Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 2, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 2, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Friday. Anguit '4, 1844. SPLENDID Illustrated Weekly Herald ! SCENES IN THE EARLY LIFE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES!! We differ considerably from the party press in our notions respecting the mode in which the lives j and characters of the Presidential candidates j should be illustrated. They do it by lying, scur rility, abuse, and disgusting laudation?we by ex hibiting both as their own actions and speeches represent them, and by faithful sketches of their past history. The Weekly Herald of Saturday next will be eagerly bought up by men of all parties. It will be one of the most interesting illui-trated papers ever published. One of the engravings will repre sent a characteristic scene in the boyish days of Mr. Polk, the champion of the democracy in the present congest. Another engraving will give an accurate and graphic representation of an interest ing scene in the public life of Mr. Clay, the great whig leader. Besides these, there will be a num ber of other engravings illustrative of subjects connected with the Presidential campaign. This Weekly Herald will also contain the full and very extraordinary disclosures before the cler ical council in the case of the Rev. Mr Fairchild, with ihe usual vaiiety of interesting intelligence from all parts of the world. The circulation of the Weekly Herald has now reached a point altogether unequalled in the history of papers of its class iu this country. No other establishment in the Union possesses the means of producing sucn a paper It is a full und complete weikly record of society, civilization, political revolution, and human progress, both in the old and new world. Look out for the next magiufi cently illustrated number. Price cents. News from Europe. We may reasonably expect half a months later news from Europe at an early hour this morning, for the Caledor i was a little over thirteen days at sea when the r^sail left Boston yesterday afternoon. Nr. Clay and Annexation. Some s'.nsitive Whigs in Alabama, having been grievously alarmed at a suppor?d allusion to the Abolitionists in Mr. Clay's famous letter on Texas, when he declared that he was opposed to the an nexation, because that measure was hostile to the wishes and views of " a considerable and respect able portion of the confederacy," the great Whig leader, has come out with an explanatory letter. Here it is: Aihl4.no, July 1, 1844. My Dear SirI received and thank you lor your friendly letter, and the copy of the Monitor. You nave juitly conceived my meaning, when I referred in my Texas letter to a considerable and respectable portion oi the Confederacy. And you might have strengthened your construction of the paragraph, by reference to the fact that, at the date of my letter, the States of Ohio, Ver mont ami Massachusetts.had almost unanimously declared against annexation ; the Legislature of Georgia had de clined to recommend it, and other 8tates were believed to be adverse to the measure. As to the idea of my courting the Abolitionists, it is perfectly absurd. No man in the Unted States has been naif so much abused by them as I have been I consider the Union a great political partizanihip ; and j ht not to be admitted into the < that new members ought not to be admitted into the con cern at the imminent hazard of its dissolution Personally, 1 could have no objection to the annexation of Texas; but I certainly would be unwilling to see the existing Union dissolved or seriously jeoparded for the sake of acquiring Texas. If any one desire to know the leading and para mount object of my public life, the preservation of this Union will furnish him the key. From developments now being made in South Carolina, it is perfectly manifest that a party exists in that State seeking a dissolution ol the Union, and for that purpose employing the pretext of the rejection of Mr. Tyler's abominable treaty. South Carolina, being surrounded by slave states, would in the event of a dissolution of the Union, suffer only comparative evils : but is is otherwise with Kentucky. She has the boundary of the Ohio ex. tending live hundred miles in three free States. What would her condition be in the event of the greatest cala mity that could befall this nation 7 In Kentucky, the Texas question will do the Whig I Ciuse no prejudice. I am glad to perceive, in the proceed ings of the Clay Club of Tuscaloosa, a similar belief ex ? rested as to Alabama. It was a bubble, blown up by Ir. Tyler, in the most exceptionable manner, for sinister I purposes, and its bursting has injured nobody, but Mr Van Buren. H. CLAY. The reason advanced by Mr. Clay for his op[io-1 eition to annexation, is amusing enough. The | idea that any damage is really to be apprehended of a dissolution of the Union, because a score or two of fanatics of both parties, whose strength and influence are admirably represented by the Neu> York American, who began the cry of " dissolu tion," is about as absurd as anything we can re- J quire. There are a certain class of politicians, small orators, and hangers-on at the skirts of both | parties?who are accustomed to cry out?" Oh! the Union will be dissolved"?"This must lead to the j dissolution of the Union"?whenever any great' measure of national interest is proposed, which may threaten to disturb, in any degree, the specu lations or movement of the party. Men of sense laugh at these miserable creatures?and so does Mr. Clay?in his sleeve. But just now "dignified, active quiet," as somebody has not inaptly termed it?is his best policy, and hence such a letter as that we have just given, which leaves the whole subject of his opinions on annexation in the same easy and comfortable position as before. The truth is,?and it is well worthy of frequent | statement,?the movements on this Texas ques tion have demonstrated in a very striking and lor- ] cible manner, the utter want of principle and pa triotism in mere politicians. The annexation of Texas is a measure of the utmost importance to the whole Union. It promises no sectional advan tages?all are alike interested in it. The manoeu vres of Great Britain for the purpose of defeating the measure, are evidences convincing enough, of the sound policy and wisdom of at once annexing that territory to this republic. And the arguments employed against the annexation are mere quib bles?" words, words, words." And yet we find the selfish, unprincipled, and miserable and in triguing politicians of botli parties, opposing the measure, and effectually thwarting the sagacious and enlightened efforts of the administration to ef fect it. Thus it is always. The first question with the mere politicians is not?" will this measure strengthen the power and stability, and promote the welfare of the country 1"?but the first, and the second, and the third question with them, is? " How will it affect the party 1" As to the final fate, however, of the question of the annexation of Texas, but little sagacity is suffi cient to enable any one to see that its adoption is inevitable. The fortunes of Texai must soonet or later be botund up with this great confederacy And not only Texas, but the whole continent, must one day, share with us the blessings of free and equal insti tutions. He knows nothing of the laws of human l>rogress, and the allotted destiny of republican America, who talk about our government being "already territorially loo large," and affirms that the United States must now pause in that grand career of dominion which the God of nature and the God of liberty has marked out for them to run. In the old world, the Anglo-Saxon race is accomplish ing its work and destiny, in redeeming the nations from barbarism, and carrying the arts, civilisation, and religion, to the ends of the earth On this con tinent, a younger, but a nobler scion, of the same Anglo-Saxon race, with unfettered energies, is carrying on the same great work of progress and civilization?not by bloody conquest?not by in iquitous wars?not by tyranny and rapacity?but by the hand of patient industry?by the agency of free institutions,?by the omnipotence of democra tic principles. "Territorially too large!" The idea is absurd. It is the great mark of the excel lence and perfect adaptation of our civil institutions, that their extension over new fields of dominium but adds to their stability. The case is altogether different with a monarchy, with large, unwieldy, dependencies at a far remote distance from the ?eat of sovereignty, and retained only byjuhe i power of standing armies of mercenary soldiers. In that case, increase of territory often does bring dauger Not so with a republic, which receives in itd fraternal embrace new territories only to make them free?not to wring troni them tribute to sup port an oppressive monarchical government?but to raise up new, free, and independent States, each giving added strength to the whole confederacy. Thus, then, we argue that the annexation of Texas is certain; and whether Mr. Clay or Mr. Polk be elected, that will have little effect on the postponement of its accomplishment. If Mr. Clay be elected, the country will see a very material change in his sentiments with respect to Texas be fore two years have passed over our heads. No longer cautiously groping his way, and afraid to speak out, he will assume a different tone. One thing, at all events, is certain?he must?always provided he sita at the helm of State?go for Texas or give up the wheel. FRKMNGlirYSKN AND THE " NATIVES" AGAIN ? Some people appear to work very hard to con vince the public that Mr. Frelinghuysen is a great admirer ot the "Natives," and a staunch supporter of their peculiarly American republican creed.? A rumor has been in circulation that the worthy Chancellor of the University, and President of the Bible Society, had declared that the Bible must prevail in spite of Bishop Hughes and the Pope. This, Mr. Frelinghuysen contradicts in the follow ing letter t? Newark, July IStb, 1844. Dear Sir Your kind favorof the 10th instant reached me at this place yesterday. I thank yon for the friendly interest you have taken in the matter of tho Vice Presi dent's nomination. As it respects a charge in your vicinity that I had late ly stated in a public speech tnat the " Bible must prevail in despi e of Bishop Hughes and the Pope," I can firmly declare it all an utrer fabrication. I have on no occasion made any such reference to the BUI. op or the rope, or any thing that truth could construe into a likeness ; nor have 1 said eny thing in disrespect or prejudice of the Catholics I have never felt any other disposition to ward them than that they should fully exercise and en joy oil the rights of conscience, religion and citizenship, as guaranteed by our Constitution to all The only speech I have made in a long time relating to the Bible, was at the anniversary of the American Bible Society in May last. I had no notes, nor have 1 made any since.? I have looked for a paper containing a report of my re marks, and as yet can find only the enclosed, which em braces the substance. If I find one more full, 1 will send it to you. Very truly, yours, THEO. FRELINGHUYSEN. Mr. Frelinghuysen is certainly a man of liberality and christian charity. It were well if all the Pro testant directors of Bible Societies and Anti-Pope ry Associations, were as free from bigotry and in tolerance. A Sugar Plum for the "Natives."?We have always most cheerfully rendered all due praise to the new party for every iota of reform which they have effected. However small the instalment, it was thankfully received and placed to their credit. We have now two items of reform for which to thank them. The temper of the "organ" has been decidedly improved by the affectionate and timely discipline we administered the other day; and the Mayor has had Mr. Pinteux, the proprietor of a tavern in Broadway, much frequented by loafers, up before him, and has threatened to deprive him of his licence in case of another complaint of dis orderly conduct against his establishment. We are indeed exceedingly gratified at this decided movement on the part of the Mayor to abolish one of the most abominable and disgusting nuisances in Broadway?the taverns in Broad way, which remain open till midnight, and are always surrounded by crowds of rowdies, native and foreign, who ob struct the sidewalks and violate public decency with their blasphemies and obscenities. We trust that the reform will be vigorously carried out. If the corporation even now begin to prosecute the work of city reform in all its departments with en ergy and effect, they will at once regain every inch they have lost in public favor, and make permanent their tenure of the reins of government. And as, we have repeatedly said, they will always find in us an active and zealous ally when they are discharging their duty. But we will suffer no unfaithfulness and forgeifulness of their solemn pledges to go unexposed and unrebuked. Silas Wright and Tuurlow Weed.?Mr. Weed is trying very hard to convict Silas Wright of fibbing, because he has said that he hailed the nomination of Polk with delight, and is prepared to give that gentleman his earnest support. Thur low Weed is almost the last man in the world that we would have suspected of being so verdant as seriously to entertain the opinion that a politician should be consistent in all his statements. We have no more reason to expect uniform consistency in a politician, than we iiave to expect manliness and honor in Thurlow Weed. Repealers not all dead yet.?There are still a few of the repealers alive and kicking in this city. They have issued a call for a great, mighty, mul titudinous meeting next Monday evening. The last subscriptions were only a bite to the hungry hangers-on, and, as one of them said the other day the "patriotic loafers will stand another bleeding at any rate." The Fashionable Watering Places.?At these delightful spots "the cry is still they come." At Saratoga, Port Richmond, Clifton House, Long Branch Ocean House, and Coney Island, hundreds are daily arriving, and yet there is room and wel come for more.v| As an instance of the enjoyment which these places alford, we need only refer to a most de lightful pic nic party got up at Port Richmond on Thursday last. At an early hour in the morning, a train of 25 carriages, freighted with some of the loveliest creatures of New York, Philadelphia, and Staten Island, started from the Port Richmond Hotel afor the oldl.elm tree, on the sea girt shore, and in the cedar grove adjoining, each and all enjoyed themselves to their heart's content, as they best thought proper; some walking, others swinging ; another group might be observed chat ting ; but the greater portion " sporting the light fantastic toe." After these had been enjoyed for some time, a most sumptuous repast was spread beneath one of the large trees, and sufficient evi dence was soon shown that the ride, air, and exer cise, had not diminished the appetites of those present: every thing was discussed in the most satisfactory manner. But, alas? in the midst of these enjoyments, a heavy storm came on, and the whole party, with the exception of ilii one or two military gentlemen, who careu more for their dinner than they did for a little rain, were obliged to retreat to a cottage adjoining for shelter, leaving their hot coffee and fish behind. When the rain had subsided, the par ties repaired to their carriages and returned home, not the least discouraged by what had taken place; but just the reverse, for the same evening it was agreed upon that another pic nic party should be held on the following Wednesday, if the weather permitted. At Saratoga the crowd and crush is tremendous. Bnrghese?Dr. Lardner?gossip?scandall?balls at all the hotels?brandy?Dr. S:illman?the Lali Lake House?the Browns?the fountains in the morn ings?the Jacksons?flirting?human nature in all its varied developments, are there, bubbling, hiss ing and spluttering, morning, noon and night. Successful Angler.?Somebody writing from Washington, says that Mr. Secretary Bibbjis quite an accomplished and very zealous angler. We be lieve he is. He has hooked some excellent baskets of fish in his time. Mass Meetings.?Both parties in this city are very busy in making preparations for mass meet ings. The locofocos are to have some tremendous meetings next week, and the whigs will not be behind them. The contest begins to get a little warmer. Once the dog days are over, we'll have lot enough work of it up till the day of election. Shocking.?A woman, adeck passenger on board he Massachusetts on her last trip, threw her infant werboard. Captain Comstock immediately had ier arrested, and she will probably be punished. CimcK Passage.?The Yorkshire, Capt. Bailey, arrived yesterday from Liverpool. She sailed ihence on the 2d of July. Recognized John Leppieu as Consul of Hano ver for Philadelphia. Schoolsy's Mountain, Monday. Mr. Brnnitt:? it you are ignorant ot the freak breexes?the clear skies?the pure atmosphere?and all the delights of the Jersey Mountains, 1 would ask you to come here. ThiB is a most refreshing and invigorating place?full of beauty?tine drives?line mutton fine butter?fine milk, and every thing you can desire. We have two houses on the Mountains? Hinchman's, Belmont Hall?and Marsh's. We have altogether about 200 visitors and room lor more. There is every thing agreeable and quiet. The conveyance Irom New York is easy and com fortable. From Jereey City to Morristown by railroad in two hours and a half?there stop at the Jersey Hotel, one of the most splendid I have seen any where, aud kept by Burgess in first rate style. Then to the Mountain in three hours and a halt. I will write you again to-morrow. Mayor Habpek on the Bench of the Court of Sessions.?The appearance of his Honor the Mayor as the presiding magistrate on the Bench of the Court of Special Sessions, the other morning, is represented by the industrious historians who give us the daily life of that world of injustice, misfortune, and crime?comprised within the pre cints of the "Tombs,"?as having created quite a sensation. This is not at all wonderful. The pre sence of a plain, honest man?whose chief magis terial qualifications are common sense, shrewdness, and sincere love of justice?in some of our crimi nal tribunals, awakens feelings something like those which would be excited by the interesting specta cle of the Apostle Paul officiating as Chairman of the Trustees of Trinity Church, or of the Coun cil in the case of the Rev. Mr. Fatrchild. And yet, what business cm any body have to be asto nished at the sight of an honest man oh the bench at the " Tombsor what is there so very absurd in the idea of an Apostle presiding at a meeting of holy trustees or saintly divines 1 It is clear that all such astonishment is impertinent and intrusive, when we recollect that in this latter day of light and glory, an influential portion of the community is endeavoring, with marked industry and success, to illustrate the sound philosophy of those two sub lime maxims of antiquity?" set a rogue to catch a rogue," and, " the nearer the church the farther from God." It was remarked, that, on this occasion, the ses sion of the Court was protracted till three o'clock in the afternoon, being four or five hours longer than usual, although there was no more than the ordinary number of offenders arraigned. This shows conclusively, that Mayor Harper bas a great deal yet to learn before he can act as an efficient judge at the " Tombs." The idea of occupying time by ridiculous inquiries about the temptations? the hunger, thirst, nakedness, and despair,?which may have impelled poor wretches to commit petty crimes, is absurd. The proper way of doing the business, is to convict the miserable devils by the dozen, without any such preposterous investiga tion into the circumstances which have made them inmates of the " Tombs," and to send them off to the Penitentiary in a batch, like a large family of sparrows spitted on one skewer, and sharing the benefits of cookery together. Again, the admoni tions which his Honor delivered to some of the culprits before he discharged them, are described as " very amusing"?as " reminding one of the days of Dicky Rtker." Certainly it must have ap peared very odd, to hear a magistrate of the Court of Sessions, talking of sobriety, temperance, virtue and the world to come. The accents of Chris tian charity and affectionate advice, must have sounded strangely in the ears of the poor wretches at the bar. No wonder that the officers, with hearts of more enduring hardness than the1 crumbling pillars which Bustain the blackened dome of that temple of justice, looked astonished, as they heard the drunkard exhorted to go home and join the Temperance Society, instead of being sentenced to ten days confinement in the poisonous < vaults of the city prison. Who could help being surprised as they saw, for a brief moment, the cur tain lilted, and obtained a glance at the causes ol the vast amount of petty crime which crowds the "Tombs," from week to week and year to year! It was something new, to attempt in that place, to convince the community that it is not so much ow ing to the love of vice and crime, as it is to misfor tune, which the charities of the world overlook? to the want of education amongst the poor?to the want of adequate provision for those who are wil ling to earn the bread of honesty, but cannot find employment?to the destroyer of female innocence whom society yet refuses to brand with infamy?to " man's inhumanity to man,"? that our prisons are filled with such numbers of the lower class of offenders against the laws. But this the Mayor did attempt in his own sort of way And was it not funny 1 Was it not strange I Was it at all surprising that the reporters recorded the fact as something remarkable 1 The Conversion of the Jews.?We perceive by recent London papers that the Association for the " Conversion of the Jews" to Christianity, was in a highly prosperous condition. Twenty-nine thou sand pounds sterling had been contributed to its funds by the piously disposed Christian public; but apparently without much effect, for the Association lias, it seems, expended the twenty-nine thousand pounds,and is,besides ninety pounds sterling in debt, and after all, this expenditure of money and ex ertion, are able to state at their annual meeting that they have converted?or rather expect to convert one Jew by the next anniversary, which will de pend mainly upon the assistance rendered by the Association. The best authenticated case we ever heard of the conversion of a Jew, is the one handed down to us by some Hudibras of the time, in the follow ing stanzas, wherein it will be seen how a poor Jew, who, while skating, broke through the ice, was converted by a Monk who happened to pass by, and Beized the struggling Hebrew by the neck. Monk. " Do you our pupal father hold Heaven's Vicar?aud believe all told I" Jtw. "I do, by Ood ! One moment more I'm food for cod." Monk. " Damn all your brethren, great and small"? Jtw. " With all mv heart, O dam' 'em ail Now drag mo out?I ftrrie? I die Monk. '? Your peace, my friend, is made on high New converts duly.shriven, Are always sure to get to heaven." 80 said, the Father in a trice, His convert plunged beneath the ice ! This mode of conversion resembles a good deal in principle that proposed by sundry benevolent Christians of the present enlightened day, to be adopted in the case of their brethren of the Catho lic faith. But, after all, this is hardly the age for such a process of prose lytism. Silly Bishops may excite the violent bigotries of opposing sects, and unprincipled demagogues may stir up their evil passions, but the fires of Smithfield have been ex tinguished for ever. More Cheap and Nasty Literature.?The pro spectus of a "beautiful and brilliant metropolitan newspaper, to be called the Ladies' Man," has just been issued. It is to embody all the most recent refinements of the cheap and nasty literature. It has been Bhrewdly conjectured that the originator of this elegant affair was Chevalier Wikoff, and that the great object was to establish an organ for the waiters at the Astor House and the ballet girls at Niblo's. But this cannot be the case, for the Chevalier sailed for Europe a few days since for the purpose of settling some important business 'at Long's." New York Bank Note List.?This is a very useful and carefully conducted paper,|issued onceu fortnight, by Charles <te Son, 12 Wall street. It is very extensively patronized by the mercantile com uunity?the best evidence of its utility. Padmo's Opera House.?We have heard that the enterprising Thomas Flynn is on treaty for this ?? tablishment; which if he succeeds in effecting will ue a formidable rival for the Park. There is pro bably no man so likely to make the place answer as this popular actor. On* Yacht*.?We are glad to learn that amania I tor yachting haa made it* appearance in this coun try, and it i* a mania bo healthy and pleaaaut that it ia likely to last for some time. It has already produced thirty or forty of the finest schooners that ever skipped over the waters. Of this fleet there are now i* this harbor the following:? Oimcrack, of New York, lanthe, of Philadelphia. Mist, " " Mine, of Williamsburg. Spray, " " Lancet, of Boeton. Dream, " " Kmma, of Newburg. La Coquille, of Rye. Cygnet, of New York. Petrel, of New York. . These sylph-like vessels will sail this morning at 9 o'clock for Newport, there to meet the others ol the squadron. They do not meet at that point to race, but for other purposes. It is said that the gentlemen owning these yachts have formed them selves into an association, somewhat like that call ed the Royal or Thames Yacht Squadron of Eng land, and their object is health and pleasure, com bined with a laudable desire to improve our already almost perfect naval architecture. These gentlemen | have|elected a Commodore, JohnC. Stevens, Esq., and are to be governed by rules and regulations. They will take their annual excursions, have their regular regattas,their own private and public signals, and become a regularly organized yacht squadron. This concentrating at Newport is the first annual | meeting of the association, and is more for the pur pose of perfecting their arrangements than for any thing else. | In a short period, under the reign of this mania, more beautiful and swift sailing schooners will be built in America than ever before, and the rest of the world be eclipsed in fairy skimmers of the seas. | From Port ait Prince.?Captain Cults, of brig] Hayti, arrived last night in fifteen days from Port au Prince, informs us that when he left that port, ihe Island was perfectly tranquil, and business of all kinds very dull. General Acean, the leader of the revolutionists of Aux Cayes, was at Port au Prince, he having | been sent for by the President, and induced to! come under the impression that he was to be made Lroverner of Aux Cayes; but on his arrival he was jeizedby order of the President, and now remains a prisoner at that place. The authorities of Port au Prince consider the General too dangerous!* | character to be at large. The Independent Order of Rechabites.?This respectable and influential body are to make a grand display to-day; his honor the Mayor, se veral other members of the Corporation, and a number of the most influential citizens, have pro mised their attendance on the occasion. Their object is to promote temperance and at the same |

time to establish funds to enable them to assist one another in the hour ol sickness and distress. It is gratifying to find such institutions as these increas ing in numbers and respectability. We wish them Buccess. City Intelligence. Police Record.?Auourr 1.?The Tombs and City Prison.?Since the adjournn ent of the Court of General Session*, the seoond week of last month, thaPolice_com_ mittees have been actively engaged in a complete and I thorough cleansing, painting, and renovation of therooms occupied by the Police Justices, and Grand Jury and Cor oner. The Grand Jury Room, which for years, has been a disgrace to our city authorities, ha* oeen tdtMdjn i most comfortable and tasty stylo, as has also the Pollcel OfHces and Coroner's Room. The upper part o | the main building connected with the City Prison, that has heretofore been unoccupied, has been prepared and furnished with cots and bed clothing, in order to be occu pied as a place of detention for females of the pave found in our street* at night, acting disorderly o I using vulgar and obscene language. This new Magdalen Hall will be ready for the reception of females in a few days, and geneialj orders be issued by His Honor, the Mayor, to Police officers and watchmen, to enforce strictly the laws relative to disorderly females, who will be placed m thi* hall, ] under the superintendence ot the new Prison ma trons to serve in penance, and in prospect ol reformation We question the benefit resulting to per sons of thU class, who are thus promiscuously huddled together, but if one unfortunate female can be saved, bj thfs mean* .from destruction, it will fully compensate for the experiment. We regret, however, that some im provement has not been made in the female prison, as it is close, damp, and entirely unfit for the poroses intend ed. The upper part of the Watch-houae Priion, fronting on Franklin ho. Ivot prepared tor usej hn.nitai hut its northern exposure has, heretolore, so a i to the unfortunate inmates of the City Prison, i ne new ly appointed keeper, William Cox, fcsq.. with his, depu I Tea. have introduced many improvements into their de for the comfort and convenience of those de tabled in custody, and the Police Magistrates, in connec tion with the Polico Committees, have suggested rules and regulations calculated to protect the prisoners from the fleecing propensities ol those, who by fraud and misrep resentation,nave heretofore obtained the little means pos-1 sessed by the inmates. Chahufu with Ronmiro Himself.? On the 23d of July, Mr. W. Ledderer, of 152 Attorney street, 0GWs citv, and Jacob Stross, of 168 Houston street, entrusted to ioseph | Fink lour $100 notes, and one $50 note on the Citizens Bank of Westerly, R L, enclosed in letters to be delivered to their wives in this city. He arrived here the day after and wm seen during the morning sitting on the steps of the Publio School House, in Gran<fstreet, near Centre, to company with another man. The money was not deli ver^. and Fink being applied to by the 8en^?{nel?.^>"( named, alleged that the money, with several atttcMof valuable jewelry, was stolen com his possession, while he was seated on the steps of the School House before mentioned. He stated at the time that he had placed the letters containing the money in a small mahogany Jwx, with the jewelry. Doubts having arisen in the minds of the genUemen above named as to the correctness of 1his story, they engaged officers Cockefair and Beman to watch the suspected Fink. Since then they received a communication irom Fink, stating that he was willing to par $225. to be apportioned between them, as they might K i? order to settle the matter. This information having been communicaled to *he officers, they imme diately ar-ested Fink, on a charge of larceny, and he was committed for further examination. Dischaboed.?The five boys arrested on Wednesday,on chorge of robbing the Broker's office of Joger 8c Clark, of $2 A, were examined yesterday before Justice Haskell, and discharged for want of testimony. Sunday License LAw.-John Pinteux. who is proprietor of the Cale de. Millo Colonnes, No. 807 Braajway va. summoned before the excise officers of the 5th Ward, at the Mayor's office, to show reason why his license should not be taken away, on account of navlng for several weeks past kept his place open, and selling liquor on the Sabbath in violation of the Sunday laws. Alter some in vestigation, the officers being satisfied that the accusation was correct, made out an order taking away his license ; but on his promising, novate to do so no more, hi* "cense was returned with a certain promise that bis house should be closed if ho sold any more rum on Sunday. Coroner's Record.?Auoust 1.?Sudden Heath. -An inquest was held, yesterday, on the body of a woman, named Lucretia Welch, who resid Vi with her husband at Fort Washington, in the upper cart of our city. She had assisted her husband in the course of the morning, in lorcing a small boat from the thoie into the water, and soon after became *"v faint, ind complained of severe illness Her husband left im mediately to obtain medical aid and returning, f?un<J h?r lead The investigation resulted in a verdict, of death Irom rupture of a blood vessel, which was supposed to have been caused by over exertion, in assisting to remove the boat In Chancery. Before Vice Chancellor McCoun. Auodst 1.? Cruger vs. Dougla$.?Mr. O'Conor was hoard further thia day, on the pact of Mra. Cruger. Mr. Wood'* reply 1* looked for with intereit. Mupremc Court?In Chambers. Before Chief Juatice Jones. Au?. 1 .?The Mexican Commodore and Firit Lieutenant. ?Hi* Honor gave hi* deciiion to-day, In the ca*e of Com modore F.spina and Lieutenant Begewich of the Mexican war iteamer*, " Montezuma,".'and " Guadaloupe." The Commodore i* held to anawer in common hail, lor detain ing the leamtn'* clothe*, and the Lieutenant i* held to full bail, for a**aiilting the complainant, Halt. The caaea will come on lor trial; and will embrace the questions of civil jurisdiction, and the righta of the respective parties, under the international law ; also the distinctions on that head, between a common trading vessel and a vessel of war. V. H. Circuit Court. Auu. 1.?Judge Betts opened the Court, this day, but no jury cases being ready, the Court was adjourned. It is supposed that Captain Driscoll's trial, for piracy, alluded to yesterday, will go on, on Saturday. IT. S. CommlMlnner's Office. Ado. 1.?Michael Warrington, a seaman on board the brig " Francis Louisa," has been arrested on a charge ol dealing the Captain's pistols. He will he examined this lay. Mayor's Office. Several of the Cabmen, who have been is the h'hit o' racing on Broadway, have been summonsd. Day Police Officers are now placed on Broadway to prevent thic laiigerous and vicious practice. Amusementa. Nmt.o's Garden ?There will Ir another over low nt this popular summer resort his evening, to o witness the fourth representation of the new burletta entitled the Vellow Dwarf, or the King of the Golden -lines. Mr. Mitchell plays Jem Bagsln the afterpiece ol j he Wandering Minstrels. Casti.s Garden?Fireworks.?Edge St Stanton five a brilliant display this evening, comprising nnny new pieces. For description, see the advertising columns The New Yo"* Brass Bahd will lie in attend ince and perform the airs of the most celebrated operas uid martial music'i the day. This Garden possesses ad vantages oven"" others in the shape ol Fireworks. Washington. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Washington, July SI, 1844. Pay Day with Uncle Sam11 Clerks?News from the Pretuicnt?John Jontt?Cave Johnson of Tennes ttt?Political Barbecue, fyc. J amis Gordon Bennett, Esq.? Pay day at the Departments. Gieat concourse of collectors, tailors, shoemakers, shopkeepers, butchers, bakers, landlords, and landladies'agents, about the public offices. Greater to-morrow. We are very sorry, for in very many cases the poor creditors of the hon&st clerks will have to wait to the "first of the month" again. No imprisonment for debt?a law for which the mass of the subor dinates of the government are particularly gratefu) to the First Session of the 28th Congress, which makes it bad for the constables. The President comeB hers on the 10th August, as per letter received this morning. He is tormented in his retreat more by office-seekers than mosquitoes, although the latter are a proverbial nuisance in lower Virginia. After his return he remains a few days, when it is expected he will sally out to the Virginia Springs. Meantime, the^private secretary is wanted to sign land patents. We expect, there fore,1lyoung John, and, indeed, the whole of the ad ministration now abroad, back again on the arrival of the President. John Jones is to be Bent off to Constantinople forthwith, provided upon examination he proveB to be no Jew. It is desirable to have an efficient min ister at the Sublime Porte. The President is aware of this,and hence the ordeal to be passed by the candi dates.'John.weare afraid,willstand but a slim chance Noah, you know, was re-called from Algiers when the Natives discovered that he was an Israelite.? A sensible people, these Orientals, and no mistake. A minister to them must not be a dealer in old clothes, and he must be a man unmutilated, vigor ous, and efficient. Saw a letter this morning from Hon. Cave John son, Tennessee. He says that the Democrats there have bigger meetings, longer poles, broader flags, louder voices, and taller gatherings everywhere, than the coons, and that at a great gathering to be held on the 15th August, at which Old Hickory is to be present, and young Hickory also, he desires some representative from Washington. We expect to tsend himgJohn A. Donohoo, Esq. one bf the most incorruptible Democrats of the 19th century. We were prevented from attending the political barbecue down in Maryland to-day by the protract ed rain of thiB morning. They will, doubtless, have rare sport among themselves. Roasted oxen stuffed with roast pigs, fowls, flesh, fish, potatoes, corn bread, red herrings, and bald-faced whiskev, will be a sufficient temptation for the sovereigns for ten counties round. Verily, dear General, this is a great country. Bob. P. S. We hear the President intends to come out right away for Polk and Dallas. Boston. [Correspondence of the Herald.] The Shades?Boston, July 31, 4 P. M. Gotsip and Greens. The all-absorbing topic of interest in the Athe nian metropolis at the present time, is the Rev. Mr. Fairchild's trial, full reports of which are con tained in the Boston Mail and New York Herald. The ecclesiastical council have pronounced him guilty, a verdict acquiesced in generally by the mass of the community. The anniversary of British West India Emanci pation will be celebrated to-morrsw in our city and in various parts of the Commonwealth, by pro cessions, orations, soiries, dec. The colored inha bitants of Boston have a grand jubilee on the oc casion, and march in procession through the prin cipal streets. A project is on foot, by our merchants, to con struct a splendid wet dock, on the plan of those in Liverpool, London, Sec. The recent rains in our vicinity have given a fresh start to vegetation, and the husbandmen are re joicing in the anticipation of a bountiful harvest. The native Americans are making preparations for a great mass meeting, to be held shortly at Faneuil Hall. The National Theatre opens soon under the management of Robert Hamilton, and there is every prospect of a brilliant campaign. The little vaudeville at the Museum is highly successful, as usual, under the auspices of its enterprising direc tors, Messrs. Kemball and Smith. Harrington, the magician, with Tom Thumb and the Conflagration of Moscow, draw overwhelming houses at Concert Hall, where cheap amusements are all the vogue. A. upivfadiJ Vj ? -II-J ** has recently been established here, and is truly a recherchl affair. The New York Herald is, of course, taken in, and perused with no ordinary avi dity. A ladies ten pin alley is the latest novelty intro duced among us. We have also a new house call ed the Cornucopia. P. S.?The steamer is hourly expected. G. Montreal. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Montreal, Monday, July 29. The Races?Rare Sport Expected? The Weather? The Crops?Maiready's Departure?Yankee Sils bee in Canada?Incendiaries?The Herald, fyc. The weather here for some weeks past has been really most delightful. The cool balmy air, so unlike the excessive heat of your busy city, is quite a treat. Unlike the former quiet tone here, all now is bustle, bustle; all the hotels are crowd* ed irom bar to garret, the greatest portion of whom are visiters from the United States, travelling for health and pleasure. The Quebec races being now over, all are flocking here preparatory to their commencement on the 20th of next month. Much sport is expected. The crops here are unusually good, and promise better than for some years past. Many buildings are now going up, and some very fine ones. The style of building here is much more substantial than in the United States. The great Macready furor is now over, and the English Hoscius, as he is styled here, takes his departure for Boston (as he says) this morning, carrying with him a salary of #500 per night tor his ser vices while in this town. Next on our boards comes J. S. Silsbee, the Yankee. Mr. S. was highly extolled by the Kingston editors last season, and from what we have read of him in the Ame- | rican papers, we anticipate a hearty laugh at his very droll delineation at the peculiarities of our Yankee neighbors. The whole of the parties sus pected of setting fire to the Court House are new in custodyiiere?one of them, named Le Page, was followed to the United States, and apprehended under the provisions of the Ashburton treaty. I see, by the Toronto Herald of yesterday, that the great match with the New York Cricket Club will not be played. I fancy they feared a beat, and prudently bucked out. Your paper here is (as it is in almost every other place in the world) in great demand, as I see it olten largely translated in our French papers. More anon. Verner. Destruction of the Stamford Advocate Of fice, and Bissell's Drug Store.?The citizens of 3tamfonl were aroused thia morning, about half past two o'clock, by the alarm of Are, which proceeded from the Drug Store of W. E. Bissell, which wa* entirely consum ed, with its contents. The Fire, notwithstanding the great exertions of our citizens, caught the adjoining building, which contain* d the Office of the Stamford Advocate, and in a few moments was wrapt in flames. A small portion of the type were saved. The building occupied by Mr. Baker, as a Boot and Shoe Store, wris also much damaged. W. K Bissau's stock of goods is estimated at $3,Jt>0? $2000 of which is insured in the ACtna Insurance Office Hartford. The Office of the Advocate, we understand, was not in jured. Mr. Peck, who occupied part of the building of the Ad vocate, as a Grocery store, sustained much loss. Wm. T. Minor also sustained a loss of upwards of $300. Kara Lock wood, the owner of the buildings, was insur ed $1000.? Stamford Banner, Jtuf. 1. A Cold Blooded Murder was perpetrated early in July, at the Creek Agency in Arkansas. Mr. 8. Hill, or the commercial firm of T. B. Eastland & Co., of New ( rleans, was killed in his own house, by Capt. Daw* son, of the U. S. Army, and at the time the agent of the Creek Indians. It seems that Mr. Hill (who nad resided in that region for a number of years), has been security on Dawson's bond to the government, and having made nrrangements to close his business, and leave that region of country, requested Capt. D. to get some other gentle man as a substitute thereupon, when a Mr. J. l.ogan signed and was accepted. This it appears did not satisfy Capt. Dawson, who went to Mr. Hill's house without previous warning, slaughtered him in the presence of his wife?who was brought to New Orleans nearly a maniac. Capt. Dawson immediately fled, it la supposed for Texas. V reward of $60# was offered tor his apprehension. Burning of the Montreal Court House.?We understand that evidence was elicited during the recent investigation, implicating a man named Lepage in the turning of the Court House here. He had made his escape o the other side of the line, but Hlieritr Boston having re rived the necessary papers, followed him and procured lis arrest in the State oi New York. Lepage has been brought in, and is now in Jail ?Montreal Hiratd, July vf?. U. 8 Senate.?It id said that the Governor has ippolnted, or intends to appoint Mr. Foster, of the State ienate, to supply the vacancy in the U 8 Senate caused >y the appointment of Mr. Tallmadge as Governor of visconsin. Gen. Scott arrived at Detroit on the 25th ult. on lis way to Lake Superior. Fubtmer vmm Buncos Ayrks.? Advices of the 10th of June give the following newt:?The festi val of the 34th of Mmt, the anniversary of the Emancipa tion of this country from the dominion of Seein, went oft with infinite eclat. The city on the 31th, 34th and 26th ult wee decorated with flags and illuminated, and the Pla za de la Victoria was elegantly adorned. At sunrise on the 26th, the fort and national brigantine of war Vigilante, saluted with 21 guns, and those salutes were repeated at the conclusion of divine service and at sunset. H. B. M's packet Viper was dressed out, and also sainted with 31 guns, and the foreign merchant vessels displayed their national flags. The troops assembled in the Plaza de la Victoria on the 36th, consisted of 6,600 men, of which 4, 400 were infantry, and 1,100 cavalry. In addition to which in the evening, we had a brilliant display ol fireworks. A decree was published on the 28th ult. by the general authorities, determining the qualifications to be possessed by the directors, teacners and ushers of colleges and schools. By a trading vessel, I heard yesterday from Montevideo that the state of things in that city was frightfol the vio lence of the intrusive authorities increasing as 'heir situ - ation becomes more desperate. The old chief of the police has already given, in his new capacity of Holder of the Porte-feuille of Finance, his stupendous financial programme, in the shape of three projects of laws to be submitted pro forma to the repre sentatives of the French ex legionitts- The first of these schemes imposes upan the property of the citizens absent from the country, even with passports, a contribution equal to the amount forcibly extorted from those who had been so senseless as not to withdraw in time from the reach of the intrusive authority. The second confiscates the property of ell emigrants, that is to say, of by far the greater part of the native citizens; and the third levies an impost upon all articles of provisions retailed for the pub lic consumption in Montevideo. It appears that the French government, after granting leave of absence to Count De Lurde, their Minister to this Republic, received despatches announcing the difficulties that their agents had to contend with in disarming the re fractory legienists, and thereupon immediately appointed a new minister in the person of M. Marennes, clothed, it is undeistood, with full powers to put an and to the scan dalous interference of the French population in Monte video. Interesting krom Nova Scotia.?Yarmouth pa Krs to the 26th ult. have been received. It is reported at the object of the Home Government in calling the Legislature of Nova Scotia together at the present time, is a preparatory step to the Union of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island undar one Federal Go vernment It is well known that 8Ir Robert Peel has long been in favor of combining the provincmunder one gener al head, which would be a great saving and convenience, asthepiesent small establishments are often ruinous to the interest of the Colonies and vexious to the Home Go vernment. The avowed object of the Nova Scotia Legis lature, is for the purposo of ascertaining the validity of the Union of Cnpe Breton with Neva Scotia, and if this act is pronounced invalid, then is also the separation of this Province from Nova Scotia, for both acts were done under the authority of despatches from Downing Street.? This will no doubt be an interesting subj:3tfot discus sion in the Legislature of the sister Province, but the ul timate object of the Home Government will not long be delayed. It has always been regretted by men of intel ligence in this province, that any restrictions on com merce should have existed between these Colonies, and the Despatches of the Collonial Secretary last winter, prohibiting the local Legislature from levying discrimi. nating duties, caused a feeling of regret that it applied to the Colonies. The strong representations whicn have been made on the subject, have caused the attention of the Colonial Secretary is to be drawn to the propriety of effecting the Union of the Lower Provinces at an earlier period than _ would otherwise have been the case, and with this view, hois representrd as having authorized the Assembly of the Nova Scotia Legislature; for it doci not appear probable that an extra session would have been announced at this inconvenient season of the year, merely lor the put pose of arguing the validity of the an - nexation of Cape Breton, when the question could De as easily adj> sted at some future period ? On the 20th, the Legislature of Nova Scotia met in extra session, agreeably to the call of Lord Falkland, regarding fhe legality of the annexation of the Island of Cape Breton to Nova Scotia in 1630. On the 30th the pirates of the Saladin were summoned for sentence. His Lordship the Chief Justice, on behalf of the Court, proceeded to pass sentence of death upon the four convicted prisoners. The sentence was introduced by a simple statement of the at trocious circumstances of the crime, than which no words could be more impressive. Carr and Galloway, who have been acquitted on two indictments, have been remanded for trial on a third. These two men, with fhe four who are now sentenced, make the whole crew which landed at Nova Scotia. The written confession of Anderson, which is drawn up with perfect simplicity, states this in the outset. It begins with these words:?"There were fourteen persons on board the Saladin when we left Val paraiso; six ol them are here?eight of them are not here ; they were killed." The Western Floods.?The Natchez Free Trader of the 19ih says :?The river hi*?. "sen slightly at Natchez during the last week,, "id is now much higher than it has been at any perio*' dace the me morable flood of 18-28. The settlers on fl?e swamp lands of Louisiana are driven from their hom^> and their crops destroyed by the accumulation of tb' waters, a. are,m a distressed condition. A ne w cra?lMe ? made in the le vee opposite Rodney, and the g(GRipnal water now forc ing its way through H into l*e back lands of Louisiana, will compel many plant"* to ??**? their homes, t^at heretofore felt themV-J'es in perfect security. The de straction of property i? already great, and unless the wa ter speedily subsides, the injury will be incalculable." Rnrit River navigable.?The steam boat ** Lighter arrived here Una morning from JefTt-r son, the county seat of Jefferson county, Wisconsin, which is situated on Rock River, two hundred and seven ty-five miles from its mouth. This is farther up than any steam boat has ever gone before, and is within forty-five miles of Milwaukie, on Lake Michigan. The L. brought out a barge and a heavy bargo of wheat and flour.?Si. Louit Era, July 22. fly- IN PLACING BEFORE THE PUBLIC THE following unsolicited testimonial from the Hod. A O P. Nicholson, member of the United States Senate from the State of Tennessee, the proprietor cannot refrain from ex pressing his great gratification at having been the humble instrument of defeating the fears and fulfilling the hopes of an anxious father, bv restoring the lost health of nis ion. It is also a gratefuljreflection, that his recommenda tion of the remedy, from so distinguished a gentleman, will have great effect in extending the field of its useful ness, by inducing! others to dismiss their prejudices and place confidence in its virtues:? Washington City, Aug. 28,1841. Ma. Robert S. Bernard:? Dear Sir?I received about two weeks since a bottle of your " Diarrhoea Medicine." for which I tender you my thanks. It happened that at the time when I received your medicine, I had a little son, thirteen months old, la boring under a severe attack of the " summer complaint." He had become much reduced and emaciated, and 1 had serious apprehension* as to his recovery. I determined to quit other remedies which he had been taking, and try yourj medicine. I gave him a tea-spoonful in the morn ing, and another in the evening; the effect was most gra tifying?the diarrhoe was greatly checked; and his usual playfulness, together with n good appetite, returned. I continued the same course every day for a week, when he was entirely restored, and his flesh returned. At this lime he id in fine health, having used not quite half a bot tle of your medicine. I attribute his recovery to your va luable medicino, for which I again give you my sincere thanks. Very respectfully, A. O. P. NICHOLSON. This valuable medicine is for sale by R. S. Bernard, at 97 Nassau street. ft?- CONNEL'3 PAIN EXTRACTOR.?This great healing ointment for burns, aod all outward ailinga, can he found genuine only at 21 Courtlandt street. It has been justly pronounced by nil who have used it the wonder and blessing of tho age. The remarkable triumph of this mag ical salve over all burns or outward ailing* is without a parallel in the history of medicine. In fact it has been the means ,of relieving |more suffering than any one pre scription of any or even r11 the medical men in existence. It is warranted to please the user in every case and cure any of the following complainta, viz: Scrofulous Sores, Burns, Eruptions on the Face, Scalds, Cancerous Affections, Bites, Running Seres, Tender Feet, Sore Eyes, Weak Backs, Cuts and Bruises, Disabled Limbs, Ac. No family should ever be without this salve. Onco more remember,it is sold only by Messrs. Comstock & Co. theoriginal and onlylproprietors, at No. 21 Courtlandt st. Qtf- PRIVATE MEDICAL AID.?The members of the New York College oi Medicine and Pharmacy, in taturning the public thanks for the liberal support they iiAvo received lit their ellorts to " suppress quackery," beg leave to stafo that their particular attention continues tr. be directed to all diseases of a private nutute, and from the great improvements lately mndo in the principal hos pitals of Europe in the treatment of those diseases, they can confidently offer to persons requiring medical aid ad vantages not to be met with in env institution in this country, either public or private. Thot eetment oi tho College is such as to insure success in ivery case, end is ? dtally different ftom that Domlr.ious practice of ruining the constitution with mircury.onJ inmost cases leaving a disease much worse than tlio original. One of the mem bers of tho College ,for many years connected with the principal hospitals of Europe, inlands daily for a consult* ion Irom 9 A.M. to8 P.M. Terms?Advice and medicine, A cure guaranteed. Imvortant to Cocntrv Invalids.?Persons living in die country and not finding it convenient to attend per '.ontractiou and treatment received elsewhere, if any ud enclosing |6, post paid, addressed to W. S. RICHARDSON, M.D., Agent. Office and Consulting rooms of ths College, M Nassau .treat. 0G*THK ONLY EFFECTUAL ARTICLE FOR RE moving hair.?What a blessing it is to the ladies to know that there is at last an article that will effectually eradi cate superfluous hair It is called the Chinese Hair Kradi cator. It will take off the strongest hair in three minutes from the time applied, and leave the skin whiter and softer than before. To be hai at 21 Courtlandt st. WOtJ" TO MOTHERS.?Dr Bartholomew's Cordial for Summer complaints in Children, pains in the stomach, flatulency, griping*, lie. Sold at 21 Courtlandt st. Price 2ft cents. And also Com stock's Vermifuge, a purely veg etable preparation. that may be administered to children or adults with perfect safety f*and never tails to expel all worms from them the system whenever they exist It can to no harm ; in fact, it is tonic in its effects. Price 2ft cents. Numerous testimonial* can be given of its effi cacy. (B7-TO THE GENTLEMEN, AND LADIES ALSO, ?flow often do we see a fine head of hair beginning to 'all out and grow thin, losing all its lustre and beauty ! Phe bairn of Columbia will prevent this; it will restore ?ho hair even in bald places ; it is the 1>e*t tonic in use lor promoting the growth of the hair; it has been In use lor he last fifteen years, and has been daily increasing in popularity?it never fails to clean the head from dandruff, and always gives it a lustre and beauty unsurpassed.? Only at 21 CotuUandt street.