Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 19, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 19, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., Ho. 10U-WhoU No. 9799. NEW YORK. FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 19. 1844. Mm Two Conto, Another Splendid Weekly Herald, ILLl'STRATKD WITH NUMEROUS ENGRAVINGS Scenes of the Mormon Riots, 111. MURBSa OF TBS PROPHHT. The remarkable success of our last illustrated Weekly Herald, has induced us to make another attempt of a similar description for next Saturday, which will, we think, t-urpass anything we have yet done. Our designers and artists, five or six in number, have been engaged in preparing a series of graphic and elegant engravings, Illustrative of the recent terrible riots in Illinois, which ended in the assassination of Joe Smith and his brother, the Mormon leaders. These illustrations will com prise all the principal incidents in the deplorable events which have almost disgraced Illinois as deeply as the recent outbreaks have disgraced Phil adelphia. The first engraving will be a correct representa tion of the scene presented on the destruction of the office of the Nauvoo Expositor, under the au thority of Joe Smith, the Mayor of the Holy City. This, it will be recollected, was the leading cause of the subsequent proceedings which resulted in the murder of the Prophet, and which may yet lead to the expulsion of the Mormons from Illinois, in the same manner as they were driven from Mis souri. The second engraving will represent the assassination, presenting the crowd round the jail, and the Prophet in the act of falling from the win dow, after receiving the bullets of his enemies. The third scene illustrated will be the arrival of the dead bodies on the high ground at Nauvoo, the procession winding round the Holy City, with that in the back ground in perspective. The fourth en graving will represent the imposing scene presented on the delivery of the funeral oration and the burial of the slain, at the Holy Temple. All these illustrations have, been designed by our artists from accurate sketches taken on the spot by persons familiar with the localities, and who were witnesses of the scenes represented. They will be accompanied by a full and accurate historical account of all the incidents connected with these events, from the first debate in the Council at Nau voo relative to the ordinance against the Expositor, down to the burial of the Prophet. This descrip tion has been compiled Irom the accounts of papers of all parties in that region, so that the impartial reader will be able to form a correct opinion of these barbarous q.nd atrocious proceedings in the half-civilized State of Illinois. This msgnificent illustrated Weekly Herald will be ready at 9 o'clock on Saturday morning next, in order to be in readiness for all who desire to trans mit it to their friends in all parts of Europe, by the " Great Western." There will be other engravings besides those we have enumerated, but the price for the whole will be only 64 cents for a single copy THE ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY HERALD. A FOURTH EDITION REQUIRED ! Wonderfiil Success of Newspaper Literature. Monday, we published a third edition of many thousands of the Illustrated Weekly Herald, con taining an account of the riots in Philadelphia. J We have now printed a fourth edition of just as many thousands, to supply the demand for the " Great Western," and packets yet to sail. The manner in which this illustrated Weekly \ Herald has been received by the public lias asto nis ed even us, who were long since prepared to be astonished at nothing. Many attempts have been heretefore made to establish pictorial papers ! in this city, but from their invariable want of suc cess, the poverty of the effort, want of talent and genius in managing it, it was supposed that such a thing could not be made to succeed here. We have shown, however, that such a paper, if proper ly got up, is certain of receiving ample patronage and support. Oue of the mo;t curious results of the popularity of this paper has been, that a great proportion of the recent sales have been amongst the Irish?the most pious and determined followers of Bishop Hughes, who bought the beautiful illustrated Herald in the very face of hie bull of excommunication against all who would touch or look at the Herald. We mean to continue at proper intervals, and as occasion may require, the publication of Illus rated Weekly Heralds. We have four or five artists al most constantly in our employment; and we are prepared to g ve graphic illustrations of the pro gress of society, and all important events in the most expeditious, accurate, and graphic style. As soon as the excitement of these riots is over, we shall enter on the work of illnsirating the manner 1 in which the two great parties are conducting the Presidential contest, by means of engravings, of the beauty and excellence of which no one can form any conception until they are published. SEA AIR.?A FINE SAIL DOWN THE BAY, DAILY, UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE. jtm The SUauboat MOUTH AMERICA, OLT..i|mLQ? ("apt M H Tra*sde1l, with a view ??{ rit 300, ~ lastly and safely accmmodatir. g Fmnilin Willi their . hildrrn. oo ?h ?rt k.xenrtinn? to the Lower Boy, fir the pur|w<ae ol ri'wisj the Harbor, Portihcttiwt, Land and Uc-m Scenery, will mvkea Daily Trip (Snuday* except ed) ia lair weather, down the Bay. landing, going and retain ing. ?t b o-t Haonlton. Will leare Baic'ay ?*wer ( V R ) ?t SX o'clock P.M , Catherine it.eer ( e. K ) 't 3X. Pier No I (N It ) at 4, touch in* nt bare ay itrort at 4X Ainos meet 4X and retain in time to land the pna??eg'r? at Seven o'clock; commencing Monday July Oth, 1444 and continue until larth*r notice Kara Twenty five c?ut?. Children under Twelve yetra of age. hal!-priee. (T^ The no-t tierfeet order will be mtintaineJ on board, ann every eff >rt will be mi 1e to render the eicuiion entirely p'eaatiH. Th? 'X rip will be omitted in ilormy weather. JT# tt rre TO TBAVELLERR TO wff NlAGaRA PALLS, ^1^ CANADA, Ac. SCe-wMuZ-The Lake. Ontario Steamboati nr. i,a?RXM,E Cnpt Van cleve, LA DP OP TH E L \ K E Capt Tay It r, HOC iiESTEK Capt Th/oop, AND ONEIDA Capt Child, Laave 1'iwr? daily (avcept bandars) at ? o'clock, A M.'for ' * ? FW?. Kail Lewiaton. tevea mtlee from rhe PWU. Railway Care lake the passenger* from Lewistoi to Da Palls. The Bnata leave L?w,rt->n daily, rieept Aatnrdava. lor tliwrgo and the Hirer St. Lawrence, to Ogdenxburg, on the rente to Mod real and O 'ebee. Packet Boate leave Syracuse daily, rooming and even ing, on arrival of the k amnro i-nra and run to Otwegn (mn-t of tie diaanre'hrooRh th ? Oswrgo Hivcr) to meet the latestesm era. The Tare ia cheap -r than by any other rout-, and the paa angefa more idea anr jla tw're I'LEASANT AND tlHEAP EXCURSIONS. SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. NEW BRIGHTON, l'QHT RICHMOND. (STATEN INLAND,) A NEW YORK PERkY, Prom Pier No. 1, North Hirer, foot of Battery Place. dMk The Steamboat CINDERELLA. will run Iliaw TWaJ*"" ijl1' f""- May 20th to October Ntfce.n.MI.HK-lat. 1044 Leave* New ? and II o'clock, A IX. 0 audO M. Leaves Port Richmond, at 20 minatei to I, and 10 minuter t > 10 A. M.i at 1, 4X and 6% P. M. LeaveaNew Bnghtoa, at I and 10 A. M.; at IX, i and 7X P M. On Sunday?vLenve* Naw York,at Sand II A. M.; at 1,0 tad eavei nm i" I P. >1 Leave* Port Richmond, at 20 minnta* to 0,aad 10 A.M.; at I, S and 7X P M New York. May 10, 1044 myll lut*re PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. DAILY, Sunday* excepted?'Through Di ?reet, at 7 P. M., from the Steamboat rie* bo ?tween Ccutrtlmdt and Liberty atrret*. The steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Captain A. P. th John, Monday, Wednesday and priday evenings. at 7. The Steamboat ROCHESTER. Captain A. Houghton, Tuesday. 1 hnrsday and Saturday Evenings. at 7. day and Ba A* Pireo'clock, P. M.? Landing at Intermediate Placet: The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Captnm P* 41. Peck. Monday, Wednesday, Priday and Sunday Afternoon*, at 1 o'clock XV Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. (1 CmUennen, iueaday, Thnradayand Saturday Afternoons, at 5 o'clcck. Passengers taking this lint of boat* will arrive ia Albany in a in ile tine to take the Morning Train of Car* for theeaat or ws{. XT*" 1 he above Boats are new asd inbatantial, are famished rritii new and elegant Bute Rooms, anil Tor speed and reeom in datios* arc no, walled on tha Hudson. AMSSWlXfr"?* " US" BY ADAMS :<k CO. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMSHIP HIBERNIA, AT BOSTON. TWELVE DAYS LATER NEWS FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the Overland Mail. IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL NEWS FROM INDIA. ADVANCE IN COTTON!!! FRENCH WAR IN MOROCCO!!! Fashions, Markets, Ac. Ac. We received at six o'clock yesterday morning our London and Liverpool papers to the 4th instant, ( brought by the Iltbernia, which reached Boston on Wednesday morning. The Hibernia was telegraphed at a quarter to 5 | in the morning, and arrived at the wharf about 6 o'clock, thus making the passuge in twelve and a half days. Had it not been tor the storm of Mon day she would have arrived on Tuesday evening, making the quickest passage on record. Cotton has gone up an eighth. This rise was | between the 22d ult. and 4th inst. The news from India, it will be seen, is impor-1 tant. The Caledonia arrived out on the 29th, in 12? | days from Boston. Professor Risley has created quite an excite- j ment in Paris. It will be recollected the Baring Brothers were some time ago indicted for some alleged fraud in I Mexican Loans. Since then they have been tried j and honorably acquitted. The rejection of the Texas annexation tieaty by the Senate of the American Congress has been the subject of much comment in the English journals, and th? account has been received with general and unqualified approbation. Though such a re sult was anticipated, so large a majority was scarcely expected. Thk Great Britain.?This vessel was adver tised to sail on the lith of July. As, however, she still remains in dock at Bristol, and the attempt to obtain her liberation cannot be immediately made, the day of her sailing for New York is indefinitely postponed. Since the 22d ult. the following New York packets | have arrived at LiverpoolOn the 22d the Cam bridge, packet ship, Captain Barstow with New York dates of the 1st June. On the following day the Sea, Captain Edwards, with papers to the 3d inBt. On the 27th the Tarolinta, Capt. Smith, with | dates to the 5th, inclusive. Advices from Barcelona of the 24th ultimo, con tain rumors enough of various conspiracies beimi in course of concoction, but none of them, with the exception of a trifling plot ut Seville, appear based on anything like probability. The Carlist Chief, El Groe, so long the terror of the Maestrazgo, had been captured and shot on the 18th. The news by the overland mail, a summary of which will be found in another column, is general ly regarded as being unfavorable in a commercial point of view. The demand for British mauufac lured goodB had been somewhat checked. One ot the accounts states, that the American merchants were most persevering in their efforts to dispose ol manufactures received from ihe United States. During the imprisonment of O'Connell, ihe "rent" keeps up to the mark, and the excitement of the peo pie appears to be at fever heat. The Catholic cler gy have set Sunday, the 28:h instant, apart, as s day of general humiliation and prayerfor the incar ceration of the Chief. A slight sensation was produced in the French capital recently, by reports of domiciliary visits having been paid by the police to the Doke D'Es cars, M. do Lepinaye, and other distinguished roy lists. Nothing important resulted from these vi sits. The London papers have been discussing with more or less acrimony, since the sailing of the last packet, the mutiny among the supporters of the ministry, arising out of the sugar question. The Timet and the Morning Pott rail furiously at Peel. Lord Heytesbury has been chosen to Succeed Earl De Grey as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. The party organs opposed to the present ministers ad mit, that, looking to the range of choice, this is a> unexceptionable a nomination as they could have made. The intelligence from Algiers is more favorable to the French arms, but it is still far from being de cisive. The French King, it is now said, will not visit Queen Victoria until September, and then only in a very modest and unpretending way. Another conflagration had occurred on Chat Moss, in South Lancashire, which at one time threatened serious consequences to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. Disturbances among the cotton manufacturers in Silesia and Bohemia on account of attempts to reduce the wages of the workmen still continued at the last dates, although efforts had been made by the government to suppress them. Accounts from Spain mention several frightful robberies near the passes of the Pyrenees, when very little law appears to exist, except the ancient law ot the strongest. The Galties mountains in Ireland were on fire at the last accounts, for hundreds of acres together. Baltimore was on fire to the very top, and ineflec tual eflorts had been made to stop the progress of the fiamcs by digging trenches, in which labor thousands of people were employed. The Drama has not for years been at so low an ebb in Great Britain as it is now. Earl Grey has fully recovered from his indispo (ition. It is reported that the present session of Parlia ment will be brought to a close about the middle ot July. A Dublin paper says?The weather through the island is superb ; we have plenty of rain, sunshine and heat, and the promise of harvest is decidedly favorable. The Dublin bakers presented a ponderous loaf, weighing sixty pounds, as an accompaniment with the addres^to Mr. O'Connell. The fishermen of Galway sent him a splendid turbot, with lobster and salmon to match. It is now settled that the Count de Trepani, brother of the King of Naples, is to be married to the Queen of Spain. Official advices from Sierra Leone announce the capture of five alavero, four of them Brazilians, by the British cruisers. In one of them were em barked 546 negroes, of whom 128 died on the pas sage. The stable of a priest, in the county of Kilken ny, was entered a few nights apo, and his horseV tail cut ofl, and a string of repeal buttons attached to the stump. Mr. W. Murphy, the eminent Dublin school master, has, it is said, offered to contribute ?1000 towards the liquidation of the fine imposed upon O'Connell. The corner stone of the new tower for Eton Col lege was laid with great ceremony by Prince Al bert in person on the 20th ult. Several riots have occurred at Presburg, on the occasion of the election of a deputy. A gang ot men from Szalonta fell upon the nobles who suit ported the candidate, and wouuded several of them severely. The ftttick was afterward* repeated, and the interference of the military rendered ne cessary to restore the quiet of the place. Two Prussians have been apprehended at Liver pool, charged with being extensively engaged in smuggling tobacco, and large quantities of the article had been seized. Tobacco smuggling ap pears to be more extensive than any other contra band trade. H. M. D. Rapid, of ten guns, Lieutenant Eerie, commander, has, it is reported, been sunk, with ^11 on board, by a Spanish slaver of greatly superior force. Lately two smart shocks of earthquake were fplt at Comrie and Crieff?the motion ol the eurth Irom west to east. Latest accounts from New South Wales repre sent commercial matters as still oi a gloomy char acter, nearly every department ot trade being in a most distressed state, and business almost totally suspended. From France we have accounts of another skir rpish with the troops of Morocco, and of the de parture of the Prince de Joinville with a powerful squadron, for the coast of that country. Bnirisn Pakuamknt.?Another troublesome subject has been got rid of for the session, viz : the ami corn motion, brought forward by Mr. Vil Ijers, and which was negatived alter two nights' debate, by a majority ol 204. The Bank Charter Bill has also made considera ble progress in spite of a large opposition. , The practice of opening letters at the post office, yvhich whs brought before the House ot Commons three weeks ago, has been again under discussion in both Houses otPdrlmni-. nl. The Rev. Dr. Murray, and the other titular grchbisliopa in several parts ol Ireland, have direct ed " prayers to be offered up in all the chapels ol their diocese for Daniel O'Connell, on Sundays and holidays." It is announced at the Cape of Good Hope, that the eminent French and Swedish naturalists Messrs. Delgurjjie and Wtlberg, had been inurder 1 ed by the natives in Matzihkaize county. Runaway matches are more frequent than ever seuson pW ot 300 have ,dlttn Tlace this rt.^!ieVhe ?u1i, from CMais to Paris is com fc''a? Wu 0le dl8,tt,!ce ,ro'" H?e metropolis 01 m twd?e ho5rsmetrOP? France rnay be dont' c J.n?Belgium Vhe rrecLe'Pt8 ?? the railways in the 2 vk!?nik\t>? " ? P,r"?nt yrar arn?unted to 2,J84,000 francs against 2,181,000 francs in the four corresponding months of 15*43. In the quarter ending Odi April, 1813, the quan waa 4 648*8^7 lb? i nihil?A ^ h?me con8U4"on I was4,t)48,saj7 lbs., in the same quarter in the ore sent year the quantity so entert d was 9,607,803 lbs ? and yet, notwithstanding this Jaige increase' amounting to about 120 per cent., the English farm i?.ku"g al -'ea8,1 Per cent- more for Ins wool than he received last year. n??? lfmrn from Warsaw >'>at the Emperor of Russia has just granted to several exiled Poles per mission to return, and to enter into possession of j their property, which had been confiscated. l> Queen has been pleased to approve of Joseph R. Croskey, as Consul at Co wee, for the Unit ? stafs of America. I American Ice ? One caigo of American ice ha* arrived from Boston this week, which has found its way to the ettab i.hnient of our excellent fKf Mr. Lynn, ol the Waterloo Hotel. Others will fol low, and a constant supply will be kept up ditru >g ? he summer. This American ice is of the mo* b< autiful quality, nnd at the present season a gr.Htei SSSlf-01 ?e lmaZlae<t?L>?*'l>ool Chronirle, [ We learn from the Bristol pa|iers, and from pri va e quartere, that it i? likely the l5ock Company will widen their gates to hlty-two feet, which will enable the giant of the deep, the Great Britain, to j pass out, und other useful ones to come in. The Queen has been pleased to approve of Elisha Hothawav, junr., a Consul at Hobart Town, Van Uiemen s Land, lor the United States of America VlK Steamship Manchestee and Twen- I I Hiih? i u t*'-l ' vessel, sailing between Hull and Hmnbuig, has been lost, with every son1 ChmZ n ^ Ml 1und"r ,l"> comSMTS I Captain Dudley, on the lOih, with a miscellaneous I ?nT: M ',?VrTiV,,lg0J1 th<* "Pi'osite coast, struck m <> ?n the COlBI of Holstein, aboui twenty-five miles from the shore, during a hum . ane, and became a compieie wreck. The sand are described as formed of quicksands, and ?re ?;aid to be as formidable to the mariner ofi tha? coast as Goodwin on the English shore. Th> number of persona who perished by this catns ! 'rophe is twenty-eight, twenty-two of whom form ed the crew, the remainder being passenger* Tn. passengers were Mrs St. George Smith,' Mi* I r mily Smith, her daughter, Mr. St. George Smith h rLir nf M i. a *"'0' 1n,er(:t"int Leeds, Mr' >?l. i Manchester, and one unknown. The loss is ascribed by some naval men to want of judgment The value of ship and cargo it i [ said, exceeds ?25.000. 8 ' I in J?r .rTh?r ,h[ou?bou' England, since the sail mg of the last packet, has been, generally speaking favorable to vegefatton. In mist partsoHhe coun try considerable quantities of ram hasfallen, and in | some localities heavy thunder-storms have been ex j penenced ; hut from the long continuance of the acceptable'.0 '* m?l8tUre lnttlm?Bl any 'haPe TnC??lt0"?r PI? Q"ekn.?The London Court Journal has the following:? Arrangements will be madc. in anticipation of the aicouckmtnt of our be tau^eWwh,ch wi" take P'ace at Windsor Ca9tle, lor intelligence to be conveyed to London by means of the galvanic telegraph on the line of ' ^"u "a'lway. between Slough and laddington, which will enalile information to be a" '*'P!PBPbpd from the royal residence at Windsor to Buckingham Palace, Hnd the town I ^i,dencp8?f 'be ministers and the public olfirrs at Westminister, in the short space of less than wen! This rapid'mode of^ommuntcS tton will he thus easily accomplished-a horse anil groom kept constantly in readiness to start at it mo uients notice, will reach the telegraph office, at the Slough station within 11 minutes from the time of I starting rom Windsor Castle; and thence inform ation will be telegraphed to Paddington in a few se conds. From Paddington, grooms, with horses I VP' constantly saddled, will proceed with written sltpsof j lie telegraphic announcement to Bucking | ham I alnce.and the residences of thejtaiinisters and other official personages. tw!)* d'.8tancf, from ?bp Paddington terminus to Buckingham Palace will thus he accomplished in I twelve or thirteen minutes. In the event of a elegrnphtc communieation being opened between the Bound Tower of Windsor Castle (whieh is perceptible ai|t!ic galvanic telegraph office) the time occupied by h messenger proceeding on horseback | rom the Castle to Slough would be saved, and in orsinion, under these circumstances, would reach [ Buckingham Palace or Whitehall within a quarter of an hour of its being despatched from Windsor , i,'1?'/18 W1" b(' con#tan,|y bept in readiness ?t the 1 adiimgton terminus, to start at a moment's notice for Slough. Thiis.u isquite possible for the ifreat officers of state to arrive at Windsor Ca?t|e irom Westminster, within considerably |eBs than ' wo hours (indeed, within about an hour and a half) rom the period of a summons being despatched Irom the residence of the Sovereign at Windsor. I .T"",Canada Companv.?On Thursday, June 17 the half-yearly meeting of the proprietors of thiH company was held at the Canada House, st Helen's place, for the purpose of declaring a 'divi dend, and upon other matters. jThe Governor, Mr. Chatles Franks, took the Mr. William Wilson was elected a director in the room of Mr. Stokes, who bad resigned ' The (governor intimated that this was a meeting called to consider of a dividend, pursuant to the ternia ot the charter. A full statement of the ac counts of the company had been made at the Ihai ,Ti??Ii*.'. b'."i?"uld *,v" a f,ta,empn' of th? sales I of land that had been wnce made. They were a: lollows: In the Crown reserves, under the old Man, 4883 acres, and on lease 8862 acres; in th. I Huron tract, under the old system, 8132 acres, and on lease 19,035; total, 36,056 acres, disposed of in the present year, up to the 25th of May. The salts had been less in th v correspondirift period of last year, there having been some technical formalities to be carried out under the new system ol leasing. Iu the collection of monies due from settlers, how ever, a very considerable increase had been caused ; there having been realized ?15.062 up to (he 25th ot May, against ?7222 up to the same period ol last year. This had principally i , arisen fioni a favorable market having been found tor Canadian gram, dour, and other produce in this country, under the lute act of parliament. The importations this year would show a considerable increase. T he subject of emigration and colonization was one of great moment to this country, and, in this respect, the interests ol the company and Great Britain were identical. The Governor reterred to the proced uiga of the corporation from us commencement down to the present time, arid sluted that every possible facility had been given by it to the exten sion ot agriculture in cutiada. Tne leasu g system as introduced by the company's commissioner, Mr. Widder,had been satisfactory to the colonist. In the event ot the home harvest proving deficient, large supplies ot grain and llour would be received, as ihe prospects of the agriculturists iu ihe colony were most satisfactory (hear, bear). Not an ex tensive emigration was expected this year to Can ada from ihe mother country ; but from the U tied atatcs and Germany many excellent settlrrs wer> expected In the lortnsr iheie were many German settlers, but litey were oecoming dissatisfied aim tne institutions of the country, and hence were set tling iu Canada. Means were taking to facilitate emigration Bom Germany to the western parts ot Canada. The Chairman then moved, "That a dividend for the halt year, ending the 10th of July next, at Uie rate ot six per ceut. per annum be declared." 1 lie resolution was agreed to ; and, alter thanks had been returned to the Court of Directors, the meeting adjourned. i Opinion of the English Government Press on The Foreign Policy of the United States.?We take iho tuliowiug extracts Iroiu the two leading and almost the only London papers of the English government. They give the views of Sir Hubert Peel in brief. [Krotn London Standard, July 1 J Tilt) President's Message accompany i. g tne explanato ry papers telis nothing that was not known before ; name ly, that tbui gsutleniun was very anxious to enlarge the f'omitiia of tue republic wbich ue governs, and neither very deliberate nor very scrupulous in the steps to which he resorted. Kor the rust, the Message is a kind of concie ail iwjitUuin, culling upon the popalace of ihe Mates to se

eona Ins views,and override decision of the Senate. Theie is one position of Mr. Tyler's, however, that will startle (he politicians ot the old worid. We, at this side of the Atlantic, have, aecoiduigto the President, nothing to do with American affairs, winch must be iutt altogether to the disposal ot the United Mates. Great Brltaiu, France, Prussia, Austria, ke , have reason lo be gratelui, no doubt, for the rigid rule, which the lie publicans nave prescribed to themselves not to iuterlerc in the national concerns ol Karope. It is true that c- r taiu contributions to the ltepoal rent, and meeting* end re solutions in the States respecting Itepeal, may be thought a slight departure Irani this stern reserve ; but it is to be pre:.timed that the President knows nothing ol those things, though it huppens somewhat awkwardly that hit own sun has been pretty nearly tne most active and violent inccnoi ary in promo:mg the subscriptions, meetings, arid rcsolu lions reLrred to. We would, however, here observe (hut the government of the United Sinus has a reason for not concerning itself iu Lurupeau politics, which does not apply on the other side. The United States have not a loot of ground ill Lurope, or indued In the whole ot the oil world Whereas Ureal Britain possessed an extent ol ter n ory in North Amei tea lar greater than that occupied, <r even Claimed, by the States These British possessions arc not tuliy peopled at present, but wart?in a nurnher ui years, which will be but an mconsiderabie period in the hie ol nations, these possessions may be, and doubtless will be at least as thickly inhabited us the Status, and sure iy Ureat ilritain has a right to bestow some attention upon the infancy ol such u mighty nation. Without, however, meddling with luturity, most reasonable men must think dial the Canada*. New liruuswick, Nova Scotia, New foundland, the Bermudas, kc , ought to give Ureat Hi ilam a vote in tue concerns ol North America Nor is thij sll The fate ot Texas, the country about which the dispute bin amen, Is Intimately connected with the dwstiny ol the W est India Islauds, much more intimately connected than it is with the prospects ol the United States ; and as the greater in number and value of the West India Is'andi belong to Ureat Untaiu, Ureat Hntaiu would semi justly u> claim a vuico in the ditposul of Texas. Wo intut, therefore, respt ctlrtiy protest against Mr. Ty ler's claim bo an ah?.out anil exulu Ive authority in Noi in Atnei icau affairs. It goea much further than anything Napolean over attnmiued in Kurupc. (From the London Morning Herald, July 1) On Saturday Morning the Caludouia steamer arrived nt Liverpool, alter u [Huaage aoross the Atlantic ol only too Jhj ?, another cxlruordiuary teat of that )*>wcr ol raptc Ccmmunicu ion, uie etiect of which upon the social ium lions ul mankind, is as jet but very iiup.rlectly eppruciu led Wo luarn by Iho advice* brought by the Uaiedonui that the auuuxation of Texas trcuty, w<i* ri jicttiu in the Senate by a majority ot Unto Id. This event was t.U< Ckiel topic of dibcUa?iou in the Btu'.es when the Caledonia Came away. Tlis i ejection of the treaty scarcely cornea upon us by surprise, though we could not .uiltcipata the great majori ty by which the engagement has been rejected, still Joss the extraordinary policy by which, as it is said, the Fresi deut is try ing still to force the measure upon the republic ? namely, by exciting uu anti English cry mitatavor it would appear that in ine United statu, as in auothei couu try somewhat nearer to us, whatever of unjust or utiiem ?unable is urged, is to bavo its principal support from the (land let-ling ol je.uou-y or ili-will towaiOs England We arc, ot course, llitturo'l by this unwilling tribute to the char acter and policy ol our couuby, which always con. pects hostility te England, with hostility to lair deal ing and common sense ; but we conleat curat ive* at a loss to guets the foundation of even so much ill leellng towards this country as may serve to supply a suppon o any course, good or bail, ,n the United states. What hove we sold or done to move the choler of any portion of our trana-Atlaiitic kinsmen 1 Our newspapers are complained of; and it is held out as one ot the tie meoTsof the President's hope ?f success in carrying his >Eiir IVxan project, that, during the summer montha, the Eng lish newspapers will more highly irritate the American people. It is not, however, mure easy to comprehend the {rounds ot this expectation than the original hostility.? We see no disposition In any section of the English press either to intuit or to propose to injure the pro pie of the United States. Except, indeed, upon the lay of the arrival ol the American mailt, or the day alter, or in an extreme dearth of rew* the British journals scarcely advert to Amcricnn allairs. And we will venture to aay, that when they do concern them selves with occurrences in the United States, their ton< is much milder and more courteous towards ttie llipubli cans than that which these latter employ towards one another. It is, however, we feel, too true, that there is a growing had leeling towards this country in the common wealth; but to what to ascribe it, if not to the remarkable prosperity of the British empire, and to its steady, though grntle, ell'irts to advance the freedom, happiness ai >! moral improvement of the whole race of mankind, we ur. altogether ut a loss. Mean while, the international Irrita tion that doe. not contemplate war is the silliest and most contemptible thing in the world ; it sacrifice* the chief blessings of peace without holding out any prospect ot the advantages that the rude alternative of wnr sometimes present* to daxzle and mislead But what could we gain '?y going to war with the United States, or what can the States gain by engaging in a war with us } They have uothing that we would take if offered as a free gilt?we have nothing that they con take, even should they he so foolish na to desire lurther acquisitions ol territory. And then what would be the lirst ifleet of a war? (we speak only of effects independent of military success on either side, because we would say nothing to wound ihe self love of our kinsmen; hut) what would be the (list commercial tf?ect of a wsr 7 Would it not bo to de prive the States at once, and for ever, ol twenty mil liens, or thereabouts, which we pay annually for their cotton* 7 We say at once and for ever, and we could have ne difficulty in proving that tho loss would be per manent aa well as immediate. That the cessation of the cotton import trade from the States to this country would instantly follow a declaration ol war, needa not to be nroved by argument; but then our own cotton manufac ture* must still be carried nn, and the supply of the raw material must he bad from other countries. There would bn no difficulty whatever in!nbtainiug thla supply, and generally fiom countries free from the taint of slavery? pur own Indian possessions among others ; but such a trade onoe opened und established, the people of England would never consent to tail back npon slave lubor cotton, when they could have cotton the produce of free labor. Even now we liaar many complaints upon this subject, it is said, and with too much reason, that every English mortgagee of acotton estate?every proprietor ol a Missis t, wlic tippl bond, ho.?every man, in ahort, who accepts a bill from the cotton states, is viituully a slave trader. The samo may lie and is said of the tobacco trade, and of annie other trade* in similar clrcnm'tsneea. The commercial connection is, however, formed in these tiadea, nod it is properly considered that in mippnrt of an abstract ptinci pie how excellent soever, this connection oeght not to t>? violently broken. But let it be onco broken, as war would break it, and it will never lie renewed in dtfisnct of that principle which forbids to encourage slavery by direct or Indirect advantage*. The most zealous enemy to England in the Mtates will And it difficult to suggest any remit whatever to compensate the loss of mom than twenty millions sterling annually. Whether (Jreat Bri tain would be really ? loser by beiog compelled to take her cottons and tobacco, and the other article* which she now receives from the United Htnfes, from her own colo nies, and thus enrich herselt nnd her colonies by Ihe re. ciprocal traffic, ia a question which can easily be. answer ed; but, as we have said, we wish to avoid all, even indi rectly, offensive topics. Sikam Friaatk RrnuwirtoN.?This vesrnd, which wan launched yesterday at Chatham, is the largest Meant frigate and the finest vessel of her clin in the service. She in longer by 5 feet than the Penelope, which ship it will be recollected wan originally a nailing frigate of the 33 gun class. The Retribution is one of the moat perfect specimen14 of naval architecture we have aeen, nnd has been turned off the stocks in n manner highly creditable to her constructor. Her frame is of Italian oak. her planking and decks nre of teak, and her beam* are of African teak. She is frigate built, with port* fore and aft on htr main deck, and haa vety supe rior accommodation, not only lor hi r own crew, but fur troocp, as, in addition to Iter own ship's company, which is to consist of 200 men. she can convey a full regiment of soldiers, a thousand or eleven hundred strong. She is conatiucied upon ihe surveyor or the navy's improved system, with iron diagonal riders at reverse angles, with wood trussiog in the trume and shelf piecs lore antl all Although longer than ilie Penelope, she is not so broad <is that vessel by 3 iocfaes, hut she carries 25 tons more, uud has engines of 150 horsepower greater; the eomphralive dimensions of the two ships being as follows The Retribution. The I'm-lope. Lepgtb, 'JJU feel. Length, 916 feet. Breuilth, 4t) leet (i inches. Bicadih. 40 lest 9 tnchfi. Tonnage, 1041 twin. Tonnage, 1610 tool Kiigiiun, SCO horse power. Kngincs, 0i(t hotse power The draught of water of ihe Retribution, when she is fully i quipped, and hasher water, provisions, stores and 500 ions of coal on boutd, will be 18 feet. She is not to he ship rigg'd, but will have two masts, like ihe jucseiii men ot war steamers, wuicn have only two masts, with the exception ot the Penelope, w hich has u itnzen us well as a fore aud main litusis. The sriiiaiiit ni of the Kt-inbu 11on will consist of i-ix 8-ineli pivot guns, and lour 32 pounders, besides 2 smaller guns lor bust and other purposes, making altogether 111 guns Py ibis it will be perceived that rhc is not so powilfully armed as (lie Penelo.e, us ihat vessel carries 2-1 guns?namely, ten 8-inch pivot guns, two 42 pounders (pivots,) ten 42 poundeis, currouudes, and two b at guns The machinery for this splen did vessel, nude by Messrs. Maude-lay, Sou and field, is quite rtutdv to hi pig on imurd. There are two engines, each having two cyltitders ot six feel diameter und seven leei btgtlt ot stroke 'ihe paddle wheels are 34 leet in ter and 13 vvide; ihe shafts which curry litem are of wrought iron, each nearly 30 leet long, and 1 loot 10 inches in diameter in the middle. We bcl.eve ihey ate the largest shahs which have ever been made for uuy purpose. The boilers are fuui in number, and so constructed that they may he worked separately or all together. The entire weight of the inachiuriy, including water in the boiler, is 600 tons The Keiribution is to be taken into dock and coppered, aud brought forward for commissioning immedi ately. title will be cotmnundtd by a post t upturn. Thk Pope's Circular in England ?This last bull appears in neurty nil the English papers. The Loudon Times ot the 27ih ult. lias lite Inllowmg ; 't he burden ot Mr Lever'* ponulur song, "4lie Pope he leads u happy tile," is certainly not true of tho present | Penult". Gregory lite Sixteenth's lines are castiu any but pleasant places Hi* troubles rival those ot thu Grand l'urk. The Jew* of Ancotta lately roused his ire and pro voked their own piosecutious; next, thu wretched mia government of the Legation* distuibed the tranquillity ol Jdonstgnore .Mauri Lupeilerj; and now, Ins revtrence, in lull ores* and crook in hand, has taken trig til at a less mundane canseof alarm than industrious Jews or discon tented subject*. What'* that 1 Tha old cause?the cause that struck terror nun the heuit of Piu* V, that made Leo i'll " shake in Ins shoes,n and that provoked the bile ol Put* VIII?the cause against which General Council* legislated, und the whole Romish piiesthood is con ledvrated?simply the Bible. Nothing more The most timid of hisiiiialnble predecessor* were not more alarmed at the circulation of the bible thou is the infallible Giego ry XVI, though some of them have, it is certain, bitit more rational and cautiiaus in giving expressions to then f<ight. The lVpe has ticuounced the circulation of th? Bible in tutnis more absurd und tviekrd than those of llr Slop's curse. So at least we learn from a " Circular Let ter Irotn his Holiness tho Pope to all Patiiurchs, Priuiates Archhi-hops, and 'iishops," a ducuntuitl equally di,liu gtu-hed lor ii.ane verbosity Of style ami anti-Chruiiaiiuiij in object; which is as lengthy and illogical a* ii is iniqui Cunt; und is only more discreditable to his intaiiibilny 'a theology than it is to his secular learning. Thu exertions of the American Christian League against Romuitism in it* stronghold, Italy, aim, we aretoid,ut propagating ? an insane todiritrreuce to all r? ligion " It is, indeed, Lgniust these exertions that the paper pellets ol (he Vatican are now chitlly directed, and alter a lashicn worthy of Romanist learning. Listen :? " 'phis society strains evt ry Let ?v to introduce among! them, hy nit an* of individual* collected trom ull parts, cortupt and vulgar Bihtes. und to scatter them secretly amongst thu laitlilul. At the same time their intention is to di*scmii>n<*t worse hooks still, or tracts designed la tvith'Ttw Irunt the min ts of their readtrs oil leapt ot lot tho Church and the Holy fc>ee." " Worse boo'**" than lite Bible! Ao, then Ihe Bible,it the lungusgu ul the eo.mtry in which it is circulated, is" hy a '.oilmu decree ot Gregory XVI , pronounced to he o had book ! And because its circulation is field to be de structive of "all re?p<-ct lor the Church and the Holy dee," the decrees "delivered in former time* hy apostolic authority tigsiitst Ihe publication, distribution, res ling, Slid Iiosaissinii of book* ui the Iluly Sciiptttru translate, into tha vn'.gur tongue"?mark thee is no limitation as to wl.nt ttuusl tiiuc. Accordingly thu bit hup* are dtrtcUt sud eojitint d "'loremovo trom the hands of the laithful alike tie Dibit's in the vulgar tosgtie which may Itavehuen piintci contrary lo'heducreis above-mentioned of the Movereigu Pontiffs, and evety book proscribed and condemned, *n . to see that they h am through jenr admoi.ition and au ihority. what pasturages an sulutaiy a:tJ whaipoinictou ?ltd ntorlsl." BiWe ' pasturage" he dig of course, "pernicious und mot ?al " The frontier of Italy?"up-cially those whtnci travellers enter;"have lohewatcbtd hy the episcopal don ittieis to prevent an illvgal importation ol Bitdes. Ann with aconicii list.ess that spiritual nileivention is at hen iui ff cttt 4 to stuv tho dowi.lall of Roam, the intetlerenri of the fecit 11.r and persecuting hand ot the Italian ITiuci' is thus era'oly solicited What a deep sigh for the Inquisition is thtre here! Such ?ie Humanist Chi> , tolerance, ami logic in 'he 1 Otti cuniuiy I Nevertheless ihere are. men in Kiigluiul -churchmen loo,who are ready to fall ilown and worthy Ytor.signurc Mauri Capellari u* an lulallihiliiy ! Punch to Pekl?Dear Sir Robert: I trust this letter will come safely to although 1 send 11 through the post! If so, imagine that 1 embraci you! You hive delighted me by your conduct townrdi the Commons. You have behaved exactly us n Minister ought to have behaved towards folks win call themselves I lie representatives nf the people, and who, when they so denominate themselves, tnfliot the cruellest insult on the elective body (representatives ol the people! Why, some of them are no other than the t ightlul rri rrsentatives o| thi Indian jugglers, who turn themselves inside out, who now crawl like snttkes, and now climb hk? monkeys! Foolish people have taken it in high dudgeon that you should have made the Commons eat their own words?that you should have shown n deliberate .lssembly to be so many toy wind-mill*?that yon should have compiled the wisdom of Parliament? venerable and dispassionate sage !?to appear no better than a clown in a pantomime, who, despite ol himself, throwsf urnmersets ut the wand of the Harlequin. Sir Itohert, you have not insulted Parliament. Ortai.ily not; when you threatened to throw tip oilier unless the Commons threw up their small re maining sense of consistency?you knew your men. Flnellen menaced, and Pistol ate the leek ' You have your majority last, Sir Robert. You have now rendered tnern blush proof, und, there fore, I charge you, spare them not. Hold their no sea to the grind-stone, that they may leel the bene fit of turning. Let them again and again stand tarred and feathered by their votes-let them, one and all. look Irom the pillory of the Division Lists, whilst nonest chimney-sweepers, odorous seavi n gers, and high minded costermongers, stop their nostrils at them. Come we now to the four culprits?would that we had some felonious, Newga'e type to enshrine their names in?who voted " aye"' anil " no" on the two questions?senatorial 'YVmru/us? social " monsters with two voices!" Wl I.I.I AM UACJCK, I CHAUT.K9 OOKINO, SIII II. DOUGLAS, | CHKISTOHIKR Tt KNER Sweet smelling names! Fragrant as frank intense ?more graceful than myrrh! I et every turnstile, every weather-vsne, known to their constituents, he carved nrid painted with, a Utigge? a Douglas? a Goring?and, fitting cognomen, a Turner ! Lei all toy warehouse* make the must of the illustrious four; and, whereas figures of capacious Dutchmen that tumble on all sides, yet afterward* right ihemetlve* on tlieii centre, Inve, heretofore, heen sold to little hoys and girls?henceforth, let Maggcs and Douglasses, Goring* and Turners, take the places of the tumbling Hollanders, proving to the ingenuous British youth that, for going on all sides, and finally keeping their seats, 'here is no toy tumbler of clay or lead like your living M P. However, tlenr Sir Robert, the conduct of your majority (affirmative and negative) puts you in this dilemma. How ran you. henceforth, summon any man to the bar of your house for contempt o| Parliament'? Surely, the conduct of the majority goes to legalize the emotion; for, deprive the pub lic of its contempt, and in the name of all the wea thercocks, what other feeling can remain In it1 In the mean time. Peel, work your double voiced vassals, and believe tne, Ever vonr friend and councillor, Punch. M. Geoffrey Saint Hilaire, whose reputation Stosd so high in the scientific world, lias just ex pired at the age of seventy two, after a long illness. Mr. Campbel], the poet, his left, it is said, a M?n in an unfortunate stale of intellect The whole ol hi* penaion of two hundred pounds, which the po? i received, was genrroq-ly given to his sitters In several years Ireland. Thk Rkpkai. Agitatij.h ? At the weekly meeting of the Repeal Association, on Mon day week, Mr. J. H. Talbot, late M. P lor New IRom, presided. The Rev. Mr. Shee hari, of Waterford, reiui an address to Mr. O'Cou nell front (he Roman Catholic Bishop and clugy of the diocece ut VVuterfntd and Lien,ore, moo bunded Jtl<)7 as their subscription, for whicn a vcie of thanks w. b o' course given them Ikish Hun a i. Association ?At the umul week ly meeting ui thin body, on the 24ih u t., J H. T?,? hot. Lsq . I,tie M P. u?r N< w linn, occupied the ?hair. The Rev Dr. Hsariic, one ?( a deputation from Mnnch. so r, addre-sed il.e n.e eiirg, and lunrf < d in u conn ibu u.n id ?'-?6, i mi'M eu:i usiushc cheering There were various rie|ut. t'oir ireni other parts of ttie country, and numerous addre.-'eu were read. The rest of .he busu ess was almost entirely confined to the receipt of no ney. Mr. iJ. O'Conoell, jun., was haiipy 10 report that ill tt o traversers were in i xcehent heatih and Fpirits, and in paiticular that Mr. O'Connell whs never fitter, and never enjoyed greater animation, the impri*on rnent agreeingpertectly with his constitution The amount of the iiepeafrent tor the week war an nounced, amid deafening cheers, to be ?3,178 11a. Id The Dublin Evening Post remark*, that there hr.s been held four meetings ot this association sit ce Mi. O'Connell's imprisonment, and the following are the weekly re i urns of the amount if Repent Subscriptions:? June 3 - - - - ?2fi00 HI .... S.KJO 17 .... 3,389 Th?*Fr are the sterling evidences of the extinction uf re(< agitation hy mate pro.-ecutious. The usual weekly meeting of llua body was held on the 1st July, and was very fully attended. On ihe motion ol Mr. W. .K. O'Brien, the choir was taken hy Nicholas Maher. Esq. The meeting win iisitiiguished by Mr. O'Neill D.ttin' announcing that the Corporation of the City of Dublin find fix ?d upon Daniel O'Connell, Esq., us l.oid Mayor ?lect. The announcement was received w ith deni zing cheers, which w? re again and again rein \\ ?d It was stated that the " Martyrs" were in ex jellent health and spirits. The collection of the tent w as proceeding during the whole of the no et ng, nnd before its close, was announced to be i!21-r2 Is. Id. France The most interesting portion of the intelligence received from Fran e since our last publication re lates to the affairs of Algierin and Morocco. 1 ho Emperor of Morocco, on receiving the report of the defeat sustained hy his troops, disavowed ihe conduct of their commander. It appems thut ano ther trick was made by the Moroccain army in a nioet treacherous manner, whilst El Cuennaoini, the son of the Emperor, was engaged in negidat ing with General Bideuu, at u spot about three quarters of a league from the French camp on ilio Oued Mouilah. The attack was made by the fan atic and undisciplined aoldtete, without ill- knov. ledge of their chief. The conference, was of course, abruptly interrupted, and the Frencn. being taken by surprise, at first n fired in good order; they h> w ever rpeedily resented the onset, and inflicted a terrible vengeance on the enemy. More tl.nn hOO lay dead or. the field of halt'e, not including those carried away by the defeated ; on the side ol tie victors, 30 nieii were wounded nnd six killed ; a* niong the latter a young officer ol great promise, son of General Rovigo. This nfl ir will not, it is supposed, cause much futher difficulties, as it was the spoutdueous act of au undisciplined army, without the rnnctisn cf their leadt r. Before the negoliatiun was inter rupted, the French Generals demanded that, for the futur-, Morocco should be fotbidden to Abd. el-Kuder, who was to he immediately sent out of the empire. They demanded, in addition, that ihc left bank of the Tafne should he lienceforwaid re cognized as belonging to France. On the lirst point they obtained complete satisfaction and on the oilier it was agreed, alter long discussion to re fer the matter tc the- decision ol the diplomatic bidy. Aceariling to advices from Algeria of the 2U'li, Abd el Kader had re-entered thut letriinry hi the tie id of 1500 horsemen, anil executed a razzia in ili?* country of the Borgias. The Entir was said to have lieen appointed Knli fa of the eastern provinces of Morocco, anil to be accompanied hy s vera! regimenta of the imperial black cavalry. The holy war had been preached it. Algctia us far as Mecliah. Spain. Much interest lies been excited at Madrid by a conference of Ministers at Barcelona, reajiet ing which siarculatton is rife. Tlie proposal oI Don Purhs, and the dissolution of the Cortes, are u? s'tfned as likely to lie prominent topics. Rumors are plentiful enotieh ol vaiiour eonspi 'actes being in course ot concoction, but nore of 'hem, with the exception ol h trilling p'ot ht Se ville, appear baoed on anything like probability. The lour Minister* who remained u'- alt' r the departure of the Court, have act oil for B .? co lons. We are in poaaessiou of ?ccounte from Madrid of ih- 24'h ultimo. The Minister o( Fun nee nnd the stale cnditor* had come to an unih-rnan beg respecting the price at w hich the New Tin, <t s< r Cent flock should be issued. Tin- iau?-r. it ap pears, had consented to accept it at 3o, Hnd uitret d to deliver up the bills, coupons, and utiler s? cumu a which they had received us guarantees from the government. The necessary funds fnr the payments of the dividends due at the end of June, at Paris and London, have been rem-ited to Paris. And ihe llair between the Minister of Finaic" ami the Contratistaa having been decid? dly ancnged, the lecree for the annulment of nil the contracts has tieen forwarded to Batcelona, to receive the royal s/nrtton The Count rjr Trap,mi was expected at that city, ind it was believed that the marriage qui stion w as decided in his favor. The Queen's health was in in unsatisfactory state, with no symptoms of an endment. The Queen has conferred the Grand Ores" of Chat lea III , on Kanta Anna, President of the Re public of Mexico. Portnffal. The Queen, whilst the Cortes is suspended, has signed n decree, defining to which ot the colonial ports British ships shall have access under the treaty ? d IK 12, what importations are entirely prohibited, and what must he exclusively in Portuguese bo - toms. The most frightful depression prevails in the w ins interests of Oporto and Madertu, and good wine is unsaleable at ?!i per pipe. Armenia, in its inuoicipnlelections, has declared constitutionally against the government. The re ceipts for the past month, at t{ie Lisbon Hnd Oporto custom?, amounted to merely 423 contos. Italy, The Gazette d* Aupubw g of the 2*>?h ultimo says, that the Papal Government has addressed h note to the cabinets of London, Paris, and Vienna, con tradicting the assertion that the lute troubles in Ihe lega'ir.ns were caused by a viciom system cf ad ministration. Turkey According to the tenor of despatches received front head quarters by the government, t tictcas lias so far crowned the arm* of the I'ortc, that the in surrection in Albania may be rrgarded ns at an end. 1 he main body of the army was at l 'cktip. I'he Sandjaks of I'irczin and Preatirin were occu pied The cliief of the ri bels. Meesili Bey,% ho liad forcibly taken |w? r'ion of Vrania, at the head of * lurqe body of men, fled cn the iippronth of the Ottoninn forces, without waiting for an aita* k.? The other leaders, as well aa the inhabitants cf Kalkandrllcn, had tendered their submission.? Everywhere the uppeararice of the troopa was hail ed wiili joy, ntid nil show of opposition has ce h sod. The Sultan returned toCanetantinnple on the* 11th, md was received with great enthusiasm. lltiry 'hing ap,-ears to he realty settled ill Albania Willi ilie exception of Mfpih Jlev, and n few oilier*, all the chiefs of the late, insurrection have be?u takiu and brought to Constantinople. The Turkish fleet, under the command ol the Oupudan Pacha, wai at Mytelene, and to set out tor Syria inniu di i'i ly. Advices from Constantinople slate that intelli gence had been let rived from Albania on the 17th ultimo, stairig that the insurgents had submitted to the arms of ihc Sultan, with the exception of a few who were likely to hold out, in ihc hope that terms might he thus secured which would grant to them etlve* and their adherents a tree pardon. Russia ami Turkey. 'T he Hamburg pajier* state thai letters from the principaliiies on the Danube have been received In Hamburg, alleging that extraordinary sensaonn had been cause.1 in the higher circleshy ihe intelligence -aid to hi'\* been received from St Peter bu<g, that endeavors are making on the part of Hunt a to unite S? rvta, Wallachia, and Moldavia, with the adjacent TuiKisIi province*, into a kingdom, mid-r the supremacy of Turkey ?nd the protection of Russia. 7 he report add* that the Duke of Leuchtenb?rg is destined to he the sovereign of this new king

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