Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 4, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 4, 1844 Page 2
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NKAV YORK' HERAL& N?W|Vurk, IVediirtilay, >?i>leml?er 4, lh44. Another magnificently fflnstrated WEEKLY HERALD. THE EXTRAORDINARY "DORR MEETING" At Providence. The Little O'Connell of Rhode iHland in his Cell. THE GREAT MEETING Of the Democrat! at Trenton. We shall irsue on Saturday next, one of the most interesting ot our series of Pictorial Hkk aujs, winch has attained a degree ot popularity altogether unprecedented in the history of illustra ted publications. This IVttkly'HtraUi will contain, in the first place, a view of the Rhode Island State Prison, showing the exterior of that celebrated edifice? the North American Bastile. Another engraving will present a graphic and life-like illustration of Dorr?the Little O'Connell ot that chivalric State? in his cell, in the act of making his noon-day repast, consisting ot a bowl of pea-soup, of strength accurately adjusted to the prison regulations,and a crust of bread, of the decree of staleness recom mended for dyspeptic patients, by the celebrated dietetic philosopher, Dr. Periera. Dorr will be exhibited in the very act of dipping the crust into the soup, with one hand, whilst with the other, he brushes away the flies, (wnich have attained a remarkable magnitude and ferocity in his apart ment) with an elegant faa of his own manufacture. This will be really a mugnificent engraving. Another illustration will also be given, convey, ing an accurate idea of the immense assemblage of the democracy at Trenton, to take place to. morrow. Silas Wright and all the great and little mtillery of the " unterrified bone and sinew" will be pourtrayed, together with an accurate view of the State House of New Jersey. This will be a beautiful enrnving, and will match the one which we gave last week illustrative of the great Mass Convention of the whigs at Albany. Altogether, this Weekly Herald will be the most graphic, accurate, and comprehensive record of the his'ory of the country during the present week, which could be produced. Singular Position of the Presidential Ques tion. The recent epistles, declarations, and avowals of Mr. Clay, with respect to the question of the an nexation ot Texas, has given a very remarkable turn to the Presidential contest, and created a great deal of ridicule amongst the democrats, fore bodings amongst the whigs, and great noise aid talk everywhere. The Texas question has, cer tainly, exercised a very curious influence on the progress of the conflict, and the conduct and tac tics of the leaders It demolished Mr. Van Buren ?it created Mr. Polk?and now it has placed Mr. Clay in an attitude of direct hostility to the course hitherto pursued by his party and himself. In April last, Mr. Clay argued as ably as Mr. Web ster himself, against the annexation of Texas. On the first of July, the fine warm weather having probably matured his ideas, he had "personally, no objection to the annexation of Texas," and before the month had passed away, he had improved so rapidly that he was able to declare that he should be really glad to see the annexation of Texas car ried into effect. So far as we are concerned, we sire very much gratified by this change in the sen timents of Mr. Clay, and we are tolerably well ns sured that the great mass of the people of this country are pretty much inclined to regard it with i lie f^atne feeling of approbation. These recent declarations of Mr. Clay in favor of annexation, afford a very|remarkable corrobora tion of the truth of th" opinion so frequently assert fd by us, that the desire ior the acquisition of nsw territory was an iustinctive passion, whose power ful promptings it would be found impossible to re sist. Every iperson ot erdinary sagacity, who has surveyed the history of the past, must be aware that, with nations as with individuals, the desire of acquiring new accessions of property is constantly operating, ever leading to new fields of conquest and dominion. Thas it was with the early repub lics of the ancient world?thus it has been with the great uations of Europe, France and England? thus we see at this very moment the peace ot Eu rope seriously threatened in consequence ot the an tagonism of these two influential powers of modern times in the prosecution of their schemes for the extension of thtir empire. What has been thegr*at cause of all the wars which have desolated the <arth ? The insatiable thirst for greater power and greater dominion. This instinctive principle never can be eradicated from the human mind. This " ingrained instinct" exists for the wisest purposes, fied by its dictates, individual enterprise and indi vidual effort are excited, and great communities of men are conducted in gloiy and triumph to the ut most pitch of national prosperity and power. Ci vilization is thus made to extend its boundaries and spread its triumphs?the arts made to reclaim and bleas the fields of barbarism?the dark places of the earth, which are, in the impressive lan guage of the Scripture, the abodes ot horrid cruel ty, are converted into realms of industry and hap piness?and religion, herself, with all her glorious atluences of refinement, and elevation, and peace, Hiid virtue, und blessedness, is enabled to extend ht*r sublime agency of mercy to the uttermost ends of the earth. This great instinctive principle is then to have lull sway in this country. Texas is to be annexed. That question is settled, so far as the individual destine^ to occupy the chair ol the Executive is concerned. Mr. Clay and Mr. Polk both occupy on this great matter precisely the same ground. The friends of Texas throughout the United States ?and is not their name legion 1?may now lay their heads quite composedly on their pillows at night, for no matter who may be chosen as Presi dent, annexation will have his support, and we really believe Jiat after all, in case of Mr. Clay's election, that measure would have the best chan ces of success, for with the opposition on the side of annexation, and with the President on the side of annexation, and all the devoted and disinterest ed adherents of the President, the office holders, on the side of annexation, the measure would be certaia of very speedy adoption. And we are very much disposed to believe that under all circum stances, Mr. Clay would be able to drive the mea sure through on the most advantageous terms to the country. However, we shall be quite satisfied with either Mr. Polk or Mr. Clay. We do not care a straw which goes into the White House next March?whether Mr. Clay be whirled up the ave nue in that magnificent, princely, and splendife. rous state-carriage which some patriotic and zes lous whig conch manufacturer with great faith, is engaged in making lor his triumphal tntrie, or whether Mr. Polk be ttundled up to the Capitol in a democratic wheelbarrow. We are sure of get ting annexation from either of them, and that sa tisfies us. But in this new and singular position of the Presidential question, with both the candidates fledged to carry the annexation of Texas, what becomes the duty of the friends of that measure, and of the progress of the republic f It is clear that tliey should now concentrate all their efforts >n securing the return of members of Congress ol the right tamp?right good Texas men. Thisview of the duty of the present movement must be clear ly apparent to all. Let 14 br attentively considered, nd the appropriate actio be taken, and the "lone far" will, before many nr. Vis, occupy its proper place amongst the radiant constellation of the -vest CilAKUAt'ANiHM IN K*pokti?w??We h*ve b??u very much amused by the efforts of some of the whig pipers to depreciate our adhiirable report of Mr. Webster's speech at Albany. This is always the way with thoM imbecile concerns after they have been beaten by us in any interesting or im portant effort in newspajier enterprise and manage ment If w? publish a speech of O'Counell, or any other great public character on the other side of the water, til advance of any body else, why then these poor, lazy, asthmatic contemporaries of ours? call out as loudly as iheir weak lungs enable them?" Oh ! it is a forgery?no such speech was ever spoken !" If we report ut leDgth and publish th*- first details of some curious and novel move ment in politic?, society, religion, or any of the multitudinous elements in motion in this remark ablejcountry of progress and tiansition, then the same stone-blind, stupid, and indolent creatures scream out?"Oh! it's all one of Bennett's forge ries? no such thing has happened!" And yet we will find them some time afterward waking up, rubbing the encrustations off their eye-lids, and gravely telling the world as news, what we had made matter of history, months, perhaps a year before! Ju?t so with reporting speeches when they really do make an effort?an effort something like that of an antiquated gentleman of sixty attempting to dance the Poika in the gay saloons of Saratoga ? After we have reported and published a life-like, graphic, fresh, and faithful report?in that style which ha* made the reports of the Herald interest ing all the world over?we find these creaturea coming out with dull, heavy,tedious reports furnish ed by the speakers themselves, and beaiing about the same relation in point of merit and readable ness to ours, that a stone-jug of stale root-beer does to a bottle of Hiedsick. Thus it was with Web ster's speech at Albany. That great orator writes all his ppeeches, which are elaborated with great care?almost as carefully manufactured, indeed, as one of Washington Irving's incomparably finish ed pages?and after he has delivered the oration or speech, he unbuttons his blue dress coat, always cut of the sami pattern, and very like the style of Sir Robert Peel's, and takes out of the right hand pocket a manuscript neatly folded and tied, some times with blue and sometimes with red tape, and occasionally when that is not convenient, a piece of respectable white packing-cord, which manu script he hands to a short man with a snub nose, suspicious linen, and uncombed hair,who had perch ed himself on a high chair at Mr. Webster's elbow when he rose to speak, and had occupied himself very diligently during the delivery of the speech in biting his own nuils with an air of most mysterious ferocity, and counting the number of buttons on Mr. Webster's coat, which he had uniformly as certained to be six on one side and half a dozen on the other. The short man with the snub nose, et cetera, rushes off the platform, and makes with all speed for the office of the lumbering, pro sy newspaper with which he is connected, there to have the manuscript set up, whilst our reporters write out their notes, and are, after ail, first in giving to the public the report of the speech?a report so life-like that the reader a thousand miles off from the scene sees it vividly before him, and almost fancies he hears the shouts and exclamations of the multitude. But no sooner does our report appear, than the poor hall-starved attaches of the big, prosy, slug gard newspapers, who go about to the watering places and get their dinner and a "shake-down" in the hay-loft, in exchange for puffs in their "corres pondence"?save the mark!?puffs very dearly bought even at that price?begin to abuse the Herald report?swear that it was a "miserable failure"? a "very ,ioor effort"?and then bespatter each other with eulogies, the bad taste of which is only equal led by their bad grammar. But the public under stand ell this perlectly well, and we do not know that we are justifiable in occupying so much space with an exposure of a miserable charlatanism al ready sufficiently despise d. Theatricals, ?ba. Theatrical Criticism?Tiik Park ?The cri tiques which appeared in our contemporaries yes terday morning, on the performances at the Park on the previous evening, were really very laugh able, and we accordingly place to the credit of these respectable organs of public opinion, the fact that they have for once given ns some amusement. All were very extravagant in their eulggies of the "stars"?Mr. Anderson, Miss Clara Ellis, and Mr. Dyott. Hut the diversity in the eulogistic opinions was what rendered the whole business so laughable. One paper, with great pesitiveness, said that Mr. Anderson's chief merit was that he had studied only his author and imitated nobody. Another equally intelligent and discriminating critic was as positively of opinion that Mr. Anderson's chief merit was, that he was so close an imitator of Mr. Macrtady, that he is as good as that distin guished tragedian?in fact, as one of the Loudon criticBhud remarked, that he was Mr. Macready's shadow. Now the fact is that the artists brought over by Mr. Simpson are very excellent in their line. They would be valuable accessions to any stock com pany Hut the idea that they constitute the sort of talent necessary to restore the fortunes of the legi timate drama is absurd. They belong to a class?a highly respectable class, and a large cUbs of drama-* tic performers in England, who are in ail respects competent to sustain the interior parts in tragedyand comedy. But it is certainly anything but just or kind to assign to them that high rank in the profes sion, in which the uninformed und injudicious cri tics here, have, with characteristic taste and thoughtlessness, at once installed them. Yet, after all, we arc glad that Mr. Simpson has made an ef fort, such a? it is, to infuse some degree of respect ability and talent into his company?we only find fault with him for promising so much that the feebleness of the effort has been made so glaringly apparent. Last night there was a tolerable house to wit ness the representation of "Hamlet." We do not, however, deem it at all necessary to go into a for mal critique of the manner in which the principal characters were sustained. Mr Dempster's Bai.ud Com erts.?This gen ileman continues his series of entertainments this evening, and from his well known talents, there is little doubt but that his audience will be ns nume rous, if not more so, and as respectable ns on any former occasion. Irimi Minstrelsy.?We were glad to perceive last evening that there was no diminution either in numbers or respectability at Mr. McMichael's con cert; indeed, where is there a lover of song who would not be desirous of spending an evening to listen to Moore's melodies delivered in first rate style. English Opera?We are happy to learn, and so will all the lovers of English opera, that Mr. ^eguin intends returning soon to this country. Ii will be seen by an announcement in another column that he haB purchased a choice selection of the most admired and popular operas now play ing in London, and that he has engaged one of the beet tenors on the other side of the water?Mr Frazer. Sehiotts Accident.?Thos. Conlan. an assistant in Mr. Rooney's stables, corner of Fourth street <tnd Lafayette Place, waa driving a horse and liRht wagon down Broadway, when necr Bond street the horse becamc frightened, and the wagon strik ing the curb stone opposite 611 Broadway, the driver was thrown out and much injured. He was immediately conveyed into Bassitt's drugstore and promptly attended by Drs. Kixsam and Worster, who immediately applied the necessary remedies for his recovery, they having ascertained that his fkull was fractured. His friends had the rites of the Romish church administered, and removed him to the City Hospital There are but alight ho|?es of his recovery. Umnd 'I'aMpwaiicc ??* Party of the Harrtaou Union IHughten of Temi>eranee, No. '4. Oo Monday last, the members of the above so ciety and th?*ir friends, tccording to announce ment, took a most delightful trip to VerpUnck s Point. At an early hoar in the morning, the steam boat New Jersey, commanded by Captsm Foley, commenced taking up the party at the foot oi Rivingiun str?*et, on the East Itiver, aid from thence proceeded to several other slips between that place and Atr.os street, on the North Kiver, when it was found that the party consisted ol up wards of five hundred adalts, and one hundred and tiity children. They then proceeded to their desti nation; where, on their arrival, about one o'clock, they found a platform erected in a beautital valley, ornamented with branches of trees, and on the as cent, opposite lo which were seats formed, capable of holding near upon 10(10 persons. On the gruss, under the shady bowers of a beautiful grove of lo cust trees, soon were spread the various good things, with which each party had supplied them selves, presenting such a sight as to cheer the heart of the most hypochondriacal?all was good humor, heartiness, and enjoyment. These having been amply discussed, parties then formed them selves for other species of amusement. Swings were soon erected, and put into full play. The Washington brass band, which accompanied the party, was called into requisition, and several groups began to sport the light fantastic toe; while at a short distance might be observed a party en joying themselves with song and glee. The more juvenile were equally as well entertained by the kindness of the proprietor of the ground, Mr. Henry, by leaving at their disposal several barrels of apples and pears; and several of the ladies were supplied with some beautilul grapes, while melons were so plentiful us at last they were made balls of, and pitched about amidst the company. While these good things were being enjoyed, others of the company were entertained by addresses from Messrs. Bennett, Wells, Stewart, and Bartley, ad vocating the temperance cause, &c., from the platform. Everything proceeded thus, until about five o'clock, when the bell of the boat sounded for the notice that the time had arrived for rtt-einbarkation, but such was thfc reluctance to leave the enchanting spot that the notice had to be given again and again ereit.the desired object,was accomplished. Here Mr. Bennett, from a wagon, made a brief address to the party on bpard the boat, thanking them for the honor of the visit, occ., to which, on behalf of the pleasure party, Mr. Croft responded, at the same time returning thanks to Mr. Henry for his unbounded kindness towards them. The vessel then proceeded on her way, stepping at Sing Sing for a short time to give the party on board an opportunity to view this pleasant place. After this, dancing, singing, and other amusements were resumed and continued until nearinc the first landing place at Amos street, where only a few left. At this tune the rain began to fall pretty heavily, and, as mis fortunes never come single, shortly alter it was announced that the Captain would proceed no further than the next slip at the loot of Barclay street. This caused a deal of murmuring and dis satisfaction, as ihe greater of the party re sided near the East River, and it had been agreed upon that they were to be landed at the same places from whence they were taken in the morn ing. The Captain was expostulated with, but he declared it dangerous to proceed round the Battery as the night was so dark, and the rain falling in torrents at the time; and to end all disputes on the subject, directed the engine fires to be extinguished. Upon this, several of the parlies declared their in tention of remaining on board all night, as no con veyances were to be had to take them tortheir re spective homes, and in pursuance of this intention, many took possession of various berths in the la dies' saloon and other parts of the vessel; while others, who had been successful in procuring con veyances, though at considerable expense, gave the Captain formal notice of their intention of commencing legal proceedings against him lor the recovery of such, in consequence of n breach of contract on his part. At this time the scene was most exciting, near upon 100 infants in arms, ma ny of whom had been uroused from then gentle slumbers, in order to be prepared for home, raised their little voices in notes unpleasant to bachelor s ears, while some ot the ladies were complaining bitterly of the ungallant conduct ol the Captain, others reasoning with their excited and vexed part ners in tones aloud, while the men themselves made confusion wore? confounded that almost but tles description. The Captain, thereupon, declared he would allow those on board two hours to re main, at the end of which time, he would, by force) turn ashore all that were in the vessel. How the mutter ended, we did not remain to see. With the exception of the latter part, the whole affair was one of the most pleasant we ever wit nessed, and did infinite credit to the Harrison Union of the Daughters of Temperance, who were assisted in their arrangement* by the committee of the No. 7 Jefferson Division Temperance So ciety. The liberal conduct of Mr. Henry, the owner of the ground at Verplanck's Point, who hited up the platform and scats, and afforded ma ny other striking instances of the interest he took in the cause of temperance, deservedly drew forth great encomiums from all the party. Mr. Green's Gambling Lecture.?These lec tures promise to be of high ability, as far as an opinion could be formecM'rom that delivered last evening. Mr. Green's mode of presenting a faith ful picture of the trauds of professed gamesters, their dishonesty, meanness and trickery, is alto gether of a practical kind; just such as is suitable to make an impression on the audience, but, at the Bume time, such as cannot well be described in writing. This will be readily understood by those who know how much the "profession" stand in debted for their success to a species of legerdemain, or a thimble-rig pliancy of fingers?to marked cards, and in some cases, to the aid of machint ry, as was shown yesterdny evening by Mr. Green. In the opening of his lecture he apprized his audience that they were not to look for much to deserve praise in his language or gifts as a speaker, as he wished to come before them in the humble capacity of one who, while he detailed the errors of his past life as a caution to others, regretted it deeply, and was determined to atone for it as far as possible, by lay in? bare the villainies of a cLss with which he was too long associated. Mr. Green took for his sub ject last evening, the game of "Faro," using cards to illustrate the points he wished to impress on the audienc, and some startling disclosures may be expected in his coming discourses, in addition to those shown la6t night. Highland Guards.?This company proceeded yeMerdayby the 11 o'clock train to the neighborhood> of Yorkville for target exercise. They mustered in a field near to the Reservoir, where, after some three rounds each, they marched to the house of Mr. Lennox, the lluilroad Tavern, near the rail way, where a sumptuous dinner was provided, which, after having had ample justice done to, the judges awarded the prize, a silver cup oflered by the worthy host, to Mr. Thomas Uridgewood, orderly.eergpant, as having lhe two best shots out of three in the target. There was better shooting by one of the pipers who accompanied the corps, but not being a member of the company, the prize was awarded to the second best. Alter dinner the company proceeded to some fields bstween York ville and Hurlgate, near to the grounds of Mr. Nihlo, where they went through a series of military evolutions with a very pretty effect: after which they marched again to the house of Mr. Lennox and partook of further refreshments. As the com pany were about to depait, some twenty or thirty rowdies, from some cause or the other, made an attnek upon one of the \isitors of the company which was manfully resisted, but net without creating some disturbance and alarm, but the prompt and energetic exertions of Assistant Alder man T. Spoflord, who was soon on the spot, the matter was suppressed and kept under, though not, we regret to sny, without that gentleman being violently assaulted. The parties are known, and no doubt will be brought to justice. 'J he company returned home to the city by the 8 o'clock train. Ethiopian Minstrels.?1There was a bumper audience last evening at the Apollo Rooms to hear these musicians. They are evidently gain ing in popular estimation. Visitors.?Major W. Parks, U.S. A., is stopping at Running's Hotel. Mr. Fox, of the Navy, is at the Astor. Newport* I. [Correapoiulence of the Herald.] Ocean House, Newport, Aug. 27,1844. Vitiltrt?Frtparing for the Ball?B. thing?Kur ptnay. Dear Bennett:? 1 arrived here on Thursday, via Boston?having left Saratoga on the 19th?and have taken rooms as above. The company at the various hotels, though numerous, is select, and diflers from the general class at watering places. Many of our wealthiest citizens are scattered about at the vari. ous country seats adjoining the town. Every day presents Borne familiar visage. Consul De it hum is here. Gen Hamilton has been here ; his lady and family are residing a short distance from town. Major Barney, the indefatigably polite young man, is cutting a huge swell and doing his prettiest for the ladies, which is considerable?at least they say so. Old Dick Derby, and hundreds?1 might say thousands: some oi superior excellence. It is computed that there are at present,in the town and Portsmouth adjoining, at least 5000 visiters, and the numbers are limited only by the extent of accommodations. There is, however, a prospect that ample provision will be made another season, and that in some respects the condition of visiters will be improved?as there are to be erected two or more large hotels, capable of accommodating 1500 at least?one of which, to be conducted by Mr Porter, a son of the former host of Bellevue, is already commenced in a commanding situation, and is to be whole front 325 feet. I will not par ticularize, but give you a hasty glance of things as they exist. Every body is busy preparing for the greatest fancy dress ball that has ever come off in this country, to take place to-night. If I can possibly get a dri-BS I shall attend. Hundreds of dresses ot every hue and style have been imported from New York for the occasion, and it is supposed 500 tick ets will be taken. The great saloon is to be enlatged by tuking in the piazza 15 feet wide, which will add to the space if not the comfort of the guests. 1 am unable to shadow forth the natural beau ties of Newport: for it is an earthly Paradise, mid legions of houiis thread its fairy banks and breathe its vernal air; its pleasures are as innumerable as glorious?the beautiful rides through a succession of enchanting gardens, with the voice of love sigh ing swee'.lv in your ear?the music by moonlight on the clifls, with the fairest, the gentlest of crea tion hanging, yea ! languishing upon your arm? the excursions by sea?the strolls through the 6r?en valleys?the romps over the blooming ills?are but crumbs of pleasure, gathered hither and thither?that takeaway man's self-conceit, and show him his dependence on woman, lovelv wo man, and his Maker! The chief feature of New port is its bathing, and here it excels. Saratoga in comparison, presents no attraction. Rockaway is but dimly remembered, and Nahant is veiled in shadowy obscurity. This pleasure has here attain ed its maximum?it is refined, intellectual, luxu rious : refined in that tne best and fairest of our land arefits votaries, and court its health-bestowing influence?intellectual in its superior order, its novelty, its grace- At the baths are criticised the literary produstiona of the day. Amid the rolling waves tne"Polka"has been brought to a higher per fection than in the courtly nail, and myriads of both sexes with a slight covering only, save what Nature pave them, gambol amid the surf, and discuss the fashions of the day. It is luxurious in its invigora ting and purifying properties, subduing all unholy emotions, and regulating the passions and affec tions; ana for wise purposes it is so ordered by Di vine Providence, ebe how should mortal man with stand temptation so inviting. To lead a lovely fe male to the bath requires but partial exercise of thought or misd ; but as "Old Ocean" licks her taper limbs, ere he receives her in his cold embrace ? to feel her writhe beneath your tender grasp?or as the angry surges, revealing her fair proportions, sport with her tottering form, and lay her panting, bteathless, almost, at your feet?this requires a su per-human nature to repress the unhallowed thought. Imagination's wildest fancy fails to paint delight so pure* so overwhelming. Poor Korponay! couldtyou but see him?he is the shadow only of his former self. His favorite Polka IB the rage?the ladies beBiege him on every hand, and he is distracted, amazed, confounded. Wells is here, and will probably remain; they are both at the Narragansett House. The Htrald is the paper sought for here, and although we have at this house a reading room, yet it is never furnished with late papers, and we are compelled to submit to the impositions of the newuboys as usual, who sometimes exact sixpence, and even one shilling, when th^y have but one or two papers, for a copy of your daily. Very abruptly, yours, &c. Syphon. Interesting fbom Montevideo.?We. have re ceived advices from Montevideo to the 3d of July inclusive. All the news, which is rather interest ing, may be found in the annexed extract:? Paz hr d Anally resigned the command of the Oarriion. and was busily engaged in preparing to take his departure with a number of his adherents. Pacheco y Obes' ambi tion had been thus gra'ified, he having been selected to fill the vacant post. His assumption of the command did not take place, however, under very favorable circum stances; for on the same day, the Italian Legion revolted, and the Colonel, Major, lour Sergeants, two Corpo rals, and eighteen privatex went over to the camp of the besiegers; the rest of the corps were, through some mismanagement, prevented from following the example of their comrades What with this defection, the intense distress of the inhabitants and the unceasing exactions ol the militarydespots.the probability of a much longer resistance had entirely vanished, and the course of events was watched with the greatest anxiety. Th? public mind was impressed with the most gloomy fore bodings, and the dread of some dire catastrophe, was in creased by tho open impunity with which the foreign mercenaries were allowed to indulge in every species of excess. There arrived at Buenos Ayresfrom January 1, to July 1, this year, 240 merchant vessels, of which 43 were Americans. _ ? ? ? ? Daniel D. Tompkins Engine Company No. 8, of Albany.?This company visited this city yes terday as the guests of Engine Company No. 20. They arrived from Albany about six o'clock yes terday morning in the steamboat Rochester, and were met on their landing by Company 20, who proceeded with them to breakfast at Dunning's Hotel, at the corner ol Washington and Courtlandt streets. After this they were met by companies Nob. 1, 2,6, 20, 31, 33, 34 and Hook and Ladder Company No. 5 ; they then marched through the principal streets of the cily, and returned to the house of No. 20, where the attending companies were dismissed. Alter this the guests and their hosts proceeded to Castle Garden, where a sumptuous dinner was provided by Company No. 20; after which the usual toasts were given and responded to. Afier this both companies proceed ed to the Harlem Railway station and from thence to Yoikville, where after viewing the reservoir, (tec., and reposing for a short time,they returned to the city, and were dismissed at the house of No. 20. The New York Brass Band headed the Wash ington Volunteers, of this city, in their new uni form, somewhat similar to the uudressof the U. S. service, in which they looked remarkably well. This drees is got on purpose for attending upon the different fire companies who may require their services .The D. D. Tompnins Company No. 8 are a kind of half-iiremen half-soldier class, mus tering about 40 men, and 18 others, officers and band included, and looked to be a fine well disci plined body of men, which would do credit to any city. They are stopping at Dunning's Hotel. EjtcimsioN to the Fishing Banks.?There is to be a grand excursion to the Fishing Banks next Friday. The steamer Thomas Salmond, which has been tendered for the service, will leave the city early that day and return in the evening after having a splendid ball on board. This affair has been set in motion for the benefit of Mr. Henry E Riell who has so liberally catered for the public during the summer. Let all who are fond of health and pleasure go on this pleasant excursion. See advertisement. Express from Boston.?Adams <te Co. continue to come in ahead ef mails and all other express on the route. We are constantly indebted to them for late papers. At an early hour last evening the> gave us Huston and Providence papers of yesterday morning. Arrivals ?General Hernncder. and family, of Florida, at the City Hotel; Major Gen. Scott and suite, at the American. Nirlo's.?The lovers of burlesque will enjoy a rich treat in the bill of fare presented this evening at this popular establishment. The Traveatie on Hamlet, Mr. Mitchell sustaining his original part of tho meLn. choly Prince, and the Burlcque of Open Sesame, in which Mr. Holland appears as Hunric, will both he given. City Intelligence. Police Record?Tuesday?Passiko Counterfeit Monk*.?A Colored man named Charles Brown, wai ur rested charged by Cornelius Noonsn, with attempting to pass a $6 counterfoil note on the KarweiV Bank or Cat* ugus c ounty. As *oon ai> the note wu suvpected the accused lelt the bill, started on the run und was pursued and overtaken, lie could not state where he obtaiuvd the money, and be wa? therefore held for further ex ami nation. Coroner's Record.?Tuesday?Killed in IShoad wat.?'l'errence Conlin, a young man, was driving through Broadway in (he mornii.g and his horse taking fright he leaned frcm Jthe wagon, became entangled iu the reins and was thus dragged some distance, his head utriking against the curb stone and pavement, and caus ' injf his death before he could be conveyed to the hospi Death or a Fireman.?A young man named Pitman, a member of Engine No. 14, stepped into the houseof Harry Venn, in Ann street, alter the ularrn of fire, about two o'clock yesterday morning, and laid down to rest himself. Soon after he was discovered in a dying situa tion, and expired about Ave o'clock lrom apoplexy. Found Dead.?An elderly lady, named Chevalier, re siding at 317 Third street, was found dead in her bed yes terday morning. Another.?William Monckton, oi 807 Sixth Avenue, was lound dead in his bed when his wife waked in the morning. General Sessions. Before Recorder Tallmadge, and Aldermen Mott and Dickinson. Matthew C Paterson, Esq., District Attorney. Tuesdat.? Uncharged ?Owen Jones, indicted lor grand larceny, for stealing 48 sovereigns from William Jettray, and tried twice, and not convicted, on account ct u dis agreement of the jury, was discharged with the consent of the court. Case of Ex-Deputy Keeper Doris.?An application to the court to set the amount of bail in the case of William Davis, charged with the escape ol Hoag, was made by his counsel. James M. Smith, jr , Ksq , hut opposed by the District Attorney, anil refused by the court Case of Michael Walsh for Libel on John Know 'es?This case was called, and Walsh appeared and desired a post ponement of the trial, as lone of his mateiial witnesses was absent. The court denied the application, when Walsh entered apleaol guilty, which was about to be re corded, but some misunderstanding appearing to exist, as to the extent of the plea, the clerk asked Walsh if he should record the plea, us guilty of iibel. Walsh ?No, not^ ilty of libel (laughter), but guilty of publishing the article that Kuowles considers libellous (laughter), but which, in fact, is true in every particular; and if 1 have time to present affidavits, 1 will show it. The Court ?Let the usual plea of guilty be recorded, and Mr. Walsh will be allowed time to present any affi davits in justification, which the complainant can rebut. Walsh then left the Court with the eyes ol the audience resting upon him. Forfeited Bail.?The bail of Ann Foy and Mary Saun deis, entered by A. D. Russell, Ksq.Jund Claus Clausen, grocer, in the sum of $500, was declared forfeited. These women were indicted for grand larceny in stealing $244 from Henry Hunt. The bail of John Thompson, on two indictments for forgery, entered by John C. Howard for $1000, was also forfeited. The surety for the appcarance of Jameii Green, alias James Judd, indicted for grand larceny, were also for felted. As also the sureties of Daniel Hawley, for retail ing liquors without n license, and assault and battery of Alderman Mott. Henry Drake, for an assault and battery on ofli.-er Tompkins. Also the bail of Henry Diake, Morris Bennett, Charles Murray, alias Murphy, JameB Gregory, Michael Kennedy and Rowland Stevens, for rescue and assault and battery. The Court then adjourned till this morning at 11 o'clock. Iii Chambers. Before Judge Ingraham. Sicrr. 3?Habeas Corpus ?James Mc.Loughlin, U. 8. A., whose case was postponed from last week, was again brought lorward on a writ of habeas corpus, and applied to be discharged from the service on the ground of hishav iog enlisted while underage. Witnesses having testified to that c fleet, he was discharged. IT* S. Commissioner's Office. September 3.?A Mr. Charles Carroll, has been arrest ed on a charge of altering certificates of importation granted by the Collector of this port, with intent to de lroud a party named W P Scott. He will undergo an ex amination before the Commissioner this forenoon. V. S. District Court. September 3?His Honor, Judge Betts, opened this Courtprofrrmn and adjourned over to Thursday, at 11 o'clock when the Court will regularly sit. Marine Court. Before Justice Smith. Skpt. 3.?Slander?James Connor and Catherine his wife vs John Mclirainru and Baihara his wife.?This was an action of slander of the very grossest character, uttered by the wife of defendant against the wife of the plaintiff*. No jury were sworn. It appeared on the evidence of two witnesses, named Mary Wilsoi: and Martha McLean, that Barbara called the wife of Connor a w , and said she had kept a house of ill fame; that she had children that did not belong to her husband; and stated other mattwrs in relation to Mrs. Connor, that could not with propriety be put in print. Barbara did not appear in Court. The Justice awarded $16 damages and coat* against the husband for the Ba hi slander The evidence of the witnesses went to show that Mrs. McBruritry requires n bridle on her tongue oc casionally, ns the language she wai proved to hnv* usi-d is seldom uttered by the very lowest female. The parties appeared to be respectable. Common Pleas. Butt. 3 ?Mr. C'asllin vs Cheslerman.?This case,reported in yesterday's Herald, was resumed, being a case of as sumpsit, arising out of a contract for buildiDg a house. The Jury will render a sealed verdict this t'oienoon. Court Calendar?This Day. Common Pleas?6, 6,11, 82, JO, SI, 22, 23, 24, 2S, 27. Coal Mink on Fire.?The mine of Geo. H. Potts, at Pottsville, took fir<- about ten days since, and on examination it was found that as many as one hundred tons of cunt were on fire The plan adopted was to quench the fire with water, and then haul up in wagons the refuse matter. Oang alter gang ol the miner* were sent down, and after working five or six minutes were brought up completely lifeless. The pro prietor, however, persevered, and by rubbing n?d rssnr citating the exhausted men as soon as brought to the sur face, ho succeeded in conquering the element, after thirty six hours ol hard und perilous labor. The fire was completely extinguished, and about one hundred tons of charred coal and ashes token from the spot. We give this occurrence as a caution to all others engaged in the business Many of our operators are now work ing the veins below the water level, and a great deal of inflammable gas is inevitably produced. The same acci dent may occur in any mine, and may be followed by much more disastrous consequences. Miners, in work ing, will sometimes strike their picks into a crevice, from which will gush a complete stream of gas. It some times happens that these " leaders," as they are termed, will continue to emit inflammable matter for days. Such was the case in the instance we have described. After the Arst explosion the leader in one of the breasts con tinued to burn, and had it remained undiscovered a few days longer, one of the most vatuahle collieries in the district would have been completely destroyed. As it is, no serious damage has occurred, and the vein is now worked as usus'. Affrays and Casuai-tibs.?We have, hereto fore, refrained from stiying anything of the unhap py fracas which occuri.'d in this city on Wednesday last, in which Major R. B. Tumor was wounded, because we were unwilling to mention subject* calculated to add anything to the excitement of the times; and because the artair was one which, as we understood, was about te undergo judicial investigation In the affiay, Major Turner, under circumstances of irresistible provocation, and in which no possible blame can attach to his con duct, was dangerously wounded by a pistol shot, several pistols having been discharged at him as we are informed. We are happy to be able to say, on the authority of his medical attendants, that he is doing well and likely to re cover. As he is one of our most estimable citizens, this information will be gratifying to his numerous triends at a distance A man name J Cayce, one of the party with whom Major Turner wps engaged, was wounded also,and has since died of his wounds. On the night of Friday last, a man named S. C. Manning, was shot near his own house, in the vicinity of Capitol Hill, by a man nimed Merchant. Manning died almost instantly. Being a member of one of the Texas Volunteer companies, he was buried with military honors on Saturday morning.? Merchant, we understand, auer undergoing an examina tion brfore a magistrate, has been lodgi d in jail.?Nash villt Univn, ?/???. 27. Accident.?The stenmer Mount Vernon was ?nnk at the mouth of the Ohio in 24 feet water She was run into by the lone. No lives lost. The accident occur red Sunday morning last?Cincinnati Qaz. Louisiana State Convention.?The Louisiana Convention for revising the State Constitution, hBS adjourned to meet on the second Monday in January This step has been deemed necessary to ensure calm and prudent action upon the important question brought b< lore them. The (mlitical excitement n> w raging through out the South and West, is far too interne for judicious action upon serious questions. fit}- During the week ending on the 28th ult., 40 n"o Iiu-hels ol wheat passed eastwardly through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal to Philadelphia and Brandy wine, vi* ;?28 087 bushels Irom Baltimore; 4 713 from Fredericksburg ; 6,033 from Chesapeake Bay ; and 2,437 bushels from Havre de Orace. CO- The St. Louis Republican of the 24th ult., notices a rumor, very prevalent in that city, that V. Kills, Km] , editor el the Old School Democrat, is to take the place of Minister at one ol the Foreign Courts, under an appointment from Mr Tyler. The Court of Madrid, to which Washington Irving is accredited, is mentioned as his destination. Appointments i?v the President.?Gacriel G. FI"urot, of New York, Consul for the Island of Martinique John B. Williams, of Massachusetts, Com mercial Agent at the Feejee Islands Isidore (Juillet Commercial Agent at the Island or St. Thomas. Charles M Provost, Marshal of the Territory of Wisconsin. Freak of Nature ?A gentleman has presented us a great natural curiosity, in the shape of a little chick"n, taken Irom the shell, provided with four legs and also a double bill. Mrs Nature is a very curious lady, and indulges some'imes in odd lancies, of which 'his is a specimen. The circumstance raises a novel and interesting question for the naturalist. Chickens are called bibeds universally. But is this chicken, with its four legs, a Ai-ped. or a yiuidru-ped??Natural philosopher* will please investigate and make answer.?Richmond Star, dug. n. Trr??ury lfotea ont?t?ndln|, Sept. 1? 1844. Amount outstanding iter tbe record* of thu ollice $4,008,469 17 TrkaHkv Uir i>rM?.>T, > T L. SMITH, lleguu-i'dOifice, grptember-.!, 1844.$ Keg'rofthe Tres'iy. TkIlaSUBV U> r? HTMKHT, Sept "J, 1S44 Notice is hereby inn that this Department U prepared to redei m all Treamiry Nottu now outstanding. GEO. M. UIBB, Secretary of the Treasury. Dorritkb in Rhode Island?The Supreme Court met a: Newport last Tuesday, and adjourned on Thursday. BuiUtUt hllllMI wa? transacted, and no jury Cases were tried. DuteeJ Pearce and Daniel Brown, who were under indictment lor violation of the act in re Ution to offence* against the suverelcn power ol the State, took the oath ol allegiance in open < ourt, as prescribed in tr.e ant of amuesty. 'l'hese were the only indictments pending in the Cou.t. We presume that the persons un der indictment in this eouiitv will also take the oath ? No one but Dorr has ever objected to so reasonable a re quisition.? I'tovidenct Journal. Sept. 3. Affray a*d Dkath ? Yesterday a moat shock, int; all tir occurred ou board tbe ateafttboat Lasalle, tit our landing. It appears that the engineer had been discharged from his situation in the morning, which he uttnbuted to tbe interference of tbe mate, a Mr J. T Bell; this imputation engendered a fight, in the course of which tbe mate was stabbed by the engineer, and died in the course of an hour. Fiotbingham gave himself up, and was taken before Justice Cruets and examined.?SI. Louis Qaz , Jiug. 38 Episcopal Convbntion ?Th? special convention of tlio Episcopal Church of the Diocese of Pennsylvania will assemble on Thursday evening next, in St Andrew's Church. This Convention is called for the purpose of considering the proposed resignation of Bishop Under rfouk. or the expediency of electing an assistant Bishop.? Phi la. Timet. OU- EXTRACT FROM A LECTURE ON FASHION by N. 1' Willis, Esq Ladies and Gentlemen?I hope You have heard of Gou baud's Italian Soap ? 'Tis the very best thing you can buy until Voti procure his remarkable Poudrk Suhtile.? Ladies ! you must'nt wear down on your laceti, Beards were never in vogue with the Graces ! Gents ! your skins must De clear and pure, Or the Belles wont look at you, you may be *ure. Of each and all 1 beg and entreat, You'll go to t>7 Walker street; Gotimnd will supply you with nil you desire, And leave nothing on earth in his line to desire. Gouraud's Chemical preparations far beautifying the skin, are to be had in this city only at 67 Walker street, first door from Broadway. Beware of worthless counter feits. eg- "OH, MY BACK !?I canrcarcely puts me in such pain."?Such was the expression of a gentleman in Dr Sherman's store, a day or two since. He had taken a severe cold, and could not stand erect. He purchased one ol the Doctor's celebrated Poor Man's Piasters, appli ed it to the back, and In twenty four hour's time was per fectly relieved from his suffering. Those who are afflict ed with pains iu the chest, side, arms or back, or with weakness, will find this Plaster a never failing remedy. De sure and get tbe genuine, with the Doctor's fac simile Erinted on the back of the Plaster. Dr Sherman's ware otise is 106 Nassau street. Agents, 327 Hudson street; 1RB Dowery; 77 East Broadway: 3 Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia; and 8 State (treat, Boston. ,' v- CONSTITUTIONAL DEBILITY ;JURED.?Tht focie Mixture, prepared fcv the Collogu of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New York, is confidently ro CominenJed for all canes of debility produced by secret fat J<tlflr?nce or exceps of t.ny kin 5. !t is an invaluable reme if Nr impotence, sterility, or barrenness (uniona depend lag on Nat-formation.) ^ Fiugle 1 Jvtles $1 erx'i; cases ol half a i.ozen M; oars i.tUy packed nent to all parts of the Union. Otficeof the l^sjlnge of Medicine and Pharmacy 98. Mar-ttrp?t t*-? 711CHA RDflON, M. D? Agent. ftt?- CONNEL'S MAGICAL PAIN EXTRACTOR? Thia great healing ointment, which extracts all fire i'r0PJ burns almost immediately upon its application, should always be kept by every family. Its effects are truly sur prising ; it reduces swellings and stops inflammations ; it heals bruised or broki n limbs without pain or soreness. Kyes that have been sore or inflamed for years, it is sura to cure. By its application, every species of sores, both old and new, are immediately cured. Poisons occasioned by the bites af insects, are extracted by this< salve- It first causes all the poisonous matter to discharge, and then heal* the sore. Huiidieds in this city, and in all parts of the Union wherever this salve has b^en used, now stand ready to testify to its magical effects in removing all pain and always h.aling in an indiscribable short time, and never leaving any scar Several physicians in this city, now universally prescribe in old casts of burns. It is given to the poor and suffering Remember, this salve is sold only genuine at 21 Court landt street, by Comstock 8c Co. Purchasers are request ed to purchase this article only ol the proprietors as a spurious article, well calculated to deceive the public is fold in the upner part of the city. PBThis aalve may be had only ol the true agents of Corn stock &co., in every town in the Union. ?*,- U1COkD>B ?a*U?1A.> A1.TE ttATiVK MIX T'MvF ''"or Ibe cure of primary or tec md'.-.rj Hjrphilii .ini'. nil affection* produced by nn injudicious use 01 m?r ?my. The gvent advantage* possessed I y this powerful alui u'.ive over ull othr -- prepaiations for the cure ol Sy philis, is, 'hat while curing the disease j? improves tho constitution, whiUt morcury generally leave a much wor.'C djsoase tliau the one it is udinm fctes^jd tot. JriB >>?st recommendation wc can give of it is, that it is now extensively prescribed by the medical Inculty, wto ior mfitly considered mercury the only cure lor those com plaints. Sold, in single bottles, *1 wioh ; in cases of had lose.n, f.S, carefully packed, and sent t j ull parts of the I nion. Office of the College ifMed'Cine nad Phnnnar -r. 86 Nawrti street w y HlCHARD*ON, M D., Agent fhjb. QUACKERY.?How true the strictuies of a Sara toga correspondent on the general quackery in medicine with which the public arc duped. '1 he swarm of ignorant and illiterate pretenders who thus live upon the craduiity of th? good hearted, can bo distinguished easily by the discerning from one establishmi nt in this city that deals largely in what are called patent medicines, thoush they do not sell u single patent medicine of any kind We. al 1 tide to Messrs. ( oms'eck & Co , in (Jourtlandt street, and although they advertise, their remedies are as diflerent from quackery as day lrom night. While they have n? general remedy for all diseases like the quack*, they have a distinct and different scientific preparation to meet the circumstance* of all general complaints, all ol which are made under the direct supervision of on educated and re gularly admitted physician, a member of the medical so ciety of this great city, who, while he disclaim* all asso ciation with quackery in any form, turnishes remedies ot unusual power ami efficacy, which are sold at the above house to the great satisfaction and comfort ol a largo num ber of citizens, both in country and city, who use them. They disclaim the absurdity of one remedy for all diseases but furnish a separate and distinct remedy for each ac cording to the symptom* and circumstances of each com plaint. jtj. PRIVATE MKMCal AllJ.?The momiwrs cl tbo New Vork College ol Medicine und Phor.riucy, in 'etorning the public tcanks lor the liberal support they hove received in their efforts to " suppress quackery, beg leave to state that their particular attention continue* tobo directed to all diseases of a private nattue, and lrom the great improvements lately made in the puncipal hos pitals ot Europe in the treatment of those dweases, thrf canconfidcntlv oliei to persons i equiring medical aid ad vantages no' 'to he mot with in any institution in this oountry, either public or private. The' eatment of the College is such as to insure success in :vtiy cae*, and is .stally different firm that i>eru>u>u* practice ol ruining the constitution with mercury, au.l in most cases leaving a disease much won e than the orlginsl. One of the meci oars of the College ,lor mauy years connected with the principal hospitals of Europe, attends daily lor a conaalte ion from 9 A.M. to P P.M. Terms?Adv:ee and modic'ne, A. euro guarantee^. iMPOKTA'fT io CouifTav Invalids.?Persons living if. (he country md not finding it convenient to attend per tonally, can hare forwarded ti them 8 chest containing ill medicines requisite to perform apcrfect enre ny mating ihcir case explicitly, together with all Hymptonm, iim? ol contraction and treatment received, H any nd enclosing f.\ post paid, uddresaed to V. 8. RICHARDBON, M. D., Ager:. Oflce ecu Consulting reon-sc* the 'oiltsgr*. $>s Nn^s itrwt XT- THE PILES?How many suffer from thi* com plaint, and nave been the subject to its attacks for years, thereby frequently causing a detention from business, and sometimes even a complete prostration. Such attacks might be forever prevented, and the complaint entirely cured, by the ufoof Hay's Liniment. Numbers in this rity hare used this remedy, and experienced immediate relief, and are now well It is not a new medicine, nut one which has been in use for the last fifteen years, and its certainty in rmirg the Piles is now established. Sold by Comstock II Co., No 31 CoUrtlandt street, and by their true agents in every town in the Union. tn- VELPEAU'? SPECIFIC PILLH FOR THE CURE if tjonorrhifcB, tileet, and all moonpnrnlent discharges rom the urethra pills, prepared by the New York College ol Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the uppressior of quackery, may be relied on as the most peedy and effectual rermsdy for the above complaints.? rhey arc guaranteed to cure recent caso:i in from thr e t > five days, am! possess a greater powtr over obstinnU) lischarues and chronic gleet, than any other preparation it present known, removing the disease without aoufine r.oul horn business, tainting ibe bre-lh or disagreeing witn the stomach. Price rer box. Sold at the office of the Oolleve ol I'tarmacy end Me icine.'-'ft Nassau street. W ? RICHARDHON, M. O Ajfeat Qtj- EVIDENCE WANTED AND REWARDED ? Hundreds in this city have now lound out by trial, the tf iecta of that extraordinary article, Coan^Pa Magical Pain Kxtractor.and ifjtliev will call at the oflico of the Proprie tors, No. 31 Coiirtlan It street, and report its eff.cts, let them be what they may, shall lie allowed the price ol a box, in any of the various articles sold at that place. 8Q>- THE CONCENTRATED EXTRACT 01' BAR 4ACHILLA, OENTI\N AND 8AR9AFRAB,prepared 3v the New York College ot Medicine and Phnrmacv. es ablished lor the suppression of quackery Thisi refined .nd highly concentrated extract, possessing nil Ihe puri ring qualities and curative powers of the abave herbs, * conrtdently recommended by the toUege, t-.s infinitely ?uivrior to ony extract of Sarsaprtiillsi at present lielore he public, and may be rolled on n.i a certain remcdv for til diseases arising lrom an impure statu of the blood, inch as scrofula, salt-rheum, ringwoim, blotches or pro >lea nicer*, pain In the bones or Joints, nodes, cutaneou* srurtioas, ulcerated sore threat, or any disous. arising rom the secondary effect* ol syphili* or an injudicious tie oi meicury. Sold in single iUtllas, <?! 7ft ContS e?. " in Cases ot ha!< n Eovues, $3 fiO i< << oue doi.en " 1 "0 Cases forwarded to all parts of the Union. N. B.?A very liberal discount to wholesale pnrcbassrs Office of the college, Oft Nassau street. i. RICHAFnaov, M. D., AE6M1.

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