Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 16, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 16, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. At-w York, Kilttay, Augiut IS, 1S4?<| Another Magnificent Weekly Herald. SPLKKDIDLY ILLUSTRATED EDITION OP TI!K NATIONAL POETRY OF AMERICA!!! Scenes in the Life OP THE PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES. The Duel between Clay and Randolph!! POLK'S UPB THREATENED BY MR. WISE. We shall publish on Saturday morning next, the most superb illustrated paper ever issued from the press in this country. This magnificent Pictorial Weekly Herald will, in the first place, contain a number of charac teristic engravings, illustrate of our second seTies of the National Lyrics of the United States?the American Iliad and Odyssey. These illustrations are humorous, graphic, spirited and descriptive to a remarkable degree, and infinitely more interest ing, original and exciting than the celebrated de sigus by Martin, illustrative of Milton's " Paradise Loot," and that immortal prose epic written by John Bunyan, when incarcerated in prison by his persecutors, and known to the whole Christian world?44 The Pilgrim's Progress." Tiiia Weekly Herald will also contain two large engravings, from original designs by one of the first artists in the country, illustrative of memor able sceues in the manhood of the Presidential Candidates. In a former number of the pictorial Weekly Herald, we gave representations of the em ployment and daily lile of Mr. Clay and Mr. Polk when in the very morning of life, ere yet they had Thrown the graceful jacket by, And gloried in along-tailed coat. We will present them on Saturday morning next, when, grown up to man's estate, they had entered on the troubled arena of public life, and occupied distinguished posts in the councils of the greatest nation on which the beneficent sun sheds life, and light and happiness. Mr. Clay is represented in the very midst of the memorable " Clay and Randolph oontroversy"?a scene surpassing in interest and pictorial eflect the celebrated "Whistonian controversy" in the Vicar ofd Wakefield, which has recently been immortal' ized by the pencil of Mulready, as far as the ro mance of pistol and ball exceeds the interest of a wordy debate, no matter how stormy or exciting. John Randolph is represented precisely as he stood on the field on that fine, clear and balmy morning? attired in the ample folds of his dressing gown; his grim, gaunt and unearthly features overtopping the pile of bones and calico, and looking as composed and undismayed, as 44 patience on a monument smiling at grief." Mr. Clay is also depicted with great truth and spirit?the very impersonation of chivalry, fire, courage and excitement, evidently provoked by the deceptive raiment of his antago nist, and endeavoring to trace out the geography of his opponent's central apparatus for the circulation of the rather indifferent supply of blood allotted to his attenuated carcase. This is really a great pic ture. The other large engraving represents Mr. Polk promenading in the lobby of the House of Re pre sentatives, in the presence of Mr. Wise and others, whose pockets axe filled with pistols and bowie knives, with the help of which they proposed to extend Mr. Polk's promenade into the regions of eternity, but were so overcome by his excessive politeness that they postponed the accomplishment of their benevolent and chivalric design for an in definite period. This also is a great picture. It will be at once perceived that we are Bparing 110 p.iins or expense to present to the world a per fect historical record of the great contest now raging in this country. The party papers have their way of recording the events of the time?we have ours. They manufacture and retail the blackguardism of faction; we give a faithful record of the singular developments of human nature, folly, excellence, chivalry, extravagance, poetry, genius, philosophy, and moral grandeur. Price of the whole only 64 cents. The Great Race over the Natlonol Course In 1N-I4?Present Prospects of the Candidates. The great contest for the Presidency has been waxing hotter and hotter every day for the last three weeks, and the country is now laboring un der an excitement which we hardly anticipated on the commencement of the campaign. At that pe riod the wliigs were so very certain of victory, and the democrats were alllicted with so much bad temper and feverish discontent on account of the nominations at Baltimore, that a degree of apa. thetic indifference pervaded both camps, which threatened to deprive us of any fun, liveliness, ex citement, or extravagance ta the course of the contest. But the whole scene is now changed. Trie whigs have started from their lethargy, and are putting forth tremendous efforts. In some parts of the country the excitement amongst them almost equals that which prevailed in 1840?the memorable era of coon-skin and hard cider abominations And the democrats are also very hard at work. They are holding mass-meetings ar every cross, road, and newspapers for the campaign are spring ing into existence in almost every township. The great men of both parties?the Websters, and Wrights, and Choa'es, and Caases, are all out and stirring, addressing great gatherings of the people two or three times every week- All over the land, indeed, the din and tumult of the fray is increasing, and every thing now indicates that the present wilj be one of the hardest fought, if not the very hard est fought, battles,we have yet seen in this country. The election returns from the various States are daily looked for with the greatest possible anxiety. There is of course, the usual quantity of lying and equivocation, and misrepresentation, in the party papers, about these returns. According to the whig prints, their party is triumphing in every in stance?no such thing as defeat has visited it. On the other hand,' the democratic presses axe equally vociferous and unscrupulous, in claiming a victory in every case. We have calmly and impartially survryed the whole ground; and alter an at tentive examination of all the returns which have, up to this moment, come to hand, from the various States where elections have been held, or are in progress, we find that there is a large, a very large, and decided democratic gain since the Harrison campaign. In North Caro lina?in Indiana?in Alabama?in Illinois?in Ken tucky even?the increase in the democratic vote is remarkably striking. In those States not heard officially from, the same result is anticipated, and in the great influential States ot Pennsylvania, Ohio, and New York, the struggle is expected to be very close indeed Pennsylvania, it is thought, and not without some good foundation, will go for the democrats Altogether the prospects of the success of the democratic party have within the last few weeks brightened up amazingly, and many of the floors"/ clouds which rested on the future for* ?es of Po.kand Dallas are clearing away, like itte mists of nigh! which had wrapped up the wood crowned summits of the Jersey hills, fleeing before the blight beams of the morning sun. But the whigs have also many encouraging omens of success. There certainly are now con siderably cheering evidences of an approach, at least, to the fulfilment of the poetic prophecy? Th? country'* riiln For Clay and Frelinghuysen .' As we have again and again remarked, the great source of danger to the whig cause was the ab sence of sufficient excitement to draw out all their forces. At the outset, it cannot he denied, there was a great lack of enthusaism in the whig ranks. The masses were not aroused. They were too certain of victory. They over-estimated the influ ence and extent of the disunion, and disturbance in the ranks of their opponents. But now the whigs have opened their eyes. They are fully awake, and are quite convinced that they must fight a little in order to conquer. Mr. Clay it is seen will net be allowed to walk over the course. And hence the whig excitement grows apace. Mr. Webster leaves his chowder pot, and is lend ing his powerful aid to keep the great whig caul dron boiling. The somewhat protracted excite ment amongst the democratic party, stimulated partly by the absurd anti-Texas movement of the Evening Pott clique, has in its turn spurred on the whigs, and no room is now left to doubt that the contest will be from this day onward, hot, furious, and bitterly contested. This contest is of vast importance and it will be a decisive one. It may perhaps determine tbe ques tion of peace or war with Great Britain; and the issues connected with the domestic policy of the country, involve its prosperity and progress for a long time to come. The new issue oi the annexa tion of Texas gives a novel and peculiar interest to the conflict, and certainly tells in favor of the De mocratic party. But on the other hand, the remark ably prosperous condition of the country, and the speculative, glittering, and fascinating schemes of the Whigs, add to their chances ol suc cess. And yet, elevated in interest far above the ephemeral objects of political strife, this spectacle of greut and growing national prosperity reduces the result of the election in November to a position of but secondary interest in the minds ot many. Still, however, there will be multitudes who are hastening to be rich, and care not how they be come so, that, dazzled by this brilliant prospect, will join eagerly in the cry for a National Bank? lor distribution of the proceeds of the public lands, ?and for all those measures which offer encour agement to bold and reckless speculation. On the whole, then, the present prospect of na tional affairs is gratifying to the calm, reflective, honest patriot. The misfortunes of past years are remembered but as a dream. On all hands, the vast elements of national prosperity, wealth and greatness, are seeking, and find development. Industry is increasing?enterprize is increasing trade is increasing?manufactures are increasing? agriculture is improving, and the contents of our granaries are every year increasing. The coun try, to use one of our own good, expressive Ameri can phrases, is "bound to go ahead;" and it is, after all, precious little matter whether Clay or Polk is elected. Illustrations of Society in Great Britain.? We give to-day, on our firet page, a series of very striking illustrations of the present social condition of Great Britain, taken from the London journals. These sketches exhibit the present condition of the upper and middle classes in that counuy in a clear and more intelligible light than could volumes of philosophical disquisition. Facts?broad, start ling, damning facts, show that the existing social institutions of that land are rotten to the core. Re gal magnificence, purchased by the blood and tears of millions?an aristocracy of leprosy, vice, crime, poverty, hunger, despair, these make up that terri ble picture. Look on it, citizens of a free land, and learn to revere more than ever the glorious in stitutions of your country. Greeley versus Mass Meetings, or Mass Meet ings versus Greeley.?Mr. Philosopher Greeley was out yesterday with a long article about Mass Meetings. He likes mass meetings, and he don't like mass meetings. He prefers meetings in the town ships, and he don't prefer meetings in the town ships. He thinks that the great guns should not speak at the meetings, and he thinks thut the great guns ought to speak by all means at the mass meet ings. He says, and that's the only intelligible and common sense saying in the article, that the great speakers talk too much about themselves, and often waxing bombastic, are very bad oratorical models for the young Cicero's of the party. Horace has j been running about too much of late, and has get I somewhat dizzy. Let him stay at home, and attend I to his paper and Fourierism, both of which appear | to be inclined to droop their heads in this ho weather?this season of peril to the vegetable world. A Letter from Mr. Clay?Warning and Ad vice from Head Quarters.?Mr. Clay has lately addressed a very characteristic letter to a large number of respectable whigs in Missouri who in vited him to meet them. The gentle hints?the quiet significant allusions to the writer?and the delicate flattery of those addressed, remind us very much ot Mr. Van I!urea's epistolary efforts in the same line. Probably no man living could lay flat tering unction to his own soul and those whom he addressed at the same time bo well as the fine old gentleman who is now deep in the lascinations of the Polka at Saratoga?but see how Mr. Clay tries his hand at this:? Ashland, 21st June, 1944. Gentlemen: I received your f.iendly letter, inviting me to attend a man meeting ot the Wbig* ot Missouri, ' and the tar west, at Lexington, on the 18th ot July next, j Nothing would atford me more pleasure than to be in tho midst oi them on that interesting occasion, if I couid;with I propriety. But, alter lull consideration, I resolved not to i attend any political meeting, during the residential can vass; and many of my most discreet friends approve that rosolution. You hold out verystrong inducements to me to 1 visit Lexington?old friends and neighbors, the largest body of good land in all the Mississippi Valley, producing 1,000 lbs. of hemp to the acre, a rapid gtowth in popula tion, wealth and improvements and although last, not least, a radical and extensive revolution, going on in poli tics. I would know that you were Kentuckians from tha complacency with which you speak ol all these fine I tilings. 1 should be delighted to Fee them; mid, it I could ! make an exception Irom the rule which I have adopt j ed, it would be to visit Lexington, in Fayette county, Missouri; hut I do not think 1 can find sutficient reasons lor such an exception. And you know that 1 have always endeavored to abide by my word. I rejoice in the prospects or the deliverance of tbe State ol Missouri from the yoke of Locolocoism, of which 1 re ceive a fluttering account from all quartets. Next to Vir ginia, which gave me birth, and to Kentucky, which adopted and cherished and honored me, there is no State in the Union which 1 would feel more gratified with the support of than Missouri. I have ever entertained a kind of parental feeling towards that State Among the arduous struggles ,which 1 have had in.public life, that was incomparably the greatest in which 1 ever partici pated, lor tha udmission of Missouri into the Union. I claim nothing, 1 am entitled to nothing, on that account. I merely did my duty. Missouri honored me with her first love. In reviewing the past I am unconscious of ever having done anything justly to forfeit her esteem and confidence. Being now in trie evening of a long life, it would be a great satisfaction to me, before I terminate my mortal career, once mora to meet Missouri on terms ot friendship and affection. Whatever may he the course which she may thiuk proper to take, I congra nlate you on the bright and cheering prospects ol the whig cause throughout the whole Union. Never were the prospects of any political party more satisfactory and encouraging. Perfectly united as to all the great measures of national policy, which they support, eveiy whig, from the St. Johns to the Habine, stands ready and eager to do his duty and his whole duty Nor will they be lulled into security or in activity , by the divisions and distractions and weakness of the adversary. The whigs know that the maxim "never despise an enemy" is as wise and sound in poli tics as it is in war, and they mean to combat as if Napo leon or Wellington, instead of Col. Polk were in the field. If they put forth their strength and energies,accord ingly, they will achieve the most signal political victory ever won in this or any other country. I am your friend, and obedient servant, H. CL\Y. The concluding paragraph is indeed full of mean ing, and verifies to the letter what we have said in another column about ihe newly awakened spirit of the whigs. Mr Clay htmsell seen the necessi ty of fighting a little. The "Natives."?Alarming symptoms of disso lution are manifesting themselves in the ranks of the "Natives" in this city. It appears that num bers of them are going over to the Whigs, and the controversies respecting the propriety of running a separate ticket in the tall, are producing a great ileal ol disturbance. As we demonstrated the other day, no alternative is left this party but that of run ning a separate ticket or sinking into oblivion.? The genuine natives should mark every man, who objects to a separate ticket,^as a traitor. Let all the true men at once take a bold stand and run their own ticket. They will see the wisdom of this advice, perhaps, when it is too late. Political Clubs.?There are j^some funny deve lopments to he made about one or two ol the poli tical Clubs recently got tip in this city. Nahant ?There is said to be more vitito Nahant this seasop than ever before. Political Movement*. The position of the Democratic party of this ?st*te, and their future proapecta of success, de pends very much upon the candidate whom they may select for Governor. The friends of the pre sent incumbent are quietly and almost secretly en gaged in securing his re-nomination for that sta tion. His opponents of the same party are also quietly and secretly at work to secure the nomina tion of a new man, fresh from the people's ranks. The first allege that the re-nomination of Gover nor Bouck will harmonize the party and prevent those ordinary bickerings that arise from the selec tion of a new man. They urge the impolicy of opening the door for a scramble for a new candi date, alleging aa one reaaon that many of the present State office-holders will leel doubtful of their continuance, and therefore not sustain any new nomination with energy. The opponents of Governor Bouck object to his re-nomin&lion on the ground that his indecision of character in mi king his appointments, throughout the State, has created so many bitter and decided discontents, that his election, if nominated,would be very ques tionable. To sustain this position, thev refer to the delay and peculiarity with which his Excellency distributed the offices within his gift in thia city and in most of the river counties. The name ef Silas Wright, jr., is freely used by the opponents of Governor Bouck, notwithstanding his communica tions partially refusing to accept the nomination. When objections are made to the selection of Mr. Wright, on the ground of his being opposed to the re-annexation of Texas, they very c miiingly reply, that it is for that reason they desire his nomination, tn order that he may be removed from the United States Senate where his vote and voice may again aid in defeating this democratic measure. This is a mere sample of the ordinary, every day talk of out door politicians. The secret wire workings and puppet movers of the "Old Sickles" pari of the democratic party, who receive the money, and disburse it at their pleasure, will not be made known until after the meetings to elect delegates to Syra cuse have been held next week. The Democratic Empire Club turned out last evening, at 9 o'clock, in a most elegantly arranged torchlight procession, and marched through several of the principal streets of our city. They numbered nearly five hundred, decorated with sashes and badges The procession was preceded by three mounted marshals and Lothian's splendid brass band. Then followed the members with banners, emblems, fee. Among which, we noticed the fol lowing "Adopted citizens?they came to us in our adversity?we will not desert them in our pros perity." "Clay is opposed to the annexation of Texas?so is the British." "Laws for shields, no1 for chains." "Texas was ours once?she shall be again." "Jackson is in favor of Texas?was he ever wrong1?" About the centre of the procession was a magnificent car drawn by twelve grey horses,bearing a large medalion portrait of "James K. Polk, of Tennessee," and a freah young hickory tree, surrounded by the coats of arms of the several Statesffestooned in a neat and elegant manner with the stripes and stars of the Union. One of the club mounted on the beautiful horse Talma, most ele gantly caparisoned with a large blue satin banner and gold star, with motto, "alone, but not desert ed," attracted much attention, as also the banners representing "a log cabin to let," and a stuffed coon skin labelled "Whig principles." Medallion likenesses cf Washington, Jefferson and Jackson, were displayed in their ranks, and a large number ot carriages containing invited guests, members of the press, fee., closed the procession, followed by about fifty horsemen. The following ode, written for the occasion,was distributed among the crowd, from the grand car, an J an elegant little brasa piece of artillery in the procesaion was fired at intervals on the route :? When first the potent word of God Called forth Irom chaos, form and light? And from the mountain and the sod Came forth earth's offerings freah and bright, That moment, when the golden sun First beamed in its refulgent youth, Eie yet a moment's race was run, Was formed the principles of truth. Eternal as the towering bills, Enduring as the length of time. Pure as the stream of cnrystal rills, Destined for every age and dime, Democracy commenced its reign !? Its banner waved o'er land and sea, Against it, power but warr'd in vain, And man first gazed on earth when free. But as the years of time rolled past, The stream assumed a darken hue, And Ignorance and Crime at last To Tyranny and Hatred grew? Then empty baubles, crowned Kings, And zealous bigotry began? To claim for such unhallowed things, An Empire o'er the rights of man. Dark were the centuries that roll'd The world's last dark and dismal night, Though sometimes rose like stars of gold, Brave men to battle for the right. At length the chains asunder burst, Eaitn heard the echo of the sound, And men stood up tree, as when first Truth bound the world with light around. The Tyrant trembled on his throne, The Parasite grew pale with fear, And power itself grew feeble, when Its downfall first was written there. The Patriot watched the sign?the day At length had dawned for freedom's cause, He read iu every glittering ray, A victory for equal l^yrs. At length rose, like the mid-day sun, Columbia in her mighty strength : A struggle and the fight was won? The British yoke was broke. At length, Like lightning from a hovering cloud, Came forth Fame's ever cherished son, And millions now speak oft and loud, The immortal name of Washington. Though inward foes assail the cause, And federal treachery would stay The march of Democratic truth, Crush it, or else impede its wsy. Yet, when our country calls, at once From hill and rale and mountain hold, Shall rise, in undivided strength, Millions of Patriots, free and bold. To struggle for the cause of right, And swell our annals with s Dame, To add to those which shine so bright, In Jefferson and Jackson's fume. The Eagle, now undaunted, soars, To her own sky so pure with truth, And bears aloft our country's name, UnstuineJ, hut radiant with its youth. And still shall soar till time shall end, Till Tyranny has breathed its last Till Power to human right shall band, And Ignorance and Crime is past; Then like a spirit, fresh and bright, Truth with its banners wide unfurl'd, Its mottoes, all inscribed in light, Resumes its Empire o'er the world. Massachusetts.?The Democrats of that State have nominated George Bancroit of Boston, as their candiate for Governor and Henry 11. Childs for Lieutenant. Removals in the Custom House.?There will be no more removals in the Custom House?don't be alarmed applicants?until next week. Death ok Mr. Mkhlrnbero.?One of the Phila delphia papers contains the following extract ot a letter relative to the supposed immediate cause of the death of this gentleman, who was the demo cractic nominee for Governor of Pennsylvania. If true, it tends only to confirm all we have ever said relative to the character of the political press of the country :? " This was the second attack of apoplexy Mr. M. had ; the first being on the death of his wife. The attack, his Irienda assert, was brought on by the fierce political war now waging in the neighborhood, where ha resides at Heading. The attacks lately made in the " Journal," on Mr. M. s character, charging him with gambling, drunk enness, prolans swearing, Ac , together with an article which uppeared in the " Journal ' of yesterday, signed Hugh Lindsay, charging h m with bribery and corrup tion, kept Mr. Muhlenberg in such a state of excitement that all his friends noticed It." The State Central Democratic Committee of Pennsylvania have concluded to call the nmr dele gates together to nominute a Governor, that met before, and have selected Tuesday the lid of Sep tember as the day. Important Political Intelligence.?We have received by special express from Saratoga, the in telligence that his Excellency, Martin Van Buren, late President of the United States, acted as Presi dent of a hall given last evening by Mons. De Kor poney, at this fashionable watering place. The committee of management consisted of the Hon Mr. Sliddell and Commodore Barney. Knthuolnatte Meeting of the Whigs at Na tional llatt* - At eight o'clock last evening, a great rally of the whig force took place at National Hall, Canal street. It having been announced that the Hon. E. J. Shields, from Tennessee, would uddresa the meeting, the large apartment in which the assem bly convened was filled almost to suffocation be fore the api>ointed hour. Exactly at the hour ap pointed, the meeting was called to order, and the following officers appointed:? J. N REYNOLDS, Pretidtnt. Vict Prttldtnli. N. Chamberlain, J. Stewart, 8. C. Marsh, E. W. Bainum, E. P. Farmer, E4P. Houghton. Stcrtlariet. C. MeDougal, L.C.Moras. At this moment a rich banner, on which was in ? scribed the portrait of H. Clay, waa displayed amidst unbounded acclamation, which evidently showed that the feelings of the assemblage were highly excited, the band at the same time striking up a national air. The Pkrsident aroBe and sa d :? Fellow citizens?before that which awaits you this evening, in the remarks of our fellow citizen from Ten nessee, it is fitting that I should be allowed to make ? few remark* in reference to our proceedings. This is the first ot u series of meetings which it is proposed to hold here, in conjunction with the cities and counties of New York, who are deeply interested in the best manner to per. form their duties and responsibilities The time is rapidly approaching, when the great contest of 1844 must be de cided by the freemen of this country. Why this excite merit? Why leave your homes to assemble in this room, which, from your numbers, must be inconve nient, |if not unpleasant? It i* this : that in our form of government each man is a part of that govern ment, and on him rests a measure of the responsi bility. Whatever party be belongs to, each man is iden tifledjwith the "interests of his country in piosperity or adversity We may form distinct parts, but the general welfare alike belongs to all. It is right that we should discuss and enquire and ascertain the difference that ex ists between us Mr. R. then went on to reply to some of the arguments of the opposite party in lavorof free trade, and defended the tariff of 1843 as moat advantageous to the country, in a clear and argumentative manner and some length, presenting tomo apposite statistical details to show that its operation would be even more favorable to the agricultural and mechanic interests than that of the manufacturers. At the close of his address, he pronounced on the next speaker, amidst| unbounded and continuous cheering, the name of Hon. E. J. Shields ot Tennessee,who spoke as fol lows:? Fellow citizens?It 'cannot afford me less than the ut most pleasure to be greeted thuj by an assembly of the freemen of this great commercial emporium. Although 1800 miles from my own residence, I am among you perfectly at home?(cheers) and the uppermost thought of my heart, to which I can give utterance among my fellow citizens, is prompted by the feeling that "this is my own, my native land?(applause) I am happy, my countrymen, to be able to announce to yon, that that great cause in which you are engaged is borne upward and onward in the State from whence I came?(loud cheering.) The fire which was lighted In 1340, is blazing brightly in Tennessee, and in every State through which I passed on my way to this great city. Every breeze that come* from the West and frTn the South, brings you the cheering intelligence that an other battle is iought and won?(applause.) Scarcely had the news (of a victory from Louisiana, which was the first conflict of the present year, reached you Ull it was echoed hack from tne good old Northern State?nor did it die till it resounded fronuthe West, and what was much less expected, victory h is perched high upon our standard in that young giant of the west, Indiana, (great cheering.) With this evidence of the popularity of our doctrine end our cause, is thero a heart in this assembly inclined to despond or hesitate in this great cause? But ought not all this to lie expected ? What else should we look for ? What is the condition of the great whig party of till* country ? Four short years only have elapsed since the great issue was submitted to the American peo ple, after the most solemn, lengthened "discussion ana de * zeal of the opposite parties, and a decision pro by the American people, which for its impor tance and majority was unparalleled in the annals of po litical warfare. And lellow countrymen, do they now dare to call upon you, to do what? To renounce the solemn verdict you then gave, and to embrace the plans and endorse the principles you then branded as ruinous to your country. WhHt great "doctrine, let me ask, em braced in the creed of 1940, are you prepared to renounce et the present day ? Is it a better system of currency ? A system fitted for all the purposes of commerce by means of a National Bank, an institution which rendered such signal service to the nation at the close of the late war, and thirty years brings to your commerce, pros perity at home |and abroad?over the length and breadth of this land. Are you prepared to renounce this measure, and say you are ready to go now for those that oppose it? I can answer for the State I here represent. I claim for It the utmost devotion to the great whig cause, and the most undying love for the perpetuation ot the Union of these States. (Cheers.) 1 can answer for Tennessee, as it re spects this old whig measure. We have battled our com mon enemy, campaign after campaign, till there is not one of our foes who dare to stand before any intelligent audience and oppose a National Bank and sound currency system. (Loud applause.) They wish to shun discus sion on the subject; and it is now very amusing to ob serve that this, one of the leading and peculiar doctrines embraced by the whig party, is either passed over or ad mitted by our opponents. Why should euy whig be op posed to a sound currency, which will everywhere, above all in the west, restore a soand system of commerce.? In this part of the country you do not suffer to the same extent as we do by the derangements of the currency, which is the life blood of the land; for it has been well said,that as the blood is to the human system, so is the cir culating medium to tho body politic, for all the purposes and uses of society (applause). We havo long since clo ven down that heresy that it was a federal measure, or firat*propogated]t>v the old federal party. We have shown that the fatner* of our Constitution, and their successors of 18-18, have approved of this measure and all its ramifi cations till the present period; that it was declared a ques tion of constitutionality by that class, with Chief Justice Marshall at its head, and was approved by the father of

hi* country, and that great expounder of jurisprudence, Madison (applause.) The time has passed away to de ceive the people by the former delusive arguments on this all important subject. What other subject will you heve stricken of! the list of doctrine contained in your party creed 7 Is it distribution 7 I pre sume there is no friend of his country, if unbiassed by party prejudices, who would wish to see that a* the only source of a revenue; lor so long as a revenue is de Jiendant upon such a source, it must be unsteady, vacll ating and uncertain. Duties mnst be made the source of revenue, and so long as the taritrof duties is regulated by tho proceeds of the sales of those lands, it mnst be uncer tsin, unstable, and fluctuating as those proceeds are them selves; it is therefore a vital measure in our political creed, to look not at the proceeds n( those public lands for a revenue, but to-look to a tariff for the atcessavy fx penses of government (Cheers.) Intimately connected with this chain of doctrine, is the tariff question, which is now'before the face of the American people; and I own I am astoni hed when I tell you that in Tennesseewr have silenced them on this, scare crow,the raw head and bloody bones of our opponent.*. (Cheers ) No, they never dare mention it there; they have discarded the discussion of it. We have taken ali their fastnesses and strong holds one sfter another; snd on this subject they are most tender-footeo in Tennessee. We have no alter native from taxation but the tariff, and we know it is ne cessary in many other senses. Previous to the tariff of 1843. it was duly agitated and made the test of the election ol 18 W in that part of the country, it brcame, therefore, a matter of importance that it should be rii?<-'iMed; it was so; and although Tennessee is comparatively n new State, in no other was that great question battled for with more zeal, it not ability. (Great cheering) When the tariff measure passed in Congress in 1813, what was it that our opponents predicted ? They predicted at first that it would not nriag a sufficient sum of rrcucy into the cof fers of government. " Yon have patted a prohibitory ta riff," was the cry, " and yon a 1)1 not obtain fund* enough for the ordinary, purposes of the government." A few short months convinced them of their fallacy, and the re sult i? a standing witness that tl.'-v are not prophets, iter capahle of foreseeing the tendency of political event*. In a short time your coffers wero full. The debt ac cumulated under the Van Burrn administration is fs*t waning under the benign influence of the ta riff of 1843. What else has resulted from it 7 Our oppo nents said that the whole ot the commodities used through out the country would be raised in price by it; but they ore immensely mortified to'see that it has not produced that effect. It appears that it has increased the home supply, hut not the price It has merely kept prices steady and firm, and low as |th?y were before, while the home manufacturers march forward, and are enabled to mature their plans for future and more extended opera tions, so as to be able to give the country all the necessa ries and comforts, and conveniences of native fabric at the rnme low price of 1843 (loud cheers.) Anotherexcel lent effect it lias in the South and West. For all remem ber, and so do I, that in 1KI8 >37 and "39, our opponents, who wielded then the destinies of our country, boasted at Washington that their system would increase the quan tity of specie that there would lie showers of gold every wnere, and that a full stream ofitwould flow up the Missis sippi, and enrich the borders of that mighty river. Many of us looked for this golden age, but then disappointment was like that ol the hoy who was told to watch the rain bow, and at its extremity he would get a golden spoon. Our cotton hales go now to England, and instead of bring ing hack to us cotton stnffi, our ships now bring hack the real yellow boya themselves. (Laughter) Tbey had not ingenuity to effect thia. They hod the power hut not the eltill As many as travel west hy the Missis sippi must be stiuck w th the fac , that never on any pre vioua time have the precious metals been so abundant as now, and that ia to be attributed to the present tariff These results you will snot renounce for the ignis fat nut of free trade But what kind ol lree trade is it for you ? Is it that universal free trade that your forefathers fought for in 1813 ? They fought for sailors' rights and free trade, in the true acceptation ol tho term. It Is not for this our opponents would contend, for if it was, Harry of the West would be standing up as its ablest champion, (great applause.) the silver tones of whoso voice in 1913, fired the bosom of this land to redress the wrongs of his coun try, end assert its right to send its ships frse and unfettered all over the world, despite tho influence and domination of the press-gang, (applause) But what sort of a free trade a:e y ou asked to advocata ? One which, if I may use the phrase, is a reciprocity all on one side: which would allow the British to send you nil the articles of commerce free of duty, whilst their duties on our com modifies nt tho prrsent moment amounts almost to a pro hibition. This is lree trade with a vengeance. They have been shrewdly to.'d that they oie in the wrong country to advocate such a system : they ought (o go to England to n.ike such British speeches ; Oiey are very suitable for English ears, but wilt never do for an American audience. (Applause.) Sllll there is n sort of charm in tho words, free trade, and men inspired hy the sound follow this ignii fatuut, without un derstanding its sense. (Loud cheers.)' Mr Shields con tinued at great length to discus* the doctrine* nt issue be tween his party and the opposing one ; took a humnrnu* and caustic rrview ol the history of J. K. Polk, the demo cratic candidate-his standing and popularity in Tennea sea?and administered a severe lashing to that gentleman, i ox his incoutistejuyr. bis pretensions tobflUy successor of Jackson, and vent great lengths in iafMnuig his ca pacitr, public character, and past career. Oar space pre veutf us from giving th* remaining pfgRPDa of this long address, whicJj olicated Much appUUflU nod unbounded amusement The meeting shortly after its conclusion separated. Klectlon Returns, North Carolina Election 1844. 1P40 Count ti. Whig. Dim. Whig. Dem Before given 39.730J 38,334 43,894 33,983 Cartarat 434 883 434 188 Ashe 64 ? 378 460 Macon 389 384 433 188 Cherokee 117 ? 414 113 40,734 38,940 44 803 33,993 36 940 33,993 Whig meJorKy... 0,784 11,011 ? 3,784 Dem. gain in four years 7,337 Indiana Emotion. 1844. 1840. Countiee. Whig. Dem. Whig. Dem. Before given .11,378 13,034 86,601 36,983 Clay 139 398 497 Crawford 160 ? 433 381 Keren torn........ ? 460 938 1,166 Knox 400 ? 1,077 66-1 Lake and Porter... ? ? as 336 319 Parke 11 ? 1,360 948 Marshall and h ulton , ? 16 395 303 Posy ? 971 706 963 Randolph 33 ? 1,068 533 Spencer vanderburg 60 76 689 638 334 370 Vigo . 1,374 763 1,611 683 Warren 300 ? 737 347 Total 13,436 13 774 43,678 34,136 13,435 34,136 Dem. majority.. 11,643 whig nud 339 Dem gain in four years.. 11,983 So far as heard from the Whigs have elected 53 representatives to the legislature to the DemocrTts 35, showing a Whig gain. Kentucky Eliction. Countiee. Whig. Dem. Whig. 1840. Dem. 1844. Mason 819 1,668 664 Bourbon 631 1,136 396 Fayette 943 1,435 696 Jefferson 1,023 990 733 Louisville 1,613 3,330 996 Shelby 844 1,670 608 Franklin 663 665 434 Oldham 564 465 480 Carroll 418 369 330 Campbell 180 365 466 Keaton 191 618 618 Biacken 713 379 Mercer 333 1,145 964 Pendleton 400 367 390 Total.... 8,633 13,364 7,673 8,333 7,673 Whig M%|.. . .3,387 Dem. gala in four years .3,303 Illinois Election. 1844 1940 Counties. Whig. Dem. Whig. Dem. Cook 953 1,034 1,987 DuPage 339 436 873 Kane 395 810 774 Lake 306 381 267 Will 338 753 1,367 Boone , , ? 100 220 222 Kendall. ...... 76 new county. McHenry ? 846 371 Total 2,196 3,873 6 363 107 8,873 Dem. majority. 1,891 1,391 Dem. gain 698 in four years. Seven members of Congress and a legislature, including half the Senate, are to be elected this month. Missouri Emotion. 1844. 1840. Countiee. Whig. Dem. Whig. Dem. St. Louis, 800 3,613 .1,874 In this State on the Congressional ticket the Democrats have it all their own way, the Whigs not having nominated any candidate. Neither have they any candidate for Governor and Lieut. Governor. They strive for the Legislature only in order to secure an U. S. Senator in the place of Benton, whose tern expires next March. As there is no contest between the Whigs and Democrats for Congress, the latter have split into two factions, and presented the following tieket at the election: Anti-Benton, or " Sofia.' Benton, or " Hardt." For Governor. For Governor. Charles H. Allen. John C. Edwabds. For Lieut. Governor. For Lieut Governor. William B Almond, James Young. For Congren For Cor.grtee. For Congren for Lovgre Leonard H 81ms, Sterling Price, Thomas B^Hudson, D. C. M Parsons, Ratlig Boon, John B Phelps, John Thornton, James B. Bowlin, Augustus Jones, James 11. Relfe. Alabama Election. 1844. 1840. Counties. Whig. Dem. Whig. Dem. Before given 1,043 1,309 3,937 3.446 Dallas" 106 ? 1,044 Perry ? 60 973 835 Russell 38 ? 691 494 Talladega ? 300 669 788 Tuscaloosa 813 841 1,370 938 Total. 1,986 9,300 7,670 1,986 6,090 Dem. majority Dem. gain in four years 1,794 Mystbrious Affair?Probably.?We have re ceived through the Post Office, and by Mr. Wm. P. Henderson, the following letter, which we give as we receive it. It is strange, if this account be true, that we have not before heard of it:? Wheeling, Penn ,Aug. 8,1844. Mr. Jambs Gordon Bennktt, Esq.:? I now write these few words to you, hoping to get some information about a body of a man which was found dead on the road near my house; he wears a red vent of woollen carpeting, blue pants, and new boots; he has on his left arms the words, "A M. Bingham." He looks as it he had been an eugineer; whether he was murdered, or com mitted suicide, nobody knows; his throat was cut from ear to ear. You will please copy, and oblige Your obedient servant, Jambs H. Maxwell. P. S.?We have since heard that he was a tra veller going to Ohio, who has a family in New York, who no doubt will be anxious to know what has become of him, so do not fail ol advertising it. Otto Cottaob, Hoboken?Ellslbr Brothers. ?Great numbers are daily attending this delight ful spot to witness the performances of these unri valled artists; and among the numerous visitors, the ladies form no inconsiderable portion, who ap pear to be highly' delighted. No where can an hour be so agreeably enjoyed as in the pleasant gardens at CapL L. Schwartz, who deserves every credit and encouragement for his pains-taking in providing this elegant exhibition for his visitors. Ethiopian Sbrbnaders?We would recom mend all who wish to see the true negro character delineated in the most interesting and amusing manner possible, to go to Palmo's opera house. These artists may with safety challenge the world to produce their equals. Many who have hereto fore refused to attend these exhibitions, have be come divested of all prejudice, and are much amused at the performances of these gentlemen. The engagement only lasts two nights more. Thb Benevolent Association?Grand Excur iion.?This Society takes a trip to West Point to lay. From the preparations made, there is no loubt but that it will be a splendid affair. iiztjRE of Smuggled Goods ?A valuable set of smuggled goods was mads, a few days since, by lei K. Raring. Esq, the collector of the district of Quae, Michigan. The goods consis" principally ol India shell work, of great value, and dressing and i boxes, baskets, kc. Also French work and music i, plates, kc. Amusements. Niblo's.?This popular resort is nightly thronged to witness the unrivalled performance in the sa loon. This oveningthe operetta of the Spirit of the Rhine, and the grand dissolving views will tie presented. Ethiopian Serenaoers?'h Opera House. ?This has been by far the most amusing and suc cessful enterprize Ihut has as yet attracted the public at tentien. The present week has exhibited the genersl feeling towards a new style of epera, cultivated to a de gree ef professional and arlistical skill, that flowing to us in our own, our ' native" tongue, comes home to our hearts with increased emphasis. This and tomorrow evening will he the conclusion, we regret to say, oi an engagement that we hope mey be renewed. City Intelligence. Police Record.?Aye. 11.?Hone Dance at Vauxhall Omrdmt On Wednesday night, atiout half pad eleven, two young men, r.uined Jamas Duaeiihury and Chaile* Jones, were arreted tor riotous and uii.oi l.irly conduct at Vauxhall Gardens. Dusenbury entered the large gate of the garden on horssback, and rode in a furious manner towards the platform, which waa occupied at the time by a large number of ladiea ai d gentlemen engaged in danc ing cotillions, wlto vanished from the scene ot their amusement at tho entranced theliorae and rider with aa much umaz ment, aurpriau end leer, as if he had been the representative of the Ghost on the Mai hie lloiae oi olden time. Bradford Joncr, the proprietor of the Garden, en deavored to induce thia unwelcome visitor to retire, when he waa informed that unother man, named c'hurlea Jones, bad stationed himself at the entrance of the gate on horse back and was parading backwards and farv. ardl, prevent ing the .ngress and egress of v sitors. He waited upon Jones, who also raftasod to depart Watohmea were than called in, who with the nssistance of OfficerTompklns,suc ceeded in ejecting these men from the premises and land ing them both in the watchliouse. They were airaigned at the Upper Police yesterday and belsl to bail for riotoua and disorderly conduct. ArTBMrTED Buhulaht.?As watchman Daniel Geary was going his rounds on Thursday morning about thiee o'clock, he perceived a man prowling about several un finished houses at the corner of 3.1 avenue and -iMh street. The rogue soon entered one of the houses, and waa fol lowed by the watchman, who arrested him on suspicion ot attempting to steal from tho premises. He was com mitted. Coroner's OfHce.?Sumncjk Investigation.?On Tuesday last, we published the arrest of the well known BUI Heed, keeper of a sailor's boarding bouse at 383 Wa ter street, on charges ot beating his wit's, and also severe ly injuring a woman living in tho same house, named Jane Height, wife of Win. Height The hushAnd of Mrs. Height entered the compleiut ugainst him, and his wife died on Wednesday, as was supposed from the injurici she had Heed. The Coroner held an iuvesti gatioo yesterday, when several witnesses were examined us ta the circumstances attending her deuth It was fully and clearly proved before the jury, that Heed had fillad a tumbler half full of hraudy mixed with a little coffee, and given it to the deceased to drink on Tuesday last?that ho then, being intoxicated himself, ordered her to hit own apartments in the house, and because she did I not move quick enough to suit him, ho pushed her down, kicked and struck her'* several times, she crying murder at each blow. She complained of severe injuries in the spine and limbs im mediately afterwards, and was compelled to go to bed Irom whence sho never rose. A doctor named James G. Thorn, who had been uttending her tor a slight cold was called in, and upon examination of tho body, testified to ! seeing several severe bruises on her body that he thought might have accellerated death, but finally concluded from the fact that her lungs were diseased that that waa the cause of her decease The jury concurred In this very sapient opinion, notwithstanding all tho testimony of brutal usago that the woman had received and rendered the extraordinary verdict that, " Jane Height came to herf death by disease of the lungs." We understand that the affidavits will be sent before the next grand jury for their consideration, and it, therefore, becomes the duty of the magistrate who entertained the complaint of too wife of Reed to hold him in prison, if possible, until he can be Indicted, or else set such on amonnt ot security for his appearance to answer, as will seenro hia attendance. Marine Court. Before Judge Sherman. Auo. H.?Lajorgt re. Hyde ? An action to recover a claim of $100, ior carpenter work exeouted for plaintiff. Decision this forenoon. Dismissal.?Mr. Huff, the very efficient and gentlemanly clerk of this court, has been dismissed from his office as marshal, which he held* under the corporation. The cause of his dismissal is his po itlcs. He retains, how eve r, under the Judges bis cfllce as clerk, in which capa city Mr. Huff givei every aatisfaction, both to the public and the Court. Tho following ia the laconic " notice to quit: ?" Mavor's Owe*, New York, Aug. 13, 1844. Mr. Simon Huff: ? Sib,?I am directed by the Mayor to inform you that the warrant you hold as a Marshall has not been renewed. You will, therefore, after this day, cease to act aa a Mar shal. Yours, respectfully, MUNSON CLARK, Firat Marshal. Common Plena,?In Chambers. Before Judge UlshoeflVr Auo. 14.?Habeas Coaros.?JoAn Schmidth. a Swede, confined for desertion, as seaman on board the Swedish brig "Lieutenant Peterson," was brought up on a writ oi haheas rerpuj, and applied to be discharged, on the ground that the charge of desertion could not be sustained? * Mr. Emmctt appeared for the complainant, the crptain of the vessel, and contended, that the prisoner had not served out his term as per agreement in the shipping arti cles. The court will give its decisiou on Saturday at ton o'clock. V. 8. Commissioner's OfHce. Auo 18.? Tbh witnesses in the case of Captain Driscoll received their expenses in part, and have been discharged They have forwarded to the Department at Washington claims for additional expenses. Court of Chancery. This Court stands adjourned. Court for the Correction of Errors.?Bup palo, Tuesday, August 13.?Present?Senator Fester presiding, and twenty.six other Senators.?Order ed that the Standing Rule ot this Court, which prohibits the calling of more than eight causes in any one day, be suspended during the present term oI the Court. Appeal Cause No. 13.? A. M. Farley and al vs M. Farley aud al. Decree ou default set aside, and argument postponed until afternoon. Error Cass No. 34.?Argued by constat. J. Young vs J Brumwull. Mr E Coox was heard for the plaintiff in error. Mr. J. O. Mnsten was heard for de fendant in error, and Mr. D TiUlnghast in reply. F.rror Case No. 33 ?Argued by consent, p. B. Smith and al vs H. A. White and al. Mr. H. W. Rogers lor plaintiff' in error. After the one appeal cause remaining is disposed of, it is understood that the Court will take up any cause In Error by consent of oounsel during the present week, aud on Monday the Error Calendar will be regularly called. By an order suspending one of the Standing Rules,) the whole Etror Calendar may be called In one day, if no cause should be ready fo: argument <Xb LET COMMON SENSE HAVE WEIGHT.?A costive and dyst-nterio time, with cold, cough and sore throat in.children, in somo cases scailet fever, and with infants summer complaints and rcarlet rash, with swelling and tumors of the neck In these complaints no remedy can be compared to the Brandreth Pills, and it is a solemn duty on the part of pa rents to their children, that they have iecourse to them at onoe; If given at the commencement, there need be no fear as to the result, and at any period of the disease, there is no medicine which will exercise a more health restor ing power. I In costiveness, or the opposite disease, dysentery, the dose should be sufficiently large to remove morbid accu mulations, aud the Pills will have the fuither good effect to restore healty secretions in these important oigans, end remove the iiregular distribution of blood from the head, liver, and other parts; in fact, will equalize the circula tion by the abstraction of the impure humors from the system generally. In affections of the throat and bowels, I CAiinot too strongly recommend the external use ot the Brandreth Liniment; it will materially expedite the cure There is no outward remedy at all to tiu compared to this Lini ment, which has the effect of taking out Inflammation wherever it ia applied. Incases ot Fever and Ague the Brandreth Pills are a nercr-iaJling cure; the first dose should he large, sufficient to have a brisk effect; after wards two Pills night and morning, and drink cold penny royal tea, a cup lull, say two or three times a day. The cure is sure. Remember, the great blessing the Brandreth Pills se cure to the human body ia rose blood. When your blood ia once pure, uothing in the shape of lood wiU hardly come amiss; nothing will sour upon your stomach; you may eat anything in reason; and tne greater variety oi food the better blood is made. Ail who have weak stomachs, who are dyspeptic, or in any way afflicted hi body, should without delay reiert to Brandreth'* Pills? which will indeed strengthen the life principle, and by perseverance with them, entirely renew the whole body; the materials now in it good, will be kept so; those bad, displaced and removed. Good blood cannot make bad bone or bad flesh. And bear in mind, the Brandreth's Pills surely purify the blood. The following case from Col. J. Hughes, of Jackson, Ohio, a member ot the Ohio Legislature, will, no doubt, be read with interest by those similarly afheted. Cure ol violent periodical pain in the head. A thou sand persons can' be referred to in this city, who havs been cured of a similar affliction. Jacxsot C. H. Aug. lit, 18-14. Dr. B. Brandreth ? Sir : ? That the greatest good may be done to the greatest number, I take pleasure in informing you that lor six or seveu years prior to 1840, I suffered "incessantly with a nervous headache. I applied to the most cmineut physi cians In Ohio for reliel, but received none whatever. I being much prejudiced to all patent medicine*, refused to use your pills; finally my headache increased daily; I as a last resort, (.nd even without faith, bought a box of your Vegetable Universal Pills. On going to bed I tock ft pills, next night 3, next 1; skipped two nights and re peated the dose?I found Immediate relief. Two or three times since I have been partially attacked. I again ap plied to your Pills, and all wns forthwith well. I cannot speak toe highly of your pills, for nothing relieved me butthim. May you live long to enjoy the.pleasure it must be to you to know and led that day unto day and night unto night, yeti are relieving the pains and dis eases of the human family. Yours, truly, J. HUGHES. Sold at Dr Brandreth'* Principal Office, 341 Broadway; 374 Bowery, and 241 Hudson at; Mrs Booth, A Market ?t, Brooklyn; James Wilson, Jersey City; and by onr agent in almost every town in the United States, who have a certificate of agency. 00b CONNEL'S MAGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR.? The marvellous cures which have been wrought by this all-heating ointment, and the.almost incredible amount ot suffering which has been relieved by it, arc too well known by the public to admit of any doubt olthe wonder ful properties ot thia article in subduing all pain or suf fering from burns and scalds, and always healing in an incredible short time, and never leaving any scar. If ap plied to broken limbs, they hual without puln or sureties*. It is sure to cuiu eyas that have been sore and iuflimed lor years It extracts large caacers without pain, leaving no cavity or scar. By it old scar* are removed, and con tracted cords are relaxed. It reduce* swelling*, and atops mortification*. It heals every species of wounds, both old lores and new, and humors if every description are cured by it. Hundreds in this city and in all parts of the Union, wherever this salve ia known, now stands ready to testi fy to it* magical and astonishing effect in removing all pain, ami always healing in on incredible short time. Sold only genuine by CO.V1STOCK fcCo., No. 31 Courtlandt st X* CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY CURED.?Ilia foiuc Mixture, prepared by the Colkgo of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, is confidently re oommanaed for all case* of dot ilitt produced l?y secret in tulgence or excess oi any kin.I It is an invaluable rema ly for impotence, sterility, or hai rem less (unless depend ag on mal formation.) Single bottles $1 each ; cases of haliadczsu $?; care ? ally par,hod and sent to all parts ot tho Unlet. Office ot tha College of Medicine and Pharmacy lift. Nassau street. W. S. RICHARDSON, M. D , Agent