THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., No. 'AM?Whole No. 38S!4. NEW YORK, TUESDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER 10, 1844. Price Two CtnU. THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To the Public. THB NEW YORK herald?Daily Nswspapar-pab lished every Jay of l he year except New Year's Day and Koarth of July. Price 2 cents per copy?or $7 26 par ajirum?postages paid?cash in advance. TUK weeklv HERALD?published svrry Saturday morning?price 6l< cents i*r copy, or $3 12 |?r annum?post ages |>aid, cash in advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the circnlation of the Herald is over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increasing fast It has the largest circulation of any paper in th.it city, or the world, and, is, therefore, the best channel for business men in the city or country. Prices moderate?cash in advanc*. pkint1no of all kinds executed at the molt moderate price, and ill the most elegant style. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, Profhiktok or thi iikrald Establishment, Northwest corner of Fulton and Nassau streets. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. The Royal Mail Steamships HIBERNIA BRITANNIA, will leave Boston, for i and ...... ..... the above ports, as follows Ml UK UN i A, A. Ryrie. Esq., Commander, Monday, Sep. 16. BRIT ANN 1A,. J. Hewitt, Esq., " Tuesday, Oct. 1. passage to Liverpool $120. passage to ll.dilaji 20. Apply to D. brio HAM, Jr., Agent, ?7rc 3 Wall street. is4-4.1 THE NEVTSTEAMBOAT [1844. EMPIRE. CAPTAIN D. HOWE, Will leave BUFFALO for CHICAGO, on h'RlDAY, 23d of August, at 7 P. M., and lierform tier trips regularly duriug the sea son, as follows > UP. DOWN. leaves BVEKAI.O. LEAVES CHICSI10. Kriday Aug. 23.... at 7 P. M. Saturday, Aug.23.. . at 9 A. mj Saturday, Sep. 7,... at do Monday, Sept. 16... at do Monday, " 23... at do Tuesday, Oct. I... at do Tuesday, Oct. h...at do Wednesday, " 16...at do Wednesday. " 23... at do Thursday "31... at do Thursday, Nov.7... at do Friday, Nor. 1} at do The EMPIRE is 260 feel in length, 32 feet 8 inches beam, 14 feet 2 inches hold, ineasuriug 1220 tons, and is the largest steam boat afloat in luland waters. Engiue 600 horse|Niwer. boilers provided w ith Evan's Patent Safety Valves, to prevent the possi bility of an explosion. f:ie Cabin i> 230 feat long, with separate Saloons for Ladies and Gentlemen?spacious State Rooms extend the w hole length, ventilated by doors opening from the inside and out, and all parts of t'ie boat ar finished and i'umislwd in a style unequalled (>> auy Jt!,ei i.i ilk vorld. Ample accommodations for Steer age Pasae'gers in f.ar large well ventilated Cabins, one of which Is miprnpruva rsolnsively to females. vlie oi.ai is provided with a good band of music. vv i>.kiits, Marsh hi C?., Buffalo,) It. Norton st Co., Chicago, > Agents. j N. ei.mtrt, Detroit, ) li. N. bahney, & co., augant i, 1*44. Cleveland. w amnvtrr br1tt5h~and NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS. Of 1200 tons and 440 horse power each.? Under contract with the Lords of the Ad] ? miralty. lillii-unia. Captain Alexander Ryrie. caledonia Captain Edward O. Lott. ACADIA. Captain William Harrison. BRIT \n\ IA Captain John Hewitt. CAMBRIA Captain C. H. E. Judkins. Will sail flow Liverpool and Boston, via. Halifax, as follows: From Boston. From Liverpool. Caledonia, Lott... ... August 16th. ? Acadia. Harrison. ..Sept. kit. August 4th. Hibernia, Ryrie 16th. 20th. These vessels carry experienced surgeons, and are supplied with Life Boats. Kor freight or passage, apj ipply to D. BRIGHAM, Jan.. Agen ko. 3 \Vall | STATEN island FERRY. FOOT OF WHITEHALL. The Boats will run as follows until further notice LEAVE NEW YORK: 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, A. M.s 1. 2. 3k. 5, 6H, P. M. LEAVfc STATIN isLand : 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, A. M.; 1, 2, 4, 5. 6>i, P. M. On Sundays, ev?ry hour, from 8 A. M. to 7 P. M.?1 P M excepted. FORT HAMILTON AND NEW YORK. Uave New YoiU, 6 A. M.: 3? P. M. " Kurt Hamilton 7)4 H. M.; 4M P. m. (Sundays an; pled.) CLIFTON AND NEW YORK. Leaves New York. 6 A. M.; 2 and 3% P. M. Clifton, m A. M.; 3% and 4* P. M. j30 (Sundays excepted.) PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. DAILY, Sundays excepted?Through direct, ? at 7 P.M., from lie Steamboat Pier between .Courtlandt and Liberty streets. The Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Captain A. P. St. John, Monday, Weduesday and Friday Evenings at 7. Tlie Ste.miooat ROCHESTER, Captain A. Houghton, on Tuesday. Thursday and Saturday Evenings, at 7. A; Five o'clock, P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Places. The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain William H. Peck, Monday, Wednesday, Friday and sumlay Afternoons, at 5 o'clock Tlie Steamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. O. Crut tendcn, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 5 o'clock Pas.k-ugers taking either of tlie above lines will arrive in Albany iu ample time to take the Morning Train of Cars for the eist or west. The boats are new aud substantial, are far] ni*l?-d with new and elegant state rooms, and for speed and ac commodations, are unrivalled oil the Hudson. For passage or Crei;;lit, apply on btiird, or to P. C. Schultz, at the Office on tlie wliarf s9rc new YORK, ALBANY AND TROY STEAMBOAT LINE. m?R ALBANY AND TROY.?Morning 'Line from the foot of Barclay street, landing .at intermediate places. The Steamer EMPIRE, Captain s. R. Roe, Monday, Wednes day anil Friday Morning at 7 o'clock. The Sti'amer TROY, Captain A. Gorham, Tuesday, Thurs day and Saturday Morning, at 7 o'clock. Evening Line from the loot of Courtlandt street, direct. Evening, __ The Boats of this Line, owing to their light draught of wa ter, ire able at all times to pass the bars, aud reach Albany and Troy in ample time to take the morning train of cars for the ea>i or west. For passage or freight, apply on board, or at the offices on the w halves. ml7rrc FAKE REDUCED. KOR CROTONVILLE, SlNO SING, TARRYTOWN. ^stfl in-'ing. WILTSIE'SlioCK,HASTINGS (a , ?^^f.-f'and yonkers.?On and after Saturday. jk_jCZ.auijuit 31st, 1814. the new and sulistamial steamboat washington IRVING. Capt Hiram Tuthill, w ill leaie the fool of Clumber street for tne above places, daily at 3 P. M., Sunday excepled. Returning, will leave Crotonville at l>>4, and Sing Sing at7 o'clock A. M., landing at the foot of Haiiiuiond stift-t r-acli way. Kor; i .snze or freight, apply on board, or to STEPHEN B. TOMPKINS. 192 West street. s3rc tXkASAfc'i A.N1J l/hhAf KXCUHMONS. SUMMER JIRRJINOEMKNT. NEW BRIGHTON. PORT RICHMOND. (8TATEN ISLAND,) AND NKW YORK KKitllY. H mm Pier No. I, North River, foot of Battery Place, aOM The Steamboat CINDKRKLLA, will ran u '-ti. ~ " 'j -rZi*follow!. Daily, from May JOtli to October 1st, w "Iff m IMI Lea re* New York at 9 and U o'clock, A. M.. at 3%, 6 audi P. M. Leaves Port Ricninoiid, at 30 minutes to ), and 10 minutes to 10 A. M.; at 1, 4>g and 6* P. M. ^ leaves New Brightou a) II and 10 A. M.; at 1\$, 5 and 7X On 8uuday?Leaves New York, at 9 and II A. M.j at 3, 6 and 8 P. M. Leaves Port Richmuud, at 20 minutes to 8 and 10 A.M; at I. 5 and 7K P. M. New York. May H. IM4. inyll gm'rc hint BAl'H, OARUINKR AINU HALLOWbLL. ,r|#*-1 fiUk The new steamer PKNOB8COT, Captain Kimball, leaves tlie and of T wharf, Boston, JLtvery Tuesday and Kriday evening*, at 7 o'clock. Stage* will be in readiness on her arrival at the above place*. to convey passenger* to the neighboring towns. FALL AN D WINTKR ARIIANOKMKNt! X\tli\ARK ND NEW YORK. K\KE ONLY I?A CENTS. m NKW AM' HVV1KT STKAMKR RAINBOW, < API >IN JOHN OAKKY. jj-.\ (I \ nml .if <-r September lOlli will run daily, cTV:r~ ?* '* (Sundays iiicluded)Leave New rk, foot of ( entte Streer, (I o'clock A. M.? 1j>i\o .\. .v ?. ii , foot of Barclay street, 3 o'clock P. M. _"!?? ? ?* ? ?n FOR SALE.?A Steam Kerry Boat, hither fcht .'?? , s* l<> t>lyinsc ."ti the ferry to Williamsbnrgh.? ; ' 'I lie nost is sound, boiler of copper, and the ? a Mir i.i i e li cinrder. ' J>,?t. to O. <Ilathorn, st the Kerry House, Williamsburgli, L. I. s8 3fec A.??> *???? LONDON?Packet ~tlie 10th of Sept.. Tlendid pMkei ship NORTHUMBEHLAND, 'fttHMlmt' i|t. liiiswold, will sail for London as above, her i*i i l'lio;e ilesirous of securing berths will require to make early application io JOHN 1IERDMAN, 61 South street. N B.?Pasi-ijre from Liverimol and London can at all limes t< i^eii-eil at to" lowest rates, by llie regular packets sailing n ekly throughout the year; anil drafts can as usual be furn ish ed, payable throughout Oreat Britain and Ireland, on applied tli n is almvi. ><rc l Olt NKW ORLEANS.?DiaecT.?The steam .ship ALABAMA, 70fl Inns burthen, Henry \\ indie, MSMCiiinmuiiIrr, will sail for the above port on the 5th n.it, at ?n clock. This splendid and remarkably ?launch sli mmer has beeu thoroughly overhauled the present summer, newly cnpMftd, and is furnislied with a powrrftil set nl new Boilers, made at the Novelty Works of this city. She IS espected to make the run to the Bsliie with ease In six days; ami ba> 111k handsome and comfortable accommodations, for both cabin and steerage passengers, offers an unusually desirable 'conveyance to the travelling community. Kor light freight or passage, apply to O. MERLE, * ~~r. J66 fr ront st. KOR NKW ORLEANS? Louisiana and New ,Yorli Line? Positively first regular Paeket?To sail J >11 ..I 1m I', h>- Month IGth inst., the estra lastsailnig , oipie <?KNK9^KK, ( aptain Minot, having a large poitio" oflier cargo on board, will |>oaitively sail as above. Kor freight or passage, having very handsome lurnislied ac n.mnioil ihons, apply on board at Orlimns' wharf, foot ?f Wsll street, or to K. K. COLLINS Si Co, J6 South st. Slnp|.ers by this line ma> rely upon hnving thair goods cor rectly measured, and that the vessels sail punctually as adver Agents in New Orleans, M?srs I l<i 11 in k. Woodruff, who will promptly forward all goods to tlieir address. The packet ship COLOMBO, (.apt. Asa Kldridge, will suc ceed tlie I Je'ie-sser. sfl ec I vi Khl' KOR HAVRE (Itacoud Live).?The wSSPW Slop ST. NICHOLAS, John B Pell, M.ster, will sail on the l?t of October. -nrr^ht, ->n?..rd .....u \? No. 9 Tontine Building, si rra Coraw Wall sad Water streets PASSAGE FROM GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. 1?Y THE UI,A( K BALL OK OLU LINE UK LIVERPOOL PACKETS. [Sailing from Liverpool on the 7th And 19th of every month.] Person* wishing >o send to tlie Old Country for their friend# can malui the necessary arraiigeinsnts with the Subscriber*, and have them come ota in this superior Line of Packets, Sailing from Juiv??HM>l punctually on tlie 7th and I'Jth of every mouth. They will alio have a tint rale class of American trading ships, sailing every ail day*, thereby affording weekly coininuuicatiou from that |>ort. Sue of the linn, (.\lr. Jaine* U. Hoche,) it there, to aee that they shall be forwarded with care and des patch. Should the parties agraad for, not coma out, the noney will be retunied to those who naid it here, w ithout any reduction. Tlie Black BaII or Old Line of Livr|>ool Packets, eomprist the following tnaguifictau Ships, vil.:? T>ui OXFORD. The NEW YOHK. CAMBIUUUE, COLUMBUS. EUROPE. BOOTH AMklUCA. ENGLAND^ NORTH AMERICA. With such ?u|ierior and unequalled arrangements, the Sub scribers confidently look forward for a continuance of that su|> port which hat beeu t? tended to theui so many years, for which they an grateful. Those proceeding, or remitting money to tlieir relatives, can at all tune* oblaiu Drafts at sight for aiiv ainouut, drawn direct on the Royal Bank of Ireland, Dublin, also, on Messrs. PRESCofT, GRATE, AMES It CO. Banker*, Loudon, which will be paid on demand at any ?f the Bank*, or their Branches, in all the principal towus throughout England, Ire land, Scotland and Wales. _ . ?? Il?CHE, Bit OTHERS k CO. , ii Kultou street. New York, neit door tn the Kultou Dank. N. B.?The^Old Line of Liverpool Packets sail from this port for Liverpool on the 1st and 19th of each month. Parties return ing to tlie Old Country will liud it to their comfort and advan tage to select Uii* favorite Liue for tlieir conveyance, in prefer ence to any other. jeli im'rc _ __ DON.?Packet of the 10th Sept.? The splendid new Packet Ship NORTHUMBER LAND, I aptaiu R. H. Griswold, sails positively as above her regular day. This ship has excellent accommodation* for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers. These wishing to secure berths bhouid not fail to make early application ou board, or to W. & J. 1 ? TAP8CO^ A, 76 South streeL, comer of Maiden I vie. FOR LIVERPOOL?The New Line? Regular Packet 21st September.-Tlie ylendid, new. New lYork buit packet ship QUEEN OF THE WEST, Philip Woodhouse, 1460 tons burthern, will sail as .?r regular day. Eor freight or passage, having elegant and su|ierior accommo dations, unsuriiassed liy any snip iu l>ort, apply ou board, we?t "d" Bur,h*8,i"' ?r 'wOODHULL ?c M1NTURNS, 87 South ?treet. Price of Passage $100. ? . ^ The packet shin Rochester, Captain Ira Britton, master, 800 tons bnrthen, will succeed the Queen of the \V est, and Mil ou Iter regular day, 21st October. au22rc ?KOR MADEIRA? t o sail on the titli September Passage only?The fine, coppered and copper-lasten , oak built brig LONG ISLAND, Captain lhorr, united number of |>as*enger* to the above Ul.tud, being fitted up with ever)' accommodation, w ithout regard to ei|iense, and having an ice-hour- ou deck to carry fresh provi .ions for the voyage. Kor ?58BORN, sttoll'ec 85 Wall street, over Pell's. KOR LIVERPOOL?New l.lue-Regular Packet ?of 26th Sept.?The splendid fast sailing Packet Ship b?k^SHERIDAN, Captain K. A. De Pey*ter, of 1100 tons, will sail as above, her regular day. Kor freight or passage, having accommodations unequalled for splendor or comfort, apply ou board at Orleau* w harf, foot of all street, or to ^ ^ COLLiN8 k CO, 56 South street. Price of Passage, $1M. . . Shippers by this line may rely upon haying their goods eor rectly meaiuRdi and that the >ni|? of thui line will sail punc tually as advertise^ , ... . The liacket ship Oarrick, Capt. B. J. H. lrask, will succeed tlie Sheridau, and tail 26th October, her regular day. au28ec TO COUNTRY MERCHANTS BOOTS AND SHOES. ? THE SUBSCRIBERS have received and now offei ? g^for sale,, the best selected stock of Boots and Shoes, for 0b.;;: Captain Phi Leather Cacks, the best article in the market; Lad if* fine Buskins, Gaiters, Slippers anh French Tie?, and all other articles in the line that can possibly be called for. Children's Shoes of an endless variety lor fall and winter. Furred. Patent and Plain Rubhen, Men's and Worn?\^ONt,jJHN8?Nl 142 Chatham street opposite Chatham Tlieatre. (T7"Oiieii 'till 10 o'clock in the evening. _au2i lm*ec 40 L U D G A T E S T R E E T , LONDON, I Two Doors from thk London Coikkk Ilotisr. MESSRS. FLAXMAN & SHOWELL, (From Burchart's.) TAILORS TO HER MAJESTY, beg to return their 1 sincere thanks to those gentlemen from America and Mexico, who have, during their residence ill England, so liberally favored them with their support, and at the same time to assure their friends anil the public, their duel desire and aim will be to maintain the high credit their house has attained, by supplying the very best goods at moderate charges. . , _ . N. B.?A large assortment always ready lor msl>ection. s!> lm'rc SCOTT'S WHOLESALE AND RETAIL GROCERY AND WINE STORE, 76 Nnnanu Street. CJUTERIOR TEAS, COKKEE, SUGAR.?Also, Wines in O rrrrry variety?Otard, Champagne and Cognise Brandy; Iri.h and Scotch Whiskey; Old Jamaica Rum; Holland Gin; Loudon Brown Stout; Ediubu^hAJej iu. Wholesale aud lletaii Store, 76 Nassau street. K. B.?People from the country. Hotel and Boarding House Keeper*, who buy for cash, will find it to thsir advantage to 8ive this establishment a call, (ioodssent to any part of tlie city ee of expense. * *m'rc TO THE LADIES. l)H HULL'S UTERO JlBDOMINJiL SUPPORTERS. T^HIS new lnstrumeut for tlie radical cure of Prolapsus Uteri, 1 or Falling of the Womb, by external application, super seding the use of the otyectional Pessary, ii confidently recom mended to the afflicted as tlie means of perfect restoration to health, it never haviug failed of (terfornung a cure, even under the most agxravated circumstances. .... . The SupjKirter has attained a very high character in hurope as w*l! as in this conntn*. It is adopted to the entire disease of Pessaries, and all other painful sureical expedients, in the Ly ing-in-Hospitals of London and Paris, and is universally re coinmeudeu iu Europe by medical men eff the highest rank, in this couutry it is sustained by the leading members 01 tn? faculties of Colleges and Hospitals, and by all the eminent pri vate practitioners. .... a llooins have been furnished eiclusively for ladles at No. 4 Veeey street, having a seiiarate entrance from the business de partment., where a lady is io constant attendance to apply Trusses aud Supporters to female patients aull lmrrc GENTLEMEN'S LEFT OFF WARDROUE, THE HIGHEST PRICES can be obtained by Gentlemen A or Kamilie* who are desirous of couvertiug their lelt off wearing apparel into cash. . . Kainilies or Gentlemen quitting the city or changing resi dence, having any superfluous effects to di*|>ose of, will hud.it much to tlieir advantage to sen'il for the Subscriber, who will a'tend at their resideuceby api-oiujnwity^ N 466 Broadway, up stair*. A lhie through the Po?t' Office, or otherwise, will receive prompt attention. *' LOCOMOTIVE PRINTING ENGINE, 119 .Iol?ii Street, near Pearl. CIRCULARS, Bill Heads, Bills of Lading, Shipping Slid other Heceipta. Hand and Putting Bills, Labels, tie., fcc., printed to order. nuW lowest cash prices. MACHINERY FOR CARO PRINTING. Hating two of the handsomest and best pieces of machinery ever invented for Printing Cards, we can furnish them of any size or quality, at the shortett notice, and at rauiarkably low prices. FOLGERfk SUTTON Printera. N.B.?No runnert engaged to (illicit orders, or printing. Plenae call at tint office a29 liu ? m NASH'S CARRAGEEN PASTER TM" ANUFACTURED and told by John Naah, Jeraey City, i'A md told alao, ?liolesale.and.retail, at thu following DuimiU in Naw York Kuahton and Company, Broartwav. iMilhnu'* Pharmacy, Broadway. A. B. Handj, 273 Broadway. Henry J. Chapman, Fulton street. , Ana retail, of all the principal Drug Stores in the city. ?'The medicinal <|ualitiea of this elegant and fashionable |repa ration have le*n long ktiown to Tthe public. Physicians have successfully prescribed the use of Irish Moss as a light ind highly nuiritioua article of diet for invalids, particularly for those suffering from Pulmonary Consumption, llitlierto, this substance has been only uird medicinally, but from the very superior manner in which tlie present article has been prepared. It w ill not only be used by the sick, but as a luxury by all. In consequence of its highly demulcent pro|ierties, and power in allaying irritation of the air-passages, the attention of public siieakers is earnestly requested. To member* of the Pulpit and liar it w ill be invaluable, aud to their palionage it is resiiectfully dedicated, by theii obedient servant, JOHN NASII. au24 Im'rc ONE SHILLING PER LESSON, At No. 8 Citv Ham. Place. rPHOROUGH instruction given in the French, Spanish and 1 Italian Languages, Book-keeping, Navigation, Algebra, Geoni"try, Trigouometry, Snrvej ing, Writing, Arithmetic, fcc. Circulars and references may be had of J. D. Mo Ann, Jr. N. B. Evening Classes. si lm*?c TO THE DAGUERRIAN ARTISTS. n1 A. ARTAULT, 149 Broadway, corner of Liberty street, 1 ? Lafayette Bazaar, offers sale, low for cash, 80 dozen mo rocco eases; a fine lot of Kilt frames; 0 new apparatus, made by Cli?valier and Lereboun, in Paris: 12 achromatic glasses, inchei; a lot of plates, chemicals, fcc. set Im * re fpW'INr.w.?20U bales superior IJmlport Heine, Herring aud 1 (Jill Nett Twines, Comprising a very full assortment, from to 30 lbs. Also, 9 Hit. Hill Twine, .'ill received per recent impositions, and manufactured with the greatest care. from the best material!. For sale, on reasonable terms, by E. K. COLLINS h CO. nil m Ml South street OTTON DUCK.?2(jU bolts eitra, No. I, American Pilot Duck, 2no do No. 2, do, 200 do No. 3, do, 20(i do No. 4, do, 200 do No. I, do, 200 do No. 2, do, 200 do No. 3, do, 200 do No. 4, do, 200 do No. 5, do, Manufactured with the greatest care and for Mtle.in lots to suit purchasers, by E tf. COLLIN'S a. CO. sH in Vi South street. TEETH?TEhTH?TEETI I." ~ GREAT Reduction in Dentistry.?Prices reduced JO pet cent Teeth set on nivot $U 7J " on Vine Plate, from <1 M) to SCO Teeth filled w ith Kine (told K,?|, from ,/Octs to I 00 Tooth Ache ( ured, or Teeth Euracted ... 0 25 N.TAYLOR, Surgical and Mechanic il iJ'-ntist, 61 Kast. Broidway, an 15 Im'ec (Successor to Win. Thorn.) LAUD.?500 kegs superior Pure Leaf Lud, a moil beautiful article. For sale, in lots to suit purchasers, by E. K. COLLINS fc CO. a# m _________ South street. I'EATHE HS"-Il^OflliTT- VVesteni Live (iiw! For sale by~ E. K. COLLINS fc CO. tl m M South street. SPEECH OP HON. JOHN M. CLAYTON. At the AVUIg Mas* Meeting, held at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, September ?, 1844. [Concluded ] ottl?01^? 'i?T,n'Tt in rny band, prin'eJ st the "Appesl'' h i.:i. '''h"|> dnr,l.rg th" lMt B"bematorial contest, J*me* K. rolk ui.4 Governor Jone*-a pamphlet f5"|L "!n? Governor Polk* opinion* onthe ?ubject of the <}a.!.rn rp"/u ic n.d'' kc- wr,Ut " ?>>J published by Oovernor I oik himself in IW3, and written and published l-LUJ.eU!nC,! ot au uSreemeiit betwien himscll and Go vernor Joues, emend into duiing thw canvas* This paD'phlet, printed at Mr. folk's instance and by hi* own party organ, contains alio two article! against the pro ?h 1 one purportiu* to be extracted Irum n . 8!a e,ruan " entitled -Our tiade with Uieat oi' '}?? u00'1 ol.her ,rum " Kendall'. ICxpositor," enti f ' Maritet." It also contaiiu lottei* of Oov. 1 oik, two ol which are dated so late us May 16th. 1913, and another is dated so late at May 17th, 1*43 Each of these letters contains his opinion* against the tariff and the protective policy, a* strongly expressed, in my hum tllLi o.?i?ioDn V ,1COuld Phra"?' them U? publishes the.? opinions for the purpoie of running into office on ttL Tg U ? them-, The last of thew fatten contains these memorable word*-"Ail who have ob?erved my V ?' httv" at *" tin,,M t,e,,n ?l>l*wed to the tMifffi- r p0 y ~V 4,1,0 these-" I am in favor ot a If ihli^ o *'ian? ?PP0,*d t0 a ,aritt' for protection." la roniiw I t "'"fr1" 1 enn*ylvania democrat present, who h/f lLn .* fnd ,lncere friend of the tanff-if there !VLTevTn o?n I""1* who ha* ?Vfcr been led to t net inn f ", ,u?bt hut 8 bitter enemy te pto toetion, wught but an advocate of the highest ol the high touuJ anti-protective doctrine* ol the day, let him new kTui u",a ,?tpt'ct t'?i*document. I havebiought Id ?K? fff^'y lor, ,h? beuelit of all .ucli gentlemln: er .uUnk, dneP'y of tb'? draught which I ireely offer them, jf that does uot cure thi in ol the Polk them U?7h??g7!IF Penn7>*?n??. why all I can *ay ol h!v otj ? 1""' !,0m" 01 Fal'toA"* men in buckram, letter of Vr^. '117'"r$ l?l " dc,Pite of ?" *>??S proof, Ihe r? il l ' Kane. I"11 been unblushingly pa raded as an evidence ot his friendship for protection. That letter,wntten for a Penn*ylvania market,doe* condescend in one passage ?to palter with u* in a double sense " It ,w,f?l Vl?."".* |}ne about " a revenue tariff with inci KiR5l<Cttim;. i.ut m ",</un, /'a'". he proves that by rafe^n^k? taction he meaot accidental protection, by fTtTw?? ?,meii ?Pini?ni', which I have already been sn rnnT?|U? i deception intended by the letter has sarv ? expose,} by others, that it is annece*. dn t\ *f ? ?/? farther than by saying, as I now Prill I?n?*rfel V . no'. ?nd dare not, pending the ( 5 i i * I'ne which can reach his ? ?1" r,ne,n.'J" before the election, avowing friendship lnni ?tr^ . t pohc,>r: ,r contradicting those, his opin ?"?? ,"fr !? .0,Lr , laJbor't0 wbich 1 h??? referred y ou !itt?iM u iy.v,? that should lie assume any other uui> n- ,", th tf!a,n ,hMt of hostility to the tarilf of if li Clay would defeat him in ev?;ry State South Mu? t mxen's line. My lellow ciU?ens-We can ste what Mr Polk meant, and itill means, by a "tarift" for fh!T.^i r AP01 wen,Bl Pro,ftc<'on." il we carefully study hin Vl, ? b''1 commonly called Mr. Verplanck's W?7LnrfM?r'J f s'fc'V rnember of the committee ol iTrf ? i ^oan,??^ House of Representative! of the ?Isfh If n?<. ??0nCiol1*!6 in rePort'ng to that House, the rnmrnf..-! ? . Y?" WiU f,"d ,he l*P#rt thi!??e.i?nn ?r? f .v0,,llme of r?'P"rts ol committees for mi l,. 5 / P.l ,? document No. 14. I now hold it in r/. l' iV?' ^ inspection of all tho.e who may desire , wh'ch t,ruclt ?ttho root of the whole pro. <> ? em, and yet carried out Mr Polk's notion of a jr?r..reven"e, with incidental protection." Un doubtedly it would be said of this, as it could of ahori t'ies.n irtirl S? 1?r C?Dt 1 ?r an7 other ,ariff lBy'nK du I!4"? r ' Pr?<1,lc"1 or manufactured in this country, L? ' . d.iI'' furm*h some incidental protection. And yet, how hollow-hearted and insincere would all hold him to P.?rB^nK'? be 8 'rie,>J of home labor, wo ,i , * J"'1 M ? protective measure. This was the bill, the fatal progress of which was arrested by l^^mLr,0m"r/0t ? Mr' C1">- The reporter may pub c thi. hlin ?l j t?oe appendix] a* they were designed by this bill to be alterthe a/of March, '36, to enable tho*e who have no access to this document to learn how n tariff' fZTJr^h Protection,can be framed by mlnfri ? wou'?l ntterlydestroyihe busines* of every maniifacturer and mechanic in the country. That man who has deliberately proposed a duty of only 16 per cent, ad valorem on wool, and yet on another occasion advoca ? ?&0:L <l1r co"1 ?? tea ?nd coffee, hus given you M?fmh iu?? I f what he meant by his letter of May J7th, 1843, when he said, "I am in favor of a tariff Sr.m?;*iaSd ?PP??ed 10 a <?iff for protection." Mr ,??li . Mr- Kane, prole*ses to be a friend of protection to agriculture, commerce and manufac tures. Let the farmer read the list of duties, to which I w ,Lj>! bl" reported by Mr. Verplanck and Mr. Polk; let.him sec there a duty of 16 pir cent on <n? r?'y evtry J*rt,cle which the agi iculturist of the mid lie states produces?on wheut flour, wheat, oats, potatoes flax and hemp, bacon, beef and pork, lard and butter: and he will then understand precisely what Mr. Polk meant by protec ion to agriculture. [Mr. Clayton hero citod a pliC 1 passag- s from spee -he* and writing* of Mr , av0Wln* bis opposition to the measure ol distribu ing the proceeds of the public land*, because that mea o r ll?fi Pr'nciple of protection,and form* mv f 0 i^r" ^ 1 "-American syttem."| I concur, my fellow-citizen* ai the opinion expies*ed by Mr. Polk, that ihe proposed di.tribution of the land fund is "an aux i ^fc^epoUcy " Kor that reason he o,^ poses it, and for that reason I support it He, us an enemy ?hi it..*^ Bec*'7bat} beh?ld as a lriend, that within ?hmt 1 ti M 8a,M have sometimes fallen ? M*um, and that one year they ex coedtd <f>'4A,000,00<). With these fluctuations in the Trea suiy, it l*^impossible to maintain a tariff" for revenue with ^b ncjdcntal protection a* can be ot any permanent benefit to home labor. Let u* collect thi revenue n.cnsiary for the *U]<port ol Government cxcluaively a!?reeab,y to the .pirit and thi o?vi of. , ?. , ,r 'ection ol the compromiae act. ol Q. ? ?>? distribute our land lund Hnnuolly among the States; and if Pennsylvania doe* n*t want her share of this land to aid her in the payment of her debts, let her so expend it as to increase the number of her in ? i citizen* who can appreciate the blessing* of o?r American *y?tem, by extending the means of educa'ion to every child within her limits. ? , . office ol President of the United State*-of the Great tto Pnb,jT' f* haT? already learned to call it?upon which the nations begin to gaze with interest, watching its mighty progress, und anticipating it* wondrous des times ^ is too high and noble to he filled hy any one who l k n?t> by bis talent* and public virtue*, raised hivsell above the common level ol mankind In Henry Clay, of | Kentucky, we behold a man who, by his eloquence, would have cast additional lustre on the character of the f'arlia ment of Kngland for exalted talent, in the best days of and her Sheridan*, end even in those of her lifctham himself. It will derogate nothing from the cha racler of any American statesman whose history I have studied, to say that after more than thirty years of public service, Mr. ' lay has lound reason to change hi* opinion e*? frequently than any other, and has excelled all wbo nave honored the council* of our country by the extraor dinary uniformity and consistency of his public conduct. He has twice saved the Union of theie States, when all Men admitted that it was in imminent peril. While I knew him in the Senate of the United State*, he wa* ac r.uW.. 5ed y r1?" pf a" parties to be the peacamaker el that body i and as audi he was personally beloved by men of all parties In the Senate, with scarcely a solitary exception. Ilia character for chivalrous and manly sen timent gained for him an influence which was always used to allay, but never to excite, unkind feeling* amonc ether* I h>ive studied him closely, and I must lay that I never met with that man whose moral courage exceeded his.? I ho maxim which was eternally on his lips in the worst of times, was,, never to despair of the Republic. All tna tendencies of his nature seemed to he conservative in their character. His uncetaing efforts seemed to be dir |*ted to atrengthen tho works of the lathers of the Repub lie, or to rebuild such of their noblest institution* as had lal len beneath the destructive hands of others. H Is ambi ion never led him to tear down or demolish the institu tion* of his country. Ho was a ma.i of untiring industry in the discharge of hia publ.c duties : and he could per. form more intellectual lattor within the same period of time, than any man I ever knew As he loved to make others happy while in hia aociety, his effirts to please them were the more successful, because they evidently sprang from the native goodness of hi* heart. His bitter est enemy never dared to impeach his integrity in a pecu niary malter ; and although he has encountered at niffar ant periods ol his life, all the vicissitudes and temptations both of poverty and affluence, there was no busineis transaction ol that life which ever left a stain upon hia fame. A Iwaya obedient to the dictates of public duty he fearlessly bade consequence* take care of themselve* whenever tho interests or honor of hi* country reauir.' ed personal sacrifices ol himsell. It was upon such occasion* that hi* character displayed itself with the most brilliant lustre. Then It wa* that hi* patriotism burned with an intensity unsurpassed by that of thr ancient Komnu. who devoted himfelf to the inler pal god?, to insure victory to the Republic. Then it was that, reckless alike of the shalt of personal and party malice, he bare?l his own bosom to the norm, and dared every thing lor hia ceuntry. Then it was that the arrows ol calumny flow thickest around him, and that noble bosnm was gored with many a wound, inflicted by the felon blow* ol his assailants. During the war with (ireat Britain, he stood at the head of the great democratic party of thi* country?a paity the proudest toast of which wa?, that it fostered the industry of the people, and avenged the wrong* and insults they suffered from their foe*. In tliat day the po?t of honor, assigned to Mr. Clay, as tho head of hi* party, was alsoth* post of danger. The laaders ol the opposition were among the mest able and talented men our country ever produced; and the champion choien by hi* par;y to contcnd with the Kings the Quincey*, the llanaon* anil the Randolph* of tnat day'
wa* Henry Clay of Kentucky. While a real and honest difference of opinion divided the Democratic and Fed*. ralist parties, Mr. ( lay wa* the Ajax Telamon of tho former, but when that difference ceased to fxiat, no man exhibited greater magnanimity toward the very political op|K>nent* who owed their defeat ?o much to hi* own stu pendou* exertion*. When Federalism was no longer a dangerous rival or that Democracy which he had led to victory, he disdained to imitate the example* of those of our modern Democrat*, whose greatest glory is in the denunciation and proscription of a fallen foe These mo b ra Democrats tonk no part in the political confliots of Ihe day, when tho struggle with the mighty power ol Kngland tried men'* soul*. While Henry Clay wa* rousing the spirit of hi* countrymen to battle, with that voice which sounded like tho notes of n war trumpet, and directing the wisdom of th* national council* in that bloody struggle, ninetenth* ol your modern Democracy, which now denounce* him is a Federalist and a British Whig, were riding their corn ?talk hones in the nunery.or puling in th? arms of Ibeir mother*. Of such as tbeae are the men whoso I'nlight it is to gnaw the dry banaa of >?terali*n and make war uiiou the hulpless skeleton. But not ol iuch as these was Henry Clay, whose lion-like spirit, after it hud hunted down a noble quarry, disdained to teaat with the jackal* of the party upon the faltering carcase. Such was the champion of the ancient Democracy ; and fuch it now thecnumpion ofthe whig*. This ii the man who would confer honar upon the otlice to which we seek to elevate him. But his eluctieu to that ofllcu could not add a bright er jewel to the many with which fame has already en circled his brow, and which will retain their undying lustre, while the name of an American shall be respected or remomhered among the sons of men. (Immense cheer ing ) Indulge me but a moment longer, and 1 have done. Should the struggle ler national independence which is new raging throughout the length and breadth of the land, be decided uguinst us by the vote of Pennsylvania, ahe will come out ol that contest with her gorgeous ban ner trailing in the dust?herself bleeding at every pore. The shouts of party triumph will be speedily succeeded by the wail ol her ruined ploughmen and her beggared mechanics. The fire of her forgt-s, and the sound ol the axe and the hammer in her workshops, will die away amid the acclamations of her fatal victory ; and there may be thousands before me, who, with sorrow-stricken, if not with broken hearts, may live to mourn the loss ol that independence without which public liberty would cease to be a blessing. But, let me add, should the spirit of independence be discarded from the br<aat of all other Americans, it will still linger in the heart ot that gallant little State, which, as she was the first to adopt the Amer ican constitution, will be the last to abandon its true prin ciples. And it that spirit shall be finally doomed to ex pire, there, even there, amid my native oak* and pines, it will breathe its last sigh on the bosom of its last friend. [From the United States Gazette ] BI8HOP ONDERDONK'S ADDRESS To the Special Convention of the Protectant Episco vat Church in Pennsylvania, called to consider Ins reagnution. Head in Convention on Friday ajternoon, Sept. 6, 1841, by the Nev. Mr. Udenhe.imcr, as Assistant Secretary of the same. To the Special Convent in t oj (He Proteitant Epiieopal Church in Philadelphia. Rev. Brethren and Gkntlkmkn:? This Special Convention was summoned in com pliance with an application to me of the Standing Committee, founded on the declaration of my de sire to rtsign the episcopal jurisdiction of the dio cese, on account of the state of my health, uud also, of mv desire, from the same cause, in case you should not consent to my resignation, to have an Assistant Bishop elected. Kor a view of this my motive, I lay before you the present Narrative. The statement must necessarily, besides the na ture of the subject, be in part technical; (hough perhaps not withont errors in that respect, as it is nearly thirty years since I relinquished the prac tice of medicine, and my studies have bince had a different direction. In preparing it, 1 give some of the dates in former years from the register of my official services. My episcopate began on Oct. 25, 1827 ; and 1 immediately commenced its duties. Besides other journeys,*1 visited in the winter u portion ?l the western part of the diocese. In August, 1828,1 went thither Hgain, remaining Sunday, the ltd, at H&rrikburg. That night 1 slept with the window raised ; and a change in the weather coming on ; 1 had in the morning u severe pain far back in the left side, the iliac region, with a tormenting afiec tion that frequently recurred. Hoping that it would not prove obstinate, 1 pursued my journey ; and preached at Carlisle and Bedfordj and thence proceeded to Pittsburgh; my remedies being? peppermint from the road-side ; brandy and water, but then with little benefit: and at length purego ric, which, with some relief, soon destroyed what little remained of my appetite, and for two or three days bottled porter was used for nutriment. In Pittsburgh, after holding the examinations, I or dained, on Sunday, l()th, two deacons. But though I fulfilled these duties, the internal an guish, which had increased on the journey, wus not alleviated ; and had the access to Philadelphia b?en what it now is, I might perhaps have over come my reluctance to break appointments and re lumed home. in the afternoon of that day, I officiated seven miles from I'itUburgh, at CUartier's Creek , uud became Ike guest of Mr. C. Cowan, of that neighborhood. Mr. Cowan, after conversation with a friend, (Mr. J. D. Dj via,) who accompanied me, and wax aware of my comii tion, brough mv a tumbler two thirds full of burnt bran dy, which 1 drank ; and it immediately went to the veiy |.uint alluded, being the lirst thing that did so, and pro liming incomparably more relief than any before em ployed. Another tumbler of it, taken on retiring, in Creased the lavorable result. But no effect was produced on my head ; all went to the internal suffering. The. next morning early, 1 resumed my journey down the Ohio River, and then northward as lar as Lric, tra veiling and officiating with leas inconvenience than before, and I reached Philadelphia on the uftth, alter an absence of four weeks. My health, though improved, was far from being restored. The remedy used at Char, tier's Creek had mastered the formidable violence of the disease; but pain and distrisa still continued, requiring further recourse to .ipirlts and water, with more advan tage than from any thing else. Regular medical treat ment, besides that it was incompatible with fulfilling my appointments, seemed unneremary, when the com plaint wan moderated, nnd might, 1 hoped, soon pass away. About a fortnight alter my return home, I began to experience the bad (fleets of exposure (but it was una voidable) to unwholesome atmospheres in parts of Penn sylvania und Delaware. For the first time in my life, i had the chills und fever; being the second severe malady I had incurred after entering on my new department of duty, less than a twelvemonth before. This disorder re turned at intervals in 18i9, '30, and '31, making tour yeais in all; and at the flrst seizure, in IH29, there accompanied it a peculiar and somewhat alarming pain deep within the forehead; seated, in the oninion of my physician, in the tit' ica arachnoidee, the delicate membrane which lies between tha two other and stronger ones that surround the brain. This pain yielded in a few days to the appli cation of ice to the forehead. And, -though still quite feeble, I officiated, with cleiical assistance, on flunday, September :28th, at West Whiteland. This duty com pleted the task I had assigned myself. I had now visited every parish in the diocese, some of them twice, besides other places, and all our congregations in the diocese of Delaware, in less than one year lrom the day of mv con secration; and this, during the last two months, under the pressure of disease, severe from the lirst, and by this time complicated. But, pardon the recurrence, my mind was cheerful, knowing then no unhappiness beyond that of oar common lot. The disease continued, with often more or less of the suffering as at first, and pain in the lett side at the spot originally affected. During ten years lrom the attack, it wa< my common practice, when lying awake at night, to press firmly on that spot, as 1 thus obtained a degree of ?litigation of the discomfort. And I, nil along, as a means of relief, took brandy and water, either occasion ally or regularly; in the later of the ten years, pretty largely; this appearing to me an unavoidable necessity, for never once, in all that time, so lar as I can recollect, waa I In a healthy condition, or one approaching to it. Vet swore and obstinate as the malady provvd. my thoughts were less given to it than my professional duties and Journeys, constantly returning upon me, and increasing in their amount From such reflection, how ever, as at times I gave it, I thought it possible (yet the whole supposition may be wrong.) that adhesions had formed, at the point indicated, about the descending colon ; and ifso, nothing remained but palliation of the annoying symptoms. Of palliating remedies, I supposed none to be more effectual thnn the kind I was then em ploying; none, at least, consistent with my remaining in active duty; and, as to using others, I know not that my mind harbored the thought. Abeut the end of these ten years this local pain much ah.ited, often perhaps lett me entirely, and I seldom re sorted to the pressure on my side. But th -i distress soon increased, and in about a year very greatlT, Incoming that peculiar misery which can only he imagined by those who suffer it. Not long did these almost excru ciating symptoms prevail, before I became senaihle of u decided diminution of my strength and powerof enduring fatigue, so that I endeavored to travel less at night j to divide my (day journeys, and to start the afternoon before, instead of at midnight or an hour or two after. I accept ed also the aid of my brother clergy men more frequently than hitherto, In reading the prayers, &c , for it often seemed in lormer years that I could scarcely labor enough. Feur times at least, at Phccuixville, New Mil ford, Itadnnr church, and Oxford, I have been so near fainting, or in similar extreme debility, with annlmoit entire tailure of the voice, as to have to abandon my ap pointed duty, or fulfil it with great difficulty. During the Communion in 8t. Peter's Church, Philadelphia on Raster day, 1841, my faintishneu and loss of voice com pellvd the rector to continue the service. All this terrible exacerbation of my sufferings demand ed a largo use of brandy and water, as the oniy means of alleviating them, for, taking frequent opiates would be in compatible with my almost constant official engagements, and I disliked the habitual resort to such a remedy, more medicinal, indeed, in appeal ance, and less under reproba tion, yet more liable to fatal abuse than the one I was em ploying, and the further medicine that would be required, would probably exhaust whatever healthy power re mained in the disorder vitnu. During this excru ciating stage of the disease, say early in 1840, I re collected the case of a venerable gentleman, whom many y ears before 1 had seen indulging plentifully in fruit at a dinner |>arty, ami who, I soon afterwards was informed, was under medical advice for chronic colonitis; he having l>een cautioned by his physicians against fruit, such as contains malic acid, as "poison" in his complaint He died in a few months. The recollection of his case led me to a further consideration of my ewh disease; which now had manifestly become chronic, and which might. I believed, have all along been classed as colonitis, or infla nation in that portion of the viscera It also led mn? attempt the self denial of avoiding our own fruit, aud some of the imported In thla attempt I partially succeed ed in 1840 and with some benefit. Hut in IH4I, I return ml to the much coveted indulgence; till an almost intolera ble increase of the local miseiy, with extreme discomfort ot the system, prodncing the first of the taint turns men tioned, (at I'boenixville July, ISil.) with nearly the loss ot my voice for the day, fixed my determination; and I have lirice eaten no fruit which I supposed te contain malic acid; none whatever of our fruiti, in their natural state. And my recovery from the aggravated s> mptomt, though but partial, gradually advanced; yet without an essential local relief During all this chronic period, the "i"1' water *?? continued with the usual moderating of the mi Bering, perceptible at the tim .though '"V?? general reault. Nor did I attempt or wish to emcMU tb,. pneue.. hut detailed Ihe cause of it to many hnnnlloM Ti 811 .? ty' w'i0 appeared to understand and ??. W -.J" wa" r"luir,,<t by "iy malady; par ticnlaaly those with whom 1 .laid on my Jairneys. A.id I ?mconvine^thattoit withtheabitinJnce from fruit, 1 ^.r' .,Lnil'r ' ! ""'-vi 'tiou of my disorder With however, the improved comlort of my ?y?tem, and its leas aoiiie immediate ?en?itility to fatigue, its ac tual ?tlength and power ol endurance continued to de Crease TI hreeof the four faint turn* mentioned occurred ?ince the beginning ol December, lb?. Kvening services and meetings for business became so wearisome, that I partly relinquished them. Kor u year or two, I have com monly requeued the clergy to perform for me nearly all but the episcopal offices and preaching ; nor have 1 allow ed extra duties to be appointed for me. I have felt also a growing disinclination to active exertion, except to l>e punctual to my appointments, which disinclination I never knew in formerdays, and which wa* then, 1 trust, never seed or suspected in me by any person. In this first |>ortion of my narrative, you have the period from August 3d, 1HJ8, to May ->4th, 1?44 At the latter date, came u different anguish, hitherto untested by rne. Mat 'iith, 1S41 ? Late last evening, while 1 was calmly reflecting, a* I had been for some hours, on the remits of our latt Convention, just adjourned, there were suddenly communicated to me, hy a committee of ten clergymen, ceit.un charges, connected directly or indirectly wi'h what is above recited. They were prepared, I was in formed, by a laige number of the prisbytera of this <1io cose, alter several meetings, but without my knowledge or surmise, though seeing their authors daily during tl.e onvention period The accusations were brought to me, and lead, without the least suggestion, of any kind whatever to be icady to receive a menifogu containing uch matter. At first, the whole seemed like a dream? the work of some mistaken impulse, arising Irom exag gerated or distorted representations-one that could not last, llui before the next morning, the reality forced it ?elf upon me; an appalling reulity indeed. 11', concerning aught alleged agaiast me, my heart misgave mu the op portunity was goue, gone, for a friendly and Christian ac knowledgment; for I was forced into the position of a de fendant?no?worse than that?1 was held convicted, with out any opening for a defence; for, whatever the degree in which they believed me in fault, and whether 1 were n<r ?rthey, my accusers had acted irrevocably, and cut off brotherly persuasion from either party; charges enter tained in a numerous assemblage being unavoidably pub lie charges, and such as the public almost never with draws from a living victim. I was judged already. That whs Hone which, in this world, could never be undone; lor the best intentions at the time could not prevent this result; nor will the future acknowledgment, should that I be made by any concerned, of an over harsh or over hasty I judgment, reverse it. We read in our common code, "rebuke not an elder but entreat him as a father;" it is St. Paul's command to a Bishop, concernii g severe or incautious crimination of f?1 ,P""on,> or perhaps the clergy; and none will deny, thati the mercy ebligatory on Timothy, was equally binding on all under his jurisdiction. Our divine Saviour u that, before an offence was complained of " to the church." the aggrieved party should expostulate with the offender, or suppoied offender, and even take witnesses with him to attest the right administering of the expostulation; be it not objected, that the canons are presumed to embody this injunction, or that conscience only, and not canons, must enforce it; theprocrdure I re fer to was not conducted under a canon; conscivnce alone *? K?vern in the case. Vet another passage there is; It a man be overtaken in n fault, ye which are spiritual restore such an one in the spirit of meekness; consider ing thyself, lest thou also be tempted:" this command ment cannot be merged in canons, for a legal functionary is to act without regard to his own liability tu temptation; rut others who are " spiritual" in any sense, are expressly desired to remember this, in behalf ol their " faulty" or accused brethren, when the law or canon ussigns tin m no duty; if they be not witnesses, or their proper repre sentatives. And so having legal function, then certainly they are both bound to " consider" their own imperfection meekness "6rU t'le'r ac''ou 'u the cano by " tliu spirit of Such were my rights as a Christian ; mine, by tho ex press injunctions of the gospel; mine, by the voice of our Lord and of the Holy Spirit; mine, from the Eternal krone, though given into the keeping of men. But, nlas the keeping proved insecure. Through want of caution, h Vl considerations were forgotten ; and mv brethren, yea, "my owncompanions anJlumiliar friends did me thia dishonor." The whole was spreading among the public, and was beyond their remonstrating. They believed me to have done wrong ; but even were this true, why make of no account the privilege I held from our Saviour ant Hi* Aiw.tles .' Why cut mo off from mingling my regrets with theirs, if I felt that I ought to do so?my tears with their forgivene.-s, could that be granted?tho most tender of all Tacts ol brotherly chris tian communion I Why repel mu from such love, into the unkind relation of an antagonist I Vet so it was. No sacred aflection seemed to remain, but such us a magis trate feels when, satisfied by legal evidence, and dischurtr- i ?nga legal oflice, ho inflicts a legal punishment I was condemned unheard; I was condemned irrevocably. How much of these poignant reflections may, at the moment of becoming sensible of the deadly blow have crowdedpn my mind, both excited and confused by the sudden reality that opened upon me, cannot be told. All I was one thought?utter helpletuness, uttur ruin. No no tice?no conference?no opportunity for explanation, for extenuation, for even depreciation ! I once, and once oniy, I believe, brought a communicant under discipline; but though the otl>-iice was beyond any sort of excuse and was committed openly before the public, an?< he was immediately denounced to me as a bad man, 1 did it not without earnest expostulations. I have, by expostulation, prevented more than one desponding clergyman, not con nected with those proceedings, from renouncing to me his ministry, upon which I must have deposed him ; and I hayo been aflerwurds thanked for my interposition; jet '* these cases I was the canonical magistrate, with the right, as well as the power, to art otherwise. But for me there was no ex|>ostulatiori', on the contrary, daily smiles met me, through the Convention season, from those who were each day occupied in what must prove the destruc tion of my usefulness, and of the happiness of me and mine ; not a frown, not a bint of the gathering storm, not one alarm note ol my impending annihilation. Secretly to me, measures that necessarily involved it were deter mined on; most suddenly was it made known to me by those who had accomplished tho work. Kor me, there wr'ck* ' woa judged already. All waa a Whether through the impulse of raving aught from the wreck, were it possible, I know not, for my mind was distracted, and my heart desolate:-1 resolved?no that would imply, or ought to imply some deliberation,? I suddenly commenced, on the day this terrific reality was perceived. (May 26th.) what I had hoped to effect in due seaton and in a gradual and perhaps safer manner, the absolute relinquishment of every kind of spirituous drink, except the wine at the Holy Comn.union, of which I partook on W hitsunday, and since. Beyond this exrein tien my refraining from them has thus far been entire. And, though under no engagement of any sort, it is my purpose,with divine assistance, to continue in this course Indeed, I have as yet felt not the least temptation to re cede Irom it, for which most unexpected favor I humbly thank Ood. The suddennesa with which I learned that my brethren ha I cast me down to the ground, and its crushing effect on ray mind, a-ting on a system already predisposed to such attacks, produced another of the faint turns men '?oaed, or rather a continued tendency to fainting, from w-hich I was not free lor some days, and those, the first of my enduring the violent change ol renouncing in stantly and entirely the long accustomed stimulants, with out any sort of substitute lor them. Somewhat longer, ?here was constant nnd exhausting copious perspiration ; very excessive at night. My sleep was and is imper ii-' ,w1Bnt,ng apparently in the gentle venom plrlhnra, which I was formerly taught produres it, when healthy. put the principal change is a decided increase of the local inertness. H or a month or more, it was often attended , ?enaation in the head ; then came a differ *??i. 8 nectioa 'or live days; and then, another month ot the former symptom still more aggravated, and produc IIP continued fullness of the head, with drowsiness I have since used occasionally a prescription ; but the omission of it leaves me much as before ; yet it must not be long persevered in. This symptom is more severe than any that were felt last spring, and for perhaps a year previously. There have lieen also returns of the pain in Hie aide, occasionally giving the idea ol rawness there ; and, a few times, the pressure which lormerly relieved it has made it more sensibly felt Whether the disease wili pass away, or what may be its reault, I pretend not to t ?. *hrtll"r I have given it the right name. matters little. Disease I have, and have had lor sixteen years ; much increased in the last five or six ; nor has it ever been under more than a partial control. And the re cent aggravation mentioned, adds, I fear, to the obstinacy, and perhaps, |tha danger ol the affection which has so greatly broken my health. I trust that this narrative will satisfy the Convention mat f have not acted inconsiderately, in tendering thi? resignation of my episcopal jurisdiction on tho ground ol impartialhealth ; and further, in nsking the fiction, on the same|ground,of a coadjutor,should myresignatlon not ce accepted ; which request I now renew. But I must invoko the intertiosition ol the Convention. between me and the mevemi nts and influencoa unknown to the < anoDs, conceniing the charges that have been brought against me. What those charges are, I need not state; for they were known to not a lew out ol doors, I have since been informed, even whde in preparation. though not a whisper of them was breathed to nn an.I immediately afterwards, were as widely blown as the winds; their publicity being if possible increased by the measure adopted at the clerical meetings, of seeking con firmatlon of the imputations already made, and also such others as might lie obtained throughout the diocese Be twe n me and such move ments and influences I entieat the Convention to interpos?. Not that your liody, or any other, can undo what has thus been in/licted upon mr ? that, too, probably, ji beyond remedy. But I daaire the ' onvention, to take into its own hands the allegations against me to which I have adverted, with the specific.*. tions announced to the clerical meetings, If there are any, which, however. I have not seen No proceedings in-b ed, in relation to them, not even a conviction and sen tence, should they be deemed called for, can increase the practical injury already done me; but any regular result consistent with the l onstitution and Canons, will be vast' h better for the Church, .nd more just lo myself, than the unopposed tendency of the past proceedings Concerning one el.sa of the cliurge, thus brought, 1.1 me rcmarl. 1 hat I have used somewhat largely spi'it h^',i,,..r k !' tM" ; " WM no< * ?fccret, or intended t. aEl-i/u '^A,n'my ,M#rt M ?*>??> at first Thit-;1T ?' nmr continuance And th/, ' 'V? V ,or " forbidden Purpose,I d. n, I.nl?i.l. In , Ef1#?"! ,n''biiat,on, is,I believ!,altogether r" "uy|,,r^ ' f?r 1 " ""-N". a-cribe to such s cause what | have Indistinctly heard of, which, even I' .u J,ot rated, ntull.d nine duly from the harraasing fatigue, both ol travelling and officiating, that I ulten underwent in my journeys. To say that, in so many years, 1 al ways lined thi* remedy with a perfect freedom from iudis* ciction, would be urrogating more than belongs to human nature, the lon? continued use ot opium would bs a greater trial. All I claim if, tliat the unkind imputation mentioned, cannot righteously be made. To this class of charge*, referring to the direct consequences of the habit named, though no specifications have been furnished, I particularly apply the facta and considerations (fleitd in the foiegoing narrative. There are other charges, equally without specifications, which mu>-h more require them in older to an adequate reply or explanation; at variance, likewi*e, if I may ad vert to ouch a topic, with my established and krown prin ciple! and demeanor. May I not, without admitting that they are correctly made, to far appeal to candid judgments an to say, that such allege! improprieties, being wholly foreign to the habits formed ana manifested in all my ear lier years, cannot be referred to any other than the same cause, namely, the indiscretion of resorting w ithout due caution to thu use of a remedy for pain or disease, that for the moment changes the disposition, as frequently as it surprises the judgment f They, therefore, even if truly imputed, involve only the indiiect consequences of tM sun.e indiscretion That, in particular cases, predominant suspicion, or indeed unqualified crimination, will be deemed more ju?t thu this mild construction, is to be ex pected; and the latter is rightly held of no avail, without well ascertained previous integrity; but with that, it will olten lie the more rational view, at it certainly comports best with the requirement ot christian love, interpreted soundly, neither with evusion, nor with the naked appeal to motives? it comports, I say, with that iuw of iove, w hich commands us to "believe and hope all things," and to "do to others as we would have them do to us;" a be nevolent rule, which may inde-ed be abused: but it can also bit obeyed rightly and lighteously; md that, in the cute of imputed errors, grave enough to require u divine tule. Nor is it a command only, hut an appeal likewise to holy sympathy?a sympathy, whose nature it is to divide the pain of the regret lelt by a brother to whom aberration or imprudence are ascribed. From all expression, however, of such regret, concern ing any of the charges, were there aught that should in duce my heart 01 judgment into incline, the irremediable action of my clerical brethren has debarred me. I again request, that the Convention will inter, pose between me and all movemer.ts and infiu. ences identified with proceeding!! unknown to the canons. More particularly, I desire, that if this body incline, either to accept or to refuse my resignation of episcopal jurisdiction on the ground ol these charges, and not on the ground of my impaired health alone, they will tike such steps as they shall see fit, to have thens examined, in a manner consistent with justice to me and to the Church. Respectfully and affectionately, Your friend and brother, 11 U. ONDFRDONK. PHU.ADKl.rHl*, Heft '2d, 1844. Superior Court* Before Judge Vauderpoel. Sett. 9 ? This Court opened the term, when the re ap peared on the trial calendar 106 cases; and on the argu ment calendar, 60. No jury cases being ready, the jurors in attendance were discharged until this forenoon at 11 o'clock. The Court then in full Bench proceeded to hear argument cases. Edward Ford vs. J. Beggotick.? The Africans.?This wns an action brought against the first lieutenant of the Montezuma, one of the Mexican steamers n> w lying in the river, and involves the question of civil jurisdiction as to the rifjht of pla'ntifl to bring suit. It appeared that Ford, who is an American citizen, entered the vessel on her trip from Mexico, n* a passenger, agreeing, however, to work his passage. He nod, it appeared, an altercation with the lieutenant who put him in irons for disobeying orders?the lieutenant considering that in virtue ol the agreement in relation to "working his passage" Ford had subject) il himself to the regulations and restrictions of the vessel The case was brought forward in Cham bers before the Chief Justice, from whose decision both parties appealed to the full bench. Another case, in which the commodore. 8ignor K.spino, is made defendant, at the suit ol one of the seamen, for refusing te give up his trunk and cloths, will also lie argued, involving 'he question of jurisdiction. The Court will give its decision in a lew days. For plaintiff. Messrs Nash and Manches ter ; for defendant, Messrs. Whiting ond Stephens. U. S. District Court, Before Judge Betts. St.r. W -Dk< isioks,? George Janes vs. The Schtontr "J'ari/cBn.''?This was a motion to discharge from arrest the schooner "Paragon," which had been libelled by the plaintiff, who was engaged as one of her crew on a late voyage to this pert from Mobile, for his wsgis. The motion was made on the ground that the captain replied, on being atked for the wages, that he would pay on his return Irom a house in tlie city, which Jones held in the light of a refusal, and entered suit accordingly. Motion denied?cods to abide the event of the suit. Conrad If, Fabtr vs The Ship "Newark This was a motion to amend the decree of the Court at a former trial, in which damages were sought to be olttained against the owners of the ship "Newark," lor damage <:one to a quantity of tobacco. The motion was made to allow the costs to be taxed De n i d by the Court. Jarnn Haymond vs. The Sloop "Tradesman "?Ordered? The Marshal having n turned the vessel not found, it is ordered that un Wiu.t monition issue. In Admiralty, ScrT.W.? Steamtmal Jural UrII. fs. Steamboat Relief ? This case, noticed in Saturday's Herald, was resumed ? It was an action to recover damsges for injuries sustained by the Jacob Dell, in consequence of a collision which took t>lace between the two steamers on the Fast River, in consequence of alleged neglect on the part of the pilot of the Relief. I'. S, Ceunjn last oner's Office. Before Commissjnner Rapelje. Sin 9.? Charge of Perjury.?James Karrell, charged with perjury, alleged to have been committed on a Court Marti.l hi Id lately on Governors Island, in the case of Heigtant (Jeorge DuaLl, was examined before the Com mi>sion< r. Lieutenant U. Laur.'ng, 3d Regiment of Artillery, (who w as a member ol the Court,) Sergeants Duall, and McDermott, were examined. The minutes of the pro ceedings taken at the Court Martial were produced, by which it appeared that Duall was charged with having acted so as to disparage the service, or the third regiment, to which he was attached, by expressing a partiality lor a particular company. The perjury, it was chaiged con sisted chiefly in the following evidence riven against Duali. "Duall stated to me, when I was about enlisting, you had better buy a sojie and hang yourself, than en list in light company A ; they will work you to death : it is belter lor you to come with me to Fort Lafayette, and enlist in company I.'" Sergeant McDntism.i. testified to having been present most of the time when Fntrell w as about to enlist, and that he did not hear the words attributed to Duall used by him The Court dismissed the charge, from a consideration that the testimony was not sufficiently slrong to warrant a committal. Charge of Mutiny at Set.? William Row land. John Wlieet, tJeorge Nelson, George Frazier, William Rhodes, (rent Schragge, Louis Lowner, Peter Franck, and Hkm'l. Ilewson, sean-.on on boar I the American ship Superior, have been arrested on a charge of mutiny on board the abovu ve?'?l during her last trip from Liverpool. Row land stands also charged with attempting to stab the first mate. The prisoners have been remanded for examina tion Common Pleaa. Before Judge Ulahceffer. Wkpt. Mn??<? <j- C?. v?. Mutrt Huti?ThU rate which had been adjourned over from Tbnrtday, already report ed, win re*nmed. It waa an action ol aa?ump*it to recoeer tin- amount ol value of a ipiantity ol lumber (old the de ffii-lant in March lait. The defence to which wax that a party named .Meigi, w ho, it wh* aliened, wai a member of the tlnn, waa indebted to the defendant, which waa pot in ai it let olf lordelence Verdict for plaintiff* *IH4 39 da mage*, and ? rent* coata. Kor plaintiff*, 8. Campbell; for defendant, A. < riit Marine Conrl. Before Judge Sheiman. f~ ? i ? Jamn Dilantin H'lllium CuiAiw* ? Tbia WM an urtinn brought by Plain tiff, who wa* a pa**enger on lioard the idilp Kappahannock, on licr late tup liom I.i verpool, the defendant, who waa the (ir?t mate, to rt rovt r damage* for an a?*.iult and battery alleged to have been committed on t>oard the ver*el during the voyage. It appeared in evidence that | laintiffand a fel low pdnaenctr had on altercation on I oarl in lelition to cook'ng at the fire pluce on deck, when both "truck and a fight emitted. The mute hereupon interfered, atid plain till mitde, a pa?n at him and r.lufhed liim (Cnnhing imme diately laid nn. and gave him, it appeared, ten hard lrahea with a thick double top", winch it wn* contended, for the defence he waa justified in doing in order to retior.: order on board. Verdict for defendant. (iiorgr I ?i-m^rvn. Char I ft Parfrtitg*.?Thin waa action of treapn" in nlntion to the sale of a '|Uantity ot feather* in which, it win alleged, that defendant had vio lated hia contract. Ve'dict for plaintiff" fN). Court C'nlen?l?r?'I hia 0?y. Ht Pi.aioa ('out - No*. II. 14, IS, 14, 1ft, 105, IS IS '>?, If), in, lOi, ill, ii, 9> 34, OA, -10 I ohmo-i 1*L> *?.? Nos 80, 39, 46, 47, 4tt. 60, 8,4, 7, 10, I?, is, 37, w, IS, SM. Hrwarf. of tiik "windi-kks ?About itir 20th ult , a Rcouriilrel cnlhng htmflf M?*??? B. L)r Young, waited upon aeveral merchanta with ffctltloua document* purporting to lie lor con?ignmeiit* from New Orleana, and endeavored to obtain ndvanc? * on the depo ?ite of bill* tailing and invoice*, which have proved Iran dulent. The paper* are well executed, and the nana oi the ihippcr in one of the bill* lading ta lithographed. Aa different bill* lading were offered here, no dnuht can exiat of a settled plan to defraud and thi? will *erre ru a warn tng 'o merchants in other citie* to prevt ut the im|?i*itions "I i platmible villain, w lm i? now at the north, having lelt Oharleiton aVottt the 1JI ult. for Baltimore.?CharTtiton Coit ier. afl _ |i7)H \ %pl#n?li?l, yoong. full-blooded tor "|j|^ ?' ||opm , for sudd If only. havtni never brvu in hm ?J^J^i,*HH--l*rlW'tl\ K?*fitlr, good fiction, Mid of a remark n"'l?' V|.|-r?rt?irr, with no defect*, IS hand? hi?h ThfOWlUr lea* iriK for Kuroi*\ han ??<? furlher iim* for him. To fx* *een ut J, (J UJ-AfHIKH'S 54 Trinity r1*ri?. *9 lw*re ?ft M?l< Ml,l \ IJ.iV II ' ? . ? i-d? huh, ? >e iri old, kind in siitgl" or dotiMe nam***, a plf* j3~2L#-f s,,,, driver and Jtood traveller, mid will *t ?nd in the %it<H without tying ; n for a family orphy*in?n. j K??r f??"li<?r i^rtirnUr*. ?t*T>lv ??t th* ??( WKAC U v rillM'iW ?8 6tVc No. 16 Mtrrmv ?trwt