mar THE NEW YORE HERALD. *'ol. X., Mo. 314-Whol* No. 3H14 NEW YORK, SATURDAY MORNING, AUGUST 3, 1844. PriM Two Cant*. BT OTJtt HPECIAL jqESSE.VOER. ? HALF A MONTH LATER FROM EUROPE ARRIVAL OF THE CALEDONIA AT BOSTON. DECLINE IN COTTON. Important Commercial News. AFFAIRS IN MOROCCO. RZOTS ZNOBRMANT. 4*c. 4*c- i's The Caledonia was telegraphed at Boston on Thursday morning at half past 10, and arrived ai the wharf at about 12 o'clock. She left Liverpool on the afternoon of the 19ih, and has made the passage in less than 13 days. Cotton had declined one-eighth. The new charter of the Bank of England will be in full operation in the course of a few weeks from the present time. The part of the bill which most engages the attention in the monetary circles is, ] that more than seven millions of Bank of England cotes are to be cancelled on or before so early a | ime as the 10 h day of October. The packet ships reached Liverpool as follows: the Southerner, United States, end England, on the Gthj the Rochester, 11th; the Garrick, 12th. The Acadia arrived out on the 13ih, in 12? days | Irom Boston. The business in Parliament during the past fort-1 night has displayed no particular interest, and the | foreign und domestic intelligence has been unusual ly dull. The arguments on the " writ of error" are terminated, and the result must be shortly known. The opening of letters at the Post Olfice, under the warrants of the Secretary of Slate, is still the leading topic of the day. The subject has again been discussed in both Houses of Parliament, on the motions of Lord Radnor and Mr. T. Duu combe, for the appointment of select committees to inquire into the facts. The journals have supplied us with more specu lations than facts relating to the increase of incen diary fires, the instruments of which are at present mysteriously concealed; but the subject is now as suming that decidedly important and pressing cha racter which will prevent it remaining much longer in statu quo. In the Commons, the Railway Bill, introduced by Mr. Gladstone, as the representative of Govern, raent, has consumed most time, and excited mosi attention; this bill is intended, to a certain extent, I to place ihe superintendence of railways in the | hands of Government. Letters Irom Athens, of the 2tith, say that a great deal of agitation prevails among the people ol Athens, and that cries ar- > heard in the streets, of "down with the ministers." There has been a decrease in the revenue of Eng land in the quarter endiug July 5 Money was abundant in England. Eleven bodies have been recovered from the | Manchester. The subject ol the slave trade had been brorjrht | before the House of Commons by Lord Pbliiiereloii. The House of Lords had not come to any resul . on the Slate Pr soners' Trial. Mr. O'Connell has | no hopes that the appeal will be successful. Trie English crops, on the whole, look well. Wheat has alrtady been cut in Devonshire. Mr. O'Connell is employing himself in prison by dictating a work, called "Aly Life and Times,' Mr. O'Neill i 'aunt acting as his amanuensis. It is estimated that the O'Connell tribute this | year will reach ?30,000. The present military force in Ireland amounts to I 20,000 men, independent of' enrolled Chelsea out-1 pensioners and armed police. Thk Ikon Trade.?As an instance of the. ... creasing briskness of the above trade, we may mention that the shipping agent at Newport ot a large establishment on the hillr, in one day las' week received, by post, advices ol chatter parties, for cargoes to be shipped, amounting to 3,000 tons of railway iron. The rails are chieny for Cnarles ton, S. C. A correspondent of the Dublin Pilot says i " The Government has spies in every Catholic chapel in the country. The police have been ordered to re port every thing said by the priests about repeal. Several of the police have been dismissed for re fusing to become spies and informers." Bikminqham Election.?An election of a mem-1 b?r of Parliament for Birmingham, in place of Mr Scholefield, who died on the 4th inst., took place on Bnuid-iy last the 13th. The caudtdates were Mr. Scolefield, the late member's son, Mr. Joseph Sturge, and Mr. Bpooner, the Utter gentleman being I on the ministerial side. Mr. S urge, a complete sut- ] frage advocate, and Mr. Bcolefida, a whig, and a supporter ot the Anti-Corn I.aw League. Mr Spuoner was elected by a majority ol 360 votes; j the numbers being?Spoouer, 2,u95; Bcolefield, 1,735, Sturge, 346 Thomas Parr Gilmour, a near relative of the husband of the famous Mrs Gilmour, and hiinsell a very notorious individual, has been fouud guilty at Edinburgh of assuming to be a partner of pre tended firms at Leith, and sentenced to one year's imprisonment. The famous M. Hurler, former President of the Protestant consistory of Schaffnauseu, has em braced Catholicbm. His abjuration of Protes tantism took place wiih great ceremony at the chapel ot the Cardinal Orsuu at Rome. Boston, in Lincolnshire, which recently suffered severely by fire, has also suffered much the present season from drought. The wells were dried up, and the poor were for some time unable to obtain water suiiicient for ihe common purposes of life. Ttie fain >us Madame Castellan has engaged with Rubini at tbe Italian Opera at St. Peters burgh, together with the famous Mademoiselle Nissen, who won so much applause at the Paris Italian Opera. 1 St.mdigl, the unrivalled baito, took his departure lor Vienna, yesterday morning, (19th,) by the steamer Live:pool, to Osteud The great lucifer match manufactory of Mr. Wilwonh in Dnek Lane, Westminster, has been nearly destroyed by fire. Accounts Irom Wemaw state that the Emperor of Russia has granted permission to a still larger number of exited Poles to return to their country, and enter again into the possessionof their nroper ty Nearly all the collieis in the disaffected districts have returned to their work, having succeeded in but few instances in raising the price of wages. That famous ecclesiastical edifice, the York Minster, which has been closed for a long time for repairs, was re-opened with most imposing ceremo nies on Sunday the 7th July. A serious disturbance occurred at Bristol between same soldiers lutely returned from India, and the police, several severs injuries were inflicted ; one of the policemen is dangerously, if not mortally wounded. A fire broke nut in Algiera on the 20th ultimo, which destroyed property, a considerable portion ot which belonged to the Government, to the amount ol ?52 000. A leiter from Florence of the 20rh of June, statss that Pnnce Jerome Bonaparte has precipitately leit that city, after long occupying one ol liie finest palaces ot h lorence, wnere he formerly held a sort of court. The prince's sudden departure is attri buted to financial embarrassment, which it is im possible for him to overcome at this moment. At the weekly meeting of tlipRepeal Association, on the S:h instant. Mr. K. Roche, M. P. for Cork, presided. He declared himself an ardent Repealer, but disapproved ot the proposition to coerce the Irish members who had not yet tuken the Repeat pledge. The case of crim con- " Roberta vs. Herdman," withdrawn at the last Tyrone Assizes, is entered for trial. Special counsel have bren retained on both sides, and damages laid at ?20,000. The leading mercantile markets exhibit decided symptoms of returning activity. Money is abun dant. at n low rate of interest. The crops of more than 100 farmers have been destroyed (say# the Biussells Gazette,) in ihe com mune of Lunucgliem,La#t"rii Flauden^by n violent hail storm The loss is reckoned at upwaidu ot 181,000 trancs. The activity noticed in the iron trade, a short time back still continues. The demand seems I principally for railway iron The claim to the Sussex peerage, by Sir Augustus d'Esie, wasdecideu in the Hou-e ot Lords on the 9th instant. The claim was disallowed. It appears by a letter from Algiers that the at tempt to organise a corps in A'^eria mounted on camels, which was at first a failure, has at length been successful. Three hundred men, mounted tu this manner, accompanied the last expedition, ami inancEuvred to the perfect satisfaction of the offi cers The proprietor and printer of the Limerick Re porter have been held to bail at the instance of the government, to take their trial at the ensuing mssi- | zes upon an indictment tor a seditious article,which 1 lately appeared in thit paper. Accounts have been received from Auckland, I New Zealand, stating that the Hannah, a piratical brigantine has been seized by the authorities, and 'hat the crew had been committed for trial. BrltlsU House of Commons, Tuesday, July JO. The Slavs Trade and this United States ? Lo|d Palmvrtson, in moving for some returns of which he nad given notice,entered ut considerable length into the subject of the slave trade ; contend ing ihat the measures which he had adopted lor it# ?uppression had not been carried out by the present Government: indeed, that that odious traffic had increased since he left office. The following ex tract from his speech relates more immediately to the United States, and treats of a subject which excited an intense interest a year or two back :? " We obtaiued treaties with nearly every American state except the United States. Additional treaties were petfected with some others of the powers ol Europe. It was intended to move even further. vVhen the treaty with France was signed, it con tained an article under which England and France agreed to make application to other European mar itime powers to enter tuto the contract. Applica- I tton was made accordingly to Austria, Prussia, ano Russia, powers which signed the treaty ot Aix-la- ' Ghapelle, under which it was agreed that every (ii8courugt ment should be afforded to slave traffic Well, these powers, in reply, said that they adhered to the conditions ot the treaty ot Aix-la-Ghapelle ;1 but that, us a matter of etiquette, they would rathei be contracting parlies to u new treaty than to | one already ratified between two foreign power#. The English Government cordially entered into thit condition, and a new treaty was drawn up. We thought that the opportunity afforded us was n good one for correcting an omission in tlie treatv with France?an omission not ot much importance as it affects the F'ench flag, but of cousiderabh consequence, as it ulfrcts the flags oi other power#; that stipulation of the treaty, I mean, by which she sphete of action is limited to a zone of 60 in tie# round Cuba, along the coast of Africa to Madagas car, including, indeed, all the coast from the lati tude 15 degrees north to the latitude It) degree# south. As regarded the new treaties, we proposed to adopt the larger limits existing in the treaties . with Spain and the. Netherlands, limits which em braced the entire coast of Africa and the seas ol 1 the West Indies. The French government con sented io the alteration, and we proposed to Aus tria, Russia and Prussia, a treaty so drdwri up.? Alter much discussion about minor details, it was] agreed to on all sides, und when we were going ' out of office it was so far ready for signature that i believe only a few days weie required for itn en grossment. Two trifling points certainly remained in abeyance with Russia ; but they were points ou I which I should have felt no difficulty in yielding, and that done, nothing remained but to sign ? [Hear, hear.] In that case, the treaty might have oeeu ratified within two nionihs, and it certainly would have been a great advantage, as uniting with England and France Ilireegieal powers, whose flugt are liable to be hbused, though ilieirsubjects may n# m> parties to abase them ; hut that wasnot ihe only object we nad in view. When this treaty was s gu ed we intended to rtuve proposed similar terms ti every other European power, and, wh; n all wer? agreed, we meant to go in a gr at European body to the Government of the Uuited States, and c#K that Government to accede to a similar treaty to I that which we ourselves had ratified. (Loud trie# ' of "Hear.") 1 will not pretend to conjecture whsi would have been the result of such a proceeding; but 1 think it fair to assume, at any rate, that wnei. ihe United states Saw nil the powers of Europe throwing aside their jealousies, and petnnitiiu. iheir commercial navies to h# s. arched by t.ie ship# at other powet#?1 say, when we exhibited to the United states such a spectacle of confidence in etch other?such an abandonment ot all e.clfiah con siderations for the attainment of a great and gene rous purpose?1 do think it fair to presume that tfn United tastes may have taken some important st?p to wipe away the stain which now a inches itseli to their name. (Hear, hear.) Well, then, such was the state of affairs when the late Governtneni relinquished power." tir R. Peel replied at considerable length, laying the whole blaine. of the continuance ot the slave trade on Spam and Brazil. All the other powers, he stated, had united for its suppression. "France, Portugal, Denmark, (which, to the everlasting ho. nor oi (fiat nation, let me remark, was the first ti renounce that infamous trade)?(hear)?Norway, Sweden, England, the United States, Austria. Prussia, Russia, all are ready to co-operate with this view ; but so long as the two powers which 1 nave named, oppose themselves to the general de sire that the slave trade should cease, so long 1 am atraid no effectual progress can be made touardf tne accomplishment of that object. (Ilear ) 1, however, here declare it to be rny opinion that e heavy load of public guilt resta on the heads of lio-e nations who derive a profit from this horribb trafic ; and I, moreover, assert it cun be clearly and indisputably shown that Spain and the Brazils an (he only two Christian countries the governments or people of which derive any profit from the trad* in human beings." (Hear) The Electro-Magnetic Telegraph in Eng land ?Most ot our readers have hearu of the elec tro telegraph on the Great Western Railway, be tween Paddtngton and Slough, a distance of 18 miles, by which any communication can be made from oue point to the other, or to any in termediate station, in an almost inapprecia bly short space ot time. Professor Wheatstone and Mr. Cooke, to whose ingenuity we are indebt ed for this interesting and important application ot electro magnetism, have recently made an entirely new arrangement ot their telegraph, by which it has been greatly simplified, and possesses great ad vantages over the former one. It is now very por table, and any person, after a few minutes observa Hon, can send and receive a message through its i medium. It requires merely a single pair of wires, and from 40 to 50 letters, or signs, can be sent by it I in me course of a second. The telegraph, with its accompanying alarum, is included in a case not larger than that of a small table clock. The tele graphic communication is carried on by means ol conducting wires extending the whole length of the *^^e understand that the electric telegraph on the Great Western Railway has for the last few weeks been in great activity, aud that in some days up wards of a hundred messages have been transmu ted. Most of these have reference to the traffic on the line, which of course would be materially aided on those davs when many heavy and extra trains were requisite, by means of the telegraph. We give a few specimens of the nature of the mes sages sent to and from the Paddington station. Slough,818 P.M.?Send Mr. H another train of empty carriHges immediately ; we are in urgent want of them. Paddington, 6 20 P.M.?Mr. C cannot send any more, as there are no spare engines?not one. Paddington, 7 10 P.M.?Has the up-train left Slough ! , Slough, 7 12 P.M.?Yea, but it wm delayed some time. Slough, 7 30 ?The extra train has started, very heavy, about 23 carriages. Paddington, 7 41 P.M.?Tell Mr. H the Plu to engine has just come in. Shall she return with emptiest If so, with what 1 Slough, 7 43 P.M.?Yes, with fonr first class, and five second class carriages. Paddington, 1 50 P.M.?Mr C. wishes to know at what tune Prince Albert will leave Slough. Hough, 1 53 ?About 20 minutes past two : send immediately to the Royal mews to order carriages to be in attendance. Slough, 2 18.?Prince Albert has started for Pad dingtoii. Paddington, 2 48.?The prince has arrived. Slough, 3 5.?Mr. H? wishes to know if the ttoval . arty has arrived. Paddington, 3 N.?Not yet arrived. Paddington, 3 12 ?The Royal party has just ar rived Paddington, 3 18.?The Royal party has just started. Slough, 3 41 ?The Royul party has arrived. I Hough, 8 51.?Tell Mr C that the returning j Royal train will precede the regular up train. Paddingtou, 4 SO.?Tell Mr. H that ilie four 1 o'clock down train was 10 mitiut'-a late in starting I The Royal carriages were late and hud to be put on ; it contained seven Carriages and two horse box' a. ****** April 13, Slough.?It is her Majesty's command to rece've notice |l?y telegraph on the arrtv.il of Piince Albert at l'audington. A messenger from the Cattle will be in attendance here to convey the news to the Castle. Paddington,544 ?Tell the messenger that Prince Albert has arrived at Padduigtun. Paddington, 5 4(i.?The Royal train has started. Slough, 6 15.?The Royal train has arrived. ***** ? Paddington.?Is everything ready for the recep tion of ihe Emperor of Russia at Slough 1 Slough.?Yrs, everything is reudy. ***** ? The latter message was sent at the request and in the presence of the Emperor We might quote from ttie check book at the telegraph office at Slough, several hundred curious communications made by this apparatus, the answers to which were received in an almost incredibly short space ot time.?London Standard, July 18. Theatricals. Mr Van Amhurgh has been exhibiting his train ed animals at Windsor. On Thursday, pursuant to Royal command, two beautiful cubs, a lion and lioness, which were wheliwd on the 26ih ult., were sent by him to the Casile, and shown to her Ma lestv, Prince Albert,and ineCourt, in her Majesty V drawing room. The pets were very playful, and some >f the attendants took them in their arms ? There were present, besides her Majesty and ihe prince, the Duch-ss of Kent, the Countess Jose phine Wratislaw, Viscountess Jocelyn, Lady Anna Maria Dawson,the Hon Misses Liddell and Paget, ? he Earl of Morton. Capt the Hon. Nelson Hood, ?London Herald, July 18 Moriant's performance, in " Lucregia Borgia" is stid by the (ferin-tti critics to be a marvellous display of combined vocal and histrionic power lo Berlin it appears that it created a perfect Jurort ol enthusiasm amongst the dihttanti. Unfortunately it is his last night to-morrow. lrelan<l? The J-tatk 1 rials ?The argument of the writ of error was brought to a close on the 10th of July having commenced on the 8 h. The Lord Chan* cellor then propounded a series of questions to he answered by the Judges, who requested tune to consider them. QwKbTIONS PROPOUNDED FOR THE CONSIDERATION ofthk Judges.?1 A ie all, ot; any, and ii any, which of the counts in the indictment bad in law so that, if such count or counts stood alone in the indictment, no judgment against the deiendant could properly be entered upon them 1 2 Is there any, and if any, what defect in the finding of the jury upon the trial of the said indict-1 ment, and in entering ol such finding.' 3 Is there any sufficient ground for reversing the indictment, by means of any defect in the in dictment, or of the finding, or entering of the find ings of the jury upon the said indictment 1 4. Is there any sufficient ground to reverse the judgment by reason of the matters stated in the pleas in abatement, or any of thein, or in the judgment upon such pleas I 5 Is there any sufficient ground for reversing the indgment on uccount of the confirm .r the trial in the vacation, or of the order of the ourt firtl i purpose I 6 Is there any sufficient ground r reversing the judgment on account of the j tent of the Court overruling and disallowing ti hnllcnge to the array, or any or either of them of ihe mat ters stated in such challenge 1 7 Is there sufficient ground to reverse the jndg ment by reason of any defect in the entry of con tinuances from the said trial to the 15;h day of "Vl'T'l, r?g.ird being also had to the appearances of the defendants on the said Inst named day I 8 Js there any sufficient ground to reverse or vary th judgment on account of the cctitenees, or any. or either r.f iheni, passed on the respective de. fendrtttis, regar.f fieing had particularly to the re cognizance* reouired, and to the period of impri sonment deja-ndtnt on the entering into such re cognizances? 9 Is there any sufficient grnind to reverse the judgment on account of Ihe judgments in the as ognrricnt* of error, coram no bit, or any or either ol them, or of the matters stated in such assignments ?f error, or nny or either of them 1 10. Is there any sufficient ground for reversim die judgment by reason of its not containing ant entiy as to the verdicts of acquiita' I 11. In an indictment consisting of counts A, B C, where the verdict is guilty of all generally, and the counts A B are good, and the count C is bad the judgment being, that the defendants, for the offences aforesaid, be fined and imprisoned, which judgment would be sufficient, in point of law, if confined expressly to couuts A and B, can suc h ludgment be reversed on a writ of error! Will it make any difference whether the punishment be discreiionary, as above suggested, or a punishmeni hxeri by law ! This morning, (Dublin, July 16) the Karl and Countess De Gtey took their departure from this country amid every demonstration of personal re spect and esteem that could be shown to a just, s popular governor, and a kind Hnd charitable lady Ah the disposable forces in this garrison were sta tioned along the route by which their Excellencies jlttSMPfl. If is expected that Lord Heytesbury will arrive in Dublin on or about the 20th instant. It is a most gratifying fact, whatever the causes may he, that the country is, and has beeu for some time, in tie enjoyment of the most perfect state o' repose known in Irish history. Already the judger have opened some halt dozen commissions ; and every whete, as far as they have gone, they ar< congratulating the grand juries on the lightness c.t the calenders Judge Ball, at Ennis, Htid Baron Richards, at Wexford, congratulated them on the unexampled tranquility and moral state of theii counties. In Carlow, Chief Justice Doherty ob served that, in the whole of Ins experience, he had seldom seen a lighter calendar. In the County Louth the Chiel Baron used nearly similar terms of approbation. Let the repealers take credit for all this if they have the hardihood to demand it; but that woulo be what the Americans call "going the whole ani mal rather strong." Probably the resolution to suppress violence and succor industry, shown by the government, have had something to do in les sening the ordinary array of crime on the cak-n dars. The anniversary of the battle of Aughrim, which has been for so many years kept by the middle cluss of Protestants in Ireland as one of the rnosi memorable in their annals, passed of!" yesterday without any of the usual processions or detnoniira tions. The Belfast mail received in town this morrn-g, contains accounts from nearly nil parts of Ulster, all agreeing in the peaceable and order ly manner that yesterday, the 12ih of July, was observed. The usual weekly meeting of the Repeal Asso ciation was held tins day, July 15. The new mem be r for Limerick, Mr. Kelly, was voted to the chair. He availed himself of his elevated position to "flesh his maiden awoid," which he did very much to his own satisfaction, and that of the twelvepenny associates who crowded the floor of the (Conciliation Hall. Mr. Roche, MP., Mr. Henry Grattan, and some other vehement srators, look part in the proceed ings of the day. The week's rent was announced to be jEI 688 It was generally expected that the opinion ol the judges, in the case of the Queen vs. O'Connell and others, would have been read in the House of Lords this morning, (IHih instant,) but such was not the case. No mention was msdeof if during the morn ing, and we undrrstand it is not likely that the de ctaion of the judges will be given until the couclu stun of the ciicuits. Troops in Ireland.?A letter, it is said, has been received by the Commander ol the Forces from the Horse Guards, inquiring if it would be safe to withdraw some of the troops from Ireland, the mil itary force there bring 26,700 men, exclusive of ten thousand police and twelve thousand pensioners well armed and equipped. The reply was, that it would be unsafe to do so until O'Conneli's release from prison. France. The "donation bill," and the varioua railroad schemes and enterprises, seem to be the most im portant subjects now occupyiug the attention ol the French people. Paris, July 16 ? Our accounts this morning from the provinces are very disastrous. In many parts the corn crops have been laid beyond hope of reco very by the heavy ratos, and the fruit is rotting on the trees lor want of sun to ripen it. As to Paris nothing can be worse than the weather that we have, and disease ta very prevalent. There are more pulmonary rases than in the depth oi winter Lyons and its environs were, visited on the night of the 24th by a tort of extraordinary violence; tlie rain fell in torreuts, and the hail v. aa so large, thai in several houses nearly ail the windows were broken. In and near the Palace Louis XVIII, sev eral it<*es w r>* broken, and more than 300 birds, winch were lulled by the hail, were tound on the ground the next mottling. In the Faubourg of tin Croix Rousae the damage was very great, and some buildings are said to have been dt stroyed by tin; wind and rain Many ol the crops near Lyons art entirely ruined. Aftei the reiurn of M. Berryer at Marseilles as Deputy lor the Bouches du Rhone, after his resig nation of his seat in consequence of the note ol censure upon him and others lor goiug to London to pay their court to the Duke de Boideaux, there was a considerable riot, in which cries of "Vive Berryer!" "Vivent leg Fletris!" "A bas Louis Phillippe!" wera vociferated. The police arrested several ol the most prominent of the rioters, who. however, were allerwards rescued by the populace gn armed force coming up, the assemblage was dispersed, bnt afterwards four of the men who had distinguished themselves by their vonlerat ons and acts ol violence, were retaken, and on the 21.-t brought before tne Court of Assizes to answer tor ill-ir conduct. The only witnesses against them were the police agents, and all ol them denied the tacts imputed to them, except one, who admitted that he cried "A bas l ouis Phillippe !" wiihoui knowing the meamng of what he said. The Jury acquitted them and they were discharged.? Galig mini.
The Lyons papers say that p?v?*ral persons have been arrested, charged with a Fieschi plot again?> the authorities of that place Several greiiades were found in their possession, with which it is said they intended, by a single discharge, to destroy the General in command, the Mayor, and the Prefect, when coming out of the church of St. John, after the solemn mass of the 1st of May. The repoit of the committee on the new Cus toms Bill wis yesterday distributed to the Depu lies It pronounces the commercial treaties with England aud the United States to have been in jurious to tne mercanule navy ol France, and re commends as a remedy new treaties with Belgium, Sardinia, Southern Africa, Southern America, and such other nations as may oiler good mar kets for French produce. The committee oh serve that the treaty with Belgium, concluded in 1842, has not brought any advurilHge to the wim and silk trades ol France, particularly since the same advantages have been grunted by Belgium to the wines and silks of Germany. The committee declares thai it would see with satisfaction the old duties on the threads and linen of Belgium restored The treaty with Sardinia not yet being brought into execution, the committee confines itself to anprov ing it, inasmuch as it lowers the duties on French wines aud brandies, and establishes a system of re ciprocity between the literary publications ol th> two countries.?GaiirnanVt MtUenetr. Horrible Scene at an Execution.?'?n the 8th insi. Pierre Lescure, who was accused of the murder of his father, but not brought to trial toi want of sufficient evidence, and who has since beer condemned to death for making away with iiie ?iticle, was executed at Rtom (Puy-de-Dome ) The circumstances attending the execution were most horrifying. Being a man of herculean strength, lie was bound in prison with an unusual weight ot chains. It required at least half an hour for the smiths to untivet them. Lescure was much weak ened by his confinement, and assistance was offer ed to him in walking to the- scaffold, but he declin ed it, and went forward, and even ascended tht ladder with a firm step. Feanng resistance, the executioners of St. Flour tnd Moulin* were called in to aid the executions if K torn. When Lescure appeared oil the platform his tall and athletic person towered above them and the priest who attended him. Unfortunately he was not bound with sufficient force to the awing hoard, which also was too short for his length, so that his neck went beyond the groove, and the axe, when loosened, fell on the wood of 'he frame^ ann only wounded its intruded victim. Upon this the executioner from St. Flour got astride 011 the head of Lescure, but the convict struggled from tin grasp, anil, breaking Ins bands, rose agtnn, with his shoulder* and breast covered wiih his blood, hir face Hushed, and his eyca haggard, uttering cries that struck terror to the heart ot every spectator. The priest approached the wretched man, and presenting to him the imag- of Christ on the cross, succeeded by his exhortations in prevailing on him to again submit to be bound. Again ihe axe fell, ind again missed ita maik, only enlarging the fir?r wound Lescurc'a cries became still more astound-' ing Toe people shouted with indignation, and j pressing round the scaffold, were on Mm point 01 overcoming the gendarmerie in attendance, vhib the priest. whore suirliccwns covtr?d with blood, I embraced and did all in Ins power to console am calm the muulutrd man. The three executioners were for a time com pletely paralyzed; hut ut last one ot them mustered resolution enough to fix the devoted head in u pro per position, and the axe, already streaming w i h blood, fell a third time and completed itsta-k. I he iliree executioners are, it is said, to be dis missed from their offices.?Gilignani. A new telescopic comet was discovered at Paris, on the 7th inst., by M. Victor Mauvais. Its appa rent pos tion at midnight, at Paris, on the 9th iust., was A.R?246 deg., 47 min 8 sec. 6, and Dec ? 45 deg. 55 rriin 59 sec. 4; with a daily motion ir A R. of 1 deg. 34 ruin. 31 sec., and in Lee. of 0 leg. 25 min 9 sec. It is situated in the constel latton Hercules. Spain. The Madrid journals are filled chiefly with ru mors. It isreuorted that an extensive conspiracy has been discovered. The royal family of Naples is expected at Barcelona, and the Cortes are to be dissolved forthwith. The Peninsula continues comparatively quiet, yet 'here are various causes of discontent still nf at Barcelona, and various military precautions de noted that the uuthoritus apprehended some tits lurhance. The official prints labor to appease the general uneasiness, hut their language betrays then belief that some political event ot great moment will soon be heard of. The opposition papers duly record the reports afloat. The Kxpectador, among ?tilers, expreeses great alarm at a concentration ot troops in the district of Cudiz, on pretence ot ex ecuting grand manoeuvres, and it adds the report 'hat troops are also to be assembled at Madrid, Barcelona, and other capitals of provincts. The Madrid Gazette ot the 1st contains the fol lowing revolting summary of the execution* in on lv one district ot Catolonia :?"Between the 1st of February and the 15th ot June, the 'faction' in the vlaestrazzo have sustained the following losses:? Killed on the field of battle, 54 men; shot,aher be ing made prisoners, 120 men; pardoned, for various reasons, 107 Among the prisoners shot, are the chief* El 8<-rrador, Viscaro, Lauva, and Taso; Marrhal and his lieutenant, Pilareen. Cotarro and nis second, Martinez El Serano, Taranques, arid Gulo de Uleon; ami 25 generals or officers, includ ing one colonel, one commandant, three captains, and thirteen lieutenants. Since the 29ih ot May, 14 spies and 19 officers, coming from France, and a certain number of domanitri who had joined the bands, have been shot General Don Jnuo de Vil lalongu, has, by his energetic activity, not a little contributed to this result." Our accounts Irorn Madrid are to the 10th inst. The Madrid Uuzctte contains the following de crees t? ' In virtu* ot the prerogative vented In rr:e by Art 20 of the constitution, nod with the advice ot my ministers, I decrees* follow* :? " Art. I. The Chamber of Deputies it dissolved. "Art 2 Conformably to Art. 19 of the constitution, a third of Ihe senators shall tx> renewed. 1 Art. 8. The new Cortes shall assemble in the capital ofthn monarchy, on October 10, 1844. " C'ivi nal Barcelona, July 4, 1814. Another decree, published under the same date relative to the fueros, is us lol'ows ' According to the advice of my ministers, I deciee as follows Art. I. Conformably to the Lw of 25th October, 1H39, a bill shall immediately be prepared to be presented to I be Cortes, to make the changes alluded to in thu said law in the Itn-ros of the lias pi* provinces. Art. 3. In ordei that Ihe said provinces may be heard, conformably to Ihe provisions of Art. 1 of Ihe said lew, each of them shall name and appoint two commissioner-, who shall present themselves immediately to my gov eminent, nud point out all they may consider necessary end proper to be done in this affair. Art. ,1. The general jontas ot the provinces of Biscay, Alapa, and Ouipiiscoa, shall unite in their usual maiinir to choose their commissioners. Art 4. The political chiefs of the said provinces shall preside over the three general Juntas in the character ol corregidors, un-i not permit them to discuss any other subj, ct than that of the said decree. - Art. 5. The said general juntas kball also nominate As cal deputations in tne u.ual form. Art. ri The gyuiitamieutoe, while waiting for thedefloi tivu regulation ot the fueros, shall enjoy the attributes ?vhtch -hoy possessed before the publication ol tho de cree of 29ih October, IB41, in so fares thoy are not at variance with this present decree. Thu ayiintamientos of those localities who have chosen to be governed by tho common law of the country are not included in the above. Art. 7. Nothing shall bo changid by this degree in the actual state of the custom* laws, as far as regards the pub lic revenues and tho administration of Justice. Art.H All that regards public protection and avetirity shali eq in1 ly r'-mtin in the political chiefs as in the other province* cl the kingdom.'' tiignad by tho (Juean, and dated Barcelona, 4th July. The ministers had addressed circular le,,?rs '? the political chiefs, inviting them to adopt tne ??? trie puiiucfii viiivM i in*mun "",i ? ? npit ctsaary meaburti lor tlie election oi CtbbUry mrasuui I?I *?*v electoral lirita were to be cloned on ine oj August, and publicly posted up on the 10th, < "mi& 15 days The elections will, a* we have already stated, commence on the 3d ot September,and tne genera' scrutiny will take place on the Mb. Ac cording to the Gazette, the amount of national pro perty ae.ld since Jooe is 3,0*1,95*1 reals-upwaidaof iliW 000 sterlirc. The entire property huheito ao.d iiad produced 218,82(1 (137 teals Italy The Gazette d'Augsbutgh of the 10th, contains a long communication, giving an account ol ihe plana formed by the Italian conspirators; one part it which, that relative to Naples, has so recent y a 1 ed in Calabria. The inain point explained, ia ilia a grand conspiracy exists, which had its agen s at Vienna, Paris, and London, .principally the latt , lor uniting all the different Males of Italy g?eat government?whether royal or? iH?bli?? was left lor future considers! on. The I ope ami ihe church were to be dismantled, the King ot Ma ulea Bent ad rift, the several dukedoms dispensed Wh Tin J the King of Lombardy treed from Aus Irian authority; in short, the great government o Italy was to be estaolished. f he fir* attempt.at revolution wete to be made at Bologna and at Ca labria; but bo'h failed, because the ^t*nnH who had undertaken to advance money in England de clined to fulfil their engagements A correspondent writes on the 4th insi'<ro?, },,?,i lugna : " A third sentence has been pronounced hv the court-martial upon more ot the peisoiis com promised in the political events of tht prnv.nce .n the political events ol this province in lfMSh It- has been sent under seat to Rome, and Ua C?nfir .a tton is daily expected It comprises about -10 per sons several of whom belong to the higher classes 0 "ocmty We are informed that there are some condemned to death but that they are-a I ouiu! ,ustice, and sentenced in default of appea.anoe. Germany. The German Customs Union has just decided 11,., from September 1st the entrance dunes on iron castings and rough iron work sha | b? This determination will principal V affect the irou trade of England and Belgium. The entrance duty on sugar also been raised from September 1st to three years, in the following white sugar, sugar candv.&rc.. 17 nor. 30 kreutzer ? he. uintal; soft sugar, Uflqr.; audit refined with in tne jurisdiction of the Union, 8 Hor.4 kre|}t? quintal. Beet-root destined lor sugar manufacture is lo he subjected to a duty ot 5J kreut. the quintal. ? in the ground that 20 quintals ot beet-root are equal to one of raw sugar ? Galignant. Austrian TAR.FF.-The SwabianMercury, June 23 contains a letter from Vienna, which say? 1 -?lt is slated tltut the change ot tarttt, determined on in favor of a free trade with foreign countries, is to be put in force on November 1, ol 'he prefem vear Eighteen articles will, it is said, undergo n reduction in the entrance dues. Coffee, among* ?he rest, which at present puys twenty-one Horns -he quintal, Will be admitted at twelve florins, but 'he duty on refined sugar will be augmented Raw cotton is to enter freely. F?re,?" h w'nd.ei pay twelve llorins in place of hltrsti. VYaushe* are to be admitted on payment of a florin each. Riots in thk Manufacturing Districts?The riots which took place in the early part of June m Silesia have been fallowed by others in 1 rugue, and commissions sre sitting in both districts m ex ploie the teal causes ot these excesses, l-rom the various accounts from those dtbtrmtsthesecausee ire pretty plainly excessive lownru ol the price ot labor, and, to a great ext-nt, utter want of work for a long period the distress among loom linen weavers has been dreadful, ibis nas now extended itself to the cotton spinners, and the description of the uppearance of these workpeopl*, the fottnerly simple, peaceful, and ,"^8lri<)U?'*"( happy inhat.itants of the Stlestan valleys, is hear rending Pale, consumptive, weak-eyed men. iinsutn v gliding down f'om the mountains, start inn a tfd, clad in their blue linen jackets and bearing wearily the bundle of linen to the mas ter's, which they have woven at eighteen pence h? f2()-l!- ' is 'he picture <?! ilrw linen ro. " of the cotton -punier* is worse, because it is ninr. morally revolting. B. fore Christinas soine.distur b inces took placr?the distress has gone on increa sing. On the one hand the formidable competition ol England; on the other the strict closing ot th? ?rad<* across the fronton with Russia, has a length brought the people to dcspetHt.on- They attributed all their miseries to the introduction o machinery, and aceorduigly against that the> urrted their fury Collecting tu a mass of mor? han a thousand, th? y marched wtiji a white cur ain torn from a window,and (totaled on a pole a? a 'mutter, and to th? singing "I a *?:? w Inch had loop bee n sung in ihe district to express their injuries, ini ihe populous inai.uUctunugvillagesoi F eurswaldatt and lUngenbi. h.u, where they attack, d the chic laetori. s, those of Messrs Zwanziger, filbert, an<. A udritzky, and Dieiig- Attempts wete made to .i /? t... iu.. /iiatrifiiiitfin ol rntiflpV. ADaru/iKVi aiiti """"i,"' L torn uway their fury by the distribution of money, nut inmost ca?es, in vain. The fury of the rioter. ?nit in most cases, hi *aiu- . ??- j was terrific. Windows, roofs, machinery, form ture. all met with one common destruction. I he stores of yam, indigo, manufactured goods, spin dles, &c., weie all earned out and flung into tin mill streams. During four and-twenty hours thai it required to get an order iront Bresjau for the employment of military, this work ol demolition and plunder went on. "the soldiers, on their am val fired on the mob, and killed thirteen oi ihe' spot, besides wounding many others.? The rioters then fled to the hilts arm woods, whence the soldiers hunted them ou Upwards of a huudred were conveyed to the prt -.on at Schweidniz. The Prince Adalbert of Prus am hastened t? Breslaii to ascertain the real fact. f the case. There, also, the mob manifested a disposition to the same excesses; bloat the streei lamps, and the windows of the homes, i.nd of tl? Kef rmed Church. No sooner did the news an v. in Prague than the cotton-spinners also a^mble. on the 17th and 18 h ol June, and demolished th? machinery of the factories, to which they atiribu ted the lowness of their waxes and their cons. ? ,merit miseries. All these excesses except thos at IMerswaldan, have been attended without los, of life. Thus Germany is beginning to taste some ol the sours as well ns the 6wrets of the ntanu Ucturing system. With all their ambition to become n great manufacturing power, anc to make themselves independent of us, it is plain hat, spite of our corn laws and excessive taxes, hey find it a severe contest with us; and it them things "are done in the green tree, what will b> done in the day1?" It these miseries stare ihem ii the lace in the youth of their munulactures, whin may they expect when they have converted mil lions of their laborers into spinnerbl It is a pros pect that may well inspire the most serious retire tions. Iu the meantime, the manufacturers raise h loud cry for fresh import duties, not only 011 out fabrics but on our yarns. Till they can make their own yarns, they assert that they cannot fair ly compete with us, as they lose the profit on tin manufacture of those yurus. To effect this ohjeci fresh dunes must he imposed both on webs aim varus. This now will he the vehement cry on th> Z-dlveretn and this our manulacturersmust expect, tor nothing less than this can remove the dreadtu> misery that haunts the once happy Silesiau valleys, or, indeed, save from premature decay the manu facturing system of Germany.?London Allut. Holland. The Slants Courant, ot the 11'h instant, says:? "We print with all s|>eed a supplement to our jour nal with the project of law lor introducing n new taritF ot duties on importation, arid transit, accom panied with the explanatory memorial, winch, as we have already stated, lias been sent to the mem bers ol both ch imhers of the States General, and which will he laid before the States General at th? opening ol the next session." This larill tills 26 columns of the Slants Courant. Tnrkey. Our advices from Constantinople, are to the 27th of June. Tiie Sultan had renewed to Sir titration; Canning his promises in reference to ihe renegadf Question, letters liom Syria state that Naitiih Pncha had led Ahppo with -1000 troops on his way to Orfa. At Mount Lebanon Roman Catholic in trigues were carried to such an extent, that it w?? stateo the construction of the Proteit?nt Church at Jerusalem had been discontinued in cotisequenc> of the interference of the local authorities. A large quantity of property and upwards of 1000 lives have been lost in consequence ol an inundation at Adana. Albania was tranquil when our letters thence were dispatched Morocco, Entry or Marshaf. BrratatTD into Morocco.? Despatches have been received by tbe French gov ernment announcing the entry ol Marshal liugeaud into the town ol Ouchda, on the Iftth uit , with out a gun being lired, the Morocco troo|>s having evacuated two days before. A Moorish chtel had asked previously tor a conference with the Mar shal, and appeared disposed towards a pacific ar rangement. At this period, however, the Mars'ial had not received the inrtructions ci his govern inent, acquainting h.m with the views ol the cabi net, nor was he aware of the feet ol the departure of the Prince de Joiuville with the fleet under his command. The government is evidently preparing for a very serious strtiftfie in Africa, and coutinui-s to pour troops into Algiers Two regiments of cavalry have bMen ordered to embark forthwith from Tou lon for Oran, and orders have been sent by tele graph to Toulon to ptep.tre forthwith thrre steam er* to tran port (He froo|>fc to the ir destination. The steam Iriga e Orenuque, the stesnt corvette Cuvier and the Grandeur were tat- en into the arseum on the lot to make the n?cee*aty preparations. The Oreunque haalunded her artillery. It is not rertmn whethi r the tioop* will embark at loulon or Pott Vendrea Ordeta have also been given for the embarkation o| th'ee refitments of infantry at Oran. 'I hey will be under the command of a general officer who Ins already lt-lt 1'arts lor mat purpose. The Duke of Auinale is about to leave Attica and return to France, on leave of absence for three month*. Market* LondonMoNirMarkft Jul) Id.?Contois haveranged Ibis morning liom 99) lo 99) and were last done at W?. The high' si traction was paid h\ the broker tor the coiu niaiionuri, who took ahum 30.100 lor diffeient acconuts. It in ulleged that the jobbers have tmrrow'd the atock to keep Up me supply lrom one of the aaaitiatice compa rnes. The la?t price of the Three per Cent* Red no d was 100) , ol the Thtee-and-a-Hall ditto, 103 , and New Three-and a Unit, 101,'. Hunk Stock baa been done at 100, and F.scht quer t'llla at 77 79 i m. Spanish Three per cants are 3.'tJ and no transaction ia naiktd in the f ive per Cent' lot money but they have teen done lot the account at 63; Ku?>Ian Bonds have been ?old nt 119) and Dutch Two and a Hall per Celt'* at oij; Poiumbisii Vent z.urlan have alio been sold at IS j Oho runsactions eftectt d in the bonda of the old continental State* air eUmlly in small amounts for bona fide invest ment. Great Waatem Railway Share* have advanced to 130, mid half do to HO], Birmingham aud Unify have been last sold at 70, Briatol and Gloucester nt 40, Birmingham 334), 1 toydon Id, Greenwich 7), Midland t ountiea, 98, Nor wich and Brandon, 11 j South kasttrn unit Dover 30) and Dileaua and 'Tours, 3j. It will be aeen lrom tin above potation-, that there ia no appearance of confidence neing in the smallest degree shaken by the Hallway Bill now pending in Parliament. Indeed, all the principal lines in the country indicate a steady increase of u venue j d< ciaive proot of uugincuting iateicourae and activity in businea*. Four OTlock.?Consola for Account cloied at 90); Hpnniah. M|. U. 8. iWic SaconiTim.?The businn-a done in United st net Bonda, since our last, has compriird the following; mi quotations being the iuteat obtained. Mitbama Sterling >Kivea I8A8. . .63 ex. dir. Indiana fives 1801-68. . .? " Sterling Fives 1881. . .37 Illinois Sixes 1870 1 ,. ?' Sterling Sixes 1870 ) Kentucky Sixes 1808. . ,03 Louisiana hives 1844, 47, 60 and hi. . .70 73 Mary lui.il S'erling Five* 1888....? Now York Fivea 1868-00, is.o oo. . .Otijexdiv Ohio Sixes 1806-60 ? Pennsylvania Kivea 1854, 66. 68, 60 . 6-3. , .68 '? " 1804...? United States Bank ?1 6 0 Pur deheiituiea, April 1841 and :843. . .60 to 66 Per do October .. . 1841 and 184-1... .40 London Tkadk. Ri voht, July 18?The Tea Market to steady There aru about 7000 packages announced lor sale on Friday. Thn demand for West India Sugar wsa again brisk to day. and pricea were:Arm. indigo went otf lo-day ut about ptevious tittes 'J he public inlea have he' ii lather numerous. P. V. C. Tallow ia 41a to 41a 3d per cwt on the spot. London Corn Kxciianoc, Wednesday, July 17 ?The discouraging account* ftnm Mark lane of Monday lust, ?ogetlier wite. the continuanceoi very luvorahle weather lor ih>-growing crops, have caused holders ot coin to manifest increased anxiety torealise, and at all the lead ii g'provmcinl maik> l? held jesteiday , a turther reduc tion took place in prices. By our Liveipooi letters we perceive that very liberal arrivals ol wheat nnd flour bad token place there; ol the tornier article about dooO qra had. durmg the v etk en ding the lAtliinstant, come to hand lrom < ansda. with 16,unit bhla flour liom tbo same quarter, whilst 17,000 qra ol wheat and *ii.7lsi bids ot flour had airived liom the north of Kurope and the United States. Willi such abun Innt supplies, and a very tlun attendance of buyers, pri ces of whea? gave way 3d to 3d per 70 lbs; and American flour was i Bering in bond at 31* to 23s, and fiee at 38* to 30- pre bbl. from the leading town* in Yorkshire the report* are ' q-tally dull, and unless an impetus should lie givtn to l.e trade by an inauspicious Change in the weather, some further decline in the value ol wheat nay be exf?'C>od. Most kind* ol sp> ing coin having laden 3s <o 3-. per jr within .he S| re ol a month, we do not tool, loi much lower pr.'V* cither for barley, oat*, or pulse, until some thing di ft ii:e shall hove been esct-rtained respecting tha pro nice of these articles. A* ooi market to-day there wna not much wheat freah p lion. Ike home counties but the quantity led over In m ptevious receipt* proved trore than aihquxtelo the do mand, the miib-ts finding il very easy to buy at the re liiced terms ol Morulas las'. In free foreign when the operation* were on quite a retail scale ; s . rain [stttsiit, indent, v ere the sate*, as to render quotation* lit Jo b-.t'er than nominal In bond, nothing whatever was oi c lowi' manufactured flout remained nearly the same In the beginning of the v?-. X . ?id ship meiks, ihoegh ofl'< red at the ri cet i r dart,, u were almost ui ? ileah.'a There was little or no Knglisb barley olTeitiig, and the business done was ol quite a retail ckiiraotsr; holder* of this grain were, however, pretty firm, nnd n tu-ed to -crept less money. Bonded patcelt wete also held at previous rates, a low duty lieiug still nrkoncd on with confidence. In malt there was scarcely anything pns-ing London .Masks t?. July 18.? Ashes ? There is little do ing in Ashes at present .A parrel of new Canada, com lit nor ol 145 barrels Pot, and 3fi() bairel* Pearl, nfl'. ied at motion lust week, were chit fly taken: first sort Pot 96s Id, second U3?; fint sort Pearl 36s to 36s 3d, seconds 38s 3d to 3to, und third soft S3' 3d i er cwt Lard ?381 barrel* and 694 ken* North American Lard, which were off-red at auction last week, were all taken in at 33s fid to 34s per cwt. Provisions ? American.? Wo have had a good demard 'or Bret and Pork, of fine quality ; Bet 1 at 3"? to 44- par cwt, duty pud. India Bet i, for sln|<* use, 8i's| | er ti tee; prime Me**, 66* to 70* ; prime Mess Pork, 3--? to 60s per ?drrel, and Il-ms 38s to 4fls per cut Lard, cf good quality, is in fair request, at 35s to 37> fid. llams son ked ? re worth 60- to 63a, and in picklp ut 14s lo 36s per cw t. The good in d flue sort* of I lit eve have hern laktn tirely it 46- to 63* ; inferior and middling sort* meet a slow sale it 88s to 43S. Rics.?A fair amount of btisinsss is doing in B> rgal .'ice. andtke tiHiisactions in rltaned have include! ? lew parcel* ol Carolina at 31* to 36s per cwt. Tai i.ow?The demand for this article is flat, and the cbandleis confine their purchases to the quantity rintiir d for their immediate w ants Ibices are, howevt r, fn m, tt 41s to 41* 6d lor prime I' Y. C. on the spot, and 43* 6d a asked lor delivery iu the autumn months 361 bartel* Vorih American, ai auction last w?tk, partly sold at 33* 6d to 34s Tar?Tho demand for this article is dull, and some what lower terms have bten submitted to. Art har gel hu? sold at 13s 6d to l3s9d;Htockholm 13s, and American it* per barrel Tobacco.?Holdera appear rather anxious to effect sale* and prices generally art) )d jier lb lower. 'Ihore ara utiyers ut still lower rates, but no si llers Maryl nd is little noticed; for the better torts of Negrohead, there is a good demand at present. Turpentine? Rough meets a steady demand at previous tates. Hpirit* are selling ut 36s 9d to 37? lor puncheon*, and 37" lor cutboys. Whalebone?Nothing worthy of comment ha* trans spired in this article tines our previous repoit LtvLNeooi. t'OTron Marklt, July 13?A loir extent of business has been done in button during the past wtrk ? the tendency of the market has however been more fa vorable to buyers than for FOtne time past, end in the ?ommon and middling qualities of * roericsn a decline ol J pence per pound lias partially been submitted o In other clr-ciiplions we have no positive ?hunge to notice. The sales ol the wet k amount lo 83,* 'I.KI bales, of which 13'Hi Aimrican and 3"0 I'mriimi have been taken on speculation, and 3,4t d Ainencan and UK) Anrat for tx.torf. It will be observed tha*. the import of 'lie week has been large, amounting, independently of lie c i goes ut ten vessels arrived but i ot y et reported, to lid ill h./lr*. asuptdy of Which h.ia brought our present -tock to I 1103 810 bales, being #8,430 more than were I eld it the highest point of last year. The commitieo'- quota ions to day for fair cotton are a* follow*, viz ? Unwed 11 I, Mobile 4 I, and Orleans 6jd per lb July 13.?Our i*te*i paper* by the Acadl* represent* quiet business doing in cotton at the different American forts, at prica* a slnule lower lor certain description*, rhia, however, lit* bad no flbs t upon the miihet here to day which ih ton' and feeling, ha* net charg-d. The ales given ire n.ouo hale*, moatly Amtrlcan currant qua. titles. Iniv 14?The sales of cotton today are estimated at 1466 fiaics, and consist of bout 40(10 American. 30tt Per mims and Mumhnw, ft 5-6 te 6fd ; I u Keyptia' 6J to 13) I ; 300 Hutat, #| to kid. The market rlo'es quietly, pi ices ol American are not changed, but the buyer ha* tie advantage ; other kinds nnohmged. July 17.? I h? sales o' cotton to d*v are astimnto l at KMKI bales, mid consist of about 35P0 American. 110 Per* ?am*, ft 3 4 to 61 anil 300 Hurst 3 7 8 to 3)d Tk? m ir kit closes wi h bsrreauass. Pricas ol Ainrrican, mid llmg and lower qualities are nearly ) lawer , Isir si.d ibcvM w nhout changa. July 18-I he sales to-day are 4600 ba'e*. Including MKto American ; WKt Pernam snd .Marauham, 6j to 6^ i Kx) Ushia, ft f to 6 I ; K.gypiiaa, 6J I. July 18-We liave had a moderate demand throughout the week, anil a II f market. The partial decline we no 'iced iu our last of ) I p> r lb is mon general ibis, and is fully that in the lui night; but ft is confined to American do crinlion* only, ami more immediat- ly to the middling .?id lower classes 8*lt? since Friday last 30 noo balea? import i of the wash tt 393 American, and 131 -V India. 8'ock, 79J '.?? Ami ri an; 66 300 Bra/11; 13 *<0 W India; 10000 K ' pftan; 10s ..??<! K.sst India, (fuotat ons, Fair il iwed4iOrl"tn?4fl; Mot ile ft l Lit. *r i it. Msr.aets. July 19 ?Aahea?Thar" is a poer demand >t pttsaeBt ior both Tot and Pearl Atbe.s and | rl c?s are drooping ftOO b?riel* chiefly Montreal Pots w ere sold 1*1(1 w, ek Mt 3ts 61 to 96l 61 lor first new , and 34* lor old A fe- ? siiiall *a!( * were effected for Pesri* at 36s Pre-wax I* dull, and pricea de< lining ; ?7 As was offer ed tnd re.us'd at auction for good Amoricau. earn?The waadtur amaa our ; rariou* publicatlan