Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 26, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 26, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. vol aoo-wnoi. no. 3?06. NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, JULY 26, 1844. two THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To til* Public. THE NEW YORK HERALD?daily newspaper?pub lis hod every day of the year except New Year's day and fourth of July. Price i ci nU per copy?or $7 36 per an *uru? postages paid?cash in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price 6j cents per copy, or $S 13 per annntn pj'-ages paid, cash u a Ivanc* ADVERTISERS are intormnd that the circulation of the Herald is over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and in creasuip fast, ft hat the largest circulation of any payer in Chit city, ?? 'he world, and it, therefore, the channel for hutinen me i in the city or country. Prices moderate ?<-as'? In At vance. PRINTING ot uU kinds executed at the moat moderate price, and in the most elegant style. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PaoraiEToa or thr Hkrald EiTistUHHtst, Northwest corner of Fulton and Nassau streets ASOTI1KR ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY HERALD! SFX.ENDXD BNO&AVZNOS. ILLUSTRATIVE OP TIIB Early Life of the Presidential] Candidates, We shall publish another illustrated Weekly Herald on Saturday morning, containing some beautiful engravings, illustrative of the early life of the Presidential candidates now before the country for their suffrages next November. The artists are now very busily engaged on them. One of these engravings will represent that well known scene in the life of Mr. Clay when he went on horseback with bis mother's grist to the mill. This is very beautifully designed and will be well executed. It will present a most impressive example to the youth of this country, of the truth that talent, ge nius and energy, well directed, can rise from the very humblest rank in life to the great and elevated position which Mr. Clay now occupies before the people of this country. Another engraving will represent a scene in the i early life of Mr. Polk, who is a na.ive of North Carolina, and is represented when a boy as chop ping wood for his mother, and making himsell useful in an equally humble capacity as that in which Mr. Clay was engaged. This is also another illusirious example of the peculiar character of the institutions and society of the United States, show ing how mind can rise from the lowest condition in the social scale to the very highest; and that there is nothing to prevent the very newsboy who sells this paper through the streets, if he choose to conduct himself with virtue and energy, and pro priety, from becoming the chief magistrate of this great nation?higher than the kings and emperors of the old world. This Weekly Herald will also contain other illustrations, which will be seen on the Hay of publication. We intend, now that the Presidential contest has fairly set in, and all the local excitements and riots have ceased, to proceed and illustrate all the various important incidents in the lives of the two candidates. We shall also give graphic and amu ting sk* tches, illustrative of the manner in which both parties conduct the cauvass. TO BUMZZO-RAiNTS, AND OTHERS MAKING REMITTANCES TO ENGLAND. SCOTLAND, AND IRELAND. TY RAFTS. FOR ANY A OUNT, on Ml the Branches of I U ih. PROVINCIAL BANK. IRELAND, a>id THE NATIONAL BASK s O i LAND, ?*" be ob^ned or ? - bkL L v ?gOAitOl .-.G A 1' *7 CUUK I'LANDT .IT'KEET?Single | gentlem-p or genteel families cm be accommodated with | board and coinfortabl- rooms, consisting ol parlor* and. ifie quirsd, bed rooms adjoining, at 27 Couril.uidt street, N. Yoib MRS. GERE. The French language is spoken in th? family j-s2 1m eod-'m POLITICAL CARtCAt URIC'*-The oesi and most sale able Assortment a,a pubitsh d and for sat by JAVlt.8 HAIL.LIE, No. 12 Sprnce st Orders, accompanied wiih a re mittance, will be , nnctu tly attended to. Price (6 per 100 N B ?I i hogrsony an! print eolnrng execute.! at sh irt no li*; viawi of public butldiugs, mrrchuits' plnees of business etc drswn and c lored irons nature, and free from ricti..using or eitorti mn'e charges js 19 st* ?lm' ec rPv> 0All.Via.rLn H lit 1 liUuTuiUo 1 a, do..?Hulpti.iU A Ammonia for forcing Use Crop*?Sulphate of Soda?Ni (rate Soda, constantly on hand by DR. UWIS FEUCHTWANGER. H InlelkllVVI .. M Ul I . LOFT WAN 1 ED. WANTfcD?A firs tto r Loll, for a sales room of Dn Goons, son-where is rhe nusiuess part diva town. Pa rlaeu S- ver stitrts, Hanover S in re, or Escl auae rlar> w>nld b? psefe re . Any rrrsou harmg such ro< m, " p-r< o it to let. w 11 please to .estc iisfur. a ion a. the Herald office unuer leu rid A jy2i 3t eud*ec AH. PAKKEK, tt Dusne. h-tween Elm -treat and Broati ? way, Agent for the tele of Valuable Oil Fainting*, Puree, lain and Antiquities, has on hand a fine soil ctiosi of splendid imported Oil Paintings of the Kl-muh and Dutch schools whi h be can dispose ?t at moderat- price* 1 herefor*. thos who wi.h to enrich their collections, or ornamenting tliair par lors, will find it pi their interest to call, examiae, and judge to: themsalvaa At home irom 9 AM. till 9 P. M. je2l Jin cod* re A V A.N A AND PRINCIPE CIGARS?W m Nnrricgk | ? debars, superior: lu 000 De Moyas ; 24,000 La Norms*. 10,090 E.culapios: 10,909 India Caxadorat; 29,100 La Union 3u 90m r.sperajjx.s. rery fina ; (000 Fraugarciaa; 6u00 h fficaeiv; MOO Lanril; >0 oOO *'i.a Pasietauia," superior : Jo.Ooj Cuba Se gars; Ssnx frineipc ; 15 two De La Crux'a? evith other choice brands, a . king a complete aasortm-nt?for sale Cheap for cash, by the quarter bos or th.asand, or ISAAC H. SMITH, 205 Front street, J22 twStaw*re opposite Fulton Market SHARON JJFRlNliS 1-AViblUJl. HCHOHAKIR COUN TV. N. V. 'T'HIS spacious House, which, siaee the improvements and ' iddmons ussda to it during the pail winter, ii bettered t< be one of the unit commodious and comfortable af the larger class of Hotels in the State is now ready for the reception ol company, and will be openCd on toe 25th dty of May inst. Ti asa nm.oda'e the la ge and increasing nointMrof people who spend the season at Sh iron Springs, the subscribers hare, sine J art tall, grastly cttended tiieir premises, by annenug So the 'ariiiou an entirely new building, which emnraces twenty-sis spacious spar meuts, besides making large additions and im proremmts to the interior and business parts of the house.? blinds hare bven add d to the windows?the b autil'ul pruuie na ie gmaods in from of ilia Pavilion hare been laid out and Usteluliy planted with shrubs and dowers?the bath rooms have been overhanlad and new lurnitn r provided, furnishius ?very couvemeuce to those who wish to cuior either a cold 01 Warm bath. No rjtpente or effort h s been spared to supply thr delicieuciesof pastaeasons, and every eaertion will be used, to receive the visitors of the coming season ui s manner not to be r *r. >aseed at nay othoi place of fashionable resort in the United ? tgpa. i u those who hare not heretofore visited the Hharon Springs it is sudicieot to say. that the qualities of the water (an eualvsi m which is given below)are very nearly identical with those n the far-lauied Wni'e Sulphur Springs of Virginia, except this bv thr concurrent tastimoiiv of 4M medical men who are ac quaiuted with ooth. tna Sharon Ire esteem d the most potent ? hi tuned is an elevated irgnin of conntry, the Pavilion com mands one of the most exteusive v ews, and is placed in the midst of the most picturesque sceuery id the State of New York Kr m its *1.ruled position it has the advantage of a co..tinaally dry, cool and r*lreahiug atmosphere. Pleasant et uirsious to ths villages of <-berry Valley and Cooperstowu the Otsego Lake, a?d other points equally interesting from their sceutry and their history, offer themselves on every hand? whilst a Billiard uoum and four ipnci.-us Ball Alleys, lca?e no meant unprovided within doora for eiercise or amusement. (/f the White .bulphnr Water of Sharon Springs, it can he said it it not surpassed by any thing of the kind in thr known is ,ul., lor the cure of rheumatic, cutaneous, bilious and dys |*ptic coo.plaiuis, and for the cure of erysipelas, salt rheum, sc ofula, liver complaint, bronchitis and general debility, as lias been certified by some of the moat emiutnl medical profes aois Uy a reeent analysis made for the proprietors of the Springs, made by one of the moat eminent Chemists in this country I Professor Heidof New V?rk] the following reeults have bees o< taiunl Irom one gallon ol water:? Bieirhinaie of Magnesia 2f grains. SulplisLe of Magnesia- ?? ?? -sulphate of Lime is 4 } H .' tsounlphate of Magnesia and Lime j Chloride of Sodium and Magnesium ? a 7 Solid contents ? ? ? 149 l grains. Hydronulphnric Arid Gas, or Sulphuretted tl, dnwm JO 5 cubic in. , Tn The springs are within ? few hours ride of Albany, f roy, Saratoga. Schenectady, Uties, Sc.; are eceresibleeither from ( anajohane, on the Albany and Ulica railroad, where post combes da ly await the arriral of the morning cars Irom Sche nectady and utica, to rouvny visiters to the Springs, a distance ol about eieht, arriving in time for dinnei: or hy the C h rry Valley Turnpke, by daily amg's, being about foity five miles we?t of Albany, on a good road. Person* lesvinu New \ ork tn the evening boats lor Albtny. arrive at the Bharon Springs the nest day in time lor dinner uiyi 9taw 4m*ec r-I.AHK It OARDNKll G OAMT OFF OLOTHINU. BNTLRMK.N OH HAMILIKS desirusof converting mm cash thvir superfluous or cast oil Llothins, will obtain from the snh'Cnbri the HIOUkST L'Aoll I'RfCKH To families or gentlemen quirtina thecLy, or changius rrsi deuce, havi-g effecs ol the kind to dispose of, will fiud it much to lli< tr advantage in send for tne subscriber, who wilt attend tnem at thm 'esi^ence^b^ a^pcmtiueut. Wall atreet, , . . . . at 479 Hudson at. Clothing cleaned and repaired. !IT- A line snruugh the post offine, or Otherwlss, will regain Itoipt amotion. . Iy99Inters BE AUTIE8 OF THE PARTY PRE88 MORE CHOICE FLOWERS OF RHETORIC. Thk Cilley Dcel.?Frelinoiiuyskn vs. Clay. H. A. Wise to Henry Clay. Washington, Feb. 25,1842 ? * * Did >ou not draw ihe form of the challenge which 1 bore for Mr Graves to Mr. Cilley on the morning of Fi.duy, the 23J day ol February, 18381 Henry A. Wine. Hon. He.nky Clay. Mr. Clay to Mr. Wise. Washington, Feb 28, 1812 * * * Upon reading it (the challenge Mr. Graves had drawn) 1 thought it closed the door in all accommodation, stated that objection, and skttched a draught in my oicn handwriting. Hknry Clay. Hon. Henry A. Wise. Mr. Wise's Letter to the Public. He (Mr. Clay) drew the form of the challenge, which was copied by Mr. Graves and curried by me to Mr. Cilley. Henry A. Wise. The following letter, respecting the above duel, from Theodore Frehnghuysen, the whig candidate tor Vice President on the ticket with Mr. Clay, nerds no comment. It was written in reply to an invitation to attend a public meeting at Newark on the 5ihof March, 1838, " for the purpose of muking an exptea-ion of puoltc sentiment tu reference to the recent shocking death of a member of the House ol Representatives ol the United States | (Jonathan Cilley) and on the eubject of duelling generally." Trenton, N.J., March 5th, 1838. Gentlemen? On iny way to the cars lor this | place this mormne, 1 received your note of invi tation to attend a meeting of our fellow citizens a< Newark to-morrow evening, on the subject of the late duel at Washington. 1 sincerely regret thai my professional duties here will detuiu me from the meeting?for if ever an occasion called for an expression of public feeling, the late scene of shocking violence most solemnly demand it. Truly " the blood of war has been shea in peace," and this in high places and among the law makers of cur country. Tne law ol the duellist is an outrage upon every principle of order and humanity. It sets the laws | of God and the institutions of a Christian people at defiance, and if t lis murderous spirit be not met and firmly and fearlessly rebuked, by the frowns ol public sentiment, on ourselves will abide much ot the guilt of murder. It can be checked and efli cienily repressed, whenever the people, true to their high duties, shall rise in the majesty ot public opinion, and frown upon the atrucious de.ds of violence, and the blood ot the murdered, the tears ?f the bereaved, and the commands of a righteous God, call upon them to speak, and bear their stern and indignant testimony against this Heaven daring sin. 1 hope, gentlemen, that your meeting and pro ceedtngs may exert a powerful influence, and, with kindred demonstrations all over the laud, pre vail to crush this alarming evil. Very respectfully, Theodore Fkelinohuysbn. The whigs, in excusing Mr. Clay for fighting duels because it is a custom in the school ol mo rals in which he was raised, forget that in the mur-1 tier of Mr. Cilley, none of the rules of justice, even as understood by the diwlio, were adhered to. li was one of the coldest and inost inhuman murders, under the forms of duelling, ever put upon record It was the premeditated act of a set of bloody and heartless men. Mr. Cilley had not otleuded Mr Clay, yet he was the chief conspirator in the blood) scene?drew the challenge with his own blood) hand?directed the proceedings?and then, after the catastrophe had taken place?when the. tear? ot the weeping widow and little orphans were ap pealing to heaven in sorrow?Mr. Clay coldly turned on his heel and said, it was but a " rune days' bun ble." Had Mr. Frelinghuyaen the proper respect for himself, he would refuse to run upon a tickei with the name ot Henry Clay, after writing the above letter. What a sad spectacle for men ol realty correct feeling to witness !?and it is credit able to the age, that so many men can be touno who refuse to be led into the comport ot a man pro nounced a murderer, even by his very associates ?chio Statesman James K. 1'ulk.?The last paper issued from th* "Joint block Concern" contains a letter from Judge Saunders, in which occurs the following ex tract:? " In voting for such a man, the descendant ot Colonel Thomas Polk, one of those bold patriots who signed the first Declaration ot American In dependence at Charlotte, Mecklt-ubuig county. N. C., the20ih of May, 1775, I tell 1 wasdischarg nig a proud duty in behall of the lreemen of the Second Congressional Dis rict " Tne publishing ot such a statement shows whin appliances ttie Locofocos intend to resort to, if pos sible, to insure the election of their candidates And the editor cannot plead ignorance ot the wain ut truth in the exiruct, fur we are informed the letter was shown to several, who uoutird htm thai ihe statement was false; but notwithstanding, he could send it to the world as the truth, to aid t.. Dutldiug up a sinking party. It was not our intentiou to diag into the present contest any oilier argument than what might spring iroin the examination aud comparison of the prill ciples advocated by ihe two parties; nut as an at tempt i, made to deck the candidate of the Loco loco party in plumage "h ?oked" from deceasec worthies and patriots of 1775, we have no olliei choice, hut either to let the falsehood go to tht world as truth, or deny it. it is well known to many of our citizens thai James K Polk is not a descendant of Col. Thomat i'olk, the Chairman ol the Mecklenburg Conven tion, but is a grandson of Ezekiel Polk, a brother of the Colonel, who was a tory during our revolu tionary struggle, or what is considered the sarm thing, he took protection from Lord Cornwallis, arid had no part or lot in lorwarding the Mecklen burg Declaration of Independence. This tr*nsac tion made the Whigs believe that he was opposed to the struggle for liberty, and he was carried b> them, in company with other tories, to Greensbo rough, where the army was then encamped. It "here facts are denied, we can prove them by th? testimony of living witnesses. It is also stated, that Colonel Thomas Polk, who was in the army, would not speak to hitn, but cried like a child, to think that a btother of his had forever dii-graceC himself. And we were informed the other day, bj a gentleman of unquestioned veracity, that he re collects very well hearing the old people in hit neighborhood state, years ago, tthat Ezekiel Polk not only took protection from Lord Cornwajlis.bui he piloted the British about while in this neighbor hood, and no doubt aided them in other ways. Vie will here state another circumstance, which was related to us a day or two ago, by two gentle men, and shows what estimation Ezekiel Polk was held by ths people of this county, some years af ter the transaction about referred to; it is this: The Countv Court appointed him to fill the office of Sheriff?this so enraged the people of the county that he had to vacate the office, the people not suf fering him to transact business for (hem. And this is the ancestor of the man who has been nomina ted by the party whs take pleasure in calling theit Britisl British Whigs and the descendants ol This, fellow citizens, is a true statement of the conduct of James K Polk's immediate ancestor in 1775, and who bore no part in the glorious transac tion that haB surrounded the patriots of Mecklen burg with a halo of glory which will last as long as the ?ea shall roll a wave or the earth bear a plain ?and in standing aloof, Ezekiel Polk acted a re creant and unworthy part, and has branded his name with eternal infamy.?L'harlottt (JV. C.) Journal. Locofocoism o* Coonkry.?But the climax is not yet told. As no coon is perfect without s tail, so no convention is perfect without piety. Wliig gery loves piety. It takes to it as a duck takes to water. There's the great admirer of Watt'B psalms and hymns, Mr. Frelinghuysen. Then, who does not remember the fervent prayer of Mr. Clay for war, pestilence, and famine, raiher than the elec tion of a military (not Gen. Harrison) chieftain No, reader, solemn and awful as it may seem, there can be no Coonvention without prayer! What more proper than that three "chosen rnes s< ngers"or "vicegerents" of the calvanistic order, should be in readiness to perform this indispensable service! Accordingly, they were seen about two o'clock marching through Genesee street, to a lively tune, and with faces considerably snorter than usual, the aforesaid " messengers" all in a row, near the front of the procession, where lea tiers always should be, going up to Foot street, to help out with prayer! We diu not see the "mes sengers on the stand, but are informed that they appeared as tender as sucking lambs What a pri vilege it is to be able to say Good Devil on Satur day afternoon, and Good Lord on Sunday morning ?to electioneer for Henry Clay one day, and "look titer souls" the next.? fiftwarh Standard. . The Polk Stock Aoain.?Mr. Polk should cry earnestly for delivery from his frienda. In then hoi zeal, they have done hia cause mischief, by officiously and impertinently recalling scenes, which he would w ish buried in oblivion. Instead of making him like Buonaparte, the architect ol his own fortunes, these imprudent friends must needs trace up his pedigree, and make him de scended front "the best blood of the Revolution " But unfortunately for these genealogists, a man's grandfather is to be rather 1< oked upon as an an cestor, and not one's grand uncle. Ami in traciug one's siock, we are more apt to look to ihe lineal progenitors, and not the collateral branches Th grand uncles of Mr. Polk, were good men end tiue, both d voted patriols and zealous Whits; I out the grandfather nothing more nor less than a British To-y. We have this declaraiion Irom the best authority ?the neighbors ol the Polks in Charlotte, N. C. who know all about ihent We have never heard the statement contradicted, ex cepting at the Clay Club room, on Tuesday night, when upon the tact being alluded to by Mr. CJie phens, a courteous gentleman?present by invita tion?pronounced it a d?d lie For his benefit, and others who may be equally sceptical, we pre sent the following confirmatory proof. Tlie following letter was addressed to a Ten nessee editor soon after the nomination was made: Charlotte, N. O., June 10, 1844 I see rt statement in Bennett's Ilerald, made by Romulus M. Saunders at the Halmnoie Conven tion,that gives J K. Polk's father>he credit of he ing one of the s goers of the first Declaration of In dependence?which is a false statement, or a mis take, to say the least of it. You can have the most abundant proof, if you should wish it, from both parties, that, at that time, Samuel Polk?fa ther of James K. Polk?was out a child, whilst his grandfather was a Tory. You can have any information you may wish on this subject by addressing Samuel A Harris, F. M. Ross, or your humble servant, E. H. Andrews. Of the grandfather of Mr. Polk, we have the following account from the Charlotte, (N. C ) Journal, in the neighborhood of whom these Polks once lived. "Ez-kiel PoU, the grandfather of James K. Polk, the ex-Governor of Tennessee, was a most recreant Tory. He txhibited through the war a most vascillating and undecided course of conduct; which he finally crowned for mere motives of ava rice, by taking the oath of allegiance to the Brit i?-h Government. We would refer all those who wish to know the particulars of thir subject, to all the soldiers ol our Revolution who now teside in Mecklenburg." One of these soldiers thus referred to, gives us his testimony in the following affidavit Mecklknritho, N. C , June 19th,1841. At the commencement of the war of the revolu tion, Ezekiel Polk, at that time a rtsidenl of South Carolina, received a Captain's commission iu tin militia, and raised a company on the frontiers ol the State against the Cherokee Indians. I was one of that company. After this, Ezekiel Polk was or dered to proceed with his company into South Carolina, to protect the whites tgainst the negroes ?this he refused to do. The winter following, he proceeded with his company on an expedition against the Tories, sta 'ioned not far front Ninety Six. under the com mand of Cunningham. From this time he did nothing to favor the whigs during the war. When Lord Cornwallis murched his army into this coun ty, and erected hia head quarters in Charlotte, Ezekiel Polk went in and took British protection One Jack Barnette, having teamed that Polk hat' gone to Charlotte, to avail himself of British pro tection, determined to way-lay lam as he returned and kill him. From this course he was deterred by hiH friends. I was in the war, and personally know these facts to be true. Trios. Alexander. Subscribed and sworn to before me, one ol the tcting Justices of the Peace for said county of Mecklenburg, and State of North Carolina. Titos. M. Kerns, J. P. June 19th, 1841. Hereafter, when the friends of Mr. Polk are die posed to vaunt of his lineage, let us hear no mor< of his grand uncles. Hih grandfather is the steel, we want to know of, and the most they can say <?! him is, that he was a Uritirh tory. Let it be fur her bomc in mind, that the conduct ot tins scuu if a revolutionary stock is in petlecl keeping. H? .hows hy his 1 fe and acts that he has no sympathj with "the times that tried men's souls," or lor thost llustrious heroes, who with their blood purchase! uir liberties. For when this remnant of the men if a better age petitioned Congress for a small pit 'ance to solace and comfort tnetr declining days, his descendant of a British tory relused it. If VI r Polk is not answerable for the fins ot his fathers, ae is most assuredly responsible for this act. Le, t he remembeied, then, and we have the journals ?if Congress for proof- that James K Polk refused he haudiul of revolutionary soldiers that yet tin ier among us a small pittance tor their support We suppose the reason of his opposition was ill ume that induced him to refuse the freezing poor if Georgetown a part ot the public wood that war ?ying useless in the grounds of the Capitol?it war inconstilitlional.?Macon (Geo.) Mcutn^er. Anecdotic or Mr. Clay ?Th" Cincinnati En tailer, in giving some account of Mr. Green, thr vriter anil lecturer against gambling, relates tlx fallowing anecdote of an interview between Green intl Henry Clay, which was told to the editor b> in rye witness. Among others to whom Mr. Green disposed of lis bin k, he called upon Mr. Clay, and ushereo nto his presence, in company with one or two ?there, made known the object of his musion to be for the sale of his book on gambling. " Oh, certainly," said JVir. Clay, "of course, 1 will take a copy?how much is itl" " One dollar, sir," replied Mr Green. Mr Clay received tne book, looked hurriedly hrough its pages, threw a dollar upon the table ind then in Ins bland manner rose? " Now, Green," said Mr. C (at the name time -?lapping him on the shoulder and pointing to the lotUir) " what do you say to a game of Seven up for that 1" Thr Meekness op Mr. Polk.?We do not see ?ut that the locofoco press will establish the meek less of Mr Polk, in spite of all the rumors afloat hat Mr. Folk has been engaged in a duel, of which Tnt here is yet no proof. The following, for exam ile, is the conclusion of a card published in the Evening Post:? At the close of the day, after the House had ad journed, as Mr. Speakei Pelk was passing from his ?hair to his private room in the capitol, in compa ay with the late Walter 8. Franklin, he was met in the lobby, behind the chair and tne bar of the House, by Messrs. Wise, Peyton, and Hammond. Mr. Peyton placed himself in front, and Mr. Wise in the n ar of the Speaker, both heavily armed, when the former said to him, "Sir, you are a 1,mined little tyrant?the tool of your master, the President." Mr. Polk made no reply, and passed on, not being disposed to engage in a disreputable fight with his assailants. The affair made some noise at the time, and Mr Polk was solicited by hm friends to cause the arrest of his assailants, for a breach of the privileges of parliament. This he relused to do, and let the affair drop, from an un willingness to occupy the attention of Congress with his private griefs. Yours, 6cc. William Carroll, Jan., Of ilutherford, Tennessee. Mr. Carroll gives his own version of all the cir cumstances attending this result, some of which we know to he untrue, and therefore omit. The following Irom Mr. Pavne, a member of Congress lor Alabama, which he published in the Globe when Mr. Pelk was a candidate for the Vice Presidency in opposmon to Mr. King, of Alabama, will certainly establish his character lor humility ind meekness, if there is any doubt after what Mr. Carroll has written:? I care not how honorable a man may be, if he is i coward he cannot maintain (lis honor: and hence it is such a man is disqualified lor tne office of Vice President. "Now, sir, Col. King has never been insulted fay after day; and above all, he has never bet n caught rougliiy by the arm, when escaping Irom the cspitol, pulled round und told that he was the "contemptible tool of a petly tyrant." I pledge my head, if he is ever so treated, he will resent the insult in the proper way. Will a "Tennessee De mocrat" do the same in regard to Governor Polk 1 " What are the facts in regard to Gov. Polkl? He has been twice repudiated in his own Stale by laige majorities?defeated by an inexperienced po litician; and it is not pretended that his name would add one particle of strength to the ticket in any State of this Union. Why, then, talk of his aeleciion as the candidate of the party 1"?W. York Evtning Expm*. Bow! wow! wow! how very savage small fry will get when they think they have caught us in a blunder. How very large, extensive, pompous, swelling, inflated has the Polk organ giown! "Now, gentlemen, give us the proof!" It now ap Bars that we were in error as to Polk's'having ught a duel?it was his brother, or some relation named Polk, who ssstssmated t man in Polk's own town by shooting through the head in a brawl. This fact is substantiated in the following | paragraph, which we Hud in the N. Y. Courier Enquirer ol Friday, 7thinst:? Not many years since a company of young men in Columbia, Tenn , Mr. Polk's place of residence, got together to make arrangements lor getting up some private theatricals. A Mr. Polk itquested a | gentleman named Hayes, a qmet, amiable young man, to take part in it. Mr H declined, but of f-red to lend Mr Polk some of his old clothes on the occasion Mr. P. took offence at this?a quar rel ensued, and a day or two alter, Mr Polk shot Mr. Hayes dead, in the a reels of Columbia. The bullet Irom hia pistol entered his lore I end auJ kill ed hint instantly. Tliia Mi. Polk, who waa thus actively engaged in this affray, was cither the present locufoco can didate fur the Presidency, or his own brother, we are not sure front our own recollection which lint we respect fully ask the locotoco organs, Amos j Kendall included, to inform us which ot the two did the deed. Tliey may rest assured, at all events, that it was "all in the family." When the statement that Polk hsd "killed his I man" appeared, and when we copied it, no one de-1 nied it, not even the Hegitter Polk was then small potatoes. But now the proof Hp|*Mts to be that so tar from having fought a duel. Polk is a personal coward. His polinca! fnend, Mr Payne, ol Alabama, recently wrote some at tides in the Globe to show thit Polk was unworthy ol the Vice Presidency, and he distinctly charges that Polk ' pulled t' was grossly insulted and pulled about w hile leaving ihe House, and dared not rekeui the ouiruge. Ol course, the/, we freely and fully retract the charge that i?ch a man had ever fought a duel. But what shall we say lor the morals ol the Hegitter, which alter abusing Mr Clay 11s a duellist and slaveholder was yelping out hosannas to Polk when it did not dure deny ihat Polk had fought a duel and knew turn to be a slaveholder and an advocate 1< r the extension ol slavery over a free soil, and the per petuation of the slave power in this Union? Bah ! ?itch itorry spaniels are nauseating?New Bedford Mercury. Cot.. James K. Polk.?"The work of slander and detraction has commenced. The last Fayette ville Observer says: " We therefore state, that we learn from whai we duem good authority, that Mr. Polk's father, so tar from being a Whig in 1775, and connecteu with the. noble deeds ot that period, was then a Toryt" " It will be seen that the Editor dares not assert, but ventures to charge, "Irom what he deems good authority," that the lather of Cot. James K. Polk was a Tory during the Revolution, whilst he ad mits Ue does not even know the "christian name' of the father. We hurty back this toul, unmanly, and lalse charge. It has nothing of truth to sustain a. James K. Polk is the eldest son ot Samuel Polk, and was born in 1795, more than three years alter the Revolutionary war. Samuel Polk, wastoo young to take any part in the struggles of that pe riod; but all the members of his lamily were tiue vVhigs, and we learn from a source not to be con tradicted, that he, Samuel Polk,was a staunch Re publican, and voted lor Mr. Jetlerson in 1800 ? Shame upon the Editor who thus attempts, tor low ' partizan purposes, to blunder una delaine an honest inan now in Ilia grave! He who would injure the son, by tarnishing the fair reputation of a worthy latter, deserves and will receive tUeexecratiousol all nouorable men.?Raleigh (.V. C.) Standard. "Young Hickory "?The democrats call their candidate " Young Hickory." The people of thu country don't make Presidents out ot Battling*, whatever respect they may have tor the " old gnarled oak."?New Bedford Bulletin. Ik'Iksistiblk Argument.?His (Polk's) hair is precisely the color ot that winch Jeffetson wore, before time had faded it, and his eyes are ot the Mint! shade as were those of Washington and Bo naparte !? Troy Budget A Belligerent Name ?James Knox Polk is the title ol our candidate. Polk was deemed bad enough by the 'coons, but Knox is a dreadful ug gravuuon of the assault which the Baltimore Con vention bus made upon them.?Albany Altai. OsiiNS in Rhymes.?The friends of Mr. Polk have- baptised him by the name of "Young Hick ory,v snd supposing this word to rhyme with vic '<ny* hav<- I'tovlalnioJ ii ui u eifti.itioar.t Ullieil Unluckily, there happrns to be but one genuine rhyme lor hickory in the language, and that i rickety. A poetical writer in the Boston Pod makes Dallas rhyme witli gallows. No very good oinen that, certainly.? Worcester AEgit. Don't forget, that Henry Clay in the first debate on the Missouri Bill, February 15, 1819, (see files ol the National (whig) Intelligencer,) used the fol r.II lowing gentlemen will uot allow us to have black slaves, iliejr must let us have whits ones; we cannot cut our firewood, and black our shoes, and have our wives and daughters work hi the kitchen !!" Don't lorget, that Henry Clay was the advising md controlling friend of the men who originated 'he duel between Graves and Cilley, and pushed it io its murderous termination ; that he fixed the is ?ue upon which it wa? fought?changing it trom the one intended by Mr. Graves, and making it of such i character that a fatal result to one ol the parties was inevitable; that he penned the challenge which VI r Graves sent to the doomed and uuturtunate Cilley ! Don't forget, that Henry Clay challenged and shot at John Randolph ot Roanoke, "for words spoken in debate,"although the Constitution which he had iworu to support, expressly prohibited it. Don't lorget, that Henry Clay, while a member of the Kentucky House of Rrp.eseritatives, chal lenged and shot at another men.ber (Humphrey Marshal) "for words sp- ken in debate." Don't forget, that in 1841, Henry Clay, then hold ing a seat in the U S. Senate, was put under bonds .if five thousand dollars, not to fight a duel with Col. King, of Alabama, whom he had grossly in sulted in dtbaie. lie was then about sixty-five years of age. Don't forget, that Henry Clay, in the Senate ot the United States, deuounced tne Liberator of Ire land a* the " Plunderer ol his countrymen!"? Mo hawk Courier. Give trs the Proof !?The Mercury has charged James K Polk with having "killed his man" in a duel. It has repeated the charge, and other whig papers have echoed it. Now, gentlemen, before the matter eo further, give us the proo ! Tell ue when and where the alleged duel was fought, and the name of Mr. Polk's antagonist. We call tor the proof.?Tyler Hegitter. [from the Daily Advertiser ] The Vpectre Coon I Aia?"Cetfc leg"i l'U ting you a long, without any flam, In Ashland there lived a tunny old man, Who every morning taid " I'm The mighty Chief ot the < nonary Clan !" Ritco, ralloo, Ac. For taveral year*, thii man wat bent, On being elected President; Ho;in order to give to bit feelingi vent, He swore he would run, and ai it he went. Ri too, Ac. He mounted hit utg, one bright summer's day, And cracked ins whip, with "hurrah for Clay "' He scoured along, and felt quite gay. TlU he found his old racer was running sway ! Jti too, Ac. He rode along so Joyful and crank, While in his pockets bis cash did clank; But soon off his nag, he was jerked with a yank, A* lie run up a stump, on the National Bank! Ri too, Ac. Old Dan stood by, with a hearty roar, He laughed, till hit sides were aching sore; Which made poor Harry so mad. ho swore He'd never be sarved such a trick any mora ! Ill too, Ac. Hi* high mettled racer lay in a swoon, But Henry could not give it up to soon; Sty he, I will ting them a different tune; Bo he swapped offhit horse aud mounted a coon. Ri too, Ac. He scampered o'er hill, and dale and plain, Thro' snow, hail, sleet, mud puddles, and rain ; And when so weary, to rest lie'd fain. The coon gave a scream and was oil again, lti too, Ac. He galloped along with a bound and a hop, Of speed he went at the utmost top; Hit lips with terror hegan to drop. For he found his coon, he couldn't stop. Ri too, Ac. A cornfield now so yellow and bright, Appeal*<l in vn w; he. tried to slight, lie called to (he coon, with all hit might, But in less than a minute, he was out of sight. Rftoo, A', lie screamed aloud, "Oh ye people dear ; Come, help we off. I feel to queer:" But the naughty coon he pitched up hit ear, And scampered along like a young rein deer. Ri too, Ao. A Hickory tree now crosaed their track. All hag harked eround to rugged and black; They never paused, but up it smack Old Cooney streaked, with Cley on hi* beck ! RI too, Ac. They ran up ee high ?* they could go; The wind with tarty began to hlowi And as they waved there, to and fro, Pour Clay, oh dear he looked-juat so ! Hi too, kc. Ai they were buffeting in the wind, An Eagle cume- he locked and giinned ; ftuya he, you varmint, enough you've sinned ! 80 the poor old coon, he completely skinned. Hi too, kc. The coon he died in wild despair, Say a the Eagle, "Old liaiiy my tx y, hew a e !* Away lie flaw-but didn't we a'aiej To aee Clay , like Absalom, Caught by the hair ? Hi too, kc. H* died at laat. hut every n'ght, A* the story goea? I tell it tight ? Hi* akalatou all aoghaatly aud white, huabta over the bill*, on a cooney aprite. hi too, kc. 80 Whiggle* all. come over rocu f And Join our ranks, or bear y oui doom ; F01 juat aa auie aa the run g moon, You'll ail have a ride ou thai ghcar of a co?n ! Ill too, kc. [Correspondence of the Herald.] J S. Ship Noktu Carolina, ) July 25tli, ISII > Sptrd of our Nuvul Sliiyt. I have juat received a 1 lit r limn an old mess rn.ite, now 011 board the U. b liigate Savannah, who, wnh a pruie cltnract?rietic of a seaman, lor hisshqt, states that she made thepueeage from Ilio Janeiro to Callao 111 forty-nine days?that twelve Knots were got out of htr with royalB and tnpgr.1 lunl-MUdding eaila ael, and ah handa employed in painting ship at the mine time, ao binoothwab her way through llie water. lie requests me to have this published in yur valuable paper, and to oblige him, 1 beg the tavoi ot you. Murk Runaway Negroes Caught ? On the8th inst. Richard Roberts, ol the Lltza Ca'harine, dis covered a boat having a suspicious sppe uiunce with seven negroei on Iniurd Upon having hailed hi r they wen answered,tiom St. Joseph houndioCa|>? Florida,and want cdw tiler and requested lobe (ilpplied. The mate ol the sloop wua directed to jump into the boat and make her last, suspecting them to he runaway ilavea The wh te msn who hail charge id the boat and negroes, was induced 10 come ou buaid ol the sloop under a piomtie ol being ta ken to i ana Florida , and on being inteimgated gaie his name a* Jonathan Walker, and ho was employed by two men, the ownet a ot the 111 gioea, to convey llieie o Cape Florida lor the purpose of selecting land tor their ow net * Upon questioning the uegtoea they tan; the man in the boat was their owner. Their statement not agreeing with tliut ot tho wnito man, Capt. llobeuti was induced to detain them on board tor the purpose ol luinging them 10 Key West for eliminationwell knowing that a lew hours libc-it) would nave pluced thetu beyond the touch ot such exjininntion, tor in a passage ot II hours they could have re, chetl Nassau, N. T. Capt. Huberts having made h nawn his determination to biing them to this plac< Jonathan Walker, the white mau, coulessed hunted an abuliti mat Hum Massachusetts ; and that he bad induced the negi oes to lunaw uy lium IVnsacolu. Upon arriving at Key West, on the 9ih inst he wus given up 10 the civn authorities and coinimtti d lo prison to await his trial ui the next term ol the Superior Court tor Moiitue. 1 h> negroes are to be sent to day, by the sloop He 01 in, Cupt Noyel, to Pensacola. Sincu writing the above, we learn the Magi*'rate, with the advice ol the District Attorney. lias concluded to send the piisoner, \\ alker. lo Pensacu la, under thefchoige of Capt. Fan end of the U. S. steam er (Jcuetnl Tay lor. ? isty ff'etf payer, July 13. Great ?ale ok Timber Land by Maine and Massachusetts?The land ugriiis of Maine auu Massachusetts offered several townslup* of timber lam; tor sale at auction 111 this city un W ednesday at the land office. There were eignt whole townships and tun f,ac tions of townshipi solo nt the |>rices mentioned below : ? Ioi 8. W. No. b, K 10, 6,608 acre* a Ih'Jc per atie. " N. '? 7, K ID, 8,(M7 " a 00J " 8, 11 10, 20,700 " a 60S " " 0, R 12, S3.664 00 " a 1,7*1 " " 7, It li, 24.240 03 " a l.etj " " 8, il 12. 23,124 60 " a 1,01 " " 7, 11 Id 24 2?s 411 " a I,i7 " " 8, H 13. 23 3,10 87 " a 2,1!) " " 0,1114,21788 71 " a 1,11 " " 8,11 14,23 820 74 " a 149] " In each township tnere w?s n served to the amount ol one thousund seres lor public uses. '1 he net amount ot RCrea.soW WS* 106,416.? Hangar fVhig. A Man Shut.?Lust evening, shortly after du.-k. a hack conl.iiintig one passenger, drove up to the iloor ot a house on Hecund street. near NUiktt, occupied liy a man named BaHer, who lived .here Willi a woman ui ? IiIi.bc. D*kur ?vi called, ana Juat an he leached th. hack, received the content! ol a pistol. dischaiged hy h man in the hark 1 he halt entered Baker's breast a shot l distance below his heart, and although he wa* i.tili u.iv. at 10 o'clock l.i?t night, the wound w ill duuhti. as pri v fatal, and in all probability very upeedilv Tb. neck man at empted to e?ca|a>, but wa* arretted im niedialely by Captain Hohbidi, the vigilant ceptaii ol the w atch, together wnh In* pataenger, who wa* nam ed Peter. 1'eter i* a Clippie, and unulile to walk. He dated that some eighteen month* mice tlh* Dak. r rot b. 0 him at the south ot a Urge turn of money, and i? cut bin with a Bowie Unile as to render him unable to work dui mg the remainder of his life. He vowed to be revenge.) and fiom Ins own statement* it appears he cool j , culml? and tie thot lii* enemy down We uudetstai,*. that Baker wa* an iulamou* scump and outlaw, but bo artiillness nearly alway ? enabled him io escape the punish meut he olim merited. He was some year* since nripn -nned in the jail of thii city lor nine months.? Loumuit Coui nr. The Affair at Frederick.?We hnve receiver1 from a gentleman iu Frederick, a etutemeni, which we have no doubt is entirely roirec.t, ol the ocrnrrenc. which took place at Waiting's Hotel helweeu Onvei no. 'homes and Dr William Tyler, which i? aa follows The Ooverimr being at the hotel. Dr I y ler called to vlsii a path lit The door of the room in which the D.ctor am his patient w. re w si lelt open. The Governor, withou helng aw are of the pretence ol the Doctor, wss proceeti nig along the passage tnwirls ilie .bin of th- room in which the Doctor was when Mr Walling appr. hensiv. that he meditat'd an attack. seized the Governor aioun> the waist front behind to prove, t his proceeding Kimliny himself thna seized, by whom he kn.w nut, Govern* l Thomas of course struggled to release himself This ai rested the attention ot Dr. Taylor, who supposing that 1? was about to he assailed, drew his pistol. Attci the Doctor had retired, Ooveriior Thomas re quested that Le might he teaiched, when it w-, -how-n that he s as entirely unarmed. He disavowed at intention ol committing an assault, being under bonds t?. keep the peace- and, on being arrested and carried hefoi. lodge Marshall such appearing to bethe facts, he was no required to give security. And thus ended " the mistak.? ol a day." Died of his Woijnd?.? Lyons, the person wh? w sahot in the shoulder on Sunday afternoon, th. 7th iust, died at the Hospital yesterday. He was wound ed in the afternoon, in Fifth street near Small, when om of the Hihernia Greens, Gallagher, fired upon the mo' that bad pursued liim into a house. It is believed ibat lit ?vsi shot, not |hy the Greens, but hy one of (he mob.? Lyons, it is said, nuraue.l Gallagher into the house, took his musket from him. and was about to ezhihit it to tb. mob outside, when he was flred at hy one of them, nndei ihe impre.sion that he was the refugee soldier, and hit it. the shoulder ? Phil. Sun, July US. FirrmenV Riots ?A serious riot took place be tween n number ot firemen, at the corner of llrond and Callow hill streets,about III o'clock on Tuesday nigh'. All sorts of d*i-geroi:s and deadly weapons weir used, including nistola. The riot wn* quelled liy the Spring Garden police, under Aid lies, who narrowly escape.I being shot bv a ball l'roin one of the pistol* None ol the rioter*, we bel eve, w*n shot, and only one whs arrested Udermiin Ilees seized another, but he broke away, leav ing n portion ol hi* suspender and abirt in the Alderman's hands.? I'hilail Tim't, July 'lb. . Subsiding of the Flood.?The river has fallen no ha to leave moat ol the piveinenta on Watei street uncovered. A' out fifty or sixty h mils are employ ed by the city to scrape and shovel the deposit ot mud an<> tilth into the current, so a* to keep the wharf In a clean condition The high water* of the present Sanson ban imposed on the Mayor and city authorities unusual and extraordinary duties and tfsponsibiliti.-*. but we heiiev. they will give lull satisfaction Much additional expense must he incurred hy reason of the h'gli waters. Tb. health of the city ahoiild be guarded A sickly season is anticipated hy many. This would seem to he the natural consequence ol ihe overflow of th. bottom*) but our observation in thi. Slate has been, ths our driest season* are the most sickly. The yeara in which the river wa* very high have not been unusiiHlly sickly We hope for the best now, but still then should be gre;e care sad caution in diet ana habit fur a fuw months to come.? St. Jaiuii Era, July IA The Mopmov Nation ? Report* come from the west that the iinii-Mnrinorie are secretly prepare u lo make an attack u(inn the Mormon* in their city wbe they shall have procured Mittirient force. They think i' impossible for Mormons and anil Mormons to live m on. county. The Warsaw Signal, like some of our riiila delphia papers, openly advocate* moh violanca. Naval.?Doctor Alfred C. Holt, of Georgia or Mimaaippi, who wis examined and passed liy a Board of Nava' rturgeona shout two years since, has re c- n'ly been appointed hii Assi?'ant Horgecn in the Navy If he will notify Ihe Navv Department ol his present ad jress, his commission will be forwarded fo him. OcJ- Governor Ford, of Illnioim, linn imued an addreae, reconuiiending that tneetingn be held throughout the Sta e to obtain aid In money, provisions, clothing, and all other aecesaariea ol life, lor the sulTei era by the late flood. Affoiniments nv the Frusident.?Bennins Vf.tnn, to lie marshal of ihe United Stntea for ih> district ot t'onnectlcot. Levi ft Humphrey, to lie mat thai ol the United States for the District ol Michigan ? Bimtiel If. Hempatead, to be Attorney of the 1,'nltol ntates for the District of Arkansas, in the place ol G. D. Royston, resigned. Latkf mo* Mtxtco ?By the Vistula, frr m Ver* Ctuz, whence the ??hhi thi- 7'h int-?., we leant that the first act of the Mexican (. oigin-s, atthrtr ?xlra aerait n, mum to punt- a law lor ruin up $1 (CO,. 000 lor the campaign attaint! T?.\;is. General Catinlizo ItHf? been appointed ri n rnalitier-iu-t hlef, ami General Wolf t? ennd in command ol the simy, which in to consist < I SO COO nit n. A huge amount 01 ilie- munitions ('I war, &tc o'lltr-d In in i|,? Uuiit d Slat# a and Ei glm d, had b??n received .it Vrta ( I UZ; Mild ll waa belle ved that aa em u aa It could he mrwaided and distrihui# d at li e |H|?r points, ihe whole aimy would be | ui t t.drr match Ut* ' roera. T'ie following ia (he quota of the fottrnii .tons to be raised t>y each elate hi d depaitiiu ut Mexico, $04O6<O Sina'oa, $168 160 Jalista, 47n 4On 8ui oia, 67 040 Puebla, 478 40M Qui icetaro. 67 140 Oimnnpiato, 3.6,6.0 Nuavu Leon, 18 IfO OkJhci, 1)0 4(41 'J an aulipaa, 39 4t0 Mn hoacan, 314) 160 ( ofcl.uila, 37 ('40 Mi Luis Poto?l, 314)340 Aguascalientea, 38 7v0 Yacalecai, 383 340 1 obasro, 33.370 Vera < ror, 188 160 tLiajoi, 313(0 Ditrango, isa in 0 _____ Chihusha, 76,660 $4 000 0C0 Should more money he required for the reenp. quest ot ilie "revolted province," it la to he rtnnd in h ratio aitnilur to that pi.u.ttd out in ibe above table Our Charge d'AtT.iireB ad interim in Mexico, Mr. Green, we oheetve, ban had another tilt at uiloa in the diplomatic way with Mr. Bocat.# gta, the iv ext can Mimster ol Foreign Atiaira. We translate a paragraph from Mr G'anote. " I he undersigned rnutt he permitted lo add, that he considers the notes of his excellency, Mr. Hocanegra, under dates of the 3(hh May and 6 h June, discourteous and blugethrr unwamiitrd. The charges of usurpation, ot atrocity, ot bad tuiih and violation ol treaties, so Irtqueoily repeal# d by his excellency, and ihe fierce unit cfiriistve insinua iiotis contained in .lie part of hitt excellent y'a note which commences wnh these wotde, ' Experience has confinned,' See., are as re prehensible, aa they are gratuitous nnd un founded, and the uniersignea hopes that ih#y will not he repealed. He has express orders from his government, given on u loimer occasion, 1 ut appli cable in the present instance, to state to Mexico, ihat lie can hold no communication wnh her, hut in terms of ihnt courtesy ami respect which arc due to the honor and diguity of the United States. The undersigned cannot admit that either he or his government have committed any oHence Hgainsl Mexico. By no means have they done it intentionally. And neither does he wish that Mexico should pass over in silence a supposed in jury. If Mexico believes that she has ughis over Texas, or that these rights Itave been violated, the United States are always dtepo*# d and reeoyto listen to her reclamations, and to render justice. They ure also #qual y leady to detend their proper rightsagainst any opposer, let him ctmt Irom what po.nt he may. "The language of representation will ever be at tended to by the American people or government. But threats and outrages avail but little- in altering their views, when their rights are cl- ar, as in ilie present case, to treat with Texas as an independent power." Mr. Bocanegra replies, mstainirg the position taken by Mexico, and denying the wantol cour tesy to the United States. "The treaty of amity, navigation, commerce. Sen., betw< en the United States and Mexico, ratified in )h32, he repeats, contains clear find distinct c buses The tt nor of each article sltf,ws that the frank, sincere and durable frieiidiSji mentioned, were not abstract phtustB or get terms, hut that they should bo view#d an bindN g or obligatory not .only on tl.o governments ol the two Republics, ieolatcu aid distiuct from their res|iective citizens, hut nl.o that this friendship should be rrciproc al betw i? n the Governments and the citizeua. It is clear, therefore, that the obligations contracted and agreed upon in the treaties, Hnd the conduct i b -trved Hnd practised thus far by the United Malta in the disagreeable a flair < f Texas, are not in uni son, and ifiat on their part the stipulations have net been complied with " Gotzalo Uiloa, conimnndant-genersl of Marina it Ver? Uruz, has r< ceived the appointment of Com .uodore i f the Mexican iqu .dro.i According to Itotn Magadan, dated lrt June, it appears lllat the captain ot II K M'sCol vette Champion, is accused of mumping on ihe maritime rights ol Mexico in the Gulf ol Catilor nia, by forcibly liberating a British baique taken oil the charge ol stiii.gklli g The Castle of Ban Juan de Uiloa at Vera Crux has been put in a complete state of drf. lice, (so 4#y the p..pers) hiid amply provided tor any em. r ^ency thai may occur.?iX Or/rnnt Hul/rtin,July7. The master ol the Vistula ropreatn's ihat ihenv.riit Vera t'rni ha.l abated sum# #l.a ut its violet.c. Ilu also atalea that Sautn Anna persists in hia d t#-in.inauun nut a eay the installment due Una country upon tLe indiai nity. C lin Mariano r ..redes has been a; , uiste.' by the Gp v. runiet l ol Memico. postmaster ut Hi. m place of he lata Wenor Ttmn A bearer ol despatches (torn Mt. Green to Mr. Calhoun, ?iai alao arrived htm. Mtntmanat met hi* death with much intrepidity?he van permitted to write to his la.iy, the duogh #i ?l one tf nir oil# it and most respected Creoles, Mr B Maiigny, iow in thia city Tbirtevn ol hia companiuns n.(tried vith him. being shot to death by mu qu?try. in the gieat .piste of Jalapa Seventy seven men, chn fly computed f i.oii commi#-ion* d oittcera ol the late Latitat army, whom he engaged at New Orleans. were raptuie.l on maid ot tha brig which conveyed hjpi hence It is I e uevrd they l.ave all been put to death, in puouanre of utters transmitted to Tuhasco from the city ut Mono. The crew ot the vessel confuted ol 46 a en, amongst vhiina we are sorry to And live An.eiicatii. The ieat vere Mpaniaids, Toitugueae, French, Germani, and Ita .tana. ATROcrriiB in Cuba.? We have heretofore co ?led into our column* acciiunta or the atrocities ?named in Cuba, under pretence of punislui g the 'ingleadrrs Hnd most active participating in the ?lot, some months ego discovered and frustrated, i a negro insurrection. It has been mated that nil nulattoea who did not effect a timely escape, have been indiscriminately seized and imprisoned on n> re suspicion of their conneciion v. ih the plot, without nny evidence of the IhcI; arid that even itime while men, citizens of the Untied Stabs, lave also been incarcerated and subjected to ihe most cruel treatment, on the mere shadow o| a .?reience tc justify such proctediug*. We with to ?all the attention of our goveriimeat to the tact, ?hat William Bisby, a respectable < nizen ol the United States, a native of New Jersey, whose tmily (an excellent wile and two small children,) reside in this town, waa an late as the 5th Inst , sti 1 letained in prison at Maianzaa by the government >f Cuba, without the shadow of real pretence for ach detention; and we happen also to know, that lie United States' Consul at Matanzas is mollified tnd disappointed at the inaction of bis government. Application to Hie President of the United States, it the instance of a citizen of this town, was made iy our senators and representatives in Congress tbout the 15th of May last, in behalf of thissoHrr n.B man. The President responded promp Iv and landaomely, and on the 2Uth of May, Hon If V. Halo-ton wns assured hy the Becretaiyof Mate, (J. C. Calhoun,) that he had forwarded to the Consul it flavanH itie statement of Mr. Bisby's case, wub orders to make all proper enquiries into it Yet on he 5th of July the man remained in prison, and ' rod only knows when he will be lioeraied The .reience on which Mr. Bisby has been imprisoned is, that a negro while uader the torture ot die lash omake luni Confess something, whether he knew night or not, to relieve himsell Irom that torture, dated that Mr. B promised to give httn h gun, ?lit a'ter being released, avowed that he had told a alsehood; yet on such a charge, so eztotird, and since retracted, an American citizen ta aubjeetrd <o all the Imrrora ot imprisonment in a lorrign land, under a despotic government, and in a clime ?vhich, under these circumstances, makes his very ? xistrnce doubly precarious. And, can it be be lieved that our goverutnent has supinely looked on, ind suffered one or more of her citizens to be thus or montita unjustly deprived of liberty in a torngu ? ud, with lull knowfesge ol the facts, without muting the lenst;demons ration ol demanding their release, t?y a show of force, or etluiui. g it euinma ily at the cannon's rnoutlt, if necessary Butli t rocniea as are relnted above, Hre enough to make (ne blood of every true American boil wiihin his veins; and the supinenersof Iiin government, in lerrniding them to proceed unchecked, makes hem hiush lor shame, and rxclitim, what is such a government good tori that cannot, or will not, prernptly protect us citizens, wherever and when ever their rights are invaded Had Hnglishmen iren SOI retted in Cuba as Americans have bter, tnd are, British thunder and British steel would ongaioh.tve compelled tbnr release, and com leSsadon for all damages.? Arieport J\hode Ittund ? r, July 24. Patau Urn.?The .New Orleans Picayune of lis nut. ??)?:?A dsel took place on the lit), lost., it we learn, at tiriiinl (lull, Mill , between t*o gentle ? urn. Shot glint, load) 'I ? aCh with three burk?hot?, wers ihe (veap'.t.N uteri At the firat firs both parties we.e ta vercly, II not dangerously, wound* .1. Hzlioton?The Catholics (expended for Ifonie M.ttiont in tha tinted States latt year, f IS8 17#, and tha A.nenesn Horns Mlatlonsry ftoeioty, |#J,OVS

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