Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 28, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 28, 1844 Page 2
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miami u <Vi An??M iHins tui Mm dWbMM ia hu rifht <o (hli iiflamTr?m the land of the sfpriMM G. W. p. Custia,iEsg., id rising, laid that he had spoken before tn? friend* assembled round to frequently and upon ao many questions, that now he was at a loss what to say. i*hull I tell you, aaid he, old storied, and inculcate old inaximc urged upon vou heretofore. Sadly, sadly, are the times out of joint; and it may do good 111 the pre sent alarming state of'things to recur to the patriot ism, the single-hearted patriotism of the past Alas! how different the face of aflairs. Instead ol folding the common ^principles of fraternal liberty to our hearts, we are quarrelling before the lapse of the first hundred years. Of our country's history, among ourselves, shall our republic so soon go down. Shall our enemies pont to us and say, there is your model republic?there are the ruins of your social, civil, and religious liberty 1 God iorbid ! Yet "disunion" was openly talked of?a word which no man had dared to utter 53 years ago. At that time, at a lestive occasion at which I was present, the sentiment dearest to all hearts was, as the goblet was raised to their lips?the great senti ment of the day, was "Palsied be the tongue that shall utter disunion!" (Cheerb.) The eloqnent old patriot enlarged upon the theme, and encou raged the young men assembled around him to stand fast to the integrity of the Union and the Constitution ; and closed by a sentiment exhorting them to the last extremity to sustain the honor ana the liberties of the Republic. (Great applause? Hail Columbia ) The President then announced the following toast:? The Editori of New York.?May they Ilerafd forth the principles which have been uttered this day. A palpable hit at your correspondent. Mr. G. B Wallis "rose, and expressed his thanks for ths compliment conferred in the sentiment. In behalf of the New York press, of which he was but an honorary representative, he could answer for the Herald, ana every press of inflience, that the great cardinal principles oi social, civil, and religious freedom, as expounded and defended by our venerible friend of Arlington, were their prin ciples. They were the principles of every man as sociated with the press, who desired the onwatd advancement of the human mind, and human rights, whether at New York, Washington, or ihe world's end. Mr. W begged to submit the motto ot that canonized lather of the Catholic Church, St Augustine? In essentials, let there be unity ; in non-essentialf, let there be liberty ; and In all things, gentlemen, let there he charity." The toast was received with a round cf the hesrtiest applause. In answer to the fol'owing, to wit? The Bar nf Washington ? !?s members distinguished (#r their native modesty, are no less distinguished for their merit and their love of country. Mr. James Hoban took the floor. A man ready on all occasions, and upon any question to lead off in the deba'e. After an aim-ton of flattering regard to this deponent, Mr. H. proceeded, in a stream of grateful eloquence, to delena the nairio'is n of the Catholics, and of the J-suit Col lege ?f Georgetown, as illustrated on all occasions The charities of the church?the history of its charities?he cited in refutation of the charges pre ferred by its enemies The only crime that could be laid agtinst them, was the dissemination ol education and the lights of knowledge, as the basis of liberty. Always eloquent, always accept able, the speech of Mr. H , en this day, was pe culiarly adapted to the occasion. The President next read? Geo Wa teriUn?The friend of science and of letters His pen illn-trates at once the soundness of his head and the goodness of hi* heart. Mr. Wa'tersten retorted that the surest evidence of his confidence in the Georgetown College, wab that one of his children had lately been among the students. He believed this college to be, perhaps, the very best conducted literary institution in the country. Young rn-n educated here, hud become eminent in various oars of the Union, while others, among the refiaed circles of Europe, were dis tinguished for their scholastic acquirements. Mr. Wattersten proposed? The College nf Georgetown? As distinguished for its learning a* its professors are for their wholehearted and liberal hospitality. (Music-The Rose ol Alkndale.) The President next, alter drawing a comparison between the tillers of the mind and the tillers of the soil, from which he proved,as hy an example in algebra, the wonder'ul allinity between the two, submitted, from J. P. Walker: The American Farmer- John 8. Skinner. (Cheers.) Mr. Skinner responded, that though he was nei ther a Tyler in the temple of knowledge, nor a skilful ploughman of its ample fields, yet he did know something of horses, brood-mares, Durham cattle, and blooded colts. He hit back the Presi dent in the following non uquitur : The Preeident nf Georgetown College.?The good and ?kiliul Ryder who manages to get Ins young thinge along by coaxing rather than by driving. (Tremendous cheer President conceded that his opponent was I a Skinner. (Laughter.) The toast he whs sorry to say was a little out of fix. The bread was a little sour, and a little burnt on the top side: and he admitted that it would be little hard of aiges tion. But he knew that his only chance was to eat or be skinned. He announced? The Officert of Ihe Navy?Wa lav this morning how ready they are to face ever) difficulty. Lieut Ward responded in defence of the service, and gave? Th? Jeeu'tes and Jesuitiem?Let them be judged accoid Ing to their work?. By Mr. Walker? Dr. Aiken?The distinguished chemist, and true Amer can His talents contribute to the literary reputation cf his country. Professor Aiken answered to the call; but was not audible, from the increasing good fellowship, and the consequent confusion of voices. By a Professor? The Orator of the day.?"We must Lynch him to get him out. Lieut. W. F. Lynch came forth; and as prompt ly as in the morning acquitted'himself, and as hand somely. He gave the closing sentiment? The Children of St. Ignatiue. Like wise husbandmen, they have increased rather than diminished their dispen sations ol good fruits. May they reap a rich and increas ing harvest hereafter. (Cheers.) Mr. Lawrence, of the treasury department, (a {entleman and a scholar, universally known as teau Lawrence, the Ladies Cicerone General at the President's and other official levees and par ties,) first called for the "Star Spangled Banner" to be sung, and then proceeded to write out a toast, when Mr. C. W. Handy, of Washington, came forward and gave the following song:? DE NEW OLE DAN TUCKER. 1 come to town de udder night, I hear de noise, den saw de bight, De watchmen dey were running roun, Crying, old Dan Tucker's come to town, Oit out oh de way ! (Banjo. Git out ob de way ! Git ont ob de way, si,) Dan Tucker, You're too late to come to ) our supper. Tucker is a nice old man, He used to ride our Darby ram, He sent him whizzing down de hill, If he hadn't got up?he'd laid dar still. Oit out ob de way, ko. Sheep an de hog walkin in de paster, Sheep sez, " hog, can't ye go a little faster 7" Hush ! hush, honey ! hear de wolf ho wlin ! Ah, ah, de lawd?ole bull dog growlin. Oit out ob de way, ke. Jay-hird in de Vartin ? neat, To aatin ho aoul he sot no rot, Ole Tucker run in Je fox'i den, Out come de joung ones?nine or ten. Oit out oh de way, Sec Tucker en de wood pile?can't count lebben, Tut in a fodder bed?him gwine to hebben, Hi* noic to flat, hi* face to full, De top ob hit head like a bag ob wool. (fit out ob de way. Sic. Tucker went round hickory iteepie, Dar he met tome colored peoplo. Some wat block an tome waa blacker, Some waa de color ob brown tobackur. Oit out oh de way, lie. High hold on de holler tree, He |> <Ke hit bdl in lor to nee, De lizard cuth 'em by de auout, He call old Dan Tucker to pull 'im out. tilt out ob de way, Itc. Tucker he had caah a plenty, Dretaed to death ? hi* old trunk empty, To kiaa de galls he thought waa uaeleaf, 'Cspt ha kiaaed wid a tway back ooaencai. Oit out ob de way, kc. Here'? my razor In good order, Mognum-honc.m?ji? hah bought'er, Sheep ahell de oat* ole Tucker shell de corn, I'll anabe you all when de water gita w arm, Oit out ob do way, ke. I went to meotin de udder day, To hear old Tucker preach and pray, Doy ail got drunk but me alone, I make old Tucker?walk jaw bono, Oit out oh de way ! (Banjo. Oit out ob de way ! Oit out ob de way you hardened sinner, Your too lato to coma to your dinuer. The sung was received with the moat emphatic applause. The Rev. Mr. Fenricr then sung in hi* admire bla etvle, the "Slur Spangled Banner," and war joined in the churn.* by the entire assemblage, auc the Hand. After which the bund struck up 'Luc} Neal," and with three cheers for the ladies ol Georgetown, the meeting adjourned to an uppei room, where, after pai taking ol a cup ol hot codec, the company separated. Three cheers lor the Jesuits of Creotpetown Col loge. They have shown to their enemies how the) ?atertain tneir friends, irrespective of national, po litical, or religious distinctions. Hip-hip? Hurrah ! Boa. NEW YORK HERALD. N?w York, Sunday, July M, 1M4. Tk? Preu of the Revolution. We give on our first page a number of extract* from a newspaper of the revolutionary era, which are full of interest in a variety of aspects. We are here reminded of the costly sacrifices by which the liberties of this country were purchased. The sufferings?the privations?the fortitude?the un shtinking courage?the exalted patriotism, of the men of the revolution, are here set forth in bright array. But what is especially deserving of attention in these extracts, is the extraordinary contrast which they present to the tone and spirit of the party journals of our day. Even when smarting under the greatest privations, and when the war was at the very hottest, we find the newspapers of that day of suffering and glory, recording the events of the war and the grossest acts of violence committed by a brutal British soldierv, with a manly dignity and heroic calmness which furnish the very strongest possible contrast to the degradation and black* guardism of the party press of this generation. Not only in decency and dignity has the political press of the present time degenerated Irom that of the brightest period in our history, but, al-is! in still more important virtues the latter appears to be wo fully deficient. The pure patriotic feeling?the earnest love of country?the sincere devotion to the cause of liberty?the habitual reverence for the grand principles of freedom?for all this we look in vain in the columns of the party press of 1844. How long will the really intelligent, virtuous and patriotic citizens of this mighty land, who adhere to the principles and would emulate the virtues of their revolutionary ancestry, support and suffer a vile party press, which is animated only by the de moniac spirit of partizanship, and which daily per petrates the grossest libels on the country?its in stitutions?its politics?its society and its morals'? . The anti-Texas Movement among the De mocilacy.?It is stated that Attorney General Bar ker, who took the lead in the recent great anti Texas movement amongst the democracy, is now at Howard's Hotel, and it is Burmised by many per sons that a general movement and consultation will be held in this city in relation to the best mode of electing Mr. Polk, who is in favor of the annexa tion of Texas, and electing a House of Represent atives which will be opposed to that measure. This astoundingly sagacious movement, patronised by General Barker, reminds us very much of the Btory related by Joe Miller respecting the exploit of the individual who attempted to bite his own aose off, and it will probably be as successful. The acquisition of Texas is inevitable, because, in fact, the acquisition of territory of any descrip tion is the great instinct passion of nations. What ever partizans may say, and speculators may swear, and politicians may dread, the annexation of Texas, sooner or later, to this country, is just as certain as the increase of the population, or the falling of the dew, or the rising and setting of the sun. Every nation that has been celebrated for its genius, greatness and energy, has never refused to annex new territory to its paternal dominions. Nor will this nation refuse. Whether it be Eng land or Russia, Rome or France, in looking at the history of the past, we see the same general prin ciple of human nature exhibited. This instinct for the acquirement of increased territory has always prevailed with nations?it now prevails, and must continue to prevail. The opposition to the annexation of Texas by Mr. Clay, Mr. Van Buren, or any other man or set of men, will be aboutjas effective as the effort of a man who would attempt to stem the irresisti ble tide of the Mississippi with a pitchfork. What ever set of politicians oppose it will surely be over whelmed. The great popular movement'is in favor of it, and it must be carried. The interest of the masses is human nature itself , and the opposition arises only from the politicians and financiers, who dread any extension of the diplomatic relations of the country which might interfere with their paltry speculations of the hour. But this opposition will tie nought. Texas may not be annexed this year, nor the next, nor the next, but it must be one day annexed ; that is inevitable?and if Mr. Clay be elected and oppose it, he will be overwhelmed in less than four years. Mark that. Political Changes and Somersets?The par ty prints of both sides are very busy giving lists cf political changes and somersets, from one side to the other, of individuals who have changed their opinions from whig to democratic, and democratic to whig. But we don't see any thing interesting in giving these barren lists of mere names. The whole number of th? recreants on both sides could be far outdone by u single tenement on the " Five Points" on the election day, either on one side or the other, and at an expense, too, of only a few glasses of three cent grog. In both cases the in fluence on the general result would be about the same. Of all the changes that are worthy of note, we have seen only two. The first is only a half and half change, and that is in the case of the amiable poet, Bryant, who has cleared out from one half of the democratic creed, and goes for one half of the democratic victory?that is, he goes for Polk, with all his sins on his back in relation to the annexa tion of Texas, but decidedly against a House of Representatives in favor of that project. This is half a change. The only real change is seen in a different quarter, and is a pirouette that goes en tirely round?that is in the case of the Chevalier Wikofl. He is now powerfully out in favor of Mr. Clay, having all at once, in consequence of some extraordinary influence of the starry spheres, or some other supernatural agency, discovered that the Kentucky statesman is really an able, wonder ful, and never-to-be-sufliciently exalted man. This is indeed an important change. It will be at once perceived that this change has brought a vast acces sion to the lists of Mr. Clay, in the shape of the waiters at Long's Hotel, and the ballet-girls at Niblo's, and ail the penny theatres from New York to New Orleans. The Louisiana Election?the Boot on the other Leo.?According to the most recent and reliable accounts, there is an aggregate democratic majority in the recent election in Louisana oi about six hundred votes. So says the Journal of Commerce?which generally shows up these mat tecs pretty accurately. This certainly puts quite a new face on thin matter, and when contrasted with the state of affairs in 1340 shows conclusively that the democrats are not in such a bad condition as we had been led to imagine. The chances of Clay and Polk may now be set down as more equal. However, we 6hall examine the matter still further. Sunday Excursions.?The pretty little steam boats which ply to Staten Island, are crowded every Sunday with respectable citizens and their families, who are desirous to breathe the pure and refreshing air, and worship in the great temple of naiiue. Clifton House, and the Telegraph Station in its neighborhood, are places of great resort. Nowlan's, on Prospect Hill, near Yorkville, is a very faahionabie resort on this island. Coney Island has a great many visiters, and so has the pretty vil lage of Flushing, and other charming resorts on Long Island. Then we havt Hoboken, and other spots n<*ar home. No lack, certainly, of delightful ? xcursiona in this warm month. The Princeton Encampment.?A splendid con centration of the military takes place at Princeton, N. J., next Thursday. General Scott will be there and it will be one of the moat magnificent affairs of the kind ever seen iu this country. Moax Military Visits.?The Lancaster Fenci hies, of Lancaster, Pa., will visit Nsw York, on the'third week m.August. Mi. flu*4! torn* the Batoni Dtmocrat til Mtitct from t M?e? ?' livered by Mr. City In the Houte of RePT*"nl* tives, in which he expresses his opinion of o Con nell. We recollect thie epeech perfectly, and th it made a greatlnoise at the time. Here i* the ex-1 lf^He"(O'Connell ) would exclude us ^anv? I from European .ociety-he who^mMl^can ? eternal non-intercour?? will e*'*'.^t*^ha_e pUr8ued the think the American minister wooM^t hwepnnuea ?"?ait's: ?V SSfttaM Suf .????T.-*?> <*? ?">? " ' foreign and kindred people I This opinion of Mr. Clay wae pronounced when O'Connell first came out denouncing all the south ern and eouth-west portions of this country, where slavery happened to exist. It was in the year 1838, | if we recollect the date distinctly, when the con troversy arose between O'Connell and Mr. Ste venson, then our Minister at the Court ol St. James. O'Connell then denounced Mr. Stevenson, | and all Americans, as slave breeders, villains, and whatnot. Immediately after these violent invectives were made known in this country, Mr. Clay pronounced the very just opinion on | O'Connell Iwhich we have just 8'*??- r O'Connell has received " rent" enough from the poor Irish people of his own country, and has given very little in return; for they are just 1 the same condition as they were at the beginning of the century when the agitation commenced Ireland is s ill under the hoof of the oppressor. Her wretched people are still in the same condition of abject poverty and degradation, while he, the hire ling, hypocritical patriot, has been living in princely magnificence, and even in Richmond Pe",tenl'"y keeps up that style of almost *>?-J?**1 and luxury which the misdirected feelings of his poor countrymen have furnished him the means to sustain for so many years past. Mr. Clay is per fectly tight in the rebuke which headministered to | O'Connell for] his virulence against the United States. __ Boston Gut* Club-Whig Mmtinq at thbNa" TioNALHALL.-There|was a goodly muster of the | Ihig party, old and young, at the National HaU, Canal street, last evening, for the purpose of hear ing the Boston Glee Club. Shortly after 8 0 clock, R. C. Hancc was called to the chair, and a?t?r l few observations, introduced the gentlemen of the Boston Glee Club to the meeting. The?P"|l" then favored the meeting with the glee, Hail to the Chieftain," which was received with most tre mendous applause. This was succeeded by Here s | to thee, Harry Clay," followed by the catch. Old Harry Clay " It was then announced that ur. Bacon was in the room, who had just returned from a tour through the western part of this State, for electioneering purposes, and no ^ou^t ^oul^ ^V<J'' the company with a brief sketch of the prospects nf th.. uartv in those parts. At the request of the urnuni'ct was highly encouraging?much more so hanP"er it wm in 1810; and that at the present I lime thev were full three months ahead in prospect of what they were at the same time in that year. | The sneE then went on to show how many lee.inM had been held in school rooms and I churches, and how many mass meetings, where | thousands attended, and ar"oa8 rof^DWardbl nv ladies?who patiently J?at???d [^fact dry! ?r six hourB at a time to matter-oi-taci, ary. ? "j? s ? /cheB. in favor of Henry Clay and Whig principles, and even then was ^ath to aepa mte He observed that the whig tariff of 1842 had settled the business for the loco focos i th? m particular were now in favor of it-men that | could only be brought to their senses though tj*?" nn^k^ts With respect to this said tariff, the lot.# ? feeoB in no three districts told the same tale in nns thev claimed it as the old democratic measure nf 1R28- in another, they termed it the bloody .whig tariff-and^n a third, that it had nothing whatever | ^do with the questions at present at issue. It was something like an anecdote of a lawver. that he once heard, who had to defend a client against the charge of steal to aeienu ? v. ^ delenee. Bard that he could Drove tliat when his client borrowed the ket fle it waa cracked?that, secondly, when he return ed it iT wm whole-and lastly, that his client never u at all (Great laughter and cheer ing ) He said, that notwithstanding the nrosuect that was before them, mucTi, remained t< h? dune and they must not relax their exertions every one shoul/not only putliia shoulder tothe wheel but keep it there until the great and good work was accomplished. The Rentlem? then il lustraied lus arguments with one or two ?iner anecdotes similar to the former, which were well received, and he sat down amid considerable | ChTehelDmembers oijthe Boston Glee Club then I favored them with? "O'er Ashland's lawns the skies are bright, Succeeded by the best and sweetest glee of the evening, having no political tendency "Mariners love o'er the waters to roam." and as a finale^ hurra, the country is rising^ For Henry Clay and Freiinghuysen Dr. Bacon then moved a vote of thanks to th gentlemen of the Glee Club for their services, which was carried amid considerable applause. .... Chairman then announced that the I Boston Clay Glee Club, assisted by Miss Surah Knight of Boston, would give a concert at the Apollo Saloon, on Wednesday evening next, and hoped all would be present with their friends. The ] meeting then broke up. Sue's Novel, the Wandering Jew.?As the pub lic have been already informed, this great work was purchased in advance of its appearance in Paris, by J. Winchester, at an expense of $10,000. The first number has been issued, and the demand for the work, even in this early stage, we are informed, surpasses his most sanguine expectations. The se cond number is now in type, and as it embraces s highly interesting portion of the work, it may be reasonably expected to bring a large accession of patronage. The demand for Eugene Sue's works, both in French and English, is steadily increasing. The author of the " Mysteries of Paris," since the ap pearance of that work, has been hardly less es teemed here than in France, where it is well known he stands second to none in the estimation of the public as a writer of fiction. The great demand here for the work in both languages, has induced Winchester to issue a French edition, which laud able step has, it seems, encountered the hostility ol a competitor, who, by his indiscreet and unfair re marks about Winchester's edition, has left himsell open to censure. Mons. Oaillardet, editor of the " Courrier des' Etat-Unis," who wishes, it would seem, to monopolize the publication of the French edition, insinuates that that of his rival must be inferior to his own because the latter is executed by Frenchmen, acquainted with the lan guage in which the work appears, whilst the tormer is not, and, as a consequence, subject to errors and imperfections in the execution. What ever truth may be in the principle, it is?not neces sary to enquire or to dwell upon it here, as, ac cording to Winchester, the statement is not true, the exact contrary being the fact. One thing we can say, that we had the pleasure of perusing hb French edition of "Les My stores de Paris," and it was exceedingly accurate?even more than usually free from the little typographical errors thai are often observable in works executed executed with the greatest care. What Mons. Gaillardet means when he tells the public that he will produce the work cheaper than Winchester, at the same time announcing that the price is to be $34, is hard to understand?the price of Winchester's being only two, making a differ ence of one and a quarter dollar, or 62J per cent in lavor of the latter. Further remarks on this to pic are not called for. Facts and figures are deci dedly in favor of the enterprising Winchester, and what is still better, the reading public is with him, and so they should, for he has done them?he hat done the State good service in putting within the reach of all, the emanations from the brat mindset Kurojie.and superseded the voluminous trash which for too long a period has been teeming from th? press, and which, though evanescent und puerile, were enough lived to do mischief, we anti cipiife.'then, n success for this work. "The Wan dering Jew"?that will mark an era in the literarj annals of this country, aa its appearance has don< in France ; and there is no use in attempting to rival Winchester by unfair means, nnd it is highlj probable that as he has the start, and public opi nion with him, the chances of any to compete fairly with him would fprovs a disoomfiturs, and end in'di?appoininient.??tat:t) a# Ik* Ltm Mmi JtatlMMul* ySTSnSbS theKtppointed fori this eveit, the trains were in readineas at 8 o'clock precisely, the hour fixed upon. The President and Directors were on the spot with all the punctuality of men who have ably conducted this enterprize to its present state of completion, and were soob joined by numerous reinforcements of their friends and those of the concern. New York contributed largely ; no doubt every street in this city tent its quota; but Wall street, especially, was most strongly represented Whether stocks were pro tern, affected by the turn-out?whether they arose or declined, no matter; certain it is, the paities j mentioned did not decline this pleasant trip, know ing that, for one dny at least, there was as much attraction to be had by means of the pressure of steam, as the pressure ol the money market. The expedition set off in three divisions, in sue- j cession, at intervals ol about 10 minutes. The first comprised the engine, two carriages and their con tents, which amounted to fifty individuals in eqch, all bent upon Beeing as much as was to be seen, and enjoying themselves to as great an extent as time and circumstances would permit. The other j two trains had four carriages each, but were not quite full, although not wanting much of it. It will be seen, then, that the population of Green port, the destination of the expedition, received a weighty reinforcement by the first arrival oi the cars The d ?y was most lavorable for the trip, ana every one seemed to enjoy it. All expressed them' selves in terms of decided approval of the mode in which this extensive and promising work has been completed; and the directors, it appears, concede the due meed ol praise to the chief engineer, and all concerned, for co-operating so well with them. Nothing, indeed,can be more favorable as a site for | a rail road than the one under consideration, and it must be allowed that if it has beeu well turned out, there were not any of those natural obstacles which frequently occur in such undertakings, in the formofexcavations, banking, levelling, bridges,&c From Brooklyn to the other extremity, with the exception of one or two slight curves, it is straight as a lance, and the same may be said relative to bridges. A sense of security is imparted by know ing the solidity of the work, which will be a com fort to travellers, and also permit a higher degree of speed to be obtained than would be in the con trary case. . The distance from Brooklyn to Greenport is | ninety-four miles. To Hempstead plains about thirty miles, the countiy presented a very beautiful appearance ; the soil is good and crops abundant; Indian corn abounds, and seems to luxuriate in this locality. Harvest occupation engaged the farmerr in the fields as the train passed along, lending a high charm to the general aspect of the rural scene. After some thirty miles are travelled, the soil alters in some degree?becomes more light and sandy, and more fit for pasture than arable land Immense herds of cattle were seen spread over the extended pluin approaching the central district of the island, whilst still further on shrubs supplant grasses?amongst the rest the whortleberry is strewed over thousands of acres. On arriving at River Head, the fir tree remains in almost undispu ted possession of the terra firma?we were going to say lord of the soil?but that neither their size nor J figure give them a claim to such a title ; they are in fact very small affairs in the shape of forest timber. In approaching Greenport on the eastern shore, the country again assumes a more inviting appear ance It appears that on Long Island the general rule is reversed, for whilst in most cases the centre of islands is the richest soil and most productive, there, the coast has the advantage. The first train performed the journey in thtee hours and a half, which for the first trial is good travelling; the following trains took a little more time. It may here be observed, however, that this ratio is no test of the speed that will be ar rived at on the Long Island Railroad before twelve months Gentlemen well capable of judging,, say that they will, on that line, be able to obtain a rate ahead of any yet realized on this continent? principally owing to the natural advantages of its site and construction. An attentive examination will show there is no exaggeration in this, and that in point of speed and safety the Long Island Railroad will Btand without a rival. Greenport is of recent origin, yet is of no trifling importance now, and will Boon venr probably cut a respectable figure, for which it will Btand a good deal indebted to its new ally?the railroad. Th? port is an excellent one and will yet contain its Bast and West Indiamen, and a foreign trade, which will be no doubt a good deal promoted by , a freedom from the heavy expenses of larger places?this city for instance. A good deal ot whaling business is carried on by its people now, and we are informed that no less than ten vessels are owned by them. On approaching the terminus, an occasional glimpse through the forest foliage betrayed now and again a sweet and varied land scape. There, through a little vista, you glanced at tne blue ocean?here at a hill, whose sides were variegated partly by forest scenery-pattly by patches of white sand, which had a lively and pleasing effect. On one hand you espied the col of the new settler; on the other the well tilled fields?the fruitful orchards of the older resident; whilst all round pleasant faces peered through the buBhes, over the fences and under their bonnets, to see the first appearance of the train in that quar ter. By their looks and gestures they gave the whole cortege, engine and all, a warm welcome, and,here and there a white flag was displayed, in token of capitulation we presume, and that for one day at least, they left to the steaming strangers, and New York merchants the right to dictate terms and rule their market. On alighting from the ears it was observed that a great multitude of the dwellers of the region round about Greenport, and all the coasts thereof had assembled. To capture the town would have been light work ; for verily all the inmates of the houses thereof were found in the vicinity of the mam moth superstructure that stood erected to receive the visitants. It was pleasing to behold it at a dis tance ; but who can figure the gratification afford ed by a nearer reconnoitre. None but one whose appetite had been whetted by a ninety miles jaunt, after an early dytuner, can guess at the beatitude which was realized on behelding the culinary pre parations in process of completion. It was plain that cook and commissary had done his duty, and it required no great perception to discover that every other individual concerned were bent on do ing their's. It was not wonderful, and by no means a sign that the Greenport folks were green, if they indulged in a little contemplation oi the magnitude ot the arrangements. Plates were laid for four hundred and Til ty, and as far as we could observe, there was little room to spare, so numerous were the invitations of the hospitable president and di rectors of the Long Island Railroad. Mayor Sprague, of Brooklyn, acted as president, and atter the good things were discussed with be coming assiduity for a considerable time, and cer tain ablutions of sparkling champaign had clarified the vocal organs? in| a word, |as soon as the excellent president perceived that men had waxed social, friendly and communicative, he proposed a draught to the health of The President of the Long Island Railroad, George B. Fisk. (Spirited cheering followed the proposal) Mr. Fisk replied.?He warmly thanked them for their complimentary mention of his name, and felt honored by being then named in the presence ol such an assembly of the wealth, intelligence and enterprise of New York. He could not, however, approptia'e the credit they gave him of zeal for the enterprise. The Mayor and Council of Brook lyn were deserving of their gratitude, fsr the man ner in which they fostered and encouraged it, and -oistainediit against the repeated and vigorous as saults of its enemies. But a few monthB ago an application was made for leave to construct a tun nel across one ot their streets, which was vigor ously opposed by arguments ?f able counsel; but notwithMtnuding all these hostile attacks the Corpo ration of Brooklyn did their duty and sanctioned the measure To them he tendered his warm thanks, in addition to the satisfaction they must feel in the consciousness that they had contributed to a work that would be a benefit to the nation and their fellow man. He meant to goa h'tle further He could not make a good speech, but felt bound to acknowledge his gratitude to gentlemen, some of whom were present, fur their able counsel to him throughout. Tsthe talent and expenenceol those New York gentlemen he was greatly indebt ed He begged leave to name Edwin Post, ot Sew York?(cheers,) James R. Brooks, (cheers,) John A King, (.heers,)Elihu Towssend, (cheers) Henry Huggles, (cheers,) WmG Thompson, and - nost of others, (loud cheering ) One and all n< thanked them with the deepest eelings. Toth< directors, too, he confessed his obligations. Ano ther name he could not but mention, that of then Chief Engineer, (loud applause.) Hs was; much indebted to him. Th. y had come over nis road to-day?if it was found right he gained great ere 1 fiwy iMrovtd tf U it would bsafsatksr la Pt (laughter tirt applause,) but If thair oon >d it, he (MrTisk) was ready to take half hia oap, dsthhed , of the odium, (applause.) He gave the health of John a. King and the other gentlemen, to whote ad vice and direction they were so much indebted. (Three Cbeen.) John A. Kino was loudly called upon, and said: It was a matter of great gratification for him to be present on that occasion, the completion of that great work, that had successfully overcome all the trials and casualties that such things are subject to. There were powerful influences at work to op pose it, but it had triumphed, and they all knew who, in its dark days?in adverse circumstances? stood its friend, ana that of hia country. (Cheers ) Its advantages were incalculable. It was the great avenue of communication between the two great commercial cities, Boston and New York; it brought the North and South nearer together; it made them a greater, because a more united peo ple. (Cheers.) It shortened Long Island, for in three houra they could traverse its greatest length. Their's waa thefonly country in the world where men were rfree to direct their minds, and all the attributes they possess, aa it pleased them. It was wise to look to their own concerns?to mind them selves?recollecting that whatever contributed to develope the resources of this country, benefited them. (Bravo.) In 1826, the first railroad was established in tne United States, and that for the purpose of carrying atones from Quincy, to lay the foundation of that great monument on Bunker Hill which commemorates a victory, that would live in story, (applause,) and that was the noblest monu ment in this or any other country. (Cheers.) In that victory waa laid the foundation of all of great and glorious they had. Mr. King went on and re viewed the progress of railroads, paid a high compliment to the President and Directors, and gave? Railroads and I ries of modern i the connection (Loud cheering.) Several other toasts followed Amongst the rest, The Mayor and| Corporation of the city of New York. The Mayor and Corporation of the city of Brooklyn.? The President and Directors of the Long Island Railroad. Boston and Nf.w York. No Repudiation. No mob rule, and several others. Alderman Hasbrouck, Mayor Sprague and S. R Brooks severally returned thanks, but our space does not allow of doing justice to them. Suffice it to say that they drew forth bursts of applause and hearty laughter, and promoted such a taste for elo quence that nothing else was thought of until the conclusion of the seene. So high did the mania for speaking go, that there were actually three up and addressing his own section of the guestsat once. There was no possibility of taking a note of it. All was good humour ana merriment, repartee and rejoinder. Proudly conspicuous amongst his com petitors was N. T. Rhodes, Esq.,{whose address was one continued vein of humour. It was a cau tion to hear the laughter and clapping, and to see the rushing to catch what he said. W e regret that we were not among the most fortunate, and whilst ruminating on the disappointment and the multifa rious evidences that were presented on the dinner table, the (train arrived?the guests got up, took their seats?resigned themselves to contemplation, leaving the care of their transit to the Long Island Railroad. It did its duty. May it ever do so! Try it, reader. New Moos or Catching the Politicians.? Narine, 6c Co., No. 11 Wall St., have brought out quite a novelty in the form of Clay & Frelinghuy sen letter paper. The article is of a beautiful quali ty, and adorned with a vignette engraving of those two personages. The likenesses are faithful ones. On the visage of " Harry of the West," plays an eastern smile, as "bright as the beams of the morn ing sky," from which, we presume, that whilst sit ting for the artist, he must have been pondering on the result of the Louisiana election, or indulging in a day dream about another coming one. The aspect of Frelinghuysen, wears an air of pious ab straction, mingled with a dash of tha old tough, dogmatical Presbyterian, worthy of John Knox himself. Probably he waa engaged in some act of pious meditation, when sitting for his picture?per haps praying,like David of old, for aid to overcome his enemies. The design, however, is a beautiful one, and will be patronized extensively. A Clay handkerchief has also been introduced by Davis 6c Rhines, No. 41 Exchange Place. The centre piece, a good representation of Mr. Clay, and we hear have already attracted good patronage. Some out and out loco-foco said he would buy one, it it were but to have the pleasure of blowing his nose on Clay; but this, of course, will have no weight with the refined. Theatricals, <8cc. Signor and Signora Cassella are now sojourning at Saratoga, and were announced to give a concert at the United States Hotel last evening. Mr. H. P Peet, of the New York Institution, it giving lectures on the instruction of the deaf and dumb, at the same place. Mr. Sutton, the necromancer, still remains there. Hunt, the comedian, took a benefit at the Bos ton Museum on Friday evening last. Mr. Macready took a benefit at Montreal on the 21st inst., in the character of Macbeth. A lady of remarkable lucid powers is announced to give clairvoyant examinations of diseases at Boston. It >s stated that another theatre is about to be erected in Boston, and is to be ready for the winter campaign. A new comedy, entitled "The Mysteries ol Boston," was produced at the Dramatic Saloon, in that city. Report speaks highly of it. Miss Sedgwick is at the Springs. George Barrett is performing at the Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia. On Thursday evening last Signors D. & G. Valen tini, assisted by Miss Keane. gave a drawing-room concert in Schenectady, wnich was numerously and fashionably attended, and so pleased were the audience that they requested another entertain ment, which was to take place last evening. Winchell, the delineator of Scotch, Irish, Dutch, French, Yankee, and other characters, has written anew piece, of three characters?all Yankee?full of Yank ee originalities, and will play itself. Seve ral managers are on treaty for it. Clown's Wit.?A celebrated clown once pro duced on the stage a rusty old sword. "ThiB," said he, "is the sword with which Balaam smote his ass." One of the audience replied, "I though) he had no sword, but only wished for one." "You're right," rejoined the clown, "and this is the very sword he wished for." Common Pleas, Jolt 97.?This Court met to-day, hut no argument eases being ready, it aifjourned over tine die. V. S. Circuit Court. Will open on Monday. The Beauties of Party. James Gordon Bennrtt, Esq ? I was much pleased with yourremarks, yesterday, on the subject of the gross manner in which candi dates for office are assailed. You justly observe that in a republic, such a course is suicidal. It will lead directly and inevitably to this result?that no great man will allow his name, on any considera tion whatever, to go before tne people as a candi date: thus leaving political ground a frightful arena for tne contentions of the worst men. It reminds me of the scenes exhibited by Nero and Caligula in the arena of the Coliseum at Rome, where gladi ators and wild beasts reddened its sands with blood I have known Henry Clay for upwards of thirty years, and although I have occasionally differed with nim on some political questions, yet it is due to him to declare that, considering the long pilgrim to him to declare that, considering the long pilgrim age which he has performed in the deep valley ol politics?more dangerous than that of Bunyan's pilgrimage?to human virtue?Henry Clay has m much as any man I ever knew, preserved to this day his natural goodness of heart and hi9 ingenu ousness. This is owing, 1 think, to its great original force in hiB character?supported by a very powerful constitution both of mind and body. 1 amyourobd't. svt., H. M. New-York, July 27, 1344. SlARCH FOR THE BODY OF Mr. WaIT.?SUB Ma tune Armor.?The friends of Mr. Wait, who dis appeared some weeke since mysteriously in this city, spent some days last week in searching the Cuyahoga river under the direction of the woman who pretends to ?ee all things by peeping into a stone in s hat! The barrel which she asserts contain* the body wet not found, though one o( the person* who used the sub-marine ar mor in examining the bottom of the river, assured us thi, morning in all seriousness, that he had no doubt ho had got within SO or 40 feet of the body. Tha woman who ?xarcisaa the extraordinary and far seeing gift, resides ?one 90 miles from Cleveland sn<l we arc assured by ont ol the believers," that by looking into the stone in th* hat, the sew distinctly, and described minutely, the move, ments of Wait's friends in and about the river while the search was going on. This ravealar ofjterribl* sec rati Inclines to come to tho city and designate the precise spot in the river whore the barrel is lying, for fear her own life will be taken ! The eesrch is to lie resumed on Mon ley of next week.? Cleveland lit raid July 99. Military.?The New Knglnnd Guards, Captain harles Gordon, accompanied by the brass band, left the city this morning at half past ten, for Providence. They wore, for the first time, a new bearskin grenadier cap, which with their full ranks, fifty-three guns, and nine -faff officers, presented e very handaome appearance.? Iloiton Tranetript, July 94. .July If.-jUstltM Mviiii Ciii.-fli# wlftjtwrUei OfBankstfeet wa* on Ftiday evening the scene of alarm and consequence of tha eititena Warning that a youth, named James Cloudslay, aged 1? yeara, a native of Scotland, had been mortally wounded by aorne abaip tnatrument, the blowa on hia person, which were two deep atabs, having been inflicted by an Iriahman named William Ar i strong. The parties occupied aeparate apartmenta in the atuno house, No. 49 Bank street; and a dispute arose between them as to ownership oi a piece of wood whioh the boy was sawing up in the back yard; a scuffle took plaee, and the lad retreated on to the steps and sat down, Armstrong having first thrown a brickbat at him. But a short time elapsed, during which time some words passed, and Arm strong then approached the lad, and while he was sitting, inflicted two deadly wounda on hia person j the one in the upper part, and the other in the lower part o< the ab domen. He waa found to be dangerously wounded, and was at once conveyed to the City Hospital; and from the nature of the injuries, the physicians are of opinion that ha will not survive them Armstrong waa immediately arrested and conveyed to the Upper Police to await the result. Justice Gilbert informed the Coroner ef the iact, and he riaited the lad, and informs us that his state la vary critical. We fear that tha next number we issue will give an ao* count of the deeth of the lad, and that Armstrong will be folly committed for Murder. Police Hecord?Jolv 87?Job. Golick tub Militia Fine CoixaoToa.?This unenviable individual again made hia appearance before the Police Magistrate# yes terday, praying for warrants against a; shoemaker, No. 8f8 Pearl street, for ejecting him lrom his premises while he waa attempting to collect a militia fine, on the Sd| as wall as on the 11th inat. Also against Jamea (Keman and hia wife, of No. 3IS Centra street, who thrust him iroui their premises while he was engaged in the same pursuit of extortion and lovy. The gallant Gullck says that the female waa the peraon who caused him to retreat and give up the battle Justice Haskell was opposed to granting tha warrants, but Justice Drinker, who was the presiding morning ma gistrate, diflered from him in opinion, and ordered the same to be made out One of tne offending partiea ap peared, was allowed to depart again, and desired to attend on Monday. Cmabob or Embbsbe.bme.vt.?Mr. Isaac H. Smith, af No. 305 Front street, preferred a charge againat hi* clerk, William W. Smith, for embezzlement He states the cleik haa appropriated to hia own aae numerous sum* of money collected by him, amengst whioh ia the aum of $6 66 100, received from Mrs. Elizabeth Wasaer, ol No. 1 Orchard street, the amount of a month's rent. Thb Common Council.?Both Boards ol Aldarmen meet to-morrow evening, when the subject of the removal oi the Alma House, Long Island Farms, and tha Brllevue Hospital, to Randall's Island, will be again brought up for discussion, only thiee resolution* having been pasted up on Thursday, when the Board adjourned, and the ordin ance being incomplete in ita passage. In the Board of Assiitanta?general business of the day, without any re ference to any important measure. Superior Court. July 37.?This Court was opened formally to-day, when no business being transacted, tha Court waa adjourn ad over tine die. In Chambers. Before Chief Justices Jones and Oakley. Case or the Mexican Commodore or the "Cauda loute."?William Bc$twich]vt. Jott Af Etvira.?The de cision in thia case has been postponed to Iztursday next. This is an application to reduce the bail of the defendant, wha hat been arrested on a warrant, lor forcibly detain ing on board the "Gaudaloupe,*' now lying in the dock for repairs, the clothe* or the complainant, and re filling to pay him his wages. The case has been folly noticed in yesterday's HeraUL The application is made to reduce the ball. Edward Ford vs. Eetrvan Begovick?This also was a motion to reduce the bail of the defendant, who has been arrested on a charge of aaaault and battery, brought againat a Lieutenant of the Mexican steamer Montezuma. The complainant came to this port as a passenger, agree ing to work his passage, subject to the restrictions end regulations on board the steamer; when, having trans Keased contrary to orders, the Lieutenant ordered him to tied up and to suffer punishment lor transgiessing tha orders on board. Mr. Nash appeared for the complainant, and contended that, inasmuch as he had come a* a passenger, and not baing duly enlisted, the complainant could not be held liable a* a seaman on bocrd. Mr. Whitino replied, and contended that tha complain ant once having entered into the ateamer on the under standing that he was to work hi* passage, he waa to be looked upon in the same light, whilst on board, aa if he had enlisted in the service during the time the vessel we* on voyage from port to port; and. therefore, that tha local authorities had no civil jurisdiction in moh a cue, which was subject to the laws of Mexico. Their Honors will give their decision In both case# on Thursday. The Examination of Rev. Jot H. Fairchild, fob thb Seduction of Miss Rhoda Davidson.? Exeter, July 23, 1844.?'The Ecclesiastical Coun cil was convened yesterday at the First Congres sional Church in this town, for the purpose of exa mining into the alleged charges of immorality against Mr. Fairchild, and to dissolve his pastoral relations with the Church. At 10 o'clock on Wednesday one of the letters missive which had been sent by J. H. Fairchild. the Pastor of the First Church of Exeter, signed by the committee of the church, was read by Rev. Jonathan French ef North Hampton, who called the Council to order. The object of the meeting was to dissolve Mr. F.'s pastoral relations, and to examine certain do cuments and evidence which might be presented by a committee of the Suffolk South Association, implicating his moral character, and to act and de cide thereon. The Ministers of fifteen other different Churches invited were present, and two or three delegates, besides a large number of the congregation com posing Mr. Fairchild's church. Rev. Mr. Dana of Newburyport, was elected the moderator and Rev. Mr. Demmick of Newbnry port. and Rev. Mr. Clark of Portsmouth, chosen Scribes. The Council on motion of Mr. Fairchild, permit ted Rev.Mr. Phelps of Groton, to assist him in this examination. The committee composing the Suffolk South As sociation, and Rev. Mr. Riddell, chairman, Rev. Edward Beecher, D. D , and Rev. N. Adams. Mr. Fuirchild was present at the opening of the Coun cil, attended by his wife, and he wished that his letter requesting a dismission be acted upon. Ho made a brief statement, stating the grounds of his wish, thai|the alleged immorality took place before his connexion with the church here, at another place, and he didn't wish to have this church in volved in the least in the difficulty. A motion was made that the pspers and docu ments of the Suffolk South Association be receiv ed. Before this was done, however, a pretty gene ral and animated discussion arose upon the propri ety of having the investigation carried on with closed doors. Several members advocated this course, on the ground that the facts expected to come out were exceedingly gross and improper, and might exercise a very bad tendency upon the Sublic mind, and one member of the Council, the lev. Mr. Burgess, opposed it for the same reason, and for the additional one that the facts might, if publicly made known,appear in the penny papers,and such papers he considered to have a bad tenden cy, ana exceedingly corrupting to the communi ty. After some discussion the proposition to -it with closed doors, which it was evident wan in direct opposition to the feelings of the Council generally, the motion to sit with closed doors was almost unanimously negatived. In the course of the above discnssion mention was frequently made about the various rumors which were in cir culation about this case, such as the report than an indictment for adultery had been found against Mr. Fairchild, and that the Governor of New Hainp shire, although he had bedn required to give up Mr. Fairchild, had refused to comply with the requisi tion. It was said that the District Attorney of Mass. had been seen about a legal action, now said to be under investigation, and ne had, by request, con sented to defer proceeding till this Council had finished their business, rather than Mr. Fairchild should appear in the light of a convict before the Council. The whole forenoon was devoted in ar ranging preliminary matters and receiving the statement of the Committee of the Suffolk South Association. The associated stated that they did did not propose to introduce, any documentary evidence, but to examine witnesses whom they had summoned here for that purpose, that they might be cross examined by the other side. The charge against Mr. Fairchild was that he seduced Miss Rhoda Davidson, in the summer of 1840, while she was a domeauc in his family, and that from that time till 1842, he had been in criminal intercourse withbrr, and that she had been delivered of an illegitimate child, of which he was the father, as she affirms. 8ome discussionfarosc as to the legality of Administering oaths to witnesses, and an appeal was made to a member of the bar, in court, who said that oaths so administered were no offence againat a law, though they were not binding. In;the afternoon, at two o'clock,the first witness, Rhoda Davidson, was called?she is quite a hand some and very intelligent girl, now 22 yeara of age. She was on the stand from two o'clock till half past seven, when the council adjourned. She took the stand againat half-past seven A. M , and finish ed her testimony at twenty minutes before one o'clock. Her examination was of the severest character, both in chief and in the cross examina tion, but still there was not the least equivocation in anything she oaid, and hit little contradiction. To-day her sister, Mrs. Eastry, and the Rev. Mr. Shaler of Brook line, have been examined, and the celebrated letter acknowledged, while 1 am wri 'ing, bv Mr. Fairchild to be his, wbs sent to the council by the Rev. Mr. Riddell, and this closes the evidence from the committee 1 have taken 'ery full notes of the testimony. The church has been quite full all day, and the utmost excitement prevails here. A motion wan made that the reporter he request ed to abstain from publishing his report till the council have finished. You will not receive my report till sometime te-nsorrow, Friday.?Jlotton Mail, July 26.

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