Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 15, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 15, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Mew York, Thursday, August 15, 1#M Mews Ibr Kurope. Our paper this morning, and tne edition thia after noon, will contain the latest news of all sorts from every part of this continent. ^The arrangements that we have made, enable us to give a paper to send by the packets, such as no other establishment can publish; and as a remit tance of news to Europe there is none better. Both editions can be had at the counter?the morning at any time in the day, and the evening at three o'clock this afternoon, in or out of wrappers, at two cents per copy. The National Poetry of America. We publish on our first page to-day, the second volume of the national lyrics of the United States. The publication of the former series has, as we an ticipated, produced a very great sensation in the literary circles; and, indeed, we do not recollect any poetical productions, since the appearance of the " Border Minstrelsy," which was ushered into the world under the auspices of the immortal Walter Scott, which have attracted so much attention as those contained in that choice collection of origi nal, characteristic, bold, startling, and spirit-stir ring American ballads. This is, indeed, the first outburst of the national spirit. The great, heroic soul of the republic is at last gushing lorth in song? impetuous, wild, and unrestrained as our own Nia gara. Never until now have we been able to give to the world American poetry worthy of the name. The versifiers of the magazines and annuals have all been mere imitators?in continual vassalage to the poetic spirit of another land, they have written nothing characteristic of their own country. And yet what a boundless store of materials for epic and lyric poetry, such as has never yet beenchaunt ed in the ear of the world, exists in this mighty : land of solemn old woods?of rushing mountain ! torrents?of unpeopled solitudes, silent since the j flood! We live now in the infancy of a nation such as the world has never yet seen, and of the vasttte.-s of whose future imperial glory and re. nown, poet has never yet dreamed. This is em phatically a new world; and here daily a mighty work of conflict and of progress goes on, afford ing themes which infinitely transcend in poetic interest, those petty squabbles of fabled gods and heroes, that make up the epic of the old ballad singer of thej Grecian Isles; and from which we even now see created, the first,Srude, but ada mantine, broad foundations of that poetry which will live in the old age of the world?stirring up the souls of men, when the rhymes of Homer and of Virgil shall have perished in the deep oblivion of the past. The people?the institutions?the social man ners?the history?the very natural scenery itself of this land, are all eminently suggestive of new, exciting, peculiar, and characteristic poetic im agery and expression. The elements of power and immortality in epic poety, are here in inexhausti ble profusion. Here the emancipate energies of humanity itself, are daily accomplishrcg deeds of far greater sublimity than the Jupiter of Homer; even when, in all his terrors, he is represented as shaking Olympus and firing the Heaveas; or, when as Virgil describes him, he is taking counsel of the gods, and laying plans for empires. And yet what had we that we could call poetry, before this terri blePresidential conflict opened the flood-gates of po etic genius and sentiment, and inundated the land with "Kentucky Warblers" and "Polk and Dallas Minstrels"?but other names lor all that is bold, lofty and inspiring, and whose soul-awakening verses, like the army of Ulysses, "pour along like a fire that sweeps the whole earth before it."'? * It is supposed by njany of the erudite antiquari ans, that the Iliad of Homer was composed of a collection of ballads, the productions of various poets; and that after having been transmitted from one generation to another by the tongue of grey tradition, they were finally collected and arranged into one epic poem by Homer, something in the ?manner in which Shakespeare availed himself of the labors of the English dramatists who had pre ceded him, and scribbled contemporaneously with himself. Regarding these incomparable lyrics which we have collected and given to the world, as destined to fall into the hands of the American Ho mer?a most rational and probable conjecture?it will be at once perceived that they acquire peculi ar interest, and it becomes a sort of duty to con trast them with the works of the Greek poet. One of the chief merits ascribed to Homer by the learn ed critics?as one Mi. Alexander Pope, who made a favorable translation of his works, observes?is the surprising variety of his characters, and the exceed ingly lively impressions of those which he has con veyed in his verses. The furious Achilles?the self confiding Ajax? the vigilant Hector?the courageous [ Agammennon?the gallant Sarpedon?not to speak of the great heroes, Ulysses and Nestor, are all de picted with astonishing life, distinctness and effect. In this vivid portraiture of character, the Homers of this glorious land?the historians of the wrath of Polk, and the thunderbolts of Clay?are peculiarly happy and original. Indeed, we believe that they considerably surpass old Homer in this faculty of painting their heroes. We submit a single speci men:? Adams is a turkey hen, boys, From his wing he shakes anuill, ind scratches 'gainst bold Tyler, Like a chicken 'gainst a hill. Come all in timo, Ate. Old Henry Clay's a gobbler, That struts upon a bank, He fain would perch up higher, But he's grown too loul and rank. Come all in time, lie. Dan Webster is a proud cock, That has some Yankee game, But he's too much fed, boys, Our Loco feed to claim. Come all in time, lie. Old>Tallmadge is a gobbler, That's fed down to the giz. He's of the turkey tribe, boys, That naturalists call buzzard. Come all in time, lie. But our bird's an eagle Of true democracy, Then let us rally round him, 11 we would ye. be free. Come all in 'ime, ye Locos, Around the eagle throng, And sweep r IT the whig tui kies, With a pull loug and strong. We defy Dr. Anthon, good as he is at pickiog out and using to good purpose too, the beauties of Homer, as well as the beauties of his commenta tors, to cull any descriptive passage from the Iliad, which at all approaches to these stan/.ds in graphic power and effect. In truth, no matter what characteristic of the Homeric poetry may be named, we can find it in these lyrics, and developed in infinitely surpassing power. Whether it be the marvellous invention of Homer, or his vivid imagination?or his descrip tive, compound epithets, each of itself, conveying a picture?that may be alluded to,we find in these poems the parallel, the more than parallel. Talk of Homer's invention ! We direct your attention to the creative power which produced, and mana ges with such surpassing skill, the sublime image of "that same old coon." Talk of Homer's ima gination ! We ask you to cliaunt that sublime ode ?? Sittin on a rail." Talk of Homer's epithets?of lus "far darting Phoebus," his "blue-eyed Pal las, his "swift-footed Achilles"?his "far-shoot ing Apollo"?his " white-urmed Goddess" ! Only think of " used-up Van" ! No?no. Talk no longer to us of Horner and of Virgil. No longer can it be said that America has no national poetry. On another day wc shall again lead our readers into this new region of song. We have but entered on its fair domains. Enough for the present?but " To morrow to tresh fields and pastures new !" Mors Straw Baii..?We perceive that two or three notorious rogues have been let loose within this day or two on " straw bail." Are we ever to be delivered from this iniquitous system, which in mockery of all law and lattice, daily perpetrates gneh outragnft ' The Troubles In the Camp of the Israelites. Mm. Kkn.nktt:? Without taking sides, or caring which party suc ceeded at the election held in the Elm street feyna gogue, (which by the bye I was glad you designa ted as such, in contradistinction tofthe six or seven others in this city,) I would beg leave to trespass "8hi(y on your columns, in order to point out to the Christian community, the party in error. It is to be regretted, that the internal polity of any con gregation should become a subject ol newspaper comment, when it is only merely confined to its secular affairs. The public have nothing to do with it. What care it whether Tom, Dick, or Harry, be elected trustees 1 It is a mere matter of personal predilections; but when such circum stances become the theme of newspaper eloquence such as appeared in your paper of Monday, it would ver^nr/'Ihrn.^^8'' ?u H,C1,0U8. that your animad svnagogues Then Y ""^cation, on other LC. . wThe coogregation oi which I have oan /ir.yin0 ue d wa8 founded by Ameri with ??; ?t ntttlvf and t0 the manor born," who srrowth" iff descendants have grown "with the fhe imnl i* ?y'ilong ere the inauguration of Washington, and even before lif..uWTre 3tt'0(W inhabitants in this city. 1 ?hi ? . 8 i f you wou'd hear in mind this fact, and keep the congregation Shearith Israel, apart from the squabbles which now unfortunately disturb the Elm street synagogue, of which at least three fourths of the members are foreigners who have arrived here within the last ten years. Poles, Bavarians, Dutchmen, and in j tact pretty much every nation, and petty principal ity lias there its rejireseutaiive. In the Crosby street synagogue (congregation S-hearith Israel,)are the descendants of those who have fought in the two revolutions, and are termed the Portuguese Jews, in order to distinguish them from those called radescas or Tyrche, which means in the original, according to the interpretation as the writer under stands it, of Dutch. 1 will mention n few of the numes of the gentlemen belonging to the Portuguese congregation, for the purpose ol showing how truly they are identified with those termed the old Knick erbockers, and who have borne a prominent part in building up this city. The Lopezes, Moses, Hendricks, l,evys, Isaacs, Sorias, Bernard Hart, Gershorn Seixas, the much respected pastor of the old Mills street bynagogue, Benjamin Seixas, Rev. Mr. Piexotto, who succeeded the late Mr. Seixas, the Nathans, Lazurus, Noahs, Philips, are only part of the names 1 now remember. There is not a p ge in the history ol New York in which these names have not borne no inconsiderable purl The fore lathers of the writer of this have borne arms in de fence of this country; and I would be recreant to the cause of justice, freedom of opinion, and liber ty of speech, did 1 not rescue their names front any unjust inference which might be deduced by the acts of any congregation, and which might be con i'j" i ua ftolerant to spirit and ungenerous in act 1 disdain any j>rejudice with regard to sect or con gregation ; and my sole object in penning these re marks, has been to set you right, and if there be any blame, it should fall on mose who alone are culpable. 3, We give this letter, partly because it is something of a curiosity in itself, and partly because it exhib its in a more intelligible way than any mere de scription could, the excitement and effervescence at present going on in the tent of Israel in this city. The truth is that this fire which has now fairly burst out, has been smouldering for years, and op portunity only was wanting to fan it into.a fierce and hissing blaze. The whole movement is exceedingly interesting in a variety of aspects, but chiefly as affording another remarkable illustration of the mighty and beneficial influence which the free institutions of this country exercise on human nature in all its developments. Social manners and customs, the daily intercourse of man with man, political opin ion, civilization, philosophy, and religion itself, all acquire in this climate a peculiar and characteristic complexion; different in many important respects from that which they exhibit on the other side of the Atlantic. The very latitude of opinion?the perfect freedom granted to all ultraisms in political science, ethics, and religion, has after all a restrain ing and soberizing influence. The " free-thinker," as he is called, who is persecuted into blasphemy and outrage ol the feelings of others in England, is here driven back to sobriety and decency, by the universal and boundless toleration allowed him.? So with the radical in politics. In Great Britain he becomes frenzied, and launches into all sorts of extravagance and folly; here he becomes more ra tional, because he is allowed perfect freedom of speech. The Jewish community have long resisted the influence of our democratic institutions in the ma nagement of their ecclesiastical concerns. They have stuck by the old laws of Moses and the Pro phets, and the consequence has been that the aris tocratic portion of the faithful have exercised a very despotic and oppressive rule over their poorer brethren. The latter have at last arisen in their might, and claim the privileges of American citi zens, to whom the Constitution has secured a share in the government of the secular affairs of the churches, to whose support they contribute. It is all very well for the correspondent, whose commu nication we have inserted, to mumble over his roll call of illustrious descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who have signalized themselves in this eountry; but we can tell him that as excellent blood runs in the veins of those whose rights have been sacrificed, as in those of the most illustrious Noah of them all. We hope " Young Israel'' will take this matter at once to the civil tribunals, where they will obtain a vindication of their rights. " Fear not, little Benjamin, thou shalt one day become a great nation " Public Obstructions.?Over and over again have we called upon the city fathers to interfere in abolishing the positively insufferable nuisances, that are strewed and piled in the public streets whenever there is a building going up. It is all very pleasing to see fine houses erecting, to see the architecture of the city improving; but the danger of having one's shins broken over piles of stone, brick, sand, and timber logs, or our crown cracked by the falling of carelessly erected scaffolds, is too much to pay for the whistle. We are forcibly re minded ol the shameful neglect of the police de partment of our city to-day, by the awful and heart rending accident which has taken place in Wall street, all because there is no turvtillance exer cised lor the public safety. New houses are put up, old ones torn down about the ears of our citi zens, just as contractors please to manage, or ra ther mismanage it. It is wrong, it is gross neglect, to allow sordid or incapable overseers and specu lators, to send poor working men up our crazy and rickety scaffolding; of the consequences ol which we have a pretty sample in this last horrible occur rence. Why are steamboats examined and li censed to carry passengers, but that the Legislature had common sense enough to see they were under a sacred obligation to care for and guarantee the personal safety of the public, as far as lay in their power. One would think that a life lost, by a broken-neck fall from a crazy scaffold, or a skull cracking capsize over a pile of stones, was just as deplorable as to be blown up or scalded by steam explosion. Perhaps our sage cosncillors have im bibed the Irish notion about the loss of life, and fancy that to be kilt by a scaffold is not so bad as to be murihertd by steam. Be this as it may, life is precious to most people, and if they do not make some effort to remedy these abuses, they will get a fall themselves next spring?they will receive a blowing up, although not by steam, that will ope rate less gently than those they receive at our hands. We again beg of them to see that the streets are passable for people on their lawful busi ness; it is bud enough to wink at the filthy depo sits that are allowed to accumulate on them, but to lend the offenders an helping hand by eontribu Hons Irmn the forest and the quarry?of sand, and iime and bricks?is a little more ot free masonry (han will suit this place, orjhese go ahead times. W ui.RK ih riiK up-town Post Officii to rr lo < Ari.D !?Already various sitesare proposed for the up-town Post Office. We suggest the propriety oi clearing out the "Five Points" and erecting the building there. H it would be located there, Red woor isher, when the Captain goes out, might stand a chance ol moving over the way to occupy a seat on the bench of ihe "Tombs." Why not ? Welch's Olympic CtRcus.-This splendid circus wms at St. Thomas on the Slat ult , to leave the next day by sfenm for Demararn Atlantic Steamship*?The American Project ?A Mew York Una. The project started by a lew American gentle men, whose names we give below, to establish a line of Atlantic steamships, seems to increase in public favor every day. vVe are glad that the sub ject is becoming a popular one, lor it is necessary for us as a nation, to keep pace with England and France, in maintaing the supremacy of the seas. In order to exhibit to the public the basis npon which a steamship line can be established, we an nex the prospectus cl the company, the lormatiou ol which we have already mentioned. Ftoirtctui or the Amiiicw Atuktic Steam Naviga tion COMTANY DiaECToas-Hon James Harper, Mayor of New York; James De PeysterOgdeu, Esq.. John H. Hicks, Esq., Elihu Townsend, Esq .Henry Smith, Esq , JosephFowler, Esq , Robert Sshuyler, Esq., Capt. James Rogers, and Junius Smith. Esq. ? , ? . The commercial interests of New York, as well as those or the general confederation, urge the expediency ol im mediately carrying into effect the designs of the abovo named Company, aa delineated in the Company*! charter, granted by the State Legislature in 1839. By the terms oi that charter the capital stock is limited to $-1,0(10,000, in shares ol $000 each. Five per cent, to be paid at the time of subacription. The balance may be called in by the Director! aa the pro gress of the business may require. The growing commerce of New York; the energy with which competition is pressed forward by neighbor ing States ; the certainty ol securing to New Yoik, by prompt anil decisive measures, its present prominence; the general impression upon the minds ol all classes oi citizens, that direct steam communication with Europe in Arnei icon bottomh is imperative ; all demand our united and vigorous efforts. ? , The experience we have had in Atlantic Steam Naviga tion?the more economical construction of ateamahips? the skill acquired in navigation and general management, have furnished practical data for our guidance, ana devel oped the subject so lully, that we have only to adopt what is usetul, and reject what is not, to insure succt ss. Te the importers of European goods, whose interest* undoubtedly stand most prominent, it is intended to make a direct appeal, inviting, at the same time, the public at large to paiticipate in the benefit of the undertaking, and to lorward its success by their patronage and support. 1. It is proposed to construct one ship of about 3 000 tons, and to fallow with others as the results of that ship and the demands of the public may render expedient. 2. In order to render the working of the ship subser vient to the interests of the subscribers, who in fact build and own her, it is proposed to secure to them the exclu sive privilege of shipping by her; so that the reception of their goods, in a few days irom their shipment, under or dinary circumstances, may be certain,and to allow them a discount of five per cent upon their freight bills. 3. In case the proprietor should fail to furnish goods sufficient to load the ship, then the Directors to be at liberty to fill the ship with goods supplied by non subscri bers, without any discount upon their freight bills. 4. The balance of subscriptions, after payment of the five per cent, specified by the Act of Incorporation, to be secured to the Directors by notes of the subscribers, in equal sums, at six and twelve months, which it is believed, will be in sufficient time to meet the payments for the ship, engines, Ac. 6. It is intended that the ship shall have accommodations for 76 passengers, and the remaining room of the ship be reserved lor lreight. In this way she will carry not less than 900 tons of measurement goods, and cannot fail to make a freight whether she has passengers or not. 6. The fact of securing a freight for the ship, guaran teesjto'subscribers who are not importer*, a liberal divi dend upon their stock. 7. Importers secure freight in proportion to the of their subscription. It will require the issue of 1,000 shares to raise $600,000, the sum requireu by the charter; and suppose the ship to carry 1,000 tons, one share would aecure one ton lreight if all the shares were taken by importer*; but if half the share* are taken by non importer*, then one share in the hands of an importer would secure two tons freight, and so in proportion to tho amount of subscription. 8. Qoods from France and the continent of Europe generally, may be forwarded to Liverpool by coasting steamers, and thence to New York by the Company's American steamship, at very little if any more expeuse than if sent to Havre ior shipment. This the importers irom the Continent will readily perceive. This subject is respectfully submitted to the public as a matter of interest, and unless they are convinced that their public and private interests will be promoted, the Directors would scarcely venture to rest their appeal upon patriotism alone; although upon that ground they feel that they arc entitled to public patronage. All the support the Company deem it necessary or ex pedient to ask of the General Government is, the privi lege of receiving the postage upon letters carried 1 y their ships. Through the agency of the Post Office Department European governments levy a twofold tax upon the Ame rican public?one upon letters inward and one upon let ter* outward, which amount* to more than the expense of carrying the mail*, and thus not only reimburse them selves for the expense paid, but derive a considerable re venue in addition. The grand effect* of carrying into execution the designs ol the Company, are too obvious to need nny comment. If it be important to retain in the hands of American citi zens their own European carrying trade ; it the prospe rity and extension of commerce depend in any degree upon the facilities of carrying it on ; if the advancement ol thia great city to opulence and commercial rank are objects dear to every American citizen; then he will with alacrity aeize any and every opportunity to realize such vast and permanent results. Reference for personal or written communications to Junius Smith, E-q.,95 Wall street, corner of South street. New Yon*, July 4,1844. EXPENSE OF BUII-DINO A STEAM SHIP OF TWO THOUSAND TONS. Hull of the ship complete, 2,000 tons at $60 $120,000 Coppering and copper work 10,000 Spars, sails, rigging, boats, pumps, anchors, ca bles, Ac Internal fittings 10,000 Furniture for seventy-five passengers and officers, b imx) I Water tanks, cooking stoves and fittings 4,000 Six hundred horse power steam engine, with sur plus article* 110,000 Paddle wheel* 10,000 Contingent fund 13,000 $300,000 Ship ready for sea will not exceed $300,000, and will probably cost something less than that. PRORAHI.K RETURNS THAT THE SHIP WILL MAEE EUNN1NO BETWEEN NEW TORE AND LIVERPOOL. Seventy gve passengers, out and in, equal to one hundred and fllty, average passage money $126, $18,760 Eight hundred tons goods outwards at $7 6,600 Eight hundred do. do. home at $26 20,800 Average return* from letters and parcels, suppos ing the government should reiuse to allow us any compensation for carrying the mail...... 3,472 $48,03-2 DETAILED DISBURSEMENTS OF A SHIP OF TWO THOUSAND TONS UNDER STEAM, NEW YORK TO LIVERPOOL. Captain, Dor moatti $12<\ $120 First mate 60 60 Second do 60 30 Third do. % 26 26 Surgeon 40 40 Carpenter........ 26 26 ^eighteen seamen, at 16 270 Four boys 4 18 Chief engineer SO 80 Second do 60 60 Third do 40 40 Fourth do 8? 60 Nineteen firemen and coal trimmers, at... 18 343 Ships'* cook IS 18 Assistant do M w Cabin ceok '2d 22 Assistant do 18 " Scullion >6 10 Steward 26 25 Six waiter* and 4 boys, average 16 160 Victualling one hunaredand fifty passen gers, seventy-live out, and seventy five inwards, 1 $ 1 2,700 Victualling crew, sixty-seven, at 33 cents, 30.1ays 893 30 Kntineer,t Stores. One hundred gallons oil, at 76 cent* 75 Two hundred weight tallow 30 Forty pounds soft soap 4 Fifty do. candle* Fifty do. spun yarn and sweepings > Tort charge* I.000 Insurance 6 perct. per annum on $300 000, monthly 1,-260 Deterioration A repairs, 20 per cent. do. monthly 8,000 Printing and petty cash; monthly 100 Rent.cierkihire, and general management, Ac , monthly 800 Six hundred tons coal, average $4, month ly 2,400 Contingent expenses, monthly 100 K.ach passage $16,200 30 Two months to a voyage....) 2 Disbursements each voyage $30,400 60 Receipt* as per calculation, each voyage, Disbursements do. do Commissions 2} per cent, on $48,623 Each voyage net profit $17,007 Voyager per year e 8 Total $10-2,042 Showing that she will do, what all steam ships ought to do, clear herself in three year*. Specie ha* been an arti cle paying a large freight, and may he Rgaln, but no ere dit is taken for that item.Whether tne general government will give tta any thing for carrying the mail or not, I do not know. New York, July 34th, 1844. LETTER AND STATISTICS FROM JUNIUS SMITH. New Yore, July 24th, 1844. Having been strongly solicited to embark in Atlantic Strum Navigation on American account, 1 have with some reluctance yielded to that solicitation, although I had no idea when I left England, in October last, ol again assuming the active labors and partial responsibility ol so great an undertaking. The public are aware that I brought forward I he plan of navigating the Atlantio by ateam power, in 1833, in opposition to wiser and morn learned gentle men than myself, and that I labored assiduously to illus' irate and explain the practicability of the ci.t? rp- iz '. end finally succeeded in forming a joint stock coinpeny under the denomination of the British and American Sit am Na vigation-Company. As a director of that company, my moans of correct information respecting the details of the business, I suppose will not he questioned. f beg to assuro the public that I have nothing which requires concealment in regard to that company, and liiut I am open to any questions from those who have an in terest in my answers relative to its success andxubsc ipient misfortune My only object in this publication is, to correct a great ormr which has crept into the public mind in this country, in reference to the profit and loss upon the workiag of the ateam ibip* British Uueen and IreiiJent. 1 shall state facta, and pledge myaelf that they are auch, leaving the public in possession of the means of correcting a popular error. .. . The original coat of the British Queen, of two thousand and six ten tona, was about *75,000 sterling ; aubaequent expendituraa in construcUttt a poop, cabins, spy deck, forecastle, taking down and reconstructing the fore ca bin, removal ol the lower main cabins, kc. kc , raised the cost to *90,000 or $493,000. ... . The cost oi the President, ol two thousand three hun dred and sixty-three tons, was ?85,000 or $408,000. The contract price ol the engines for the British Queen, ?31,300sterling: actual cost, including surplus articles lor engineer's department, kc , ?34 390. Cost of engines for the President, ?94,700 er $118,560 Particulars of the net profit and loss upon nine voyages of the British Queen, and three of the President, alter de ducting twenty per cent for wear and tear: British Queen, irst voyage ?1,#76 9 4 st'g net profit ? second ' 3,991 17 10 " " third " 3,343 4 4 " " fifth " 3,801 10 7 " " .. sixth " 603 ? 3 " " " seventh " 3,468 7 8 " " President first " 1.656 13 8 '' " second " 3,136 3 3 Total profit ?19,807 19 6 sterling Loss by British Queen, ?1,974 on her fourth voy age. 7. ? 880 " eighth " i. ?? 1,040 " ninth " Loss by the President, 641 " third Total loss ?4,435 4,435 0 0 ?15,873 13 6 Total net profit, ?16,373 13s. 6d. sterling, equal to$7a, 789 AO : average profit upon twelve voyagei, ?1,280. But supposing the President had completed her three voy agio, shu would probably have had a small profit upon her thud voyage, Instead ot a loss of ?641. LETTS*!. Letters sent by Br. Q'n, outward, 40,697 Newspapers 7,166 <? " " inward, 83,066 " 34,946 " President, outward, 18,835 " '^'111 inward, 17,431 " * 976 Letters, 159,943 Newspapers 39,631 lleceived in England for carrying the mail twelva voy ages, ?1474 13s. 7d only, averaging ?123 per voyage.? Total net postage received in New York and England each voy age, to the credit of each voyage British Queen, first voyage ?342 16 6 sterling. " second " 697 11 6 ? third " 660 6 9 " ? fourth " 967 IS 1 " it fifth " 960 7 10 " ii sixth " 660 0 0 " ?? seventh " 866 19 0 " ?i 'eighth " 617 3 1 " ?? 'ninth " 616 IS 8 " ?6,088 8 4 Pie.ident, first " 968 6 8 " ?? Second " 873 18 8 " f third " 613 19 7 " Total receipts for letters, ?8.633 13 3 Average receipt! of postage on twelve voyages, ?711 3s. 9d. sterling, would have been about ?735, lithe Presi sident had completed her last voyage. The expense inci dent to so great and novel an enterprise, when first carried into execution, must obviously fsr exceed the amount re quired to be expended when the buainess is fully estab lisbed and becomes regularly organized. But the actual results, under all the drawbacks of a wasteful liberalitv, sufficiently show that there was no misapprehension in the original calculations, and that an adequate profit is clearly demonstrated by the practical results of the work ing ol the British Queen and President.^^ 'Halifax packet began to run. fMail of course not delivered, an account of the loss ol the ship. These statements are clear, and the plan of bring ing the importers together as patrons to the line, ib an excellent one. It is certainly for their interest to join in such an enterprize, and to act energetic ally in the organization of the pioneer steamer. Our famous'packet ships were established.on this plan; and there is every reason to believe that steam ships can be started into existence in the same W if has been attempted in other cities and in cer tain quarters, to piove that all steam ships running from England to New York have hitherto lost mo ney ; and that no line can succeed unless it re ceives a large amount of money annually for mail service. This, the statistics of Mr. Smith, show to be false, aud that even the British Qu-:en and President, which were notoriously less patronised than the Great Western actually made a handsome profit. It has also been shown that the Great Wes tern alone has made a great deal of money, and the company owning her would now be rich in surplus funds, had they not dipped into big iron foundries and expensive experiments with screws and snaps. II that company had built four steam ships like the Great Western, and had had nothing to do with that monster iron ship now bo closely under blockade at Bristol, we should never have heard of the " Cunard Steamers." It is clear, therefore, that the busi ness is profitable if properly conducted; and that the "American Steam Ships" will be properly conduct ed we produce the "American Packet Ships" to prove. The (Watering Places.?All the fashionable watering places are crowded this season to a degree quite unprecedented. Saratoga is filled to over flowing, and the community of four or five thous and human beings located there just now, is the most varied and picturesque imaginable. Philoso phers, politicians, and divines; bloods, blacklegs, and drygooda clerks; heiresses, milliners, and bal let-girls ; and the very Hie ol the wash-tub aris tocracy, are all mingled in one pleasant, delightful piquant and interesting amalgamated mass. The Polka is all the rage at the " Springs" at present. Newport is very full?more than fifteen hundred persons being there at present. The charming Borghese had a very successful concert at this very agreeable watering place. Schooley's Mountains, one of the most delight ful rural retreats in the Union, iB also full. This is a very charming place, with fine bracing air, ro mantic scenery, and all the comforts and conve niences which a spacious and well kept house af fords. The numerous placeB on Staten Island are well patronized. Clifton House, at the Narrows, is a very pleasant place; and so is the Planter's Hotel, a very quiet, respectable, and well-kept house. The houses at Shrewsbury, Long Branch, and other agreeable places on the Jersey shore, have been much frequented by all who desire to enjoy the invigorating breezes of the ocean. Of the watering places on Long Island, the Ham ilton House has been a very fashionable and popu lar resort this season. It is a delightful place for families and children. There is a separate table daily for the little people and their nurses, and al together the arrangements in this particular are ad mirable. The great rush of people to the Springs, and all the watering places, is one of the most encoura ging tokens of returning national prosperity. All classes appear to be quite recovered from the de pressions ot former years, and unless the steam be allowed to accumulate too rapidly, the country must go a-head and prosper amazingly. Quite too goot? News to he Teub.?A tremen dous splutter has been made by the "native" organ about a re-organization of the Police by Mayor Harper. On enquiry we find that the re-organiza tion consists in the dismissal of two or three offi cers who are not "natives," and the appointment of " Yellow Blossoms" in their room. In truth we have made up our mind that there is no hope of po lice reform from this party. They have been so busy dividing the spoils, and quarrelling amongst themselves about running a separate ticket in the fall, that they could not attend to any thing else.? We deeply 'egret this. We had really anticipated much from this party. They had a glorious opportu nity of securing permanent tenure ot their offices, if they had but done their duly and fulfilled their pledges to the community, .who entrusted them with the reins of government. We have hoped on till the last. But there is really no room lor hope now. Rowdyism is on the increase?Broadway is thronged with rowdies?the Battery is thronged with rowdies?rogues are escaping lrom prison every day?crime is frightfully increasing, on all hands we see more than ever the necessity of a police. But we are just as far oft' as ever from oh taining one. A Great Boon.?So we are to get rid of that obnoxiousconcern?the Lower Post Office?at last. The tax of two cents on each letter, in addition to the four dollars a year for boxes, was most iniqui tous. As soon as the new Post Office is ready, which it is said will be in October, the concern down-town will be abolished. (ft- Adams & Co. arrived last evening in ten hours ffom Boston over the Long Island Railroad. Klectlon Return*. North Ciiouxi Elictiok, 1644. 1840. Countiet. Whig. Before given. 38,790 Cleveland 300 Henderson 006 Total in 06 couutioa. ..89,710 30,834 Whig majority 3,390 Democratic gain in four year* Dem. 35,898 720 206 Whig. Dem. 42,894 32,066 new count). new county. 30.321 42,891 32.006 32,065 10,829 3,390 .. 7,433 Indiana Election. 1844 1840. Counties. Whig. Dtm. Whig. ft* Before given 8,001 9,201 19,186 13,056 ? - 920 twi Delaware 300 Head rick* 260 ? 1,190 062 Madiaon 60 _ 911 026 Putnam 175 _ 1,671 1,049 JLu,,li 340 ? 1,620 1,170 Shelby _ 32a l,Oio 1,070 Marion 1,700 1,696 1,636 1,272 Scott _ 7 399 401 Bartholomew 40 ? 982 ~ll:' Hamilton 82 ? 972 Morgan 30 - 1.012 816 Hancock ? SO 721 W7 Clarke ? 300 1,132 1,278 Johnson ? 360 031 948 Lawrence ? 26 989 896 Orange ? 200 708 879 Thlrty-threeCo'a 11.378 12 034 35,601 20.932 11,370 20,932 Dem. majority 060 8,669 Whig maj These returns are as accurate as we can find in our papers. They show a Democratic gain of 9,225 in four years. In the Legislature the Whiga have slightly gained. Alabama Election. 1844. 1340. Whig. Dem. Whig. Dtm. Five Counties 2,284 2,611 4,418 3,667 2,284 3,667 Dem. maj 227 661 w'g mj. Democratic gain in four year* 1,078 it appears by returns from six counties, that the democrats have gained one meihber to the Legis lature, and they claim the election of Yancey to Congress. Kentucky Election.?Owsley, the whig candi date for Governor, runs behind his ticket in nearly every county. Hf will, of course, be elected by a large majority notwithstanding this. Canada.?Matters in Canada continue in the usual uncertain and anomalous state; with a go vernor well disposed and well supported by his em ployers, unable to move one step in advance to wards the settlement of the question so long in agi tation. Surrounded by ambitious, and not over scrupulous politicians, who at heart are longing for the crumbs of office, he cannot, from some fatality or other, procure a cordial and willing support from any of them. In fact, the conduct of the two par ties towards each other, is a graphic illustration of the dog in the manger?they will not take office themselves, nor tolerate its occupation by their op ponents. Happy politicians! who can thus resist the tempting alliances of official patronage; who act consistently with the sentiment that expecta tion is preferable to fruition; and who in keeping aloof from the cares of responsible government, seem to think that in politics as well as party, 'tis distance lends enchantment to the view. From all we can learn, it is probable Sir Charles Metcalf will request his recall, aB his prolonged stay will effect nothing in consolidating the government, or conciliating the governed. The harvest over the whole country is most pro mising. Quite a number of travellers, principally from theBe States, are crowding the hotels; emi grants are pouring in, and the public works? among the rest, those on the Welland Canal, St. Lawrence Canal, and the great Northern Military Road?are furnishing them with employment. Strong efforts are making also, to carry out the useful project of a railroad through the eastern townships, from Montreal to Boston. The Ameri can section of the line is already surveyed, and the engineers are now at work on the Canadian por tion of it. The people of that fine district of coun try, the townships, will be grdatly benefitted by such a work ; and are, accordingly, using every effort to accomplish it. American Institute ?Dr. C. Whitlaw's Lec ture on Poisonous Plants and Diseases of Cattle. ?The farmers, butchers, and others, in this city and vicinity, interested in stock and agriculture, were invited to attend this institution last evening, to hear this venerable philosopher speak of the plants which abound in our fields poisonous to cat tle and other stock, creating diseases that destroy human life. Doctor Whitlaw has devoted himself with the greatest zeal and industry for fifty years to that important subject; yet notwithstanding the importance of the subject, there were only some fifteen or twenty persons present at the commence ment. The gentleman commenced his lecture bv taking a view of the state of the land in Scotland, some fifty years since, and its present state ; and showed tnat by adopting the course he wished to introduce in this country, the land had increased in value some eight or ten fold; beside affording the people a more wholesome supply of the most essen tial necessaries of life. He stated that eight out of ten of the cattle slaughtered in this city were dis eased, bo much so that it quite endangered the lives of all those who partook of any part of the animal. That also the milk and butter sold in this city was equally poisonous, in consequence of the cows lux uriating on certain descriptions of grass, end other productions of the fields and meadows which were poisonous, filling their carcasses with oxalic acid, and likewise innregnating those who partook of them or the produce with the same. The only re medy for this, he said, if we understood the gentle man right, was stall feeding. The moat dangerous nuisance, and one fraught with the greatest amount of evil to the community, was the suffering of animals of the swine tribe to roam ihe streets. The learned gentleman Mid lie was prepared to prove that scrofula or leprosy was solely produced from these animals; the very ef fluvia arising from them was dangerous to the hu man constitution. There never was a pig that roamed the streets, or was fed on offal, but was infected with leprosy, and consequently those who partook ol it were liable to the same disorder; and this would, in a great degree, account for the in crease of tnis disorder in this country of late years. The lecturer said in this respect,the ladiesand their children in particular, were most liable, and honed they would interest themselves in the matter. The gentleman then went into various details in this matter?brought forth a number of documents to support his views; showed what had been done of late years in various parts of the globe to carry out these views, all of which appeared highly satisfactory; ana in conclusion said, that unless some strict regulations relative to the tearing of cattle for human food were enforced, as well H8 the nature and quality of milk and but ter supplied to the inhabitants of these States, we should in the short space of some fifty years be come in physical strength and mental powera so degenerated, as to be not able to contend against other evils that might and would assail us; ana that our fall would be like that of many of the king doms of the ancients, only more premature?entire ly owing to out neglect of agriculture. Is it so 1?We perceive that a Mr. De Le Ree is singing at the whig meetings with great spirit and effect. Is this the Apollo of the " native" party 1 Is this the fine-looking Mr. De Le Ree who con tributed so much by his songs and glees to the triumph of the natives 7 or is it a counterfeit?do tell 1 The Great Twenty Mile Race over the Cen trrville Course.?We are glad to see the propri etors of this course have altsred their regulations relative to the weights to be carried in this great contest; instead of one hundred and fcrty-five pounds to be carried, it is now agreed that it shall be catch weights. This is much more equitable, and likely to draw a greater number of entries, and make the matter altogether more interesting. Firk at Manchester, N. H.?The row and eautiful Town House in Manchester, built at an xpenseof $24,000, was discovered, yesterday at 12 M,on re, and wa* soon reduced to a heap of ruius. The eel ira were occupied by provision dealer* ,wba saved most f their property. In the basement were the Post Office, nd four store*. The contents of the Post Office was snv d, and a portion of all the stocks of good*. The second lory was occupied as a Town Hall, and lawyers' offices, art only of the town record* saved. In the third story r?re the armories of tha Stark Guards and Kusileers? 'he Guards lost all their arms ; the Fnsileer* 30 guns, tandard, uniforms and camp utensils. The Job printing Mice of Mr. J. Emerson, also in the third story, was de troy ed, his books all that he saved. The house was in Bred for $10,000. It is conjectured that the lire was set y an incendiary. Total loss $30,000 to $36 000.?Boilon "ranerhpt, Jtvg 13. The Kitnny Meeting to Oppose the Htmovtl of the Poet Offlce. 1 iiie meeting wee held lent evening in the tee room ol the City Hell, pursuant to e cell in the public journal* The gentlemen preeent consisted ol en organ builder of Centre street, who was called totheChdir, and a Wall street broker, who was appointed Secretary. The balance consisted of a minister of tbe Episcopal church, a lawyer, and two others, whose occupations were unknown to us. The proceedings altogether were a very fnnnv philosophical airair, embracing the grand question ot Native Americanism, in contrast to the privi leges of adopted citizens. BothJIactions were rep resented in the multitude,(of six persons, including the chairman and secretary.) meaSurT whinc1iWh!fl0|ren,'<1 by ? "solution that the d'lKtS substituting the old Dutch church in Naa?u !tieet at the loot of Cedar, without "he cSge of Two the people".n<>t accordance with tba interest ot Upon the mot|on being put hy the Chair, the law yer stated that, in his opinion, the measure of the department being accompanied with the assurance that the Park Post Office would be continued for the convenience of persons residing in the upper tiunnZ'uVhe Ct!y' u"lil 11 convenient loca tion should be selected, met his entire approval.? iffh.e";"dAlaBei >i e "sided in the upper part ^Vall street' nf"'' hear), and. bl8 oHice being 111 wall street, the present location wus to him tn ber ofchi"zen far' L'etir) and he knew a va8t "um ber ot citizens to whom it was obnoxious- (cheers and hisses; cries of "order ") He treouentlv had to.cross the Park from Broadway in showers rain, sultry weather and in the depths 0f ??w intf freauentlvr?m h'he ?0at1 ?fIice: (sensation) firet toqlro fc when in haste, would have Park to ??r hi ? .. and retu" to the all this wn.HH L erif' .wh,?b occupied much time; propcMd^ocifinn ?irh,ed by.,t8 "moval to the ffi italw?v? h?H .(Chefr8and some confusion.) the mercham. ? nbeen a 80Urce ol complaint to ssana a- tej saSXt IEjhl.nrrUpted, by the chairman, who nwtfe f!ff re8olutlon stated the meet wstZffirl ?i 6 propriety of removing the post ottice, the call was intended only for those who were opposed to the measure, aud he the T^I'thfew^he^ t0 b5 ,)re8ent' ^Loud cheers.) ajy , threw (the lour auditors into confusion?the Secretary threw up his papers and declined to act if under a mistake; and amidst much altercation of foreign influence, foreign capital, Native Amer? caiii?m, itec , the original proposition was nut to the vote, and carried by a major/ty of one the Enfsco palian minister having decided that he did vote in affirmative, which was for some time disiutld th i waa ' fut (rom the chair and carried *baf the meeting should be adjourned till to-dav HarpeTand tu t' 8hcul8.. hurrahs for May of tire!f^iih 7k K ad?I>ted, citizens, the party re were the order Ae?[ pof8lbIf S?od humor. Segars duced Tk ? dayL' but no hquor was intro "J;ed.- ii^ he enigma is, how a meeting*that was editorially puffed into notice both in the Tribune ?emf)lfl?e ?f fr Pa|>er ' 8hou,d on,y Produce an as^ semblage of four persons to support the intelligent chairman and secretary who presided at this fm portant meeting?except that as we predicted in the Hprald of yesterday, it would prove ? a fdnny af m i Intelllgencei ISSSHSSSl ? 6,efft!Ct 'hat certain persons, who will be anat a future day, have made the matter of removal appwiitment a profitable source of income- and in sss1 Jsistsr Sri?, S? ? ,aade ^ theMay or S'a fe^a^ which wili convioce him that mUrS,taVKb2 made, emanating fjom bate, jealous, and mercenary mo the^ortte/ch"?^ ** P0UC? yMterday were 01 he^on^e'^dy^ofTct^r^'^oman"i^am ed"S Isey JE Fsightful Acciusst ?Yeaterdav. while turn m, named Hubert Canning and Thoma. Mackindor were em gaged in endeavoring to proatrate the wall* ol the First !*iln Chuich, in Wall street, by mwn. of ? chah! cable, they were suddenly forced Irom the top of the wall SZF&XrSr rinug t0 the bottom aPdi?tMce of ??out thirty feet; one of the arm* of Canning wa* torn from it* locket, and the head of Mackindor wa* fractmred both taken to ""S Doin taken to the hospital, where every attention waa "V' J,'"'1'.111- h"!- i? rntertwned of their re. ??????! ?*>. lb. work, M . Amusements. theChd?d'SA7fhinr-eVeningritht s''lendid OP?" called tit Li bi!i1ki a,ld the new pantomime en tit ed Bamfylde Moore Carew, will bo performed. The celebrated Drummoud Light will alio be exhibited. -Thf? ?/?I.akii'*kBBNADIlRS"TlJALMO-s UpERA Ho?* l nis establishment would require a distinctive notice, and merit adiitincllve enlogium, but that such is the established reputation of the Virginia Serenade? that comment would be superfluous All wo could sav would only tend to increase the public patronage and as such we fearlessly recommend the genertl at?enflon to then- programme for this evening, at Palmo's Opera appeanmoe? "treel" TUe ,a" but ffiy- DR. MeNAIR'S ACOU8TH: OIL?CKRTAIN relief for deaf persons. Numbers oi persons have been perfectly cured by the use of this Oil. Its effects are cer tain?it relieve* at once. Sold by Cornatock & Co., No. 31 Courtlandt st. Price $1 per flask. IF IT WERE NECESSARY THOUSANDS OF names could be given certify ing to the aiticacy of BER NARD'S DIARRHfEA MEDICINE. We deem it expe dient, however, to mention a few prominent men in this country that have tested this medicine, and given unquali fied assertions ot its ability to periorm all the duty we claim for it. Commodore Edmund P. Kennedy, Commodore Jesse Wilkinson, Commodore Chas. W. Skinner, Commodore Wm. M. Armstrong, U. S. Navy; Major Chaa. H. Smith, Paymaster U..S. Army ; Lieut. O. S. (ilesson, U. S. Navy;; D . P. M. Cohen, Charleston, S. C.; Rev. Wm M. Atkin son, Winehester, Va ; Dr. S. 8. Grittin, Williamsburg, Va ; Miles King, Mayorol the Borough of Norfolk, Va.; Thos. G. Broughton, Editor of the Norfolk (Va.) Herald ; Francis Orice, muster ship builder, U. 8. Navy Yard, New York ; James T. Souther, President of the Virginia Bank at Norfolk ; Dr. Chas H. Broughton, Burgeon in the U. S.Navy; Dr. R. I. Baldwin, Winchester, Va.; Dr F. I Matlianu, Peterrbcrg, Va.; Rev. Jno. D. Mathews, Lexing. ton, Kentucky ; Hon O. A. P. Nickolson,U. 8. Sonator from Tennessee. These gentlemen have tested BERNARD'S DIAR RHlKA MEDICINE for years, and they all pronounce it the aost valuable remedy yet discovered for cholera in fantum, summer complaints in children, colics, cholera morbus, diarrhcra, and all diseases of the bowels. Ottice of the proprietor, 97 Nassau itreet, New York. G(7- PURIFY YOUR BLOOD- There is perhaps nothing which so disfigures a person ns pimples, sore and bad breakings out upon the face. This may be entirely remedied by the use of Cotnstock's Sarsapurilla,? C? se SO cents a bottle, or $4 per dozen. Tbis is the t extract in use ; it gently operates upon and re gulates the bowels, restores the blood to its wonted pur ity, gives tone to the stomach, and promotes digestion. It will permanently cure and eradicate from the system any of the following disease* :? Scrolnla and Ulcerations of Mercurial A flections, the throat and leg, Syphilis in its worst form, Eruptions of the skin, Affection* oi the Glands, General debility, Bilious Diseases, Chronic Rheumatism, Chronic sore ayes, Liv?r Affections, Stubborn Ulcers, All pimples, sores U break- It greatly improves 8c beau ings out are permanently tifles the complexion, dis eradicated by its use. pelting all saliowness.tic. This superior fluid extract ia now offered to the public at the extraordinary low price of .10 cents per single bot tle, or $4 for a dozen, tke proprietors wishing to have it judged only according to its merits. Thus far it has met with unexampled success, and been the cause of reliev ing a vast amount of suffering. Its effects are mild, although it operates upon every organ and nerve of the system, aud tends to free it from every symptom of dis ease. Sold only at 3t Courtlandt street. tar CONSTITUTIONAL lh.UILITY OURK.D.?Thf Tonic Mixture, prepared by the College of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, ia confidently re sommcnued forall cases of debility produced hy secret in lulgence or excoas of any kind. It is an invaluable ri-mo ly Kir impotence, sterility, or barronness^unlesi depei d log on mal-formation.) Single tmttle* fil each; case* of half a dozen ??">; care lilly packed and sent to all parts of the Union. Office oi the College of Medicine and Pharmacy W. Vassal] st rent W. S RU'HA RD80N, M. D., Agent KICORD'S PARISIAN ALTERATIVE MIX ?For the cure of primary or sec indary Syphilis rnd all affections produced by an injudicious useoi mer ?ury. Tbe great advantages posnessed I y this powerflil ?Iterative over all other preparation* fei the cure ot Sy philis. it, that while curing the disease it improves the institution, whilst mercury generally loave a much arorue disease than the one It is administered lor. The aest recommendation tA can give of It is, that it is now extensively prescribed by the medical faculty, who lor ?nerly consideaed mercury the only cure lor those com plaints Sold, in single bottles, J>1 each ; In cases of hall lozen, $6, carefully packed, and sent 11 all parta of the Union. Office of the College of Medicine and Pharma cy, 95 Nassau street W. 8. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agent. n^,Ki 4

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