Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 17, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 17, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD Vol. X., Ho. 107?Wholo No. ST07. NEW YORK. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JULY 17, 1844. Priom Two Out*. THE ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY HERALD. A FOURTH EDITION REQUIRED ! WonderlUl Success of Newspaper Literature. Monday, we published a third edition of many thousands of the Mutt rated Weekly Herald, con taining an account of the riota in Philadelphia. We have now printed a fourth edition oi just as many thousands, to supply the demand for the " Great Western," and packets yet to sail. The manner in which this illustrated Weekly Herald has been received by the public has asto nis ed even us, who were long since prepared to be astonished at nothing. Many attempts have been heretefore made to establish pictorial papers in this city, but from their invariable want of suc cess, the poverty of the effort, want of talent and genius in managing it, it was supposed that such a thing could not be mude to succeed here. We have shown, however, that such a paper, if proper ly got up, is certain of receiving ample patronage and support. One of the mo?t curious results of the popularity of this paper has been, thata great proportion of the recent sales have been amongst the Irish?the most pious and determined followers of Bishop Hughes, who bought the beautiful illustrated Herald in the very face of his bull of excommunication against all who would touch or look at the Herald. We mean to continue at proper intervals, and as occasion may require, the publication of IUtu rated Weekly Her aide. We have four or five artists al most constantly in our employment; and wc are prepared to g ve graphic illustrations of the pro gress of society, and all important events in the most expeditious, accurate, and graphic style. As soon as the excitement of these riots is over, we shall enter on the work of illustrating the manner in which the two great parties are conducting the Presidential contest, by means of engravings, of the beauty and excellence of which no one can form any conception until they are published. SEA Allt.?A FINE SAIL I OWN THE BAY, DAILY, UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE. The Stnamboat SOU t'H AMERICA, ("apt. M. H Trn-edell, with ? view T pba (tatty and eaf-ly aeoommodrtirg Families with tfcmr . hitdrru, on dint Excursion* to the cower Bay, fir the purpese of viewing the Harbor, Fortifications, Land and <>ee-n Scenery, will tnkeaDai'v Trip (Sundays rxcrpt rd) in lair weather, down the Bar. landing, going and return ing, *i Ko*t Hi'i ilton. Will leave Barclay ereer (VR ) ?t SM o'clock P.M , Catherine street (t. R ) -t 3k. Pier No 1 (N R ) at 4. touch ing at L-arclay street at 4k. Amos street 4* and return in t<me to Una the pasiecg rs at Seven o'clock; commencing Monday July Sth, 1144. ann continue nntil farther notice Far# Twenty five cents Children under 'l'we.ve yerrs of age half-price. The no't perfect order will be maintained on board, an i every effort will he mvie ro render the rirn-rion entirely p'eismt The 1 rip Will be omitted in stormy weather. j># tf ire CW .. UMLwtwjE X?JuE. TO TRAVELLERS TO NIAG*K\ FALLS, CANADA, Ac. -The Lake Ontario Steamboats ? .1 i . u A ?V HENcE ? ? Capt Vm UeJeT L ) D Y OK THE L AKE 0?pt Tayltr! ROC H EsTEH Capt Throop, ARB ONEIDA ("apt Child, I,e<ve Otwg" daily (t?cept Sundays) at ? o'clock, A. M?'fnr J.ee <?t"n. seren miles from <ha hJPs. Kail way Can lake the | asseoge -a from Lewistoa to tee Kails. The Boata Irate Law t m daily, except Saturdays, lor Oswego and the River Hi. Law-eitee, to Ogdeuabur.t, on the route to Mot'real aud <|iebec. Packet Boats leave Syracuse daily, morning and em ir g, "n art"*) of the >? altera i urr and run to Oswrfo(moat of Dedis'au'e'h.'onghthc Oswrgo Hirer) to meet the latestaam era. Phr wre i* rheapi r than by any other route, and the pas sag* fa-mare plei-anr iU lw*rc fiiCACaM AND 4 HEAT EXCURSIONS SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. NEW BRIGHTON. PORT HH HMOND. (8TATEN I-LAvl>.) It NEW YORK KERRY. Prom Pier No. t. Norm Hirer, foot of 8atreiy Place. lUnrTr'tl aSCI The steamboat C1N DKKKLLA, will run fl,as follows, duly, from May ?.:li to Octobrr t l*?i Laves New Yolk, at band 11 O'clock, A M , at IX, 6 and I M. Leaves Port Richmond, at to minutee to 1, and 10 miuntee to 10 A. M i at 1. ?Xaad6* P- M. Leaves New Bughtoc, at 4 and 10 A. M.; at 1)4, S and 7)4 P tin "undty?Leaves New Turk, at J and 11 A M.; at 1, 0 and I P. I.- avr. t'ort Richmond, at M minutes to I,and 10 A Ad.; at 1, 5 and 1M P M N-w \ 'k. Mar II. IM4 e?rll 6ra?re PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. DAILY, Sundays eaeert*ai?Through Di Sreet, at T P M., from the tHeamboat Fier be ________tweeo Courllaadl and liberty suveti. _ l or aiiMinb..?t KNIf KEKItOC KEH, Captain A. P. fct. John, Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings, at 7. The Steamboat ROCHESTER. Captain A. Houghton, oe Tieeuay, Thursday and Saturday Kvniugs, at 7. At KireoV.luck, P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Placet:? The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain W* H Peck. Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday Afternoons, at J o'clock The Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. ti Cruttraden, f ueeday, Thursday aad Saturday Afternoons, at i o'clock. Passengers taking this line of boata will arms ta Albany is amete tune to taka the Molding Tram of Can for tlieeast or WpT^The above Boata are asw aed substantial, are furnished with aew aad elegant State Reotot, anu for speed aad accom modatioas are unrtralled oa the Hudiou. For passage orfreight, apply oa board,or to P. C. Schnltzat Iheomeeoe the wharf. jyllre REGULAR OPPOSITION. EVENING I INS AT SEVEN O'CLK 'FOR ALBANY, wi'.h-nt Lauding?Cabin sfti D.-i k SO mtr; Berths ft*? '1 lie str.mU'.at PORTS vl ;Uill. ' aptiin (J. House, will lo??e the Pie< st the foot of Cedavsreet. Regular days lr?m New York, Monday, Wednesday and Fr<d?v. From Albany Tu-sd-.y, Thursday and Sunday.? Shi? host has been leogtlened and fitted up in a neat aud Ci.ni ? table style, with now bedding and furniture throughout.? She has a number of elegant Stale Rooms, and can aceommo date liom I'd to HO pasaengers. Haeine a light draught of wa ter, she will aoi be detained oa any orthe bars O. HOUSE, General /{gent. Passengers taking this boat will ariire in Albany in ample time t > t?fee the ui?iau>g traia of cars aaat or west. For freight ni passage u piy on board After M luoay, iu.y 1st, will leave at ( o'clock, from the lootol Liberty si set; sud Albany at 7 je!9 lm*re STATEN ISLAND FERRY. FOOT OF WHITEHALL. The Boats will run xa follows oetil further aotiee:? LEAVE NEW YORK : 7. 1.t. 10 II, A. M.. 1,1. 4, i, 4. 7X P. M. Oa Muadays, every hour, from ? A. M. to 7 1. M.?13 M. e*i "?l,wd poRT HAMILTON AND NEW YORK r Lusts New v oik a A M.. IK P M " Port Hanultoa 7X A M , IK P M. ( (Suud lysncepi.d ) CLIFION AN . NEW YORK Leaves New k orb < A. M , I and IX P. M. " Clifton 7X A. M 1)4 sod ?X P ?. JM re (Sundays ei-epted ) SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. NEWARK ANU NEW YORK. FARE ONLY IBM CENTS. THE' NEW AND SWIFT STEAMER RAINBOW, CAPTAIN JOHN OAKFY. Oa and after Monday, May 11. will rua as ? follows:?Leave Newark, foot of Centre st, ai .7X A M. and IKP. M Lsava N-w York. . it, at 14 A . M and 4T. M On Sundays?Lwtva Newark at I A. M. and t P. M. aad N?w York at ID A. M. and 4 P. M. Kreigtii carried at very raunonable mtat. May loth, iau. aptic FOR BATH, GARDINER AND HALLO WELL. 'i*he new steamer PKNOBvCOT, i.aotaia IN Kimball, lmvet the end of 1'wha-f Bostoe. .every 1'tsasdar and hriday eyes ugs, at 7 o'cieck. Huge, will be in rend-arse <ai her arrival at the above Placet to convey passengers to the neighboring towns, inlft Sm*re _ ~ FOR LONDON?I'aoiwt oftlie Mm of July?The rflfy.ptead.d iwcket ship 11ENDRICK HUDSON, mmmfrn' aptaiu .Morse, will unit lor L udon as above, he rran.ar day. Thus* desirous of securing berths wi:l rronre to make early app.icaliou to J.HERDMA.N, , /** II South street. N B.?Pssssge from London aad Liverpool c-n at all times Le secured bv the regultr packets sailing weekly throughout M * ' " the year; and dref s can as a>ua be fur ished, i ey?bl? m . II the priuetpil towns throughout Uieat Britain and Irrlaud. o npplicqt'oii ..sat'O' e j7g ,aure . ^ filil LGbKl Oyh?Tks vow but-?tlegaia. triiitfjEPac .at list July ?The arlegeid New Verk tuili GRBIirarKetiliip HOll lNGUKR Ira Borsl-y, moater iu:i0 out nurtheu, w ill tail at ab?ire her regular di.y. Kor fieight or riavins very superior aeco ainadatioai nntir, oim by .my ship tu port, apply ou board, watt tide Unmet slip, or"? tVCIOOHIJLL k MINTUUNS.tT South sr. Price of passage $1M. The ftue new pacaeiship Liverpool, John Eldridge, master, ft) ton., willTuccee ? ? * HoUingurr and tail oa her iagnei v list Ancist In tils. IC adOc FOR LIVERPOOL?New Line?lingular Packet kwRJV?f2?:h July.?'The splendid, fut tailing packet ship .wWSSbwHOS'TlH, Captain J. Collins, ol 1144 tons, will tan as shove, her regular il.-iy Kor freight or tnusagn, naving aceoraraodstinoi ro-oualled for splendor or comfort, apply ou board, at Orleans wharf, lost of Wall street, or to K. K. COLLINS k CO. fti South ?. Price r.f passage flOO. The packet ship Sid tons, Capt. Cobb. 'wilt '?uee??d the RotCIUS "ed tail fh.VMh ',1 Aagott Jyl WU FOR LONDON?Packet ? f th- 2a:h lult?The ? plendid, fast tailing packet ship HKNDHI1 K j> lUDSON, t apt Or orgs dloore, will eail punc'.atlly as ai> her leguier day 1'his sopenor packet hat very fine accommodations for eabm, teond ca i'u and ate.-rage paa<engvr>, who will be taken at very reasonable rates, tl early spntieatioii b ? mad* on board, or to W. k fT. TAPBCOTT. Tl B .uin street, corner Maiden Laae. Persons wishing to tend for their frieadt to come out in tn<t ship orauy of the line, or who era about to remit utpuey, cas make favorable arrangements by applying ss above. JlOtoMrc PHILADELPHIA RIOTS. [from Philadelphia Lodger, July Iff ] It is remarkable, that a pin J the mufliciiniT state ments respecting the "first fire" of the troops, on Sunday evening, the 7th instant, no exposition, bearing official sanction, should have enlif hieueu the public, and promptly opposed the force of pub lie calumny and ingratitude It the public had teen such a statement, it Mould have altered the views of many persons. Even up to this time nothing official hus appeared. In view of this fuel, we have (obtained the following p apers, drawn up with great id haste, amid multiplied occupations, by Gsut-ral Cadwallader and Col Page. The statement of Gen cral Cadwallader relates simply to the first fire, and the march of the troops into Southwark, on tun day eveuing. We ask those who yet deny the ne cessity of firing when the order was executed, to ponder well on the particular statements of Gen Cadwallader, detailing the mode of warning given to the mob to disperse, and the forbearance of the volunteers under aggravated insult and injury. The statement of Colonel Page gives, in brief, what took place under his immediate command, during the entire time of his being on duty in the dis rict. Both statements are simple, condensed views of the matter. We offer them as interesting to all parties. They tell their own tale, and peed no comment. Brigadier Uknrral Cadwallader's Statement I take a moment to say that many and urgent ltd to requests were made to General Patterson anc the sheriff to have a military force sent to St. Phi lip's church on Sunday afternoon, and we were in formed that unless such force was sent, that the persons in the church could not retain possession of it. Under these circumstances, it was supposed that it would have been attributed to timidity if we had not gone, and the sheriff was particularly de sirous that, if our iorce was a sufficient one, the military should receive possession of the church and protect it. I considered our force, although not large, sufficient for the purpose of maintaining possession until daylight the next morning; but stated that an additional supply of ammunition would be then necessary, as well as a retniorce ment of fresh men, provided there was any colli sion with the mob?this It was supposed there would be no difficulty in providing, for the troops expected to arrive from the county. On our arri val at the church I halted the troops, and gavs no tice to the mob to disperse, und stated that all per sons were required to clear the street and go to their homes; and I informed them that I was or dered to use force to do so if the order was not complied with, or if resistance was offered, and that I intended to obey my instructions. In obe dience to instructions, previously received from Major General Patterson, I gave directions to all officers acting in command of companies which were detached fpr any particular service, to fire in the event of being assailed or resisted, without further orders. I then directed Col. Pleasanton to detail Capt. Scott's company to clear the street as far as Second street, which was promptly done; but finding it necessary, I sent Capt. H ill's compa ny to unite with Capt. Scott in the performance of the same duty. 1 then gave notice again to all persons a t the corner of Second and Queen ets. to dis perse,and ??arned them that the responsibility would rest upon themselves if they did not do so. Much unruly conduct occurred, and ineult was lavished upon officers and men in the discharge of their duty I bad at the time these companies were clearing the street, unli inhered and loaded two six pounder field pieces, and placed them in front of the church Capt. Patterson's company was detailed for receiv ing possession of the church. 1 then, after repeat ing instructions to the officers ut the corner of Second and Queen, to maintain their position, and to fire if resisted or assailed, returned to the Church, and informed the citizens within that I thanked them in the name of the public au thorities for the faithful manner in which they had protected the property entrusted to their care, and accompanied them to the corner of Queen and Second streets, to pass them out at the guard sta tioned there. The moment the last member of the committee had passed, Captain litll's sword whs seized by one of the mob, and he was knocked down by a blow on the neck from a brick or stone. Two men who attempted to assist him were struck, and an attempt made to wrest their muskets from them. At the same moment a shower of stones were hurled upon the military amid the shouts of the mob; one of which struck Sergeant Starr, cf the Cadwallader Grays, in the breast, and another a private of the same company, both of whom were knocked down and disabled, and have not a< this time rec overed. A member of Capt. Hill's company fired at the man who had hold of the Capiain's sword when he fell, and the Company aimed and fired over their Capta*n, who was yet lying siuuned by the blow. Capt. Scott's Company hred about the same time. Statbmknt of Colonkt, Page. While General Cadwallader was engaged with ? portion of hie command in clearing the sheets hi .Second and Queen streets, I was performing the like duty under his instructions at Thud and Queen. Our orders were not to fire except in de tenre, and when assaulted. The conipanies de tailed met with considerable opposition. The mob retired slowly and sullenly ou all sides. The ut most forbearance was exhibited under their in sults; and it was not without great delay und much difficulty that the avenues of Third and Quesn were finally cleared, and the military posted. Crowds remained, however, outside, ot the lines drawn across the streets, menacing by words as well as gestures. The approaches up from Third and Queen had scarcely been taken possession of before the firing was heard at Second and Queen, an attack having been made upon the Artillery companies at this point by the mob. The companies ot Infantry were stationed a* nearly as can be recollected, as follows:?In Thitd street, lust below Queen, the State Fencibles, Lt. Middle ton ; a detachment of the Washington Artillerists. Capt. Mallory, wi h a six pounder, No. 1; the Ger mantown Blues, Lieutenant Bockius; the above under my immediate command I was also charged with the superintendence of the other line of de fence, in Queen street, above Th rd. The line under the immediate command of Captain Tustin consisted of the National Guards, Lieut. Matheys; Monroe Guards, Capt. Small; Wayne Artillery, Capt. Fairlumb, and a detachment of the Wash ington Artillery, with a six pounder. No. 2, under Lieut. Bringhurst. The line up Third, near to Catharine, was formed by companies tinder the im mediate command of Col. Murphy. Thus the ap proaches Southwest and North were guarded at the time and during the attack upon the Artillery on the East. The firing in that quarter lasted a considerable time when it wns interrupted, and so continued until a late hour of the nignt. Then it was that the murderous disc harge ot cannon took place at the corner of Third and Christian, at the line commanded by me. Not a shot had been Bred by any of the military,comprising these three corners of defence up to this point, and they were at a distance of a square from the point of the first attack by the mob. Many of the shot, however, from Second and Queen, came up and struck among them at Third and Queen. The effect of the first fire of the rioters was terrible. The cannon was filled with all sorts of missiles, and could not h ive been more than one hundred and filly feet from my line when discharged. Fortunate ly for my command, 1 had drawn up my right company, the Fencibles, close to the west side of the street, and the left, the Germantown Blues, close to the east side of the street, leaving the centre ol the street clear, except so far us it was occupied hy the six pounder, with Capt. Mai lorv, and his detachment. The discharge struck in the eastward of the six pounder, and owing to the elevation and obliquity of the fire, spent its greatest force upon the buildings on each side of the street, principally on the east, however, passing over the heads ot the Fencibles, Artillery and Blues. The scattering missiles, however, look effect upon the six pounder, the right of the Blues and the left of the Fencibles. Sergeant Guyer\ of the Blues, was instantly killed, and Corporal Truutman mor tally wounded ; Lieut Cox, and Privates Osborn, Ent, Wmerhouse and AMiworth, of the same com pany, were alio wounded; Lieut. Bockius had a ball shot through his can; Capt. Mallory had his pomooon shot away, and Private Crawford, of the Artillery, was dangerously wounded : his arm hav ing aince been ampuiated at the shoulder joint; and Private Patterson slightly; Sergeant Marston, of ihe State Fencibles, was shot in ths thigh; Private Hasson cut on the wrists, and some of the muskets struck by the Iragments, which fell in every direc Th ...... tion. The men were all blown frmn the six poun der, and the concussion threw back the left of the Fencihles and right of the Blues, hut Private Crout immediately rallied and fired off the piece, and a volley of musketry was given, from right to left, by the Fencihles and Blues. The si* pounder was immediately reloaded by Crout, assisted by Ser geant Murth, of the Fencibles, and fired by Captain Mallory. Corporal Maxwell, of the Blues, took the place of Crawford. After this a regular dis charge of musketry was kept up, the military firing at intervals, to prevent the planting of cannon from their fire. Another, however, came from ths same part in abont an hour, aimed at the sime | line, but fortunately no one waa injured, tue com mantling officer directing his men to preserve a I kneeling poettimi. Alter tine the notera proceeded to Fourth and Queen streets, and gave Capt. Tus tin'e line, in Queen street, a raking fire from that quarter, wounding several of the Wayne artillery. They then returned to Third and Christian, and were preparing lor another fire, when the cavalry under Captains Snyder and Ba vington set upon them and captured the cannon, ee\eral of the troopers being severely hurt in the at tempt. Many prisoners were taken and brought m st tins time. No Hhsault wa-ntsde upon Col Mur phy's line up Third street. The firing was up Queen Irom below Second, up Hiiro Iront Chris tian. and down Queen from above Fourth ; but the discharges up 'third earned the instruments of death far beyond Col Murphy's line, approaching from the rear and passing some of them as high up as South and Third The troopers were also fire?J upon from house tops, windows and alleys, with musketry and rifles, many ol the houses near where they were stationed concealing foes ? The night was so dark that objects could not be observed at any distance, and the rioters took care to put out the lamps in their neigh borhood. In this way they could closely approach the lines of defence and fire upon them wi bout risk; retreating into the cross streets, and hauling away their cannon by means of ropes secured for that purpose. After the capture of the cannon by the cavalry the firing ceased, and the troops remained iu possession of all their nosts until Monday after noon, when they were witnorawn by the ?het fi, at the request of the civil aatu?ii ties of Southwark; these gentlemen representing Mia i they could pre serve the peace of the district, an* that there was no further service for military force. [From the Philadelphia Time*, July IS] The military are thoroughly hated in Southwark. Some of the medical naff stepped into an ice cream garden down there ote day last week, and having pariuken of the frigid refreshment, disco vered shortly after by its effects, that they had pro bably been drugged with tartHr emetic. The idea of a physician taking medicine, and administered, too, by one without a "licenee to kill" te<ttndfm artem, was rather ludicrous, and they continued to "throw up" the affair to each other for some time afterwards. Reward for thk Rioters.?We see that $500 reward is offered for the apprehension of each Hnd every person engaged in the recent bloody war fare upon the law and its ministers. This is right. It wi t do more than all other things to bring the really guilty to justice. The traitots will betray each other without doubt, not only to get the re ward, but to escape the personal consequences of their own crime. . We hope aad trust that every man who has lent a helping hand to this band ol rebels against good government?this gang of des perate desecrators ol the American flag?may be put before a jury of his country, and punished fot his audacity. The public feeling in Southwark has undergone a complete revolution, almost, since the arrests of the persons engaged in the late treasonable riots have been commenced. It was thought before, that the authorities dare not make the arrests.? Now, general alarm instead of general audacity is exhibited. It is said that a thousand spies pretend ing to be rabid " Natives" have been set to work in that district, and that the names of |ime four hundred suspected persons have already tteen sub mitted to the officers of the court. The result ol this rumor is a complete panic. Fear and trembling have seized upon the boldest. Men are atruid to speak lest a listener be at hand to report their oh nervations; and those who actually participated in the riot, instead of boasting about the streets of the act, are seeking to conceal themselves in obscure places. In the tneaniime the Moyaniensing prison gates gape pretty often to admit the arrested, and the law is in a fair way, at last, to vindicate itself, and make the culpable answer for their warfare upon the civil authorities. The recent riots in this city are terribly in juring it in his business and prospects. We do nol believe five millions of dollars would atone for the pecuniary damage alone. One gentleman arrived here from the West Indies with ?200,000, which he intended to invest in property, lie liked Phil adelphia ud a residence?the pure air?the fine markets?the excellent water?the regular streets ?the sociable people, dec. He was about to pur chase ground to erect a row of houses, when the Kensington disturbances commenced. The South wark followed?and in despair, he started for New York, declaring that he did not (eel his person sale in Philadelphia, to say nothing of his property. He goes with his wealth to New York. The goes with his wealth to New York. There are hosts of such instances. People are leaving us in all directions, carrying off'their ready cash. Then again, business here is thoroughly suspended on account of riots. In "he very midst til aciive pros perity we have been seized with a paralysis. Every man suffers more or less in this, tor it extends ?hroitgh all the various ramifications ol society. The taxes too, for some years to come, will be enormous. A quarter of a million of dollars wilt not pay the damage sustained. This will advance the rental of dwellings, <fcc In every view,there fore, who has not reason amongst us to deprecale a continuance or repetition of the troubles I Arrest ok one of toem ?Hugh Devlin, one of the principals in the Kensington riot,was yesterday arrested through the efloris ol John McMenus, and taken before Aldermen Botleau, who committed him in default of $2000 bail. This is the man that is supposed to have shot Mr. Peale; he is a desper ate fellow; has been about three years in this coun try. The Anti-Catholic and riotous feeling is particu larly strong antoi.gthe pretty women of Southwatk We note that they even go so far in theirexhibitioa of it as to utterly eschew now the use ol Bithnjn and Cardinalt, and display a peculiar partiality fur mob-caps. Sad creatures. "Law and Order" forgot to furnish us with his name, and his whereabouts is not known in Phila delphia. [From Philadelphia Chronicle, July 16 ] The riots are now numbered with the things that have been, and the rioters, or many of them, have left for parts unknown. The Attorney General, the Sheriff, and other officers of the law, are ac tively employed ferreting them out. Yesterday there was no disturbance of any kind. The military ? several ol the companies from the interior of the Stale?paraded in uniform in the alternoon, and made a fine display. Troops irom the country continue tp arrive. On Sa'urJay night, two com panies arrived; the Lancaster Fensibles, a well drill ed and handsome corps ; and a company of rifle men. They are both under command of Major Hainbright. Other companies arrived yesterday.? Many people wonder what the military are on duty lor, when uII is quiet. We think they should be continued where they are. as long us possible.? They can do no harm, ana may do much good. Tlic lie form Party. Sill; ? This new party 13 truly a reform party, and in ef fecting a reform, tliey have met with opposition at every turn by the adherents of the two old parties; they opposed them at the ballot-box?they are op posed by the reform of the principles of the two old parties. The icmains of the old loco party last in power, object to avery move with the greatest tenacity, and io theme la more harped upon than that of pure simple honesty, with their great desire for the public good, assuming often times so much apparent honesty as to effect their object or change the vole, measures previously digested as absolutely proper and necessary. Ou th? other hand, a few influential members nominated and elected by the party, but somewhat identified in the whig ranks, seek to control and direct matters and things with professions of reform, it thereby it will further the cause of whiggery and the election of Henry Clay. #f these last, the party and their principles of reform have most to fear, and if these gentlemen do 1 ot shortly learn better the princt pies of the party, and furg< t their former whig man aging?Wall street trickery?I apprehend they will bring upon rheir heads it hurst of indignation Irom their constituent, that may place them in no enviable 'situation. The principle |?f ref >rm is dema ded by the people?it is identified with the party, and nothing less is required than a radical change. Nui'her the people nor the party will be content with words of reUrm?nothing less than a period cleansing of the augean stable. If acknow ledged frauds existed in departments of the govern ment under their predecessors, it cannot be less so while every officer in those departments remain unchanged. They must he cleared out?their fraud.

detected?proper men appointed to fill and execute the duties?otherwise it is mere words withontacts. No relorm is effected?young America prostrated, and that too, by misplaced confidence. Nanta! Koanokr Iwlkt.?Lieut. Maury, in his paper on the Gulf Stream and currents of the. Sea, read be fore the National Institute, and ainoe published in tie Literary Messenger introduce* a remarkable fact rela tive to Roanoke Inlet, on tha coast ot North Carolina ? Tw? hundred and fifty years ago Air Francis l)r?k -en tared Albemaile Hound, through Roanoke Inlet, with his fleet; and where the inlet was then is now a sand-hank above the roach of the highest tide*. Only seventy-two year* ago it was navigable by vessels drawing .twelve teat of water. AFFAIRS AT NAUVOO. Having visited Nauvoo and its vicinity in person, , lor the purpose of getting at the true state ol affairs ] among the Mormons and their neighbors, we are enabled to give the latest as well as the most cor rect intelligence. Nauvoo reposes in a state of quietude and tranquillity most remarkable. During some thirty hours that we passed in the " Holy City," we heard but one solitary intemperate ex pression, and the man who uttered it was instantly checked, and made silent by niore prudent spirits around him Elders Adams and Lyne, accompa nied by others, lefi the city on Tuesday last, their object being to call home the absent Apostles and , members of 'he Council of Seventy. Upon the return of these, there will take place a solemn de liberation ot the Twelve Anosth s, who will ap point a successor to the lost Prophet, and their ap pointment will ihen be acted upon, either to he ratified or rejected, by the Council of Seventy. The walls of the temple are a little more than half up to the designed height, and all work ceased upon them during the recent troubles: but, at the puolic meeting on Monday afternoon, tne people were no tified by Elder Phelps, now one ol the most active and influential men among ihem, that labor sin uld commence again the next day. He told the men lot to neglect their families ; to he energetic in seeing them provided for first, and then hasten to | work upon the temple. The system upon which this temple has been building is the exaction of la bor every tenili day from every mail who cannot' purchase his exemption trnm the task with money. It will be, if ever finished, a very imposing looking edifice- It stands in a high and commanding posi tion, a prominent object riviung the stranger's eye at once, and, upon near iitPi>ection, the style of ar chitecture is found to he more than commonly at tractive from its singularity. It is like uothing else, and, unless we may be allowed to designate it us the Morntoni&order, it, certainly, has 110 name at all. The stone 13 of excellent quality, quarried in the neighborhood, and very good mechunics have been at woik upon it. The massive caps of the columns are already caned from huge block?, showing a gigantic round human face, like the broad full moon. The col umns are made to rest upon crescent moons, sculjs tured on the face of the stone, resting with the horns down, and with a profile of eyes, nose and mouth, upon the inner curve. What idea this is meant to convey, we could not learn, though the impression is irresistible, that the church is built up upon moonthine. The utmost harmony and peace, at least as far as was allowed to appear to the eye of a stranger, prevailed throughout Nauvoo. At Warsaw, and all about the adjoining district, a very diffeient state of things is fully apparent. The people are boiling over with excited leeling. We arrived at Warsaw onour return. We found the inhabi'&nts laboring under such a state of feeling as is quite evident can never be changed. In reply 10 the deputation Irom Gov. Ford, we were told that a committee had already left Warsaw to wail upon the Governor, with the deliberate expression, that either one or other of the antagonisttcal parties mwt abandon the rounty. We stooped at Quincy on Thursday evening, and saw the Governor. We frankly laid before him the charges we had heard made against htm, both by Mormons and Anti Mormons, all ot which he combatted with fair and intelligent statements. The Macdonough soldiers, about whose dismissal the Mormons are most in dignant, were disbanded from the simple fact thai there was no sustenance for them in the power of the Governor, or the people of the place. Gov ernor Ford depended upon the assurances ol protection for the prisoners, given by the Gar bage Greys and the guard around the door of the jail. The point most intt resting, mny be the manner c<l the murder, and without partiality, we can here eive the straight forward truth. At the request ol their own counsel, the prisoners were placed in an in per apartment of the jail, instead of the cells 1 Ins is another point upon which the Mormons feel sore, they believing, or pretending to believe, that the Smiths were so placed with design to give ihe. assap-'ins more facility in accomplishing theit work. The fir-t alarm in Carthage was a cry from the vicinity of the jail, " The Mormons! the Mor mons! they have come to rescue the prtsoneis!" It is clear, from all our representations, that such was the instantaneous impression. The Carthage Greys were under arms, anil immediately com menced quick march for the jail Fust was heard a solilary shot, followed by the quick and continu ous reports of 11 revolving pistol, (/here latter are known, and admitted to have been fired by the Pro pliet,) and then came a volley of fire arms, suc ceeded by Joseph Smith tumbling head foremost I'rotn a window of the jail. The whole time of the action, from the brat cry of "the Mormons! the Mormons!" until the Carthage Greys, on approach ing the scene, discovered a band ot men disappear ing ns fast as they could run, was scarcely ten minutes. This has been all represented fully at Quincy, though many still, whether from honest impression or fixed design, it is difficult and |>er hap3 useless to speak, assume to impugn the integ rity of the Greys There is such a whirlpool of conflicting interests involving this business, that an impartial mind is completely astonished at the manner in which first high principles may be lost sight ot in the petty differences of party. All men, from one end of the Union to the other, must con demn, most emphatically, the outbreak at Car thage. It was wrong; it whs unjustified by any law; it was a demonstration bound to be regretted deeply by all our good citizens living under thi? free government. Still let us take care, and do the people of Hancock county, Illinois, fair justice, ?St Louie Ktvtilic, July 6. We have received Quincy papers containing a long correspondence between Gov. Ford and the committee of safety of Hancock county. The committee enter into a history of the conduct ol the Mormons in Missouri and Illinois, and repre sent them in black colors; they speak of the re peated and succeseful attempts to set the law at de fiance by means of their Nauvoo charter, aud state that in criminal and civil proceedings the other citizens have no chance in contests with Mormons. They say that the Sheriff and Clerk of tne courts are in the Mormon interest, and that having the majority of the county, after the next election they will have all the offices of the county in their hands They state that there can be no comprom ise ; that either the Mormons must leave the coun ty, or they will be compelled to do so. Tney say that it is utterly impossible lor both parties to re main in the same county, and they call on Gov Ford to exercise his power and influence to effect the removal of the Mermons Gov. Ford writes a long and ill-natured letter in which he reproaches the people of Hancock county with great meanness and bad faith in the murder of Joe Smith, and dwells upon the enormity of the crime, and the disgraceful circumstances undet which it was perpetrated. He suyB that the murder of Joe Smith, after he had pledged him protection, has deprived him of all moral or persuasive influ ence with the Mormons, and that he has no legal or constitutional power to irmove tliem by force He expresses his determination to keep the peace, and act in strict conformity to the law. He exon prates a large portion of the people of Hancock county from censure; but is very severe upon ano ther portion. Joe Smith is said to hare left in his possession a will, or revelation, appointing a successor. Thur this priestly superstition is attempted to he perpe trated. Tne absurdities of Mormonism ought to die with the impostor, but the ignorance and super stition of mankind is so great, that they yield blind obedience to religious leaders, and become fnnnticr of the worst kind Higotry makes fools of sensible men, and a religioiisdemagngue acquires a despotic influence over his infatuated followers, and innucee them to believe the greatest possible absurdities ? Religious leaders induce iheir deluded followers to disregard the evidence ol their own senses, the dic tates of reason and common sense, and to act in such a manner as to bring ruin on themselves and others. Trow Warsaw ?All is quiet; the troops had been disbanded, and there were no persons under arms. At Quincy the excitement had subsided, and no signs of war or milit ? ry preparation were to be seen. CJcv. Ford was still at that place, what he was doing, or w hat he intended to do, no one, ii seems, could tell. Foster, one of the publishers of the Expositor, was on a visit to his Lxcellency.? fie went to Nhiivoo two or three days since on board the steamer Menona, for the purpose of see ing to some property which he is the owner of.? During his stay there he was compelled to keep on board 'lie boat, as the most bitter threats of person al violence were made by the Mormons against Inrn. They told him in plain terms that on the boat lie was safe from harm, hut shoulJ he attempt to set his foot upon the soil of the Holy City, that moment would be his last. He returned on board of ihe Menona to Quincy, for the purpose of obj mining un interview with the f?overn?r, who, fie said, had promised to assist him in settling his busi ness in Nauvoo. His property there is said to have cost between ten and fifteen thousand dollars.?St Louil Em, July H. Fiakid ist thr Wabash ?The flood in the Wa bash, shout the 1st instant, ws< tremendous, the wntsr tieing higher than ever before known. In addition to great destruction of crops and mills on the Wsbssh, snd its tributaries, savers! lives havwbean lost. Washington. [Correspondence of the HerslJ j Washington, Monday, July 15, 1S44 State of the treat her?Fortunate drape of Hon Dix on H. fair it and the President?Humorous ditter tationi thereon?Belt upon the Prtsidintial Elec tion?Advantageous offer of Buthrod Taylor, of Virginia, Sfc. Gen.J. G. Bennett :? The thermometer yesterday with us, stood at 1 P. M , at 93u iu the shade?to-day it is hut a degree j or two lower. The excessive heat has operated as a paralysis upon the already paralyzed city of Washington. All business, (more or less, that is ta any,) is suspended for the steaming process of sweating. The Federal Metropolis is a great ? veat-house at this present wniing. Every body is J perspiring most copiously. Travellers sitting in the cool portico of Brown's Hotel are sweating as comfoit ibly us a pitcher of ice-water, while the ; hackmei upon their seats in the boiling sun in front, t are di solving in the heat like rusty bacon. We rej ice that the Hon. Dixon 11. Lewis has made his escape Had he been in ihe place yesterday, he lid ' would have been fnun I in bis room at dining nine an ''obsolete iueu,"? resolved into 000 pounds ol sperm oil. llis very exposure on the Avenue would have tecured him a verdict ol premrdiinted suicide Irom spontaneous combustion. He would have taken fire and exploded at 120 degrees in the bun. He would have filled with caloiic like a balloon, and disappeared in the flame. The expansive forces from ihe increased effervescence of the vegetable and auimul substances collected with in his capacious depot of provisions, would have been too'greut ifor the resistance ol the forces of Ins body corporate, and ihe inevitable deduc tion from this hypothecate is, that he would have "busted" 'J lie President is equally for tunute from the opposite extreme of excessive leanness Reared upon Virginia abstractions und smoked herrings, lie was never possessed of a sur plus of "ile " iu his physical composition. The troubles of his administration have reduced htm still farther lo n mere osification, und iiad he con tinued at the While House through the sumrner solstice, what, with the subtraction trotn his "mor tal frame" by ihe torrid heat, it would have lelt him but little stouter than the scant pattern of Cul vin Edson. Ile was, therefore,wise in evacuating for the country air ?t Virginia, and the suit crabs, turtle soup, and salt water ol Nortolk Hutbor ? Furthermore, 1 sav with you, that as, uccoidiug to the Scriptures, "David go! heat" from the beautt ful Jewess, so, brethren, may the President of these United States "get cool, aud keep cool," from Ins treaty ol annexation perse. Speaking of bets, the lollowing appears in the Winchester (Va ) Republican of last week:? .We sec it stated that Mr Jno. Palmer, ot Prince Georges county, Mil., has authorized bia nun e to be used in a cl.nl lenge to Whig better*. In order to test the bulb of Mr Palmer, or any other Locotocowrho may he sanguine ol Polk's success iu the coming election, we have been au ihori/.ed by Oushrod Taylor, Ksq., ol this place, to make the following proposition : We name the following nine teen States ?Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Yolk, hliode Island, Massachusetts, Maine, New Jersey. Delaware, Ver mont, Mary laud, N. Carolina, Louisiana, Illinois, Georgia. Tennessee, uhio, Connecticut. Kentucky, and Indiana and oiler lo bet $100 to $S00 on each voting fer Henty (?lay; and, also, will bet Irom $1 000 to $A,(HJ0 on the grn eial result in iavor of the Whig candidate. Or, it the Locos will he better accommodated, a bet of $10 000 In $8,000 will be intele on the general result?the money to !>e deposited in either of the Ualtimoie banks designated by the parties aeci pting the proposition. Lusnrod Taylor's name ib good for a hundred thousand. He is the founder, the proprietor, mm w as for several yr ar?, hoot, of " Taylor's Hotel," at Winchester, known throughout the United Statr s 88 one of the largest and beet public hou-er in the country. Iu order to ease Mr. T of a por tion of Ins surplus capital, therefore, *e have com mended hid proposition to your columns, and the attention of the betting democrats of Gotham. There is money to be made in accepting that bei In our next we shall take up and connder in committee, Hon. Zadock Pratt, of New York? liis propositions for improving the public binding and grounds, and the action of the House ihereon, ,.e evidence in support of the npprrhension that tin Federal Capital istu be removed ultimately beyond the AlleghaiiieB. Bou. Mormon lam. [C >rrtspondence file Herald.] St. Louis, July 10, 1844. The recent murder of Jo Smith, the Mormon Prophet, under such aggravated circumstances, forces the question upon the mind of every thinking individual, whether the death of the ostensible leader el the Mormons, is to be the signal of their dispersion or ruin, and whether suffering such presc cution, they will increase so wonderfully in num bers and power, as they have done. This, though apparently but of little consequence, is still to every friend of liberty a momeDtous question. Religious fanaticism and enthusism in every age, has been it stepping stone to power, when rightly directed by a master mind. Witness the examples of Mehomet and Cromwell. These illustrations may be objected to by some, on account of the ig norance and superstition of those ages, and the coin partitive enlightenment of our own; hut this though seemingly an insurmountable bar to the propagutioi of any new religion, is in reality the principal causs of the success of Mormonism. The greatest enemy nf Mahometanisni.was the superstition of those ages, and to any other than a person of enthusiastic Hint persevering disposition, would have been impost-1 tile to overcome it, when alter the most laborious effort, he turned the current of that superstition; hit work was done. Their idolatry sod veneration centred on him, and a religion was founded winch tr destined to endure till the end of time. Smith had none of these evils to overcome; the generality ol men have at the present time no superstitions to con fitct with Mormonism. Their god is mam mon, and if it can be shown them thai their interest would be promoted by the change, they become the zealous converts of any system, however ridiculous or dangerous. Among the Mor tnons, however, there is but few of this class; tip greater portion of them are of the middle class ol lieople. Industrious, and really honest trt their be lief, they are the exact kind of people to lotm a re Itgton, and they will do it Converts are flocking there from all parts of the world, mainly composed of farmers ami msnufac Hirers, and are fast becoming powerful and wealthy If the advisers ol Smith, the reul Mormon leaflets, could have restrained htm in hisfltso! violence ant debauchery, he would not have provoked the anget of his adherents, nor aroused a spirit of persecution among his lawless neighbors, which finully cause* Ins death. We must all regret to see the mnjesty of the law violated as it was in the case of Smith; hut still, at far as the progress of Mormonism is concerned, the death ol the ostensible leader was|rnost desirable Smith was a man of great obstinacy and some considerable talent, but of violent passions and ex trentely dissolute. It was in one of his crazy freak* that the destruction ol the press was resolved upon, aud all the arguments and entreaties ol his ndvisen were repulsed ; the lamentable consequences tha ihey prophesied, ensued; a spirit of persecution wm rai.-ed against the innocent Mormons, and Smith was basely murdered. It is to be hoped that bsshs sins will now desist from any more treasonabh commotions, or the consequences will be terrible. It is absurd, after ail the examples of history, ti attempt to crush any religion, however ridiculous, by force; its tendency will inevitably be fivornhl* to the interests of any system, whatever may be th? object of it. We boast ofonr freedom and religion* toleration, but tit our act'oas we lamentably (ninth our promises. The Mormon 1'rophei w.p. murd* t< i underthe safe guidance nfa Governor of Illinois.tin mnrdrr deeply staining his character, among thou who are|converaant with the facts of the ease. If th? murder of .Smith whs intended to au overt Mormon tam, the at-eassins huve deeply prred. I'ttder ih 1 relet guidance of leaders, who are determined to eubmi to the laws, Mormonism is destined to flourish ant yet become the religion of the land. A. L. R. Sad Accident.?The Eastport Sentinel givci the following account of a dreadful accident wluct occurred at Bating, lie , on the 4th of July The t slti. Artillery Company, with two field piece*, came tip en luadin visit, and in loading and discharging their pu ces. th< inen at each gun strove 'o outdo the other. In their haste the men on one side neglected to " iwgh out," the cons* quence of which was, when ramming the next cartridge ttie powder ignited, awfully mangling and burning tlu two men eng >gi <1 in the act. A attrgeun wa* immediate ly rs led. and amputation found necessary One nt tin inen, Caleb Nodding of thia town, had his right arm am left hand amputatid ; the other, K.ll ftpragiie lost th. right hand. thumb of his left and (bre finger of hta right hand. Theft face* were severely burnt. MormOR Convention.?We leirn that a number of Mormon* assembled in Bnltimotaon Saturday, agreei hly to appointment, and decided on account ol the don'h of their lander, Joe Aoiith, to mako no movement on the Presidential question Albany. [Coir?f | outHuce cl lb* H* rwl.l ] Albany, Jul* 15, 1844 Albany?The Seaton at Saratoga?Wit kti fit and Prtiident TyUr't Government Sffuirt?Jritk Troojn?JVative jimrruon b xt ihnunt? Wad, Fi'.mort, Far man, and Franklin?Young livlc oryb'nthutiurm ? Bowk let down ula 7 hrvop and Yatel?&lln Wright't Aominatun arranged at Lindtnwold?Proclaimed by Mr. I'un bun n't Fritndt on the 4th of July. 1 huve relumed on a fl> u g excuiaion from Fals ings, where the greatest preparations are maki; g lor ihe fashionable season. Already the thronging multitude are beginning to ta.*emkle, and several of the liouara are filled to a cm'or ableext* at, I learnt from the propiieiors o| ihe United Stat'a that the great rush from the sou h is expected aboi t the first of August. Many of the met nguisl ed Mouthernern have their parlors tngaged ai d furnish ed, awKoing th' ir arrival. '] he tirugi n promises to be one ol ttie moat active and |>r? fi'ahle tint a w hi' h ha* be* n tojojed lor many yenis Irde* d, it al waya is so upon the return of the great Pr-mdin tial campaign, which inluseaa vigor into the ac tion of the leading pcluiciana, ai d attract, il?m to the aa'tmhling ?f ibemeeivea trgrthtrfnm every ex'r'mtly ot the Union, o concoct meattms which ate anticipated to accoinplieh ilieir desired enda and object*. Mr Posimafer General Wii k lifir* is the only i romtneiit person who ha* yet visi ted Saratoga, hut he did not attract muth atten tion. Hia arrogat ce and incapacity as a public of ficer, has ?o completely disgust* d the mercamt e, political, ai d buameee public, that he iatuflered io pass through our cities and great public p'area. wiih scarcely a passing observation. V/hik at Congrem Hall, in this city, he wes only visited by the law n ing, eye phuntic, ofiice begging, oil gu g, miser able, polluted gong of governnieut paii|era, who flourish arnoi get us upon 'he patroness so lit eral'y beatowed upon iheni by President Tyler Thm liyi?critical harpies are feeding and rioting Iuau* rioualy upon the bounties ol government, wrung from the tax paying per pie in the shape ol " tan lis lor protection," whilst they are secreilyand nsndu ouely engrg'ii in endeavoring to oeleat iht re election of the very man throogh whose goodness arid generoe'ty they are thus enabled to carry tut their lypocriiicnl d-?;giis They hope to reieiu their placea under President Tyler until ihe 4'h of March, by protesting an attachment to him, whilst at the tame i.me they ure as busily enyluyd us they possibly can be, in procuring the (lection of one of the other candmatea Were I a politician, possessing any political inter* st in the matter, I would abs(ilutely fndeavor, by some meat a ir other, to obtain an audience with the Prrsid-nt, and furnish him a volume ol in< ontrovi nblt proof ol the continual hostility manifested towards I im. The Nutive American party in your city and tu Philadelphia, have an abundance of toadiu'ira here, who are deiermu ed io organize in season lor ihe spring election. They b?gin to talk loudly, openly and boldly ; more so in particular since the terrible scenes ol blood and carnage w hich have bei n twice exhibited in the brotherly city ol Penn. The Irish CaiholioB arc fully awaie of the gr< w ing auimnsity against them, increasing as n duly is. have determined not to rely i pon the pro * ciiou whu h in ihe event of u collision. Governor B< u* k, Sheiill Butterm n, or Mayor llnnphiey, all Pio testsiiis, may < fir no them,have lesoivi do p e|are for defence, and to preuct themselvea. Being ca pable cf raising almost any amount of money, it ia assert*d that the Catholic Church has bf?n in strumental in organising a large mi liary Inrce, dc noniina" if tit" Emmet Guards, con posed exclu sively ol U lhnne l Catholics. Tht-u ni i* siai ce on the 4th wi s tiuly formidable and waihlra, is toiiisluiig our Proiesiant citizens. at d niarmu e ma ny, w I e-n lDtoimed that ihe arms in their bsatis were luri. ehen trom ih? Stale Arsenal by o?<t?r of Gov Iiouck oreoine ot hie suborriiihtiH Iqu*s tion the pi*t| rieiv * f (tutting ihe muskets ol ihe rsiuie hi posi-ession cf any company ol m?n, vleih*r Irish or fiuicb, aid whoid<pi as their nanie any 'i-reign aipellation, or whose ari:c''s *1 a-sa cia tioo confine their men ber* io any particular Isith, ? r to immigrant* from any parucu ar cc ur'iy ? Th- scenes of Philadel( hia may b> le e?i< d hi re, Hud I for oue Biroogty suspect that if ? tpseoy f. r niatioii of thisixcu i*e I i>h conqai y.m ve nit er orjocis hi view than a v. luntniy oipan.zttiicn un der II e militia, laws ot this Siaie. In relation io poliiical mailer* here, there ia not much t*i be said. A thouem d le d more e< tivny ih iFp'ayed hi every part ot ihe country The wait ot enthusiasm among the v logs is in a pteai dsgice attributed to ihe course of Weed in hia Irish Catho lic prefer* nee a Instead cf receding fiotn I is post ion, and accommodating the wishes at lisp ny, he adheres wnh adeteimin**) tenacity to his liish trelerences. Uehaagiown riiitrt- n il- xihle every day since hia return Irom Europe, aid it h* van candidate lor * ffice, he would receive every vote of that class of people, lie haa announced in his naper that Fillmore muat be their candidate lor Governor, and old Ihmi'l Cady the L? uienant Governor. But should Gabriel Kurmau demand 'he nomination, it will not be an easy matter to thrust him aside Morris Franklin lias many stiorg friends ho h in New Yoik and this city, who de tire to reward him for consent ing to b*- used, as fie was, as the preiended w log candidate for Mayor ot ihe city last spring There exists,howevei, s.u un accountable apathy among the wings, from which if they do n< t boom arouse, will asturedly result in their utter discomfiture and defeat. Tln-y posers* nothing of that activity, energy and indomitable *i irit oi 1840, which so triumphantly curiied tiitm to victory. On the other hand,the democrats appear more ac live. Polk and Dallat?Ycurtg Hickory and victo ry?are on every tongue. The old bicki ty limes of Jackson appear to be revived. They have caught ihe spirit of enthusiasm which ho animaxd the whigs in the last great contest, and if not aba rd hi less than a month, their victory may be ren dered ceiiain. The merchants and mrchamcn will go lor Clay and the tariff, but ihe faiineiscare Hi de about the question of lanfl* lor the prelection of manufactureis exclusively. Upon the question en to the democratic candi date for Governt r, a decided charge lias taken place in the minds of that party since the 4 h met. The Argus, in adhering to Bonck, ripeatedly an nounced that SiUs Wright would hi no event al low the use of hia distinguished name as a candi date, especially since he refused the two high* it Honors m the nation Upon Mr Wright's teinru from Washington, he remained three days at I.in denwold; ami in the course of a vety lew days af -erhisdtpariine, a tremendous mass conv* ptmu wan held m Mr. Van Buren's own county, at which Mr. Wright was unanimously, end by re|>e;ti*d n* - monatrationa of acclamation, n* initialed fur Go vernor, and delegates appointed to carry out the wishes of that meeting at Syrncuge. At line con vention theie were present General Dix, May r Morris, and oihef distinguished citizens Iro/n 'bread, who spoke on the occasion, amJ look ac ive part in the proceedings The gei.ileman wfio 'resented the name of Mr. Wright, Jio'ge Hpgrboom, one of the most clear headed ai d lar lighted men in the Slate, and as a member oi the committee who reported tha resolu'ion, the name >t Lawrence Van Buren, brother of tlie*xPreti lent, appears. Fr< m all these faets and C icuni wtoces, dots it not evidently assume that (lie i*r -angement was |>erlt-cied at Lindeiiwold, that Mr.Wright should notdecline the nnmluatiobl I< re pnr? d the master hand of Mr. Van Bnren to a* tompl ah what the p? ople so much desired, and igaiost wh ch (/foawell liss so industriously labor d to defeat. We shalljsoon see who conqacts, Van Buren or Croswell Y.ura,&c W H Latkrfrow Dominica.?Th?* h-mith Tutlle, from Guadalouiie, arrived tit New liuvrn r>n Snndity, .netting adwicra fiom Dominica to the 3M of June. \V? ?-.iru tha'the Insurrection had hern |nt down vltktot rnurh iiitliculty, an<l that the operation o( m ? itial law mi ?napwfli'.ed on tlx j|?t On at .Ian.age w a. 'li ne to >r\ml >1 the rata'ei on tho i?Dnd The lainrtiar li.ol liiuel ? reclamation u( annuity to all, w ith the exception of tt.? ringleader*. ninety ol whom had been retained in pn*? n 0 midargn tlie deciaioti ol the law a, aevtral hundred bav rig bean rilichargrd under the admonitory advice ol the Governor. The lalairla had b?en overwhelmed w nil itinv <nd flooda, With great damage to the ronda, he. A lingu lar diacnvery had heen maoo iu taking a cmuaoftha Dland of Trinidad, being that of "two one<ni| meld* of ho ahorigtiial Indiana ol the uland, hi-lunging m a rare ?erfectly dl-tinct from any hitherto known" Thi* tact n noted in the Trinidad Standard of the 17th nit I bertha, ?rohrhly The aame rare yet emallrg nuoeroualy .11 ? lutana, Braril, and other parta of South America Tin y were once vary mum roua in Trinnlad, hut after long and leipemte atrtiffglea ngninat the European* they abandoned 1 he ialand fjr the main. Mimnant* of them are found in eutral America, degenerate tiut channel Iroai the other ribea. f . \- h OH NEW ORLEANS ' i-k t 1 . the Iftti JnlvI'll ? an'ee <id. faat aiihi.v i- In "c _ kit ? i- SAKATOOA, Captvin ltimv 1, will .11 ? ??? litelr aa hove. f he haa pbodi-l atco rmodatioaa foreahia.aer tul eabin ard ,leer ate laaa-nrera Thoae wialitag 10 aeenie t.eriha ahiSlM iink-eatly a|it>ncaiioa to W. k ). T. TAfSCOTT, jit Itrc-neea*:' a U?71 ?w?t|.|aire?i,fc?i Maiden Laar.