Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 9, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 9, 1844 Page 2
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NE V YORK HERALD. New York, U. W41. City ilcl'orui. We publish in our culuins to-day ft document is sue.i by the Board of Supervisors, purporting to be a report made by two members of the Corpora tion, on the fcubject of the taxes ot the present year? ihe assessment rates?with ail the particu lars nt the imposts on the property held in this city. This document is ostensibly the rnani'ebto of the new party in the Corporation, shadowing forth their principles and their views on city taxation.? It is intended &9 a sort ot reply to all those who have been finding fault with the present Corpora tion, in consequence ot their infidelity to those re pealed and solemn pledges which they gave before their election, not one of which they have redeem ed in any way, except by the tying of tin pans to stakes around the Park Fountain, on the Fourth of Julv?the banishment of the apple women from around the City Hall, and the enactment of ordi nances prohibiting all omnibus drivers, under the severest penalties, trom looking behind This is, in fact, the official answer to all those who yet call out for more city relorin, and who ask of the new party in the Corporation a fulfill ment of their pronuseB and pledges made to the people before their instalment into office. Well, what does it preseuil Let us examine past times. Ou looking over the records of the Corporation during the last few years, we have ascertained and compared the amount of taxation, the value of property, real and personal, and the population of the city in the years intervening between the pre sent and 1836, and in order to show the result, we annex the following table, in which the items have been obtained from authentic public documents ? This tuble comprises a connected history of eight years, embracing periods in which the whig party ruled, the locotoco patty ruled, and now the "na tive" party. Here it is: ? Amkiicd PaorERtv or Nkv* York Citt?T*ik? Levied? Population. year. Heal. I'ertnnal. Taxes. Popl'n. 1836 $233,712,303 $75,758,617 $1,085,130 ? 1837, 1%. 150 109 67.2M7.2ll 1,175,190 ? 183., 194.543.S59 1.9.609,582 1,251,130 ? 183 9 196,778,434 70,010.796 1,352,832 ? 184 0 187,121,461 65,721,6'l9 l,376,2i.O 312,710 184 1 186,347,2:6 65,130 1 56 1,381,136 322.091 1*42 176,512,312 61,291,559 1,4*8,630 331,472 181 3 161,955.311 64,273,764 1,753,187 340.853 181 4 171,^36,591 64,043,456 1,981,513 350,235 by this statement, founded on accurate dati:, a development is afforded of the extraordinary fact, that with a less amount of real and persona po perty in this city, as compared with 183H, the taxes oi this year are nearly double what they were then This extraordinary increase trom 36 up to the present time, has been gradually growing under the corruptions of both parues, hrst under the whigs. then under the locofocos, then under the whig*, and then under the locofocos again?each party gradually increasing the burdens ot the peo le ot this city?gradually a little to their oppres s ons, until we elected a corporation, purely lor re form of those abuses-and what havet/iry given us"! A greater addition to the taxation of the city than ever auy other party dared to impose ! And yet with these palpable tacts belore us, we are present ed with a twice document, admitting to the fullest extent the enormous increase of taxation, but with the most beautiful simplicity in the world, throw ing the blame upon their predecessors. This is the old, rotten, decayed excuse of all parties who have proved traitors to their trust, and trampled on their promises. During the last tew years, the unitorin outcry of all parties has ncen, "Oh! it is, indeeo, too true that your taxes are enormously increased, but it was all the fault of our rascally, corrupt pre dt cessors!" In fact, the simplicity and naivtti ot this document almost amount to the sublimity of impadence and arrogance. These men come mlo power under the pledge and promise ot a reduction of the taxes at all hazards, and ihey have now the audacity to put themselves brtore the people as the advocates ot a vastly increased taxation. Such is the ridiculous and unprincipled position in which these pretended reformers have come forward; and what do they give us now by way ol pledge and promise when they are again before the people with candidates for re-election 1 Why, that they will put down the Pope of llome?that they will check Bishop Hughes?that they will immo late the Catholics ! And will all this reduce the taxes whieh th? people of this city have to pay out of the sweat of their brow and their daily toil! Will the balderdash which is published and spok?n and talked about that old Imbecile at Rome, be sufficient to satisfy the people of this city that those who have stepped into power on the faith of their pledges of reform, that these men have ful filled those pledges by increasing ou' taxation We do net believe tkat the peop e of this city, or ol any American city, left to the diciatjs of their own independent judgment and common sense, will allow themselves to be duped by such conduct And we are willing to abide the event whenever it may take place^ s,NnUL4B roumcAL Calculations ?The phi t ,B4,pher of the Courier and Enqxartr in Wall ?treet has put forth several singular calculations oa the result of the elections that have taken ? lace during the present week. The State ot Ohio they claim lor Mr. Clay and the wings by a tre mendous majority, and probably ihey may get it. But he claims Pennsylvania ulso, by n singular cal culation, founded on a process which is perfectly n-w to us. The philosopher of the Courier argues, that it will be necessary for the whig purty to he beat by 15,000 majority at l?ast in this election, in order to carry the State for Mr. Clay in November. The same process is applied to the New Jersey election now pending, and it Thomson, the loco foco candidate does not get 1,500 or 2,000 majority, the locofocos are all gone; but if he does get it, then-and here's the beauty of this new process in .olitical calculation?then the State is certain to go for Clay in November. The clearness of this cal culation?the conviction which it carries to the mind?cannot be paralleled in any books on the science of mathematics, unless we look into that famous book published by Paddy from Cork, in which all the calculations are as " clear as rnui . The philosopher ot the Courier ought certainly to is^u- a treatise explanatory, ot his system of phi losophy, for the use ot school* and coll gee, as it certainly pulsus in nimdot that same Paddy from Cork, facing a rain storm, with his coat buttoned behind. Sewfss for thk City ?We s*r from a message adiresaed oy the Mayor to the Corporation, that a project is now on foot to build sowers for this city. I Suo.i a project to be of ?ny u-' in such a city au New Y'>rk would involve tfi n.enrtous expense, ,irob tMv as rnurii as that incurred in introducing the Croion w.iter. Besides, according to re< ?nt ch mical d:*<ovrr<e , a process has been ascer tained by vshich all the accumulated filth ol Urge Cities can be disifitected and converted into the most valuable of manareo. We have **en state ments and calculations in relation to ihe utility mid value of this process, from which it u apparent th?t * revenue over and above all expenses ot $300,0"O [?r annum, could be derived from the application of this process to the common sewers and all such depositories ot filth in this city. The old system of sewers is then quite too expensive, and, indeed, unnecessary _ Da win. Webster in Pennsylvania.?D???el Webster is stumping it in Pennsylvania at a very extraordinary rate. He has spoken at Philadel phia?at Valley Forge?at Reading-at PottstriUe, and at we don't know how many other placet? sometimes at two places in one day. This isgrest speed, almost equal to lhat of the Columbia rail road,'and we only trust that there may be no ex plosion. It is deemed and taken tor granted by our whig friends, that Mr. Webster's stumpi. g it through Pennsylvania is going to carry that State tor MV. OIaV Verf welt, let'? ws'f and see if it rloei Political Movimknt# ?The Tammany HaLL Delegates, to nominate members of Atsembly, assembled last evening and selected Mr Isaac B. Smith, of the Ninih Ward, on the firm ballot. A second ballot was inudr, but none of the candidates received sufficient votes to place iliem in nomina tion The delegation then adjourned till Friday evening next. Run on the Rhode Island Banks?Some days ego, the celebrated firm in the Democratic ranks known by the name and title ofiSlam, Bang ic Co., put forth a powerful rallying ciy of a call for specie on the Rhode Island banks. We have ?ince been very curious to know the amount of notes Vhich they have returned to these banks, and ihe amount of specie which has consequently left the Vaults of those uufortunate institutions. But we rather suspect, after all, that that section of the locofocos can run their own bare legs a devilish sight better than they can run the Rhode Island banks And this is the project to get Dorr out of prison! A more egregious piece of absurdity never entered into any one's head. O'Gonnkli.'s Future Operations.?We give to day on our first page, the last speech of O'Connell, and a very curious one, in some respects, it|is. It will be teen that he is more violent and more un disguised in his declarations than ever The agi tation is to be more comptehensive in future, em bracing England and Scotland. And the " main Chance" is not forgotten. The " funds" are to be replenished. The scheme of a " Preservative Assembly" ;s very well devised. Each member is to contribute five hundred dollars before he takes liisseat. O'Connell never loses sight of the" funds " In this respect, he constantly reminds us of Jeremy Diddler, and his everlasting?" Have you got such a thing as a guinea about you 1" Outrages and Riots.?We hardly open a paper from any part of the country, without finding the account of some outrage or riot, or murder, grow ing out of political excitement. The gross person alities?the slander?the scurrility?the viiupera tion?the falsehood?the violence?the demo ralization?which have characterized the present contest, are now bringing forth their fruits. This lias been, in fact, for the last six months, a perfect saturnalia, fol'y, intemperance, violence, plunder and licentiousness, produced by political excite ment. The only redeeming point about the contest, has been the appearance of the ladies ut the public meetings and assemblages. And even this is pain ful. 1 he bringing the domestic feelings, virtues and habits, into contact with all the rudenets, vulgarity and licentiousness of the political arena, can, w e fear, only mar the beauty of the former, whilst 110 salutary influence is exerted on the latter. Valuable Gift.?We saw yesterday a beau tiful silver tea service, comprising a teapot, cream p.tcher, and sugar bowl, which are to be given to Captain Randall, of the steamer Wisconsin, of the U,'per Lakes. This Bet is beautiful for its chaste nesM. and is a gift from the passengers of the Wis consin, on her pleasure excursion on the lakes la6t summer. Fellow, Rudd, and Scudder are its makers, and they have done justice to the donor?, as well as to the silver. Decision in a Private Mail Cask.?It appears that Judge Randall, in Philadelphia, decided on Mouday. Hgainat James W. Hale, a private mail runner, for $2000, being for forty penalties of $50 each. It is said that the case will be carried up to the Supreme Court for revision. That court may confirm (his decision, and thus settle the powers of the Post Office depirtment. Theatricals, Palmo's ?The new and beautiful ballet went ofl. still better last niRht than on th? previous occasion of its performance. The dinces were deservedly much applauded. It is really the only thing of the kind ever got up in this city worthy of the name. The hou*e was not so crowded as the entertain merit deserved, but still it was a very respectable house. We noticed Captain Robert Tyler, with his lady, and a number of leading fashionables in the front boxes. To-night the opera of Tl Pirata is repeated, and another brilliant and fashionable ' house, of course. The Park.?Madame Oito made a very good impress on ih the fir->t act of Cinderella, which was introduced after Mr. Jones' opera. She is a charm ing vocalist. Her benefit takes place tomorrow nijht, and it will, doubtless, be a bumper. GCJ* Dempster gives auother Concert to-night at the iociety Library Rooms. See advertisement. Musical Debutantes in Boston.?Mr. Sloman, the well known comedian, has been at Boston, ' with his two fine duuKhtera, who made (heir uttOttf there wilt |*reat (clat. We find one of the papers speak of them in the following flattering terms:? The Concert on Saturday, by Mr. John Sloman and hi* gifted daughter*, wan entirely successful. The young iebutuntri abundantly proved their high mimical attain ment*, and most commenced a public ca rerr, which, it w? mistake not, will be marked hereafter by many triumph* As a harpist, Mia* Elizabeth Sloman i* without a petr, whilst at pidiiim and singer* both lis ter* excel The fatker possesses a voice ot tine flexibili ty and compass, and as an imitator ot other itylt* is won. derlully happy. The narrative part ol his perlormauce was exceedingly amusing, remark', imitation*, and song* being well introduced, bis anecdote* well'hit off," and hi* "recollections" pei fectly characteristic. Mr Sloman, it will lie recollected, is the lather of the celebrati d Jane Sloman, whose wonderlul execution on the piano about three *ii ce, so much astoniihed and delighted, but wbo soon terminated her public career by marriage Be tween three und lour hundred attended the concert on Saturday evening?a goodiy number for "a flr*t appear ance," and indicating an increased audience upon their next announcement. We all recollect the brilliant dtbul of the eldest Miss Sloman, as a piunist, a year or two ago in this city, and we are very glad to find that her sisters have been so successful in theirs. Indeed, we learn from every quarter that they promise to take a very high rank in the profession they have selec ted. Mr Oarrfau's Concert?Mr. Garreau, an artist of whom fame speaks very highly, and who lias already gained many friends in this city, ss well by his gentlemanly drponment as by his fine musical genius, gives a concert at the Apollo Rooms to-morrow evening. We had intended speaking of the merits of this artist as tbey deserve, but find that the following, in the Evening Pott, expressei so lully our own opinioNs, that we annex it at once. [From the Kvening Post J Ms OtHKK.?u ? I hi* di<tuigua.eii violoncellist who ha* I itely airived irom Lump. , uveitises a grand vocal and inati umenial concert lor 1'nuisUay next, lUiU inttant, at the A,<.l.u Hnon * in which he will be a-sist. d by Mmih. Antogmiii, Sauquirlco, Ktieune, Rtiarfeiiberg, Ha pi "i ??nd Aupick. Stun an array ol names would certainly aecurn a now dud house weie not Mr. Uaireau's perform ance a > tittle lent attraction of itself. But this g.ntleman ha? givi n proof* o| hi? high talent* in some ol our meit taxhioiiabiu musical circlet, in one oi which wn had the pleasure ot hearing him. Mr Oarreau's style is original, ?ind cannot be compared to th< violoncellists we hav? jet heard in this country, ami in our opinion, it i* that which nuit* best his fiae and noble inMi unient. The siui of al iii? ? Hurts is to reproduce the accehU of the human voire and those thnllin^ Vibidtions which penetrate the tool , it i* evident that he has tjken his inspiration* from Hu. bio*, anil the moat distinguished singer* ol our times ; and it is hardly possible to hear his deligbilul melodies with out being moved to toara. Hu toues are full and of ad mi i arile precisian , *n<l although (paring of 'host difficulties which sre more astonishing than pleusant to the ear, he introduce*, with great taste, enough of them in hi* piece* to show that he is a peifect master of his initrument n every re*p?ct We have been shown his hand bill of the performances, which i* a rich one, and we are happy to Hod, among other lieautiiul piece*, a grand trio of May >eder performed by Meur*. Sharfenberg, Rapetti and Osrreau, which we heard played a few night* tinea by mso gentlemen, and which will certainly be acki ow. ? dgedagrent pi.ceof music, bo h for the merit of thi composi'imi and lor the perfection of its execution ir tf.irri m, we in,deis and, came over to thi* countrv j* introductions lo meny ot our most respectable tomi lies. a* a genilimaii ?f high character, and as a yonnj artist ol the fir>t nider, although hi* name has been on I) noticed ol l"te n the i-nsiciil world. We think, then, that he Lenntisd in every r,, to th.i p.ttona.e and hearty welcome ol the Ameucan public f?TFAM Frigate Missouri ?We learn, by the arrival of the Lexington, that those who contracted ! to raise this sfrarn frigate, sunk in tlu* harbor of I Gibraltar, had fiveu if up as a hopeless job. xTiiiwemn Annual icxniuitiou ?* m? Ame rican Institute. The exhibition wtts opeued on Monday at 12 o'clock, at Niblo's Gardens, but it was not until yesterday morning that any thing I ke ari*tageme%t or order was obtained (or the display of the various articles scut in tor that purpose, and the continual arrival of others, made it impossible to be other wise. Yet, notwithstanding, the exhibition was visited by several hundred on the first day, particu larly towards the evening. On the left, from the entrance there is a great display of stoves and cooking apparatus of various kiuds; opposite are placed several kinds of light carriages, with springs of a novel and improved nature; at the end of the room there is a most beautiful model of a pleasure yacht, together with some patterns ol foot brushes; proceeding onward there is a great display ol flowers, fruit and vege tables, most tastefully arranged; at the bottom end of the room some remarkably large pumpkins, squashes, and melons, together with a most beau tiful specimen of a cotton plant. In the windows on the right and left, are some beautiful specimens of transparencies and paintings on glass, of some of the priucipal events in the war of the revolution. Iu various parts of thin room are hung cards with the following intimation:? "VVi?ely resist temptations power*, Taste not the fruit?touch not the flower*, Be tii exemplar an I a guide At this great lair?a nation's pride." The smaller room adjoimug is appropriated to the. display of cutlery, tire-urms? brass and tin-work of almost every description, in the principal sa loon are displayed almost every kind of articles of clothing, glass, plate, lamps, chandeliers, book binding, printing, cabinetwork, harness,china and many other articles?altogether making a most gorgeous display. Around the gallery are placed pictures, paintings, engravings, drawings, draughts, sketches, specimens of needlework, paintings on glass, sign boardB, beautiful specimens of veneer ing and marble tops and slabs In the room at the end of the gallery, formerly occupied as the quarters of the City Guard, are hung some very tinespecimene ofDaguerriau and Photographic likenesses; beauti ful miniatures, and plaster and ivory profiles. Iu the centre anu around the room are displayed va rious articles of clothing, needle-woik, linen dra pery, woollen and cottou cloths, in great abun dauce. The room beneath ts devoted to specimens of ruachiuery, in which there is a most beautilul steam engine, which supplies the power tor turning lathes, See. Displayed in this room are some beau li ul models ot marine and locomotive engiues, turning lathes, and almost every ascription ol machinery; in the sam.* room there ate several soris of matwftsea and bed??made of straw shavings, hu?ks of the Indian corn, wool, hair and feaihere; albo, a few bgiicutiiual implements, in the garden, ou the tide next ihe theatre, there is a most beautilul and powerful engine and appur tenances, recently made for Company No. 44, called the "Live Oak." It is ornamented with pink ribbons, ou which are printed in letters ol gold, " We extinguish one flame and cherish another." In vaiious other parts ot the garden are the larger kinds of agricultuial implements, and under the piazza, around the saloon, various kinds ot dairy utensils and domestic articles; on the opposite side ot the garden there is erected a long room in which are provided refreshments, fruits, sweetmeats, pastry, See., lor those who may desire such. This, when complete, will be one of the bett exhibitions the American Institute has ever had, and will be well worthy of the extensive patronage of the public. There is little doubt but that it will be oue ot the4most popular lounges during the next lortnight. Indeed, it cannot be otherwise, for those who visit it once, will ti<~*ire to do so again and again, there beiug so many things to view that it is almost impossible to look at and examine them all at one visit, and from which may be gleaned more information of the nature and extent of the arts and manufactures, together with recent improvements therein, than the reading ot some GO volumes Every thing is expected to be in per fect order this morning, when catalogues will be ready, which will be a great assistance in viewing the diflerent articles. On Monday evening there was a considerable number present, among whom were a great many ladies Tht gallery nrout d the saloon was tilled, and down the centre crowded with persons anxious to hear the introductory address of Lieut. Gov Brutish. At (lie end ot the roum, just beneath the orchestra, was placed a portable plailorm ami read ing desk. About hall past seven o'clock, the President of the Institution, Gen. Tallmudge, took the chair. Alter some little delay Gen Tailmauue sajd- Feiiow.citi7.ens, we are eomi thu night to open the 17 U annivers&r > of tbe American lustrum, and I am glad to meet y ou and my old liiends ?n this occasion. At present it is only partialy complete; but in a short time will display what has been done to promote the art* and sciences during the past year. It i> .he great object ot the lustiiution not to nil* its proceed ings up wim politics, and the consequence is, that their are in connexion with it, the mo?t able and talented ot ail Eaities- who ceutre round it like stars round the centre luring thu continuance of the Fair, every endeavor will lie nwue to make it as attractive us , tsssihltt; there will be on variom evenings, different a dresses Irom some ol the most talented ol the supporters ol thu Institution, on var ous branches of the arts and sciences; al?o ionie good music will be piovided I wilt not delay yon longer but will at once introduce to your notice, Lieut. Governor Biadish. (Lheers.) Lieut Gjv Bbidish then camc forward and was re ceived with considerable applause. He congratulated those present ou the occasion uf their assi milling, and ex pressed a hope that the fair would receive their uppioba tion and support. They opened that place as the temple ot industry, and art--ol genius and skill and to show what these and capital had done towards improvement therein during the past year This exhibition was not only interesting to thu curious, but was the admiration ot the [ hiiosopher and the patriot?it showed the triumph ot mind over matter. (Hear, hear.) It showed what could be djne by labor and art, in which the patriot would find a diversity of displayed, botl in articles of ornament and ability?and it would show to him the progress the country had made in thesa improvements during the past year, and also to develope the material* and lesources of the country. These exhibitions arc activity to our intercourse with all parts ol the coun try, and tended to bind together the community in fii met bonds, at the sama time enabling us to be independ ent ol foreign supply. (Applause ) The gentleman then proceeded to treat on the value ot the division of labor ; tbe benefit ol supplying ourselves with what we required, lor when we sought irom foreigners that which we re quired, we were at their mercy, and they preyed on our prosperity, while in the other case we hauour prosperity in our own keeping. (Applause ) He then proceeded to show how this rendered the country safer irom foreign aggression or caprice, added to its wealth, and prosperity rendered the couutry great and glorious anil more respect ed abroad. He tnen went to show that it was tbe duty ol government to protect and promote this industry, and rot by free trade cause a reciprocity which was all on one side?(applause)?to the injury of their native land. He said there were persons who ware desirous of having trade as Iree as air. Tim theory was very beautiful, but it was only suited to a Utopia of the imagination. Suet, a thing could never be in this wairing world a* it wts at present constituted. It never had been, and could not be until man's nature was changed; therefore it was best to take things as they were,even it it was a nar rower field of action. If it wa? attempted, it would bri. g the laboring classes of this country to the states of th? black bread r ating set fa ol the noith, or to tbe condition of the pauper fed factory laborer iri other parts. Tht gentlemen proceedtd to argue that government had thi power or right to protect the home manul.ictories?and that if it did not do so, it neglected its duty It was de manded of them by the constitution It wns forthis, in a great degree, that the war ef the revolution hud its ot igin It was lorthis that thcirsires fought and bled (Applause.) The aet.tleman then proceeded to take a review of the rise and prog ess of the in-tltutiau, panting a high eulog} on the past and present officers, and r?commended the government of this country to adopt similar means to that ot Fiance for the protection and piomotion Of native industry. He said there was no nation ill the world thu' ha I the same facilities for making hersell what sfca otigh' to be, and if they ware only true to themselves and tin it country, they would become, what they were thei only in name?a free and independent nation. (Qrtgt aji pUti?e, during which the gentlemau Sat down ) O n. Tsli msdok returned thai.ks to the company foi thnr kind and olderly attention- He also h. i?.el to th nk the prem lor the friend y ft eling which n had ? x pre.Kied towards thu welfare ot the institution He thri invited those present to the gatdetis, to wltnersthe dis play of firework* provided foi the occasion. In at"w minnies afterwards, a fine display of fireworks took pfllce, under the direction of Mr Ktfge, which gave every satisfaction. !"*kconi) Day.?On visiting the scene of the annual exhtb tion of hits prosperous and useful institution, yeeterdny, at Niblo's, the spectator could not hut he uruck will the numbers who were pouriug in, as well as with the almost incalculable variety of beautiful aun useful, novel aud ingenious productions of the man ufacturing, mechanical, and scientific tkill which abounded on every hand. The hrst effect pro duced ti|>on the spectator, is that of bewilderment; the mind is diverted from one- object to another,am* so vi vid are the external impressions upon the se rises that there is no eessation^of their activity, there is 10 rest for th? eye, no repose for the observation: (here in nothing like fligging m curiosity, nnrliali mg between two ?pinion?simply !?? cauw; there is no lime for repose or reflection to form an opirnoi i all; and it is only aflc the lapse of a considers hie period that ihe refle ive powers assume their lurce i,nil pro|>er balance ami become lit to sit 11 I idgmeni on, compare' and scritiuize the diversit; f objects shewed around. A detailed account of all these objects would necessarily occupy more time and (pact than enulc allotrd 10 thwt inn newspaper; to undertakr them in the present article, to dofulljuatiue to the exhibition of yesterday, would naturally be a failure. Yet, while a detailed and minute account is tow formidable an uudertaking, and perfect would prove too dry for pleasant perusal, a sketch ol the leading features ol the scene, ai:d the arrangements made to render it a* effective an possible, may prove not uiiiutrreming. Those who are acquainted with the well known Gardens ?f Niblo, will recollect that immediately ttlter entering from Broadway, the visitor finde himself ill a tpacions apartment, ot such a length thit the eye can scarcely Beedisui.ctly to its further exirtmiiy. This is the great promeuade, and on the present occasion is divided into two apartments hy a temporary ptrtitton running across. That apartment next 10 the entrance, is occupied by va rious interesting articles,which one cannot for the life of liim pais without examining. Ou the right hand, a tine of beautiful productions of the coach building art?carriages, waggons, and every kind ot vehicles, some of them on unproved principles are laid out. On the left is seen kitchen ranges, culi nary utensils and stoves of every shape and form; among the last mentioned classo* articles there are some extremely handsome and symmetrical parlor stoves, such, for instance, as Lorton's parlor stove, and that commodious contrivance called the " House- wife's Assistant," well meritB a passing " The next apartment is dedicated to " Horticul tural productions," and a most attractive depart ment of the exhibition it is. Hoots and vegetables, cereal grains, fruits and flowers, pile upon pile gladden the eye. Pumpkins as large as Jonahs gourd, mammoth squashes and giant cabbages, re mind the beholder of the exceeding fertility and patent vegetation ftf tropical climes. The apples in piles, although not "in the midst ot the gar den," look as templing as ever apple seemed since the memorable day this fruit was first tasted in Eden. The peach too, and the pear, the grape iu clusters, and their several relations in crowds, are beheld in social grouping- fit emblems of the gen erous abundance which nature lavishes on this favored land, hi other places in this room are tastefully placed other articles of farming produce, amount the rest, cheese, butter, different kinds of flour aud meal, samp, and a choice assortment ot preserved fruits in bottles, than which, judging from appearance, nothing can be more puuectly treated. , . .. After leaving this department, a turning to the left leads to a space, which although entirely oc cupied by several interesting articles, particularly of iron manufacture, we will not dwell but continue our way a tew steps further, which bring us to that magnificent spectacle presented to the eye in the "Grand Saloon." So various and so nume rous are the articles exhibited in this section ot the Fair, that before halt its circuit is nerlormed, those first observed fade from the recollection.? Not to speak of minute description, there is no small trouble in forming a fair classification ot the contents of this great emporium All round the extended space,enclosed by the walls of the Orand Saloon," the visiter meets ojects that tor the tune absorb him; and when he has arrived at his start ing point, he has thn pleasing satisfaction ot disco vering that not until he has gone up and down, acrnss and back ugaiu ; not until he has peered at pendant drapery, and scanned the tempting trans formation of art imbedded in glass cases, and cabi nets; displayed on transverse tables, and loadiug adorned shelves; not until he has done all this, is he aware of the extent, the diversity and the beauty of this accumulation ot the productions of American industry. There it is beheld in arti ficial flowers, that m tint, in form, in organization, in all but vitality, rival those ot Mora herselt ? there it is displayed in the most cunning and elabo rate embroid' ry. Lace which might grace the looms of Lyons or Brussels; cut glass of the most elegant designs, and in every form, from that of the common wiue glass to the gorgeous chandelier; musical instruments; nautical instruments; opti cal instruments ; mathematical insiruineiits; speci mensof medical research ; others from the labora tory of the chemist; stationary and Books; orni thological and chonchological col.ections; the most beautiful and elaborate specimens of cabiuei work. Of the hatters, milliners and boatmakers handiwork, and, if possible, what was finer sill', h groupof statuary, consisting ot animal, human and mythological figures, and various ornamental de vicer of the most pleasing kinds, from the establish ment of L. Baronti. All these, and a vast number which we have no epace to enumerate, engaged the attention, and held the senses spell-bound in that part of the Fair of the American Institute having for its locality the "Grand Saloon, ai Nthlo's. , _ . . Connected with this, and forming a junction with it at one end, is another apartment, where there is deposited a great parti of the curious, yet tiulky machinery submitted for inspection. A few only ot these we. have lime to enumerate, for ex ample, printing and lithographic presses, patent el evating water wheels, brick moulders,double knife shio^ie shaver, improved cl icks lor shipping, vari ous specimens ot the (.-lumbers' art, wrenches, lathe**, and what was universally adinnred, a hori zontal double steam engine, freui the Novrlty Iron Works,in full operation,and communicating motion t'? a corn mill.besidee others ot the many uttetulina chinfs on the gr und. In other paits ot the r air, ilierr were samples hardware, cutleiy, clocks, carpenter's tools, house fittings, coach springs, hre arms, anil an endless number of requisites, classep hy those who are cunning in such matters, undei ihe general title ot "small wares " We have now gone over, in a very cursory mari ner, the greater part of the ground occupied by the exhibition; there still renMiiiis, however, a small portion above stairs, to which the reader s alten iion ia most particulaily directed, and which he ihould hy all means visit, were the trouble (It mimter m /wut," as we say in French ten times a> ureai. When you ascend the stairs, the coup d at the saloon below is striking ; the infinity ot ar ticles, the groups, the motion, and dress of the spectators, the fixtures and decorations which adorn the walls, have a high charm tor the looker on. Around the gallery with which this part ot ihe establishment is furnished, are hung specimens ot embroidery and needlework, ot drawing,sketch ing, penmanship,daguerreotype portraits, and many other mailers . ? .u On leuving this position, your next visit is to the cloth room, which adjoins the gallery we havt. spoken of by a door, over which, in true business style, a sign-board is fixed to catch the passing eye. The interior of the cloth room is not bo unique in its first appearance to the observer, as other parts ot the exhibition ; for, from the nature of the arti cles it contains, it much resembles one of the dry goods stores which abound in every street. On a minute examination, however, the texture of the goods, the excellence and durability ot the various fabrics, and above all, the remembrance that they are of home production, und American manufacture, they acquire a great interest in the observer's estimation. Anuingstothergoods, we were particularly pleased with the excellent quality and color of the woollen cloths. Nothing indeed could excel the material or make of some samples ot the woollen manufactured goods; of tlannels, there were some pieces which any judge must pronounce periect both in point of texture and durability. There were also woollens, de laines, barages, Orleans cloths, alpacca and para matta do., damasks, cloakings; in cotton fabrics, there were ginghams, plain and printed muslins and calicoes, table covers, satinetts, dimity, Acc.^ In addition to these, the Bilk goods and hosiery abounded, and were quite equal to the other dee criptions of goods, which, with perhaps the excep tion of cotton printed goods, were not inferior to ihe manufacture of any country. In thus specifying a few of the pleasing objects, which are now submitted for public inspection ai the Fair of the American Institute, we have done so with a consciousness, that any description we con Id give must prove tar short of the whole truth, and much less effective 111 couveyiug an accurau impression o( the scene, than a personal visit; a step we beg to receinmend to every one who has h relish for the product ion of industry, science anc ingenuity, and who sees with clearness, the vasi ..cope which this country permits for their de\eiop ineut. City Intelligence. Police Record ?The Court of Speelal 8e??lon? was held ye?t? rday morning?the Recoider presiding tainted by Aldermen J. William* and Jackson. A nun - !>er ol petty emrn nl hut little, interest were 'lupeiad ol. and the Court adjourned til) Fridiiy next. liOwrr Police Olllce.?Stols a Watch ?Aglrlol ? he town, El to* Smith, was ai rested, charged wiih steal >ng ? gold wa?ch, worth $30, fiom a Frenchman, w hile n> i bouse ol ill fame, in Reade i'reet. last night. She wa. arrested hy a watchman, who tesrehed her and louud th? watch under her aim Committed. Hoanr- o a Room Vara-A man named Augustus An -chut* was arrested lor itealing trom Peter Stocky, of 8!' Wnnhington itioet, on the 3d of October, $80 in golii coin He admitted the theft, when chaiged with it, aim was committed to prison. A part of tt?e property wa? recovered. C oroner's Office.- Daowptao ? A man was found I row nod at the loot of Liberty street, whose asms is un known, but who is supposed to have been a tailor, an thimble wan found in bis ve?t pockit He had a plait ,jold ring on one of his little fingers, end was g? nt?U) "diVd or Asotlkt ?The Coroner held an inquest thi? Tormng, at the hou*e of Vandaleur French. No. II Uuieii ?ourt Uiilvernity place, on the body oi Rosanna French *i native of Ireland aged 34 years, who died la?t nii?ht ol ipoplexy Verdict, accordingly. Ai?oi iisa Dutm sv Api>ri.r.*r ?The Coroner si-. held an nqneitat AM Ore. nwicli street, on the body et ?israh Warren, a native ofthil citv, aged 70 yearn, win rame to her death by apoplexy. V. rdict, accordingly. Naval.?The U. S. Frigate Columbia, anchorer n Tangier Itnads, on the 28tli of July, in h slioi run from Naples, and will nil tor the Unite< 'tales in November, after a delightful cruite o> iwenty-eight months. We this for the benefit oi those unvested, and are pleased to say that the officers and crcw are all well. Sporting Ii?t?lllgeno?. T*ottino|Match over the Beaco* Course Y"; terday- A very interesting twt 0 * ; day over the above couree. It was ceru y v such a fine affair a. the day, but trom .he the well known abilities ot the diftere J a more equal trio could not have een s ctBp The attendance on the giour.d waa ve ble?noi so numerous as on the previous it ? weather was most beautiful, and the course order, though rathei dusty. The betting pre to the start was Sir William against the tieia, ai I terwards25 to 20 upon him, and some business w done at the Utter figure. The match was a puree and stake for $500-three mile heats, under the saddle. II. Woodruff names b. g. Ajax^ CJeo. Spicer names ch. g Sir William 8. McLaughlin names b g. Jersey Blue. Thev were placed in the order above, and alter n few attempts, went off lor the firbt heat, bir Wil h.m le.H cWly waited on by Ajax, Jersey f'?ft CSSi. V&Mj-rsfe"whS up, and spicer made another Dan or u inVt the end ot tto *cond mtl<^oceeded thus lor position to the fo""? Thy u(Ul nerir (he the third mile, not *':'creaie his speed, but together,but AjaKcameuo the distance, in advance, the JereeyB'uf lt waB io to 7 on The betting now took a turn-it was iu ^ well together When near ui h, ^ ce up the and Jersey Blue went l ?. ?j du dose together,so back stretch was most b 'them, but iie*r the that a table-cloth weuld co "Willi im 'xfs&s? tfsSHSwstaw ftst mile', two lengths in advance, in bottom Jersey went up, and at h q halt were all well up toge J?, but en 'aeari * Ajar fell off, and ere they "a?Jetaail^ndf sir fil ters was some 20 length aj(pr gir liam apparently leading ' Vered his former po W111 ism broke, but ?"" the set-ond mile. Up the bition and led home lor wheo nearing the back stretch for the I}'br? ^ tt'nd it looked very hail, Ajax made a ImdbreaK.a vere(J> whlef, it; are* aJm iu s*trejd ft?* .W heat in 8:9. , hird j,eat was about The betung previous to th? t ^ ^ 10 to 8 on Sir Wihiam. Wtll together, but and up to the i mile th y I broke, here liiram made pUy. and shor y Ul but soon r-covere^ t^y made then completing the first mile t beautilul together to the hall, where it was a^ ^ ^ ap. and * xcitwg trot. n#here an5 came in front, peured to gaui on the oth .hg and gir ^jl and on nearing the nidg nther and round the liam ^?e abreast o.eaehother.hanUwrre ^ bottom and up ihe back s broke, bui was in front and homesome t ^ in advance, completing the last uire "xh? t?m moil! dole by lh? p???> if ^ b,""0B w?y o o 'h|| ^SycC*'??e ,,k" more. All be.B on Mtt#?mDt to ert som? Thm we,e - tew hundreds staked on the result. Foot Race.-A preparatory foot race to th grant event is to come off to-morrow, on the Be* con Course. Those who are at all desirous to see the different competitors lor the great prize, on Monda> next, may have the o(^nun.tyon th-oee^-j 5.1S *?"d "PK, oo .h? .Lr n?f ?ily by being present to morrow. Thiai of thkNkw Cutters.?The two new ;ron cutters, Legare and Spencer, propelled by the Emerged 'scre'ws ^"unter and Enclave had their trial of speed and ethciency. ' be condemned as not suitable tor the ser :r?f ;.,.r ?. and see on what ground such a decision u? made. It is to be hoped, however, that no such decieion has been mado, and that both vessels were found to work well and efficiently. InvoW^s'bets'toThe arnount of $30,000 or ?40,000 * ? Krntry on the Beacon Course yeatcr daV One witness, whose testimony was not im portant?was examined. The ca.ew.Ube resumed this forenoon. Cousin. General or HAMBURa.-Albert Schu macker, of Baltimore, has been recogmzed at such by the Treeident. Personal llloTfmentii Bi.lop Kr?rr. U. h.J recently . .?y ??"?? "?,l "??'j'S'm N.dy w ..c?Hy '"'"I b,ll,l.tol.,. SM WrtrtiK'S? lo ?ppotition.. J n"S i.d?.??.?.iy ^Sc?sbrk of"Wishington county, rlilgewock. ? A Man of TS'ffidSgjiia.' rSSSSSSwSX^st!'.r *.?."y '-.h. same Stutf. Factohy BtrRNED ?The Woollen Factory ot OiUun. Smith 8c Co., at rroctor??il|p, Vt., was ?Irstioyc' tiy fire on the mght of th?- -27'h tilt; part of the guoil. wtiuvkved. In?uiance $14 000, which will not eove) the luan,as the building* were worth nearly that amount Coitrt for the CoRRKrriojt of Krrors?Al. bany, S.iurday, Oc?. 8, 1844 ?Present?Senstm Softer, anil ? Other Hnnators. Ordeied, That thi* Conr will not hear any argument! in any cxumi Irom and attci the 17th d > of October initsnt, until the lith day of No vember next No. 13. H P Aleaander and ai , r? H Oiet-ne am) si. Mr. H Bteveni continued lor tlei'endnnu in error. Mnmlay, Oci. 7.- Present- Senator Foater prf ?iiling, and '10 nther 8?niitor?. No 13 H P. Alvxamlm 4ii 1 al va H Oiecnr and ai Mr. R fltevtina concliKlfi for diifi-ndants iu error. Mr. M. T. Reynoldj was hearn m^reiiiy. Doiindabt Troiibi-e ?We learn with much snr prise, says the New Hrunswicker, that the Cutia li in OnTemment are claiming all llie upper part of tin st John, as part of Lower Canada, and that the claim i< extenrte i aa tar d?wn aa ihe (}ran>l Kalla <pj- A BLICHslNli TO MANKIND-( O.NNKL> MAOICAL PAIN KX I'RACroll.?I'hia great hi alin?t ?alvo it arknowleilied, by all who have uhmI it, to hn th? moat wonderful article ever known. It rpp?lf all tanviei hy fira, extiacta all pain, and preyenta mortiQcation in Hverv caae. It will cure any ot the following complaint*, or ail pay ia refuaed for it, wit. B'in.1, Old $, Erysipelas, Scali!*, Brni-ii, Chip*, 8al* Rh'-um, fcrofala, v/umdi, Eruption*, km Byea, Pili?, ( hiibiaiua, < old in V. i urd?, I'ender Kaet, kc. Remember, it 1* to be had genuine only at. 31 Court linrlt atri>?;t. fty- RlCORD'g PARISIAN ALTETAjRVB MIX ?nre, for the permanent cure of primary or aecondarx -yphili*. venen rI nicer*, node*, or any complaint pro liiceil by an initnlieioiia iiHe al meicnry, or tinakillul me lical trentmnnt All pervon* ?u?pectina a venereal tair1 emainirg in their ayatem ahotild tiae ihla powerful pun ier without delay, aa no pnrxon can consider hlraa?.lf aal. >lter having the venernal diaeaae, without thoroughl\ learning the *v?tetn with thia J??tlycelebrated alterativi "?old in aingln hottlea at $1 each, In caae* of half dazei it 14) carefully packed anil aunt to all part* of the fTnion Sold at the College of virrticlne >nd Pharmacy, PS Na?*au itrect W 8. HlCHARDHON, M. !>., Agent. CARD. I (&- THE HL0T9 of the Pilot Boat T H. SMITH, take this mode el puMicly presenting their heartfelt thanks to Lieutenant Hunt, commanding the U. 8 acbr. Wave, for his extreme kindness in ami render in j ali the assistance at hia command in getting their boat otl the beach, after the gale ol the Slat Supt la?t. DAVIO KtLSO, in behall ol the Company. 0(7- BUN THEM OFF THE RAIL -The wretched scamps and vulgar swindlers baffled in their vile attempts to imjiose on the public a poisonous an:l really dangerous imitation ol Oouraud's famous Italian ? So p lor the cure of pimplea, freckle*, sallowuess, ami all akin blemishes, have, as a last reioit reduced their uuuseous stuff io 26 cents a cake, a miserable expedient to palm off" tho rubbish, similar to the trick of telling the dangereu* imitation ol Gouraud'i Poudre Subtile lor eradicating eu peiflunus hair, which we tignally?defeated, an J drove the ignorant and matchless rascals "oil the track," as we shall eventually do with their counterfeit of the original and genuine Italian Soap of Dr. Gouraud'a, which a not to be had in Breadway, or the purlieus ot the Five Pointi, but only at 67 Walker street, first store, from Broadway,.? 64 cents a cuke We need scarcely add that the above re* mark* do not apply to the Inn of Wilson k Co , Perfu mers, Broadway. (W- VELPEAU'S SPECIFIC PILLS, FOR THE RA dical cure of gonorrhea gleet, seminal amissions, and all mucopurulent discharges liom the urethra. These pills, the result of twenty yearn' experience in the Hospital ile Charite in Paris, are pronounced by thus r ?elebrated in ventor, Professor Velpeau, as ?n inlaliible remedy lor all diseases of the urethra. They ell'ect a cure <n a much shorter lime than any other remedy, without tainting the breati., disagreeing with the stomach, or confinement from business. Price, $1 per box. Sold at the College of Medicine and Pharmacy, U6 Nassau street. W. 8. RICHARDSON, M D., Agent Her breast, oh, 'tis glory, her neck white and clear, And ber cheek where the rt se and the lily appear (K7* Oli, WOMAN ! if you but knew the excessive power of your charms, you would not allow your skin tu remain covered with blotches, freckles, tan, sunburn, Sli , when one fifty cent cake of Jones' Italian Chemical Soap would give you a moat refreshing, dazzling clear, spotless, white, rosy, red complexion?neck, arms and hands. Reader, do, do just try one 60 cent cake ol the (be particular) Jones' Soap. Oh, the etlect is beyond calculation, and will make your skin a pure, dazzling white, beautitul and clear ; but mind, buy it nowhere else but at the sign ol' the American Eagle, 82 Chatham street, or 130 Fulton street, Brooklyn; 8 State street, Boston. Reader, if you do not with to be injured with poison, or cheated with trash, ask lor Jones's Soap. DO- THE CONCENTRATED EXTRACT OF 8AK 3APARILLA, GENTIAN AND SARSAFKAS,prepared jy the New York College ol Medicine and Phanr.acy ed .bMished lor the suppression of quackery. This refined ind highly concentrated cstract, possessing all the puri .'ying qualities and curative powers of the above herbs, is confidently recommended by the College, as infinitely tiperior to any extract ot Saisaparilla at present belort; he public, and inay be relied on as a certain remedy for ill diseases arising Irom an impure state of the blood, mch aa scroiula, salt-rheum, ringworm, blotches or pim ples, ulcers, pain in the bones or joints, nodes, cutaneous eruptions, ulcerated sore throat, or any disease arising rom the secondary elfecto of syphilis or au injudicious we oi mercury. Sold in single Bottles, at.... 76 cuts eeck. " in Cases ol half-a-ucieu Bottles, $3 60 ? " " one dozer. " 0 (K< L.asea forwarded to all parts of the Union. N. B.?A very libera) discount to wholesale parchaa.ra. Office of tlia College, !)6 Nassau 3treet W. 3 RI( HAR'??->N, M 0.. Agent. tOh " COME AND BE CURED."-IF YOU HAVE A weak ba<rk or pain in the client, or rheumatism, try one ol Dr. Sli' rman's Poor Man's Plasters, and y ?u will find more relief from it then from any other plaster you ever saw. It is not only tke best but the cheapest plaster, as it costs only 12j cents, and haw cured thousands. On* million plasters a year will not begin to supply the de mand The more'it is known the better it is likek. In coughs, pains in the chest and tide, difficulty ef breath ing anu affections of the liver, it is a never failing remedy Dr. Sherman's warehousa is 1(>6 Nassau street. Agents. 2J7 Hudson ; 188 Bowery : 77 East Broadway; I Ledger Buildings, Philadelphia, ana 8 State street, Botton. QQ- MEDICAL ADVICE IN PRIVATE DISEASES? The members ot the New York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, establishtd fir the suppression of quackery, con tinue to direct their particular atteation to all diseases of a private nature, and can confidently promise to persons re quiting medical treatment, a safe and permanent cure without injury to the constitution or confinement from business. Invalids are particularly requested to make ap Slication to the College on the first appearance of those lseases, as a vast amount of suffering and time may be thus avoided. One of the members of the College, for many years connected with the principal hospital in Eu rope tor the cure ol those compluinU, attends for consul tation daily from S A M. to 7 P. M Terms?Advice and Medicines $9,? a cure guaranteed. IMPORTANT TO COUNTRY INVALIDS - Persons living in the country, and finding it inconvenient to make pej-konal application, can have forwarded tu them a chest containing all medicines requisite to perform a radical cure, by stating their ease explicitly, together with all symptoms, time of contraction and treatment received elsewhere, if any, and enclosing $6, post pan), addressed to W. S. RICHARDhON, M. D , Agent. Office and consulting rooms of the College, 96 Nassau st. {&- TO OLD MAIDS, BACHELORS AND OTHERS. ?Do you waul a Orst rate head of hair lor three shillings? If to, get a three shilling bottle oi Jones' Coral Hmr Ke a'orative. It will make your hair solt, dark, silky, and beautiful, and keep it so a long time, force it to grow, ? top its falling out, clear it of scurvy or dandruff Buy i( caly at the sign of the American Eagle. 82 Chatham st. and 323 Broadway. Mind, atk for J onet's Hair Restora tive, take no other. LADIES AND FEMALES BEWARE OF COM MON PREPARED CHALK ?It injures your skin and ldavfs it yellow, sallow and coarse?but the article called 'he Spanish Lily White gives the skin a living, suowy, pure clear appearance and does not injure. Sold, prico A cents a bottle, at 3J3 Broadway and 82 Chatham s raet, ?ria# Fulton street, Brooklyn. Take oare if a basucoun terfeit. VUr CONSTITUTIONAL Dfi-fcfMTY CLfttilJ.-Tha '?oiiic Mixture., prepared bv the College of Modicineand ?"bannwsy of the city ol 5*ew York, is confidently ro ?o:ameuat>d tor all cases ot debility produced by secret in tulecnce or excess of any kind. It is an invaluable ren.? ly for impotence, sterility, or barrenness (unless depend nc, on mal tomation.) jingle bottles $i?uicli-, ?:a.e? oi' half a <ta?ca ).V care illy parked and sent to all jmriu of the Unirr.. O'Jicc ol th*v College of Mullcino and Pharmacy if. 'nssauutreel W" KI-'TlsBUfON.M.D .Agent 0(7- TO RESTORE LEATHER AND PRESERVE it, there is nothing which can equal the Oil of Tannin. It makes boots waterproot and soft, and actually doubles their wear?it prevents their cracking aud strengthans thelaather, and it will be found superior to anything aver invented for harness and carriage tops. Sold at 31 Court landt street. 0(7- TAKE NOTICE ?The worst attacks of tha Piles may be cured in a short time by the use of Hays'Lini ment and Lin's Celestial Balm ot China. These letnvdiea have been in use for fifteen years, and hundreds in this city and all paits of the Un on have nsad them, and are now well. In case they lail to cure, the money will be refunded. Sold st 21 Courtlandt street. 0(7- BRIO ORIOLE ?The undersigned returns his sincere thanks to Captain Andrew Barstow, for his kind| ness and goad treatment during our passage (rom Rio de Janeiro to this port, which was donein thirty-seven days, and can also say that Capt B is a well intormad seaman, and deserves credit as a good officer. P C. DUMAS, late Master of the brig Cyrus. New York, 8th October, 1844. 0(7- GOURAUD'S POUDRE SUBTILE, for eradicat ing uper flout bair Irom females' upper lips, low fore heads, moles, or the stubborn beard ol man Aiwa) a test ed before buying?proof positive this, and no mi-itake. At A7 Walker street, first store from Broadway. $1 per bot tle. 017- LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, NOW IS THE time to use tha Balm of Columbia for the hair. Those who wish to wear whiskers or long hair the coming winter will find the Balm of great service. There cer tainly never was au article that ptomoted the growth of he hair like it Be sure to get none but the genuine, as he counterfeit is worthless. Sold only at 31 Courtlandt street. OUM'HINESE CEMENT for mending broken China or Glass, warranted, at 07 Walker street, 1st store from Broadway 36 cent a buttle 0(7"BEAL'S HA R RESTORATIVE at <17 Walker st , 1st .tore from Broadway. MU.U.V its .t lift. t?t'. Tuesday, Oct. 8?0 P. 11, There was a general sm.isli to-day iu the sloekjmaiket Operations came very luar producing a panic among ?peculators. Fancy stocks were the principal ones affect ed, and those which have advanced so rapidly within tha past tew days have experienced the greatest deoline. Stoninglon fell off 3$ per cent j Long Island 1|; Can ton 1f ; Mohawk 3 j Hirlem ; Norwich and Worces ter 1 j ; Er Railioad j ; Reading Railroad 1 ; Farmers' Loan 1] ; /enn?yhania ft's, 1J ; Ohio 0's, }; Morris Canal United States Bank J ; North American Tiust] ; 1'exat Treasury Notes J. Indiana closed firm at yester day's prices, and Illinois advanced 1. The breakdown ? u the stuck market to-day can be principally attributed to the accumulation of large amounts of stock in tho iiands of weak operators, purchased on time, who are I'-ompollnd to sell at tbo maturity of their contracts, for cash, at ?he beat prioas current. .Many of these contracts sometimes come due on the same day, and large quantities of stock come upon the aaiket, and eften create a panic It would not have required nr,an> more shares cf stock to nave been offVred to-day to have created a piuic similar '0 the one experienced last June. Mfcny operators retain < very vivid recollection of the 13th of June last, when Long Island fell off. in one day, ll per rent; Norwich and Worcester 11 ; Canton 13 ; Farmers' Trust S j Harlem 4 j Stonington II. The movements in the stark mar et, for a few days past indicated a very sudden expls sion j 'he advance u a t ?> t ipi! to ! ? In althy, but no one ?ipected a colkpie q iitu so q' ick. V>'e have not bsa.d >f any lame ducks yet, but the general decline mutt have nade the featheis fly from some of them. Them wrrn some large lats ol East Boston shares sold to-dsy at tha Oli) Board. This stock has placed on tha books very lataly, and those who fat UolJ of it first may make soma

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