Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 4, 1844, Page 2

August 4, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Blew York, Saturday, August a, 1M4, The Idolatry of Polities. We published in the Weekly Herald yester day, two engravings descriptive of interesting and characteristic scenes in the career of the Presi dential candidates, Mr. Clay and Mr. Polk. In one the champion, selected by the Democracy as sembled in Convention at Baltimore, was repre sented in the act of cutting down a tree in the vi cinity of his forest-home, for the purpose of ob taining fuel lor his mother In the other engraving, Mr- Clay, advanced to man's estate, is represented as addressing a vast assemblage of his fellow-citi zens, in one of the wild, romantic woods ol his own beloved Kentucky. Both these illustrations are eminently characteristic of this land, and of the history of mmy of its most illustrious men. They are suggestive in a great degree, culling up a host of interesting associations, and reminding all in the most striking manner, of the peculiar excellence and value of the free institutions of this land of liberty, under whose genial influence the energies of men are left altoge.her free and unfettered, so that the humblest child of toiling industry, may, by the aid of his talents, diligence, and virtue, alone, reach the highest point in social distinction and public renown. There has been one consideration suggested to our own mind by these pictorial illustrations,which we deem not unworthy of public attention. It is the folly and absurdity, to use no harsher epithets, of that excessive laudation of distinguished states men, of which all political parties are guilty.? The public men of this country are, it would ap pear from the partisans, either gods or devils. Mr. Clay, according to his opponents, is a perfect in carnation ot all the demoniac passions of the hu man soul? accordiug to his auhereuls he embodies all the virtues and graces ot humanity, and is hardly a little lower than the angels When he speaks, his followers like the besotted sycophants ot Herod, the King spoken of in the New Testament, are ready to cry out?"It is the voice of a god, and not of a man !" Every thing that he does is the per fection of wisdom. The followers of Mahomet, or the worshippers of Charles Fourier, do not speak one whit less extravagantly of ihtir idols, than do the partizans of Henry Clay of him. With the admirers of Mr. Van Buren it is the same. We have just seen an elaborate article in the Democratic Heviete, referring to this superan nuated g nileman, which contains a greater quanti ty of disgusting laudation, than we ever recollect to have met with in the same space. There is not the slightest?the flimsiest?the most gossamer web-iike-vril of delicacy thrown over this syco phantic offering?the adulation is indeed thrown on with the trowel, and not a bit of the little gen tleman's carcase, but is plastered over six inches deep. The last number of the same journal con tains seine half dozen pages of eulogium on Mr. Polk, and though it is in the same style, yet it would appear that the respectable bald headed di vinity of ICinderhook, still ret .ins the enthusiastic homage, as he looks askant 011 the newly intro duced hickory god of the democracy. Now,how very absurd, ridiculous, and improper is all this excessive (audition of men, howeverdistin gutshed ! It is altogether contrary to the spirit and genius ol our institutions. This extravagant eulogy only disgraces him who gives and him who receives it. It is nil right and proper to render to men who have risen from poverty, and toil, and privation, to the enjoyment of the highest honors in the State, that homage which is rational aud discriminating. But this blind, partizan, bigotted, insane expression of admiration excites only the ridicule and the pity of the wise man. And alter all, it is not your great statesman?your distinguished political champion? your Henry Clay, or your Martin Van Buren, who best deserve the earnest homage of men. The man of integrity, in whatever sphere his lot may be cast, who daily indicates his claim to manhood, by a virtuous life and practical illustration of that "pure and undefilnd religion" to which belongwhat soever things are pure, and lovely, and of good re port, and which is the very opposite of all bigotry, and cant, and Pharisaism?is infinitely more de. serving of the esteem and admiration of his fel lows, than the most bloated and self-satisfied of all the objects of political idolatry. Public Opinion in Philadelphia.?The some what gloomy prospect with res|>ect to the fall trade in Philadelphia, has had a very salutary effect ill strengthening the efforts of the friends of a re-or gani/.ation of the municipal government of that ciiy. Philadelphia possesses, certainly, a remark able share of the natural elements of prosperity as a great mart of trade and commerce. The locattsn of the city is central and the means ot communi cation with all parts of the interior are numerous and advantageous, and in the vicinity the coal and iron mines, and the great abundance of water pow er, are lasting sources of great wealth. But it is a painful fact that for a consider able time past, public sentiment has been degenerating in Philadelphia. In the legisla ture?in the city government?in the preBs?in the general tone of public opinion?in the frequent out bursts of a spirit ot lawlessness and insubordina tion, there has been a great deal to awaken alarm in the minds of all intelligent observers. One of the greatest curses of Philadelphia, and a promi nent cause of the disorganization and demoraliza tion, of whose existence and extent we have re cently had such melancholy evidence, is "old hunkerism." A set of miserable, corrupt, worth less, vagabond, pot-house politicians, have hum bugged the people, and, by all the low and disgust ing arts of their trade, have demoralized, to a la mentable extent, ihe public sentiment. Indeed, Philadelphia is not the only city that suffers under this curse. In all our large ciiieB there are cliquet of lazy, worthless, trading politicians, whose names figure eternally in the culls for public meetings, as if they were stereotyped?who roar the loudest at the public gatherings of the people?do all the eating and drinking?and live on the black-mail which they levy on the poor clerks and others in the public offices, which is exacted from hem un der the ptetrnce of " advancing and sustaining the intere.-ts of t le party." We have such fellows her-1, but the> have ot late been pretty well kepi down, and we trust will, by uud by, be obliged to exclaim with the Moor?"Othello's occupation's gone! " In Philadelphia, however, they appear to have great sway, and probably a more unprincipled ami wicked set of men, than m.my of them, never wallowtd in corruption. Now, m order to restore public morality and good order in Philadelphia, a>l these corrupt " old hunk ers,'' unprincipled municipal officers, and rascally demagogues ol all parties, must be muzzled, and have their claws chopped oil efkctually, so that they may be prevented from doing any mischief in future. There must be a complete and thorough reorganization ol the city government,?all the dis tricts must be embraced under one municipality ,? honest arid upright men only must be clothed with authority,?and all wnl be well. The prosperity of Philadelphia, now so seriously threatened, will be rendered secure and permauenl, and instead ol batng anoth r name for public dishonesty, mob vio lence, and official corruption, Philadelphia wiil be associated with all that is honorable and peace ful, as in the days of her former glory and prosper ity. Pacing Match at IIoboxkn.?An interesting match comes off over the Beacon Course to-mor row (Monday) between Aggy Down, Fairy Queen, and John C. Calhoun. The recent defeat ot the Mcond by an unknown horse ever the same ground, has excited some interest on her behalf, and it is generally expected that on this occasion she will aatonish all present by showing realty what she could de. Over confidence in her powers, it is iaid, tendsd considsrably to tha.defeat alludsd to. Saratoga Correspondence. Saratoga Springs, July SI. Saraioga?J mertcan Loromotivt* J- G. BENNETT, Esq., Dear Sir?The first impreaoions of an European on visiting this spot wilt perhaps be read with an iutetest more than commensurate with their in trinsic importance. I started from New York a few days ago for this celebrated place. We em barked at seven in the eveuing in a vessel which, notwithstanding all I had previously heard, excited feelings of (unqualified astonishment. A floating structure above three hundred feet long and three stories*high! consisting of suits of saloons splendidly furnished, large dormitories supplied with several hundred beds, beside innnmerable separate bed rooms or " state rooms" as they are called, each appointed in the first style of convenience and luxury. In this floating palace I was transported over nearly three degrees of latitude tor two dollars, (or eight and sixpence English,) of which one fourth was paid for the use of one of the said state rooms. After Bitting on the upper deck viewing the magnificent scenery of the Hudson, for a few hours by the.clear mild.light of the full moon, I re tired to my room, of which I had received the key on the payment of the above mentioned fifty cent3 at the captain's office. When I entered this cham ber, I could not help calling to mind the accounts j given by some English tourists of the steamboat travelling of this country, and contrasting it with this first experience of mine. The chamber was neat in the highest conceivable degree. The wood work coated with the finest white paint. A hand some Brussels carpet (manufactured, however, at this side of the Atlantic, as I afterwards learned,) covered the floor. Two berths (these rooms are intended also to accommodate married people) were furnished with the finest linen and white counterpanes. Two neat chairs, a stool for the portmanteau, a mahogany washstand supplied with a complete set of Muflordshire porcelain lurniture, a couple of squares of Windsor soap, and a couple of the whitest,cleanest and finest towels, the whole surmounted by a large mirror in a highly polished mahogany frame. After an excellent night's rest I found myself at the wharf in Troy. A civil, re spectable looking servant tapping at my door, at tended with my boots and warm water, proffering at the same time the aid of a barber. Taking this, my first experience of American travelling, as a sample, and considering what I have been taught to expect by my countrymen tourists who indite their adventures for the edifica tion of the public, you will not be surprised if 1 am perplexed. Having travelled much in every part of Europe, lean have no hesitation in saying that nothing in the art of locomotion can be found there?no, not even in England itself, to parallel this. The speed too ! The.distance to Troy is, I am inlormed, not much under 180 miles, and this was passed over in 10J hours, being at the rate of little less than 18 miles an hour, a speed which not many years ago was regarded as unattainable on water. Being to a certain extent conversant with ma chinery, I may be allowed to say a word in com mendation also of that department of the vessel. The workmanship and materials were indeed ol the first order, and would have done no discredit to the. most accredited engineers of London, Bir mingham, or Glasgow. The excellence of con struction both of the vessel and machinery was manifested in a striking manner bv the absence of that shaking of the structure and "thum, ing" of the piston, which is so annoying even in the best and largest English steam ships. In the room I occupied I wassensible of no effects of the machi nery ; indeed I could scarcely have discovered by utiy sensible effects that the vessel was worked by machinery at all. I intended to have continued line letter bo as to include a part ol my experience in th s place, but my paper is run out and with your t tvor 1 shall reserve what further I have to say till my next. An European Traveller. Saratoga Springs, Aug. 1. Travelling between Troy and Saratoga?Enjoy ment at the Springs. J. G. Bennett, Esq. In my la6t I gave the impression of an European traveller on ascending the Hudson. Breakfasting at Troy, we started by railway for this place, which we reached in about three hours. I cannot extend to the railway appointment on this particular route tlie same degree of praise so justly merited by the aver travelling. The cars are execrable, and the most culpable negligence and paltry economy are shewn in many of their arrangements. I will only mention the absence of those necessary springs which are called in England "buffers," the purpose of which is to prevent the shocks which are pro duced at starting and stopping, and indeed at every sudden change ot speed. The shucks we suffered ti'emed as though they would have dislocated all the joints in the body. Well, here we are, in the far famed Saratoga, picked as closely as human bodies can be consistent ly with continued respiration. Every one seems restless?not knowing what to do with himseli? each asking the other when he intends leaving! Comfortable and convenient homes have been ex rliangrd for over-crowded hotels and boarding houses?habitual occupations have been surrender ed without any definite purpose or really any enjoy able substitute. This place bears notitlie least re semblance to any European watering place. Here i.re not the rouge and noire tables, and the even ing delassemens of Baden Baden. Here are not tne confu-ion of tongues?ihe profusion of wealth ?the brilliant noblesse collected from vatious na tions?the retinue of attendants?the dazzling equipages?the lofty titles?and the thousand name less etceteras which after all constitute the attrac tion and charm?(be it rational und commendable or not)?ot the great European watering places. The absence of that particular class of persons who from hereditary wealth, have habitual leisure? who have nothing todo but to enjoy life?who revel in the refinements?whoarethe patrons and nurses ? f the arts?is especially remarked by the foreign uisitor. Every one here seems to he in a false position, and to be conscious of it. There is uni versal restlessness?movement and activity without uny discoverable object?a total absence of repose. Men and women walk up and down the colonnade i f the U. S. Hotel^at the rate of four miles an hour?listen with anxiety for the dinner bell; when iliey hear it their countenances shew immediate relief, not because they are hungry and are about to eat, but because dinner is an event in the day a id breaks the universal tedium. They march to the crowded tables like the pensioners in Green wich Hospital, wliete they are duly packed to il' llier as close as the dimensions ot their bodies w ill (wrniit. Your elbows ure pinned down to the if, wedged against your neighbor', and in man i, ula ing your food you are compelled to observe eta rule of piano-forte players, all movements being li.uited to ihe wrist. The preposteronHdisposition of the number of guests to the means of preparing food And supplying proper attendance, produces i s inevitable consequences?general starvation?nut that the fare is bad, but that you can't get it. There 11 no gambling apparent here in any form. I have not seen a card table. With the excepuon of nigger singers, the amusements offered are but 1.1 inly attended Borghese hud a concert last even n.g, at which the mom was a little more than half filled, and even that wan effected only by her per ei nal influence among the families and ladies here. 7 he last performance of the nigger singers, I am informed, produced an overflowing room. Adieu?enough for this time. An European Traveller. Thb Tslkoraph in Franc*.?A treatise in French, entitled Memoire lur le Syrtemt Tele nrapliigue,6cc., written by Eunemond Gonon, nod purporting to be a statement of an improved system ot Telegraphic communication invented by hint s'* If, has reached us. This treatise waa rend by the .n.'hor, in February last, before the French Acade my ol Science, and takes an elaborate review ol h ' early origin and gradual improvements in the *r before bis own was, after 20 years application, ? ilected. The improvements said to be effected u clear and undoubted ; and as to the veracity ot ti>i allegations of the author^ we have no doubt, authenticated aa they are by numerous certificates ot a high kind; amongst the rest, one signed by tl. ? President and several Senators of the United ~ itee, who had witnessed the operation of this s> tetn. It is strange that invention is seized upon ? .lb avidity by the French Government, as it was always foremost in the efficiency ot its telegraphic s).dern ; and 11 Morse's electrical system aid not supersede all necessity for any other hers, it would d iblless lit patronised by our authorities. Theatrical*, dec. Domestic.?Mons. De Korponayis living lessons in fashionable dancing at Saratoga. Raymond St Go 's menagerie are exhibiting at Buffalo. Dr. Lardner is drawing lull houses at Saratoga. The youthful temperance lecturer, J. B. Gough, ia displaying bis talents at Boston. Silsbee, the Yankee, is playing at Montreal. The Pittsburg theatre has been again opened. Mr. Charles Le Forest is the lessee, and his com* pany is a fair one. Mr. Germon, of Mr. Kimball's vaudeville com pauy et the Boston Museum, took a benefit on Friday evening last, which was well attended. The theatre at Hamilton, which is solely under the management of amateurs, was closed for the season on Friday, the 19th ult. A Liverpool paper of July 10th announces the death of Mr. J. Cooke, the celebrated equestrian, who some time since leased the Melodeon Theatre, Boston. The real Valentine Vox, the far-famed Venetian Ventriloquist, and Miss Keane, the distinguished Vocalist, have gone to Troy for the purpose ut en tertaining the citizens ol that city; in con equence of which they will not arrive at Saratoga until next week. Sanqmrico and Antognini intend to give a few Concerts in Albany, Uticu. Quebec, See. A Sybil?There arrived in this country per the Caledonia, a young lady of the name of St Clair, about whom much has been said in the English newspapers. It is stated that she is one of the most remarkable performers in the mystic art ever known and has acquired the title from the English press of the lady Sybil or Magician. Mr. SimpBon, late manager of the Park Theatre, New York, and F. B. Ogden, Esq , late American Consul at Liverpool, were passengers in the New York packet ship Kochester, which arrived in Li verpool on the 11th ult. Dempster, the popular ballad singer, arrived in town yesterday from Saratoga, and left in the af ternoon for Newport. He has been successful in his Northern tour. The Orphean Family have gone to Saratoga from Cape May and Brandywine Springs. They were flatteringly received at the latter places. Ole Bull is at Saratoga, and will give one ortwo magnificent concerts there. Domestic^?The Waverley ball, given lor the purpose of raising a fund to complete the monument to the memory of Sir Walter Scott, at Edinburgh, took place on the 9th ult.. at Willis's rooms, Lon don. It was arranged ana conducted by the Mar chioness of Londonderry. All the fashionables pre sent appeared in some character which the pen of the great novelist pourtrayed, and the ball appears to have been one of the most brilliant affairs which has taken place for years. 1438 tickets were sold, and the proceeds will yield ?1000 towards the monument. Signor Moriaui finished his engagement at her Majesty's Theatre, London, on the 11th ult, after a very tavorable season. A new appointment just made at the JRoya' Academy has been long a desideratum. It is that ot a professor of elocution. Mr. Vanaenhoff, the tragedian, has been nominated to the office. Mr. Slater, late of the Liverpool Theatre royal, has become a great favorite in Ireland He is now with Mr. Cunningham's company at Limer ick. Mr. G. V. Brooke, the eminent tragedian, is ful filling an engagement at the Queen's Thetre, Man chester Mr Browne still continues in Mr. Sloan's company at the same house. Mr. C. Mathews has written to the Morning Post contradicting a stalem nt in the preface to Mrs. Gore's prize comedy, that "Mr. and Mrs Mathews had relused to accept the parts suggested for them by the Committee, and had thereby pioducedsome injury to the play." Mr James Vining has returned from Calcutta, and it is said he has been engaged by Mr. Web ster for the Adelphi Theatre, London. A drama, founded on Dickens's Martin Chuzzte wit, h.is been very successfully produced at the Lyceum, London. Miss Keale, the pianiste, of Liverpool, is now re siding in France for a short period, pursuing her professional studies, and availing herself of instruc tion from the celebrated Thulberg. The King of Wurtemburg must be a wry tender soul. He Hub just prohibited all rope-dancing in his dominions, in order, as he says, " to spare the spectators dangerous emotions!" Madame Grisi has been severely indisposed, but at the latest accounts was somewnat recovered. M. Dohler concluded his performances in the metropolis of England on the 12th ult. Signor Emiliani, a violinist, who is highly spo ken of by the London papers, gave a concert at the Hanover square Rooms, London, the 12th ultimo, which was humorously and fashionably attended. Mr. Ellis Roberts, Welch harper of considerably skilly has been as astonishing the metropolitans of England. Tub Temperance Movement.?The sods and daughters of Temperance appear to be determined to enjoy themselves during the ensuing week, and are making great preparations for it. To-morrow the former attend the Peughkeepsie celebration, where there is to be a grand muster from this city, Troy, Albany, and the whole of the Hudson Divi sions. It is expected to be one of the most splen did affairs that has ever taken place in this country since the commencement of the temperance move ment. On Tuesday afternoon the second annual excursion of the Lady Franklin Temperance Be nevolent Society takes place, when the members and their friends intend to take a trip up the North tiver as far as the Highlands, and to be accom panied by a superb band of music, a good com pany of glee singers, the Lady Franklin choir, and other musicians, together with some of the most able advocates of the temperance cause, who will address those assembled o?. the occasion; added to these there is to be at intervals a hand some display of fireworks. If these will not afford some six or seven hours valuable amusement we know not what will. Neur 500 tickets have al ready been disposed of. Pleasant Excursions.?The great variety of pleasant places round and about this city, leave such of its citizens us wish to ruralize nothing to desire. Variety is the spice of life. People can go when, where, how, and as far as they like, or stop at home, if they prefer it; but the latter is not commendable?is not wise, so long as we have Ho boken and its woods and glens?or Nowlan's, on Prospect Hill, where as much of the face of the country and as great a variety of objects can be taken in at a glance as at any place we know of If not disposed to go quite so far, there is the Abbey, on the liloomingdale road, where all things durable and essential to comfort can be obtained. Again, whoever would extend their visit to points more distant, may head for Coney Island, whose fine strand and lively scenery, not to speak of the renovating breezes Irom the heavy tide, will amply repay a visit. At Clifton House a noble view of the bay on one hand, and the harbor and city on the other, can be gazed at with continued relish for any length of time. At New Brighton, too, a great many beauties meet the eye?indeed, seem lo invite the eye to meet them. The weather being now so fine, immense numbeis may be fairly expected to leave town to-day, each to whatever place time and chance may determine. A Scene in Broadway Vksterday.?One of those scenes #f daily occurrence, which illustrate the admirable police regulations of this city, an?! the extrrme attention to the minor details of city reform exhibited by the new corporation, occurred yesterday evening about 6 o'clock, in Broadway, near Niblo'B Garden. The crossing was obstructed by a milk cart, (in violation of a city ordinance,) a < a gentleman with a lady was desirous of cros sing the street. The street having been recently watered arid muddy, the gentleman left the lady on the sidewalk, and went forward and backed the horse and cart so as to leave the crossing unob structed. The careless caitmsn, who had left his h.irse and cart, probably to procure a glass ol grog, rushed forward at this moment, and poured forth a perfect torrent of blHsphemy and blackguardnm, because the gentlemen " had dared to touch his horse." The violence of the fellow was 6uch that the attention el all the passers-by was arrested, and a crowd collected. Several gentlemen remonstra ted with the insolent cartman, but his.violence|was only redoubled, and he repeatedly threatened-to knock the gentleman down, and it was with some difficulty that he was enabled to escape with his lady from this dinagreaabht scene. Bleiwd Influence of Temperance Mode ties. We have received from an influential and intelligent lady of this city the following very intereating and touching account of the happy in fluence exercised by the temperance societies, ft is eminently worthy of perusal. While the heart has been frequently made to palpitate at the tale of woe, our sympathies in the following interesting instances, which deserve a brief relation, have been unreservedly bestowed. While as a society, employed in our various busi ness, a very active and honorable member of the Marshall Society, a champion in the cause of tem perance, one whose daily walk is marked with ex pressions of mercy, and whose privilege and whose oleasure is to tread those paths which are thronged by the forlorn and wretched, lor the purpose of promoting their happiness or mitigating their mise ries, entered our hall, and introduced to our favo rable notice an individual, for whom, in the most delicate manner, he solicited our aid. For him our compassion was at once greatly excited, and his reception by the directress was kind and courteous. His step was stately. There was bitterness in his languid smile that penetrated every heart, and his scarcely illumined eye, and deeply lurrowed cheek, bore witness to the floods of tears that had bedim ed the one, and had been channeled by the other. His hair was silvered, though not by age. and his expressive face and graceful manner will not be easily forgotten, lie was a gentleman, and had been a merchant in Baltimore, and whose sorrows and poignant griefs '-ad resulted from the touching, aad the tasting, and the drinking of the "one glass more." Yes, while amidst a fashionable round ot folly and crime, he became a prey to a horrible snare which conducted him to the prison at Sing Sing, where he has been made to feel that the sins committed against the laws ol the community have exposed him to pain, to shame and confusion, and where he liaa been made to realize in his own ex perience, the application of this sentiment of the Redeemer, with what measure ye mete, it shall be

measured to you again. But while an inmate there, he waa reach id by the philaiithropbist who introduced him to us, who offered him the Washtngtonian pledge, and who upon obtaining his signature, extended him the hand of brotherly kindness and we are happy to know that he was afterwards led diligently to search the scriptures, and that successive incidents in his history during his detentionfthere have furn ished satisiactory evidence that he has been led to the knowledge of Him, whom to know is life eternal. Ana as a society having been permitted to minister to his necessities, he has been restored to his native city, to the sweets of home, to the endearments and embraces of wile and children, to the charms of society and christian friendship. A refined and touching communication, written in the hand of taste antf elegance, from a member of the Lady Marshall Society, to the First Direc tress, was a few weeks since presented to the so ciety. The communication in which application for relief in the hour of special and peculiar need, and in which was developed so much propriety, so much feminine grace and loveliness, not only re commended the suflerer to our warmest sympathy, but was immediately met with the becoming response. This poor and pitiable lady is another of the many who was once affluent and honorable, who has been pursued and overtaken by adversity, till from the abundance of wealth, she has been reduced to want, living at times in basements and garrets, dest.tute at times of fuel and food, and till recently, almost destitute of clothes and covering. And if you auk her children dear, Why mother is so poor, They'll whisper in your started ear, 'l'was father's one glass more. H. D. Beauties of the Police System. .Fames G. Bennett, Esq.? I wish to call your attention to one of the most brutal outrages that ever I witnessed, but the like is not uncommon in our public streets. A Mr. Smith, one of our most respectable citizens, was returning from his work when, without any ptovo cation, he was attacked by a gang of ruffians at the corner of Ridge and Grand streets, and knocked down wi<h a sling shot and bruised his head awful Iv; he called upon the citizens for help, but none dare interfere; of course no officer was to be had. This {.happened Thursday about six o'clock. This same gang is in the habit of collecting themselves at the corner of Pitt and Grand, and at the junction of East Broadway and Grand every evening, and on Sundays, rioting and insulting every passer by Complaint has been made over aud over again to the authorities, but nothing has been done. Why will not ine authorities break this gang upl Unless they do immediately, we shall be obliged to arm ourselves and defend our families at the risk of our lives, and we will do it too, unless something is done. Be so kind as to call the attention of the mayor to this subject, and you will greatly oblige every respectable inhabitant of the neighborhood. A Resident of the Neighborhood. Street Rowdyism. Mr. Editor:?Will you inform me through your columns, whether that part ot the city bound ed by Hudson, Varick, Charlton and King streets have been Ly any act ol the citv authorities thrown out of the jurisdiction of those functionaries, as I cannot think it possible that such ecenes as are witnessed in that section, both by day and night, would be tolerated in these days of retorm, did they (that is the city fathers,) consider that as a part of their premises. By giving this a place in your valuable paper, you will confer an everlasting favor on the decent portion of the inhabitants of thai place, and particularly your hincere friend. King Street. U. 8. Circuit Court. Brfore Judge Betts. Auo 3.?Samuel IVilton aliuFrancia Talma, found guil ty, on Wednesday lait, of (tabbing the Arit Mate on board the brig "Roberts," on the coast of Africa, in Decem ber, 1843, was this day sentenced, by his Honor, to two years imprisonment and hard labor, and to pay a Ane ol $1. Captain Dritcoll, of the brig " Hope," was here placed at the bar, charged with having been engaged in the slave trade, on the coast of Africa, in 1843. Driscoll pleaded not guilty, and put in an affidavit praying postponement on the ground of the absence of material witnesses, now re siding at Rio Janeiro. Mr. Rice supported the application. The District Attomev consented to thelenstponemen^and to the taking of their evidence at Rio, before a Commis sioner, in the presimce of the Consul. MansAeld's case is ulso postponed. An arrangemant was, also, entered into to take the evidence of the witnesses for the prosecution, who are alt seamen, during the ensuing week, when the jury were Anally discharged for the term. The District Attorney here applied to the Court to allow the recognizancrs'which were entered for the term, to remain in lorce until the next. The Court granted the application, when an adjourn ment took place to Monday. V. 8. Commissioner's Office. August 3 ?Michael lian ington, whose arrest on a charge of larceny, for stealing the pistols belonging to the captain ot the brig "Frances Louisa," and ou suspi cion of poisoning the Arst mate, was examined before the Commissioner and fully committed on the charge of the larceny. The captain, Saule, and seamen Moore,'Winters, Gray, and Sylvester, were examined in relation to the taking of the pistols -, when the charge was lully proved. Nothing was elicited to Ax the suspicion of guilt on the prisonor in relation to the poisoning. Mr. Barber appeared for the United States, and Mr. Nash for the prisoner. The pri soner, it appears, was cook of the vessel, and the mate, having eaten some hash, got a pain in his stomach and died. A rumor was spread aboard that he (the cook) hud killed the mate, and tnat he was about to be tied up to the yard arm. Mr. Nash contended that it was this circumstance that induced the cook to take the captain's pistols, in order to defend his life. It appeared that Harrington threw him f elf overboard while in irons. The prisoner was fully committed on the charge of larceny. Common Pirns.?In Chambers. Before Judge Ulshoeffer. August 3.?JlnseUna Lamottr, whose bail was reduced to $600 on yestordiiy, was again brought forward to-day, and the bonds being perfeoted, she was discharged. Bridgeport. [Correspondence of the Herald.) Bridgeport, July 29,1814. Dhxr Sir?The importance of the vote taken here this afternoon by the citizens of Bridgeport, on the subject of the Housatonic Railroad Bonds, induces me to address yoi. The people here have been called repudiators because that they did not consider themselves bound to pay a debt which ihey never had contracted. They "put themselves upon the country," as the pleaders say, and the country declared they were bonnd to pay. Our cit zens, however, had a lively conviction, a strong iiehet that it whs not so. Nevertheless, the dictum ( f the law had been pronounced, and this alter toon ihrse citizens, whose whole tuxablr list is but >58,000, Came forward, and v.ithout a dissenting voice, unanimously, imposed upon themselves a tux of 14 per cent , or about $75,000. After this do not talk of repudiation gaining ground in Con n-client Convince Yankees ihat they do owe, and "?y will pay. I sny tins, because a tux imposed here is as good as a tax paid?saving the interest. Yours, itec., N. Cricket.?A cricket match was commenced on Tuesday last, between the single and married cricketers of Montreal. The single men having on the toss, went in on that afternoon, when an inning a piece was played. The second innings < tine off on Wednesday, and the match terminated in favor of the single men by 8 runs. The match was a remarkably even one, the singles making 110 innings, the Btnedicts 102. Avon Spring*. [Correspondence of the Herald. 1 Avon Sp&inqs, 22d July, 1844. An American Inferno? Visitert to the Springt?M t(retting Facte to the Lame. A private opportunity offering, I thought I would just say that 1 am here drinking and bathing in wa ter, the perfumery of which reminds me more o the Inferno than any other place. It isatrougly im pregnated with sulpheretted hydrogen gas, and is celebrated for rheumatic and cutaueous diseases. I am limbered, and the " kinks" are now nut of my back, taken out by hot bathing and drinking hot water. There are two good hotels in the village, which is from a mile to a mile and a half from the springs, where a majority of the visitors stop?that is, those that are not very ill. These are carried to the springs in carriages, as often as they wish to go There are three or four houses nearer the springs, and very comfortable ones too, where the halt, lame, and more infirm, more generally stop, to be convenient to the springs; the atmosphere about the spriogs smells " mighty strong" of brimstone I assure you. Not liking it for a residence. I stop at the Village Hotel. The landlord is kind and po lite, servants attentive, rooking good, and plenty of it; roast beef, broiled chickens , ditto, salt pork to match, lamb chops, veal cutlets, salmon trout, poached eggs, corn bread, hot cakes, drv toast, good butter, fresh ntilk, all sorts of vegetables, &c. dec. All these can be had for $5 per week, in cluding rides; washing its. per dezen There are probably from two to three hundred, made up from all parts of the Union, and some from Canada, men, women and children and lots of babies?a few ladies and gentlemen. As yet, business here is upon too small a scale to intro duce the fashionable vices of a watering place with impunity. If you hear of any who wants to be cured of rheumatism or cutaneous diseases, recommend them to this place; I think they will get "value received" for their money. We are about twenty miles from Rochester and twenty-five from Ca nandagua; the Springs are about one hundred rods from the east bank of Cfennesee River. The farms hereabouts are beautiful, land very productive, crops this season first rate, the wheat crop mostly in the sheaf at this time. There is a field of wheat a little west of the river (or was last week) belonging to a Mr Le Roy, of 100 acres, ?it foi ' all standing, stout and healthy?it looked rich. The whig cause, in this section, I think lookB about aB promising as their crops?the abolitionists and anti-annexationists seem to be conglomerating about here and in I hio, so I am told; and the " ball will come rolling on" next fall about right, if nothing happens. The whigs expect a " ton strike" and tne democrats a "spare ball." We shall soon see which are right. Little Kails. (Correspondence of the Herald.) Littlk Falls, 26ih July, 1844. Scenery of and about Little Frilt-Meemtric Excite men and Profeetor Grimes, $-c. ?Iambs Gordon Bennbtt, Esq ? HuCrC ?I,1am' after 8ix day3tr^vel fiom Montreal, in the village of Little Falls, 21 miles from Utica, on the Railroad to Schenectady. It is one of the most picturesque places the eye ever beheld : it aulfin a Vf h?d 8tr0Ve 10 bury the immense gulf in one solid body of rocks. "Moss Island," so called, is one of the pleasantest rambles the place affords; here, as in other parts of the place, rocks upon locks are piled up in one solid mass, until n seems that to reach the summit, you could almost mi ngle with the clouds which oass ?o ranirl ly o ver this place. ."Fall Hill," next m mn jesfi viei of theesurrn,i81Je ?f 'hc viliage' aff"rd8 a ?"e view oi me surrounding scenery* and as I am tnM w on ,he same level as Lake Ontario The place affords many beautiful landscapes, glens and cuffs upon which the lovers of scenery can dwell w h' Slfngs" and0amhrnenth beaides ?a"V beautiful nojS?, and SZ&StZU Sr..hnrsov:"Khich *re ????' 'C2;j? and animal m.snetism, ?im. I bls lectures, and witnessed nrettv and 5>peratlons? ?j\e putting to sleep of the pretty and fascinating Miss G. and Miss C who fieHoft M wj.U 01 ther ^gnetim to a charm Uid hi^ 'i^ ar,? ^,he Railway Exchange everIr thm? ;Ly "'V0" Wlth,h"fair daughters, have "sszi? BMton, [Corroipondencc of the Herald.J Boston, July 29, 1844. Account of the Forgery. As promised, I give you particulars of the til lainous roguery named in my last. Some two months since a respectable mechanic of -outh End died, leaving a handsome amount of property to his widow and child. His executor ad inT K, |in US mai ner' cal,il)g ?n a11 Persons them Th T' aD|d th?8e havi"g claims, to present The la8t cla?se was unnecessary, as there were no claims against the estate. The deceased iad through life made it a rule never to be indebt ed to any one, always paying cash for what he got. During his last illness he was visited by an old iriend, to whom he remarked that he had never been in debt for a single day, and had neversigned a bond, promissory note, or any obligation to pay, during his whole life. His friend observed that he was a rare exception to master mechanics, and ad vised him to write down this fact, for the benefit of others, and sign it; he did so, and threw the mem orandum into a drawer among other loose papers, Here the conversation ended, and the friends part ed. Shortly alter the worthy mechanic died, and his executor proceeded to " set'le nn" <.<> K?r stated. About a fortnight since a dandy looking ^ dividual appeared, and claimed the payment ?r ? !DEh i .purporting to have been executed byjthe deceased mechanic. The executor exnriLl ed astonishment, and observed that there was no evidence whatever of such an obligation amnnJ the papers of the deceased, and that he did no? Wtha 8lT?'e d!?llair t0ia"^ Cne at ,he time ?f his death. 1 he dandy bond-holder very coolly re marked that he had loaned the mechanic this amount in 183?, and now demanded payment ? This bare assertion was in no wise sttisfactorv'to the honest executor He had long known KC ceased friend, and been his confidant and adviser he therefore expressed his doubts in very plain terms and concluded by pronouncing the bone/ tl forgery' This downright plumper, at first staggered the exquisite, but recovering from his surpnro, he ex? pressed the most furious anger also base un insinu ation; after swearing vengeance, and saying the law would do him justice, he departed ' In he meanwhile this extraordinary demand was named by the executor to his neighbor, who was person that had advised the dece^dTo m5ke thl memorandum of his never having signed any obii* , Ration to pay; the executor searched the drawer' found the paper, and secured his neighbor as a wit ness to the declaration made by the deceased t, comf^n^nd' (lhU8|, prefmred ?hey waited a'se TU nJ I u payment of the bond fhe .dandy holder appeared, and very politely sta ed that he had consulted his legal adviser, and un leas payment was promptly made he should sue out . 8 bond andfcommence an action for defamation but before doing so he was prepared to produce one' of the witnesses to the bond, who saw him also Hxecitoi"0 niy' f ft ,a r,8pectttble n?in 1 said the xecutor. . Oh, of first rate respectability, replied e*quiMle.. Very well, bring him here at 10 to morrow morning said the executor, and 1 shall be prepared to meet your claim as it deserves. At the FXBCUtor. -b'8 neighbor, ami the dead man scertificate were together The HanHu tWa8^nciua,? but w,thout ??8 wimet-he said his Irreud had gone out of town for a few days. This ?v.dent falsehood confirmed the honest executor in his opinion. He agaiu pronounced the bond a orgery, read the certificate of the deceased, which his neighbor confirmed and then asked the dandy what he intended to do about it V' and where he was to he found when wanted. The exquisite w! '..ken all aback, and only said, "Sir you shall bear from me !" But from that time nothing has Fn heard of him or his witness. The whole w, got up in order to swindle the estate, and robTh. v.dow and the orphan. What do sucli feflows de JoTBaM. ?$~V "ior'ulf *LTKRATrVK Ml, iHli'tuti'on cuho'ir n8 lh,! disease it improves tin /?.o diwwa thin riTerf "ty 1*8nc,"al.V '"'V " ">ucl Jhan the one .t is admin Stored ior. Th< <tinTveTv nrTio T Tl c#" KiTP of '? 'hat it ia nov it 5if ?lW by 'he medical lac?Hty, who ioi a nU &11 ?er??ry the only cure lor those com nten as ' ?n?'ln*,# hottleo, $1 vacii; in cases of hal 'ninn ? J.Fareb,',lr1PackBd. ?nd sent?.) all part" of tb? - oa v 'h0 College of Medicine and Pharma -, V8 Nassau street. W. S. RICHARD80N, M D., Agent Good hit at the Pahty Editors ?The livstsa Post has the followingyeu d'ttpril as a set off to the nonsense ot the Whigs about the father of Mr Polk. Astounding Disclosure.?Henst Clay found to bs THE LINEAL DFSbENDANT OV THAT FIRST OLD TOaV.WllO brought ileath into the world and all our woe I bhall this base author of iliefoll, be rewsideti for his treason in the person of his immediate descendant 7 Read the following certificate:? Nauvoo, July 4 1944 I hereby depose and certify that in the year 1,1 resided in Edeu. and that 1 was well acquainted with its oldest inhabitant Adam Adah, Esq., end with his wife Eye. At the time the seld Adam was iound guilty of a base and traitorous crime against the government, and with Ms wife, who was equally guilty was sentenced to death, and all their children and their posterity were beuished and outlawed. 1 further certify and depose that I know Henry Clay, Esq , the present Whig candidate for the Presiden cy, and am well acquainted with his pedigree and his regular descent; and I knew him to be an " immediate de scendant" of the aforesaid Adam and Eve, who were old teries and traitors, known and reputed to be such from the time of their con viot ion and condemnation unto this day. A [Signed] ABEL MORMON. ? Subscribed and sworn before mo, [Signedl ENOCH METHUSALEH, J. P. 1 hereby certify that Knooh Methusaleh is a magistrate duly appointed and qualified, to whom full faith ana credit should be given. And further that ( am well acquainted with Abel Morton, end have no doubt that the aforesaid iacta stated by him are veritable and true. Oiven at Nauvoo, July 10, 1944. [seal] [digued] JAPHET HAM, Clerk. Americans ! will you give your vetes for the descendant of the first, the original tory and traitor?the author of s:? much misery, and the exemplar of so much crime I No, never! It never shall be said that the free end virtuous voters of these States will raise to their first magistracy the depraved offspring of such an ignominious anaeatry ! No, No ! For President who would desire The sinful son of such a lira 7 How can the country e'r be saved By one beru " totally depraved 7" Sons of the Pilgrims! grasp in hand The weapon which tha laws oommand ; Which rifle ball-' nor pistol locks Can ne'er withstand?the ballot box. [From St. Louis Reporter.] The Peophet Joe Smith.?Joe Smith has sur passed Mohammed in every respeect. He has com posed his Koran, carnalized heaven, established his creed, und sent forth a distinct and restless people, in the very teeth ot opposition and persecution, while, better than all, it any thing were wanting to hallow his memory, ne has "borne testimony with his blood,"tfec. Joe would, no doubt, very willing ly have avoided this deviation from the Arabian's career, but, as it is, hisSaintship is the more sasred for it. 'Twill not be long ere pilgrimages are marie to Nauvoo, and miracles announced, quite as mar vellous as that of the suspended coffin ? The creed of Mohammed was, comparatively, a light of truth to the tribes surrounding; but, thrice potent, Mormonism prevails amid the radiance, philosophical and religious, of the nineteenth cen tury. if its founder be but as lucky in his succes sors, as the impoBtor of old, there will be consider able of a "clearing out" of Hancock county, and a few ethers, as well! There can be no doubt but that the crime of Smith's neighbors, in killing him, has made the Prophet a fairer character in the minds of all, while the imagination of his own people is already in vesting him with the robes of deathless glory. Twenty years, in spite of printing, will make Joe a mythic personage among the Mormons ! The following extracts show that blind fanatical devotion which clings to its object through ail changes?thrice closelv when opposed. The lad/ evidently hassome stuff in her, albeit her spirit is as far ftom the really poetical, as Joe's was from the divine. [From ths Times and Seasons ] The Assassination op Oenrrali Joseph Smith an? Hvrum Smith, fits Presidents of the Church of Lii'.ar Day Saints, who were massacred by a mob, in Carthage, Hancock County, Illinois, on the 27th Juno, 1944. BY Mill ELIZA B SNOW. "And when he had opened the filth a^al, I saw under the altar, the souls of them that were slam for the word of Ood, and for the testimony which they held : And they cried with aloud voice, saying, How long, O, Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge aud avenge our blood, on them that dwell on the ea tii ? And white robes were given unto every one of them that they should rest yet lor a little season, until their fellow servants also, and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled."?Rev. vi.?0, 10, 11. ? ? ? ? ? s ? For never since the son of Ood was slain Has flood so noble, llow'd from human vein, As thai which now on Ood for vengeance calls From "Freedom's ground"?from Carthage prison walls ! ? ? ? ? ? ? * Oh, wretchod murd'rers ! fierce for human blood! You've slain the prophets ot the living Ood, Who've borne oppression from their early youth, To plant on earth the priuciples of truth. Oreat men havefall'n and mighty men have died, Nations have mourn'd their Tav'rites and ther pride: But i wo, so wise, so virtuous, great and good, Before on earth, at once, hare never stood Since the creation?men whom Ood ordain'd To publish truth where error long had reigned. A depth of thought, no human art could reach From time tu time, roll'd in aublimest speech, From the celestial fountain through his mind, To purify and elevate mankind. ? ?????? The rich intelligence by him brought forth, Is like the sun-beam, spreading o'er the earth. Now Zion mourns?sho mourns an earthly head : The Prophet and the Patriarch are dead ! The blackest deed that men or devils know Since Calv'ry's scene, has laid the brothers low 1 The noble mar.yrs now have gone to move The cause of Zion in the courts above. Nauvoo, July 1,1844 Terrible Thunder-storm.?A moit terrific thunder-storm passed over our city yesterday after noon between five and six o'clock. The rain fel in perfect torrents for the space of about an hour completely drenching the streets, and flooding several cellars. Messrs. Ttflony, Ward <fc Co sustained considerable loss by tne filling up of i cellar, in which they had stored a large quantity ( goods. Fortunately but little wind accompanist this storm It was attended however with in cessant flashes of most vivid lightning, and pen after peal of deafening thunder that seemed t< shake the earth to its very centre. The report followed almost instantaneously upon the electri flashes, which caused fearful apprehensions tha the fluid had struck. After the rain had passed of! 1 regret to state, these apprehensions proved to h realized. A large three story house, situated at th south-west corner of Pratt and High streets w? struck and much shattered. Some werkmen i the cellar were considerably stunned. Tw schooners lying on Frederick street dock, one tli Vermillion, of New^ York, the other called Sara Catharine. Capt. Frazier, of tins port, were al? struck, the masts being completely ahiverai About eight or nine persons were on board of ihej vessels at the time ; fortunately, none of tliei sua ained serious injury. In Caroline stieet ner Spring three small houses were struck, apparent! by the same explosion. A colored woman, name Julia Ann Myers, residing in one of these house was instantly killed Two other colored wome were also severely injured. There were man children, and other persons in these buildings wli were more or less stunned. The dwelling of M Richard Gittiugs, on the Bel Air Road, thro miles from Baltimore, was likewise struck. M Sittings and his son were both knocked down, an very seriously injured Mrs Gittings, her daughte and small cnild, being in the house at the tim were considerably shocked but not seriously. M G. and his son are yet said to be in a precarioi condition. The barn of Mrs. Goldsmith, not f from the dwelling of Mr. Gittings, was struck t the fluid, set on fire, and totally consumed with i contents After this passed oil a beautiful rainbo was exhibited, the atmosphere remaining close ar warm.? Baltimore Letter, Aug. 1. Will or the latk Thomas Campbell.?The w of this distinguished poet lus been published. Tl personal property lias been sworn under ?2tMK), ai will probably not realize more than ?1500. '"THIS l? THI I.AIT Will AMD AMD Tritamkst of .. Thomas Campbell L I. D., now resident at No. 6 Vistoi Square, iu the county of Middlesex. " Whereas, under and by virtue ol the will of Arrhibn Macarthur Stewart, late of Ascog, deceased, my only so Thomas Telford Campbell, will, upon my decease, be i titled to a certain turn of money, which I Jaain a com| tent provision for uim. I do not, therefore, intend to mal any provision for him by this my will. " I give and bequaath tho silver bowl, presented to i by the student* of Olasgow when I was Hector of U University, and the copy of the portrait of her Majest Queen Victoria, which was sent to me the Queen hers 'and which two articles I reckon the jewel* of my p perty,) and also all and every my manuscripts and co| right* of my compositions, whether in prose or verse, a the vignettes which have illustrated my poems, and at all and every my books, prints, pictures, fsrniture. pis money, personal estate and r Sect* whatsoever ami who ?never whereof I may die possessed, ater and subject the payment of my just debt*, funeral and testamenta expenses, which I do direct to he ?*id as soon a* con niently maybe after my decease, unto my niece. Ma Campbell, tne daughter of mv rfecersed brother, Ab xi ?ier Campbell, iste of Glasgow, lor her own solo aud ?' rate use and hem fit. 11 And I do hereby appoint my staunch and inrstimal friend, Dr. William Brattle, of No. 8 Park Square, I gent's Tark, in the said county of Middlesex, and Willi doxon, ot the Middle Temple, Eltl, to ho executor* tliis my will, and aho to act as guardian* to my said so md I revoke all former and other wills and testcmeiiti dispositions by mo at nn> time heretofore made, and c.lare this only to be my last will and testament. In v ries* whereof I have hereunto set my hand, the sevei lay ol November, 1B43. Thomas CAMrar.Lt " Signed, published, and declared by the testator Tl mas Campbell, a* and for Ills last will and testament (ha presence and at his request have subscribed our tin as witnesses " Kdwaso Current), !>, Ranelagh Oreve, Pimliet 11 Hatsar Mosots, 07, Kbury Street, Eaton Square.

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