Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 28, 1844, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 28, 1844 Page 3
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NEW YORK- HERALD. New York, Wednesday, A?|Ut SR.UH, The Monster Mass Meeting at Albany. This monster affair came off at Albany yester day. Our " unequalled corps" of reporters were on the spot, and we shall, therefore, give a full report of its proceedings, including Mr. Webster's great speech on the occasion, which will be issued at the earliest moment. This is looked upon as the great whig effort to carry New York iu November. Result of the Recent Elections? Prospects for the Presidency. In all calculations made relative to who is to be the next President ot this mighty republic, we have not yet seen one that was based on fact. It ib well enough for the mere politician and tide waiter to cry out that Polk or Clay is to be the lortunate candidate; but we do want assertions just at this time, when rain fulls all day in the midst of sunshine, so much as we do figures that can be depended upon. We have, therefore, compiled another table, different from that published the other day, in which we give the elections so far held this year, in comparison with those which took place in 1840, just prior to the great battle fought m the fall of that year, and which resulted in the election of General Harrison. In this table we have estimated from incomplete returns, the vots in Alabama and lllinios, and placed the "Soft" vote, as far as known, in Mis souri on the whig side. The whigs will poll about that vote in the fall, but Polk will probably receive thirty thousand instead of 22,925. State Elections in 1810 and 1814. 1811. 1810. Statu. IKA if. Item. IVhit. Dem. North Carolina JO.179 36,052 11,179 35,883 Kentucky 58,091 JJ.tOt 55,370 39,050 Louisiana 7,03.7 7,363 8,183 6,108 New HamjwMto 14,750 97,971 20,038 29,159 Connecticut 20,1103 28,816 30,555 25,083 llhoile Inland 5,5mI 208 1,953 3.225 Maryland 22,498 17,808 31,401 20,284 Virsinia 27,701 29,027 33,227 33,030 Georgia 33,499 20,033 30,619 35,569 Indiana 43.539 44,012 92.921 54,287 MUaouri 22,012 22,925 22,212 29,625 Alabama 22,009 30,000 21,559 29,102 Illinois 38,000 50.000 40,203 41,843 Aggregate 363,8181 374,942 414,420 393,957 393,800 393,967 Democratic majority... 10,842 20,463 W'gmaj. 20,463 Democratic gain 31,305 iu thirteen State*. This exhibits a large increase in the Democratic vote, and a reversion of the majority to their side. When compared with the vote Hatrison received, their gain appears more than double the above. We do not see in this, however, any thing to be particularly joyful about, so far as the next Presi dent is concerned. It certainly looks well for the Democrats to show such increased strength at this moment, but they have more than thirty thousand, or even 60,000 to gain in order to wipe ofl the overwhelming majority which the Whig party re ceived in 1840. But there is a principle in the Democratic ranks?a cohesive principle that never deserts them in " rain or shine." They stick together and march to the poll* as one man, while their oponenu are kept by their firesides by a single drop of rain or an inch of street mud. In order the more clearly to illustrate the position we take in this article, on this subject, we will throw the aggregate vote in this country for ten years, in to a crmparative table. Pon-i.Ait Vote for Ten Yeah*. Ytari. WW*. Dem. Whie maj. Dem. maj. 1828 511,475 650,043 ? 130,468 1832 583,297 687,502 ? 104,205 1839 737,711 793,587 ? 25,876 1837 ...??? 927,213 819,203 108,010 ? 1838 1,096,712 956,019 110,693 ? 1839 ... 972,347 1,011,168 ? 138,821 1810 1,274,203 1,128,303 115,900 ? 1811 1,025,339 1,053,592 ? 28,253 1842 1,038,1128 1,133,938 ? 95,110 1813 983,833 1,073,157 ? 89,324 In this we find not only a most extraordinary progressive increase in the popular vote of the Union, but ttemendous fluctuations in the whig vote in the face and eyes of a remarkRbly steady increase in that of the democrats. It is, however, as clear as the sun at noonday, that the whigs have the majority in the country, and can always carry whatever point they please, provided they be united. But with them all hangs on the quantity of enthusiasm their leaders offer as an inducement to move in an election. Three-fourths of the party are composed of the young men of tlia country, and they muBt have excitement, or they will let the elections go by default. It appears from all the various elements floating about, however, that notwithstanding all these ac curate deductions, the contest is likely to be a close one. In thirteen States the democrats have appa rently wiped 30,000 votes off the whig slate, and they have, therefore, to use the sponge pretty freely to equalize, even the strength of tho two great parties in the nation. It seems almost impos sible for them to do so, but a few short weeks will tell. The chances are decidedly in favor of Clay, and unless the Texas feeling is more powerful than we imagine it to be, he will probably be elect ed. But Time, the great regulator of election re turns, will soon settle this point, and to Time we thankfully leave the whole matter. In the mean time let both parties |roll up their sleeves, go to work, and let us see what they can do. Coming Elections.?On the 3d proximo Vermont has her State election. A Governor, Lieutenant Governor, members of the Legislature, and mem bers of Congress are to be elected. An U. S. Senator is to be chosen in place of Samuel S. Phelps. There is not much doubt of the election of nearly or quite all whigs to Congress, and a whig majority in both branches of the Legislature. In one week after the above, the election in Maine takes place. There, too, a Governor and Legislature is to be elected, which choosesan U.S. Seuator in the place of John Fairfield. That being a strong democratic state, the whigs will make a desperate effort to do something. Gamblers.?We are constantly receiving com munications relative to. gambling, and its progress in this city. Does Mayor Harper intend to include a reform in this vice in his list of other reforms 1 Where is the reformed gambler, Green 1 Mass Meetings.?These affairs are the"rage" just now. There is to be one held bythe democrats at Trenton, N. J., on the 5th of September, and one by the whigs at Taunton, Mass., on the 10th. Daniel Webster is to preside at the latter. Steamship Great Western.?This fine steamer may be expected to arrive here next Sunday morn ing. She was to have sailed from Liverpool on the 17th inst., and probably left on that day with thirteen days later news. The Hibernia will ar rive at Boston soon after with intelligence to the 20th inst. When shall we see the Great Britain f Irish Minstrelsy.?The lecture room of the Society Library was last evening filled with a very fashionable audience, attracted by the rich entertainment promised by Mr. McMichael. The illustrations givea of Irish music, and the interest ing history given ot the numerous pleasing songs, were received in the most enthusiastic manner by those present. We have not been so much de lighted with an evening's entertainment for a long time, and would recommend to those seeking for an intellectual treat, to attend the next lecture ot Mr. McMichael. He fully sustains the high repu tation givan in accounts from Europe, and is with out doubt the most talented illustrator of the na tional melody of Ireland. Pt'RE Water in Boston ?Our amiable little neighbor, it seems, is not to be outdone by New York in the water line. Strong eflorts are now making to have an equeduct built from Long Pond to Boston ; distance a little over twenty miles.? This will give that city plenty of water almost equal in quality to the Croton. Mails por Europe.?'The steamship Acadia wil| leave Boston next Sunday for Halifax and Liver pool. Her letter bags will close in this city on Saturday afternoon. v?ll or tlu Awrhwa lMtltute?National Convention of Farmers and Gardeners of tlals Country. The eOicero of this admirable institution are ex erting themselves most energetically in the causa of agriculture?a science in which some of the noblest and most valuable spirits of the land are engaged, and upon its success the prosperity of the country in a great degree depends. In prooi of the necessity for some such convention as the one pro posed, in an address recently issued, it is stated Evidence has been presented in replies to circulars and in representation, before the Farmer's Club ol the Insti tute, of great deterioration in our improved lands, the wheat crops from these lands being reduced in a lew yeai* from 31 to 60 per cent; that in Esgland wheie meetings of tanners are encouraged, and agricultural scuoot. are establish! d, and liberal premiums are bestow ed, their etopa of wheat have in the same time doubled, averaging twenty-six bushels per acre; while our landa, run down by bad tillage, will not probably etjuul one half the English average. Indeed it has been stated that in Virginia und many other places Urge sections do not average over five to eight bush- Is the acre. Such a fail ing off in the gieat staple of about two-thirds of the Union is surely sufficient to awaken solicitation and an earnest inquiry fo? the remedy, and a knowledge of its application, which other countries are in possession of Chemistry ia bringing into use manures'of unapprectable value which have remained neglected for 1*0 and even ?100 years, increasing by their application the value of lands more than tcn-lold. They also state, that farming implements and labor-saving machines generally, are vastly inferior to those employed in manufactures and arts. Also, that stock is not appreciated, and an inferior breed is raised at double the'eost. They then pro pose a home department for agriculture, planned on a scale commensurate with the millions it is in tended to protect and foster. They then enter into a slight historical sketch of what has been done for the oast fifty years towards the accomplishment of this object. To'carry out these objects, the committee say? The American Institute ha* been induced to call Convention, and the farmer*, gardener*, and friends of agriculture throughout our country are moat respectfully invited to attend; Agricultural Societies, Clubs, Jus., are specially desired to meet and elect suitable delegates te attend; men of literal and enlarged views, and compre hensive minds?men who do not "put their hands to the plough and look back," (for such there are,) and such never can benefit any convention. This august meeting of the owners of the soil, the men on whom our hopes, and the hopes of our posterity must depend, cannot but ensure respect. In order to render the results of this convention imme diately available, a series of questions have been prepared calculated to elicit answers from practical farmers, and gentlemen of accurate observation. This is in accordauce with the plan of the Silk Convention held during the Fair of 1843, on the call of the Institute, which was at tended with the happiest results. We assert, without the tear of contradiction, that the report of the proceedings of that convention contains more useful practical informa tion on that subject, adapted to our country, than has ever before been published. All the most important obsciva tions and experiment* made by two hundred culturists, many of them having been engaged for years, whether successful or unsuccessful, are there embodied. We pro pose to extend tho means which have proved so successful in eliciting information on the subject of silk to the great farming interest of the nation, and, in order effectually to concentrate various minds to the same point, and in conformity to the above plan, questions are annexed, to which answers are desited; and those who receive this invitation, are requested to add any other useful informa tion that is not embraced in the questions proposed, and it not able to attend, which will be much regretted, they are desired to forward written answers, that tbey may be inserted in the report of the convention which will be published; a copy of which will be forwarded to those who communicate, and to editors who send us a published copy of this call. The observations, facts, and experi ments of many hundred intelligent farmers from different sections of different States, will be of great value to agri culture, whiles Home Department, continually collecting and sending lorth information, will multiply production, and give a richer face to our whole country. They then proposed the following questions for the consideration of agriculturists:? Questions. I. Where the system ot improvement has not been adop ted, what diminution of crops per acre has taken place m your district, or within your knowledge 7 3. What is the average size of farms in your county 7 what proportion is in wood, what arable, what meadow, what exhausted, what at present incapable of tillage, Irom want ol drainage, Sic. 7 3. What crops are raised by you, and in your neighbor hood ? what average yield is obtained 7 4 What is your method of cultivation 7 6. What is the average quantity of manure obtained from your stock 7 what quantities, and to what crops do you apply it 7 6. Do you use peat, muck, lime, plaster of Paris, marl, refuse fish, or any other manures 7 to what extent, with what success 7 Please inform the convention how far the system adopted by yourself is carried out by your neigh bors, and their success! 7 Do you or your neighbors purchase manures 7 8. Are any of the new farming implements used in your district 7 With what success 7 9 Is drainage resorted to 7 10 What is the nature ol your soil, and the best crops that grow upon it naturally. II. Hare you or your neighbors perceived any very great a (vantage always to follow the use of any particular manure r 13. Is fallowing green crop* common ? Whut crop* ?? Wpat is the improvement 7 13. When do yeu cut gran, or reap oati, rye, wheat, corn, ha , in the milk or when dry 7 14. Have you, or your neighbor* teen any great differ ence in the weight, quality, and xweetness of grain or fodder collected at these different time* 7 16. Does grain cut in the milk yield whiter and tweet er flour 7 Hat it aa much aubatance at other wheat 7 16 What new cropa are raited in your diatrict7 Is mad der, hemp, garden vegetable* for the market, corn for au gar, or any other peculiar crop, cultivated by you, or within your observation 7 By what meant 7 What are the profit* and prospect* > 17. Have experiments been'made on the introduction of any new substance*. IS What orchard* have you, or are there any in your district 7 How ore they cultivated 7 With what profit* 7 19. Are any of the new and improved fruits raited with you 7 What means do you adopt to destroy insects and caterpillars 7 30. What natural manures are to b" found near you I Is peat, swamp muck, green sand orthell-marl, lime-stone, plaster of Paris, salt, &c 7 At what cost are they to be ob tained 7 What it the supply 7 31. Are improved cattle, sheep and swine found in your neighborhood 7 33. Is soiling practised? With what advantage and eomparative cost 7 33. What supply of milk do your cows, or those of im proved breeds in your district yield 7 How much butter 7 What fodder it used I 34. Is cheese made in yourcounty 7 What food is fonnd best for such produce 7jWhat is the net profit on i given stock 7 36 Have you read the recent books on farming 7 36. How far. in your opinion, may accurate scientific knowledge form a basis for farming 7 37. As far as your experience reaches, is there not tome change lor the better wanted i 39. Do not those among you who read books and adopt the new plans improve in their crops and farm manage ment 7 39. Are your neighbors and youraelf disposed to teach your sons the new fact* of farming 7 30. Are you willing to sustain Agricultural Schools 7 It is to be hoped that these meritorious en deavors will be crowned with success, and that every pains will be taken by those who are more particularly and directly interested in perfecting that information, so essentially necessary for their welfare and the prosperity of the country. Palmo's Opbha House.?Dr. Lardner's enter tainments are now given every evening, and not as has generally been understood, on alternate nights. A large audience attends every evening, and the optical exhibition is itself well worth attending, in dependently of the lecture. 0 Curious Weather.?Our dog days seem to be hne bracing ones. With a few exceptions the weather has been beautiful. Yesterday the sun shone brilliantly all day, and rain fell in torrents for two hours. The rain drops presented a splen did appearance in the sun shine. Millerism ?This madism is not yet given tip. Miller is in Cincinnati insisting that the world is near its end. He sets upon no day, however, as his previous calculations were a little "out." Tremendous Steamer.?There was recently launched at Cleveland, Ohio, a steamer called the Empire, which is of 1220 tons burthen. She is a mate to the Empire on the Hudson, and the largest inland steamer in the world. Nomination.?Edward Joy Morris is the whig nsminee for Congress from the First District of Pennsylvania. The Cutters.?When is the trial of speed be tween the new cutters Lagare and Spencer to take place 1 Immortality.?Several newspapers in Rhode Island are daily dressed in mourning for the im prisonment of Gov. Dorr. Visitors.?At the City Hotel, Colonel Powell and lady, of Philadelphia. At the American Ho tel, W. L. Marcy artfl family. Mayor of PHtt.ADRLrHtA ? Samuel Badger is the democratic candidate. Feiohfui..?It is said that a young lady fell from lear Table Rock, Niagara Falls, on the 24th inst. Vhat a dreadful death! iMi uMTANT AmJUMT AMD UucoVKKV OF A UkOI I Amount of Pbofkkty ? From information com- I municaied to Justice Alateell, and officer Relyea, the valuable silks, laces, and other goods stolen Irora the fancy dry goods store of William Scott & Co., 509 Broadway, were recovered yesterday, and the burglars, named John Sullivan and Capt. Smith, as he calls himself, arrested and committed for trial. The store, it will be remembered, was entered last week by lalse keys, and the property stolen, was valued at between $5,000 and $*>,000, for the recovery of which a reward ot $400 was offered. Officer Baker, of the Fifth Ward, and officer Kellinger, aided in the arrest of the burglars and recovery of the property which was effected by a stratagem evincing great ingenuity and intelli gence on the part ot the magistrate and officers. A trace of the above named persons, who were suspected of having committed the of fence, was discovered in the morning, when officer Relyea obtained a cab, disguised himself as the driver, seated Justice Matsell on the inside, also partly disguised, and to prevent suspicion an old woman with a child in her arms was placed in a prominent position in the vehicle in front of the magistrate. Thus prepared they kept the track of the suspected burglars and followed them from the corner of Thirteenth street and Fifth avenue to Green street near Bleeker, where they entered a small Bhop which had the appearance of being occupied as a place for repairing iron implements, dec. Having thus obtained knowledge of their lo cation the officers surrounded the house, captured the burglars, and found all the stolen property in the rear room packed in trunks and boxes. Sullivan attempted an escape, but was immediately Becured by Justice Matsell, who received from him the complimentary remark of " Damn your eyes, I was in hopes that the natives would have turned you out long ago." The rogue wa3 then hand-cuffed with his partner, and taken to the Lower Police Office, where they remain committed for futther examination. A large number of skeleton keys, lock pickers, and various other burglarious instru ments were found in their possession, as also seve ral silver salt and tea spoons marked with the name of " Punnett." The arrest of these men, who are both daring and desperate rogueB, reflects much credit upon the activity of the magistrates and of ficers concerned. Yachting.?We understand that there is to be another sailing match between the Northern Light and Belle some day this week. It is the opinion of many that the Belle will be beaten. It appears to the Yachterof this city that those of Boston are a little too anxious to make the North ern Light a famous none-such in speed and splen dor. Now, as we admit that she is a very fast boat, and also a very handseme one, it will not be too invidious in us to correct a few errors that have been published relative to her, and the late trials of speed off Newport. We will do it as modestly as the circumstances will permit. It is well known that the Ann Eliza, of this city, attended nearly all the races off Newport,and always came in ahead. It is, therefore, for her alone that we shall claim all the speed. In several of the tri als she did not regularly enter, and accordingly act ed for herself, and not for the yacht squadron. On Thursday, the 8th inst., the grand yacht race came off?the Belle, of Boston, Capt. Forbes, joined, and the A. E. was requested by the Com modore not to take any part in the contest. Of course she, repasing on her laurels, remained quiet at her anchorage on that trial. On Friday the 9th, the wind was strong and the sea very rough, and unsafe for river craft. This day the "Norths em Light," a boat of over seventy tons, and re markably weatherly, chose as a fair time to chal lenge a fleet varying from 14 to 47 tons. The chal lenge was not accepted for the same reason that would make it prudeut in a racing nag to decline a long heat with a Pennsylvania team horse, through a swamp or over a mountain. In the afternoon, the streets and saloons of Newport resounded with the exulting exclamations of the " Northern Light s crew. The impression became very gen eral in town that the whole New York squadron had struck their colors to the Boston boat. The A. E. too, had to suffer the loss of all her prowess, and hide her diminished head. But this did not last long. On Saturday the 10th, the day was fine, wind brisk, sea moderate; and as fair a day as could have been selected for a test race. The Capt. of the Ann Eliza, early in the morning sent a boat to the Northern Light, with a challenge to sail around Connecticut Island, a course which afforded oppor tunities to each boat for the display of any of the various good qualities they might possess. The challenge was not accepted; the ground assigned was, that ladies had been invited to sail in the N. L. that morning. Soon afterwards the sloop got under way, a large party of ladieB on board, passed by the side of the N. L., returned again and re newed the challenge, which was again declined. On the return of the sloop, it was ascertained that soon after she had sailed, the "Northern Light" started off with the Cygnet,and was then out. Thus appeared a fact in navigation which the world was before ignorant of?namely: that the presence of ladies on board is an obstacle to a race with a sloop, but otherwise in a race with a schooner; such was the Cygnet. It is known, besides, that when the trial between the Northern Light and Cygnet, on Saturday, was arragned, Capt. Win chester, of the N. L., expressly declared that he would not run with the Ann Eliza. The Ann Eliza is a North River craft of sixty seven tons, and had hecn used to convey stone be tween Rockland and New York for several months previous to her being fitted up for the late cruise. The Northern Light is a yacht, schooner rigged, of over seventy tons; piques hertelf upon her weatheily qualities as a sea boat, and claims to be the fastest craft out of Boston harbor. Her preten sions to superiority, however, are contested by the ?' Belle," and she was beaten by the Ann Eliza, in deed, almost distanced, on Wednesday, the 7ih, at Newport. Let us now see whether or not she will beat the Belle on her second trial with that Clipper. Southern Mail.?Nothing south of Richmond yesterday. In Chancery* . ? Before Vice Chancellor McCoun. E ^ / 'SnoW'n " aU- *>ani,l Thomas S. Hnmihn ? The object of the bill in thie came was to call Mr. Tylee to an account io aa to remove him from the Trust over the Bowery Theatre and to appoint another Trustee in hii place, and to have a temporary receive! in the mean lime appointed Mr Th^d flfTl hM bfien "PPO'uted auch receiver. The order ol the 7th Dec. 1843, under which he haabeen appointed, contain* all the authority which it in proper or necessary to veat him with. The legal title, however remain* with Mr. Tylee, and must remain until a decree oanjpe made removing him and appointing another,and dl. recting Mr. Tvlee te conveygto auch other Trustee. The exception to the Master's Report is overruled, and the thXaHng trom^ ,^x,edC0,,, "P?n th8 eXCPptl?n and of Th' Rrprrtrntativeg of Tanntkt Turk, drceaied, vs. IV. Htach Lownpce, e- of ? Order, that unless the puichaser p?P?i pUrcha,e wi,h,n ,en daya, that the master'ZZulJft' " I'' 7"; D^.F-van, -Order. 'This case alls within the principle of the case of Smith vs. Orocho. an :r.?r.,0rn!,W.h,t 01 8 "imilar w" ?* ??P in to and h!n? ft,J."'l?Tnt cre itor'sjbill j'un.l was excepted Id . !"P"r,inelU Th? has decid allowTwhh Jos,". eXen'Uun' ,0 hi' rep0rt mu,t be Vt 8. Commissioner'* Office. . Before Commissioner Rapelje. tin* hlf.'.I .V~^'lliT ,Murr?y underwent an examb.a Commissioner, on a charge of endeavoring he VVW*d7T? ?H d the Packct "hip " Queen ol h!, h *r nr ,,ay8t t^erpool before her last i r i . !y c<?mmiUe'l Murray, it appeared, tTt in! Jnn. rr.PK0l.,,y lb? Captain, and|was arreted at h. th .? if kn Consul, and was vent Republic a prisoner. The prisoner lias Siuf. i fful1 of *A(H) bB'l Th* Captain, Woodhouse. has been also arrested at the suit of Murray on a cross charge lor desertion in a foreign port. Common Plena?In Chambers. Before Judge UlshrrfW. Ai oost T! -Habta, Corvu, McLaughlin, U. 8 I.*? ? ? diichargfd on the ground of having enlisted while under age, again appear^, being brought up under a writ ol habeas corpus, and applied to postpone the investigation in hi* case, which was acceded to by the Court. City Affairs i* A>mmum Council?The Board* have met after a month's recess; and, it appeua, that the Comptroller is now completely out of fundi, while no iem than s:x months appropriation haa been epeut in the short space of three months. Let us look into this. It ia an ascertained fact that the present Board are spending over eighty per cent more than any oi the former Common Councils. The single item for out-door relief in the Alma House during the month of July, aa reported, shows a wasteful and extravagant expenditure such ae never before ap peared upon the records ot the city bosks; and the officers in many parts of the city are actually doubled. The fact is, that the hordes of unneces sary officials that have been quartered on the com munity during the last three months,have swallow ed up nearly all the appropriations, and has render ed it necessary for the Comptroller to ask for the enormous additional appropriation of $77,857. The Comptroller's communication was accompanied with an ordinance, which was adopted, appropri ating this immense additional sum, as follows:? Alms House $50,000 Fire Department 4.706 Printing 6,000 Aldermen as Supervisors, 600 Marshals 6,000 Extra Police !! 00 Day Police, 4th Ward 049 do 7th Ward 4,000 Repairs, and Street Department 6 363 Total $77,867 This vast sum to be levied from the people by our Board, is but a sample of the extravagant ex penditure of the Common Council. In examining the reports and communications from the various other departments, we find an equally extravagant outlay of funds; and while the salaries have been lessened, they have increased the appointments, and thereby placed additional burdens upon the shoulders of the people. To add to these blessings thus conferred on the citizens of New York, we have been left, since their accession to office, to the mercy of gangB of rowdies and shop-lifters, who prowl about our city in perfect security, unscathed by the appearance of a police force, or an efficient body of watchmen. The consequence has been, that the most daring burglaries, highway robbe ries, and actual murder, have been perpetrated in our very midst, and the assassin and the robber are permitted to prowl about in the noon-day sun, or stalk through our streets In the gloom ot night, without fear or apprehension. To such an extent has this abuse grown, that citizens now actually arm themselves when visiting their neighbors at evenings, to protect their persons from the rowdies that prowl about. In this state of things w? would ask, is there no power to give us some sort of a police force 1 City Intelligence. Police Record.?Auo. 37?Probable Arbeit or Alexander Hoau.?This noted individual wag seen on Monday evening issuing from a house in Willett street, where it appears ho has been secreted tince he made his escape trom the 6ity Prison. Notice was immediately given to the Upper and Lower Police officers, and the oc* cupant of the house was arrested by Justice Taylor and heid for examination. If Hoag ia in New York he will be caught within twenty-four nours. SrsciAL Sessions?Mayor Harper presided yesterday morning in this Court to dispose of the usual calendar of petty offences made r eturnable by the Police Magistrates. The majority of the prisoners were charged with petty offences, that of assault and battery being the most pro minent. Rum, that demon monster, presented his hide ous aspect in nearly every case where the passions had caused a violation of law, and the Mayor seized this op portunity to inculcate those principles of temperance that for a series of years had governed his action ; and in dis posing of the cases before him he tempered mercy with Justice in a manner that reflected credit upon himself and associates. Counterfeit Corrr.n Coin.?A one armed boy named Samuel Beatty, who hails from Toronto, Upper Canada, was arrested yesterday by officer Milliken, with several large boxes of counterfeit Canadian coppers, supposed to have been manufactured somewhere in New Jersey, for the Canada market. He was committed for the present, until the Canadian authorities receive information of the fact. Recovery of PRorr.RTr.?For an important arrest and recovery o( property, see editorial column. Accident?Death by Drowning ?Henry, the only son of Henry F. Tallmadge, of this city, and lately a student of Yale College, was drowned yesterday at a place on Staten island, about one mile Dock or New Brighton. He had gone to bathe,with some other young men, in a pond in the neighborhood, but having kept his boots on, lest he might not be able to get them on after coming out of the water, be was seized with a cramp and drowned. He was seventeen years of age. Common Council. Board of Assistants, August 27.?This Board :ret last evening at 7j o'clock, the President, William Eversdell, Esq., in the chair. The room and furniture have under gone some repairs during the recess, and the desks ap peared in "varnished laces." On the call of the roll, nine members answered, when the minutes of the last day's proceedings (July 30th) were read and approved. Petitions being in order, a large number were received asking the erection of free hydrants,and appropriately relerred. From inhabitants, praying to have curb and gutter stones fixed in 11th street?Referred. An invitation do the Board to attend an examination of the pupils on the Long Island Farms, on the 31st instant ?Accepted. Report* of Commi/tr.u ?In favor of constructing a sewer in Waverly Place, as reported from the Board?Re ferred back to the same Committee. in iavor of erecting a road through 9th Avenue?Con curred in. In favor of constructing a drain in John street?Con curred in. In favor of improving part of the road in 106th street. In favor ol working a road in 2d Avenue?Concurred in In favor of erecting a fence in 86th street?Concurred in In lavor of erecting a sewer in 9th street to 6th Avenue ?Concurred in. An Ordinance relative to carta, wagons, fish and fruit, prohibiting the use of tha bells and irons usually attach ed to these vehicles, unless the owners are previously li censed by the Mayor?Referred. A communication was received from the Comptroller such as had been presented by this functionary to the Board of Aldermen?asking for an additional appropria tion of $77,657 72, for the aid of the Alms House, addi tional Police, Printing and Stationery, Marshals, Ac., &e., was read. Assistant Alderman Divter moved that the communl cation he referred to the select committee?Lost Assistant Alderman Charlice desired to say a few words in relation to the document before the Board. The thing was quite plain; the city government was in a state of bankruptcy, a d never was the Common Council in such a condition for want of funds. The appropriations have been expended by the appointments that have been made, and the money squandered. He would say to the " Native" party, " go on and squander the money,"and in the end of the year get kicked outof office. President?You are out of order, Mr. Assistant Alder man of the "first." Asst. Aid. Charlice?Well turned out. He, therefore, protested against the sweeping appropriations thus made to pay the under officers and persons who hold appoint ments under the "native" party. He was sorry to per ceive that the so called "reform party" had confessed judgement so soon, and had plunged the city into such enormous expense The people, however, would be able to deal with the matter, and he trusted that the communi cation would be referred to enable the members of the Board to examine into the items, by which he averred he would be able to show that the "native" party had far exceeded the old Common Council in the expenditure of tha city government. It appeared that in the month of July arum of $6,819 was expended for outdoor poor by the Natives; while in the month of April the Locofocos spent hut $3,982 for similar purposes. On thia one h ad corruptions could easily creep in and he believed that the money was spent on men who were employed to hunt about the city in search of paupers,but it was well known that few paupers were about the city in the month of Ju ly. The Locofocos were far behind the present Board in relation to public expenses as an inspection of the records would prove. He, therefore, hoped the document would he referred. The question on its adoption was then ta ken and carried Ayes 7. Noes 6 A communication was received from the Receiver of Taxes, asking an appropriation for building an office. Referred to a Committee with power to act in the pre mises. An ordinance was read from the Board of Aldermen, and concurred in, dividing the City into Watch and Lump Districts Repaiti in favor of erecting side walks in West, between King and Barrow street*?Concurred in. Resolution from tha Board of Aldermen, in favor of cleaning out the slip at the Alms House?Concurredin Resolution in favor of appointing Smith W. Clark, Day Police Officer of the 16th Ward Assistant Alderman Charltk opposed the appoint ment, ns the Bo ird, he contended, had not|the power to ap point the police. It was like throwing sj much money away; and he would take the occasion to express his un mitigated contempt for the insolent remarks made by the Alderman ol the First Ward in his place last night at the Board of Aldermen, in attributing to member* of the Assis tants " trickery" in relation to an amendment which was appended to tho resolution, which provided that the re solution should be accompanied with a Marshal's war rant from the Mayor. He, in hi* place, flung back with contempt? Passinr.NT.?You are out of order. You can't go into this subject here. Assistant Alderman Charlice?I admit it is too con temptible lor notice, and I fling it back with utter con tempt from iny place at this Board. After pasting some other papeta from the Board of Aldermen, the Board adjourned. Great Bank Case.?The great case of the Bank of the United States, against Col. Andrew Beirne, ol Monroe, as endorser for his son-in-law, Mr. Steenber gen, (now of New York) Involving some $690,000, has been decided in Col. Beirne's favor, bv a special Court ol Appeals, at Lewisburg. The Special Court of Appeal i, Judges Standard, Scott, Leigh and Fry, were unanftaeua in the judgment awarded.?Richmond Compiler, Aug. 20. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Boston, Aug. 25,1814. State of the Weather?Odd Fellow* Celebration? Swmhine and Salvation. 1 know not how it is, but it appears to me you have fewer letters fiom correspondents in thiBcity, considering its importance in a commercial, lite rary, and philosophical point ot view, and the ex tent of its population, than from any other point; and as I consider that it is entitled to a fair repre sentation in that great chronicle ot the times, the New York Herald, 1 know not that I can do a bet ter thing than making an occasional attempt to till up the void Thursday, Friday, and Saturday have been most disagreeable days, a bleak coast wind blows in upon us all the time, accompanied with heavy tainrt, the more disagreeable from their contrast with the exceedingly sultry,dog-day weather which preceded them. The Odd Fellows who left this city to attend the celebration in Portland, were, with the good deni zens of that place, much disappointed at the unpro pitious state of the atmosphere on Friday, which prevented them from parading " in ull the pomp and circumstance" which their splendid regalia and insignia really gives them an opportunity of doing. They, however, took advantage of a few hours of sunshine on Saturday, and made a most splendid diBplay. though with diminished numbers, a great many having left for their homes on the preceding evening. I have been informed by a gentleman of the order that there were upwards of two thousund Odd Fellows in the procession, and three thousand in the city on Friday; though the 'limes, with a bit of exaggeration, sets it down as five thousand. Several car loads of them returned to this city as late as 12 o'clock Saturday night. Since sitting down to write this letter the wea ther has cleared off most beautifully, and as the church bells are ringing, 1 see from my window the sidewalks filled with silks and Batins, the wear ers of which are repairing to their respective places of worship, affording a striking contrast to the mea gre display at the ringing of the bells this morning, a circumstance from which we may be allowed to infer that rainy weather is highly unfavorable to the salvation ol belles. More anon, Squizzlk. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald.] U. S. Brig Sombrs, ) Philadelphia, Aug. 25, 1844. > Dear Sir:?I have the happiness to inform you of j the safe arrival at this place oi the U. S. Brig So men, on Sunday evening, Aug. 25. Officers and crew all well. She is last from Nassau, N. P. and the Bahamas. The Somers sailed from New York May 1st, 1843, and has been absent 16 months, during which time she has been actively cruising in the West Indies and Gulf of Mexico, having been 260 days at sea, and has sailed twenty-three thousand five hundred miles. She has visited Norfolk, Savan nah, Pensacola, (Fa.) 5 times, Key WeBt twice, and has called in at 13 other.different ports in the West Indies. During the time she haB been absent, she has ne ver been beaten by any vessel, and have never seen any vessel but what she could easily have overta ken had we wanted to do so. We have encoun tered several very severe gales, and I hesitate not to say she is the finest sea boat I ever was in?per fectly easy in a gale of wind, and remarkably dry. She has not lost a spar, or sail since we left, and have been cruising during the hurricane months in the Gull of Mexico and the West Indies. I will see you in a few days and give you a more full ac count of particulars fiom abstract. Philadelphia. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Philadelphia, August 26, 1844. Native Americanism?State of Society?The News paper fPress?Surgical Affairs?Steamboat Ex plosion, fyc. It gratified me to notice the respectful attention given my last epistle,which you kindly inserted, al though written currents calamo,as all such communi, cations must necessarily be, from your humble ser? vant. I made a few remarks in regard to the Na tives, and being one myself, should be allowed as " large a charter as the wind, to blow upon whom I please." This I intend to do in the exercise of my privilege as an American citizen. Happening to peruse a few moments since a pamphlet written and published by Jacob Barker, Esq., an old and highly respectable citizen of New Orleans, I find that the sentiments in the annexed extract, agree with my views of the case so well, t'-at I shall make use o( them to that effect. " The question of native and adopted citizen," he says, should not be considered debateable any more than the slave question is; both questions should be consid ered settled ; to agitate either alike treasonable." The principal extract, however, is as follows:? "The late alarming organization of Native Amer ican Societies, the selfish and unjust sentiments they promulgate, and the lawless acts of violence perpetrated by these men, should induce every citi zen in the United States, whether he be Whig or Democrat, to lift up his voice against all such dis tinctions. They should withhold their political support from all those who sow the seeds of discon tent?should meet their hostile proceedings firmly, yet mildly and with a return of kindness doing good for evil, subduing their angry possions by killing them with kindness; follow the example of that puTe patriot Thomas Addis Emmett,against whom the black-coats combined very soon after he landed on our shores, and while he held fast on his political integrity, he pursued such a course of amiability and generosity towards his persecutors, that his capacity to sustain their legal rights in Court, his great learning, his eloquence, ana many virtues soon won his way to their hearts?their roast beef?their turtle soups and madeira wine ; but at the same time withhold from the advocates of mob law, as well as from those who endeavor to make any other destruction among citizens than that which arises from intelligence and viriue?all political support, and in no case add to their politi cal power until they shall learn to respect the legal rights of naturalized citizens, and yield to those who may yet flee from the tyrant's grasp, the re quirements of humanity and benevolence." I shall not trespass with any remarks of mine upon the preceding sound and admirable advice suffice it that the sentiments are worthy of being written in letters of gold. Our city is filled with alarms of fire, and brutal fights between the firemen, who are a positive dis grace (with a few exceptions) to the "metropolis of brotherly love." It is thought that most of the fires happen through incendiaries and gentlemen of the mob-profession. The Lazarine of the place exceeds all power of description. Gentlemen loa fers abound numerously, and puzzle all investiga tion as to their "local habitations and names." It would be an act of charity if our courts of justice had the power of sentencing many of them to the "tread-mill for twelve calendar months." The Evening Mercury will soon appear under new habiliments, and the price of it, after thejfirst of September, will be "one cent." This paper is ably conducted, and its present editor, L. A. Wil mer, a gentleman of fine talents. Its publishers. Severns & Magill, arcj two industrious young men, who, like yourself are in no ways indebted to friends, but to their own exertions for the hand some patronage which has attended their journal. Industry is sure to prosper among us, as is evidenc ed in the success of the Heraid, whose circulation among us, almost equals that of our own papers ? The Daily Sun contains some very rabid attacks on the Catholics. The Ledger and Chronicle are ever in a belligerent state, and Col. Alexander, like his name-sake of old, is one of our principal "fight ing captains " The Colonel iB a gentleman and a scholar' The Spirit of the Times is ever racy, abounding in all the "good things of this life." The small Native organs I seldom see?they are but poor affairs. Our Baltimore cheap line of steamboats have " bursted." ft was toogcheap to be goods and con sequently did hot last long. There was an interesting surgical case here nfew days since, consisting of an amputation of a foot, by Dr. W. J. Duflee, of Moyamensing township The operation was highly successful. This young physician has already obtained an eminent rank in his profession and is daily receiving patients from all sections of the Union, where his extraordinary skill has become known. It is my intention to re port for you in detail, one of his cases, which will be of interest to the medical mm of your city. The stock market is becoming daily more de pressed and money scarcer; the banks refusings large number! of customers j in fact they have done too much. Your admirable money articles form one of the most essential features of your pa per, upon which our merchants place great reliance. Au revoir bientot. Nathan. Novel Case ?The St. Augustine News of the 17th inst., says?"The U. S. ltev. schr. Vigilant, ( ommander Taylor, arrived here on Saturday last, from St. Mark*, via Key West. The object ol her visit is a de mnnd from the Governor of Louisiana, through the Gov ernor ot Florida, for eight negroes who made their es cape Jr?m the Balize on the pilot boat Lafayette, and wertvrandt d on the Tortugas Reef. Six of the negroe. were sold a few day* previous to the arrival of the Vi gilant, by the|U. 8. Marshal, agreeable to an order of th? Court, and were purchased by Mr. V. Sanchez, for the sum of $2,800. A* yet, Mr. Sanchez has refusal to deli ve- up these negroes, agreeably to tho demand of the Go vernor of Louisiana, but claims them a* hi* property, having purchased them at public sale. The case i* a no vel one, and some excitement ha* been created on the , subject." EaBtf/t&l Soathport, W. T. [Correspondence of tho Herald.] Southfobt, W. T., Aug. 5tb, 1W4 A Villa,gt in the Far West. Dear Sir:? Aj many of your readers may not be aware of the fact, that such a place as Souibport is in exis tence, it may be as well to inform you that this village is situated on the western shore of Lake Michigan, fifty-five miles north of Chicago, and thirty-five south of Milwuukie. The ground on which it stands, nine years ago was covered by an unbroken forest, and trodden only by the Indian and the beasts of the forests; now it supports a population ot from two to three thousand indus trious, enterprising, and thriving inhabitants. Our course has been, still is, and from our geographical position and many other advantages which we en joy, must continue to be, rapidly onward. The country in the rear of the village, is one of the most beautiful on the face of the globe ; in fact it is supposed by them that havi seen it, that it was in this regton that the Garden of Eden was loca ted: the opinions of all the wise men that have lo cated it in Asia, to the contrary notwithstanding. But be that as it may, it is exceedingly beautiful and fertile, and offers inducements to tarmers.such as are presented by no other part of thoaterritory of the United States. With this fact, the farmers of the east are becoming acquainted, as is evinced by the thousands upon thousands ot them which every season brings to our shores. As I do not know that it will be agreeable to you to publish what I write, 1 will write no more at present, but will wait and see what reception this brief article meets. P. Q. More Meditations, " Wm untojyou, Scribes and Pharisees, Hypocrites ! for ye make clean the oultidt of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess."?Si. Mat thew's Gospel, XXIII. 36. Passing along Broadway last evening with a friend, our attention was attracted by a watchman following a young woman, whose deportment evinc ed nothing rendering her liable to tne suspicion of being a prostitute. She made a civil reply to some question of the vigilant guardian of the public morals, and passed on. In answer to a remark which we had the temerity to make on the subject, the watchman replied, " that it was only required that these girls should keep out of Broadway " The above text of Scripture immediately occurred to me, andl thought it might perhaps serve, also, to edify the grave and reverend signors, who govern our city, so wishing them good morning, T remain, A Quiet Observer. Melancholy _ Accident?Another accident occurred at Williamsburg, on Monday night, from the use ot a camphene lamp. The lamp was over turned in some way, and the wife and child ot a Mr. Meeks, a tailor, living in Grand street, were so severely burnt that they are not expected to live. Two young girls in the house were also badly injured. Great caution should be exer cised in using these camphene lamps. Violent Hail Storm in Mkdway.?We have been favored with the following extract of a letter received in this city dated this morning:?Yesterday, about 1 o'clock, we experienced the moat severe and do structive hail storm, accompanied with wind and rain,* that ever was known here by the oldest person living, destroying and cutting down vegetation as effectually as would the mower with his scythe, and the window glasa which was exposed to the iury of the storm was but ve,ry little obstruction to tho course of the hailstones, some which I measured were six inches in circumlerence, and that too half an hour alter they had fallen. Some were measured by other persons which were nine inohes. The quantity of rain which fell during the storm which did not exceed thirty minutes, was ]{ inch. The hail storm did not last more than filteen minutes. The amount of damage done by the way of broken glass to myself and the company, is a little more than 400 lighta. Fortunate ly most of the houses had blinds that secured the glass, and only about 1600 were broken in all the village.?Bos ton Transcript, Aug. 36. Alumni of Brown University.?The Alumni of the university will be held in this city on Tues day, September 3d, the day preceding commencement. It is hoped that the graduates of the college will come up in large numbers to share in the festivities of this occasion. The Hon. William Hunter will deliver the oddrcss, and the Hon. Tristam Surges, the president of the. association, is expected to preside at the meeting and at the dinner of the Alumni. In addition to the address of Mr Hunter, we understand that the Rev. Dr. Sprague, of Albany, N. Y., will deliver an address to the Pbilermenian Society, connected with the college, on Tuesday afternoon, at 4 o'clock : and that on the atternoon of commencement day the anniversary oration before the Phi Beta Kappa will be delivered by Rev. Dr. Sears of Newton ? Providence Jour. Aug. 36. Steamboat Collisions.?About 60 miles below this city, night before last, the steamboat Indiana, descending, ran afoul of the Oregon, coming up She struck the after part of one her wheel-houses, but did no material damage Four or five evenings ago, a few miles above this city, the Ashland, bound tor Pittsburgh, waa run into by the Josephine, and had one of her wheel houses so much damage : that she was obliged to return here for repairs. This is very dangerous amusement.? Cincinnati Gazette. Died of his Wounds.?Mr. Halleck, the man who was injured on the Long Island Railroad a few days ago. More Private Mails.?It is stated in a Cincin nati paper that arrangements are making to extend the system ot Private Mails between New York, Cincinnati, and St. Louis. Fugitive Slave.-?A man passed through this town on Friday of last week, with a fugitive female slave which he had recovered some where nbov? hare, we have not learned where.?Nashua Telegraph. CaiwiiSatk Dead.?Judge Patrick Jack* who died, a few day* since. at Galveston, of yellow fev.w. one of the candidates for the Vice Presidency of tl?'* R? public. Mail for thb Pacific ? A letter bag will be des patched fiom the office of the Navy Agent in Baltimore, on or aheut the 1st of September, for the U. S. squadron, in the Pacific. Am unemeiita. Niblo's Gaudkn.?This is a season of mass meet ings, mighty gatherings, and multitudes; but for a mass meeting ol merry-makers, for a multitude of happy people and a mighty gathering of the lair daughters of tho land, commend us to Niblo's Garden, for there on every night of the week we behold a gay and happy mul titude gathered together to forget for a few hours the cares and toils of the world, and enjoy in innocent and harmless recreation the charming time snatched trom the band of cara. This fashionable and favorite resort is now nightly crowded with the lairest and best of the land? fiom the North, the South, from the East, and from the West, strangers visiting New York rush eagerly t? these delightful Gardens, and are rewarded by a variety ot en tertainments of the most attractive and satisfactory char acter, rendered more pleasing by tha opportunities oiibrd ed lor promenade through this fairy land. Tonight a spl enilid entertainment is offered, and Niblo's Garden will again present the same charming appearance that it has for some time past. {&- IT 18 THE rATE OF GENIUS TO SUFFER PERSECUTION.?It was sa with Copernicus, Galileo, Sartorius, Columbus, and a host of others; but it is emi nently so with Dr. Felix Gouraud. Thau him no scien tific man has ever been a greater benefactor to the ladies; yet he has lived to see the rewards which are justly his due?rudely snatched from his hand. Thus no sooner does he (succeed in mauulacturing a MEDICATED SOAP that is all powerful in the removal of tan, freckles, sunburn, sallowness, tetter, and all othe.'?e^uption, oitho human skin, than his invention is poh.nct,(l upon by swindlers whose audacity is excelled only ^7 their igno rance and vulgarity, and whose sole aim k\living sp pears to be a longing for the "almighty dot '#r" ",0 ignorant pretenders then not only moke a soap t.o bv.skm. ei.k Dr. G.'s, but absolutely sometimes copy hi.' Isbels and advertisements. Gouracd's Poudrk Suktilr, for eradicating superft..?,ou, hair from the skin; Grecian Hair Dye, foi changing i ?d or grey hair to a beautiful brown or black; Liquid Rouok' for giving a'splendid ro>y tinge to the cheek, and his Blanc d'Kspagne lor imparting to the complexion an ala baster whiteness?have ail been counterfeited by the same matchless wretches! Be carelul, therefore, to pur chase only at Dr Goutaud's Depot, 67 Walker atieet, first store i rom Broadway. And at 74 Chestnut street, Philadelphia; 3 Milk street, Boston; Carleton St Co., Lowell; Dyer. ProvidenceiFerra, Middleton; Bull, Hertford; Myers, New Haven, Cowles, Springfield; Green St Co., Worcester; Towsey, Roches ter; Pearce, 4 Stanwix Hall, Albany; Backus St Bull, Troy, Storrs, Hudson; Gray, Poughkeepsie; and all coun try druggists. dry- CONNELL'S MAGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR? Tho great hualing ointment for nil burns, nfways allaying the pain and extracting the fire in an incredible short time alter its application Upon being applied to scroth ious sores or ehstinate biles it immediately causes a dis charge of all the impure matter and then heals them. If nppilcJ to broken limbs they heal without pain or sore ness. Eyes that have been sore or inflamed for > eats it is suretocure. By it inflammations are stopped, swellings subdued, and mortifications prevented. It heats every species of sores, both old anil new, and biles, or humors of any description, are cured by it Hundreds arnl thou sands in this city, and in nil parts of the Union, wherever this salve has been used, now stand ready to testily to its magical effect in removing all pain from any sore, and al ways healing in an incredible short time. Physicians ger erally are solicited to use it Several in this city al ready prescribe it in all caseiof bums it will he given to the poor and suffering. Sold at 31 Courtlundt street. 0TJ- COMSTOCK'S 8ARSAPAHILLA FOR ALL IM puiities of the blood, pimples or humors on the face, scro fulous diseases and billions affections. Sold at 3ICourt landt street. Price AO cents per bottle or $4 per dozen; CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY CURED.?1L? feme Mixture, prepared by the Coilegs ol Kedtcinemd 'harmucv of the city of 5>w York, is confidently ro ?Aimmendcil for all ceses of debility pi oduced by secret ir lulgenoe or excess of any km.l. it is an invaluable rema Iy lor im|?tcnce, sterility , oi boner nets (unless depend iug on mal formation.) dingle bottles pi each ; cases ui htiii a dozen ?4; cart .lily parked and sent to all parts of the Union. Office of the College of Medicine and Pharmacy St. yassnu rtreet. W.?. RICHARDSON, M. D., Agaat.

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