Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 21, 1844, Page 1

June 21, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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( T H '? Is _ I j ... Vol. X., No. 17??Wkolt No. 377 4. BY OUR SPECIAL MESSENGER, AND ; ADAMS & CO. 1 ARRIVAL OF THE ' ACADIA AT BOSTON. \ SIXTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. HIGHLY IMPORTANT ! ? ' i SENTENCE AND IMPRISONMENT OF O'CONNELL!!! Is* TREMENDOUS DECLINE IN COTTON. I i , Emperor of Russia in England, j i CIVIL WAR IN SWITZERLAND! i j Important Commercial Movements in Belginm i TEXAS EXCITEMENT IN FRANCE. i 1 ] Affairs in General all over the World. 1 f : The Acadia, Capt. Judkins, arrived at Bceton i , Thursday afternoon, at one o'clock. She left Liverpool on the 4lh mat., and brings us both London , , and Liverpool pipers to the morning of that day. ! We are indebted to Wilmer&Smith's European ' Times, and Charles Willmer's American News J ' Letter, for the larger portion of our extracts, i Lieutenant Roberts, the Mail agent of the ' Acadia, was struck by an apoplectic lit at Hali! fax, and died soon after his arrival at Boston. ! Captain Judkins was sworn in as mail agent in his i j place. ' The cotton market continued in a very depressed state. During the last four weeks prices rer1 ceded l^d. per lb. Business is generally good. O'Connell and his friends had been sentenced. This produced great surprise and excitement. The most absorbing event of the last fortnight, with the exception of O'Connell's imprisonment, ! has been the contest for South Lancashire. Willism Brown, of the great American house, Brown, ; Shipley & Co., stood on the free trade, Mr. Wm. | i Entwisle. on the agricultural interest. It was a fierce struggle, which ended in the return of Mr. Entwisle by nearly 600 votes. Both parties fought desperately. Sir Robert Peel had entered into an explanation of the resolutions he had laid on the table of the House, in reference to the currency. There was a tremendous Texas excitement in France. Ouizot has protested against the annexation. The Hibernia arrived at Liverpool on the 28th ultimo, after a capital passage from Halifax of nine days. The -Siddons, hence, had arrived at Liverpool j and the Ashburton had touched off Cork. Switzerland has been the scene of a short, though somewhat sanguinary civil war. The debates in Parliament upon Sir Rob't Peel's new currency project have been of a highly interesting description. The. proposed annexation of Texas to the United States has created a great sensation at Paris, and revived the numerous speculations which were afloat during the Canada affair, of the necessity of making common cause with the United States,and of thus directing a powerful blow against the best interests of Great Britain. The vintage of the southern part of France docs not promise so well this year as last. In many places the old vines have been entirely killed ofl by the severity of the past winter. The French government and people appear to be wide awake on the subject of railroads. The subject of the Annexation of Texas continued to be a prolific theme of discussion in the English papers. Some of them have wasted a good deal of indignation upon it. The general state of the English crops is good, though some of the better agricultural districtshave suffered from drought. The schism among the Jews at Frankfort and i other places had become exceedingly violent and bitter. In Portugal, Italy, tec. matters had becoms tolerably quiet. Sir James Graham appears to be growing unpopular with his own party very fast. The Uc-beccaites in Wales have made some further demonstrations against the toll-gates; just enough to keep the government uneasy and the people unquiet. Mademoiselle Taglinni will perform six times at the Grand Opera of Psris this month, and she will dance a seventh and last time lor her benefit. She will on this occasion bid farewell to the stage. After these aditux she will retire to the Lake o! Como, where she has bought a house and a spacious garden, and is about to build a cottage. Texas.?A commercialtreaty has been concluded between the Hanse towns and Texas. It hasbeen sent to Houston to be ratified by the Texan government. Steamship Gkkat Western.?We learn with pleasure that the Great Western is to take her place in the New York line this summer. She leaves Liverpool next Saturday, on her first trip, and will make six trips this year. Stiam Ship Great Britain.?On the 21 instant, the cradle for taking ihe Great Britain through the dock-gut was fust approaching completion, and the projectors hud no doubt of being able to oarry her lately into deep water. She was advertised to leave on the lain oi July tor ivew lorn, Visit of the Emperor of Russia to England.? The Emperor of Russia und suite arrived at Woolwich lute on Saturday evening, and immediately departed for London. On Sunday morning Prince Albert visited the Emperor at the Russian Embassy, and returned with Sir Robert Peel after divine service. The Emperor then accompanied them te Buckingham Palace, on a visit to the Queen. Afterwards ha visited the Queen Dowager and the other branches of the Royal Family The appearance ef the Emperor of Russia in London, most unexpectedly, hns startled I he quidnuncs and the sight gazers. He has travelled with amazingepeed since leaving his own capital, stopping only a few hours on his route to visit the crowned heads of Prussia and Holland, anxious, no doubt, to bring the intelligence of bis own arrival in England. Tiik Latest Hoax raon America?A New York paper states, that "the Pennsylvania Legislation have passed a law imposing a tax expressly to pay the interest upon its debt." This is the best Jonuthanism we have heard for a long time. American Doinge.?'The treaty ??f the Tnited States for the annexation of Texas, terminates characteristically enough with the wdrds ' Itont at Washington." It is to be presumed that the Texians are the parties who have in the present instance been "dont at Washington." British parliament.?The Factory Bill was brought before the House of Peers on Mondny, the 20th ultimo, snd was read a second time after a very little discussion. The Marquis of Normanby argued in favor of a further limitation of the lioura of labor, but declined making any proposition to that rfleet, because thnt it would be unavailing. LordBroiigham protested against the bill altogether, as an interference with the rights of labor. Lord Winchelsea expressed himself decidedly in favor of the IN hotir-i el inse. The progress that li.is bpen made in passing through the House of Commons the new measures ^connected with the currency, the Bank of England E N E Charter, and the Custom duties, though in some ' quarters deemed to be rather tardy, lias, upon the whole, given satisfaction in commercial and banking circles, its it is now quite certain that no material alteration will be made in the plans as first proposed by her Majesty's Ministers upon these ' most important topics. | Epsom Races ?At the Epsom races, on the 23J I tilt., the great Derby race was won by Mr. A Wood's Running Rein, Orlando second, Ionian third, Bay Monus fourth. The value of the stakes, after the usual deductions, was ?4250. Colonel Anson's I'rincees rau hrst for the Oaks, on the 25ih; value ?3325 Foreign Theatricals, Movements, ?fcc. Drury-lane Theatre closed on Friday night. Mr. Cunn delivered an approptiate address, in which he stated, that the season just closed was unparalleled in success for at leBHt twenty years. Mad'lle Carlotta Gri?i is rather seriously ill, and it is feared that she will be obliged to keep away from the stage at least the whole summer.?Parti pa tier Mad'lle Teglioni is engaged at the Grand Onera, ami will dance seven nights on her way to the Opera in London. Prof. Risley and son are at the Haymnrket. At her Mujesty's, Cerito Hnd M. St. Leon were performing La Ucdonca Pelka the original Bohoinian dance. Charles Kemble has concluded his Shakspearenn reading'* Her Majesty the Queen Dowager and suite are expected to embark for Germany on Monday or { or Tuesday next, in an Admiralty steam-p.icknt ? ^ l'he visit of her Majesty to the continent, we hear, < is not expected to exceed six weeks. t The Visit of thk Ki vo of tub Frksch?Shrer- < sets. May III.--This (Friday) forenoon, in OOM8> < quence ot instructions which had previously been l received from the Right Hon. the Lords Commis- < sionera of the Admiralty, her Majesty's ship Cam- , perdown, Captain Martin, bearing the flag of Sir J. 1 C. White, K C li , and Vice Admiral of the W hue, , left her moorings off the Royal dockyard here | (Sheernese) this forenoon, and immediately pro. ( ceeded to the Great Nore (where she was anchor- ( ed,) so aa to he in readiness to leave for l'orts- ( inouth to join the Royal squadron, which is ap- , pointed to receive the King of the French on his i intended vsit to this country. j Mr. J. Fenimore Cooper's new work, entitled | " Afloat Rnd Ashore ; or, The Adventures of Miles i Wnllingford," in 3 vols, post 8vo., is this day (May i 28) published. Despatch of Lord Aberdeen, 1 relative to the german union, and the duties ' on iron, laid before thk congress op thk ger- i man customs* union. to the earl of westmoreland. Downin.< street, Nov. 28. My Lord ?The despatches which you sent have been laid before her Majesty. Although according to your last reports the projected duty on iron against which you have frequently received orders to re moustrate, does not appear likely to be realised tor the moment, nevertheless her Majesty cannot but be awnre that this result has been due t? other causes than the remonstrances of the English government, or the desire entertained by P/uw>a of maintaining commercial relations with Great lfrit. ain on an amicable and advantageous tooling. It is with the greatest regret that the British government has arrived at this conviction; but the hostile dispositions of the States of the German Union have been manifested ni lute in so evident a manner, that in this respect England can deceive herself no longer. In such circumstances, it is necessary to make to the Prussian government litis lnst declaration, not for the sake of renewing proposals, or resuming old negociations, so continually without result; but in order to anticipate explanations. should one of the States take measures which the othere might regard na prejudicial to their interest. And first I would recall, that already at the commencement of 1S42 the rumor ran, that at the next general meeting of the delegates of the Unions it was proposed to augment the duty, already great, upon mixed stuffs, such asmousueline de lame, and to ruice it to the level of that on cottons. On England remonstrating, the Prussian government replied, that it did not think the report would be confinned. Nevertheless, as the time approached, assurances on this subject became less satisfactory, and at hist the Bri'ish government learned thm the plan of augmenting the duty in question had not only been adopted, but that its adoption was chiefly owing to the instances of Prussia. At the commencement ofthisyrar similar reports ran respecting the augmentation of duty on tr< n ; and although the English government did not believe it. it being a raw material of the first necessity, the former case respecting a manufactured article, still the news was confirmed, und a tariff was proposed equal to the price at which iron sold iu England when it was lowest. Although this hatnot passed, nevertheless, the English government cannot but expect that the same circumstances will take place with respect to other articles. In consequence, her Majesty's government sees itself under the necessity ol taking into consideration the state in which the two governments ore placed in consequence of these measures ; and rf utAtincr tn tho Prnoaiait ffAVurnm^nf ifi viawb ttimli. cable to all such cases, as well us its principles and its mode of viewing such subjects. Her Britannic Majesty's government wished to declare that, in making these representations, they are guided by a regard tor commercial interests in general, and not exclusively for those of Great Britain. We have no right to teach other countries what ia or is not their interest, nor to intervene except in what is prejudicial to English intcroits.? These are, no doubt, at s'ake, but German commercial interests are no less so. An augmentation of the duties on iron will hurt German consumers more than British producers. England produces annually from 1,2<K),000 or 1,<100,000 tons of iron ; prices are rising at this momen'. From 1838 lo 1841, England exported to Germany about 27,000 tons annually ; that is, about two per cent in weigh' of the whole produce, and in value still less. No doubt the rise of the tariff would jessen die demand on Englaud, but this demand will not cease altogether. ' The lo*a for England is not great, but the spirit of this measure, at a time when the commerce of the world is taking such considerable extetisi n, is calculated to make a powerful impreasion on the English government. 'It is quite true that, whilst the importation into Germany in 183!> only amounted to 1,800 tons, it amounted in 1841 to 50,000 tons, hfoioe people think this increase a motive for raising the duty, as if the development of commercial relations proved that they should be troubled or restrained. Nevertheless, it tsvery likely that the prodigious increase of exportation tor Germany is to be attributed to the excessive diminution of ptices in England, and that even without legislative measures the importations will become more limited It does not belong to the English government to discuss the results likely to ensue for Germany if the price of iron vt ere increased ; but the English government can hilt observe that during the last ycat the English .., ._I _.1 ; i i r - _l .I. .: - r r?icri buu mm now urgiiu iu icci uir <;uiii[>riiiion en the iiumr produce from < lerrnany in foreign markets, and consequently thp higher price at which the German manufacturers have to produce the raw material will be an advantage to their competitors. Her Majesty's government knows tout this measure has been attempted to be justified, by alleging the protective system of England such us it formerly existed ; but whatever may have been that system, it has never been composed of a series of measures, each of which has been purposly directed against commercial relations then existing, and advantageous in their results. If the news we have r< ceived is to be trusted, there is an idea of-c<>ncluding between the States of the U lion and another foreign State a particular convention, exempting the iron of the latter from the intended augmentation, so that this measure would he solely directed against English commerce. Her Majesty)* government does not lor a moment doubt that tiiis exemption has been granted in return for concessions made by that Slate, but ihv English government must observe that an advantage granted by this treaty, necessarily to the prejudice of England, could not but increase the discontent of the latter power. According to your Excellency's despatch, the English government may perhaps account for the augmentation of the Prussian duty on iron, by thn refusal of England to reduce Iter import duty on cotton velvet. But there is considerable difference between reducing already existing duties, resulting from n multitude of considerations, and placing nn enormous duty on an article already free. There is also a considerable difference betweeo declining the demand of a reduction of duly upon 'in article entirely manufactured, and placing nn onerous duty on an article already free. There is also a considerable difference between declining the demand of a reduction of duty U(on an article entirely manufactured, and placing a duty on a raw material such as iron. But what were the circumstances in which the refusal of diminishing these duties and the augmentation of the duty oil iron were reciprocally made 1 In 1842 England made great changes in its commercial system, al W ?0 NEW YORK, FRIDAY A iliough considerable opposition was made to them in tIlia country. No State has comparatively derived so much profit from these chung-s as North 'ierinany. Home Wrt-lts after these changes, the Union increased the turiil upon mixed cottons and woollen stuffs, in a degree amounting almost to a prohibitive duty. Itei resentationa were made on :his subject, and Great Britain insinuated, that if his measure were adopted, reprisals might perhaps ie made use of; nevertheless the measure was put nto execution. Immediately alter Prussia made two proposals, viz : that the duties on cotton velvet might be diminished, and that >he Prussian shipping might be daced on the same footing as the English for the exportation to a third country, and in what it is tencrally called indirect commerce. The first of hese demands wn refused, but the second was .runn..l . 1,1,? <1,, t'.^i V. ..? .W.I in ",?v ? ? erinunyan example ot restrictive measures whs iliown. The second measure was granted in spite if these anted dents; ard on this occasion the finish government gave to i he treaty of 1842 an interrelation in favor of Prussia- an interpretation which it would have hern easy for the English government to repulse, had it not desired the comliercial relations between England and Germany ihould increase in facility ami extent. This was he point at which affaits stood In 18J2, on the >art of England, measures were passed to facilitate :ommerce ; on ti e part of Germany, measures to estrict commerce in u considerable degree. In 1843, there were no reprisals on the purt of Great 3ritain, but, on the contrary, a new concession ; >n the part of Germany, measures still more deci lerllv hostile to commerce. It could scarcely lie 'ailed jus', that whilst England does not grant every leniand made to it, because among a number of :onci ftsioiis it refuses one, the Union should exejute measures of all kinds which restrict commerce h'tween the two nations, ard that under'Ik* auspi:es ot a Stati whose government, at least on this object, holds a course dtameuically o; posed ro the taiMiaci* if speuks. Thus Htter having shown the lisadvantages of the changes now in view, and inving proved 'hat the commercial measures < f ireat Britain had a right to it different return on :he part of Germany, it only r< mains to me to charge your lordship to inake known to the Prussian government, that recently the English government regarded as certain the change in the urif! on iron, but that, whether that change takes place or not it will present Prussia with no pr pohal relative io this proposition, either at present or for the future Convinced that it is not compatible with the dignity of England to make proposals which are continually repulsed, the English government h>s acytirea the conviction thut, an regards commercial facilities, it can count on no lUpport from Prussia and the other States of the German Union; and n considers it iis duty to take its measures, lor the future, without taking into consideration things which, in other circumstances, it would most certainly nave considered. Your lordship will have the kindness to communicate a copy of this despatch to the Prussian Minister of Foreign Affairs. I am, <Vc. (Signed) Aeerdeen. Ireland, State Peosecutions?Ooi'rt op Queen's Bench. Trinity Term opened on Wednesday, 22d ult. and there was, of course, a full attendance of the Bar, in the expectation tnat judgment would be pro nonnoed uonn the motion for a new trial in the case of the Queen t>?. Daniel O'Gonuell anil others.? Towards the close of the day the Court intimated that they would give judgment on Friday. Tint announcement caused a full attendance in the Court on the day tixed. On the fitting of the lull Court, shortly alter eleven o'clock, the case <>t "The Queen against Dauicl O'Connell and others" having heen called, Mr. Justice Pekkinproceeded to deliver his judgment. Having 6tutid the nature of the charges as set forth in the indictment, he proceeded to conaider the grounds upon which the motion for a new trial had been ratted by th? counsel for the traversers. The objections as to mere form, such f;s the misnomer of Mr. lligby, the juryman, the name, ?Scc. he briefly answered. Passing over the objection to the panel, arising out of the emission of the names of the Catholic jurors, as being properly mutter if challenge, not i! a new tiud.be vindicated the Court from the objection that it had been deficient in exp'.icitness as to the iaw of conspiracy. lie expressed his concurrence in the greater part of the charge, with the law laid down, Ji'.d the facts submitted to the jury, but though) that there hud been substantial error in admitting certain newspapers, the properly of Messis. Barrett or Dufly, as being per te evidence of facts done or speech's made by Mr O'Connell, which were not otherwise in evidence. Reports in newspapers were no proof of facts, nor could narrative statements, made on the authority of their proprietory who were responsible for them, be brought in evidence in to the acts or speeches of another. The publication in the Pilot or Freeman were evidence against Megsra Barrett or Cray, but not against Mr. O'Connell, except in so far as the acts of the former could affect the latter, and, therefore, the Court had been substantially wrong in stating that Mr. O'Connell hud listen at Mallow arid Tara, and made certain ytches there which were justly and strongly commented upon, when there was nothing in evidence to prove the assertion but those newspaper reports. In the course of his defence Mr. O'ConnPll remarked, with justice, that the Crown argued in a circle with regard to those journals, for first they used them to prove that a conspiracy existed, anil having so deduced that fact, they used the narratives of these papers to prove acts of conspiracy against individuals. He was of opinion that these uewspapers should not have been used until the conspiracy had been proved; indeed, there was abundance of proof to implicate Mr. O'Connell in the conspiracy without their aid; vet, with the former impression on his mind, and mindful of the principle of civil law, which holds that one improper issue vitiates a verdict, no matter how well supported by other evidence, he thought Mr. O'Connell entitled to a new trial, more especially as lie could uot say how far the jury had been influenced in their verdict by tins newspaper evidence, which was, in his miud, so improper for their considers tion. With respect to the Rev. Mr. Tterney, it had been urged that there were some peculiar circumstances, and his counsel had relied upon tlirt.icl that no previous knowledge of the acts of the o:her traversers hud been attributed to, or proved against btm by the Crown, although he certainly loincti the as* cistion. and re.;de a verv mm '..en sib!e speecn there on the third of October; but to meinbertlup of that body was not legal, nod m previous knowledge or concert with othirs had been proved, lie thought there facts should hnvt been more plainly laid before the jury, and would direct a new trial for the reverend gentleman, on the ground of vagueness and looseness in the charge. Mr. Justice Cr ampton next delivered his judgment which was very long and careful. 1 If-(agreed with hi* brother Perrin in every point, save die admisst hility of the newspa|ters against Mr. O'Coruiell, which he thought were clearly matter logo before the jury, even it the statements therein were false ; for he field I but Mr. O'Coruiell was responsible for ihem, as they were published in pursuance of the common object, and that the public ation was i)>to facto part of the conspiracy. lie thought that his brother Pernn's remarks with regard to the Rev. Mr. Tierney were very ju*?, end concurring in them as he did, tfiey would direct a new trial lor that gcutleman, even nt a risk <d including all the trav ersern in it, lor he could not, st such a hazard, permit him to suffer wrong. That course, however, would he obviated, if the Crown could enter a no/It rroMtjisi against him, which would sstisly linn (Sir J. Crampton ) Mr Justioe ilmiTorr followed, and in a judgment, ot his usual ability, stated the reasons on which h^ thought the motion should be refused on every point to all the traversers. The Ix>ri? Chief Justice commenced his judgment shortly hsfore six o'clock. He expiesscd Ins entire concurrence in the arguments on which Ins brother Burton rested his refusal of a new trial. Cn the following day 11 freth attempt was made to delay judgment. Mr. WiniTitsioR entered the Count and proceeded tossy, that he had to move for a return in the shape of an amendment of the poilta, by nlncing on that document certain facts which the deteniinnts claimed to have put upon the tecord. [The learned counsel here read the notice.] Of tii? fucts which they sought to place upon the record there could he no dispute. The first fact was the extension of the trtaf into the vacation; the second was the separation of the jurors during the progress of the trial. These, he said, were the first twopotnts "f his motion, and it was clear that they were perfectly consistent with it. The other grounds of his application acted on the indictment, the iesue paper, and the finding of the jury. They had found some of the defendants guilty of certHin parts ot various counts, and had founn others of them not guilty upon certain parts, and it was his wish to have the "finding" precisely the same as they found it; he had Irnmed his patten in that way,nnd would rend it for their lord .hips [Counsel here reud the form in which he desired to have the finding worded.] lie wished to state exactly whnt his objection was?they began by saying that the said jurors |RK U CORNING, JUNE 21, 1844 upon their oaths, find the said Daniel O'Connell,! &c., icc , guilty of, CScc., Arc - hut the jury hail not ' found th'"in guilty of the intent, its there elated, at all?md lie (Mr Whiteside) only desired to have the finding of the jury exactly as that finding was given. The Attorney General replied, and showed that the case, ns stuted by Mr. Whiteside, had already been adjudged upon its merits, titut the separation of the jury had been acceded to by their counsel, nnd that the finding was in correct terms of the record. After some discussion,the Court unanimously refused the motion, principally on the ground, as they alleged* that Mr. Moore having consented to the separation ol the jury, it would be a breach of compact to accede to it; and also, because the motion to alter the puttra should hate been made within the fust four days of the last term. The traversers, however, were determined to make another attempt, 111 the form of a motion in arrest of judgment. Sir Colman O'Loghlen said that the. motion to

amend the poitta having been disposed of, he had to move, on the part of the traversers, in arrest of judgment,.but being wholly unptepared, lie trusted their lordships would give hi/n time until Monday morning. This wna most stroncly opposed by the Chief Jus.: 1 .1. . a .. / .. ... i ..k.. ?k?t hit nun iir nuurui > ut criai, wnwtuiiiciiucu uiai Sir C. O'Loghlin should proceed at oner?iiftri the great delay alrendy permitted, no iuither time bhoiild be granted. Sir Colinan O'Loghlen stated that he was not prepared; and it was linally agreed that lie should state the outline of the aigumeuts he intended to use, which he did in Court; and further,'that lie ,-honld turnibh the Attorney General with the cases he intended to cite in support ol his motion, that nigh:?and upon this undemanding, the Court agreed to arjourn. On Monday, Sir C O'Loohlkn brought forwnrd his motion, and spoke upon it for several hours He described himself as counsel for Mr. O'Connell only ; and as it was evident that each of the traversers sought to he heard by counsel, the Court interfered, and ruled absolutely that only two counsel should be heard on each side. The Court adjourned at half past four. On Tuesday, the Solicitor Gknkrai. replied to Sir C. O'Loghlen, and was followed by Mr. M'Donagh tor the tiuverserp. On Wednesday, the Attorney General commenced his reply, and concluded ul half past one o'clock. The Chief Justice then proceeded to Rive ludgment on the motion, and staled that the whole Court were unanimous in lelusing n new trial. lie condemned, in strong language, liie legal sultileiies and points ol law that were resorted toby tbe tyiver eia lor tbe purposes of delay. Judges Burton, Cramptoii, and Perrin, in succession delivered their ( pinions, which are in accordance with thore of the Chief Justice. The traversers were ui at tendance Mwuiiing ihe sentence. Mr O'Conned made na affidavit, yesterday, to the ?fleet that it is not customary to execute n sentence pending a writ ol error. At a quarter to five the Court adjourned till next morning, when sentence will be passed?but ajno IIUII win U*- ui i'lifsit i iUiwuiu liirti II 11 a ?I y uui u* |'?n into operation till the judgment on the w rit of error shitll he given. Thursday morning having been fixed for bringing the traversers up for judgment, the popular excitement, which for some time past seemed tube quiescent, begtm again to display some of its former vigor, und the preparations made about the courts might be taken as a criterion of the extent to which it prevailed. As soon as the doors of the court were thrown open, at a few minutes past ten, all the seats which could be placed at the disposition of the bar or the public were thronged with people. Several ladies appeared in the galleries. Mr. O'Connell, accompanied by Mr. Smith O'Brien, M. P., and by Mr. Steele, entered the traversers' bar at half past ten, and a scene ensued which, we believe, is altogether unprecedented in a court <4justice All the barristers of the outer bar, with the exceptiou of comparatively few, rose and greeted Mr. O Connell w ith loud and repeated rounds of cheers, accompanied with clapping of hands. Thin demonstration of acclamation continued for a few minutes. At twenty minutes after eleven o'clock the full court sat. The Chief Justice, on taking his scat, asked the Attorney-General it he had anything to move, and that gentleman replied in the negative Mr Moore. Q, C, then rose ands?id, that on the part of Daniel O'Connell and others he had to apply to the court, that whatever sentence it might think proper to phhs should not he put into operation until after judgment would be pronounced upon a writ o! error, which it wasthe intention of the traversersto prosecute with all | oseible speed. The application was founded upon the proceedings which had taken place in that court, and an affidavit made, by Mr. O'Connell, which was to the elfect that he would, with all possible speed, bring his writ of eiror before the House of Lords; that it should be prosecuted bona Jidf, and that his object w as not to cause delay, hut merely to stay the sentence until the judgment of the House of Lords could be had. All lie Hsked of their Lordships todo wa6, to pass whatever sentence they, in their wisdom, might think fit. and to nnine such a day for its commencing to operate, as would enable the traversers, in the meantime, to prosecute their writ of error, and lie pledged himself that would be done with ilie greatest possible speed. If the judgment would he con lurried, then lie buuriiiiieti that Hie result would lie iliui the traversers would he forthcoming, by giving biiij to any amount, to answer whatever sentence (heir Lorasliips niitclit be pleased to order, (ind? upon these grounds, |1(. niost respectfully submitted that the order should be granted. The Attorney-General said, th t on the part o| the Crown it was his dutv to oppose that application; he whs not then to di cuss the question, as to what should be the law in such a case, or whether the law in civil actions should also be the law in criminal rnsee; all that he was called upon to do, was to deal with the matter according to the laifc as it then stood : and, indeed, he said, Mr Moore lit ruse 11 admitted that the present application w.o without precedent; and he could add, with perfect confidence, diet in ease it would be granted, that within twenty-four hours after judgment had been delivered, it would he circulated throughout the country that the defendants were at large, and could not be made arnenahle to the law, and that the Court hud passed a judgment which would tie reversed within one month. He usserted the Court had no such authority by the common law of the ; land. The Court refused the motion, under the eonvicI tion that, as the law stood, they had no power to grant it. At four o'clock, amid breathlesi anxiety, Mr. Justice Hurton, in an address during which lie shed tears, passed Sentence ovtije Traversers. Daniel O'Connkli..?To be imprisoned for twelve calendar months ; to nay a fine of J?2(XX), and to ent-r luto securities to keep the peace lor -even years? himseII in jDKNX), ana two sureties ot X2.>IX)eaeh. Jotts O'Connki.t,, i->ohn Gray, T. .Steele, It. BsRMrtr,C <I Dronr,>fl T. M. Kay.?To b? imprisoned for Aine calendar months; to pay a line of JCM), and to enter into securities to K?ep the pence for seven years?themselves re?ix;ctively in I T ,h Jwjvw, nn?i iwu lurfiirn in Avinf rauu. . >enteii?e having been iiRHMrri, Mr. O'Comii.i, immediate'y row, nnd an id that he wished to remind th# Court, that he hnd made ii solemn affidavit, declaring thm he hud never entered into a eon-piracy with th?other traversers, or committed the crime with which he was charged. lie had ntiw only to atiy it whk his painful conviction that justice had not been done. A Midden and vociferous cheer from nearly all parts ol the Court followed this remit ; mid although it wai accompanied by the chipping of hands amongst the junior bar, and was two or three times repeated, the Judges did not interfere, although evid'-ntly displeased. The Traversers immediately surrendered into the custody of the Hhefffl'. After adelsv ot shout an hour and a half, which gave time to allsy the excited feelings ol th. people out ol court, a" well as lor the neeeassry preparation*, the traversers were conveyed to the Jiich mond P< uiterit ary, in the Circular-roaflL their future place of confinement They proceeded thither in thieecarriages, stteni>d by a Intge body ol police. A great many peopl-run along and kept up with the cifT'inges, and there was alro a large assemblage outride the Penitentiary on his arrivnl When%Mr. O'Connell sepped out of the carriage he was greeted with loud cheers, and immsdiately entered the gateway. Within the court vartl, a iarge number of respectable peiwons, many ol them his most intimate friends, weps drawn up in two lines. They received Mr. O'Connell in silence and uncovered, and as he walked ttp between the lines, he shook hands with many of them ; his hearing wss manly and undaunted. He thus entered the Governor'shouse, which, we understand, lie and his other fellow prisoners will he allowed to occupy. The Penitentiary is a vast pile ol building, in HM airy snd salubrious psrt of ike suburbs rl Dunlin. The Governor's hou<e is large, and Inn i a garden attached, in which Mr. O'Connell, with mmm?mammmmmmmmmrffur"*? ' 1 [ERA I. his daughters', Mrs. Fitzsimmon and Mrs French, walked alone, soon alter hi* arrival. The prisoners, as they must now he called, dined together about half past six They wen- all cheerlul We are happy to slate that there was not the slightest breach of the peace during the procei dings The foljowing address, which had been prepared in anticipation ot the sentence, was issued on Thursday:? Address ofO'Comit-U to the People of Ireland. PEACE ANI) QUIET. Peow.e or Irklami?F.ni.ow-CoiiNrnYMKN?11ki.oved F Khuiw- Cor.ytr ym KN?The sentence is passed. Hut there is another appeal front that senfence. The appeal lies to the House ot Lords I solemnly ph dge tnysell to bring an appeal against that sentence, and 1 nature you that there isevety prospect it will be received Peace, then, and guiet. Let there not be one particle ol riot, tumult, or violence. This is the crista in which it will be shown whether the people ot Ireland will o'. ey me or not. A. y person who violates the law, or is guiliyot any violence, insult, or injury to person or property, violates my command, anil shows himself un enemy to me, and a bttterenemy to Ireland. i hepeuple or Ireland?!he sober, sternly, linnet, religious people ot Ireland?have luiiierlo obeyed my commandsand k^ptquiet, Let every man stay at home Let the women and children stay at home. l)o not crowd the streets, and in panicular let no man approach the precincts o! the Four Courts. Now. people of Dublin, and pet pie ol Ireland generally, I shall know, and the woild will know, whether you iove and resect me or not Show your love and regard for me, by your obedience to the law?your peaceable conduct, und the total avoidance of any riot or violence. PEACE, ORDER, QUIET, TRANQUILLITY. Preserve, the peace, and the Repeal cause will necessarily be tiiumphant. Peace and aunt I nsk lor in nty name, und as you regard me. Peace and quiet I usk lor in the name ot Ireland, and as you :ove your native land. P? ace?quiet?order, 1 call for under ilie solemn sanction ot religion. I conjure you to observe quiet, and 1 ask it in the adorable name of the ever living God. Gratify me und your friends by your being quiet and peuceable. . The eni-nit'-e of Ireland would be delighted at your violating the peace, or being guilty ot any dis order. Disappoint them?grutify und delight by peace, older, end quiet. Your faithful friend, DANIEL O'CONNELL. Corn Exchange rooms, 29th May, 18-H. O'ConiiclI's I.nst Speech at the Corn Exchange. The Liberator ihrn proceeded to address the ussctnhly amidst great applause. He said lie rose now for the purpose of moving that it he referred to tin general committee ot the ucsaciatton to pre purr forthwith Hn address to the p>-njle ot Ireland upon ;he exiting position < f the public cause; he wished to have that address prepared in order ihat ti might be issued the moment the court passed sentence upon him nnd the other traversers [hear, h>ar] That might be postponed (though from what he knew of the court, he did not think i: would) [laughter] until the decision nf the House of Lords [hear, hear] He thought it ought to be postponed till then, hut what ought to he was not always let to he in this best of till possible worlds [ muddier, j nui i( wH-imiitK to |irr|inrc nun auuut"-, let thesentence be whati ii might; whatever length of imprisonment 'hey might Ret?whatever amount ot fine might he imposed on them, the people should he prepared not to ?llow any irritation to overcome tin ir determination to he peaceable? (loud cries of hear, hear, hear.) What he hi d hern struggling for since the commencement of the trial?that which made hun anxious to pottpone the actual termination as long ns In* could, was not shrinking from the peril, or die punishment; hut the thorough conviction that all he wanitti was tune to have the people distinctly understand that tl?ey would play the game of tlieii enemies by any violence, any force, any riot, 01 aoy attempt to impede the progress of the law h> violence of anv kind. [Hear,iiear J All lie wunt ed was, that the people sheuld understand that theii enemies desired nothing so healthy as the oppot tunny that would he given to them, hy any oull?reak or violence on their part, of bringing out the mill terv force now in the country against nn unarmed, and undisciplined people (hear, hear, and cheers ) Nothing they desired so much, but there was n< itiing in which iliey would be more thoroughly dis .ippmiitt d (cheers ) Day after day ironi that spot ?week alter week tnrough the newspapers he pro claimed these facts, and th< y had reached eveiy part of the country ; tlier.* was no man so ignorac as not t(> have heaid of his wish lor |>eace?there was no man so stupid as not to know thut it was foi his good and the success of the great cause ot Ireland that that wish was expressed (hear, hear.) 'PI... r ..I,,1. lir./I luL?n .t n.> rr.ci t n I! v ? w hy that very day he hud acknowledged subt>crt|>lions Ironi no less than 150 Catholic ckrytncn (loin' cheers,) every one of whom were the liett pcac* oflicers ihst ever a communiiy had (hear, hear, and laughter,) They were not (aid for that duty. Oh yea, lliey were, by tht ir own feelings, by their own religious emotions, and by iheir God, for then conduct in preserving the peace (cheer#.) Th? iliuig was understood, ai.d it only required now ft i him to call the attention tf the country?of (ires' Britain, ur.d of Europe, to the real position it. winch they were placed. There was no inan thai could possibly deny the lact, that Ireland was infinitely in a worse situation now, than she we# at the time ol the Union. That was a fact admitted by every num. Even the foreign travellers whi riad come hereto view the nakedness of the lant.'. had contrasted the misery ami poverty which exist > d in Ireland with the condition ol the it habitant nf other countries through which they had passed, had declared tltHt they had found nowhere it peopb enduring ho much in e country that nature culca lated'and uatuie'sGod blessed with tin- utmost let tilitVHi.d the utmost means "( producing abundant (cheers ) How was it in the county of Wtcklow 50,00')( annually Was carried from that county, u *teud of ben g -pent in Ireland, to Lord Fiizwii Itatn, in England. It might as web not have beei produced at all?nay. tno e, it was worse, for ii i very growing crop there was exhaustion of tin soil, und the ground was less irodticlivr this yeai than the last (hear, Iteur.) The rum was cumin; on the one side and not the least benefit on tin "titer; und when he mentioned the name ol Lor? Fitzwiliium, he spoke of lum a# one of the best i the absentees He took up the ca#c of Lord Head ford, who drew from this country 36,I'M/ a-yem. lie and his father, for fifty years, and not a shilling of that was spent in Ireland. 1 lie father died, am left untoid thousand.! to fits 5^wi?s servant, sin nothing to Ireland (hear, hear ) The Union list done more than this?it hud canned the destruction of trade?the total annihilation ol uny productive commerce, ind the complete uuare <>t mumc lures (hear, hear.) At the tunc of the Union, flirre were IfiO.OUO persons employed in Dubiui(cheers, nnd hear, hear ) What was the pictun now T Why, there were not more t> nn thiiteen in fourteen thousand. lie had (letaihd there f.irti frequently?lie announced them in various pi ct>? lie challenged inquiry?he defied rnntrudictiftnand when those challenges were met the argument! against him were amply refuted; and lie might a; peal to a hook of a relation of In*, who had inket ?ome trouble in making up statistical returns, t. prove the case of Ireland, and In* would say iIim1 no man wan ever more triumphantly answered tha Montgomery Martin was by John (U.'orinell in In "Argument lor Ireland" (cheepc) Munv were m opinion that the evils might be mitigated by ) irii' lation in an imperial parliament; many men refugee to heroine Repealets because ih? y had hopes oi succeeding in that parliament. When the whig! were in oflice these was a promise, and as it >ven a prospect of something bung done to mitigate th? ' viIs of which Irishmen complained. To a rertaii extent men were employed in < Mice not pledged ti hatred for their native land (hear, hear ) Wlnh ilie whiga were hi olTice those hopes might h.ivi existed, nnd Ins excellent friend (Mr. fSiniih O'Hri en) would not linve become ii Repealer if lie h i not hern compelled by the re I una I to give any in 'tuiry i no the grievances of Ireland (hear, hear ) Hut men should look to the present system ot government and they would see that there was no pros pect for Ireland hut the Repeal (cheers.) There, lor instance, was die registration and franchier hill, and he regretted to find thai Mr Cnllett. who win returned for Athlone, was urging ministers to bring forward this franchise hill He (Mr. < ?"("onneIl) meant as one of his motions that Mr. Ray lie d, rected to write to Mr. Colletijnot to urge ihe bring ing on cf it, but to urge its postponed, nt. 11 rpli convinced as he was, nnd is, that there w as no prospect whatever of relief for tha people of Ireland hut Repeal, he determined three years Hgo to llms off the precursor plan, nnd at once to look foi the Repeal. They begun with a small numbei of members, and small resources; thev, how ever, addressed the willing ear of ihe public mind Willi argument ami remon. They explained ihr nations! desire, anil they showed to denini>tin> lion that Ireland had nothing to expect hutfrom her own legislature, and that no movement could he made in Ireland o| sutVuuent importance to awaken the attention ol l.iigluh statesmen, hut one tlui in } ^ ^ _ _ y ? " .m J " > LD Prlct Two Cent*. (he value of which nil the people concurred, and that there w?t none other ol that kind but the ]{?. petti of the Union (cheer?). Thev did r.o: t-l unk trom its public discussion. It had been said that m tlie monster meetings no man opposed to Repeal would be heard ; that was nit the lacl, fir ai.y in.in would have been heard, en Icrig as he chute to speak to the point (hear, heat). Indeed, mch a thing actually occurred at one ol tin se mi elii.gs? at the Uumlalk meetitg?a Mr O'Reilly, who pretended at first to ti.ke a strong pari in sympathy with the people, and afterwarus assailed those who looked for the Repeal. He wan heard thioupl.nut ?certainly there were time minks cf dieai piobation, which usually occur when a speuki r mode obaervatiotiH in which the meeting citrl in t agiet? but he was heard throughout (hear, I.est) 1 Ley had discussed the question in the corporation betore a body, one-thud ot whom were anxious Repealers, among whom there w>re men o| the most eminent . talent?he might instance Aldem an Butt The discussion took several days, aril the eptechrs on both sides were pithlmhsil, arid be siooij upon that discussion, a ltd declared it to be tin sigumeiit of the I justice of the Repeal agitation (clieits) What I was the ' next step"! Jt was to show that it | whs not 01 ly in the as-en bly-iooin ol the corporation, but throughout Ireland the people I were convinced thnt whs n<> political salvation I except in the i(e| eal (hear) U|ion tLut account, ud that alone, lie had atterirh d the manner mterings. There were thirty-six of them. Ireland troni all us provL'c-s and all its counties pronounced trumpet-iongued th.it the Union was the u it r b'ight ol the land, arid thMt if it w as not r< peaied, when he was in his grave the connection would he at an end (loud chrers). No c-nn ry ever s.iw tuclt i .ft tings. Ir< Iunil stood alone in that. They were the most multitudinous meetings t'tat ever canie together on any political subject in any itgion cf tlieeaith, and thev exceeded in unanimity, and ulmve all, in tranquil ty (hi ar I.chi) Not the si.ablest violence, not, 01 tumult?in i the least insult?not the slightest evil happened to any one ; and it w as a delightlnl fact to be recorded, that such forbearance and kindliness were extended l>y the assemblage towuriie eacli otto r, that not even ho accident hapitemd (hear host) Ob, the ) ear'-13 whs a glomus veur tor Irelai d (loud and lot grontinned applnuse). The stout-hearted, the l.unjble were there?the vigorous and the manly were there ? tire beautiful und the lovely, and the puie, and the fair, were there?the sinless and the spoiler* were there?to untie upon their exertion*, and if ever a country deserved liberty, it was the country if such men und such w. men (cheers) Yt*, it nutst he admitted that cvm during these i rosecution*, with the utmost anxiety to do tlieir duty, the preset u ors and the witueesrs, the police as well aa .he newspaper reporteis, or rather he should not degiudc the rt potter* by culling those spies reporters (hear, hear), with all tlie anxiety to fabricate their case, to extend their case, to exaggerate their case?not one particle of reproach nor of obloquy wus flung on the people ot Ireland in those muhitudim u* meetings assembled (cht'eie). There was no disgrace, there was no contumely, not the least reproach. Nr.; they had ct me out like it lined gold uoni the ordeul; tor even to the end of this monster prosecution not one tunnelling word tell Ircm the hps of a violent prosecutor, not one, (chesrt). Not one. That was the case of the judges. Let ihem look to the entire ol the monster meetings; they showed a determination?a peaceable dt termination on the pait of the people to have a parliament ol their own. They were peaceable, moderate unit determined (lier.r. I e.<rV 1 liev til ill lit be called conspirutors; but in In* heart he did uot believe them. In the course ot the tnuls it berime necessary for them to make iifiiduvits, and in fhot.? a (lid* vits they had all sworn, most rclrmtdy sworn in the presence ot God mid their country, .lint they had not entered into any conspiracy (hear, loar). No conspiracy whatever existed, and tveiy ?i.e * new that to be true (cheers). There were the oaths of those who knew hist whether any c< u>pirncy was entered into. Sin h did r.ot ixist. 'I here w ere the oaths ot Protestants, c< is< lent;one olid relig ous I rotestai Is. The ie w ere ihe call sol' 'atholics, and lie hoped rehfiious Catholics. A nd he would ask hnu they perjured themselves (ciieHot no, no) 1 No, tin y had not ; neither* athor.c t.or f rait slant had perilled themselves, and he stood up diere, boldly and triumphantly. in itie awlul pie ence 11 11 mi who w s lobe liis judge, and proclaimed thai they lied in their lhroul unci heart who dared to tell thiin they had dure so. (Loud cheering ) Put, that nil No, no; but let ihcin In br < >ne ot the lour judges in tbe C outt t.f ihe Queer's Bench?for there were lour judge* in ihat court-one ol these jutigi s, a inun ot high reputation in hia profession?u man w lo se kt.ow dgt ot common law stood, higher, |>ethxpe, tiian iny other ut the bar or on the bench?a mail who utver to?ik a briel in Chancery, lor lie could not Ht'slid to it, his practice ot common and criminal I .Wr- being so great mm to prevent liim doing so?a man, the only one at the bar who did not | inciice in any court except at c< miuon law, this mati, with bis grsut knowledge ol common and criminal law was bound, ut the end ol the trials, lo declare that there w.ib no evidence against th'-tn to warrunt n i onviction. (In.mt use cheeis.) A Voice.?Three cheeta for Judge Ptirin. (Continued cheering.) Mr. O'Cokm-.m. continued?He would put their '>..lhs, and the oaths ot the prosecutors in contrast with each oilier (Hear, hear ) lie did net itni ate moral guilt to any one ; hut he and the other inspirators, as they were called, stood there as :ree and as stainless in repttta'ion of crime ol any iort as any man in the community. (Loud cheers ) One ot the judges who tried the case hud niotiounced it, and thereby they were acquitted of ^ in It. (Cheers ) Oh, but ihat was not all; wdiat a world we live in (lleur, hear.) The got eminent to e sure have an organ in this country in theshnpe f a neWhiiuper culled the Evtntog- Parkft, and hat paper riad the unprincipled audacity nd impulence to say, and pin torlh, that the judges weto i animoue in teeir i pinicii to rehire a t;< w trial (near, he r ) Of all ihe lies in ibis lying world, or I all ihe lies fvii ot ihe lying Paikrt, that was ,.e grratCM vnenr aim Hummer ) iiui nr nuuiu arm. * lial the u-e ?.f such lying on the part ot the ving Paiktl f lie would t- II'hemit done a n-ivue o the party to which the Pmkit belocgr d (h?nr, ?iir ) That paper went to the tablet cf vho never saw nn?>thi r paper, nod do doubt thtie ? ere two-ltgged jnckasees (luuf liter) who ?tl? 'illy enough to believe that tin te w as no dtfiertnee I' opinion on the bench n gaming the new trial (hear, hear ) It might he true, but the Parkft j roved a liar (hear and cheers ) it Judge 1 t ir.n bsd liietl the caee of the traversers, untl lie could have ,<ir.e so an well as the lour indues who trod it, ho teing a con |>eteni judge to do so, he would on (l.e videnre produced lor the prosecution have ordered lie jary at once to HtijUit thein, and there would tave been m end to the prosecution (hear, hear, .ml chet rs,) such, however, was not the case, and be prosecutors had aucceeded, and their turu was ervi d, and peihapa in the ct urre of the week they f' lie traversers) would he sent to prison (henr, ear ) Rc it so. Let the government send hem there. Lid (hey go there disgraced (loud rtes ?i| no, no, and clreeral) lied they li.iehed one inch front their du y t<> their c? unry (cries of no, no) 1 Had they tied front their Inty? had they compromised their principles, or .vera thev less Rep* tilers (cries il no, no, and Cersj 1 No, no?he would s .y ten thousand tinn a o (cheer-). Well, hut what had the prosecutors hi view 1 It might he a v? ry pleasant thing to put mm in pound to be sure WieHr, and laughter), and to doubt many old religious dailies on that count Vnuld sweeten their lea and ractswilh the idea of .9 being in pnol (immense cheering). Yes, he b1 .perl m Hod to live to come r>nt i 1 the gaol, anrl not into his grave out ol it (great clieenng). hut he would not corne out of it until lie came out to his grave ifone thing happened, lie now would say oh'innly and awfully to th<- people of Irrland, and < begged to impr* <* it deep into ibeir minds sod hearts with a due n n-e of aw(ulness, that ?he man ,n attempted the slightest y olrnc<?who toed least force, who was inehned to niit or distuih nice?the man who attempted an infraction? even ie show ot an infraction ot the law?the men who was guilty of the smallest crime, that man, nnd ho Id them emphatically, that tnan, if any such e*. is i d, would most asaureilly bring down hta giey b itrs with sorrow to the grave (great sensation). Me said that in the nwlul and just presence of Him w ho was to he his pidge, that if such a man as he le?crdied nppearrd, fte(Vir. O'Gnniull't) days would be numbered, and that he would never leave i? prison except to he carried from ;t to hi gr*-r (*enss'ion) Hut wan thcte such a ntan union"*! Mem (loud cries of no, no) 1 Was there . uch a tan in Ireland (no. r<>) I No, he was sure ih-re ' us not (no, no, and cheers) Oh no, lie wa* : inr 'here was not, and iliat no one would be found to lav the game into the enemy's band- (In ar, bee.'), i le wna fortv-hve yearsstruggling 'nr Ireland (gnat lici rinv], and the peoi |e had always liiken los advice?would they take it now [ves, yes, arid loud lteers)1 Let there he prrfert pence, |>erfect tr n I lility?perfect order?no crime?no outrngt?n-? infraction of flu* law?and then in the n.ime of Iroland he would proclaim iIihI there w.uld bv peat'*, order, and tranquiliIy, br nothing ?ha [ C'oul in wed in Suppitmtnl 1

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