarter ending the lit ot May imounted to 51/7 WO 60. The Imperta for tho aame tip. iod amounted to only $133,471 6 The following ia a fiat d the aiticlea exported A.193 bale* ol Cotton, woith at i.'l.i |ier bain, $316 730; :t,334 Beet IJidva,|tuatom ll?ii?w alue, $6 643 31; 14,900 atavea, f/>34 36, 114 spars, $4 "ho, Itox stuffed birda $6<)j 1 Indian dreta, $30, I brl. perat a, 110 Ml; 17^ i>ackagca akin v. *707 01; lot lmm?. '< "< allow, "JO lba . $-10 9: J b?ea wa*, JiM lba. >47 Ml ! boxea tobacco, JO4 lba , $19 4H total *997.t?4 40 The receipt* at (Jalvraton lor the quarter ending on he 30!h April, amounted to >14,431 ri'? in addition to hU, >J 111 Ml wra aeon red In public 'tore. miking a to ?1 revenue of >17,.VSt 10 Tho tonnage ilutioa lor thi* piarter amounted to $3,401 !W. LruWER Tkai.k ?The Columbia, Pa. Hpy, of ^Mturilnv aaya:?Thia irntle ban been ttnttanally hri?U thu ?r nun. and tin lunihrr liaa commanded an *> cedent price It baa brought thia iraaou, Iront $J to >1 per thousand leet mora than it dM laat aeaaott The guan tity ol lumber drawn out anil pilad on the hank? of the river, i! Immenae. Wo ahould think that about two hunIre I and fitly rafta, or about twelve million! of feat of lumbar have ilmady been pnrohaeeO at tbla pi toe, and the eaaan la aoaroeiy half evrr

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