Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 18, 1844, Page 1

October 18, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. X., Bo. IM-WhoU Ho. W8M NEW YORK, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 18, 1844. Prtc? Two COBtft* THE NEW YORK HERALD. AOOREOATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To UuTPnbllc7 THE NEW YORK HERALD-Daily Newspaper-oub lUhed every day of the year eacept New Year's Day and Fourth ol July. Price 2 ceou per copy?or $7 M per annum?poetage* paid?cash id advance. -1E WEEKLY HERALD?published every Saturday morning?price 6* cent* per copy, or 91 M par annum?post ages |iaid, cash in advance. A D VKKi'MKR8 are informed that the circulation of the f?t"'VmT1?1HTY-?r,VjC THOUSAND, and mcreuia, !? </ ii j T*"{ circulation of any paper in this city, or thr wm Id, and, u, there fore, the belt channel for hutinegt ,n the city or country. Prices moderate?cash in advance. PRINTING of all kind* executed at the most moderate price and in the must elegant style. ' JAMES UORDON BENNETT. Proprietor or the Herald Establishment, Northwest eorner of Fulton and Nassau stmts. l-ARE THREE PaTERSON TO , Jrjiiaci On anH after the 'st of Octobe Patc io- Depot. 8 o'clock A. M. 11* ? 3 " P, M 3 sM tf ec 8 o'clock A. M. P.M. On Sundays. the cars will leave New Yore. ? o'clock A. M. 1*K " P. M. 4 .. .. 9 o'clock A. M. ? " P. M. STATEN ISLAND ferry. ~ ? "J-OOT OF WHITEHALL." The Boatt follpw. ,n?d after S^t. 30. ri.k o8f7^^&^ '^^y^dI''' "d p'^HCHAi\UK1J lo SIA O'CLOCK, ^ aj~l?n?ft* Monday, Sept. 16th, 1844* the Night Line to ALBANY AND Tkotf lour. ordeparture from 7 to 6 o'clock. P. M., iji ?*? ou^hkeepsie during the great Fair and Cattle p'iJl*'' ^*re W cents only to Poughkeepsie. Jhestwimer SWALLOW, Capt. A. McLean Mondav i?th and WeduesJay, 18th. Tiie nlearner ALUAN V 'CantSn R ? TKovatewiL0'"10'1'' '"m i"ci" 'iprllVo 'l1? ''"?ir iand Cattle Show, Tuesday, 17th W?. ""{j Thursday, 19th, will reduce the fare to L-f? " t0 aut* ffoln Poughkeepsie and New York. sl2 NEW YORK, ALBANY AND TROY STEAMBOAT LINE. ^LiXffl Mfett m at intermediate places. I he steamer EMPIRE, Captain S. R. Roe, Monday,Wednes day and l> riday Morning at 7 o clock. Tlie Steamer TROY, Captain A. Oorham, Tuesday, Thurs day and Saturday Morning, at 7 o'clock. Evening Line from the foot of CourUandt street, direct. "The SteamerSWALLOW, Captain A. McLean, Monday, Wednesday and I- ridav Evening, at 6 o'elock. T' rhu?,>^.,,TrK.M,Jr^^V' Ca,,t^? Pi B.l Tuesday, Thuradav- and Satuiday Evening, at 6 o'clock i he Boats of this Line, owing to their light draught of .1 ter, are able at all times to ,paas the bars, and reach Albany and Sor^S1* ***"? M *** of S^Tr'thJ wWve.*****' ?' *pp,ir ?" bowrd' or Rt the offices en thr PEOPLE'S LINE OK STEAMBOATS FOR AfiBkNY. 8.un<1?y? excepted?Through direct, ? at? P. M., from he Steamboat Pier between . Courtlandt and Liberty streets, i i ??lea,lnbo?fr KNICKERBOCKER, Captain A. P. St. Sda^l^ Tuesday, rhursday and Saturday Evenings, at 6 o'clock. . , , * rom the foot orBarclay street 'ru Jvc 0 f M.?Landin* At Intermediate Places. &W AMaRiCA, Captain R. <i. Crut at ^ o'clock" We(lnesday, Friday and Sunday Afternoons, The Steamboat COLUMBIA, Captain William H. Peck iuesday, Thursday and Saturday Afternoons, at 4 o'clock. ai?'"""' . either of the above lines will arrive in Albany in ample time to take the Morning Trains ofCan for l/V"1 ?ir weit" T^? *t? new and substantial, are tor nishecl with new and elegant state rooms, and for speeci and ac commodations, are unrivalled on the Hudson. i^'rrarc.of ^h0'* of ** athth"Ugon0^"feaPPly 00 bOUd'?"? P C PLEASANT AND CHEAP KXCURHIONb. MER JiRHJiNOEMENT. NfcW BRIGHTON, PORT RICHMOND (8TATHN ISLAND,) AND NEW YORK FERRY Tom Pier No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Place. The 8 team boat CINDERELLA, will run as ?follows, Ua'ly, from May 20th to October In A. M.. at 1%, 6 audV pTm"" N'W Y?'1 " 9 *"d " 10 A*M*;^. fed'^ P. MmmUtB' t0,lMdl# m,ont~ ?? ^ Wes New Brighton al I and 10 A. M.; at U<,5and7M a Ou Sunday-Leaves New York, at 9 and U A. M.; at 1, ( and 8 P. M. Leaves Port Richmond, at 30 minutes to 8 and 10 AJM; at I, 4 and 7? P. M." P/ew YorkT' "" May 18. 184 myll 6m*re * ;vl'| g"nd? "cepted. Returning, will leave Crotonville Hamid ?re", ?cVw,?el0Ck ^ ^ foot of T^f^.?f9^;^ionbwd-or 10 8TEr&B ? >l,K OAitl, UAKLHlNt,U Afru iULLUWhLL. ^".MThe new steamer PENOBSCOT, Captain ?N. Kimball, leaves the end ofT wharf, Boston t?v?57 -""X i uesday and Friday evenings, at 6 .lock. Stages will be in readiness on her arrival at the above *"?? eonvey pa???n?er? in tlx neighboring towns THE "ALL AND WINTER AKKANOEMENT. NEWARK iNI) NEW YORK. FARE ONLY 141 CENTS. NEW AND SWIFT OTEAMKR RAINBOW, CAPI aIN JOHN OAFKY. ON and after September 10th will run daily, >as follows (Sundays mcluded):?Leave New ; ?i m iark, foot of l entre street, 8 o'clock A. M.? Leave New V ork, foot of Barclay stre?t, 3 o'clock P. M. 1|M "'C Keaular 1'dcket ol ajthiuiUnt? Tlie first class, fsst sailing p.t< kct ship QUEBKC, |(.a|itain h. II. Mebbard, wiilsail as above, Iwr regular Having very suiierior accommodations for cabin, second cahiij and steerage passageugeis, persons wishiug lo embark should make early application on board, foot of .Vlaiden Lane orl" JOSEPH McMURRAY, 100 Pine street cor-er "f South. ? ^IV^KfOOL-lhe iNew Liu.?lingular , I ack^t Jlst Oc'okjf;?^The superior fast sailing pack U?KOl.HMIKR./OO tons burUieru, Cajitain ilutton. will sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having elegant and spacious accommo dations, apply on board, wesi side Burliug Slip, or to WOODHULL It M1NTURNS, ? ? 87 South street. Price of Passage $100. The packet ship Hottlngeur, Captain Ira Barsley, master, 1050 tons burthen, will succeed tlie Rochester, and sail on her regu nr 91?ifK?Mh*r #7 K'lO't new ORLEANS??The splendid new packet shin EMPIRE, Captain Russell, uow loading it v'urrsv s wharf, foot of Wall street, willbedis PiML'ieo lor New Orleans on th? 18th instant. 1his heaotiful ship is 1200 tons register, and fitted up in a style iine.(U4lled by any ship afloat, for the comfort of cabin, sec. nil cabin and strerage passengers. 1 hose ahout to embark for New Orlems at the above date, will find it their interest to esnmine the accommodations previous to their engaging else where. For passage apply on board, or to JOHN HERDMAN, _'*** 61 South street. 4*^ FDR J'EW ORLEANS?Union Lin?-Fir.i regular packet with despatch?I he fast sailing packet JHSvlnp UNION, J. B. Battorne, master, la now loading an<l w nl have immediate dispa'ch. For cabin, second cabin and st-'erage ]?as*en ^?: ;? ? 1 ? plication slinu' sjflec bu rllim.ar uiuMruiiii*uia|ia cn. r<ir cauin, s^conu caoin and 'Jfers, having suiierior accommodation, early ap Id be made on board, at Murray's wharf, or to JOSEPH Mc.Vll)HRAlf, 100 Pine street, con er of S?mih street. fr'^l-l VMtfOUL?iNevv Line?lingular Packet '?ia^juiS'Sr"?I? fegular fast sailing Packet Ship i'iARRICK. ( iim.,1, h I It T.,.k ?f i mi ... ,iT ,Tn>"n' uni miiiiik ? itcnei nnii . ? > A RRICK, ( aptain it. J. II. Trask, of 1,100 tons burtlieu.ieill sail as above, her regular day. ? ?'wiutb, uri irsuiar oay. por freight or passaga, having accommodalioni unequalled for "P'w'doi^or comfort, apply on board at Orleaua wharf, fool ol vv all street, or to Price of Paaaace, ?m - COLL1,NH k C0, 56 South .treet The packet shin Roscius, Capt John Collins, of 1 |P0 tons, w.ll succeed the Oamck, and sail 36th Novembir, her regnlu ***? sX7rc JOR NEW' ORLEAN8.-DiRECT.-The steam Mj^yship ALABAMA, 700 tons burtlien, Henry Windle, JMflMKaf nin mantler. will sail for thr abov# r?ort on tii# 15th Octolwr new, at ? oWk. This splendid and remaHtab y ?tauueh sfeatn?r has lieen thoroughly overhauled the present summer newly copnered, and is furnished with a powerful set of new [toiler*, made at the Novelty Works of this city She m ettpeeted to make the ran to the Balixe with ease In six days' and having handsome and comfortable accommodations for both cabin and steerage passengers, offers an unusually desirable conveyance to the travelling community. For ligftt freight or p"r^*r',?pl,lyto O. MERLft" _?!? m!5o*rc Front SL ESTABLISHED PACKET OFFICE,'61 tWV. ,?1'1 street?Passage to and from Oreat Britain and inland, via Liverpool. Passage can at all times be 111 ??west rates to and from Liverimol, by the regu lar packet ?hii?s ssihng iiuder the new arrangement every /ew days, aii J drafts cau as usual be furnished fur any ftmouut. paya *,,d. Provincial Bank, Iteland, anJ tliir branches, and through.iut the United Kingdom, as well as at all the principal hanking institutions in England, Scotland and Wales, without discount or any other charges. Forfurther par ticulars, if by letter, post paid, apply to _Hrc JOHN HERDMAN. 61 South st. H('i?TI1 aVm3a jnSvAt1 ypANi), IRKLAND mHt, \\VjASrD ^ n '"V"* Sohscribw has SHHKvit. ill, I "lie* for sale Drafts from ?1 to ?1000, peyabl* at all the principal Banking Institutions throughout the Unitrt . r"<?HN HKRDMAS%|^ffcuthst N. B. I assage to and from Lirernool can be seen red at th? owestrate. by any of the line of packeu sailing on the 1st ?th ? kj1 1 40 ^ each month, on application as above jy* rc Sh. Ii'irttien) i NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS? ?I acket ol 3lst Ocfohav?The splendid fast sailing ticket lhip ROCHESTER, Ctpt! Britton, (TOOO ton* luirawu) will sail positively as above, her regnlar day. I he accommodations of thisfiue packet ship,for cabin 3d cabin Slid Stferage passengers, cannot be surpaaeed. To secure berths ? irly ipplieitton should be made on hoard, foot of Burling Sliti '?'? _ W ?t J. T. taps<;ott7 ftoilrc 78 lowk st, oof. Mai dsn Lane, up Mam. INTENSELY INTERESTING 8TATE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL QUESTION! The Prevailing Opinions in the Various Camps. LATEST BULLETINS FROM THE FIELD OF CONFLICT! Manifesto of the Whlgf. [From the Daily Tribune J To Whios Afar ?This is the lust paper which will reach some thousands of our subscribers be fore the great contest is decided, and Henry Clay or James K. Polk elected President of the United States. Allow us to addresB a few words to you, then, brethren in the whig cause? We entreat you, by every consideration dear to Freeman, to 1. Be ture that every whig vote in your Town it polled for EUctort of tretident Do not trouble vourseif toe much about other counties and Slates; do not run off to distant Conventions and Mass Meetings ; but take care of things right at heme, and trurt your brethren elsewhere to do likewise. Do n?.t ask whether your State is certain or doubtful: we want all the whig votes for Henrv Clay. If you live in a State as safe as Vermont or as dark as South Carolina, just do your whole duty and trust consequences to the disposer of events It is not enough that we barely elect Mr. Clay; we must show a decided whig preoonderance in the popular vote of the Union, and to do thin every whig vole must come out. A vote in Alabama will couut just as much toward the aggregute as one in New Yotk. 2 Be ready for Rain?The day of election may be stormy?there may be a driving, blinding snow storm in some sections, and a northeast rain in others; this must not reduce.the whig vote?if you are prepared for it, it will not. But you mvut be ready, know where the carriages are to be had, and who is to bring to the polls each remote voter who has no conveyance of his own. Arrange this at once, and be sure that the men appointed can be relied upon. 3. Be wide awake for electioneering liei?You will very likely have new*, just on the eve of election, that Mr Clay is dead, or has dene some horrible thing, or that the whigs in iome section hare abandoned bim There ii nothing too incredible, nothing too monsti oui, to be fa bricated by a portion of >our adversaries. Tbevil.alns who can persist in assuring the people ot Pennsylvania tbat Poik is friendly to the present tariff, or at any rate to a protective tariff, will not hesitate to forge Mr Clay's name to any document which might aeem calculated to subserve their nefarious purposes 4 You have organized, we trust, the whig party in your townxhip and precinct; you have supplied every man of both parties who will read with whig documents ou the great questions of the day. Now will von just see that no loul means are used to ueprivu the wnig cause ol votes that fairly belong to it 7 If a man is set against us, that is euougb. But there are thousands even now op posed to us who would vote for Mr. Clay if the Tariff and Texaa Questions were clearly set before them. Thou sands are now supporting Polk in the full belief tbat he will not attempt to destroy the tariff, nor to annex Texas at the hazard of a war with Mexico. Press the facts home on their understandings, on their consciences, and tbey will, il not vote for Mr. Clay, withhold their vote* frem folk Will you each try to impress one candid, consci entious neighbor with such truths T i, Br on the watch fur etc ret lits ? Wherever a naturalis ed citizen is a whig, he will be a special mark for locofoco deception and wile. Such were told in 1840 that if Gen Harrison should be elected, they would all be sent out ol the country ; now they are told that the whigs burnt the Catholic churches in Philadelphia?that the whigs have adopted the native principle of requiriiig twenty-one years residence betore naturalization of all foreigners who shall hereafter come into the country, fcc. be. To igno rant men the tariff will be grossly belied and maligned in secret whispers. Are you ready for all such devices 7 6. Be sure to devote the day before election to making the last preparations lor the contest. See every man in your neighborhood-know that he has not been secretly tampered with and disaffected?know that he will start lor the polls early on the eventful morning, and has the means of getting there. Do not lay your head on a pillow tbat night until every thing is ready. Whig reader! do not understand us as speaking to soma one else?to some esquire, or captain, or head man?we mean you! Can you not affjrd a few days to your coun try7 They may aave you and your children peril, suffer, ing. taxation to sustain unjust, aggressive war?tbey may secure you yea- s of prosperity, oh, be not unfaithful to the cause of true freedom, of liberty guarded by law?of genuine national honor and national well being! The October Election* have not hten to decisive as either party expected. The four States ctaimid by both partiei have givn indecisive majoiitin Ohio and New Jersey have tone clearly whig, yet apathy and inattention might loie either of them; Pennsylvania has given just about at much against us as in the State election of 184#, and may be car ried fnr Prrsident now as she was then; Georgia gives a small majority against us on the popular vote, but our friends aiiwe us that she will go whig in November. Ml is to be de cided by the energy the ardor, the well-directed effort of the next three weeks. In one retard, we rejoice that this is so We would not have it ?aid that Henry Clay was elects) before New York could participate in it. If we are not grossly deceived, she is fully prepared to render a noble acceunt of her- elf on the 6th of November. Glorious will be the reflection that, unimpelled by the momentum of other Mates - uninfluenced by Pennsylvania or Virginia New York saved the tariff and the Union by giving her potential vote for Henry Clay! Whigs of the distant States! you may trust her. Do but your duty, and rely on the performance of hers ! manifesto of the Democrats. [From the Morning News.] Th* Quistion Skttmd.?All the Summer and Fall Elections (previous to the Presidential con test) are now over?with the exception of South Carohpa and Arkansas, which, as overwhelmingly Democratic, of coarse, are immaterial to our pre sent purpose. The time has now, therefore, arri ved for making a general recapitulation of the whole, to exhibit an unanswerable proof of the di rection and sweeping force of the political tide The present article, by the way, was prepared for yesterday's JVewi The Journal of Commerce of yesterday, went partly over the same ground, hut in a different manner, and in some respects less fully. The following are the States which have held elections since the making up of the great issue be tween the parties, by the nominations of their res nective Presidential tickets : ? Louisiuna, North Carolina, Alabama, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Vermont, Maine, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Ohio. We present in a tabular form the comparative results of ihese elections, and of the contest in 1840?to which a few preliminary remarks alone are necessary In Louisiana, the democratic majority of 1.000 is a very low estimate. There was only a partial con test at the last election, no opposition being made to the democratic tickets in two of the districts U would be nearer the truth to set it down at 2,00(f In Missouri, the actual majority of Edwards, the "Hard" candidate, was 6,651. The allowance of 2,000 "Soft" democratic votes to allow, is undeni ably far below the truth?all which are Polk and Dalits votes This makes a difference in majority ?f 4 000, making the actual democratic majority about as stated below. In New Jersey, we set down the popular vole as about balanced, it being now ascertained that Thomi?on was defeated only on local and personal grounds, causing him to run behind his ticket, there being an actual democratic majority on the Council tickets. In Pennsylvania, we deduct the accidental and temporary nt>i>arent whig majority in the city and comity of Philadelphia, which no honest reasoner will prrtend to regard as any party test. In 1840, they gave a small majority for Mr. Van Buten. 1940 Louisiana 8 880 W. North Carolina.. . W,6?4 W. Alabama 6,6i0 D. Illinois 1 939 D. Indiana 13 W. Kentucky 25 873 W. Missouri 0 788 D. Vermont 14, Wi W. *' aine 411 W. Delaware 1,08* W. Maryland 4,7B6 W. New Jersey 1,316 W. Pennsylvania 343 W. Georgia 8 340 W. Ohio ya 376 W. It thus appears that in these fifteen States, com prising about seven-twelfths of the popular vote of the Union, we have already gained above 133 00O votes on the contest of 1840. Harrison's nominal majority then (excluding South Carolina, which chos?S its electors by the Legislature) was 145 900 From 15,000 to 20,000 is a low estimate of the de mocratic majority in South Carolina, where they are accustomed to say that " there are not whigt enough to make milestones of;" so that HarrisonV real majority was less than 128,000. The whole whig majority of 1840 is therefore already annihilated, in the democratic gain already secured in the fifteen Huts* which have held elections since the nominations These States are distributed over all th.' respect ive section* of the Union. A corresponding gsin is therefore to be fairly 11,000 D. J 000 D. 1,900 W 1.13,416 expected in the rest, which muit give a total democratic gain of 228.000. ?overcoming the whig majority of 1840, and affording a surplus of absolute democratic majority of not lesa thau 90,000. But we will not content ouraelves with simply inferring the democratic gain in the other Statu* to be in the aame ratio with that ihown by all the elections of the present summer and fall. Those States are, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, Virginia, Michigan, Mississippi, Teniesaee and Arkansas. Let us compare their votes in 1840 with their votes at the last election held in them. new Hiunami. 1840, Dem. majority 0,603 1844. ?' " 11,600 D?m. gain 4,897 MASSACHUSETTS. 1840, Whig majority 20,930 1843, ? ? 3,867 Dem. gain 17,273 CONNECTICUT. 1840, Whig majority 6,306 1844, " '? 1,947 Dem. gain 6,068 HHODE ISLAND. 1840, Whig majority. 1 077 1843, " " 1.746 Dem. gain '231 HEW TOBK. 1840, Whig majority 13,-200 1843, Dem. ?' 11,Oil Dam. gain 34,271 VIEOINIA. 1840, Drm majority 1.302 |n43, '? " 3 011 Dem gain 2 610 [In stating tba majority ol the Congressional elrc'ion oflS43. we nava to take, the vote of 1S4U for the-2d dis trict, (Dromgnole's); in 1843 it was not contested ; nor have we any return* ol' 1841. Phis had the effect of re ducing the proper Democratic gain on the Statu. There was an election lor tlie legislature last tpring, but in so large a proportion ol the counties there was no contest, that we are forced to take the Congressional election of 1843] MICHIGAN. 1840 Whig majority 1 802 1843 Dem. " 6,441 Democratic gain 8,'243 Missisnrri. 1840 Whig majority 3 643 1843 Dem. " 3,4-28 Democratic gain 4,973 TENNESSEE. 1840 Whig majority 13.10-2 1843 - ~ 3,933 Democratic gain 8,'269 1840 Dem. majority 1,600 184-2 " ? 2,41*2 Democratic gain 806 Total Democratic gain in these States 86,640 It will be observed that this just about corresponds to the ratio of gain exhibited in the other States, which have held elections within the summer and tall of the present year. ? ach, there lore, confirms the other, and nerves to establish conclusively that this common result Is caused by general, pervading, and permanent influences, which cannot fail also to produce the same effects in November. Nor can it be pretended that these results are caused by thinness of the vote, as the whigs eftcn seek to excuse their defeats. For the aggregate vote of the present year has considerably exoeeded the unprecedented vote of 1840 So much for the Popular Majorities?a few words now upon the Electoral Votes. The tollowing States may be set down aa certain for Polk, beyond peradventure. Few whigs will contest them?still fewer would hazard a cent upon any one of them Maine. 0 Alabama 9 New Hampshire 0 Illinois 0 Virginia .....17 Missouri 7 South Carolina 9 Michigan 6 Georgia 11 Arkansas 3 Mississippi 6 91 The following we admit as certain for Clay, and there are no others claimed by the Whigs which are not se riously questioned by the Democrats :? Vermont 6 Rhode Island . 4 Massachusetts 13 Kentucky 1'J 34 The throwing we regard as no less certain for Polk though not included in the preceding number, bepause the Whigs pretend to lay some small claim to them :? New York .36 Louisiana 6 Pennsylvania 26 Indiana 13 70 The following are doubtful, though we are willing to concede the advantage of probability to be more or less in Clay's favor :? Connecticut 6 Maryland 8 Delaware 3 North Carolina 11 28 The following are doubtful, with an even balance of probabilitiea s? New Jersey 7 Ohio 33 Tennessee 13 ? 43 Polk is thus sure of 161 (twenty-three more than he needs) with an even chance lor 43 more, and at least some considerable chance for 33 more. New Jersey, Tennessee and Ohio are all evenly doubt ful In New Jersey, the small whig majority on the Governor is merely personal and foreign to the general iwlitlcal issue; Thomson runs far behind his ticket, and though we have not yet the full official returns, we are assured on reliable authorities, that the democracy have the true popular majority on the Council ticket. There are at least Irom 1,000 to 1,600 members of the Society of Friends whe voted for Btrattou, hut who could never be brought te vote for Clay ; while he has also some loss to "offer from the abolitionists. In Ohio, the smaliness of Bartley's majority makes it an evenly balanced State, while no corrcctly informed person will say that the lull abolition vote was cast on this occasion, which will come out against Clay. Bart ley is so far tinctured with aboli tionism as to have cariiedlwith him a large proportion ol that vote,at an election whin they did not leel called upon to bring out a lull test measure of their strength, as they design to do in November. The agricultural character of the State cannot fail also to make Clay, with his anti-ag ricultural and anti-commercial excesses of unequal pro hibitory protection, a much weaker candidate than the popular and excellent Bartley, against whom, moreover, *Pi>ly none ol those personal objections which will be found every where to detract sensibly from Clay's regu lar party strength. And as for Tennessee, the small whig majority in 184-2, of only 3 833, which was material ly influenced by question* of State politics, can acarcely tail to be overcome by the apirit of State pride and inter est, co-operating too with the general cauaea affecting the whole aonth. which have swept away from the whigs all hope even of Georgia, a State relied upon by them aa one of tbeir meat aecure. In all theae three Statea, therefore, Mr. Polk haa, in our judgment, decidedly the best chance. These states, with only fear votes out of the rest, would enable him to spare even New York and Pennsylvania.? Half ol tbeir vote, with either New York or Pennsylvania, would enable him to spare all the rest Upon New York no special remark is needed. Oar friends every where in the State are confident of a brilliant triumph. The sole chance lelt the whigs ia the hope of transferring a great democratic "native" vote to Mr. Clay?a danger of which we have now small apprehen sion, even it the -late at large was not reliable to over balance any possible majority which even the fullest sue cess in such a corrupt intrigue could give againat us ? Without New Yoik even the 7Yt'6un? will not claim even a peg to hang a hope upon. With it we want only eleven votes out of tne whole catalogue of doubtfal Statea. Pennsylvania the whigs attect to claim on the ground of the Tariff, in the wee of the 19,000 real demo cratic majority, of the severely contested election just terminated ; and notwithstanding their own avowal* be fore the eleotien, that if th?.y could not elect Markle, they could not give the vote of the State to Clay. They forget, too, that thia Tariff excuae ia a two-edged sword, and that if that question is to lose us the manufacturing State of Pennsylvania, it mast gain us in equivalent in agricultu re Ohio?to say nothing of Indiana and Tennessee, Ma ryland and North Carolina. In both Louisiana and Indiana, (both of which we could abundantly spare) we had the popular majorities at the late elections , which the general influences of the timea must not only aecure but materially enlarge. Kor Connecticut we have a (air chance The majority to he overcome ia very amall; our frienda are zealous, well organised, and morn than hopeful-confident. Maryland atanda all but evenly balanced on the last (?opular vote ; we regard our chance for it as the better of the two, though we have classified it differently, as a con cession to the fact that the nominal majority (648) was against a*. North Carolina votes after the decision of the general result, and generally in accordance with it. We, there fore. very confidently expect the addition of her vote, too, to awell the majority for the Democratic candidates. So mnch, then, for the electoral votes, as well as the popular ma.iotitiea. By what process ol calculation the Whiga are able to begin to elect Clay even on paper, we are at a los* to conceive. Whichever we turn ft, Polk la already elected, over and over again ; nor can any feebly wild effort of desperation, clutching at the floating straws of Abolitionism, Nativeism, ko., avail to save the fast sink ing fortunes of Clay and Claylsm, from the abyia In which they are soon about to be engalphed forever. Sfanlikato of David Hale?not the Devil. [From the Journal of Commerce.] F*vmw ok Ejections.?As we have now the results of all the elections except ot Arkansas and South Carolina, occurring prior to the Presidential election in November, it may not be amiaato take m observation, and ace where we all stand. Ihe annexed table embraces the popular votea or major ities in all the States where elections have hern held ihe preuent year, except Rhode Island, Vir ginia, Missouri, and Delaware. Theae we omit, because in Rhode Island there waa no contest ; because in Virginia the election wna only for mem bers of the Legislature, aid the returns of votes are very incomplete; because in Missouri there were

two democratic candidates for Governor, and mo whig; and because in Delaware the election was only for Inspectors, and may net have caused a general turn-out. Front eleven states we have the foil vote,?and from five of them it is official, viz: Maryland, Connecticut, Norih Carolina, Kentucky, and Vermont. The election in New Hampshire wan held in March,Connecticut in April, Louisiana in July,?North Carolina, Indiana, Kentucky, Il linois, and Alabama, in August,?Vermont and Maine in September,?Maryland, Georgia, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Ohio, in October. Pretident. 1144. Novrmbtr 1810. Maryland. . 35,036 34,495 33,628 28/ New Hampshire 14,888 25,928 26,168 32,' Connecticut 30,093 28 846 31.601 26,: Louisiana 9,29? 9,696 11,296 7,1 North Carolina 42,686 39,133 46.37G 33/ Indiana 62.067 63,626 66.302 61.: Kentucky 69,876 62,022 68.489 32,1 Illinois 43.181 66.483 45,637 47, Alabama 26 178 35,669 28,471 33,! Vermont 28,265 30,930 32,445 18,1 Maine 38,377 411,950 46,612 46,1 Eleven States 389,432 416,967 425,815 368,1 Georgia ? 1,500 40,261 31,! New Jersey 1,400 ? 33,261 31,I Pennsylvania ? 5,000 144,019 143.1 Ohio 2,000 ? 418,157 124, Fifteen States 392,532 422,467 791,.>03 689,614 302,532 689,614 Dein. maj. in 164 i 29,936 101,889 | 29,936 Democratic relative gain in 15 States 131,824 Harriaon'i majority in the nation in 1840 (exclusive of South Carolina, where Presidential Electors are chosen by the Legislature,) was 146.206. By comparing the results of the elections this year with those ot the Presidential election in 1840, it will be seen in most cases the vote ia larger now than then, and that the aggregate vo'e of the eleven States from which we have full returns, is 31,083 greater now than then ; the whole ?umber in 1844 being 806,n0? And in November, 1840 784,016 Incresse of votes 31,083 In the four 8tates irom which full returns have not yet reached us, although we know the general results, and about the majorities, the increase upon 1840 will be found to be still greater than in the eleven States just mention ed. Annexed are oflcUl returns from nineteen counties in Puunsylvania at the recent election, showing an in crenseot 16,036 upon the number oi votes in November 1840, and we have no reason to doubt that the same pro portion holds good throughout the State. 1844. 1840. Afar'e, IV. Shunk. D. Har'n. V. Bur'n Adams 2,486 1,818 2.153 1 628 Allejthany 8, 06 6, 63 7,620 4,673 Bedford 3,0i5 2,884 2,910 2.446 Berks 3,340 8,3'6 3.582 7,426 Chester 6,139 6,476 6 643 4,8.2 Cumberland 2,97 1 3,008 2,970 2,696 Dauphin 3,213 2,362 3,121 2,187 Delaware 2,069 1.493 2,031 1.336 Huntingdon 4,022 2,6:10 3,826 2,26 Lebanou 2,478 1,748 2.369 1.42 Lycoming 1.946 2,600 1,604 2,181 Montgomery 4,341 6,394 4,078 4,860 Northampton 2,455 3,466 2,816 3,818 Northumberland 1,498 2,384 1,361 2.187 Philadelphia city 9,282 5.266 7,656 4,774 county 14,138 12,200 10,189 13,303 Somerset 2,450 922 2,501 766 Schuylkill 2 390 3,218 1,881 2,181 Union 2,721 1,777 2,123 1,518 79,687 72,843 70,946 66,468 79,687 66,4:8 152,430 137,404 137,404 Increase of votss in ) 02H 19 counties J ' Three counties in New Jersey, from which we hsve the full vote, viz.?8ussex, Middlesex and Somerset, gave at the recent election 13,905 votes. And st the Presidential in 1840 9,686 Increase 3,030 B?ing at ihe rate of 1 ',004 or 16,000 in the State at large. Georgia shows a similar increase. The vote in that State was 1,863 greater at the gubernatorial election in 1843, than at the Presidential in 1840; and it is still greater at present. In 31 counties there is an increase upon 1843 of 786 votes; being at the rate of fully 3,000 for the Statu at large, and 4,000 compared with the Presidential vote of 1840. In the first named eleven States, it will be seen that the democratic vote at the recent elections, was larger, by 67,766. than at the Presidential election in 1840, ami a* large within 10,000 as the whig vote then was. ' While the democratic vote has increased 67,766, the whig vote haa diminished 36,683. Total, 94 440. From these facts, and others like them, we think it is evident that the whigs are to have a plenty of work 011 hand at the ensuing Presidential election, and il they gain the day, the zest of the triumph will be so much the greater. One peculiarity we have noticed in the elections this year, viz: that in several cases where the popular vote exhibited a democratic majority, the whigs navu earn, d the Legislature. Such was the case in Indiana and Lou isiana. j(3o also in Virginia If we take the Legislatures as a criterion, and suppose the States will go the same way in November, the results in the above fifteen would be as follows;? Ki ictoiii. V'OTrs. Whig. Dem. Maryland 8 ? New Hampshire ? 6 Connecticut , ... 6 ? Louisiana 6 ? North Carolina 11 ? In. 11 an a 13 ? Kentucky 13 ? linois ? 9 labama ? 0 Vermont 0 ? Maine ? 0 Georgia..- supposed. ...10 New Jersey 7 ? Pennsylvania 36 Ohio 33 ? 01 60 If on the other hand we take the popular majority as the basis, the following will be the result Whig. Dem. Maryland 8 ? New Hampshire ? 6 Connecticut 0 ? Louisiana ? 6 North Carolina...* 11 ? Indiana ? 13 Kentuaky 13 ? Illinois ? 9 Alabama ?....?. 0 Vermont 6 ? Maine ? 0 Georgia ? 1* New Jersey 7 ? Pennsylvania ? 36 Ohio 33 ? 73 *7 One important advantsge which the whigs will derive from their success in choosing Legislatures, is, that it will, most probably, give them a majority in the United States Senate. Of seventeen United States Senators, whose terms expire on the 4th of March next,?including Mr Talmadge of this Stste, whose resignation has proba bly ere this been communicated to the Governor,?thir teen are whigs, aad lour Locos, as follows * Whigi lAtot. Samuel 8. Phelps, Vt. John Fairfield. Maine. Rufus Choate, Mass. Daniel Sturgeon, Pa. John B Francis, R. I. Benjamin Tappan, Ohio. J. W. Huntington, Con. T. H. Benton, Missouri. N P. Talmadge. N. V. W, L Dayton. N J. R H Bayard, Del. W D Merrick, Md. William C. Rives, Va. !. Henderson, Miss. E. A. Foster, Tenn. Albert 8. White, la, A 8. Porter, Michigan. By the rerults of the elections this year, the choice of whig Senators is secured in Vermont, New Jersey, Mary lam', Virginia, Indiana, and Ohio, the last a whig gain. In Connecticut, a whig Senator (Mr. Huntlngion) has already been chosen for the next six years, and there is no doubt that whigs will be chosen in Massachusetts and Rhode Islsnd. To go no further, the whigs are sure of 0 out of the 17 Senators embraced in the class of 184S, and have a chance in some ol the other States. Of the Senators who hold over, 16 are whigs, to which add 0, aa above, and the whigs have 36, beiQg only one short .if half the whole numher Two more will give them a majority, and these they will hsve a fair chance to get in some of the donblful States, viz.:?New York, Delaware, and Tennessee. Hons or Ripihiiktititm. Under the new apportionment, the House of Represen tatives comprises nut 338 members. Of this number. 72 (about one-third) have already been elected to the 30ih Congress, whose official existence will commence on the 4th of March next Mrmhrrt Eltclrd Mus far:? Dist. Lot'isisn*. 1. John Rlidell, Dem. 3. Bannon O Thibodeatix, Whig gain. 8 John B. Dawson, Dem. 4. Isaac F.. Morse, Dem. Illinois. 1. Robert Smith, Democrat. 3. J A VlcClernand, Democrat. 3 Orlando B. Ficklin Democrat. 4 John Wentworth, Democrat. A. Stephen A. Douglass, Democrat. A. Joseph P. Hope Democrat. 7. K. D Baker, Whig, Musovai. Sterling Price, ) John 8 Phelps, ( James B Bowlin, )? All Dent, chosen by gecaml ticket. James H. Relfe, 1 Leonsrd II. 8ims,*J *8oft. VgBMONT. 1. Solomon Foote, Whig. 3. Jseobf ollsmer, Whig OeorgeT Marsh, Whig 4.1N0 choice Now represented by a Democrat^ Milld. 1. No choice. Now repreiented by a Democrat. J. Robert P Dunlap, Democrat. 3 Luther Sevtrance, Whig. 4. No choice. Now rep. by a Whig. ? No choice. Now unrepresented. 6. Hannibal Hamlin, Democrat 7. Htf kiah Williams, Democrat Guoaois 1. Thomas B. King, Whig. 2. Seaborn J on en, Democrat 3. Washington Toe, Whig. 4. Hugh A. Haralson, Democrat. ft. John H Lumpkin, Democrat ? Howell I'.obi., Democrat. 7. A H. Stephen*, Whig. ? 8. Robert Tomb*, Whig. The last deleg.ition.lrom Georgia wa? chosen by gene ral ticket?all l?co? The State has since been < ivided into Congressional districts, and this in the lirat election under that .y.tem. The old delegation now comprise* two whig* and six democrat* ; the former having been elected to fill vacaucie*. PKitN??i.r*<ri?. 1. Lewi* 0. Levin, native. Succeed* Morris, whig. 2. Joieph R IngersoU, whig. 3. J elm H Campbell, native. Succeed* Simla, dem. 4. Charle* J lugerioll, dem. A. Jacob S. Yost, dem. t>. Jacob Kidman, dem guin. 7. Alirm R M llvauie, whig. 8. John Strolim, whig U. John Rater, dem 10. Richard Bro?dhead, jr., dem. 11. Owen C Lieb,dem. 12. David Wilmot, dem. 13.?Jame* Tollock, whig gain * 14. Alexander Ramsay, whig. 15. .Mosen M'Lean, deui. gain. 16 Jame* Black, dem 17. Jame* Blanchard, whig. lb Andrew Stewart, wh g. 19. Henry D Koater, dem. 50 John H Ewing, whig. 21 Corneliu* Darrah. whig gain.* 22. W 8. Garvin, dem. 23. Jame* Thompson, dem gain. ?J4. Jame* M Kennan, dem gain. ... ? Compared with the last Congre**ional election. \ a canciea afterward* occurred iu tho*e district*, and weie filled with Whig* Ohio. 1 Jame* J. Farran, Dem 2. K A. Cunningham, Dem. 3 R C. Scheiiclt, Whig. 4. Joseph Vance, Whig. 5. Wm lawyer, Dem tt. Henry St John, Dem. 7. Jos J. M'Dowell. Dem. 8. Allen Thurman, Dem. gain. 9. Augustii* LTetnll. Dem. gain. to. Columbus Delano, Whig gain. 11. Jacob Brinckurhoff, Dem. 13. Samnel K Vinton, Whig. 18. IiadC Parish, Dem. gain. 14. Ale*. Harper, Whig. 16. Joaeph Morri*, Dem. IB. Jame* Matthew*, Dem. 17. Wm. C. M'Cau?len, Dem. 15. D A. Starkweather, Dem. 19. D R. Tilden, Whig 20. J. R. Gidding. Whig. 21. Jo*. M. Root, Whig gain. RKUAHTl'L4TI0|V BT PlUUnC*. Compared with Prrttiit Congrta. 1844. Old Congres*. W. Native. D. W. D. Louisiana I. . .?? ? ? 3 ? ? ?} lllinoi* 1. ? ??? ? ? B 1. . . <? Missouri ?. . .?? ? . * ?. . . 6 Vermontf 3. , . ?. . ,? 3. . .? Georgia 4. . , ?.. . 4 ?.. . 8 Fennaylvania... 9... 2. ...13 12. ...12 Ohio.' 8 -....13 9.... 12 20 2 44 2o 47 f One vacancy. ... To prevent the neceup.y of explanatlon.it may be well lo remark that we compare with the old Congress a* it ?tood when the member* were flr*t elected. In <his way, there appear*, in the aggregate, a whig ga'n of one mem ber, and a democratic lo?? of three, counting the Amen can Republican* on neither ?ide. If we compare with the old Congre- * a* now constituted, there is a whig loss. It 1* a fact worthy of notice, that of the persons, who in th? present Congres* voted to lay on the table i e. re Ject, Mr. M'Kay's bill to modify the existing taritt, only two have failed ol a rc-electioii. provided they have bee candidates, viz:-Labrancha, of Louisiana, and Chsppell, of Georgia, both of whom reside in strong whig districts On the other hand, six who voted against the modificu tion, and who were candidate* for rc-elcction, have been left at home, viz:?Morn*, Smith, Jenks, and Buffington, of Pennsylvania, and Vsnmetre and Florence of Ohio All the*e have been ?ucceeded by democrats, or American Republicans?whether tarillitcs or not, we cannot ?ay; but we presume Me*srs. Levin, Thurman and Perrill, are tot. From Jamaica.?Dates to the 8ih of September have been received at New Orleans , the Governor had dissolved the House of Assembly on the 27ih ol August, and ordered writs for a general election in February next. This measure haB .been pro duced by the rapid increase ol the liberal party, who desire to separate the government from the church, a measure deemed almost treasonable by the existing government. It is believed that the nrw legislature will attempt to dissolve the union between church and etate ai now existing in the colony. But the legislative council appointed by the crown would no doubt veto the measure, while it is feared that the Home government would punish the colonists by de priving them of their present constitution, and estHblishing a military despotism instead. The flaytiens who had taken refuge in Jamaica were returning to Hayti. One hundred of them came near being wrecked in the Haytien bng-ol war Hero, while going out of Port Royal. The vessel was considerably injured, and had lo return for repairs. No lives lost.?JV U. CntcnU C'ttif. Tkiai. op Nicholas Gordon.?The trial ol Nicholas Gordon, charged as principal in the mur der of Atnat** Sprague, has commenced before the Supreme Court. Mr. Kogers, of Boston, is as sociated in the delence, in place of Mr. Atwill, whose sickness has prevented him from attending to the case. Thus far, the evidence hasbeen almott a repetition of that given in the trial of John uud William Gordon.?t'rov. Journal, Oct IK. Iowa River?The Iowa river is now regularly navig <ted by steamboat* The" Rer jrter," published at Iowa City, notice* the arrival of a boat,wbi h wai im mediately loaded with wheat tor the St. Loui* market It i* only *ix or (even year* lince the hank* of the Iowa, from the source of the river to it* mouth, were rn unbro ken wildernea*. Mormon Affairs ?We learn by the officers ot the Die Vernon, that since the treaty of f'hurcliville, warrant* have been i**ued againit William I.aw, Robeit D. Foster, and Charlea A. Foster, three seceding Moi mon*, accuied of being concerned in the murder of the Smith*. They followed the example of their illustrious predecessors, Sharp and Willi m*^ and refused to obey the summon*, unleu they were taken before Jtidgi Thomaa for examination, alleging that their lives wen ?ought by the people ol Nauvoo, and while they wished to respect the law*, they would not agree to give themielven up to be murdered ; to thia condition the miniou* ol Gov. Kord were obliged to accede. They went to Quincy, and delivered them?elve* up to Judge Thomci, hut as the Governor had taken hi* flight lor Springfie'd, and no wit. nesce* appearing against them, they were permitted to depart.? Si Louii Era, Oct 7. Ship St. Patrick ?Another fine ship for a New York house, intended aa our of a line of packets between that pc.rt uikI Liveipool,was launched from the yard of Messrs Currier and Townsend.on Mon day last. This ship is rather larger than <Ue Si George, and takeM her place in the same lii.e with that ship which has already become a favorite pack et. The Si. f'.itrn k i?- t beautiiul ship,built entirely of the best white oak timber, and will aid still fur ther in adding to the refutation of the Merrimack built ships, the lame of which is already extended all along the whole line ol seacost. In some re snec's tne St. Patrick is an improvement on the St. George. We notice particularly an alteration in the forecastle deck, the new arrangement ol the timbers adding much both to upiiearance and strength. The St Patrick will *oon 1)? in New York, and the merchant* ol that city will then have an opportunity to cempare her with their New York built ships, and with the other Merrimack ship*. Seme of which aie almost al ways in that port . a noi.g them now are the Java and Pacific. The St (Jeorge sailed a day or two since An. other baautiful ?hip, ol 1000 tons, the John R Skiddy, be. longing to a New York house, i* lying al our wharves noariy ready lor use - -Srwkurypnrt llrraltf, Oct 10 liOSS OP TUK Stsamhoat Vkrmii.i.ion.?Tile steamer New Kra, which arrived last evening, brought no freight far this place. She wa* bound Irom New (lilean* to Cincinnati; hut upon her arrival at < ai ro, she found the Ohio too low to reaoti her place of des tination. Alter laying at Cairo five day*, without being able to reihip her cargo, she changed her eourie for Si Louia. The New Kra bring* intelligence of the loss of the steamer Vermillion, Captain Arnold, bound from this place to New Orleans, with about 400 tons of nroduce and between ho and 90 head of cittle. The V. felt here on Thursday last We learn from the officer* of the New k'.ra, that th< V. (truck a roc*, and sunk almost instantly. No live ?vere lost Between 30 and 40 head df the cattle wen missing ; the gieaier portion anpt>o?ed to have drowned The tioat is owned by ( apt Arnold and the other officers and the loss will be to them severe, as we learn there wa? no insurance. She is aaid to have been a very substan ?ial boat, and hasbeen running former! v between New Olicana and Vermillion Bay ?St I mud Era, Ott 7. Wkbtkr* Akfkav ?An allrny took place nt Bur lington, Iowa, on Tuesday laat, between a Sir Andrews Gen. O. W Hight. and hi* son, George V Hight An drew* was aeriouiiy injured, and died the aame day The matter wa* under Judicial investigation Si Cra, Ott 7 [From the Philadelphia Spirit ?1 the Timet J Ucncral Con ven I Ion of the Protestant Kpl? copal C liurt lt In the V. H. Wed.nisdat, Oct. 16,1844. After morning prayera, und the reading and ap proval of the minute*, Judge Cham dies called up the consideration ot hm resolution on adjournment, HiitendiuK it t?o as tt> lix Friday next for hnal ad journineat Mr M?mnin<;hk moved to lay it on the table. This wan debated by Mrwsnj Ogden in oji|K>aition and Newton and Dr. Brooke in lavor, antf the question being taken it wan t arried, bo the Con vention resolved at present not to talk of adjourn ment. Mr. Mkmninokk aaid a* there had been much anxiety exprf.-wtd concerning long speeches, there lore, to tent the extent of the wiQingnefw to come to a teat vole, he moved to lay aside the order ol I lie day and take ui> the resolutions concerning " Tractarianisin." This was agreed to. Judge ("iM.vif tKbmiid he felt constrained to de tainthe House hv offering the following substitute, which he thought would meet ihe wishes of all:? lie*olved, That the Houisol Clerical and Lay Deputie* consider tbu Articl??, Liturgy and Office* ot the Church, sufficient exponents ol her sen*e ol the enential doctrine* ol Holy Scripture ; and that the canon* of the Church i.lli.td utuple niettn.H of dit>cipline nod correction lor all who depai; Irom her standard* ; and Inrther, that the General Convention i* not n suitable tnhunai lorthe trial and cenaure of, and that the Church I* not re*ponsible lor, the etrors ol individual*, whether they are member* of thi* ( hutch or otherwise. Dr Tvao brii-fly Hated hi* reaion* lor de*iring to pre *eu an alternate substitute, in orWer to receive which it would be uectiiary to vote down Judge Chamber'* *ub ?timte He w?* glad to nee an approach, a great approxi mation to unity ou many ol the important point* brought helore u* Be therefore otiered the substitute, because he did not believe the lormer proposition* could be punted, and also that other* might be named which could, to tome extent, if not sdtqtiately, represent the fetling* of all. They were a* lollewa :? "Whereas, representations hava been made to tnw General Convention, that much anxiety and uncertainty of mind in fgard to the doctrine* of the riote*tant Kpis copal cnurch in the United Suite*, have been oocasinned id various portions of the church, by the many religion* controversies of the preient day, and an expression ol opinion in the** prennie*, has been asked ol tne Conven tion, _ . ., 't herefore, Resolved, That the General Convention re ceivi s the Holy Scripture* of Ihe old and new Testament as the only divine rule ol religion* laith and practice. Resolved, That the Aiticles, Liturgy, Othcc* and Ho tnllie* of thi* Church are sufficient, and the only author ised exponent* of the sense of the essential doctrine* oi Holy Scripture, and that the canon* oi the chuicb aitord sufficient mean* of discinline and correction for all her minister*, who may inculcate doctrines contrary thereto. Keiolved, That the General Convention i* not a suita ble tribunal lor the trial and cei sure ?< the error* in doc trine ot individual members of the < h'.irch. nor i* the < hutch to be considered or held responsible therefor, and therelore it is inexpedient to pronounce any particular or dtfinite sentence in the premises proposed lor theii con sideration, and that they he referred to the regular course ot lliocesan Canonical legislation. , A debate ensued on the question, in which Dr. Brooke, Dr. Strong, and Dr Kmpie participated. Mr. Newton moved to reler the subject to a select com mittee ol live, which wa* negatived The debate on the main retclution ws* then continued by Dr. Kmpie, Mr. Memninger aud Judge Chamber*, until the adjouinmi nt. The iollowiug i* the Canon, which was passed by the House ol Deputies, and sent to the Bishops tor their con curience, on Tuesday evening. Cisiin Oi* thk T*ui. or A BitMOr. Section 1. The trial of a Bishop shall be on a pre*ent meut in writing, specilying the utience of which he ia alleged to be guilty, with teamnable cvrtsinty as to time, place, and circumstance* ; such presentment may be made lor any ciime or immorality, lor here*y, lor viola tion of the constitution or canons of thi* Church, orof the church in the dioce?e to which he belong*. Said pre sentment may be ntadk by the convi ntipn of the diocese to which lie belongs, two-third* of each order pre*ent concurring ; and the vote thereon shall not, in any ca*e, take piece on the same day on which the resolution to prcitnt i* ottered; it may also be made by any threo Bishops of thi* Church. When made by the Convention, it shall be signed by a Committee ol Proaeculion, cousi*t ing ol three clergymen and thiee laymen,to be appointed (or that purpose ; and when by three Bit-hop*, it shall be signed l>y them respectively, in their official character Si.vr.N O'cnocx.?An evening session was held, and the debate continued. A motion was made and ranird, that at half pa*t 9o' clock thi* . vening, if the debute doe* not close la fore, the House should proceed to take a vote on the iub*titute and amendment* The intervening time was occupied in an unlimited debate, and at the appointed hour the vote was fust taken on Judge Chambers* resolution, as follow* . Ayes Clergy IS ; Laity 11. Nay*?Clergy B ; Luit) B, Divided?Clergy 4 , Laity 3. There not being a majority of hoih oidris voting in the affirmative, the resolution wa* lejt-cted. 1 he next ques tion wa* ou Dr Hawks amendment, which was alio nega tived a* lollows : Aye*?Clergy 8 ; Laity 11. Najs? do lft; do II. Divided?do 4 j i!o I. By universal conient, Dr. Tyng was permitted to oner hi* substitute, (rejaiited above us read thi* morning.) Dr Baoohi. called lora division of the question, that the vote might be fir*t taken on the preamble. Dr Tyi-g un willing to huve hi* resolution *o directed, withdiew it altevJMr. Coos, sf N. J., offered an amendment which the chair ruled out of order, a* containing in tubs tan o? th? pto|Misition just negatived. An sppeal was taken sad the chair *ustam?d. Mr Ct'NMi*?M*M, of Virginia, then moved a rrcon*id eration of the vote by which Judge Chambers' leseluticn was negatived, which wa* agreed to, but before action the Home adjourned, Stkamer Fa IB port Burned.?Wr l^arn from Mr. Watte, ol the utetimer Cleveland, that the steamer Kairport was burned on Saturday evening la?t. while ly ing at a ?mail wood what!, in the St. Clair river. | aliout three miles t? low Point au Chien. We are happy to stn'e that no live* we e lost Shi- bad no merchandise aboard, having been lyiig at the ilaive wharf lor sonm time past, for the purpose ot i? ndeiing assistance to ves sel* by towing them over the flits Shewn* burned to the water * eilge, and the hull sunk. We are inlormed that ner policy ol insurance ex| ired about five day* ue - lore the accident ocoum d. She was about 3IKI ton* bur then, snd wa* principally owned by Capt. Kuwards, who sailed her.? Bu ffalo GasHtt, 0> l 16. Hestcctivk Fikk at Pikktown, Ohio.?Wr learn lre.ni ihe Chilicothe (Ohio) Advrrtieer, lhat a fire occurred in Pikelown on the morning of the 10th instant which censumid Ihe piintug cttlce and all the material* of the Hickory Sprout n> wspaper. owned and edited by Mr. Tomlinson. '1 he auditoi't, clerk and trea surer'* offices were al*o deatroyi d, but the Court House and rocoider'* office were *av. d t>y a desperate effi.it, S'd ?he proximity of the Sci?'? river Mr Tomlinson esti mate* hi* los* at about $l(ino The public records have heen principally saved, and the chitf los* will t<e the pub lie buildings, tne printing office and material*, and a li tirary belonging to Mr. < lough The lire wa* piobably the woik i>( an Incendiary, a* there had been no Bre on the premises for ?ome day* helore. Court for thk CoKRtcTio.N ok Krror8.?Ai.ha ny, Oct. ]?>. 1H-I4 - Preaent?The Lieuienitnt Oov tnor and twenty-six Senator*. No 19.?J F. Schemer norn v* W K Armstrong Mr. A H. Dana for plfl in ?>rior. Mr. L Livingston for d>ft. in error- Mr A C. Bradley was heaid nu pllT. It dPHW. Navai..?The U S. Surveying Schooner, Nauti lu?, from it cruiH? ofl Ihe coaat of Delaware, an chored off'the Naval Hospital Snnday morning. The N. is bound to Baltimore, put in on account ol head winds. The Iollowiug i* a list of her officer*:-G M Bsche, fcsq , Lieutenant Commanding fatted Midshipmen R D. l/ird, (Ac'g. mast) Madison ush, Samuel Maxcy, Tho iiiii G < orbin, Henry K Davenport. Captain's Clerk? James J. Hirketts.?Norfolk ll'ritH, Of I. IS I o?ia by Kirk.?We learn from the Ithica Dem ocrat that the steamboat De Witt I linton, which plied between Ithica and Cayuga bridge.or Lak* Cayuga took lire yesterday week, while at nnohoi near the head of the lake, and was entirely deatroyed, with nil her machinery und furniture ; no live* lost. ExpT.ostrm.?Another powder mill at Akron, be lenging to the Austins, blew up ln*t Saturday. Some 1300 pounds exp'oded. Kortunately no one wa* Injured. One of the hands h It the mill about live nunut- * n* lora be explosion Los* estimated at tHtNHl The Atutins liave a m w mill nearly ready for operation. MHB. \1. WILSON hags to inform b?r frirnibaad U# 11 >'' I'lllilic, tllst ?lie is | re|'sre<l ro nhiliit s rich .iml ? leu mi *,sortntenr ??f ,11 II its, w hieh-lie tU'ter* li-rwif the ladies will tiriil worthv th"r uisiieetioii A few Imported Hat* purch.u'd fur patterns, s?llinu n.r lest thtn e?ist. t ountry ?1 illlrers, in search ()f imterns. wiaml <hi well to Sail WrVious to purchssiiiK. tJu hand a cwiirf assortment of Festhsra, ? lower*, Caps, snd Head Dresses. L?<lie?' own materials made tip in the netveal style. \llt* M WILSON, oil 2w*n mi Grand sr., between Allen tad Orchard. FKKNCH ARTTFlCfAL Fr,OWKKS AND FKATHKKS. . BHCN LAKOSILKK k COURT. IH Wdliam reet, New Vc.rk, <rr reeeiriaii hy the User* imekris, ^w3tl,eir assortment <>f Kail (ittods, which, for ?le*?nre, "^^?they have no ri? d. All deilers and jnd|(es hi the above line are invited to give thetn a call, and we will venture to say hev Will not le.ive th- store with.?it exptmsing their admira ion of .urlt a It.*,uttfiiI ilock. I hev |>leitseth*msel?M that the tllilic will not he (tereir-d with Amettean k lowers for Krench, IS they hate ilieir li'tuse in I'tris. Kue de 1 racy. No.6, and deal ?srlnsivelv in Ktench Mowers. <>4 Im'ec MAUAZIN DE MODE, 'Ml t'niinl *tr?et. Vi All \MK D. BKIIKMAN. be^s lease to inform her friends ?l (hat li t , ? lor tlie* r'aLI an<l Wlaras KslNlont, ii I'tris llats, I sits. Head Dresses, Krenrh Howers, Keathers, tnd Kibbotis, of the choicest *ty let, (Carefully selei ted hy her K ots ti I'tris.) toK'tl t-t with a variety nl PA It I si AN MlLLINtllY rOR LADIK? TOILKTS, vill take place on Mond <\ the 7th t >rtober Madam B. (olicita lie favor of an early call at her old sstablishment, Matatia de Vlotle, Ml Canal street. New York, OeUther Id, IM4 o* Im'ec /I.N' *1 caakt Zinc altoat?for talc hv ?? .WtlOflHI I t U MtNTt KN? o6re W Meeih *twij

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