Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 1, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 1, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., No. 843?Whole do. 3843. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 1, 1844. J?rlr? Two Cent*. THIRTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE GREAT WESTERN!!! INTERESTIBQ IITEIXIGUNCE. STATE OP THE OOTTON MARKET. Accouchement of the Queen. IRISH STATE TRIAL8. AFFAIRS IN MOROCCO. Bombardment of Tangier. Abdication of Meheintt Hi. tfC. tfC. tfC. The Great Western, Captain Matthews, arrived at halt paat six o'clock last evening from Liverpool with advices from that place to the 17th inclusive. Our London dates are to the 16th. She has thus made the passage in exactly two weeks. One hundred and thirty-three passengers came in her. There has been no change in Cotton?tendency, however, in favor of buyers. There was a good trade demand. The accouchement of the Queen had taken place. She gave birth to a Prince. Affairs in Morocco have assumed a more quiet aspect. France has intimidated the Emperor. The bombardment of Tangier will probably settle the trouble. Mehemet Ali has abdicated in favor of his son Ibrahim. News from the continent seems to be barren of interest. The Montezuma, hence, arrived out on the 8th, and the Roscius on the 16th. 2 Joseph Bonaparte is dead. The Prince Royal of Pruiftia is now en a visit to England. Great Britain is this year overrun with foreign nobility. O'Connell and his affairs remain about the same as per last accovnts. The intelligence of the English crops is very fa vorable to England, and unfavorable to America. Mr. Washington Irving has arrived in Paris on leave of absence for two months from his diplo matic duties in Spain. After a short stay he will pay a visit to London. The King of Saxony embarked on board her Majesty's ?'.earner Lightning on the 4th instant, and quitted our shores to return to his dominions, via Hamburgh. The Dublin Evening Post states, on the authori ty oi lis London correspondent, that the Queen is ceitaiuly to visit Ireland early next aummer. A mysterious stranger has arrived at Barcelona, who is suspected to be the Count de Trepani, the intended husband of the Queen. Sir John Guest, Bart., M. P., has lately received on ordrr from Russia, for 50,000 tons of irons, for the purpose of being employed in the construction of railways. Tiie latest accounts from Lisbon state, that the heat there was intense; the thermometer being, generally, as liigh as 98, and some days up to 100 degrees in the shade. At a great fret trade meeting held at Northamp ton, recently, Messrs. Cobden and Bright! gained a sign*! trinmph over the combined Tories and Chartists, the latter headed by their redoubtable leader Feargus O'Connor. The borough of Dudley was the scene oi a con test on the instant. The successful candidate was Mr. Benbow, a Conservative, who defeated his opponent, Mr. Rawson, the free-trader, by 213. The most important piece of news here, (Hano ver, Aug. 1,) is, that Brunswick withdraws from the Pruseian Customs Union, which will positively be at New Year, 1846. British and Bkloiuh Letters.?The postage of letters between England and Belgium is reduced to Is. for the whole distance, of which sum Belgium will take 5d. and England 7d. This is a reduction of more than half of the present rate. The pre payment will be optional. In a case of tobacco smuggling, recently investi gated at the Mansion-house, London, it was stated that 20,000 pounds of tobacco had been lately clear ed ont of the Custom-house in Dutch cheeses! The Anti-Corn-Law League, after an interval of five, weeks, held their last meeting for the season, at Covent Garden Theatre, on the 7th instant.? Mr. Cobden indignantly denied the report put forth by the Morning Herald about the impending disso lution of the body. Thi Souse Cbntkht.?A Paris letter states, that " the late judgment of the Court of Premie e In stance has been set aside, and a new one given by the Cour Royals, in favor ot " the Marquis of Hsrtl'ort against Suisse," en the subject of the ?80,090 in the hands of Debaque and Cadlez, bank ers, Paris. This important decision has produced a very great seusntion." Wekpe of the " Missouri."?A letter from Gib raltar Bay states that the operations against the wreck of the American frigate Missouri are going on well, and that it was cxpected that she would be afloat in two or three weeks from the 21st of July. The work was a most arduous one, as it had to be conducted under a burning sun, with the ther mometer at 125, and in the shade varying from 95 to 110 degrees. Factories in Great Britain and Ireland.?In EngUtud there are 1,075 cotton factories, employ ing- 183 248 hands; in Scotland 159 factories, and 82.5S0 hands; in Ireland, 28 factories and 4,011 hands.?GUngow National. The German papers state that ,the Government of Austria and Prussia have made a convention, whereby, in case of any renewal of disturbances Ly the workmen on the frontiers of the two king doms, the armed forces of the two Sovereigns are reciprocally to obey the calls oi the nuigiistrites of the other country in re-establishing tranquility. The Abolition of Imi-kisonment foe Deiit.? The above act, which received the royul assent on tlie9ih inst., by commission, came into operation the following day, when a number of debtors who had been imprisoned in the different metropolitan prisons for debts under ?10, were liberated, and the f?me course will be adopted in all the other jails throughout the country, with the exception of those persons who stand committed for penalties due to the Crown. Death rr Josurn Bonaparte ? Letters from Flo rence, of the 30th alt.,mention the death of Joseph Donaparte, once King of Naples, and afterwards of Spain. He died on the 28th ult., after a long illness His brothers, Louib and Jerome, were with him in his last moments. Louis in now the head of the family, bu? his health is also very bad, and his suc cessor is Prince, Louis Napoleou, the prisoner at Ham. The Romiigna is stated to be still in a vary disturbed state. It is said, too, that the Pop* is dangerously ill. We have to announce the demise of the Grand Duches*s Alexandria, iourth daughter of the Em|?e ror of Russia, and consort ol his ltoyal Highness Prince Frederick of Hasse. The Grand Duchess's illnes", it is w?ll kown, was the principal cunse ol the liniperor's hasty departure from this country.? The young princ?*n, so prematurely cut oft, was born 21th June, 1825, and was married last Septem ber to the Prince Frederick of Hesse. The courts of the Hngue, Saxe Weimer, Wurtembf-rg, and Hesar arc placed in mourning by the demise of the Grand Duchess. Spoliation of Churchyards.?The inhabitants of Enfield are much excited by the exposure which lately occured at the public sale of the furniture at the late Vicar's hatise. The vicarage garden joins the churchyard, and the late occnpier, it was seen, had used tombstones n paving for his stable-yatd. It is alsa reported that ?me lea len coffins are not in their pror>er places. The late vicar received not less than ill,2(H) per annum, and left at his death the sum oi JEflO.OUU Aceouatacment of the Birth of a Prince. The birth ot another Prince?the Duke of York we presume to call him by anticipation?liasre lieved everv solicitude as to the personal welfare of Queen Victoria, and has given a new security for the direct succession to the Crown. The Queen was"taken ill" soon after five o'clock on Tuesday morning, ihe6ih inst. aud her medical attendants, Sir James Clark, Dr. Locock, Mr. Fer guson, and 'Mr. Brown, Surgeon to the House hold at Windsor,were summoned at once. About o'clock a messenger wasf ent to Slough, to direct a summons by the electrical telegraph for the Cabinet Ministers and the Great Officers of State ?? the mes senger arrived ut Slough in eight minutes: the de spatch reached Paddmgton and wus acknowledged in three more. At twenty three minutes past eight o'clock arrived the first special train at Slough, hav ing performed the journey of eighteen miles nnd a quarter in eighteen minutes: it bore the Duke ot Buccleugh, Earl Delewar, the Earl of Jersey, Lord Lyndhurst, and Sir James Graham. The next con veyed Sir Robert Peel and . Lord Sianlev, rather slower, to avoid a collision with the first. The third with the Duke of Wellington alone, travelled the distance in seventeen minutes and a^halt, and in eleven minutes more he was at the Castle; royal carriages having been stationed at Slough to carry on the Ministers. All the Ministers eventually reached the Castle, except the Earl of Liver pool, who by some accident tailed to receive his notice. None of them, however, were in time tor the actual birth, which took place, without any ad verse occurrence ten minutes before 8; o clock. In the course cf the morning guns were fired at Windsor, at St. James Park, and at the Tower; and bells were rung and flags hoisted in every quarter as the news spread. Intelligence ot the event was specially sent to all the members ol the Royal Family. The Bishop of London, going down at a quarter past ten o'clock, met the Mi nisters returning : and came back with them to town. Mrs. Perkins, the wet nurse, whose own lying in occurred only on Friday se nnight was removed in a close carriage trom the Ward robe Tower to the Royal resident, between ten and eleven o'clock. The daily ends of inquiry at the Castle have been numerous. The Privy Coup cil have issued the usual orders directing public thanksgiving for her safe delivery. During the Tuesday, Prince Albert rode out on horseback. In the evening, the Dutchess of Kent dined with his Roynl Highness. The Queen and the intant have coutinued to do well; such being the tenor ot the bulletins down to the last issued. The Moruing Post tells an anecdote ol the , Queen's accouchementmuHer Majesty signed the commission for giving the Royal assent to various hills on Tuesday moruing, the 6th inst., at about] five o'clock, scarcely three hours betore ?rac couchment. The commission wae despatched by the Lord Chancellor to Her Maiesty by a special mes Buiuer. who went by the 9o clock train from .Pad dington on Monday evening. . It was mentioned to liie Queen, that a commission requiring her signature had arrived, but that she need not sign u till the following morning. At 5 o clock, however, feeling that her accouchement wasi fast approach ing and with that presence, of miud bo character istic ot her, recollecting that un important public i document was. in the Castle awaiting her signature, she immediately directed it to be brought; and although not tree trom pain and anx iety, affixed her signature, with the same freedom ot hand as usual, to the commission and sheets ot parchment upon which the names of the bills were inscribed. As there were seven sheets ot the parch ment, the signature of the Queen was required to be as often repeated." j Orders have been given for the immediate equipment of the Royal steam yacht Victoria and Albert. She has accordingly beenmastedt&c.,and received on board her fuel. Her captain, Lord Adolphus Fitzclarence.had arrived from Cowes, for the purpose of hastening her outfit > and the yacht will in a lew days make a trial cruise, having been furnished with new engines and boilers. An American aloe is now in full bloom in the gardens of the palace at Windsor. The blossoms, which rise to nearly three feet in height, are the source of considerable attraction to the numerous visitors. Execution.?William Saville.the murderer, wbs executed at Nottingham on the 7th inst., when a fatal accident happened among the great crowd as sembled to witness the hanging. Just after the pri soner was turned off, a rush of the crowd took place; and a number of persons were forced down a narrow avenue, that leads to the street in which the execution had taken place. This avenue is a very steep descent, called Garner s Hill, and at the tou are three or four steps. The persons who were forced down fell on the ground, and the others were pushed over them. Those who had fallen were trampled upon, and thirty persons were taken up more or less injured: twelve were quite dead. Revenue and Expenditure ?On the national Balance-sheet ot Revenue and Expenditure, just published, the commercial writer in the limn ob serves?" The excess ot income over expenditure, amounting to ?1,770,080, is indeed less than that exhibited by the April balance-sheet, which was upwards of ?2,000,000, but nevertheless, it indi cates increased prosperity, if we look at the "em bv which it is produced, in both the balance-sheets China occasions a loss; the money received under the treaty being very much less than the expenses tor the expenditure and the Opium-compensation. In the July sheet, however, the receipts under this head are much less than in April, while the expen diture is somewhat greater; and if the items refer ring to China were struck out of the two accounts, we should have an increase in the excess of income over expenditure (as compared with April) amount ing to about ?300,000 The balances in the Exche quer, amounting to ?5,687,000, not only present a most favorable contrast with these of the corres ponding period last year, amountingto?l,ffi5,000, but show an increase ot more than ?3,000,000,com pared with the balances on the 5th of last April. Poor Law Returns, (fee.?A return of the num ber ot orphan aud deserted children in the poor-law union workhouses ot England and Wales, nan been laid betore the House of Commons. The number of unions in the English counties is stated to be 508 The total number ot orphan children (i- e., having lost one or both parents) under fourteen years of age, in the various union workhouses on the 18th of March last, amounted to 15,805, of ot whom 8,816 were males, and 6,959 females. The total number of children under fourteen years of age, who have been deserted by their parents, amounted at the same period, to M08, of whom 3 409 were males, and 2,999 ('males. The total number of widows receiving ou^d?r relief, on the 18th of March last, amounted to 71,250, and the total number of children under fourteen years ot aue. dependent on them for support ar.d subsistence, to 102,913 In the thirty-eight unions of Wales there are 514 orphans (274 males and 240 females); 238 children deserted by their unnatura parents (122 males and 116 females): 6,996 widows re ceiving out-door relief; and 8,(ill children depend ing on them for subsistence. The grand total tor England and Wales (inclusive of places under Gilbert's net) was as follows, viz : 680 unions; IS 201 orphan children under fourteen vears ot age (10 205 males and 8,056 females); 7,152 children, under fourteen years ol nge, deserted by parents (3,813 males and 3,339 females); 85,286 widows receiving out dour rolief on the 18th ot March, 1844; and 119,310 children dependent upon theni forsupport and subsistence. Mukdkr ok am Amihican Gai-tain of this High Skas.?The Thomas Bennett, a vessel on her voyege from Liverpoolto Charleston, S C .whence she sailed on the 3d insi., returned on the 14ih, in consequence of the murder of the captain by the cook She had hern out live day* when the mel ancholy event occurred, but had only reached the Hay o| Biscay, when the chief inatn put back, and on arrival tne murderer, a fine-looking feliow named John Kent, was apprehended and placed in confinement. It appears that Captain Halsey, the commander of the vessel, though generally a very sober man, had been under the influence of potent draughts from the time he put to tea. One day it is averred, he drank no less than a pint and a half of brandy. Under the excitement pro duced by ardent spirits. he rushed on deck, having been aiasatisfied with the preparation of his dinner, when an altercation took pbtce between him und the cook in the caboose. The captain, it is said, hud a knife in his hand at the time, and immedi ately after he was seen to fall, the blood flowing from his person; and, when picked up, several wounds of a fatal nature were found on his chest, throat, and other parts of his person, inflicted by the cook. An investigation before the magistrates on the 15th was adjourned to ascertain the law ol the case, the chief magistrate intimating that as the vessel was under American colors, and the murdered man a citizen of the United States, it might be necessary to send the man out there to be trisd. A coroner's inquest was held on the body, and after a patient investigation of two duys, by h jury of merchants called off 'Change for the pur pose, they returned a verdict of "justifiable homi cide," believing that the fatal act was done in self defenee. The man, however, waa not set at liber ty upon this verdict, as he was claimed by the American|;Cojuul ou behalf of the Untied States Government, and remanded to receive the auswer of the Secretary of Mtate, as to his being given up, to be triad there. The body of Captain Halsey was interred in St. James' Cemetery on the 15tb, at tended from the Grecian Hotel by most of the American Captains in port. The deceased, we un deratand, was a widower, and has l?ft a family of six children.? IVilmer't Liverpool Timet, Aug. 7. Texas, Annexation in England?In spite of the non-ratification by the Senate ot the United States of the treaty which was intended to annex Texas to the Union, the circumstances attending that im portant though abortive negotiation have In a 1 tsting impression on all the parties iuterested in the question. Ax far as the United Suites are con cerned, the project of annexation to?k its origin, as w? nave frequently observed, in the electioneer ing intrigues ot Mr. Tyler's party, rather than in any serious apprehensions ot foreign inllueuce, or any profound system of national policy. In this respect the failure was complete; and in spite ?f the tricks of Mr. Tyler, and the dying denunciations of General Jackson, ttiere is little doubt that the can didate ot the party most hostile to annexation will succeed to the Presidency at the ensuing election Bat the effects to which we allude are those produ ced by the treaty, even in its incomplete state, on the relations of Texas itself to Mexico, and to oth er countries. The negotiation of that treaty proved to Mexico and to the world, that in asserting her independence, Texas did not really aspire to the condition of a free state, bur merely to a dishonest transfer of her allegiance. All the lights of Mexi co, aud all the reasons she might advance iu oppo sition to the independence of Texas, were strength ened a hundredfold as against such a foreign inter ference with her late sovereignty over the province; and whatever the fate of the treaty might be, the bare avowal of such a design by the (Governments of the United States and of Texas was quite suffi cient to determine the Mexican Government to trust to nothing but the force of arms, either against the revolted province or against its more powerful neighbor. Several causcs concur to render the position of Texas very critical on the renewal of buch a con test. The rejection of the treaty of annexation is a severe blow to the designs of the American party in the Republic; the presence of a slave population within its boundaries, whose future fate depends altogether on the political condition of the State, is un element of danger in the heart of every village and every dwelling, lor the tina qua non of Mexico is the abolition of slavery, and the main object of the American party is us continuance; Texas is ill-furnished with the means of carrying on the war; and President Houston, who appears never to have been a partisan of annexation, although ha lent himself to the late treaty, must perceive that the future independence of his country and the re-estab lishment ot peace depend on the vigor with which he may carry out the principles first proclaimed by its founders. The alternative, which is pointed to with a sort of horror by the agents cf the United States, as the probabLe consequence ot the rejection ot the project lor annexation, is the conclusion of a free trade treaty with Great Britain. That is the mon strum injandum ingtnt, against which all these at tacks are directed; that isd?emed a sufficient reason for a country instantly to torteit all claims to inde pendence and self-government; and Texas is only worthy of a place amongst the states of the North American continent as long as she upholds the in stitutions which bless that part of the globe?sla very and prohibitive duties. Vv'c certainly dissent from this opinion so entirely, that we were disposed to hail with some satisfaction the creation of a new southern community, in which commerce might be carried on without restrictions, and sla very might at no distant period cease. But these views and these hopes were in no way peculiar to Great Britain; they are shared in to the fullest ex tent by France, Holland, Belgium, and all the Eu ropean countries by which Texas has been recog nized. If Texas wisely and resoluteiy proclaims the policy of free trade, she opens her ports equally to all nations; she secures to her productions a natural preference in all markets; she buys from all markets on equal terms; and, above all, she gives to ail foreign countries au equal inter est in maintaining Iter independence. These are principles which are easily applied, and which much infallibly succced; they can give umbrage to none but her enemies or would-be rulers ; and thev remove every pretext for those designs of an exclusive influence, whether commercial or politi cal, which have been falsely and absurdly im puted to this country. We have recognised Texas as an independent btate; we wish her to re main so ; but if she be uuworthy of the destiny to which Bhe once aspired, we had far rather she were re-united to the free population of the Mexi> can Republic, than classed among the slave hold ing states of the Unioo, who already regard her with more terror and jealousy than they will ac knowledge, since they impute to Great Britain those. fears, which are really excited by the future resources and freer institutions oi Texas itself. London Timet, Aug. IS. Post-office Espionage.?The reports of the se veral secret committees of the two houses of parlia ment have been delivered. On an average of 21 years, the number ot warrants ior opening letters have been, in Great Britain, about eight annually; ot these, about six have been issued upon the re presentation of magistrates for the purpose of bring ing criminals to justice, or to assist in the recovery of stolen property. About two have been annually issued upon political considerations, to find the means ot obviating some public danger. In Ireland, the number of warrants ntdued has been two in a year, almost exclusively for the purpose of tracing criminals. The following is the most material por tion of the rcporti?"It may seem that the issue of six or seven warrants annually, in proportion to the 30,000 or 40,000 committals which take place in this kingdom cannot bean efficient instrument of police; but, on the other hand, the issue of six or seven warrants upon a circulation of 220,000,(KM) of letters cannot be regarded as materially interfering with the sanctity of private correspondence,which, with these exceptions, there is not the slightest ground to believe has been ever invaded. The committee have examined into the case of the petitioner whose petition has been referr ed to them. It is true that Mr. MazziniV letters were for about four months stopped and opened, under the warrant of the Secretary of State for the Home Department, and inspected by the Secretary for Foreign Affairs, upon an appre hension that he was engaged in a correspondence having for its object designs which might be irju rious to the tranquillity ot Europe. Certain parts of the information thus obtained were communi cated to a foreign government, in so far as such a communication appeared to be warranted, but without the names or detail* that might expo.-e any individual then residing in the foreign country to which the information was transmitted to danger. The committee are bound, in conclusion, to state, that having looked backtii to the proceedings ot several secretaries of state during successive ad ministrations for more than twenty years, they have found the practice has been nearly uniform, that the power nas been Very sparingly exercised, and sever from personal or party motives, and that in every ease investigated it seems to have been directed by an ei rnest and faithful desire to adopt that course which appeared to be necessary, either to promote the ends of justice cr to prevent a dis turbance of the public tranquillity, or otherwise to promote the beet interests of the country." Thk Burns' Festival.?-This great fete was cele brated at Ayr on Tuesday, the tfth instant. The preliminary arrangements were intrusted to n very active and influential committee, through whose instrumentality the Earl of Eglintoun, and Profes sor Wilson were induced to accept the honorable duty of presiding at the festive board. A fit-Id of some twenty acres in extent, beautifully situatf d on the banks of the Doon, was selected. Distant only a few yards from the monument erected to the poet's memory, in 1820, in the sloping vale imme diately below the cottage of Ins birth, it hid the charm* of being in the very centre of the sc. ne of Tam O'Shanter, and within view of Alloway's " auld haunted kirk," where the revels of the un earthly legion were held. The pnvillion is nearly a square, and covers a space of 110 feet by 128 feet. It in a very handsome erection, beautifully lined wiih cloth of various colors. It was calculated to hold upwards of 2,<K)0 persons. For several days prior to the fete, all the inns and lodging houses in Ayr were bespoken, and never before did that town, which Burns has c< lebrated as the residence of "honest men and bonnie lasses," exhibit such an appearance. From early dawn, crowds flock ed into Ayr from all directions. From an elevated situation, the country for miles around had the appearance of living panorama. "Pair auld .Scotland" never exhibited a mora animated sight. By eleven o'clock all was in readiness for the grand movement. At a given signal the various bandt struck up inspiring tunes, Hnd the magnificent pa geant commenced its progress to the monument, through the principal streets of Ayr. Perhaps the most pleasing feature in the whole procession wa? the vast assemblage of ploughmen and shepherds, dressed in their plaids and broad blue bonnets. The procession was formed three deep, and ex tended to nearly a mile in length. It occupied at least sn hour in passing from the new bridge into the field, on entering which the bands played i " Duncan Uray," followed by " Tbe Birksof Aber feldy." A large circle was then tormed rouad the pldilorm lor the musicians iu the held, mid the whole company, led by protessional vocalists, join ed in singing, " Ye bank.* and braes o bonnie Uoon," and "Auld Lang dyne." The paviliou, when all were seated, had a tplen did appearance. The chairman,ihe harlot &jt"n* toun, was supported by Mr. Robert Burns, eldest son ot the poet, Major Burns, and Colonel Burua, Mis. Begge, sister ot the poet,Sir J.McNeill, part, the Lord Justice (ienerul, the Countess ot fcgliu toau, Szc. The croupier, Professor Wilson, was support, d by Mr. A. Alison, Colonel Mure, Mr. A. Hastie, M. P., Mr. J. Oswald, iM. P., Sir J. Camp bell, &c. , 'I tie Chairman, rising to propose in such an as semblage the thrilling toast, "The Memory ot Burns"?(great applause, the company rising and waving handkerchielc)?said, this is not a meeting for the purpose of recreation and amusement; it is the spontaneous ottering ot u nation's leehng to wards the llluBtrious dead, and added to this, the desire to extend a hand ot welcome and trieudship to those whom he has lelt behind. Here, on the very epot where he lirst drew breath, on the very ground which his genius has hallow ed, beside the Old Kirk of Alloway, which his verie has immor talized, beneath the monument which ail admiring aud repentant people tiava rawed to him? (great ap plause)?we meet, after the lapse ot years, to pay our homage to the man ol genius. The uokld earl spoke at some length in a spirit that was responded 10 by the rapturous applauses ot the meeting, which were redoubled when ilie cup was raised to ihe memory ot ihe poet. 1ms was succeeded by "Ye banks and braes o'bonnie Doou, by Mr. Templeton. ... i .u Mr. Robert Burns returned thanks; and then Profesoor Wilson pronounced, amidst loud cheer ing, an eloquent welcome, greeting the poet'sfami ly. Siir J. McNeill was not less etteclive in the eu logiums with which he introduced the next toast, "Wordsworth and the Poets ot England.' Sir D. H. Blair, Bart, proposed the "Countess ot hglin toun, and the other ladies who have graced this meeting with their presence," a toast which was received with great applause. Several other toafeta were drunk, aud the convivialities of the meeting were prolonged to a late hour. ShBIL'S AND PkJCL'S SrlKCHKS ON TUB Ikish Af faiks, in the House of Commons on the IO1I1 ull., Siril Pssl : Sir, I give nolise that 1 should to day move iho adjournments the house. 1 now, tlieiclore, piopuse to move that this house, at its ruing, do adjourn nil the Oth of September. Mr. bHKii.: 'I ke government have adjaurned w*teau ol proroguing the house, beeau*e they wished that the yuJges should give tueir opinion before next February up on a case ol' great political importance and judicial doubt. It is lelt that It wouU be a uiousuous inju.tice that Mr O'Connell should have been detained in prison lor nine month*, ui the event of the judges being of opinion that 1114 imprisonment waa oiiglualJy illegal. But it does not tollow troin the admissions made by the government themselves, that it a detention ol Daniel O oonneil foi nine month* would be an outrage?the detention for threo monuia la ail injustice, le?? flagrant, indeed, but ol a gross and most lamentable kind, Relying on theie practical concessions made upou your Hide, I rise to di rect your cousideiatiou to the wisdom arid the justice ol at once discharging Mr. O'Connell, instead of wait iug until you shall have acceriaiued whether the lawyer* will have.*uccee<ied in picking thejlock ol Kith moud Penitentiary, ol throwing open ?u gates, and giving back their great deliverer to the Irish people. Vour verdict was obtained under circumstance* which should induce you at once to relinquish it. 1 will not enter into wie questions of controversy between us, but the facts admitted on all Mdes are sulBeient to call lor the exercise ol that prerogative, which our gracious Sove reign feels to tie the noblest at nbutu ol the Crown. The supprtsi ion of the jury list*, the empanelling of the jury under ciicainstunces whioli Judg<: rerun sulotunly, and again aud again declared to be most sutpiciwtis, and the exclusion ol ever> Catholic lroin the jaiy, cousUuto an assemblage ol iaci* which depiivo the ver. ict ot all moral validity, aud louder the irupiisenmeul of the Lib. ratorol Catholia In land a deep and deadly wroug in the estimate of the Iris Is people. My noble frieiw, the member lor London, tholcader of a great party in this house., solemn ly declared that Daniel O'Connell was not tiled; and it the noble lord had had nothing else to justify tnat delibeiute denunciation, the constitution ol tire Jury, l'ro testant, and, therefore, religiously packed, would allot d a complete vindication lor that solemn Centura pronounced by my liob.e friend. Tha government have recently passeel a bill to regulate churitable donations and bequests for which they deserve crid;t. Tuere can to no doubt 'that the substitution of the new board is a public Pent hi. Tho government ha?e lopped olf u biunch ol the old ascendaucy ot that U|.as tree, to whose root the axe must be laid at last. But in what particular does the chief merit of the new bill mainly consist / lu the m.x ed tribunal?in the jury dr. mtdie'tut?iu the association o: five Catholics with five l'jaestants. But if the chari table bequcat* ol Ireland ought not to bo administered by exclusively Protestant commissioners; i* it not mon strous that l'J Protestants should be empanneled to try tin; great leader of C-tholic Ireland, and thatol those 11 Protestant* many should have been distinguished by the vehemence oftheir political and religious leelings f Thi* single tact i* enough to brand the verdict in the opinion of he country, and toe inmit it to a perpetual reprobt tion. The House of Commons have viitualiy ratihed the verdict, but the right honorable gentleman, who appreci ates the value ol true fame, and can eitimate renown? who passes every day by the itatue of Oeorge Canning, and looks at We*tmin*ter Abbey-must know that the time wilt come when hi* friend* will be determined, not by tho number* in the old lobby and the new, but by the adjudication of that po*lerity to whose judg meut the right honorable gentleman cannot be in sensible. When that time shall have come, and when history shall fell that Daniul O'Connell extorted Catho lie emancipation lrom Robert I'eel, and that Hobort Peel, tho Catholic emancipator,eoipannelled a Protestant jury to censure his great political autagonist, and having thrown him into jail, refused all inquiry into circumstance* of worse than a questionable character, asd shrunk from in vestigation,doe* not the right honorable gentleman think, doe* not hi* own heart inlorm him, that history,stern, im partial and inflexible, will, uj on these great transactions in the life of the right honorable gentleman,pronounce its condemnation? But there is yet time for the right honor aide gentleman to furnish history with something noble, to tell that the right thonorable gentleman awakened to a sense of a great mistake,and bad the magnanimity to ac k now lege it,tha' he disdained all indulgence in the luxury of ignoble mind*,and rose iuto supeiiority to all miserable vindictiveness ; that he won the uoblest of all victories? oval his great adversary and himself?and made the only reparation in his power lor the injustice which he had dona to the Iri-h people. What advantage have you ob tained 7 What benefit do you anticipate the possibility ol obtaining from the imprisonment of Daniel O'Connell ? Hi* spilit is as much abroad at if he stood on the Rath of Mullaghmiiit, and hundred* of thousands were gathered nt his call. You hsve impri*oned three proprietor* ol newspapers, yet the Irish pre** is as bold and as exciting *s it was before Eleven thousand copies of the Nation newspaper circulate every week through the country, <nd administer the strongest pravocative* to tho mo<t enthusiastic spirit of nationality which the highest eloquence in writing can supply. The con ribu tion* to the national fund have quadrupled, the whola body of the Catholic clergy is mor.halled against you, and in the m*tro|>oli* of lieland is assembled a confederacy, not elpcted by the people, but the faithful representatives ol their leelings. and which you have no law, and no contrivance of lawyers to enable yon to put down. The imprisonment of O'Connell, therefore, hns only aggravated what you regard a* the evil*of Ireland. You deceive your*eIves if you imagine that you can con eiliate the people, as long a* you expect that *uch u bill as that to regulate charitable donations will be attended with salutary eflVcts upon the public mind. But neither that measure, nor your support of the education hoard, nor the augmented endowment of Mayno^th, will be of any uee in the conciliation of Ireland, if you iualst upon the continued in aroeration of the deliverer ol tho Irish peo ple Ireland will resist every allurement which you can pieser.t to her; and, luaentful ol a wrong which never can be forgiven, *r,e will lecede lrom your hiandishment, and shrink from your cares*. At no period could you with impunity array so powerful a body as the great Catholic community against yan ; but. you are now placed in siieh circumstance. ns render tho alienation of Ireland peculiar ly pei ilotis. There is too much reason to apprehend that your competitor* for supremacy look to Ireland as one ?1 the occasion* of your debility, and calculate upon your fear* of b'fng involved in a war that would expese that country tn;the most imminent huzard. IJum glad to And that upon a reccnt occasion the government hav as sumed a tone such as became them, and that tha minister is pledged to a iemand of ample reparation for the outrage offered to a British subject. It is impossible that the government should recede from the gtound which they have takcnjbnt ofwhst infinite conaequeuce it 1* that,being determined to maintain that high position, you should en compass yourself with all the securities which that posi tion requires, and that you should seek in the affections of a gallant and forgiving people a better muniment than any which the martello towers In the Bay ol Buntry can supply. 8ih Roamr Pk*>. continued Thn right honorable and learned gentleman, and uliu tho nohlo lord, linrt mode itfcrencuto recent proceedings in Ireland. I ?m not going to enter into any ilmcux?lon on that subject |hear] Bui the only part ot the noble lord'* speech which partook of :he character ot an attack on her Majesty's government, was in refwence to tho recent law proceeding* in Ire land. The nohle lord stated that we had given no notice of our intention to prohibit proceeding* which *n thought dangerous to the public peace, and that we then suddenly roorted to the law, >and charged parties with lieing guilty of u conspiracy lor acts which hail extended over several month* With reapect to thn law upon the subject, it is <|tiit? sufficient for me to atate that the Court ol Queen's Bench in Ireland waa unanimou* upon that point. Mr. Justice Pen-in laid that althouath there miifht tie a doubt ahmit technical point*, yet heexprtssly (briar <?<1 tbatthiK'Viiti'iicM to prove a conspiracy WM ml I tially perfect and conclusive. With re?pect to the appli cation of the law of conspiracy to the caae, I believe the Court of Queen'* Bench waa unanimous. Now. I could not follow the nohle lord, 1 could not enter into all tin* reason* which Induced her Majesty's governm< lit to for bear from all interference Willi reaped to the great mat ing' held in Ireland in the early part of last year on the ?uhject ?f the repeal of the union. I could not enter into that ?object without provoking a debate which would ne eessarily bring into discuaaion in thia houae the conduct olpexsons who w>- r? the subjocts of those proceedings, but who are. ii >w suffering tho "Wl#ut. ^ law. [hear, hear. | Whatever advantage, tneiefore,^ noble lord may de.ive trom that part oi ." *.,V M willingly relinquish rather thau, at the clows ol iiou, bring under the consideration of the house th-j Co duct of who are abseut [bear, ta*r] i ?"? ?"? loriner occasion stale that her Majesty 'a government Ilea on two several occasion. determined to issue a^procla mation lor the suppression ol p^iettlw ni^etiug*.with nwoeot to which tney had reason to believo that there would be u disturbance of the public p? ace and the necessity ot which proclamation, was only obviaued by the abandonment of the intention ot the parties wch meetings. But it U entirely without foundation that tier Majesty's government loibore inUrlerlag lot the l^riiuso ol etitranpiug parties into the violation ol the in? .nd tka ?l having the epportumty ot bung; iuff a connected aerit* ol eTiiieaco ut tU?ir misconduct SUcl ? a conspiracy. With reject to iho^ otu^ Srauoni which were /nter^ ^ o by he content mywU with 'sa'ymg ^in'to'diacUim^uy ol almost unworthy ol me were I even to d aclaim any 01 that luL'liiikf ot uuuonal vindictiveneM *ith *nicn u* tne trial ol Mr. O'Conneil was oihei than u lair trial, nut, M liaid liauii, Consider! g the ciicuw.uuc*. uuder which that gentleman u pl^ed. coualOw^g { considering that he ia luitilliug the ?<|nteno?ol in?U w,i will net urovoke uny with raspect to liuli pic cefcdinga, whicli might make it necessary lor n.o in vn.uic.uion oi the conduct oi her .\lajasiy a government, to I. H.1 -?> Ui>' a-MS done and dfcClaiatWUS UUcled by Wat ?enUeman. (iioar, hear) The Uight Honorable and learned ji< ntleuian had .aid tnat he pioaumod unitL We? aote cause ol the adjournment, instead ol mu pruiog.a Parliament, wa. the! not say that that in tne ?ole cause. I believe thereait. ur cum.tancea which would make the prorogation ol I ai ll - ment at the ..resent moment inexpedient. I need not rtfor mori particularly to the** circumstance. fhear hear ) But this 1 will not hesitate to say, that ste in* that the judges could not pronounce a judgment fou the matter referred to them, on the wntol eiio., until the latter end ot August-seemg Vuo^i cos.arilv absent on the circu t, and seeing that il i. possi ble that the decision to be pionounceel by the> Ve bunal?the Courtjof Appeal-might be in ^\UI.'*l tU0 who are now .uttering the sentence of the aw, 1 certain ly should have lamented thul u course had been t^en by her Male*tv's government that would have deprived those parifel^ol the benefit ol any such Ueoislon in th^ luvor it there Lad been no lurtner reason, I tho.Id not have hesituted to advise an adjournment rather than u proroga tion! inorderth^ chance might be given t '*"???" ot a lavorable decision. Although, theia .io. an ujourn | ment in.tealof a prorogation n?kuotbUensoiaywaus i.v ih? lnah trWlt*. fttiU i do not ileuy una. iuui wuu?u have been a sulUeient cause for an noble lord says tnat her Majesty . ! w Ut H.f^k done nothing lor Ireland. I. thi.theUCt l 1st, 1 wui spewi oi mat subject which, in the course of the last ses,.on, wa? lelt to be a matter ol the greatest impoituiCo as alitct mit tho interests of lrelaud, 1 mean tho lelatiou between lantUord and wuant. The 'circumstance, of the count, y were .ucli as induced tl.o government to pr^ltr n ukuiga lull and comprohenaive inquiry, rather tnau proc. ui to any preo.piutelegi.lalion upon such a sut.j^t. Ahu hon. aien.ber lor Boltou (Ur. Bowmig) brought loi w^rd a bill touching the ruiaUon. of lauuioid and tuiiant on c,euaiu iKiiuts, and no doubt tho government might have itlievul iht'iu-elVfeH ironi luither responsibility oy adop.n.glhat bil 'but Uiey considered it'not to be the proper course tney ought to take. Tho governmout appointed ?own mission ol inquiry, composed ot meu wuo were tuulltd to the confidence ol the country, lor the , ing a full and etl'ectual inquiry with respect to the local usages, peculiautie., and .y.tews introduced in the di ? Urent part, of the countiy. I think that was a much wiser course than U the goveanmant had immadiatwly proceeded to legislate on imperlect liilormatiou. Al thotigd, therefore, her Majesty ', governmen. hav? not tet introduced any measure oil the subject, thty have takei" Uio courbe ol pioviding 1'arlia.neut with he m. an. of fully undeiitandiug Uio nature ot the relation between landlord and tenant, and ol let as to what should be the legislative remedy to be applied. I tniuk 1 have aulttclently mown that the measure, ol hei Maiesty's ifovernmeut in regard to Ireland have not been at ail iiiUuenced by recent events, nor has the .pint ol their legislation been m any degree aitected by them. W ith respect to the Charitable Btquest. Bill, 1 have al ready stated the great benefit, that must acciue, and I nave also stated, and will now lepeat, that it is the inten tionol her Majesty's government, during tuke into consideration the questiou ol ueadeinical?duca Hon, lor tho puiposeol a?certainiiig what is the best mode of .applying tnSt deficiency, which we admit ***** rospect to lay academi. al education in li eland. 1 he sub ject ol the condition of Maynooth will not e.cape tenlion of the government, nor the n.cessily ol t ?tabii&n n.g an ecclesiastical coll. g? that shaU t*> a satis actoiy one. The government will apply themselves that question,in the liopeol rtmeuy ing hoimi oitht delecu., and oi roinoving some ol the objections wnich apply ut l?e sent to '.hat college. 1 think, therelore, that that which ner Majesty's government have alieady done, and thai v.h eh thev state it to he their intention to do during the recess in regai'd to Ireland, ia bt.flicieutly indicative ol the spi rit in which they mean to act toward, that part the United Kingdom [hear, hear]. We have slated, although the measure we introduced upon the subject did not receive the sanction oltoebM.e, that wltu respect of the lranchl.e, we thought that as a general rule (Jreat Britaiu and, Ireland should as lai as possible bo placed upon the same looting, and upon in equality as to civil and political liberties (hear, hear?. Tne municipal blU proposed by the go vein ment did carry out that principle. It did piopose 10 placi. the municipal franchise in Ireland precisely on the same looting as the franchise is placed in thi. couniiy. But it would be very unwise for mo now to enter imo any du cussion upon this point. I now ouly state what me the intention, of her Majesty', government Ihear, hear]; but I do not wish, to be unneceaaarily'and uuwiaely led into any discussion upon any such points. 1 he P'eKeni discuKSiou was commenced, and 1 tiust it has been^con tinue.1 and conducted by me in n spirit remote lroin all party asjirlty. (Hear, hear.) I tru?t 1 have not .md any thing to provoke a reply from other, which snail savor of hitlernes. or party lancor. (Hear hear ) 1 mus say that no man lament, more than 1 do the existence, ot those j.-alousits in Ireland, and ol those unfortunate .lis aensions tnal have prevailed, lending, a. no doubt they do to weaken the .irengih oi thl. ceuntry. (Hear, hear ) But although the*n things have prevailed, I am not the lens conli lent that in ca.e?but I trust there w ill be no ne cessity of such an appeal?but in case tho honor or inter est ol this country should rsquiru that such an appeal iliould be made, 1 have uot a doubt that the peop.a ol Ireland would, with tt.o people ot Oreat Britain, cor dially and support their Sovereign in the inaintenauci) of her throne and the honor and interests of her empire. (Cheers) The noble lord did not draw any contrast between the condition of the coun try in which it i. at presant placed, and with it# condition at former peiiod.. Hut 1 cannot help thinking that these who will caiefuUy consider the general condition ol the country on thi. day, on which Pailiament is about to .eparale, with the condition ol the country in 1841 ; il they will consider what had then oc curred in Kngtond, it they will consider what wna the condition ot this country in respect to the revenue at that period, what was its condition wi'h respcct to its ti, what with levpect to it. industry, I think they must come to tho conclusion that the is favorable, both m respect to the strength of the country, and the happiness ol the great m.iss of tho people (hear) But it i. ot my #ish to drive the noble lord into thi. contrast, and an he has not made such contrast, I will not claim undue credit lor her Majesty', present ministers. I will only state that which I believe to be true, thai in respect to r. venue, u. re.pect to trade, in respect to employment, and in respect to the general comlort ol tho people, we may entertain a cordial .atistaction, that there has been a material im piovament in these matters, without there being any doubt of advancement in the general prospeuty ol the am pin. (Cheers) Ireland. Repeal Asfociation.?At the weekly meeting ol thin Association, on Monday, the 5tii instant, the chair was taken hy Mr. Arabin, the Imblm Lord Mayor Elect. A letter wan rend from Lord Wick low, in continuation of a controversy with the As sociation, in which his Lordship gives the Repeal ers very small hones of his ever joining their ranks. Rent for tile, week, Ail The usual weekly meeting wu held on the 12.Ii iiiit. 'J'he clmir wan taken by Richard O'Goriuan Esq. Mr. I). O'Connell, jr., announeed the receipt of various subscriptions, una proceeded to give hi> usual weekly return from the prison. He w,.s hap py to he able to inform the association that the im prisoned martyrs were in good health and most ex cedent spirits, enjoying tiie glorious tactot the |?er fect tranquility of Ireland throughout its entire ex tent. They were likewise r. joiued to hud that the spirit of perseverance, in looking by legal and con stitutional means for the repeal of the union, still pervaded Irishmen of every dans and persuasion. Peace and perseverance, and the union would necessarily be repealed. His father greatly disiip proved of Mr. Shell's speech in parliainant on the .State Trials, aud deprecated ;in the strongest lan guage any shrinking or compromise. The repeal of the union must come sooner or later; it was only a question of lime; he called mw>n them to persevere and hy redoubled exertions legally and peaceably to achieve for their native land that greatest ol ,'oliucrtl blessings. Mr. C. Powell, M. P., moved the adoption of an uddr?r*to the Queen, praying that she would liberaU Mr. O'Conuell, who n ?tated in the address to be " her Majesty's moi-t illustrious subject," and " the greatest man of tin ig?." The adoption of the address was seconded t?y Henry Grattan, Esq., who stated that it had received l.tlH-l !HH signatures. Mr. Smith O'Brien announced the amount of subscription* to b 17a. for the week,and the meeting adjourned Irish Htatk Trials in Parmamknt.?Parlia ment stands adjourned until September 5th, to enable the House of Lords to give judgment in tin eas'! ol xMr. O'Conuell,and also to allordthe mini ier an opportunity, should he think proper to em (?race it, of bringing the foreign relations of tin country before the national inquest. Judgment in the case of the traversers will be given on thejld proximo ?~ although it is geuc tally understood that 11 will confirm the proceed in*siu the Irish Court, much v. ill depend upon (lie opinions which the Judges may entertain with n - gurd to the proceedings connected with the nmnaicr trial*), whether any portion of Mr. O'Cenoell's term ot incarceration will be curtailed. The Governnie ut 10 much more anxious to come to terms with O'Connell tlian he is with them. Betore the be? sion closed, they t>id high tor popularity m Ireland by repealing, at the risk ot ollending the prejudices oi many ot their English supporters, the absuid l>ennl laws, which dirgraced the statutes, respecui g Roman Catholics. A bill, conceived lu a similar apuit, enubling property to be legally trmbliried to the use ot me Cliuicn ot itouic in Ireland, was introduced and passed. Ab regards the parliaim n tary position ot the ministry, the session which hat now closed has exhibited their weakness, their di visions, and their deteats. Their moral btrengih has beeu seriou&ly in.paired. Another such session ot reveibfb and Dluuderb will go tar to ope* me mortals ot Downing blree.l to their rivals, the whiga. FmiM Birth ok a French Princess.?We are happy to state thnt the Princess de Joiuville whs, at libit past 12 last night, sately delivered ot a Prinoete, at Neuilly. ller royal highness and the infant princess are borh going on tavorably. It is a curi ous coincidence, Uiat this is the anniversary ot the Prince de Joinville's birih-day. He enters to-day 011 hib 27th year. The sebsion ot the French Legislature far 15(44 was closed by royal ordinance on (he 5ih instant, lu ihe Chamber ot Deputies Rl. de la itochejac quelin said that it Mas impossible the Assembly could separate will.out replying to the insulting lauguage used in Parliament by a minister ot Great Britain in speaking ot the naval otticeis ot France. He knew that the Cabinet was in a deli cute position, but he thought that if it had acted with more firmness, England would not have dared to ask tor reparation, when it was the Freuch au thority that liad been so grossly insulted at Tahiti by the British Consul. M. Giuzot, in reply, obser ved that the question at issue should be lett to the decision of the two Governments; that he would attsud to it carefully, and that the Chamber might rest convinced that he would do everything iu las power to uphold the honor and rights ot the French navy. M. Billault and M. Berr^er spoke next; and alter a new assurance trom M. Gui/.ot that he would throughout the negotiation defend the rights ot na tions aud the interests ot the country, the Koyal ordinance was read by the Minister ot Public In struction, mid the Chamber separated amidst cries of " Vive le Hoi." The Moniltw publishes the Budget of 1845: in which the expenuitures ure set down ut l,3bU,57t>, ? 248 Irancs, and the ways and means at 1,327,764, 417 Irancs. Baron Fresmin Dumesnil, former Member of tlie Legislative body, and Deputy tor Gonlances under the liestoiation, lately died in that town, in the niueiy-ihird year of his age. He hud conn, eneed his military carter (lndei J,oui& the Fifteenth, and assisted ai the siege ot Gibraltar. On the 10th lust, a grand dinner was given at the Palace ot Neuilly, in celebration Oi the four teenth anniversdty of the day oil which Louis Philippe took possession of (lie tliroue, alter mak ing oath to the charter of 1830, iu presence ot the two Chambers. The ministers, ambassadors, grand dignitaries ol the state, and a large number ot ge neral officers, attended the banquet. The Semaphore de Marseilles, ot the 8ih instant, announces the arrival, on the preceding day, of the ste.tnier liedschid, having on board the two Egyptian Princes, Hussein Bey, the son ot Mehe met All, and Ahmet Bey, his grandson. Thirty six young men. belonging to the first families in Egypt, sent to France at ihe expense ot the Vice roy, to receive an European education, accompa nied the young Princes. The Prince de JoinviUe accomplished, on the 14th lust., his 27th year, being born at Aiiully on the 14th of August, 1W18. He w ill be promoted lo the rank ot Vice-Admiral on his return trom the expedition aguuist Morocco. Thk Istumtts ok Panama.?-The Journal det l)e% but* states, that the presence at Paris ot (ien? rat Castellou, deputed by the states ot Nicaragua and v-osta Kica, has again direct* a public attention ;o the plan proposed lor cutting throu^y Uw 1 u.intis < f Panama through tke territories oftho*< two states. The F'reach Government caused puns to b-* made, about a year since, ol another line, which woulu open the passage at Panama itself on the Pacific Ocean. We snail, therefore, compare the relative merits oi the t\\ o plans. The lstliuiua of Panama, between Ohagres aiid Pa.iama, is extremely nni row. In a direct line it is but lb' leagues wide,and the canal would not be more tiia.ii li) leagues long. By the lake ot Nicaragua, tne distance is much longer. The navigable line commencing at the port ot cian Juan de Nicaragua, on the Atlantic Ocean, would be 74 leagues long it it terminated ou the. Pacific Ocean at the port of ban Juan de &ud. But u is not sufficient to plan a canal: there must be la borers to execute it and provisions to feed those la borers. In this respect the line tioni Chagres to Banaina in deficient in many requisites. '1 he popu lation in the country is scanty, and the lew band* '.hat exist are not inclineo to labor, and the climate is most destructive during the heats ol bummer. The banks ot the Nieauragua are, on the- coiittary, most all travellers represent tlie coun try as most delightful, and of prodigious teitihty. '1 hough the line irom Panama to Chagies, therefore be most eu.?y of execution, that ol .Nicaragua has the advantage in consequence ot the lacilities it ot ters, us weil us on account ot its salubrity." Sjialn. Letters from Barcelona bay the health of the young Queen ib not such <is to afford tatisfuction tor the last five or six days. tShe can scarcely take exercise even in herown apartments, us she iu quite lame. It is said bhe sprained her loot dancing with tier tirif-r in her apartment; but it is believed thui her difliculty of moving is owing to her being swol len in an extraordinary manner, particularly in her lefts Her apueuranc* is that of one in a confirm ed dropsy- Her sibter is also ill, and coniiued to her apartment. . Two hundred and twentvSpanish refugee priests, from diHerent parts ol France, panned through Hayonne last week, on their way to Spain; hun dreds of others from Italy have also entered Cata lonia hy Perpignan, and lauded along the cousin ? it Valencia and AutialuMa hy the MarseilleH sieiuner?a proof that they expect something The Augsburg Gaxetto, ol the (ith inst., publishes a letter from the frontiers o! Italy, of the :$l?t tilt , which would uppear to indicate that M Ca&tilln. the Spanish agent, sent to arrange the religions cil lerences that had uriten between t^pani and the Holy See, was not likely to succeed in hi* mission. He had hitherto vainly solicited an audience ot the Pope, and hud been told that uo reconciliation was possible, unless the nomination of the biahc|>s waa accorded to the court of Rome. Morocco. The successive reports lrom Morocco contradict each other as to the actual beginning r.f hostilities. Frequent diplomatic communication-- ln;ve pns-rd between the Emperor Abd-er-Itahinari i ? <i ihe French authorities on '.In- frontiers He admitted the aggression on the Algerian territory, and prom ised to punish the author* of it, the Kind of Ouch da, a leader, being in prison ; but rv.ided ajl uliu sion to the demands not to support Abd-el-lisder ir? bin resistance to the French, in the case of histiot giving a salistactory reply, the French threatened to begin by bombarding Tangiers. Ou the 23d July, the Prince De Joinville arrived at Tangier? in the Pluton steamer; ami received <>0 board M Ni non, the Consul General, with Ills lasnily ; sending the steamer Veloce to Mogadore, on a similar ?r rand According to a letter from Mr. Coweij, Lloyd's Agent, it was rep?rted at Gibraltar, on the 1st instant, that Mr. Drummond Hay, the Fnzlish 0 mrg d'Afl uti, had writtendespatrl ?soa t;. '2jS h fiilv,in winch hu said that he tiud offered hit* n am nion, ami was actually engaged in negotiations with the Emperor. "Nothing," sayB Mr. Cowell, "can be more er. lieal than the actual position of afl.i is. The llnt iili Adtn r?l, in the Formidable, remains in our >ay, with the Caledonia three decker; whilst at rangier* are the Wurspile mid Albion, uii(!< r ' 'oru modore Lockyer. On the i>ntt ot the Spun res, 'heir brigade ia ready at Tarifa and Algcsirat; and 1,000 cavalry air daily expected in our I'linoiiinte neigliborhood from Mnurid, to join the African expedition. Their movements will, however, wholly depend on the French, without whom it is supposed they Will not act." The Stmi/ihort dt MurtfiUri of the 21 instant publishes a letter under date Mi nadorc, the 10(h, mentioning that the British Consul General (Mr. Drummond Hay) had been obliged to wait twelve days in that town for an escort ot N.ouo men, under whose protection lie set out tor the rent deuce ot 'he Emperor' The letter adds that the hi v n un dertaken by our Consul was extremely penlotm from the.exasperafion exist tig in the country ugh nst ihe Europeans and Christians, ami that the i.nipc* tor, yielding to the torrent, w ia h rn-elf preaching ihe holy war. The Emperor ha? n iw d to rci nt he mediation of Great i'.iitain, or to teceive Mr. Orummond Hay, and h TeSiteJ into the interior. The Prince de JoinviUe hasgivM: tlx I-imp-1or tin til the 2d inst. to acced.' (? the Ut mandaol tlii French government, and ui the cveui ol his i? futal

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