Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 20, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Val.X^?*.li31.WlwU If*. 3831. NEW YORK TUESDAY MORMTNH ATTOTTST 20. 1844. Price Two Cents* Special Post Office Express ARRIVAL OF THE ACADIA. ?alf a Month Later FBOM BPBOPE. STATE of the COTTON MARKET. FRANCE AND MOROCCO. Arrival of the Overland Mail. AFFAIRS IN RUSSIA. THE FRENCH IN TAHITA. RIOT A MURDER IN CHINA. ATTEMPT TO ASSASSINATE THE K1*?S OF PRUSSIA AMD GREECE. Attempted Revolution in Spain, Markets, &o. Ac. The Acadia arrived at Boston on Sunday, at half-past 2 o'clock, P. M. The news was brought from Boston by E. T. Bridge, Esq. Special Post Office Agent, by express, over the Norwich and Long Island Railroads. This special express left Boston at 6 o'clock Sunday eve ning, and reached this city at ty yesterday morning It was detained one hour at Worcester by being thrown off the track, and two hours at Greenport. The actual running time of this express was eight hours-distance 238 miles! And the average speed over the rail roads, two hundred and six iniles in length, tout forty-one miles an hour, beirg the greatest speed for any distance, ever attained over any rail-road in the world. All the mails and passengers were brought on by this conveyance, and we cannot thank Mr. Bridge and Nathaniel Greene, Esq , Post Master of Boe ton, too much for their kindness and attention Our advices from London and Liverpool are to the Sth inst.?Sunday. The Great Western atrived out on the 3d inst. The Britannia arrived out on Sunday the 27th ult. The Acadia when a short time out from Liver* pool, met with a slight accident which detained her nine hours to repair. The Acadia passed the Caledonia on the 17th inst., half way on her passage to Halifax. She left Boston on the 16th. The Acadia is now under the command of Capt. Win. Harrison, formerly first officer of the steamer Britannia, in which station he proved so efficient that the Company have selected him for the pre* sent important trust. The passengers by the Acadia were so much pleased with Captain Harrison, that they intend to present him with a splendid service of plate. Ex-Governor Davis of Massachusetts came pas senger in the Acadia. The Euglish papers are filled with accouuts of the Philadelphia and Mormon riots. No material change in cotton. The demand on the 2d instant was steadier. Nothing new about O'Conneli. The aecouchnrient of the Queen had not taken place. The Parliamentary proceedings for the last fort night have been entirely unimportant. The Overland Mail brought no news of impor tance. An attempt had been made to assassinate the king o/ Greece. The disturbances among the operatives in the factories at Prague have ceased, and quiet is re stored. The Paris Journal des Debate contains a long article, explaining the differences existing between Spain and Morocco, and between France and the same power, and giving a brief history of events, in order to induce the people to assent to the jus* tice of the measure about being adopted by the go vernment. La Presse, in its correspondence from Toulon, says that Abd-el-Kader had received from the son of the Emperor of Morocco a supply of 6000 Eng lish muskets, with instiuctions for Artillery ser vice, printed in Arabic and English. From this, of course, the Paris journals argue that the British government is giving assistance to the enemies of France. The Lyons papers say that several persons have been arrested, charged with a Fieschi plot against the authorities of that place. Several grenadts were found in their possession, with which, it is said, they intended by a single discharge to destroy the general in command, the mayor, and the pre fect, when coming out of the church of St. John, after the solemn mass of the 1st of May. Accounts from Bologna stote that a " third sen tence has been pronounced by the court-martial upon more of the persons compromised by the po liticai events of this province n 1843." IjThe Zurich Qaxette of the 19th ult., announces, that the disturbances which commenced at Schafl hausen on the 15th ult., in consequence of the as serted arrival of M. Hurler, who became a convert to Catholicity at Rome, were renewed on the 16th. Letters from Constantinople state, that the inun dation which recently occurred at Adana, was even more destructive than at first represented. More than 1200 lives were lost, and the property destroyed is valued at ten millions of piastres. A letter from Lubrc states that despatches are hereafter to be exchanged between the courts of London and St. Petersburg!} once a week, instead of once a fortnight, as heretofore. Some of the Liverpool people are in ecstacies with American ice, a cargo of which recently arri ved there from Boston. We are glad to find that our English friends begin to acknowledge that one good thing at least can come out of America. The dragoons who were committed for trial by the Exeter magistrates, on a charge of turbulence and riot, and of assaulting the police officers in the execution of their duty, have all been acquitted. The trials for incendiarism in Suffolk, commen ced at Ipswich, on the Wth ult. Ann Manning was found guilty of setting fire to a cottage in which she lived. A coal mine at the Beaufort Iron Worksat Aber gavenny, recently ignited, and is now on fire to the extent of three miles Many serious accidents have already been the consequence. An iron steamer, built at Paris, intended to na vigate the Weser, passed through Namur a few days ago. On account of its excetsive length it was necessary to pass it through the sluices on the Sambre in two pieces, which were joined together at Namur. There has been a very large importation of new potatoes this season from Holland, one salesman alone in Spitalfields Market having received as many as 2103 baskets during the past month. ,.11 ?? reported that Government intends to fortify the whole extent of the channel coast of England i.nlarmiiifly ili. 11 " ""?templated 10 erect > monument in (Has. Thomas Campbell, author of the *pfi? English Opinion op American Riots ?The I scenes which have taken place in Pennsylvania and Illinois would have disgraced a nation ot sava ges. We question whether even amongst the aboriginal natives of thecoutinent of Ametica, dis tinguished as they have been for wild and pitiless ferocity, and utter disregard of human suffering, any record can be found of deeds more sanguinary than ihe riots at Philadelphia, or the massacre of the Mormon leader and nis brother, in the prison at Carthage. For the particulars ot these events, so shocking to humanity, so disgraceful to Amer ica, and so discouraging to the friends of democra tic institutions, we must refer to our compendium. ? I iverpoot Mercury, Aug. 2. The Quern's Accouchment.?The Queen has been domesticated at Windsor Castle of late, ta king daily rides in her pony phaeton with Prince Albert, and walking in the pleasure grounds of the castle when the weather permitted. The Duchess of K-nt has been most assiduous in her attendance on the Queen, and has dined at the castle almost daily. The apartments selected for the accouch ment of her Majesty at Windsor Castle are in the Augusta Tower, situated between the Victoria Tower (in which are the suite ot rooms appropria ted lor the nursery of the infant royal family) and the York Tower, and commands a beautiful pros pect to the southward, extending over the Long Walk, Windsor Forest, uud the Great Park, and bounded by the richly wooded scenery of the Sur rey hills. This apartment, also, is in every respect admirably siiuatsd and adapted for the purpose for which it has been selected. Dr. Locuck, Dr. Ferguson, Sir James Clarke, and Mrs. Lilly, are all lodged in the Castle and its precincts. Her Majesty the Queen Dowager, arrived at Woolwien, in the Black Eagle, steamer, from the continent, on Thursday, July 23. The Duchess of Kent has returned to England from the Continent. The Duke of Devonshire had arrived at Lismore Castle, county Waterford, after an absence of se veral years. The object of the visit is to make a considerable reduction in his Giace'srents. We understand that Sir William Drummond Stewart, who recently returned from a second ex cursion to the Rocky Mountains, is expected to ar rive immediately at Murthly Castle. Arrival or General and Lady Sale.?General dale, the hero of Jetlalabad, and his heroic lady, with theit widowed daughter, Mrs. Sturt, and child, arrived at Lyme Regis, on the 22d ult. They left lor London, on Tuesday morning, amid the cheers ol a great number of persons who assem bled to wituess their departue. Thb Kino or Saxony.?His Majesty has visited Oban, Stafla, lona, Inverness, Dunkeld, and on Tuesday was to be at Taymoutn Castle. His tour has been accomplished in the most unostentatious manner, although the most marked attentions have been paid to the Saxon monarch, who seems to have left a good impression of the simplicity of his manners and tastes.?Scottith Guardian. Tiie Kino or France's Visit to England.?A Toulon letter states that the vessels which are to pruceed to Cherbourg, in order to escort the King to England, will be the Ocean, commanded by Admiral Paraeval, and the Inflexible, by Captain Graeb. A grand review of the whole of the house hold troops,including several cavalry regiments and regiments of the line, is contemplated to take place in Windsor Great Park, before the King of the French, in the early part ol next month Prince Albert, who will take the command of his own regiment, the Scots Fusilier Guards, now in garri son at Windsor, has met it several times, during the. past fortnight, on the exercising ground in Windsor Great Park, where his Royal Highness has been practising, giving the word of command, and putting the regiment through various evolu tions, so as to be pertectly qualified to take the command of this excellently disciplined corps at the review next month. Prince Fredeiic William Louis of Prussia, broth er of ihe King, and heir-apparent to the Prussian throne, is expected on a visit to Queen Victoria in the beginning of August. The result of Dr. Wolfl's mission to Bokhara is staled by the Malta Timet, on ihe authority of a letter Ironi Colonel Shell: Colonel Stoddart and Captain Conolly were publicly executed in June 1842 Dr. Woifl was to set out on his return to Europe at the latier end ot May. It was leared however, that Wolff would fall a victim. One of her Majesty's steam ships on the Mediter ranean stations is to proceed immediately to Alex andria, to embark Lord Ellenborough and convey his lordship thence to Malta and Marseilles. The inflowing pensions on the civil list were granted last year:?Mrs. Bell, widow ol Sir C. Bell, ?100; Miss Anne Drummond, sister of E. Drum inond, Esq , assassinated by M'Naghten, ?200; R. Brown, Esq., botanist, ?200; Lady bale, ?500; and Sir W. 11. Hamilton, ?2"0. The Privilege Committee of the Lords has de cided that Sir Brooke William Brydges, Bart., has established his claim to the vacant barony of Fitz walter. At the annual meeting of ihe Council of the Royal College of Surgeons ot England, Sir Benja min Collins Brodie, Bart., was elected president, and Samuel Cooper and William Lawrence, Eeqrs , were elected vice presidents for the year ensuing. The Timet anuounces that by a treaty just con cluded with Hanover, a moderate and uniform ta riff has been substituted foi the arbitrary and op pressive Staadt dues. It is stated that the Austrian government is about to reduce the duty on cotton twist a penny a pound. The Economist calculates the total extra cost ol corn and sugar from the 1st of January to Saturday Isst, in consequence ol the monopolies, at ?10, 654,800. The value of exports to the British West Indies in 1843, was ?2,862,441; to the United States, ?5,013,504; the East indies and Csvlon, ?6,404,549; the Mauritus, ?258,014; China, ?1,456.180; British Korth America, ?1,751,211; Cuba, ?624,871: Mex ico and South America, exclusive ot the Brazils, ?3,286,327.?Chut. Wiltntr't Newt Letter, Aug 3 In the southern counties of Europe, the wheat crops have been, for the most part, secured in good order. The trade in wheat, from these causes, is at present dull, with declining prices. There are upon the German railroads 296 locomo tives, of which 196 were manufactured in England, 57 in Germany, 16 in Belgium, and 29 in America. American Hay.?A quantity of about ten tons of fine American hay, brought from the neighborhood of New Yoik, by the Patrick Henry, which ar rived on Tuesday, was offered for sale to-day, on the Waterloo Dock Quay, by John Davies, broker, on the part of the consignees, Chapman, Bowman and Co. The novelty of the sale attracted a good many persons. The entire quantity was divided into ten lots, each lot containing ten trusses. The first bid was 9J. per stone, beyond which there were no offers, and the whole was withdrawn. The reserved bid was Is. This is the first instance of American hay being offered to English consu mers; and so far as this importation is concerned, it does not appear to promise others.?Liverpool Mercury, Aug. 2. Prospects or the Guano Trade.?As guano is likely to com* into general use as an available and profitable manure, an idea may be formed of the quantity ultimately required. There are, lor in stance, in England and Wales, 25,000,000 acres of land under cultivation, and almost 16,000,000 in Ireland and Gotland. Supposing, however, that guano be applied ultimately, to only one-twelfth of this quantity, what a trade would thus be created ! Taking it lor granted that an acre will require about two huudred weight and a half, 600,000 tons anu ally would be required ; while the import of this quantity would employ some 1200 vessels of 500 tons burthen each.?Liverpool Journal Wreck of the Missouri ?A letter from Gibral tar Bay states, that the operations against the wreck of the American steam frigate Missouri are going on well, and that it was expected that she would be afloat in two or three weeks from 21st July.? The work was a most arduous one, operations hav ing to be conducted under a burning sun, with the thermometer at 125, and in the shade varying from 95 to 110. Launch or the Cambria.?On the 1st of August, at 2 o'clock, a handsome learner, tor the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, was launched from the building yard of Robert Steel* 6c Co., of Glasgow. This splendid vessel is 220 feet long, and36 feel broad, ?nd mea sures, according to the Ifcw system, 1,423 tons. She is named the Cambria, and is to be command ed by Capt. Judkins, lormerly of the Hibernia. The model of this large steam snip is very fine, and she is as substantial as she is beautiful. The figure head is a very finished piece ol work. It represents a Welsh girl with a harp in her hand. The vessel is to be fitted up by Mr. Napier. We have no doubt that the Cambria, both as respects speed in her voy ages and comfort in her accommodations, will in crease still more the just celebrity of the builders who were engaged to furnish this excellent line of pack eta, whose punctuality^** been such as to reflect the highest credit on all concerned in their con struction and management. British Parliament ?On Thursday, July 26, the Karl of Aberdeen laid upon the table a copy of the latest instructions sent out to the naval offi cers engaged in the suppression of the slave trade, and entered into various details to show that the trade had diminished ot late. Much, he said, had been done, but England alone could not put it down. From the year 176S down to 1830 the number of persons torn from Africa fluctuated trom ninety to one hundred thoasand; from 1830 to 1836 the number fell to an average of 58,000 ; but in the four following years, from 1835 to 1840, the average rose to 90,000 But, in the three last years, 1841, 1842, and 1843, notwithstanding the reproaches cast upon the present Government for remissness in this matter, the average had fallen to 25,000- Spain and Brazil were the only countries that now benefltjby that trade, for Portugal had shown every disposition to fulfil the treaties. He hid no hesitation in saying that, if Spain and Bra zil faithfully and honestly executed their treaties with tins country, the slave trade would be at an end; and he could assure th? House that no efforts would be spared to enloice those treaties, to which England had as undoubted a right as to the posses sion of a ceded province or town. There was also much encouragement in the fact that the most cordial understanding prevailed between her Ma jesty's squadron oil the coast of Africa, and the fleet of the UuitedStates. France also had lately shown a disposition to co-operate more earnestly than heretofore. The prospects of success were, therefore,much improved. He had always been of opinion that an imperfect watching ol the coasts ot Africa and America was an injudicious enir ployment oi our torce. We knew trom what part the slaves must come and whither they must be canied. (Hear, hear.) On that accouut the forces had been increased at these two parts A suffi cient force would be kept up on the coast of Brazir to secure any slaver that might escape the vigi lance of the cruisers on the coast of Africa. The Earl ot Minfo, Lord Colchester, the Earl of Clarendon, and Lord Brougham, ? xpressed their approval of the proceedings of Government. Extensive Experiments.?The experiment of Capt. Warner, on a vessel called the John O'Gaunt, off Brighton, which he sank by an invisi ble agency, the secret of which he is anxious to sell to the government, has created more than or dinary interest. As a mere "sight," the sudden and unaccoun'able destruction of the ship, in the presence of some forty thousand spectators, wsb at once novel and theatrical. The wood-cut illustra tions of the scene represent the vessel in the differ ent positions of being towed by a steamer to her destruction; then the explosion, and finally the " settling downall of which have a pictorial ef fect sufficiently striking. The Bubject has been al luded to in the House of Commons. The debate relative to Captain Warner's remu neration, elicited from Sir Robert Peel, Sir How ard Douglas, bers, opinions vety of the invention. 1 threw " col J water" on the project. Captain War ner has the alternative of selling the secret of his " invisible shell" and his " long range" to any other power; and having failed, it is said, in coming to an arrangement with the King of Russia, he would be glad, no doubt, to negotiate with Mr Tyler, My. Clay, or whoever may be the next President, for the purchase of his secret, on terms more favorable than he demanded from Sir Robert Peel?namely, ?400,000. Popular Health.?The mean term of life dimin ishes northwards in Great Britain. The highest is in the south-western counties, in the following or der: Sussex 55, Hunts 53, Dorset 56, Devon 56, Cornwall 55; the decrement in the last case is caused by the shorter lives of the miners. The county ot Lancabior a mean of 36, the lowest county, in which I pool rates at 26. Human lile in Devon is on average, therefore, 20 years longer than in Lai r, and 30 longer than in Liverpool. Russian Gold.?I'll Aurora, Russian frigate, at Gravesend, brought on account of the Russian gov ?rnment, bar gold to the amount, it is said, of ?600,000 sterling 'lhe whole ot this gold is the nroduce of the Oural mountains and it is rather finer than the standard. A portion ot it will be ap plied, it is thought, to be manufactured in this country, a project which augurs well for our iron works. The produce of the Oural mountains for lhe present year is estimated at about ?4,000,000 sterling. Iicited from Sir ttooert reel, sir now 9, Sir Charles Napier, and other mem >ns vety unfavorable to the practicability ntion. The Premier, in a long speech, Obituary.?On the 27th ult. at his residence in Manchester, the distinguished philosopher and phi lanthropist, Dr. Dillon,who had been for more tlun half a century an active and invaluable member ol the Literary and Philosophical Society of that r. Dalton f town. Dr. Dalton hud been president of this socie ty since 1817. He was bom ut Eaglestield, near Cockermouth, in Cumberland, ou the 5th of Sep tember, 1766, of respectable parents, and gave eaily indications of mathematical ability. # He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1821 or 1822, and was also a member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and of several foreign colleges. In 1826, he was presented with a gold medal by the Royal Society as the individual most eminent for Ins scientific discoveries; and a sum of ?2,000, was raised, in 1833, for the erection of a statue to perpetuate his remembrance, and the task was en trusted to Sir Francis Chantrey, who brought to the execution ot his subject a warm admiration of the man,and a proportionate desire to do lain justice. The statue when completed was deposited in the entrance hxll of the Royal Manchester Institution On the 18th July, Hyman Hurwitz, Esq., Professor of Hehaew at University College, London. He was held in the highest estimation for his great know ledge of biblical literature. On Thursday night week, at Keith Hall, Aberdeen, the Eail of Kin tore. The cause of his lordship's death is slated to have been an injury received while burning many years ago, and which, though partially cured, had left effects from which he never ultogetner reco vered. On Sunday morning, John Haslam, M. D , at his house in Lamb's Conduit street, in the 81st year of his age. The doctor, as is well known, waB distinguished for the cure and alleviation ol diseases of ths mind, and has left behind him many valuable works upon this melancholy subject. Ou Friday last, at his residence at Bath, Major Gene ral Esward Scott, at the advanced age ot 82 years The Earl of Mountnorris died at Arley Castle, on .Thursday last. The title is extint t. The estates devolve on A. L. Macleod, E.yj , son of Gen. Mac leod and Lady Annabella Aunesley. On the 31st ult., Anne Amelia, Dowager Countess of Leicester, wife ot the Right Hon. bdward Ellice, M. P. for Coventry. Her ladyship's death resulted from her confinement, having on the 10th inst. given birth to a son, who survived only a few hours. Scotland. The Rev. Mr. Dowdney in Scotland.?A few days ago, as we find the tact stated in an Edin burgh paper, two sermons were delivered in the Episcojial Church ot St. John, at Greenock, by the Rev. John Dowdney, A. M., Rector of Saint James's, New York. Tne Rev. gentleman wound .up his concluding discourse in these words:? "It was with peculiar satisfaction and pleasure, breth ren, that I accepted the invitation of my respected broth er, the minister ot this chupol, to assist to day in its solemn services. "As s priest of the Catholic Chnrch in America, I can not but he deeply anxious for your growth and welfare, for it - as in Scotland that our beloved Sesbury?a name dear to every Churchman?was consecrated to his holy office. You well know, that, after tho Revolution, the Church which had been planted on our shores, mainly through the agency ol tne Society for Propagating the Gospel In Foreign Tarts, was almost prostrate, and that her Clergy and members were dispersed Your Bishops, with all the sympathy ani olfaction that they could Icel, came forward, and invested with the apostolic office one who, by his soundness in the faith?hia devotion and his unwearied zeal, did perhaps more than anv other person toward laying that solid foundation upon which ws arc now building with such trtumnhart success. Dr. Seabu ry, our first bishop, was consecrated at Aberdeen A. D. 1784, nearly three years before the consecration of Dr. White at Lamberth Palace, by the Archbishop ot Canter bury. Since bis consecration there have been 40 others set apart to the tame office, Mi of whom are now alive. These, with more than I,MOO clergy, and a very large body of isity, constitute the reformed Catholic Church in ths United Statei?a Church which exerts a poweiful influence upon the moral end religioua welfare of our republic Her principles, drawn irem the consentient voice of Holy Scripture and Cathelic tradition, and em bodied in her pure formaloriea, are taking deep root, and ?hole drawing to her fold the thoughtful and theaerlous even from the various sects around her. Nor ie it possi ble to any, judging from the past, how glorious will be her career. Toward our sister communion in Scotland wo all cherish the most ardent affection. Our circum stances are the same. Unfettered by any civil legislation we oan asaert our own rights and exhibit to the world those principles which have been the solace end strength of fathers and confeasort and martyra in every age of the Church. I assure you, my brethren, that my heart it with you I have feit a pleasure while serving at your altar to-day which I can scarcely express. Nobly has the Scottish Church contended in every period of her his tory tor those Catholic truths which we are endeavoring to carry out. On no other arm hut Christ's can we lean We are thrown upon principles atone, and our success must prove that they ere such as our divine hesd will sanction end bless. Our only dependence and hope here is in a strict adherence to those truths ; sod in faithful sllegianoe to our holy mother the Church, may we be kept from ell discord and schism?from even the slightest tendency to disunion i and may those who would rend . dieobedW *1 ? - " the body of Christ, by disobedience to her constituted authorities, and to those wholesome laws to which we have solaauly promised entire coafermKy, bo convinced of their error. Allow me.l my brethren, once more to nay how lincerely I long lor your welfare, and to enpreaa in the name of the Bubopi end of the clergy of the <lio ceae of New York, the Chriitian love which we ihall ever bear towardi the ' Scottish Episcopal Church '" So great, even at this day, it? the ignorance exist ing in England with reference to the past history and present condition of the Relormed Catholic Church of Scotland, that we dare say many persons here never heard at all oi the interesting circum stance related by Mr. Dowdney, and the few who are aware that it took place have probably only a very general impression of the subject. We have the particulars of the event so afl'ect ingly alluded to by the Rev. Mr. Dowdney, in his recent sermon at Greenock, and our principal oi> iectin doing so has been to place before the Eng lish public the obligations which the great cause of Catholic Christiunity owes to the Episcopal Chuich of Scotland. That Church, exposed lor ages to the virulence of persecution, and then driven into obscurity by the relentless operation of penal stat utes, has nevertheless preserved its apostolic suc cession, its apostolical doctrine, and, we may truly add, its ai ostolical poverty ; -and has, moreover, been the means, under Divine Providence, of cre ating a branch of the ChHrch Catholic, numbering at this moment twenty-two prelates and twelve hundred clergy, in a country where, but lor that Church, there would be no sanctuary from secta rianism and infideliiy la usefulness so extensive as this it has perhaps never been permitted to any other Church to co-operate?certainly to none re duced by violeuce to the powerless condition in which, at the period to which we refer, the Epis copal Church of Scotland was placed. This body, however, has always been distinguished for M con stanoa in the good cause and the same noble pertinacity in well-doing which carried it through |ts long and fiery trials, haB, under the ceaseless *u pertntendence of its exemplary Bishops and Cler gy, not only enabled it to secure its existence, but within the last few years, to double the numbers of its people ? London Lost, Aug. S. Contributions from Amkkica.?The collection in the United States in aid of the Free Church of Scotland has terminated, and the sum realized amoun's to nearly forty thousand dollars, which would have been greatly increased had the reverend members of the deputation consented to accept cl indiscriminate subscriptions. This there was an objection to in many of the slave raising states of the south, which will account for a much larger sum not being at the disposal of the Edinbuigh committees.? i dinburgh paper. Ireland. Nxw Lord Lieutenant?Lord Heytesbnry ar rived at Kingstown, in H. M. steamer Merlin, Cspt. Keane. about seven o'clock on Friday morning last. His Lordship was received, on landing, by Lord Donoughmore, and the Right Honorable F. Shaw, two of the Privy Councl, accompanied by the Solicitor-General, Colonel Howes, the Dean ol Ossory, and several aids-de-camp and members ol (he household. A considerable crowd had assem bled, as also the Lord Mayor, the High Sheriff and other municipal officers. A procession wat then formed. There were marks of disapprobation at various points along the route from Westland-row to the castle, but when the procession reached Cork-hill, a loud groan was given, and on inquiring among the dissentients, we learned that this mark of disapprobation was distinctly proclaimed to be for the sole bentfit of Mr Shaw. The Right Hon orable-and learned gentleman was then asked, in ? loud voice, what he had done with the jury lists< The p%rty asking the question, forgetful of the Re corders titles and dignity, familiarly called him "Fred." Some inquisitive persons ascertained that Lord Donoughtnore materially assisted in at tracting these marks of disapprobation towards the Vice-regal carnage, so inauqpiciously occupied. The usual ceremonies were afterwards gone through, and their termination was signified by the discharge of a rocket, followed by a salute of twenty-one guns. The Orangemen are quite out of sorts, anticipating, how justly remains to be seen, that Ins Lordship's advent is the harbinger of fur ther concessions to the great bulk of the people At a Roluudo meeting the day before, the Rev. Trash Gregg held lorih in the following terms:? " Lord Heytesbury was just about to arrive, to morrow was appointed tor his entree, and how would he come I Not as the Viceroy of a Protest ant Government, but as appointed to carry out the policy ol Sir R. Peel?a |>olicy quite as bad us thai of hurl Grey or Lord Melbourne In fact, Lord Normanby deserved just as much of Piolestani support as Lord Heytesbury." Rkfkai- Association ?The usual weekly meet ing took place on the 20tl? ult., Captain Brorterick tilled the chair. Mr. O'Brien handed in ?200fr?m the Repealer* of Halifax, Nova Scotia, also ?54 10* 3d from hi* own constituents. Mr. Gotdon withdrew bis motion that the question of repeal should be brought before the present Parliament.? He would bring the subject more fully before the association on the next day of meeting. Sir V. Blake, M. P., handed in the resignation of theedi tor of the Galway Vindicator. That gentleman had resigned at the u quest of the association?who were anxious that no member of the press should be connected with that body, in conseauence of the doctrines put forward on the State trials. Mr. Mc Nevin rose to bring under the notice of the associ ation the estimates for the current year. He com mented on its various items, and argued that it fur nished n?w arguments for a repeal of the Union.? Mr. S. O'Brien, M. P.. handed in various sums ol money. Mr. O'Farrell handed in ?21 16* from Dungunnon. He also stated that the repeal cause was progressing in the north, and in proof of hit assertion_ he said, that to a Protestant anti-repeal petition there were only three Presbyterian sqpia tures affixed. The Rev. Mr. Hearn, from Man chester, handed in ?61 2s from that town. The rent for the week would be about ?1,600 The Rev. T. Tierney, one of the traversers in the late trial, presided at the weekly meeting of this body on the 29th ult. Amongst the contribu tions handed in was one of ?24 trom Liverpool, per G. Smyth. W. S. O Brieu, M P., read a letter to Lord Wicklow, in answer to one from his Lord ship, to the effect that Irish members of Parlia ment could better serve their countnr in Parlia meat than in the Conciliation hall. This was re spectfully denied in the reply. Daniel O'Connell, inn , made his usual weekly return from the prison, and announced that his lather and fellow martyr* were in the very best health and spirits. The Hon. Sentleman then read the opinions of his father on ifferent|ioptcs. A B. Molloy (barrister) brought forward the report of the committee of the Catholic Bequests Bill, and then proceeded, at some length, to point out the injurious tendencies of the mea sure. Smith O'Brien moved a resolution to the effect that each repeal reading room in Ireland be supplied with n copy of the Archbishop of Tuam'e (Dr. M'Hale) diluent translations in trie Irish lan guage. Passed with acclamation. The amount of the repeal rent for the week was announced to be ?-1000 16*. 5d. The "State Prisoners."?The rules of the priton being fnrther relaxed by permission given to erect a gymnasium for the health and recreation of the seveii conspirators, M. Muccand, the cele brated professor ?-f gymnastics, has been engaged ?1whether at the expense of the county or of the Corn Exchange, is a secret?for the purpose of im parting instructions in his graceful art to Messrs. O'Connell Ar Co. All his pupils are progressing admirably; but Mr. O'Connell, sen , as might be expected, is far ahead of his competitors. Hia feats of strength and agility are stated te have ex at of his * ? cited the astonishment of his teacher. Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Saturdays being the days on which strangers are excluded from visits, are devoted to practice.?Dublin Letter in the Timet. The municitnl protest ngainst the trial and im prisonment of Mr. O'Connell, has now received the signatures ol 450 members of the various corpora tions in Ireland. Irish VUts Trials. In the House of Lords, on the 19th ultimo., the Lord Chancellor rose to complain upon a subject relating |>ersonally to himseU. He should not have thought of troubling their Lordships upon the mat ter, il it had not been connected with a proceeding which had taken place in their lordships' house.? He alluded to the arguments in the case of the writ of error which was pending in the case of the Queen v. O'Connell and others.. Now in the course of those arguments he (the Lord Chancellor) had said to Mr. Hill, with reference to the jury lists, that the fact was admitted, and that it waa clear from the record that the there had been a fraudulent list ?that the book bad been made up from the list, and the panel from the jury book. Upon this an article had appeared in the Morning Chronicle containing the misrepresentation of which he complained ; he did not think it was a wilful misrepresentation, bir was anxious to suppose that il arose from misappre hension. (Hear, hear.) He wished, however, to explain that when he used the words attributed to him, lie did not mean to say that (here actually wara fraudulent list, but that it had been admitted, for the sake of argument, that it was so. He ws informed, however, that the Irish papers had copied a it in I the mikrepresentstion, and printed it in largo char acters, setting forth that the Lord Chancellor of England had declared that the defendants had been tried upon a fraudulent jury list. Lord Brougham entirely concurred in (he ex planation of tfie noble and leaned lord. Lord Campbell took occasion to eay that when ever the matter came before their lordehipa' house, h? should be prepared to contend that the Attorney General of Ireland had acted very improperly in go inn to trial wtih such a jury book. The Lord Chancellor said he expressed no opin ion upon that point. In the House ol Commons on the same day, Mr. T. Duneombe said that as the opiniou of the Judges had n >t yet been delivered respecting the late Irish State Trials of Mr. O'Connell, he would postpone until another supply day,the question lor an address to her Majesty, praying her Majesty to release the prisoners Sir It. Peel said he understood the Chief Justice had arranged the questions, and supplied the JudRes therewith ; but he could not stute any thing on the subject of the answer. Tiik Wkit ok Error.?The following commu nication has been received by Messrs Ford and Cantwell, solicitors for the appellants, from the secretary of the L->rd Chancellor:?" Great James street, 13th July, 1X44 Gentlemen?In answer to your letter ot the 13ih instant, 1 beg to intorni you, by direction ol the Lord Chancellor, that no un necessary delay will take place in the decision ol the case to which you refer.?I am, gentlemen, vours, faithfully, II. H. Ptuav. Messrs. Ford uud Cantwell " O'CoNMtj/a Cask.?It is expected that the regu lar business of Parliament will have been disputed ol by the end of the liret week in Augtiot. '1 lie Parliament will not, however, he then prorogued; but the session will be continued by adjournment tolhe25ihof August The purpose of this arrange ment is to atford tune for receiv ng the reports ol the judges, and making up the judgment of the House of Lords noon the writ ot error brought by Mr. O'Connell aud his fellow prisoners.?Morning Htruld. Judgment in the case of Mr. D. O'Connell and the other traversers will be given either on Thurs day the 29tli or Friday iht SUib of August. When the public business of Parliament is" brought to a close, both houses will adjourn from tune to time, until the judgment is pronounced.?Standard. France and Morocco. There has been more lighting between the French and the Moors: in which the laiter were again the aggressors, ana were again br-aten otf. It appears from the despatches ot Marshal Bugraud to the Prince de Jotnville that the Moors pitched their camp on the 1st July within two canuon shot of the French camp at Oned Isly, and assumed a threat ening attitude. The next morning some light in fantry of the Moors fired on the advanced posts ol the French. On the morniug of the 3d, the Mar shal retired, in order ot battle, prepared to resist cavalry. The Moors followed, but without making any attack; and the Marshal, conceiving it would have a bad tnoral effect were he to permit himsell to be pursued, determined to take the offensive The undisciplined cavalry of the Moors were quickly repulsed, and the French horse pursued them be yond Ouchda. The Moorish infantry kept too lar oti to take part in the engagement, and retreated us the French advanced. , . The casualties are not stated; the affair is spoken of as having had "little or no material results;" but the Marshal says it secures a considerable moral advantage. Several chiefs from the provinces of | Gran wr.rr on a visit in the French camp; and their report of the affair in the interior, it was hoped, would have good effect The Moorish force enga f;ed consisted of 4,0(10 horsemen and 3,(100 regu ars. Abd-el-Kader is said to iiave been in the ac lion. A telegraphic despatch, dated from the bivouac of Sidi Zaer, the loth ult., announces that Marshal Bugeaud, having been provoked by a fresh attack on the part of the Moors, had completely defeated them, and pursued them during three days march beyond Ouchda. He returned on the 15th to the camp of LallaMagbrania. All the tribes are offer ing to submit, even thoBe who are situate on the territory of Morocco. The Toulonnais of the 21st announces in a post script, that the Labrador steam frigate brought des patches from Oran of the 17tb, stating that Marshal Bugeaud, incensed at the attack ol the 3d, had en tered the territory of Morocco, which he was lay ing waste in evety direction. The celebration of the fourteenth anniversary of the "Three days of July" began on Saturday, July 27, with religious ceremonies, and closed on Monday with fetes. There was no political un easiness. The fetes were of unusual brilliancy; the weather was propitiou.*; and everything would have passed off well, but for an accident which happened in the Place Louis Quinzc, just after the fireworks, f'rom|the enormous pressure ol the crowd. About a dozen people were trodden under foot, one of whom was killed on the s|iot, and several others were carried severely wounded to the hos pital The prizes awarded to the exhibiters in the ex position of national industry were distributed on Monday, at the Tuileries, by the King in pereen. The number of prizes awarded was six hundr* d; one hundred gold medals, two hundred silver n.e dals, and three hundred bronze medals. Some .vf the most meritorious and distinguished exhibiters were made chevaliers of the Legion of Honor. The ceremony lasted live hours, during the whole of which time his Majesty continued standing. He afterward entertained two hundred of the exhi biters at dinner in the great gallery ol the Louvre. Admiral Hamelin, who is to succeed M. Dupetit Thouars in the command of the French station in the Pacific, has sailed from Rocheioit, in the fri gate Virginie. Tho following is a copy of a communication made by the Duke de Bordeaux to the Sovereigns of Europe on the death ol the Duke d'Augoulemr: " Having become, by the death of the Count de Maine (the Duke d'Angouleme), head of the Houie ol Bourbon, 1 consider it ss a duty to protes: against the change which has been introduced in France in the legitimate order of succession to the Crown, and declare that 1 never will re nounce the right* which, according to tho ancient laws of France, I hold from my birth. These rights are con nected with serious duties, which, with the Qiace ot Oof, I shall fulfil. I will not, however, exercise those rights until Providence shall, in its eoiviction, call me to be truly useful to France Until that period my intention is, during the exile in which 1 am lorced to live, to as sume only the title of the Count de Cbambord. It was that which I adopted in leaving France I desire to re tain it in my relations with the Court." It will be recol lected that the British and Swedish Ambassadors at Vi enna declined receiving this notification?the former be cause, as is alleged, the Duke callal h.-r Majesty Queen Victoria "hia sister," in, wc suppose, the envelope that enclosed it. Louis Philippe, the King of the French, had his pocket picked of his watch during a visit to the ex hibition of the works of art, in Paris. Tub Crops in Francr?The Courritr de Lyon gives a flattering account of the state of the crops in that part of the country. Spain. The accounts from Madrid state, that the widow ofM. Camacho, the political chief of Valencia, murdered in that ci'jr, in June, ISM8, had arrived at Madrid, to demand the punishment of the assassins ol her husband It would appear that the Spanish government pro poses to send an expedition against the Moors.? The Heraldo states that Brigadier Mauri, who is to take the command of the Spanish troops now on their march to the south, had arrived at Algeairae. We have the Madrid journals of the 28th, with a private letter ot the same date. The following are extracts-.? The posts have been relieved at a later hour to day. The authorities it appears had some suspi cions of one of the battalions who were to he on duty. The order of service was changed, thiis mak ing the relief take place some hours later. Providence has just saved us from a frightful ca tastrophe?the plan said to have been in agitation wns nothing less than to have set fire to the bar-, racks, and, under favor of the first moment of con fusion, to nave asenssinated the officers and the chiefs, and to have delivered up the city to all the horrors of a pillage. These horrible schemes have however, been defeated by the zeal and activity ?f | our military and political authorities, and the admi rable fidelity of the troops. Amongst the persons , arrested is a nephew of Don Alonso Cardero. It appears nearly certain from all accounts, that the Exalluilot had an idea of making some mani festation. They had made overtures to the ser jeants ol some ol the regiments, and given them money; but after they bad got into possession ot the secret, and received the brib*, those men, faithful to their duty, communicated the anait to their of ficers, and thus prevented the contemplated out break. Every precaution couiinues to be taken. Italy* A letter from Bologne of the 27th of July, an nounces the execution of Signor Garemghi on the preceding day by sentence ot court martial. He was shot in the back on the preceding day. His execution had excited a inost painful sensation, but little calculated to allay the lerinent that seems to prevail throughout Italy. The papal states continue tranquil, the principal leaders of the lale insurrection having either been taken prisoners or had fled Irnm Italy. Pnuda. Attkvipt to Amassinatr Tint Kino.?The 26th July, at the moment when the King ol Prussia was about to set out on a journey, an assassin, namedTacheck,burgomaster, at a little village w'm*' league* from Berlin, tired a pistol. The ball glanced off the King's breast, without doing hiin any miachiel. The King continued hi* journey. The assassin waaarreated. Bohemia. A spirit of revolt was manifesting it self every where in Bohemia. At Prague the au thorities aucceeded in suppressing the movement by energetic measures. This, however, did not prevent revolt iront taktng place in the amall manu facturing towna, where the troo- were ready.o act at a moment'* notice. At Deutschbrod the authoritiea were obliged to call the neighboring gairiaons. Tn,key. A letter from Constantinople of July atatrathat an extraordinary sensation had been created tner by the publication of a French pamphlet, in ^hiclt the Tuikiab Minister ol Finance and a celebrated banker and contractor are accused of a long conti ued and enormoua system of plunder upon the state purse. A report was in circulation at Constan tinople, that the Kussiana had been beaten in a se vere battle with the Circassians, and had lost a large portion ot their army. Persia. There have been some terrible earthquakes in Persia, Tabriz, Tehrau, and Ispahan equally .lelt them. Ktashar, Mana, and various other cities, towns and villages were more or leas oveiibrowu, leaving the inhabitants buried under the rums. . India. The following intelligence, in advance of the Overland Mail, arrived in London on the let in stant. The Indian Mail arrived at Marseilles the 29ih July, bringing news from Bombay to the lb.n of June, and from China to the 1st May. The fact of Lord Ellenborough's recall was known at Bombay the 6ih June, on which an ex ptess was despatched to Calcutta. Ill* Lordship would have kuown hta recall, it waa expected, by the 15th. It is generally believed that the removal of his Lordship, though very unexpected, had given great satisfaction generally. His Lordship had be come very unpopular. We copy the following summary of the intelli gence from the "Bombay Monthly pveilaud Times:?The hot and rainy moniha are alwajsihe newslesa ones in India ; field o|?eration8 are never pursued then un ess in cases ol extreme ? iner gency, and communications by land and se.i be come tardy and difficult. The run.ois ot the muster of a grand army ot from 60.000 to 80,COO on the Hutledge have died away ; and, though it is still understood that the orders were given for 12,000 bHggage camels in Seinde, and stores lor fifty thousand men at Ferczepore, the further report inust either have arisen on insulft cient foundation, or the Governor-General, as Ins hour of danger became known, must have aban doned his schemes of conquest. The meeting of the Belochee chiefs at Hyorabad on the 24th ot May, hus passed very peacefully, with what go?d results to be seen, bickness has not increased with the rapidity that wus apprehended an ongst the troops. The Mahraita city and district ot of Boorhanpoor has been quietly tukeu possession of, no obstruction having been offered. It is said to have been restored to the Mahrattas. Gwulior continues tolerably quiet. The recent outbreak in the Punjaub appears to have terminated for the present with the defeat ond slaughter of Ittur Singh. The entrenchment at Ferozepore have been neavily armed, but no other movement of any moment hud been heard ot since our lust. The Bengal troops continue sulky and discontented in Upper Scinde. Gang rohberv has been for some time past prevalent in the Northern Concan and in some parts ot the LVccan. the practice of a system of opium adulteration in Mont bay, so extensive as to threaten infinite injury to the trade, has just been disclosed. Cholera lias prevailed amongst some ol the Madras troops to un extent almobt unprecedented. A severe storm was experienced at Calcutta on the 18th of May, while another ot lesser violence visited Madras on the 1st of June. The monsoon set in at Bombay on the 4th of June, when two inches ot rain tell. No sub^ sequent fall of any magnitude has occurred, and great inconvenience for want ?f wuti r hus been lelt in consequence. , ... At Calcutta, exchange has fluctuated very little, Is 11 jd to la 114d being the rate at w hich i*. large amount has been sold. Freights without uny ma terial alteration. . . At Bombay, trade is dull, t reights have slightly given way, and tnay be quoted for London and Liverpool at ?2 15s, at ?3 lor first class ehips. and ?2 10s second class ; Chmat at rs 11 per CHudy. Goveiment securities have slightly advanced. Exchange on England firm. Six months bills at Is 10 Jd to la 104-1 per rupee ; bills at 30 days eisht, at Is lOd. On Calcutta, at 30 days' sight, rs. I0OJ. On Madras, at sight, rs. 1004- On China, at Hi days, rs. 214 per 100 dollars. China. Murder of tiik Hon. Erskink Murray and Party ? We are. sorrv to learn from the Hong Kong Gazette, of the 23d April, that Commander the Hon. Ersktne Murray, who had proceeded with a couple ot vessels to Borneo to torm a settlement there, and to establish friendly relations, was be trayed and treacherously murdered, with several ot his party, by the Sultan of Coli. An amended translation of the Chinese treaty has been published, which shows that we have stipulated for something more or something less than we intended; and great blame has been cast upon Sir Henry Pottinger tor so great an overnight. The upshot is, that we hnd the Is and ol Hong Kong, as our main commercial depot, considerably less valuable and important than we conceived it to be The annexed paragraphs Item the Singapore Free Press, will show what are the principal onus sions:? . . .... "By the article it is provided, that Chinese mer chants purchasing goods at Hong-Koug, must ship them on board Chinese vessels. This does not ap pear in the official translation, and yet it is a most important clause, hs it in effect, combined with another in the 17th article, will completely shut out foreigners from carrving on a coasting trade, which otherwise could noi have failed to be both exten sive and profitable. As we read the non-i ttictal translation of thia article, all Chinese merchants, except those residing at one ot the five parts, ate prohibited from trading with Hong-Kong, although this does not appear on a perusbl ol the official ttanslation. " The 17th article, which makes provisions rc Karri ing vph^Id under 160 ton*, and by ^bich tiiey will be admitted to Canton on payment ot a very small duty, contains one very important paa-age, not given in the official translation, by uhich all vessel* under 160 ton*, vi?iting any other i f the portsexcept Canton, which will have to pay the same rate of duty as large veaaels, and which, on u small vessel ot even 50 tons burden, visiting the four porta and calling tor return freignt, would amount to ?100 sterling ! By this jatal over-ight on the part of the British plenipotentiary, in allow ing such a clause to stand, the value ot Hong Kong, aa a convenient place from whence trade might be carried on with the different ports, is de stroyed ; and, in fact, the whole mwrations ol mer chants in China will be narrowed and crammed by this most unfortunate clause." It inTs at Canton.?The news from Canton is to the lITol May The Canton Press, of the 6th of March says, " on Monday last some Manilla sea to a Swe.i.h .h.p, .1 Whatnpoa, had a quarrel with thr ,t!? begun to pelt them with stones; upon which the Manilla men charged the mob, and it is said stab hod aChinese The mob, however, after having been dispersed in the first instance, soon returned^ anil threw stones at the seamen in the company a garden, Mtd lh* latter had to take to thetr boat." lew itslsntf. The Journal dit l>rhat$ gives the following story, communicated by a correspondent at Akaroa, in in New Zealand :? "Probably before my letter arrives in France you will have learnt that the Maltouris, a tribe ol /Sea Anders, have killed thirty English of this colony; but you perhaia. will not know that the bod eaof these unfortunate men were eaten. . t his iis but too true. We had been out on a bun tng party r about a week, when one evening we ?rri ws-d ?mon? the friendly tribe of Terauparaa 1 found them regaling themselves with humaoflesK W. all conceived that they were eating some cap. lives, or native slaves of iheir ?? >A rewing stood the langaage lcouW w rrsirt ^rew ng my indignation, and 1 corvette. cliaaliaement from the ere endeavored to The savages were alarmed -ndwd^avow yo appease me by saving, y ? hoan that we are Kn,|?h. They then for it is thus they j their victims, and exhibited ?o us the h?J? ? o( Captain Wake I recognized among th j ? biuptg p'1\Xus who had entertained ua at his own L^tn^we^went totbj -T'vi, .SToSWS.??S d?s "xlrz.' ASJ/*a52S ^

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