SEA YORK HERALD. N?w Y?rk, Omnia)', AufMt 18, 1844. New* front Kui'opa. No tiding* oJ the Acadia by the Long Island line last evening. We may, however, receive news by the regular mail at an early hour tins morning, if not, we shall probably hear ul her sometime to-day by a government express, which is to conic through in eight hours from Boston. Th? rmwrnict Movement?How tan It ??? made more Influential I Amongst the great moral and of the time in which we live, the Tempera" Relormatton?as it has not unworthily been calle ?is one of the most impoitaut and gratifying the intelligent benevolence of our own beloved country, belongs the honor of . r'8'"* mighty movement, and thus, as m ? ;rol political l.betiy, chr sM.u. America has given a., impetus to the grand work of nmral ree dom and man's regeneration, which has been lelt to ihe uttermost ends of the earth We have been no indifferent spectators of the progress ol ih.s work. Whilst we have not failed to expose arid rebuke th? exiravagatices and ultra i.1111 vhich have occasionally marred the beauty ,,, , ., ot ihe iiiov- iiieut, we have uniformly, a,.!i l it- iiiiiost go,id-will, recorded the triumphs nil blessings which have matked its progress A id crr.ttiuly no mteiligent observer of the times, ? ui have tailed to notice the magnitude ol the happy results which have been produced by this Temperance Reformation. Before the sermons of the venerable Dr. Be.chtr aroused the whole christian community to a sense ol the awful ra vages ol intemperance, nnd the duty of uniting in euergetic effort against it, drunkenness was, in deed, among the very chief* si ol the national sins. Dram drinking was universal Amongst all classes intoxicating liquors were used as an oidinary le verage. Wherever yon went, the brandy-bottle was in requisition. At the sideboards of the affluent?at the tables of the farmers-in the scan ty cupboards of poor mechanics?at the bars ol steamboats?in city, town and hamlet, *very* where, at home H?d abroad, you fouud in all dwellings the intoxicating cup. On all occasions of social enjoyment?at weddings and christen ings, and hamst-homes and merry-inakings-the maddening wine cup was commended to the lips of the guests, and young and old drank long and deep. The fruit of this social custom was also seen everywhere, in the wreck of fortune, intel lect, fame, hope, happiness and life. It seemed as il a whole nation had been bound hand and foot, and delivered up to the will of the most potent de stroyer of the souls and bodies ol mankind. Such was the crisis at which Temperance Socie ties were organized. The happy results of that simple but sublime agency were exhibited over the whole land in an incredibly btiei period of time. From thousands of happy homes the wine-eup was banished for ever?multitudes who were fast hast ening to the doom ol the drunkard were restored to themselves and to society?and the practice ol dram-drinking wus branded with a disgrace and infamy whicb never can be obliterated. The ruin ous social habits which had formerly, under the mask of good-fellowship, hurried thousands and tens of thousands to irreparable tuin, are no longer respectable ; and we are now presented with the glorious spectacle ol the great mass of the influen tial, intelligent, and virtuous men of this nation, united in one grand, harmonious and powerful body, for the purpose of preventing the ravages cl intemperance. We believe that in the history ol associated effort, we cannot find any parallel to this case, in numbers, magnitude and moral influ ence. The temperance body has certainly grown up into an immense, wide-spread and powetfuj organization. The " Kechabites"?" Sons of Tern perance"?" United Brothers" and kindred asso ciations, are in numbers and influence immeasur ably superior to any organization, political or otherwise, at present in existence iu the United States. But numerous and intl teniial as is this organiza tion, and much as it has already ?flVcted, thete still remain vast fields lor its moral enterprise yet unvisited, and in many quarters already occupied, unhappily all has not been douw that might reasot - ably have been expectft. What have been some of the causes which have operated against the full success 01 the temperance movement! Foremost am mgsi ihent has been the creation of many asso ciations not under the best ausp'Ces, and not con ducted in tne best spirit. There have be* n too ni-uiy subdivisions of the " cold w.iter army," utid olten mere isolated movements have been marked by ex ravagauces aud improprieties, which have repulsed rather than attracted many good men who would oiheiwise have participated in the good work The relation of " experiences," us they are Called, had occasionally been carried to an impro per extreme, and the violent denunciations too often poured out by temperance orators against the vend rs of ardent spirits and moderate drinkers, has ha?l a vety injurious effect. In the cuuse ol benevolence aud moral reform, great prudence, wisdom, and discretion are always necessary. Prejudices are not best overcome by violence. The cause of temperance itself may be advocated in a very intemperate manner. Just as with pure and undetiled religion itself, genuine and intelligent moraliiy seeks its triumphs by giving offence to no man?by mildness? by argument?by the exercise ol charity and forbearance. There is nothing to be gaiued in this cause by invective?by vitupera tion- by abuse. At all temperance meetings, great good order, great temperance ol manner, great discretion, should be manifested by the orators and officers. Now, how is this movement to be managed in order to insure this decorum, sobriety nnd re spectability at all the meetings! We think that a "Temperance Union" of all the leading and influ ential men connected with the movement should be formed. Let there he a sort ol Executive Com mittee lormed for each of lite large cities, and also for the States, and let the various societies be placed under the general supervision of this body. Let the clergy come forward and take an active part in the formation of this general nianuginn body. We have often been surprised at the indil ference manifested by the clergy ol this city in this great moral movement. It is time lor them to shake off this supineness. Let them, as the au thorised guardians of public morality, come lor ward, ana be no longer unfditblul to their trust in this matter. Why should there not be a publtt meeting at once called in this city lor the purpose of lorming a Board of Directors of the Iemptrance Societies, such as we li ve described ! Il this city ?et the example, it will be generally followed, anc We have not the slightest doubt th.it the adoption of this measure will tie followed by ihe most salu tsry results, and the greatly increased activity huc usefulness of the van us Temperance associations Tint Comjmcus Empire Anti-Oamino Associa tion, is the title of a society about to be lormed ui a meeting in the Tabernacle, at which Jonathan H- Greeuc, the reformed gambler, will address the audience. We wish all success to ih.s great mora movement. Culpable Negligence.?There is a well in De> atr?et, between Broadway nnd Greenwich street which deserves the notice ol Mayor Harper. Tin well ia without a cover; and if one or twochildre. have not already fallen it. it is not the fault of th street inspector. Steam-hip Calkuoma, Captain E. G. Lotf, will the s< mi monthly mail, lelt Boston on Friday lo Halifax aud Liverpool. She carried out -17 passei. gers, and a mail ol ab .m 2i <>?/() letters. Interesting Lecture ?Dr. llollitk's srlec lec tures, to gentlemen only, on physiology, will be given for the last time this week, See advertise m?ut. 1 vulmgencjc Oykicks.?One of the grtdiekt Rui*<ince* in this city in the existence of those es tablishments known by the name of Intelligence Offices We have heard of numeroua casea of simple, honest people, on their fits! arrival, be ing helped away with part of their money, with out getting any value lor it, by the sharpers who keep auch houses. Considering the professions made by thein, of a will and au ability to procure employment for industrious strangers, who seek, ?>ut are unable to obtain it themselves, it is not at all wonderful that they succeed, in many cases, to get a fee for their counsel and information. The mode of proceeding is generally this s the adven turous but simple-minded stranger, looks over some of the small papers, in which he reads the philanthropic and plausible proposals of these agents to procure employment for whoever will pay them a small fee for their trouble, in advance. Knowing little else, ihey know well how to dis semble, assume some concern for the applicant, and tell him, with a smooth address and confident suavity, that the fee of three or four dollars will, with his faithful services, prove an almighty past port to success tn the undertaking. The money it paid; the applicant furnished with a formally fold ed and carefully sealed introduction to J. Jones, or Harry Smith, or some one else, which turns out to be a complete hoax; the bearer has the trouble of parading in search of characters who mostly are imaginary, or it not, they prove to be a confederate of the agent, and of course prepared with some plausible sham story?some dextrous''shove off, which is all the poor applicant for a situation gets for his money. If there be any way of upsetting this rascally system it should be done. We do not know any c ise tn which the Mayor might exercise his au thority to more purpose than in crushing the nefari ous swindling curried on by the propiietors of these Intelligence Offices; and in order that data may be lurnished upon which proceedings can be founded, iet every one who has been cheated or aggrieved by these sharpers, lodge their complaint immedi ately. There are numbers, we are certain, who have reason to complain of being thus robbed of their money; if they want redress, they must seek lor it with energy and despatch, and if after that they do not obtain it, the proper authorities will be responsible. Thk Controversy among thk Jkws.?Thisquar rel, as far as we can understand it, as Sir Lucius O Trigger says, ' |is a very pretty quarrel as it stands." Go on, gentlemen?you not only afford Hmusetnent to yourselves but also to the public. We this day publish a letter from each of the par ties, both putting forth their peculiar views, and various grievances. These squabbles remind us very much of the anecdote ot two unfortunate ma lefactors addre&Mng the multitude previous to their final exit. "Behold !" exclaims the first, "a sad spectacle, and take warning " "Ah!" continued the second, " behold a piar of spectacles, and take warning." And so we aee these gentlemen making a pair of spectacles of themselves, little supposing that they benefit not themselves in thus exposing their weaknesses, which from Father Abraham and the Prophet Moses, down to the destruction cf their temple, and from thence through all ages to the present period, have been one of their peculiar characteristics. The present controversy amongst the Jews in this ciiy resembles a good deal the "Native American" movement as opposed to "foreigner*." Jews to these shores from Poland and the dependencies of R ursia and other nations where tyranny and per secution have crushed and bowed them to the earth, escape from their thraldom, and in penu ry and misery arrive in this land, where, in the full expanse of their emancipated energies, they very properly desire to share to the fullest ex tent the blessings of our free institutions. These institutions, amongst other priviliges, secure to them a voice in the management of the secular affairs of the church to whose support they con- ' tribute. And "Young Israel" is quite justifiable in 1 making a good fight for this. Certainly, the He brews who huve resided here for a longer period, cannot ju?tly claim any prescriptive right to exclu sive priviliges ic the management of their eccle s astical aflairs. We trust, therefore, that "Young I-rael" will go on and carry the matter to the civil tribunals of the land Pickpockets at New Havem.-AI the annual commencement at Yale College, New Haven, on Thursday, several pickpockets were present, who relieved the pockets of Benjamin Strong of this city, of #300. Mr. Strong was on his way to Staf ford Springs, with his family, and was trius left des titute to replenish his means before he could pro ceed. The second operation was on Mr. James Alwater, of New Haven, who was robbed of #50 within tne portals of the sanctuary, while attend ing the commencement exercises, his wallet being taken Iront a deep pocket in his pantaloons in a most ingenious manner. The third instance oc curred with Mr. Julius Maltby, of Northford, who had been attending the --xercises, end was scrupu lously careful of his pocket till he had got out ol the crowd, when on examination he found all safe. He was followed carefully at a short distance by some careless and easy lookinffgentlcmen, finally had a jostle, and a short time after was utterly Mirpriseil to find that his pocket book had evapora ted, he knew not how, but it was gone, with thirty dollars and valuable papers which it contained. I he rogues escaped detection, but are supposed to have returned to this city. Mons. dk Korfonay?Mons. de Korponay has gone to Newport. He took his de parture for that place at 6 o'clock, P.M., yester day, according to an appointment made with a large uumber of highly respectable citizens of that town, who are laudably desirous of seeing and knowing more of the Polka, and the other beauti ful dances taught by this artiste, than can be learn | d by hearsay. There nre good grounds for calcu luting that the reception ofMons. de K. at New port, will not be less warm than at Saratoga. Arrangements have already been made for two ,'rand balls, under his able superintendance, and through the zeal of his admirers there, a large uumber of pupils are waiting for his arrival, to put themselves under his instructions. Moris. Bl.y, that able masier of the violin, and Mr Wells, too well known to require particular mention, accorn pany Mons. de K ; which arrangement enables him to communicate with his pupils in three languages I'rench, Lnglish and German. We have now I but to add, that we cordially wish him a continu ! aiice ol that distinguished patronuge which he met a' ."Saratoga, and ever tince his arrival in this ccun try 'he "Abbey," ox the Rloominqdame Koad 'o those Who have but little lime for enjoyment, his spot must he invaluable Tnere, as good air and as pleasant views as the neighborhood of the cry a fiords, may be enjoyed in about half an hour's tide, together with every attention being paid to ilie wants and wishes ol visitors. Those who are ai all sceptical ol the matter.had better try it, and those who have only an hour or two occasionally to spare, go there by all means?not but that those who wish to spend more time pleasantly, may do so here to the greatest extent. ? RSioxs to Ooniy Island and t/ik Fishing Banes I he favorite steamer Thomas Salmond n ikes two trips to Coney Island to-day and fo trovi. We understand His .Excellency Governot 'Wn w ill serve ,,p i-howder on boih daj s. Phs Rers to the Fishing Banks, wilPobserv* by the rtisernent, that the boat will, nfter this, leave 'lock 0',e ''our .-artier than heretofore, for J purpose of proceeding to the outer banks. d. l[UmeNUui,H?H,KaZ,wh<,JH J" bp ,he ne*1 PrpB' .1. .id will ?l N"hvUlBon vasts. i. ), ana will Jeavr this morning for Kutherfnr.l U* Political Movement*. Governor's Nomination?Tke democrats of the counties of Onoadagua, Columbia, Monroe, Putnaiu, and Ontario, have presented the name of | >^ilas Wright, for Governor, aud from present ap pearances, he will be selected by the Syracuse Convention almost unanimously. The whiga meet in Stale Convention at Syracuse on Wednesday, the 11th of September, to nomi nate Governor, dec. The names of Willis Hall, and Millard Fillmore appear to stand moat promi nent. Political Abolitionism.?Many of the leading Abolitionists have made open declaration, through their prints, of hostility to the election of any slaveholder, including Clay or Polk, and avow eternal support to "Birney," the Liberty candi date There are others, however, who have but recently acted with them, who avow their deter mination to support Henry Clay, and who, there fore, are loudly applauded aud flattered by the Northern whig press. It is very evident from the political vane of the whig party that they are anx iously stiiving to obtain the support of the North ern Abolitionists, and thus induce them to aban don their own candidate, on the plea that Clay is totally opposed to the annexation of Texas to the Union. The truly honest portion of the abolition party have fully exposed this trap, and none more so than Mr- George Brad burn, one of the most prominent, who, in a recent letter to John B Swanton, of Maine, usesthe following argument: The prospect of a U. 8 Bank having become "an ob solete idea,'' I believe there are no other "great qnes tiona," which the abolitionista, about to vote for Mr.Clay, hope to "settle" by hi* election; aaving, of course, that of tha annexation of Texas. And this la. professedly, the "great question, wbioh they hope to settle aud forever put at rest," by voting for that slaveholder. But how Is the elrction of Mr Clay going to settle that question? Has be pledged himself to oppose annexation, under any and all circumstances? Assuredly not. He is pledged to oppose it only under present circumstances: and present circumstances, as every one knows, may alter, and Mr Clay may, nay, he should by the very condition of his pledge II his letter is to he deemed such, change with them. In his letter to Alabama, dated the 1st ol last month, he says, "Personally I could have uo objection to the ad mission of Texas;" and explains his former letter as mere ly meaning thut be would oppose it, if its admission were likely to dissolve the Union. If any considerable number of "chivalrous southerners" were to threaten, as some of them hnve already begun to thrra'en, to dissolve the Virion, if Texas be not annexed, who shall deny that Mr. Clay, to prevent the execution nl'such a threat, would cease to oppose, would even zealoudy advocate, its annex ation; just us, for the same reason, avowedly, ho advoca ted the infamous admission of Missouri, and aubsequent ly "compromised" his favorite tariffprinciples Prominent of annexatii southern wbigs strongly in favor of annexation, have ex pressed their entire satisfaction with theletter ot Mr. Clay, understanding hire ns opposing it only tinder existing circumstances, and believing that these circumstances will be changed Ti e leading Whig paper of Maryland tells lis it considers the chances of annexation would be greater under Mr. Clay, than under Mr. Polk And in perfect consistency with all this, the Whigs of Louisiana, Alabama Icc.. support annexation candidates for Congress, nod forjother influential political places I believe the im portance, ut least the relative importance, of this ques tion of admitting Texas, has been greatly magnified by many al>olitionists. In my judgmint, its admission, bad as it might be, were by no means the worst calamity that could htfall the sntislaveiy cause. I conceive a far worse one would be inflicted on that cause, were its advocates to give, or even seem to give, their suffrages in behall of either of the great pro-slavery patties of the day. Should the abolitionists abandon their candidate for the Presidency, i heir moral-politico power would berdestroyed. Theyrpolled a large number of votes at the election of 18-10, and they should poll at least an equal number at the coming campaign. Saratoga Correspodcncc?No. 5. U. S. Hotel, Saratooa Springs, Aug. 15. The one great absorbing idea oi the American is politics. In that he never unbends. He occasion ally throws the pen from Behind his ear, and dis. misses the counting house from his thoughts. Fa mily cares or domestic troubles are now and then buried in temporary oblivion. The young flock to the dance, and the old to (he julep and the cigar. In winter the theatre effords refuge for some, and others kill an evening at a lecture room. In sum mer the springs and small towns that fringe the cool waters of the Atlantic rejoice in the presence of the citizen?but wherever he may be?whether it be in the counting house or the coffee house? the theatre or the exchange?the concert room or the church?in spring, summer, antumn er win ter?at home or abroad, in sickness or in health? the grim-visuged genius of politics stalks beside him. ThiH ubiquitous spirit pervades every crevice of this great Republic, and fills every corner of the public mind. On rare occasions, when unusual com binations of events bring the public weal into immi nent danger?when grand ameliorations in the na tional institutions are advocated by populkr leaders, and opposed by the hand of power, whi-n long stand ing and rank abuses require the Lud expression of the popular voice for their correction?this state of public excitement is witnessed in other countries. It was seen in Kngland at the memorable epoch o' the reform bill, when every British subject who had a voice, used it so as to be heard within the walls I of St. James' and Westminster, an J in such a I fashion as to make the crown tremble on the head | of the monarch, and corruption cower on the , benches of the Senate. But, the object gained, this | excitement subsided, and the current ol men's ; thoughts and feelings was contracted within itscus ! tornary channel. America presents the anomalous ! spectacle of a chronic political fever, and what is j most remarkable, this habitual morbid action | seems to have no adequate cause. Read the i journals and listen to the orators?look at the ban uers and moltoes, and behold the processions, ! and you would suppose the public safety | was in imminent hazard, that property, liberty | and life, all that men value here below, were at stake. Seek the cause, and to your asto nishment you will discover that it hangs on the event of an election to some office, the very name of which is unintelligible beyond the limits of the States, and strainers witnessing the noise and up roar, and the bitter hostility of the contending parties, arc apt to exclaim? "Strange that such difference should be, Twixt tweedle dum and twcedlc dee." It the American could anywhere relieve himself : from this eternal nightmare under which he is op pressed, it would be here. Here where he com?s once in twelve months lor a week or two, with the avowed purpose of unbending. Yet walk the colonades ol thi.sholel; s tunter through its pretty pleasure grounds; go in the morning to the springs ; take your seat at noon in the shade of the awning promemde in the evening 1 the drawing room and the ball room, and the tym panum of your eur will ache with the monotony ol pulsation produced by the never-ceasing reiteration of the sounds, "Clay" and "Polk," and "Polk" and " Clay." Fly lor relief to the readiug room, | where tulk is prohibited?alus! hapless stranger, I there is no relief for you. The virtues and vices, ; the beauties and deformities of Clay and Polk, and Polk and Clay, fill every journal. You lay down the journals and seek rrfuge among the books scat i tered on another table?your i Aorta are in vain, I your wearied eye falls on the "Life and speeches of j Henry Clay," and the "public services of JamesK. Polk." Despairing of'relief within, you lake your j lmt and cane, and walk out with a determined air, vowing internally to obtain, at least, from the air ot heaven, and the clear blue of the firmament a re l liel from this everlasting worry. But the struggb ' is fruitless The visage o| Mr. Clay eyes yoi I through every pane of whig glass; and the figure of j Mr. Polk is poked at you from every democratic ! casement. Thoroughly worn out when the shade: of night come on, you withdraw to the quiet ot > our chamber, hoping, ut length, to obtain rpst ! from? Tired nature's au??<t restorer. The retina, however, obstinately retains tin' im pression by which it bus been so constantly ix cited during the day, and the tympanum still vi brutes v ith those sounds w ith whir !i it was lor m many hours made to ring. Even the daiknesi nn? silence ol night, therefore, bringsyou no relbl, t< i t le faces of Clay and I'olkfcover the walls of you. t dumber, and glare around your couch, while their names ring almost as uuditily in your ear as if yen were still sitting in your customary chair in Judge M trvin's colonnade. An European Traveller. BUctlon Ketnrna. K.?m7c*y Election Count,f, Whig. Den. Whig. Den |g44, 1840. Fifty-three counties. 30,717 36,u86 .10,148 31 996 **?*??? 107 164 304 ti07 "W?111 ? 813 1 343 634 Harlan 960 ? 436 10 Laurel., 343 1^1 *06 96 I lock car tie 119 03 467 33 Simpson 409 416 463 179 To J J 091 460 703 193 Twigg 613 014 466 467 Sixty-one COUntiM . . 34 647 36,919 43.716 34,088 38,919 9.630 Whig majority 6,639 9 830 6,638 Dem. gain in four years 4,003 This exhibits a great decrease in tbe aggregate Whig vote and almost a corresponding increase in that of their opponents. .Qgg'rgate Whig Vote. Aggregate Dem. Vote. In 1840 43 718 In 1844 38,910 In 1844 84.647 In 1840 34.088 Decrease 9,171 Increase 4,831 Dillerence. 14,003 in lavor of the Democrats. It is as well to mention that in a dozen of the above counties the full vote this year is not given, but this makes no difference in the result, as the Democrats share alike with the Whigs in the slight deficiency, and the full vote will swell the vote of one as well as that of the other. Illinois Election.?The returns Bhow that this State has gone all one way. The democrats seem to be very strong there. Theatricals, Ac. Signor Valentini and Miss Keane are still draw ing good audiences. The Boston Museum closed for the season on Friday evening. Miss O. Kinlock, late of the Park theatre, made her first appearance at the Albany theatre on Fri day evening. Miss C. Cushman had a benefit last evening at the Arch street theatre, Philadelphia. .T. Sefton is playing Jemmy Twitcher at the Bal timore Museum. Herr Alexander, the Great Magician, was robbed on Saturday night of $213 in gold, by a boy who was assisting him in airanging his benches at the Cincinnati theatre. Cibcits.?General Rufus Welch's Circus compa ny are performing at Harrisburg. Prof. John C. Andrews, of the city of Troy, ac companied by Mr. J. W. Andrews and Misses Jane and Harriet Andrews, his accomplished daughters, left that place on Monday morning on a profession al tour. They were to give a Concert at Salem on Tuesday evening, at Whitehall the evening follow ing, and at G.istleton, Rutlad, Middlebury, and Virgennes, as soon after as practical le. They pro pose to be at Burlington on Tuesday of next week. Miss F. Jones has been playing at the Boston Museum for the benefit of the members of the or chestra. The Steyeimatk Family are. giving concerts at Charleston. Miss St. Clair, the fair sybil, continues enchant ing the wonder seekers of Boston. They are now writing verses to her eyes, her cheeks, and " Her ringlet* a* black a* the curteine of night." The principal members of the Boston Museum Company were to give the good people of Salem a touch of their abilities last evening. The Theatre Royal of Kingston, Upper Canada, opened on the 14th insl. under the management of Mr. Rodney, with a very efficient company. A Mrs. G Jones made her first appearance on the occasion, and was well received. Vocalist Dx Begnis.?This unrivalled Italian vocalist has lately been giving concerts at Toronto, Cohurg and K ngston, on his way down to Mon treal. He is assisted by Miss Caroline Durang, a e.intatrice of much piomise, and also by Messrs. Barton and Berg, the former a celebrated flutist. A benefit is proposed at the People's Theatre, Cincinnati, for the stock players. The season has been so disastrous that the managers could not pay salaries, and the poor actors are destitute. Personal Movements. Major J- A. Potter has been appointed by the Topographical Buteau, Resident Engineer and U. S. Agent for the harbor of Grand River, Ohio.? j George Morton has been appointed to superintend the intprov ment of the harbor at Conneaut, and Henry Hubbard, the harbor at Ashtabula. A Naval Court of Inquiry, composed of Com modore Ballard, Captain Gwynn and Capt. Saber, is to convene early in September next, to inquire into certain charges asainst Captain Vulette, com manding the Feusacola Navy Yard. VLieutenant Fremont and party, of the U. S.'Ar my, have reached Louis, from the Bocky Mountains. Mr. Conuolly and three of the com pany, had reached Independence in three months Irom Santa Fe. William Bigler, Esq late Speaker, has been no minated for re-election to the Senate of Pennsyl vania. Wm. Cost Johnson, late M C., w?b nominated for the Maryland Legislature by the WhigConven tton at Frederick on the 4lh. Mr. Van Buren is to have a dinner given to him at Saratoga Lake, next week. Gen. Scott and suite returned to Buffalo on Mon day, without visiting the post at Copper Rock, as whs contemplated. Hon. Luther Severance haa been re-nominated as the federal candidate for Maine District. Rev. Geo. Shepherd, Professor in the Theologi cal Seminary in Bangor, Maine,was chosen Presi dent of Amherst College, last week, in place of Dr. Humphrey, resigned ? Grttnfitld Matt. Gaz. A professorship ol Agriculture at Amherst has been established, and Mr. Alonzo Gray, of Massa chusetts, author of a valuable work on Agricultu ral Chemistry, is appointed to fill the place. The Democratic State Convention of Massachu setts have nominal, d George Bancroft for Go vernor, and H H. Chtlds for Lieut. Governor. Yale College.?At the Commencement, held litis week, the degree of L.L D was conferred on Dr. Choate and Dr. Robinson, of the New York Theological Seminary. The number of the gradu ating class is 103, the largest ever graduated. A large number have entered. Samuel Brace, W L. Lamed nnd Joseph Emerson have been ap pointed tutors. The degree of D. D. had been pre viously conferred upon Professor Robinson. The Phi Beta Society have made the following appoint meats for next year:?Rev. Professor Park, of An dover, Orator; Substilute, Hon. Rufus Choate, ot Boston; Professor Longfellow, of Cambridge. Poet; Substitute, Elizur Wright. New York, August 15, 1844. J. G. Bennett, Esq ? As you seem to be determined to publish as much of the "American Minstrelsy" as possi ble, 1 send you below a Whig song. It was writ ten for a Clay Glee Club ot this city, by a young man named J. L. Thoethen, who has lately made his appearance before the public as author of sundry songs, Arc. A*c. Respectfully, yours, Theodore. CLAY LAUGHING GLEF.. Air ? Mai tint's Isiughing Tn ztlto. Together here we've met, To laugh al that dull net, Who lomlly think they may? ll.i. ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, lis ! Compete with Harry Clay. The L'<c?a think they can?ha, ha! With force elect their man?ha. ha! Dut soon, we trow, they'll And?ha, ha ! Ha, ha. ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha ! How far they are behind. For what have we to do, Old Polk, with auch a* you ? No, no, your only gains? Ha, ha. ha, ba, ha, ha, ha, ha ! Are laughter at your pain*. And thu* alike at all?ha ba ! Who seek our Harry'* fall?ha, ha ! Let e'er our voices ring - ha, !? a ! Ha, ha, ha, h?, ha, ha, ha, ha ! While merrily we aing. New York, August 16, 1844. J as. Gordon Bennett, Esq.? You will oblige a vast number of subscribers by pointing out to the Mayor one nuisance in the rear of a block of houses in Horatio street, between Greenwich and Washington, in the shape ol an enormous pile of city manure, deposited there '?ontinuully by the city carls. The stench is in i ittes insupportable, and many people are sick irom the effluvia, it being in the midst of a rpspeel ble and populous part of the neighborhood A bint to the Mayor from your widely circulated and interesting popi r will cblige, A BtTHSCRtnKR AND WgLL WtSIIFU. The Philadelphia 1 S. Gazelle says that Messrs vV|llimn Stephens and Andrew Hague, of thai city I ive contracted with the authorities of New (ire II :<1h, 10 construct a canul from the Bay of Car iliagena to the River Magdalena, a distance ol eighteen miles. This Canul will open to (he cilj I CartliHgena a vast extent ol the interior country, and will tevive the business of that ancient city. The Buffalo and Niagara Falls railroad is to l>" renewed with a heavy rail. Passengers can then br conveyed- between the two points in an hour. The receipts of the road this season have been one third more than those of the last. A ItanlW coin* to Judgment. " Justitae parte ??tit, nou vitriaie homines veri cendue non offender*-" "Justice consist* in doing men no injury, Decency in giving them no offence " Ma. Bennett I have observed some of your editorial comments appended to a letter signed B , inserted in your publication of the 15th instant, relative to the tri tiing temporary ebullition of feeling, between the members ol the Elm Street Congregation. These gentlemen with a rare exception, conscious oi the absence of anything approaching public interest in their discussions, would never have intruded in a newspaper arena, but suffered in painful silence, un der the obloqey of your stringent remarks upon the exclusion of your reporter, from a desire that every thing which related to religious matters, when in volving no points interfering with public morality, were matters pre-eminently of a private nature, and ought therefore to be confined to the individuals professing the religion, without offendiog the re spect or right of a power?the public press, which * iknowledgrd they ever have deemed and acknowledged as the most valuable engine of human regeneration?and the majority, anticipating that the question might possibly become a subject of judicial investigation, were most desirous oL not being parties to the pub lication of the report prejudicing the opinions taken by the respective parties. But the unhappy fever, termed by some olden writers the " Cacaihtt Scri btndi" under which your correspondent appears ta labor?makes it imperative on one of those, whose motto heads this, to sit awhile, and request your thirty thousand readers to inspect the man and his professions?to observe with what complacency the gentleman with a name, "disdains any prejudice wiih regard to sect or congregation"?but on the instant launches iorth in praise of the congregation "Sheareth Israel," of which he has the honor to be a member, and yet that he does not stop to say, it was the existence of a violent spiiit of exclusion on the part ol ten ancient members ol "Sheareth Israel," which caused the separation of the gentlemen who iounded the Elm Street Church, together with a slight variation of ritual, existing betwixt the Portuguese and Tadeeca Jews?as he in the plenitude oi his erudition, has written, "seeking only to set right the christian community" by "slightly trespassing" on your brilliant columns, with his heavy, dull metal?enumerating a host ol names of men, respectable in themselves, but whose respectability, were not so transcendent as to shield their descendants fiom pity, when their minds are weak, or ceusure, when their acts are tyrannical and intolerant?'tis true they were worthy men?peace to their maneB; but the State produces many Bucb, without anyone enquiring the birth-place of their progenitors. The pride ol de scent in this happy land of equality is yet a fable long may it remain so. Public talent?private worth, are the tests by which Americans try the metal of the man, stamping it sterling or base as the ore or the alloy predominates. Still if a man's forefather spoke the language of the country, and even knew what it was to blush for the incompe tency of a relative, such writting as the following, is sufficient to cause a withering ol the flesh be yond the grave. " There is not a page in the history of New York in which their names have not borne no in considerable part. The forefathers of the writer of this have borne arms in defence of this country, and I would be recreant to the cause of justice, freedom ol opinion and liberty of speech, did not I rescue their names, &c." With this gentleman, in his private capacity, I have nothing to do, and yet, " even he stands un der the shadow of a mighty name." But when he ventures to publish, heenterson afield not quite his own, and boldly thrusted forth?his writings are lood for the wayfarer?barren of fleeh?the bone must necessarily be subjected to a crushing by the hungiy. trill I trust that no farther torture may be inflicted than is essential to teach the unwary youth that, prudence, talent and tact must be ac rired before he is competent for the " Dttiperc in o." As respects the letter signed J-, in to-day's Herald, the signature in cypher is not sufficient to preserve an incognita; but the matter being put forth in so moderate a spirit, would scarcely attract observation, save when by a departure trom the strict line of truth, animadversion must consequent ly follow. "The great question" is not "who shall keep the money." There is no power inhe rent in their bye-laws "for exclusive management ol large yearly revenues." The statute laws of (he State of New York throw their protection over members in this matter, and by a direct provision has rendered "a veil over the pecuniary affairs" of no utility?the points of conlliclion are, whether "the will of the majority shall be binding on the minority"?whether "A resolution carried under all proper forms, and legalized by the statute shall be continued when it becomes distasteful to a sec tion of the congregation." The allegation has been made that this resolution is illegal. Fortified in a just cause, why do not the complaining par ties test it by an appeal to the laws. The trustees, and, with them, the majority, are prepared to do all that can be shown to be just and equitable. Therefore, to nngeneral terms of abuse, "Going the figure," "Family influence," "Suppression of accounts," &c., &c , is vapouring, and that alter a very insignificant style. 1 have the honour to be, sir, Your obedient servant, Erudite, Pobk-chofs. Ttloh and Portuguese Jews. Me. BeNNETT:? Sir:?Your paper contained a communication yesterday signed " B." And you have truly said, on inserting it? " We give thi* letter, partly became it i? lomelhing of a curiosity in itself, and partly became it exhibit* iu a more intelligible way than any mere de*cription could, the excitement and tffeivescence at present going on in the tent ol Israel in thi* city." Now, sir, we tell you that the communication is a tissue of omissions and misrepresentations; and we feel satisfied that the responsible and respectable family of the H?k's, and N ? h's, as well as the family of the venerable Joshua Lopez, the latter of the synagogue oi Newport, must feel peifectly in dignant at being brougm in the paper mixed with some of the names and misrepresentations con tained in the above communication. Therefore, we call upon "B." whoever he is, and who would -ppear, fiom his beautiful writing, not only an anti quarian in the geneology, merits, and churacier of a congregation founded previous to 1694, but one who, from his be boasting of mixing in two revolu tions, ought to have blood in his veins partaking of sentiments mixed with our honorable conflicts and ancient chivalry, and consequently abhorrent of falsehood and misrepresentations ; we will call upon him to apologize to the community generally, and to the Hebrews of the United States in partic ular, for the authorship ol such a paper. This is not the first time that invidious distinc tions have foolishly been attempted by such per sons as " B," respectii g German and Portuguese Hebrews About a year ago, such a writer in your paper called upon the public to notice that there was a great distinction between the respectability of the Elm street and Crosby street synagogues, quite unfavorable to the former, which our people permitted to pass unnoticed, owing to its absurdity. But asintnis instance names are produced, and "names are things," the subject at this time calls pointedly for a passing notice. We therefore ad vise that "B," of the Crosby street synagogue (and that the abettors of "B." may have no occasion to complain,) give him and them this publice notice: That it within three days, at farthest by Monday, an apology is not made, and the misstatements ac knowledged as to the omissions and misrepresenta tions, he will find us in our household like the man and wife quarrelling, allowiug no one to interfere but at their peril, as it generally forces a union of individuals Hgainet a "common enemy." And se condly, we tell him, and not by way of menace, hat il lie be a dtfaulter as to the expected apology, we will then commence our delence as Touch Hebrews, and by comparison of Bome of our indi vidual characters with some ol iheirB since we Teiches have been among this country of Natives. The public whom he has addressed will then judge trulv. We will apply not only lo the records of ? fie civil courtB of jurisprudence, but also to that of the criminal courts ol justice in this city. We will apply to those better acquainted with colonial his tory, as well as revolutionary annuls, ihuu what can be expected of our citizens of the present day, and see wnat proportion of what are termed Teich and Portuguese have been noted therein, and what of names committed and names omitted, in the modest paper of signature "B." As the mind of Mr. "B" was so tilled with his detracting noiices that when any other names Honorable lo either congregation struck his mind, he had not time to mark it down, but lie could tell you of the battles fought in two revolutions. Elm Street. Great Fire at Toronto.?We learn from Mr. Smead, of the Canada Exj>ress, who left Toronto at bait past three o'clock \ esterday afternoon, that a most destructive fire wat raging It broke out In Metcall & Cheney'? iron foundry on Lot street, which vai consumed with three dwelling*. Fiom thence it c, mmumcaitd with a large brick block of dwelling* in Vuuug street which was in flume* when Mr. H. It-It. The wind whs strong from the Kant, and the fire had caught a number ol ?ime* on tho west side of Voting street, hut by great exur tion* of the citizens, was got tinder. Serious apprehen lions, however, were felt that it would get the mastery; if so, the destruction ol property w ould ha-e been in. nense.? Buffalo Jtitc., Slug. Hi Black Code?Arson.?Alfred, slave of Mr L<> . piths, was |?ut upon his (rial at New Orleans, Otb mat., helms a Jury of fre. holders, six in number, agrte .lily to the provisions ol the hlark code, for setting tire ti .lie premises of hi* master in Iloyul st. lie whs luuiit guilty, and sentenced lo lie imprisoned lorlile, and place, it the disposition of the Governor of the State The usuti compensation will lie allowed Mr. Loreilhe for the loss ol the slave's services. Q&" A CulomzdtioT meeting in Richmond, Va., have resolved to raise f 1000 of thei$90,000 needed to pnr . base certain.territory contiguous.to Liberia Hcutlu of the " ttnw Ball" tfyatem. Mi Uuuiin Will yog please give a place to the following ic nidrks in your valuable journal, of one who has long watched thy course of juatice and the way it ta adunniateied in our city. it is but a lew mouths ago, since 1 saw an ac count ol the arrest of two notorious thievea. These men, sir, were prowling about and committing robbery and depreciation in some of our most re spectable hotels, and their manner of doing so whs certainly new to our eiiizen*, if not to our police. Entering their nuines as lodgers on the register ot the house, which they had previously marked out for their operations, and in the dead nour of night, when we are all bushed in the Bleep of peace and t security, these men would prowl from room to room, robbing every inmate in their way; locks are no bar to them, for their instruments, made of the finest steel a <d finish, can tnrn any key in its lock no matter how difficult. Well sir, they were at last arrested, and some of their ill gotten booty tound in their possession, but what was the conse quence of their arrest?where was the punishment which should be awarded to such men I Why sir, you will find out by looking over the files of your paper to the twenty-second of last October, You see fully exemplified the beauties of the celebrated Straw Bail system. You will see that these fellows were let loose to plunder at will with the same impunity as before. Thus the matter rested until last week, when through the praise worthy efforts of two of our moBt efficient police officers, one ol these characters was again arrested on the former charges, and indeed it was expected that through the regular course of justice this plunderer would meet with his de serts. But what a mistaken idea, for I find the same means which liberated him before has been brought in force, and he is again at large. Now, sir, I wish to ask you a plain simple question, fori am but a very plain person myself; I undeistand nothing of law or its intricate quibbling*?why is this 1 Why is it that an officer who presides over one of our most responsible courts of law and jus ticej'should dare, upon his own responsibility, or upon the meio assertion of a worthless creature who, as I am imformed, earns his daily livelihood by deceit and falsehood?would. I say, dare to liberate upon the commuuity without the injured and complaining parties being present. But 1 find I am trespassing too far on your va luable time, and the subject demands a more able Cen than mine, bo I will conclude for the present y asking the proper authorities, will this robber Fisher be ever brought to trial. 1 doubt it. Js B. K. ] Gunpowder?Texas?Fine C Ha nee for Use Vo lunteers. To James Gordon Bennett:? "5 lu one ot the city papers of Thursday I find the following inquiry?" Upon what condition will the President ol Texas receive 50<j0 armed emigrants, and i( called into the service of the country, what would be their pay," Jcc., and as a citizen of that interesting Republic, and familiar with its laws, I proceed to answer it. Each emigrant, on arriving in the country, can apply to the Board of Land Commissioners for each county, and by taking an oath to support the Con etituiion and laws of the Republic, will receive, if a married muu or head of a family, a head right or certificate for 640 acres ol land, and if a single man, a head right or certificate lor 320 acres. These certificates, the holders are permitted to locate on any portion of the public domain they may wish, and by forward tng the field notea or boundaries ot the same, with the certificate of the county surveyor, to the General Land Office, they will get a patent from the Government for the laud so located, which for ever secures it to them. In case they should be called into active service, they will be supplied with such provisions as the country abounds in, which is of the finest quality ol beef, and corn bread. As to the pay, we never ask for it, knowing that our government is too poor to give us any thing, but we battle lor the same liberty our ances tors bled and died for, in their struggle with Great Britain, and like them, trust to the honor of the government to compensate us or our children, when it shall have recovered from the revolution, and have means sufficient for the purpose. No government was ever so generous towards her sol diers as ours, when it was in a situation to show its generosity. When the army was disbanded, each soldier received his pay in the treasury notes, which were then current at 80 cents on the dollur, and also donations of land, according to the amount of service performed, independent of their head- 1 rights, whilst the heirs of such as fell in battle, re ceived 610 acres more than trie survivors. Upon General Houston's elevation to tke Presi dency, the second time, he found that his predeces sor, with an extravagance unheard ol, had issued such large sums of Treasury notes for the Santa Fe, and such other expeditions, that they were not worth ten cents in the market, and that with such a currency the Government could not exist; and in his first message to Congress, if commended that no further istues should be made, and that those outstanding should not be receivable for customs. In their action on that matter, they authorised the funding of the liabilities, at an interest ol 10 per cent, and ihe receiving ol them at the land offices tor public lands at $2 per acre, and avowing their determination not to repudiate the debt. Au issue of Exchequer Bills for defraying the expenses of the Government was made, and under the retrench ing system, 9140,000 now defrays it, when it re quired before trom one to three millions. The United States have no commercial treaty with the Republic of Texas. Tne Senate, two years since, having rejected the one framed by our then Charge de Affaires, and Daniel Webster, then Secretary of State, the consequence of which was to throw all of our cotton out of the New York and New Orleans markets into those ot Eu rope; and you may now Bee her vessels at Galves on, loading lor England, France and the German States, for every one for any of the American porta. In regard to the aspect ot affairs with Mexico, an attempt may be made this fall, to send in an army, and to my mind it is clear that England is conniving at it, and when in the midst of another struggle, a m diator in the person of the British Minister will present lumseli with the offer made before, that it we will open our ports to a 5 per cent duty on their importations, and renounce all idea of annexation to the United States, they wili pro cure u recognition of our independence; and we all know that England can dnve Mexico into the measure easily, owing to the large debt she holds over her. if the Texian government should accede to this proposition, it would be with the greatest reluctance, and nothing but the hope ol peace would induce it to entertain it lor a moment, knowing that it would he prejudicial to the best interests of the United States, for whom they have the same feelings as though thry were still citizens. The injury resulting to the United States Government is incalculable, when we follow the subject through all its channels; and it may come, as the people of Texas would be justified in such a course by the liberal of all parties, as she would do so in obedience to the first law ot nature?self pre servation. If you think the inquiry answered, and you choose to transfer this to the columns ot your widely circulated paner. you will oblige a subscriber, and one who prides lnmself A Texian. Corrupt Postmaster.? A Postmaster in Lapeer county, Michigan, baa been arrested and held to bail in $90tM) for purloining certificate* of deposit from the mail under hi* chaige. Wo learn from the Detroit Advertiier, the loasea have frequently occurred .n the last 18 months, and yet the guilty party escaped detection, though seve- ' ral special agents have visited the rout in pursuit ot the elen ler. Trouble among the Anti-IIbnters?Shrrifp Battkhman.?We are assured from undoubted uu thority, that this gentleman was n?i shut up in ashed hy auti renters, as was currently repotted jesteiday, and that the following are briefly the particulars ol the case : That ho voluntarily drove his team into a wagon house, and remained theie with hia horse during the night?that probably, by reason of the whooping and noise made by (he persons present, the landloid did not hear hia call lor admittance?that an attempt was made during the night to enter the wagon-house, but the Sheriff, being on the alert, cautioned the person* not to peraist in coming in itial alter breakfasting, he went on hia btisinras south west several miles?that upon hi* return, his horse wef ?hut near thrgnlph, about 14 milea|f'om the city?that b* pursued the men who flred, but cobld not overtake them ?that the persons who flrcd were disguised by having their lace* painted black; and that he took two prisoners, one the driver of the team who brought the disguised men from lit i Isville. The Sheriff, we learn, returned to the city last evening ?Jllhany JIHr . Jlugutt 1ft. Naval.?Port Praya, Island op Sr. Jaoo, Mat 17, 1844?The following is a list of officers nt- j cached to the U. S frigate Macedonian, bearing the broad pennon of Commodore M. C. Perry :?Captain, Isaac Mayo; 1st lieutenant, Charles H. roor: 94, D W Hunter; 3d, John J. Almy: 4th, William B Whiting; fttb, J Mc Cormick; 6th, (acting) M. C. Perry, Jr.; flag, 8. K Haz ard; surgeon, E. L?Du Barry; lieutenant commanding mannes, J. C. Rich; acting matter, J. 8. Ktnnatd; com modore'* aecretary, William P. Rodgeri; prole.iur of mathematics, Muitin Roche; passed midshipmen, Wm. (I. Thompson, Geoige H. Cooper, Andrew Brysoii; as sistant surgeons. K J. Rutter, Joshua Huntington; mid shipmen, Peter Wager, R A Marr, John P. Hall, ArcBt. Iisid Waring, Theodrric Ceo, Wingate Pillshiiry, Adrian Desloud, Joseph A. Seawall: captain's cletk, William C. Puck; commodore's clerk, William Perry; gunnei, John Cldpliam; boatswain, Joshua Bryant; carpenter, Amos Chick; sailtnaker, Wm. II. lirayton; mastet's mate, Jo <eph Dumel. Appointments.?W> learn that the following gentle men have been appointed Commissioners to purchase ? situ for a Navy Yard at Memphia, Tennessee : Capt. Lawrence Rousseau. Com andtr H A Adams. 1.1. Stephen Johnston. 'I hey have left Washington to attend <o the duties assigned them. The following named sen iemen compose a Board of Officer* to examine the N?vy Yard and bottom of (he harbor of Pensacol*. for the pur pose of ascertaining whether a Dry Dock can be cur., "traded there Commodore L. Kearney, Captain T. V? . Wyman, Andrew Talcott, Esq . F.nginaar ; Wm. P. d. -tauber, Esq., do. They proceed to Pensecole (for that put pose, ..