Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 12, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 12, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., No. UM-WhoW Ho. ma. NEW YORK, SATURDAY MORNLNG, OCTOBER 12, 1844 PrlM Two C??M. THE NEW YORK HERALD? AIJORIiGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE UREATESTIN THE WORLD. To tlie Public. THE NEW YORK HERAL1)?Daily listed-wyd., of the year .??p, W.w VMLr>, u.y ^ Fouitll o J,Bl>r *"*? * ??? P" copy-or $7 M per amiam-postagae paid?cash in advauco 1 HE WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price 6% cent* per copy, or S3 M per urn am?post ages paid, cash in advance. tzuss&zgg; tncn in the city or country. Prices moderate?cash in advance. PRIN1 ING of all kind* executed at the most moderate price. ?nd in Uie moat elegant style. ' ' JAME8 GORDON BENNETT, PaorniCToa or the Hkrald Eitailkhhcitt, Northweet ooruer of Fallon and Nassau streets. PA, V lj. Tfa K AK K Ai^ThTrNt FARE 1HREE *Hj^^U8,KROM PATERSON TO On and after the 1st of October the can will We PaTB so- DtroT. wrw ? o'clock A. M. E 11* " 3 " P. M. o.l i_ . w ?!? SOfDATS. 8 o cjock A. M. r. # o'clock A-M. .Mtf'ec PM- 1 4 " PM. 3TATEN ISLAND FERRY. _ _ Th. n . ^OOT OF WHITEHALL. ~ ? . Th. ???.S'ew" VOltK *? P ? a*ri ""V0' A ^ "H. ?X ??l 5K, P. M. ? ,' Kood* must be particularly marked, and are at the ri?k of the owners thereof. ' ' *l2? *OK. HAL.1FAA AM) LiVEK^UOL.. ^teamen BRITANNIA lajid CALEDONIA, will leave Boston, for th? above poru, as follows Passage to Liverpool.... .TV.. . ... ?na Passage to Hulifag *'S .,|m A^U, G3&a> . MjtL..the Night Line to ALBANY AND Tkotf wUleh^e the hour ofdeparture from 7 to 6 o'clock. P. M., Yaii. 9 o'clock A. M. 1?K " P. M. 4 " ?? ?? i, iunuif, landt street rier. TROV^^dE^%IRK0'Cl?Ck' ft?B B"Cl*7 MreM *?? \3 IT j0"".* lLhe ?rf?tFairiMid Cattle Show, Tuesday, 17th, Wednesday, iSth, and Thursday, l#th. will reduce the fare to 75 oniti to and from PoPKhkecpsie ud New York. stt NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY STEAMBOAT LINE. IV Straiiip' KMP1RE?Captain'ff'll. Roe, Monday, Wednes day and l< riday Morning at 7 o'clock. The Swam*r TROY, Captain A. Oorham, Tuesday, Thar* day and Saturday Morning, at 7 o'clock. Evening Line from :he loot of Courtlandt street diraet. The Steamer SWALLOW, C.pSSTa ffii^fenday. Wednesday and I1 nday Evening, at < o'clock. The Stetnu-r ALBANY, Captain R. B. Macy, Tuesday Thursday and Saruiday Evening, at 6 o'clock, i. MU.?nthi' "J"' ?"i"K to their light drausht of wa ter, are able at all times to pass the ban, and reach Albany and Troy m ample time to take the morning train of cars for the ?ast or we*f. For paasage or freight, apply on board, or at the offices on the wnarv??i. ^ PEOPLE'S LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOR ALBANY. 0*L ?AikY' Sundays ncepted?Through direct, (?psQbd'ti * P. M., from he Steamboat Pier between ?SUMdHnK?(yoartlaiidt and LibertjLstreets. i I 5N,i;KER?(iCKra. Captain A. P 8l John, Moudav, WtdQe?day and Friday Evenings at S o'clock H0CHE8T;ER, Captain A. Vn?h?Jul 0Ii lueeday, ihuraday and Saturday Eveuings, at 4 o'clock. . , , '?'rom the foot of Barclay street. ?pc JTe ? ^'ocI'i.,^.IV^7L'u",',1K 41 luteruiediate Place*. IV Stea,nb??t NORTH AMERICA, Captain BTo Cret o'clock y' Tho?d?T Saturday Afternoons, at 5 Che Sujmhoal COLUMBIA, Captain William H Peek io'clock' W*tl,u*d*>r' ,u", >ni?y and Sunday Afternoons, at P*s?nBen taking either of the above lines will arrive in Albany in ample time to take the Morning Trains of Can for **. weat. Hie boats are usw and substantial, are fnr aidvd with new and elegant sure rooms, and for speed and ac soinrnodiition*, ire ourivalled ou the Hudsun All (?*rsnns are forbid trnsting any of the boats of this line, without an nnter from the Captain. apply on hoard, or to P. C. 8ehulti, at the Office on the wharf. o7rc PLEASANT AND CHEAP EXCURSION^. NEW B(STATEN wlano.iXndnJw VOIUl KEllKV. _ *Lrt)r" P'f' No- 1, North River, foot of Battery Place. f*L7\V 8<"unbo*t CINDERELLA, run as follows Daily, from May JOtli to Ocwoh. In, 'p-m""1 New Yorl" 9*nd u ?'c,oc?' u/h p. Mminu,e*10 "d ,# minuu-w ^Uaves New Brighton a) I and 10 A. M.; at IX, 5 and 7* On Sunday-Leaves New York, at? and U A. M.; at 3, ? and at1 5 iud7MP Mrt Rlchmo,ld? #t * mmnu? to ? and 10 AJV1; ,V.'J"vork. May u. l?4 myll tm're FARE REDUCED. ?OR CROTONVILLK, SING 8INO, TARRYTOWN /a? IHVIN(J WILTSIE'8rfoCK,HASTING^ ^^^?AND YdNKERS.?On and after Ssturd.y, i u.xRMis.-Un and after Saturday, ?: ^ and 9ub?tAiitiai steemhoat WASiUNOTON IRVING Cam Hiram Tuthill, w i v/ "" ",ot ?' Chamber street for the above places, daily J! Iw M l S""dy , Raturuiiuf, will leave CrotonvUle at 0"4, and Siuk Siuk at 7 o'elock A. mT, landing at the foot of Uanim.nid ?tr?et earh way. 4|,,,ly 00 board' or 10 STEPHEN B. UMiPKINH, 19? \v^r ntrmet. ?32m*rc 11,1" BATn, lirtKIJliVfcU A> Li llAIXUVVbuL. The ucw steamer PKNOB.KyOT, Captain ?N. Kimball, leaves the end of T wharf, Boston, , , , ^?-"'rv Tnrsrtay and Friday eveuings, at 5 o :lock. Strifes will be in readiness ou her arrival at the abovi T fjT> In flii? n?iijfiKr rinv town*. * ALL AND WINTER AKKANtiK.MF.NT. JSEWARK ND NEW YOuK. FARE ONLY 1JI1 CKNT8. THE NEW AND SWIFT STEAMBK RAINBOW, CAPTaIN JOHN OAFFT ' ON and af'er SepUmber 10th will run daily, "follows (Sundays incladed) :?Leave New . . -?JU*. foot oft entre street, 8 o'clock A. M.? > e .New Vork, foot of Barclay streat, 3 o'elock P. M. ii" r-r . M-'W Live.uruinj-iiir KfTJTV Packet 21st October.?The su|wrior fast sailing pack ?WHBfart shii) ROf'HESTKR, '00 tons burtliern. Captain Biituni, will sail as above, her regular day. For fremht or |>assage, having elegant and spacious accommo dations, apply ou board, wrai side Barling Slip, or to WOODHULL k MINTURNS, o- m n South stmt Pnce of Pattafe ftlOO. The packet ship llottinffetir, Capuin Ira Baraley, master. 1150 tons burthen, will succeed the Rochester, and sail on liar mrn |rtf f* 'V Q**?oh?r ^ tOK NtW ORLEANS?? 'llie splendid new ^packet ship EMPIRE, Captain Russell, now loading sit V iirrav s viharf, fuot of Wall, street, will be dis pa.yMd lor New Orleans on th? 18th instant. 'I his la-auiifnl ship is U00 rons register, and fittad up in a at) le uiii-iju illed by any ship ailoai, lor the comfort of cabin, sec nd cabin andnt-nrage ipassengnrs. 'I hose adout to embark for New Orleins at the above dale, will And it their iutaivst to tiamiue (lie accommodations previous to their engaging else where. t or passage ap|>ly on board, or to John herdman, _ n^*t 61 South street. l[OR NEW ORLEANS?Union Line?Fint ? regular (mrket with de?patch?Tlie fast sailing packet UNION, J. B. Batiorue, master, i^ now loading "l have immediate dispa'ch. For cuhiu, second cabin and si-rr.iKr i>*?wnKeM, having superior accoinmoda.inu, eaily ap plication should be triadv on board, at Murray's wharf, or to ^ JOSEPH MeMUHRAf, *2Pfc 100 Pine slreef. cori er of South street. |(t4 LI V t.RP(JOL? [>ew L.iu>?lingular farket PWV".' *'l!. Q?t-?The regular last sailing Packet Ship |MHHbGAKHICK, Captain a. J. 11. Traskj of 1,100 tons tiurthen.will sail as above, her regular day. ror Ireighi or passsg% having dccominodations unequalled for splendor or comfort, apply on board at Orleans wharf, foot ol Wall street, or to _ . . _ COLLINS It CO, 18 South street Price of ( visage, tioo. T** iwck-t ship Bosoins, Capt, John Collins, of IK0 tons, will succeed ihe Garrick, and sail 26th November, her regular "y- s27r< TOR NEW ORLEANS.?The fast sailinTihin (TUC.NTON. Captain, will pSrfti^ylSil oS _jSitnrday, Octobe, 12. ,plmdid ship has unsurpassed accommodations for eg bin, second cabin and steerage passengers, who will be tak?n at tlie low* i rates. Those desirous of securing berths, will require to make early application an boa d, at Pier No. M E. K. or to v,? t L JOHN HEADMAN. 61 South st^2L *VB. The sabscriber will have a regular saccession of first " . y*' ,a"*u* 'very fire flays, lor the above port. olOrc >OB SAVANNAH?The ship HHODR isirAND, ?Jj^rytapt Andrews.will \* des^atchMl lor the abore port on JNMBia*4tur<tay, DcuH er 12th. r or |fct.?ne, tMviuir rvcellent accommodations in cabin an ?i slseraite, all of whjen will be at the lowes' rate, apply to <*'?"? JOHN HERDMAN, 1.1 South street. /OR NKW oRLKAN8.-DiHgtT.-The steam hip ALABAMA, 700 tons burthen, Henry W indie, -? jiyommanoer, will sail lor the above port on the 15th Mcti-nri neit, St ? o clock. This splendid and remarkably ?taani li stinmrr has been thoroughly overhauled the present sninmer, ie-?ly c-piwd, and is farouhed with a powerful set nl w-vv Botl. rs, made at tlie Novelty Works of this city. She 11 rtm-cted to make the run to tlie II all re with ease In s|g days, end hating li.oidsome and comfortable accommodations, fot both calon ai d iieerage passengen, offers au unusually desirable conveyance to thg travelling community. For light freight 01 piusagr. apply to U. MEllLE, .!?? l??!Wl?ee Jgg Fmnt St. Jl4? ? ORLEANS? Union Liuo? Kint ?MWyRegulir Packet with ??'?patch -The splendid, fs.t mkUmlm ailing packet CINCINNATI, Capuin L. Rajs*, will po<iti?ely sail as above. Having superior accommodations for cabin, second cabin and ?t trine psa-engsrs, psrsons shout ta smbsrk should make im mediat. application on boaid, at Murray's wharf, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, <>?*? ?? Pu* itwst, coraar of South BAHENNE & CO AT THE CORNER OK GRAND STREET AND BROADWAY, Entiunc* 114 Gband Stkklt, FASHIONABLE ESTABLISHMENT, Where the choicest assortment of Piritiu Mod*, Hats, Cape, Head Dresses, fcc., will always be fouud of the best selections? importation direct. ?j|rc SP MRS. M. WILSON begs t?? inform her Irieudj and the public, that she is prepared to exhibit a rich and . elegant assortment of Fall Hata, which she fla'ters herself the ladies will and worthy their inspection A few Imported ?? purchas-d for patterns, selling (or lee* than co?t. Country Milliners, in March o' pattern*. wou'd do wel. to c.ll previous to purchasing. On hand a choio* assortment of Fetlhers, r lowers, Cape, and Head Dresses. Ladies' own materials iaade up iu the neweststyle. MRS. M. WILSON, oil 2w*tc 291 Grand St., between Allen and Orchard. FRENCH ARTIFICfAL FF.OWEKS AND FEATHERS, .v*. BRUN LAROSIERE h COURT, 116 William pljHl/street, New York, are receiving by the Havre packets, 5nff2their assortment of Kail Oooas, which, for elegance, "**^*they hate no rival. All dealers and judges iu tlie above line, are invited to give them a call, and we will venture to say they will not leave the store without expressing thair admira tion of such a beautiful stock. They pledge themselves that the public will not be deceived with Amerieau Flowers for French, aa they have their house iu Paris, Rue de A'racy, No.6, and detl exclusively in French Klowers. ol lm*ec MAG A ZIN DE MODE, Ho 60 Canal Street. TV/T AD AME D. BEHRMAN. begs leave to inform her friends that h-r opening for the Fill and Winter Fashiopi, In Paris Hata, Cars, Head Dreaaee, French Klowers, Feathera, and Ribbous, of the choicest styles, (carefully selected by her ag uts at Paris,) together with a variety of PARISIAN MILLINERY FOR LADIES TOILETS, will take place on Munday, the 7th October. Madam B. solicits the favor of an early call at her old establishment, Magazin de Mode, 60 Canal street. New York. October 3d, 1844. o4 lm'ec 1MKIS MlLLliNfcK*. V/f ISS F. OODEFROY, 349 Broadway, opposite to the ivX Carlton House, will open on Tuesday, the 24th instant, her assortment of Fall and Winter Millinery, Embroideries, Ma terials for Dressee, Fancy Articles, lie. Country Milliners will be supplied at the most moderate prices. <17 lm*m FRENCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWERS, day, an entirely iresn sioca oi rmncn Artincial Flowers, Feathers, iic., just received by the last packets from Havre. The above stock was selected in Paris by C. E. Becker, late sales man with Bruu k Co.. of William street sll lm*ec TURKISH FANCY STORE, 505 Broadway, "IX7HERF. may be had Fancy Articles, just received from vv Constantinople. Also, Turkish Tobacco, fiesh Turkish Candy, made here by the proprietor, (an Armenian gentlemau,) who nas long resided iu Constantinople. His Candy being fresh, renders it far superior to that whi' h is imported from Constantinople. H. TATEOYSAN. 06 Iw'bc BEACON COURSE-RACING. THE FALL MEETING of 1844, will cosrmence on Wed nesday, October 23d. weather permitting, and contiuue three dsys, commencing eichday at 2 o'em k. First Day?fropr etor's Purse, $100, Mile Heats, for three year olds that never won a purse. Same Day?At J o'clock, Purse $800. Three Mile Heats, free far all horses, $200 lo second best, Entries to the abova >o be made on Monday evening previous to tlie race, at'R. Smith's, Park Row, by 1# o'clock. Second Day?At 2% o'clock,Purse (100,MilaHeats, free for al horses. Same Day?At 3)4 o'clock, Purse $100, for all horses, Mile Heats, beat three in five Entries to be made at R. Smith's, the evening p evious, by 10 o'clock. Third Day?At o'clock. Purse $?00 frte for ?'l horses never won a purse previous lo this meeting. Two Mile Heats. Same Day?At 3X o'clock, Purse $100, Ore for all horses, Two Mile Heats. This Meeting takes place at this time, in order to give the dif ferent Stables of Hon**, which will attend the B Itiinore R ce?. time to attend this meeting. All of tlie important Stables from Virginaand Mir land are expected to attend this meetiug. to gether with Col. Williamson's fable from North Carolina, in cluding Regent, Marctii mess and s?veral ?'?hers. Also, Mr, Johnson's S able, inclu. ing the Colonel and ihreeor four others. Col. Thompson's Stable from Washington, avd several others from the south are exiwcted '1 h?*e Stable*, together * ith the loug string of hor-es from Loi'g Island and New Jersey, in cluding Fashion, wht will me^t Regent tlie tlnee mile day, will constitute a larger number of horses than has attended any (nett ing at the north for sev ral VMM. Tn case either purse ihuuld be walked over for, but half the amount will be given. The following Sweepstake* are open to come off durinc tlie week of the above meeting, for three year olds. sub. $100, h l\., $100 added by the Proprietor, Mile Heats, three or more to make a race. Also. Sweepstakes for 4 or S year olds, snb. $150, h. ft., $IP0 added by the proprietor, Three Mile Heats, three or more to mike a race. Both the above to n?me and close at R. Smith's, on the Even ing of the 22d Oct., at 10 o'clock. The above Meeting to be governed by the Rules of the Union Course. Stables ana straw will be furnished gratis. ollrc BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS. . Of 1200 tons and 440 horse power each ? Under contract with the Lords of the Ad| ?minify. HIBEKNIA,., Captain Alaaander Ryrie. CALEDONIA, Captain Edward O. Lott. ACADIA... Captain William Harrison. BRli ANN lA Captain John Hewitt. . CAMBRI A, .. ... . .Captaiu C. H. E. Judkins. Will'sail from Liverp?ol and Boston, via. Hulfai, as follows: From Boston. From Liverpool. Caledonia, Lott August 16th. ? Acadia, Harrison... Sept. 1st. August 4th. Hiben.ia, Ryrie " 16th. ,r 20th. Tltese vessels carry experienced surgeons, and an siviplip'l with Life BoaU. For freight or passage, apply to 5. Bill OH AM, Jnn.. Agent, auflrc No. 3 Wall street. FOR NEW ORLEANS AND GALVESTON, TEXAS-vu HAVANA AND KEY WEST. To Sail on Satubdav, 12th Ocyiti, at 4 o'clock, P. M Tlieelegant well known and favorite Steam ship NEW YORK, John T. Wright, Com imander, will positively sail as above. This steamer has been overhauled, and pnt in com plete order for the season, and no ex|>ense has been spared *> make her every way complete?has large and airy s'ate-rooms, every way adapted for tlie comfort of passengers.? She carries sufficient fael from here for the voyage, and will not stop at the intermediate ports only lo land aud receive pas teups r*. ? or passage, apply to Capt. Wright on hoard foot of Clinton street, E R, or to A. HUBBARD St CO. a*-12 lrn?rrc 37 Peck Slip. FOR SALE?The.elebraied Sail Boat WII-LIAM M. GROESBECK, tlie fastest 16 ft. boat known, lhavil K beat six of I he fastest sail boats that Could be Croduc a one of them 18 feet long, among which were the C. Ingersnll and Ann Ma*ia, and never having lost a r'Ce. She i* in first rate order, having good Sails, Swivel Sculls, two Rud ders, one lor racing, aud every thing complete She is nearly new, being less than a year old and does not leak a drop. She can be seen at the foot of 8priug street, N. R. Inquire st 300 West street near Spring. oil Jt*ec FOR HAVANA, FROM PHILADELPHIA. The A. 1. fast-sailing packet barune M.IZAHKTP KfKfVJ., John 8. Remington, master, will sail positively oi> jHBlGBlXlh Oc'ober. hor freight or passage, having snperior fnrniahe<l accommo dations, a large aud commodioua cabin, with twelve state rooms, apply to JOHN F. OHL 8i SON, s!7 3w then 101 South Wharvee, Philadelphia. LOUISIANA LINE OF NEW ~0RLKANS .PACKETS?Packet of the 14th Oct.?First Packet or |J>as?age fiee?The well known last sailing packet shi,i ? AZOO, (/apr. Wibray, will sail punctually as above, her regular day, weather remitting or |?saage Iree. The ships of this line have now commenced their regular trips, and will sail punctually as usual, evrry Momliy morning, fu'lornot. Pef?ons about to embark for the ahove port will find this the only tegniar line sailing out of New York for New Orleans, and the price of passage is low, for which apply on board, foot Wall street, or lo W. It J. T. TAPSCOTT, 76 South street cor. Maiden Lane. " Holmes Line" picket ship Alabama, will succeed the Yazoo, and siil Oil Monday, 20th insl. o8rc OLD-ESTABLISHED PACKET OFFICE,61 South street?Passage to and from Great Britain and Jrrland, via Liverpool. Passage can at all times be engaiteil at the lowest rates, to and from Liverpool, by the regu lar I'arkei nliips sailing under the new arrangement every lew da> s, arel drafts can as usual he furnished for any amount, paya ble at the National and Provincial Bank, Ireland, and theit branches, and throughout the United Kingdom, as well as at all the principal hanking institutions in England, Scotland and Wales, without discount or any other charges. For further par ticulars, if by latter, post panl apply to *4ec JOftN HERDMAN, 61 South st. |? EXCHANGE ON ENGLAND, IRELAND, >11^.SCOTLAND AND WALES.-The Subscriber has all timea for sale Drafts from ?1 to ?1000, payahlt at all the principal Banking lostilotinus throughout the United Kingdom. JOHN HERDMAN, 61 South st. NTB. Passage to and from Liverpool can be secured at th? lowest rates by any of the line of paclieta sailing on the 1st. 6lh t Ith, 16th, list and 26th of each month, on application as above _jy*4 ee ???- FOR OLASOOW? Hegular Paekei?The new WflVWfast sailng, coi |ier*<l barque ADAM CARR, 340 JBHhb'ohs burthen, Captain Robert Scot), * ill sail I" riday B>xt, I uh instant. For passage, apply on board, loot Dover street, or to WOODHULL ?t MINIUMNS, ? n1e<! 07 South street FOR LIVERPOOI^-I'acketof the 16th of Oc'. The splendi packetshipENOLANU, ''apt Bartlett, will siil on the 16th t lr.tober, her regular d.iy She has unsurpassed secommodalions for Cabin and steerage pa*sen gers. kor passage, apply to JOHN He RMAN, lore 6' South street. PASSAGE FOR NEW ORLEANS. MOBILE OR SAVANNAH?The following firstclsss regu lar Packet Ships will sail positively as follows? Pur ,>ew Orleans, Paek-l Ship YAZOO, (.'apt. Wilrsy. oil the 14th Octoliar. Also. Packet Ship ALABAMA, Capt. Bun ker, 21s! October. For Charleston, Packet Ship WARSAW, Capt. Parsons, on the uth Oc lobar. For Sevannsh, P.eket sh L. BALDWIN, Capt. Bassett, on the I Ith October. The above well-kno^u packets will sell punctually M above, sad the accommoda ions tor cabin, second cabin and staereae passengers are very supatior. To secure berths, early applica tion shonld qe made on hoard, or to W. hi. T. TAPSCOTT, ?I* Ttjtauh street,. coraer Maiden Us* [From the Philadelphia Spirit of the Times.] General Convention of the Protestant Bpla* copal Cknrch In the United State*. [Deferred remarks of the Rev. Mr. Forbes of New York on Dr. Hawk* substitute to the resolu tion ol Mr. Memninger, as amended by the Rev. Mr. Younf of South Carolina.] WlDltkhDAY, Oct 9, 1844. The Rev. Mr. Forbss of New York, was oppo sed to all the different propositions presented, be cause they assumed the existence ol errors in the doctrines ot the church in relerence to the exis tence of which not a particle of proof had been laid before the house. At first, gentlemen seemed willing to advert to the source trom whence these supposed errors had their origin, but since we have bem told to trace their origin in the Oxford Tracts, and then the gentlemen trom Va. followed with some sixty odd speculations. He had never, how ever, met with a single individual who held any one of them, on the contrary every article seemed to be a direct perversion of the doctrines supported by the tracts He did not prut ess himself an advo ca'e of those trait-?as tar as they threw any ueetul light on the formularies of the church, he fell grate ful to their authors, but so far as they weut beyond them, he threw them off, and they could have no authority with him. bo great was the perversion of the true doctrines of these writings, that he was, with deferencr^iuclined to believe that the gentle man from Virginia had never read them, but that his knowledge of them was confined to an article which appeared some two or three years ago in the " Recorder," an English radical journal, which he had read, and which contained something like it. It really seemed if thiB had accidentally fallen in his way, and he had used its perversions without ever having perused the original tracts.? Other specifications of error came from the Rev. gentleman trom Obi*), (Dr. Brooke.) He had in stanced the error of Tradinou. Now he confessed that he knew and tecognized it not, as it had been averred, as a co-ordinate rule of faith, and yet he had to acknowledge that he came trom what was called and considered "the inter ted district," on this subject?he recognized the Bible alone as the rule of taith. Not that we should reject tradition; and to show its value he would illustrate his po sition by assuming a parallel case. Suppose, some one hundred years neiice, the doctrines of the Episcopal Church should be called in question? they would have our Book of Commou Prayer still in existence, but yet opposite opinions on points ofdoctrine might be deduced from it. Now, if they could obtain,in addition tothe Prayer Book, the Sermons of the present day, and after perusing them should find that, while our ecclesiastics disa gree on many minor points, they all agree on great general questions, would not those then inquiring from past standards say that those points ol general aereement must have been the doctrines of the Episcopal Church in 18441 Most assuredly, nnd as they would receive benefit trom what would be tradition then, we find the use of tradition now The gentleman trom Oaio ha- also referred to the doctrine of Justification by Faith, but had con fused it with the doctrines ot the Romish Chuich. If he could not see the difference, othets could. But, for t^e sake of argument, he waB willing to admit that serious difficulties existed in the Church; let us then come to the question of the proposed remedy. All the resolutions before us agree in one particular, which is that the whole subject should be sent up to the House of Bishops for their godly counsel and advice upon it. That opinion necessarily could come to us only in two ways, either by a pastoral letter, or by au express declaration ot opinion on the const!uction ot cer tain religious articles. Tbe first course was tried in reference to this very subject of Justification by Faith, at .the last General Convention, and the pastoral letter met with general commendation, and was universally acquiesced in because it did not go into any very rninuie details. It was like putting at. Paul and St. Jarues into the same epistle. The House of Bishops, il again called upon wauld be | necessitated, by the very usture of the question, to send us their answer again in the same way. But be would ask, is it desired that our " articles" of religion should be alteredl Is it required that the House ot Bishops should give a new definition on any of the subjects mentioned? Jt is supposed not. We all profess to b* contented with ihose articles, so tar as they go. What is des red, then, is aa expansion of such articles; a going mure into detail, a giving more full and exact defini tions suited to the exigencies of the times This is precisely the doctrine of developement? the Retnish doctrine ?? developement. And we place ourselves in this situation, that while we re luse to bow to the decision of a great Council ot the Church, where all Christendom is Hsstmbled and represented, we are at the same titn^ wilin g to believe whatever a General Convention of the ProteBlant Episcopal Church in the United States may speak, and bow to its decision. We are will ing to give them the authority to develope doc trines for us and allow them to assume a power which is denied to a General Council ol the whole Church. He affirmed that if the House of Bishoi* should give the desired opinion, it would be of no value or force, unless it amounted pre cisely to what we nave now in our posses sion. The churches of Antioch, Jerusalem nnd Rome, we are told, have erred; we are then to infer that the Protestant Episcopal Chuich of the United States of America may err, and bet up a standard different trom its creed ; and it it may err, it certainly never was more liable to do eo than now. When there is a conflict of opinion throughout the entire chri^ian world, a t-hakirg, a? it were, of the foundations?a re-ex. ruination ot first principles?is it a time to distuib the arti cles of oor church ? Are we, in the midst of great prevailing excitement, to ask our House of Bishops to express miuutely their opinions on the most dif ficult matters the world was ever distracted with? now, too, when the clamor is loud trom without and within the pale of the church 1 It is obvious, at such a time, our judgments were never more likely to err. And now suppose the opinion thatthr House of Bishops should give was erroneous, and should militate against the doctrines of the Nicene Creed?what would be its fate 1 Suppose f?>r ex ample, in developing the docirine of Justification by Faith, it should be brought into the article of the creed,"! believe in one baptism for the remission ol sins," which is the highest authority'? And insup posing that in course ol an argument, he wished not to be misunderstood; he believed in justification by faith, but he believed that Article could be bo defined as to militate against an Article ot the Ni cene Creed. Would the decree of this Conven tion, emanating from the House of Bishops, be au thority for any such standard of beliet which was contrary to the Creed of the Church, or to one or all of the essential articles of the Christain faith'! The reason why our Creeds are so emphatically made the guides of faith, is that they are but ex panstons of the baptismal creed of our Lord : "Go ye into all the world and make disciples of all na tions, baptising them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost,"?the last so lemn charge ot our Divine Master before his ascen sion to heaven; the Apostles Creed is only a more expansive form, and the Nicene creed in its turn, more expansive still, and then there was the Athanasean Creed still more full ? Is there a member ot our Church who does not believe implicitly in every article contsined in the creedl He heard it the other day in the course ol of araument suggested as to the " descent into hell," that it was not an essential of the faith The be lief in thm was as essential as all else: it is connect ed with the incarnation of the Son of God. It was as man that He wns born, suffered death, was buried, asoendad into hell, rose again trom the dead and descended into heaven. These aresII intimately connected, however,with that great ceii tral truth ot our religion, the incarnation ot the Son of God. He that would not believe " the descent into hell," held not in its integrity the true Catho lic faith. He would sooner, ihm, part with his hands than at any earthly bidding be prevailed upon to relinquish any one article of the creeds. The opinion ol this General Convention could not excuse it. The Rev. gentleman further aseerted that the House of Bishop# would find it utterly im possible to settle i he matters suggests d to them in the way proposed; they therefore would not attempt it. There were two principles embodied in the iormu

laries of the church, the one what might be termed the Catholic, and the other the Protestant; the first, pervsding the Liturgy, the Creeds and offices; the other expressed in the Atticles. Now leave both alone, and all things are reconcilable; but extend both to their remote limits and there will be clashing. He was tor leaving them as they now stand; they can be readily reconciled by the use ot that liberty which the church allows. But if attempt to carry either out as far as they may be pri'Hwd, there must be clashing between the two What will be the result 1 One or the other of th? two classes of persons now living together in peace, must go out of the church. Did the genilentai. irom Ohio (Dr. Brooke) wish to have the church all to himself and triends 1 or did he desire a plau mble excuse for wi'hdrawing from the church. As for himself he could not think of the effect of such a proceeding as that proposed without alarm. He should regard it sa a great calamity to the church; this the House of Bishops would Me, and the) would not attempt to act. Tmibsday, Oct. 10, 1844. After the Morning Prayers war* read by the Rev. Dr N B Crochfr, ot R I , assisted by the Rev. E Mead of N Y , the minutes of the last tiession were read aud approved. The Rev. Dr. Jarvia Irom the Standing Commit ter, on the General Theological Seminary, made a report aa to the nomination of the various diocesea tor trustees of the seminary. The canon on "Episcopal Resignations pro posed yesterday by Rev Dr Uplqld, is as follows: Whereas the resignation of ihe episcopal juris diction of a diocese is to be discountenanced, but nevertheless as it may, undei certain circumstan ces, be boih neceesaty and de?ir?bje, it is hereby declared that the episcopal resignation ot adiocess may take pl .ee under the following regulations, that is to say: Section 1. If, within six months before the me*1* ing of auy General Convention, a bishop shall de sire to resign his jurisdiction, he shall, when such General Couvention meets, make known in writ ing to the House of Bishops such desire, together with the reasons moving him thereto; whereupon the House of Bishops shall have full power and authority to investigate not only the whole caso ot the proposed|iesignation, but any other tacts and circumstances bearing upon it, so that the whole subject of the propriety or necessity ot such resig nation may be placed fully betore the House ot Bifhops .... . * Section 2 Au investigation having thus been made, the House ot Bishops thall have power to decide on the application, and, by the vote oi a majority of those present, to accept, or refuse to accept, such resignation ; and in all cases ot a pro posed resignation, the Bishope shall cause their pro ceedings to be recorded, on their journals; and in case ot acceptance, the resignation shall be com plete when thus recorded: and notice thereof shall qe given to the House of Clerical and Lay Depu "'lection 3. In caBe a Bishop should desire to re sign at any period not within six months before the meeting ot a General Convention, he shall make known to the presiding Bishop such his desire, with the reasons moving them thereto, whereupon the presiding Bishop shall communicate without delay a copy of the same to every Bishop ot thisChurch, and at the same time summon ssid Bishops to meet him in person, at a place to be by him designated, most convenient to all, and at a time not less than three months (from the date ot his summons; and should a number, not less than thtee-tourths et all the Bishops ot this Church, meet at the time and place designated, they shall then have all the powers given by the previous sections of this Canon to the House of Bmhops; and Bhould a number less than three-fourths assemble, they shall have power to adjourn lrom time to time until they can secure the attendance ot three-tourihs ?>t all the Bishops of this Church. Should a proposed re signation of a Bishop be accepted at any meeting ot the Bishops tor that purpose held during a recess, then it shall be the duty of the presiding Bishop to pronounce such resignation complete, and to com municate the same to the ecclesiastical authority of each diocese, who shall cause the same to be read to the several congregations therein. And it shall be the further duty ot the presiding Bishop to cause such resignation to be formally recorded on the journals of the House of Bishops tnat may meet in General Convention next therealter. It the Bishop desirous of resigning should be the pre siding Bishop, it shall devolve,upon the Bishop next in seniority. , . ... Section 4. No Bishop whose resignation ot the episcopal jurisdiction of the diocese has been con summated pursuant tp this Canon, shall, under any circumstances, be eligible to any vacant diocese in union with this church, nor shall he have a neat in the House of Bishops, nor shall he perform any episcopal act. , . . Section 5 A Bishop who ceases in any mode to have the episcopal charge ot a diocese is still sub ject in all matters to the authority of the (jenerul Convention. . . Section 6. Canon XXXII. of 1832, is hereby re pealed. . ,,, The committee on expenses made report that the estimated expenses of convention were $1200, and as there was likely to be a deficiency in the lunds, proposed the adoption ot a new canon increasing the diocesan quota from 75 cents to one dollar lur each clergyman. Referred to committee on canons Rev. Mr GaBKnLKAr offered a resolution, thut at noon to-morrow, the Convention proceeded to the election ot a Treasurer, which was agreed to Hon. J. McPhekbon Bbbkien called up the con sideration ot the resolutions uuder discussion, aud for the purpose ot putting a limit to the debate, he wished to? fler a resolution. The subject had been elaborately debated, and doubtless the minds ol most members were made up betore coming here, and theMoie he believed turiher debate could not alter any opinion. There were also other import ant subjects for the consieeiation ot the conven- , lion, and an undue propoilion ot the time ot thr | House was given to the present resolution, whtcn he thought was injurious to the cause we were all anxious to promote. The following whs the i tiou, that at 12 o'clock to-day the Hwuse should proceed to h vote by yeas and nays on the reBolu- i lion and amendment, without fur.her debaie^ j Judge Chamubks had wished to anticipate the | gentleman for the purpose ot moving a postpone ment ot the subject te allow the House to take U|> other business. He was in lavor, alter what had b?-en done,not to limit debate. It any mischief could be experienced from ihe debate, it had already been done, and he therelore hoped the debate would be continued as long as any gentleman bus a word to say. It the church is in danger, let us prove the height, depth, length and breadth ot It. But little difl-rence of opiuion would he found, when all opinions have been compared. He, therefore, moved to postpone the sunject to take up the documents in relaiion to the consecration ol Dr. Hawks, Bishop elect ot Miss. Mr. MfcMNiiv?kR was tor having a vote on the resolution ot Mr. Berrien to test the sense ot the house. , . . Mr. Collins of N. C., thought there was indis cretion in introducing the resolution ut first, but ihe debate convinced him to the contrary, and he was now tor allowing the most extensive latitat e to it. He, therefore, hoped no resolution would pass having the effect of 'he''previous question Mr. Macfakland although he believed in Hie expediency of the resolution, and hoped it a com plaint from any quarter was made that the house desired to stifle debate, the gentleman from Georgia would withdraw it. Dr. Bkookb believed that the more full and ex tended the debate, the more salutary the effect, he, therefore, moved to lay the resolution and amend ment on the table. . , Thus after some debate on the point of order as well as its expediency, the motion to lie on the table was adopted. . The Rev. Mr. Moom of N. H , then moved to postpone the resolution for the nurpose of taking up the subject connected with the consecrution ot the Rev. Dr. Hawks. ,. .. Alter some conversation, as to this subject, Mr. Macfarland ofVa. stated that Dr. Hawks, who had but this morning received a copy ol charges against him. was now absent from the house aud would be prepared to-morrow with a full refutation ot all '''Rev^Mr* Boyd of Miss., argued that this house as a body, knew nothing of any charges against Dr. Hawks. If the usual resolution to proceed to the signing of his credentials should be imade, aud then,if any membeisot this convent ion had cliarg s affecting his character, would be the time lor pre senting them. Until ?ucb course waB taken he de precated any allusion to the existence ot charges against him of any nature. Rev. Mr. Moon*, at request, withdrew his mo Rev Dr Uppoi.d then moved to postpone the consideration ol the resolution to proceed to the consideration of the canon an "Episcopal Resigna tton," but withdrew it again, and the resolution ol Dr. Hawks came up in older. The Rev. Dr. Mason, of N. C? first referred to the course which things had taken in this debate to the various resolutions and amendments, to the concocted speech of Dr. Empie, ot Va , which, from the color of the naper and the thumbing ot the leaves, Beemed to be three or lour years old, and to the resolutions trom the asme gentleman, amounting to a small pamphlet. After these resolu tions hi?d been debated with the utmost latitude, it ib now thought high time to put a stop to it, whew the amendment ot Dr. Hawks waa before us. Thishe was convinced was the very worst of th< whole lrom us very obscuriiy-it had evidently been hastily drawn, and with all deferenre he would say it waa absurd, and would produce i worse effect than the Oxford Tracta themselves The gentleman trom Ohio had said division mus' ensue in the church, if difficulties were not healed, when the gentleman from Virginia was for opei. agitation, if not, we were to be ranked with J?-ws infidels, illuminati'and heretics. Agitation is eiihei proper or improper. Agnation is proper when th< mind is lelt unfettered; improper, if when w< plough our ground and sow our s? ed we at the asm* time sow weeds to disturb and choak its gtowtli The gentleman argued that the proper enquiry wh on the point of expediency?we have nothing ?? do with theological opinion, but whether we cai ben* fit the ohurch at larte. He then 'i"*reid appt a review of Dr. Hawks* Preamble and Rssolutio, at langih, showing bow vagus they were in their terms aud design, aud neat to (he warn uf disagree ment among gentlemen themselves, as to what ttiey wanted. The laat prupunuon tie considered a pernicious firebrand, unintentionally, no doubi, thrown among ua. He was opposed to actiou?it once we began to legislate, there would be no end to it?men's minda wonld be excited on a subject or seemini; liupurtance but really trifling. Theie was uot any great point of disagreement which would be found when we all come to compare opinions The Rev genilemun proceeded lully to state his objection to action, anil especially in ihe way pio poaed by Dr. Hawks. He referred to a lormer hc tum of the f ouae of Bit-hops on May 14, 1814, where any attempt to legialaie a matter ?f mere opinion hud been discountenanced, and the Kev. Mr. Trapier read extended extracts fiout tlie Jour nal of that general convention to show the opinion of the church, then on mooting such lseuea. S. H. LkWis, Eaq , of Va., followed in exposition of the sum* of tractariatusm and made trequent allusion to the case of the Kev. Mr Cary otuered some years since in New York, aud suppoatd to hold tractarian interests. The whole doctrine 01 Dr. Pusey was reviewed, and the danger of con tinued agitation to the church pointed out. Our limits compel u* to do injustice to this gentleman's remarks as well aa to those of the Kev. gentleman who preceded him. The debate for tlie day was continued by the Rev. Dr. Highbee, Mr. Boyd, of Mian., aud Dr. Tyny, when the House adjourned. Personal Movements. The Hon. John Davis delivered an address, and a poem by Park Benjumin, Esq. was given before the Mercantile Library Association, of Boston, on Wednesday evening last. The Hon. Thoa. F. Marshall is fairly in the held, in Kentucky, for Polk and Dallas. Professor Morse, the inventor of the magnetic telegraph, which is now in successful operation between Baltimore and Washington, has been in Boston recently, and established an experimental telegraph there. The whigs of Saratoga have selected William Wilcox, of Saratoga, and Edward Edwards, of Corinth, as their candidates for the Assembly. The Natkvillt Whig announces the death of the venerable Robert C. Foster, sen. He died at Mantfield, at the residence of his son, Hon. E. H. Foster, on the 28th ult. H|Died, on Monday, the 7th inst. at Stonington, Conn , where she had goue tor the benefit oi her lifcalih, Julia, wife of Cot J. W. Livinguton of New York, and daughter or the late L.icui. <Jov. John Broome. At the late commencement of Transylvania Uni versity, the honorary degree of D. D was coufti red oil the Rev. James O. Andrew of Georgia. It is said that Col Thompso >, chief of the Engl neer Department, Washington, has been removed, and Mr. Haswell appointed in his place. The Hon. Amos Abbot of Andover has been no minated as the whig candidate tor re-election to Congress in the third District. Rev. Mr. Goodwin, lormerly a Baptist clergy man of Charlestown, has recently become a Ro man Catholic priest. There is no trutti in the rumor that ex-governor Conway,of Arkansas, had fled with his negroes to Texas: it is a whig Roorback. Virgil Delphim Parris, Etq has been appointed marshal of Maine, aud Beujamiu Kingsbury, Jr. Etq , surveyor of the port of Portland, in place ol John D. Kinsman, Esq., and B. Cushman, Esq , re moved. Charles B. Dutcher has been appointed Post master at Speucertowu, in the place ol Ab. P Holdndge, removed. Origen Bachelor and Elder G. J. Adams began their public discussion on the merits and demern* of Mormonism, at the Marlboro' Chape I, Boston, on Wednesday evening, to a lull bouse. The pa pera say the speakers walked into each other like a meat-axe. Hon. Joseph Kelsey hu? been chosen representa tive in the Guiltord uistrict. Messrs. Spear and Davis are lecturing on capita! punishment in Concord, N. H. j Mr Bennitt:? Sik? In your notice of an assault upon some ol our citizens while crossing the Itrrv from New Jersey on the nigbt of election, yuu state that 11 wanfeufposed to have been done by members of the Empire Club. The men, J believe, arekuowi ; they are not members ol t .e Empire Club. It ie I but justice tliaiyou should make the proper correc ! tiou, and 1 sincerely tru-t you will do so. Respectfully yours, I. R. Cot'KT FOR T1IB CoKRKC l ION OK EkuoH*?A LBANY, Oct. 10.?Mr. Birong submited and laid upon th? tabic the following, a* a substitute for the lOUi run- ol ibis Court" No appeal from a decree in Ibaiicei) shall I* beard, until the Chancellor thai) have infotmt d the (Joint ol the reaaona tor budeciee ; aud no writ oi error bruugnt on a judgment of tba feupten.e Court ?hall be beaid, un'il ihe Justices if that Cmu shall have assigned the lessons lor their judgment" No 16. ?A. McDuftte vi. l.ynham J. Beddor. Mr. Ira Hairlswas heaid lor plaintiff in trior. Mr R II Well: aud Mr. L>. Wright weie heaid lor defendant in error; and Mr I. Harris in leply. No. 17 ? Wm. 9 Hltcum and al. va M B. Hart, Hheritf, fcc. Mr. George Wood was heard (or plaintiff hi erroi Mr. Stevens wa* heard lor defendant in erior. General Sessions. Before Judge Ingrabam, and Aldermen Jackson and J Williams. M. C. Patkrson. Diatrict Attorney. Fridst.?Trial for hiding the F.tcape of a Pritnntr ? The trial of Kdward Fietnam and Joseph ( oinell, formi r ly deputy keepers ol the city prison, under the iate clt> government, on an indictment charging them with bar ii g, on the I lib of April last, aided and abetted the escape of William iioppy, alias Thellord, aitat Abrams, who waa confined on a charge ol burglary, in having euteie* the store ol the Messri. Rockwell, and stealing about $28 000 worth ol jewelry, u affiles & wan continued, r Korert H. Morris and Thoi. H. Warner, K.qrs , foi tho delence. John Asraw, one of the late deputy keepera of the city prison, waa called, and stated that at half pait 11 o'clock on the morning of the escape, Fiernain and Cornell lelt the prison, and he remained in charge ol the corridor; he saw Hoppy on the corridor when they left, and alter wards they returned about a quaiter before sue o'clock, and be then left the prison. Thomas Wabnbr, Kaq , then summed up for defenc< and tbsDitTEiCT At torn ar closed for prosecution Tin jury were then charged by Judge Ingraham. The Jury retired, and were absent about twent) minutea, when they returned a verdict oi guilty agairitt Fiernain, and acquitted Cornell. ??/#lault and Battery ? Thomaa Tice was tried for an as sault and battery on John Frost. Convicted and fined t? n dollars. Selling Ijquor without License John Grld'ey watt tried for selling liquor without iicenae at 898 West atreet. ill litt Walker, of 20 Downing atreet, and a one armed man named Kdward Marsh, appeared aa witnesses. and stats <1 that they bad seen liquor aold at the place, but the tinn or the ownerablp they did not exactly know, (iridic) defended himaeli, and called William Burns, who told about the same story as the previoua witness The jury M - tired, snd after an abaence of half an hour, returned a v? i diet of not guilty. Forfaited Hail ?The bail of Wm F. Bntler, George II Lucaa, and TerrenceGordon,Isrgrand larceny, were for leited F.dward Hamfnnnd for lottery policy insurance Samuel Hopkins, Klizabeth Dixon, James M Harlan aiid Henry Ryi>r, lor assaults and batteriea. The court then adjourned till this morning at llo'oloclt Marine Court. Before Judge Smith. Oct II.? Thomas Wel'tr and Frtde'ick Myre, vt. Fran cis Cohan and Ckarlti Ckumhei Uiin.?This was an ac.tkli of trover to recover compensation in const quence ol hi alleged underselling of a piano Ii api>?aia that on tin 2t?t day of January last, tha plaintiff applied to defend ant for the loan ol (40 offering liim said piano as ?e. curlty, with which defendant agtsed to comply, rrcetvinv at the asms time an obligation allowing him to diapose ol aaid at the end ol two montha, should the amount with inerastnotte made good Ihe money not beira forthcoming on the day agieed on, defendant, who Is an auctioneer, sold it for $A3 The price originally paid loi the piano waa said to have been ? I on Heveial i-eraoi. supposed to be competent Judges us such matters g.vs it aa their opinion that it waa not worth above $A0 Vet diet for delendarit. , Circuit Court. Btfjrn Judge Kent. Oct. II ?Mortimer Calkini va Kiaitut tVhiaton ?Thl was an action of alander. Both i arties sie cattle dealen riaintiff in 184J aold the defendant a pair of ateera lor $fin The latter refused to nay lur thtm, albging that owed him an old debt. Ihe alleged slauder wss, in asaeniou on the part of defendant, to the ? fleet, th> " plaintiff waa uot good ; aud If h> waa, I would sue him Plaintiff alleged that these word* tended to Injurs In credit. Verdict lor detindant Common Picas. Oct. II.?IftOsm va. Aipknusn, ti ah The jui will ten er a ?? aie.l verdict in lUia case reported in)< t< rilav's HeralA thli tnr.h?A? Superior Court. ' Bart I ell vs AT V Ho ? rry Iniurance Com pur ~ I his caasrepottsd In yeaterila>'< Herald waa resnm< Tbs joiy will render a tesled verdict this forenoon. . __ ?Wt Calendar?T bis Day. ?? e^?rC,u,w"N#* T*' 4,1 #1, M> Agricultural Convention ? A.inert) an Initl* tut*. The Silk Convention having met at nine o'clock, yesterday morning, transacted wme business and closed its annual session, the house was resolved Into an Agricultural Couv-ntion, all those who at* tended the simogs of the first body remaining aa members ot the second. Mi. Mztos made a few introductory remarks relative to the fir?t formation and objects of the body. Mr. Bakbkk was sailed to the chair, and Mr. Dwionr to act as Secretary fro trm , and a Committee of three namrd whose business it should be to organise the body by the nomination of officers to act during its aession The follow log ate the name!* of those recommended by the Com mittee in their report i? P tridmt? Ornbbsl Tilimipch, of N?nfork. l\ * Hittidtnlt Masars Birbcr, Pi;rce, Dwight, Van. Winkle. L lUi diicu, and Bennett. ,5ftttmriti?H Meigs ?n<l Theodore Dwight. /juntiett C?ai?ii/fe<> ?Vleiars. darks, Curnining. Rev. Mr. Barlow, auu unuther whose name wan not aaccrtained by our reporter. The President took the chair, and acknow ledged the honor done him in nominating him to that office?au honor which he Mi the more ihat it came fiom practical men, who, like hinuelf, were sincere frientls of. and identified with, the cause of agriculture. He felt that justice had not been done to the agricultural interest of this coun try, and it was high time for them to look to them selves, as they certainly had in their hands the power of doing so? ol assorting their indepen dence; and until they were bona /idt independent of other nations la all that npp< itained to demhnd andsupply,their boasted libeit>,was abound rather than a substance It was nothing thort of a high moral duty for the farming classes who composed the great bulk of the population, do wake up to view the telatioris between this and other countries, and to resolve to have nothing to to with those foreigu countries who were not disposed to act on the principles of reciprocity?to take no commodity from those who were too selfish to take iu exchange anything but gold. They had heard of free trade, but he regarded it ns a delusion, as a bubble that would burst; the notion of tree trwde was asgreai an imposture us that of tree pasturing and the aboli tion of fences from the lace oi the Isnd. Free trade never did, nor never could exist, and the practical conclusion to come to was?that nationa who took American CHinmodiiies on the broad principle of a mutuality of trade, they would deal Willi; tiul no curtly tiivy would mil be dictated to by those who, although wanting the wheal and Hour of this country would let it rot in the granft I ries rather than take it on fair terms. The Ame rican Institute bud called that meeting of the agri culturists generally, not altogether of its own choice, but at the suggestion of many active and intelligent It lends of the cause, who were desirous to see the result of a consultation as to what steps should be taken in refereuce to the promotion of the general interests of the agriculturists of this country. The speaker continued to speak at great length on the doctrine of prices, the wages of la bor, the profits ? f capital, the interchange of com modities, the sources oi profit, and political econo my generally. The argument was very long, and not a little tinctured with those partisan notions with which one of the great contending parties tickles the fancy of the friends of " protection" and those who believe in the omnipotence ot a tariff to make a commonwealth poweriul and areat, and every mau in it rich and prosperous. Foreign couutues were very severely handled, but England regarded as a fit example tor the United states, in her exclusive international policy. Mr Mkios made some seusiblfc observations rs levnut to seme matters alluded to in the previous speakers address, when the house adjourned. At half-past seven o'clock iu the evening, the Convention again met, when a valuable address wits delivered before them by Dr. Gardiner, on the application of Science to Agncultuie. Muny co gent arguments?nd apposite illustrations were ad vanced by the r|ienHer in support ol his views ; and there was < general commotion apparent ihiough out the meeting Hint the proofs drawn lr?ro his knowledge ot chemistry, the composition ot soils, their hdapt.itioii to the several crops, and all thn mollifications produced by climate and locality? conclusively showed science lo be the most power ful handmaid of agriculture. In the evening there was a moat dazzling display ot the Drummond L'ght on the Fair ground J be effect ot the powerful sireain ot lignt upon such a diversity of objects waa admirable. Slight error in names having crept into the no tice of yesterday's proceedings, the present seems to be the most suitable place to give insertion to the subjoined liner- in explanation. The writer is one ot the most efficient, able and warm friends ot the cause that can be u.imed, and it is at least fair liiat he should retain his own name, lor certainly no Mr. Pratt of our acquaintance is entitled to so much respect as a frienu to thefarmeras Mr. Meigs, nor can there be any better entitled to be made the channel of the rnumficeut donation in quesiion. Nsw Yoss, Oct. 10, 1S44. Jams* Gordon Bknkstt, E*<t DltS si*, Iu the Herald of thi* morning, it ii stated that st the Silk (Convention, a Mr Trstt delivered ills iplsridid dona tion ol Seustor Van Schaick to the American Inttilnis. The Senator hud coi fi led Hint nobis contribution to my care, and I had the proud satisfaction ol delivsilng il with soma remark*. Tliere was no person by the nam* ot Pmtt in the convention. A* you wiah for the truth, I have given you this rer rectiunoi a mistake. I am, your obtll servant, H MfciOS DKKAPPtrr. Kspi.osiom ?On Monday, the 7th inst. about one o'clock, one ol the boilers in the exten sive rolling mill of Messrs Lorenitsnd ru. dy, in Biigo. opposite i'HUhutg, Pa., buiat with S trrniensoua ea|!lo sion. The Pittsburg thionicle, say a The concusMon was io great sa to lift the tour boilers off th? er gins, (includin* the one which hsd ita head blown out) Horn wlitre they were located, to the tool of the building, and then, whirling there once or twice round, sent tin m a distance of over thirty feet, scaitning bricks, rubbish and dirt, to a great diatam-e. t he engineer, Joseph Da vil, besides being badly tculded, hsd his hesd hruiatd br the bricks snd other lubbirh which were scattered in all directions ol ths ixtenaive building. 'Ihe doctors say that he cannot live many hour*. Jacob Fordtn. the fire man. hsd bia hesd cut. beside* being bsdiy scolded ; it is feared that he also will die. Joieph Bobmen, a laborer in the mill, waa scalded. but not us severely aa the othar two ; he hsdaiao both rums and his collar bona broken, and one eya severely cut by a brick. Several peiaons who were about the mill, or in thu neighborhood ot it, were struck with pieces of brick*, which flrw in evtry direction?but no one, we believe, was sevi rely injured. The cause of the aociJsot hss bean attributed to the cars, tesanesa of the engmter, in allowing the water to too low in the boiler ; but heretofore he lias unifornly hem regarded ss very attentive to his business, and be assures hi* friend* tbat tkrre wsa pleniy of water in the boiler* at the ti i e of the fX?)orinn. It wra a vrry for tunate ciicumsttncs that the hsnda, with the nopilon ol thos* earned shove, bsd all gone to their dinners, or the loss ot life would have been tremendous, na some Ml or 00 handa are constantly smploytd in the mill They, In consequence of this accident will ail necessarily be out of employment until the boilers are sgain nplaced, which will be in about two wetk*. IT From St. Dominoo.?By 'he Wm. Neilson, from Port au Prince, we have leceived the following in formation:? The government continue* tranquil?confidence and aecuri'y in mercantile tiansactiuna are daily gaining ground A reception I* to be given to the President en In* return to the capital Irem hi* nor, hero tour. American produce was sbundsnt iu the market. Abeat VNH) barrel* of flocr w * *tored The W. N pasaed four American vessels going in. principally laden with Hoar. It is very healthy throughout the island, more so lbs* for a number of years peat. Tho crew* of sll the vessels in the harbor enjoyed good health. Stkavsoat Accidunt ? The nt. Louts Republi can of ihr 1st mat states that ths steamer Potosi collapsed a flue on the previous Friday, whits backing out Irom <he binding at Qutncy. by which accident t?o persons tort ths lr livea. Mr Perrin, of lows, a cabin piMenger, was blown among some horse* that wets fast, ened on Ihe forecastle, which, King lilghtrned by tha rsimrt, tran pled upon him. an-: front 'h? injnrira recM be ?lied the nea. dav Phillip* Miller a deck hand, is ?rip. posed to have Jumped or been blown overboard and drott ned Mr. P? rrln is satd to have been ths third brother that has lost his iif.- by steamboat srrlJent*. Thrkk Man l)*ow!*itD ?Capt. John Joiner, W. H. Wingate and Richard Drummond were drowned in the Bay ot Mobile on the Jath uliicno, by the (warnping I of a sailboat. Appointmkmt* hv ink PaksinKnT ? Vt-spasiaO F.lli* of Mn-cuti tone < h*rge d'A ffairi * of the United ? -atra to the Republic of Venezuela, in the placeef Allan A Hall Ptt'KET H*VKE?Racoed Lin*?1 he ship JSi^ ON I'^llA. Jsmes htiutk, masur, will *.|| ot. ths 1st 2U||JJLj Notremlter. I^nmilht or i>nssateapply to ' BOVDa HINCKF.M. (J| i *lo. S Totitine Rnililiiis. e?r Wall and Warerai* -Jew lime of tivf.pTpool PAcktf'ra? JHHPfc, ?.Pat Iter of 3tl?t Oct' b-'?The splsiMiid fast Mllins ylMKBi-arlii" ,||||> hOt ti l.S'l't H, t *| i Br tlon. f 100b lose iu v..) vttll sail p sitnety a, abote. h?i twstilat day Tli? irc<immodation*of thisfii.* pirk?t ibin.fnr cabm and slreran pMsenteT*. csnnot bs sut|>a*B,d. To sscun baths tsrty apvliaaiieo shoald aa made on board, foot "f Burling Wtp, ar to W k J. T. TAI'St O i l. ollra Houih at, sor. Msidea Lsas, as siaus