Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 11, 1844, Page 2

July 11, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NliW YORK HERALD. New York, Thursday, July 11, 1S44. Notice. Ot^ We beg to state again that Wm. H. Attbee is not connected in any capacity with the office of the New Yoaa Hebald, and has no authority to use our name for any purpose whatever. THE PHILADELPHIA RIOTS. ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY HERALD. Splendid Specimens of Engraving. On Saturday morning we will publish a splendid number of the Weekly Herald, containing a more ful| and varied record and description of the recent ex traordinary riots and civil war in Philadelphia, than any other paper in this country. This ample narrative of these exciting events will be illus trated by numerous engravings from spirited sketch es taken on thf spot by eminent artists, who wit nessed the aflray between the mob and the militia There will probably be five or six engravings illus trating these horrible scenes; and this number of the IVetkly Herald will altogether furnish one of -he most complete histories?including, also, pri vate correspondence from the spot?that has yet been given ol these deplorable events. The same Weekly Herald will contain a full ac count of the imprisonment and bloody massacre of Joe Smith, the Mormon Prophet, and his brother Hjram, by the mob at Carthage, Illinois. This ter rible outrage on the laws and institutions of a ci vilized community, will be also illustrated by a portrait of Joe Smith?if possible?and likenesses of several distinguished characters amongst the MormonB. This splendid Weekly Herald, on the preparation of which no expense or labor have been spared, will cost only 64 cents |>er single copy, and 4 cents by the hundred. It will be the most valuable and attractive paper ol the kind that has ever been pub lished in this country. Opinions of the Press on the Philadelphia Riots?Silence and Impotence of the mere Political Papers. It is very interesting, and far Irom being unin structive, to examine the opinions of the newspaper press on the recent occurrences in Philadelphia. In that city itself something like common sense and moral influence begins to be discovered in n portion of the press. The Spirit of the 'lHmcs speaks out with equal truth and boldness, denouncing in forcible terms the very culpable cringing of ihe au thorities to the mob, and calling lor a vindication of the supremacy of the laws, by the immediate adoption of the most rigorous measures for the sup pression of anything approaching insubordination The Chronicle adopts the same tone, and insists that at all hazards the mob should be conquered and taught submission to the law. It places the origin of the last not in the true light, and justly ascribes to the indiscretion of the Rev. Mr Dunn, and the overwhelming strength of the rowdyism which has for years characterized Philadelphia, all the vio lence and bloodshed which has appalled the com munity. The United States Gazette addresses a very forcible and appropriate exhortation to all good citizens to be cautious and temperate, and re frain from all remarks calculated to excite heated feeling. We cherish the belief that these journals speak the sentiments of the mass of the respectable citizens in Philadelphia, and that we shall hence forth hnd them giving an energetic support to the laws, and uniting in an effort to obtain a re-organ ization of their city government. We regret to find that the native organ?the Daily Sim?is endeavoring to fan the flames of bad feeling against the military authorities. It talks in an exciting strain of military despotism, and indirectly defends the violence and atrocities of the mob. The little paper in this city assuming to be the organ of the '? natives " is also pursuing a very unjustifiable course. It is declaiming in its characteristic vulgar and abusive style against the Catholics, and stirring up as diligently as it CHn those evil passions of bigotry and prejudice which have been the primary causes of all this melan choly state of things. This conduct, however, on the part of the native organs, in thiscitvat least, is condemned by all the intelligent and enlighten ed men of the patry. It finds favor here only with the ignorant bigots, who are happily in this region as impotent as they are ignorant. Of the other journals in this city, the Tribune describes the mob as a gang of desperadoes who probably made a pretence of " nativeism," and de fends the placing of the guns in the church, which was altogether wrong. The peculiar circumstance.* attendant on the measures adopted for the preserva tion of St. Phillip's Church, were unfortunately of a highly provoking nature; a very weighty responsibility rests on those concerned in that movement. But with the remarks oi the Tribune relative to the character of the mob, and the laudable conduct of the military, we entirely concur. The Express says little about the matter, but suggests, with great propriety, that strict measures should be adopted for the apprehen sion of every one implicated in the mob-movr ments, in order that the severest punishment au thorized by the law may be administered to such atrocious offenders. The Journal of Commerce concludes a strong article by the following re marks, which we endorse t? Some of the Philadelphia papers, we aee, are disposed to censure the military, a* being too precipitate in firing and thus occasioning an unneceaaary loss of life. We do not think to. Extreme danger justifies extreme men ?urea. Men acting in open defiance of the laws are not entitled to any great indulgence. The military bore eve ry thing but death belore they fired ; ami, in fact, tb> only question was?to fire, or be driven from the ground. We must say they hehiived admirably well, considering the dangers to which they were exposed, and the fas t that they had no other interest in the restoration of 01 der than was common to every citizen. We should like to know whether these brave men, with their noble commanders, have concentrated in themselvoa all the courage and patriotism of the city We do not un derstand how it was, that when the citizens, en masse were called upon to quell one of the most dangerous riots which ever disgraced the nation, only a hundred men re ported themselves. We do not understand how it wu* that the citizens generally allowed the few brave men who catnposed the military, to contend for three day s and nights, until they were worn out with fatigue, ami did not come to their relief. We do not understand how jt was that the dispersed and beaten mob were allowed t' reassemble at Wharton market, and there deliberating a a well authorised State, send a delegation to negociat with the military commander, and with the civil authoii ties as their allies, secure their own terms. Not only are we all interested in the I America and republi can institutions, hut every city has an interest within it self; for if in any American city a mob may with deadly weapon* murder the. authorised executor* of law, ami net only go unpunished, hut triumph in their treasan, the spirit of treason will have learned a lesson which it ma\ cost miuy lives to obliterate Certain it is, that PhlUdel phia is involving us all in shams and in danger. Pray have all the people of Philadelphia joined the mob'1 Have they determined on a revolution, such as occur every year iu the South American republics 1 if so. they well deserve to perish. But what eaye the Courier if Enquirer f Whai ?ave the Plebeian? What stand do these organs theee recognized mouthpieces of the two great po litical factions?take in this business, involving a it does the honor of the country, and the peace an order of the community 1 Why, they do not utte' a syllable on the subject. They are as dumb as th dogs. There has been seldom afforded a mor striking and impressive illustration of the cowardice ?inefficiency?demoralization?and utter worth lessness of the mere party press, than that h this moment presented by the conduct of the lead ing whig and democratic journals of the city of New York. Just let us pause and reflect a moment on thie Here we have two jour- i'-, fleeting to represent the two great imlitn ?l piri-es?claiming to hav the guardianship of public morality?assuming t< all that is patriotic, snd honest, and lovely and pure, and of good report?and uniformly speak ing in terms of most amusing disdain of the inde pendent journalism of this country; and yet, at a time when the flames of civil discord are bursting forth, and threatening general conflagration of all that good citizens hold sacred and dear?when a lawless mob is triumphing over all law and all au thority?when the streets of one of our chiel cities are bedewed with the blood of freemen, butchered when discharging their duty, by desperadoes?at such a time, ihose influential, respectable, dig nified, patriotic organs of public opinion, like dumb dogs, cowardly, craven-heurted, corrupt and rotten as they are, are as voiceless and impotent as trie carcase which lies putrifying in the field Organs of public opinion! Directors of public sentiment' Conservators of the public morals! Guardians of the public peace ! Perish, now and forever, the fortunes of the republic! we might, in deed, well exclaim, ifsuch were the only presses to give utterance to public sentiment and represent the intelligence, patiiotism and moral strength of the community. The Courier dare not utter a word on the Philadelphia riots. Miserable, contemptible tool of faction, it dare not squeak on the all engrossing topic of tbe day. But it can daily squirt its two or three columns of party slang and party vitupe ration. The Courier possesses so much dignity and principle, that its patriotism will not permit it to cry out against a mob, but it will permit it to blacken the memory of the dead. Its patriotism will not suffer it to vindicate the supremacy of the law, but it will allow it to descend to any depth of blackguardism in slandering an opponent. Vitupe ration, ubuse, lying, malignity, scurrility?these are the virtues, by the exercise of which the Courier fulfils its high mission as a public jour nalist, and earns the privilege of assailing the inde pendent press. And the silence of the Courier, and the party press generally, on the Philadelphia press, is quite consistent with their silence on oil the great questions which agitate society. But thank Heaven, there is in this land a free and independent newspaper press, which has grown up into ihe possession of overwhelmning influence. And its course at this moment gives the lie in the most impressive manner to those who, dreading what they affect to despise, would represent it as false to its duty as the guardian and conservator of the public press and morals. We point with pride to the manly and patriotic course adopted by the independent newspaper press at this crisis. It has discovered that there still exists in this com munity a power adequate for the maintenance of order, and that is, just, patriotic, and enlightened public opinion. And there is additional and most gratifying evidence of the existence of this moral power, presented to us, in the alacrity with which the volunteer companies from the country have poured into Philadelphia for the patriotic pur pose of sustaining the supremacy of the law. This speaks volumes for the patriotism, courage and love of order, which characterize the gieat mass of the population of this mighty land. It our larg< cities, in consequence of bad municipal govern ment, have become polluted in a greater or lessde gree by that concentration of every thing that is vile, which has been called " rowdyism," the rural districts are uncontaminated. There the old revo lutionary love of country and reverence for fre< dom and good order are cherished, and exist in all their strength |and influence. And while they live, our institutions and laws are secure from any foe, at home or abroad. Catchpenny " Extras."?During the last few days the city has been flooded with extras from the offices of the "Sun" and " Tribune," published at ten or twelve o'clock, and pretending to be later intelligence from the scene of the riots in Phila delphia. On inspection, however, these "extras" are found to be a mere re-hash of what was pub lished in the morning papers. We have had num berless communications exposing this catchpenny system of public deception, and remonstrating in the severest terms on the imposition thus practised by the publication of what is really not news at all. Yesterday the same game was repeated. An " extra" was issued from the office of the Tribwm which contained nothing more important or later than what was published in all the morning papers Whether the " Sun" issued an "extra" of the same description or not, we dofltt know. Now in regard to all matters of public importance, either foreign or domestic, we have always made it a point of honor to publish nothing in the shape of an "extra," that does not really demand a piompt and immediate issue. And we believe that we have, by this honorable and upright sys tem, succeeded in gaining public confidence, e<> much so, that when other offices issue " extras" the public usually wait to see whether there is a Herald " extra," and if not, they set the thing down as a humbug. As for the " Sun" office, it is noted for its imposition on newsboys and the public by the issue of all sorts of humbug " extras," from the balloon hoax, down to the daily hoaxes it practices on every possib!" occasion. It seems that other offices are now busy in imitating that catchpenny concern. Sn.At WmoitT.?'This ii an extraordinary man, apart from politics. He hai a small farm near Ogdenaburg New York, to which he went some ten yean ago, leaving his profession, which brought him thousands per annum for about $3(K) a year, which is earned by the sweat ofhix brow. When Martin Van Buren drove up to his house some years ago, on particular political busiuess, ha found Mr Wright in a linaey woolsey dress, piling stones into heaps to save the scythe ol the mowers, when the grass was ready for harvest, one of the most laborious proceed ingsthnt man ever went at; we have tried it, aud speak knowingly. He has been offered the judgeship, secreta rysliip, the nomination for President at the late conven tion at Baltimore, and when nominated for the Vice Pre siiiency, declined it peremptorily. Such is the character aud some of the prominent acta of Silas Wright, Senatot from New York, and people will be at a loss to know what has caused him to take up farming, and content him self with being Senator only.? Cm. Commercial. All this we believe to be strictly true. Mr. Wright may be said to be the only pure and honest politician of any party, occupying the high rank he does, that we have known in this State. Then can be no mistake about thin, for the man who could voluntarily refuse the nomination of Presi dent of the United States, \ ice President of the United States, a judgeship, secretaryship, and every thing else, must have some other principle! of action, than the usual motives of ambition which im|>el all politicians. We consider Silas Wright far superior to Mr Van Buren in honor, probity, talent, tact, Hnd every thing that consti tutes moral or intellectual greatness; and it would be one of the most glorious things if the democrsc) of this State should nominate him as their candi date for Governor in the next election. Post Office Di-partment.?We perceive thai Postmaster General Wickliffe is now in this neigh borhood, and we have no doubt that he will draw a great many sensible reflections on the pre sent situation of the Post Office Department, b) seeing the manner in which his cotemporaries are prospering in the work of carrying letters at acheap rate. The probability is, that Mr. Wickliffe will, before he leaves his office, run the Department in debt to the amount of a million of dollars, besidei ruining it in public opinion, so that great difficulty will be experienced by Congress in its re-organixa tion. Such have been the effects of Mr. Wickliffe'e obstinacy?self-willed obstinacy, in refusing all re form of the Post Office Department, and particu larly in adopting his narrow and proscriptive pro hibition of the railroads employed by the govern merit, from conveying the newspapers between the l irge cities. He now begins to open his open hie eyes to the effects of his own conduct. Madame Cinti Damorkai:.?This charming pri ma donna gives a concert at the Pavilion, New Brighton, on Saturday next. It will he a delight ful treat. Latest Intei.i.ioencr ? Gil Davis has just re ceived a large importation of choice wines, Hnd brandy of the Coney Island brand. " Another Secret and Horrible Murder."? Start not gentle reader at this caption, for we ex pect every hour to be compelled to endite it as a prelude to the narration of some blood-thirsty deed> the actor in which, as usual, having escaped justice. " Escaped justice," you will say, "und why!" Because our system of police is totally inadequate for the emergencies and necessities of this great city, and because there upiiears no disposition on the part of the public authorities to adopt any sys tem that will meet tiles' emergencies. While the Whig party held the majority/I in the corporation, they talked ahout it until the people became weary and ejected them from office. The Democrats then were ushered in red-hot with promises, and they talked about it until the people were ready to kick them out, when a bill was prepared that com prised many wise and salutary improvements,which received the sanction of our legislature. At this crisis, the power, now in possession of the corpo ration, ascended the throne, avowing no particular political creed, but pledging themselves to carry out such wise nnd salutary measures of reform as were desired by the people. On examination of the laws and city ordinances they became sudden ly seized with strange retchings of conscience on the violation of law by the apple women in the Park, and the porter house keepers of the city, and the strong arm of power was brought to bear at this point, with but trifling benefit to any portion of the community. The police of our city?the strong arm to pr*. vent crime and secure offenders, has entireh escaped their conscientious notice, as though they were not as much bound by their oaths of office to protect our citizens against rebbers and assassins, as to protect the laws from the encroachments of apple women and grog venders. The argument against the adoption of the plan of police sanction ed by the Legislature was, that the Common Coun cil had power to enact all its best provisions, with out the assent of that body. This position we will not deny, but have they adopted any of these mea sures 1 No, not one ; nor does it appear that the) ever intend to, from their past movements. Since this "reform" party has come into power, the\ have had full time to re-organize the whole police department of our city, and ensure the protection of life and property to all within it, but they have performed nothing. The democratic watchmen have been removed, it is true, and partizan friend* appointed. A portion of the Mayor's marshals at tached to the police offices and ward courts have been turned out of place and partizan friends ap pointed in their stead. The terms of two polio magistrates have transpired, and two "American Republicans" have been elevated to the bench, but the present inefficient system of police has not been changed one jot or tittle, and we are still going on in the same old way, hit or miss, b) chance or accident, good luck or stumbling, n secure offenders, and rid the city of the violators of law. To justify our position, let us ask in whs important case that has transpired here for years, has an arrest been made, except by blunder or ac cident, and what secret and premeditated murd? i has been disclosed through our system of police ! Look at the murder of Mary Rogers?the assassi nation of Corlis, and the more recent midnight ki1 ling of the young fireman in the upper part of oin city. Look at the recovery of Pomeroy's trunk, McKee's carpet bag, <fcc., and it will be seen thai the first named are yet involved in mystery, while the last were disclosed by the merest accident. The Mayor is considered, and is legally, at th> head of the police?the special magistrates are se lected to entertain violations of criminal lau, and aid the Mayor in preventing and decreasinv crime. They receive the round and handsome in come of $1,600 per annum for less than six month.*' services, and grow fat and lazy in their seats, while crime is heaping up for their disposal. Tin same reason that prevents any efficient or conced ed action on their part to repress crime, also ex tends itself to every officer under their control that is, petty jealousies, party feeling, and lack ot energy and courage to do their whole duty, ?uch as they were appointed to perform, and such as th< community certainly expect in return for th> money they pay annually. During tne administration of the late Mayor, th< magistrates had reason to shuffle out ef responsi uility, from the fact that he, in many instances, at sumed the control and direction of criminal caset. that should have been sent to the police office toi disposal. They can have no excuse of that chu racter at present, as Mayor Harper confines him self to those duties for which he was specially elected, and interferes with no business that shouh properly come before the magistrates. Let them, therefore, as a body, combine their experience am. judgment, at once, and select such portions of th> police bill adopted by the legislature, as are wis' and judicious?and others that are deemed ne cessary, and present thern to the Common Coun cil forthwith for their advisement. Let Jus tice Taylor, of the upper police, with his sound judgment, and Justice Matsell, of the lowei police, wuh his experience and efficit iciency, move n this matter. Let the wisdom of Justice Merrit and the age of Justice Gilbert be added to the con sultation. Let the frank, honest, io-blunt advim and counsel of Justice Job Haskell be intermin gled. and the legal knowledge and opinion of re centlv appointed Justice Drinker, be added to th> list. Let them frame a plan, with the necessar assistance of the police clerks, and then call in th< aid of the District Attorney, counsel of the Board committees of Police, and such other officers a. they may think proper. After this consultation, lei that plan be presented to the Common Council, am in forty-eight hours afterwards, it will become t law ana receive the approbation of the whole com munity. This can be accomplished forthwith, am nothing will prevent it, save miserable, petty jen lousy of feeling and party animosity, that snouli never be allowed to enter the minds of any publi< officer whila in performance of his public duty Whenever such feeling obtains possession, am finds vent, that officer not only violates his oath but engenders the seed that destroys the foundatioi of the true administration of public justice. Fanaticism in Religion.?The deplorable scenet recently presented in Philadelphia, and also in lib nois, and elsewhere, discover the sad influence ex ?rted by religious fanaticism, when introduced inti public and political affairs. The deplorable event: which we now all deplore, may be traced with ma thematical certainty to their legitimate source?to the conduct of those religious teachers who, durini. the last fifteen or twenty years, have been in flaming and stimulating the religious bigotries and prejudices of their sectarian followers. We alludi to the controversialist clergy of all sects. Now, if any correspondent would go back to thi subject, and collect, with imjiartiality and acumen, the facts illustrative of the movements of Dr Brownlee, Dr. Cox, Dr. Potts, Bishop Hughes, Dr Moriarty, Dr. Wainwright, Joe Smith, Mr. Kirk, Dr. Sparry, Dr. Cheever, and all those religiou. teachers who have stirred up the evil passions ol opposing sects, it would throw great light upon th< origin of these scenes of civil discord. We are in no danger of a dissolution of the Union from sectional differences?Irom any discussion of the slavery question?or from any mere politica agitation. But we are in danger in consequence ol the presence and influence of religious bigotry ol all kinds, and religious fanaticism, introduced ant kept alive by weak and insane teachers ofreligion, under the jiretended sanction of that christianit) w ich thpy blasphemously trample upon and des pise. We already see the effects of this. Accident at the Excavation or the Tunnei at Brooklyn.?Yesterday we heard that some fiv? orsix individuals had lost their liveH in puisiiing theii avocations near this spot, but we ure happy to sa> that as regards the loss of life no such oceurrenm took place. Shortly after one o'clock, a piece o< earth fell, between Henry and Atlantic streets which buried beneath a person of the name of Ed ward Conolly, together with a horse and cart. In a short tune they were extricated from the rubbish around, and the sufferer was conveyed home, where we find that at u late hour last evening In was going on well, there being little else than con tusions experienced. Louisiana Election ?We have received scat tering and incom|>lete returns. It is reported ii New Orleans that of members to the |egislatur< the Whigs have elected seven and the Democrat tiiree. There was some doubt and trouble then inconsequence of what are called the "Elliot' certificates. To-day's mail, will probably bring some decisive accounts. Arrival or thk Boston Light Infantry. Yesterday the balmy air ot morning waa redolent | of music, and never since the martial days of Wil liam the Testy, when the warlike trump of Antho ny Van Corlaer was wont to blow tenor into the enemies of Manhattan, did this city resound to strains more sonorous, sweet and inspiring, than those of the Boston Brass Band. Perhaps there was something in associaiion The (lite of Boston prowess?the veritable " Tigers"?were marching in measured and military paces?just two feet and a half each step?to its melodious crotchets and quavers. It will be understood, that we use these terms exclusively in] a musical sense, for in any other they are inapplicable here. There was no quavering in the firm and serried ranks of the " Tigersno crotchet shooting across the sprightly minds of these "light" troops, averted the eye from the line of march. " Eyes right" was | the word, and eyes right was the motion. "Com pany, by the light, dress," from the commander, | but the "Tigers" had executed the dressing part even before the order; their toilette bespoke it; h very beautiful uniform showed the efficiency ol "Tigers" in this special tactic; and, indeed, on the

score of making them " dress," the gallant com mander may make himself very easy. A good natured friend, not much acquainted with the real or mental value of cognomens, remarked that he saw no resemblance in the " Ti gers" to any of the feline species, of which that animal is a member?except in their very brilliant and variegated outside, which Buffon specifies as beautifying that otherwise re -, pulsive and ferocious race. Our friend said that | this race are eminently attached to particular lo calities, rarely moving thence, but when bent on sanguinary deeds; whereas, these "Tigers" wen on u foreign excursion of pleasure?exposing them selves to be shot at by the arrows of many bright eyes?and no telling how many might be wound ed or miw-ed in the adventure; he even became very | loquacious about their superior powers of fighting in|a jungle ongthe banks of the Ganges; when we thought time to put a stop to his delusion, by in forming him that these few citizen soldiers wen "Tigers" only in name ; and that to save him the trouble of philosophizing, and for the sake of being | agreeable during their period of foreign service they were willing to drop the title, and be simply "lions" while in this city. That the Boston Light Infantry will be so as long as they honor us with their presence, is due to them in a double sense?on account of their bright character as soldiers, and also their courtesy a citizens, of which the present friendly visit is a> illustration. We are glad of the civic honor paid to them by the Mayor and Common Council, who, with much good taste, gave them a formal recep tion in the Park, and witnessed, with admiration, their masterly evolutions. In company with the New York Light Guard under the command of Capt. Vincent, the Bos ton troops, fifty-six strong, and under thecommam of Major John C. Park, repaired to Brooklyn, where the Light Guard of that city gave them ?.> warm reception, and escorted them on a visit t<. Gene*al Underbill, and the Navy Yard. The) stopped several hours at Brooklyn, and attracted much notice. At three o'clock, they returned b\ way of the Fulton Ferry, took their line of march up Fulton street, halted and piled arms at the Ai tor House, where preparations on a large scale to receive and entertain them were in process of com pletion, under the immediate supervision of Stet son, determined to convince his guests that the at' ot cookery is brought to as great a degree of per fection in their establishment, as the art of war i in the field and camp. Indeed,we have it on goo i authority that there wasla very bloody "aflair" be tween the corps de cuisine and a strong force of fish, quadrupeds and fowl, in anticipation of the festivi ties; some of the latter died game to the last ; b\ all accounts there was a great loss of life, but it is less to be regretted, as it put such life into a whoh dinner party in the evening. The Dinner. At seven o'clock, the New York Light Guard, with their guests the Boston "Tigers," sat dowi to a most sumptuous dinner,! prepared in the be-t style of the " Astor " The two companies num bered over a hundred, but the aggregate of the so cial party amounted to close upon two hundred, a. a great many guests were invited. Amongst thesi we noticed Maioi General Sandford, Brigadiet General Morris,Brigadier General Keeler; General | Godwin, of Paterson; Brigadier General Tyler, ol Massachusetts; Capt. Howard, revenue service; Alderman Cozzens, Mayor Sprague, of Brooklyn. &c. (cc. Letters ol apology were received fron Mayor Harper, Col. Bankhead, and officers of 2<' regiment of U. S. Artillery, who were under or ders for Philadelphia. Capt. Vincent of the City Guard presided. After the cloth was removed, the following regu lar toasts were given from the chair:? The President ol the United State*. The Governor of the State of New York. The Mayor of the City of New York. The Mayor of the City of Brooklyn. Mayor Spraoue returned thanks. The Army and Navy of the United States. Our Guests, the Boston Light Infantry?With a soldier' welcome,we again receive them with the sincere greeting of long established friendship. Major Park responded to this toast in a neai speech, which elicited very hearty applause. General C. W. Sandford, and First Division of NewYork State Artillery. The Tenth Division of New York State Infantry. The Memory of General Warren. Drank in solemn si lence. By Gen. Miller, of New Jersey? The " Union Blues," of Newark. By Gen. Godwin, of New Jersey? General Tyler, of Boston. General Tyler returned thanks. He alluder very happily to the former visit of the Boston "Ti uers" to this city in 1826?to the improved mean, of inter-communication by steamboats and rail roads, which, together with the growing custom ol their friendly military visits were very efficiem agents in promoting the unity and consolidating the power of the country. He gave the following toast :? The bands of social intercourse?stronger by far than the iron bands that Affords the means of communication The Chairman Ihen gave :? The Brooklyn Light Guard. alM Brigadier General Morris. General Morris responded briefly, and facetiously alluding to Major Park as a temperance man, gave, The Light Guard and the Light Iniantry?like tw< drops of water, they mingle naturally, being both ol th< same pure element. The Vice President, Lieut. Stetson, gave? The Light Infantry and the Light Guard?light by name, but solid by nature. Several volunteer loasts were proposed, and drank with the same hearty good will, and full honon that attended those from the chair. Appropriate aits were played by the bands after each,and roundt of hearty cheers that bespoke the merry mood am joviality of the citizen soldiers. The company, too happy together, did not pan till a late hour, and all seemed duly impressed will the magnificence ol the banquet provided for 1 his memorable occasion by Messrs. Coleman & Stet son, the latter of whom is Lieutenant in the Ligli' Guard, and distinguished himself during the whoh evening, as Vice President, by a succession of jeuj ri'espnt. a couple of good speeches, and numerous appropriate toasts. U. S. Troops for Philadelphia.?We under stand that orders were received by Col. Bankhcad yesterday for a detachment of the Second Artille ry to proceed immediately to Philadelphia to take charge of the U. S. Arsenal' and other public pro perty there situated. In obedience to these orden company K, numbering; f*) men, under command of Captain Smith, Lieutenants Luther and Chase three experienced and gallant officers, were to leavt the city this morniRg in the half-past 5 o'clock train for Philadelphia. hk Mormons?We have no later news of con sequence from the Mormons. The accounts ar< still contradictory as to the mode of killing th< Hmiths. Wool from the Prairiks.?The St. F*ouit IVev Era, of ihe 29t!i ult., chronicles the arrival in thn city of thirty hales of wool from the Prairies of Illinois and adds the remark The receipts of this article hav? increased very much within tho last season, end it wil not ha long before it will become one of the principal ai tides of export from Illinois " Missouri possesses equn advantages, and it the present rate of duties on wool i continued, the growth of the article in these two State w II inrrease with great ranidity The natural growtl upon their uncultivated prairies, it is estimated, will N sufficient to sustain thirty million* of sheep. T*ans-Atlantic Steam Navigation.?We have not heard with what success Captain Hosken has met, in hia exertions to establish a line of Ameri can and British Ocean Steamers, but we hope that he has met with encouragement. This matter ia one of no little moment to us at thia time. It has increused in importance in the last year or two, and we now look upon the organ ization of a line of steam packets, each to be equal in power to the Great Western, as absolutely ne cessary. We have all witnessed the success ol the "Cunard Line," and it steamships running to an outport, like Boston, prosper, even with aidtroni the British government, we should think that a line, making this great commercial emporium its western terminus, might succeed,jeven without aid from government. This view has become a feci with us, and we do not entertain a doubt of fair dividends to shareholders in a New York company. Of this, however, anon. It appears by our last accounts from Paris, that the French government have not abandoned their " Trans-Atlantiqne" steam ships, and there are plenty of indications that we shall yet have a line of tri-color steamers shooting through the Narrows every two weeks. According to these accounts, the Chamber of Deputies had appropriated 20,000,000 of francs, for the improvement and widening of the dorks at Havre to receive the steamers, no dock at that port at present being sufficiently large for them. We may, therefjre, soon expect to have four splen did French ocean steamers running over the broad Atlantic in opposition to the four fine British steam packets already in commission. These two distinct foreign lines, controlled by two governments, plainly show that our own government ought to be moving in the matter, and have a line also on the ocean, to forma drill school for young American officers, engineers and sea men, if for nothing else. It would be far better to have four or six steam ships like the Princeton, tor instance, to be officered and manned as steamers of war, and have them run regularly to Liverpool, London or Havre, as passenger and mail packets, than to have an equal number of frigates rot ting at the navy yards. They would mor< than pay their daily expenses; be the meant ot furnishing to the nation a set of efficieni naval oflicsrs and engineers, and be always read) for service in the event of a war. These con siderations should be taken into view by our go vernment, and something like what we have fore shadowed be established as soon as circumstance will permit. We have already seen foreigner sending their ships to this country, and we now have a |foreign agent here to organize a company. We wish this agent and the steamers every suc cess. Yet we must say that we would prefer a lim wholly American. Effects of Grog-Shop Reform in the Gity.? One of tie most singular results of the closure oi the low grog-shops on Sundays, is to drive all the lower classes out of town, to fill the rail-road cars, steamboats in every direction, and crowd all the public places of resort in the neighborhood of the city. We believe that the tavern-keepers out ol town regard Mayor Harper and his advisers, as their most particular friends, and contemplat' opehing subscription lists for a splendid service ol plate to his Honor. The same effect arises from the same cause in the city of London. There the taverns are al closed on Sunday, and the consequence is that th? lower classes of the population flock in crowds to the public houses in the suburban villages and towns. And this is a very good result, for the poor people thus inhale some of the fresh air, and ge a little exercise. Now at Hoboken?Hamilton House?Staten Island?Fort Lee?Long Island Jersey City?and an infinite variety of places in this neighborhood, the people can find houses ol refreshment, and we are glad that they are driven to the country on Sunday, for the day cannot b) spent by them in any other way so conducive to health. Thare is only one dtawhark to this 8y8tem ol moral reform. It appears that the large and fashion able hotels are still permitted to manufacture and sell gin-slings, sherry-cobblers, and minr-juleps on the Sabbath. This is not right. What is sauct for the goose should be sauce for the gander What is law for the poor should be made law also for the rich. Patent Twelve Month Clock.?We yesterday took a peep at Messrs. Mills & Co 's store, in Fill ton street, where these articles are now on sale. The great improvement in the time part consists principally in the escapement, which may be called a irictionless escapement; and in the regulating motion, which may be called a rotary or torsion pendulum. The ball is four and a half inches in diameter?of a globular form and hollow, and sue pended by a steel spring; near the upper end of the spring is an arm in the form of a crank; the re volving of the ball twists the spring, and causes th> arm to perform an arc, acting upon and receiving the.impulse from the swing-wheel by means of a lever connected with the arm and the pallets or es capement ; which impulse is carried through the spring to the ball, ana keeps it in motion. Th? spring in a quiescent state is longest; by its beinf twisted either way from that state is shortened and the ball made to rise, returning by the re-action ol the spring, and the force of gravity receiving th< impulse from the maintaining power at each return The advantages these possess over the common clock or timepiece, are? That very little care is required in setting it up, in consequence of its not being so liable to be pit* out of beat, as other clocks. They require no oil on the pallets or teeth of th< swing wheel , there being no friction between them and the number of the revolutions of the swing wheel are sixty times less, or in other words is sixty years in making as many revolutions as th< thirty-nine inch or second pendulum clock does in one year. And it requires more than fifty times less maintaining power; consequently a very large amount less of friction and wear, than inothei clocks, and therefore the motion much more re gulHr. They will run one year with once winding up ; is silent, other than striking the hour; is simple, easily adjusted and regulated; and when so, the time will not be altered, as in other clocks, by the difference of temperature, the density of the air, or by an increase ol friction; as it performs its movements always in the same or equal time They are certainly a very superior article, and may be fitted up in any style required. For banks, churches, or oth'-r public buildings, they will be very desirable. One that will run four years with out winding up is about to be presented to the next President, so that he may be reminded that the time for its being wound up, is also the period foi the winding up of his arduous duties. Late from Lima.?The Baltimore Patriot con tains a letter from Lima, under date of the 11th of May, which says:? "The country U still unaettled? no newstlately from the seat of war?every thing quiot here in this city, and verj little huainesc stirring. U S. ships in the port ol Callao": Frigate Savannah, flagship, Com. Dallas, Cant. Hollins ; sloop Warren, late from the United States sloop Cyaue lately arrived from coast of Meairo ; storcship Relief, ii port some time : frigate United States, gone to Sandwich islands ; sloop Levant, Capt. Page, gone to Sandwich It lands ; schr. Shark, left on the 9Ath of April for Panama te return quickly to this port. The squadron here all it good health. " We have a report in town, within the last few days that the French and Knglish were in difficulties at tin Society Islands, and that when the vessels that brought the report left they were about to commence hostilities The French had imprisoned the F.ngliah consul. (treat Mass Meeting of Pigs in the Eleventh Ward?Glorious News?Croton Water Plenty since the Appointment of Mr. Smith. Strrkt Inspector ?At it mass meeting of the Pigs of i)n Eleventh Ward it was unanimously resolved, tha' we, the true Native Americans of the Elevrntl ward, congratulate our fellow patriots on the abun dant supply of croton water in the channel, tht only gift which our Street Inspector had withii his pig province to deprive us of. But tor the earn est anil successful appenl of Mari t, on the part o the women of Avenue I) and Third street, oui worthy Inspector Pig Tail has once more restore) our rights, tor which we return him grateful ac knowledgements, and pledge ourselves to suppor him a< long as he continues to relieve our thirst) tongues and sun burnt faces. Signed, Hhrrish Mock, Chairman. Acquitted.?We learn from Vickshurg that th< trial of Danipl W. Adams for the killing of Dr Hagan, lot merly editor of the Vic k burg Sentinel, waa tertninsted a Raymond, on Friday evening laat I* resulted in hi* ar quittal. The fury waa only out about flvo minute* Celebration ok the Fourth ?As the interest which was manifested so warmly on the National Anniversary is not at all local or confined to parti cular sections of this wide spread country, we con tinue to select from the various and lengthened ac counts a few particulars relative to the public do ings of that day. The Fire Department of Cleveland, Ohio, took a prominent part in the rejoicings of the day. Thef met at the engine house No. 6, where a sumptuous entertainment was provided. The horn of plenty poured out its contents ;*and a speaking horn of silver was presented by Engineer Outhwaite to the successful competitor, No. 5 Company. There was a mighty demonstration of Odd Fellows, and another by the Germans. The first dined together, which was neither an odd nor singular method of proceeding. A report of the doings at Millford show that its people were not behind hand in their Arrange ments. The dinner was a choice affair, and se veral worthy, patriotic and sentimental toasts pro moted the soctableness of the evening. The ora tor of the Jay was A. L Cushing, of Boston. The Anniversary of Independence was celebrated at Boston with uncommon splendor. Military sa lutesjund the ringing of bellB, ushered in the dawn. As the sun marched on in his diurnal course, so did the brilliant processions. At ten o'clock, the Mayor and Aldermen received their fellow-citi zens in the City Hall, whence they repaired to the Tremont Temple, where divine service was per formed, and an oration by Mr. Chandler. A dinner was served atFaneuil Hall, at which the Mayor pre sided. The "Truckmen," as well as the " Young Mens* Democratic Association," hnd a procession, as also the Sunday School children, and Whig Club. The Boston Clay Club has had a superb dinner, at which Senator Berrien made a long and eloquent address in responding to one of the toasts. The pyrotechnic display is said to have been bril liant, and attracted crowds of spectators. There was a great mass convention of the whigs at Concord. The rallying point was the old battlo ground of 1775. Daniel Webster was their and spoke. The day was wound up by a dinner in a mammoth tent capable of holding 10,000 persons, besides rations. It was a large affair. The Bangor procession was conducted by the democrats exclusiyely. The Hon. Levi Wood bury was the orator, and is said to have made an admirable effort. Altogether it was one of the largest and finest meetings that had ever been seen there. By late accounts from the Capitol, we learn that the same high spirited enthusiasm pervaded all ranks, and gave a coloring to every ipublic move ment en July 4th. The same absence of violence or excess marked the national festivities. At Alex andria, Skater's Hill, Georgetown, Piney Point, this was observable in an equal degree. There was an accident on board the " Sidney" steamboat, which was near proving dangerous. In returning frona a trip, the shaft of the engine broke, and was compelled to remain with her passengers all night in that position, but they contrived to solace them selves, by dancing till day.assured that they should "allget nnmein the morning." Portland was thronged to excess on the fourth: from all parts of the Sta e the people flocked and gave an impulse to the cause of patriotism and temperance, that will continue to be felt. The pro cession extended a mile. The Rechabites, the Temperance Truckmen, the Catholic Temperance Society, were among the ranks. A vessel called the " Wa;hingtoi,ian," well rigged and manned, com manded hyCapt. Jno. Williams, bore a conspicuous part. Arrived on the Common, ihe rounded and took in all sail?lulf'd and bore away to avoid the trees?an unusual impediment to navigation?most expertly. There were numerous applications for cabin and deck passages by this famous overland " brig," the whole of which the gallant Captain was constrained to refuse, all berths being previ ously secured. Governor Anderson presided at a large meeting in the open air, no house being found large enough to contain the temperance forces, which were legion. The cordial reception and marked honors paid to Gen. Dearborn, at Providence, form a verv strong feature of their rejoicings. The Governor, Mayor, citizens, and military officers, paid their personal respects to him, and the cheers were deafening when he made his appearance at the mass meeting. It gives us pleasure to be still able to say that order, unarnity and the best feeling characterized the proceedings in every place, a very pleasing con sideration for hII who love their country. Italian Opera.?We are at a loss for words to speak in becoming terms of Damoreau and her Rosina The public were prepared for something extraordinary, but not for a chef d'ceuvre like that which drew down, last evening, the most vociferous applause an artist ever reaped Every note the gifted prima donna sung?and she hardly leaves the stage ?was a diamond of the purest water, every fioritura a garland of the most delicate hues, the whole set of! by an action, distinguished not so much through a toubtette-like flirtation, than a most charming coquetterie. What a pity that not all our young ladies "taking Italian singing les sons": were present, to learn to study a method which is everywhere considered the best, and which no teacher can impart. What an exu berance of brilliancy und elegance in her ad mirable "una voce poco fa"! What an un equalled perfection in the duetto concertante, with Anot, who stole from Orpheus the se cret of subduing every violence ol feeling, and calling forth the sweetest emotions of the soul! Great as were all the morccaux with which Damo reau has been delighting her admirers?that is every body who ha^neard her?to this "una voce," they are like "a watt to ('ssa." Why did she not gratify the universally expressed wish tor an encore; this is the ouly fault that can be found with the cruel Rosina, who, we hope, will delight us once more before hei departure. On the whole, the performance of the Barbiere, will be recollected by the public asone of the most perfect musical treats ever afforded. De Begnis was the quintesunce of a Figaro ; lively, witty, full of trickB and humor, and Sanquirico maintained his position as the best Barthoio after Lablache. Antognini was not in very good voice, and was therefore not so efficient a Count Alinaviva as was expected. The transitions from the chest voice to the totto voce were too abrupt, nor was the " medi um tenuere Ceati" sufficiently observed. There were notwithstanding several good points in it, as in the Cuona sera, which he sung capitally. The attendance was very good?the applause immense. Humbug. Mr. Editor:? I suppose you are aware that John L. Graham, P M., and sj|ns M. Stilwell, Marshal, are at the bottom of the movement in this city, insisting upon the running <>t a Tyler electoral ticket inthisState and elsewhere ; thus endeavoring to convince Tyler of theit loyalty, in order to keep theirlplaces and prevent removal?and as a reward for their " hum bug" to be retained by Clay, if elected. Pork Chops. Amusements. Nirlo's Garden.?To-night will be a grand gala in this fashionable resort; for that popular corpa, "The Tigers," now on a visit to thi? City, are to be present, at the invitation and under the escort of their hospitahle nnd gentlemanly entertainers, the New York Light Guard. The presence of these two splendid companies will doubt less fill the saloon to the dome and the fair Amazonian* will strive to the utmost of their ability to give the high est effect to their warlike evolutions on the stage. Rarinbau's Hot, Cold, and Shower Salt Wa ter Baths, foot of Denbroses street?The popular ity of these baths scarcely needs a commentary, It is de veloped in the perpetual influx of the invalided and rheu matic patients, who always return revigorated, as well as in the hr. cing eiKcacy to the young, ol all ages and sex es. The hot salt water baths are incomparable, and the shower, private, and swimming baths, speak eloquently for the unwearied zeal and energy of Harry Rabineau, the enterprising proprietor. Look in also at the foot of Morton street?who would then went a hath for 6^ cents. The Famous Polka !?ns danced by those little buds ol humanity, the Infant Sisters, at the Ame rican Museum, is turning the heads of ail lover* ol good amusements, and in conjunction with other wonderful novelties and attractions is Ailing tne house to overflow ing. Performances this evening at a quarter past eight o'clock. The Dwarf may he ?gen at all hours. iOf t Ht. I liit'l t.U u.A l uAt i lie SAPARILLA, GKNTIAN AND 8AR8AYRAS,prepared by the New York College ol Medicine and Pharmacy. es tablished for the suppression of quackery. This refined md highly concentrated extract, possessing all the puri lying qualities and curative powers of the ahave herbs, is confidently recommended by the College, as infinitely superior to any extract of itarsiqmrilla at present tu tum he public, and maybe relied on as a certain remedy lor all diseases arising from an impure state of the blood, such as scrnlula, salt-rheum, ringworm, blotches or pim ples, ulcers, nain in the hones or joints, nodes, cutaneous ?ruption*. ulcerated sore throat, or any disease arising rom the secondary effects ol < vphilis or nn injudicious use oi mercury Sold in single Potties at 7ft cent* each. " in Cas.-" c half n-< . ?? ?? HntiT*, $3 AO " ? one dor. i ft "0 Case* forwarded to oil n?i ol r - Unlcm. N. C ?A very liberal discount to wholesale ptiroh I. Olttce of the College, Oft Nassau street W. 8. RICHARDSON, M 0 , Ago

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