Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 7, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 7, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., No. #18.?Whole No. 3*18. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 7, 1844. Price Two Cent*. THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD To the Public. THE NEW YORK HERALD?Daily Newspaper?Pub lished every day of the year eicept New Year'* Day and Fourth of July. Price 2 cent* per copy?or ST 26 per annum?postages l>aid?-cash in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday oioruiiqp?price 6Q cents |er copy, or S3 12 per annum?post ages |?id, cash in advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that tlie circulation of tlie Herald ie over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increaring fast. It hat the target circulation of any paper in thit city, or the world, and, it, therefore, the belt channel for butine.ii men in the city or country. Priees moderate?cash in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed at the most moderate price, and in the most elegant style. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, PaorniKTOR or the Herald ?*taiiliihment, Northwest comer of F ullon and Nassau streets. NEW LINK OF LIVERHOOL PACKETS. To sail from New York on the 26th and Liverpool on the 11th of each month. m m m m S'kuM NEW ) una. Ship ROBOT'S, Captain John Collins. 26th July. Ship SIDDONS, Captain E. B. Cohb, 26th August. Ship SHERIDAN, Captain F. A. Deiwyster, 26th Sept. Ship OARRICK, Captain B. I. H. TrasV, 26tliOct. VRAM LIVERPOOL. Ship RHF.RIDAN, Captain A. Depcyster, tIth July. Ship GARRICK, Captain B. I. H. 'I rash, 11th August. Ship ROSCIU8, Captain John Collins, 11th Sept. Ship SIDDONS, Captain E. B. Cohh, Uth Oct. These ships are all of the first class, upwards of 1000 tons, huilt in the city of New York, with stich improvements as combine great speed with unusual comfort for p&sseugers. Every care has been taken in the arrangement of their accom modations. The price of passage hence is $100, for which am ple stores will be provided. These ships are commanded by experienced masters, who will make every exertion to give ge neral satisfaction. Neither the Captains or owners of the ships will be responsi ble for any letters, parcels or paekages sent oy them, unless re gular bills of laden are signed therefor. For freight or imssage apply to E. K COLLIN'S St CO., 56 South street. New York, or to BROWN, SHIPLEY Si CO., Liverpool. Letters by the Packets will lie charged 12>? cents )>er single letter, SO cents per ounce, and newspapers 1 cent each. m2rc m. M " few utKOt HAVR^acTcETS. Second Line?Tlie Ships of this Line will luneafter leave New York on the 1st, and Havre on the 16th of each mouth, as fol lows, vil: From New York. rrom Havre. Naw Ship ONEIDA, ( 1st March, ( 16tk April, Captain < 1st July, < 16th August, James Fuuck, r 1st November, ( 16th December, Ship BALTIMORE, 11st April, 116tl> May, k Captain < 1st August, < 16th September, Edward Funck, f 1st December, f 16th January, Ship UTICA. (1st May, I 16th June. Captain, < 1st Sriiteinber, < 16th October, h rede rick Hewitt, ( 1st January ( 16th February, New Sliip St. NICHOLAS t 1st Suite C 16th July, Captain < lat October, < 16th November, J. B. Bell, r 1st February', I Ititli March. Tlie accommodations of these shi|is are not surpassed, com bining all that may be required for comfort. The price of cabin passage is $160. Passengers will be supplied with every requi site, with the exception of wines and liuuors. (roods intended lor tliese vessels will be forwardee by the sub seribers, free from any other than tlie expenses actually inclined on tliern. For freight or passage, agnly to BOYD & JTINCKEN. Agents je.25 ec No. 0 Tontine Buildings, cor. Wall and Water sis. THE NEW LINE OF LIVr.Kt'tlUL I'ACKf.'IM. m. M M M ID sail from New kork on the 21st, and from Liverpool on j tlie 6lh of each month :? From New York. L'vool. New Ship LIVERPOOL, 1.30 tons, j Jftjl '! June 6 J. Elunoge. )Au$- 21 Oct. 6 N. Shin QUEEN OF THE WEST, ) 2! " 1230 tons P. Woodhouse. j?a> |{ fljj*. ? New Ship ROCHESTER, 850 tous, ( 52'* V. 4f,rJl 5 John Brittou. jfe 11 ?& S Ship HOTTINOUER, 1050 tona, (5j??h SJ,** * Ira BursUy. ${*?} *?*' ? These substantial, fast sailing, first class Ships, all built in the city of New York, are commanded by man of experience and ability, and will be despatched punctually on the 21st of each month.t Their Cabins are einuant and commodious, and are furnished with whatever can conduce to the ease and comfort of passen gers. Price of Passage, ?100. t Neither the Captains or owners of these Ships will he respon sible for any twrcels or lockages sent by them, uuless regular bills of lading are signed then-fur. For freight or passage, apply to WOODHl/LL 8c MINTURNS, 87 South street, New York, or to FIELDEN, BROTHERS, ft CO., j It ec Liverpool. PASSAGE FROM GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. m m. m Bt THE Black BALL OH OcD LINE Or LIVERPOOL PACKETS. {Sailing from Liverpool on the 7th and 19th of every,month.] Persons wishing to send to the Old Country for tlieir friends can make the necessary arrangements with the Subscribers, and have them come out in this superior Line of Packets, Sailing from Liverpool punctually on the 7lh and 19th of every month. They will also have a first rate class of Americati trading ships, sailing every six days, tlieteby affording weekly communication from that |K>rt. One of the firm, (Mr. James D. Roche,) is there, to see that they shall be forwarded with care and des patch. Should the parties agreed for, not come out, the money will be returned to those who iwid it here, without any reduction. The Black Ball or Old Line of Livcpool Packets, comprise t)M following magnificeut Ships, viz.:? The OXFORD, The NEW YORK. CAMBRIDGE, COLUMBUS. EUROPE, SOUTH AMERICA, ENGLAND, NORTH AMERICA. With such superior and unequalled arrangements, the Sub scribers confidently look forw ard for a continuance of that sup port which has been extended to them so many years, for which they are grateful. Ihose proceeding, or remitting money to their relatives, can at all times obtain Drafts at sight for any amount, drawn direct on the Koval Bank of Ireland, Dublin. also, on Msssrs. PRESCOTT, GROTE, AMES fc CO. Bankers, London, which will be paid on demand at any of the Banks, or their Branches, in all the principal towns throughout England, Ire laud, Scotland and Wales. ROCHE, BROTHERS .fc CO. 35 Fulton street. New York, next door to the Fulton Bank. N. B.?Tha^Old Line of Liverpool Packets sail from this port for Liverpool on tlie 1st and 19th of each month. Parties return ing to tlie Old Country will fiud it to their comfort and advan tage to select this favorite Line fur their conveyance, in prefer ence to a-iv other. OLD LINE LIVERPOOL PACKETS. iBt .jm. m m. 1 tic. Old Line ol Packets for Liverpool will he realtor be de " Ir, excepting I i will sail on Arte York. (Juue I I Oct. 1 r, ( Feb. I verpool ' Mulched in the following order, excepting that when the sailing day falls on Suuilay, the ships will sail on the succeeding day, sir.._ From Xtu York. From Liverpool. The CAMBRIDGE, (Juua I July 16 870 tons, < Oct. 1 Nov. 16 W. C. Barstow,( Feb. 1 Mar. 16 The F.NOLAND, t June 16 Dec. 1 7X1 tons, \ Oct. 10 Dec. 1 S. Bartlett, (Feb. 16 April 1 The OXFORD, I July 1 Aug. 16 800 tons, < Nov. 1 Dec. 16 J. Kathbone, (March I April 16 The MONTF.ZUMA, Uu|y 16 Sept. 1 1000 tons. < Nov. 16 Jan. 1 A.B. Lowber, ( March 16 May 1 Tint EUROPE, v Aug. 1 Sept. 1G 618 tons. < Dec. I Jan. 16 E. O. Furber, (April 1 May 16 The NEW YORK, (new,) I Aug. 16 Oct. 1 9J0 tons, Dec. 16 Feb. I " *?? T. B. Cropper, (April 16 June 1 The'COLUMBUS, (Sept. 1 Oct. 10 . . iUO.tons, <Jau. 1 heb. 16 1 Or. A. Cole, (May I June 16 ThslYORKSHIRE, (new,) t Sept. 16 Nov. I 10.70 tons, < Jaa. 16 March 1 ,i). O. Bailey,^ May 16 July 1 These Ships are .not surpassed in jnlint of elegance or comfort in their cabin accommodations, or in their fast sailing iiualities by any vessel* in the trade. The commanders are well Itnowu as men of character and esperience, and tie* strictest attention will always be paid to promote tlie comfort and convenience of passenger*. Punctuality, as regards the day of sailing, will lie observed as heretofore. The price of passage outw ard is now fixed at One Ffuiidred Dollars, for which ample stores of every description, will lie provided, with the exception of wines and liquors, which will 1*furnished by tbc Stewards, if required. Neitlier the captain or owners of these Ships will lie respon sible for any letters, parcels, or packages sent by ihem unless regular bills of lading are signed therefor. Far freight or pas ? ige, apply to OOODHUF. It CO. 64 Booth street. C. H. MARSHALL, 38 Bnrling Blip, N. T. )?rf and of H Alt I NO. HWOTrfF.RS fc CO.. if'iKrol. sittHjiN UKMKXT8 FUlt Ibdti OLl) ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE. 100 Pine street, comer of South. rn.mM.rn. ? I llr, Subscribe! wg? leave to call uie attention of his trir.ios and the public in general, to the following arrangements for 1844, for tlie purpose of bringing out Cabin, 2rl Cabin, and Steer age Passengers, by the Regular Line of Liverpool Packets, sail* ing the lit, 6th, 11th, 16th, 21st end 26th of every mouth. By the London Packets to sail from New York, the 1st, 10th and 20?h?and from Loudon on the 7th, 17th and 27th of each month. In connection with the above, and for the purpose of affordiug still greeter facilities to passengers, the Subscriber has establish* line of first class New York built, coppered and coppered fastened ships, to sail punctually every weelt through out the year. For the accommodation of persona wishing to remit money to iheir families or friends, drafts arc given, payable at sight, on the following Banks, vix..: Troviucial Bank i Cork, Sligo, I JaTwi rincisl Bank of Ireland, payable at Limerick, Clou met, Londonderry, Weiford, Belfast, Waterford, .....way, Armagh, Athlone, Colnain. Balliua, Tralee, Youghal, Enniskillen, Monsgluin, Bsiubridgfi Bally mens, farsnuslown Parsons town, Dunlinhon, Bandoii, F.nrTs^ ' Ballysh'annon, Dowiipatrick, tavaii, Lnrgan, Oinagh" " ? EnnTs, Btrabane, Hkibberren, Mallow, Money more, Cootchill, Kilnish, Dublin. Hcoiland?The City Hank of Glasgow. England?Messrs. S|?ioiier, At Wood It Co., Bankers, London: T. Murphy, Waterloo Road, Liverpool; payable in overy town in Gieal Britain. For further information, (if by letter post said.) apply to JOSEPH McMt/RRAY, imiPine sin' ., coiner of South street, New York. Or Messrs, P. W. BYRNES (k CO., 36 Waterloo Road! 9 8m* re Liverpool. KOH NEW ORLEANS"" kir?t Ib'S'iUr fcfefcT .The very ?u|?-rior, fast sailing packet ?lii|> WABASH, a|?(<iiu ttlinpter. P?*r?oi?i wlining to embark forth*. SEPTould make early ...plicanon,^ McMURRAY I0U I'ine street, corner of South. p s Tlie accommodations for |iasseugers are very s u pert or, and'bwths c?u lie secured hy apply ma as above. au5rc -Tjrty- EXCHANGE ON ENOLiNO. IRELAND, jtwfw. SCOTLAND AND WALKS.?'1 lie Subscribe has &BfiA?at all time. for sale Drafts from ?1 to LIOUU, I*yabte -re-prmcpal V U. PiiMip* to and from Liverpool can be eucuretl at the loweat ruin# by any of the line of pwlwt# aailinjt on the Ut, bin, ?llth. loth, JUt anil 2Glh of each month, on application aa above. jy'Ll ec "Tjtt. FOR LONDON?Packet of 'helOih of August.? tJK$$VTIie splendid packet ship TORONTO, (apt. Oris SCfittbwold, will vail for London as above, her regular dav. Thov^eairouv of securing bertha will "RSIB iWa v application to JOHN HERDMAN. N B Passage from Liverpool and London can at all tiines be secured at tta lowest rates, by tie1 regular packets sailing weekly throughout the year; anil drafts can as usual be fnrniali Xpa^bL tlfroughout Oo-at Britain and Ireland, on tion as above. -?-?? XJCdt- KOH LIVERPOOL?Now Liim?HejcuKr racket Wl?6Wof ICth August?The splendid, fast sauing lscket JpftilsLship S1DDON8, Captain Cobb, of 1100 toiu, will freight or' passage,''having accom^atioiu for splendor or comlnrt, apply on hoard at Orkans wliarl, toot of V\ all street, or to R R cq|XIN8 A CO, 56 South street. ftir&Er^SHERIDAN. cantaiu F. A. De l'ey.tcr, will succeed tlie Stddona. and sail aotli Sept. ?*!!?_. ~ ,? II v KRI'OOL.?New Line.?Regular picket ?U bo-l. .1i&UlNS * c5Tj?Ka?. Rhimiers'Jiv'tos Sue'may rely upon having Iheir goods cor rectly measured, and that the ships of this line will sail PU"'" ludlly as advertised. The splendiP packet ship S iC"il o, rsi t. K. A. DeDuyster, will succeed the Siddous and sail 26m Sej "Tl^. KOR NEW ORLEANB.-LOUISIANA AND JMWVNKW YORK LINE -Regular Packet of 16th mat. jffiXX?-The very fast sailing New York Barnue V KR NUN^^ptain Kelly, will [.oaitively sail as above, her regular dHfr>r freight or passage, having handsome furnished Mcommo dations?apply o,V bo?d, at Orleans Wh-fh-ot nf,Wall street, ot 10 " ' 56 South'street. Positively no goods received after the eveuing of the 16th mst. Agents in New Orleans-Messrs. Hullen anJ Woodruff, who will nromi?tlv forward all good* to tlwir auurws. . .. The Genesee, ('.apt. Miuot, will succeed the Vernon and sail 5th Sept. __ii_ ~jtjrr~ KOR NEW ORLEANS?Louisiana and Now JKffiyYork Line-Positively first regular jAMbliitli inst., the very fast sailing, new New York built ST'ST"" ?""" ?? SoTOs?$&.?! Positively no goods received afler rhiirsday ovomngi lMh inst Agents in New Orleans, Messrs Hull.ii A Woodruff, who will promptly forward all goods to. their address. Shippers bv this fine may rely upon having their goods correctly measured, iild that the ships of this line will saif punctually as advertreed. Tie-packet .blip OENESSEE, Capt. Mutot, will succeed1th. Vcnum. and sail 5th Sei.t. Aug t ec ejEf. KOR LON DON?Regular Packets of the ltllh and I wr^ed'W.soth of August?The first class, fast sailing regular KlM>. . ..I.- 5hij,TORONTO,Capt. Gnawold, will sal on mfFfufkluid WESTMINSTER, Capt. Hovey, will sail on Having very superior accommodations for cabin, second ?*[><" and steerage passengers, |?-rson? intending to embark, should make immediate application "i.Wardyir ftcMURBAV| 100 Pine Street, cornor of South ??"*'?_ Tlie aluive will be succeed by the packet ship ST . JAMfc-S, Cant. Myers, and aail on the 1st Sept. i,.v. B.?Persons ilesirous of sending for their Fiends, tan l?i e them brought out in the above v.-srelor any ofOjereguUrluck a?r? gfti inir w?t?klv. by applying as abo\?, il !>> ictur posi i?tuu. p s ?drafts given, payable at sight for any amount, on the Provincial BaukKof IreUd. payable at ll-ir resiH Ct've uimch^ throughout the country ; alto, on Messrs. Simoner, Atwpou Co., Bankers, London, payable in every town in (?reat Britain. au5rc ? SUMMER ARRANGEMENT. SEW ARK SD SEW \ ORK. ?- nsw I On and after Monday, May 13, w ill rtui as 'a follows :?Uave Newark, foot of _7)i A. M. and l>i P.M. I^-ave New York, -iid 4 P. M. foot of Barclay st. at III[A. M. aim si. rji. ? P M and New On Sundays?Leave Newark at 8 A. M. ana i t. m. anu York at ? A. M. and 4 P. M. Kreight carried at very reasonable rates. May Wth. 1BII. *" OCEAN HOUSE^LCjSp^gANC|Hf AND EATON Cmlw.^will'^leas^''aftie?im^?^i,Vet',l',fo^ lb' .above places, every Tuesday, Thursday, and o'clock. A.M. KemrnmB-w.ll lea?? U .abon ^WifYaiidii.g? every' Monday, Wrdnl-sda'-y and Friday at 11 o'clocTt.jV. ;VL of t)|e boa, al Catoutown Landing, St^es willbeiu readiness to convey Wa,,y|?nof the country. ? ? " RtURLE'S USE <>F & I&AMBuAIA " FOR ALBANY j >ru DAILY. Sundays excepted?Through direct, ^fiSlLfSeatT P. M., from tl* Steamboat Pier between JO,^^S?Emi>oa^ROCw?inT^Rr^apt?L?'A. Hooghton, on Tuesday Thnnday Saturday Evenings, at 7. At Free o'clock, P. M.?Landing at Interinediate I'Uces. The Steunbiial NORTH AMERICA, Captain IL G. Lrut teller., Mmulay, Wedneaday, Friday and Sunday Afternoons, "ni'ft'r- COLUMBIA. Captain Wm. H. Peck, Tuea dav Tburiday and Saturday Afternoons, at ioYlofk. s^^HHS5Tr.r^ at the Office oil the wharf. NEW YORK, ALBANY^ AND tRoY 8TEAMBOAX _ FOR ALBANY AND TROY.-Moniing Line from the foot of Barclay street, landing "?>? ??? VsS," now' T~*r, IW Siasr-:'?^. ? a?I"'" t* "i The Boats ol tins l , ^ ))ar| a?j reach Albany and Tniy'iu ample time to take the morning train of cars for the ?"KonSe or freight, apply on board, or at the BRITISH YND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS. Of 1200 inn* and On horse Power etch.? Under contract with llie Lord* of the Ad ? miralty. HIBERNIA, Captain Alexander Ryrie. CALEDONIA, Captain Edward (I. ACADIA, Captain William Harriaou. BRITANNIA Captain John Hewitt. CAMBRIA, Captain C. H. E. Judkina. Will aail from Liverpool and Boston, via. Hailfax, a* follows: Kroni Boston. From Liverpool. ( aledonia, Lott August lGlli. ? Acadia, Harrison. ..Sept. 1st. August Hh. Hilierma. Ryrie " 18th. " 20th. These vessels carry experienced surgeons, and are supplied with Life Boats. For freight or passage, apply to D. URIUHAM, Jun., Agent, aujrc No. J Wall street STATEN ISLAND FERIIY. FOOT OF WHITEHALL. Th* Boats will run as follows until furllier notice LEAVE NEW YORK: 8, 8, 9, 10, 11. A. M.S 1, J. 3'j' 4, 6. 7, P. M. LEAVE STATED ISLAND : 7, 8, 9, 10, II, A. M.; 1, 2, J, 4, 4, 6, P. M. On Sundays, every hour, from 8 A. Si. to 7 P. M.?1 P. M. excepted. FORT HAMILTON AND NEW YORK. Leave New Y urk, 0 A. M.s J}, P. M. " Fort Hamilton 7,'t It. M.; C, I'. M. ? (Sundays excepted.) CLIFTON AND NfcW YORK. Leaves New York' 6 A. M.: 2 and P. M. " < lil'ton, V-j A. M.; 3,'i and 4>? P. M. j30 (Suiulays excepted.) TO THE Tit AV ELLING PUBLIC. XmIBmE. r.i,vs?.VO?R ^kiuia i>?W?1VT >lta lae*. The Subscribers having completed their arrangements, are now prepared to bring out laissejigers from Ureal Britain and Ireland by the following first class Picket Ships, one of which will leave Liverpool on the 1st, 6th, llth, 16th, 21st aud 28th of each mouth, I'atr^k Henry, New York, Sheridan, Virginia, Liverpool, Cambridge, Montezuma, Siddons, fjeo Washington, Hottinguer. Colirmlms, I'nited States, Rose ins, Ashbnrton, England, Etwope, Stephen Whitney, Kochnstry, liiAaieuilejice, Y or luh in;, Oarrick, Saimtel Hicks. Queen of tlie West, Oxford. Certificates ol passage can be obtained, and every information will de given to those seuding for their frieuds, en application at either of our Olfieee. ... They w ill also Im prepared, on the opening of navigation, to forward passengers and uieir luggage to Albany and Troy, and via Erie Canal to Buffalo, ami all intermediate places. ?o all ports of the Upper Lakes. it Oswego to Toronto, Port Hope, Cobnrg, Kingston, and all parts of Canada West. ... From Irny vi 1 Whitehall to Montreal and Quebec, Canada East via Ohio Canal from Cleveland to Portsmouth, Cincin nati and intermediate places. _ ... South West via niiladelphia to PitUburg, Cincinnati, Louis ville, and all parts on the Ohio River to St. Louis, Mo.; and to all parts of Ohio, Michigan. Jmliaua, Illinois and Wisconsin Territory. . ReKiITTANCF S. For the accommodation of persons wishing to sand money to their friends in the Old Country, HARNDEN it CO. will give drafts on any part of England, Scotland or Ireland, payable at sight, for sums of ?1, ?4, 120, to i.100?or in any amount to suit the purchaser. . ? ^ OFFICES AND AGENTS. ( harle-s Craft, 130 State street, Boston. B. W. Wheeler, Union Building, Providence, R, I. J. W. Mills, 3 W ill street and iG Front street, New York. N. G. Howard, 13 South ITaird street, Philadelphia. Sand ford It Shoemaker, 7 Light street, Baltimore. Md., . . .. , Pittsburgh, Ps. L. S. Littlejohn. 11 F.xchenge, Albany, N. Y. H. Clark, 149 River street, Troy, N. Y. Utjea, N. Y. W. A. Cook, Syracuse, N. Y. Rochester, N. Y. VV. II. Cook, Buffalo, N. V. H. Fitzhugh IK Co., Oswego, N. Y. motec HAfLNDEN It CO. A Letter to the Candidate* for the ottlcee of President and Vice President of tlie United States, concerning the Naturalization Laws, the " Native American Party," and the Civil and Kellglous Rights of Adopted Citizen*. GkinTlkmkn:?'The undersigned citizens of New \ork, in view of the approaching Presidential elec tion, and the great interests involved therein, and being desirous to vote understanding^, and with strict reference to the principles ot the candidates before the people tor the offices of President and Vice President, very resnectiully submit to your consideration their opinions, with the reasons they have, and the views ot several high authorities with leference to naturalization aud the rights of adopted citizens?aud they earnestly desire that you will severally make known, at as early a peri od as possible, your respective sentiments, and pro bable course ol policy, on these questions, should some or either ot you lie called on to peri urm the duties ol these high offices at the ensuiug election. We desire to know whether you tbiuk that any, and if so what, alterations are required in the natu ralization laws'! And whether you approve or disapprove of the organization in this country of political parties tounded on the exclusive principle of depriving a portion of your lellow-citizens, however well qual ified, of the advantages attending a participation in ihe honors and emoluments of office, because of the place of their birth, or on account of th<-ir re ligtoua belief ! As also, any reasons you may think proper to give lor the conscien ious viewt you eu tertuui on these important subjects. A faction or class Inve arisen in our city, as sunnngthe name ol "Native Americans,"pledged to oppose the naturalization of our brethren from other lands, or, which is nearly the same thing, to exclude all foreigners from naturalization until they have been rendem among us twenty-one years, and also to exclude them from all offices of honor, power, and trust, and from the exercise ot the right of suffrage, alter they are naturalized. This pariy has possession of the city government, and its leaders and presses, aided by the vast pa tronage of the corporation, advocate the principle of a national or favored religion?of proscription from office and equal rights ot large bodies ol our lellow-citizens, because they do not conform to the spiritual doctr.nes of the combined sectarians now in power; and, generally, of the exclusion froin office of all citizens of foreign birth, and es pecially if of the Roman Catholic persuasion, be cause of their birth place and religious opinions The body ol persons thus banded together upon persecuting, intolerant principles, have disturbed the peace ol society throughout the Union, wounded the ieelings of their fellow men without a cause, and risked both life and pru,eriy in New York by their violent, ill-advised publications, while their adherents in the sister city of Philadelphia have, ofteiirr than once, within the last few months, risen in open rebellion against the laws, incitinga portion of the people to deeds of treason, blood, and arson; resisting the constituted authorities, civil and mil itary, even unto the death, until, in the words ol an address agreed to on ihe 10th ult., at a meeting ol citizens, "of the highest standing in their sev eral pursuns, and of the highest character for res pectability and usefulness," and presented to the Govern"r of Pennsylvania, in independence Hall, (.whence had issued sixty-eight years before, the great Declaration of American Ireedom, " peace, security, and reputation" " seemed about to take flight for ever" from that city. At the civic election here Inst spring, a majority of the voters of the party called whig, abandoned their party organization and candidates, and united with the " Native Americans," as did a lesser number of those called democrats, thue|enabling the most intolerant faction ever known among ub to obtain the control ot the city government We desire to be frankly informed whether ei ther of the candidates for the Presidency is pre pared to support the prayer of such petitions for a repeal of the naturalization laws as were submitted to the Senate of the United Stales, at itB last ses sion, wuh the apparent sanction of Mr. Archer, o, e of its members! When the constitution of the United States wus agreed to in convention, the fathers ol the republic went into a full consideration of the question el naturalization, and in accordance with their judg ment, and the powers of that constitution, Genera! Washington deliberately approved a nstuiahzation law, which only required a probation of too years, without any previous notice whatever. The au thor ot the Declaration of Independence would have been stiii more liberal to the stranger. One of the charges brought by the men of 1776, in their Declaration, against George ill., was in this form: " He has endeavored to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the laws lor the natu ralization of foreigners, refusing to pass otheri to encou rage their migration hither, aua raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands." If the lathers of our republic, most of them native bom llritish subjects, thus denounced the British killg as "a tyrant," " unfit to be the ruler of a free people " because he " obstructed the laws for the naturalization of foreigners ?if the venerable Franklin, as may be seen by the Jour nul of Congress lor 1775, went so far as to propose to receive all Ireland into our confederacy if, as is unquestionably the case, these United States have been settled by emigrants from England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, France, Holland, Germany^ -it the Federal Constitu Sweden, and Denmark ; lion expressly authoriz- s our present naturalization laws;?if our greatest and best statesmen have de fended and approved them ; - if the law ol 1802 has been tound to answer expectation, as well in liine of as of peace ;?if America is the land, not of one class, one tribe, one people, not of those alone who are born in it, but of the oppressed of other chines;? if it is, as the world admits, "the land ol the free and the home of the brave ;"? if citizens of foreign birth have been as faithlul to the Consti tution as those native born, and we have never heard of any attempt to provu that they have not been so; and if the beginning of civil dt cord is dreadful in its effects now, and would likely be much more terrible in the event ot a foreign war finding us a divided people, we d-sire to know wherein the conduct ot the "Native American par ty" of 1844, and their abbettorB, is less wicked and detestable than was that ot George III. and his lords and commons, three scote and ten years since 1 The illustrious Jefteraon,?ittl8Hl,in hiafirst mes sage to Congress, indicated the true policy of our country with regard to foreigners. These were his words : "I cannot omit recommending a reviial of the laws on the auhject of naturalization Considering the ordinary chances ot human life, a denial of citizenship under a re sidence of fourteen years, is a denial to a great propor tion oi these who ask it; and controls a policy pursued, from their first settlement, by many of these states, and stilli believed oi consequence to their prosperity. And from distrei shall we refuse the unhappy fugitives from distress thst hospitality which the savages ot the wilderness extended to our fathers arriving in this land ? Shall oppressed hu manity find no asylum on this globe I The Constitution, indeed, has wisely provided that, for admission to certain offices of important trust, a residence shall he r< quired sufficient to develops character and design. But might not the general character and capabilities of a citizen be safely communicated to every one manifesting a bona fide purpose of embarking his life and fortunes perma nently with us ? with restrictions, perhaps, to guard against fraudulent usurpation of our flag; an abuse which brings so much embarrassment and loss on the genuine citizen, and so much danger to the nation of being in volved in war, that no endeavor should be spared to de tect and suppress it." It is a curious fact that the Father of the Native American parly oi this city, and probably in the Union, is one of a proscribed race?Mordecai Mana.-sah No.ih? a political Jew, who, when ad vocating the claims of Messrs Harrison and Clay, in alliance with Mayor Clark and the whigs, in 1835, coarsely denounced foreigners, especially the Inah, as " moat of them extremely poor and igno rant, many of them very depraved," urged the en actment of a law to prevent any foreigner from voting, for twenty yearn after his arrival among us, drafted a plan of organization for the faction who now rule here through bigotry, and in Philadelphia through bloodshed arid rapine, and in his Star, of August 13th, 1835, invoked the elements of politi cal discord in the Christian world, for a considera tion. * * * ? ? Mr. Noah, when he artfully invoked the aid of religious animosity and the strife of contending races, for electioneering purposes, at the risk ot the lives and propeities ot his fellow citizens, might have remembered that even while the foreign ene my who made his now scattered snd |>ersecuied Jewish countrymen "strangersin their own land" thundered at the gates ot Jerusalem, the bitter strite of her own sects and factions, stirred up by such as he is, caused the holy city to become an easy prey to her enemies. Mr. Noah must have seen that in warming into lite the now dominant faction, he was exhibiting a greater degree of ig norance and prejudice than that of which he had accused the Irish Catholics. Thst in 1844 any well informed man in the Union really fears the in fluence of either the Pope or the Pretender is an assertion too ridiculous and absurd to obtain one moment's credence. la view of the policy oi England, from the days in which John iieury was Brut among usbyCuslle reagli, Liverpool,and Sir J.Henry Craig,her persecu lion of Catholics; her encouragement ol orange clulw, which seem to tollow the colony government ot Canada, from Toronto to Kiugstou, and trom Kingston to Moutreal; and her annual votes of se cret service ruouey?it is much more rational to suppose that the hand ot that really foreign govern ment, which sought to strangle our nation in its iiituncy, to use the words ot Mr. Van Buren, and has ever since endeavored to retard its approach to manhood, is in the Philadelphia riots, aud in the movement by which the iriends of such rioters have obtained power in New York, than to alaitn old women about the bishop ot Home, whose tem poral power is scarcely sutiiciem tortus own small dominions We might quote numerous authorities, showing the friendly feelings ot Presidents Madison, Mon - roe, and Jackson, towards adopted citizens and immigrants of fair chnracter, and towards the American policy generally pursued since 1776, but euiiugh has been said to prove that those ol u? who have invited their friends and brethren to bring lo America their wives aud little ones, their wealth aud their enterprise, were warranted tu so doing. A clear and explicit statement by the several can didates for the Presidency, ol their views on a question far too important to the common wellate to be made an electioneering topic 01 till next No vember, is most anxiously looked lor. In their enmity to liberty ot conscience aud equal rights to worship God according to religious be lie I, itie "(Native Americans" of Philadelphia have burnt christian chuiches, piled libraries ol books on divinity in the streets and made bonfires ot them, and particularly singled out as objects ot hatreu and contempt the protessois of the ancient tailh ql Christian Europe, the itonian Catholics?very unlit objects lor their hatred aud vengeance. The immortal Washington looked upon the Catholics ot his day with very different teelings. The father of his country was too just to desire to iorget that while Protestant England was ex erting all her powers to enslave our free Stales, Catholic France an*l Catholic Spain gave our tore fathers au efficient aid. Whence cuine the arms with which Aineiicaus gallantly engaged at Sara toga 1 What just man can desire to torget the eighteen millions ot dollars given ut, and the fleets aud armies sent to out aid by the Catholics of France, in the lime of our utmost needl bid not Commodore Bajry, an Irish Catholic, command our navy 1 "Native" tories there were, but who ever heard of Catholic tones in our revolution1? Yet, were the wild and disctediiable principled ol "the Natives," now in power in this city, realized, would not the civilized world cry "shame" upuu that ungrateful people who would reward the torfun tic enthusiasm of the great and good Lafayette by & refusal to his son, should he require n, of au asylum within the Union, except he were to come among us as a political slave, to behold the laith ot his lathers exposed to insult, and himself inca pable of holding the meanest civil ofiice, or ot vot ing for the constable of the waru in which he might reside 1 Abstract the aid given us in the war ot independence, by France, Spain, and the Irish, and then judge ol the probable results. Exclude loreign-born iriends, as the Native party, so called, are pledged to do, and men like Alexan der Hamilton, Albert Gallatin, Charles Thompson, Robert iviorris, Thomas AUdis Emmet, Gates, Barry,*l)e Kalb, Montgomery, Steuben, Kosciusko, Mercer, aud Lawrence, will be lost to us in luture. They were all of them born foreigners. So were the Pennsylvania Line, generally. Had foreigners been excluded in 1775 and '76, .wRere would have been the nation's independence 1 Did not the fanatics, Anti-American in principle, be their birth place where it might, who paraded the Bible as a party emblem tor electioneering and sectarian pur poses, last April in the Park, at the hustings, and in the streets and lanes of New York?did not they act in open defiance of the fundamental doctrines ot that Christianity which, though perpetually in their mouths, was evidently far from their hearts 1 In a speech by Mr. Van Burett, at Tammany Hall, as reported 111 the Evening Pott, of Dec. 2J, 1832. he taid > ".vtany, very many, of our adopted citizen* ol almost every country, have shown that they valued as they ought, that moat valuable of all franchise, the right of suffrage " And, speaking of the Irish voters, he added: , "Their numbers, their inflexible adherence to the cause of public liberty, wherever their lot happens to be cast, give theiu undoubted claims to the consideration of all who are sincere friends to that cause themselves. When the unusual attempts which have beeu made during the late canvass to influence their prejudices, and subvi-it their principles, are considered, all candid minds must admit, that, whatever may be their portion of the iiittrmi ties incident to all mankind, venality?base, coutaimua ling and degrading venality, forms no part.gtThey haveon the contrary, in a manner the most signal and complete, rolled back upon their accusers the calamines which it has been the fashion for years to heap upon them, and shown themselves worthy possessors of the right of sutf rvje, by the zeal, inflexibity and incorruptibility which they have evinced in its exercise." In a letter addressed to Henry O'Reilly, John T. Gough, and others, of the Albany Repeal Asso ciation, dated 27th December last, Mr. Van Buren says: " Respect for the Irish character, sympathy for the op pressions they had endured, and admiration ot the h- rote, uucalculating and uncompromising devotion to Popular Right, which they have displayed, both at home and in every country that has adopted them, at all times and un der all circumstances, aie feelings which 1 have cherish ed without interruption through a long pubiio life already greatly protracted." Governor Seward, whose mother was the daugh ter of Irish parents, presided at a tepeal meeting in Albany, on the 3d of January, 1811, and eltvereu an address favoruhle lo Irish independence. "The people of trelanl (said he) exhibit the first in stance of a revolution begun and prosecuted under the in fluences ot humanity, and in harmony with the injunc tions and sanctions of the gospel of peace. Shall we who achieved our fieedom by sacrifices ol blood, our own and freelydrawn from foreign lands,we who have liberallylent sympathy, money, arms and men to other revolutionary states, reluseour sanction to the peaceful, heroic, sublime revolu'ion cd In Inn I !" "In the days of our revolution. Ireland was with us t > a rranj and now there is not a citizen among us, with au American heart, who is not cordially the friend of Ire land So said Bancroft, the historian of the United Slates, in a late address delivered at lloatou. On the 3d of February, 1832, Henry Clay deli vered a speech in the United States Senate, the notes taken on which he revised, and it was pub lished on the 3d of March, in a supplement to the National Intelligtnrtr. The following is an ex tract:? " Of all foreigners, none amalgamate themselves so quickly with our poople at the natives of th? Kmerald Isle. In some of tne visions which have passed Ihiotigh my imagination, I have supposed that Ireland was origi nally part and parcel of this continent, and that, by some extraordinary convulsion of nature, it was torn lr> m America, and, drifting across the ocean, it was placed in the unfortunate Ivirinity of Ureat Raitain 1 ho iame open-heartednesfi, the same careless and uncalculatu.g indifference about human life, characterizes the inhabi tants ol both countries. Kentucky has been sometimes called the Ireland of America. And I have no doubt that, If the current of emigration were reversed, and set from America upon the shores of Kurope, every American im migrant to Iteland would there And. as every Irish immi grant here finds, a hearty welcome and a happy home." Mr. Clay, in a debate in the Senate un the pre emption law, Jan. 6, 1841,|said: ? " When a foreigner has once been naturalized, I regard him as a brother, as a member of our political community, and as entitled, with snme few constitutional exceptions, to all the rights of na'ive born citizens, and to the protec tion and defence of the government at home and abroad." ""It is evident that a very large number of Mr. Clay's warmest friends here, and in Philadelphia, are either disturbing the peace of the community lor electioneering purposes, in the most reprehen sible manner, or that they believe htm to be the candidate of the Native American party, and (like his friend, Mr. Archer,) the exponent of \ 11 f\ V, HID I i It. nil) i'sl ? niVIIVIH lliv XT A I" /IIV II I W| their peculiar principles. we trust that that new of r gentleman, in view of recent events, will frankly and manfully define his position. Insincerity forms no part of Ins character; no considerations of ex pediency would, we are well assured, induce him to countenance and autqiori measures he believes to he injurious to the honor and interests uf his country. Several years alter Mr. Clay had expressed the sentiments concerning Ireland and Irishmen,which we have quoted, the Albany Argus thus acknow ledged a national debt of gratitude to the Irish:? " An Iriihmsn, the imtsnt he sets toot on American ground, becomes ipto Jnrto an American. This was uni formly the esse during the whole of the revolutionary tvar. A native of Ireland stood in need of no other r< ill flcate thanfliis dialict- His sincerity was never called in question. He was supposed to have a aj mpathy of stiflV-r ing, and every voice decided na it were intuitively in his favor. Indeed their conduct In the revolution amply jus ' i II tifii-d this favorable opinion ; lor whilst the Irish hnmi grant was fighting the battles of America by sea and land, the Irish mercharts, particularly at Charleston, Balti more and Philadelphia, labored with indefatigable zeal, and at all hazards, to promote the spirit of enterprise, to increase the wealth, and maintain the credit of the coun try; their pursea were always open, and their persons de voted to the common cause.' On more than one imminent occasion, Congmi owed their existence, end America possibly her preservation, to the fi lelity and firmness of the Irish." Governor Clinton, who had the beat poaetble op portuiuliee, cih Mayor of New York, during itie lu?l war, and in other public capacities. thus replied to h 11 addrewof the Irish caucus of this city, ou the 18th of March, 1815, thirteen years alter he hud voted for and advocated in the Unittd States Senate the r> peal ot the fourteen year bill, and the adoption <>f the live years of probation, in force since Jefferson signed the act of 180*2. " If 1 hud oeeu even insensible to those natural predilec tions whichever) man must entertain (or the country men of his ancestors, (said Mr. Clinton.) yet patriotic considerations would have inculcated tlie expt diency of cberishing Irish migration ; for take away from America her population ot that desciiptiou, and who would not mourn over the loss of in any of the best heads and best heaits of the nation ? Who would not lament so alarm ing a diminution of our physical strength, and such an irreparable destruction of our productive industry ! " When 1 see among you, men whose virtues and ta lents reflect lustre upon the learned professions, ard whose names will live in the memory of the wise and the virtuous ct future times; and when 1 consist nhe whole course of your irreproachable conduct?your ar dent attachment to those sucted principles which it bus been the favorite object of my life to promote - the princi ples ol republicanism?and your entire devotion to the supremacy ot the law and good order, and to the honor and prosperity ot vour adopted country I must declare that 1 urn proud to hail you as my friends, and that in pri vate as well as in public life, 1 shall never cease to enter tuin and to manliest the siuceiest regard lor you, indi vidually and collectively " Ah certain influential public men, organized bo dies, and party presses, boldly avow the doctrine that there ia in the United States a dominant, na tional, or established religion?that thai religion is the Prote.-taut? and that other churches or reli gious bodies are merely tolerated, we trust that an exposition ol your sentimenis concerning this doc trine will accompany auy statement you may make lor public reference. It only remains for us once more to express to you our earnest desire that you would, alas early a period as may be convenient, severally favor the public with your opinions on the questions of natu ralization, and the rights of adopted citizens, now menaced, so that all may come to ine polls with a clear understanding or the principles held by the candiduies of their choice. New York, August, 1844. J McMurray, G. ScHLOKNDORFF, John 11 - human, George Hpor, Mich. Mullen, John Kittuk, Peter McLoughlin, Frederick Lkpoi.d, Tim'y. u'Sullivan, Wm. O'Donnill, M. D. WiijtKi.M Salomon, John Footk, John Egan, James Maxwell. l.ocis 111 r pel, Joseph Clement, John H. Baker, Louis J Hkcii, John B. Roche, Bernard Maouire, Patrick J Dkvine, Thomas W. Fay, John Griffin, John Clarke, Benjamin Smith, i Edw'd O'Neill, Edward Mullen, P. Steely. Murders.?We find in the Ottawa Democrat an extended account ot an attempt to murder made by a man named Warrell, and hii two ions, rending near the Calumet, Ottawa liver, upon a man named Uiusnu bau They deliberately armed themselves with axes, went to a house where they supposed him to be, and not finding him, followed him to the place where be was at work on the roof of the Station House, use ended by the ladder, and endeavored to kill him. He defended himself until the other workmen came to hi* aid. They were all arrasted, but one of the sons was allowed to escape. The Warrels are noted for their lawless violence anddespeia do character. The same p .per contains also an account ot a murder of a most diabolical character, beccuse per fectly unprovoked On the 23d ultimo a man named Maghar, in the employ of Isaac Smith, of Hull, crossed from Hull to By town, and on his return, being tipsy, he inquired of some of the lockmen, who were sluing at the lock house door, the way to Mr Smith's terry, when a man of the name of James Cochlan Jumped up and struck him a blow with a stick, which felled him to the giound, saying that was the way, and that he was the sixth man he had struck to-day. Maghar was taken up senseless and conveyed across to his master's house. Mr. Smith came over the next morning and had Cochlan ar rested and lodged in jail Maghar died on the 27tb, and was buried on the 28th.? Montreal Wrald. New Scene of Emigration.?Northern farmers continue to flock to this State, where land is so cheap, free labor so effective. and markets so near. The region hack ot Alexandria, who e importance is now daily increasing, the salubrity of an old settled coun try with the fruitfuluess of a new, and is destined to a high career of improvement.?Richmond Compiler, Jlugutl 3. A Modern Amazon.?Towards the middle cf last month, in the neighborhood of Ak Hyssar, six Zeybecks attacked three or four persons forming nart ot M Itomsni ni'a equestrian troop, who were proceeding from Constan tinople to Smyrna. The robbers having attempted to commit violence on Mademoiselle Komanini, she seized a yatagan from oue.ofthe Zeybecks,|whom she killed with her own hand, and put the others to flight. Mademoiselle Komanini was wounded in the arm. Shocking Outrahp. ?In Pittsburg on Saturday, a man named Neal Gallagher went into the United Status Hotel and called for some liquor, and at the same time invited a gentleman named M'Uillis to drink witk him, which he refused to do; the bar-keeper also refused him the liquor Gallagher becoming enraged at both re fuaals, was turned out of the house, followed by the bar keeper and Mr. M'tiiliif, to keep him from breaking thu windows, when a scuffle ensued, in which Gallagher cut M'Gihisfcfrom the loin bone to the navel on the left side, through which the web covering the bowels, the whole of the bowels, liver, stomach and bladder, in short the whole cavity of the belly fell out; he was also severely cut in the left arm. The wounds were immediately and skilfully dressed The wound in the belly ri quired from fl'teen to twenty stitches and the one in the arm four. Gallagher has been arrested; he claims to have done it in self-defence. Death of Hon Amasa Stetson ?This venera ble and enterprising man died hi his residence in Dorchester on Friday evening last. His illness was from an attack 01 the cholera morbus, nud his death was very sudden. He wu* 7a years oi ago He was a man of great wealth and liberality, universully beloved and respected, plain and unpretending in manners, and in politics an ar dent Iriendof Jelfersouian republicanism His noble gift of a town hall to his native placo Randolph, is only one of a long aeries of benefactions which showed hi* generous disposition and hia love ot humanity. First Rale of New Cotton.?The first bale of cotton, of litis year's crop, reached llie city last evening from the plantation oi E Henderson, in Houston County, via Central Railroad. We hav e seen a sample ol this cotton?the color is rich and staple good?quality good lair. Last year the first hale reached this city on the Ulst Aug. from tho plantation ol the sntne gentleman. In IS49 the first hale was received on the 10th Aug , being 17 days earlier than the receipt of the first bale in 1841 ? Savannah Gt >.,Jtug 1. Sugar Crop.?We learn from the St. Martins ville Gazette of the 'loth inst that the appearance ol the sugar crop is said to be particularly flattering throughout Attakayas. Fruit.?The Dotton Evening Journal notices one tree there containing -J,600 apricots oi good size, and two other trees containing from 1,M)0 to -1,000 each. A Char lesion, H C., paper noticed a lew days ago a tree with a thousand nectarines. The last one ?The last surviving drummer at the battle of Bunker Hill, now resides at Hartford. Bus ipu-hanna county, in this state. His name is Ruins Kingsley, aud the old veteran enjoys perfect health and good spfrits. ?5< /ONgress.?Iaaac E. Morse, the newlv elected memberof Congress, from Louisiana, is a native of liar verhill, New Hampshire. Accident.?A little Herman girl was accidental ly shot by her brother at Newark, N. J , on Friday. The wound is a bad one. News for Mr. Wicklipsk.?The Northampton, (Mass ) Gazette says, that " Hale's" Branch Post Office, in that town dispatches Irom thirty to fifty letters daily. Strike of Sailors.?There haH been a strike among some of the sailors of Philadelphia. They ask $10 a month where they now obtain $1.1. Thk yi'RiNos?There are about ihree'hundred per sons at the White Bulphur Springs, Virginia. A mnng the distingucs is Captain Elliott, the British ( knrge d'Affairs to Texas. What a Name.?A Mr. Mudd, of Iowa, made a a speech at Washington on the raising of a lograbin. 0O*The mechanics of Maine are to hold a great convention at Portland on the 20th of August, when several orations will be delivered, and business ef general Interest to their serial and educational elevation transacted. The Portland Mechanic Association ronlem template having their triennial leatival on the ?jd inst. OO* Park Benjamin ia to deliver the Poem at the anuiveisary of the Boston Mercantile Asaoeintion, and the Hon. R. C. Wintbrop the Oration. RHev. Walter Cnlton, United States N'avy, sliver the poem before the University of Vermont, at the Commencement on the 8th instant OO-The Rev. Dr. Drwev, of llns eily, preached in Boston on Hunday in the Unitarian Church, with his usual power and eloquence. {10- The venerable President Nott, preached in I) .< ox's church, Brooklyn, on .Sunday evi ning. OO* The New VorkSabhaih Convention at Sara toga is to commence, August 98th, and not on tho -id as first reported. (JO* Audubon, the distinguished, arrived In Buffalo on Monday last, with a large number ol specimens. {JO* Van Amhurgh has been exhibiting two beau tiful cul>?. a lion and lionesa, at Windsor t 'ustle, in her majesty's diawing room. 00* Mr. (irinnell, the Member of Congress, from the New Bedford District, has declined being a candidate for re-election. (jO* The Washington Light Iniantrv, Captain Granville Mears, leave Boston next Friday, on a visit to Portland Araocioi's and L'nnai'jkal Mukdek in I'm la dklphia?The Coroner was called u;on yesterday morning to investigate a case involving a u.unlet ol a most uiiuaturui, brutal and atrocious character. The Coroner being confined to bis bouse by Ids late eccldi nt, deputed Aldeiman Hoffner, of .oyan.e; sing, to officiate in nil place,and this magistrate proceeded about 9 u clock, A. M , to sumnion a jury, and began the investigation. The murdered perseu is Rebecca Brown, a womai about thirty live yesrs of age, the wile ot an lroh weaver, named James Blown. The counie lived in Gulielma street, in the louth western partot the city Biownwas ol late, much addicted to liquor, and had been in the habit ol maltreating bis wife tor along time. Last J> uday night he beat her in a most shamelui manner, w lien the beating as well as her cries, w ere heard by Heniy Hbimi ton, her father, who lived in the c> liar of the seme buikl 111K they resided in. On the Monday previous ha beat her in the preseuce of the lather in the eel ai knchi n, and when she screamed and halloed " muider," he choked her '1 he lather is an old man and a cripple, and did not interfere, because he could not sepata'e tin m. His treat ment having become insufferable, the poor women, on Saturday last, being compelled to seek redress ir?m the law, hail him arrested and hi ought belorc AMuman Johnstone and committed to piiton on the chaise el us. sault and battery. When slie appealed at tho Aliienuan's office to testily against her husband, she w as scarcely able to aiticulute, Irum injuries that liad hem inflicted by him ujhiii her throat and mouth. Her whole neck ai.d lace, and head too, exhibited marks of ins barbarity. Notwithstanding all this, the deep and abiding ulleclion ot the wile was so manliest, that she conceaitd the rial extent of her injuries, and in Inct the ultimate cause ol in r death ; and after the commitment lor her husband had been made out, she imploringly besought bis release hum the magistrate. Blown, however, was sent to prison, where he still remitns , and the wile returned home in a condition so evidently precarious that all who saw ber thought she would certainly die which opinion Was hut too truly realized. On Sum'ay evening the ciawitd down to a cellar in Tenth street, below Washington, oc cupied by an Irhhmun w ith whorn she w us ac quainted, named Samuel Klliott. Hare the grew worse, and mar lingering until 6 o'clock yesti iday moinu g expired On her deaili bed she disclosed the (act ol u most heinoua, and, perhaps, unparalleled outi age. per pit rati ?! upr n Iter peraou with a pair of tongs by the monster in hun>..ii shape?her husband Her body was lound lo be bruised all over, and her garments were etuined and sutitrntid with blood. Aldeinian lluflner instituted u potl moth hi examination, and the investigation belore the juiy was resumed at tl o'clock, I' M. The father testified that bis daughter had had seven children by her husband, only out of whom wue living. Through his brutality she had had two miscairh pi , one within a lew weeks. He had know n him to bu.' hi r a hundred times Site told him on Batuniay that hit hii? band said, " I'll fix you where you cant show yiur mark," and then thrust a pair of tongs np her body. She ?bowed bei|peraon to the* quire's lady aiul|to unotht r lady A sister ed tne deceased's husband, who lived in the up| ? r pait of the same house with them, was examined I lit nothing couid he elicited irom her, except that the ec ceased was greatly given to dunking wme to i xciis. and that she had ri cently gone oft and staid lion- heme 11 \ t - nil days and nights, and lost a sum oi mom > belonging to her husband, which had caused them to wrangle, she and the deeeused were on bad terms She derm d huvii g heard the beating on Friday night. The tongs with w hich the monstrous outrage was committed belonged to this wit nest, but she declined that the saw no blood or stain uu them. Dr Alexander Wilson, Houth street above 12th, testified that tho deceased was the most drunki n woman he ever saw?that he had seen her lying drunk at the cor ners of the streets. She c?mi- to his store on Satuiday evening in a state of intoxication, and told him id the general maltreatment ol hei husband and ol the out! i go he hud been guilty of. Mary Watts, an Irish woman, who lived two rquares from Brown's house, testified that Mrs Brown i una to her house on Saturday morning in a weak and (uniting condition, with a face and mouth so checking to h ok up on that she (Mrs atts) was almost irightiried tmo a fit. Mrs Blown was unable to sit in a chair at the time. Slur detailed the circumstances and particular ot the cruelty and barbarity of her husband, and exhibited her person to her. Mrs. Watts advised her to go to l)r Ltwis. t-he told Mrs Watts that after putting her husband i:i prison, her sister-in-law, would not let her corno into her own house. Mrs. Watts now advised her to go and stay in the cellar with her father. Bliecaiue to Mrs. Watts i gain on Sunday mottling, appeared somewhat better and chungid her linen. She went away and Mia W did not teener again till she saw her u corpse Dr Duft'ee, one oi the physicians who made the post mar I'm examination, having been suddenly culled to tea an individual who had met wilh a serious accident, in 'lie Neck, the examination was continued over until 6 o'clock, P. M. At a quarter past six the Coroner's examination was re sumed. Da. Derma sworn.?F.xamined the body of K-bccca Brown -appeared to be a woman of dissolute habits?cs the right side oi the chin there was a contusion of about two inches in length, and Ij inches in br? adth; throat very much swoUen; on the inner clothing laige snots ot blood, whicu had evidently exuded daring lite; clothes saturated; blood oosmg from the vagina; lucci ntion of the left side, ot tin inch or itn inch and n quarter long; utertis Contained blood; on thelcit aide of the throat, at the tipper edge ol the thyroid cartilage, there was an ulcer extend ing into the pharynx; considerable infiltration of Mcod into the muscles of the right cheek ; the immediate cause oi this woman's death was from this ulceration or inliam ma'ion of the throat Da. ( oxniE sworn?Was present at tho post mortem examination. Agrees with Dr. Duflae in his detail of tho general appearance of the body; the first thing thst stiurk uu was the lurge number of old bruises and scratches; tho most promim-nt and recent one w?s on the right sine oi the chin; striking lnllness about the throat; <1<-ep seatid internal abscess, apparently of two. or thlee, or four day a date; slight effusion beneath the left eye; the body wmi bloated, diseased one ; that of a person ot the most it <m perate and worst habits. There was no visible injury of the vagina or uterus?no tongs, in my opinion, cotih havo been used; appearances did not indicate any thii g ol ihe kind; the appearances were inch as wcuhl he found after a recent miscarriage The jury, alter mature deliberation, rendered the fol lowing verdict;- " That the said llebccca Brown, the de ceased, came to her death from inflammation Ind ulcera tion of the tin out produced by violence at the hands of her husband, and dissolute habits -thila. Timet, sdug. it. A Wife Muhdkrkd my iikr Hubbard.?A cruel murder was committed on the *27iii in.-t. in Butler Co at a | lace called neck, ai.out 18 mile* from ihe city, by ?n elderly man named hlijah Nelii*, on Ihti person of lna wife. They had lived together a* man and wife upward* of thirty ycais, and had childien giown up. On the morning of the VTtli inat, the attention of some men reaping near his house, was attiacted by a cull from him to them; they went to the houie, but before reaching it a gill Item some t ugh bor's house, who ivm on an erimid to g, got in before them. She lound him lilting on the aide el a bed, fanning hi* wife?he mid she w a* ilj u g. The girl put her hand on the woman's forehead, ami lound it cold By this lime the men came in, and to them he smd she had had a ?p??m, and lie feared it had killtd her '1 ho vomuu being actually dead, the iieighlnning women gathered in a* usual, when upon en examination ol the lody by them and three physicians, w ho had liven sent lor, it was discovered that she had he. n chok.d. Iter throat was hluck, and even the punts ot fit g.r nails were plain. On further examination one of her sntis was found to be contused as if by pounding. Die Shan stance* were so strong against Nellie, that he w as imme diately arrested. At to the motive lor this diabolical it or der, it in said a woman lived near Ids hotiau with whom he had been quite too intimate for some time previous,and this known (act hud created suspicions in the mines < I the awn flnt called in by him. Hu whs committed to the jail of Butler County, on Sabbath morning, the 28th. ? 1'ilv burgh IslUr, July Ml. Dreadful and FaTai. .Accident. ? V< stetduv alter noon, Mr. Augustus C. Fenno, of this ci y, w us acrid* ntally shot dead by his intimate and pei.-oiial'lnrud, 'Vm. Neal. They were out with another person fling at a murk?one ot the party bred while Mr N was taking aim. and as soon as the first Bred, Mr. Fenno ran towauls tiiemark, Mr V at the same moment firing and the bull passed directly tluougli his neck, lis- h 11 in tin | resenre of Ilia wife, who was at her house dirtctly on the opposite bank of the stream. Iter frantic cue* soon raised the neighborhood, who ran across the stream at low w.iter, while Mr N. ian for a physician fiantically telling hII ho met of the fatal accident Mr Fenno was about 88 y? ars of age. and has thus suddenly hern taken away, lenvn g a wile with one child, a luiy shout twelve years old.? Han gar HTilg, Jtuf. 3 ,I' KMARKAItl.R Kk'aI'K. ? CrtptUlll Jiirvit*, (if (lie brig Oumeo, arrived at thns port yeeterd?y, Irnm Smyrna, reports that on the 2d instant, oil' < apr 4 ot, was struck by lightning which shivered the maintopinast, tore several sail* badly, pasted through the deck into tint hold, and returned buck through th<4d?-<'k, baring up about eight Iret of the planking, and bringing with it some wool torn fiom tbo bale*. The second olticer was ti[miii the foretopgullant yard at thn time was stunned and fell; Id* back aeross a gasket, and his legs njoii the cross trees, in which perilous situation he remain* d until the people relieved him, and when it was found that ho was not dangerously hurt ? fioiion Tronic rip', .lug ft. Naval ?The U. S. Shin Vandalm, Commander John Cbauncey, arrived in this harbor on Thurs day last from Port an Prince, Heyti, via Aux Ciycs. which latter port she left on the 12(11 inst,?all well. The Vandalia brings no new* ol any cons* quence from the Mand of 8t Domingo ? although the Government is in a very unsettled ami precarious position still all was quiet and the negroes are enjoying a lethargic repose, most congenial to their apathetic nature At Port att Prince there is a French Squadron, consisting of one Fri gate, the 'Nereide," Admiral i ompte de M"gues, Com manding?a Barque and two flriga ; the Admiral, it waa stated, was wrai ing lor an instalment of the indi miiity due the French Government-but from all account*, doubtless, be will continue to wait. ?* money is not a commodity with which the n.aiket ol the negro republic is overstock* d at this time. The following is a list of the officer* of the Vandali* John 8 ' banner). Ktq.. Commander; Lieut* tieo. Mason Hone, Wm. 8 Young, J M. Lockert, If II Lewis , Burgeon. D 8 flreen ; Purser, 11. B. Moere ; Acting Mas ter, John B. Taylor; Marine Officer, W. 1. Shuttle, worth: Asst Surgeon, Wm Pitt < anning ; Midshipmen, Ashtnn. Lowe. Willis, Waddell. AllmanTf, Lewis, 8hep. hard and Wells; Captain's Clerk, W. D. Cobb; Boat ?wain, M. Hall; Gunner, D. Douglass; Carp* utur, John Oteiman, Sallmaker, Benj Crow Ti eU 8 steamer Poinsett. R Bemmes, K?q . Lieut * ominnnding, rom th<s port, nirived at Apalachicola on the Hi h inst., where abe will rrmain for some six or eigh: wr* ks in surveying the harbor nr.d CoaC Pints ?/a Uattlle, July 27.

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