AIEW YORK HERALD. SfW York, Monday, September 9, 1S44. Tlte Tariff la the KImIIom. We give in another part of our journal, the able and eloquent speech of Mr. Clayton, oi Delaware, delivered a few days a*o before a maaa meeting of the whigs iu Lancaster, Pennsylvania?thin speech being the most clear and practical exposition of the position of the whigs on the tariff question at the approaching election for chief magistrate of this Republic. In the speech is also embraced ano ther letter from Mr. Clay, defining for the fortieth time his position on the tariff, and declaring that he ia opposed to the repeal of the present law ?but Buch a declaration is incomplete, for who is not opposed to the total repeal ?f the present law, without substituting any thing better in its place 1 We cannot believe that he is against a modification of some kind. This tariff question is now the complete sport of political parties. What is its history and position ? For many years after the establibhm,>nt of the government, the tariff was deemed merely a finan cial and practical question?itwasnottakenholdof by mere part y. Tfi is position continued down to the close of the last war. On the establishment of peace, a new tariff was passed, in which both Mr. Clay and Calhoun united in the same policy and like views? i that is, a tariff for revenue, with discriminations for protection. In a few years afterwards, princi pally growing out of the derangement of the cur rency, caused by financial mismanagement, the ma nufacturers called for higher duties to save their stocks from depreciation and themselves from loss. In this movement Mr. Clay assumed the lead, called it the "American System"?the " protec tion of native against foreign labor;" nor was there any particular opposition made to the policy by the South, or any other quarter, with the ex ception of that which came from the mercantile in terest of Buston, which Mr. Webster represented. While Mr. Clay was thus making the manufactu ring interest his peculiar favorite, Mr. Calhoun sought to do the same with the financial, by pro jecting a splendid plan of internal improvements. In process of time, however, the high tariff of 1829 was passed, and then Mr. Calhoun and the South made the question political?and in the elections of that year between Jackson and Adams, the tariff was introduced into the political elements throughout the country. It is pingular, however, that both parties at the north were in favor of a protective tariff?as both parties at the south were against it. The tariff' question, therefore, had very little influence at the polls, either at the south, north or west?and in the elections of 1832, 1836, and 1840, the tariff was a very unimportant question among the people. In 1840, coonskins and hard eider were much more potent. How it will be in the approaching election, time will tell. Mr. Clay and his party have endeavored to make a high protective tariff a direct issue be fore the people in the north and west?and a few weeks will determine the matter. In our opinion, the controversy about the tariff' is one of the small est and most ridiculous quarrels I hat ever took place in the world. Which ever party succeeds, whig or locofoco, the tariff may be slightly modi fied, but never can be essentially changed. The New Reform Party.?This new party have now two newspapers in this city?the one nailed the " Peoples* Rights," the other the " Na tional Reformer." They are a sort of practical Kourierites, on the piinciples of Greeley and Unsbane, and have been agitating in every ward during the last few months. It,is calculated that they will take a couple of thousand votes at the ensuing election. Their principles are the most radical of the radicul. They go against all owner ship of lands, houses, or any kind of real estate. Their first movement is to divide all the public lands among the poor who can't pay for them. They are, also, in favor of abolishing, forever, the right of the Van Rensselaer family to their property iu the Helderberg region. What next 1 The Mormons ?The Mormons in this neighbor hood had a conference here last week, which con linued forseveral days. Amongother curiousniat ters settled upon, the apostles have declared them selves in favor of Polk and Dallas. Have they had a correspondence wiih Polk on the subject of their grievances'! Very likely. The Cprrency?A Hint to the Pttblic.?Now is the time to look sharply at those bank notes which one receives as money for his labor or pro duce. When business is looking up, and cunfi dence rising, the bubble financiers are always ready to palm their trash as money upon the com munity. In a short time all sorts of bank, issues will flood the country. Look sharp. Political Movement*. The Whig State Convention to be held at Syra. cuse to nominate Governor, Lieutenant Governor? Canal Commissioners, and Presidential Electors, meet 011 Wednesday next. The Democrats hold a mass meeting at Tam many Hall to-night to respond to the nomination* of Wright and Gardiner. From Canton.?By the arrival oi the ship Claren don, Capt. Stoddard, we have foil files of the Hong Kong Gazette to the 16th of A^ril, inclusive The overland mail gave us dates to the 1st of May. We have, therefore, no news by this arrival. Fall Fashion.?We have just been shown a copy of Mr. Oliver's plate of fashions for the en suing season, and must say that it is the most splen did alFair of the kind that we havo ever seen. En graved on copper by the first artists in London, and most beautifully colored, it presents a very striking contrast to the lithographic fashion printB usually published. It must have a great run, if, indeed, the plate will lurnish prints enough for the demand, as it is, in fact, " the plate" of the season. Although received by the Hibernia steamer, yet the explanation sheet having to be printed here will delay its delivery until Wednesday morning, when purchasers are advised to make early appli cation to the agent, Mr. A. Wheeler, No. 4Coutt landtstreet, near Broadway. The Tuscarora Hotel.?The new splendid hotel, now erecting in upper Broadway, which we bap tise as the "Tuscarora House," is to be opened in n|fpw weeks|by Billing3?one of the protect* of the immortal Cousins, of the American. Billings adver tises for boarders?see another column?and we have no doubt he will have applications enough It will be kept in capital style. The Warm Salt Water Baths at the foot of Debrosses street, near Canal, North River, are patronized by all who value health at this peculiar season of th? year. A trial will convince those who doubt their efficacy. The Common Council me?ts to-night at 7 o'clock. What reform may we look 1orl Where's the po lice bill and the report on Blackwell's Island, the Alms House mysteries, Arc. Who knows? Rowdyism.?A gang of young rowdies attacked an apparently unoffending man in the vicinity of the Chatham Theatre, on Saturday evening, about II o'clock, aud followed him along the street pelt ing him with melon peels and calling him some hard names. The cause of the attack was un known to several lookers on, who made frequent and indignant remarks as to the absence of a watchman or |>olicenian at the tune. The man ??neaped uninjured. United Brothers of Temperance.?'This Socie ty holds its first public meeting next Wednesday evening, at ihe Apollo Kooins, Broadway, where some of the most talented speakers of the cause are expected to attend, together with some of the most able musicians. All friendly to the cause are invited to be present, as well as those who wish for information on this all important subject Epl??op*| Con v?ii tlon tn PtOUMl?lplU??Fate 0* tbe Klfltt Rev. Blihop Ondeidon*. We have already given a synopsis of the proceed ings of this important body, from which it will be seen that the Convention hat accepted the reaif" nation of Bishop Onderdonk and adjourned imm dit. It ap|x*ara, however, that the regularGeneral Convention will meet in a lew weekr, lor the pur pose of taking some new steps in relation to this important matter,?of confirming or rejecting the resignation of tfiahop Onderdonk, whose character and reputation are involved, as well as the well being of the Kpiscopal Church in Pennsylvania and the whole United States. According to our last accounts! rom Philadelphia, the most intense excitement has prevailed in the social and religious world in relation to the position I of Bishop Onderdonk and that of the body of Chrie j tians to which he belongs. This excitement, suffi | ciently strong in itself, has been not a little in creased by the foolish, intolerant, and unprece dented conduct of a Dr. Tyng, who, in this free land?in this enlightened age of the world?in this age, when the precepts, the doctines and practice of Christianity are as well understood by the laity as the clergy, and perhaps better?attempted to shroud their deeds in darkness, to conceal from the public eye and the public press w hat they were about to do in matters of the utmost moment to the cause of morality, religion, and'piety. Fiom the divisions in the Convention, it would seem that sue portion of that body was in favor of a lull and open investigation of the charges brought against Bishop Onderdonk, and of thereby deing justice to (he individual, if he were wropgfully accused and maligned, and of taking care of the general interests of religion involved in the issue. It appears that this section of the Convention were principally represented by ihe Honorable Messrs lngersoll and Binney and others; but it would ap pear that another and a larger portion of the as sembly were for removing Bishop Onderdonk with out trial, without inquiry or examination into the truth or falsity of the charges against him, and in accordance with this policy, have accepted his re signation. But according to the canons of the Church in Philadelphia, it is requisite that the re signation of a Bishop should be ratified by a ma jority of clerical and lay deputies in General Con vention, after its acceptance by a two-third vote in a previous local one. It is possible then, that in the course of the few weeks which will expire be fore the assembly of the General Convention, that public opinion will so act upon that body, that cor rect principles of morality will have such an effect as to compel them to do justice to Bishop Onder donk by an examination ot the charges against him ; by disgracing him if they are true, and by vindicating and defending him if they are fulse. To show the intense interest which prevail in Philadelphia on this subject, we annex the follow ing extract from the Philadelphia Gazette : Kriscovii. Convent low.?The letter of Bishop Onderdonk, which wax read coon after the open ing of the morning session, placed lully before the Eublic the grounds on which his resignation had Ben based. It stated that 011 his first coming into the di ocese, he was afflicted, while on a visit to the western part of the State, with violent pains in tho side and in the stomach, which lelt him, at times, incapable of physical exertion, and sometimes almost suspended animution? that no physician being accessible, he was forced to re sort to burnt brandy, as a tonic?that for a number of years he found it necessary, from the increasing debility ol his frame, and the distressing exigencies ot his dis ease, to rely frequently, and sometimes statedly, especial ly when in the country upon the same course of stimu lants. lie declared that lor years he had meditated resig nation, and that tie had gradually been reconciling him self, and preparing his circumstances for the step, when the Convention, of Mav last, met. It was then that a blow was struck at him, as he considered it, cruel, secret, unwarned, by the hands of the reverend gentlo men who composed the clergy of the diocese Meeting secretly without notice to him, they had collected and canvassed a number of charges affecting his moral stand ing and his personal dignity, and hud at lest, without giving him an opportunity 'to be heard, attached their names to an address, which though directt-d to him alone, and consequently of a private charocter, placed him in a position Irom which it was impossible to extricate himself. He found that they had virtually condemned him before hand, without a hearing; and in the desperation of the moment, ho determiner! to resign, nnd to call a special convention, with theiidvice of the standing committee. He concluded by denying the allegations ot indiacrotions of manner which had been made, stating, however, that frequently, hit nenoui syshtn hud hren so entirely unstrung at to leave him in a ttate of uncnntcioumett. On the con clusion of the reading of the letter, a lay delegate, Mr. L. R. Ashhurst, moved that the Dishop'sJ resignation be accepted. It was then that the difference of opinion in the Convention became manifest. Two courses, alone, stood open. The first was, to refuse to accept, and either to take measures for presentment and trial, or to let the matter rest forever The second was. to accept the resignation, and thus pnvent, on the one side, the necessity ol a protracted examination, and remove, on the other, the possibility of further offence. The first proposition was supported by the two extremes, ?by those who considered that a public trial was ne cessary, and by those who thought thit the Bishop was 110 more to lie censured than if he was consumptive or rheumatic. Tbe last course was adopted by the great majority of the Convention, as the following repoit will show. It waq supported with remaikahle ability and eloquence hy the Hev. Dr. Tyng, who, in a speech of great solemnity and feeling, pressed the step as necessary to secure the pcace and quiet of the Church. It was op posed by Mr Binney, Mr. J. It lngersoll, and Mr. J. 8. Smith, with mncb power, on the around that it was un just to the bishop, as being, in fact, a tacit condemnation, and unjust to the churcn, as affording an example of question dodging, which would be most fatal. It is impossible for us to describe the grand and solemn beauty of the scene which the evening unlolded. In the chnir, in the strong gla?c of the gaslights, which, around the chancel alone, were lighted, sat the venerable president, his gray hair, and his black robes standing out in strong relief by the side of the altar. In front of him were spread the clerical and lay deputies, consisting of nearly three hundred men, darkening gradually in the gloom which hung over the lowor end of tho church, till the last files were hid in darkness. It was then, when the strong lights nnd shadows which were thus thrown out, were exhibiting in full relief, in the first ranks, the anxions and sad counteninces of the reverend and vene rable gentlemen who sat in front, and were blending to gether, at the other end ot the nitle, forms and shapes in such confusion, that nothing could be discerned except the eager and bent form, ortho lifted hand, as the listener strove to draw in the full meaning of the scene before him,?that a letter ol the bishop's was hurried in, with drawing the re?ignation. Tho Convention, then just about to tako the final vote, was at once thrown back, but the chairman, almost immediately recovering himself, decided that the withdrawal was inope rative, nnd that the question was still on accepting the resignation. An appeal was taken by Mr. Smith, and supported with much force by Mr. Binney, but the chair was sustained by a large majority, the bishop's resigna tion was accepted, and after singing a hymn, the Conven tion adjourned <iine tlie There have been few bodies which have ever met in Pennsylvania wh<re more distin guished men were brought together; and none where more decorum existed, and where more eloquence, In its purest and must exalted sense was displayed What, then.^will be the effect of the meamtre adopted 7 It will be nece?sary, according to the canons of the Epis copal church, that a bishop's r?signation, after lieing ac cepted by a majority of two thirds of the clerical and lay d puties of his own Convention, should he ratified by a majority of both orders of the (General f 'envention The fJeneral Convention meets In a few tveek?, and should it ratify the resignation according to tho canon, the episco pate-but not till then will tie vacant. It will devolve, undor such circumstances, upon the annual Convention of Pennsylvania to meet in May next, to fill the vacancy. Personal Movement!. Lieut. Hunter, thf inventor of Hunter's Ptopel ler, is in Bufialo. He was on hoard the U. S. iion stenmerl Abeit on Friday, Rnd she mnde two trips into the lake, which were quite satisfactory. The Liberty Convention for Monroe county,met in Rochester on Wednesday, and made the follow ing nominationsFor Congress, James Sterry, of Henrietta ; for memberof Assembly, Isniel Starks, of Sweden; Ira French, of Rochester, and Dr. Lyman Huntley, of Perinton ; for Coroner, Nelson A. Frost Joseph T. Buckingham. Esq., editor of the Bos ton Courier, will deliver the annual addreps before the Middlesex Society of Husbandmen and Manu facturers, in Concord, on the 2d of October. The U. S. brig Oregon, Lieut. Com'g Sinclair, arrived at Norfolk on Thursday from New York. Passed Midshipman Francis Alexander, who has been attached toth" Naval Kendeavotis at Norfolk for some time past, h<*s been appointed Nnvul store keeper at Port Praya, West Coast of Africu. Mr. Frelinghuysen will visit Worcester this week, to attend a missionary meeting. Hon. John Schnierle was elected Mayor of Charleston, S. C., on Monday laat, without oppoei tion. i Hon. John Keyes, of Concord, Maps., died on the 29th ult. Miter a short illness. He was lor twmiy yfftr,i (he Treasurer of Middlesex county, and filled with ability many other public stations. ThoniHs I larryinun, Esq., died at Brownstown, n few d.iys mi ce. Tlv Rev. F. W. I. Pollard, Rector of Trinity Church, Nantucket, Ikis reigned his office, in con sequence, we believe, if rfi ,<uti? uction on the part of the parishioners. NavaT. Trxt Hook.?The Secretary of the Nnvy hs? announced that Maury's Navigation i* adopted nsthe tact book of the Navy. Dcmoc&auc Mkbtiiw im Wttwumm Claiinxy. ?There was quite a gathering of democratic spirits on Saturday afternoon, at Marble Hall, East Ches ter, near the termination of the Harlem Railroad, to Witness the erection of a magnificent hickory pole, measuring one hwired and sixty feet in height. It having beea announced that Junt a R. Whiting, Esq , James T. Brady, Esq., and jovial i Jem Thompson would address the assemblage, a number were present from the city intermingled with the hard fisted yeomanry. At about one o'clock the " cry of here she comes" was beard throngh the crowd, and casting our eyes over a rolling eminence on the main road, we perceived aline of sixty-eight pair of beautiful athletic oxen, whose yokes were decorated with an American, j "Polk and Dallas" flag, and in the distance at the rear of the line was the " Young Hickory" of im mense dimensions. This son of the forest was re ceived with the enthusiastic cheers of the yeomanry, and it was soon erected to its station with the stars and stripes at its head, and accompanied by the choicest national airs from Dodsworth's band, and the deafening peal of artillery. The meeting was then addressed by F. T. Mar bury, Esq , who was followed by James T. Brady, Esq. These gentlemen dwelt with much eloquence upon the various politicalquestions before the coun try, and the latter presented an able argument against the policy and justice of the manufacturer's tariff, so loudly urged by the whigs as the only source of wealth and prosperity of the nation. They were followed by James It. Whiting, Esq., whose peculiar position, and prospect of nomina tion for Congress by the democrats and concurrence by the natives, caused considerable interest to his remarks. He spoke of the magnificent pole erect ed as the emblem of the democratic party in the present contest, and as a memento of the past, when democratic principles had been' the guiding star to the welfare of the nation and the prosperity and happiness of the whole people. He then aliuded to the several questions of national policy that formed the issue between the two partieH at the approach ing contest, and took up the subject of the tariff with a giant's hand. He reviewed the past evils of over importations, forming an excess of revenue that led to speculation, fraud and bankruptcy, and exposed the fallacy of the whig doctrine that as sumed the principle that high protection to manu factures produced equal benefits to all other inter ests of the country. He argued that a broad, statesmanlike, national view should be taken on this subject?that no one portion of the Union should receive the benefit of legislation to the injury of the other?that if any benefit was to be derived to any particular portion under a moderate tariff' for revenue, well nnd good ; but he opposed, em phatically, special legislation for the east, the west, the north, or south. He dwelt with much elo quence upon the evils arising from excessive man (neturea in any country ; he pointed out the wan, downcast expression of children and infants en gaged in the manufactories of the east, as con trasted with the ruddy, wholesome faces of those occupied in agricultural or other pursuits; and ex tended his remarks to the debased and wretched objects of humanity found in manufacturing Eng land and Ireland. He said that the principle of tree trade was not to be advocated until other governments were reciprocal in their view.", and that whenever they arrived at such conclusion, free trade would cany with it the germ of liberty that would transplant it self in every European soil. He said that the question before the people was. whether Federal or Whig principles should predominate at the en suing election, and that those principles were bo well distinguished that a review from him was not necessary. In allusion to the re-annexation of Texas, he said, ifhe had been consulted before Mr. Van Buren had replied to the letter addressed him, he should have advised him to have advocated the annexation, and he now hoped that if she was an nexed, that this government would have indepen dence and patriotism enough to lend her money or credit sufficient to enable her to compel Mexico to acknowledge that independence that they now so pertinaciously deny. (Loud cheers followed this new idea.) And. says he, if thfc manufacturers are so anxious and earnest to have their interests subserved, Texas will readily assent to ?ake the surplus of their manufactures at full prices, as an equivalent to satisfy their objections. He spoke of the occupation of Oregon, as called for by every principle of Americanism, and that opposition to it could emanate from none except enemies to the interests and honor of the nation. In allusion to the advocacy of Clav bv the whigs, he asked who was to be benefitted by a high tariff", except princely manufacturers. (Jo, sayi? he, to Lowell, and how many able bodied men do you find en gaged in manufactures?few, very few?not one in a Hundred?they are girls and children, who re ceive their eighteen pence a day, and whose con stitutions are destroyed, and their minds benumbed by theirjdaily labor to support their employers. He closed with an eloquent appeal to the patriotism of the assemblage in favor of the doctrines of the de mocratic party, in which he contended that a re liance upon manufactures for the happiness and prosperity of this great agricultural nation, was de pending upon a broken reed, which weuld termi> nate as a blight upon our institutions. With a tri bute to the character, talents, and patriotism of James K. Polk and George M. Dallas, he closed wirh the enthusiastic cheers of the audience. City Intelligence. Lower Police Office.?Uulick the Militia Fins Collector.?This man is now mnst busily engaged in the performance of his odious calling, ond attempted to levy upon some oil cloth in the s'.oro of Albert Higgins, 43-2 Pearl street, on Saturday, in payment for militia dues. He was unceremoniously ejected from the premises, and then entered complaint at the Lower Police OFice, of an assault and battery committed on his flesh and bones - Justice Drinker entertained the complaint, but. upon ex amination discharged the parties on the ground that the process of this militia line collector was illegal. The gentleman complained of,intends to commence suit against (Julick tor false amst and imprisonment. Why is there not a club or society formed to arrest the extortionate practices of this man, ntid to expose his employers 7 Philadelphia Rioter Arrested.?A young man nam ed Solomon Vickers, was arrested yesterday by officer Bums, of Philadelphia, on the charge of riot and murder, committed in Philadelphia, during the riots, as alleged by an affidavit made by Hugh Clark. He was temporarily committed in tho city prisoD, and as there is no indict ment against him, he refused to proceed to Philadelphia with the officer. A rit of habeas corpus will be taken out this morning, in order to obtain his discharge. The Reward for Arresting Hoau.?Why is this re ward not paid to the parties who are its rightful recipi ents I The rogue has been secured, sentenced, and is now safely located in the State prison, and Messrs Wilks and Clark should receive tne tribute worthy their energies, for to them, an4 th?m alone?except Alderman Wynship claims a sham?does the reward belong. The following is the note left by Alexander Hoag in his cell on the night of hi* escape. We give it verbatim et literatim ;? New york august 6th 1944. this Is my everlasting fairwell to the city prison ot new york I hope, what induces me to make is that I have been so badly treated by the citzens of new york been convict ed the second time for a charge that I never don uor was guilty of. now you all must look for me which 1 have gon threw the winder up in the cockloft so all my friends they must lufe and nil my enemasr must feel sad for these arc my last remarkes so faire well Alexander Hong. Coroner's Office?Child Drowned in a Cistern.? A child of Matthew Mnrphy, aged about tlx years, who hadbeeti missn form v> ral days, was found drowned in the cistern ul tKehctiso 193 Twelfth street, in which he had accidentally fallen from the want of a grating. Superior Court* In Chambers. Before Chief Justice Jones and Judge Oakley. Sept. 7.? Wikoffv* Green.?This was a motion made to appoint a Commissioner to exhmine Piesident Tyler in relation to a suit now pending between the parties above named The suit 1? instituted on the pnrt of the plaintiff', who was the first editor and publisher of the journal call ed the Republic, published in this city, against the defend ant, Mr. Duff Green, who, it is alleged, covenanted with the plaintiff, during certain business transactions between them, that the paper should supDort the claims of the de mocratic party in general, without interfering with cither the Ty ler section or the old party. A breach of covenant on the part of the defendant, who, it is alleged, s. cretly sold the influence at the journal to the President, and agreed to advocate Mr. Tyler's claims forthe Presidency, lias cause the institution of the suit. The Court granted the application The Court will sit this day. I', ft. Commissioner's Office. Sept. 7 ?James Parte), U. 8. A., who has been arrested on a charge of wilful and corrupt perjury, alleged to have been committed in a case of court martial, held on Gov ernor's island, in which Surgeon George Dual was tried lor some offence, which did i.ot appear, will be examined this forenoon before the Commissioner. The Lats Mr. Upshur's Wilt.?Emancipation. ?The following in an extract from the last will of the Hon. Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of Statn, who was killed by the explosion of the gun on board the " Plince ton " I emancipate and set free my servant David Rich, and direct my executors to give him $100. I recommend him in the strongest manner to the respcct, esteem and confi denco of any community in which he may happen to live, lie has been my sbve for twenty-lour years, during all which time he has Iteen trusted to every extent, and It) every respect. My confidence in him has been unbound ed ; his relation to myself and family has always been such as to afford him daily opportunities to deceive aud injure us, and yet he has never been detected in any se rious fault, nor even in no intentional breach of thin de corums of his station. His intelligence is of a high order, his integrity above all uspicion, and his sense, of light and propriety correct and even refined. I fi el that he is justfy entitled to carry this certificate from me in the new relations which he must now lotm. It la due to his long and mo*t faithful services, and to the sincere and steady lriendship which I bear him. In the uninterrupted and confidential intercourse of -J4 ) ears, I have never given, nor had occasion to give him an unpleasant word. I know no man who has fewer faults or more excellence* than he " JfttAJia-ur Ajaumo iu I'hiimmi i l'ls? ko>m? of Green, the reformed gambler, have raised a.hor net'a ne?i about his earn. We are informed that the sporting gentlemen intend to put him down? atop his mouth?or ailtaee him in some'way. The following correspondence baa been handed ua tor publication ANONYMOUS LETTER Apuar.sitD to Ma. Orccm mr thk "luiomBLi" Kit tkhnity or " Spouting Os.ntlpch?** ; New York, Scot. 7th, 1B44. J. H. Oansn:? Sib,?An old aJage we hero ice proper to use, that a hint to the wise is sufficient without a kick. Sir, we wiab to inlorm you that your intention* to prevent a class of gentlemen from amusing themselves, and accommodating others who may think proper to call on them, are of too low u character to be believed or sustained by an ob lerving community. We leel inclined to deal plainly, although you willexcuae the liberty we have taken to deal with yon in a manner not altogether aa open and frank aa we would think proper to, providing you waa lutticiently respectable for gentlemen of honor to notice as their competitor, beingfou ar equality with them, and plain adviee you perha|<a will find in this "ase to iuit you. The game of faro you pronounce worae than highway robbery. Sir, such assertion* are ridiculoua to set forth among men of honor, and will not be submitted to. We admit that the game, although ba?ed upon high minded principles, has been abused, and, in faot, by many States declared worthy of penal conviction. Yet we never tear, as long as the noble principle* of the game can be set forth, but what they will be, and alao sustained a* they are at the preient day, in this great empire city By whom has this game.lost it* refutation / Wo will inform you, not but what you already understand. It. lir, was by no other claaa of men than which you belong ed to, which were no other than what might be termed ?trolling faro dealers, and midnight a**as*ina that can only boast of scar* and difficulties of a dishoneat kind You must know that the New York sporting men are not so low and contemptible, nor will their friends who know them of old allow tne supposition to rest that the sporting gentlemen with whom they have long amuied themselves shall, by one who in all probability doea know and has Eracticed these villainies, which he asserts are played, to e placed upon an equality. No, tir. We who sport have areputaiion not to be shaken by such an unpiincipled villain as you have proved yourself to bo to the honorable sporting gentlemen ; and as for the respectable room* in our city, you will understand there are many of ancient date, which have ever been sustained by honorable citi zens ; and, sir, you may well *uppo*e what will be the consequence it you undertake or insinuate any thing against their honorable occupants. Your braggadocia man ner of expressing yoursell will perhaps no*, cover the deeds of darkness and villany which you have ever kept concealed by intrigue. There are sporting gentlemen whom you have put conidence in, who are now present in our city, and wish to carry out principles ol honor so farassecresy is concerned, unless forced to expose you by your villainous conduct toward our profession. Bir, let this suffice. MANY SPORTING GENTLEMEN, And alio old residenter* ol thi* city. To J. H. Green. The above is one of a number of anonymous communi cations I have received from the gambling fraternity, since I deserted their ranks, and commenced exposing the systematic villanies by which they have successfully plundered every community where they could get a foot hold. Some ot these missives implore me to stop, and not to ruin a business by which *o many are now gaining a livelihood ; other* threaten peraonal chastisement, and even broadly hint at assassination; and within a lew days some of the desperadoes, whose business I have great! y affected, have openly manifested a disposition to attack me publicly in the streets. To all thia, I have but a few words to say. As a gambler, I exerted a pernicious influence in society?but having seen tbe error ol my ways, and deeply repented, I am now making the only restitution In my power?that of endeavoring to exter minate the gambling race, by exposing the tricks ol their profession, by which alone they live; and I shall not cease my exposures, should God spare my life, until I induce the legislature of each State to enact laws suHi cient for the entire suppression of the vice of gambling. Such being my purpose. I shall persevere despite every annovance the " honorable gentlemen" may see proper to inflict. J. H. GREEN. Tapers friendly to the suppression of gambling, will please copy the above. J. H. G. Green gives another lecture to-night, and intends to unfold further mysteries?to describe some of the hells of the metropolis?to give anecdotes of the fraternity?state of society?morals, &c. It will be worth hearing by all sinners. Theatrical Movements.?A very amusing little bit of excitement has been created in the theatrical world during last week by the appearance of the new stare at the Park. Their standing and talent, of which so much had been said in eulogy since their engagemet here, and the general doubt as to the justice of their high pretensions, lent a singu larity to the circumstance of their appearance which has drawn a great many to witness their performances. Every one acknowledges the respectability ol the new stars, but the principal question which has been asked and which is now in the course of determination by the audience is, "how little talent is required to constitute a star, and how slight a quantity of theatrical reputation of any kind doea it take to get up an excitement." The singular and remarkable likeness between Mr Anderson and Mr. Macready which is said to exist, as will be seen from the letter of our intejli gent and sagacious European correspondent, in this day's paper?this resemblance in manner as well as person has been the means of bringing back to the Park some of the excitement, the patronage, the crowds of former and more palmy days. This popularity, as might beexpected, affects the other theatres; the Bowery and Chatham accord ly are, since Anderson's engagement at the Park, comparatively deserted by the play going public, fired with anxiety to see for themselves and judge of how far Mr. Anderson resembles Mr. Macready, and of the difficulty of ascertaining whether it is, or is not, Macready himselt. Well, we are very glad of this, or of anything that is calculated to restore the fallen fortunes of the Park; and this success will not be hailed by us alone, but by a very large portion of the theatre going people of this city. Theatricals, <fec. Macready commences an engagement to-night at the Arch Street Theatre, Burton manager. This Theatre,we learn, has been doinga good business, Our correspondent will please to notice it. The Montreal Theatre, under the management of Mr. Robinson, closed on the 5th inst. Mr. Potter's equestrian company are proving very attractive at Rochester. Mr. Bailey, the Alto Singer, arrived in Boston. He does not go in the sloop-ol-war Preble, as has been reported. A family of the name of Baker has been giving Concerts in Concord. They are highly spoken of by the papers in the neighborhood. Ltpman and Harrington's equestrian company left St. Croix on the 22d uLt. bound to windward Stickney's Circus Company are performing at Nashville. The Ethiopian Serenaders make their appear ance thift evening in Washington, and are to give three concerts during this week. Misses Randolph and Carnahan, and Mr. T. Plucide are perfotming ht the St. Louis Theatre. musical natters. Palmo's Theatre opens on the 20th with opera and ballet, the latter on alternate nights, lor which are engaged M. Desjardius and Martin. We would recommend M. Korponay to introdnce the Polka and other fashionable dances, as no doubt there is much anxiety existing to iritness them performed in a truly national manner. Mad'lle Borghese has returned to town, refreshed and invigorated by the waters of Saratoga and the sea air of Newport, looking more beautiful than|ever. Sigr. Valtellini has recovered his temper through his recent so journ at Bloomingdale, and will present the sweets of such ever before the public. Signora Valtellini, we hope,will come out in her proper place. Being an artiste of considerable promise, we are assured she will ever command an adequate welcome. Recently we have heard nothing of OleBull, but we presume he is at Newport, breathing the sea air, and completing his new pieces. Mr Jones has just completed an original opera, of which good judges, who have heard it, speak in the highest terms, arid say it will command great popularity. The plot is taken from the Arabian Ni?ht's entertainments, and the music abounds with the most beautiful melodies, of ?n Eastern i-tyle. Mad. Otto is likely to be brought out in it. The piece is now in rehearsal at the Park, and those who have witnessed the same, speak in the greatest ecstaciea of the production. What's the Mattfr1!?-A card in the United State* Oazetta, with upward* of foi.y signature*, state* various inconvenience* to which they hare been iub jected in IrrnVM on the Camden snd Amboy Railroad, t'hey complain ot ill-treatment, detention, and exposure to tinnecR*?ary danger. They conclude by calling upon their fellow citizen* to aid them in adopting *11011 inea *ures a* will call lorth the prompt action by th? New Jer sey Legislature for a redres* of grievance*. Worcester AGincm/mui. Society.?The An nual fade Show, exhibition of Manufacture*, and Flotiehing Match oi the Worceitor Agricultural Society, will be holden in the town of Worcester on the Htb, 9tn, and I Oth of October. Hamilton House, Sept. 7,1W4. Drotnio Theatrical*?Macready and Anderson? Their perfect Identity?Singular Coincidence*. I am bow at Hamiltou How, under the care of Reed, for the rest of the sotffon, and without fur ther praface, I proceed:?The Duke of Wellington has in hia collection a painting, "Christ in the Garden," which he purchased at a considerable price, as a copy of very superior excellence of the celebrated painting of that subject. Soon after wards, the British Government bought the original at the enormous price ot six thousand pounds ster ling, for the National Gallery. When these two works of art, the reputed original and the reputed copy, came thus in juxta position before the tribu nal of artistic criticism, considerable doubts were raised whether after all the Duke of Wellington's was not the original and the government picture the copy. 80 closely is it possible for two differ ent productions of art to resemble each other. There is a case now before the American public far more wonderful than this; a case of artistic re semblance of an infinitely more astonishing kind Those who never had the pleasure of seeing Mr. Macready's performance of any of his celebrated parts, may now have that gratification by visiting the Park Theatre. Let us not be told that Mr. Macready is not in New York; that he is an nounced on the contrary at Philadelphia. It is no such thing. He is at the Park, where he has as sumed the name oi Anderson. We saw him with our bodily' eyes there, in visible form and sub Htance. So we said and so we believed, until after leaving the house we actually saw Mr. Macready, not on the stage, but in his proper person, at a time and place incompatible with the appearance on the Park boards which we had just witnessed. It was net then, it seems,Mr. Macready' Prodigi ous !? Were iuch thing* here a* we do speak about 1 Or have we eaten of the iniane toot, That takes the reason prisoner 1 Mr. Anderson has robbed Mr. Macready of his personal identity. It is not an imitation of style. It is the actual transfusion of the elements of indi viduality oi one man into another. Philosophers havu startled common minds by promulging the hypothesis of the transmigration of souls. Mr. Anderson has afforded a practical demonstration oi a process infinitely more incredible, lor lie has ac tually effected the transmigration oi bodies. We saw Mr. Anderson several years ago, when he was brought from the provinces to the London boards by Macready. Mr. Anderson was then Mr. Anderson, lie had his own attributes. It was possible, when necessary, to call a witness to a jury box to establish bis identity. He had, like all men, his distinguishing traits. His limbs moved, his eye rolled^ his head was held on his shoulders, his gesticulations, gait, voice, and play ot counte nance, were governed by the dictates of his own will, and the promptings ot his own mind. Mais nout avow changi tout cela. The nature et Mr. Anderson is now subdued to the very qualities of his lord. His body is governed by Macready's spirit. All the elements oi' Macready s individuali ty have passed into the person oi Mr Anderson. The motion of the limbs, the play oi the muscles, every characteristic gesticulation, the gait, the dragging after him of the feet, scraping the stage slowly with the toes, the see saw of the shoulders, the turning of the eyes one way and the head ano ther, the modulation and pitch of the voice? the arrangement, length, and color of the hair, giving a peculiar character to the head, the hanging of the arms, the management ol the hands and fingers, to say nothing oi those things which appertain to the province of the dress er and the wardrobe, none of which are neglected, ?are so identical with his great original, thac we protest seriously and in good faith that tor several minutes alter the first entrance ot the actor we could not convince ourselves that it was not Ma cready whose bodily presence we beheld. We had recourse to the bill, which assured us, contrary to the evidence of our senses, that it really was Mr. Anderson and not Mr. Macready. It has been said that any admirer of Mr. Macready, provided he were blindfolded, might witness any performance of Mr. Anderson, without discovering that it was not Mr. Macready. We maintain that the remo val of the bandage from the eyes would only in crease such assurance by summoning the evidence of the eyes to corroborate that of the ears. Th> London critics call Mr. Anderson Macready's shadow. This implies similitude of outline ouiy, and feebly expresses the marvellous identity which this consummate mime has realized. His per formances are stereotypes of those of Macready. His presence on the boards excites the same feeling of awe as a preternatural apparition. He is Mac roaftu'e Wraith The performances of thiB actor follow those of Macready with a closeness of resemblance exteid ing to the minutest conceivable details, so painfully accurate that it is impossible for any one familiar with the one to estimate fairly the pretensions of of the other. "When we visit the theatre, the aston ishment produced at the accuracy of tne copy ef fectually excludes all consideration of the absolute merits of the performance. We shall not attempt to criticise^thts actor, because he puts it out of our power to do so. He renders it impossible for us to think of himself at all by never permitting us for one momest to foigst his master and patron. An idea has occurred to us, a hint of which we would fain "whisper in the lug" of our excellent friend Simpson, whose treasury would be thereby replen ished far more effectually than by the brilliant con stellation which he has attracted trom the eastern skies. Let him get upShakspeare's Comedy of Er rors, "and iuduce MacreadyandAnderson to person ate, the one Antipholus of Ephesus, and the other Antipholusof Syracuse. He will easily find two low comedians, who, by the aid of dresses, paint,wigs, and a little drilling, may present a sufficiently lu dicrous resemblance for the two Dromios. Our life upon it, he will have such a run of houses as have not been witnessed at the Park since the palmy days of that temple ot the legitimate drama, when Price, in its directoral chair, added,his acute ntss and tact to the managerial skill of our present respected lessee. Only conceive such a perform ance. Imagine the audience as effectually de ceived as Adriana herself, and finding itreahy im possible to guess which is which of the duplicate Antipholi. Imagine the roars of laughter which the following dialogue would prodace :? Duke?8taml a pat t?I know not which is which. Jidriana?Which of you two did dine with me to-day? JirUipholxu of Syracuse?I, gentle Mistress. Jidriana? And aro you not my husband? AntipKolni of .EpAtsus?No, I say nay to that, StC. Although in friendly regard to the Park treasury we recommend this, we frankly acknowledge that we should not ourselves venture to attend the per formance. There are paroxysms of laughter which are not unattended with danger to life, and if the audience, either wholly or partially, should expire under the exhibition, it is a question tor grave con sideration whether a verdict of wilful murder would not be brought in against Macready and Anderson as principals, and against Simpson as ac cessory before the fact. An European Traveller. Arrivals.?Col. Trotten, U. S. A.; Hon. Lewis Cass, jr., Detroit; Mr. Ferguson, of South Caroli na, who distinguished himself by a religious essay in the theological department at Cambridge, at the American. Gen. Leslie Coombs, Kentucky; Gen. Ttllmadge, N. Y., ai the Astor. Judge Waynes, Savannah; Col. Cohens, Baltimore; Judge Don nell, U. C , at the City Hotel. M.S. D. Iturbide, Washington, at the St. George's Hotel. M. P. Ar rieta, the Austrian embassy, at Blancard'a. Judge Kent, Ohio, at the Pearl St. House. Capt. Ogden, U. S. A , at Moore's Hotel. Hon. W. Hall, Alba ny, J. A. Bryan, Esq., at Howard's. John A. Bryan, of Ohio, Charge d' Affairtt to Peru, is at Howard's, on his way to South Ameri ca. Mr. Bryan was formerly a two dollar-a-week Democratic editor, but he is now a diplomat, valued at $4,500 salary, $4,500 outfit, and as much infit as he can get. Animal Magnetism.?Dr. Johnson has got a sub ject Irani Dr. Elliotson of London, per the last steamer, whom he intends to practice on this eve. ning, at the Hall, a little below Canal street on Broadway, in which will be presented new and most wonderful phenomena. The curious and inquisitive had better be present. All will be as tonished at the display made. New Military|Road in Canada .?We hear that the totliiary road to New Brunswick and Novh Scotia is ? xpected to be opened in the count! of the pi- - aent season ; that a site which ha* been explored is neailj level, and that the distance to Halifax will he diminished nt-arly ? hundred miles, so that, wiili WWW ?B?g?<h>, a communu'fttion by post may be effected in lixty hours. This Is truly an Imperial work, which, particularly when the Fort at Grand Falli is erected, with other military works in contemplation, will greatly add to the security and advantage of all the British North American i'ro vince*.?Qurire Pnptr. IT. S. Convention of Univkrsalists?The an nu tl Contention of this denomination will meet at Baltimore on the 18th of September, and continue in session two days. Rev. John Bovden of Rhode Island, has been selected to preach the annual dis course before the Convention. Roehrster [Coireapondeuca of the Herald. | Rochester, Sept. 4th, 1044. A Short Sketch of Matter* about Rochttttr, prinri - pally Political. Dear Bennetts As I live it the western part oi this State, and am a constant reader of your paper, peihapa you will have no objection to my giving you a little ac count of matters and things out this way We have all sorts of characters here ; all sorts of re ligions, and all sorts of politics?the latter forms the principal topic of conversation. First the Whigs will have a meeting, and thf n the Loc< focos. Iu this part of the country the whigs are in the ascend ency. The newB has just come in of the Locofoco nominations Mr. Gardiner, the candidate for Lieut. Governer, is from this place ; he is popular with the ruffle shirts, but with the bone and sinew he is very unpopular. The Locos here seem to de pend upon the eastern part of the State to elect their ticket, as this part ot the State will go for Fil more by a large majority. The Whigs, as usual, are making fools of themselves, and the Locos get drunk and fight. The Bimey men keep still; they are waiting to hear what Cussius M. Clay will cay at the whig meeting in October. You must send a good reporter out then, as it will require a smart nmn to Keep account oi the doings on that day. 1 shall from time to time, give you an account of things this way. Yours, &c., M. J. New Haven. [Correspondence of the Herald ] New Haven, Sept. 6th, 1844. Military Mattert in New Haven?John Smith and the 8altatory J.rt?A True and Authentic Ac count of a Whig Matt Convention, of tluDoingt and fiayingt thereat. Dear Bennett s? After several years of absence, I have again re turned to this terrestial paradise, where I hope to spend the remainder of my days with that serenity of mind which is the reward of virtue. I have been astonished at the improvements and alterations that have been made in the appearance of the city during my absence. A _ Monday last was training day thioughout tlie State. Accordingly several military companies appeared on parade, " armed and equipped accord ing," to the fancy oi the individual members. Capt. Duntze's company of Light Infantry far ex ceeded the others in the completeness oi their equipments, and the admirable precision of their movements. At least one-fourth of his men were provided with knapsacks, and as many as half of their muskets had bayonets. They marched in double file, counter-marched, and formed platoons, without making more than half a dozen mistakes, and performed several other equally intricate mi nnmvres in a most masterly manner, sufficiently bo to have put regular soldiers to the blush. Captain Duntze nas already passed through all the grades of military rank, from Corporal to General, and re tired with the honors of war, but finding his mili tary ardor unnbated in his retiracy, he accepted the command of this company, and their present superiority is to be attributed solely to his skill, spirit, and perseverance. The Greys have hereto fore been considered by judges, to be second to none in the Union, but it is now the general re mark that Capt. Tolle?, of that corps, will have to look to his laurels. It is not true that John Smith is dead. He ia alive and kicking, or dancing, which is nearly the same thing. He has been very quietly engaged in teaching a large class of small girl* and boys, the saltatory art, in this city. On Tuesday night he save a public exhibition of his school at th- new Exchange Saloon. As most of the spectators were admitted free of expense, it was largely and fash ionably attended. The performance of the scho lars, as well as the style in which the affair was managed, were both highly creditable to John. It will be gratifying to his friends to know that he is at present in the enjoyment of perfect health. There was a whig mass convention here yester day. No dependence can be placed upon the statements of either ot the political papers as to the numbers present. My interest in political mat ters is so small that I did not take the pains to count those in the procession, but there were seve ral who did, and they generally agree that the number was about two thousand. I took my station near the corner of the Green to have a good view of the show. Three or four score of boys, with handkerchiefs fattened to sticks,in the fashion of banners, composed a part of the procession. On surveying them one could not help thinking that the handkerchiefs had better have been ap plied to their legitimate use. There were also three live coons carried in the procession, who occasionally elevated theirnoseswith an air o/inef fable contempt. In fact, they were the most sensible looking animals in the concern, and were apparent ly ashamed at the part they were compelled to bear in the pageant. The mighty mass was addressed by Messrs. Berrien, White and Coombs. There was nothing remark able about the speeches of these gentlemen, except the first, which was of unconsci onnble length Some appeared to be much interest ed, butmore seemed to Oe fat'gued. W. E. H , the principal editor of the Daily Herald, diverted him self, during a portion of the time, by teasing a coon which was chained near the speaker on the stand, in such a manner as to render him unable to resent the liberty. Gassy also occasionally participated in the humane amusement. But, oh ! Bennett, the bright blnze ot beauty that beamed from the seats prepared for the ladies on the east side of the State House, where they sat for the space of five hours, exposed to the scorching rays of the sun, was a sufficient compensation for all the dullness of the speakers The seats were built in the form of stairs, the highest being about fifteen feet from the ground, and on these, by previous arrangement probably, were placed those ladies who had the prettiest an kles, et cetera. Where all were beautiful, it mny be deemed invidious to particularize, but I must be permitted to say that in the brilliant constellation that graced the occasion, Miss Elizabeth C., and Miss Elizabeth s., shone the brightest and most conspicuous stars. Ever yours, Yallkr, Flower. Getting Damp?A fellow who was floating down the Mississippi ok a mattrase, halt under water, hailed a steamboat that was parsing with, " Hallo, Captain, got any room in that shell o'journ? I've got the fever and ague just enough to shake my toe nails oft. I've been out here these three days, and the doctor told me it might endanger my health if I got damp ! I'm not olarmed myself, but I must follow the doctor'^ orders or my wife wilt raise a tremendous,fuss when I land !" This argument prevailed with the humane captain, and he was taken aboard to dry. Attempted Revolt ?There was a regular bat tle in Philadelphia, on Wednesday afternoon, on board the brig Caraccas, Capt. Lewis, as the wri pro ceeding down the river on her voyage to Lngnayra, be tween the sailors and officers, several of the former being intoxicated. The fight lasted for some time, but the sailors were finally mastered, after which they proceeded to their duty. Weather in Canada.?The weather at Quebec continues as unfavorable as ever. A warm tem perature succeeded the late northeasterly wind, and with the continued moisture, some early cut wheat which was not in a condition to be housed, has sprouted more than an inch in length, and even taken root where it touched the ground. Great quantities of hay which conld not be made on account of the weather are still out and rendered nearly worthless. No person rccollects a season mare destructive of the hopes and the labor of the farmer, whose success is essential to the general welfare.?Que bee Gositte. CotiRT Martial.?A general naval court martial iatobeheld at Washington on th<* 16th inst. which Commodore Downes and Nicolson, on the Boston station, have been ordered to attend. It is supposed to he for the trial of Capt. Newton and other officers, for ttge loss ef the Missouri. Tiik Comet ?Mr. cSears C. Ward, of Philadel phia. *ayt:?"The comet is approaching the sun nearly twice a* fast as it departs from the enith; hence its brightness is increasing, und will be about one-third greater than at present in September, when it is quite probable that it will be easily seen by the naked ey? In yood telescopes, It has now a tnil of about five minutes In length extending in a direction oppocito to that oi the sun." Appointments by tiie President.?Dr. Franklin Lippincott, ?f New Jersey, Consul forCien Kuegoa in the Island of Cuba, in the place of Samuel Mcl.enn, transferred to the Consulate at Trinidad de Cuba. Itobeit C. Ewing, Marshall for Missouri, in the place of William C. Anderson, declined. Eneas McFanl, jr., of Baltimore, Cen?ul for Lagunade Terminos, in the Mexican Repub lic, in the place of L, R, Almy, resigned. Amnsemeiitn. Niblo'h?The laughable bmle.que on the tra gedy of Macbeth, Mr. Mitchell appearing in his original character of the noble Thane, will be pei formed this evening The laughable piece entitled Double Bed ded Room, will also be prosentad?Mr. Holland hh Dulci mer Pipes. The Stud op Horses now performing at the Bowery Circus is the most beautiful evor imported into this country The exerci-esin the circle oiu of the mott animated description. The hou-e is filled nightly te wilne rs the fcata of thia splendid troupe. to?- GOUR MID'S GRECIAN HAIR DVK WIU. change red, white or grey hair to a beautiful permanent black or brown, without the slightest injury to the skin, warranted. DR Bl.ACKWKT.L'H CKLEBKATKD ANT1 ACRID TlttCTURK, AND HOOTCH RENOVATOR, for the care of venereal diacwde ?, stubborn gleet, seminal effusions, week"?ss of the ureter or bladder, diabetes, or difficulty in making water. R 8. Barnard, B7 Nassau street, of New Vorkcity, has been appointed general agent for the United state*.