Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 20, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 20, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. ?' ? pP Vol. XH No. ?0O?Wlial* I*. IbttO. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 20, 1844. Mm Two Ct?H? THE NEW YORK HERALD. AOOREOATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To the Public. TIIIC NEW YOHK HKRALD?Daily Nrwiwer-rok liah'-'l cfMrv day of the year cacept Now Veer's Day and Fourth of July. Price 2 cents per copy?or $7 26 per anuuin?postages paid?cash in advance. THt WEEKLY HERALD-publiihed every Saturday morning?price oeuta per copy, or $3 a par annum?post paid, cash iu advance. ADVERTISERS an- informed that the circulation of the Herald it over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increasing last It hat the Urgent circulation oj my paper in thii city, or the world, and, it, therefore, the ' 'tl channel tor huoineii wieit in lite city <n country. Prices moderate?cash in advance. PRINTING of alt kinds executed at the most moderate price, and at the uiosi elegant style. JAMES OOKDON BENNETT. Proprietor or the Herald Establishment, Northwest ennier of Fulton and Nassau streets. JWp ab W 1 i\ I b n A it K A iN G b ..i t. N T rARE THREE SHILLINGS FROM PaTERSON TO JEHSEV CITY. On and after the 'stof October the cars will leave? Pat k no^ Dtror. New York. 8 o'clock A. Al. 9 o'clock A. M. 11* " " l*X - P.M. J " P. M. 4 " Orv Sundays. I o'clock A. M. I 9 o'clock A. AL 3 " P. M. I 4 " P. M. tie tf ec CENTRAL RAIL ROAD^ FROM SAVANNAH TO MACON, GEORGIA. cgflfl Mb1 a]j1 -'Ifl1 'IPW THIS ROAD is iu operation daily (Sandays excepted,) for Transportation of Passengers and Freight. New and comforta ble Passeugeri Cars have (>eeu recently placed on the road, and the* distance (190 miles,) is run from 6 A. M. to 6 P. M., with great regularity. The Company has also a number of Burtheu Cars, and is prepared to entry with despatch, all goods and pro duce which may olfer. tiooda consigned to the ' ompany's A^ent in Savannah. will be received auu forwarded, free of com mission for forwarding, provided a suin iu cash, sufficient to pay ship and road freight and chirges is deposited with the Compa ny on arrival uf the goods. The steamers OK.>i. CLINCH and CH VRLKSTON, owned and commanded by Captains Brooks arid B lrilen, run between Charleston and Savannah, in counec tiou Willi the R<iad. A Sl.-amer leaves each city ou Tuesdays, Thurtdavs luid Saturdays, and the Line, it is expected, will soon run daily. Passengers travelling South will leave Charleston at ? A. M.. imiiieiliaielv after the arrival of the Wiliningtou steam er?reach Savannah by t P.M. same d-y, and take the cars from Macon at 6 o'clook the followiug nioraiug. By tliis route the^e is le*s staying than on any oilier to Montgomery,and the fan u aa low. E. i.AK1TTE, Agent for the Line iu Charlestou. R. 11. CUYLER, Presideut. TH'-MAS PURSE, Geueral Superintendent. WwvTtinuh. August. 1844. s6 lmrc UtUl ltti AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS. . Of 1200 tons and 440 horse power each ? Under contract v9nk the Lords of the Ad| ? miralty. HIUMfMA. Captain AlaaVider Ryrir. CALEDONIA, Captain Eoml G. Lott. ACADIA, Captain YVlliam Harr' BHJTANN IA Captain John Hewitt. CAMBRIA, Captain C. H. E. Judkins. Will sail from Liverpool and Bostou, via. Hai^fax, as follows: Kron Boston. From Liverpool. Caledonia, Lott August lith. Acadia, Harrison... Sept. {'^ AVU,<20th. jiiberni*. . "V?" *' '^tritneed ?ui*?on?, and areiui ^bIuoham^j.-.^. These vessels carry eiptrieuced surgeons, and aresu|iplied with Life Boats. For freight or passage, apji a'l^rc No. 3 Wall street. THE Nfc.W M l' k.AMBUAT 110*4. EMPIRE, CAPTAIN D. HOWE, . Will laava BUFFALO for CHICAGO. |on FRIDAY, 23d of August, at 7 P.M., and perform her tripa regularly during ths see ?son, as follows UP. DOWN. LIJAVgS Itl'FFALO. LEAVES CHICAGO. Friday Auk. 23,... at 7 P. M.! Saturday, Ang.23... at 9 A. M. Saturday, Sep. 7,.. at do Monday, Sept. 16... at do Monday, " 211... ac do I Tuesday, Oct. do Tuesday. Oct. 8... at do I Wedia-sday, 16... at do W".lur-ilay, " 23... at do J Thursday " 31... at do Thursday. Nov.7... at do | Friday, Nov. 14... at do Th>' EMPIM E is 260 feut in length, 32 feet 8 inches beam, 14 fleet s inches li> 14. measuring 1-20 tons, and ia the largest steam boat allo'ii oi inland ? iters. Eugiue lino horsepower, boilers provided with Evan's Patent Safety Valves, to prevent tn- possi bility of in explosion. Tne ( ahin in 230 feet long, with separate Salontis for Ladies and (Jeiitleruen?, acious Stai* Kooin.i extend tlie whole, length. ventilat<-ii >>\ doors opening from the inside anil out, ana all esrta of thi ltnnt ai? finished and l'urnict'-d iu h style unequalled y any other in tlie vorld. Ample accommodations fur Hte<r agr Passenger*, in four large well ventilated Cabins, one of which i appropriated exclusively to females. Tlie boat is provided with a good band of music. WiLKtns, Marsh It C*., Buffalo,} H. Norton 8t Co., Chicago, >Agents. J. N. Elsbht, Detroit, S D. N. BARNEY, k. CO., August 1, 1844. Cleveland. smStmiv Ire STATEN ISLAND FERR Y. FOOT OF WHITEHALL. The Boats will runjs follows on and after Sept. 34. LEATe NEW YOKK : 9, and 11, A. M.; I>j. 3H. and 6, P. M. leaVe statcjTIsland : 8, and 10, A. M.; 12>4, 2? and 5, P. M. P. S.?All goods must be particularly marked, and ate at the tisk of the owners thereof. s24 HUllK IU OlA O'i-LULIi, P. M.?On and after Monday, Sept. 16th, I64<. the Night Line to ALBANY AND T^OY will change Hie hour of departure from 7 to 6 o'clock. P. M., and wili land at Poaghkeepsie during the gTeat Fair and Cattle Bhow. Ktre 7i cents only to Poughkeepsie. The steamer SWALLOW, Capt. A. McLean, Monday 16th, and We ' i, ...lny, 18th. The steamer ALBANY, Captiiu R. B Mai'\, Tuesd y, 17th, Thursday, 19th, at 6 o'clock, from Cort land i st iv st l ier. Mori, i.iue, at 7 o'clock, from Barclay street pier, the TRUY EMPIRE. | paring the grejt Fair and Cattle Bhow, Tuesday, 17th, M ediiesd ly, IR.Ii, and Thursday, 19th, will reduce tbe fare to 7S re; r- ' .Mid from Poughkeepsie aud New York. stf new Yu.lIC, ALBANY AND TROY STEAMBOAT LINE. jgut FOR ALBANY AND TKOY.-Morniug Smt- ""' ""*" fo,,t "t Barclay street, lauding " WT W " iuterufdiate places. I'lie Steaiwer EMPIRE, Captain S. R. Roe, Monday,Wednes day mid Friday Morning at 7 o'clock. The Steniner TROY, Capuin A. Oorham, Tuesday, Tbuis dav and Hatnrday Morning, ai7 o'clock. Evening Line from he foot of Courtlandt street, direct. Tlx Stemner SWALLOW, Captain A. McLean, Monday, Wednesday and Friday Evening, at 6 o'clock. Tlie Steamer ALBANY, Captain R. B. Macy, Tuesday, Thursday and Sntuidav Evening, at 6 o'clock. Tiv Boats of this Liue, owing to their light draught of wa fr, are ahle. at all nines to pass the liars, aud i?ach Albany and roy in h in pie lime to lake the morning train of ears for tlie t>sa{ or west. For passage or freight, apply on board, or at the offices on thr s* i>hOPLE'B LINE OF STEAMBOATS FOIl ALBANY. MM DAILY, Sundays ?scepted?Through direct, | * I'. M., from tie Steamboat I'ier between y^Ja^TI .1-, I. Ulj Liberty streets The Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER, Captain A. P Sr. John, Monday, Wednesday *"<1 Friday Kveilings at 6 o'clock. The Stemuhoal rochester, Curtain A. Hmighioa, od Tn?day, Thursday ami Saturday Evenings, at g o'clock. Krom the foot of Barclay street. At Kire o'clock. I'. M.?Laudm* at Intermediate Placet. Tike Steamboat NORTH AM ERICA, < aptaiu H. O. Ont leaden, vlouduy, Wnduesday, Friday luid Suuday Afternoons, * The bTeatnboat COLUMBIA, Captain William H. Peek, Tneadav, Thursday aii'l Saturday Alternoona, at S o'clock. Paasrugera either of the above line* will arrive it. Alhauy iu amid* time to take the Morning Trains of Can for the rati or wrt-st. The boat* are nvw and substantial, nrr fnr mshed with new and elegant state rooms, and for s|*c<l and ac commodations, are unrivalled on the Hudson. All persons am forbid trusting any of th? boats of this line, without ail order from the Captain. Kor passage or freight, apply on board, or to P. C. Schnltl, at the t on llie wharf. oMire PLEASANT AND CHEAP EXCURSIONS. SU MM EH ARRANGEMENT. NICW Hill OH TON. POUT RICHMOND. (STATKN island,) And new yohk ferry. Krom I'ier No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Place. 00L The Steamboat CINDERELLA, wn run as Dm. >-^*ge?J^I'oll?iws, Daily, from May 20th to Oclftlx In, ?lg i nili wt. lim i? leaves New York at 9 and LI o'clncg, A. M.. at 3!<, 0 audi P.M. Leaves Port Us< nd, i 30 minutes to I, and II minutes to 10 A M.s at t,?4 I OS . M. Leuirs New Brighton i I and 10 A. M.; at lM,5and7^ P. M. On fitniday?L?ave? New York, at 9 and II A. M.; at J, 0 and I P. M. leaves Port R'dhinond, at 30 uuuntee to ( and 10 A M; at 1, iand 7W( P. M. v.. ? ,r|, ip im mrll "n?re I'Altb llhOUl/KO for t ItOTONVILLE, 91 NO S1NO. TARHYTOWN. an 111 'INti WILTSIE'S iIock, h astinojI aND VdNKKHsS.?On ami after Saturday, 3EL?1-iKJK. \"g"M 3l?t, IWC the new and substantial ste iinlniat WASHINGTON IHVINO.Capt Hiram Tuthill, will l?\te the lint of Chnmlier street for the above plarea, daily at 3 P. M.. S?ndn; eveepled. Returning, will leawr Crotonville at ??. sin! Hing Sing at T o'clock A. M., lauding at tlie foot of Hammond street earn way. t- or i11 i?ai<r or freight, apply on hoard, or to HTF.rilEN B. T"V1rKI\'H. iq? w?<r staeet "?m?rc rUH x > 1 .1. w AiMi IIAI.l.OWt.1,1,. The new aleamrr PKNOpSt OT, Captaia jte-r- "weaiJP N. Kimball, leaves the endofT wharf, Boetoa, ni (K every Tueednv nd Friday evenings, at 4 0' lock. Stagea will be iu readineas on her arrival at the above f>*H, to '? IV?V W??ev?fl ?? 'lie - rt?>,H ,r,ny llisil. If Al.i. AND WINTER ARKANOhMENT. i\El\AKhr ND NEIV YOHK. FARE ONLY 1*1 CRNTR. T11JC NKW AND SWIFT 8TKAMW RAINBOW, CAP! .?IN JOHN OAFFY. sXA ON end aPer Neptemlier 10th will ran daily, c 1 '?> ? rf as follows (Sundays included)Leave New TMT7. i guar ?tk, foot of autre street, 0 o'clock A. M.? Leave New i ork, foot of Barclay street, 3 o'clock P. M. Art/v fOH LI V tHfOOL-'l he im ke'ship iSAttRlLK, kr Jrl^' iptain Tr<i-k. sails on the Kill of Oct?and the packet JMiMWw>liip < >XKl)RI>, Captain Rathbooe, on Um 1st rSov., their r aul 'r dsys of sailing. Fur passage, having unsurpassed accommodations, apply to JOHN HERDMAN, 01 South sui*. N. IV Passage from (irest Biitaiu and Ireland can as asugl be ?etmed hy the regular packet ships sailing every five days from Liverpool, and Drafts for any amount, can, aa nsnal, be niiaish r<t, |?yable In all the principal towat and cities rhroaghout Great ttritaia tad Ifataae, oa application aa aWve ellM BAKENNE & CO. AT THE CORNF.R OK OKA NO STRE?T AND BROADWAY, LnTRAMCC 114 (iKA.fb STRUT, II l\'A l!l K KSr^lUISUMPl FASHIONABLE ESTABLISHMENT, 9 the tail W>i*re the choicest assortment of Parisian Modes, Had, Cap*, Head DrMira, tic., will always be found of tlie best selections? importation! dirrct. "lire MKS. M. WILSON b*gs to inform tier Irieudj aud tlie public, that alia i? prepared to exlubit a rich aud elegant assortment of Ftil Hats, which she flatters herself ladies will find worthy ther inspection A law Imported Hata purchai' d for pattern*, selling for lea* than coat. Country Milliuera, in searrh o* patterns. would do Well to call previous to purchasing. On hand a choice assortment of Feathers, Flowers, Caps, aud Head Dresses. Ladies' own materials made up in the vwest style. MRS. M. WILsON, oil 2w"?c 2U1 Orand at., betweeu Allen aud Orchard. FRENCH ARTIFICIAL FLOWEK8 ANI) FEATHERS. , BRUN LAROSIERE k COURT. 116 William 'street, New York, arr receiving by the Havre naeketa, Iiheir assortmeut <>f l-'all Ooous, which, for elegance, 'tliey have no rival. All deders and judges in the above line, arefnvited to give them a call, and we will venture to aay they w^l not leave the store without expressing llieir admira tion of Mich a beautiful itock. They pledge tlurinnel taa that the public will not lie deceived with American Flowers tor French. a? they hate their house in I'iris, Rue de i racy, No. 6, aud de?d exclusively in French Flower*. o* lm*ec MAGAZIN I) E MODE, No GO Canal 'treet. MADAME D BEHRMAN. begs leave to inform her friends that h-1 o|i?iiug for the Fall and Wiiteh Fashions, tn Pant Hata, ( am, Head Dresses, French Flowers, Feathers, and Ribbons, of tlie choicest styles, (carefully selected by her a(f uls at I'aris,) togxher w ith a variety of PARISIAN MILLINERY FOR LADIES TOILK.TS, will take place ou Monday, the ith October Madam B solicit* the favor of an enrly call at her old establishment, Magaziu de Mode, SO Canal strvet. New York, O'tober 3d, IH4. o4 lm*ec Olltt. TO MILLI.NKKS AND OTHERS?Selling off below cost, the well selected new and fashionable fall and winter stock of Millinery Ooods o every description, at No 23 Division street The a^ove stock c nsisting of about 700 full trimed Hats, of sati , velvet, silk, !ic. he , are made i?) of tha best materials, aud of th' lateat fall fashions; also, at ut '?00 pieces (all shades and colors) Kibbons, Flowers, Feathm ?, fcc. fkc. tic., all of which must be sold, as Madam Godfrey c?n?ot spare time to attend to the Division street business. The house and store to let, with immediate poss ssioii. ois lw?re J. SORIA & CO.'S FRENCH DYING ESTABLISHMENT, No. 490 Pearl Street. THE SUBSCRIBER Iwgs leave to state that he has made ad ditional improvements to his factory, for the purpose of enabling him to finish his work more expeditiously, and in a manner that he warrants will give ecueral satisfaction. All kinds of Woolen, Cottou and Silk goods Dyed or Cleansed in the real French style. His prices are very low, which should be a strong inducement for the ladies and gentlemen of this city and ita vicinity, to pay him an early visit. , Cashmere, Merino and Broche Shawls, gents Wearing Ap pirel, cleansed in the very be t manner. His Branch Offices, for the accommodation of tka public, are situated at? No. 3i2 Bowery. 76 9th street, between 17th and llth streets. 237 Ble>-cker steel. 357 Orand street. And in Newark, corner of Broad street and~Washing ton Flaee. s28 lm*m CUTTING AND CURLING WHAT is die reason every body is flocking to PHALON'S Fashionable Hair Dressing Saloon ! We can explain it. His inimitable style of Hair Dressing, giving an air of haul ton to , the iiersnn, has deservedly won for him the reputation of | being the first artist in tlie city. He his, at some expense, introduced a new feature in the science of h?ir dressing, by keeping over 200 new brushes, none of which are u.ed i second time without cleaning, thus se curing to each of his customers a comfort, instead of a nuisance, found in every shop. Call and try llie system, wnich commend* itself. Ladies and Oentlemen Shampooed, and their Heads Dressed for Balls and Parties, ou the shortest notice. A large assortment of Wigs aud Sralnes. EDWARD PHALON, ol2 lm*m 214 Broadway, opposite St. Paul's. DOUBLE EXTRA ITALIAN IHAIR WASH An infallible, sove reign and celebrated errfdirator of D?n dm If?-cleanses aud pirtfes the head and invigorates and cul tivates the Human Hair. This cele brated Wash, recom mended by numerous medical and scienti fic gentlemen, is con stantly for s ite at the shop nf the inventor and proprietor. 17 Pak Row, N. York. P. PUS8EDDU. N B.?Orders from the country will he promptly attended to, if addressed to the Proprietor, encloaing the cash He has no agents. Single wash in 1'ie shop ii cents?or $1 per botlla. o2 lm*m LUDUaNUH TWJSNTY-INV1L CKNTB, s2>l im'rrc TO THE BOOT AND f<HOE WKaK1.NO ^ VVM. MADDEN, 293 Spring street, having enlarged hit [Mitock $*r ili.- t'.il I and winter [rail*, olleri lor sale a large and Band beautiful assortment of Boots and Shoes, made of the materials, which he flatters is as good, if M suiwrior to any in the city. Mil assortment consists of ladies' and miss es' Waiter Boon, half (iaiters, Bnskin Slips and Tien, gents' fine calf-ikin Boots and Sh?**s ; ?nar?e Boots for Watermen and Firrmen, and youths' Boot* and Shoes, of all descriptions, made to order if draiard, suitable for the merchant, mechanic and laborer, For s.Je at very low prices. Of th* above stock his e u?t- m*r* can prove is not t" be sur passed and if th v iu want wiM give him a call and satisfy thems'lves lh?t his W?rk is ai ifpr-s?nfed he di es not douht that they will leave his store satisfied with a b rgain worth giving him a call. W\1, MADDKN 293 Spring .between Greenwich and Waslungton sts. o!2 'm*in \rrr>^r^^ JACKSON, STACEY fc 8MITH, TV/f ANUFACTURKRH AND IMPORTKR8of Pen,'Pocket A'-* and Table Cutlery, Rannrs, Seisnors, Filet, Saws, TooU, and other descriptions of Sheffield Woods? ? 19 lin*ec No. 1? PLATT 8TREKT. NOUVEAUTKS PA RISIENNES, FASHIONABLE PARIS MILLINERY E ST A B L I BH M E NT, 4?3 Broadway, BgTWtSR CAN A I. Alto HOWARD S T R RkTt, Nr.* York. MADAM GODFREY & DAUGHTER, RKTUHN th> ir sincere thanks to their patrons and the public generally, for the liberal support, with which they have been favored and assure them that they will hereafter aiert theinselvea to ensure i Con'iiinanee of their patronaae; they beg lease to announce that thev have now openeued the NEW FASHIONS, just imimrted (rom PAKIS, at their esta blishment, No. <23 Broadway, near f'^nal street, where will He found an eitenaive assortment of Parisian Satin, Hi Ik, and Vele>-t Hats, Kihbons, Feather*. Flowers, Ca|>?, Laces. Embroideries, and Millinery in general, of the first qualities ana latest style, to which they resKctfully call the attention of the Fashionable World, a* comprising the most elegant and eiten sive Stock erer presented to a New York public, at reasonable Indies are reapectfnlly invited to eall, and see for them selves, before purchasing elsewhere. Just received from Krence, selected by their Agent, four case* I lata. N- B ?Country Milliners supplied. This store will be closed on Satuidayt. PUBLIC. iptember, 1814. s20 la*m jyil StawSmjgb very strong, i tale by ? 19 1B*M * A*W| 71 liMl strati General Convention of the fro teat ant Kola copal Chare it |n UnUed Tli n Philadelphia, Friday, Oct. 18. 1844 mfFJl Convention met, in pursuance ?>t adjourn ment, this morning, at hall past 9 o'clock. II ,,i I"'*?"* Prttyer8 were read by the Rev Mr ol Michicin A *""r"d by ,he llrv Mr Fitchi oi ivncnigan. A psalm was sung and the ???.?* The" mir?u<teaCn?d|hy ,h* ve"'*rttt,5e Bishop ChaBe! ilie minutes ol the preceding day were read Rev D?CCic?rsrH 'I1" ,hBe tetiimonUl of the s%%?Esr&&wk~'But'*e,ect ol M" t, All the documents relating to Dr. F. L. Hawke. Bishop elf ct ol Mississippi, were, on motion de iim loir the Dmce* of m!mi?. d?sterm w"' The m nutea were approved. wtjftle "H?n1??n!hH?h"' Ddf?e. ",ov?d that the words six months be stricken out of the canon which regulates the probation for admission of ministers from other denominations into the Min S e'mntPl1 G,,U;rh' ttnd that the words m?Ti?n or more be substituted. This 1838 rtterB t0 the 4'h section of Canon VII, j-a -oft Several eineiidationa of canons were made. Mr Ogden, of Ne .v York, complained (tint the great evil of the present d.iy was over legislation. Th?a Uon S?rniUrU h?ld 1?0d H?Mitlbt the Conven Hon. similar opinions hive been expressed hv several members within the past week. ,re8IW<1 by tinn ?V ,il">ti.'n< add'l,on*l article to the Constitu tion of the Episcopal Church, was ratified?the House of Lay and Clerical Delegates concurr na with a message from the House of Hishops Th, was, in Let, the ratification of an article i>issed l>v the General Convention of 1841 1 y app^'atton'hw^ro^^ay^constcratwi'wiitrthi?D d"C hat,on otthe B..bop.oi do. chu"ch er a^.^r I *,".??'1" signified to the Priding BUhop'X, theXr? u??T' king oidcr for th? nme, ami tht y, being aaiitfied th?t ih? per.on deaignated for the office b? ^dTlv chclan ?d .? properly qualified The Orter of Contra.lon o f conformed, as nearly as mav be in ? ! . Buhop., to the onnuaed in thia 'church Su h^ni?)! ?o con.ecr.ted, .ball not be eli?i^ Jo the offloe o. cewan.or Awiatant finhop in any Dior#J? in Vk? i! .I States; do! be entitled to a neat in the House of Bi?hon* nor^?r?ue any Episcopal. authority0" th. UalSd Several reports of Committees?one "on the uJt rSn .ra?er Book' etc.?as appointed by the last General Convention, were accepted?thanka Housewife!0 "UCh j0,Dt ?onun"teea of the two It was resolved that the Joint Committee of both Houses, ' on the Standard Prayer Book " be con. tinucd, for the purpose of carrying it through the addTt'ion a^ member'? ** A ? It was resolved that the copy of the Prayer Book as amended by the above Committee, be consider ed aa the Standard Prayer Book of the Protestant Church of the United States A Message from the House of Bishops, announ ded the concurrence ol that House with the House of Delegates, in confiimmg the nomination ef Trustees to the General Theological Seminary ..Ap??'to the effect that the Joint Committee w , ^00'ls> be instructed to return (in their edition of the Standard Prayer Book,) to the an. cient mode of numbering the metrical psalms? Called up a long debate. At length the following resolution was adopted: ? (hi *tho House of Biahopa concurring,) That 1^.' ? ? Committee on the StandarJ Piaver Book be di. rected to return to the old numbering of the P.alma in the arrangement of the Psalm. in metfe." n Thank" w"t v?t?d to the liberal individuals ho had contributed sums ol money, to enable the witi? success. Jtlee 10 cu,ry on their labors It wa? announced that, when completed, copies of the standard Prayer Book, would be sent tho roughly bound, one each to all the Bishoi" It was moved by Dr Upfold, to refer to the con s deration ol the next General Convention, to ul ter the 5 h article of the Constitution "on new dioceses ?to strike out " less than 8,000 square miles, and alter " 30 Presbyteib" to 20 ? > ,n 'niendiiient was proposed, to the effect thm 4,000 instead of '? 8,000 ?qu,ire miles"oc incor porated in the above resolution. The resolution, to amended, was adopted A message from the House ol Bishops was re ?" lhfrir par,? tlie Chairmen of ^ andiiK (.omrnuieM. to form part of the proposed w HoU8e ot Delegates) joint committee of both Houses, on the unfinished business before the Convention. ,e Another message from the House of Bishops was received, repealing sec. 1 of canon 1 of 1838. Laid on the table. Another with amendments to the canon " Of the Trial of Bishops." After a few minor matters of routine business, the House adjourned.?Hhilad. Ing Oct. 19. The Balloon Arcrnsioim ?vir. Wise, the /Ero naut, has kindly favored us with the following par ticular. ot hi. very beautilul and .ucce.aful B.l'^a Aa Cen.ion f om this place on Saturday last. It will be aeen that he waa in the air about 4ft minute., and arrived iu {rom,|Mr.0?B,ueP. plantation, whe-e ho de ?cen .ed, 4} mile, from the ony, about 8 o'clock in tbe evening. The weather waa moat propitious, and no accident of any kind occnred to mar the beauty of tbe acene or.the pleaaure of the apectator. ? Car?l,an m. V ...t Columbu, Oct. 6, 1844. ,T0" :~At the preaent moment ot writing, i leel fc*P,at,DK ?n t?'? frailtie. ot human na-uie than giving you an account of my late ^Kriai It ght, being mj ? a-lf prone to the common Such a desire it thia iime, ari.ea, I preaume, from the .trangfob.ervationh made by aome of my friend, who honoied me with thei. patronage to-day. Although I have made many aacen aion., and very few failure., .till it appeared that many P'Tcona prawtnt te-day, who ahould bave known letter were almoat dettrmiaed that a Balloon A.cenaion could not be made from th.i goo<l town ol Columbia I ho I ever> thing procured for me for a completely auccea.ful a.cenaion, by my iriend Mr. Colemai! ; the day w?a every reapitot propitioua to an aarenaion ; the time had ?frived within a lew minutea of that announced for the ??cent; the corda reatraining Ihe ?? Venm." Irom liet i. Inrt 8'p,r-''T' W,!r<1 V teaBe a" ? fi ldle-n'ring , in ?hort. everything aronnd and ahout the maehinet\ was pwllmr upward., Ja?t like on a former occasion when I wa* engaged to aacetid lor a number of Indian ilelewa. t'onaon to Philhdelpbia. when one of the Chief. Ktioknck, who wu .ceptical in .uch matrera, remarked' me think you go now; it pull up" Yet, when I an nounced that I would probably detain my audience fifteen ri f,1 r !he time appointed in the bill, a gentleniMii from the country remarks, "there, I knew it would ?pn,l ''lo no.l.l?ere Pr.,!,,,0?, 10 intimate that that itcn kinaii wa* lets |ihito*opliical in hit n>atter than Keo kuck, but it did appear to me that he came M IS mor" l,!*n *a ??'?enaion, and bad it not put me to the diaagreeabie neceaady of di.appointinK mv friends to gratify him, f ahould cheerfully have met hi? mcilit aanguinr expectations. B<?t thia i. not the qtie.tlon. at 3ft minute, pa.t 4 o'clock I cut my la.t rope, held by Mr, and in gallant ?tyle roaaup amid.t the warmly appreciated plaudit, ol a rea pec table audience, including a beautiful and gooitly ratio of ladie., who.e .mile, and cheer, ara ot a buoyant l>owet to an aronaut. In ten mlnutea afterward. 1 attained a height far above the beautiful town of Columbia The .cenery in and about the town waapjetureaque and bean b In theeatreme The confluent e ol the Saluda and Bto.d Rivets, with the bridge, in the vicinity, add d much to the intereat of the Tiew. The town, laid out at right angle., with it. wide avenue. Mudded with tree* together with the Capitol and College ground., preaented un'??? ?PP"?r?r.ce, eapecialfy when contraated could reach* re",on ?urr?unding it, aa far a. theeje I hailed my friend, and heard their re.pon.ea until I at tained a height of .torn ft to flood feet. I di?covered that the aotuiding ?oho. after I got over the wooda, made with the natural voice and apeaking trump-t, wa. returned to my ear. an ootave higher than it waa emitted. WhHhe thi. ariae. from the difference, of denaity b?tween the atmosphere above and on the anrface ef earth, or whether it la common to all echoea, | cannot tell, hut will leave it for the decialon of profea.or in Acouatica. My attention IT? ,r*7n ,0 ,^1* Octroi the flrat time, I mention it ^?^cularty, and will on future occa?iona fnveatigate it ,ll, "Venn4" (rot a few mile, out of town, .he ?trnck a current ol air that took her .outhwa dly and gave me the advantage ol the Concaree Rivar if i <|e aired, but .eeing my friend, n purauit of ma on'thi. aide ot the river, I made tbe de.cent on \1r. DeBruhl'. planta tion, fouror five milea below Columbia, much to tbeaur pnaa of the a'avaa who were engaged in picking cotton Ope party that I hailed, con.i.'ing of about I ft or JO per ?h^0f.b0,h """'J 1""" '??"??'? tbEw themaeWe. upon their back, and Indulged in the meat J; -- " ,u"ghter, while one very diatinctly c led out, O, Ood bleaa joe, maafer !'' #?At '41n;1""t,'? P?at ft o'clock I landej in perfect .afety to my.elf and machinery, after a ?hort and plca.ant vKnal ?f??r*'on' * ich I am happy to And wa. m ah apnre f'"1^ !'7 re.pectahle .i.dience, aa it wa. desired b> tho public a moil obedient .rrvant, j, wfMK Trau*.?The locomotive Ontario, built by Mr Bal iwin, of this city, brtitighi down ina^'.n* Rl,,roa^ W> dneaday iaat, olfe hnndre!: and fifty iron car., fully l.drn with coal, The Itain ww wa'ihi? ?V '?>??.?nd th . co~Ttho. oarrled weighed .even hundred and fifty ton. the aarresn .. weight of the coal and car. being the enormon. am unt cf eTeran hundred and eightr ton*. The engine which performed the unparalleled feet, runa upon tlx drivli.a T.rzr"' In Chancery. Before Vice Chancellor McCoun. Oct. 17.?Cruger v*. Douflas rt ah ?Mr Butlkk con cluded ku argument lor ilut iirfcoltfla, when Mr. Wood opened in reply for the plaintiff Thli caae, involving an important question of U* in relation to marital right*, ia looked upou wi'h deep interest ; and aa the account* heretofore published in thia caae have been principally auch aa give tho the view ol it mo t favorable to the de lendanta, we propose, in juatice to the other aide, to re port the argumu t ot Mr. Wood lomewhat at length. He opened by laying that he would endeavor to be a* briel an possible, 'xjtti because of the indiapoaition under which he won mil' ring, aud because the patience of the Court had been ?o seriously taxed by the voluminous re mark* of the oppoaita couuael. N?r would he imitate their example in auothor reapect, but a* fir aa posaible he ahould relruin Iroui any couimcnta on either the parties or the witnesses in tho cause at all disreapectful, or cal culated to woui;d their lecllngs There are really but two issue* in this suit, the first as to the validity ol the Poet Nuptial ?ettle:oieut executed by the husband, set tling both principal and income on the wile, and the se cond as to lha validity ol her deed securing to him <w? Halfol the lucome in return These were the Alpha and Gnu gaol the case?all the inter mediate letter* might as wi 11 ue discarded ; and an to the lirst, he ahiuld Contend that it was wholly and absolutely void, and cannoi be re'ormi.d.or madu good, and that the other 1a pvrlectly ?rtectuul and binding lu d-ciding case, the Court will act on principle, and according to settled law, nor allow the dpiohargn ol its duty to tie inline ncid by feel iug, or by dwclametiun, the appropriate sphere lor whirb ia not this tribunal: and in doing so, it is of importance to regald the question as to uhere the paiiie* are, aud where they ought to ha. That there wua any ante nuptial agreement binding the complainant to make the settlement he did, is wholly il nied, nor la there a paniole of pioof making it out. That set tlement was executed olf hand, anil ia the hiUiily of the moment alter tho marriage had taken place, ol com plainant'* own liee will, and lo convince his wife that he was marriedfrom disinterested moil ves The objection that it it *a* executed by complainant "ot his own accoid," be u bound n?t to dispute it, we admit haa force, but so alio has it as against hi wile. It must be remembe red mat there are counter and reciprocal arrangement* by bar, signed "with all her heart," and to the faithful performance of which *hn pledged her Irii'nd*, and luvoked her Ood.? Let these ttand, and *o ihail the |>o*t nuptial lettlement, hut if they are to be aonulled, let the whole go by the board, and we will begiu over again Mr. Cruger is per lectly ready and willing to staud by existing arraigt ments ; but if hia wile's deeds are to be vacated, so ought his own It will nut dolor the other side to make any reflections on the score ol repuuiatiau, when they were the flist to violate tlieir contracts This i* a a'one thrown Irum a glass house, and the distinction must be observed, that Mr. Cruger'a deed, if void, is mads so by the law, wbile hi* wile's must become lo by her own individual act To the complainant, thi* ii a case of the utmost im portance. Rely mg upon hi* wife's repeatad gilts to him of the income of the estate, lor many years In- abandoned his profession, and we all know, apart Irem intellectual qua ideations, how diflcult, if not imposnble, it ia to get oack into busmen when such has been the case. Alter betraying him into this, his wife hai now taken back all ?he ever gave, and, net content with deiertiog, leavei bim to itruggla lor a livelihood amid the very difficulties hit connexion w,th her and her own conduct, have created. Teat hedid give up his profession on thu tailh of having the income of the estate lor life, innumerable circumstanced in the case go to show, and it ix incoutettibly proved by Mrs .Monroe's test mony con tained in the piinti'd pioceedii g<, in which she says, "I have never, I think, heaid my lister lay in so many words that she wiiheil and rtqu< *ted you to give up your profession, but repeatedly she said to me. Hud others iu my pn lence, "the husiut s* of the family is enough for Mr. Cruger; with that be can occupy hirn?ilt Why should 1 bf deprived ol bis society, when he i* tied down at Ins law otlice / There ia enough lor both of ui from inj pio perty." When the revised statute* of this Slute were flr>t passed, either Irom ignorance or otherwise, attempts were made to set their piovision* at defiance?but soon the course punned in tiie celebrated Lorillatd cas had to be followed, of fliat asking how an insirum nt stood at com muu law, anu then by bringing it alongside, ana squaring , it with the statute. The came itile ot construction must be applied here, and it will be seen then that thia det d ol Post Nuplialaeltlement at common 1 w gHve the wife o fee dm pie in both the leal ahd personal properly. The provision it contains, that the trustees are to keep it du ring the marriage exempt Irom the husband's debts or con trol, wa* not iutended as a limitation or abridgement at the eaiate conveyed, but she was to have ti-at estate aa though ahe were unmarried, not lor lite only, but in fee And us she was to btj active not only in the enjoyment !>u in the management and disposal of it the tiustei * tool uo legal estate. It was not < xeculed iu them at common law, ? r under the atatut* a of uses ot Henry the Bih Nor ran lliu authority or power given to her be said to have been engrailed on an estate in the trustees. It is ol the very essence* and acopc ol the eatatn it a*if, inwrougbt into itl very texture The Uuate'ei here are-perfectly pailive, theceatin q lo trast alone is active, aud without the! intei veutiou cm manage, receive, and alien the whole property. Such an estate is more especially void by thu revised Italutel. They exprea ly de clare all trust nugatory except such aa are specified in the 6Ath srctio.i of thu act on that subject, and thuy require that the wholu estate shall pass to tho trustees, and that none can vest in the ceslin. She can only have the use, or enjoy ment, otherwise it is a, passive trust against the policy uf the law, and void It, in the Lorillanl case, tho Judges were sa variant in their opinions; if so gra^-e a domt prevails in the jttdirla! mind whether a power in trustees "to receive the in conn'and pat it over," aid not " to apply it tothe use of" the pi nous interested, iu nol toid liy statute, how nan it be pretended that this trust is valid, where the wife h r sell ia to receive, manage, and diifiose of both principal aud income; by her own orders, receipts, deeds, or will! Nor will it do to resort here to the Procrustes operation of cy. pri??.. that was attempted ia the. Loiillard case by the .Chancellor, hut wholly tailed in the Court of Kirors; and the attempt wa* made undi r the very same provision of the ltevised Statutes nou counted upon, which declares it to be the duty of Courts of Justice to f fluctuate the intention ot par tie* aa far as possible. That provision was merely declaratory of the law a* it rxiited, a.i great |>ortioiis of the Revised Statute* are. But it whs never meant by this that the well esiublished rules oud ptinciple* of the law should be tiro ?n down ami trampled ii|?on for th< purpose St,ouId Courts undertake to razee, lop oft', build up. reconstruct contracts, deeds and wills, according to arbitrary discretion, we shall lie submerged in an ocean of uncertainty and insecurity. That the construction now put upon this settlement is correct, and rentable , the act* ot Mrs. Cruger, berielf, demonstrate fir she does with the property just as she i leases, and her frus. tees have no paw*r or agency. The estate in them it m< rely nominal, and is illti ory and contrary to the whole policy und spirit of the Revised S'atues. As tothe real property. there can be no question but that the trust i. utterly void Whether it is so a* to the personal might admit of a doubt, had not the Chancellor, who must be our guide in th? matter, so repeatedly decided th? point on the ground ef analogy. The Revised 8ta tates then on the subji ct of powers and trusts do ipplj to both personal and real estate*, ami hence thia deed is inoperative and void as to both Not voidable only, but absolutely void and incapable of being re built, or restored to life and activity. To rtconstitict it through the doc trine of specific performance the power ot t his Court ba heen invoked oil the pretenco that there was an arite.nnp. tial agiee ment belwee n the parties leading to thi* settle ment To reform the1 old settlement, or direct a new one the Court must have the previous article* properly and aptly made out in plain ami specific terms and by cli ai and poti'ive evidence Here there u nettling of the kind There wa* a vague, loose, flitting hopeenti r'ained hy Vtrs Cruger that her husband would make a settlement, but the proof shows conclusively that he never ej.gaged or pre mi-eil before the mnrriagewbat kind of settlement bewoulil make, and reserved the diacretion e tirely to himself In this connexion, w here It ia proposed that the court shall interfere in derogation of the marital righta, it In material to conaider what tho?e rights are. As the law stand*, every huabind ou his marriage take* the whole pnraonal property of the wife absolutely, an i the income of the real estate aa bla own and the>e righta of the hu - band Bre not only protecud hut favored by the court*, ei pecially a* uiraimt a wife u ho i* in fault. In the caie ol Fry v* Fry, 7 Paige 03.1, thn court ha* said, "it does not encourage a breach ol dn y on the part ol the wife, bv affording her u maintenance out of the property which tielong^ to tha husband at law, by virtue of his marital rights, although il came to her by de*cent, or gift from her own relation*, while she continues to reside apart from her husband, againit his consent, and without an) juatifiable cause"- *ee also Bullock v*. Vengb s 4 Vesey 798. That a marriage settlement may be good, is not do mi <1,nor is it pretended that then is any thing inel'herthe old or the new Testament, forbidding such an instrument, though there i* plenty of Bciipture, that "the wife must lie subject to herhueband in all things." and that hi "must be head of the family," with which such settle ment* ceitainly do clash And a* to the policy of such arrangements learnnl Judges hsve greatly doubted both in fir g and and in this country, as may be seen in Lord Kldon'* deciiions, find In the opinion* ot Chief Justice Spencer and Judge Plait, in tha great case ef Jaque* vs. The Mchodist ' hurc.h, in 17th Johnson's Reports When such a settlement I* dnly made, and is in accord ance with the law, it must be sustained ; or if dtfie'ive, and a valid ante nuptial agreement, such n* mattiage arti cles, can be proven. It will be rectified, or a new one substituted by the court But the settlement here, it i said, was not made either before or alter the marriage; it i* neither an ante or post nuptial settlement, but they have coined a new name foi it, and call it a nuptial settle ment. The law knows no such thing, It must either pre cede, or follow the marriage and here the transactions were entiiely dittiuct, a* thu deed show* on i s face, tor it speaks of the marriage ai " hav rig taken place " and of the bnahand a* " having acquired" the marital righta th> l.iw bestows Consideration* and promise* to be mutual mint pan not only on the *ame day, but at the same ln atan' of time, tome act* will be regarded hy ihe law a simultaneous, such a* the' xecution of a convey ance, am. a moitgage to securethe purchaie money .though in point of fact, made the latter before the former, but thn is it favor of a valuable consideration, and became Ibev *r< eiinntially and unavoidably one and the sametrniiaactior That " love and aff ction" are a sufficient consideration t< sustain a deed, or that no conaldei at ion at all ii necsssat) ai between the pattiei, ia nndonbtedly true, where tin deed ii not delect ve in oilier teipecta, and want o considera'ion i* the only objection made to it-hut where a deed ia defective and void, it would t>e < ot, trary to all the great prinoiplea of public policy, to en foree *uch a deed without any emu Mention to lound I upon Bo a parol agreement to make a lettlement will be enforaad where fraud ha* Ii tervened. or wlwe then haa been part periermance, hot marriage la not part per formanee of anvthing bat the mutual agreement to marry altfceogh it la Ike seat important and aolenn eet ol one's life. TUe defendant* must then ahotv either an agreem-i j in writing, signed by complainant, according to the sta tute oi fiauds.or a parol afiei'iiielilisfctW ?""di or they caui.ot cotne lor apt cific iloi malice on the scoie ef an ante nuptial contract, and neither ol these* hat e iliey shown It la aajd, that the obligation ot ll?e hurbaiid to provide ior the wile, ia a auttii'ient consideration fjr making a settlement, but the Ijw gives the property to the husband beaause he la ao hound, and ) e-t held the reason ior giving it to him la aougbl to be per verted into a cau?e for depriving him ol It. Tint, however, Ibis ( ourt will not inteie re to enloice a defective, voluntary, post nuptial settlement ugainat the aettler himself, even 111 favor of a wile, i? no longer open to discussion. It ii settled by superabundant au tliority. (See Aiherley on Mairiage ?eillen.< nu, l.rwiii on Trusta, Story's Kquitj, thud edition of 1*43, and the oaae of Dillon v Coppui. 4 My lera nod Ci aig 647) 1 here are aome loose uhittr dicta to ihi* contrary in the decisions in tliii State, but the point ha* never direcll> come up lor udj'idicaiiori with ua. Ill Una ca?e thire was neither ante nuptial agreeiueut, nor any couauieiation lor tho lettlement, but it wi.? purely voluu aiy, an.l it i? in vain to suy the grantor intended to make a good deed. No equity can he build upon hia intention. He may have and haa had good leuaon* for chaugli-g thosa in lentiou*, and the deed la a nullity, mtie waste; p.per and unless you can couple a valuable conanletation wnh hia intent, Chancery will not coerce pelloimai.oe, t ut ie?ve that voluntary with the husband v. hicti it find* waa ao on gin ally A void deed may be evidence 11 the contact,and ol the interest ot the patty to niak?- it, but, iu addition, you mmt have a vsluatd* conildeiaiioti lo go ujioii b) the statute ol fraud* a mar nuge coutr act or artii ie , muat be reducid to ''Tiling, signed by the party to be bound,and niu.'-t expreaa the conai leiation on ?blth it lamade It b*a bee- object* d that the complainant ahouid not have set up that alatute; hut wln-re ttm defendants attempt to make out a contract ol thn> importance ny parol evidence and from loose sciapaol wiiliug,ia it not tlie vei y c.aae the law waa made for, and doea liut ihe morale ol ua cir cumataucei call out and Jualily 'he plea? 1 he charge ot Iraud haa lieeu brought again?t Mr Cruger on the giuunu that when bl prepared the pool nu|iliBl aettleutint he waa acting a* hit irnlVi eounael .ind ought to have ma.le a valid deed. But w*a thi-?o? It la Hue. on one or two occasion* he had acted aa her legal advisei, and that ol her famiiy, bttt thia was lor apecitU' pur puae* and \.i. Ola ham waa their regular and coiittdrutial eounael ai the time, and the deed won actually aiihnuited to him lor hif opinion wilhin a week or ten day a alter it ??? executed He pronounced it to be a valid and sufHcicut inati ument ; (till Mr Cruger, to remove all < eunt, inatantly ufb ltd to i xecuto a new one, and three limes alterward* made a lirailar c fTr in writing But, according to deleiida-t's own statement ill their anawe-r, at lolio to ol the pietenti t d antc-nuptiul Hgrtt ment, this attileriieui Waa to have been in conformity with the Revia d Statute*, una aa eounael ahouid adviae." Can it be supposed that Mr ('ruger waa to be that eounael, ot that he, a party to the deed, ahouid decido on ita quantiea I He never considered himself m counsel on the occasion, but acted merely a? the huab.ind and the executor, leaving to hia wife'* truatei ? >0 tako legal advice from otbera aa they subaeque tly in fact did,in the diacWui iknr duiy But, what evideuce huvo we of tine aule uuptial aglet ment that Mr Ctuger was to settle both the puncipaianu income of hia wife a property on liait An atlt nipt waa made to prove it by parol, through a conimik*lun sent out to a ngland for the exami ationuf Mi* ftcott. 1 hia whol ly fdiied-ahe knew nothing upon the subject?and auch wa alao the case with the attempts to piovo it through Mr and Mi* Monroe. They had never heard ol auch an agreement, although the very peraons to have know noi it, had it ever existed. There is theieloie not a particiu even ot parol pioof of such an agreement beiore tne mar riage. 't hen what wiiiten evidence has been productd showing it? The only scraps they have been ?Ue to find are Mr. Cruger's letter fiom t:h;ir ralon in lbJ6, and the memorandum in perxil at London in lb'i9?and what do these amount to I lu the former he says, "nor do I know, or have I ever enquned whut property you may be poa tuai J of, or bow it is situated; and I should be moot teiuc tant to fort go my preaeut independence wiihnooilei i x pect at ion man 'o exchangu it loi a dependence ou that property, be it much or Utile; winch though 1 might wiah it to be placed beyond ihereach ol tnnlonun , I could noi brook to be beyond the pale ol my ceutril, I should deem myself competent to i'S charge, it < (termed t>y others woithy to be ei.tiuated with > our person, and your happineaa " And in the latter, " the Pu jielty lo h? cou veyeil to Truatei i The income for the joint u*e ol the parties and of the sttra ivor. The principal for their chil dieii, the eb'est sou to bear tho name ol Douglas. In de fault ol children, the principal to be diapost d ol by the la dy either by deed in herlile, or by will upon her death Now, doti.her of theae pro|>ositions looa like Mr. Ciu gei'* giving up the control ol the income to his wile I ' The principal he has ulwa>?beru willing to settle upon and her heir* ; bnthenevir yrthaa consented to | the merediabuisii g steward ol the income, subject to hei abaolute dia|>o?al. Nor has any Chancellor in seem ing the fortune# of marritd women. ev? r dreamt ol put ting u husband in such a predicament, and that mm. would be unworthy of bt ii g a hnaband--would b.! de vnid ol all proper pride and a.*|! r?*p?ct, who ihould cub sent to be so pland In thecase beiore us, Mr. * tugei has steadily anil uniformly, acting on correct piinci,de.< hiida manly s, it it ot independence, ici'md to put hin self in ao degiadn.g a condition, Biol Imen conaista lii> whole offence, and the true cuoeol all tliii difticult} Kailing to make out this pretended agreement by paii.l or written proof, the ofpoaite aide next resort to iia plication and say that wo aie to in'er that Mr. Crtigir must li.ive inade such a promiae became ul Mia* DoiigUa fixed principle or resolution to have her property ao aet tied upon her In other words, the direct piool i* that h> would vol agree, and yet we must presume that lie did agree?that although as a jioii.t ol honor and justice to himself, he would be bound n no manner hefon his mar riage, yet there must have been a secret understanding between them actually binning him And whence do they derive this secret honniary obligation / Kium tho fact spoken ol in Mr* Monroe'* t>?limony, in which she tayslier sister "would marry no man who would not settle her pioperty on her" lint this witneM also testifies, that another oi Mrs Ctttgei'* ftx.d princi ple* wa*, " the income to bor hnaband and the principal to her heir*." an* the whole case shows that she is way - ward and full of iriconsii enclea. Thus the other prinri pie simultaneously inctncated by her mother, that''ahe should never leave her huaband save for one c.iuae," sin has not hesitated to throw c fl'nl pleaeure, inthiawaj " rejecting the weightier mattt ri of the law." and adht ring only to those which concern property. And on the other hnno, had not Mr ' mger also fixed principle* ? And did he not take poiri* shortly after hia mar riage to < xplaln to hia wile in his >e?ter Itom Kdinbuigh, that one ol those prirciples wa*. never to livemasiati of dependence And did he not tin n say to her that she might the order for the incomae >h>t ha I given him, which he had left 111 her hands, and he would re turn to hi* profession? And litis ho ever departed from tha principle? I* not his conduct throughout readily explained by his adherence to it, without imp ting t< I him the base, and inconsistent m*'lve* the oilier si 1e navi been compelled to fabricate for the purpose? We have j teen that Mrs Crtiger can lejeo.t one ol the principles 1 dei ived from her niother, and Hccordmg to Mrs Monroe : she also departed Itom the other? (see exhibit -JC3) ?und although she says ?he cannot ciin?ent ?o live with her I husband if lie hold a legal right to >ti y part i f the income of .he estate, yet in |a>int ol laet she id live with liini loi nearly ten month*, while he held a deed for one (If h i t the income, and only left lura when, and because hi* *baie w a* increa*ed to a hall Ho again in the vtiy last letter written by her to her hu*b nd, on the Jnd Oc tober. 1941 she say*?' I wil hind myself to ivery body but yon, to share with jou. my entire income "?and yet thi* letter i* prole*eedU written to show him 'the fiim state ol her mind as to her prin iple* and 'h*'f resolu tion becoming ft' mer every hour " How then can we de duee fri m *uch , rinciplc* the presump1 ion that Mr (.ri ger did make the ? alleged to h?> ?? tal en place Ireford the mart i Ige ? Or will the court cn'ch at a loos conjecture fioni auch uncertain r Ircnmsrance*, on w hicl to wield it* highest power, that of d-creemg ? i ri formance? Thi* last letter from Mr* Cruger was wtit. t? n about seventeen day* bflore the deed securlig Mi. Crnfrrball tho income was executed, and ?l.ow? two hing*. that so lar Irom being under his influence oi control, she wns as self willed and ungovi rnablu a ever wn* Queen h#r?eif, (or she speak* il lit r hu band'* " obeying her principles ;" and se condly, that wba'rver Impoitunity or |>erauasioi. he might have previously tis?<d, bad all gone lor n< ? thing, lor instead of making heryleld, or coercing, It seem* (hat her resolution* not to be convinr ed or pei ? ?naded were becoming " firmer every day " While we *?y that Mr. Crnger's fixed nrinciple not to live in a state of dependence i< rational, honorable, and sucli a* mu> ? meet ibe approval of ever> right tlunkii g pemon, the o| ? posite cuunael do not preti nd to defend his wi e's detei. miuatlon a* to her property, hut ihey tell u. (hat it isai Idiosyncracy to which it is her husband'* duty to submit, from which we are to inf?r til-it lie. did make the pretenc ed ante nuptial agreement, and on which your Honor i to decree specific performance Thi* is a new around fot equitable interference, a lady's idioay rcraTy? and to grs tily this whim of hers, the disband must be reduced to state of dependence, Ibe order of sooety it versed and (he injunction* throuBhout the fenptures .? at rutight?'? Wlv>* belnmbj cti nloyour busbar.<laa tinto the Lord for the husband is IhIn ad ol th wife, as Christ i* bend ol the ( hurch " Nu only then is there no oral testimony, or written evi den e of an an'e nuptial contract but there is not ever ground for preeutning ot imply ing auch albiig.and ?tn further, there i? documeniary proof directly to the coi trary. In Nir. f ruger's letter from 0?nsv i, written i: May, f-SO. he says, ' at m.rst there are but two poin's Ir discussion between u* " Hi* letter at London, ol th ath of June following, shows that these two point were ftrsl. hischanging his nameto (hat of Douglas, and nocondlv. his placing the income of the property !>e>ori hi* mating men! or control, both of which herein es b do, in and by thi* letter, w hich bear* date, it is to be re maiked, one week after fhe lime when, as i* sworn in th> Cross Bill in thi* suit, he actually did promise to maki such a settlement In the next place, in In letter liom Charleston, dated 'J^th Kebtnarv, 1831 when speaking of "the thrsldom of name* in Kurope,' arid expreasieg (he hope that "alter breathing foi aeason the air of her native land of practical Ct m> ot sense and dignified realities,"the will he duahnved of hi ?rai iallanllc whim, he .peaks of a promise wrung lien him by her*ell. (be p< rlotmance ol which was r.ol i" i ri quired for a year or two *f(er they were united Thi pniniise must have been on one of Ihe two points In di rtisslon between them From Ihe crinb *t It i*ub?ioi ?hut |t concerne Ibe rl. nge of nam", ai d w*? mail, w t i conviction that it* pei formai ce never would |?. r? cj'ii? ed, and from Ibis the conrlnsion is incnninner'ible ih? Mr Cruger mad? no pretniae a* to *rttliag the propert ha' hi-mg Ihe other queittnn In agitation lietwren tl ?i It la contended, however, frnm Mr Cnjer'a own admli ? ion*, that aome sot lament was ootitamidated This w do not deny, and hate always been r>ad? to make a settle meat of the pilncipal 'he eetate, but Mr Croger neve bound himself bafera tha marriage la any way lo pat th ,income beyond hiit cuiiiu 1 Ou tbit point kit: imiud to bimMil entire diicmifiii to do at tic i horn hlM iw .iida. At lolio 31 ol hiaanawtr to tit: i io?t bill be udn.itt tbat ilinr nut hii uiidi rtlandli g between tb<m that tl t ra should be a aettli mem oi ?mi ? ? kind or oibtr, but thai it should be It It to Ink < ? 11 din it in u, and d? lernd until af tei llie marriage, in oit't-rlo avoid the in pin alien ny ai luiiKt'iiit III b< Jul t- mailing!- 1(1 bl* opinion cm I itrO, tt hi be btulwijd i* not to be tiu?ttd with the wilt' pii| t It) . but he ilt met mat theie ? as any other or limber ?git? n ? nt a a to the tei inn oi wkaltvti stllltmtrt bi n ipbt bike, tii?ii id contained in bit letter iioai Claihattn ol ltr?0 Upon thik the o| potitt ccuntei.with contt m| tuoua t xuita tiou, a?ka w here must have bttu Mr. Ciugei'a tllLl when hetbus it ririd to thai lttter whtn it ccrtaii t n> ineiitioi. ol any teltK u i lit at all? The Court will til d il at theie ii no giound lor thia, HL.ce ibst letter dota coutt ii.plate a settlenunt, and tLe u ly ?et tb m> nt Mr ( mgei ever iistenled to btloie bia marnage In tptaklng cl the p rpeity be says, "though I might wish it lo be placed Ujond tha reach ol nuiloriiiue, 1 rould riot block to base a btyend thtpaleof my contiol " Now, bow rould it be plattd tie\ond the it ach ol mitloitu! e ego pt b> a setlb ?>? lit cf tho principal; ti d in u.sia'ii.g thi<t it should r.ot be be yond tbe pale ol hit contiol, whet did be mean tut that th inconn should be hit ? In thia liia view ? w eie a* to other*, and bia puipotta h- to biaikell have bun unite'irly tbe aame, und in bia rtetern maiicn to maintain bit u <>?? penitence he hat hut vindicated it e t.ght ol e\ny bin bind "lo b> ar i ule in hit ow u home " Tbe conclusion i>t thia bigtimi nt i< unavoidably now d rd out, but will be g vi ii il. out i.ixt.atit u.voivt t neat important qiiektiona ol law, and ol dimtat.c coLiite a tiona of universal intt r> tt. [Krom the German ? Translated by J L. Koethin J 1U? OTournliiga of liOVf. Bi J. O, Jackbi. 'Mong?t beech tree*, there w In re dove* are cooing. Dove wrb dove tt g>iht r Join, Tin rn ? h> le nighuiigulet aie wooing, V\ hi re aeeka ber tpooae I lie lovii g viae ; Where the streams u geilnr flow? Went I oft' w lib likely cheer. Walked I oft' Willi teailul wo, Poaght a heart to held me dear. With evening'* I ght tbe du ky bower Givm.i balm foi sorrow's pa n \ And with morning'* radiant hour, ('ante Nweei laith along tba plain ; Then I heaid it in tbe wind , Yea it'a w hirp'ringa told it ma j I should seek, and te. kn g hurt, Holy love, abould find out tbta. But alas : w here art thou ttraylng Lov. 7 on eatth I tound thee i.o* | To he beloved, while Love belli*} tog, I? aloneau Anpei'. lot. No hlms I found, but aorr w'? matt | For taken whtie I luv'd. I gruva | Peace unto the Imiblul hi an, Nuuglii but a paradhe can giv?. I Bv OokTNt. Farewell ! beUved treea, h? r growing Uptowarda ethei'a lovely blae , Thouaaiid dreamt with Love oveiflowlfif, Wmd y our fluwry odoit Ibrougb. Bot why linger I and tarry ? How am I ?i> cad and diiar? Yaa I Uaveyou ! j tt. 1 hiiriy ! But alaa, niy heait ita> a but. Entihily out if Ut?r?Jubilee College, th? F.pikco|>al Seminary o! Iliiiiom, stand* atthit momt nt fie* from dtbt, with propeity worth $100 1)00, and ace aoma dmioiia for ane hundred tludeiitt. no >aya the venerable Bithnp Choie. under whote pcrarveiing labort it haa at tained ita preaent position. THK INVISIBLE WIG. CO cliaely reaeuiblea the real hand of hair that tcep'iet S>4 ^ ' C'lniiiiiaarura hat* pTOiioanced it llie moat |*rfeet and aitra onlii.ary iorentioD of tlip day. The icreat tdvanucr of Jtia novel and uni'iue wig it ita b*m* made without aawiuc or weaving, which cautea iU .ti>|?-araj.cM to cloaaly lo reaemble the natural hair both in linhtneai uatural api'twraitee, a* to defy detection, ita texture Vina to beautiful, to poroua and to free, that in all c<ttea of |ieri|>iratiou eva|>oration i? unimpeded, ?nd the eviN of oilier wik? entirely avoided The ace|?tic nod emiuoitteur are alike muled tu iuaiiect ihit novel and bean tiful Wig, and the i.eruliar methud or fining the head, al the mai'ufnetuier't, A. Barry, Mb Broadway. Curttei of Liltrtjr t'"?' "r vi:" ?l? irr*e< UL1.I L1NJ-. LlVhiU'UUi. I'Atlvtio. jfiK jm. mt*. mk TTiT7T)ld Lint* ??i l at kfts for will liereaUelb^fe snatched lit I hi* following order, eicept mg that when ilie nailing day fall* on Sunday, the ships will nail on the *uccefding day, vi*. Kjom ffrw l oik. From l.ttrrvool. The CAMBH1DOE, Uune I Jely 16 860 tout, \ Oct. I No?. 16 W. C. Barstow,t Keb. I Mar. 16 The ENGLAND, t June 16 Dec. 1 750 toot, \ Oct. 16 Dec. 1 S. Uartlrtt, ( Krb. 16 April I The OXFORD, V July 1 Aug. 16 Boo loin, { Nov. I Dec. 16 J. Kathbonr, f March I April 16 The MONTKZUMA, (Ju|y 16 Sept. I 1000 ion?, { Nov. 16 Jan. J A. B. Lowber.f March 16 May I The.EtJKOPK, V Aug. I Sept. 16 618 tons, < 1 )???:. 1 Jan. 16 E. <?. Kurber.f April 1 May 16 Thi'NfiW YORK, (new,) (Aug. 16 Oct. 1 %0 tout, < Dec. 16 Krb. 1 T. B. Cropper, f April 16 Jam I The'GOLUMBL'S, 1 Sept. 1 Oct. 16 700 tons. < Jan. 1 Frb. 16 G. A. Cole, f May 1 Juue 16 The'VOKKSHIRK, (new.) v Sept. 16 Nov. 1 I DM) tons. - J in. 16 March 1 1). O. Bailey.f May 16 July 1 These Ships arr not surpassed in point of elecance or comfort in flirir cabin accommodations, or iu tlirir fast sailing qualities by'any vessels in the trade. The commsnders are well known a* men of character and esperietice. and the strictest attention will always be paid to promote the comfort and convenience of jatsseBHers. Punctuality, as ieg.ud* the day of sailing, will be observed aa heretofore. The price of passage outward is now fited at One Hondrsd Dollar*, for which ample stores of every description, will be provided, with theeiception of wines and liqoors, which will (>e furnished by the Stewards, if mi aired. Neither t.l?e captain or owners or theae Ships will be res|>on ?ibleforany letters, parcels, or packages amt by thf*m unless regular bills of lading are signtd therefor. Fer freight or pas sage, apply to OOODHl/K tk CO. 64 Sonfh street. C. II MARSHALL, 18 Burling Slip, N. Y. l20tf mid of ItAltlNtJ BHuTHKKS fc I O . I.'pool m7fTTsfA?LISIIh.l? KM Mi RANT IV\SSA"(iK"OKKI(TF, JUllN If Kit UAi ? N, 61 South i .# i New Yi.ik. The snb*cril>?*r contii uea to make arrangements to bring o*L pa*s?-nti<*rs from Great Britain and Ireland. (via Liverpool), w ho may be fiiffaued at thin office, nr with any of hi* agent* id ih?* United Stale*, on board tlie packet *hipa sailing from Liver pool evn y five days?and hi oiner to afford every facility , he will have fifsputrhed superior American ships in New York and Boston, every w?*ek. duriru the j?-ar. Those -ending for their fnends may rely that the asme due and j diligent attention will lie ..hown thetn as heretofore, and should |an> of those sent for not embark, the money will tie refunded, ss customary; and those emitting money to their friends, can havs Draft* and Bill* ot Kiciiange lor sums to suit, payable ou de mand at the following hank*, (without discount or any other | KNth, A ND? Messrs. J Bult, Son It < o . Bankers. London: i J Barned Ik < o., Ltver| mil; the National Provincial Bank of England *nd Branches, throughout England and AVsles; 1 ork* I shire Dist/ict Bank md Blanche*; Bnmiughatn Banking C o.( Lancaster Banking i ?. IRKLAND-Nsttoiial Bank of Iitland and Branches, snd Provincial Bank of Ireland and Branches, in all the principal f? wi *. throughout the Kingd< m. i SCOTLAND? Kasteni Hank of Scotland and Urn-iioi k Banking ( o. in filasgow aud Greenock Persons residing mi the country and wishing lo send money to their frieud*, mav iusuie its being done satisfactorily, on their remitting the amount they wi*h sent, with the name si dsridirsa of the person lor whom it IS intended; s draft for the amount will then he forwarded jer first packet or strsmsr, and a recsipt for the same returned by mail. Kor further particulars, apt 1\ (if by letter, post paid) to sitter JOHN HKItD.VlAN, 6) >outh at. ^ 7)1 I) "b > I A HI ISIIK.D f At K KT OKKIC E, CI HotUi at reel" raeaaga u> end from Greet BrtttiB ana Ireland, ?ia Liverpool. I'assaae can at all timea be t the loweat ratea, to and from Li%eriHM>|, by tlie regu lar puket ships tailing uudrr rh* new arningrmerit e?ery few d iys, aud drills can aa usual t r famished for any amount, pays* ble if the National and Provincial Bank, I reland, and their branches, and thiuughoot tl?e I 'nitrd Kingdom, aa w?M aa at all 'he principal hanking institution* in Knglaud, Scotland and Wales, without discouut or any otlirr < hargam. Kor further |?ar~ ticulsrs, if by letter, post | ?"'..?rubL'a . J JOHN HKHDMAX, ?! South ?c XAJt' PASHAtiii KOH NK.W OHLKAN8? Po?iii?#lV on I y r u ill .r |*?1 pi ol Mmiday, llat O.ii ber. I "?'I llnwi, '*?< nihiik: and la.orit* | ?< krt .mi' I.ADA VIA ? .((.in Putik.r, w.ll ? il |iuuciu.ill> u above, i rt rr.uLr rt iv , >?< | *?? li*., WiiiH Kiiii ? .mli. i |?r 1,1 ""Ht Tli" .lilt* of lli " I" ' art ao w#l' kunwn th. r r?netnalitT In ? ilinw tha* Hiry nr?<1 no lur?h?r Citmm-ul. and ihr acenm m?4all(iM ao.uiTior, winch l?4n lh m Iokoih hcrihamrlv *11>licatluli thuii'il b. mailr on txmrd. f> ?l ?f Pm# ilrwl,or to W at J T. TAPS' O i l , 76 South alr>rt, roriiPt Mmil?i I.ana. \ B ?Paaawi*.? by ?> . |?< W.t ahi|i Alabama will p rtr h? on board with lnKi<ai(?, by 10 o'clock, ou .Viandar uioinio^ lirtl. at Wl.o li nn.? 'li? .n'f ? II ? il ' '*'t PA I kVt roa HAVSK" S??t?l Lm.?' i" ^"P ON h.lUA, Juin.a I uni W, inu.i. t, will ?.il ? tb? lat aof Nof.mb.r. ?ot lr.tchtorpMM??kpplr u> Borv ft wsrKr? OIl? N* M Tonttn. RniM'riH rnr Wall aid KxrHANnr, ON EN?'r.AND, IKKLAND*. SCOTLAND AM) WAI>.S.-"Th? nubacnWkM __?i all ?Iin..- fo, Dnir. from II to LIUOO |?.,).blj , ,,|7^( Muriiml Banking 111"Li1"'' ,',iVv"L'Vu!" i ' Kingiloin. JOM> HKKUM AN, *1 Honth at. V n P?a?u. IO v?l f" <" V'T"'1 r,J? ^ ?"?""J1 lowest rate* by any of the loir i>r packets sailing on thr I at. 6th 11th I6ih, llat and ?tli -f tnonlh. on at i lication m ab?>*. W " Tii W LINK OK LlVKUropL I'AChKTR?' ?Fnci* .'I KI"I Of lob"'?1Th? a|?l?niilld raat aailing packM >hip HOCMKH I>.H. I a|>t. Hr tton, (I0u? tone AmULi . Will anil imaititrly ?. ?how. brr r??ola' day. Tli. ir' .imiii "!"Obiafln' |i*fk.t tbil>.for< rabm and itr.r ?* |">'w?cannot l? .uu hhwiI To arcnrn t?rlh? .,',1,'plication ahould br m.d. o^, h.,?d, foo.^B.Mini Slip. Wr(V(?I ?1 b b-, ab.i"t 1<H>0 Iba itimr qaalltf, llliaoi. Wo?l, iMidlni ?* ab Ji i for aa'r by n);rr K K. COLLINH fc CO., M Booth alrwt Hr.MP-JiO balM. ?rry BtaporioT and Piim? W*?nf rotlfd, landun .? ahin N1i?ai..ii>i i ard in ?tor?. for ??'* ?I7,C f. ft r?>!Tl lN>' fc t O . M M?l? ?W?? gnif aa-.-1MlSigflWr. ^tj?ya.

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