Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 5, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 5, 1844 Page 2
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fsnoes charged, and, of mmm, the two bad counts among the rest; ?j 'II'" record tolu -Mae tiu'h, but Loids Unj'i'hini mJ L. Ihurst slid it told a lie ; but then, Mt*?-1 !?? il *ven ! 'here were found tuiee ineu honest enough to ?i>--k the truth, a ad therefore it it that I call upon you to rejoice, b-cause h is been given IB oui favor oa the marl's, ant the techmctdi'ie.-; were on the oth r sida ('? H-ar," and ch"*u ) They attempted to couf'Uud truth wi ll a fiction ol law or a lie ; but truth aud justice and t.iu record ?cr? * ith u?, and we can make. them * compliment of the lit- f jr their portion (< heem ) 11' nexi pro ?? ded to make the (Iinn.tit /lonui ublr to a clisi ol turn whom hea unit tod tiehado!t>na>s lied?the ["bate, brutal, and bloody"] Whigs H-* lattled them lor the appointment of the JiugkS *ho had decided iu lint favor. They made Lord Cottecham (he said) Lord < hancellor, aud a better J idge n--ver exited (Heir) Next to him 1 place the L?d Chief Jus'iMof thetjueen's Bench in LugUnd-Lord Dennian. (tmt cheering lor ^me mi nutea ) There have been many great tneti from time to time on the Kugliah bench, but who among them has mown himself ?hat Deiimau ha*I He talked ol this trial by Jary, and Slid if a similar course were continued, that trial by Jury in lr. latid would become a mockery, a de lusion uud a snare. (Hear, hear, and cheer* ) '1 ake that, Mr. Attorney Geueral Smith. Head that, Mr Chief Jus tice Pi iinrlather. Write that on a flip of psper, and use it as h inaik ia your Prayer-book, Mr. Justice Cram|iton (il -i , .m l tlughter) The Chi't Justice ol the Hueen a Bench in Lnrland piunouncol a rep.'.iti'n ol the course minr.iim fii hy jou to be a delusion, a mo keiy.anda snaie (iteai.) We are come to great tune*?we are Coin-' to times when, it a similar course to that taken to e&sure a verdict against us ba again acted upon, it roust ba regarded as ?' a mockery, a delusion, ana a snare (Hear, near) And, oh, how 1 thank the ' fit 1 Justice of England lor the words! Next to him is a nobleman who has I nut the head ol his profession for years Lcrd Campbell told me that on his vi it to Ireland as Lord Chaji dlor, he had not been m re than a w eek in this country b.tore his heart became thoroughly Irish, and thank h 'aveh his shrewd Scotch head remains to guide it, an I tus recent conduct t oes honor to both by the man liness with which he trampled undwi'foot the attempt at argument which was madu by the opposing party (t neeis) We owe a debt ol gratitude to the whig* for su :h appointments, and it will De hord to get m?- to abuse vhem again (Laughter) We owe them that debt lor the principle by which they have been actuated in their Selecti ;;i at Judges, and if they had selected bad Judges the> win:; ' tiud m as^iling them as readily as I now ten J'-r t... a my prune. Lord Deniuati had been latioiing for many years a* a barrister in the Queen's Bench, and il tin'. I'.u i. s sad continued in power he never would have been a Judge !o the present hour (Hear ) Lord Cotten hum would never li-ve been a Judge, anil Lotrt Campbell woui never have been elevated to the bench It is owing to th^e.v luaiou of the Tories for a time Item power that wo ha ? .: piiied the glory , the honor, and, I will add, the s c.urity ot the admriistration of justice, arising Irom having such distinguished peisonages on the bench. Mr. O'Onnell then talked iu a conciliatory strain of his late ilitt,:renco with .vir. Sheil. He had been angry with hi . Ii tend for tuking for him a lioon from Sir Robert Peel, which he would have lotted in gaol sooner than have nccepteJ ; but his friend to whom his coun'ry owed ?0 deep a ''ebt of gratitude, could afford to be wrong tor once ill Ilia life. The learned orator then rambled into a variety < f topic*. In vindication of his course oi pro ceeding-, he drought fotward the sanction ol the Catholic Clergy and the Catholic Archbishop of Dublin. Have 1 not (be said) to boast of this, that even on yes terday my revered friend the Most ltev. Dr. Murray, the Catnoiic Archbi hopot Dubliu (and I am almost afhamed of using so familiar a term in speaking ol him), at the head o! hi* cleigy, stood before the altar ofleritg up hi* h.indi together to the Uo 1 of all, gratelul recollection and thttakbgifing lor the triuj-phaftt asi?'ition ol the mercy that the Almigh'y had vouchsaled towurds us. II we hud acted disloyally, immorally, or illegally, is not | Dr. Murray loj al enough to reluse to ?anction our acts I la there, confe?*edly a more loyal man in the nation than he is, and is not his eutire life a continued iustanceof his loyal'r and worth I Oh, 1 feel a pleu*ur? beyor.d ex- i pression, that yesterday we had his tcstiniony in our la vor. (Hear) .Mr. O'Connel then turiud upon his op)>onent8 ; accused " ili it m ilignant vinegar citu t on two legs" the Attorney i i "ii' nl persecuting b:m-t lf and his ?oit John, because he it had im eacheii the Attorney- eneial's lather, Bil l John O'i onnell had opposed him at Youghall j and the l callc I flir Kdwird SugJen a"c.uised contumelious Knglisli dog?a cur which burked when he durst not bii>." . . il hen proceeded to consider the question, what were they to do f The fi -t point was the meeting at Clont sif. H ' hud at first th iught it necessary to call it, in order to vindicate a /reat principle: but on reflecting deeply ou what had oc curred in the H uise of Lord*, where the vindication of its Ivgaiity had been put ou eternal record by Denman, Cotniiitiam, and Campbell, he began to doubt its necessi ty: it might create ili feeling. l>e cou*trued into a with to insult, and alienate triend* But, on that day week, he ?liotilrl propose that that i|iie*tion should be relern d to a committee; he did not wish to prejudice their de:ision, but he must say that hi* o, inlon was against the meeting. The next point relerred to the plan he had frequently pto posed last } ear that 300 gentlemen Irom Hie various counties in Ireland should meet on u certain day in Dub lin (cheers), and th?t their title to meet should he the Handing in o< each;that they should have u treasurer ol thm own, Pud have the woiking ol their own lund* (Chei r< ) H " did not intend that they should initiate any thing, but thst they should control every thing, and that the It- Association should be completely governed by lit "in. and not venture upon any a t without tneir pievi ou> Miir.c iuu. (Cheers ) \ body ot tnia kmd would com pn,i ; i,i,my Ol Hi<" -vealthy and inlluen ml ot lielHnd, that it would be an iff c'uslcheck to my rash revolution my outbreak, and would tie- a steady ''.tait tipcn the wheel of the movement It w ould lie of thHt beam g on soci?ty and ln^ti station that it could tnter into treaty with Cio. vrnme it. (Loud cheers ) It could arrange it* own plans with Miniutcri, aud stipulate terms (Grreat chier inir) No hftiiJ-over-hedil work, but steady, delii erat? agreemi nt (Pht-ers ) And he re let mo say (he added) tba I quite :igree iii making the experiment ol a taderul I'arlia ment I want any Parliament which willpio'ect In land, and ask far nu more. It we arrive at the period of rental without some h Illy of thi* de*ciiption, Government may dictate n plan to you, perhaps, which may lull short ot jus tice, though it *.ni?ly some ot you. Thej- can never do so with tlii? Pre*ervative Society of 3'W (Cheers ) The terms of any treaty must he weilconsidered financial as well a i political ; audit seem* to nie that we shall here have the workmen to build up the place ol justice to Ire land (Liu 1 chesrs) I will this day week move tor a heiect < ommittee to consuler the possibility of *nch an assemblage, and to prepare ca-es to have laid belore the most eminent law\er* ot Kngland an?l Ireland. ( heer* ) Hh third plan-one to which he win greatly attached was t? procure Impeachment* ol the Judges ot the Irish Court ot Ci 1> en's Bench and the Attorney (ieneral.on the, groMetso the unf?ir proceedings ol the piesecuuon. a I ? in1 conduct of 'he Judge* on the Bench He inwnu at t m en t d motive* ; mentioned,a* u ground of *us pici.,1 ht les*t, that the Lord Chief Justice's nephew had g it a place at the Cattle anil that there was a story of Mr. .iti-iic. Crampton having been provided lor Lastly, Mr. O'Counell came to the members of the (Jovei ninent. I a?k > ni (iieranl) ure the Minister* to escape I (Otoans an I yells) Is Sir J Oraham to escape I (Loud cries ol " No. no,"an I groans and busing) He who had the mi paralleled i.npu tence, in the absi nce of t we memhers ol the H call them convicted conspiratoi*. (A voice, ' H 'i a liar." Cheering.) Why, you seem to he a* uncivil as Sir Jame* himself (Laughter ) I do not call him that, hut I do term him atoul mouthed letter-breaker. (Shout* o applause and aughter) I come to what Shell did in the House. He produced Sir It. Peel's declaration belore hi* face He had that paper before hi* eye*, and yet he had the power of face, the audacity, the iBtensity ol lalseheod to sav according to newspaper reports, that we had a lair trial (Several voices, "He'* a liar ") To be sure he ia (iireat cheering, and loud latighter ) There'* a British .Minister for you?the Premier of the first country in the w^irld. (Groan* and laughter ) With a packed Jury, a one-sided Chief Justice, the ? Kclusion of Juiois and ovi dence, he ventur?'d to sny we had a fair trial. Oh, a very fair trial, sweet Sir Robert! (Groan*.) Ah my good man, you were wrong to call him a liar. He think* what we cot was a very loir trial for nil Irish Catholic (< heer itig n id groanO That foul falsehood, however, identified him with the whole of the proceeding* hare, and the Uni'ei is but a mockery indeed, if the K.nglish people do not ioin u* in i tirling Peel from othce, and driving him from power a* Ministerial leader in Parliament (Cheer* ) 1 hue done (said Mr O'Cormell, by way ot peroration.) I want to consider the affair ot the Clontarf meeting. ;i ries ol 'Have it') I want to con*ider the assembling of the Preservative Societ\. 1 *ec, 1 know I can r? ly tijivij ? bep. opje, (< heeri ) There will We no riot, no revolt, no tumult or violence They would n*t ba the shrewd t, oi.le that they are. if they did not perceive the advau tag.'s they have already derived Irum the same rr uise at the time ol the emancipation and tlier agitation* (Cheir*). 1 tell you Iteiie-ii is irresfntible, if you continue iieace aide (Cheers) Oh, how my heart throb* with delight when I see the O'Biien'?. the Butler*, the Hutchinson*, the viockles, the Porters, rallying round old Ireland (Great cheering ) What a day will we have round hiug William in College-green. (Great laughter) What a triumph we had on Friday when the new* ol tardy jus tic? tUm 'Hi iRit wan spr?sd throigh the rountry. is a pmud feeling, a i ohle hope, an endearing anticipa tion tor us to look forward to the day when we shall have oi l liei in 1 l ee, and a nation ag nn ?(tremendous rlieer jug . to have her commerce spring to life, her agriculture cr<> oviifd with richf*n, to makH her m^rry nisiHs ann brav?t m< n more meit y and cheerlul and happy. Old In land for ever-burr h lor the K? peal! Ir (J'Coi tntll rearm ed his at amid applause nemly protiacted und quite us enthusiastic as that winch greeted hi* opening address. Someetliir -pei'cbes were made and some money was handed in umidmuch confu lor. Mr O'ronnell then MiitintinOed the rent lor the. week to be Xft7h 6* fld. The .laual vote o' that.ks having been passed to the Chun man, the meeting, which was very turbulent ufter Mr. O'l onncll's speech wss ovrr then adjenmed. [jIpkhation or O'Connkl^?Skntknck RhVERsro. On VVednestlay, the 4th ult., the Lnr-I Chancel lor proceeded to deliver Ilia opinion in the taae ol " the Quern va. O'Onnell hihI othe.ra " Lord Cam) bell, nfter Mating hns opinion that the indictment conimned BOtne good couuta, agreeing vir Justice Coltmun and Mr Harnn I'arke in i e,r'opinion on the point ol the judgment having t ive,i generally upon the indictment,noiwith?d?nd- | mi the defective countB, he tliought that the judg ment could not he sustained. The noble and learned Lord concluded by moYinir that the judg ment be reversed. The amendment of Lord CampbHI was then put und carried by the affirmative. The judgment ot Lie Court below, therefore, stands reversed Of the eleven counts which composed the mo'i eter indictment, they pronounced more than hull to be either informal or bad Four ol the counts they held to be informal by finding of the jury, and two to lie radically bad The bad cotinta are the cixth and seventh, which charge the monster meet ings and form tiie kernel of the t flence. Un these pi intmhe ittdges were uu.inimoua. Lihkratioh of (yCowMU/?Rive*sal or thi JnajviitNT.?Pevr ev?Bis have caused greater ex i itement. Upon the people, whose leader Mr. O'Conuell is, the efl- ct has been astounding. The ?roceedings connected with the monater trial, from ? eir first commencement to theft nnal close fcy the ftCtsion ot th? limheat court of judiaaiure in the most s'iujuUm !u1,n lue pa*e of history a* the fortunate in " 'heir character, and the most un ment lheir results,<;ver instituted byagovern ..,U:i-.^mpt to vindicate what is called the 1 r? 'he law," i.s little calculated io inspire (ect tor the public tiibunals, or lor the talents el lo h*,m' ln th"" Connor and O'Connell have both triumphed over them ; the first hi England, the ludt ui Ireland. o cope with the leader of the Chartists or the ability' ^e*>ea'er8 heyoid their At the weekly meeting of this Association on the lo h lnst., Mr. O'Connell made another lonij si ''ecli, in the couise of which he again went over nuuy ol the topics embraced in the above speech. ? France. After long denying the tact, the Paris paiiers admit that the 7 ahm question between the French and I.ngh.-li governments is settled. o Npaln. wo^n!,,^0^1^0 b0"'e accoun?.w threatened Zrunt ^LJ revolution In one of the most im men ?nli u tllpre 18 a regimeat of 1800 IE?' Bn, ,ln, the Province of which that town is their n?,a . c>Te are two battalions ready to turn m 2 ? 0 kspariero's use. Madrid journals ol ihe 8th have arrived. The monarchic*! party obtained a triumph in the election of senates and deputies for the capital ? i lie elections were everywhere proceeding quietly, arid with every dny improved prospects of a stroi g ministerial majority. Portugal, Tu f- letters from Lisbon to ihe JO'h instant Hie Cones met on Ihe 30th instant The war of parties teems to be at its height, and the continu ance of >enhor Cabral in power to have brought that country mio a wtate of exireme peril. A rumor was in circulation ol a application being made to tile I ortuguese Uovemmeut by the Russian Minis ter, on the part ol his Sovereign, to permit a Rus sian fleet to winter in the Tagus the ensuing sea son. ihe reduction in Ihe department of the Min ister ol Marine, in conformity with the promised reform m the several ministries, amounts to fortv contos. ' Italy The Augsburg Gazette of the 28'h of Aug. gives some details of an apprehended outbreak in the Itoman State. . Belgium. 1 he Montteur Beige publishes a decree by the King of the Belgians, dated the 7th inst ,by which, asa consequence, of the recent treaty with the Ger man Custom Union (Zollverein,) it is ordered that in luiure Prussian vessels in Belgium ports shall pay only the same duties as Belgian vessels: that the customs duties on wines of the union shall be reductd to 50 centimes per hectolitre in cask, and two francs per hectolitre in bottle; the excise duty also to be reduced 25 per cent.,and the import duty on silk manufactures of the Zollverein to be redu ced 20 per cent. Itussla. The Bremen Gazette has an article from the Polish frontiers, of 3d of September, which states that the Emperor Nicholas has approved of the plan of the Minister of War for very vigorous offensive operations in the Caucasus, and that he is resolved, it not to make the campaign in person, at least to be in the vicinity of the threatre of war. Count Nesselrode is shortly expected to return to t- t Petersbtirgh ; it is affirmed that he has commu nicated to ihe Enelish Cabinet the decided inten tions of ihe Emperor respecting the war in the Cau casus, anil bus obtained the assurance that the as sistance sent to the rebels by English agents from Constantinople shall cease. Greecc. Our Athens correspondent writes,under date 26th ult, th it the Coletti Ministry would find it impos sible to weather the impending storm, and that the piotectiug Powers would again be obliged to inter fere, in order to save the country from anarchy. w , , K*yp*' we are assured that a treaty, the origin of which mav be referred to 1840, is on the eve of being con eluded, bv which England will obtain possession of the port of Suez, free passage from Alexandria to ? hat port, and other advantages of importance in Egypt and Syria. This treaty, to which France is said to be no party, is guaranteed by Russia, Aus tria, and Prussia. A letter from Alexandria, dated the 8th of Au gust, states the result of Mehemet Ali's late esca pade, which now appears in have been by no means made for iiothiiig His Highness sent down in structions to Artin Bey, ut Alexandria, to inform the five Consuls-General of his perfect re-establishment in health, his renouncement of going to Mecca, and his determination to direct affairs himself as hitherto. Morocco. rhe war bet ween France and Morocco is at an end. I he Pultun h>is given way, nud dreading the power be has provoke.1, Mies for terms 'I he tele graphic despatches transmitted bv the Prince de. Joinville from Tangier to the lOih ult., states that? "Th(' yoo;ish fovernment has demanded Pface. The fleet arrived at Tangier this day. 1 he Governor of the town came on board to re new his demand. Our conditions have been signi fied and accepted, and the treaty signed. During the day the Consulate General has been re-esta blished, and its flag saluted by the town. Orders to cease all hostility, and to leave the island of Mogauor, will be despatched this afternoon." This intelligence, which has been most favor ably received in France, has been also gratefully received in !? ngland, as it will prevent any possible chance of a collision between ihe two countries. The Emperor has acq liesced in all the demands of iS|jam The concessions made are :? f The severe punishment of the Arab who caused th" consular agent to be assassinated. 2 The government will receive indemnities for all the acts of piracy which have been committed on the Spanish vessels. 3 Two leagues of territory to be granted to Spain beyond the hues of Ceuta. 4 The Spanish flag shall be saluted by the Mo rocco cannon. India. The Indian Mail of the 31st July from Marseilles, brings letters and papers from Bombay to tha'date The fvlih Regiment of Bengal Native Infaniry, which was notorious for insubordination when ordered to march for Scinde some months back, hasa^H'n signalized itn? l| by an open mutiny on the 20th and 21st of June, at Shikarpore, where it was stationed. Another mishap has befallen the troops, near rshirkapore, where a party of grass-cutters, with their escort, were surrounded by Belachees, and 80 ol them cut to pieces. A lesser escort, conveying bullock., to Sukkur.was attacked and escaped,with tour men severely wounded Scinde was tranquil. There was still some fever and it was said that Sir Charles Napier had suffer ed Ironi some attacks of it. In Lahore, the nominal ruler, Heera Singh, had added something to his influence by expelling all lor' igners from the service,and by conciliating the officer* who have succeeded them. He is descri t ilt.,,e"'E niuch pleased with the removal of ~ Ellenborough from power in India. _ ?he repor.s from Afghanistan are conflicting.? Uowt Mahonimed appears to be exerting himself to the utmost to strengthen his position. His son, the infamous Akhbur had been created VVuzeer, but was described as in delicate health,being supposed to be in a decline. There were intrigues carried on against ihe Sikhs, which arc likely to produce hostilities between them. ' Kuuior spoke of the conquest of Herat by the I ersians, but nothing certain was known on the subjeci. Tiie removal of Lord Ellenborough from tht go vernment bad produced a modefied declaration in his favor in tome quarters, but generally it was regarded with indifference. The monsoon was exceedingly favorable. Fortv inched of r.tin had fallen at Bombay within three weeks The fall had been general in the country. Various reports were circulated about the indigo crop in Bengal, which was said to have suffered from drought and locusts. In Bombay, public attention was drawn to a plan for making a railway to the Thull and Bhore ghauts, two great passes in the mountains of the neighboring Concan country,by which all the trade comes to that port. The cost is estimated at #350, 000, nud a large number of chares were taken there. China. The news from China is to the 21st of June. Sir fJ*nry IVitinger |e|t Hong Kong that day in her Majesty a steamer Driver, inuched at Singapore, J nncomalee, and Gslle, whence the Driver sailed for Bombay, on the 23J of July. Intelligence from China has been received since our Ian, to t he 28th of May. The quantity of adul terated opium, particularly the Malwa qualities, on ihe coast and at Hong Kong was immense. The Hong Kong Gazette of the.lfith of May, states that 'b",necessity of a reduction of the duty on teas is noiiy becoming more evident. p.LlJV,aid ,1,e ,HK?tiation with the American and ee^n, ^ at Macao, where his Ex months Cu*hing, has been residing for a few fl.l1 "k.iAmkr" an MiNrv-KK AT China.?We give e'rr, ,he ,,on? koi,k They w!U d o u?nleuf*"'^ hy ,h'' ()v, rlt,nd Mail ?'?hea h " "'Vr? ?"r readers: SSCRX ajar? 'n;,lHd hlC\'n'\nn '}" ,Vrl,"r'"1nl " wouid'bede sirable he should f,ave the river We do not sop post he will comply wuh this request until it suitt> Li- own convenience; but as the frigate * short'y expected here to reht, his present visit at Wltampoa will be a Khort one. Nothing hal yet transpired officially of the probable success of Mr. Cueliing's mission. If his Excellency in sists upon going north, with the "Hrandy wine/' and the ottoer ve.sseU, on their way from the United States, he will be stoutly opposed, so far at* mere pasfive hostility goes, and every obstacle ahort oj actual warfare tin own in his way. The report of Keey tog's having bren appointed to negotiate with toe American and French mi^monstsa very proba ble one. During the Brandy wine's short visit, there wa? a dram.itic performance on boiird. 'lhe dramatis perxomu were all chosen from among the crew, drenses, scenery, icc. being their own production. 1 he piece chosen was Hob Roy; the afTair pawed oft' with great eclat?our cnnntryinan Bailie Nicol Jarvie, admirably pourtrayed, the performer having acquired the true Saltmarket done. | From the Gazette of a later date 1 The Imperial Commissioner Keying, has arrived from the North, empowered to treat with the American and French Ministers. Mr. Davis, and Sir llenry l'ottinger, have both had interviews with Keying at the Bogue, where they proceeded the Castor frigate, and the Spitelul and Dri ver steamships. Keying visited Mr. Davis on board the Caster, when he was received wall a salute and manned yurds. The French Plenipotentiary has not yet reached China, but he is aliaost daily expected. The pre cise objects of these missions, and whether they will proceed to the north is quite unknown. The commercial interests of the United States in Chi na, are very great, and the appointment of a spe cial mission at the present juncture has nothi.g in it extraordinary. French commerce here is a mere tritle. Their large fleet, Ambassador, and numerous suite may be looked upon more as a de monstration o! national power and grandeur than ietended tor any practical purposes Itiabuimiaed that the French Plenipotentiary will insist upon a Personal audience with the Emperor at Peking; ticked with the argument of a strong fleet it may bs granted, though it is evident the Chinese are anxious to keep foreigners as far from the seat of government as possible. " Keying lias arrived at Canton. He goes to Ma cao to negotiate with His Excellency Mr. Cushing, the American MtntUer. Sir Henry Pottiuger will also meet his old friend at Macao; we trust the interview will result in an arrangement by which some of the obnoxious clauses in ths Supplement ary treaty can be altered " Should the Frsnch Minister arrive soon, Key ing will have three European diplomatists to rn-go ciate with at the same time?he probably is quite a match for tkem all. "The Americana have commenced enclosing the Garden in front of the factori e down to the river's bank. The Canton community are much indebted to the American Consul in this matter, who, as our correspondent remarks, although not a Naturalist appears to b? a man of business." Markets. Loudon Monet Market, Sept 13.?lhe pacific termina tion of the differences between France snathe Moors him led, at was reasonably anticipated, to an improvement in the value of the public securities. There was not much business to-dsy, but prices have been generally upon the advance. Consols for the account weie doue at pjr, and, after a trifling reaction, closed 99j for money, and tor account. In the foreign house, Braz llian stock was 87 to 8; Bue nos Ay res 85 to 6; Columbian (remnants) I4jj to {; Mexi can 30 to ?; Portuguese 4b to }; Five per Cent Spanish 23! to 4; Three p? r Cent ditto 34] to f; Two-and-a-half percent Dutch 61 to |: Kivs per Cent ditto lUOf to J, Four per Cent ditto 9t>{ to 'J7J Public securities remain steady, the range ofconsols for money having been from 00| to J, and the present price 99j. For account they have ueen done at 100; Bank stock at 204; and Exchequer bills at 74 to 7<i premium. The transactions nave been very limited. London, Sept. IS ?Metal?A further reductiou in prices has been submitted to for British iron Pig i'lthe Clyde having b?en sold at 44s a 40a and Bar in wales ?4 10s a ?4 15s per ton, nett cash; 6?a a 67s is the value ol Bancs tin, and 64s per cwt for Straits; some holders will not sell at these rates. The market hHS a firm appearance for Copper, and a good deal ha* been done at ?84 for Cake, and ?83 tor Tile. South American is ?73 a ?74 per ton. The limited business transacted in Lead has been a' lower rata*, ?16 10s a ?17 has bson accepted for British Pig, and ?15 lus a ?16 16s for American. Provisions? Amorican?There is at present little inquiry for American Provisions but previous prices aie fully maintained. There was a public sale of Foreign Provisions held on the 4th inst. The basiness commenced with 076 Hams from New York, of fair average quality, these produced 41s a 42s per cwt.; a further quantity of 3,026 Hams, Irom the same nlace sold at 36i to 37s. The Pork, which was a remarkable good ait cle, not too salt, and apparently well fed. fetche.l 30s per cwt; whilst 100 kegs of Ox Tongues, Sreduced at the rateot Is lid to Us each The Smoked eef. veiy lair, fold for 3b* to 30s; aud 169 hall barrels fa mily B-ei, apparently well fed and sound meat, but rather too highly salted, found ready purchasers at 40s per cwt. The quality ol the Provisions exposed at t is sale was veiy superior to an)thing heretofore produced from abroad; indeed, the improvennnt* made in the art ol curing were the general subject ot temark London Corn Exchange. Sept. 18.?A good deal of rain fell last night, . nd 'he letters from Scotiund speak ot Unfavorable weathee f r lhe ingathering of their harvest. More firmness is perceptible in the country inatkets i genetally lor wheat. Fine qualities andgood condition | ed samples of uew are in fair request here at Monday's I prices, and although the demand lor tree foreigu is but i limited, holders fir oily insist ou low rates. Tin re is an j inquiiy for low soits of bontied, but tho prices offered b? I ing too low, little business resulted. ltlulting barley has not ricovered the depression noted on Monday, anil sells slowly; but grinding goes ott? stea dily without change in valuo. Theie was only a small attendance of oat buyers today. Old outs met s moderate demand at our previous curren cy. but little prog re * was m?de in the sale of new and thi ir value is :.anlly yet established. There was little passing in other grain, and prices may be reported nominally unaltered. Liverpool Cotton Market, Sept. 6.?The depression produced in our maiketon Friday last, by the lavorable intelligiuicu received by the Boston steamer of t lie Kith ult. as regards the prospects ot the growing crop el cot. ton in America, still continues to be exp rienced, consi demble irregularity prevailing an to prices, and the busi ness doing being daily very moderate. Our quotations show a decline of Jd to a } t per lb as computed wi h those of this day week, in American descriptions, and ^d per lb in all other kinds. Sept 13.?There has been lesj pressure of cotton upon the market during the past, than was expetienced in the precediug week, and somewhat moiesteadinuss and regu Jarit) in price has also been obseivable; no definite im provement, however, on the rates enrren on Friday last, can be noticed in any description. The business of the wesk amounts to 26.020 bales, of which 3,600 American have been tak>)n on speculation. Sept. IS ?The sales to day amount to about 3 600 bales including 600 Anieiican lor export. The market is very dull und prices have rnther a downward tendency. The sales on Saturday were 4,000 bales, and en Friday 6,000 Sept 17 ?The sules of cotton today are estimated at about 2,000 bales, and consist of about 1,500 American and 300 export. The market closes very heavily indeed. Compared with Friday's rates, prices of American are l-16th lower, and the same may tie said of aU sorts. Sept. Id.?The sales cf'Cotion to day are estimated at nbou' 4000 bales, and consist of shout MOO American, 300 export, and 250 Mural, 2jj to 3$. The market closes with less pressure to sell American than on Monday and Tues day. American, Brazil, Egyptian, Suiat, and Sea Is lands cannot he quoted Ji lower. CcnatNT Pricf.i this I)*?.? Upland, Inferior, 8]d; mid* dling, 4jd; fair, 4fd; good fair, 4jd: good and choice, 6jd> New Oi l ans, (interior Tenn.) 3. 3)1; inferior, S]d; mid* dling, 4jfd; tair, ftd; good tair, 6jd; good, Od; vary choice gin maiks, 7d a ad; Mobile, inferior, 8}d; middling, 41.1; lair, 4); good fair, 6^d; good and prime, 6?d a 6d; Sea Island, std and saw ginned. 4 a Ud;inlerior, 11 n 13d; mid dling, 13 a 141; fair clean, not fine, 14} a lfld; good clean, rather fine, 16 a 18d; fine end clean, 18 a and. Liverpool Mahekts, Sept 18 ?Provisions ? Ameri can. There continue* a steady regular demand far beef In the finer kinds-of which there is little now left?prices are firmly supported, but middling sorts are easier bought, holders being desirous to clear their stock before new ap pears. Pork has not sold so Ireelv, and prices are the turn lower The stock is light. The imports ol Cneose 1 has been unusually scanty : the dealers are anxiously looking for tha new make, the first arrival of which, if in good condition, will meet a ready sale Lard meet* a

ready sale at the late advance, and the tendency of the market is upward. The stock is much reduced Tallow is without alteration in value Unadulterated Amer can grows in favor, and meet a tree sale at full prices. The season lor Urease Butter is nearlv over. Ashes - Some forced sales ol 390 to 400 bhls., at 23s 6d for Montreal Pota, 31s for old New York Pots, and 25* lor Pearls. Coals?Canol ex'remely scarce, orders on hand canuot be executed. Another turn-out of the workmen is ex acted, whi h will tend still more to limit the supply Common Coals, tor export, are in great request Corn -The harvest around this district, and in most parts of England, has been secured under vary favorable circumstances, the west her having prov>d uniformly fine until within the last thiee or four days, during which we have had some extremely heavy rains. The Wheat trade has acquired a firmer tone since the sailing ol the last steamer Canadian and United States Flour have, on the whole, met a moderate demand only. Lard?American hns been in good demand, and higher prices have been realized j very ordinary brought 31s; good 34 a 35*. and fine in kegs .18s. Lead ? There is a demand lor American Pig Lead, the pri e of which i? 161 6s per ton Nitrate of Soda?Moves off' slowly In small parcels, at Us B.t. a 16*. Oils - Sales in Pala Rape, at the reduced figure of 37s 6d. Linseed continues very dull and drooping Oil of Turpentine is unaltered. A large business has been done in Pslm, but pness have receded to 251. 10s. from the ship's side. Halt?Demand limited, and will likely continue so? From some at present unexplained object, the price of coaiaion 'alt has been suddenly reduced by an influential party in the trade to 7s |ier ton, which is the present quo tation ; in other qualities there is nut so much variation Tar?American tar is fully 6d per hhl dearer and Us Id to I Is 4d ha* been paid for some Carolina. Tobacco?The maiket dull The transactions this mouth have been to a fair extent; 47* hhds have met with buyer*. The sales comprised 120 Virginia Leal, S3 Stem med; 47 Kentucky Leaf, sad 223 Slimmed. Of these, 16 Virginia Leal and 38 Kentucky Leaf have been exported Turpentine?Ma* been less ii qtiited for, and holder* have been Induced to accept rather lower prices for (2,800 bhls. tnkeu by the trade at 2d a ti 6d Prices pi American Provisions ? Beef, per hhl of 200 lbs in liond - U H Vie?s, 35<. a 40* ; Prime, 18 a '.Ml; Cana dian Prima, 22 a 26. Pork, per bid ot 200 lbs, in bond ?U H. Mess, 44-i a 46 ; Prime 37 a 30. Hams, per cwt, duty pah!--Dry, 40s a 61-t. Cheese, per cwt, duty paid?Fine 161 a 60s. ; Middling, S6 ? 4# ; Ordinary, 30 a 34. Lard, per nwt, duty paid? Fine, Ms. a 87s. j Ordinary, 34 a 34 ; ntHriar ami <* east, 27 a w iiutter, par nwt, in bond? < >rease sorts, duty paid, 40s. a 44*. -=JBE_ Bmtixh Cob* Tuadx.?Ton show<?rv weather with which the wet* o'iroinecced soon cleared up, and having been succeed# I >>y bright sunshine, the northern harvest was but slightly interrupted by fee r*iu. The quantity rr,Sid in JgUni i* very trilling ; eve.;.the late-town Barley and Beau* ?re all secured, whilst of Wheat there "not aulttolent remaining in the fields "o creau any forth. r In a* lar as a judgment ? y?tb"orm?d of the yield ol Wheat, our previously y i ! Z,< ur ? tally t.oiue out, vu . that the auSLlity '*"-"'!- an averse. lteapectlng the quality the r? .rti ari not so iavoiable, and there can be no ques tion ^anSie greater proportion of tbat earned previous .111.: u. . i Aue.,st was nut together in too hurried i a?n>aanti ; still we leelaatUfl d.lrorn the generilly hwav) 1 w^.t ol the Wheat, that there exists no great cause ol CAmiUaint ? and another proof i* eft'arded, by the produce ol l?44-if any proof ba necessary?that a dry season n av bu rLarded us favorable to Wheat In this country, "a many parts ol the kingdom no rain tell during a period o" S5.m nine to eleven weeks, the drought having extend ed through April, May, and part olJuue, but still the result ol the harveat Indicates t,at little or no harm wa? doue-thereby to Wheat. Kor spring sown corn, on the ofher hand ; the want of an adequate supply of moistme was most destructive, and excepting on good koil*, where the seed was early got in, the yield of all Lenten crops will, wo feel convinced, piove de cidedly deficient Another unfortunate result of the long protracted drought has been the extiemeshortness of the produce of Hay, and the partial failure of some of the root crops All articles used tor fodder are likely .undertime circumstances, to be scarce, and, compared with the value of Wheat, dear, lire at effort* are being made toi in crease the quantity of green food lor cattle, and with this view winter Vetches and Rye will be extensively aown . the lattei article in particular has recently met with con ?i let able attention in furtherance of this object, and prices have risen materially. Samples of new, suitable lor sow I in if have ol late brought very full prices in some of the ' western and northwestern counties ; and until the ext ira tioii of seed time, this article will probably meet with bu> - ers at relatively high terms. These lacts are worthy ol notice, inasmuch as they atford a direct confirmation ol what *e have o!>ove stated, vix that the same combina tion of circumstances, wdereby the quantity of the wkeat crop was increased, were productive of a direcUy oppo site result in rcspect to spring corn. we unquestionably do, that ail agricultural projects, ex cepting wheat (including potatoes and turnips) ai? more or le?s deficient, it may be matter ol doubt whether that article has uot been depressed somewhat below the point warranted by cireuaistancee.and though we see no reason i to anticipate any important rise, we are oertainly inclined to believe that farmers need not be in any great hurry to force oil their wheat, at the extremely lowjerms upon which alone they can at present sell This eonviotion has led grower* to bring forward wheat more sparingly, and the trade has at length assumed a firmer (tone. Alter a continued fall in prices from week to week, quotations have at last reached a point deemed sale by buyer* Hitherto no great degree of activity has char*?V;riz** ^ demand, but some improvement has decidedly taken place in the inquiry, and at several of the markets in the agricultural districts an aduance of Is to 3s perqr. has been established duriup the week.-Afar* Lanr Expriss, Stjit. 19. Havre, Sept 16.-Cotton-Sale* 9,400, against arrivals during the same period of 4 3(M? bags. The general in clination of prices seems rather downward, and in many instances a slight reduction has taken place. The pr. - sent stock is 1)6,000 bales. . Coffee? Hales are made at a reduction on the last pmes of 1 a 'J centimes. Sugar? The market is at present completely inactive holders refusing to offer at the present reduction, in the hope that, from the smallnee* of the stocks on hand, an advancc may take place. ? , Hides?Amongst the sale* are 487 paqueta New Orleans at 40 fr., and 219 do at 44 fr. There are arrived H01 pa queta New Orlean*. and 335 do New Vork. Rico-Sales of 140 tea, and 31 halt do Carolina have ''"palm Oil? 22,500 kilogram* have been *old at 86 fr. Whalebone?The only sales to note, amount to 3,000 kilograms, at 340 fr; 78 parcel* were imported in the Francois 1st from New York. Nitrate of Soda?150 bags have been sold at 20 60 fr., Sept 7.?Cotton?Very little business has been transacted in the United States during the past week. The sales altogether did not exceed 410 bales, an l | the price* have not tranaplred R:Ce? In consequejace of the light stocks, h?s considerably improved in value; Carolina i* worth 27 fr Sugar-Foreign meets with willing buyer*; 30.hhda Porto nico have been taken at 27 fr. in bond; 137 white, and 199 boxes bright Havana ?old at 28, 30, and 26 fr. per 60 kilogram* in bond. Hambuhk, Sept. 6.?Cotton?The tran*action* during the last eight days have been unimportant, and price* on the whole, are rather easier. Rice?A tolerably lair du suites has been done, 60 casks cleaned Carolina chang e! hands at 18 marks. Oil-Whale supports its value Hides remain firm. Wool was rather less inquired for, but a slight abatement in price* would induce further sales. China, June 21.?The stocks of cotton in Canton were very heavy. The following is a copy of the import ol stock* and deliveries from the lit to the 81st of .\iay. American delivered, 465 bales-stocks 79; Bombay do, 10 9S3do-stocks 76 997; Bengal do, 499 do-stocks 8 590; Madras do. 3 679do?stocks 17,232-totaldelivered, 16 826; total stocks, 193,898 In June the deliveries would ex cced 25,<100 bales. Malwo opium had advanced at Hong Kong The qtiota'ions were? Molwa, old, $715 to $720; new $700; Patna, $715; Benares, 695 Piiceswere also improving on the coast. There appears to have been a good deal of excitement In the opium market, owing chiefly to gambling Hpeculations among some foreign re sidents, who had been s-lling more drug than they had in their pohS^?Pion at the tiinej in the hope of a fall in price; to m**et th?ir eng-igement* they were thus compelled to buy oo th- best terms possible Complaints of the Quality [ of the Malwa are still very great. Howo Ko*u Markets, May 20.?In Canton and this neighborhood, business generally is dull, owing ma great degree,to the unwillingness of fore'gn merchants to take tea? on barter for their goods, and the equal reluc tance of the Chinese dealers to forego the advantages ol th* old system . t ? . . Export*-Raw 8ilk-Tsatlee, 430 to 600 doll* per picul. There is in Canton about 250 bale* of middling quality, which no one appears inclined to meddle with at these rates. Rhubarb-40 to 60 dols. per picul. Nothing is doing-the quality of new in the market being ai yet very limited. Teas-Black about 100 chop* ol congou of the lower grade remain, but there are few bold enough to purchase largely. In Souchorg, Huuz-muy, and Ning Youg little has been done; in other kinds nothing. There are no country made hyson*, young hyson*,gun powder, or imperials left The only transactions we have heard ol lota were in twankays, at 17 to 19 taels per pic"', and to ? small extent in Cant.n made young hysons at 86 taels per picul Exports ol tea* to Oreat Britain Irom ht Oct 1843-. -Black 35,037,2901b ; green,7,284,6661b.; *ort*, 62 8921b ; siy 42 8S4,H47lb. , ? . . Exchange-Oil Loudon at 4s. 31 per dollar. Bengal r*. 234 for ion do Bombay, 324 for 100 do. Madras, 234 for 100 do Syceu Silver, 3 to 4 per cent, premium. Mexican dollars, 4 to 5 per cent discount. Opiuai?The speculative demand for time purchases which prevailed in the early part of the month lias com pletely subsided, and owing to 'lie recent heavy importa tions of Malwa Opium, from Bombay, prices ere new again on the decline. I'atna may be quoted at 650 d-llars to 640 do ; Benares 610 dols. to 6 K) do ; nnd Malwa 640 dols lor good, 6*0 dols. for passable, and C20 Hols to SOO for a very in-erior quality, of which there is a large stock here Maniu.a.?I'henoe we have received advices to the 1st ult. The mirket is very favorably reported on 1 here was no new importations ol cotton goods, and the market was bareol grey und white shirting, American domestic* and drill*, all of which were much wanted. Colored goods were also in great demand. Woollen* were also plentiful, and not In great demand. Pig and sheet lead were in no demand, and the stock* large. Cigars were very scarce: and we are advised that there will be no more exnortations ol cheroots from Manilla until tht new crops come in, and that cannot be sooner than eight months. There was little doing in exchange, in conse quence ol the scarcity ot bill*. Tonnage scarce, at ?? 10s to X4 per 20 cwt. We learn that the quantity of adulterated omtim, par ticularly the Malwa qualities, on the coast and at Hong Kong,was Immense The Ilong Kong QazrUt, of the 16th of May, state* that the necessity of a reduction of the du ty on teas is daily becoming more evident. The increas ed consumption of goods in China must be met by a cor responding export ; hitherto, with the exception of tea and silk, China has been unable to lurnish other articlei to eny amount suitable to the English market; and, so lai a* is now known, it is with the?? commoditie* the enor. mou? imiiortations from England and India mn*t bo paid The opium trade is draining the bullion out of the coun try. and the American bills on London, which have long (?Horded a safe remittance, ore decreasing; the Atnerican*, finding that their owi, manufactured cottons yield a hand some Sroflt, will send good* to procure their tea charges That c.hlaa will, in the course of time, be an oullet for ? very large quantity of the stable of British manufacture! is undotinied Butthequestion now is, How is sha to pay lor them ? With the enormous drein npon her in ths shape of compensation money, and the heavy annual bur then el some twenty millions of dollar* foropium, all panl in specie, unless there ere mine* in the interior of which Europeans are in ignorance, a few years will drain the greater pert of the silver out el the country, and ram what remain* to a fictitious value. Even now, in Conton, the snip* are, in many instances, made in exchange foi inferior teas ; the price of the article sold being merelj nominal, as it is impossible to calculate upon what theac teas may realise in the English market. ' Bombay, July 19 ?A* n*ual at this seasoa, the market is closed lor all imports, and there is little of interest te report with reipect to transaction* since the departure ol the last overland mail. The rains friiily satin about tnt I6;h Of June?a plentiful supply ha* *iuce fallen, and th? prospoct* of the agriculturists are cheering. Cotton ManuUctures?Transactions in these are all mv *u*pended, and the lew sale* we have to report are such only as are required for local consumption. In pricei there is no change to notlco. The following are the salei reported :? ... Grev and Bleached Iioods,?R. A. 600 pieee* grey Mad apollam*. 24 ^ard*, 32 33 iuches, at 3 0 ; 50 do bleached longcloths 40 do, 36 inches, 6 10 ; 300 do Jacoaets, 30 do 304 3 0; 300 do do, 20 do, 40 do, 3 5 J 100 do do. 20 do 7 12 ; Dyec, Printed, and Fttncy Ooods?50 pieces Turkej reds, 28 yards, 11 0 ; 100 do cheek muslins, 13 do * 14; 100 iio figured do, 6 8s 100 do cambnes, 4 0 900 do lappet scarf*, S yard* 6-4 at per pair, I 4 to 16 Yarns--The import* have bean large in the last months but no sale* have been made, and price* are nominal a' our la*t quotation*. Woollens-No *ale* have been re ported lor the past month, and our former quotation* an continued Marine Store*- There I* no change to notic* in any ol the orticle* cla**ed under this head. Sail can vasa continue* very dull of *ale, and at tinremunerttin, prices. < ochlne*l-OfthH article a large quantity hai been imported of late, but there i* no alteration to notici in the price Ssfrain?There ha* al*o bewn a pretty larg. importation of*Hlfron and the ptice has fallen about i rupees pel lb Cotlon-Our present quotations show i fall of I to 2rupies per candy Irom those of last month but the low i ate* rating in England hnve cherked.In i great measure, purchase* lor that moiket ?n l but le? triinsactlons have, in consequence, bven made \1o?t,a hn. .uit s eidy at 91 to 9^ per mjund and then had been a lnrge buslnes* done in it by the native met obWits for shipments to England. The import has bear ve-y small but we believe a large quantity is expe. ted immediately from the Red Sea. Of Burbora there is vert little here, and price* area* high a* 11 rupee* par maund Opium has advanced 10 rupee* p^r chest, and ?* ? I 4d0 rupees. Wool There is none in the market, ei oepk of Marwar, which maintain* out formw ^uotitiOM. LL'. LMMIM NEW YORK HERALD. Mew York, BUaritajp, October 9. UM. ~ ILLUSTRATED WEEKLY HERALD, Five Elegant Engravings!!! THE GREAT HURDLE RACE. Millard Fillmore Teaching School. ILLUSTRATIONS OF AMERICAN HISTORY. The Illustrated Weekly Herald, to be isausd this morning at nine o'clock, is one of the moat attrac tive we have yet published. It eontaina a full account of the great Hurdle Race over the Beacon Course with a graphic en graving. Also, a very interesting engraving, representing the Hon. M. Fillmore, the present popular whig candidate for Governor of this State, in the act of instructing the young and rising generation, when he taught a village school in his early manhood. Tins is an extremely interesting scene, and presents a highly valuable lesson to youth, who may thus see that honorable and patient industry, perseve unc and talent are always certain, in this great land of emancipated human energy and effort, of gaining a rich reward. This Weekly Herald, also contains three admira ble engravings, illustrative of interesting scenes in the revoluiionary annals of the country. Price only cen's. The English News?^Liberation of O'Connell. The news received by the " Caledonia," which we iaaued in an extra yesterday, and of which we give a very ample and interesting digest in thiB day's paper, is more important, in a general and pe litical point of view, than any which we have re. ceived, for a considerable time past. It gave ua the astounding and unlooked fer intelligence ot the liberation ot Daniel O'Connell, and the com mencement by him of a new system of agitation, of which it ii difficult to foresee the iss^ie. The unexpected judgment of the House of Lords, is generally and correctly regarded aa the result of a party vote. The question was made a party one, and the opportunity which it afforded t? the whigs of forming a coalition against the ministry, and involving them in new embarrassments, was eagerly Beized. It is, indeed, a serious blow to the administration, and will lijht up with added fury, the flame of popular disturbance in Ireland. A new and more comprehensive system of agitation will be now adopted by O'Connell. Of the animus with which that indi vidual renews his old game, our readers will be able to form an accurate judgment from the peru sal of his speeches, which we give in another co lumn. These speeches are, indeed, quite peculiar and significant, and are remarkably characteristic of the man. Whilst the whig judges who voted for his liberation, are bespattered with fulsom praise; the others, and the legal functionaries who took part in his trial, are loaded with opprobrious epi thets, which no one can so well invent and apply as O'Connell Lerd Lyndhurst is a " liar," or the same thing, seeking to found his decision upon what he knew to be a lie?Lord Brougham " an in <J?jcribable wretch," Sir Edward Sugden, "a cursed, contumelious little English dog?& currish contumelious little gentleman"?Sir Robert Peel 'a liar," Sir Jamea Graham " a liar," Lord de Grey "the shin-of-beef Lord," the Attorney Gene ral for Ireland " a malignant vinegar cruet on two legs"?and so on. This liberation of O'Connell will, in all proba bility, be quickly followed by a coalition of the whigs?the O'Connell clique?the radicals?the ' Leagues," and all the floating elements of popu lar discontent and agitation. The "free kirk" even of Scotland, will also unite m this al'iance, and in a short time it is quite possible that the ad ministration may be driven to resign. As to the probability of a repeal of the Union?that ia utter ly out of the queation. But the project will be atili kept before the peeple, with all sorts of splendid ?cherries, such as that of a " Federal Union"? and the " Preservative Assembly" of contributors of ?100 to the O'Connell fund, in order to amuse the people. Thus has the brief period of Irish tranquility terminated, and we may look on the arrival of every steamer for new movements and manifestations ef that spirit of discontent, un- I rest, and violence, which seems to have eternally fastened itself on unhappy Ireland, setting at defi- ' ance all attempts at its exorcism. Political Movement*. Dkmocbatic Nominations.?The delegates of the several Congressional Districts in the city met la*t evening. In the third district, comprising the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth wards, there was no choice. The delegates made two ballot ing*, which resulted as follows:? Charlci A Secor, IS 16 E. H. Nicoll 10 Oliver Charlick 8 9 Daniel Pentz 1 There being nojchoice, 18 votes being necessary, the convention adjourned to meet this evening. J. Phillips Phenix is the whig and native Americau candidate ot this district. In the fourth district, comprising the sixth, seventh, tenth, and thirteenth wards, the balloting was as follows:? William B. Maclay 20 Bernard MsMersle 7 Charle* W. Smith 1 On the second ballot the whole vote was given for Win. B. Maclay, who was declared unanimous nominated. The Whiga have nominated John . William*, and the NativeaDr. S. S. Lawrence, this district. In the fifth district Alderman Leo nard was or will be selected. The Whigs have nominated Alderman Scoles and the Natives Thos. . Woodruff. Ia the sixth district Eli Moore was selected by the democrats by unanimous acclama tioa. The Whigs have re-nominated Mr. Fish in tlai* district, and the Natives Wm. W. Campbell.? The Democratic Legislative Delegates met last night, received about 138 names aB candidates for nomination, and adjourned to meet on Monday night. Tiik Lahorrr* Union Association made an ex tensive turn out last evening in procession, attend by D B. Taylor, the president and founder ot the Society,which now numbers over four thousand strong. They were loudly cheered as they passed Tammany Hall, and returned the compliment with cheers for Polk, Dallas, and the " liberation O'Connell." Special Sessions.?The, summary justice exten ded to petty offenders against the laws in this Court compared with that imposed upon the defaulting rwindlersand bank robber* of Wall street, will be found strongly contraated by reference to the pro ceedings yesterday. The decision* of the Mayor and Aldermen were no doubt fair and juat, but it the stealing of a pair ot pants worth two dollars, should send a man to the penitentiary for six months, how long should one be sent who defrauds the widow, the oiphan, and the community, ol thousands upon thousands 1 Musical Arrival from Italy.?We learn that Signora Pico, the new prima donna for Palme's opera, arrived yesterday in town, and took lodg ings at the Globe. She came by the last steamer. She will make her first appearance in "Clara di Rosemberg," by Rieci, on next Monday fortnight Slie is represented to be a fine looking woman, and hei forte is u semi-serious opera. Thk Fokkton Nbws ? At an early hour yesterday morning, we received the foreign news by the Go vernment Agent and Adams & Co. W e received the first parcel from the Agent, and the second b> Adams, who came in a head of all ot^r express line*. _ Jtkam Ship British Qprki*.?Thi* iteanwr wm to have been aold on the 1st in*t. B Anotiibh Panic ajionqbt th? Whios-Thk Ma ryland Election.?The announcement of a few return, from the State of Maryland yesterday, of the election tor Governor and other State officers, held on Wednesday, produced a great ?*c<!em?nt throughout the city, and created almost Ires i |>amc amongst the whigs.with a correspon ding rise of spirits amongst the locofocos. Full "Tr 7,Cre received ,,a|y "-om the city and coun , .r. !d!"m2re' Wlth l)ar,ittl returns from other so i ie State; but enough to show that th - re w^.TTretl Wlth,he ffreat ^?tion of 1840, when the whigs carried the State by nearly five thousand majority, will exhibit a most extraordi land IT10 0f People of Mary ^f we takV?h"f Mf?re th#m at U,e PrcBent time. we take the full returns of tke city of Balti more aa data on which to base a calculation in an xipauon ot what we may receive in a day or two we will find that the whig majority ?| fi swnd has fallen down to a few hundreds, it it should be even as much as that. ln 1840, the aggregate vote taken at the general election was G2 ?>;*)_ basi.g our calculation an the full returns'from iMltimore, the aggregate, will now be 73 200 It will be recollected that the estimate, based on the actual returns of 1840, recently given in the Na tional Inteliiyencer, of the probable vote to be taken in Maryland this year, was given at 73 2?0? within ninety of the actual result. We are per suaded from these returns, and we have no doubt when the full resultthis State i. known, it will be seen by all, that notwithstanding the great in crease in the vote in Baltimore, it is only a na tural increase, aod that the cry alreadv raised in certain quartern ot "fraud"-''fraud?-is utterly false and absurd. On any ordinary election an immense mass of the voters stay away from the polls. We have already shown that during the last three y?ars nearly eight hundred thousand legal vot?rs have not visited the polls at all. Nor do wo believe that in this recent election in Maryland, the full number ot legal votes have been taken. But a few days will determine the whole matter. It is very evident from the returns we have re ceived, that the Whigs have lost ground immense ly in Maryland, and that if they carry their Gov ernor by five or six hundred,they may congratulate themselves on their success, although it shows them a decrease in their strength of nearly two thousand votes in the majority which they had in 1840, and making the State a tie. No doubt Mr. Clay will get the State ot Maryland, but it will be by a very diminished vote ; aud the influence of that very diminuation, with that of other facts such as the loss of Maine and Delaware, must ob viously exercise a very disastroua^ffect throughout the country. When Whig States, which have heretofore given large majorities for the Whig par ty, are run down to miserable majorities, there seems to be little chance for the election ef Mr. Uay in all the doubtful and contested States yet to be heard from-such as New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, New Jersey, and others. The result in Maryland, which has created so much excitement and panic is easily accounted lor from the operation of a variety of causes. It is supposed, with great justness, that the Catholics, who are very numerous in Maryland, and many J whom heretofore supported the whigs, have taken 5 iat, recentev?<8 and doings in New York and Philadelphia, have abandoned that party, and come oat for the democrats This alone is a pain ful element in this remarkable change. It is also believed that a great many of the tobacco planters of that State,who were favorable to the famous Zoll erein Treaty, have abandoned the whig party because the Senate rejected that treaty at the late' session of Congress. It is likewise believed that all the friends of Mr. Calhoun and of the Southern institutions, have come out in full force to a great er extent than in the previous Congressional elec tion, which the whigs curried by about 4000 ma jority. It is, indeed, evident that the popular tide is run ning strongly against Mr. Clay and the whigs, and that the power of this tide is felt not in Maryland alone, but from Maine to Georgia. Even Mr.Cluy himself, as appears clearly enevgh from his "con fidential" letter to Caasius M. Clay, has already given expression to his feelings of despondency, and begins to be seriously alarmed at the folly, im practicability, absurdity, and the vain eideavors of a great many of his silly friends. The election in Maryland is another practical evidence of the truth of Mr. Clay's "confidential" letter, and also of the soundness of the opinions which we have heretofore given relative to the injudicious conduct of the whig leaders, the whig editors, the whig orators and the whig conventions throughout the Northern States. Unless the great ariny of neutrals?right hundred thoumnd strong?be not operated on successfully by the whigs before the day of election, the chances of Mr. Clay are, we fear, gone. And that were, indeed, a somewhat melancholy catastrophe. That a man like Henry Clay?so distinguished as a statesman ana an orator -so honorably identified for a long series of years with the history of the United States-so favor ably known abroad-so gifted,so noble-possessed of so many fine qualities?failings, too?who that is human has not failingrf-that such a man shall be sacrificed by fools and Marplots like those who have managed his case in the Norih, and, indeed throughout the Union, does, indeed, appear a sad fate. Can it yet be averted! A few weeks will tell. Ole Bull. This great genias arrived in Boston on Thursday, from Newport, R. I., where he has been sojourning for some time past completing soma musical compositions, he is about to intro duce to the public. He is expected in this city to day, where he is aboat to give a series of Concert* forthwith. No sooner was it known that thisgreat artiste would require the Tabernacle for hia con certs, than the Rev. David Hale required # 100 a night for the building, which is generally let for some #50 or 080 a night. Accident to a Pilot Boat -We learn that the U. S steamer Colonel Haraey, Lieut. Bartol, ar rived at Philaddphia on Thursday morning from New York, having in tow the pilot boat Washing ton, of this city, which she run into of! Barnegatt, cutting her down to the water's edge. The Wash ington was preiented from sinking immediately by careeriag hir oa her side, and nailing canvass over the bread. After which the steamer took her in tow, aadtook her to the Navy Yard at Phi ladelphia city, vhere she will be repaired in the best manner at he expense of the Goverament. Frost's Pic-obial History or the United STATKS.-This elegant work is, we learn, for sale in this city at tie office of the New York publisher, C. J. Gillis, 121 Fulton street, and of agents regu larly apposed by him. It is by far the moat at tractive Histoy of this Country for schools, with which we are acquainted, whilst, at the same time, the benat- of .he typography aid the g.neral ?* egance ot the getting up render it worthy of a place on the drrwing-room table. It is issued in two handsome volumes, superbly bound, and at an extremely moderate price. J CO Orson S. Murray, editor of the Regenerator, I is staying at thsGraham house, preparatory to hia I removal of typei, press, ink and paper to a Social Community, oa the banks of the Mad River. Lo gan county, Chio. Naval.?Tie U. S. ship United States, from the Pacific, via Bio de Janeiro, arrived at Boston yes terday. Season in Hanaoa ?The first frost which has material y affcted vegetation was perceptible on nw.r/n".* 01 ,h* 39 h Th' lea*, a of the aa'lr ii>> Cucumber i n I Pumpkin *inr??. lot.k Jh"> hHl1 I' "l"> lae *... f-.rm.d on .tabdJnc ?h^SmJT!!r?!'. ^ 11 *' '"'hia thJrkn..., ^ ' 'vluvu. J win, ,, |, .a, ? o?t. which was the nLht T*nY,V?trly Wi",' "d Minin Uweoum. of ' nc. of i' ?I .^y tb" w,,"d111 westerly, with the appear U191.0; * ?ontimanrs of fstr weather, which ii w.nted h Ml ploughing commeueM,