IShW YORK HERALD.* Maw York, Huiitlajr, July 14, 1844. T?i lu.rsTH atkd Weexly Herald ?The rapid ity with whtcti thia splendid illustrated paper went off yesterday, wui rematkable. Ten thousand copies more than the usual impression were printed, and yet thia larga edmou will not be sufficient to meet the demand- It came upon the public?the publishers in this city of the miserable abortions, ?ailed illustrated newspapers?and the uewsbo>s, so suddenly, that, all were taken by surprise, aud it weut off'like lightning Everybody expressed the greatest saUstacliou with the graphic and spirited illustrations, and ceitainly they reflect great credit on ihe artists. A number of copies can still be had at the desk, and we shall have ;in additional supply in readiness to morrow. Tk* Kxaltemcnt and it lots In Philadelphia? Prospects of Another Outbreak. According to all appearances, there is every rea son to apprehend the occurrence ol auother out break of tnob violence iti Philadelphia. The ex ceedingly inflammatory state ol Icelmg which ex ists amongst a great portion ol the population, may ] at any moment burst out in fresh scenes ot blood and insurrection. It is believed that the ntob have a quantity of arms of various descriptions lu then possession, concealed; and as the authorities ..re determined to institute the most rigorous search for those weapons, the probability of a collision is greatly strengthened, as it is not at all likely that the rioters will yield them up without a struggle. 1 A certain portion ot the press in Philadelphia, it is also ptoper to notice, aided by a small portion, and fortuuately a very obscure portion of the press of this city, ure busily engaged in stirring up the bad passions of the mob, with whom they actually take side, casting censure upon the conduct ol the military, and defending the rioters. Such a course in this portion of the press, can only be paralleled by the conduct of the men of the Mountain, who, during the sanguinary era of the French Revolu tion, defended the atrocities ol the Pansien mob, and daily called out for more blood. 'Ihe defence set up by au obscure print in this city, for the Phi ladelphia desperadoes, would have been almost worthy of Barere himself. But it is hardly necessary to vindicate against such assaults the character and conduct of General Cadwallader aud the military under his command. The forbearance which they manifested during the first riots was, at least, highly creditable to their humanity, although it was treated with contempt, and generally condemned. In the course of the second riots tbe same forbearance was exhibited to the. very last extremity, and it was only when thtt violence and atrocity of the tnob left no alter native, that decisive action was taken by the mili tary authorises. General Cadwallader has nobly earned the respect and eBteem of all good citizens If he erred at all, it was on the side ol forbear ance and mercy. We think that the attacks on General Cadwallader present one of the most dis agreeable features in the whole of this disgracelul affair. That they should be tolerated for one instant by any respectable men in the community, indicates a diseased state of public sentiment, which we had hoped could have no existence atnongst us. Thus it has been said that the Gene ral was intoxicated during the riots?a more abominable lie was never invented ; but this single specimen of the manner in which that gentleman has been assailed, shows the character ?of the.op positio i arrayed against him lor Tils upright and I manly discharge of his duty on this trying occasion. What we havejsaid in the way of commendation ot the conduct of Gen. Calwall ider, applies with equal propriety to Major-General Patterson, and ihe Mil itary in general. Indeed the conduct ot the autho rities, wuh the exception ot Morton M'.Vlichael the .Sheriff, who appears to be a piece of insane im becility?throughout the whole of the proceedings, has been singularly appropriate, and must command the respect aud applause of the whole civilized com munity, both in this country and throughout th world. And these authorities now owe it to them selves, to their country, to their families, to the pre sent age and posterity, to go in the same energetic path, and put down at all hazards, every attempt to rebel against the laws. Tbe mob must be crushed Let there be no parlay.ng with these desperadoes. Let the strong iro;i grasp of .authority \be at once upon them. Aud let every individual who would in anv w^y excite treasonable feelings, be imme diately seized and punished with all due severity. As for the presses who are so utterly lost to all principle and decency, as to come out in defence of the rnob, they must sooner or latter meet that crushing indignation which they have earned ? Even in the present period of excited feeling, the defenders of the mob are characterized as they de serve. Louisiana Election?Frospect of the Next j Presidency.? According to the most reliabls ac- j counts of the Louisiana election, both parties may \ be regarded as occupying the same position as be- j fore the nomination of the presidential candidates, j This is a very significant fact, as the democrat | placed considerable reliance on the effect of the j annexation question, which it was supposed would ; cairy the whole South and West. It certainly had the effect of demolishing Van Buren at the Con vention, who was the prominent candidate till then. ! Now, in Louisiana, it was to have been expected that the Texas question would have told favorably for the democrats, for in the event of annexation, I New Orleans would have become the great mart for Texas. When the result thus not unreasonably expected has not been produced in that section of the Union, it is certainly not to be supposed that in other districts not so nearly interested in the matter, that the democrats will make much capital out of this question. Thus far the chances of Mr. Clay appear to b* augmented, and those of Mr. Polk to be propor tiouably diminished. A brief period, however, will give us data more conclusive than those yet before us. The "Aurora "?This print has passed into new hands, aud makes the usual swaggering pretensions of tremendously increased energy and talent, and patriotic devotion to Captain Tyler. The new editor is a Dr. English, of Philadelphia, who has written some very good verses in the magazines, and is more generally known as a violent repealer He is quite a young man, with a great deal of the hot-headedneBs and enthusiasm of youth. He will, however, have a good many old heads to control him, but whetherthe aforesaid old heads will brtnR a vast accession of common sense into the business, is another matter. Dr E.igiioli was a member ol the funny Repeal Convention which met here last summer, and made some fiery speeches, besides contributing a reasonable share of the funny mate riel which gave so much peculiar interest to the proceedings of that singular body. He is, how ever, a young rnau of highly respectable character and talent. The Captain has now two presses in this city?the Aurora, under Graham At Co., and the Wall Street Reporter, which has thrown it?lt into the breach with an enthusiasm which will fairly match that of the young editor of the Aurora It is very likely that we will have a good deal more fun hsta before the 4th of March. The Press of the Last Centurt.?By the kindness of an esteemed correspondent we have been put in possession of several additional copies of newspapers published in this country between the years 176H and 1799 They are exceedingly interesting We shall publish some curious ex tracts from litem at our leisure. We find that the publication in this paper of one of" Thomru* Mat eaehuaett'i Spy," ashort time since, excited a great degree of attention in < v rv .(tarter, and gave much satisfaction These i.;d papers present the I st possibie picture of this country during the me* ? unfile wsr of the Revolution t?- Her Secret and Cold Blooded Murder at Weat Hoboken?Discovery of the Marrtcr ed Body by a Dog?And Arrest of Sappoeed Aocoupllre. We are compelled again to record the particular* of another aecret and horrible murder at West Hoboken, near thia city, and within about a mile of the supposed scene of the murder of Mary R< gers. The greatest excitement prevailed at Hoboken yesterday on th'- Jiei < very of thia horrid deed, which extended to 'his i .ty, as soon a? the news reached us. One ot our moat efficient re. porters whs immediately at the scene, and we, therefore, present a full and only correct account that will be found in any print before Monday morning. On Friday evening about half past 5, aa Mr. A- Stout, a citizen ot Brooklyn was hunting for wookcock on the edge of the aalt marsh bordering oil the high ground, aboat a mile and a half north west of Hoboken village, he heard the report of a gun or pis'ol within a distance ot two hundred yards, in the bushes on the rise ot the hill. As he approached near the place fYom whence the report came, he listened, end overheard persons whisper ing or talking in a low tone, but from the closeness of the bushes was not able to discover any one. Instantly after, he perceived a man on the top of a ledge about 150 feet from him, and another within only about fifteen yards, whose face was within his view. The man on the top of the cliff was walking in a southerly direction towards the race crurse, while his associate below appeared as if about going up the hill, but stopped at a little puddle of water, and dipping his handkerchief into it, wiped his pantaloons in one or two places, and then ascended to the top of the hill, joined his companion, and was soon ought of sight. Presuming that the men had been shooting at a mark or firing for amusement?a very common circumstance near Hoboken, he passed along with out giving the matter any further thought until he heard a noise in the direction from whence the re port of the, gun came, that sounded like a groan, but knowing that an acquaintance was also gun ning in the neighborhood, he presumed that the noise might have proceeded from a crow or some other bird that he had shot, and this second strange circumstance therefore did not induce him to make any search through the bushes from whence the men were seen to have issued. On returning to Hoboken, however, in the dusk of the evening, the peculiar circumstances that hail transpired, weighed upon his mind, and he men tioned them to seveial persons, none of whom, however, appeared to think that any evil had been committed, except, perhaps, that a duel might have been fought, and somebody wounded ami carried from the ground, from whom the groan that he heard might have emanated. The singularity of the whole transaction created so much curiosity in lhe mind of Mr. Stout during the night, that he induced one or two friends to accompany him yes terday morning to the vicinity of the scene of Fri day evening, and took his woodcock dog as one of the party. On approaching the place, the dog came to astand, as if for game, when Mr. Stout marked the line, and commenced searching in the bushes immediately under the cliff,when, to the consterna tion ot the whole party, the shoe and foot of a man was found jutting out from beneath a pile of stone.* and rocks that appeared to have been recently thrown together. Some of them were very large, but they were soon removed, and the body of a man, appa rently a German, aged about 30 years, was dis covered, with his clothes covered with blood. On opening his vest and shirt, two wounds were found on his left breast, that appeared to have been given with a dirk or knife, and one gun-shot wound almost immediately opposite his heart. The body was free from smell, although surrounded by in sects, and appeared to have been dead but about twelve or fourteen hours only. His left hand pan taloons pocket was turned inside out, and emptied of its contents. In the other pocket four sovereigns and $1 58 silver change was found. He had no watch on his person. The spot where the body was found, was very secluded, at the bottom of the cliff, and some distance from the path leading from Vauxhall Garden on the hill, to the mountain. Ji appeared as though the murder had been committed while the deceased was at the top of the cliff, and his body thrown down, and the stones piled over I lum. From the fact, however, that Mr. Stout states that the men left the place almost imme diately after the report of the pistol was heard, and that one was then above the cliff, and the other below, it is probable that they returned to the body after he had crossed the marsh, and covered it with the stones that were piled upon it when found, and then escaped a second time. At this point of proceedings one of the coroners of the county was sent for, who soon arrived and ordered the body to be taken to Hoboken Village On arriving there, and searching the pockets, it was discovered that the name of deceased was A. G. A. Martin or Mechie of 42 Dey street. Notice was immediately sent to this city by the coroner who had the matter in charge, and information also given to the Lower Police Office, when offi cers McGrath and Stanton were started on the look out. On enquiring at 42 Dey street, it was ascertained that deceased had arrived in thi? oauntry hut about two weeks since from the Vil lage of Heide in Holstein, Lower Saxony, Den mark, and had brought with him several trunks ol valuable clothing, merchandize, &c., and Was sup posed to have considerable money in his posses sion as well as a valuable gold watch and heavy chain that he usually carried about him. Upon further enquiry it was discovered that a young German, acquainted with deceased, whose name we suppress for the present, had called at the board mg house of deceased on Friday afternoon at 4 o clock to inquire for him, and being told that he was not in the house, departed. He called again at about 7 o'clock in the evening, and received the same answer, and again at 9 o'clock yesterday mor n'ng _Th,B faCt crert,ed 8U8picion in the minds of the officers, and they arrested him in the course of the day, and took him to Hoboken. The Coroner summoned a jury, and Lewis D. Hardenberger Esq District Attorney, attended the examination of the witnesses, who testified to these facts. A partial pott mortem examination of the body was then made by Dr. R. F. Cooke, when it was found that the deceased had received three flesh wound stabs near the top of the left shoulder, and two stabs on the left breast near the nipple, both of winch had entered the pericardium, or thin covering of the heart. The gun-shot wound had been produced by a pistol ball that had entered the left breast, about an inch below the nipple, and then passed through the left side of the heart striking ihe inner edge of the superior lobe of the' lungs, and then entirely through the body of the interior lobe of the left lung, ??d lodging on the ms.de of the integuments of the back, near the ? une, from whence it was taken. This was the fatal, murderous shot, and must have caused the almost instant death of deceased. The conflict must have been close and desperate between the deceased and his murderers, as the wadding of the pistol shot was found at the entrance of the wound. The examination will be continued at Hoboken to-day, when it is probable the jury will render their verdict. E. V. R. Wrjoht, Esq., of Hoboken, '? engaged as counsel for the young man arrested on suspicion, who will also be examined to-day. As the ferry boat was leaving the wharf, the body of Zebulon Cuok, one of fhe brothers whofwas drowned in a manure boat that sunk in the East iver two or three days since, was found floating near s ore, and an inquest held upon it by the coroner Louisiana Eviction.?Our accounts from Ne "" oiJh* ?,h inBt ? bu< '"ve no new puis-r mail. The wh.gs claim the election of Tin bodeaux and Gen. Kordeloa to Congress. The, will probably be a whig majority in the Senate an Mouse anS probably in the Convention If >h news be true, there lias .be- n a complete noht S, volution in that State,^lotwithsiauding ^xm Important from Domtnlea?Terrible Imv rectlon. W? received lost night the " Bermuda Crniette" oi the 2J mat. It contains the following, which we have no recollection of ever before seeing, taken from the "Dominica Colonist" of the 8th ult ;? Startling ua this announcement must appear to our >liatuiit readera, It ii not the less too true that we are at this prt tint moment under Martial Law and tliut n tearful rebellion hat broken out in s? veral parta of the Colony.and even In the mountain districts On June 3id the unumeiatora under the t'ensua Act of the several P iris her proceeded to their allotted duty to take au ac count of the population Ike. : how ever, to their surprise, in aoine of the diatricta they found the houaea ol the labor ing claaa abandoned, uud the luhubiunta thereof as sembling in Urge liodiea in the neighborhood, arm ed with cutlaasea and tiludgeona threatening death to any p>non who ahould attempt to take then natnea, so they designated the popnlation return. The enumerators were compelled to relinquish the perform ance of the task, and either to fly lor iheir lives or con ceul themselves from the rebels. The excitement of the laboring population increased to an alarming degree and in the paiish of St l'aul about II o'clock, Alex. Cochrane u ho was taking a despatch from the commissioner of the Serials to the Preaideut, announcing the mutinous con uct of the people, was unhorsed audflseverelv beaten wi h bludgeons by a large bod) of the rebels his watch ami letiera t-ikea from him; an 1 he escaped with his lile only through the intervention of some Africans who threw themai Ives between the savages and the injured man. ami thus saved him Irom being butchered The rebels declared that they only wanted C'jmmia aioner Cochrane, as well as the President, and that tbpy were detetmined to have Iheir he ds Informa tion rapidly arrived in town from the quarter of Pointe Mitchell, and on the following day from Or and Bay, and other parts of the Island. On Mondav afternoon the Privy Council assembled. |At seven o'clock P.M., the report of two guus, tired in rapid succession, announced to the alarmed and territied inhabitants that the Island was under martial law. The town militia, which was some, short time ago disembodied, with becoming promptitude, re paired to tho armory, and ac.coutrrd themselver ready for duty. A detachment of the 46th Rrgi. ment, under Captain Hn-mner was marched off to Poiute Mitchell, ana the Police under Mr. Inspector Mat sou, directed to repair to Canefleld, to disperse the revol ters. On Tuesday a body of troops, uu ler the command of Captain Murray , ol the first West India K< giment. join ed the police at Cam Held ; two -companies ol mililia un der the command ol Captains McCoy and Sharpe were despatched to Grand B.iy On Wednesday at ihe Cane field quarter the militia shot a rebel,'who, Wing mortclly wounded, shortly alterwardafrxpired. The death of this misguided man acted as an awtul example to the revol tars, who appeared terrified, and subsequently the St. Paul's Parish has not manifested any lurther spirit of re hellion. On Thursday Mr Gardier succeeded in reaching Roseau from Colihaut, where he was a prisoner in hi owii house ; he escaped narrowly with his life, the rebelr having, we understand, threatened him with death. A detachment of the militia came into town last night fron. Grand Bay, with a large body of prisoners, and we learn that a tearful tragedy had taken place in that quarter. The rebels had not surrendered, and continued to oppose the militia A man whose same we have not heard, hav. ing defied the soldiers, was slightly wounded; he imme diately ran to his house, and altera ards rushing toward* the troops with a dagger exclaiming that he had drunk gunpowder and rum sufficient to withstand a dozen but lets, he bared his breast to his opponents, when one fatal ball levelltd to the dust this misguided and wretched man "Hiswas not a charmed life;"his imprecation! and raving-' no longer animated his rebellious companions; the awiui beacon which is now exhibited on the high road to Grand Bay will, we trust, act as a solemn, tho' silent monitor to these misguided people, that the Laws of the Land art not to be set at defiance, nor her Majesty's peaceful and loyal Subjects, threatened with death and destruction ol property. The head of this rebel now blanches upon u pole erected at the junction of three roads near the seen of -this fearful tragedy. Mrs Lockliart, of Geneva Estate, has had all her household property destroy ed and her dwelling house mutilated; her son, Mr. Ri chard Lockhart, and his wife, who were in the house at the time, were compelled to conceal themselves in a dreadful state of anxiety, expecting every moment to b> made victims to the savage brutality oi these wretcher One of the rebela in the Grand Bay quarter was surround ed by the militia, and before they could make him a pri soner, he cut his throat with a desperate gash. Mr. K> lesomi's house at Stowe, has been ransacked, and furni. ture destroyed. Some part of this gentleman's property was found in the dwelling of the man who had been bt headed, so that the story which had been put forth by these misguided people, " that an attempt was to be mailt through the Census Act, to deprive them of their liber ty," has only be?n a ruse on their part to violate th< law, and deprive their employers of ;their property. Moat probably, had these been assisted by a gene ral combination of all the laboring population eventually they would have made our little coun try a modern Bt. Domingo. Several of the rohels fre quently alluded to the land of Touasaint L'ouverture ami christophe. It la moat providential that thia rebellion has been confined to a limited part of the Colonv. The Wind ward parts are not aware (by the post of yesterday) of the state of the Island on this tide- the rebellion has been confined to the Estates at Grand Bay, part of the parish ol 3t. Paul, Colihaut, Pointe Michell, and in the neighboi hood of Grand Bdvauah. The aouth division of 8'. Patrick, which includes Grand Bay and the parish of 81 Paul have however.a considerable population sufHcien* ly formidable for the adoption of decisive and promp' measures to put down the rebellion, and by making seve ral examples of the revolters restore order and tranquility to the Colony. There are now nearly two hundred prisoners lodged in confinement, fifty brought in ye-tei ?lay from Grand Bay and other places. The Privy Cotir oil has been sitting daily, as a Court of Inquiry, and we presume that early next week a General Couit Martial will be summoned to try the Insurgents. We think it but due to the Regulars and the Militia t' bear testimony to the alacrity manifested by ail to quell the rebellion in the most prompt manner; it would be in vidious where all have done their duty to make compari sons, but situated as we are with only a small garrison ol regular troops (only 100 men in all) in a mountaineou* country with a population of OA,000 souls, it could not be expected that the troops could possibly have quelled th? revolt without the aid of tho militia. Thia undisciplined of their body have, however, well earned the gratitude country; their zeal and activity has been admirable, theii braveiy worthy u better cause, and their fortitude and patience in overcoming the fatigue of long marches with out a murmur, their respect to the commanding officer it waiting for oideis to attack, their forbearance on all occs ? ion* to destroy life wantonly; all these superior manh qualities entitle the Militia to thethanks of the communi ty. The name of Royai which was conferred on the Mi litia of Dominica by the Sovereign in I80A, when they si gallantly defended their country on the invasion of th< French, has not been forgotten, aid the same spirit whicl then actuated that body, equally flows intheyalnsoftheii posterity, now quelling intestine commotion. Excursions.?'To the toil worn mechanic whc has been confined in the close atmosphere of h workshop for 12 or 14 hours each day, for 6 days in the week; to the assiduous store-keeper, who, from " The dewy morn to the still hour of ere," seeks a respectable maintenance for himself and family, and the close confined merchant, broker, or lawyer's clerk, who being over the desk for per haps a greater number of hours each day than eith er of the previous?to those we say what greater, what more rational, more beneficial enjoyment can he a Horded than that which is presented this da> and to-morrow (Monday,) by a trip in that most beautiful steamboat " Thomas Salmond," which is to proceed from the various piers on the North ri ver at different hours in the morning for Fort Ham ilton, Bath, and Coney Island, allowing those who are desirous, and when opportunity presents, of en joying a bath at the last place but one, and all fot one shilling. Nor is this all, those who are desirous of remaining in the enjoyment of these beautiful spots for the whole day ntay do so, the packet will call at the different points a second time in the course of the day?the afternoon?and bring those remaining home?so that for 25 cents many of the best scenes in the neighborhood may be enjoyed? and those who most need it receive what will give them strength for their f uture toil. Thr "Tiqkkh" and thk "Blues."?Yestetday j the Independent Tompkins Blues took charge of the Boston men. They assembled in the Park at five o'clock, marched through Broadway and Bleecker street to Vauxhall Garden:-, thence down Bowery and Chatham street, halting at French's Hotel, where a choice banquet awaited tliem. Mr. 1 French, who is first Lieut, in the Blues, had made arrangements on a Urge and judicious scale to en tertain the two companies, and many more too,who certainly were not backward in taking advantage of the provision made for their comfort. The two companies then marched to the Park and separated Isr their respective quarters The "Tigers" repair ed to the Bowery Theatre, and thus ended the pro ceedings of the day. City Intelligence. Police?July IS? i i.o?inii , hk LowkS Police Orrici 1 os Sunday -It being the turn if J net ice Drinker to pre ; isle to-day, he will clout the office at 8 o'clock this morn ; ing, when all business, except ol great importance, will be suspended. This in a good movement, and will not onl) ; nave a large amount oi money paid yearly in the shape ot i extra services to the police magistrates and clerka. but will relieve all in any way connected with that office tipper Police has never been kept open for business on ?Sunday after the discharge ol the watch. Accomplice Ctnsn.?James Harrington, the boatman, Washington Harrington, bin brother anil a young man named Thomas J f'ren-lemlle, recently of if Washing ton street, were aniwted yesterday hy officer Baker, ami fully committed aa accomplice* to the robbery coiamitte t t?y Angeliue Lam rut, of $4U0, Irom the pockets of u young countryman at olu Mrs. Miller's last week. Valuable Rino Lost and Found ?A man named Pepe, tliaa darner., was arrested yestetday, and fully commith d Tor stealing a gold ring si t with brilliants, valued at gtlOO from Joseph de Begnia. The ring was recovered Irom the thief. Tragical.?The Tuscaloosa (Alabama) Moni tor of July 3d saytOn Saturday last William A. Ver rail was killed in thia city by Wilfiam H Grimes. Mr. Grimoa forthwith larrentiered himsalf to the civil author -55*? _ M(u r*ar Vmr,no-Since the arriv.l of the Boston troops, we have taken particular pleasure in 1 alluding to their movements, because the relation in which they stand. during their short sojourn among u.s, is based upon none of the vulgar or course motive* which are constantly moving man kind in masse*, but upon those of courteay, social g ilUniry and the chivalry of friendship. I his custom ot trienrlly military visits, yet in its infancy, is likely to become fashionable, notwith standing that there was no allusion made to it in h late much talked of lecture on all that appertains to fashion. So it should say we. It will prove a source ot advantage in many particulars, both to those who participate in and those who witness it, and the sooner other companies emulate the ex ample set them by our Boston friends, the betier. It deserve* to be eminently popular. It i* a plant indigenous to this republican soil. It smacks not like some foolish custom*, of foreign birth, and* which a mock refinement pursues wi ih avidity which a perverted taste in the exclusive circles ol society would engraft on the healthy stock of re publican simplicity. Leaving to others the dtecussion of the question relative to the exclusion of foreigners, we are very clear upon this-that, whether they come or not, Americans can very well dispense with their foibles their frivolities, and their absurdities. With a pro' per contempt, then, for all affectation ol foreign di? tinctton, all imitation of European follies the* military visits have a double relish, because they are not only of native growth, but also incompati ble with, unsuitable to, the military institutions ot foreign cou.,tries. There the soldier is a machTne His movemenisare regulated and controled by the articles of war. His motive power is the woid of command He is isolated from civil Ldefy. Cm earn nothing of the duties of a citizen ; he has nr notion of duty but in a military sense, and no high- r motive to its performance than those which ate mercenary. muse wintn Not so with the citizen soldier of America He unites in his person the soldier, the cit^en .hi man. Fit by discipline for all 'the ex JeE'cie" that may oress upon the defender of his count?h?E the best specimen of the soldier A memb7r of c isS5!5T^1.^asJSrsyi champions ??JSend,"80^"''and^mte^b^frrendK meetings, and an interchange of good offices i improvement in Apneaninrp onH a\ P e would be the certain result a spirit of ?ne rous rivalry would obtain. Men leaving horn? ex pecting to see strangers, and make new acjiaim ances, are commonly careful ol their personalin Thd dlSCrP, t in ?!??' manners and de Pleasing, by simply possessing the desire to Dlease nflh?enremal,tir conV,iM whole secret? 1W all these remarks apply to the case ?r m.mk ? 1 military companies. When visiting thei^disfan! friends, they improve themselves, their bearitnr r?f h" sk At,'::?,1 To the Boston " Tigers" is due th* r gtnattng this custom, which as w *?i A?fr?n ought and will become prevalent ??^kbefore' 1826, the old " Tigers mffe a Uke tVndJll curs,on o th.s city?the first of the kind heard ol I ins attention was reciorocatpH nn ?l * zt o,,.,h' n'? rarssis Surs those who composed the Boston Light Infantr at the period of their first viait, but few remain inn Time has changed its memners, but not its mate Mav ihJir ar" ot ,he ?ame stuff ??vir May they ong continue so. With their hearts i, fo'tifc Crdmeir,l,I,U1e'8 bri?b' end may ley as uiiver Cromwell said, ? put the-ir trust il the Lord, and keep their powder dry." American Institute?Sixteenth Annual Fait, 1,18 ,s enounced to commence on the 4th Oc tober next at Niblo's Garden, the exhibition on tip' Monday following, the 7th. The second week an exhibition of cattle will be held at the Vauxhui ?arden. A Gold Medal is to be awarded lor th, best variety of useful Machines and Implements fo. larmtng; Horticultural Implements, Woollen Fab lectures"0?'Siik,'H*rdwHr"' ?nd Household Manti I ren H?h' f addrV" which ex,ra Pre?uun? of ten dollars for each of the five best inventions art hibition of American Madder, Woad and InHi? Ih- Frtir will be eppoimad, who will iiiik?"examV nations within convenient distance* 1,5 exami" In the words of the prospectui w? c.n"^ ?*,,0rt that cordial invitation is herebv ext-nH It ? y 8H> masses? For all othtr particulars in the mean while refer to the prospectus. Should *t It ?? J? ' rWe will'afford ?f cnpenor tonri ? Before a lull bench. Jult 13?Decisions - Ikaac Newton, Plaintiff in Error, vi Jiuitin R. Eiik, Defendant in Error? Crrtiorari ? Thtr wan an action of trespass nutituud to recover the valui of four firkius of butter wrongfully delivered on board ot one of the Albany steamboats The butter *ai consigner to a party in New York. The agent of one ot the Albany ?nd New York line* got poiaesiion of thi* butter, ami finding no owner, the butter wai deposited by him in u public store?the owner* of which became bankrupt ? I he chiei point dwelt upon by the Court was the respon sihility that rested on a earner in the safe delivery ol goods. The consignee, however, was a clerk, and had no place oi residence. The ' ourt held that the carriei had performed his duty with cure tinder the circum stance*. and that judgment should he reversed. JohnEarie and Elizabeth hit IVtfe, Plaintiffs in Error, vi Daniel E. Tylee, Defendant in Error ? An action foi use and occupation of a house to recover two quar ters rent. Tne rase was brought before one ol the justices in the Marine Court, who decided in tavor ol plaintiff. The case was brought up to the Superior Conn on certiorari. The poiut for defence was that plaintiff was a foreigner and non-resident?his wile carrying on busines* as a fen. loir during his absence at New Orleans and consequently not entitled to recover. Judgement af firmed. Motei Y Beach a/it. Benjamin H Day ?Motion to lit aiide verdict of the Jury at the trial in Sheriff's Court ? fins was un action lor libel in which a plea was held on demurrer, judgment was had by default before that jury An offer was made to show justification The jury gave damages $200ff The motion was made to set aside the verdict on the ground of excessive damages and ulso of justification The substance of the charge against Day was the alleged act of his having published in his paper certain allegations in relation to the divorce ol Moses Y. Beach from his wife- The plea set up was, that there was sufficient aggiavation to justify tne act ' 1; nut it did : and excuse the publication; but it did not appear on the irialthat Day had written the ollvged libel which had been referred to at the trial; but no proof waa given, judgment having gone by default. Mr Day not only de nies having published the article, but avers he had not seen it until long after it appeared in print. The Court held that as a Sheriff's Court was not the best tribunal to try such a case, from the fact that it was to be presumed ihe Sheriff was not as well versed In the law as the or dinarv courts of judicature, and also in consideration of the circumstance* of the case, they had determined to re verse the decision, defendant paying the costs Ing lei- ?T Jamei T. Hache adi Motel Inglet ?This was an action brought_to recover the value ol a quantity of railroad ~ ifendant had i ?lock The plea put in was, that defendant had no stock nor was he authorized to sell any stock Defendant de murred. and the replication held that plaintiff had stock. If a party held a certificate with powerto transfer, and his name was not inserted in the hooks in the usual form the Court was of opinion he was not to be considered h stockholder Judgment for plaintiff in demurrer, with liberty to defendant to plead di novo on payment of oosU within ten days. .Andrew C Zahriikie vs. David W. Baity.?An action brought te recover amount of quarter's rent of a house I'he ground ol defence rested on an informality in the lease Judgment for plaintiff John E Moore ??? Jnieph If ay lor?Motion to set aside verdict. This was an action brought on a judgment Plea set up that defendant became a bankrupt, and that the debt was proved in bankruptcy. Another plea set up that plaintiff also became a bankrupt, end was a general partner. Judgment for plaintiff, with liberty to defendant to plead de novo on pay ment of costs. Eleanor C Haitiy ii at adi. Martin Cawing et. at? Judg ment for defendants with Ihe usual liberty. H'illiam IViilmnrth vi Prancio Soy re and John H Oo' Held - Jtidgmmt lor plaintiff with liberty to defendant to /lead de novo , on payment ot costs within ten days after notice of this rule Henry Kippvi. Charln Halt.?Motion for a new trial de nied The Mayor et. al. Edmund R. Sherman?Thia is one of a | -Us* ol cases which ere before the Courts. It was ? mo i ion to set aside the report of refcreea in relation to the cutting of certain tranches in the vicinity ol one of the | \ venuee. The motion to set aside waa denied tad the re. I port was oeoffrmed. Washington. [Corre?ponii?mce of the Herald.] Washington, July 12, 1844. Conversation on the State of the Union with an oil Ex-Editor?The Capi ol Ground*?Jemmy Mu her? Wathington City?Dreudjul Prophecy? Mr. MrIhtjfle?Jame* Hamilton?South Caroli- | na?Texut? Mr. Calhoun? Lord brougham? i Downward Tendency of the Timet?Departure? . Arrival?John Foy nearly Succtuful i?t becoming a Spoke in the Right Front h heel of the Adminis tration Gen. J. G Bennett? We transmit you a (ketch cf the rich and intel lectual convi rautieu alluded to in our letter ot yes terday. The day was hot as Egypt, and the Avenue as j dusty, when escaping ihe pestilence in a retreat to the capitol grounds, we encountered in one of the iron chairs under the fine sycamores of the west-1** ern Park, the venerable ex-editor, E. S Thomas, Esq , of South Carolina, father of the author of | Clinton Bradshaw, and author of" Reminiscences" of his own "Life and Times;" and the individual to whom Mr. Bracket!, the sculptor, is, of all oth- j ere, indebted for his fame and success as an artist. "Delightful grounds, Mr. Thomas.' " Yes sir, very beautiful; and quite a godsend to j the invalid from the steaming heat and dust of that abominable Avenue. The cool shade, the fresh air, ilie flowers?that ugly Irish gardener is a man of admirable taste." " Yes, sir, Jimmy Maher,without even the know, ledge of simple addition upon paper, is a mathema tician of the first water?without the champolltonic faculty of distinguishing a dahlia from a dandelion by the book,' he is a botanist of rare knowledge and experience. He is also a rara avit in politics. He goes for ' General Jackson, deud or alive'? and yet he inclines to the opinion that 'Heniy Clay is in favor of the Irish?that Daniel O'Connell is h deniMOgtM ? and that liberty and equal rights | should be given to every man barrin* the haythen Uh nagura .' But what think you Colonel, of the Federal city 1" "It differs from all other cities tinder the sun It has an aristocracy without wealth?streets with out houses?merchants without capital?office-1 holdeis without dignity or self respect, and a special congressional legislature that is determined to break it down. Fifty years, sir, and the ruins of the Capitol, the Treasury, Post Office and Patent Office buildings will be as the ruins ot Balbec and Palmyra, scattered over a desert. Stray cattle will lie browsmg in these grounds, and swallows will build their nests to the ceilings of the east room." "Why, how, or wherefore, Colonel!" "Dissolution, sir, dissolution! The Union only hangs together Irom the ' cohesive power of plun der,' but politicians are quarrelling, and the rup ture must follow. Pitry years, sir, and there will be as many petty independencies of the United "ea out iroi Sta'es as were parcelled out from the empire of Alexander 'Whj^ sir, that Jrnnscends the imaginary divi sion of Mr. McDuffie. He has shadowed out three distinct republics, the Eastern, or manufacturing? the Western, or farming, and the great Southern rice, cotton, sugar and tobacco-planting republic Did you read his speech, sir, on this subject!" " No, no; I don't read such stuff. Mr. McDuffie would dissolve the Union to annex Texas, and all her scape gallowses, to gain a nigger market; but he'll not do it. The State of South Carolina, ruined by negroes, will have to be restored through other expedients. Gen. James Hamilton, too, has suggested a call for a Convention of the ylave States upon the Texas question; but won't be had I was conversing with Mr. Calhoun yesterday, and such is his opinion. He says there would be no advantage from such a Convention, and that it will not be held Mr. Calhoun, however, is too fear ful of England's policy in regard to Texas?that she will make Texas a refuge for southern runaway niggers?a danger contemptible compared with nullification. Let South Carolina nullify. Let her ;? upon her own hook, if she pleases, and Hayti No. 2 will be established before ten years have passed. The blacks would eat up the whites, and take the cotton fields into their own hands. But what think you, Mr. Reporter, of Mr. Calhoun at a statesman !" " He is a Don Quixotte, sir. He has been bat tling with windmills, and flocks of sheep for twen ty-five years, until he is ' serv-d tip, sir?effectual ly served up ' He is a political dreamer. Hb theory is a bag; of wind, a series of abstractions, like a string ot onions in a bunch of straw He it in himself, sir, as a statesman?a mere man of straw, impracticable, anti-utilitarian, and insuffi cient for the crisis " " Well, my young friend, you will learn as yon grow older With some political heresies, Mr Calhoun tins the deepest head of any man of the age?the most searching and profound intellect ?ng and cannot produce itch a man. Brougham is overrated?like en old sixpence he passes for twice his real value. He is a superficial, headlong and dogmatical demagogue. The fact is, greai men are decreasing and qu icks are multiplying." " But, sir, do you not believe in the onward and progressive, moral and political improvement ol man in the aggregate." Not a word of it, young man. While we are im proving in mechanics, we are retrograding in mo rals. Mob law has become the surueme law ot the land?murders make up the daily details of the penny garbage ot the newspaper nress. Crimes command a premium among the editors. Dema gogues rule the government, and reckless cliques of reckless in n control the popular will. Men with out principles?men without shuts, and too lazy to work for them?such men as Dorr and his shirtless patriots, claim to hold the voice of the sovereign people. Levellers are tearing down the Constitu tion, men who would level downwards?level everything to the standard of Mike Walsh and the Five Points Levelling up is out ot the question with men who have no shirts. Already we stand disgraced in the eyes of the world?as dish, nest debtors?as vain braggarts?as cut-throats, and Lynchers, tobacco spitters and drinkers of bald faced whiskey. The laws are nugatory. Lynch law is supreme in every place of 10,000 inhabitants We are going down, sir, down, headlong ; and it would be a godsend if some whale or sea serpent would puke up a prophet like Jonah on our shores to warn us of our coming destruction." "The theme, Colonel, is di?tr>8sing. What think you of the President's bride!" Our venerable friend declining an opinion, we left him, much edified and enlightened on the question ol the perpetuity of our institutions, yet still ho|>eful that the Capitol will survive two or three coats of whitewash, and Father Thomas and his nronheciea. in regard to those bets, Colonel Palmer of Prince Georges, we understand, says he was only in fun, or under a strong vinous excitement. Mr Rives it good for the endorsement of the " fiscal partner ot the Globe." Hon. John Q. Adams and wife left the city yes terday for Massachusetts. John G. Miller, Esq., brother-in-law of the Pre sident, returned to Brown's last night from Fal mouth, Virginia We suppose lie will remain at the guardian ot the office-seekers in the absence of the President. We have heard of a bit of news that would have astonished the natives had it been confirmed, b> the appointment. It is known that Mr. Lloyd, the new government Surveyor at Baltimore, vulgarly called Tom Lloyd, has of late acquired an amazing influence at Court?it is also known that Lloyd u in especial friend of that capital Irishman, John Foy. the polite dispenser of the grog and oysters to the House of Representatives in the refectory un der the hall?it is also known that John Fov is a friend of John Tyler, because both the John Tylers tre friends of the Irish?but it was not generally known till this morning that John Foy came within i hair's breadth of being appointed to ths city Post Office at Washington, to the superceding of Lir Jones. Such is now the rumor, but whether from th' modesty ot Captain Foy, or the prudent distrust of Captain Tyler, the appointment was not made, the old Beldame saith not. We believe that Capt Foy would have made a good officer with sufficient practice ; and with a side bar stocked with good liquors attached to the city Post Office, no indivi dual need come away dissatisfied, lor if disappoint ed in a letter such individual could take a julap At the bar, too, notes could be changed which are not received for postage. Bos. "Stich a Ntcs Yotmo Ma*."?W. S. Bliss, the ?nice young man," was in durance vile yesterday It will be recollected that this aoaplock and broad-brim pi-nonage was several times on trial before the Munici pal Court, s short time since, lor obtaining some chnm pugne wine from the Tremont House, by forging tin name of Mr. Elisha Haskell. He was yesterday arraigned in the Municipal Court en an indictment charging him with cheating William Hutchins, a hoarding-house keep er, of his meats, drinks, bread, tood, and property, by de signedly and falsely pretending to Claris* Hutchins, said Hutchins' wile, that he. aaid Slits, was a man worth a large property of the valne ot giM.OOg, which he inherited tromhia lather, that ho was receiving one hall the in come of a large farm in Cambridge, that ono Mr. Paige was owing him $S00, that he was editor of the newtpapei called the Boston American, and that he was paid fot -ach week. Bliss pleaded not guilty. His trial he wished to take place this month.?Baton Transcript, July 13 Stricm*.?A young man residing in the south went part of this town, by the name of Moses Wright , aged about VA, commuted suicide on Sunday at 'ernoon last, by hanging himself on a tree in the woods ? i'he limb to which the rope was attached was some four teen or sixteen feet Irom the ground. He was engaged to oe married, and the certificate of publishment bed been aaued,but tha mo her of the young lady not liking him >u account of his intemperate habits, had foibidden him he hovae. He has once before attempted to commit the iiime rash act, but wee discovered in season to save his Life.?JfosAsM 0?aslls. Theatricals, Att. Mr. Charles wan giviug concerts in Charleston >u lire 9ih inst, which were very well attended. The St. Louis Theatie haa had day p-rtorm aaces, which appear to have been pretty well at tended Mon* and Madlle. Perger are amusing the in habitants of Augusta, Ga., with dauciag exhibi tions. A detachment of theatricals from Eagle street Company, Buthilo, tucluditig Marble, Ellis, Henne ay, fee have gone to Detroit for a short season. Mr. Forrest terminated his engagement at lha Eagle street Theatre, Buffalo, on Friday evening. The Congo Melodists hsve arrived in Philadel phia from the aouth, and will give out ol their en tertuinmentu at the Washingtonian Hall to-morrow evening. Max Bohrer, the celebrated violoncellist, gave his second successful concert in Utica oa Wednes day evening He proposes In give a farewell con cert to his Boston triends, previous to his leaving in the Britaunia, on the 18ih, lor England. Mr. Dempster has left Philadelphia for hia resi dence at Burlington This gentleman is about to make a short tour in Connecticut. 0I?* Bull is expected ta perform in Quebec imme diately after the termination of his present engage ments in Montreal. Mrs. Farren's benefit c?me off at the St. Louts theatre on the 3J inst. which terminated her en gagement there. SpauldingVEquestrian company were at Chicaga, 111 , oil the 4th inst. Mrs. George Jont*a is drawing great houses in Montreal The papers speak of her saccess in tha most enthusiastic terms. A Female Necromancer.?A lady is astonish ing the residents of Buffalo with her powers in this respect They say she out-conjures our greatest conjurors. Her name is not given. The Stevennark family still remain at Boston, together with Harrison, the Magician, and appear to be doing a good business. Miss Walters,and Messrs. Barnes,Smith, Foster, and Wells, are drawing crowded houses at Walnut street theatre, Philadelphia. Burton, of the Arch street theatre, Philadelphia, has added Miss C. Cushman to his company. Mr Russell, the vocalist, it is stated, leaves this country on the 17th in the Great Western, to fill an angagemeut at the Birmingham musical festival. He. returns again in the fall, we understand, and will spend three or four months in the country. Mr. Ross, of Philadelphia, is lecturing in Balti more on the art of improving the memory. Opener his Head.?At the St. Louis theatre, the other night, a member of the company being from some cuuss angry at the clown, hired a big tellow to flog him. The clown seized a hntehet, split open <he head of the bully, and then felled to the earth the man who employed him A violoncelist named Offenback. has made his debut in London with immense applause Fanny Goldberg, one ?f the leading prima donnas of Italy, has married a wealthy SignorCharini, aad retired from the stage. Mary Anne Browne, that was, sister of Mrs. He mans, has become Mrs Gray, and now resides in Dublin. She has recently published a volume of poems there. A public dinner has been recently given toCliss. Knight, of London, in honor of his completing the Penny Cyclopedia. A Novel ey Napoleon.?In the library of Count Pzialynski, who lives nearPosen, a MSB. novel, called Clisonet Eugenie, commenced by Napoleon, it is said, is preserved. It has been authenticated by Montholon, and Barons Fains and Mounier. It is reported that Henry Phillips, the best bass singer in England, is expected to arrive at New York towards the close of this month. He propo ses making a professional tour through the United __________ Common Pleas. Before a full Beach. Jult 13?At the opening of the Court, dsclaions were given in the following cases :? Jan. Norrit vt. Chat Newman.?Motion to aet aside re port of releree, who certifies $48 33 as due to the plaint ft"; whereas tie plain)iff claims $80 or more en u building contract. The plaintiff" contends that the re|>ort is con trary to the evidence, in not allowing the whole claim on the one hand, and deducting thereliom, lor a set off by default, on the other hand Clement L. Dennington, ade Roland Geliton.?Thii is an appeal from taxation of cost*, in which some itams far services rendered previous to the passage ol the act,were taxed at the rates allowed under the act of 1844. Appeal allowed. The Court ruled that the items must he taxed under the law existing at the time when the services were rendered. Emi i' Poulard ade. William O'Britn.?This wis an action of trover, brought by the plaintiff lor the unlawful conversion of a certain certificate of Illinois internal im pro'ement stock The cause was triid before Judge Inglis on the 7th February, 1844. On then ml it ap peared from the evidence, that the plaintiff'received an order from defwDdunt to buy him u glOCO bund of Illiuole internal improvement stock, and not being himself a member of the Bonrd of Brokers, such bond belong'd to plaintiff; that the defendant on receiving the bond i ffVred the w itness $26 for the same, which witness retused to reoeive. and demanded the price ot the hood on the return to hitn of the said bond, which the defendant refused to pay or return. Vbrdict tor plaintiff affirmed with costs. Peter Duffy ade. the People, <-c.?This was a case of forfeiture ol recognizuttoe Judgment lor the defendant on demurrer. Jamet McGuire ci. John Turney.?Judgment far plaintiff with costs. John S. Cunningham ado Joteph W. J) I top, jr., and Henry Chauncey.?Vet diet affirm oil with costs. Circuit Court. Before Judge Kent. Jult 13 .? Thielvi 'thirl ?Jtdutteiy Cote?In this ease, fully reported in yesterday's Jt,<ald tha jury did not agree, eleven being in tavoi ol a verdict fur plaintiff and one having held out all night tor d< tamtam. His Honor discharged them at 9 o'clock, A. M , and immediately Tclt ibr Staten Island, tom-ike some arrangement in tha case ol Polly bodine. Court Calendar. Common Pleas, Monday.?Not 1, 3, 3, 4, 6, 0, 7, ? 9, 10, II, 11, 13, 14. 16.16 Circuit Court -Noa. 117,33, 70, 126, 239,138, 139, ISO, 181, 183, 339, 184, 136, 138, 137, 138, 139. Literary Kotlcea. Transactions or the Society or Literary and Scientific Chiffoniers, being essays on Primitive Arts in Domestic Life.?The Sfoak, with upwards ot one hundred illustrations, Primitive, Egyptian, Roman, Mediaeval and Modern, bv Hub'k O. West man, Member of the Society, Proprietor ol the Globe Tavern, N. Y., and formerly Principal of a Public School No. I. Harper & Brothers, 82 Cliff street. This is certainly a remarkable book. Its title indicates tu singular object, and the contents of this number show that the author has at his com mand a vast amount of learning, both ancient and modern, ami plentiful resource- of talent and hu mor, to enable him to carry it out. He is learned without being pedantic, witty but not frivolous, and eminently a man who has read every thing and for gotten nothing. His book combines curious in struction with still more curious amusement, in a remarkable manner. The Spoar will be finished in four numbers. tfcPKKME Court, June 11Present, his Honor Chief Justice Nelson and Justic-s Bronaon and B- iri! ley. (uta.it .hgurd, tfc ? Ordered,tliat Messrs B. D. NoXoii and A.)' ll iid l>?api>ointfc l examiner* of coun r;l. Ordeted, that Mtsir*. N. llill, Jr., A 8. Jobnsoa.and \V. McColl, bu appointed examiner* of attorney*. 66. (in argument yesterday, concluded ?Cur ad. vult 116. Dickinson ad*. Auble?1'aken tip in exchange lor No 16, which wa* reierved Mr Johnson lor defendant, Oov Seward lor plaintiff? Cur. ud vutl tW? HaUted ad*. Hull, a reierved cituae. Mr. Reynold* lor plaintiff, Mr. Jordan lor defendant?Cur. ad vult 64. Ademi nd*. Crittenden, a reserved cause. Mr. Noxon lor plaintilT. Mr Comitock for defendant. On argument at the time of adjournment. ? Ulica OaztUe. Another Post Office Dxfrat.?The suit brought by the United States against Potnrroy Sr. Co., lor cartving mail matter hy private express, term!, nated yesterday in favor of the defendants. The case was tried at Utica before Judge Conkling, and we understand that the judge charged, as the jury lound, that the Metsrs. Pomeroy had not committed any breach ef the iaw ?Albany Journal, Julj^l'l. Mtrdkr.?We understand a serious riot took place at Clyde, on Tuesday, between three boats crew*. One man waa killed, and several wounded The actor* were promptly art sited. Sentence of Grkkm-eaf?Chief Justice Shaw pronounced the sentence of the Court, at noon, thi* day, which was, 1 day solitary. S yeat* hard labor in House of Correction, and a fine of f |n0 ?Notion Ttantciipt. Sentence or Dibiii,.?At Pittsburgh, ou Monday last, Judge Patton sentenced Charles Dtehl to im prisonment for twelve years hi the Penitentiary, for the murder ol his wife on the first day of April laat. It wa* intimated to him hy the preiiding Judge, that a hill weuld be Heat to the Grand Jury next term for ibe murder of hi* child, and that he muat be prepared, at tho expiration of his present sentence, to anawer that aharge. Commutation.?The Governor has commuted the sentence of Nathaniel 8. Howe, a lad of 16, convicted of arson upon the Charlestown school house in the night time, from lite imprisonment in the State Prison to three year* iu -he House of Correction. The sentence for life waa imperative under the law, and admitted ef no less time.?Notion J'oit, July 12. Amuoemenie. There is leas occasion for puffery relative to Caeile Garden than tnr any establishment in New Vork. Kvery ts>dy knows its uni quailed sitnxtion, it* refreshing brear.es, it* imfm nse and delightful prome oadea on the up|s>r and lower platforms?the Irst com manding a grand and extensive view ef Ihe Bay and all its beantlei the lower, on a level with the sea. is cool, lelicious and romantic. On Tn*<day, we uudarstan t, the Manager* giva a grand Concert, in which the rv f justly celebrated Madame Merley will appear. Great i t. tmotion this.