Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 8, 1844, Page 1

June 8, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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V TH Vol. X., No. 15tf?WUola No. 3720. THE NEW SYSTEM OF CURRE NOT proposed bv 8 I R ROBERT PEEL in tin: British House of Commons. MAY O, 1*41. [Conlinurd ] This was Lord Liverpool's opinion at that time. Is Dot this the fact at tne present moment 1 It is attempted by the same process to deter you from regulating the paper currency, by which, ol course, I mean promissory notem "No," says Lord Liverpool, " paper currency is only bills payable, or convertible into cash, at the will and pleusure of the holder." This statement assumes thut paper currency differs in that essential character which 1 belonged to other paper: and that, so differing, we were entitled to deal with it in a way different"from other descriptions of paper, for lie purpose of regulating that which we are best able to regulate ourselves; if, that is, we adhere to the measure of value, we need not be afraid of any mass of bills i of exchange. The van; interests of commerce 1 ought always to be the motive which should lead : us to guard against depreciation or diminution of: the needful circulation. It has been contended for by eminent writers that the only security and precaution which you ought to take against an excessive issue of paperecurrency is ita immediate convertibility. This doctrme is sanctioned by names and authorities no less eminent than those of a ilicnrdo and an Adam Smith. Those authorities assume that there ought to be no limitation?theysay if you have the opportunity ot an immediate convertibility then you need be under no apprehension on the subject with respect to the amount ol the issue. 1 venture, with great respect, to contest this position, and I ask this hauae to hesitate in adopting doctrines even on such high authority, if tnese doctrines shall on investigation turn out not to -be well founded. We are in a constant state of progress? we are daily making new discoveries; do not there fore let uj be deterred from abandoning a principle, though sanctioned by a Smith and a Kicardo, it subsequent lights thrown on the subject convince us we are in error, (hear, hsar.) I must conteiid that an unlimited issue, with a ready power of convertibility, does not give us the required security. I readily admit there is a great advantage in resorting to a supply of most articles by the means of free competition, because by the aid of competition you obtain an article you require at the cheapest rate; but then 1 say, and what I am contending tor is, that a paper currency is governed by a principle totally different from that which governs almost ev* ery other commercial matter. I do not want, sir, the greatest quantity of currency upon the cheapest terms. "What i want is, a competent supply of a paper currency which shall exactly correspond to the quantity ct gold, which with such supply of a paper currency would be required for the business of the, country, and which shall be given and secured on the credit of parties of whose solvency there can be scarcely a doubt I want this part of the currency to he tfie best as to quality, but as to its quantity it must from circumstances be unfixed; but if itaamouut go beyond that lor which it is intended to he substituted, so far it will be in excess. The contrary opinion is held by those who are in favor of the doctrine of unlimited competition with respect to a paper circulation by hanks of issue } and they maintain that where there is an unlimited competition allowed, the issue of paper by bankers authorized toissne will ultimately conform to that amount of geld for which it is the substitute in the circulation. We believe that the issue of baak paper to supply a wholesome circulation of this description should not be greater than the gold for which it is the substitute, and whenever it does so exceed, then the silent monitor, gold, by be coming scarce, enforces the lesson ?t immediate constriction of the issue. This, however, has bten denied by the advocates of unrestricted paper currency; and upon this part of the subject I must entreat the attention ol the house to the evidence given by Mr. Stuckey, a banker in the west of England, upon his examination before a committee of the houo?, and the chairman of a committee, appointed to inquire into the condition of private banks in thia country, " Q. Supposing, for instance, it should be ultimately thought that it is desirable that the country circulation should have a general conformity to the state of the foreign exchanges; do yae conceive that this conltJ, in any way, be effected by the country bankers 1?A. I do not at present eee how it could be accomplished ; and I may take the liberty of going further in answer to that question, and saying that it nppears to me that the country issues, as conducted in the west of England, have very little or nothing to do with foreign exchanges." Such is the opinion of a most respectable gentleman and a banker in the west ol England, from which it would appear that prices in the west of England had little todo with the state of the foreign exchanges. It is admitted that these issues?that is, the issue of pnper by the banker, depends upon prices; so that whun prices rise the issue of paper enlarges as a consequence. This is a most important admwfon, and it shows that unless you nave a controlling check upon those issues, and unless you attsnd to the warning that is certain to follow?namely, the disappearance of the gold Irom circulation, you will go on to increase the evil by increasing the issue ol paper. Mr. Stuckey does not enter into that question in his evidence. He says he looked at the foreign exchanges (a laugh) to see how they affected the currency, but his evidence is only that in the west of Engl tnd lie does not think the foreign exchanges affected prices.? Mr. Hubhnuse, the brotlier, 1 believe, of the honorable member for Nottingham, was examined before the committee, and being asked? " Q In your opinion, with a rise in prices, will there bean increase in the paper issues by country banks }?A. There will oe an increase in the local circulation of the country when prices rise.? Gold is a commodity of which there may be a glut as well as a scarcity, and I could never see nny reason to be frightened at an export or drain of ijold " Q Ought not there to be a contraction of the circulation under such circumstances!?.<4. Whether there ought or ought not I cannot tell, but I am sure that, in lact, there could not he. I am perfectly satisfied that it is quite impossible for these local currencies to be influenced by the price t f gold or the foreign exchanges. " ^ Does it not often happen that your circulation is increased in the beginning of a drain for gold!? A. Yes; we do not pretend that our circulation is at all governed by what I have stated already." Hence the disposition to increase the issue of paper goes on. A demand tcr gold is the consequence; the paper becomes discredited ; the banks are run upon until they stop payment; credit is shaken, large fortunes lost; and ruin to numbers is the lamentable result; and finally, the bankers who stand are compelled to retrace their stejis by immediate and permanent abstraction of notes Irom circulation (hear.) This then is the proof of what I, at an earlier period of my address to you, stated? namely, that immediate convertibility where there is unlimited competition in issue will not ulways protect or prove a safeguard to you from sudden monetary derangements and violent convulsions Let esi( ok, for example, to what hns happened in the United .' tntew of America, nnd let us become wise from their experience. In that country there were no private banks; the banks of issue were joint-stock banks with many subscribers, and in Home instances there was a joint liubility of all and each of the partners established. Yet, with these guards and this precaution, a sudden crash came upon credit, and the consequence was the ruin ol thousands (hear ) If, as in ihm ease, there waves t.iI>11mi immediate convertibility oi ttieii issues iato gold, with an unlimited competition, and if a system so guarded were a ante system, how did it happen this crash of credit, and the ruin of the American banks, took place! (loud cheeia ) Together with 'he?e batiks they had a national bunk, the Bank of the United States; the effect of which on the other banks was, that it kept the banking system within some bounds. The other banks were compelled to conform to the principle of the ilank of llie United States But it pleased the persons in power to do away with that national bank, nnd the result was such as I have stated. From all that 1 have stated I think 1 have proved to the house that which 1 stated it was my intention to do? namely that unlimited competition with immediate convertibility of hank paper into gold can he no sullicient security against over-issue. I have, 1 think, sir, snfliciently stated whnt is the broad principle which should regulate the three great elements of our monetary system. I certainly have taken a wide range in the examination and a liberal view of thai principle. If having so stated it at length it shad he found that 1 do not propose now to carry it out, I shall be told no douhi by some honorable members, " Your piincinle is nil very well in the abstract, but yon shrink from the utternpt to carry oat your principle " (hear.) Sir, I think it is of advantage that occasions of this sort ollkr themselves, as in this instance, for a review of principles of hucIi importance, and so liable to I be rauunaenUKHi, < v-n inacpi-nacntiy w practical measures to he founded thereupon. And 1 will confess that I would r.ithrr.alter having gone so into un examination el principles, that it should be said * j i :e ni N tome, "True it is, your prinriplea are good in themselves, but you (nil short of tliem in their ap plication, and shrink from the responsibility of the legislative adoption," than that I should lay myself open to the charge of having misrepresented or unfairly stated principles so important, und essential to a proper examination of any great question before you, either on this or any other occasion (loud cheers.) Iluving said thus much upon usubject personal to mysclt, I will now say how tar our present monetary state, and the circumstances in which we finiL'ourselvea placed, should induce or encourage us to attempt to modify that system. [ To be eon(i?ut<J.J Kothodlat Episcopal Conference* Thursday Morning. After the usual formalities were observed, and some reports disposed of, Mr. Early intimated that agreeably with notice given by Mr. Pierce a few days ago. a protest had Been prepared on the pnrtof the southern delegates, and moved that Dr. Bascom be permitted to read it. Agreed to. Dr. Bascom then read the protest. It was a long, elaborate and argumentative document, setting forth the grounds upon which (the southern delegates, to the amount of 52, and representing thirteen entire and portions of other annual conferences,and 500,000 members of the ME. Church,)they dissented from the resolution of the General Conference in the case of Bishop Andrews. The protest regarded the resc.lution as essentially mandatory?as establishing a precedent highly dangerous to the union and stability of the church, whose charter, as consisting in the discipline and laws of the body, should be sacred, and above the caprice ot a majority of the. conference. It repudiated the right of the majority, as in the case of Bishop Andrews, to control and virtually suspend one of the superintendents by a process of an extra-judifcial kind, and in the absence of valid allegations of such offence as should alone give constitutional coloring to the bold attitude assumed by the majority. It protested against the doctrine that a connection with slavery was incompatible with Methodism, and that iu the.absetice of legal evidence, >1,0.. 11 it ...... nn. wise and unsafe to make it a disqualification in a superintendent, on grounds of expediency; and fiiiully, it was highly mischievous, becuuse in leaving the relation ol slavery to the church unsettled, and ^ambiguouH, it afforded a vulnerable point thbougkrwhich She editiro of Methodism, hitherto Arm prosperous,dftijpit be unbailed at a future day. Tlie protect wuroutered on the journal, and a committee, eonilsting of Messrs. Durbin.Ulin and Hamliue, wero appointed on the patt of the majority, to draw up a statement of Hie facts in the case of bishop Andrews. afternoon session. half pait three o'clock. The Conference proceeded to deliberate on a motion to make the order of the day to-morrow, the election ot new bishops. Dr. Smith objeeted to the motion. He did not in the present i>ositiou of affairs know how many bishops were wanted, nor couldphey, until the case of Bishop Andrews was disposed of. 1 he anxiety of those who wished to press that btisinoss arose from a desire to get home. He felt it hard that any precipitancy on the pari of certain members ?he would nut say they did it by design?should incon venience those ol the South, who had no interest different lrom that of the entire church, to serve. Mr. Cartwrioht thought it important to bear in mind that they had been a mouth in session without settling that part of the business,and would be as long again if they continued to put it ott?. The objections of Dr. Smith appeared strange to him, and must have arisen from some strange concatenation of circumstances,of which he knew nothing ; he would not as the brother did, talk about any design in the caseDr Smith.?1 particularly made exception of all design in their actions. * Mr. Cartwbioht.?-Weli so will I ; I will speak of design Just as it has been spoken of on the other side. tnauguier.; no was anxious ior an election, noi curing no much about the number to long at they wore nominated. Home members had gone homo, othert were geing, and it wat natural to suppose they must all go shortly, ii the end of the world did not take place. Before they went they mutt provide a missionary secretary, and more biahonti he did nut tay for coat, weit, north, or aouth, but for the interest of the whole Church. Mr. Co'.lins arose and made a few remarks. Mr. Kablv took a different view ol the question from that of brother Cartwright. The Southern members did not roako it the concern of a party .tliay held no caucuttet, nor talked ol this side or that tide of the house. Mr. Cartwhight.?1 mutt explain, sir. Mr. Early.?Have 1 misrepresented you .' Mr. Cabtythight.?Yet, and I am afraid willingly. (Cries ol order.) Early hat the floor. Mr. Cahtwsighi.?I will correct him. The brother had talked about caucuttet,whilst it; was well known that th^Bouth had caucuttet lion time immemorial, and all that fust wat raised aliout the North having only one little bit of a thing. (Laughter) Mr. Early continued to contend that the election at present of Bishops wat unseasonable, at they did not know how many effective Superintendents they had, and atked the sense of Conference. There was no occasion tor flat contradictions on the part of gentlemen or ministers. If ever he was mistaken he would confess it, but it was the fault of the head rather than the heart. (A member he.rejsaid something which was not distinctly heard.) He, (Mr. E.,) could not reply to the personal outrage upon his luitlings, which they had heard ; but he would waive all right to moke a speech, if they would tHkc that opportunity to tell bim how tltey would place Bishop Andrews. Bishop Sori.r. here intimated that he was desirous to submit to Conference u document asking instructions as to (lie disposal of Bishop Andrews when they were pre pared to ncvive it. On motion made, the present business was left on the table to hear the document. Bi?hop Soui.k then read as followsItev'd and dear Brethtun?As the case ot Bishop Andrews unavoidably involves the future action ol the superintendents, which, in their judgment, in the present peaition of Bishop Andrews they hare no discretion to decide, they respectfully request from the General Conterence, for their instruction, an answer to the three following questions:? Kirst?Shall Bishop Andrews' name remain as it now stands on the minutes and in the discipline, or be stricken otf their otlicial records? Second?How shall the Bishop obtain his support? As provided lor in the form ol discipline, or in some other way I Third?What work, il any, shall the Bishop perform, and how shall he be appointed to the work! It was moved to relur the communication to a committee, but opposed by Mr. Loiosthkkt, who could not conceive how acorn inline CUU1U act >1|IUU II. IUUUIU UI1I} l<? lrei?iiiiiicii the house collectively. A decision of a committee would aot advance them one step, and he propoacd that the sense ot the house he taken on the propositions at ouce Mr. Collin* enquired if there existed any cemmunication from Bishop Andrews ax to the course he intends to pursue. That might help them materially. it 11 Smith hoped that Mr. Collina did not refer to any private or confidential correspondence the Bishop might have had with hia friends. Mr. Colli** meant nothing of the kind. As far as the questions were concerned hie was prepared to vote at ouce; hat a great difference of opinion existed as to whether the resolution in Bishop Andrews'case was mandatory or not, and it would he desirable by uil means, to understand it clearly. Dr. Slickh regarded the Intentions of Bishop Andrews in the case as of no consequence. It waa their duty to odviko those to whom the functions of the Kpiscopacy were entrusted, and as three distinct questions were asked, ho would move that they should he at onca answered. Dr. Dram* could have wished that that part of the business should have stood over till alter the report of the committee now considering another brunch of the same matter. Still, he had loug since made up hia mind on the topics, and was quite prepared to give an answer, which would he in accordance with what he understood to be toe action ol tlia majority in the case, fin, nor any one else never {believed that Bishop Andrews was suspended, and his unswer to the flrst question would he in the affirmative. As to the second, he was for allowing him his support ns heretofore. In the third place he begged to >ay, (hat the determination of the case reated with bishop Andrews, and not with the Conference. One word more lie would be sorry to say that word, il it would call forth any remark trom what wan called the other side. He always hoped there would not be ultimately another side What he understood about the business was, that Biihon \ nli r w a took the advice of his southern brethren, which was very proper Their brethren gave him their opinion hi writing. Mating what they thought was his duty iu the care The majority that votid for the resolution wanted! to give Bishop Andrews their solemn sense ol what tkry considered to he his duty in the premises?they w ished to put both sides lielorc Bishop Andrews, leaving hun to say whether he would continue to exercise the liinctions of Bishop alter receiving the sense of Conference on both skier. In conclusion, he was of opinion, that if llishop Andrew a'solemn sense ol duty would not per. run nun 10 lort'ko me exercise ui uw luiit.wviia, iik; should nor conldnot refuse him work, and ho was the only person who could anawar the last question. Mr McFkirix looked upon that view of the caao asvery unfortunate lor Bishop Andrews. There was a rule of discipline which said, tnat if a member or superintendent dared to travel without leave, ho should he suspended. If Bishop Andrews did so, they might turn round and suspend him ; il he did not?if he travelled as formerly, in tlm face of these proceedings, they might do the same. It wns very strange, and put him in mind of the old couplet: You shall and you shan't, You will and vou wont, You'll tar damn'd if you do, You'll lie damn'd if you dont. (laughter.) The following resolutions were put and adopted? Resolved, first, That it is the sense oi this Conference that Bishop Andrews' name atand in the mlnutaa as formerly. Second, That the rule in relation to tha support of a bishop and his family, applies to Bishop Andrews. Third, That whether there is any , end what work Bishop Andrews may be employed in, is to he determined by his own decision in relation to the previous action of vvi:i?icuuouil mi* 11J PHI IUI11 Th?? Conference ihortly after adjourned. Friday Moriyinii. Utabop.Sovti; in thaftf.'liair.K*p?rtt trom ataaaing jj w Y I fEW YORK, SATURDAY Committees were called for. These being disposed of, Mr. Payne naked leave of retirement lor the committee of 0, appointed to consider the declaration of the Southern delegate!?granted. Mr. Early asked permission to add the name of Mr. Longstrtet, on the part ot the Southern member*, to the committee of nine. (Cries of question?question? no, no | ?order, fcc.) I President.?Order, brethren, order. Mr. Hamlin* proposed to substitute the name of Mr. ' Longstreet lor that of some other person. (Loud cries of : 110, no, order, fcc ) i Mr. Ami:!.-With all due deference to brother Early,' there ii a person on that committee fully the equal of Judge Longitieet. (Excitement.) Mr. McF errin.?Well, II there is, two beads ore better than one. (Laughter.) The motion was put and lost. The Conference then appointed hall past three in the alternoon lor the election ol Bishops, fcc. The report of the slavery committee was then taken up. The Secretary read the rn|>ort; it contained a recommendation to riscind the resolution of Conference in lo4U, which made colored testimony in Church trials of white people inadmissible. Mr Collins moved that the three resolutions appended in 1340 to the above, be ulso included in the present action of Conference. Bishop Son lr observed that many persons there were unacquainted with the resolutions; therefore it would be well to read them. Mr. Peck thought the resolutions referred to, were of minor importance; that on threefold testimony being the chief subject. Mr. McFerrhy made a few observations, bul was interrupted by A Member, who moved the previous question. Mr. McFerkin?1 wish that brother would not inter nipt me. Mr. , I have a right to move the previous question? C Several voices here cried out riirht-eo on?nuts tion - question ) Mr. McKtcRmx?Brethren gel very feverish sometimes. That brother in exceedingly excitable?(Interruption ) When quiet was a little restored? The Pkksidcnt decided thut the diicuffion going on wni out of order. The Secretary being bo Instructed, read the resolution of 1840, as follows ; Resolved, " That it is inexpedient for any preacher to admit colored persona to give testimony against white persons on trial in the Church, iu any State where that privilege is denied by luw." After some further discussion, the resolution was rescinded, and the other taree appended to the report. On motion of Mr. Sanuforu, it was resolved to furnish BishopAndrew s with a copy of the proceedings iu his case. Mr. Martindai.k moved that the rejiort of the committee to whom wus referred the consideration of a four years' course of study to candidates for the ministry, be token up The Secretary read the report. It was simply an announcement that the committee had great difficulty in coming to any conclusion not open to objection ; but ad vised such a change in the rules as would empower the Bishops te presciibti to candidates for the ministry such o course ot study tor fouryoars as they thought advisable A lengthened discussion followed, aud the resolution was adopted The report of the Book Committee was next canvassed The principle topic it compiised was that relative to a grant of $1600, for the purpose ot relieving the embarrassments of the Richmond ChristianAdvocatc?adopted. The reading of the other items ot the report occupied tho remainder of the session. aftern00x session. half fast thhke o'clock. Mr. Peck moved to sus|iend the order of the day and proceed to the election of Bishops. Mr Pavxe asked leave lor the Committee of nine, appointed to prepat e an answer to the declaration of Southern members, to report. Mr. Uarlt handed in the p:otest of tha Southern delegates. Lett on the table for the present. The Secretary then read the repoit of the Committee. ll set lorth in tne preamble, mat me runtime assumed ny the Southern delegates in their late protest, made a division in the church probable?in view of which it became advisable to make such preliminary arrangements, as would preserve favorable and amicable relations between the diflering sections of the church. The report then prescribed, in a resolution, provisions for the jurisdiction of the Southern Church over all such Conferences, as were now termed Southern Conferences, lor a just distribution of Churches, funds, books, debts and other property of the M. K. Church, in parts proportioned to the number of preachers in the churches respectively; for the free and^uofettered right of every member to attach himself to either as he thought proper, with several other details which our limits will not permit us to specify. The whole was pro tem. laid on the table The house thou prooeeded to the election of officers.? The result of this day's btllot was the election of Mr Jnm?.a, ol the New Yolk Ouiifrieuco, and Mr HsMMNK, of the Ohio Conference, as Bishop of the M. K. Church. The spectators seemed to taku a lively interest in the proceedings. . No other business coming before tho Conference,it stood ndjoui ed till this morning. Oreoon.?The Western Expositor of the 18th inst. says the Oregon company whtcn rendezvoused In the vicinity of Independence, has started on its journey, and promises an Recount of its numbers, kc , hereafter. The same piper contains a letter from Col. Gilliman, who commands another company of emigrants, dated Oregon camps, May 16th, giving directions to Col. Kord and liis company as to the place of effecting a junction of the two parties The iollowing is an extract : ? Our company when Joined with yours, will be very large?much tho largest that has ever crossed the Rocky mountains. There are in the Independent Oregon Colony, at this date, 1 minister, 1 lawyer, 1 millwright, 3 millers. I tailor. 1 shin carpenter. 3 blacksmiths. I cooper. I tailoruss, 3 cabinet makers, 6 carpenters, 1 wheelwright. 3 nhoeninkers, 1 weaver. 1 gunsmith, 1 wagon maker, 1 merchant, and the rest farmers There are 43 families, 10H man, (AH of whom are voung men.) 333 persons, 410 oxen, 160cowa, (18 of which are team cows.) 143 young cattle. 64 horses, II mules and 73 wagons. The number uf horned cattle is 713 head. Many men from the adjoining counties are on their way to join us. Arhfstof a*oTitkr Maii. Robrkr.?Tlte Augusta Chronicle nntl Sentinel says:?Charles Boyd, who robbed the mnil between this city and Calhoun's Mills, 9. C., on the 11th March last, was arrested on the Coosawatlee river, in Murray county, on the 36th inst., and is now confined at Spring Place. This is the second ini|iortant arrest that has been made within a few months, by the special agent of the Post Otiice Department. Rrio Antrbofk of Boston.?The performances of this beautiful clipper are truly surprising. Rv the steamer Britannia we heard of her arrival at Macao from Bombay. We have since learned that she heat the British clipper Will of-the-Wisp (which sailed the day liefore. and took the mails for China) 13 days, and also the celebrated British clipper Anonyma, which sailed two days after, H days. By the steamer Caledonia we learn that the Antelope mode the passage hack tc Bombay in 31} days, touching at Singa|>ore. She made the run Imm China to s in six aad a hall days, without failing a royal! The British Government steam frigate Hcsostris, which left Canton about ten days before the Antelope, beat the Antelope only seven days in the run irons China to Bombay. and the Ant? lope actually beatlthe steamer a day ami n half in the run from China to Singapore ? Button *1dvtrtiirr. * Affrays at Cusvkland.?On Sunday evening last, us we learn from a gentleman direct from Cleveland, two hotel runners of that city got into a dispute, which resulted in the death of one ot them, by being stahhrd in the breast by the other. On the same Jay, two sailors, who had been discharged from schooner, returned on board, and split open the head of ouo of their late companions with a crow-bar. On Sunday, also, a schooner loaded with flour, wheat and corn, was sunk by being run into by a steamboat.?llochnttr Democrat. Fortttnatk Ebcapk.?This morning while six or eight men were at work upon the houses on the Ooddard estate, Hummer street, the scaffolding gave way and precipitated the whole to the ground, a distance of over 39 feet, all Idling, with brick, mortar, and timber, into a space but a few leet squat n. They were severely bruised in the fall, but, what is very remarkable, not a bone was broken. We have not learned the names of any of the men. They were promptly extricated and taken to their homes, and medicitl aid called.?/lotion Tram., June 6th. Tnu Nxw Cotton Crop ?The editor of the St. Krancisville Chronicle acknowledges the receipt on Friday last, of n cotton boll, full shape, said to have been found on tho plantation of Mr. D. Tumbttll, of that parish. it,, ivi. x<r,AYro:s.? inis Aeronaut started on a trip on netaiday morning at 0 o'clock Ho Rave no notice of hit iiconnion. A rumor wm in circulation that he had been killed. We presume tliia tumor ia groundless ? Cincinnati Oartllt, June S. Westward, no!?The Western travel in the greatest this season ot any one in some years The stages unsung thro' this place west, every day, are loaded. Most of the time four coach loads pass through at a time. The Central Kailroad is doing a very good business this summer, and is progressing westward as last aa possible. ? Mar thall, Mien., Staletman, May MH. Suicide.?We learn that Cant. Pickering, late master of the Illinois, cut his throat and bled to death, at Ht. Catherines, within a day or two. It scorns that the deceased had built a new vessel at Oswego, ami that attempting to pass through the Wetland Canal, for a western port, she stuck fast, being too wide for the lock, and there remains. This, it appears, so mortified the master, thnt he resolved upon sell destruction, and accomplished it in the manner above mentioned. Capt. P. leaves a young wife and lour children at Oswego.?Buffalo Mr. ( rouse ?Many of our sportsmen have been ieiiriul lest the ruiny weather this spring should destroy the nests of the Grouse. We learn that they are very abundant-, much more so than any previous year, and that the rains have not disturbed their neats. In many seetions of the country, the ogga are} procured in considerable quantities ami eaten. A great year for sportsmen msy, lrom all accounts, be antiaipated.? Chicago Journal. Okt/v thimk ? A man vomited up nn eel four inithr* long, (it ChilixlttlphU, ?-lay or two since. He mint I have t>v?n to New York, drtukwg Crotoa water. | WWW?WWW?iWMMMW l)l(K ] MORNING, JUNE 8, 184 Tremendous Mai* Meeting of the Jersey : Democrat* at Newark, Yesterday, An immense mass meeting ef the democrats ak> Essex county, N. J., took place at Newark yestc#*! day afternoon The place ol meeting was oh the* 'Military Common," one of the handsomest public !

purks in the Union. The most admirable arrangements had been made by the committee, andjihe I day being very line, several thousands of the sturdy ! democracy of the surrounding country collected j on the occasion. The chair was taken ainid loud I cheers at 8 o'clock, by General Darcy, of New-' ark, who introduced to the meeting Mr Brsn sr, delegate to the City Baltimore Conven- ' tion,from Jersey City. Mr B. orticially announced the recult of the deliberations of the Convention, and made .1 j number of excellent remarks on the character and claims oi the candidate. Mr. Batista, of New York, followed in a brief but eloquent address Hon. John M'Keon was then introduced to the meeting, and was received with enthusiastic cheering. He said : ? 1 thank you, fellow democrats of New Jersey lor this evidence ol y our feeling t owards me. 1 have come among you, as one of the great democratic republican family ol the Union. Nor am 1 not a very distant relation, lor 1 live only on the other side of the water. (Laughter and cheers ) And we certainly are a pretty numerous family in this country. (Henewed cheets ) You have here assembled in such numbers as evince in a most significant manner, the deep feeling with which you regard ths approaching election. I confess that I am surprised to see so many assembled here on this occasion, at a period of the dav when most persons are occupied in attention to their daily business. This convinces me that there is a spirit of inquiry abroad and that many are willing to lose a little time for the purpose of acquiring a) knowledge uf the subjects which divide the democratic party of theUnion Iroin their opponents?tne wnigs. in me appruui mug tin;tion, you, no a part ofj the democracy, of the country, will tie culled on to express your opinion upon principles and not npen men. I admit here, us I have admitted ever) where, that the opponent* of the democratic party have selected men of distinguished anility s their champions?but I have at the same time expressed the fear, that in consequence of that very distinguished ability they may bo likely to mislead a portion of the public mind. The question is now to be settled whether you are willing to have the government administered on the principles ot the constitution as explained by tho elder Adams and by Hamilton, or on the principles ot the constitution as understood and explained by Jefferson and by Jackson. (Cheers, and a voice, "by Jefferson and Jackson.") A friend in the ciowil suggests by Jefferson ui.d Jackson. The principles of the loimer are well displayed in the issues made by tlie whig party. Accotding to them, the government shall be uif ministered so that ihe wealth ol the country shall govern the labor of thecouutry by indirect nieuus ? by oppressive debts-by burdensum taxation?by monns ol a hank?by the distribution of the proceeds of the public lutein 1 his is the made ol administering the government lor w hich the whig* contend. And the question now submitted to the people is, whether they will sanction and establish such an administration, or whether they will liuve the affairs ol government administered in the spirit ol those priucijile* lor which Jefferson and Jackson contended?win tiler the administration shall be conducted with that simplicity, justioa, economy and efficiency by which it was intended to be characterized by our loretaMicrs, who iought the battles of the revolution and established the constitution, (cheers) My friends, you lecollcct what | rofessious our opponents nude when they were out of power. I will not recall the common slang of that day, but will simply remind you that they promised a total reform of all the abuses which had crept iuto the administration of the government under the democratic party. Cut all these promises were matte merely tor the purpose of disguising deep intended wrong to the American naoiile. and very well exemiilitied the story talil in an hastern fiction of the tiger who apnroachtd ~a row of penitanta with some blessed palm in nil clawa, with which ho concealed hi* deadly purpose of devouring his victim*. (Cheer*.) I willibew you by reference to theirfacts how wofullrthey have failed in the fulfilment of their promise*. When the whig party waa out ot rower, you will remember how they wrung the change* on the alleged enormous debt with which the country had been plunged, aa they aaid by the democratic party. '1'hey represented that debt aa amounting to lorty million* ol dollar*. I happoned to be elected a member of the extra aetaion of Congress in 1841, and one of the first question* I put to the whig* in the House whs, what are the item* of this alleged debt 7 At no time was the return of those item* forthcoming. Now let me give you theHrtual fact* n* they appear in the document* of the United Statas. We called for information from the Secretary of the Treasury a* tetha amount of debt due whan the democratic party went out of otHca on the 3d of March, 1H41. And what was the amount returned? Kight million* ! (Cheer* ) And that 1 could reduce to three million* by the reduction of several items, but 1 let it stand. Well what was the amount returned a* due when the last report of the Secretary of the Treasury waamado? Upward* of twenty-six mil-lion* ! (Cheers) The comparison of the two itatemeut* will present the following result: National Debt, Dec. 1,1943 *28,74-1.949 99 National Debt, March 3, 1841 8.379.049 81 Increase in two year* and three quarter*. ,.$18,363,800 IS There's a buiine** for you ! (Laughter and cheers') 1 lit! will*. in ^..o.Acu tion of 1840, that we had created a forty million debt. That debt has never yet been discovered, but I submit to the consideration of this audience, that it will not require runny more year* at the rate thcv have progressed for our opponent! to create a 40,000,000 debt jn fact. (t'heera ) I can inform you that if the appropriation! which were recommended had been carried out, the debt, instead ol being twenty-si*, would have been at least thirty-five millions, by the time when tlicy will be obliged to give up the reins of government?the 4th of V.irch next. (Loud cheers.) My frienda, you will probably recollect ?if thorn are any of my whig friends present, and I hope there may be?(cheers)?they will certainly recollect the celebrated declaration of Sunutor Preston, that if the Whigs were put in, proscription itself would be proscribed They said no man should be turned out of ofnre on no count ofbis opinions ; and (ierierul Harrison himself said in a speech at Cleveland, Ohio, that "sooner than remove a public officer on account of his opinions, he would mitrer bis right arm to be severed from his body." That was the spirit of the declarations of'the whips ? What was their practice 1 Let t;s see how they used the scythe.?(Clivers.) On the 10th of March the woik ol destruction began by the removal ol the Postmaster of Albany,and on the same dayone of the receivers of Indiana was removed. On,the 37th President Harrison was seized with his fatal illness, but when on his dentil bed the following removals took place;?Albert Leister,Postmaster, t-anaiidaigua, New Yoik. 31st of March- Wm. J. Kindlsy Treasurer of Mint 3d of April?On the 4th of April, Cfen eral Harrison dipil. and was buried on the 7th. While he reposed in his coltin hut unburird, the. following removal appears AJsme* N Darker, Cornptrolb r. 6th April, lull But let me just compare tho number of removals which took place during the twelve years ol democratic ascendancy. previous to the 4th of March. 1841, and tho number of those which took place in the five months after that date. Of bureau officers, we removed, in twelve years, 7 ? in five months the whigs removed ?, (cheers ;) of Surveyors general, we removed, In twelve years, 3-in five mouths the whigs removed A, (laughter and cheers ;) of officers of mints, we removed, intl J years, 1?tho whigs removed in five months 3, (cheers:) of district attornies, in 13 years we romoved 16? the whigs in A months removed 13, (cheers;) of marshals, wo removed, In twelve years, 30?but the whig* took off 19 heads in Ave months, (cheers;) of postmasters, in twelve years, we removed lA-tlin whigs managed, in five months, to kill off thirty-three, (chnnrs.) which would not leave many ** #K.?4 nolo n< wninsr /nr o ctsnrt titnn ^'hoora an/1 loiitpls ter) Hitch Is a specimen of the manner in which wftig promise* are kept. (Cheer*.) Now, as to principle*, how do we stand in relation to the wing party? Mr. t'olk is what they Call n free-trade man, end Mr. Clay is, they say, the advocate ef protection to American industry. Weil, let in try heth hv what they lay, for I believe m the maxim of Mr Jetl'erson that what others lay of a man rarely, if ever hurts him, but what he my* of him self somufimes may At nil events let lis give these gen.' tlemen the benefit of their own declaration of opinion, and my belief is that yon will And that on this point Mr I'olk and Mr < lay orenpy precisely the same ground. Mr < l?v, in his sent in the Senate on the IMh of Feh. IH4i, offered a leries of resolutions ; amongst them was one that the revenue to la* raised should he twenty-six millions of dollars?twenty-two millions for ordinary ex. penses, two million* for pnyinrnt of debts, and two tor contingencies. Anntherof the resolutions provided that in the adjustment of the tariff to raise this amount, Iho prlnripin of Iho Camprnnino Jicl thnnld ganrrally hr mlhorrd In. Mr. Polk haa in one ol his speeches late ly delivered, inld he was opjmsed to direct taxes -that he was opposed to prohibitory duties?ne did not wish to rut on importation*. In other words he was in favorof reducing tho duties fo Iho rain of Ihi rnmprnmito net. Mr Clay and Mr. Polk both unifeon the compromise act. 80 far as that great measure whi -h ga<-<> peace to the Union, they stand together. When the icelution* came to he aete.l on on the 30th March, 194.1, Mr. Hives proposed to amend these resolutions by resolving ti nt the distribution proceeds of public lands ought to be suspend, ed until the national debt should be paid- that the proceeds should he pledged to tho extinguishment of the debt and Mr. Hives wanted that in uny new adjuatmrnt of the tariff the principles and provision of the compromise net should bo adhered to. Mr. Hives' amendment was sua. tained by tho votes ol Mr. Archer, of Virginia, and Mr. Preston of South Carolina. All these gentlemen now support Mr. Clay for tho Presidency The next point on w hich we differ is the distribution of thn proceed* ol the public lands me oiler a word or two in explanation of this, for there may he a few of you who do not exactly understand the detail* Wa have a largo quantity of real estate belonging to the United States, for which the squatter* pay a certain price to tho government. Thl* money goes into the public, treasury, and is appropriate'!, along with the revenue* arising Irom the custom*, for the payment of the uxpensea ol the government?for the support and maintenance ol onr navy?our army?our judiciary?our marshal*?onr wit. nessas' tests-the balance in the employ of government in fortiflcationa or In dock yards. For this pnr|>ose theater the pnrpose of enabling thn general government to meet Its engagements, the Democracy of the country have aatd that this money should be kept. But the Whigs think otherwise. They are in fnvor of distributing these proceed* to tho various States, a* they sty. I happened to be in Uongress whan wa distributed Itlra MtiHtf ftp Inrlt/ milliftna in *1* otwl *3? I nhoul.l like to know'who *ot a ?"h#re of that iottf. {Laugh- I tor aul oUotn, and cry oi " none but tfco d d bonk | H*HE*e**5taesoEsaeBaeee*EBHH** EIER^ 4. nipt?" laughter and cheer* ) 1 only a*k you what would < he though 01 the honeity u!the man who would, instead uf paying bin dehta, dialrihutu the money at hu disposal aniongat hi* friend* and relative* I Oil I uo, Diy friend, we never can consent to such uujust and dishonorable Jpll-y. (Cheer*, and crie* ol " never ") Then the next point between u* 1* the question of a Bank oi the United Mate* Our liitrudf, the Whig*, in loW, shirked thi* question But they can't now. (Laughter andrheei*.) This time we have got them. (Renewed laughter and cheer* ) No man can deny that Mr Clny i* in luvorol a Bank of the United State*. Under vuitou* shape* end guise* thi* project hu* been piesented by Mr. I lay, hud on this, like a brave leader, hu has repeatedly mar*halted his forces. Iu the session ol 1841, Mr Lwing's plan, tin- j d?.r the name ot a ' fiscal agent,'' was at once lecogniid hy the democratic party a* a United State* Bunk, and we Know that heiore the *e*?ion was over we hail the bank belure us, and that Mr ( .uy introduced the l ank bill, and made au able repoit in it* laser, and made speeches lor it, and tu cup the climax, the hill was sustained by whig , majoiitie* in both houses of (angles*. 1* not that evidence sutticieut that Mr. Clay, if elected, will erect a United State* bunk' (Cheers.) Can We lot get the course and operation* ol the lute U. State* Hunk- it* struggle j with Tim government?its purchases ol leading men its conupuon ol the public press?its violaliou ol its ewn cbuiter? and its tinul explosion, giving us such an txhihition of disaster as we hud tiuvrr beloiu witnessed 1 No, we have not forgotten that teruhlu lesson -wo huve not y et ceased to profit by that w inning. (Cheers.) since I 1 Came to this place, my attention has been directed tu a ' reciut declaration of whig principles, from which it ii|>- | pears that the whigs have lully determined to have I the currency remodelled, beginning with the destiuction of the hanks of the twenty-six soieieign States. They intend to make a war upon the lucul currency ; and lor my pait, I hope that it may he a lair Kilkenny light between them. (Shouts ol laughter and loud cheers.) 1 have adverted briefly to this subject, but I trust you will see its importance and make it the frequent subject of discus, ion with your whig neighbors \ ou are coifed nil to decide in this con test, whether you will peimit u breach tu be made in the bat tit menu ol the constitution for the admission ol this Trojan horse, laden with destruction and disaster. Are you willing?can you ever allow yourselve* to forgrt the glorious battlefield on which, under the banner oi the immortal Jackson, you were led to victoiy, (great cheating) There are other issue* of great importance to be decided in thi* cnntp*t?but 1 cannot allude to them now, (goon, go on.) 1 thank you lor your invitation to proceed, hut I cannot longer detain you ? Mr. McKeon then advened briefly to the caudidute* of the democratic party. Mr. J'oik he knew, Hiidknew sliut * ,.* itiuVtc**! tuismt ? rcriiiii kfiltlt' em'I? gy, mid unflinching devotion to democratic principle*, I (loud cheer* ) But whoever the candidate w u*, he lelt tumid to Kt,nut l>\ him iu tiiat struggle Whether it w>- e Mr. Tolk, he Kind, or tnv choice, lieni ml ( una, I feel that 1 am called on not to follow any man, hut to give my eneigu * to the great cause itself? (Loud cheer?). I loilow Mr. l'o'k an 1 would follow any other man, for the gnat principle* he represent*? (Cheer* ) 1 teel with the gal Iant old BrttUh Admiral when he said?,-W hi ther a i. limlea or a Cromwell leign it matter* not to ine my country i* still there." (Loud cheers ) Alter an eloquent up|icai. exhorting In* auditor* to zcaiott* mid iniincdioto exertion in the cause, Mr. McK. sat down amid loud and enthusiastic cheering The meeting was alter wards addressed in a very aide and eloquent manner hy the lion Betij 1'. Butler, and Alex. Wi lls, Kiq. ol this city, and did nut hreuk Up till iui advanced period ot the evening. it was altogether a remurkubjy spiiited and effective meeting?and fiom the ieeling evinced, it is clear that the struggle will he a tough one amongst the Jersey Blue*. " When Clruek meets Creek, thou comes the tug ot war !" Seventh Wnnl Mnii Meeting of the Whigs at the Croton Ilall, Last EveningTlte whigs did not muster in great force here last night. At 8 o'clock, not more than 100 persona were present, two-thirds of which were boys under 17 years of age. About half past 8 o'clock, John H. Williams, Esq., was tailed to the chair; then there was nominated ?t long li?t ol vice presidents, followed by some six or eight secretaries. The lit-uvv ahowpr of rain which fell at this period ol the evening, had the effect of filling the room with quite a respectable crowd. The usual number of resolutions was then read, all expressing with a very little variation the subatunce of other resolutions passed at previous similar gatherings, -and w hich the Hon. Morris Franklin read. They expressed the usual determination of supporting the unanimous nomination of the lialtuuore Convention, and nt every mention of the names of Clay and Frelmghuyaen, there were bursts of enthusiastic applause. Hikam Kkk'hcm, K,?q , then addressed the meeting, end was received with greet applause Alter the uveal complimentary opening of being glad to meet them, said they could expect little or no intormation from him, the country wet now ao well iuiormiol that they hod taken the |>olitic* In their own hands, and the people were determined to tie 'or the future well governed, and therefoie the success of the whig* wan certain. The gentlemen then proceeded to show the tielween tne two convention* at Baltimore, whereono?the whig*?were all unanimity, and the other wa* split into aectiona hy varied muncouvrcs of interentnd parties, utidssid that Van lluren w an only thrown I overturn id in const quence of his letter 011 Texas, which he vaid he could [.rove from private information he hud obtained, and that it might lie gathered from a speech id Mr Butler at a recent meeting in the. park Ife then proceeded with ? hittory ol Texas, its past and preient position : the consequence* of annexation, and from thence argued thai the atepi taken by the wliigv in relation thereto, v, ere the only Just and honest one* that could hare been taken, lie then dwelt upon tin) aim* and object*ol tiie whig party laj ing particular ?lre?* on their endeavor* to protect native industry, and that they would effectually do *0 it round to power, arid would restore the country to prosperity by a sound national currency. He then passed a high eulogy on Henry <'lay arid Theodore Kretinghuysen?took a review of their "lives, character and behavior," and wound up with conclusions that nothing but destruction and disgrace would full u|>ori the country itnl< ss they were elected; but alter all the el torts made by the speaker, his "*ei mon"t|f an hour's duration was hut a very lame affair. Joe Hnxrr wa* then called upon to address the meeting but could not think of doing so alter the able speech ol the previous speaker, and proceeded to speak tor sumo quarter of on hour afterwards. Men hi* Khaxkiii* labored under the same diltioulty as the gentleman who preceded him, but cut his speech shorter. Mr (too* wa* then called on for a song ; when he favored the company with one having the following for chorus? " Boll the hall the country Ihronch For Harry f lay and the Jersey Blue." And alterwards? ' link,. P.tlrr wliankfl. film. How' Jo you like vour I'nkr steaks donn, lly ( lay and Frelinghuysen." Jnr Hdiik w as then called upon (o favor the company, and ho attempted something quite original a* to tune, I.ut old iu word*, the only part wc could underataud of it was? " The statesman and patriot Henry flay." He appeared to have a good bundle ill his hand rendy cut and dried. Mr. i;ook, when being again colled on, favored those present with? " Our banner's there unfurled, behold tin: name ol Henry Clay." I.vienehttno cask.?The liultimnrr Clipper, ol yesterday, has the following " A of Philadelphia, while on a lecent visit to F.urope, was robbed, while in Palis, ol several thousand Irancs, a quantity of jewellery, and some clothing Information of that fart, received by the last ?toain?hln trotn F.nrnpe. was oonimuniented to the firm id Hays, /ell, Itidgely and ( ook, (no well known h>r their tact in tri i' ting nut and detecting the perpetrators ol such nets.) and ycstirday they arrested a mnn who came p..Hse,iger to tliia city, in tliu Cathariue Jackson, limn Havre, chargnl with tin: Mlli-nco He,d under the name ol V. Peters, but Ilia proper name is supposed to be Henry Muller?a fm? looking man. with moustache. A trunk marked with the initials of the gentlemen robbed, " J M " a quantity ol francs and jewellery, answering the dose ri pi ion of the lost property, were found in Ins possession ; and others marked I'J Peters ? pro' ably stolen, lie was committed to Jail for further i summation This rase is of some interest, Iroin the taet that it is questionable w lietber the accused can be held, though |*>sitivi ly identified aa the guilty person, the rohta-iy having been committed in a foreign country Trial for Mt'RriRh.?The trial of Ann (villitt tintl Caroline Sweeney, mother nnd (laughter, for the murder of Dominick Sweeney, a shoe-maker, the husband of the latter. commenced in the Court of Oyer and Terminer yesterday morning. U'm. Oillitt. a sailor, the brother ol Caroline Hweenry, and son of Ann Oillitt, wnt indicted with the prisoners, but was not present in the Court, having lied from Justice at the time the murder w as committed. A lull report of the case will be loutul in miother column. The murder excited Considerable interest at the time from its atrocity. The wife of the murdered man had an infant in her arms during the trial Her father, two sisters, and two brothers sat brside her nnd her mo ther .luring the whole of the day ?Phil. Chmnulr, Junr 7. Smt'oomno.?A coDHulrruMi' amount of goods have been seized within the past few days bjr the customhouse officers, in consequence of their being smuggled ashore Irora the hienrh ship Louie XIV., Captain Juge, now Iting at Lafayette Several mrcsls hare been made by order of M. M ( ohrn, fried States Commissioner, before whom the investigation of the affair will take plgee in the rotime of the present week. The amount o( good* smuggled ashore being of sufficient valtn to render the shin liable to confiscation, ?ho will be taken Into custody by the officers of the government to-day A'. O. Dtt. PrnHT in a Paimi Pr.aok.?We understand, anyg the New Orion** Picayune, that a petition, signed by smiio two hundred merchant* 011 the Lavve, and in the principal business (treat*of tlii* Municipality, will be pretested to the < ouneil tlii? evening, praying the passage of an ordinance prohibiting the opening of (lores on the ftabbath day. Snrh ? measure seems to he anxiously desired by the people mo*t inteietted thtmielrus lLD. Prlc? Two Cent*. Literary Notice*. Dtiilin Univeksity Maoazink, fok May ?Mason <!' Tuttle, Nassau Street ?This is a most ? * cellent No. Indeed this Magazine promises to become the leading periodical of the old country Old I'"bony had better look to his laurels, long as he has worn them. Wc understand that Sir Ldward Lytton I'.ulwer has become a contrihator to it* pages, which in itarII must term a very Hiiracuve feature in the future numbers, and will doubtless lncreuse it. populuniy. The agents in ibis city will issue the work with their usual despatch. ri.ackwoot), kor May ?Winchester, Ann stre< t.?Rather a prosy No. and hut very indifferently printed, sonic parts scarcely legible. Purely the reprint should be something like the original, as well in til. printing as in the articles. Ladies' Companion, kor June ?This Magazine appears to maintain i s character for excellence; indeed no lady i-hould be without il?it is a very usctul book to them. The present No., besides containing some very nucleating articles, is embellished.with two very wellexecuted steel i ngiavirgs, a plate of fnslions tor June, und a piece of music, a favorite Mazourka. Tiik Ladies' Magazine, kor June?Christy, Astor House.?This Magazine is embellished with an engraving of Alice Mulvatiy, illustrative of a Tale therein, by Mrs. A. C. Hall, worth the whole cost ot the number, besides a plate of Fashions for the month. Tiik Columbian Magazine, kor June?Post, Astor House ?This is the hxiIi number of this work nnd maintains its previous character as to the ability of the articles in-erted, its typography and embellishments. Titere is certainly some room lor improvement in the quality ol the paper upon which it is printed, a little stronger description would enhance us value. The present number is embellished villi a most beautiful mezzotint id Charlotte jnd i 'race, daughters ot Mr. and Mrs. Jno Ogden, besidt s unolher spirited plate und a colored plate ot Fashions for June; together with a very pleasing piece ot music,by Miss Anne Sloman?"The braul ot Funny Jlair." This number coiniletea the lirst volume, so that an o, poituuity now presents iiselt lor new subsetibera, ut the commencement of the second, to take it in. The Old Philosopher. No. I?McChesney, Fulton street.?This ish work by an anonymous author upon the sayings und doingsot an Old Fanner, who is located somew here to ihe westward ot us, but us ui where and who he is (he work isat present silent upon. It is proposed thut out of die burp us ot the proceeds, enough may he obtained to help the old inn . to pay lor Inn farm, but Iroin what we could gather front a cursory glance, we much teur it, utiles.-', indeed, considerable improvement is made, both in ihe inuMer und execution oi the work, hut the object of the publication bring charity, disarms criticism The work is embellished with u very good mezzotint of the "Old Philosopher," and appeals to he ihe best part of the production. Tiib Mirror Library.?This charming and extremely popular series of the choicest gems of poetry, has now accumulated on our tuble to the extent 01 five or six numbers. The selections from the poemsof (toldsimih is worth twenty limes the price of the number The sweet poems of " L ?. L-1 form another most delightful number. We do not know ot any work in the course of publication so worthy of universal patronage as this "Mirror Libiary. ' The judgment, taste, und liberality of the editors?Morris As Willis?ought net, cannot, und must not go unrewarded. Another Rioter Arrestee.?An Irish carter, named John Cununings, living on thetiermantown road iiuar Catnar stieet, wan arrested yesterday on the chuige of aiding ill the aiturk on the Nulive Americans, on'1 uesday ullernoon, the second ilsy ol ihe riot. l*o wilnt sees swore they suw Gun.iniugs loading a gun, hut he wlis not seen to fire. lie whh Ik Id to hail in >llK)(ilo answer at the Lfuaiter Sessions ? hhiludilyhiu Chiumrlt, Junt ft. Suicide j.n a Grave Yard.?A man named James Mart.tin, a giin-smiih, committed suicide yesterday morning, lu llonaldson's bury iug ground, hy swallowing the contents of u three ounce vial of laudiiuum. Martuin, who was un expert mechanic, worked for Kdw'd K. Tryon, lifle nianUlffCtnrer, No. 131 North Second street, and r'?id?d with liia larmJy tu Cofttus alley.?i'hiludflyhia Timti, Jutn 7. More of the Flood.?The Missouri river ia repotted rising, and the Upper Mississippi at a stand On Monday night the river opposite here rose u lew iuchef, tint 1.11 again yesterday. It is still over the hanks on the Illinois side.? St. Louis Km, Hay M. Result of the If iots ?The amount of money raised by tax in IS 12, lor the purposes of theccmntyef PViiluiUlnVim uibi Ci.fVO 7Ml Ml Tim mnp (lau ni. Aiint rn. q'lind, aiul to tie ruined, i* f (>23,750 flu, lining $121,04)0 16 moii than that of the preceding year. Arkansas Rivkr.?A p iawenger on the steamboat raragon, arrived here yeiterday fiom Koit Oiliaon. report* that u hen the boat h it that place on the '23d in?t , (he river w nam feet over the bank a. two feet higher than ever known, and atill riaiog rapidly, mil the uhole country inundated. - AVto Orleans Tropic, AhtyMi. HAIR C U TT I N<J on A NEXV PRINCIPLE. A N EXPLANATION 18 NfclEShAKY, in ORDER 'l to !u ly romi r? Inthe great advantage which will aiiae f- m nation ixuu J'tial in'* new pnui of Hair Cuniot lie ? Every hnd.y lv felt the unplewnt reoxatinn* created by having th' dirty ban bioah applied to hit head, for the Ibriy-aiventn time .0 n day, (and in vine inaUnces and upon t) e heada of in valida) Without rUanaing In view of tint, the auiracribrr haa drvoi it his entire rat .bli-hri eot tor introducing a,l'tw ieature II tne (leulni. at ot lie tunr?thnt of havpiu a large run her of lirat r e bn aliei, and in no iut'aore tu l-e n?t 1 a n cund time without a thoro i.h clraoair.g. By giving the acierco ol Hair Drear ng aud Wig Making hit aide time mid attention, togithrr with 1 he greet perxouat comfort encored, at liia ati bllahuieut, h* aolie.iu h trial, aati-fied that three who give hiaayatrin oue trial v> ill np| r rinie the tienefu iuiJ luaury afforded at no aiiai roncrrn in thia cty. A private room la fitted np for ladies. 8iuri.ri.oit g and Huir Utwni . EDWD. PHALUN, ret lm*m 114 Broadway. oi potite Mr. I'anfa. ~ SKM IIN(i'S R?;8TC)IIATI VK"CORDIAL, IS in vv utiiveraally admitted t . be a e-rl?in aperilic lorUyapepI eta Nervoue AiTeetioua, Weaknea>, loaa of Appetite, D-bifity, he I ),y airiana p ream lie it to ihair patieula,gcnilrm?u v ho lu?re -x|en. need it? ruriitivr effecta gratefully reconuneud ,1 Ladua Sure derived the greaieat benefit from ita exhibition in reivcua oid r In i roiiipDinla, e icurna an leatoied to thru appetites, nd th" weak and feeble made strong and vigi roue Health, the r? v nian'e nclier-he rich man's bin a " haa th'opgli lU inllu*if lieeu extended to all rlnvo ami eonditimia. .Mrchuue? ard innufacturrre, merchanu and haukcre, lawy-ra and Jivi i', utii'osuphera, poets ' ud 11 inters have ah been cored l.jr th x medicine aa their certificate! and recon rneiioarioiia prove lit ihotiavudi upon tiiouaaDda rein m, who irr dulv aolferiiig torture, b. in nr niiUii and tody, from the iVovc onuipl Mills, whm an infallible remedy la i.fle eil to 'hem III the restorative cordial which la prepared t>V . < . Retiring, ud i' d at lua office, No. J.Mnrray atrret. Price oue dollar per In.trie Mid unie per d.creo iutI Iiu*er. wlflfcAlSElE WEAK AN1) I ML AM ED EYES. Dr.WBEELER OCULIST. fl.'f Greenwich ?hrret, near the Hattrry% Neio Ynrtt. DKM *'</!> L/LLV inform* the public that anionic tlw many hundreds of cash which he h^a attended. ninny of them tin?-? l"fU operated nu ny other prohs*ora without aticcrai. And pit ii? iinced by In m incnrahle ; yet in these ?* ? he baa ocve." failed to eradicate the <ii*ea?e and effect a \ effect ru e deapifc of every di ndv*iit??yc w Inch have pt?**t. c4 itself, in ) in many iuiUures alum?t aim mat hope. It i? this t uprec.'iln - (I am run in hia treat mem of t??e vniinti* t hillteiM con iderc ' incurable) diseases c I'the eye, p at enables h?m with e? , fit!' v t.! reft r such of the afflicted who may he upac<r-aim(i * P hite end |na tuild mode of Lremuiu the duordua of thia ry.uij ?o lit)irieiova restored LAwents id the first eJvj r f ?o? on . respecting hit paofeaiiionAl abilities, and his pre-rmmcdt akiil aj tip ornliat. < hiouic inflammation of the wild, or rcre era, of how ever ontf a'audmu. can !e eff. ttu*ily cod fr iniueatiy fnrril; flijia, ?i*ocka. lie., removed and cured w 11botjt au>|i' ti opera1 me. < n'- racta removed urori the mort modem approved i r;i.?a ple? of npthalmic ?nryr HTH^ BISMU9, (Cor mot.! v called ? jn<? u.a.) r uieo m a few aaeonria. on (Jue rin * r I eh rated 11 n vrhi* h i? free from pin or danger. Office horir* from 9 \ \l. to I 1* M? after which hoora he ?? >'* oar-doot p*fie???* my I* Ini *rc Evkky"viXnIiin own inkrroK for " CLKTAIN DIMitSKS. A i. ' IIOL'Ofl A I > It HON DlhKAhfcp need not fear <vi vgnre in conroltpg a t*h a *x i.-n a ill there sr.- many, * ho t in an etna* 11 diffidence, *anvr campfaafata ol a | rivate naiiift <4 make inr ada aron thnr c mfiintion, unchecked. To enable all to cr in i he mat 1% is without malm B 'he cirr tint* fane* ku'-vvii <oa *rC'>od fwrroii, they rrquirr a rem*-dy at hard, aa'e Hi .? . ?r?. re, ar d infallible ??i if a results 'I hi* long wiahed I r dr.. lemtn?n i? at least hi laced within f hi r reach I) I :< U/l '? VF.OKT,* rfhfc TfNCTli I K for f ionorrhoBA nud (?h*f. $1 ler hot lie. 'lliree to ffbe ? f th i* medicine t^kcr, i luu rvftliof three hour*, are iib'i;\lly atifTn rrt to ?fleet a 11 re?after i <ku a that ^nautity fhe | a nam an- old atop, and awnit the reanlt. Reatrictlona hi diet, .uid i< adding ? vere>ae, arc not ih*olnte|y rccrtmry to effrct a cnr?, but hy ntri t tinu to it?e di ectiona ou the wiaf p r*. the care will be much mote reedy l i ti II Ml Ti uPb'l IL'tl' r...(k< Va.,..,.I I I |2 per hotile I rnn give llna comimnnd ilie higheat reeon.iric ilm r>ii, fir I have ii'ver failed to rnelie a nermnarrit rare by it* lire, in I lie V'nTi *1 lliir<ae,( heiiem of irritable anil arr?ad. n ( rli ,r rt?r, Bulimy, mil'iutnt and corrnaive Ulcni v?nh ui.rir an?l (wilful l)i?#i>ir?i?, m.<) in every apei ica of ni l and ulwlui i'i* I leerj; in Ctiianii.iia Knipuo a f>om theahaae of mm n.v, 1'lv-ra ofthe m ie arid |ami, ( ariea nl the Bnuea, f mi i V d?-a, ( oUnix oa Iliac** i, and m i?t| im ilml t the join") of rheumatic pv rt o r?. V*. In!" a VlfoiUrrl the Mnllci' SliK of tb? United ("tatr-a Artny Hi'1 while enp-god m ('ity fVetue. I li'T-* netrr lulled ID r"n'<? cam -.null tire abnae inedi iue?, >ijd I be?r need lliern m aon c tin m.pti'a of r??r?. 11K > ll *' I'OLT. M 11 Hold hi New York Cily by f'eml.lph U Tuit '0, Whohanle Jlragg.ala, 2? 11-irl llra-ei, c> 'tier Ue. Niaian.ainl by reayrcrabl* llrrmgKig in If veril eitira of the Ui.i'fd Crater. ^ Ni Imnta and 1 radrra fr? re ?nf ??. ion of North or Bomb Arperira, C luvdii, Weal Indira. and Aimer, can oliia.n tlia Mr dieooa on liberal terr.-t, of ihe principal urn', A. Hoghe?, toi f. . it. ml Avenue I', >. V.. end make arrsiugrinruia for their latore >"| ply i? th'ir rflpcetive placeo. Fret nrJera, Jfie. iing Cnab, promptly attended to, and the in dleiieaufelT foritaiurd. mil lni*ee. \

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