Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 17, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 17, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., Ao. M5U?WUola No. 38SO. NEW YORK. TUESDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 17. 1844. Prlet Two Contt* Another Inciter from til* Old Man of the Hermitage?A. Settler fur the Opponent* of Anutistiou, Hkemitaqk, August 28, 1844. Dkas Sir?I am in possession of your note of tbc 27tti inst., arid although greatly enfeebled by the exclusive warm weather of this month, shall en deavor to reply to it. The more 1 have reflected on the policy of an nexing Texas to the United States, the more deci ded is my conviction, that since the establishment of the Federal Constitution, no question has arisen of so great importance to the welfare and safety of tbc people of the United States. It seeius to me that in ihis instance, as ia the revolution and ou' last war with Great Britain, kind Providence still interposes to help on our efforts in the cause of seti goverament, and to give us the necessary guaranty tor our independence. Under Hie treaty ofl808, by which Mr. Jeffeison obtained Louisiana from France, the people of that country acquired the right to incorporation in our Union as ample and complete as that possessed by tbe original States and their territories, and all the corresponding rights of citizenship and protection. In the treaty , therefore, of 1810, by which the peo ple ot Louisiana, west of the Sabine, ware depri ved of the guarantees of the treaty ot 1803, a seri ous question arises whether this government can dismember its territory and disfranchise i>s citizens without their consent, and, in the case of Texas, without the consent ot France. But leaving out of view this solemn question, and looking on'y at the consequences which have followed the treaty of 1819, it is Mrondertul that the course of events is such us to enable us to repair the errors of that treaty, at the same time that we avoid doing wrong to other powers, either on this or the continent of Europe. The people of Texas have maintained their sepa rate existence, and after years ot battle and toil, have achieved their freedom and independence; aud without a stain on their character, without violating obligations with Mexico or other foreign powers, with no restraint on their sovereignty other than that which has been imposed by their God, they again come back to us, and tell us that although the guarantees of the treaty of 1803 have been withdrawn from thein, they are yet willing to embrace them. And the question is, what shall we say to them in reply 1 liut before answering this question, let us see if Mexico has any ri#ht to the territory of Texas, or any cause for resisting the extension to the citizens of Texas of the guarantees of citizenship as intend ed in the treaty of 1803. When did Mexico ac quire any title to the territory of Texas 1 The title of France was conveyed to us, and that title was then tecognized by all the civilized world as the only good one. Did we convey it to Mexico 1 We did not. We conveyed it to Old Spain, and she did not convey it to Mexico, How then, does Mexico derive her title 1 She pretends to none except what results from the confederation which was formed in 1824, und founded on revolution, in which compact Texas expressly stipulated that her o arate sovereignty was retained. The overthrow of that confederation or compact by military force gives Mexico no title to tbe territory, unless she can show that she has conquered one?and it we exanuue the claim on the score of conquest, it is notoriously unjust. That claim was silenced by the battle ot San Jaci .to; after which event the principal powers of the world recognized Texas as an independent state. There is, then, no reason for the opposition now made by Mexico to the an nexation of Texas to the United States?none louuded on any just claim to tbe territory or the loyaity of the citizens of Texas. We are then brought to the unembarrassed ques tion ; is it right for us to possess Texas on the rea sonable terms proposed by her 1 Is it a step neces sary to our safety and prosperity! I say it is, and as you have requested my reasons, I will briefly state them. That territory is represented by Mr. Thompson, and other gentlemen of character, who have the means of judging correctly, as possessing some of the finest, lands in the world. In soil, climate and productions, it is said to surpass the Floririas, and to equ >.1 L'.niaiiina and Mississippi. Ah a jionion of ourcoultdeiacy, tiien, will it not benefit us in the tamii niitij"tr -hat the States just mentioned and the outer new ?Suites have done 1 Have net these States contributed to the wealth, safety and prosperity of the other portions ot the confederacy"! ii-tve they not furnished homes for thousands and thousands ot happy and tree people, engaged in the noble pursuit of agriculture, and have not the products ol this agriculture, exchanged in our own tfud foreign markets, given healthtul employment to our manufacturing aud navigating interests, and to the various mechanical arts ! Unless the mea sure of our prosperity is different from ihat which is applicable to ail omer nations, it is imjaissible to resist the conclusion, that it will be promoted by the annexation ot Texas. The conclusion I deem se t-evideut. But great as are the advantages ot annexation in th? encouragement which wilt result to onr indus trial pursuits?advantages in which all sections of the Luton will participate?they are not so impor tant as the security which Texas, in a military point of view, otfois us. It is in this aspect cf the question that 1 shudder when 1 look at the course ot the newspaper press opposed to annexation, and read the speeches of many public men?who, ab sorbed in the effort to make a President, seem to care nothing for the intrigues of Great Britain to defeat our true policy. We have labored many years to free the States composing our Uuion of the Indian population wiihin our limits, and may be said to have jusi succeeded in the accomplishment ot this humane policy. These Indians are now placed on our west ern frontier, and in a territory tavorable to their gradual civilization acd protection, against the in trusion ot influences hostile to them and to us. At present they are not accessible to British influence, except on the northern boundary line. Is it not ap parent, however, that the whole of our policy, tn respect to their civilization, will be thwarted if any power acquires control over Texas 1 The line be tween Texasand these Indians extends some thou sands of miles, and communicates with Oregon in the most direct and practicable route to the great river of that territory. Texas, therefore, in hostile hands, could feed and sustain an army that could not only act against Oregon, but at the same time act agaiust Louisiana and Arkansas, and by con junction with the Indians, could make inroads on every western State to the lakes. An army thus employed,* seconded by a proper organization ot force on the lakes, would put the whole west in a blaze, and cause us more nijury in blood and mo ney in six months than years of peace could atone for. The sagacious statesmen of Enxland understand much better khan we do the force of the military considerations I am here suggesting; and hence, you will find that no pecuniary obligation will be deemed by them too great to prevent the annexa* tton to this country. The success of our free sys tem, its capacity to secure order, to promote the probers ot the arts and sciences, and to stimulate the energies of our nature to a point tar higher than any yet attained under the forms of govern ment in the old world, is alarming to the advocates of monarchy. The further progress of our principles will be a demonstration which the popu lar initid throughout the world cannot mistake, and opposition to these principles is therefore a neces Hirv part of European policy; and it would be as short sighted tor us to take tor granted that a diffe rent feeling will control their policy, as it would be for cue of our navigators to embark ?n the ocean without chait or needle, to aid him in weathering storms and preventing shipwreck. So settled do I consider this antagonistic feature of monarchy and republicanism, in the present state ot the world, that I could feel sate in inferring that our course ought to be in reference to this measure of such vital national interest, by finding out what was the course of Great Britain. Her position here, as it has been generally heretofore, will be found to be directly opposite to ours. Rut why should I preiss upon you further views of the paramount importance ?t Texas to the United States on the score ot safety! Every mind conver sant with the opeiationsof war,and with the causes which give military ascendancy, must eee from a glance at our map, that such a genius as Wellington's or N apoleoo's, sustained by naval armaments on the Gulf of Mexico, and on the lakes, and in posaession of Texas, with a very small force on land, could, in one campaign, paralyze one half of our Union, de prive us of Oregon, and produce scenes of servile insuimotion and massacre, that humanity would shudder to describe. This is no fancy sketch?no chimera of the nnaginatian, to frighten women and children. It is the natural operation of cause and eff ci? inevitable and irresistible. Give Texas and Oregon to Great Britain, and she will nave more territory on this continent than the United States She willsurround us from ournorth east corner to ?ur southeast corner. Leaving no outlet to us fey land, we shall be literally braced in her potent grasp, and open to her invasion by sea and land, at every poiut ot the Union. And yet we are told by leading politicians of the day, that the project of annexation is a mere bub ble, blown for a political purpose, to put down one leader und to put up another; and this tso on the face of assurances ttuU reach us every day?which tells us that England holds in her hands a guaran tee of |*aca io Texas, ii ?he will only withdraw the proposition ot Union with ua. I am proud to see that mv frieuds throughout the Union are treat irg these foreign menaces aa American patriots should who love their country, and are determined to it ia alt emeigenciea, without regard to party. Let ua next too, in answer to your third, fourth and tilth inquiries, what would be the probable ef fect ot the determination of Texas to accept the guarantee of monarchist powers. A treaty ot com merce would be the first result, and the basis ot this treaty would be one of reciprocal benefit^ and in the exchange ot the raw productions ot Texas for the manurfdctnred articles of those powers. England would uim at once to destroy the manu facturing interest of thia country in competitioa with her; to do this, she would be the gainer by i opening her ports to Texas; and Texas iu her turn, that anxious lor the payment of her national debt, would so adjust her revenue laws as to give the greatest possible stimulus to the culture of uer cot ion and tobacco, and the development of all her agricultural resources. Thus her debt would soon be paid, and her prosperity would then be accele rated by the double torce of European aid and do mastic pride?unembarrassed on the one hand by high duties,upheld onjihe other by the deep-seated determination of the European powers to cripple the United Stales and scatter among idem the seeds of discord and jealousy. Among other disadvantages resulting to us Irom such a treaty between England and Texas, would be the necessity to establish, on that exteusive fron tier, such police as would prevent smuggling and entorce our revenue laws. Could this be donel All experience answers, no?it cannot be done. Border citizens, having the same interests in trade, following the same pursuits, using the same inland streams tor the transportation of their surplus labor, will not submit to the operation of unequal laws. The cotton planter on the south western boundary, within the United Slates, will not contribute to the enforcement of the lawB, the e fleet efwhich makes his labor leas profitable than that ot his neighbor in Texas t and what is true of cotton will be true ot all other agricultural products. We know that at present, in the United States, the force ot this principle issostroug as to compel us to put low duties on many articles which would be otherwise heavily taxed. I know that many of our citizens suppose that the annexation of Texas will be injurious because it will add to the quantity of valuable lands in the market, and may be the means of inducing the re moval of many of our slaves to that favored region. I grant that this is true to some extent; but dors it not increase the arguments in lavor of annexation 1 If Texas has aa advantage in cheapness ot land, salubrity of climate and convenience of navigation, over our Southern States, is it not better tor the citizens ot the United States to possess this advan tage than surrender .t to the citizens of Europe ! in the hands of Great Britain this advantage will be improved, as we have seen to break up our man ufactures, and lessen our capacity to compete with her in the supply ot other markets, aud in the car rying trade. In other words, will not Texas, out of our Union be a more formidable competitor than she would be in it 1 The iron and coal re gions of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Kentucky, and Tennessee, or it she <s in the Union, will find a market there?so will the Lowell and other cot ton manufactures ot the North Atlantic side of our Union. The imeiiBe power ot our inland trade, the nursery of oiu seamen, and the source of so much wealth, will find employment in Texas, if she, is in the l/mon. if she is out ot the Union, British policy may monopolise all these advantages. We are also told by some whoi rotessto speak on behalt of the sugar planters in Louisiana, that Texas must not come luto the Union, for, if she does, their landB are made less valuable, and the price ot su gar will fall, if the tact were so, does it follow that an argument is thereby afforded tor the rejection of Texas'! This would only prove to the vasi number of the consumers of sugar that Texas ought to be added to llie Union. But is it probable that the price ot sugar would falll We know that the production of .Louisiana is now so limited, that the large protective ciuty extended u> it has, thus iar, not diminished ih?* revenue troin tiiio article ; and we al>w> know, that the lands ot Texas could not be brought into cultivation tor many yrais. So that the probability ic, that sugar, iu Texas, would stanu ou ttie same tooling with cotton and other agricul tural productions, far more advantageous to the United States it in liie Union than out ot it. but were it otherwise, 1 teet confident that the sugar planters ot Louisiana will repel the imputation that, ou account oi a possible competitor being raised up in Texas, they are willing to see that tair country pass into tne hands ot England. The su gar planter wains security tor his negro property, stability tor Uie Uni n, und independence tor his whole country. To gtu:* tins, he will maive the same sacrifice, if necessary, that the other great interests v ould make. But fortunately, no sicri ncea are necees&ry, according to my view of the subject. All the interests and all the sections ot our Union, instead ot having sacrifices to make, will only have benefits to ti'joy. There are many other aspects in which it can be made iiiaiutcsi that England will injure the United States it it is rejected. But they are to* obvious to bring to yourjnolice. Take Uio?e already noted? take the question as it stands?the iadisposmon of the United States to profit by \hem is the most re in *rkable event that has occurred in history. No nation, under similar circumstances, has commit ted such error ft there be patriotism >n ihe effort to increase the wealth and happiness of all classes in our society?to diffuse the blessings ot equal laws, and n jusi government?if there be love in Ihe spirit which fiods in this free land ot ours the means to spread the light of the gospal, and to teach fallen man throughout the world how he may re cover his right to civil and religious liberty?it 1 seems to me that all this patriotism?all this phi lanthropy?all this religion?appeals to ua in favor of the addition of Texas to our Union. But it has been asked, not by you, but by others, if these cogent reasons exist, why did they not in fluence me when I was President 1 My answer is, that at that time the people of Texas had existed as a separate sovereignty but a few months before the close of my administration, and were then at war with Mexico, not claiming the benefits of the treaty of 1808, and not objecting to the cesaion of the Territory to old Spain in 1819. The Inde pendence ot Texas was recognized the last day of my administration. I was not re sponsible for the policy which dismembered that territory, and had no power to remedy the conse quences ot that dismemberment. It wss my duty to be juht to both Mexico and Texaa, and keep the United Statea from becoming a party to their quar rel. This duty was faithfully performed. No inter ierence on the part of thia Government was en couraged or countenanced. The brave Texas troops acting for themselves, terminated at St. Jacinto their contest for liberty, and then aettled their trie and claim to independence. From that period to this our relations to them have been changed, and the question of the proposed connection with them has now ceased to be embarrassed by the de signs or expectations of Mexico. The dismemberment ot our territory in 1819, by the failure to execute the guaranty to ihe treaty ot 1H03, has but recently attracted public attention ? But it has been silently operating, and is now exer cising a great and momentous influence on oursys tein of government. It has been thus with most ot the causes that have produced changes in hu man nfUirs?unlorseen?perhaps hardly noticed in the beginning?but not the less potent in the result after the lapse of time when connected with a vital principle. May we not trust that this miatake ot our Statejmen in 1819, has been ordered by a wise pro vidence, as a lesson for us never hereafter to dis member any portion of our Territory, or permit, under any circumstances, a foreign power to ac quire a foothold on our tree soil. I have thus, my friend, delineated as rapidly and truly as I could, the views I take ot the question of annexation. I shall probably not be alive to wit ness the consummation of any of my anticipations, but 1 have the consolation of knowing that 1 have contributed what 1 could to guard my country against the danger of yielding to the policy aimed at by Great Britain. I remain, .. ^ggS/'i'^SON. Moses Dawson, Esq Superior Court, Before Judge Vanderpoel Id.?Drrby vs. KUiat H. ah ?Tbs Court charged In thia esse at 10 o'clock, and commented ftrongly on the faeti of the esse. (Already reportrd ) The Jury render ed f? verdict of $900 (or plaintiff, and 6 cent* cost*. Tl>* Mrn iiu ?Frrd v? Digowifk.?'This cs?e ws? re turned on srgument. The Court will deliver its decision in a tew days. Tht Harint Ctntrl.?'The motion for attachment sgsinst the Judge* ol the Marine Court, brought upon appeal, has been denied. Common Picas. Asm. 16.?No Jurycaiea being ready, the Court ad journed over to thli forenoon. Court Calendar-Tills Day. Common Plba.? No* 44,10, IS, 17,18,10, 30, 91, W, 33, 36, J8,30, M, 13. On* Day Later Atom London. By the arrival ol the last sailing packet ship Victoria, Capt. Morgan, from London and Ports mouth the 24th ot August and Ushant the 27th, we have advices one day later Iroin London. The Victoria brings 35 cabin passengers, among whom we notice the names ot the lion. H. W. Hilliard, late charge d'affaires to Belgium, and family ; Robt. Owen; Henry Phillip*, tiie cclebra- j ted vocali3t, and R. C. May wood. i The Q,ueen was rapidly recovering aad the roya! babies were enjoying perfect health. There ie no change in the Money Market. Franc*. The Conttitutionntl states that active prepara tions were making in Paris lor the intended jour ney oi King Louis Philippe to bug land M. de Montalivet, the Iutsndant of the Civil List, wis said to have drawn a sum ot 8,000,0001. out ol the Caisse des Consignations to delray the expenses ??? The htvut dt Parit, oa the contrary, mentions the departure ol M. de Montalivet tor his estate ol La Grauae, in Berry, where he was to remain a month ; " bat," adds the fievut, 11?? not improbable that bis absence will be abridged by existing circumstances." , .. . . The most striking article of intelligence to be found in the papers is the tollowing Koyal Ordi nance, published in the Moniteur: '? On the report of our Keeper of the Seals and Minuter Secretary of Siato ol the Department ot Justice and Lc clusiaatieal Aflairs, we have decreed as follows ?' Art. I. Tha U interim administration of the War De psrtment confided to our Secretary of (Kate of Marine and Colonies by our ordinance ot the 17th inst. ceases iron this day, and the Marshal Uuke of Ualmatia will re of State of Justice and Eocleaiastical Atfilia, is charged with the execution oi tha present ordinance. ^ Given at the Palace ol Neuilly. on the 18th ? Augustt. The Journal da Pibati announces?"That the Government of the Grand Duchy ot Hesse Cassel has negotiated with three bauking houses of Frank fort- on-the- Maine? I hose ot Bethinan, Brothers, J. N Fay & Co., and Philip Nicholas Schmidt?a loan of 6,000,000 florins, the produce ot which is inten ded tor the establishment ot a railroad trom Lassel to Franklort-on-the-Maiue. This loan, which will bear 4 per cent, interest, has been contracted at par. The railroad and its produce will be pledged as se curity for the capital and interest ot tue loan. The postscript of the Paris letter ot the Times states, that it was suspected that the arrival oi Mar blial boult in town was attributable to other mat ters ihan the dissolution ot the Polytechnic school. Considerable alarm was tclt tor the stability ot the Ministry, but the correspondent had not been able to trace it to an authentic Bource Spain* The Queen left Barcelona on the 12th inst., and will arrive here on the 22d. The decree issued yesterday for the suspension of the sale of national | property has caused as much surprise as ceusuie, and has created considerable anxiety as to the in tentions of the government. . Madrid remains quiet, if we except some partial quarrels between the Old Koyalist volunteers and the National Ouards. The tormer are emboldened bv the reports industriously circulated ot a political reaction, and some inen have been wounded on both sides. The garrison was under arms last night. A shell was, it was said, to have been ex ploded as a signal tor the commencement of an insurrection, and an evening paper gravely adds that a man was arrested, bearer ol an immense tin shell, filled with dangerous projectiles. This man was a servant, it adds, ot General Capar, and, ot course, it the General is obnoxious to the powers that be, he will be placed under arrest, kept 111 close solitary confinement tor a week or two, and then like M- Cordtro and others, liberated with the assurance that there has been some mistake. The preparations far the elections are proceeding, but the iixaltados will not vole. T. he struggle will b" between the Moderados and Carlisle, but the tiirmer, as now in the enjoyment ot power, will have a majority. In the present state ot tins coun try the government can always secure the elec tions in their tavor, with a lmle activity. The sale of the unsold property is suspended, but every guarantee is to be given to the actual les sors ot property once belonging to the clergy that ihiv are not to be disturbed in the enjoyment ot thai property and its produce, nor ate their sc qutred rights to be menaced under any pretence w i* ver. 1 he following is the text ot the decree s? " Considering the reasons submitted to me by the mi ninter of hnaitcu, and having consulted my council ot mi nl''Art'.The^le of the property of the. secular clergy and monastic oidsra la suspended uutil the government, "wmurJiuoii with the Cortes,shall adopt audi measures aa may be considered moat advisable. " -j The revsnuea of the aaid propeity will be applied untirelv to the suppoxt of the secular clergy and nuns. ?8 The minuter ol finance is charged with the execu tion ol the present decree in all iU parts. ?? Given at Barcelona, on the 36th <JfjEEN Mwlrid, Slh .1 Augu?t. "?tfALtJANDIi0 M0S 11 Minister oi Finance." The publication of this decree had produced an unfavorable sensation, and was considered to be a first step taken in the reactionary career into whtch the Camarilla was lorcing the Oovernment. Th _ funds had fallen in consequence, the Three per Cents closing at 27A at <50 days, and 26|at 30 days, the Five per Cents , at 20* at ?0 dnys,with 1 l'reT Sf.5.; <? KIO...OI.Dew, "d ihe Vales non-consolidated, at at W) days. The Gibraliar Chronicle annouuees that Mr. Drummond Hay arrived there on the 9toln !h!l Vesuvius. When she lelt Tangier, on the 8ih, the population was recovering from the panic produ ced by the bombardment, and the Moors were ma king preparations to repef any new attack of he French. The communications between Gibraltar and Tangierswere re-established. Markets. Lottoon Mo**v Mabsst, Aug. 31, P.M.-The English aacuritias have not fluctuated mnch to day, and the mar ket considering the aspect of again in connection with France, has been more steady. The jobbers are not now no fall of stock, the purchases of the public having ab aorbed i? a great degree the Increased.jupply occasioned by the late large salea effected on behslf of certain public comnaniea. Consols for money and the account left off 18* the eversge price of the day, at which Quotation the Uovernment bcoksr took ?4.000 for the ?? friendly Socie tlfs." Bsnk Stock closod 1834 to 19?J; Three per iCents reduced 091* Threo-sud-a-Hali per Cents Reduced, 10IJ tnlM. New Thret-aad-a-Half per Centa, 101 to ; Long Aniuitiis.I*?Zl?*ock. 3W to 383; India Bonds, 04 to 90 press.; and Exchequer Billa, 7ls. to 7?s. prem. la the foreign house business ha* been limited, and nrices show no particular variation. Spanish Five per c?rts finally quoted 33 to i; the Three per Cent., Mh Hortuiu2se, U* to Ufa Peruvian 33 to 34; Mexican, 34J to J; the Deferred. 1AJ to 4? Dutch T>o-?n<l Hslf per Cents, 61 to the Five per Cents, 100J to Jj Danish, to8?|-, Columbian, 1S| to j; Chilian, 10S to 104- Buenos Ajn?s, S4 to 30, BratllU... Bllt*84j-, and 8 c5?;i"^VTw*o..-rsa,., Aug. 30.?Five per Cents, 1191 ?6C 440. 40C 00c 7Ac HOC, 110f 840 B0g, I90f, I JOf 15C ; 104.; Threi per Cents, 80f 10c, 9tf, 79f 7Ae Mo 90e. ?0f, 7?f 90c 94c 90c. 80f 30c; Bank Actions. S 0O4f. s.ooof, S.Oftlf 40c. 3 0S6 ; Rente de Naples. 911Mc sop- Roman*. 108J i ; Belgisn Hve per Cents, 1831,1031 ; BMflan FWe V t?ts*IS40. 1031; Belgian Bank, ?Jf K*chsn?e on London, ono month, money, 341 41|c ; TrW?Kt 3 o^o?k? P -M*5- Lsstnrlces. -Five per Cents. UOf 80c; Three per Cent*, aol 49s; Rente ds Nsples, t7t 40c ; Belgian five per Cents, 1640, 108 J. - Marine Court. Before Jndge Smith. 8tn. U.-J?*s C*lHtu vs. JsAn D. 9fnitr, Michfl Qofnry uni Thai J. Fiih*r.?Thi* wss an action to reco ver of Spsder, ss chairman, Oafbey, as treasurer, and Fisher, as Secretary, of the Fourteenth Wsrd Democratic Committee, tor the use of rooms occupied by the Commit tee for the year 1843 The plaintiff* insisting that thu de fendanta were personally liable. A witness named Short proved that he was book keeper of plaintiff, and that Spa der hired the room from him at *3j>er night and occupied the same for a number of night* The defendants, by their counsel, N. B. Blunt, R*q , tried to prove by this witness, en his eross>examtnation, that the rooms were occupied for political purposes, and referred the Court to the case of Jmckion vt. Wolktt. A Hill's Reports, the caeeof the Whig Log Cabin in Brosdway, in 1840. where suit waa brought to recover for building ssld cabin. The defendant there pleaded that it was for electioneering purposes, and therefore contrary to the statute. On the case being tub miUed, he moved for a nonsuit, on the rround that the plaintiff proved a personnl contract with Spader alone and did not connect the other defendants with the matter at all. Alter hearing counsel, the Court 10 decided, and directed a nonsuit to be entered. For plaintiff, Florence McCarthy ; for defendants, N. B Blunt. V. >. District Court. Before Judge Belts. S?rt. 16 ?Hr??n ?t. ?'?. vs Ship "Orafitn "?This case already reported,resumed end adjourned over to this fore noon. Henry Snyiltr vs. tUmmhoat Wort? Libelled for dsmsge* accruing to libellant, in consequence of the " Weven hav ing run into tha libelant's sloop " Champion," in June last. In thi* case, Ihe Court decided in favor et the libel lant, In t?6 M daasegee, with oosta to be tsaed. Ore at Increase of City ' F?Hh by the ??w l'nrty?tfce Jour^i"^ Commerce a WltncM ???!" Paouie u?lmt Ing KulUucnt uuow|j the People agaii Public 'inatheif. [Krom the Jeurnal of Commerce.) Increask of Taxls.?Under this head, an article copied into Saturday's Journalof the American Kepuolicau, explains the lucr '"wettTeloreu. a co,>y of the r^tiona ot the Board of Supervisor*, pawed the 27ih of ttinbrr, 1W3, dtrectiug the turn ot ? 10 be levied ; and to. trie accuracy ol we relet 10 the record of the Board ot bupermors now iu the possession ol the clerk ol tha: bod;jr. The reason given for the increaaeotihia year us, ttiat the loriner Corumou Council increased the Watch force and pay. nr?B.nt We would respect! uily enquire il the present Common Council have decreuted this itein. 11 ttaev have not, then here lies the itcrtt ? The Mcoud rraduu is, mat the former Comni0n Council increased the lauipa. ... The same remark, applicable to the first, willap P'Yhe'third is, the increase tor school purposes; and on ihiahead we art inclined to the opinion thai the Common Council have contiol until the consti tutionality of the school law has been determined. The Common Couucil "tan do tome thmgt us uell "Thfoute tax is complained of, and very jastly; but why complain 1 The Legislature should have been applied to for a correction ol 1lh.e "j sessmeut; and if the same energy had been exerted in procuring the passage ot a^laW tp_ thateflect^ as was exerted by corporation officers torthe pawa?e oHhl act, the matter would have been 8,5 The WaVaoiesaors have been requestedby^cor poration officers, this year, to incjeaM t^alu^ Uon of real estate in the city, which increases the amount of the titate tax. w by this lolly . Tax payers are not bo blind as not to see the flint siness of this project. The tooting ot their tax bills the Common Council ten no power over certain expenditures-and it is true thev have not; but they have power over others, Lnd their policy is indicated by not remedying the evils which they can remedy. The public printing was complained of last year, and the Common Council were asked to do'he work by contract. The same course was pursued Jhis vear and the result has been, that the present SommS SUB. m Ihu. h.v. lollowtJ u. .he footsteps of their predecessors. . f d The question is not, where san property be toun on which to impose a big tax, but how can the big in i he made smaller! We auswer, lit the words ot Gov. Morton, of Massachusetts, re number ol watchmen, and the W <1?* JJJS SaSsStfSsscssrsas he tax imTw impoaeu'la strictly a county and State tax, ani ?n noT..pirir corpor,uoa t.Xn f"?j?Vere Ms?or Aldermen and Commonalty of the city were SSSJtf.. "iSirST M1 Uw ha? been changed, and power given tSssssgsgs! BSSSfiSSSgssg thing"- an?l another (lay on which they shall Bni' ^ oeiuw other specified things, and then the 8*H*Mrv?or? are io meet ar^a they are aut homed to do Certain apeci tied thiufti. Now theae ure all plain mailers, ana the SuUm* the Assessor* are plain j they *"*%}*???? officers, umtuabls to nobody but to the sl*^r lhe Supervisors areslso au independent body.: flu ties are pointed out by attitute. lh? J... lawa ot Comptroller u all to be lound in chaPttr Ul!> of laws ot E^JS:{3r,?Sf ."Mb. * Si5W3.1S3' I ?Mitt Board ot 8npemaora have nothing to do witfc. t! e expenditures ot the Common Council incurred prio '^L'^Cofpomloa^of the city and the 8?^r yUo.sof the county are dUtmct organixatwna. and if a ZCrv^r0.'^1?, and Ud.r?Dw!&the indebted a?<ot the i?t Common Council^ VVo antwer . puraue ihe Mine course the cn.umg mouth^of ^ i,ur?ued by the Common I euncii in 1840, vix . aak in Lixlutuie lor authoiity to luud the floating debt thw ?"? ?lalature ; Mayor, at the ume the tax ?ctnwa? contemplated te be altered from city to county ?rhR luurnal ol the 8,nateof 1MI wdl show tUisi altera Uon wd we r. ferto th? printed copy now In the County Clerk'a office for the official fact*. *r ' Th? hit)*\*ture are to convene on the flrft Monday ol January and the texe. ?... not payable ontil the Ml. day i? Ktb7u.ry! and there U, therefore, ol.undant Ume for #?The arreani .hould be funded, payable in tasUta?nU ol $50,000 jwsr annum, until liquidated, to be rai y " TZ r r e^ort one? thaube citlxen. com n?in ot ?h?e are tfe principal offender., and sga.n.t Ti ?? tke whole cUy have to be on watch night an3 day b0uyi. of particular omiaaion. that we complain, and1 we flaws SwSaasS"'ssssssf?3 p-r-Mrtir tmt. Show the price* paid, and the people will diacrtsal j "*Thfl nrewnt Common Council were elected to reduce the taxw, and public expectation that they would doth" Jhe^atMthe^Stance itw'll hav"to fall, unle.a they Perform. Cifv TrMitirv bv thrufctiuf a veto into a :?T wk?.oK th. 'omaon, o'incil ^ \ -.KS'KSW auiT.j. c.jRb?> ?r''.y* & roUeaauea followed him under the some bond 27.: T.mln Da vn for stealing a suit of harneas, and two other* burgee for off. itiana Navai..?Commodore John D. S1?"1* s.atfsa.'i-s^r5 'SJJffiflj. a Important kxom TkXAe?Some very impormui intelligence from Texas will be found in the fol lowing, which we take Irom tho New Orleans Pi cayune of ihe 8th instant Yusterday morning a Texan vessel, the Star, arrived in twelve day ? (ruin Galveston, having on board h. O Corr, with despatches lor tke I' b. Owveruruent, and for the British und K ranch Ministers at Washington City. Tha despatches arc supposed to relerto the invasion ul Texas. Oun. Weil, souia 10,000 ul the advance detachment ot the Mexican army, has, it is said, arrived on the banks of UielUo (iiaadc. The despatches were forwarded t>> yesterday'* a.ail Tau u indeed deeply inteiestuig in telligence, and may be supposed to lrvu created greai ex citement hi Tex**. It it, However, but a rumor. Many intelligent gentlemen with whom we have couveraed ex prtfcaine opinion that this* repoit is at leant premature.? Although aiich a loice may be on tho march lor tiiat baac ot the lutnie opoiauous ol Mexico against Texan, we aie COlutrmu* d to duubt il they yet hate an organized loice ol ten ttoutann men teady to cross the (rentier. Our latekt Uate* irom Galveston were to 11th ult. We now have datea to the ^4th. The Galve<ton New a of that day ia before ua, lrom which we gather the following in telligence 'ine Hon. Tilghman A. Howard, Minister to Texas lrom the United States, died at Waabington on k riday the Kith ult. He reached there ouly lea or twelve days before lie diod. Truly thereaoema to be a lataiity connected with the diplomatic ageucy ol our countiy in Texaa. Gen. Howard nuinliers the fourth American Muiiater who haa lound a grave In that republic It ia but a few week* aince we rtcorded the death* of (J?u. Murphy, the Ameri can charge, and A. M. (i.etu, Ksq , U. 8 i ousul, within a tew djyn ol each other. It paiua ua to learn alio ol the death of Commander J T. K. Lothiop, ol the Texaa Navy. Hedied at Waabing ton on the 14th Ult, of bilioua lever Capt. L. waa well knowu in thia city, und hia loaa will be i.oepiy legietu-d by numerouk lriends The ' Vindicator''states he wai a native ot Maaaachuaetti, and a deacendant in the maternal line liom Kukland, one ol the early pilgrim lathera. A letter lrom a highly ro-pectable metchanl in Han An tonio to a gentleman in Uaiveaton, dated July '.lath, eaya : You have heaid ol the intended invaaion ot 1 exa> by Mexico, and 1 inuat auy 1 am ot the pokitlve impression it ia true, as the Mexicana living ia thia place have received many letter* from their Irienda the other side ot the Rio Grande, continuing the newa. torn, Moore's trial waa progressing at laat accounta from Wakhington. The health of Uaiveaton leema to be improving. The Newi hay the following on thia subject. We now feel juatiAed in aasuriug our fiienda abroad, and ihote who have taken to the country to preserve their health, that the epidemic haa entirely leltour city. There haa not been a new caae to our knowledge aince the thun der ahower that viaited ua laat week, and we t>? lieve our city ia in a* good a state of health an ever, excepting in aorne caaea where thepatn-nts were attacked in tue early part of the aickne**. Yeaterday we had another tine ahower; and onr city ia now all lite again. The canvassing in the election tor rresident wa* going on very quietly. There appeara to have been le?a than the uiuai excitement manifested. ho Little buktle just tie fore an election waa never witnessed there. After the above waa prepared, we leamed that the de ?patches lor our Government were forwarded by Mr. Newell, the American Consul at Galveston, to Mr. Bar rett, the Collector ol this port, with intimationa ol their importance, and requesting him to have them aent with all despatch to the seat ol Government. In compliance with thia request, the documents left in yesterday morn ing's mail. Common Council. The Board of Assistants met last evening, William fc> ebukll, tsq., in the chair. The minutes ot the laat meet ing weie read and approved. iVtii ant Referred? Ot B. Ledmore for remission of tax. The Rtchainlet.?An invitation waa teceived irom the order of lUchabitea to attend a meeting during the pre aent week. Accepted. A petition waa received and referred from Jacob Robin son and others, asking for aid to establish an anti-Gamb ling Society. Mr. (.'HiHLiaa presented the report of the Committcaon Application lor Ollice adverse to the appointment of Ira Clark aa Assistant Keeper of the Battery, which waa not received. Curjimralion Attorney.?The Committee to whom had been reterred the chaigea preterred against the Corpora tion Attorney, sent in the following ie|K>rt ol receipts by that functionary : Received for the mouth of June $523 73 July ttUiii " " " August, 7B'J 41 Total W.136 1*4 The Heport waa accepted. Pupertjiom lie Hoard ?An orJinonae to organize the Board ot llrxltli was read and approved, and concuned in. Hoag ? A resolution iiomthe Board uiluvor ot author ising ttra Comptroller to pay $duu tewuid for tke aneut of Huag. Mr. Chaxlicx was of opinion that the matter should be referred, aa it waa mysterious bow the persons, who hud lately escaped out ol the Tombs had contrived to get out The question, on its adoption, was taken and carried. The Princeton. --The reaolution Irom tne lloaid in favor of supplying the '-Princeton" with Crolou water, waa brought up. Mr. Smith opposed this resolution. Mr. Charlick waa of opinion that this vessel of war in the barboi ought to be Heated with courtesy and attei. tion Refusing such a small matter as a supply ol water, would create very bud feeling, and the citizens of New York ought not bo backward in extending tho hospitali ties ot the city to an Ameiican ship of war. Mr. bMi i it and Mr. Bi.a< asi om opposed tho resolution. The yeas and nays weie called for on the motion to lay on table Ayes S. Nays 7. The resolution was laid on the table Reaolution to regulate aud repair Grand street, from Ccntro to the Bowery?Adopted. The Cotnmitto*) on Roads uud Canals repoited in favor of concurring with the Board in relution to the continua tion ol the work on the Stanton street newer. A lesolution was offered in favor oi appropriating a sum of f 140# fur the common schools, 14th ward. Coiporation Attvrm y ?Mr. ALuaw offered a resolution, proposing to make iuquity into the amount of money paid into tho city treasury by Mr. Tildell, Ux Corporal ion At torney. Mr Chari.ick wished to offer a few remarks on tho re solutions. There must have been some object in pro|>o sing the resolution. He was of opinion that the resolu tion was not the production of the gentleman ol the 13th. The tenor and language of the resolution was the prortuc tion ol another brain, unworthy of the confidence of the present Board He waa ul opinion thut the resolution was the production of a base and unprincipled man. Mr. Divvca was ol opinion that the return ol the prc?ent Corporation Attorney ought to have been accompanied with hi* affidavit. Mr. A loin offered the reaolution merely for inquiry. Mr. Chablicx stood up tu defend the late Corporation Attorney He considered the resolution made an indirect attack upon the reputation of the Kx-Coiporatiou Attor ney, Mr. Tildell, who was well known for his high char acter and standing. It wos moved by Mr. Charlick to lay the resolution on > the table?Lost. 'I'he resolution was then carried?Ayes 10, noes 6. The Board of Assistants adjourned, after pasaing seve ral papers from the Board. General Meaalono. Before the Recorder and Aldermen Dickinson and Mott. Hr.rr. 16.?Trial of Madame Hird for Abortion.?The trial of thia woman waa resumed upon the opening of the Court Hi* Honor the Recorder stated that an error had ap peared in some of the papera in relation to his decision given on Saturday. That he had decided that the paper* recorded with the Clerk should be open to the inspection ol counsel after the parties accused had bean brought to trial, that they might compare the affidavits with the tes timony given on trial in order to diacover any discre- I pancies that might occur, and not aa the papers had re ported. Mr. rATgasoN said that he had understSod the decision to have been given as it was reported. The RiroRTEa begs leave to ditto entirely from his Honor the Recorder. What he inlrndid to decide, he knows not, bat the decision he gave was a* reported in ouHpaper of yesterday. and tho Sunday Allan Mr. Gbaham then offered in evidence, the testimony of Ann Eliza Munson, taken in rxtremii before the ('oroner in the form of dy ing?declaratioiis, whereby she inpLicatod Madam lleatell as the woman who hail procured au abor tion from her. The District Ai>i?nrT objected to the admission of such affidavit*, on the ground that it was not relevant, unless the indictment was for manslaughter, and he cited various authorities to sustain hi* objection. Tho Coi-bt sustained the objection upon the authorities quoted by the District Attorney, and ruled out the testi > uiony. Mr Gas ham excepted to the ruling of the Court. Aenxa Milliki* was called to snow that he was or dered to serve a snmmons upon Madam Reatell to appear before the Coroner's Jury, she being charged withnav. ing procured an abortioa from Miss Munson, and that she The DttrBicT Arroanrv objected, on the ground of ir relevancy. The Corar sustained the objection and the defence ex cepted to the ruling of the Conrt. Mr. Gaaham offered to show that Madam Resteil was indicted for the same offence that Madam Bird was now upon trial for. A number of offor* were then made, opposed, and re jected Dr. G. 9. Broroan was called to oontradict the medical i testimony of the phisician* for the prosecution ; he how ever only clinched it, by saying that from the testimony of the physicians he waa convinced that the delivery must have beon ot very recent date. The Court took a recess from 8 to 4 o'clock. Mr. Obaham then closed for his client in hi* nmal for. cihle and cUar manner, and the Recorder charged the Jurv. alter a very brief conference, pronounced a verdict of Guilty. Sentence suspended to allow the de fence time to prepare a bill ol exception*. The Conrt then adjourned till thia morning at elevnr, o'clock. St.AV*Rh.?The achoonern Manchester anil Pevr reua, which have been subjected to a rigorous examine tion by the Kevrnue Officers of Boston, o:i suspicion in fitting out aa slavera, wew? liberated on Raturday noo?. nothing having beon discovered to aartain tho suspicion Pr*uc 1 >ibt of Alabama.?The Mobile Kegi-i tor sUtea that "all the interest due on Mate Bonds l<>r th? i current year has l?e?n provided for, and the short b?i> s , which loll duo in IM4 have boon extended." TlieiatrlenW, ike. Mr. Forrest drew a crowtlrJ huuse for his bene fit, as Macbeth, at tbe Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia, on Saturday evening, and never per formed that character better. Mr. J. M. fccott is playing at the Pittsburgh Theatre. June te Turner's equestrian company ate at De troit?the Virginia Minsirels are in the company. Meanrn. Kendall, Swijt and Jones are giving ooncerts at Erie, Penn. Col. Chatlin, the celebrated dwarf, is about to be exhibited at Pouglikeepsie. Welch's equestrian company are performing thin week at Philadfl^pliia, and lrom thence proceed to Kaltunore, wliere they ?.|*n the Fruut Street Theatre on the :10th, akerwnrds they are going to Kichmoud. Mr. Huckett has arrived in this city. The Ethiopian Serenades have been performing before the t resident and hit> family at the White House, much t<> their amuseuieut. They are now at the Musical Fund Halt, Philadelphia. Mr. Anderson was announced 10 make his ap nearauce last evening at the Arch Street Theatre, Philadelphia. "The Drunkard Reformed" has been played with great success during the past week, in Phila delphia. Kich's equestrian company are performing it New Orleans. Mr. W. H. Chapman commenced an engage nu-ut last evening ui ihe Walnut Street Theatie, Philadelphia. City Intelligence. I.owfr Police Office.?, 10 -Eitoitior aso Qamulink.?A luttiiui like despuiado, named Charles C. Ooehoes, who formerly kept a "hall" at the north-west corner ol Liberty and Wsfbington streets, wti arrtsttd yesterday on an old charge, made against him by a coun irj man named James M tint, ol Kocklsnd,Sullivan coun ty, tor extortiou, by robbing hiai of $i7ft. Hitt came on ?bore from one of the North river steamboats at tbe time in queiitiou, and it being a stoimy night, be engaged a cab uriver to take bnu to a hotel He took hini to the home of Ooehoes instead ol tbe place dealted, andhs was there lobbed and swnulled ui ail ni.i money, and then was kicked out of doors. Gochoea was commuted to prison to await for bis examination. Upper Poltcc.?Hascuiwo a Fiiiokii ? A man giving his name as John McOuire, was arrested on Sun day, the 8th infct by officers Stiong and Bush, charged with attacking Chiules Mllliken, Sunday Otticer of the Seventueutb Ward, and leacumg a pritoner Horn hia cua tody at the coi iiei of Hivingtcn and Deiancey itr?tli>? On being brought to the office he was r? cognised to be Kobe it aunioii, sties John McOuire, against vshum there was a warrant tor luroeny committed on the iUth July last, at the house ot Mom s Keldman, I'M Jiidge street.? He wasluliy committid on both chuiges in detault 01 bail (800 on the first and $100 on the fcicond. Accident?Mad Butx.?An elderly gentleman named l'itcb, of 48 Allan street. was attacked yesterday moiu* ing, in Eidridge street, by a mau bull, which tossed him, and tailing on the pa\ement, he rtceived stiious injuries, one aim, and heveml ilba being broken. Ihe bull * as arrested by otticer Van Tatial, ot the Upper Police. Coroner's Office.?Suicide.?An inquest wsi held on the body ot James McCaiy, s cabinet oiaker, recently from Havei straw, who committed suicide, by cutting his throat,at the house where be has recently boaided in this city, 71 Washington street. Ill health and despondency appears to have been the cause. Fires and Incendiaries ?On Friday morning, the cottoa factory ot Mr. Fulton, at Bolton. The ?tock and machinery was injured,principally,however,by water. The dsaiago was coveied by insurance in the Merchants ottice. On Saturday morning an alarm ol fir* was given?it was ascertained to have proceeded lrom the burning of a Urge and valuable burn, belonging to Kich ard Crisp, ksq , in Anne Arundel county, with its con tents, consisting of some too to 1'iOo bushels of wheat, a quantity of oata, and severui valuable oxen. Lots about 13000?no lu 'irunce On Sstuiday night a starie.on the Hookstown road) and a^ain at hall pdst 12 o'clock, the destruction of s stable, owned by Mr. George, on Holiins street.? Baltimore CJtfp*r. (j{f- I'rofossor Morse arrived at Baltimore on Saturdsy last, and intends, in conjunction with H J llogers, Lsq , to put his Magnetic Telegraph into immediate opperation. Ijjr- There lias been uii extraordinary mortality nrmirig the members elected to the North Carolina Legislature iu tbe eaily pai t o! lust inon'h, lour of ihem having died aince then,Viz: Mr Brummell, one ot the llavidaon Commoners; Mr. ltansom Saunders, Senator from Johnson; Mr. Levi Walker, a member ol the Com mons from CabWtll; si:d Mr. James Harper, a Commoner from Oreene.?Baltimorr Jlmrruan. STATEN ISLAND FERR Y. FOOT OK WHITEHALL. The Boats will run n* follows until further notice .? LEAVE NEW YORK: 8. ?, 9, 10, It. A. J. S&. i, IK, P. M. Leave stated ISLAND : T, a, 9, in, II, A. M.; 1, a, ?. 4, ?H, p. M. P. H?All goods are required to be particularly marked, aad are at tin ritfc of the owners thereof. PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEaMBvAJS FOR ALBANY. DAILY, Sundayseicepted?Throagh direct, t ?> P. M., from lie Steamboat Pier betwsaa .Gonrtl uidt and Liberty streets. The Steamboat KNI< KKKBOCkhH, Captain A P. Sc. Joliu, Monday, \Vk-dnesd ty and Friday Eveuiugs at ( The Htr.-imhogt KOCH ESTER, Capuia A Houghton, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Evi-uings, at t> At Kive o'clock, P. M.?Landing at lullrmediate Plaeea. '1 he Steamboat NORTH AMhii.ll A, Captain K. O Cret tendril, Monday, Wednesday, a id Friday and Sunday Af ternoons, at S o'eloek The Steamboat COLUMBIA. Caiiiain William H. Peek, Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 5 o'clock. Passengers taking either of the above burs will arrive in Albany in ample (line to take the Morning l'raiauf Cars for 'be ?,it or west. The bouts ar* n?w and aubstantiai, are fai iiislif-d with new and rlrjiaut sta'e rooms, and for sprrd and ac commodations, We tinrivalU<1 ou the Hudson. All (M-rsous are forbid treating anv of the Steamboats of this like, without a written <<rdrr from the CapUm. hur passage m freight, apply on board, or to P. C. Srhults, at. the Ottice on iIm wharf slCrc ~ n11tii'K-l'.vp;nTvoTTniTat"six 'O'CLOCK K)K ALBA N V?The srrsai .bosU h N It KKKBOCKKK and HOCHLS TKB, will litii'l at Poughkeepkie during tnr wrrk of the Fair ind I Attlr Shuw , Commearisg on Monday, Se|?t. ISth. Kara 74 cents each way. sIS 4trc ~ HOt'H7 HANtiKI) TO SIX O t LOCK, P. M.?tin and after Monday, Mtik. 16th. IM4. the Nicbt Line to ALBANY ANU TROY y> ill < hnnfcf tlif hour ol?l#j>nrlun' from 7 to 6 o'clock. P. M., and will Iaiii) at PoiiKhk**?*|>?i** rlurinu tlw Fair aim C?tU? Bliow. Fare 1'j c^ntaonlv to f'ntiKhkreiwip. 'Hm* ttpamer 8wALL()w, C?|H. A. McLean, MomUy Ibtii. ami Wndiicailay, I8'H. The iMmiv ALB AN V, ( aptain H. B. M . TiMMiUay, ITth, 'Diursday, 19th, at 6 o'clock, from < ort lanW%imt r>i?*r. MormiiK l.ine, at 7 o'clock, from Harclav *trr?t m?r, th? THt)V and KM^IRK. , / ' Durim; the great Hair and Cattle Show, Tuesday. 17th, Wedn>'?day, ISth, and Thursday, Iftth. will (educe the fare ta 71 cents to and from Pou|hkrrp?ir ana New York. si! KOIt BATH, UARUINKK AND 11A l.l.O W K.LL The new aeamer PKVOBSCOT, Captaia 'N. Kimball, Iravea tlir end of T wharf, Boston, .every Tuesday and Friday evenings, at T o'clock. Stages will be in readiness on lie, arrival at tne above places, to convey passengers to the neighboring towns. KALL AND WINTER ARRANOKMKNT. NEWARK *ND NEW YORK. FARE ONLY 181 CKNT9. THE NEW ANI) SWIFT STKAMKR RAINBOW. CAIT.tIN JOHN OAKKY. ON and srerSeptember 10th will rnn dally, >as follow s (Sunilsy* incluib d):?l^*avs New "U f,nit of ( entt^ street, < o'clock A. M.? Leavr Nrw \ oik, fool of Barclay street, 3 o'clock I'. M ?i|H rrc PASSA(?K. FOR LONDON ?Pscket of the 1st Oetoher ?The splendid, fast ss-ling Packet ?hip MKDIATOH, Captain Cliadwick, sail, positively ?itwur, her regnl r dev. ... , . . ? The sSSommodstions of this ship for cabin, second cabin and itmraKi* imiMfftri, cannot hr iiir|'M?ro. I no* wnhinn to vfUiv bertl?4 alu'tiM not fail to make early application on board, or to w k j T -j APSt OTT. 7S Hon til at reel, r.inirr of Maid?ii 1 ane. Ii t IN KKW ORLEANS?To suecerd the Kan field -i'lw- f*?t ?nttiMi ship ALFRED, ( aptaln M^er^. ,w ill sail oil tie* J2il Sn>ir?Wr, her regul<r day. . .its ship has unsurpassed accommodations Tor cabin, second cabin and atrer-ge |xtaaenjjere, who w ill be tak?? at the ratrj. Those desirous of aecuriug berths, will w -aaairrd to malo- early application on board the ship, at IVarray s wharf, f iot of Wall St., or to JOHN 11KRDMAN, (I Soath strea*. N. B.?The snhscribrr will have a tegular succession of first claaa ?hi|is sailing every few days for Ine above port sit re FOR NEW ORLEANS.-Diar.iT.-The .team ship ALABAMA, 700 tons burthen, H'-nry IVindie, aHKHHaal oniinsnil< r, will sail lor tbe above |sirl on ilw Jth uetobei iiett, at ? o'clock This splendid and remarkably staunch steamer has been thoroughly overhauled th<- present summer, newly copia-rrd, and is furnlslied with s powerful set of new Boilers, made at the Novelty Works of this city. She is expected to make the run to the llalixe with ease In si, days; and having handsome and comfortable accommodations, lor both cabin and sireragr passengers, olfro sajumanally daUfaMS couveysnce to the travelling community, r or light lij ignt or passage, and) to ? si loViSrc Front St. FOR LlVKHI'OC?L-The New, ^ine-lts^lsr py iscket aut kpw^-An* jrwiufUjff lb York butt packet Ql/EEN t'r IMSiWIjri. . .puSn>il" Woodhoaer, ItiO tons hurtl.erti, will sail aa *l,|f,r'fm?l!ifor naasasa lianng elegant and snpenor seeommo J^uSLn-TdTy an' Sip S ?h"v ^ board. Wret side Barling Slip, or fyoot)HirLL V MINTURNS, IV Hsath stseet V'i""', uki^shilS ''^cheater, Captain Irtt BrtttOn. master, 8on h? rrgt.l -r <ls), aist Octolirr. aSCTrr jn KOR \1 At3K.IRA ? Io iail lb|?lllai I'isoc only?'rheline, eojuperedi and copi^r-fasten HQZLd.eak tiuilt brig LONG ISLAND, ( aptatn Thorp, jJ(inaI?MiTimited numliei of passntgers to the abova Island, b> n? lilted ui> with every accommodation, without^ rv<aro to eipease, and having an ice-honsr on deck to i**it fresh i*dvi (Ttms lor the voyage V?f |ssssege^a|jy|^ (^m)llHN, sttoll'ec ' ** o"* Ml'*

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