Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 10, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 10, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. *<"? ?- NEW YORK. WEDNESDAY MORNING. JULY 10. 1844. -??? *-? LATEST FROM PHILADELPHIA. TROOPS IN THE FIELD ! THEATRES CLOSED. The Military withdrawn from the OH UR O BBS. BUSINESS SUSPENDED. TROUBLES PROBABLY OVER. Our Philadelphia papers of yesterday morning give the pleasing intelligence of the withdrawal | of the troops and the probable return of peace, f From Philadelphia Ledger, July 9.1 AH is quiet in the vicinity of the Church, (at 9 | o'clock, P. M..) though the streets are crowded with people. The police of Southwark are upon the ground and the efforts to prevent disturbance have thus far been successful. A number of per sons have had a piece of cannon out on the com mons all the af:ernoon practising the loading and firing motions so as to render themselves expert in its use, and two or three heavy discharges renewed the alarm of some people and led them to believe thut another fatal outbreak had occurred. Thvir fears, however, were dispelled by the peaceful re ports from the scene of the late conflict. At a meeting of the Commissioners of South wark, yesterday, the following was ordered to be issued in handbills, viz:? Notice All person*, not reiident* of the dlatrict of Southwark, and all other* not performing police duty, are earnestly I requested to retrain from congregating together In the public street*, and to abstain from visiting the scene of I the publio excitement in the said district. Parents, mothers and guardians are also earnestly re quested to restrain their children and keep them eway from the streets during the continuation of the present public commotion. HENRY L. BENNER, President. Philadelphia, July 6th, 1844. This was read to the crowd in front of the church by Mr. Benner, and a question taken and carried as to the adoption of its recommendations. The wounded at the Hospital are doing as well as could be expected under the circumstances, though several cannot long survive their injuries. James Linsenbigler, who received a ball in the right hip, and which passed out at the left groin outside of the femoral vessels, died inconsequence of the wound about 5 o'clock in the afternoon. The Governor arrived in town by the train yes terday afternoon. The funeral of John Cook and Enos Waters took place from the Weccacoe Ilose House, yes terday ufiernoou at 4 o'clock. The latter is the one that remained in the Commissioner's Hall un claimed by any one. He is understood to have belonged to New York. Cook belonged to this city. All was silent and calm throughout last evening. The peace-police of 500 were in front of and around St. Philip's Church throughout the night, and nothing occurred to mar the strange quietude of the ground. The feeling of the multitude was intense in its indignation against the milit ry, and it is said that the most extraordinary exertions were in preparation, had the troops not been with drawn, to have swept last night every soldier from the ground. Over 20 field-pieces were held in readiness by the mob, we are told, for last night. Blacksmiths were employed to cut up bits of iron for slugs. Bullets were cast all day, and a force of severil thousand arranged for immediate action. To-be-sure all this rebellion against the laws would have been futile, for every rioter would have eventually been killed or arrested, and all who aided or abetted, by deed or language, the rebels, would have been held equally to answer. Such, however, was the state of feeling. [From Philadelphia U. 8. Gazette, July 91 The report of the proceedings and state of things in the district of Southwark, will be found in ano ther column. As we understand the matter, the Sheriff has consented to the substitution of a "Ci vil Posse," for the military that were on duty in and near Queen street. Yesterday morning, we understand that committees were sent from the meeting of persons in arms against the authorities, to say thut if the military were withdrawn, the rioters would disperse. Of course, a proposition thus presented could not be considered. But, af terwards, the authorities of the district signified their belief that the peace could be preserved by the civil posse, better than by the military; and this application and assurance were subsequently backed by the Aldermen of Southwark. It then seemed proper in the sheriff to consider the mat ter, and we have heard that the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas, or some of them (in ducing the President Judge), concurred in the opinion that the Sheriff would he justified in sub stituting the civil posse for the military. We ought to state what, perhaps, most who think much about such things would know as well as we do, that no part of the city or districts has been under military rule or law. The detachments of mili tary ou service were, for the time, part ef the po lice of the High Sheriff, called out at his request, and withdrawn by his direction. The men, of course were under the immediate command of their officers, at the head of whom was Major Gen. Patterson, and his concurrence in the measure of withdrawing the troops, appears in thu correspond ence. So Tar as we can judge from representa tions by the Reporters of the public press, and by many who witnessed much of the melancholy scenes of Friday evening, Saturday and Sunday, that the soldiery in general conducted themselves under the trying circumstances with the coolness of veterans. We do not understand that the military are to be dismissed; they are only withdrawn to the rei dezvous, for rest and refreshment, to be called into immediate action, should any occurrence render their services necessary in the city or districts. The citizens of the several wards are called upon to volunteer their services for the preservation of peace in the city. We will not believe that they will neglect such an appeal. It is all important that Philadelphia should be able to sustain herself | agiinst rioters, however assembled, and no way cun be less objectionable, and, if properly direct ed, more efficient, than this proposed by the Coun cils. The quesuon is not one of personal advan tage, nor of party consideration. That for which every Philadelphian should be willing to peiil life and property is endangered; and it would be a dis grace, if an adequate force could not be gathered from among ourselves, to take care of ourselves ? We consider ihe military as a part of the police of the civil officers, as a part of the people; and the same laws that govern one class govern another.? We do not know that there is now anything to fear for the city; but we most earnestly call upon our citizens to sustain, by their presence when they can, the peace of the city?but at all events, to en courage and support those to whom is committed the preservation of law and order. The Governor of the Commonwealth arrived in this city yester day afternoon, responding promptly to a request for warded at midnight previous. He proceeded at once to the consideration of tha position of affairs. ? ? a * ? * It is impossible to say, but for this movement, (the withdrawal ef the military,) what might have been the consequences. It is certain that a war of | extermination was meant to have been waged upon the military. No less than three thousand people (we really believe) were under arms in the district. They had, beyond doubt, at least six cannons; and there was nut a store in the district from which all the ammunition had not been purchased during the morning. An express slso left the city early yes terday morning for Washington to request permis sion of the President to call out U. S. troops. The flying artillery, Captain Ringgold, now at|Fort Mc henry, and the U. S. troops at Port Mifflin have been called upon to come to the assistance of the authorities. The following Proclamations from the Mayor and Sheriff were made yesterday morning: PROCLAMATION. Whereas, There is reeson to believe that bodies of lew less persons are stealthily providing themselves with arms for purposes of violence, the citizens of the city end county are commended and earnestly entreated to assem ble immediately in their respective ward* and adopt tha .. ilir the ' " most rilective organization for the protection of persons , and property and to report themselves to th# aldermen of their respective wards for duty. MORTON McMICHAEL, Sheriff. Resolved, That the Mayer be requested to accept the I services of citizens to be organized and armed, in aid of the civil authority, not exceeding two thousand In num ber. Mivor's Orricr., July 8,1844. Under the above resolution of the Councils, the Mayor Is prepared to receive thoeeivices of any citizens who will enrol themselves immediately. He therefore calls upon all those who sre disposed to' sustain tha laws, to report to him for duty. J M. SCOTT, Mayor. The movements of the authorities of the District of Southwark, in relation to their representations to General Patterson and the Sheriff, stating their desire and ability to maintain the peace ol the District are alluded to in the Report above. The following ia the correspondence which resulted in the withdrawal of the military. Southwaxe, July 0th, 1844 Major General Robert Patterson : Sir?From the representation of a number of citizens of this District, we are pursuaded that it the military ere re moved from the neighborhood of St. Philip's Roman Ca tholic Church, on Queen street. order will be immediate ly restored, and the citizens will protect the church We will give our every exertion for the furtherance of the object. We do not hesitate to say that peace and good or der will be immediately restored. With much respect, we are respectfully, R PALM Kit, 1 CHA8 HORTZ, ( ... IILL ? N McKINLEY, | Aldermen. JA8. SANDERS, J SofTHWAHK Hall, July 8th, 1844. Extract frem tho minutes of the Commissioners of South wark '?Resolved, That it la the opinion of this Board of Com missionets that the continuing of the military force now in the District has n tendency to keep in existence the present excitement, and that il tho troop! now occupying the public streets of Pouthwurk, are not withdrawn, theie /rill he prohahly an additionalsheddingofblood." "Resolved. That Messrs Paynter, Tannerfand Smith, he a Committee from this Board to call upon Gen. Patter son and advise with him upon the expediency and propri ety of withdrawing the military now on duty in the Dis trict of Southwark." A true copy. Attest?JOHN OAKFORD. Hcad Quarters, 1st Div. P. M.) Philadelphia, July 8, 1844. ) Messrs. Paynter, Tanner and Smith, Committee of the Commissioners of Southwark. Gentlemen?1 have examined the extract from the min utes of the Commissioners of Soulhwaik, which you hand ed me this morning. It ia my desire to preserve |ieace, and not to retain possession of any church or dwelling, it the civil authorities are competent for their protection and defence. I will, therefore, without hesitation place the church under the care and protection of the civil au thorities, as soon as I receive notice that they are able and ready to defend it. Very respectfully, vour obedient servant, Signed, R. PATTERSON. Southwark, July 8, 1344. Extract from the minutes of the Commissioners of South wark. Col. Paynter, from the committee appointed to confer with Major General Patterson, upon the expediency and propriety of withdrawing the military guard now en duty, in the District of Southwark, reported a communi cation in writing from General Patterson, which having been read and considered, it was ordeied, that the Cleik of this Board be directed to communicate to Major Gene ral Patterson, in writing and personally, that in the opi nion of this Board, the civil authorities of the District are able andlready to defend the Church. A tiue extract, Attest, JOHN OAKFORD, Clerk. 8hehiff's Office, July 8, 1844. Major Gen. Patterson, Sir The Aldermen of the Dis trict ot Southwark have given me notice that they are abundantly able to protect the property and peace of the Diatrict of Southwark. I learn also that the Commiision era ot that Diatrict have officially made a similar d velar a tion ; and in view of these tacts, I would respectfully sug gest that the troops now having charge of St. Philip's Church, Southwark, should be relieved. You are, there fore, requested to order them to such other point as you may deem best suited to their comfort and repose, holding them in readiness to act, when necessary, at such places as may be menaced. Respectfully yours, M. McMICHAEL. 11 o'clock, P. M.?The following General Order has just been issued by Governor Porter It points out de cisively the course to be pursued by the constituted authorities. GENERAL ORDERS. David R. Porter, Governor of the Commonwealth o) Pennsylvania, Commander in Chief, &c? orders as follows . ?The Governor and Commander in Chief deeply regrets that the renewal of riot, diaorder and bloodshed, has again compelled him to repair to this city, for the purpose ol aiding in the preservation of peace, and tho restoration of order A crisis baa arrived of the most appalling charac ter, in which every good citizen is called upon by the highest obligations of duty, to stand forward in the inain tainance of the laws. The origin of the existing distnr bances sinks into utter insignificance when compared with the disastrous consequences that must ixeviiubiy re sult from their continuance. Whatever opinion any citizen may have entertained at the outset of tneae disturbances, as to the cause, no man can view without the most poignant feeling the deplora ble statu of things, already produced, and certain to suc ceed, it they are not immediately arrested. The question ?snow, ?hall an lurspoDSIble mult, oi iliu regularly con stitute.l authorities he forced to yield. No good citizen who understands the nature, and desirex to enjoy the blessing" of our free institutions, will hesitate an instant under which standard to rally. The friends of pence, or tier, law and libeity, will put forth their utmost might in supporting the legal authorities in the discharge of then duty. Those who are enemies to these sacred objects, will aid and countenance the efforts ol' the insurgents. The Commander in Chief feels great satisfaction in an nouncing his entire approbation of all the measures that have been adopted by Major Oe.ierat Patterso.i, as well as of the High Sheriff, for quelling and dispersing the tti multuous assemblages of persons that sought to intimi date and drive from the ground the military force, whils peacefully engaged in perlormiDg its duty. The retrihn tion has indeed been terrible ; hut it was alike unavoida ble and justifiable. If the laws aannot be maintained without the use of force, then force becomes as much an act of patriotism as oi duty, and must be applied when the awlul necessity arises. This remark is made in the hope that no repetition will be required oi this most pain Ail and terrific remedy. Orders have beeu issued to the Majors General of seve ral of the nearest divisions, to have all the Volunteer Companies under their command in readiness te march at a moment's notice, and in pursuance of this order, a laigi force will be mustered to repair to the scene of distur bance at any hour which may be designated. THE COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF ORDERS 1. That Major General Patterson detail ax large a force a* may he necessary to clear and occupy all the streets, lanes, alleys and places menaced with attack, and take immediate charge of all such places, and protect them from intrusion and assault. 3. That Major General Patterson so station and dlitrh hnte his forces as to command all the streets and other as suitable points, to disperse or arrest as may be necesai y al those persons who may assemble in considerable bodies for the purpose of exciting to riot, tumult and disorder. 3 That Major-General Patterson adopt the most prompt and efficient steps to disperse riotous assemblages as soon as they begin to form, and before they have time and op portunity to mature and carry into execution their mis chievoux intentions. 4. That Major-General Patterson treat all persons found with arms in their hands, or in possession of cannon, ot aiding and abetting those who have, and who ihave not reported themselves for service to the Commander-in Chief, as open enemies of the State, seeking to destroy the property and lives .of the Citizens, and to trample oi: its laws. 6. The Volunteers from other Divisions, as they reach this place, will report themselves to Major-General Patter son, and act in obedience to his orders In obedience to a spirit of considerate forbearance, the military force has been withdrawn from Haint Philip's Church, and a relief stationed there of the civil posse, at the instance, and under the direction of the Magistrates of the District. This measure, it is presumed, will furnish an appeal to the reason and patriotism oi the citizens which will not he in vain ; hut, should it unfortunately prove to be unavailing, the most decisive steps will he taken. Not only the military force now here, hut that or dered to be in readiness, will be called to this ploce, Hnd so employed that every person found with ai ms in their hands, or in their houses, will he pursued to the utmost, and brought to punishment for tlw-ir temerity and crimes Thus lar the conduct of the Citizen Soldiery lias heei distinguished hy equal braverv and forbearance, and the Commander in Chief has no doubt, in any future emer gency, they will continue to be actuated by the same de termination to do their duty. All well disposed persons are cautioned to retrain from Joining or countenancing any riotous assemblages in my part of the City and County of Philadelphia, either as ac tors or spectators. Prompt and efficient measures wilt he adopted to disperse them ; and it is difficult, in so doing, to distinguish between the guilty and the innocent. Riot and bloodshed must be terminated at once; the duty of effecting this rests with the Executive, and tliot e who act under his orders, and whatever the hazard, this doty shall be faithfully and fearlessly performed. By order of DAVID R. PORTER, Governor of the Com. of Pennsylvania, and Commander-in-Chief. Adam Dills.*, Adjt. Oen. T. M. Head Quarters, Philadelphia, July 8, 1811. [From Philadelphia Chronicle, July 9 ] The melancholy disturbances in the districted Southwark have not ceased, and the feeling of ex citemcnt und anxiety continued intense all yester day. The firing between the Native American Republicans and the military, continued, at inter vals, from 9 o'clock Sunday evening, until 2 o'clock Monday morning, when it ceased. During this time, there was tnore destruction ot life than was ever before known in this county?while the damage to property from balls, slugs. Arc., was ve ry great. By far the greatest loss of lite and limb, was on the part of the citizen soldiery, the Natives having carried death and destruction into the rankh of the military. The Natives had four pieces of cannon, which were worked by sailors and water men, with unexampled tact Hnd ability. Their mode of attack was to load at a distance, with pieces of iron and other metals, such as nails, pieces of chains, stonecutter's chisels, knives, files, spikes, broken bottles, Arc. The wheels of the cannon were muffled, and three of them w? r<* used with great effect. One of the moat fearful allots I was that fired from all three cannons at once, in the following manner;?One was placed on Quern street wharf, unknown to the military one in Que^en street, between Sixth and Seventh ?one in Third street, about four squares south of Queen. Slow matches were applied, and, us if previously understood, all were fired at once? making dreadful havoc. They were uo sooner fired than dragged off tuto hiding places, unheard and unseen. Long drag ropes had been attached to them, and they were whirled off in an instant, and betore the military could return the fire with any effect. The greatest mischief was from the gun in Third street, which raked files of military stationed acioss that street at Queen. The State Fencibles, the Germantown Washington Artillery, and the Germantown Blues, lost several of their men by that fire. Their names will be found in the list of killed and wounded. No sooner was the tramp of cavalry horses heard, than ropes were ex tended across streets, which tripped the horses, and in most instances threw their riders, when the Na tives pelted them with stones and other missiles trom hiding places. Before daylight yesterday morning, the military seized and carried off three of the pieces of cannon which had been used by the Natives They observed them pulling one from its secret place, and tnade an attack?the Nattvesfled, and the military took the cannon. During the night a riile ball was fired from a house in the neighbor hood of Third aod Queen street, evidently ut the military stationed there?but it entered tne bulk window shutter of Johnson's grocery store on the south-west corner?passed through a nest of draw ers and through a four inch plastered wall, but do ing no harm to the inmates, who had. prudently? as had most of the lamilies in tne neighbor hood?taken refuge in the cellar. Firing in this manner was continued at intervals near ly all night, into the ranks of the milita ry?it was one of these balls that entered Caul scott's person, wounding him severely. The Natives fired one of their pieces of cannon, loaded with round shot,from a distance, over the houses, with wonderful precision, into Queen street, near the church, where but a few minutes before, the military had been standing?no one was injured by this discharge. A volley of musketry wsb fired by the Natives,'from an open space in a wide alley in Third street below Queen, into the church of St. Philip de Neri, where the Washington Blues were stationed. The fire destroyed many of the paint ings, whieh had been left undisturbed by the mob on Sunday?riddled the fine curtains, windows, etc., and shattered the interior work of the build ing, but did no further harm. The Blues returned the fire from the church, but without effect?the Natives had disappeared. Gerhard Killers, a jour neyman in the employ of Benjamin Hulseman, leather dresser, in Queen street, b-low Second, when retiring to bed about 11 o'clock, placed his head out of the dormant window of the house, lor the purpose ol seeing how things were going on. when a canister shot from a field piece fired by the military, killed him instantly. The discharge was one of tnose fired at the Natives, in return for theirs. The Natives possessed a great advantage over the military, by their position, being in a hol low, while the latter were at the top of a hill?the fire from the Natives,which wasdirected with great precision, raked the men, from the waist up, while that from the military passed invariably over theNa lives. All along Queen street, above and below the church for some distance, presents a truly war like appearance. Window shutters, doors, fronts of houses, trees, tree boxes, awning posts, lamp posts, pumps, watch boxes, signs, are all pierced with balls and shot; and the pavements, gutters, streets, steps and door joins stained with blood. In some places it flowed down the gutters?this was mostly the blood of the military, drawn by the fire of the Natives. At one time daring the night, for about two hours, all communication with the Major General, by his aids, was suspended. Na tives were Btationed in hiding places, along the streets over which the aids rode, and they were fired upon?intercepted?and stones, brick bats, 6ec., hurled at them. None ot them were injured, however. List or the Killed and Wounded on the fart or the Military on Sunday nioht.?Serjeant Maiston of the First State Fencible. slightly wounded. James S. Crawford, of the Washington Aitillery of Oermantown, wounded in the left shoalder and taken to the Hospital. First Corporal Henry O Troutman, of the Oermantown Blues, wounded in the groin. Since dead. Sergeant John Ouyer, of the Oermantown Blues, killed. John Waterhouse, Jr. of the Oermantown Blues, slight ly wounded in the neck. The hall passed through his knapsack and grazed his neck. Samuel Williams, of the Wayne Artillory, wounded in the shoulder. Richard Rail, of the same company, wounded in 'he call'of the leg. Charles Dougherty, oi the same company, wounded In the cheek. John Woolridgc, of tke Philadelphia Oreys, slightly wounded. Private Scbriner, of the same company, slightly wounded. Coulter Russell, of the City Guards, hit on the head with a brick-bat. Private Morrison, of ihe same company, struck widi a brick-bat and slightly wounded. Serjeant Starr, oi the Cadwallader Greys, hit with a brick-bat. John McCarrcn, a volunteer, wounded in the knee List or Killed and Wounded or Natives and others, not Military.?James Lawson, who lives in Ninth St. below Shippen. shot in the head. James R. Tully, Lombard street, below Sixth, shot in the arm. Mrs. Lisle, Frout street, below Queen, shot inthelelt arm. A boy, Wm. Manning, while stand ng on Queen street wharf, was dangerously wounded T. Street, a brother of tho Home Missionary, was shot in both legs. James Linsenberger, who lives in the drug stare, cor ner of Sixth and Parish sts. was shot through the hip Mr. Freed, an elderly cltizeu, resident ot Spring Oar den, wonnded. David Kitbcart, shot in tho abdomen, mortally. John Huested, wounded in Ihe arm and cheek. Henry W. Saunders, mortally wounded In the breast. J. W. Barr, wounded in shoulder blade. A lad named Fulkncr, one ol the Committee in charge of the church, was wounded in tho right arm at the first fire in the evening Henry Stack, bricklayer,wounded, carried to his ho- e. John Cook, an oysterman, and a memlier of the Wee cacoe Hose Company?struck by two balls at one time one entering the groin, the other in the region of the heart. Lemuel Payntcr, wounded. Dr. Appleton, wounded in the leg and arm. A young lady IS years of age, whose name wo could not learn, shot with a ball throngh the thigh. Mr. Baggs, wounded in the leg, residing in John street, above Front. Henry Jones, wounded In the right shoulder, residing in Christian above Third. Thomas D. Oiover, received a bayonet thrust through his coat. Joset h Silhy, Houthwaik.l wounded in'the shoulder and thigh?mortally wounded. Mr. Guy. residing in Penn street, above Houth, wound ed in both lpga. A carpenter named Willi im Crazier, residing in Plumb street, was killed. Kdn aid McGuire,^Carpenter street, near Sixth, a bay onet wound in the face. John Quin, slightly wounded. A blacksmith named F.nos Waters, killed. A pilot named Spief is among the killed, and a man whose nnme is said to be Fairfield. Correct List ok Wounded at the Hospital ?James Linsenberger, Thomas C. Saunders, David Kithrart. William Manning, James W. Barr?citizens James Crawford, a volunteer, wounded in tho arm?the limb since amputated. James McCarren, a volunteer?wounded in the knee. John Huested, wounded in the right arm. Klijah Jester, wounded in the throat. James R. Tully, wounded in the right arm [From Philadelphia Times, July 9 ] We are in the midst of h civil war ! fliot and anarchy are around us! Death nnd destruction stare us in the face ; and for once wc behold the strange anomaly in this country, of an open and regularly organized rebellion on the part of h cer tain faction ngainst the constituted authorities of the law. It is a fearful thing to contemplate; and the heart sickens at the thought of the sacrifice of human life that has so far attended an outbreak which in mnny points far exceeds in its most dread ful features the Kensington rio s, and of the terri ble realities we mav yet expect to witness The plain truth is this. The "Native American" party of this city is now divided into two distinct fac tions?the one composed of intelligent, disc reet, sensible men, who are sincere in their advocacy of reform, and desire to accomplish it by legitimate and peaceable meant?the other of the very dregs of society, bent upon murder and mischief, the de struction of property, the sacrifice of life, and es pecially devoted to the annihilation of the Human Catholics and the conflagration of their religious temples. This latter portion form, unfortunately, the more active body of the new party ; and en couraged by one or two organs of misrule which constantly, though covertly, urge them on to deeds of violence, has placed itself at length, in direct and murderous opposition to the laws, ann the mili tary force detailed to maintain the supremacy ol the civil government. Thus it stands. Un Sunday the contest?a rather quiet one?was generally be tween these two divisions of the " Native Ameri can"," the one desiring to destroy the Church of St. Philip de Neri, and the other battling to pre serve it from destruction in order to maintain lor the party a character for the love of law and order. From the firt-t moment to the last neither the Irish nor the Catholics have been en gaged, directly or indirectly, in this riot?it we ex cept the Hibenua Greens, who, m obedience to the impolitic orders of Maj. Gen. Patterson, and in the very face of death, held possession ot the church until, ubandoned by their fellows, they were compelled 10 surrender and retreat. The con flict was originally between the respectable, quiet, and orderly portion cf the "Natives," and the riotous incendiaries who ate |>oliiically at tached to that party. Since Sunday noon it has been altogether between the latter rioters and the volunteer troops ot horse and foot?between nn organized and armed body of turbulent spiuts, va rying in number at tunes from five hundred to fif teen hundred individuals of the most desperate, determined and wicked character, and from two to five hundred citizen soldiery under the com mand of the High Sheriff of the County, and Ro bert Patterson, MajorGeneralol the Fiist Division, P. M The first offence was taken by the Natives at the presence of State muskets placed in St. Philip's church for its protection. The consittu Hon, the law, the deciaion of our courts, and com mon sense itself, all dictate the right of citizens to arm themselves, and provide for the security ot their property Irom the assaults of a mob, by pre parations tor defence. The act of placing muskets m the church, therefore, though certainly indis creet, was perfectly justifiable under any circum stances; and those "Natives" who made it the ground ot offence, and ihore organs of misrule which are seeking to countenance the resistance of the rioters to the authorities, by urging it as an apology for their conduct, have placed themselves in a position of awful responsibility, and upon their heads, in the sight of Heaven, will rest the bloodshed which has disgraced our city and deluged our streets. Many of the "Natives" on Sunday, acted, we are proud to say, with mgnal propriety. We have to thank some of them for our life, for in a moment of folly our curiosity induced us to enter St. Philip's Church, and we lound ourself surrounded by a mob of malignant spirits thirsting for our blood. Certain leaders of the "Natives" escorted us safely into the street, and we feel not only grateful tor our rescue, but gratified because we heard them repudiate the course of the rioters, nnd saw them exert themselves to preserve peace Their efforts were useless, however. They origi nally started the horrible issue of "down with Popery," and if the cry, chiming in with the feel ings of the disorderly and the vicious, has at length waked up an indomitable feeling of ruthless aud savuge destruction on the part of the reckless hangers-on of their party? it they have conjured u storm which thev cannot allay?we may pity, but cannot forget. The good and the virtuous may de plore the error, but it is too late now to escape the odium of having occasioned a religious feud, the dreadful effects ot which they may well shudder to behold. The issue now, is a very significant one, and the course of every good citizen is very plant. We must support the laws. It is the duty of every man who values good government, and is opposed to the despotism of the mob, to rally around the authorities, and maintain the supremacy of the law. It must be done. There can be no doubt, no hesitation about the propriety of doing thta. lost. The man who hetitatea ia [From Philadelphia Inquirer, July 9.] Throughout yesterday, deep "Pd in^nipu-^H*. ment prevailed in almost every oifde u l hiladel iihia The evenis of the preceding night seenicu to have appalled the whole community. v" f,,l dreudiul 1" was the exclamation ol every body_ What are we coming to 1 was the question asked iv thousa^da When will these troubles;cease. | When will law and order be restored ! What u the best course to be pursued 1 What is the late, intelligence from bouihwarkl Business was in a great measuie suspended, meetings to co-operate with the authorities was held in various wards,sug gestious were made, the Councils met at 11 o clock and adopted the proceedings inserted elsewben Proclamations were issued by the author.!.. s troops from the surrounding counties poured into the city, I exnresses were dispatcned to vapous points in briet, all wasexcitement, apprehension and pain Never, we trust in Heaven, may we again wit ness sucti scenes as have transpired within the last 48 houn. Earnestly we cah upon the citizens, without distinction of party names. to come for ward and sustain the authorises, to restore ami tnaintlln the ,.?bUc pb.c. in ournower sooth, calm, and allay, not onty trie 3KSS" h.? v ?Lcir'?;. t K meat Let us prove ourselves the menus oi ia ITnd of order, and bring back the security, the safety, the confidence, which have been scarei^ from within our borders. , ,r ? * # ? ? Alas ! It is a mournful?a most mournful scene, for a community in this huberto happy and Iree. Republic, ainid the Cliristiunity and civilization of the nineteenth centurv. [From Philadelphia Sun,.Inly 9] Never has this city suffered so ^ep. ^o enlnmi tnnfl and so wanton a visitation ot evil, as witnif) the last few days, especially by tbe military, on Sunday last. An evil brought upon us by no n.i c ll defect in our institutions, no deficiency of me no excess of vice, no faxity of law, or been tioiisnessof morals?but simply owing to our gen et^" treatment of foreigners, who have abuse, that geiierositv by importing their llepial tends and Catholic tactions among us?and acting oyer again in this country the terrific scenes that hav ?(i often disgraced the shores of King-ridden hn rope. To trace the deep design ol ihe plotters who h ivr thus brought upon our heads the curses O'Connelliam and Catholic misrule in acivil wur is not a duty appropriate to the moment, when our heart is wrung by anguish lor the sullerings ol o bleeding, wounded and dying fellow cil'zena, iiuU. lesplv slaughtered by the military in tli f r. stsuce in the quiet exercise of a Constitutional rifflit hmI that slaughter continued, an a cons< <nfence of maintaining a principle of liberty inore nrecious than life. We do not separate the not?. the last few days from the I'^.ouB oatbreak^.! May, as respects the rights involved. It is the sari, outrage on freedom that commenced at Kensng ton varied only by the fact that the death scourge I,a"' come from the bauds o the military, in stead of the rides of the Irish C^thohcs. W.? have nothing to do with the vehicle ot de I struction, so artfully changed bv the Priests ; but we have every thing to do with tne principle that cx S'iSiSS irs. Church rverv American feeling was smarting so intense!) 'StIhe fiHlictionB ..I a??hiw- hj"";1;, infir Hffgnivating mid pxaspe rfiting. aoologv for violence, but all provocation at sue! tunes ought to be avoided. He who provokes a iiuarrel, earns the consequences. If anonymom litters are to be the torches of incendiarism, then can be no end to anarchy. The best de ence o a cluirch, is its I'^tliccbiracter. lb;- mom.ntj. Pr*i4>?t arms, hp causes to bf u 1 riest. KS ; ?he character of a Church cannot defend it-nothing else can-not arms, no. military. On this occasion, how sublimely d >> the warning of George Washington ring in our ear. to shun the factions and intrigues <1 Europe. tlie Keneal Clubs, to Daniel O'Connell, do weow this defuge of American blood, sweeping thtough ti e streets of a virgin country, that ought never u. have been defiled by such ferocious.*??"-? Mark tlie- horrible consequences. We now trac the windings and turnings of a civil war It nd? in universal anarchy. Our bestmuzensb^omem vol veil Our first men m?v ??H martyrs?ana im verv military called in for good, may become a curse anK e afflictive than the anarchy they were nun, moned to quell. And all tins enormous .ram of evil, m to gratify the diabolical passion ol O Conne I for n-ne ,1 and the Irish Catholics for supremacy, Why h ive we not heeded the voice always ringing in our ears from the lipa of Washington, to shun the factions of Eurni'e, and avoid physical force in (ret Irovernment. The dreadful slaughter ol human I Ufe narrated in ourlp.ip: r of yesterday,was not the work of a mob of citizens, hut of the military. I lie .ample were all quiet and orderly?the church win !n the safe keeping of a civil poeee ol Americans rhere was not the alighest ju.-nfication for mili ary ntt rfrrence. We hesitate not to say that the en lire proceedings of the military from first to las! were illegal, unnecessary and wanton. Nothing, as far aa our observation mid knowledge extends, called lor military force. The not originated with the military, nnd we feel assured that if the milita ry had not appeared on the ground, not a life woni d have been lost, nor the peace broken. And yet b' military made their appearance contrary to the earnest expostulations of respectable citizens, who assured thein of the peace of the District, ami repre sented that a military force might them into an outbreak. At all times, military coercion is odious, and justly so to a free people, whose institutions rule them by the force ol opinion, the moral power of law, and not physical power- I not the musket, the bayonet and the sabre J iie military on such occasions, only exasperate ana became themselves the very mob tnry are sent to quell. As far as the plot of tlm Irish Catholics ex tended to the burning of the Church by the riativ *, which Wtt one of their chief object , It Irus'rated?nobly baffled bv the energy, decumn and sagacity of the natives, who saw through their diabolical object and defeated it. Let it be remetn bered that after the removal of tli?* military, the natives kept possession ol the Church for six houre, during ninth time no violence was committed, and peace and order prevailtd. The Committee of protection consisted of one hundred and twenty ' five nntivee, under the direction of Thomas D. Grover, Esq , w ho surrender J tlie Church to the military, cad the crowd were dispersing, when the marching up of the imlitarv, under martial music, gathered the thousands who weie afterwards fired on by the very men whose music had gathered them to ,he spot. The very Committee protecting lhe church were the first to receive the fire, no time having been given to them to w.ihdruw.? j Heie Kaa patriotism with a vengeance. Thus tar, we have defeated all iheir fiendish plots, which we shall explain more lully hereafter, and ilie Nativea intend still further to defeat their enemies by for bearance and patience?love of order and respect for the laws. [From Philadelphia Times, July 0.1 About 4 o'clock P.M? the body of John Cook, the ringleader of the rioters, who was killed while discharging a cannon on the military on Saturday night, and lhat of the waterman whose name was unknown, were huned from lhe Weccacoe Hose house, attended by a crowd of persons calling themselves Native Americans, and followed to the giave by u multitude of women The bodies of these iinters were wrapped up in the American flag'. Minute guns were fired during their inter ment! ana the women collected, in troys, 111 every direction, the money to defray the expenses of the funeral. Superior Court. Before a full Bench. Jul* 0.?Ouy vt. brack.?The argument in thia cose? noticed yesterday?was returned today by defendant's coumel, Mr. Chsrle* O'Conor, and concluded. The uile Sation on the trial in the Court below, on the part of the elendant, to the effect that Mr. Duy hud published the bill in Chancery, waa not, it appeared, sustained in evi> deuce io ui to atford in law a plea of juatification. The pluintilf pata in the u legation to the eflect that he not only did not publish the bill, but for three mouths alter it was published never knew or suspected uhu the publisher was. The cose having been lully argued by Mr Anthon lor plaintiff, and Mr. OVonorj for defendant, the motion fur u new trial is lelt under the consideration of the Couit. General Ki'uloni. Befo.o Recorder Teliu,ailgn, uuJ Allrrmen Emnui| ?? r, ?"*<? Drake. Jv'i!v*0 TTta*art, K?q., District Attorney. ^fsasassssaaB ?hw CT' containing caricatures, and t).?. "c7,<J whs ?Tt';s,an,,1i" """?. "??''??> srtrta the StaTe 7?,?,"nC"1 ?' in the power of the Court Th?^? 8 ^ another charge of burKlarv vestent^0'"?' W" ,n<"'.0" petit larcen* nrilv ii.. .! ? y ye?erdujr, M?d convicted of hut lefused f. pliadguiuVtO BramM1^'1 ?" rl,Hr*c "rgene?Il7UforT!l!nittra''1 ?" ' C''arK" """ "'''"k"' Daley, foitJr'ly tn the25. SToOl vZZTkZ.Vi?HctKr*y r-iu ? called 7 Phillip., juqra. The proiucutioll ZTu^A^rr?"A,""w ?E^?J towards th.' ralriTnceof the*rXI?J "Bd 7"* P^?-edi?K the accused rtnlied out with ? n . i?" Ann street. whi n and struck deceie 1 up or the.ide o'/'hiJT "} h'l hark was turned towarrls h n, \r n"'1'. wh.,l,! ll" was raised up and assisted in the ?71.1 "'?'ant,y, sud ih?Z'.?.MSs ",SZi 2X2 ?r JlC0""J' ?' the pantry of the rHi rtnri. el .i th.a,1he "aw" accused in '?me ta..n??nj re^ks0^n^deni?)v 7 """T " to his leet and color, which called foHh ??! 1%> r.''l,l!',v' cease a,? npt( d t rernoy^Vcculed'f0^ ^ 'rl-'J ux t s# tK,Lir,: kss:? ~ * ?: ?Sts araswK loww d aft r frim wi h h''K Ur'?u"?" <? deceased, he (Si blow weraiem n? deceased, and on returning the fu.l Mtato I ?i . ? i f cro*8-p*Hrnination hv Mr Priri* bi I kirk |,i?, but llOT?MuVl5yju?J?^?.?k,|l?,e ? ..... ,h? ^V?" ,5S'? fS?s?.?i s,:, i ""b" ? "??"?' ?'?? is ss SapSiiSiSp /wit morltrn examination, w hich was' d.di?V i ? . Coroner Rsw.0> was called on the o It I rhe defence called C.tiii mxr Smitm th mill. . cukM, who stste.i that uh#n h. ' 'r,f-*'of nr Arraham Bahm n win l.n<l i ? [ ? ? o s ? < 11 * i?? ? writ ciiJi.t! )>? #| u# by tl" laarisaii'S-t- ii'r' i.^r.SJe'wiS.S'V^ h"''IK .h ....... decerned must have t Don. Hi cnti tided the' cured nn17p.rh? ). i !?e i;; ; ?"^U,'h ",0 "" ?' ??'- door, v licnUVas 1 ,ck LTT"'K forr' ' | on the left side of th ".esd lkt'l! ? h'?r,| ,,C"V' possible if it hs 1 I ., , ?i ' . i ! W0,Jld have been im with the hark ol dtCeSMd n 7'"' ' - fl?n,'ljdeil that the accused ha'l'aculn'i'self'j' r1''' ''' ' *s? - " "?Ij- "he? ..h..| thi'nlllrW "* ,0 ,1lm "P (or Mm. Uiiehf.. h. 1. I ^Vorn?y on Which degree ol man I IU ? 0 IS r H !CT Itw "'K*' COnTlctlon of .1 | complied ?,y I,,|"k"1 t? answer at lint I u' U P..1: a ' ' '?the second degree." ?irrihlo anil most'(e.7 ' <V'n l w'1'1 hi' argtimenl niirl in >. of nrcuswl. 'riding manner advocated theacqulUaJ I riZV' he*on?eidertlwPa7,"fm .itj-yar.aya;xi,y?va?ei' m?M* ?ifW* J Jy'cr, Jr. Hnil Mr Hugh K . Pleas ,nt. ,1, ditfnot fight the duel which w a* appointed htUwTle ii In North t'arolin. Itarmears thx ui httwei n thin.,'n." Sh;.' 7mI' t/zxspzsjis: ?^r,xfatrr;:CAi SS& '?&;S2tSTZ?r ">nd, he, 1!,U .aid M r"'?7' I"" ?KJ?. on h. his I would wait. Vfr Tvler h. n, m'et . 1 y 1, ? r if ii Washington. lOrr??pond*tie? nf'lie H?r?k'.) Washington, July H, lb44. Politict? Croyt? I lot tit? Philadtlyh t'a liiots, 4'' J. G. IIen.nett, Esq.: ? We attended on Sulurdav last tlie political meet ing in Piecataway, (Princ; Georges County,) orie of the very oldest settlements in the State of Ma ryland. Several hundred jiersons were collected together, at Dr. Harvey's tavern, who kept up n continual "Irt'i liquor on the stt-ngth of that" dur ing the speaking. Several gentlemen spoke for Polk and Dallas, all strangers to the writer; and when the meeting ndjourned, the wbigs at brazer a tavern, over the way,put up in the Portico a speak er in opposition, lie hammered away for atiout an hour, to an audience ot some fifty persons, equally divided during his harangue between the bar keeper and the speaker. From the free and easy manner of the Piscataway yeomanry in " taking soiiietlnnc," one would think that a tee total preacher had never penetrated into their coun ty. Vet tin y are a whole-souled, hospitable people, and the best that tlie*v have to eat and to drink is always reserved for the strainer. They inherit tins characterustic|froni the original colonists, who, like those front Virginia, were of the bebt stock that England could produce. The tobacco crop looks well. I lie tobacco growers of Prince George, indeed, with whom we have conversed, expect something over Hn average crop tliisy ear. There has been a fair crop of wheat, rye and oats, retqtcctively. The Indian coin looks gteen and promising. This is not, however, among the lower comities a staple ol export?it is chiefly raised for the biead of the slaves, a larger propor tion ol which will have to be allowed this year in their daily rations, on account ol the lailure in the herring crop. . The crop of blackberries surpasses all precedent. ' The women who carry on this branch of commence between Prince Georges and Alexandra, suy "that they never seed the heat of blackberries in their born days?we can jist come w ith our empty tubs to less nor half a mile from die tarry, and till 'em with the nicest ; hut then when sich things is plenty us they are now, they hardly pay for the picking, much less I lie toaiing'io town, at two cents for a quatt, lieuuin measuie." "llow's huckleberiiee, madamJ" "Jist the same in regard of huckleberries. They's so plenty that the matket is fairly in the glut?you may stand and stand, and set Hnd set, a bilin in the sun at the uiuiket house, and then, as the devil's a disgrace to a free country, you have to sell'etn at two cents a quart, and take it out in groceries at that." " Well, madam, perha|>s you will be able to make something from chinquapins. Good crop of chin quapins this year." . , "Don't talk, young man, so insulting to a Prineo Georgy woman, el you please. Fairfax is die chin kerpin country, I would have you to know . We are not quite so poor as that exactly, as to pick chinkerpins to git coffee for breakfast. My guls should never do that." ' "Have you any daughters at home, mauam '? "Well, I reckon, about three ot the best and in dustriusest gals a going None of yer yaller jan ders gals nuther, like the Fairfax beauties?but can't you come down, we only live about six rude out, in that ere little " ... "No, madam, there's a small coin, which you will please treat the gals and drink the stran ger's health when you get home." "Thank you, sir; my camnre bottle's jist out, and -e have to tHke it of morning's on account ot the hills and fevers jist a coming on." What has been turned in the Executive cauldron since our excursion into Maryland, we have scarce ly been able to learn. You mav have heard of Mr. John Lloyd, ap pointed by President Tyler as yurveyor ot the poit of Baltimore. Though a respectable nian, dus same Mr Lloyd has only of late distinguished him self in high life by joining the "corporal's guard" of Captain Tyler, and from the consequent im provement in his association, with the nflicial aris tocrats of this transceudeiitally republican adminis tration. We know John T) ler, and we kne w John Lloyd, Rnd they are both ''d-d cltv. r feih rs lit their way," as Felix G M'Connell would say. John Lloyd knows how to inspect a negro put up at public vendue, as welt as the three tailed bashaw of Cairo; ai d John Tyler only wants the word ol a man, that he is the advocate of "justice to John Tyler," to give him an otlice. Hurrah tor John Tyler?hurrah lor John Lloyd?hurrah for John Jones! Dr. Forrest, of Baltimore, has been appointed as ? he IT. !S. Maislinl of that District. The doctor has been In'ely a most nrcl'-nt advocate of "justice to John Tyler," and we knew all the time that the doctor was good for two or three thousand a year, as long as it lasted. Mr Coleman, of NewYotk, is determined to re establish the highest reputation of Gsdsby's Ho tel The old furniture has, for a week past, been under the auctioneer's hammer; the hotel closed in the meantime. Extensive repairs nnd improve ments in the building are to be made, externally and internally?among tliern a grnnd central en trance Irom the avenue, itibtead ot the tlnee or four doots, its ut present. Bon. p ?5 ?An extra locomotive from Baltimore has arrived, bringing a special messenger from Phila delphia, asking, in ihe name of ihe corporate au thorities, the authority ol the command'r-m duel of the U. S. Army and Navy, to bring out the U. forces at Philadelphia, in the suppression of the mob. The President, us in the It hods Island case, will doubt lens give the requireti orders in the pre mises. He is still w nli his "adorable consort," re juvenating at the White House. Leaves to-mor row, as we are informed, to try the tflects c 1 m h water, old peach brandy and oysters, at the Rip raps, in keeping up a high head ot steam for the contingent requisitions of his new position. Circuit Court. Bclviu Judge Kent. JrLY -i?Maxwell M'tid ri at ?The Jury in thi* cars ?reported in yeaterday'l Herald?did not agree, andwtru discharged. Kdwaid I Thomas is stlfred (J. I'tckham.?An action of aaMimpait on a promiaaory note, dated March, 1843, for *.V7b ,'K) ; note maoe pay. hie to older of \V. J. Tctiney. The dt-lcnce put in win' that the note vwu liquidated. Verdict lor d< lendaiit. Common I'lcna. Before Judge 1 luluil tier, Jri.v 9.?Jlrrhihnld llunnii Jams Fowler An notion to m over llie value of thief trunk*, property di tinned hy th? owner ol " Walton Houae," Ptori wp et on n claim tor board. The Court charged that if the Jury befitted the evidence that the f ount money wui not paid, thty * ere hound to find for the defendant, and i ire Tl.o jury will remit r a tenled verdict thin forenoon. G'eorge M. Chajituan i t tinny H'llber False Imprison mint.?ThU wu* un uction lor tube impii.oi,merit and mti lictoua ploaecutiou. lit it ndunt cmised tt.e plainfifl total ndtrte I ontha'JSd November, Isi-J, on ? cliaigenl ah ?tracting certain paper*, rotes and ,lo< umentt, n which he waa tried at the < ourt Home of Hrihv la on the 13th of fulie, 184 I, an 1 nrijuittid. The paper* had rifertneo to the tale ol a faim. hihI alro an eg. or) there (or ihe pio peily heioi.ging to a Mm* Chiipman. \\ ilher wu* .ippouiti d tgei.t, and atirihuted tie a ruling ol the paper* to the plnmtiir A long coneapendence in Hgmdto the, caic, together with thei receipt lor >3Aii had on the tale, and ill tlie paper* and doi.unn of* alleged to have been etufen, e t ie i nil ndiid in the declaration. The cate stun..* ad. jcurutd over. Courf Cnli ndur Thla Day, CtiRMOv I'lrn- No* OM. 0?, 3J is, f| 17, 34, ?7, 63,(1?, 71, (to. 0, 10 38, 43, in, I, 0. JO 3?, 66 74 <T?. t it Cocur - No* 84, 76 (HI. !<3, <t4, 01. 96, 97, ??, 100, 101, I0J, 103, 104, 10A, 106, 108, 109, III), Ul. PA'-aAUK KllOM tiUKAT BRITAIN AND IIU.LA.NO ilk .&& jS& UY THE flLAt? HALL toHHT LIN?Hh^ LIVKIll'OOL PACKETS. I Hailing froto Liverpool nu the 7th mid l"?ili of every mnnt> 1 t'enoua wiahiug lo tend to the Old Country for then frien .* ?an miit?- the Herein*ry vrnuigemeut* with tin' ?ulucriber*. ai.d neve liiein Cuoie out in tin* auperior Line nf Pnekel*. 8nli. il mm Liverpool punctually on ilm 7th ma 19lh of every month. I'hey will alto fwve * fir.r r*lr rlaa* of Aim-, icun Bad in* .hi. t, ?ailing every ail day*, (hereby .(Ionium weekly ci.miiuiuien. ion from that port. One of trie lirm (Mr. Jame* I>. ftnehe) ia here, to *ee that they thill he forwarded iviih care a id if ??? wtf h. Should the porti't agreed for not come oat. the money will >e returacd to lho*e who paid it h*ie, without any ledui ion. Th* lllaek Dell, or Old Lme of Liverpool Packets, eomprita h? follow ma mniuiliceut hhip*,vit rheOXKOBD, the NEW YORK, t'.AMblUDOK, lOLVMBUB, EUROPE HOI til AMERICA. ENOLANl) NORTH AMERICA. Wilhtucli tnperior am! unequalled arrangement*, tre ?uV .< no* r* eiiiilideiitlv look torwiril lor ? eontinnvnre of lh*t mi p. Kirt wlueli luit lieen attended lo lln-m *o ir,?oy year*, fur whir h hey are grateful, I ho?e proceeding, or remitting money to their relative* r a a til trm ? obtain Drvftt *i ti ' fur any amount, i d ?? < l ?a the Koral Hank ol Ireland. Dunlin, alti. on Metari. IKK8COTT, (iROTE. AMES St CO. Mauk' ra, London, ehirh will be paid un d. nwnd at any ol tie* Bank. or t!'?ir Irajic'.ea, m all the principal tow,;* throughout Eo. i.vm.'. ? nd, bcotland and Wale#. ROCHE, LUO'i ;ii i k ? i JJ KnltOll ?tort Mew York, net! door to i).r hnltow hunk. N. U-The Oil Line ? f Liver ' , .... ort hr Liverpool on Hie lal and rub ol" ? eh u... ?h |Vt * 'turning to thoold coanti> w.ll la J u tn fluii un*|i , ao idvanlage to aelect thit fanrtte Liaaforthcii I .a eivlvrtuce I* any ullier t ,

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