T H Vol. X., Wo. IS S-Whole Wo. 3TS8. THE NEW SYSTEM OF CURRENCY PROPOSED BV SIR ROBERT PEEL IN THE British House of Commons. MAY O, 1844. [Ctntinwi] Then, what are the princiwee contended for by those gentlemen? First ofalltneylaugh at the notion of using the standard of value now that was used 300 years ago. They say the prosperity of the country has increased both in commercial and manufacturing transactions, and to use the standard now that was used in the time of Elizabeth, and has been used ever since, shows a great want of illumination on the subject. Now, positively there would be just as mncli sense in saying that having increased in population since the time of Elizabeth ?having established railways and multiplied in wealth?we ought to have sixteen inches in the foot measure (laughter). The proposition would be just as reasonable. There is no more reason in saying that a pound should not be the foundation of all transactions and measutes of value, notwithstanding our increase in wealth, than that a foot should be a foot and a half (hear and laughter). The? this which is repeated over and over again by "Gemini," is conclusive proof that they who published it have no more conception of the truth with respect to the measure of value than of any speculation they ever heard of in the most distant part of the globe. They say what a monstrous Injustice and folly it is to tie down the Bank to issue gold at the old rate of 31. 17s. lOAd. an ounce, as the rate of value. Now the whole reason for the ounce of gold representing 31. 17s. lOJd. i6 simply this?that that is the relation which silver bears to gold. When we had a double standard, ihe pound of gold was coined into 44 guineas, but the pound of silver was coined into 62 shillings, and each was made legal for payment of debts; and if you make the calculation, you will find that the relation which gold hears to sijver is 15 and 2-13ths to 1. And what is the meaning now lor asking that the Bank should issue gold at the rate of 5/. an ounce 1 I can perfectly understand it it you say that all those wno had previously contracted debts or engagements should be allowed to discharge them, the 5/. being for such purpose equivalent to what the 31. 17s. 10?d. used to be. It you mean to do that, say so, and make it to come into operation at some distant date. But it vou attempt to s?v that the ounce ofgoldsliall not be 3/. 17s. lO^d., but 5/.. depend upon it the country will be more powerful than your legislation (hear, hear). As Mr. Harris said, make what regulations you will for the payment of your own debts,?cheat, if you will, amongst one another, but if you tell the foreigner that an ounce of gold shall be henceforth equivalent to ?5 instead of ?3 17s. lO^d., he will not be bound by it. lie will tell yon that the alteration only aflects past events, and not ;the future. The quantity of gold, the real value of the coin, will determine all future contracts. You may raise the value of the sovereign to 22s. or 23s. but you may depend upon it, it would have no corresponding effect in foreign parts. Observe, I do not deny that it was a'perfectly fair question for consideration. All contracts during an inconvertible paper currency having been made in a different medium of exchange, when you alter the currency you must make allowance for the difference, and having done that it is perfectly an open question. But 1 want to show that the rate of SI. 17s. 10?d. per ounce is the proper relation between gold and silver. If you ask the price in the bullion market now that silver is not the measure of value, you will find that the relative value ! gold to silver differs very little from that established in the reign of George I. I believe silver is now 5s. per ounce instead of 5s. 2d., but the relation of gold to silver is nearlv the same as formerly. Those who con tend for a relaxation in the currency, though they would not alter the value of geld with reference to gold, yet still, by making the gold of more amount with reference to silver, they would influence its price and act in favour of the debtor. Hut I very much doubt whether, looking at the increased supply of gold trom Prussia and other places, that if we were disposed to make an alteration in the s.aodard w? could procure a relaxation of contractu by adopting silver tor our currency instead of gold. The third objection is this, that it iB most unwise to take as a standard that which is extensively used, not only for the purpose of coin bHt as an article of commerce. Wise men write pamphlets to show that we have acted unwisely in taking gold as our coin, since as an article ot commerce, it is likely to be taken out of the country. Now 1 maintain that it is just because it is an article of commerce (hear, hear), and subject to the same laws as other articles of commeice, that it becomes fit to be the standard, and is your security for its continuance, (hear, hear). Precisely the same lawd which regulate the import and the possession of all other articles of commerce regulate the import and possession of gold by this country. Bullion is distributed according to certain laws which may not be well understood, but cannot be opposed throughout the world, according to the necessities of eacn country. I go further than most men on this subject, for 1 say that coin and bullion, as articles ot commerce, are regulated by precisely the samejprinciples as regulates the commerce in other articles. Some sav that when there is a deficient harvest, and there is a gTeat demand for corn, all our coin is sent out, because we have no other article that can bear universal value. Some say that a preference is given to bullion over coin, for the purpose. Now I say that there is no preference ot bullion over coin; if there be any preference, I should say it would be in favour of coin, because the exporters have a guarantee that it is of a certain fineness (hear, hear.) But depend upon it, you can never send coin out of this country in exhange (unless it is wore profitable to sead it. It will only be sent out when .t is dearer in other countries than in this.? The law which governs it is precisely the same as tither articles. It is proved by this that when there is a sudden demand for corn or anything else, if it is more profitable to send out woollen manufactures or cotton, depend uponftt they will send them, and not gold or bullion. Therefore coin and bullion are identically the same, and there is no reason why coin should be exported in exchunge lor foreign commodities more than any other article (hear ) These are the great elementary truths which apply to the measure of value. If there are contradictions to be brought forward I want those contradictions to be pointed out in a clear and definite statement. I have not bewildertd the house with various measures of value; I have taken a pound as the measure of vulue, and if any objection is made to this measure, let us know what that objection is; but do not place me under the necessity of reading iny definition in some pamphlet in an octavo volume. Though these are great truths, yet I admit there are occasionally small circumstances which appear to be contradictions of them, and if there are small circumstances and contradictions which da not bear a ready explanation, we find ingenious writers ready to take advantage of these little circumstances, and to say, " they do not conform to your great principles, and therefore your great principles are not true." (hear, hear.) Why, when Sir Isaac Newton deduced the great truth of the planetary movements being caused by the principle of gravi tation, there were slight phenomena and disturbances which he could not reconcile with his theory; but other philosophers who came afterwards detected his slight errors, and reconciled the whole of the phenomena and the disturbances with the oriffimil ereui nririeinle. So that these small differ cnces, which at firBt appeared to be a contradiction, were found at last to confirm and support the original theory ; ami so it will be here likewise [hear] Depend upon it, if yon had every circumstance? everytliing tending to some apparent deviation? fully explained, you would find it possible to reconcile the apparent discrepancies with the great truths originally propounded. And if these principles are correct, it would be quite consistent with these principles to establish some other measure of value than the pound which you have tuken. You might, consistently with the principles 1 have stated ?if you were at liberty to decide for a new state of society?you might change the standard of value, and adopt a silver instead of a gold standard?*r you might, if you thought proper, even adopt as a standard some new metal. Abolish coin if you please, and adopt Mr. Jticardo's theory, that bullion ought to be used only for the larger quantities, and small notes for small sums. All this 1 say would st ul bo consistent with the great principles to which I have referred, liut, in my opinion, nothing would be more unwise than to depart from the great principles which regulate coin. I believe many concur with rue in my views, but others do not. I ask them, however, just to recollect that measure of value, gold, is that measure which has been in existence tor the last hundred years. You must I" ,r in mind that all great writers on the subject I Jir W. Petty, Mr. Locke, Mr. Harris, and Lord Liverpool) are all decidedly in favor of a single standard of value. Mr. Locke was of opinion that silver ought to be selected as the standard, and he gave reasons, which however appear to ine to be erroneous, why silver instead of gold should be the standard of value .adopted. But aa iyour traneaci [ E NI tiona have been for ao long a period el time tound* ed upon a single metal, and that metal gold, and us you have_ determined that silver shall perform the lower office ol gold throughout England and Wales, I do hope that nothing will induce the house to disturb the relations which exist in our monetary system^ That which we have in operation now is in conformity with the views and the opinions of one who in liiv ititlffmunt ?r..? >... I mmmmm* MtliA* itjr on the subject of coin?1 mean the first Karl of Liverpool, who, in his letter to the King?a letter which contains as much good sound Bense as any publication which has ever issued from the press? urges as strongly as possible the adoption as our principle of coinage of the very principles which are established among us. Lord Liverpool, after giving the subject great consideration, writes in 1801 to this effectAfter f ull consideration ol this extensive, abstruse, and intricate subject, ] humbly offer to your Majesty, as the lesult of my opinion:?First, That the coins of this realm, which are to be the principle measure of property and instrument of commerce, should be made of one metal only. Secondly, That in this kingdom the gold coins only have been for many years oast, and are now, in the practice and opinion of the people, the principal measure of property and instrument of commerce. It has been shown that in a country like Great Britain, so distinguished for its affluence and for the extent ofits commercial connections, the gold coins are best adapted to be the principal measure of property in this kingdom, therefore the gold coin is now the principal measure of property and standard coin, or as it were, the sovereign archetype, by which the weight and value of all other coins should be regulated. It is the measure of almost all contracts and bargains ; and by it, as a measure, the price of all commodities bought and sold is adjusted and ascertained. For these reasons the gold coin should be made as perfect and kept as perfect as possible. Thirdly, it is evident that where the function of the gold coins, as a measure of property, ceases, there that of the silver coins should begin j and that whete the function of the silver coins in this respect ceases, there that of copper should begin. It is clear, therefore, that so far only these silver and copuer coins should be made legal tender and no further, at least not in any great degree; audit follows that the coins both of silver and coiiper are subordinate, subservient, and merely representative coins, and must take their value with reference to the gold coins, according to the rate which the sovereign sets upon each of them." This is exactly the principle which at present regu lates our currenov. The adoption of a gold instead of silver standard has been determined upon tortile last hundred years. Silver since then has been considered a mere subordinate or auxiliary coin? an arrangement which, 1 think, is the best that can be made tor the security of your monetary transac tions. I think that system which gives a man with a 51. note the command of gold whenever he pleases to apply for it atiords a greater security for the duration of a settled convertibility than that system which obliges a man who has 100i. in gold to take it to the Bank and get it exchanged tor notes. 1 have been told that the paper system is better calculated to diminish panics, and to give greater security to public confidence; but in my judgment the best guard against political panics is to have gold coin circulating throughout the countnr. I have now done with those principles which determine the measure of value, and the right which the country has to regulate the coin, so far as it is the medium of exchange. I now come to that part which is the immediate subject of my motion. I may here be allowed to state the principle which should regulate a paper circulation. I refer to promissory notes, payable to bearer on demand. 1 must be understood to speak of them. only. When 1 speak of money, I mean the coin of the realm; when of paper currency, 1 mean a promissory note, payable to the bearer, in the coin of the realm, on demand. I will not trouble myself or the house by referring to the vast va-< riety of other descriptions of paper. I will say little or nothing on the great question which has been discussed so often by the hank committee, ns to deposits, cheques on bankers, or bills of exchange, partaking of the nature of credits. These securities perform a different office to that of promissory notes. Promissory notes pass at once from hand in hand; np personal guarantee is required ; they do not require an endorsement; they perform the functions of money: and their operation is, in fact, the same as that of money. 1 do not say that the various transactionsconnected with paper credit and the circulation of paper have not an effect on the supply of the precious metals?I do not deny that these transactians have a tendency to economize the quaulity of precious metals; but the only consequence of this is, to strengthen the necessity for keeping up the amount of precious metals in another way. There may be an amount ol five or 6ix millions given to other markets, but this circumstance will alter the value of commodities in relation to the value of gold to such a triffling extent that it is hardly worth taking into consideration. I think all experience shows the necessity of not allowing paper issues to become too large. I will refer to some instances in support of this position. At an early period of the history of the Bank of England, about 100 years ago, when p Jblic opinion was so tar in favor of its stability that the shares opened at CO and went up to 112,?at this early period Bank paper was so much depreciated that a guinea, in relation to a Bank note, was worth 30s.?silver was depreciated in a corresponding degree, and the exchanges were also against this country. What did the Bank do in this emergency 1 What did the Bank do, Hfter having advanced large sums of money on mortgage, made loans to government, lent money on goods, sent silver abroad, and by these proceedings elevated the price of the guinea to 30s. 1 The directors took the opinion of the most eminent men of their time; and, after due deliberation, they, at all risks, determined to diminish the amount of the notes in circulation. The result was, that the monetary balance was re-established, and the exchanges were restored to a favorable position by the simple action of their proceedings on the operations of commerce. In tne history of the Scotch banks the same state of things will be found to have occurred. The exchanges were greatly unfavorable to the Scotch banks. The directors said that the promissory notes were only part of their paper circulation, they were the same as their notes, and they said it was impossible to meddle with their issue of notes. Hut as this state of things could not ?;o on, they at last adopted the course taken by the iank of England when in a situation of similar embarrassment?they diminished the number of their notes, and the same result was the consequence. Now the same principle will be found in operation in the case of the Bank of Ireland. Some years ago it required lJ8f. of Irish bank notes to make a purchase of lOOf. Bank of England notes. The price of Hank of England notes was of much greater value in comparison with Irish bank notes. A committee was appointed to consider this subiect. The Irish Bank directors denied there hatf been any over-issue of notes on their part ; they declared they had only issued just so much as hau been demanded by the legitimate course of trade. [Hear ] But tfie committee t?ld the directors there was no possible way of restoring the exchange to par unless they diminished the amount of their notes. The directors were at first reluctant to adopt this advice, hut as the exchange still continued unfavorable, they said at last, let us reduce our circulation ; and accordingly they did reduce their amount of issue front ?3,200,000 to 2,100,000, and the result of this step was, that the Irish bank-note speedily attained its original value. [Hear ] Does not this show, then, that notes payable on demand exert an influence on the exchange, and on value, which notes of other sorts and hankers' checks do not 1 So, therefore, I say, do not attend to those writers or speakers who say that bills of exchange and similar sorts of paper circulate in this country to the value of 300,000,000, and ' that if these, bills were presented for payment the Bank could not meet the demand; therefore it is of no use adopting regulations with res|>ect to promissory notes, ualess you extend these regulations to other descriptions of bills of exchange Mir, I hope the House is prepared to admit this prin- 1 ciple, that promissory notes ought to he considered a matter tor separate legislative consideration, ' [hear,! and that tney have nothing whatever to do \ with tne other sorts of circulating paper. Against , this view, then, are used exactly tne same argu- i ments now as were heretofore used. It is urged, ] we see a large mass of paper circulating throughout the country, and thereiore it is impossible you can I louch promissory notes, without you extend the same operation to nil notes. But what said Lord Li v- ' erpool on this point 1 lie touches immediately on it j in his treatise. He savs, " It has been a common ' artifice, practiced by those who have written oa | paper currency, to confound paper credit with paper < currency; and even the higher sorts of pa;>er currency with the interior sorts, such as immediately < interfere with the use of the coins of the realm. ; I'aper credit is not only highly convenient and beneficial, but is even absolutely necessary in car- J rying on the trade of a great commercial kingdom. , I'aper currency is a very undefined term, as used ?y speculative writers. 10 nnu argument* in tie i support, at least to the extent to which it is at pre-1 ent carried, they hare been obliged to connect it |, with paper credit, eo that the principles on whicnli i W Y < NEW YORK. FRIDAY A the use of paper credit is truly founded may be brought in support of a great emission ot paper currency. l'aper currency, atncily speaking, consists only of bills or notes payable or convertible into cash on demand, by the person who issued the same, at the will of the holder." (See Report of Secret Committee of the House of Lords (17)77) P- 249. [7*11 be rontimtnt.] Buenos Ay res. [Corwpondeuc* of the Herald.) U. 3. Schooner, Enterprise, } Roads of Buenos Ayres, March 20,1814, J Spanish Outrage and American Energy?Apology and Pay?Description of Patagonts? Yankee Migrations?Vulue of the Navy to our Commerce. Sir :?Our little schooner has been cruising in this river for the last six months, during which time we have visited every city and village on the banks of the river, and once we extended our visit as far south as the " Rio Negro," some five or six hundred miles south of Cape St. Antonia. There is a small town called Patagones, situated on the Rio Negro, where a considerable number of whalers put in for provisions in the course of the year. You will wonder what business a vessel attached to the Brazilian squadron could have so far south, and you may well do so, there being but one precedent, in the case of the "Lexington," Capt. Duncan having visited the Falkland Island in 1S31, to punish the Governor Vernetfor capturing American sealers. As the object of our visit to Patagones bears some afiinitv to the one above. 1 will irive il you in a few words:? Some months since the American schooner Ohio, of Newport, was wrecked near the mouth of the Jtio Negro, and the Captain and crew barely saved themselves by floating ashore on fragments of the wreck; the contain had one of his feet nearly cut off, and was obliged to hurry to the town to obtain assistance, and thereby save his foot. While he was absent a chest containing some money and a chronometei, another chest containing a supply of slops for the cruise, and a number of casks containing bread and provisions floated ashore, and were immediately seized and secreted by a man named Crespo, who owned the place where they-came ashore. This man did not give the usual notice to the commandant of the town, nor to the captain of the wrecked vessel; hisofience was, therefore, by the laws of every civilized nation, piracy. Shortly after this occurrence, some of the crew of an American vessel lying at Patagones, took a boat one evening, and went on an island in the river to gather some fruit, which bounds in the neighborhood ; while on the island they were attacked by its owner, whose name is also Crespo, and two other men; one of the seaman, was killed, another was shot in the arm and thereby made a cripple for lite. Two of these men, the one that was shot and another, were subsequently arrested at the instigation of this Crespo, and have been confined in the fort ever since, about 11 months. Not long since two other American vessels were lest in the vicinity of llio Negro, and the captains, with their respectivecrews, reached l'atagones. The captains nave since reached Buenos Ayres. and from the accouut they gave the commodore. of these matters, it was determined that we should proceed to Pat agones and set matters right. We accordingly sailed from UuenosAyres on the 6th Feb. last, and after a so so passage of 14 days, including two which we spent in lying off and on the mouth of the river waiting for a pilot, we arrived safe at this oft-mentioned town of Patagones. And now for a description. Well, we came up the river on a very pleasant afternoon, when the ebb tide was about half down, and the wind having hauled a little, we were obliged to ananchor when about half way up the river; the consequence was. when the ebb tide was done, we were htgh and dry on shore. We waited until the tide made on the following morning, and stood on our way up the circuitous river., which is not more than a hundred yards wide, with beautiful green banks on either side About M o'clock we rounded a bluff ia the river, and behind it discovered what appeared to be mud huts, one story high, but upon a nearer inspection we found them to be dwellings of sun burnt bricks, and we found seveial of them actually white washed. Wo were completely taken aback when the pilot (who by the bye is a migrating Yankee,) informed us that this was the " town," and ordered the anchor let go. When we went on shore,we found the place a little more respectable than one would suppose from its looks, the generality of the inhabitants being " civilized beings," although (his place is the southern extremity of American civilization. The women were sociable, and many of them very pretty Spanish brunettes, (to whom the reefersseon made love,) but very few ol them are Creoles of the place. There is no school of any kind here? there are but six persons in a population of several hundred who can reader write. The commandant of the town cannot write hisown name,nor does he know a letter of the alphabet?neither is the justice of the peace any better ofl; so yon will perceive with what an ignorant set we had to deal with, and deal too in quite important and delicate matters. We found that Cupt. Smijey, late master of the Ohio, at present master of the schooner Sarah Ann, (vas absent on a voyage to the Falkland Islands, but his return was daily expected, and were to wait his arrival before we could stir in the business which brought us to this place. There was but one vessel in the river when we arrived, the American schooner Jersey. On the 22d Feb. we had quite a " blow out," the schooner was dressed in Hags, and at meridian we fired the usual salute, which was answered from the fort. During the day all the respectable people in the place came on board by invitation, to inspect the vessel, this being the first vessel of war that ever visited this place. We, of couree, did our best to show her up to the best advantage, and I believe we succeeded, as all hands, male and female, appeared much pleased. In the evening we had an exhibition of fire-works on board, when we used Uncle Ham's false fire rockets, blue lights, tec., without any regard to expense. We waited very patiently for Capt. Smiley for several days, when he finally ar rived, and afier consulting him, our business was made known to the authorities. After considerable negotiation the matter was settled thus*.?Juan Crespo, who t stole the property from the wreck of the "Oriio," agreed to make Smiley lull indemnification lor the same. Pedro Crespo and his negro, who shot the American seaman, were arrested ami confined in the fort, to be tried by the laws of the Argentine Confederation; the former obtained bail to a Urge amount, and is allowed to go at Urge until the commandante hears from Gov. Rosas on the subject. Our captain having formally demanded the release of the two men who have heen confined for so long a time, they were immediately set at liberty and taken on board this schooner. They each received #500 at damage for their illegal imprisonment; the amount was small for suck an oflence, but the men were glad to get even that. These matters being disposed of, it only remained for us to pick up the American seamen adrift here, which was done as soon as possible. We left If in Negro on the 5th March, and arrived here safe and sound on the llth inst. As I said before, when we arrived, there we found but one vassel and left five, four ot the five being Yankees. W. A. J. Late from Santa Fk?Three gentlemen arrived in town on Monday night last, direct Irom Santa Fe. The frontier ports are still cloaed Against all traders (rum this country. Indeed, they are worse than closed, if possible for them to he so ; lor undor a late regulation, no ixirson is allowed to bring away any bullion, gold or silver coin from the country without first paying government officers tir jtrr rntf. on the amount brought away. This, taken in connexion with former acta on tne part oi ihe Mexican authorities is peculiarly hard upon our tradura. In the first plsce, every person trading in the connry, was required foe lose his business and quit dealing by a snecial time ; this regulation forced manv American tra Iers to dispose of their ?tor It of goods at reduced prices, ttnd in many instances at a heavy aocriflce. Then it ii required of every trader, after thus disponing of hit goods, to pay to government fax oj tix per cent, for the privilege of bringing hi* money with him when he leaves! We are also informed, that an exciting disturbance has broken out at Konorah, and that several skirmishes had taken place between the hostile parties, in which a good tnanv lives were lost on both sides. No cause i* known lor the difficulty, and it is confined entirely tothesuhjerti of that provinco. Our informants left Santa Km about tlir r?th ef April. During their passage through the mouit rains, a snow fell to the depth of two-and-a-half feet, which detained them nliout a week. They state that the snow in the mountains is very deep, rendering it quite danger oris to pass them. They saw numerous companies of In liana of the Cumane.he, Cheysnnes, and Happaihoe tribes. They were nil friendly, however, and ottered them no violence ; they would not permit the occasion to pass, however, without tikiag all of their tobacco and extra clothing.?W??f# in F.rpntitnr, May lHfA. Hank Rorbkm Sentenrkti.?The Millbury (Mass ) Dank robbers have been sentenced. Abijah Lir ned to ten vesrs find Jeremiah I.timed to five rears in tlx State* Priion. [ I .1 III aB?gggei II I I II -JILL ILL. ORK ] 10RNING. JUNE 7, 1844. Puerto Cabello. [rorrM|ioaJence of the Herald.] Puerto Caiiei.lo, Venezuet-a, S. A ,) May 22, 1844. 5 Preparations for Election.?Politics as they are.? ltestiny of Venezuela ?Exertions to Overturn a Imw.?Sad Mortality.?Plight of the Women.? Improvtmen's in Baking and the French language.?New Hotel and Trade. Pear Sir: In our last communication, under date of the 2fttli of April ult., we advised you of tlie approaching electioneering campaign lor a Vice President ot this Republic, and that Urbaneja and Aranda were ihe two most prominent candidates lor mat office. Subsequently to that period Aranda resigned the otlice ot Secretaiy of "Hacienda" and Foreign Relations. It costs us very little to divine the motives which induced this gentleman to retire trom the Cabinet at this particular moment. The two great political parties in the various provinces are actively engaged preparing and drilling their respective forces for the conflict, aud we shall gather together abundant materials in relation thereto,
designed particularly and especially lor your benefit, perusal and gratification. It is the opinion of some that the party friendly to and desirous of the elevation of Aranda, will triumph in the province of Carat-can, sustained by GuzmanjEditor of " El Venezolano," and a portion of the agriculturalists. Urbaneja, it is confidently expected, will carry ihe other provinces, if not OaraccHs. Underhanded intrigue is the order of the day, and similar is the management, artifice and cun ning experienced in this country, although, perhaps. in a lower degree than the "dear people ' of the United States subject themselves to, through the influence of those innocent and disinterested creatures commonly called politicians. Venezuela is destined to become, without doubt, in the course of time, one of the most flourishing, prosperous and powerful nations on this part of the continent, ller territory is immense and capable of sustaining millions and millions of inhabitants. The richness ol her soil and benignity of climate renders her productions diversified to an extent probably unequalled by any country in the world. Under the auspices of herrepublicuti government, a:.....u.i i.,, ..v....,, ,.,wi ;?,uii;?u?i ....... UllCbtCU VJ tAJ-CU OUU liaV<_li.n^MV ill^U, |l|UbIIK1MV in their principles, and favorable to tiie onward and speedy march of civilization, adopting those measures which would contribute to effect a mighty change, and create an elevated public spirit, with a determined resolution to promote the welfare of the whole body politic, the republic of Venezuela would inevitably rise high among the neighboring nations in a brief space of time. It remains for the people to place the most eminent and illustrious men at the head of the government, in order that such advantages may be secured. Several writers, including the Editor of " El Vene/.olano" and "El 1'romotor"(yainuerto) are endeavoring to raise a hue and cry among the people against the righteous and celebrated law of the Hhh ol April, 1931, which is the only effectual bulwark and security remaining to the mercantile community, from the voracious attacks ol the linanciers, spendthrifts, cock-lighters, bull fighters und others of the same caste. A portion of the broken down merchants and of the agriculturists, vociferate, indignantly, and we must presume disinterestedly at the ruinous effects of a law which protects the interests of the honest creditor. It is consequently their desire, judging from the present appearance of affairs, that this law should be erased, and blotted out ol thestatute hook, with the view of allowing the present healthful state of comme'cial intercourse, to relapse into that confusion and disorder, which unfortunately prevailed anterior to the passage of the law in <|uest>on. All of this outcry may he denounced as hurnbuggery in its most outrageous form. Wt observe with infinite pleasure, (hat llojas, editor of " EI Liberal," and other equally talented gentlemen, sustain ili? law with great force and cogent reasoning. They understand perfectly the true interests of their country. We regret to inform you thai an unusual number of deaths have lately occurred in this city trointhe I ellects of the small pox. In fact, the placets uncommonly sickly, occasioned principally, we doubt uot, t>y ihe bad and ruiuy weather experienced lor several (lavs past. The existence of stagnant warm in small pools within and about the city, which I becomes corrupted and highly offensive, und consequently affects the atmosphere, necessarily contributes its share to the list of patients under the direction of our principal physicians, who are ever on the alert and assiduously engaged attending to their professional duties. The absence oi a large portion ol the lad ies from the city renders tl dull and dreadfully gloomy. A perfect sadness has pervaded the whole population since the departure of the beautiful and lovely maidens. We would propose assuredly, but that internal "mitten," or "calabasa," hangs menacing over our devoted heads. We must candidly confess that a "mitten" is not the most agreeable appendage in the world. lly the way, Mr. Bennett, do you require far your own particular use, a superb loaf of bread, made up in the most improved and fashionable style 1 Say yea, and you shall have it, sir, diiect Irnm the magnificent baking establishment of Jas. Lush, Keq., who is prepared to meet your orders with alacrity and the utmost cheerfulness. We likewise beg to inform you that this gentleman has advanced considerably in the acquirement of ihe French language, which is of vast importance, und considered to be (in this beautiful city) a necessary and indispensable appendage to other accomplishments required, in order to obtain the approbation and sncourugement of the ladies?the highest ambition of man. You will be pleased to learn, that a new and splendid hotel lias recently been opened in this great commercial emporium, which in to be recognized hereafter by the Bounding title of " El Ca hallo Negro." uur nost appears to exert nimneii industriously so tar, to gain the affection and good will of the people. We have not taken an exact account ot the mint juleps, Ate., Ate., distributed daily at this new establishment, but presume that the older houses will not overreach it in quantity or quality. Hustness continues without (treat animation. Cottee arrives slowly, in consequence of the bad condition of the roads; large quantities of this article yet remain in the interior, and so soon as the rain ceases will |iour into market. Coffee 7IUHc; hides Mca9c; cotton indigo Srs per lb Fj cocoa $'17|s?r I'anega of lit) lbs. We are anxious to lay hands upon the Herald ; what has become of it 1 Observer. Sim-reme CortRT.?'The June special Term of the Supreme Court commenced its session June 4, at the Capitol, Mr. Chief Justice NeUon presiding. In the matter ol the application ol Mac key and al ?For leave to prosecute the official bond of M. II. Mart, late abend of th" City of New York?granted, sxparte. In the matter of the application of (nglia and ol. for same?granted, exparte. In the matter of the application of Davis, Tor same?grant ed, exparte. Lusk vs f.nsk?Order that defendant show cause wt the next Special Term why an attachment should not issue, for violation of an order to stay waste. Trustees ot (farretson Station Methodist F.piscotial Church, Albany ad*. Wendover and al.?Order that dciendauls have leave to prosecute bond for costs : that it be delivered to defendants' attorneys. Coburn aJs. Male and al.?Motion for an attachment against Thompson,a witness?granted exparte. Sims and al. ads. Humphrey?Motion for a certiorari ? granted, exparte. The Mayor, sic. , NewYork, in relation to Front street?Motion for an order for clei k ol thia Court, u v . .... n? tfivlnv 1,1 in,f.r *.. i*. I , Ml jmj ?>? n. ? r r-r-- ? cnrity, os parte. Collin* v*. Clifttterdon?Order that Khrrilt'of Krio may return to iormer writ ol possesion, " not executed," and upon such return an alia* writ muy inaifc. Service ads. Chapman anil al ? .Motion for judgment as in ca*o ol noniuit granted, without coat*, by (IrianIt Metreh and ul impleaded ad* Hem ca Co. Bank.?Motion for a commission ? granted, without stay, on terms. Harris ad*. Black?.Motion for Judgment a* in ease of nonsuit-grantrd, with leave to stipulate, fcc Powell ads. Lane ?Motion th.it defendant he discharged on common hail, fcc.?order that hail he reducad to fcAtio Same v? Same. ? Motion that pill*, file security for costs, kc - granted. I.averty a'ls. Mount?Motion to change venue?denied. Miller ad*. Huntington?Motion for a commission?granted, without stay, by default. McCarter vs Bradnor? Mo. tlun to refer?granted. Cnmeron and al. ads Schooumaker? Motion that Snyder, landlord, lie ma ledeft. with the otherdefts.- granted, by defnult. limber ad*. Isham.? Motion that nlfi file security lor cost* - granted, expartc. Wight vs. Hsssett?Motion lor jildgt of Non. Pros? granted, by default. Leonard ads. Simmons and al.?Motion forjudge at in caae of non suit- granted, with costs, < by delault. Hodman ads Ueluhsnty?Motion to set aside in quest and subseq'nt proceedings - granted with costs,hyde. fault The People ex.rel. the Board of (education for the vilhge of PoughKeensle vs. the Trustee* of the Poughkeepsie Lancaster School Society. ?Order that the order ol nth April last, requiring relators to pay costs for not moving in this cause, he vacated and sat aside. Burns ads. chandler?Motion to change venue ?denied. Smith ads Carver?Motion to change ramie?denied. Stout and al. nds. Oregory and al. assignees, fcc.? Motion for leave to move at next Snoc.ial Term that the inquest and alt sulsequent proceeding* in thi* cause be set aside, fcc? denied, with costs. Wade and al. ada. Willaie?Motion to aet aside execution, or for a perpetual stay a* ngamst defendant H'ade - denied, with coats. Th? Mayor, fcc. New Yoik, iu relation to Ssth street?Motion tor an order that CierK fit PI. for* pmj over inoiirjrn - pjiamcu, uu giving proper neeurity.?Jllhany Jltlai, Junt .1. Wkstkrn Emiuratiom?Upwards of 5,01(0 immigrant* hare landed ?t Milwaukee xince the commencement nf navigation thia xeaxon, and the prexumption i?, that the population of Wisconsin Will increase theine ?ent year at loaat i0,000. HERi ? Extraordinary Charge ami ArrestTlic Slave Trade. U.S. COMMISSIONER' OFFICE? I1EV0KE COMMISSIONKK T. S. ItAPEIJE. June 6th.?On the arnval ot the U. 8 ship " Columbus" at thii port, Captain Cooper delivered to tho cuatody of the Manhal, tour seamen, named Joseph Carrol, David Henderaon, James Lewis, (colored ) and Abrahum Poet, late of the brig " Hope," of New Yoik, who had been delivered to his charge by the Consul of Itio Janeiro, with tha accompanying communication : CONSULATE OK THfc U. 8. ) Rio Jiav.ito. A mil I. Ml ( To the Marshal of Uip U. N. for the New Yoik District, city of New York. Sik You are hereby required to receive from Cnpt Cooper, commanding IT. S. ship " ('oluinhus," Joseph Carroll, David Henderson, James Lewis, and Abraham Post, late of the brig Hope, of New i oik. These men are sent home as witnesses on the part of the U S against Cornelius K. Driscoll, late master of said vessel, charged with being engaged in the slavo trade. The proper documents and despatches, have been transmitted to the Hon. Secretary of State, and you will therelore keep the men in safe custody, until you receive instruction* Irons the proper Department at Washington. it may be well to remaik, that the witnesses cume forward voluntarily, and gave their testimony. I am resjiectlully, Mir, your obedient servant, oeo. w. sLocum, consul r. s. a. On the receipt of this communication, a warrant was issued, when Captain Driscoll was arrested ut74 Bevkmun street, by Marshul Stilwell and oflicer Walsh, and lodged iu the Tombs. The charge upon which he stand* under arrest is lor having lwen engaged in the slave trade on j the const of Africa, a* owner of the brig "Hope." On tho 7th March, H4.'J, Driscoll soiled from New Ysrk us owner and captain of the brig, which wus laden witli a ciugo of tea and tobacco, bound tor Gibraltar, in freight lorTi Mr. Krancia. John Ulrick. of the atnte of Maine, wus lirst mute, Bartlett .Mansfield, of Virginia, was the second mate, lames Lowis, (colored.) was cook, Joseph Carroll, John Henderson, John Hnously and George Henry, were seamen belorethe mast; Alvey l'ost andGustavus Cliuzotte were boys who went out, making a crew often men. The vessel arrived at Gibraltar on the J3th March, when the Captain disposed ot tho cargo. The vessel immediately suiled in haltust tor llio de Janeiro, where she remained lor two mouths, and then sailed for Victoria, a port on the coast of Brazil, north of lUo, where she remained for about six weeks and took in a quantity of rum. She then sailed forthe coast of Afxica, and put in ut Catiinda. The rum, it appeared, wax shipped by u commercial agent ot the United States, named Soto, at Victoria. The vessel, after taking on hoard on the coast of Attica60J sluves, put off for llio, and the Captain, Driscoll, left with the crew in another vessel, the ''Porpoise," for the same port. The American Hug was hoisted during the taking in of the cargo of slaves, who were all naked, men, women and children. Driscoll sailed from llio in the bark "licbe." un amh January last, and arrived in Baltimore on lHth March, lie subsequently removed to Mew Vurk, and wa* in churgo of the ship "Calhoun," owned t>y Mr lluntur, of Maiden lane, in this city, at the time oi his arrest. Mr. Barkktt, on the pnrt of the United State*, opened the case and cited the acts under which the prisoner stood charged. The Act of ii)th May, 1820, provides that any citizen of the Uuitcd States who should be found engaged in the slave trade, or should land 011 any foreign shore any slave, or should receive such negro with the intention ef muking him a slave, shuil suiter death. The Act 10th Ma) , 1800, prohibited the traffic in slaves under a penalty oi fJtRM) and two years imprisonment. He went, tor the present, for the mitigated penalty. Joti.vrt Cshiioli. sworn?1 was seaman on hoard the brig Hope, on her last voyage to Gibraltar} them were on board six seumeti?Joseph Carroll, David Henderson, Jumes Lewis, and Abnah Post, including the captain and tint mate} thu shipping articles stated we were bound for Gibraltar, ami front theuce to Kio do Janeiro; we left on the 7th March, and had a cargo oi tobacco and tea on hoard; we arrived at Gibraltar and discharged the cargo; thu vessel carried the American colors; we leit Gibraltar in April in ballast, ami arrived in Hio on the 4th of June; we (topped for soma time nt Kio; the American Consul, Mr. Blocum, was residing there; 1 understood in his presence wo were to go on a voyage to Buhia; we met ut Hio a Portuguese named Don Pedro, who came on hoard our vessel, ami that became with ua for that purpose; we left Kio Janeiro on the 4th of Aug. and arrived at a place called Victoria, on the Brazil coast; when we reached, we came to anchor In the harbor, and remained there two or three days; Captain Driscoll then gave orders to go to thu opposite side and discharge our ballast; alter discharging our ballast, we then took in a ipiantity of Brazilian firewood; Don Pedro was nbont the vessel whwn we took in lirewood; we took iu ruin and 'J&0 pipes that contained water; Captain Driscoll said they contained wood; we took iu some planks and timbers suited for the slave trade; we also took in a box, about tour feet high, represented to contain pots: it contained un iron cooking machine, hut no pots; two other boxes were taken on bourd, which the the Captain represented as containing soap; they contained handcuil's ; another chest was represented by the Captain to contaiu medicine, but it contained fuearms ; a vessel then came Irom Kio Janeiro, and from that vessel we took in twenty-six cases ot tire-arms ; we then got in provisions and took on hoatd a Portuguese crew, and took Don Pedro on the voyage with us. We sailed from Victoria on the :13d September, to the river Congo, on the coast of Africa, Captain Driscoll acting as commander ; there were ten in number of the crew ; we arrived at Congo, on the coast of Africa, on the vlHth November ; wu were bound to I'ort Helena, but did not reach; Don Pedro leit the vessel when we landed near Helena, on thu coast of Atrica, and brought a colored man named " Kmanuel," on beard ; the color- ' ed man went down the cabin and soon returned, telling the crew they were going to Cshenda ; 1 understand the language ?f the negroes ; C'aUenda is a little to the north on the River Congo. I hud no other conversation with thu captain as to the drifiliation of the vessel, save in the preseuco of the American consul. Ws had an American crew on board all through. We then tumoved the dry goods and the muskets on board the American brig Porpoise, stay lug there after our landing; we removed thu liquor also, und then kept thu handcuffs on bosrd the Hojmi, as well as the pistols and thu water; the following day thu captain ordered u pig to he killed; he then said he would discharge rue, and let ine go aboaid the Porpoise, and return home; I replied,I knew it; I then saw about IM or 'JUO negroes coming down to the shore, and they were, pnt un hoard the Hope; there were about Win negroes altogether came down to the ships; we went aboard the "Poritose," and took the American flags with ii? trorn the Hope; Captain Driscoll remained on board during the timi! the negioes were taking on boaril the "Hope:" when Captain Driscoll saw the men coming ilown he Haul to us they were Kingo men, that were coming lor the cargo; thu America* ll.ig was Hying wliile tiie negroes were taken onhoarii; the "Hope" could take (i00 negroes easily; some time utter leaving the "Hone" anil going to the "1'orjioiKe," wo saw a vessel in sight which we thought was a vessel of war; Captain Driscoll immediately called lis hack from the "Porpoise"and desired us to bring bark the American flagj w? did so, and went ahiiurd the Hojs'jand hoisted the American Hag; the captain ordered out the negroes, and then lie found it was a mistake about the vessclol war; I he negroes wore again ordered oujhoard, and the captain ordered us to take down the flag, ami erase the nii/neof the vessel; the namo was blotted oil"by us; we then went again on hoard the Porpoise; 1 saw the negroes taken on bonrJ- IdU, men, women ami boys; the men were naked; the women were partially covered; I saw the Hope put off; Captain Ilrisroii then joined us in the I'orjioisc, and wu sailed for Rio; I saw the same crew that left in the Hope; I also saw and identified a female slave, which was put on board the Hope: I saw her with a man that said he bought her; I was then paid olt by Captain Driscoll; the first mate of the vessel hud a misunderstanding with the captain and he went to the ( omul, 1 waa sent tor by the I onsul, and we made our statement, we were arrested and scut on board the American brig Columbus. Crott-uamined ky Mr. Taicr.?I saw a slave vessel olten belore, fully equipped ; 1 do not know w hether Captain Driscoll solil that vessel to Don Pedro ; I was always led to think that this was a regular contract on the part ol the Captain to deliver the crew ; I was paid oil by the Captain ; the Consul sent (or the second mate, and he Mr fused to answer him: the American Consul, at Victoria loin mi* Him mi: veaaei wax uiinim ivi ?ue nave u?oc. David Hkmiuhioi* corroborated the te*timonv of tlii* witness, in relation to the vailing ol the Mae 1 to Victoria, anil taking in of the tMTi alave*. roa Tii* of.rtxcr.. Omtivi.'i Cmctott*, one of the boy* who left on txiard the ' Hope," from thia port, aworn.?I recollect the time of the landing of the veiael on the count of Africa, tin* Captain wua on lioard the " I'erpoiac," and the flag was rimed again ; it wa* done for the purpose of aavtng the difficult) in which the Hope wna phired ut tin: time ol the expected appearance of the vetael ol war. David llivnaMow, recalled.?i did not aee the Captain act himielf; hut he guvu direction* to Don I'edro, in relation to the taking ill the alavea. Jamci Lawn (colored) proved that the captain wot on hoard at the time of the taking in ol the alave*. Ai.vt Po?t corroborated the three former witneaaea' '??tiniony in relation to the taking of the alavea, and the American flag. J. MavavicLn, aecond mute, corrobnratcil the above witnoaaea Mr. Pan * counsel for the pri'nncr, put in a* defence, that Driacoll merely *old the vetael. Alter aomn argument between Montr* Hon max and FlAaaeTT. on the part of the I 'uited Mates, and Mr Pan ?. for tho defence, who naked lor lila-rty to put in bail, the Court ruled the caae to atund adjourned over to thia morning remanding the pnaoncr, at the iimo time intimating that the impulsion on the mind of the Court wa*, that the CnmniKaionei h.el no power to take bail in in. Ii n caae where felony ia charged. Tho Court then ad ourne d over. Common Plena. Before Ju dge Daly. i Jrvr. ft.?Jor Smith vl. The Corjeirntinn -An notion of trevpas* to recover ilamagea tor injury auatained l>y plaintiir in con*eqii?nce ol tho ( orporatian tuning Jd Avenue by which a quantity ol water wn* rained to flow over two acres of land on the lit February, which deatroyed a quantity of flower* and vegetable* A sealed verdict will 1?- rendered thi* morning. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent Jim* ft ?Smith i?. Vandrrvnort tint. In tin*ensa, re. ported In Wednc*d*y'? HtmU, the Jury rendered a ver diet for plaintiff" fl/M), damage* and co*t*. l)?hrrt y n I lone.?An action ol aaaaultand battery com mitted on hlh February. Verdict, 17.1 for plaintiff Bigelmt v?. Umlnn. An action 01 repwvin. J nc jury will render a rrrdict Uii* morning. Court of Krrorn. Jvr. t Thi* ' niirt i? i>rnnr??*tnn ilnwly with the Calendar. lLD. ? Prlca Two CenU. I The Polka, or the Bohemian Girl to her Lover A RATIONAL BALLAD. The following graphic description ot the far famed "Polka Uiuice" has recently been riven to the world hy the celebrated Krediika Bremer, the Kdgeworthaad Anatin of Sweden, in a work entitled "StnTe and Peace " of which it translation hat appeared from the pen of u kindred writer, the accomplished Mary liowitt. This dunce, which it equally popular in Bohemia, Hungary, Sweden, Norway, he. " fit," says Mis* Bremer, "highly characteristic i it puints the northern inhabitant*' highest Joy in life ; it it the Btin tktr gladness in the. dance. Supported I upon the nrm oi the woman, the man throwa himsell high in the air; tin n catchea her in hie nrma, and swing* round with her in wild circle* ; then they separate, then they unite again, and whirl again round, e* it were in superubiuidance ot lile arid delight. The meature it determined, hold, and lull of lile. It i* a dantt-itUuxicat inn, in which people lor the moment rtltase themielrea irom every care, every burden and oppreitiou ol' existence !" Dear youth, from the lorc-stumi uiountaiii, Oh, come, 'neatli the wild cherry tree? My ilax threud I've w ashed in the fountain, Come, love, dunce the Polka with me ! Like the wave* ot the Hhe madly hounding, Let not the duik Wcdriyk artright, The Mandoline long ha* been sounding, Like Vila* we'll dunce through the night 1 Dear youth, irom the forest end mountain, Oh, come, 'neuth the wild cherry tree? My flax thread I've washed in the louutain, Lome, love, dance the Polka with me ! With the OaiiicU you gave to adorn me.,| Those gem* in our Oiunt'i Glen iourui, ' That our But grave himsell should not scorn me, By my gold-hearted mother l'mcrowii'd ! There's lile in my feet and my arms, love|! Then-'# lire in my heart and my soul! 1 pant foi the Polka's wild chin ma, love, Which each sot row of lifo can control f Then come Irom the forest and mountain, Oh, comu, 'neuth the wild cherry tiee=My flax thread I've washed in the louutain, Come, love, dance the Polka with me ! Like wine, that glad dance will Inspire me, Witli transport twill thrill every vein? Did I dunce through the night, 'twould not tire me? I would dance it at morning ugnin ! Whut rapture, when heart to lieurt joining? In thine eye*, love, ui onward* we go, All it* magical circle* entwining, I must gate, or I giddy should grow ! Then come trom the loreit and mountain, Oh, come, 'neath the wild cherry tree- My flax thread I've washed in the fountain, Come, love, dance the l'elka with me ! [A'tie Monthly A/U-K r m<. General tirnalon*, Before Recorder Tallruudge, and Aldermen Willliami and Devoe. Jonas B. rhii.Lirs, K.sq., Acting District Attorney. Junl ti?Tht rate aj Jileaundrr Hoa%?D. Graham, and A. D Russell, Ksqs., counsel lor lioag, indicted convicted and sentenced to the State prison lor 4 years audio months lor a grand larceny, In stealing money from William Sort ell, appeared on behaltot their client uud moved the Court that the prisoner he admitted to bail, us the Supreme Court hail set aside the verdict and judgment, and ordered a new trial in the case, on the production of a bill of exceptions laid before them. The Acting District Attohwkv strenuously opposed the motion to admit the prisoner to bail. The Court received the documuu!* in relation to the late trial, &c. Ac., and stated that at some future time they would make an order in the case, not being prepared at present to decide, If the ^motion of counsel should be granted. Cutr if K. F. Burke, convicted of a misdemeanor at the March term of the Court, and seutenoerl to the 1'eniteutiary at the time for three months, and to pay a tine. J. L. White, fcsq , moved the Court, und asked infoiniation in respect to the case, as Burke had not, up to the present time, been removed to the i'enitentiary, and the sentence ol the Court consequently not carried into effect. 'J he Court stated that an order should at ouce be issued to the sheriff to appear und show causa why the judg ment or mis i oun nan nor Deeii carried lino tnecr, una the reasons of the contempt ihowu the Court. (hand /.ati rny.?(icorgc Cuuimiugs was then tried for a grand larceny in stealing on the 8th of May from William Nihlo, of No. A76 Broadway, a check foi $129 56 on the Leather Manufacturers' Bank, drawn by J. Switt, taq. The check was taken from Mrs. Nihlo, and Mr. Nihlo hail never teen it. Mrs. Nihlo was not in attendance, and as there wat no testimony tiiat it was ever iu Mr. Nihlo's possession, the evidence was defective, although the check was found in the prisoner's possession. The jury we:e instructed hy the t'ouit, und they iound a verdict of not guilty. Plra rf (iuilty ? Harrison French pleaded guilty to a grand larceuy, in stealing a gold watch and chain, worth ?40, from Mrs. Ann June Harrison, t f 46 Ueekuiansaraet, in April last. The Couit sentenced him to tha State Prison lor two years. Tie thing Catr again?At this stage of the proceeding* the Court stated they hud eoniu to the decision not lo admit Hoar to hail, and his counsel then withdrew the motion made to hail. Jltmull and Halt try.?Simon .Johnson was tried (or an assault and lattery ou Dr. M Coibett, No. 16 Dunna street, committed on the 3l?th April last, hy knocking him dots n. This was aJraaat between two rival doctors? not guilty. Fins Rtductd ? By order ol the Court the tine imposed yesterday on Nicholas Cassidy for u conspiracy to defraud, was reduced tiom $150 to Fit). Thr alltgtil Cunt-tni/d nj Court--In the case of B. F. Burke, the Sheriff came into Court nod stated that he was not uwurc that Burke was still remaining in the city prison. The commitment it seems had been sent to Blackwell's Island, hut not the prisoner, probably a mistake, and the Court deeming the explanation satisfactory, the mutter for the present rests. Adjourned to Friday next at 11 o'clock. Nu|M-rlor Court. Before Judge Vuudi-rpoel. Jose 6.?Crain ri Lottery, et at.?An action of assumpsit to recover the amount at a promissary note made by a Mr. A. Mclntire, and made payable into the Commercial Bank at .Manchester, Mississippi, in ? mouths , and also to recover the amount ol certain hills of account, to the amount of $7000, on certain daalings. Defendants, it was alleged, became responsible for the payment of the note draw n hy Mclntire, amount $7 u>-94, in the event of his not taking it up at the axpirat.on of date The note was presented in due coarse for payment, and was not taken up. The case is one of litigated account and stands adjourned over to this rooming. V. N. District Court. Before Judge Belts. Ji.'sr 6.? ftnnkruptry ? Ills Honor was engaged in hearing motions this day, hut made no decisions. Court Calendar?This l)sy. Commo* Pins? Nos. 10, '41, 40, 10. '47, ft, '46, IS, 47, 61. Circuit Coca??Nos II, 14, i!4, *7, ?0, ?, 7, 3, tl, 40. HtrsRiOR Cot rt ? Nos. H, 13, 14, lft, 17, lh, '40, 94, '43, 44, '4S, '46, 27, '49, '40, 30, 33, 34. To thi. K.diior ok his Niw York Hkrsi.d :? Bin :?The report in your paper ot this morning, of ft proreeuing in me < ommoii rieaa, nraueo, r.xir?oruiunry cane of high handed oppnonum," iniiy perhaps ugire with the r< presentation* made by (apt Trtunble, the com( lainiiiK party, but It ia grossly erroneous in the fact* stated. ( apt, Trumble got into the hou*? by unlawliil mi aim, unit then promiieit to leave it on the tirst of this month, and although he bioke hi* promise, lie w as not v iolcnlly nor unlaw fully dispossess) <1. Neither la it tiuo that lie ever i.lfi-red to pay rent, put he refused to do ao? ill w hirh, with other circumatancra of wrong on hi* part, will appear in proof, if thu nut he him brought aliall ever come to trial. Die pntdic, it in hoped, v ill leave the matter to la) Judged of on it* merit* at that time. Your*, he. JOHN OILHOOLY. Tornado ? Etiiit r Hot srs crown down?Two >rKA.MKR? InTOKKII?TlMltRR bi.own down, lYc.? We learn by the officer* of the Hca Bird, arrived at our wharf Irom below, that a tornado swept'over the country tiordciing on the Ohio on haturday last,devastating whole elunteraot timtier to an extent not yet know n At Smithland lour or live building* were blown down, and the Haltana, lying at the wharff had loth her chlmniei carried iway. At Caducah three or four honaea were Mown over. The Sea Bird loat her pilot houae three milea nla>v? New v|wind. It i* foarad that immenae damage* have been done to the country below Southland We did not hear that there woro any live* lost, hot from the account* which we gather of tha violence ol the atonn, we fhould not tie surprised to hear ac by the neat arrival Cim intuitt Cawri'r, Mny 31, Extinction opTreka.? The fragrant locust tree, we apprehend will become extinct in this rigion. Their destruction ha* la-en threatened lor many year*, and now appear* to im consummated. We lately noticed i grove of theae tree*, near the gate of tha Pawtucket turnpike, which were wont In time* pa*t to regale the traveller with their rich perfume*, now standing without i green leaf or a bnd ; and extending our observation farther, we perceived thnt th>- mortality of that t-laM of tree* w-ii*general The Sycamore, or liutton wood, la ii|*o accompanying the loctiit, in the road to decay and death They exlimimt aymproin* 01 niawnae aituiii two year* tiincv, throughout tU? country, lint were thought to have recoi ercl This year, however, they leaved paraely, and alnco the leave* have rnrlad, their doom i? fixed /Vwiiwu e IfrrnlA. AvornF.K Htoil Rik*.?Immediately alter that heavy ahower yeaterdgy morning, Luke Pnyriran i oae to no alarming an extent that lionet, hale*. and barrel* were awept from the lidewalk* and floated down thn awittcnnent in moat enviahlo confnaion. On either ahoie ol the wide lake were congregated crowd* of our citizen-, inxiouily waiting lor the wnteia to Aiilnida. How wonl l a fnrrv aeroaa Poydna afreet pay ? or p?<hap? a drawbridge would l>o better. A | art) of Mexican rargadorrt Minn a who aland ut the principal croaaing* ot the atree'a of Mex110 tocarrv paiaengera over on their ihouldera alter heavy ahowera- would have had a fine run of cuatnm yeiterday morning?in fact at aeveral timra during theday? Ntu> <Mrnnt Pii ni/une, Mai/ OT SpiKixT-n'a Cam.?Lysander f*iioon^rof the Amr. ric.in til nil runipKny, whh yesterday discharged on common hall, hy Judge Itandall of the t', g. Itivtriet t 'ouri, on lour of the charge* preferred agaiaat h"" 'or carrying hitter* on poatroiifee contrary to law. 'I he pro ' eeding* in aome of the ca?ea were qnaahed Thatilal of the remaining cuaea will aettlr an important principle , in relation to the right of private |ier*on* to carry lettera lor pay I'hiladriphin /?/"> , Jim' 5.