Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 22, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 22, 1844 Page 2
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NEW \ORK HERALD. Maw York, Monday, July 33, 1M4. Illustbatkd limited num ber of copies of the two last illustrated Weekly Her mid* can yet be obtained The engravings illustrative of the riots in Philadelphia and Illinois are univer sally adm tied to be the most graphic and elegant ?pecitnen* of art ever produced in this country. T he narrative of three melancholy occurrences is also from its lullneae and accuracy worthy of last ing preservation by all who desire to procure a true and complete histoiy ol these remarkable occur rences of the day. Revival of Business and (Everything Else? Prospects of the Country. Every person must admit that the country, in all the elements of prosperity, intelligence, and mo rals, notwithstanding an occasional outbreak, is going faster forward than ever it did at any former period of its history. Prosperity seems to be fall in* upon the land, like the due of heaven, sileml , and perceptible only at slated periods by the general resul'a Trade is increasing?manufactures are increasing?the crops are increasing, every year increasing. Travel is increasing. The revenue ot the railroads is increasing. And fortunately the sxciteinent of politics?fanaticism in religion? and extravagance ol opinion on all subjects are de ceasing, and separating their isolated movements troin th? |{. neral common tense movement ol the country. In finance?in religion?in politics?in liter uuie? . , , . ... . , -'-wst eyerv department of human life, from high to low, the same s<? progress may be observed. Wo could refer to a i umher of general ftcts in ' proof of the accuracy of this view of the great and growing prosperity of the country, but we may as well confine ourselves to one of which we can speak with a degree of certainty, beyond any other, and that is the remarkable progress during the last few years?and we may say the last frw months?of the New York Herald estahhshinei t. When intelligent, induatiious, and business news papers are successful, they furnish one of the best possible pieces ol evidence in favor of the general prosperous movements ot the country at large. Now we are happy to say that the New York !-erald at this m ment, has a circulation and a business prob ibly one-fourth greater than at any period ol in most prosperous career heretofore,and is going ahead wuh a momentum equal to the general momentum ol the country at large. The aggregate circulation at present is far beyond what it ever has been betore, and now reaches nearly 3b,UOU copies. Hie cash receipts of last week, by cash book, were over $i,500, making, if every week were sirnil r, ueurly $130,000 per anuuin. We pav to our papei Oiaker alone a sum varying from $700 to $1000 week, according to circumstances We employ, bv the publication of the paper, probably more than two hundred persons, here and elsewhere. In short, in the midst of a Presidential election?in the midst of religious, financial, and other excite men's?ia the face ot an opposition of the whoh press, and of all those who arrogate to themselves the position of leading elements in society, the New York Herald is going faster ahead in alii its business operations, and in its healthy tone, ai d moral influence, than ever any paper did in this country, or in any other country in the world. These facts are given, as forming merely a smull part of the evidence, showing the general progre.-s of the country. We have, from the commence m-nt, in spite of the lies and falsehoods ctrculatid against us, advocaied the highest principles in moralsj politics, ethics, religion, and every depart ment of human life. No doubt, errors have beeu committed, for, wherever there is humanity, ther will be error ; but we believe that we have, done more good in the brief period of our existence, by the inculcation of sound principles, and the expo sure and condemnation ot bad ones, than any other journal in existence. In politics we have always fearlessly maintained an independent stand, d scussing the measures which divide the two parties on the highest principles of philosophy, and treating the personal and venal vi uperalion of th< lower order of ihe journals, of both factions, with that contempt and severity which they merit. W. believe the position which we have assumed in the contest, now fitfully going on over the coun try between Clay and Polk, has been ol advantage to the management and morality of both side*. They are less jiersonal than they were six months sgo?less violent?less vituperative ; and one ol the most unprincipled, prescriptive, and vulgarly abusive ot them all, the Courier aud ?uquirtr, seems, at last, to have come to the serious disillu sion of the measures at issue in this contest, and to have abandoned, in some degree, its vitujieri - tion and scurrilous abuse. In relation to religion, and to the introduction ol religion into political controversy, we have follow ed the same cour*j, and adhered to the same gen eral principles, treating with propriety aud decorum every Christian sect, which may have its Inunda tion in eternal truth, but invariably setting our face against ths introduction of the clerical character into the political field; the mingling ol religion with the dirt ot this world. When Catholics have been unjustly assailed by Presbyterians, we have d> ? fended them; and when Pr>kt>y>eruns have been unjustly assailed by Catholics, we have defend ed them also. But uniformly, we have fallen upon boin, wnen they departed frotn that golden rule ot the author of the Christian faith?" Whatsoever ye would that men should do unto you, do ye even ?o unto them" In financial and commercial affaire, we have cai ried on a war againat ignorance, impudence, and I pretension, from the first inception of this journal, up to the present time?from 1835 to 1844?nearly ten years. In this contest we have met with the strongest opposition from the speculators, the bank ers, the blacklegs, and corrupt financiers of all kinds. But having planted ourselves oil the plii ciples ol honesty and common sense, we are happ '?say that theses is now smooth around us ?th, i the whola country has almost adopted the prin ciples of finance which we have announced an I defended, and that the currency is now in a better condition, and better understood by the people, ih>in it was before. These are some of thfc causes which have coi tributed to the success of this establishment, an I have placed it beyoud the reach of its foes, eiilo r high or low. We have been in the midst of financial, moral, political, Hnd religious revolution ever since we started. We have now passed llu most dangerous parts of that revolution, and begin to reap the fruits ot having advocated througmn adherence to right principles in every department ol human life. The recent riots in PhiUdelptn and Illinois, and trie excitement m this city, lu which the prelate of a certain church participated so largely and so foolishly, are but the remnants the expiring efforts of the troubled spirit of a day now passed for ever. These recent explosions wi only tend to give a new force aud momentum u the public mind in the right path ; aud also to givt to those journals which understand their position and the time, n greater circulation and a great, r influence than ever. With these few remarks, on our present positioi and prosperity, we proceed on our way rejoicint,. The prospect before us is a brilliant one, and n< - tbuig can prevent it from being realized to the fu lest ex ent by all who understand the "signs of th times." Mimtart?The Boston Greys return to this ci' on Wednesday, when they will be entertain* with an elegant dinner given by the Eighth Con - peny of National Guards of this city, at the limit ataie? Hotel. This entertainment was to hav> oesa given at Castle Garden, and the ladies wer. to have participated, but the Gieya are compelle. 10 leave lor Boston at five o'clock on Wedneads aneruoun." lirrxassTiNu Tvusa Movtcjisirrs.?The efferves cence of the Tyler camp eontinuea as brisk aa ever. Which party ia going to succeed, tha con aervativea or the deinocrata, itia impocaible to tell. Lu6t week the young deniocrata had a chance of being the master-spirits, and Mr. Derry, their leader, issued hia proclamation for a great ratifica tion meeting. But thev had to haul in, and have been swallowed up by some anaconda sort ol pro ceed, and the conservative*, under the name of E. G. Sucey ite Co., have issued their call lor a great mass meeting iu the Apollo Saloon to-morrow evening. Mr Melvin, who sigus the call with Mr. Stacey, is a clerk, in the employ of Geo. D. Strong, and Henry Suvdatn is a young democrat, and bro ther, we believe, of the Navy Agent. Stacey, him self, is a whig, and Melvin, a conservative. In ordxr, however, that the whole of this magni ficent ; flair may be properly managed, we under stand that private cards of invitation have been issued to the select faithful, to congregate ut seven o'clock, an hour belorr the meeting opens, so that 'all may be nicely arranged The faithful, thus in vited, are to enter by the back door Irom the en trance in Canal street, and Colonel Gruhain, Ktd wood Fisher, and others, will enter in this way, for il could hardly be imagiued thut they would find their way into any business except by ihr bark way. They will ai-sut in preparing every thing, so tbut the whole may go off'nice and comfortable Senator Tallmadge, the great father of the con servative party, now stopping at Howard's, in this city, making ready tor his departure to Wisconsin, where he will provide a city of refuge for the whole party after :he close of the Presidential ejection, wu, , v nresr nt on this occasion. No doubt, indeed, all has been done to -u. . <r.;r ceedly effective in invigorating the faith of the Cupiaiu in the certainty of his election?a vety chaiitable and affectionate purpose. But these are not all the arrangements made to secure the Custom House bread and butter and kitchen drippings. The conservauve leaders?cun ning little Isaacs?have drawn the meshes so com pletely around Governor Van Ness that he iB com pletely in their power?caught, caged, and tied up as nicely as Samson in the hands of the rascally Philistines. It appears that they have got old Mr. Bibb, of Kentucky, the new Secretary of the Trea sitry,?who is s.iid to be a defaulter to a consider able extent in some manner, and is ol course the sworn ally of the highly resectable undertakers ol the North American Trust Company and Commn* cial Bank?so completely on their side that he is determined to put a veto on every appointment lltnrfe iu the Cuetom IIvuoc whiok may bo ofiouotv (o the conservative party. Here is double and tri ple intriguing with a vengeance. What a sly, sa gacious, tunny, cunning set, these conservatives ire! It will appear that one must awake at an un seasonably early hour in the morning in ordertobe before them. But this is not all. In order to make the work tare?there's nothing like making :he work sure,is there, ye highly respectable doers-up of the North American Trust Co.,and Commercial Bankl Your ailly, inexperienced, young hands at the businessdo things by halves. But catch the old one's botching the business in that way. "Oh! no, I thank you" ? they don't do the work in that style. Like the gentleman in the " Savage and the Maiden," who "does the heavy tragedy," they can say, "When 1 does it, it is did!" Well, then, not satisfied with ensnaring the Governor, and tying him up, we learn that a whole bushel-basket of app ications has dis appeared from his private residence, and no trace whatever of its fate can be ascertained. How it went no one can tell. But we don't think there's any thing nt all wonderful in this. This is a species of legerdemain not at all new to some ot the con servative gentiy. Ingenious artists who can spirit away Trust Companies and Banks, so that not a trace can be seen of them, must find it a very triflu.g matter to make away with a bushel-basket of peii. lions. In other words, men who steal every thing they lay their hands on in a banking institu tion, don'i deserve any credit at all lor dexterity in carrying off a busliel-basket ot papers, " of no val ue," as the advertise ntenis say, " to any bedy but the owner." However, the basket is gone, and we bave only to advise the young democrats to go fo work and send in another bushel-basket as soon as possible. Altogether, this meeting will be exceedingly in-1 teresting. The question to be settled is shall Mr. Tyler resign, or not resign 1 If he resigns it will increase Mr Polk's chances, and vice vtrta. The influence, in either case, on the chances of Mr Clay, might possibly be discovered by some such agency as Dr. Lardner's gas-microscope. But still it will he a great meeting. Whigs, locufocos, loafers, and the usual agreeable variety of the pop ular elemeniswill be there, and we shall give a full and graphic account in next day's paper. General Cadwallader's Evidence ?We give this very interesting evidence in to day's paper. The General presents a most triumphant vindica tion ot his conduct. It is clear as noon-day that no alternative was left him but to fire on the mob. It was a crisis when either law and order, or a blood-thirs'y mob was to triumph. The firmners and sound judgment of General Cadwallader weie equal to the crisis, and he saved the city from all the horrors ot a lawless army of cut-throats and incendiaries. What earthly motive but that of true patriotism could have induced the General to fire 1 He is u citizen of Philadelphia?a native of Philadelphia connected in Philadelphia. Surely, he, of all men, was bound to do nothing that could tend to the injury of-that city. The fact is, the very ex istence of the city government depended on the action ol the General, and his action was just what the fearful emergency demanded. Not a single paper out of Philadelphia censures the Gen eral, except one, and ihat is a miserable print, without character or circulation. Whilst we arc spraking of this matter we may refer to a very mterestu.g extension of opinion respecting the present and altered condition of Pin ladelphia, made so long n?;o um the month of March last by u highly intelligent, thoughtful gentleman of this city, formerly a member of Congress. He had visit*d Philadelphia, and after walking ovt r the city for a day or two, he thus addressed one of his friends who resides there?*' The aspect 11 your city has changed more within the last fifteen years than that of any place 1 know?and it has al tered for the worse. When I first visited Phila delphia it did indeed look like a Quaker city? it was peaceful, orderly and respectable. But now it looks like a ragged, drunken loafVr who hasn't m< ney, hut means to it somehow, in order to gat a glass ot rum. Your corrupt banking system and your immoral politicians have ruined you!" And he was right. O'Connell in Prison.?We give in another part of ihis paper a very amusing and graphic descrip tion from the l>uUtn H arder of O'Connell in the Richmond Penitentiary. The Irish repeal paper* are lull of pathetic appeals about the " horrors tf the dungeon"?"the sufferings of the repeal mar tyrs"?"the noisome and loathsome recesses of a prison." But from this account we are inclined to believe that a great many would be found wili ing to share in the " horrors" of this captivity, and divide with Dan and his lellow suflerers, the glory ol martyrdom hi being com|telled daily to swallow ill the delicacies of the season. Firkman's Visit.?The Hope Hose Company o Philadelphia will arrive in ihis city this altemoci it one o'clock, us ihe guests of Hope Engim 11. A large procession will escort them throug) he principal hireelaot the city to the Tivoli Salooi io dinner, and they will also visit one of our Thea trvs in the evening. The Hope Hose Company c Philadelphia stands A. No. 1, among the comma I uity, as well as the Insurance companies. Anotfcar Brutal Murder of a Mather and her Child at Ilobohen?Death of the Child and ??cape of the Murderer. W e are again compelled to record the particulars of a most terrible and brutal murder, committed up on the body of a woman named Danielaon, the wife of David Daaieleon, residing near New Durham, within a lew inilea of Hobokrn. For the particu lars of this brutal affair, we are much indebted to Constable Abraham Ludlow, of Hoboken It sp ears that Mrs. Danielaon crossed the Hoboken fer ry, at the foot ol Barclay street, at about 10 o'clock on Saturday evening, ufter having finished her day's salts in the markets in this city. Anoz team with wagon, was in waiting, on the Hoboken side to convey her home, and on reaching the ferry she took a sent in the wagon, nnd ordered the driver, a colored boy named Pompey, to stop at the Tavern and Grocery of John White, about half a mile from the feny, to procure some groceries. While there, she was accosted by a young man named John Gray, u labor er, who has resided in Hoboken for several years, and who was in company with several men of his acquaintance. The usual salutations of the evening passed. Mrs. Danielsou procured her gr<> cvries, and ordered the team to start for home, when a man named Jacob Tice also jumped into the wagon as u passenger. The team proceeded on the route about a quarter of a mite from Hobo k< n, when suddenly Mrs. Danielaon, who was sit ting upon the seat of the wagon, was seized by some (lerson on the outside, and pulled outwards with great force, but from her resistance, the fnght ol the colored boy Pompey and Tice, together with lite extra speed of the oxen, she wos forced between the two wheels of the wagon, and the alter one paravU .... kndy, rtrruking lid, | and leaving her in a lifeless condition. The wre'eh who had committed this dasiarulv acl, wan .ecu in his attempt to escape, and recognized by those in the wagon as the man John Gray, who had met the party at White's grocery. Mrs. Danielson being enciente, and near her time of confinement, was immediately found to be in a most dangerous con dition, and physicians were called in to attend her They were compelled to resort to an immediate surgical operation to remove the infant, which was effected alter gteat misery on the part of the dying woman. She was in the last struggles of death at the latest period of which we have any information. The brutality of this act must be attributed alone to scusual passion on the put of Gray, who, it appears, was acquaint ed with the unfortunate woman. The police of Unbnli.'n weru immediately ordered in search of Gray; and during yesterday, constable Lud low perceived him in the act of crossing the marsh from Hoboken, near ihe spot where Mar tens was murdered on Friday of week before last. He gave immediate chase, but Gray was the moei nimble footed, and made his escape across the mountain, since which time he has not been seen. He is represented as a man of middling size, stout built, with light brown hair,curling above theear^, and is between 22 and 23 years of age. A suitable reward is offered for his arrest, which it is hoped will call out the energies of the New York polici, as well as ihat of Hoboken. Corporation Reform ?Both Boards of tii Common Council meet this evening, and we trust, for the purpose of completing some of the salutary measures of reform that have been so long de manded by the people, and so long talked about by aldermen and assistants. The street sweeping contract is about to become a law, and the ciy will be divided into six districts, to be given out to the lowest bidder, who also teceives the mamm as perquisites. This is all well enough, but no contract should be made for more than a year The doubt whether further power is vested in ti e Common Council?the necessity of amendmen ? and alterations, made evident by & year's practice on any new plan, are arguments sufficient on th t. point. It the plan succeeds for one year?if th streets are kept clean at less expense than the pr< sent, or even at the same, no future Commo.. Council will dare alter the ordinance, or dent a new contract to any man, whose work satie ties the voters of his district. The next m-vi important measure of municipal reform, is th construction of a work house, in which the pauper labor of the city can be employed with benefit to themselves and the community. The tax imposed upon our city in support of the poor is onerous in deed, and tbe erection of a work house with me chanical manufactories and agricultural depart ments, would reduce that expense m arly one halt It would reduce it by the absence of applicants foi admission, who would sooner work for thcmselve than the public, and the products of the labor of those supported, would nearly balance the expense The cost of such an undertaking, economically con srructed, is nothing, and ike location contemplate ?Randall's Island?is the very best within the h mits of the city. The property belongs to the Cor poration--the island is most healthily located, am every way calculated, by its natural position, ti meet the object in contemplation. The work hout should not be erected on Blackwell's Island?th stigma of a convict should not be branded upon mi unfortunate paui-er?and no maUerhow distinct th. work house may be from the Penitentiary, yet it i on the same island, accompanied with all tutaseoc aliens, and " going to Blackwell's island wort house,"or "going to the penitentary on Rlackwell'. island," would be considered almost synonimous We really trust that something will be accomplish ed at once, and thus the taxes of the city ma be reduced this year, or the foundation establish ed for an important prospective reduction. ? The sale of the lots at Bellevue Hospital, and th purchase, by the State, of the building for a Stat Hospital, a plan which has long been in contem plation, and for which a large sum of money hi. already been appropriated, will place in the publi treasury, to the ciedit of the city, stocks mor tha- the amountdssir'd for the erection ot a worl house on the laigest scale. Let us see Borne defi nite action at once. Both Boards will, in all probability, meet it joint ballot this evening, and we understand th L. D. Chapin, E&q., formerly a member of the Legislature, will be appointed Police Magistral* in the place of Justice Matsell, whose term ex piles next month. The present incumbent is a officer whose services have been faithful and * fl cient, and whose experier ce will be much miss* front the Police Department of our city. Cask of Perjury.?We perceived in an evening paper on Saturday, a notice of a case of perjury, ifiat we presume has been abstracted from papen in the office of the Distrct Attorney. The state ment was offered to us for a small sum of monej hut we refused to receive it, as ite authenticity w*. considered questionable, and we shall, therefore cause an investigation into the manner in whicl it was obtained for publication, and who supplie ihe items. We understand that it was also offer* - at other establishments, who also refused it. f-lO.NOR VaI.KNTINJ, THE ORIGINAL. " VaLRNTINI Vox."?All persons desirous of hearing a good per formauce ought to attend Signor V&lentiui's con certs this afternoon or evening They will hear th best ventriloquist of the age, and some beautiful and novel music, together with delightful songs by Miss K*ane, recently from Europe. These will b< the only opportunities afforded for hearing them at least for some time to come. Italian Opkua House.?One of the most nttrsr tive entertainments offered this season will 1>< given at Palmo's elegant theatre this evening, b\ Dr. Lardner. It will be p-reeived by the announce ment and programme in another columu that th entertainment will be varied and exceedingly int* resting. The collection of philosophical apparatu exhibited on this occasion has never been equalle* on this side of the Atlantic?and a number of th. experiments and illustrations will be of a nov< and highly attractive character. Rafid Prooem of Holiness?As wh confi dently expend, from the religious fervor of the godly of sundry denominations, from the services being "tree gratis," and various other causes, which it is not requisite to specify, the pressing invitations of the sundry servants of the Lord to the dark and benighted of this degenerate city, to attend divine worship, was responded to yesterday with laudable zeal, punctuality, and spirituality This is as it should be. The prophesies-those sealed books that have puzzled the erudite, con fused the historian, and left the profound chronolo gist at fault f, r ages-have been sifted, expounded, and made as clear to the comprehension of the at tentive hearers of yesterday as?if not Croton wa ter-certainly as clear as they ever will be in this world of doubt and degeneracy. The question re lative to the present location of the ten tribes is not yet finally settled; but we understand that the search is to be kept up until the accomplishment of this "consummation so devoutly to be wished." From ihe tenor of the disccurses qn the "Second Advent," it is clear that that event is to be?that is, ihould be?daily looked for, butaa to the precise one exactly knoweth?no, not even Miller, the Prophet. Verily the spirit of devotion is contagions, and none but the reprobate will deny the sympathy which prevails throughout the wor-hipping throng, especially on an occasion of "religious excite ment" like that of yesterday. Our attendance on the Sabbath to hear the word was a most oalutaiy step. We heard learned and long sermons?a,w large nocks of the faithful?hut, contrary to our ex pectation, there was very little excitement. Th? hearers of the word, and of the stirring appeals to iheir enthusiasm, took it wondrous coolly?that is considering ihs heat of the day. From the larar tile"wesrera^d 'd'Vh e*hibi,ed-* ""re sign thai the wearers had their eyes open?it is to be fairly inferred that people went with the intention of ex ercising their percept,ve, rather than their othn faculties, and we are disposed to account forth apparent coldness and abstraction observable in iw. or three congregations of the friends of " Prophe cy and the Second Advent," by ascribing thee, manifestations to an enormous pic tor, al illustration ? 'be visions of Daniel, which were conspicuous lv displayed toihe mortal eyeaof those assemblies Now, as 11 is upon sacred record ihat Daniel him self, a man of mighty fai.h, felt, even when aslee, and wrapt in a vision, sorely tried at the apparitioi hLn |W?! !US i "'"ordinary shapes of te> wheels P ?" hor-?. wheels withi. ' ean " 8urP"?e any one that dera i?.rM,ntat,OD ?uf a" thrbe visionary won ders, should impress wuh awe an assembly in thes A few nf'th"' "nd t,,at,of Pe?P'e wide awake too T * d in auditors conve rSeet ni ,k ' and- co"?"buted largely to th by watch 5o Jn one or twn "??'ances. oy watching for the strong points, and good hits of he preacher, and responding with a proper n od lation of voice, " A.nen." ft is satisfactory lo b able to atate that in every case their audible exclh wh W"h much animatioi.

which we have no doubt was encouraging to th> speaker, and an inducement to him to study t, The F.eirfarp*' byu,Blkl"? Weably to them. The Field Preaching, corner of Greenwich fllr Th Avenue,was an "out and out" tai fair The preacher was the New York Ladiei-' Home Missionary. Under the auspices of th ^ 'he sexes, we are most sariguin as to the gracious results tnat will attend this niic l8neh tr?"b, the world does not seem toprogres ? uch in grace whilst men have the managemeni They have rr.ed it tor eighteen hundred yefrs.ln wi h?Sl&da? ?1 nlan is Vet in the earth ' We hail the interposition of the ladies as moat pr< - pitious for the salvation of the world. If tflen be nothing too strong lor the eye of faith in thei alleged intimate connection with the first lapse < ? humanity, neither is there in the belief oTSLi &Tny0Betltr,ghlttgain- Success tothe ^ . Th. service in the Norwegian language, al though in a tongue unknown to us, was, being spi Hiwln d'scelirn''d. fuIJy 'qua! to those of' the othei i. M o wborn we have spoken. The music in St. Mathew s Church was of high merit Wr hope it was not profane, to think of Ole Bull th Norwegian, whilatin church; we could not hel associating his divine strains, with the melodiou part of ihe divine sewnce in his mother tongue. From all we witnessed yesierday-from the e. forts now making to purify our sphere- from th indications surrounding us, that men Hre in gel earnest about their salvat,on-we Lave come . he conclusion that the end is nigh at hand th , he number of the elect will be considerably more than a commonly believed, and that the suresi way to be one of the number is to attend less i what the clergy do than what they say, and to l> careful about receiving more of that man is coi Mstent | w'lh l the enlightened doctrines of th, Herald ?the reading of which we enjoin urio !heatoarSart ?f thCtr dU,y" Brethr,,n' fccvive y! Floods in the WMT.-The destruction of prr perty by these floods hns been quite appalling. Th< havoc produced by the memorable fire of 1836 in this city, wqs nothing to that which has beei wrought by these terrible floods, which have swepi the great valley of the Mississippi with ruin an, destruction. Shouljf not something be done in th way of affording relief to the sufferers. Only thini of one fine firm of two thousand acres being inun dated and left covered with sand, utter'y ruined. And this is but one solnary instance of the destruc ion produced by these floods. After the great fin here subscriptions were got up with great alacrm for the relief of ihe sufferers, and many noble in I 9ta"?':8 of m"n|ficence in ihe work of charity wen | exhibited. Who #ill move in this matter! Ln New ^ ork set the noble example. City Guard Festival -A grand flu in hon,? of the visit of the New England Guard of Bosto, to this city will be given by the former at NibloV "I L n .? AU,?U",? Af'" th* l'??ormance , splendid Ball is to take place in the grand saloon Preparations on an exteusive scale of grandeur ar, in contemplation for the occasion, and no doub there will be e handsome display of beauty and gallantry on the occasion. As we shall have som, of our curpt present, we expect to be able to repot: progr? ss. r Rowdyism.?The spirit of rowdyism and rio1 was never at such a fever heighth as at present in this city. Gangs of soap-locks and rowdies com bine, night after night, and enter places of publw resort, and even private houses, wiih impunity, am' demand liquor and money, and destroy property il refused. The watch department was never 60 inet Hcient, and unless some definite action ia boo: taken by our Common Council, the city will b< over run wiih midnight prowlers, against whon, each man will be compelled to arm himself in self defence. Thb Fashionable Watkrin? Places.?Accord ing to all accounts the fashionable watering place are very full at present. Sarutoga is quite crowded. They are arriving and departing therein multitudii ?very day. Newport also is very gay and lively. Schooley's Mountain is greatly patronized All thr places in this immediate vicinity are prosperous One of the funniest descriptions of the amusement at those places is that in a letter in one of the Phi delphia papers, from Point Pleasant, Squam Beach, N. J. Here it is: Tbi- bathing la not *o pleasant to many at that at Capi Island, the ahore being mote bold hare, anil the *url much stronger, with the disadvantage ot a toft beach. To those howaver, who have courage, and who like aea bathin; Squam ia prelarahla to the Cape. We have some iaditi tu-re who are extremely fun i of the water, and a few ar. excellent diving iiellri, and who carry their love for it h i hazardous extent; they not only dive, avrna, etc, hu' initially (two or three ) remain under the water foi several moment* at a timed It ia amuting, no douht. but it ia dangeieu*. No later than yeaterday, a beautiltil girl one el the abeve mentioned bellea, waa amuaing heitr) by diving to the bottom and taking then from baiuUftilio' gravel, ?an-l, etc. On one oocaaiun. endeavoring to ris 'o the surface, a heavy ae.a broke immediately upon het anil her companion), throwing them down again witl. great violence ; untl aueh waa the force of the water, tha' it tore the hatbiugssap Irom off the head of one of them and otherwiaa injured the dreaa, brttiaing the 1 din severely, and washing off a atraw hat, etc , belonging tt mother, giving a *ainf hath to other*, not prepared for it whil*t tin: re action of the water or undertow would hav< i wept two ol the ladies out to aea, hnt for the timely a* ?istatice of one of the gentlemen, who, with great rn aence of mind, seized hold ol them with one hand, whil*' with the other, he held on to a ropn made fast to an an chor, which was fortunately on the beach and with ti t greatest difficulty succeeded in drawing them out nfdat ger. The *-->i-ea* *o heavy that one of the best hat hen here saw it euning in, and he thought It prudent to rut out, which he did in a short space of time; he, however injured himself tvhiut running. I believe. Amusements. Niblo's.?To-night the splendid ballet of th Revolt ol the Harem, and thehumoroua burlesque entitle the Revolt of the Poor House. In the latter. Mitchell wi convulse the, audlenee with laughter by .his lulmitabl acting. United State*. Mrxroo and Texas.?Tbrae let-1 tera, which have passed betwei it Mr. Green, our ] CKurgt d'AJfaireu in Mexico, and J. M. Bocane gra, Minister of Foreign Allaire lor the govern ment of Mexico, have appeared in the Liiatio del ] Ghbiemo, of Mexico. In the firat of these, from Mr. Green to the latter gentleman, of the date of May 24, 1844, after the usual diplomatic compliments, he states that he is | desired to inform the government of Mexico " that | there has been signed a treaty for the annexation of Texas to the United States t>v the plenipotentia ries of both govern meats; and that the said treaty would be immediately submitted o the Senate fur < its approbation." He proceeds to say, "that the! government of the United States had found itself forced to make thts s'ep in its own proper defence, on account of ihe policy adopted by Great Britain relative to the abolition of slavery in Texas, and it that object were consummated, it would conduce to a state of affairs extremely dangerous to the ad jacent States, and to the Federal Union. That the President of the United States would duly appreci ate the concurrence of Mexico in thts step, for, aside from its respect for Mexico, nnd its lively de sire that both countries may continue their friend ly relations, he could not consent that a mea sure which he believes can involve the security ol the Union, should depend on the contingency of previously obtaining the consent of Mexico " Afiera few other c rnplim-ms, in which he says that this treaty shall be as unobjectionable as pos sible to Mexico, he closes the letter. In answer to the foregoing, dated the 30th of May following, after acknowledging its receipt, Vlr. Bocanegra says, it is certainly wonderful that in enlightened government, ruled bv principles so liberal, and so cemented by the well known uni rule, to receive nothing but whntis right, to guard and respect in all events, and by all means the imprescripitbU rights of man, aud of societies of men, th<>ulo proceed to approve, sign and trans mit to the Senate, a treaiy which undoubtedly and notoriously despoila Mexico of a department which in propriety and in legal possession belongs to it, and has always belonged to it according to the clearest, most distinct, repeated, and very ancient protests made by the Government of this Republic, presented not only to the Government und Repub lic of the United States, but ulso before ail the na lions of the world, and asks, is the step made by the Government of the United 8tates of America, in conformity with these rules and principles ol reason, of true policy, and of justice The act, of itself alone, shows clearly that in practice, sight is Inst of those principles which have been the safe guards of governments and of men in their re lations, compacts, and generally in their actions. He will not undertake to point out to the United States the course they should pursue in their rela tions with Great Britain ; nor what policy might be advisable in respect to that nation; neither should we for one moment consider what advan tages or disadvantages would result to the United States by the differences or divisions noted and revealed by the press in a public and undeniable manner which exist in those s-Htes themselves re lative to slavery: the institution being defended in those in which it exists, and in those in which it does not, looked on with horror, and as the re mains of barbarous ages, proscribed by the philoso phy and superior intelligence of the present epoch Rut when to uphold this slavery, ana to prevent its disappearance from Texas and other points, it is determined on to cut of! fr.'.m Mexico an integral part ol her possession, as the only certain and effi cacious remedy to prevent that whicti Mr. Green calls a dangerous occurrence, should Mexico keep -ilence, and give assent to rhe actual policy oi the Executive of the United States, the contempt and censure of all nations should be its reward He says, if a series of events has retarded the re vindication of that territory (although the right to reclaim it has never ceased to be sustained,) it bv oo means gives a legal title to the insurgent colo nists. much lees to the new comers, to be cont-ider ed as its masters; let the reasons ad vuneed be what they may, it will be enough to confront them with the repeated aeeds and protest of Mexico to pre serve the plenitude of her rights. He then pro ceeds to argue the title of Mexico to Texas, am expresses his regret that from a combination of cir cumstances, foreign to her wish, her constant ac tion to ie-vtndtcate it had measurably slackened, and then protests in the moat solemn manner, against the acknowledgment which the United States have made of the independence of Texas, as an act of daring encroachment against her sovei eignty, (como de un acto atentatoria a tu eoberania) for in renlity this acknowlergment, accomplished so unluckily, denying ordespising the rules of diplo macy, and without any rrg-rd to right, cannot b. deemed national or reasonable, {bum eentido) but as the political apotheosis of usurpation. He next charges the government of this country with assisting the insurgents of Texas, as he terms them, for the purpose of accelerating this annexa tion. This very day, the note of the 25th May, whieh the unders'gnea is answeung, gives the most dis rinct, full and clear proof that the Mexican Repub lie, under every aspect, has been wounded in in rights and outraged in its honor and dignity. Far ther, that Mexico has neither renouucea, nor ought to renounce, and consequently does not renounce, nor in any manner ceae in totally or in part, its rights; that its firm and constant resolution has been, and is, to sustain the integrity and dignity of the nation ; that this time, so opportune for the re production of its proUste, he would offer them anew, one by one, but remarking especially on th< one under flute of the 25th August, 1843, in thes. words: "That the Government will consider the annexation of Texas to the territory of the Uniten States as a declaration of war against the Mexican Republic." This gentleman, after expressing the willingoeio of the Mexican Government to comply with anu readiness to fulfill all existing treaties be tween this country and Mexico, in conclusion says, he cannot do less than call the attention of Mr Green and his government to the satisfaction re quired not only on account of the annexation ar raigned by the treaty, but also for the outrage am' atrocious injury done to M- xico, to its dignity ant: its rights, by the signing of ihe said treaty; ano Mexico flatters herself with the hope that the Sen ate of an enlightened nation, free, and founded by rhe immortal Washington, will not consummat' constitutionally an act condemned by reason am justice. But, if unfortunately and against this hope, the treaty should be approved, Mexico, in an even so important, will consider herself in that pos tiot in which 6he must act, in conformity with the rigfp of nations and her protests. In reply of the date of May 31, Mr. Green say. he considers the foregoing note so indecorous, ant' the tenor of its contents so little wprtliy of his ofli :ive of e cial character as the representative of a powerful nation, whose generosity Mexico has more thai once ex|ierienced, thai it is unnecessary to mak* any reference to the injurious epithets of his Excel lency tbe Minister of Foreign Affairs He proceed: to deny that the government of the United Stabs, in his communication before alluded to, directly ot indirectly, that Mexico was the legitimate superiot of Texan, nor that it merited, as such, any expla nation or apology The independence of Texai having been acknowledged not only by the United flta'es, but also by the principal powers of th' world, the majority of which have eatablished d> plomattc relations with that territory, it must b? considered as an independent and sovereign power, competent to treat for itself, precisely as wasduiu by the Mexican uiunorities, who e power Texa: has resisted with t usd success for the period ol eight years: the Uu-ted flutes are under no obliga tion, therefore, to regard its previous relations with this country But, notwithstanding, the Govern ment of ihe United States has deemed itconveni ent to manifest to Mexico, in tbe most friendly and sincere manner, the motives for its conduct, be cons* it looked upon Mexico as worthy of thsi consideration, not as possessor of Texas, either di facto or de jure, but as a neighbor of Texas and ?>l the Uuiied flutes, sod as a member of the famil) of American Republics He expiesses liia surprise,that Mexico should agaii reiterate its unfounded protests against the condue which theGovelument of the United fltat s though proper to adopt regarding the Republic of Texas ami more especially, that it should direct these pro i est a to these same nation* as have acknowledged the iridejiemlencr of Texas, and have for a long time denied to Mexico auv rights in the matter The principle to whirh his Excellency assents,thai Mexico, with vain proteins on pai*r could preserve their rights to the territory of Texas, when the facts are notorious that Texas has declared nnd maintained her independence for so many year*, and that during all this time Mexico could not re conquer it, and, finally, that for that objects he hat discontinued .ill efforts, is truly new mid extraordi nary. With the same pretext Mexico might sh> that its empire is the world, and its subjects the dif ferent nations by which the world is peopled, and claim that its lights may be acknowledged. In conclusion this gentleman says that if Mexici should declare war. as she has threatened, she will herself be the aggressor, and alone responsible foi the evils which may follow. At the same time, the United flta-es will pursue the policy required hy their honor and interest, guided solely by what is thought to be due to themselves and other na tions ; and that Mexico nlone must be answersbh for all the evils which are its concomitants; tin censure must fall on those who provoked it Tkavkllino?Thk Watering! Peaces.?We m> drretfuiri that the iiumbiH ?>l strangers at Suratog i* full i.MK), RtKa the cry is "itlll they come." Mhar ?. tpiing* ii aluo well filled with company. The clllearx ?it it* water* in dally coming iwto higher repnto, whil< ha beauty of the acenery iiold* many n ftr.iugor, evei liter they have ceaaed to ho invalid*. Niagara ha* aim tieen far mom frequented than uaual. In all aection* ?' the country, the receipt* on the railway* ahow that th< travel he* been very heavy, and our watering plac e an the drat to teal the effect* ;uf theae movamauta.?Jilksn^ ?Argus. Presrntation or 8n.rn Pitcherr?'The clerk* in the office of J Sh? rumn Browuell, the aflsble au<I popular Register of our city, a few days since presented him with two masaive and elegant silver pitchera, manufactured by ex-Alderman Adams, of the Fifth Ward, and bearing the following inscrip tion :? TO J. SHERMAN BROWNELL, KHQ Rcuwtkb of rhk Citv amo Covwtv of Naw Yttt, Pmtnltd Ay the Clnke in hie Office, As u token of respect and esteem, Jult 4, 1044. The presentation was made at a breakfast to whiohthe Regis'er was invited, and iu the follow ing manner by Mr. Mortimer, one of the oldest clerks iu the office :? Mr Register?The pleasing duty devolves upon ms, on bshalf of my fellow clerks, of presenting yoa wiih s to ken of our friendship anil esteem; and to none ruier could such s memento be tendered whose heart is more deeply sensitive to the sufferings of the human family, and whose sympathy and assistance has ever been mora readily off-red in time of nsed. We have selected this day, and this particulsr period of the day, to make this presentation?this day, because it Is the birth day of a na tion of freemen, of which you as one bear the stamp ot God's noblest work?an honest man-filled with humani ty and kindness to ths whole human race. May this hum ble tribute descend to your children with the pleasing reflection that their sire received it for his urhauity, kind ness and forbearance; and may it ever stimulate them In their endeavors to rival you iu your good qualities With our most arden' wishes for your heal'b and prosperity, we tender our gift " lrotn the clerks of July. 18(4 " Mr. Mortimer, and Gentlemen ?I fsel myself wholly unable, under my present state of feeling ia proper lan guage to thank you for these tokens of your regard lor me, and also for the delicate m inner you have arranged the whole affair You have Indeed taken me by surprise; for a present so beautiful?and on tnis day, (mny it be for ever blessed in the annals of time), aud in a manner so un common; at a morning's repast; is at onoe so pure, so ? m ple, that it overwhaima me with an inexpressible feeling, that I never before expiessed Ucjulumen, ? This art of yours, no wholly unexpected, and not having hail the slightest idea of y our intention, has sunk deep in my heart and you must hear with motor allowing myself thus to he unmanned. When 1 was first placed in my present position as Register of this county, hy the votes of my fellow citi zens, I wss entirely and wholly unacquainted with the duties of the station. It is to you, gentlemen, I owe my thanks for so ahly assisting me in discharging the duties of my office, aided hy my able aud experienced triend W. H. Bunn. During the time that we have been together, I have endeavored to shew yon that the mere name of "Register," could make no distinction between us in eur associations, for you are associates that I am proud of ? When I took ray seat among you this morning at the breakfast table, it was a scene so entirely new for such purposes. I was at a loss to conjecture what ohlect you nad in view. Gentlemen, I am mora highly gratified with your present, because my term of olfiee is nearly expired, and having nothing to hope from me, it at once attests your sincerity, and makes your present doubly dear. To eoncluda, I shall look back with pride and pleasure to this moment, and when I do, (Jed (orhid I should ever forget the "Clerks of 4th July, 1841." The Trmperanck Cause in Statkn Island.?W# are happy to learn that the great wotk of temper ance reform ia prospering in Staten Island. A very respectable meeting of the friends of the cause was held yesterday in a beaut if ?! and shady nook, in the neighborhood of the Quarantine Ground. The chair was occupied by Theodore Frean, Esq., and the meeting was addressed in a very eloquent and forcible manner by Mr. E. D. Connery, of New York. Dr. J. A Houston al-o addressed the as semblage, and a considerable number of the audi ence signed the pledge. Important from Hayti.?Intelligence has been received from St. Domingo by the WHy of Key West, of the blacks taking possession of the island, and murderipg every white person except the Eng lish and American consuls. .The Mormons.?All was quiet in Nauvoo and Warsaw on the 10th inst. Emma, Joe Smith's wife, has had the box in which the dead body of Joe was carried from Carthage to Nauvoo, sawed into suitable strips for walking canes, and has d i tributed them to her lriends as mementos of the Prophet. Arrival.?Mr. Galderon de la Barca, the Span ish Minister, is in town, and stops at the Waverly House. City Intelligence. Policy Record.?July HI.?Riot, Rcwdtiim, ak> Burularv.?A most disgraceful soene occurred in Broad way on Saturday evening, that will, in all probabui y lerminaia with tne arre?t ol the parties, and nioat proba bly with their conviction and imprisonment. A Club room, occupied by a number ol gentlemen, was forcibly entered between the hour* ol 10 and 11 o'clock, after u>e bouse ha.) been closed for the night, and property valued at Ncveral huudied dollars destroyed Run earned away. 1'he uuthots of this outrage are well known; their aainea are in our possession, as also those who preceded the act by threatouing letters. An immediate teaoration #f the damage and return ol life property will aldfee pievent public exposure and criminal prosecution to the extent of the Jaw of the land that affords protection to alL ToMrxina Fellows' is thi Tombs.?A man bearing this cognomen was arrested yesterday by otticar Bui ley, on the charge of stealing $17 in money from poor Irish woman named Mary Q mm, wife ol James Hi.mii, ol 117 William street. She staled in >.er affidavit In fore Justice Matsell that Fellows canie into the room wheie she was asleep on Friday evening, end ottered some offensive lan guage to her, and also to a girl named Klieu Dury, who was in the house. In a lew minutes after wards he went out and returned. Alderman tiale, and some officers came into the house at the same time te arrest James Qtiinn, the husband for disorderly conduct, and she says, that Fellows then put one aim around aer, forced hia hand into ner bosom, blew out tha light nud abstracted a pocket book containing $17 from her bosom, when from fear and excitement, relative to theariestof her.husband,she fainted away. On reco vering she avowed her loss ot the pocket book, when Al derman Oale ordered a search about the floor, and two one dollar notes were found that had been loose in bar bosom when the pocket book was abstracted. He wax luily committed to answer the offence. Coroner's Kecoril?lui.r ill ?Drowned Bodies Ra covmsu.?The bodies oi Uoulrey McKea mid a lime girl named Caroline Smead, aged sev?n years, who w ra drowned on Tuesday last a small boat in tha Cast itiver, were rscoveicd, and an inquest held by the Coio uer. The body ol a man dreased in a light roundabout with ribbed pants, was louuU lit the Cast Kiver opposite Brook lyn Heights?no name and unknown. Commercial. Circular.?We have been favored witti a copy of tli* following circular, which is of tub rest to aoiue ot our commercial reader*. Circular Ivsrructions to Collsctors and Natal Ovulars?Treasury 1)i.msimksi, July Id, 1*44. - 1 na special attention ot tlie Department having recently been called to the subject of the duty imposed on the wines of Portugal aud its possessions, by the 6tl. sub division of tha dill section of the act, " to provide revenue rom impoits, etc.,"approved the 8t)th August, 184i, due consideration has accordingly been given to the matter, in connection with ih? stipulation*, ol the Treaty existing between Por tugal and the United States, liy the 3d article ol this Tieaty, concluded on the 36th day of August, 1340, it is mutually stipulated that "no higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into the kingdom and possessions of Portugal, of any article, the growth, pto luce or manufacture of the United States ot America ; and no higher or other duties shall he imposed ou the im portation into the United States of America, cf any arti cle, the growth, produce, or manufacture ol the Kingdom aud possessious of Portugal, than such as are, or -hull lie payable on the like article, being tha growth, pioduoe, or manufacture ol any other foreign country." Un examination ol the provisions ef the law before re fer, ed to, it is uiauila.-t that a higher duty is impost d up<m Doth tlie white aud red wines ol Portugal aud her poaane sions than is imposed upon ihe white and red wines of r ranee, Austria, Prussia and Wardima The law, therm lore, olearlv conflict with the treaty, aud <he latter being oi higher mid superior obligation, lis solemu stipula ions oannul be suffered to be inlriiigud by tlie termer Such intriugement, or liiteiiereuce, tne act ot C*ugrs*s betore I noted expressly lorhids, by a proviso in the section un lar consideration, vix ;?" 'That nothing herein contain, d .nail be constiued er pairoit'id to op. iate so as to luter lere with subsisting treaties with foreign nations." On matute reflection and coioiriei niton, I have as be fore intimated, come to the couelusiou,tliat the provisions ,t the act stated, imposing duties on the while and led wines <>t Portugal ai.n her posieasious, are rvptignaut to, tnd interfere with the subsisting treaty stipulations in ferred to, and in conformity wi.h the directions ol the law, I feel bound to ol>serve the treaty obligations ol tha United States townr Is Portugal and its possessions. Un it r the fori going views of the act uf Congress, aud treaty < ipulattons, the department that the following rates uf duty being those ut winch similar wines oi the . nasi isvore.1 nations are now admitted to entry, are all .hat can legally be. exscind, to wit: on Msderia, and other white wiuea ol Portugal mud its |>ossesiioRS, When import ed in casks, ssiien and m half ttnlt per gallon ; wh, u im tiorted in butties, Jifirm craft jier gallon On Port, aud other reil wines oi the same country, when imported is ..asks, six emit per gallon ; and when imported m bottles, fiftrtn cenli per gallon. The bottles being ehargeeble with a separate duty, agreeably to law. In all casus, therefore, of importations of the above mentioned wines Irom Portugal and its possessions, made at your port, sincu the aet ol Soth August, 1341, went into operaiion, and on whioh higher duties may have been exacted and paid, than the rates herein Injure slated, you are authorised end instruct ed to is-ue the usual certificates for refandtng '0 the parties, entitled to receive the same, the excess of duty p.nd over ?nd above sai l rates respectively. ( ? he transmission of these certificates to the Treasury, ti.ty will he discharged in the inannet provided iu the 3(1(1 sec tion oi the general appropriation act of thu 3.1 March, ibSf. i?,<iNRL] OEOROK. M BIBB, Srcri tory of Ikt Trmrury. Uasptted.?A reapite wbh received in thin city yesterd?y from Premdent Tyler, d< fcrring ihe ex ?ciitioti oi John McDoniei and Joseph Brown, to the lA'h ?I August next. The Presid, nt has been induced to tako his step, in consrquenco of the uewly discovered evi lence which has been forwarded to him, since the prison ers were convicted I here is re >n to believe that Ma mo'* testimony Wat Inf.. an,! w isvc serious doubts of the Justice of the aenteiice i i upon them. They will probably be executed on the 18th ol August, and sh. tld prepare to meet the awtttl doom which awoits them. it. Undo lUfofitr, July la.