Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 22, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 22, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW VORK HERALD. vol. x., no. am?wiu>i? no. im. NEW YORK, TUESDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 22, 1844. Mm Two CoaM* HIGHLY IMPORTANT. FIFTEEN DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER ACADIA. Treaty between tmerlca and Ohlna. Depreuion in the Cotton Market. ENGLISH TREATY WITH BRAZIL Movements of O'Connell. See., Jec., icc. The steamer Acadia has at length arrived. She left Liverpool on the 4th inatant, and arrived at Bnaton, at about 4 o'clock on Sunday afternoon? We have London aid Liverpool papers to the day Of aaillOg. ' All her mails destined for the south, came on bv government express, which left Boston at half paat si* o'clock on Sunday evening, was detained two hours at Greenport, and arrived here at half piBt stven yesterday morning. We, as well as the whole commercial community, are indebted to Nathaniel Greene, Esq , the Postmaster of Boston, for the early receipt of oar letters and papers. The intelligence is of an highly important and interesting character. Slocks and Securities were improving in Eng. land Particular American stocks were looked for by capitalists for investment. The news from China will be hailed with joy throughout the country. We trust that it will prove true. There was a depression in the cotton market, but no actual decline. Our relations with Brazil will probably be bene fitted by the treaty between that empire and Eng. land. The Queen and suite returned to London from her Northern tour, on the 3d inst. A new coinage of half farthings has recently ta* ksn place. Alderman Gibba is chosen Lord Mayor of Lon don. The report is confirmed that Bohemia will join the German Customs Union, by way of experi ment, for five years. The price of wheat at Mark Lane ia now 88s. to 64a. per quarter; and bread haa consequently fallen in price, being from 5|d. to 7d. the feut-pound loaf. The directora of the Eaat India Company have conferred upon General Nott, for hia services at Candahar, Ghuznee, and Cabul, an annuity of ?1,000 Tartans are becoming faabionable, in conse quence of the Queen'a visit to Scotland, and the patera being patroniaed by her Majeaty. The expected military brevet will include lieu tonant-eolonals, majors, and captaina, of 1836, and will cause, necessarily, a considerable number of ohaugrs. Tlih 'Jimrg contradicts a statement in the Revue dt Parii, that the Corporation of Loudon have in vited King Louis Phillipe to an entertainment in the city. 1 he Bank of England, at their half yearly meet ing on the 19 h ult., declared a dividend of 3? per cent. It was stated at the meeting that the Branch banks yielded a small profit. A shoal of whalea, amounting to upwarda of five hundred, proved a prize a few daya back to the poor inhabitants at Zetland, who captured them all, and sold il.e carcasses at ?2 5.?. each. The marriage of the Duke d'Auma'e with the daughter of ihe Prince de Salermo is positively agreed upon, and will, it is said, be solemnized soon after Louis Phtllippe'a return Irom Windsor. The Pari, Olobt atatea that the Commercial Council of the Zollverein had rejected the treaty lataly concluded with Belgium, because it did not contain teims sufficiently advantageous for the Union, particularly as respccted the harbor of Ant werp. The treaty entered into between England and Trance, lor giving up offenders that take refuge in ?iini-r country, has been carried out in the person of Jacquea BesSet, charged with fraudulent bank ruptcy, * It j haa been taken into custody in Lon don, mid sent to Paris. The committee of Spanish American bond-hold ers met m Hriday last, to consider the proposals re e^iv^i I by the laet packet from the government of Gr.nada for the adjustment of the foreign debt. The further diacussion ef the proposals waa adjourned for a week. In a correspondence on the subject of a Life of O.iver Cromwell, by the late Mr. Southey, Mr. Murray, the bookseller, stares that at least JK90, TOO have been paid to authors for the copyright ?lone of articles furnished to the Quarterly Review. The Palamdte of the present month, contains a correspondence between Mr Staunton and M 1 Amnnt, hy which it appears that a new chess match it to take place on the 15th inat. at Paris, for the Bit fire stake (?100 a-side) as that played tor Jast Van Amburgh's elephant, lust week, at Canter bury, being annoyed hy a trumpeter in the orches tra, suddenly caught him with his trunk and lifted him up in the air, and then let him tall in the saw dust. The musician was not hurt. Marshal Sebastiaoa has arrived at Milan, "to ob serve (My* a letter) the moveraenta oi the Duke de Bordeaux. Thia personage arrived at Venice on the 231 ult. He waa anxious, it ia said, to remain in Switzerland during the auinmn, but permission, ttoin a tear of the French government, waa refused. A latter from Berlin atates that the King had just created a new branch of administration, under the tide of Miniatry of Gnevancea, the object of which is to pay special attention to such complaints as the citizens may have to make against ecclesiasti cal, administrative, and judicial funclionariea. 1 iik Nkw Comkt?A comet, which completea its revolution round the sun in five years, ha* juat been discovered. It was first observed by Siqnor Vico, the Observatory of the College of Rome, on the 22 I ol August last, and haB since been seen at (he Observatories of Paria, Altona, and Kensing ton. " T'leUreat Britain steamship, our readers will be pleased to learn, is on the eve of being relieved irom her confine men' tn the Bristol dock. It is nof generally k own that valerian will attract ir?J?? *- ,i0j bein* brought together, the loriutr are destroyed. i^^'j' aD/J Liebig have discovered a new If1H.h.f ifi'' 1* wh,ch '? 'he product of the action of dilute sulphuric acid and oxide of manganese upon narcotine; it 19 called opiaiiic acid. a In a correspondence on the aubject of the life of iver Cromwell, by the late Mr Southey Mr Murray, the bookseller, states that at least ?00,^ "00 have been paid to authors f?r the copyright alone of articles furnished to the Quarterly Review The prize of twenty guineaa offered by the Insti tute of the Fine Arta "for the best essay on the BUtory, literature, snd present stale of the fine arts iu Great Britain, with suggestions for the best means of promoting their advancement," haa been awarded to Mr George Foggo. T he King of Prussia haa announced hia intention of giving every five years a prize, consisting of a medal, with a purse of 1000 gold crowns, for the beat work on the history of Germany, in the Ger man language. In order to obtain a good subject for engraving, and 10 induce the production of a superior woik 0! art, th? comnmtee of the London Art Uaion off-r the sum of ,?300 lor an original picture illustrative ol nridsh history. It was whispered, some time back, that the whig leaders bad entered into a compact with O'Connell to support a federal movement if he would give uo (lie Repeal agitation. The organ of the whie patty, the Murnin# CKronide, ha'acome oufdur.nj ?ft- ???'I I-W days against federalism, from which it runic ******* "'ere could have been no truth in tho The U. 8. corvette P.ymouth, arrived cr At Toulon from Constantinople on the 5th, and the Fairfield, from Palermo and Tripoli on the llili.? They await the Cumberland from Alexandria, having on board the senior officer in the Mediter ranean. Amongst the kigna of the times may be noticed the schism which has taken place in, aud led to the dismemberment ot, the " Dublin Conservative As sociation," composed of the extreme ultras of the Orange party. Dissatisfaction with Sir Robert Peel's government is the ostensible cause. O'Connell has left the Irish metropolis for hia mountain home. The meetings of the Repeal As sociation will continue during his absence, but they will hardly arrest attention. Rumor prevails that Government meditates the adoption of strong mea sures to put down the machinery which keeps the repeal movemtnt going. The subdued tone of the Irish leader is attributed by soma to his desire to ward of!'such a blow. Lieutenant-General. Count Brahe, expired at Stockholm, on the 16th ultimo, aged 64 years. On 1st June, at Hong-Kong, ol fever, Robert William Peck, Esq., Clerk of Works, Royal Engineer De partment. At Hong Kong, on June 6, Lucy H, lady of the Rev. D. Hall, M D-, of the Amer. Board Com. lor For. Mia.ions, aged 36. Sal* op American Hops ?A parcel of thirteen bales of American hops was offered by auctiou, on Tuesday last, for which ?A was bid. They were subsequently sold nr ?H per cwi., less the duty, tor expoit, the duty, ?4 14s. 6J., being prohibitory lor home use. There will be an exhibition of the products ol industry next year at Vienna, but it will be con fined to the products ol Austria. Toe Emperor intends to create a special order of merit for the manufacturers who shall be declared worthy of it, and the possessor of the decoration will be declared noble; but this nobility is not to be hereditary. The President Steams* ? A report is current here that a bottle was picked up, about twelve miles off Dover yesterday morning, containing a paper, on which was written, in pencil, " Presi dent, all is lost ! God bless you all! Lennox.' We give this report as we have heard it, but we are unable to vouch.for its authenticity.?Dover Chronicle. Mii.leritrs :n England.?Great excitement has been caused in Reading and neighborhood, by a prophecy of some wandering fanatics, that the end of the world will be in the course of this year.? Their frequent preachings have produced most mis chievous effects on weak-minded persons, not wholly couiiued to the uneducated ranks, and se veral ministers have thought it expedient to warn their flocks from the pulpit against the delusions ol these presumptuous /nrudo-proplictg. Da Wolf.?We are informed that, after much correspondence, and obtaining Irom our own go vernment all the interference and aid it feels au thorised to undertake lor the release ol Dr. Wolff, at Bokhar, Captain Grover, a few days since, start ed tor St. Petersburg, personally to interest the Emperor Nicholas in ihe same humane aud holy cause.?Literary Gazette. A commission of lunacy was held the other day on Mr. T Telford Campbell, only son of the de ceased poet, when a verdict to the effect, that Mr. Campbell was in his sound mind, was returned Mr. Campbell (who conducted himsell throughout the investigation with the coolness and composuie of the most perfect sanity,) had been for the lasi fourteen years an inmate of a lunatic asylum, at the instance of his lather. The verdict caused a great sensation. The visit of Louis Philippe to Windsor,is a fruit ful topic for the speculations ol politicians on both sides of the channel. His minister, M. Guizot, will not, it is said, accompany him, but will join his royal master in Esgland. The king, who leaves Treiiort on the 5th, will be accompanied by Admi ral Majkau. Toracco.?The stock of tobacco now in the Queen's warehouse, consists ol 1,458 hogsheads Virginia leaf, 1,025 stemmed, 4,222 Kentucky leal, 8,686 stemmed, 13 other sorts, aud 2,739 not sampled; together 13,143 hogsheads At the same period lust year, the stock consisted of 1,484 Vir ginia leal, 358 stemmed, 1,095 Kentucky leal, 5,107 stemmed, 14 other sorts, and 2,101 not sam pled ; together 10,159 hogsheads. Since our last the Queen has been enjoying, in rude health, the plessures of her mountain resi dence in the Highlands of Scotland. The splendid scenery, the bracing air, the invigorating exercise, and the early rising at Blair A>hol, can he traced, we are told by the sturdy chroniclers for the daily press, in her Majesty's person and that ot her con sort. The physical improvement is marked and palpable. Every movement she has made in her romantic retirement appears not only to have been wtnesaed, but minutely recorded. The Queen, at the time we write this, is on the sea, returning home, where she will arrive on Wednesday or Thursday next, in the possession of renewed health and additional popularity. Mr. T. E. M. Ttoton ?The above gentleman, who, it may be recollected, accompanied the late Earl of Durham, as his private secretary to the Canadas, when the latter nobleman sustained the highlv responsible office of Governor of those colo nies, has lor several months been laboring under very severe and painful iliness, and has been ad vised by his medical atteudants to repair to Malta for the benefit ot his health, where he is now so journing. Tfce office of Register of the Supreme Court of Calcutta, which is at present enjoyed by this learned gentleman, is considered to be the most lucrative appc intinent which the government can bestow upon an advocate practising at the bar ot the above-named presidency. " Chief Rakbi of the Hehrews.?The great body of the Hebrew persuasion in London is at the pre sent time much agitated in consequence of the approaching election to the office ol the chief rabbi ot England, which has been lor some time vacant by the death of the Rev. Solomon Herschell, and which is appointed to take place in the course ol the ensuing month. The rev. candidates lor the office are Dr. Nathan Marcus Adler, who hssbeen chief rabbi of Hanover since August, 1830; Dr Benjamin Auerbach, whe has been chief rabbi ot Catnistadl tor ten years; Dr. Hirschfield, who lias been for a short time chiefrabbi of Wollstem ; and Dr Sampson Hirech, who has been chiet rabbi o{ Oldenburgh since 1831,and isatpresent chief rabbi ?>t East Friesland. The whole of t >ese rev. gen tlemen are celebrated on the continent, in the Christian and Jewish circles, for their piety and attainments, the three first being doctors ot philo sophy ot eminent foreign universities. Dr. Adler, who pos-esses high testimonials and recommenda tions from the late and present governments of Hanover, it is expected will be the successful can didate, a though the Iriends of the other rev. can didate* are equally confident of success. American Cheese ?At a meeting of the South Derbyshire Agricultural Jociety, on Saturday week, Mr. ColvilU, M. P., who filled the chair, drew the attention ot the farmers to the import ot American cheese, for the purpose of calming their tears. He showed that, although the import ol American cheese had gconsiderably increased, it had driven the Dutch cheese out of the market He produced a table which showed, that from 1831 to 1840, the importation from America had fluctuated, without any regularity, between nothing and fifty hundred weight; Irom Holland or Belgium the importation had increased, in the same period, from 183,397 hundredweight to 224,967 hundredweight; from other European countries the supply had remained insignificant and nearly stationary?1,049 in 1831, 1 464 in 1840: the segregate importations advanced from 134,469 in 1831 to 226,462 in 1840. The last figures of tlifl table we take as they stand: they show the imports ol cheese, in hundredweights, from the places named for the last three years. Vrar. America. Europe. Total. 1941 |A lb4 ?JM.HOa .... 270,149 ih4J 14 0## .... 184 614 ... 170,749 1943 4J.SI3 IM.OtfS . . . 178,8M The importation ot cheese had decreased during the last ten years by nearly 32,000 hundredweight, while the population has increased by 2,800,000 mouths. Salk of American Hay.?On Wednesday last a sale of American hay, per the Liverpool, from New York, took place on the north quay ot the Waterloo Dock. #The attendance was not numer ous, though the bidding was, on the whole, tolera bly spirited. The hay was considered of interior quality The quantity offered was 210 bales, divided, for the convenience of purchasers, into 21 lots, ot 10 bales eaoh. The first lot went off at 7Jd. per stone ; the next seventeen were knocked down at 7d., and the three remaking lots at7^- Tare was allowed at the rate ot 23lba per bale ; and parties were to remove their puichasei ou the day of sale. It was stated that there had been a loss by the sale ot from 80 to 40 per cent.? It will be seen, by reference to our London matk? t. reports, that another sale ol American hay took place on Friday lost in the metropolis. There, a? here, the hay was not permitted to enter a bonded warehouse, owing to its being a combustible mat ter, which, in case of fire, occurring trom pponta neons ignition or otherwise, would vitiaie th?- insu rance policy. A rumor prevails inthe city?theTitnes first gave currency to it?that the British Cabinet propose excluding from the honors of the court and the complimentary dinners ot the ministers, all the am bassadors and other representatives ot foreign nations, whose governments have not sustained, in this country, their pecuniary engagements with their creditors Such a mode of retaliation would be so personally stinging, it not degrading, that the bankrupt nations (not a few in number) would hud it difficult to persuade cny persons ot gentlemanly teeling to accept the honor ot representing ihem at the court of tot. James's. There is oiiginality in the idea, and if cairied out it will be a source ot delight to the money grubbing capitalists ot the city. Is it on this account that Mr. Everett, the American minister, is taid to have solicited his recall T Every American, who has the credit and honor of his country at heart, ought to feel delight ed at ihi?, or any similar plan, which can be suc cessfully hit upon, for shaming the defaulting States into honesty. No American can have tra velled in England, without feeling endless annoy ances arisiug out of the repudiating policy ol Penn sylvania and other non-paying States ; and the name annoyances exist, although perhaps to a less extent, on the Continent. Obituary.?The death of the Duke of Grafton took place on the evening ?f the 28th,at hisGrace * seat, En-iton Hall, Suffolk. The noble Duke was in his 85ih year The daily papers announce the dea'h, at Vevay, in Swiixerland, of Mr Nathan Dunn, <>f Philadelphia, the collector and proprietor of the Chinese collection which has given the Eng lish public such familiar glimpses into the interior of Chinese lite. Accounts have b<-eu received ot the death ol lady Hunter. Her ladyship was daughter and heiress of Mr. James Dickson, ot Auion's Hill, Berwickshire, and married, in 1797, General Sir Martin Hunter, G. C. H- The deceas ed lady was in her 70 h year. Letters .rom R""!* announce the demise of Cardinal Silvestro Belli, who died at Jesi on the llih inst. The Rev. 1 hos. linbinson Welch, Chancellor ot the Diocese ol Chichester,Curate of Burwosh, Sussex.and brother in-law ot the late Dr. Shi'ttleworth, Bishop of Chi Chester, died suddenly at Brighton, the 28th ult. Arrival or American Pacxkts and Steamers ?The Hibernia arrived at 10 o'clock on the night of the 28th, after one of her usually quick voyages of twelve days. Her despatches and papers were immediate forwarded to Loudon by Willmer and Smith's express, and reached the capital at noon, twenty hours in aovance ot the mail. The Great Western arrived on Sunday night, the 29tn. The packet ship.Sidd ns, Captain Cobb, arrived on the 28th, and the Columbus, Captain Cole, and Ash burton, Captain Huttleston, on the 1st inst.; and the Yorkshire, Captain Bailey, yesterday, alter a very quick voyage ot sixteen davs only, tiom the time her pilot lett her off New York, to taking one ofl Liverpool, and this notwithstanding the greut pre valence of easterly winds during the greater part of her voyage. To the commanders of these tine ships we are much indebted lor having our files of papers most promptly at hand, and immediately delivered to our messenger on boarding their ships. Rumored Treaty with Brazil ?Rumors havt been cutrent lor some days that a new treaty has been recently entered into between Brazil and the Brifsh Government. Nothing positive is known as to the terms, and in the absence of definite infor mation, speculation has been very rile. At length the Brazilian packet, the Peterel, which sailed from Rio on the 27th of July, arrived, but her pa pers do not confirm the reports either of a commer cial treaty with England, or ot a war between Brazil and Buenos Ayres. although they contain some warm articles on the iHtter subject. Tne Journal do Commercio of the 21st contains an or der, reducing the present extravagant anchorage dues on foreign and native vessels. Mr. Falcon net, who effected an arrangement for the Buenos Ayrean shareholders, has arrived in England. The Peterel was detained fourteen days beyond her time at Rio, the object being that she should bring home the treaty. At the time ot her sailing, it was generally understood that the treaty had | not been signed?if, indeed, it existed. Accord ing to another authority, the Linnet packet, which may be looked lor in u week, will bring it A general advance of five per cent on the importa tion of British goods is mentioned as one ot the clauses of the treaty; but rumor is silent as to whether the sugar ot Brazil is to be admitted on the same or more favorable terms thttn by the treaty which will expire next month. Commercial ?There has not been much ac'ivi ty in the produce markets since our last publication, hut prices have in nearly ail instances been well sustained. The-prospects of the future are st 11 en couraging. Fine weather has enabled growers to Hecure the crops in good condition, even in the most bacnward districts of great Britain and Ire land, thereby ensuring a good supply of tood. In the manufacturing districts, less animation was ap parent throughout Sept. than existed during the month preceding,but stocks of cloths and yarns have not accumulated, owing to the demand from the home trade, which is in a more satisfactory btate than for years past. The foreign trade, weakened by the entire absence of orders tor Brazil, has con siderably decreased; but rumours ot a new com mercial treaty having been completed, attord hopes of a renewal ot operations for that country. Our Cotton market is still much depressed by the heavy stocks, and shows symptoms ot declin ing, though at present a reduction ot id per lb. can not be quoted. Foreign Wheat and Flour have undergone a slight improvement in London ; but here, where the weight of the imports from abroad is most felt, there is no amendment. Some recent arri vals of American hay have been sold by auction, and we ure sorry to state that the prices obtained will entail a loss or the shipments ot from 80 to 40 per cent. A parcel of American hops have like wise been disposed of, at ?7 per cwt., less th* duty for export. Monry is much scarcer, and commands higher rates lor commercial purposes ? fiist clans.ft Bills are discounted at 2 and others n to 5 per cent. , , We regret having to announce, that the house of Messrs. Ro kell, 0?den it; Co. of this town, h'tve suspended payment ?Their liabilities, on this sHe ol the Atlantic, are said to be not more than ?25.000, and it is reported that all tneirtdehrs Will Ultimately be liquidated in full. Their dim culties are attributed to extensive cotton specula tions. Dreadful Loss of Life near Sunderland ? Accounts from Sunderland give an account ot an explosion in a coal pit at Haswell colliery, about ten miles from Sunderland, which has caused the destruction of ninety-six human beings! It is said, that at the time of the accident there were a hun dred persons in the pit, and that only three or four have been saved. The calamity appears to have been more dreadful than we at first anticipated The number of men in the pit at the time ol the explosion was nearly one hundred and hlty. Unw one man, it is said, has escaped alive, uninjured. Upwards of one hundred dead bodies have already been brought to the bank. It is utterly impossible to describe the dreadful anguish of the surviving relatives. One man was found unsinged, with his cap in his mouth; he had probably placed it there in order to prevent the foul air getting into his mouth. Several had their lingers closed in each other, and pressing on their mouths. I ifteen put ters (boys and young men employed in taking the coals from the hewers to the bottom ol the shaft,) were in one lump?they were all clasped together. They had their clothes or, prepared to ascend. When working they are nearly naked The state of the relatives beggars all description Each cottage had its dead father or brothers, or both. Three men at the bottom of the shaft were saved; the shock was so great that the r?ot near them had fallen down, and so blocked up the pas sage as to stop the further progress of the bad air. These men, thus providentially rescued were the first who Urought the intelligence to the bank The explosion was not heard by those outside the pit. The men, when asked the cause of the dread ful accident, Bay that the atateof the pit must have been known to some persons: but it does not ap pear that any complaints had been previously made. One lad had his bones sticking out of his thigh; many had their hones broken, some were very much scorched, while others, to all external appearance, were uninjured. The afterdamp is generally fatal to those who escape the immediate effect ot the expSosion. The three men saved are John Thompson, wagon wayman; John Hall, hewer; and Coals, putter These three were at the bottom of the shall when the explosion oc curred. An equally disastrous explosion occurred twenty years ago at Wall's end, about tour miles Iroin Ncwca*tTe-on-Tyne. 101 perished on that occasion. WallVend was then under the superin tendence of the late Mr Buddie, who was also the hf-ad viewer of the Northumberland and'Durham coal trade; and it strangely happens lhai Mr. Fos ter, the present head viewer, is the practical su penntendent at Haswell and some neighboring collieries. On the 26th ultimo, Mr. Wajhorn was entertain ed, at dinner, by a number of gentlemen connect ed with the trade to the east, previous to his de pnrtnre for Egypt, with a view to induce the Pacha 10 resume the protect ol a tailwty aero** the isthmus of Suss Ireland. The last meeting of the Repeal association which O'Conuel! intended before leaving town, was dense ly crowded. The chair was tilled by an ex-justice ot the peace, Francii Comyu, Esq. The speakers were Mr. James Kelly, M P., who eulogised Mr. Greg Porter's pamphlet in favor of a federal par liament. Mr. Porter was the son of a Protestant clergyman, and was high sheriff of Fermanagh-? The sentiments of Bucn a man were entitled to much respect Mr. James Grattan, M. P.. moved that the municipal declaration in favor of the re peal of the Union should be engrossed, and en rolled amongst their records. Mr. O'Connell, in the course of his speech, denounced ribbonism, wnich had made its appearance in .the county ol Antrim, us the greatest curse to Ireland. He pro ceeded to compliment the gentlemen who atten ded as reporters on behalf of the government ; but he was n*U equally pleased to see a policeman 'aking note of their proceedings. He next repudi

ated, on behalf of the association, the harsh lan guage which Mr Gr?y had used at the repeal banquet, in speaking of the iieople of Englaud. This association met on the 30th September.? The meeting was addressed by Mr. O'Connell and others, and the rent was announced to be ?349 18. There is a report that Lord Ellenboroush will shortly succeed to the Lieutenancy of Ireluud. Some of the Irish papers revive a report that it is Sir R Peel's intention to raise Chief Justice Do herty, of the Common Pleas, to the British peer age, in order to have his assistance in the House oi Lords Vrance. The papers announce the arrival at Paris of the Duke ae Glucksberg with a treaty between France and Morocco. The Emperor stipulates that he will commnnicate to the French government the names of the Moorish chiefs who invaded the Algerian territory; that Abd-el Kader b?*outlawed thr<>ugout the African possessions of the Emperorand FraHce; that he may be pursued by the troops ot both govern ments, until expelled or captured; that if he fall into the hands of the French, he is to be treated with every respect due to his station; that Msgador island and the town of Ouchda be evacuated bv ihe French; that prisoners of war be immediately exchanged; and that the ratification of the treaty be exchanged within two months. The subjoined historical document?a letterfrom the King of the French to the Prince de Joinville, published by the Prince in a general notice con veying the expression of the King's approval to the squadron for its services at Tangier and Mogador? will excite interest:? . . "Nsuilut, Thursday,'39th Auguit My ilesr and rooit beloved Son?I thank God for having preserved you amidst the dangers you ?o nohly braved and lor permitting th?t I sddres* through you to the squadron under your command my pet tonal congratula tion!, and the expression of the national gratitude for the new iaurela which it haa added to our flag. In congratulating our brave teamen for having display ed that French valor which never laila to reapond to the appeal of the country, I take pride to myaelf that yon re strained their ardor until the moment when the justice of our cauao imposed upon ui the duty to have recourse to arms. _ I saw with delight the aimultaneoui effort* or our navy and army crowned with auch brilliant success; and it it particularly grateful to ne that my ton thould have led our teamen to victory. 1 embrace you, my dear ton, with all th"efliuion of my heart. LOUIS PHILLIPPE." The battle of Itly was fought on the 14th Augutt. Mo gador was bombarded on the iS'h, and on the intervening night the Prince* de Joinville gave birth to a daughter: the army of Algeria and the tnuadrnn of Mogador have re queued, tayt the Algeria, tbat 'Victoria" may he added to the infant'i namea; and the King't aaient U assumed The account* ot the vintage in the Beaujolait are mott flattering. The grapet are ripe, and in the mott perlect state of preaervation. The wine crop will be. it la aaid, umtuuliy abundant, and the price will consequently de I dine. ? . , , , The Monitmr publishes the return* ol the principal good* imported into France in Auguat laat, the dutiea on which amounted to 18,7*#,463f. As compared with tlv r.orrespondina period of 1843, there is an increaso in the 1 receipt* of l,487,7K8f.. and of 2.M7 8S1f comparatively to I84J. The linen trade, checked by the raiting of the ta t jflf, wnK fa?t recov?rin|Tt and the importation ot flixen and hempen yarn rontiderably exceeded what it was in Aa gmt 1843 and 1348. The Journal du Cher publishes the following speech, purporting to have been recently addressed byihe King to M Larochefoucauld Laincourt, who presented him as president of the Society of Chris tian Morality, various addresses forwarded to him by the English and American Society for the I're <ervation of Peace?441 am happy to receive these addresses, and lee 1 particularly gratified to hud thai our American friends should do justice to the pains I have taken to maintain the general peace ot Europe. There is no advantage in making war, even when a nation has attained the object lor which it fought, because ultimately the losses are always greater than the gains. I have ever pro fessed that principle ; when I was in America, forty years ago, 1 was often asked to propose tosBts at public dinners, and 1 almost invariably expressed the wish that universal and permanent peace should exist among all nations. I was then exiled from my country, and my anxious desire was that ll should enjoy peace and happiness. This is what I caused me to adopt that salutary precept. I could not then foresee that 1 should be called upon one day to exert my influence and act myaelf in lavor of that great cause. May the Almighty accord me the maintenance of peace. War appears to me a malediction ; and war in Europe between civilized nations, I regard as an absurdity: if ihe smaller slates desire it we should prevent them ; and as peace between the great Powers becomes daily fiiore consolidated, I hope^ if I live a few years 1 >nger, that a general war in Europe will have be come impossible." This speech h*s been severely criticised by some portions of the French press. The Re forme states, that during the last census taken by order of Government, i? has been Hscer tained that thereexist throughout Frtnce, 6,642.416 dwelling houses, 82.575 miles, 4,412 furnace* nn<t torges, and 38 030 manufactory Total, 6 767 433 i>roi>erties, belonging to 10.285 946 individuals.? i 44 There n*wi mis, consequently," observed tt.e Re forme, 24,717 0-10 non-proprietors or passive cri z ns." The Custom duties levied during the sight months of 184-1 ? nHtnir on the 1-t of September last, amounted to 100,308,6081 , or 6 68 575f m-re than in the corresponding period of 1843, and 10,756,5681 more than in 1842. Spain. A letter from Bayonne of the 22d ultimo, in the Morning Post, announces that a movement on u grand scale had been intended by the Carlists ol Navarre; money and munitions of war, along with a large number of printed proclamations, having been for som- time past in readme#). Colonel Jose Maria Ladron, the nephew of the Carliat Gen era I, Santos I .adron, who wan shot in Navarre in 1833, by the Christino General Lorenzo, with 400 to 600 men distributed in concealment along the frontier, was wailing an opportunity to commence the movement. Colonels Elcharte and Corteta, chiefs who are highly popular in Navarre, had un dertaken the organization of the Carlist forces in that province,} and had gathered about 4,000. So stood maters, when orders dated in London were received from General Halmaceda, for the discon tinuance of the preparations. The reason assigned for this hesitation is the repugnance of Don Carlos to acts of violence, and a lingering hope lhat the succession may be adjusted by a marriage Oetweeb his son the Prince of Asturias and Queen Isabella It it, however, doubted whether the order will be obeyed by the organized Carlists. Meanwhile, the Spanish government is despatching reinforcements to Navarre, with all possible expedition The Captain-General of Valencia had been directed to ?send thither 2.000 men In Catalonia, the Exaltados of Barcelona and Reus continued to occasion uneasiness: and the garrisona were harrasaed by perpetual vigilance and activity. Don Martinez de la Rosa had accepted the ad ministration of the foreign department; professing equal repugnance to de-potism and popular license Reports are rife, that Queen Isabella's health in so bid that Christina has i*ken steps to secure her self in the Regency during the minority of the Iu fanta Louisa Fernanda. Portugal. The Portuguese Cones opened on theBO'h ult ? The Minister counts on a majority of 22 in the Chamber of Deputies, and it is expected he will be in a minority mi the Chamber of Peera. The Op position now reckons among its members all tf? old friends and supporters of Don Pedro, and all the former servants and moat of the Ministers at various past periods of the Queen. A natrla. The Btrhn State Gattttt informs us that there will be an exhibition of the products of industry next year at Vienna, but that will be confined to the manufactures of Austria, wheretu* the Berlin exhi bition includes the products of the whole of Ger many. The Emperor of Austria intends, it is said, to create a special order of merit for the manufsr turers who shall be declared worthy of it. and the gnssessor of the decoration will he declared nobla, ut his nobility is not to be hereditary. IWMIlR. Popular diaturbancaa have been occasioned by the rejec tion of the measure of reform recently ' Ihcu*** J in the Diet; und there were riota on the 'Jtkii and iMHh of August Tha method oi thair suppression was curious. The police hired a num. ber of HNttibtauib, miners,day-labourers, and others, all ot them tall and powerful men, who mingled with the crowd, and who uot only inflicted buiii maiy punishment tor every attempt to create dis turbance, but also arrested the most conspicuous among the rioters. Among the prisoners, tiny-six, were two opera-danceis. Greece. OpENINO OF THE ShsblON OF I'llK GrEEK CuaM bkrb.?On the I9ih of September the Greek Cham bers opened their session, when Kn.g Oilio, pro ceeded in state to the Chamber ot Kepreseuiaiivts, and read the followingspeech Gentlemen ifttit Chamber of Hey ttettfive and Senate Through itis jomt exertions ut ike ciowu aud nation the foundations ot the constitution have been laid.? Through the (tmu exertion* ihe institutions of the country will be lawfully developrd and impoved. May Providence protect and dsiend our joint labor*. 'iherelatious existing between foreign powers and me are most amicable, and it is u great satisfaction to me to bd enabled to infoi in jou of It; but we are parliculaily indebted to Ihe powers that have zealously seconded us in our struggles, mat have nff'jrded us leal suppoit, and effected und protected our independence, My ^iimoteis will lay belore you a report tipon ihe state ot the ud i inii? tratlon and Uuances ; and wnile obseivmg the utmust ecouumy, tin v will demand of you the means ol carry iiig on the public "service und ol secunng our futuie welfare. We shall not lit gleet the claims ol our gmrious past We shall likewise duly provide lor the splendor ol our holy religion We shall uphold it, tlid d. velope )',a? well us public instruction, y a complete oiganiz-iiion? Wo shall also bestow due attention on the completing and unproviug the army in such way as may best ensuie the alety ol tbe state and the ex< cutlon of tue laws It will be your piwvisce, gentlemen, to assist my (Jo vernmetit by uffjrding 10 those lawful n eans so thai tbe administration of the utlaiisot the state may uot eucoun ter difficulties detrimental both to public and private in lerests. ,, _ . Liars will be submitted to your consideration, the ob ject ot which will be to reoder individual liheny luvio late, and to confer on our fl-ig the respect due to us ? My Ministers will also submit to your attentive conside ration laws calculated to improve agricultuie, commerce and our shipping. The development of our code of laws, ond the adapta tion of them to the state of the nation, will be the lii'st ob ject y?.u will have to attend lo iu the present session Believe me, gentlemen, 1 feel the deepe st and most pa I riot ic emotion on this solemn < ay, wnen I consider ihe great importance of the questions that ure bbutit o en gage your attention, and the Immense iDtluence your de cision will exercise over the welfare ol OrsMD. Let us, therefore, by acting together with sincetity and prudence, strive lo maintain and improve that which you nave won by your heroic deeds and immen.e sacnh cas. Let us endeavor to ot literate all recolle: tion ot past melancholy events ; let only emulation, u laudable aud l>airi tic emulation, to promote the prosperity ol 0111 country, survive thetn, and Willi ?> p*ra?v?ru>g wil Ut us pursue the right and regular course, which can alone lead our beloved country unto lelicity and glory. Suoh is the ardent wi-h of my heart ; try whole life shall be devoted to the defence of our liberties, and the advancement of the welfare of the nation ; in the accom plishment of which exalted task 1 claim your co-opera tion. Let us all implore the Almighty to vouchsate his support to our Com? on efforts I now declare the session ot the chambers for the pre sent year opened." Turkey. Turkey has adopted some stringent regulations with respect to passports; and a knowledge of the chief points may he uselul to the traveller in that quarter?"The subjects ol Foreign Powers must provide themselves with Ottoman passports, or with the vise ot an Ottoman Ambassador or Consul be fore they can euter Turkey. The traveller must present himself within twenty-four hours ol his ar rival to the local authorities ut the place where he has permission to enter Turkey, or otherwise his passport will not be vised for the interior. He must also then declare the line if route he proposes to take, or tne place of his intended abode, and re ceive permission for the specified time he contem plates remaining. To obtain a permission of per manent residence he must present himself at the chief office, furnished with an authorization from the Chancery of his nation. Travelling passport will uot remain legal, unless vised from each place winch the traveller shall pass, where a passport office or Municipal Council is established Oih r measures have also been introduced wnh regard to vessels departing from Turkey, and along the lint ot land f rontier, by which persons shall be arrested who attempt to quit the empire without previous ly haviog their passports vised from the head office." One motive to these stnngeut treasures is found in papers of nn inflammatory nature* circulated by the French mail, and by the Union, a Greek journal; but especially, it is said, in Russian in trigues to revive the nationality ot the Porte'sScla vonic subjects. Russia. The Holy Synod ot St. Petersl-urgh have notified to the Catholic Missionaries in Georgia to quit the empire, unless they wish to become naturalized, ma renounce all future intercouise with the Holy See. Tahiti. The Paris Moniteur ot Wednesday the 25th ult., couveyed the following intelligence as received by the Government from Tnhita, dated 24th April "Alter having vainly endeavored to bring hack lo their obedience the rebels who made the attack at Taravau, Governor Briiut went our to meet them at Mahahan, where they had made themselves entrenchments, detended by three thousand men and three pieces of cannon. On ihe 17th, Governor Braut landed with four nundred and torty-oae men ol arms. The redoubts were taken with the bayo net ; the enemy having 102 men killed, their colors taken from them, and their cannon spiked. The next day we destroyed their works, and carried away their arms and ammunition On our side we have to lament the of two officers, M Vausouty, enseigne de vaisseau, ant' M. Sergnetie of the Artillery. We had, besides, 52 men wound ed." China. The most prominent feature iu the intelligence is, that a treaty had been concluded between the United States and theCelestial Empire, bised nt>on the same principle us dictated that between kins land and China?in which America will enjoy all the advantages which Great Britain, by her arms, secured after an immense outlay of blood and trea ?ure. This can hardly fail to be gratifying it. America. Every one interested in the United Slates will be delighted at the result. The com munication between the United States anil China will, doubtless, from this tune forward, be more direct and continuons, and the success which has accompanied American diplomacy, must stimulat' <j,ur transatlantic neighbors to tresh energy, and, necessarily, to future achievements. The sub stance of this news has been received, we ought to premise, through the medium of a private letter, to which we have had access. (noia ana uiunsu The India Mail by the overland route arrived in London on the 2nd instant. The dates are from Bombay, 27th August; Calcutta, August 16. The intelligence though not ot striking interest, w interesting. Sir H. Hardinge arrived at Calcutta 23d July, and was immediately sworn into lushigh office. He immediately appointed Mr. Bird gover nor of Bengal; on subsequent days he held levee* and durburs, and was likely to become popular Lord Ellenborough embarked on the 1st August, and proceeded to Suez. A subscription wns adver tised to erect a testimonial to him, which wus vio lently opposed by his enemies. The rainy seasoi. in the north-west provinces hasstopped all military operations. Sir H Hardinge would proceed to Al lahabad, where the Lieutenant Governor of the north-weBtern fprovinces would meet him. It if said he will vmit all the principal military stations in those provinces, ami minutely ex amine the details of the army, with whom he is likely to be popular, as it is reported that h'- n empowered to raise new regiments, and add one captain to each of the actual cor|>s, and re-iniro duce flogging into the native army. The ring leaders of the mutiny ot tne 64th regiment were under trial at Sukker. and it was expected that a *vere example would tie made ol those found guilty. There is but little sickness in the Sonde district this year The Punjaub continues to be \ scene of anarchy and contusion. The British India Government is the object of their bitter ha tred: and. it is said, that, as they contemplate a coo met with the British, an alliance has been formed with Dost Mahomed and his son, Akhhar Khan, to aid them with a large army, in the hope of conquering and plundering in the north ol India These lutrigues are well known, and although it is the avowed wish of Sir H. Hardinge to preserve peace with the sheiks, it is probable he will be forced into an attack upon their threatening posi tion. The rulers ol Cabul, K indahar, and Herat, are acting with great unanimity, and Heera Singh, notwithstanding the difficulties of his government, is e-iger to sine with and be supported by th> si chieftains. Gwahor and Bundlekund are tranquil The Ust mail from London had reached B >mha ir* 2h days aud 16 hours, which had given gre* satisfaction Sir H. Pottinguer had arrived trom China in th> Driver, and had been received at Bombay wu great rejoicing; he was welcomed wnh address"' ?linnets, bills. Arc. In answer to an address of th* Chamber ot Commerce, he reviewed in thisspeeci the Isle proceedings ana negotiations in China, v (erring to the opium question in particular, showing it in its proper liaht He embarked at Bombay on J7lh August for Europe, and bas corns home in the Great Liverpool. The newa Irom China is not of particular importance. In ihe pai*r? grmt distaiis iiiin ia expreaaed at the meddling ol the French and Americana in our settled atl-tirs with China. Mr Davis, the uew Governor, had hren introduced to Kemy by Sir 11 Poitiuger belore hi* departure, and tut*y Had held u conversation together without the aid ot it ii interpreter. L"td Lllenborough arrived at Malta in the ate am frigate Geyser, on the 25th Sept. Com, with the Lulled Statesrquadmu, wasalillai Malta. Trie Ann ricaii uud French inen-ol-war Brandy wine, St. Lt'Uib, Cleopatra, and Alceiuene, hadar rivi-H aim oat himuliaiirously in the Chinese waters. At Cautou the populace were veiy unruly, mani festing, on every occasion a apint ol extreme dia couteut at the presence ol toreignera. Aii arrow H>? a wind-vane liad beru placed oil the lop of the United Stale*' Hag-siat); a (treat umbrsge had been taken at this by the Ctiinrar; oil what ground ia not explained. Ou the bin ol May the American Con sular. Forber, had caused the obnoxioua weather cock to be taken down. While a party of aallora were engaged in this, a riot commenced among the rabble, uoine of wliom pushed theniaelvca into the tquar-, and threatened rniachiel. A placaid wan auortly afterwaids issued by the gentry, smugly recommending the inaiuiainance ol good teeliug. Intelligence ol the 17th from Canton, ia couiamed in pnvaie tellers Iroin Hong K.ung ol the ltfih, more recent lhaii any we can discover id the ;?s, pern ol the laai named dale. The mob had broken into tile tquare ol the American factory on the aliemoun ol the 17ih, and endeavor d to pull dow n ttie United tiiaii a* flig. Ihey wtre rtsiated, aud <1 Chinainan, who turned out to be un innocent aud unconue ned ch?>pkeeper, waa bhot. At 10 P. M , the Chinese soldiers made their appearauce. and cleared the square. 1 he populace uonliuued in a great state of excitement, aud Canton waa pla carded with threatening notices that me lactones would be attacked and burned. Theatricals, die. Miss Julia Burnett has made a most successtul debut at the Thealie Koyal, Hayrnarket, London Mr Caktkk, the " lion-king," has beeu very suc cessful at Asilty's Theutre, London. Madame Chlkstk uud Mr. WkBsTxa have taken the Adelphi Tiieatre, Loudon Madlle. F. Dialer has returned to London alter nvery succeaslul engagement at the Theatre Royal, Liverpool. Mr. John Farry, the celebrated buflo singer, la starring it in Liverpool. A theatre is about to be erected in Birkenhead, oppoaite Liverpool. Mr. Charles Kernble is delivering his Sbaks periau readings at the Collegiate Institution, Liver pool. Theatre Royal ( hatch street, Liverpool, opened lor the Beusou on the 7th inst. Madame Persiani, Signor Salvi, Signor Foraa sari, Signor Orsun, and fcignor Fuzzi are engaged at the Philharmonic Concerts in Liverpool. Vauxhall Gardens, London, have been re-opened in all ita pristine magnificence. The Theatre at Glouceater is about to be let as a warehouse. Miss Christiana Weller has been ergaged as principal pianist for the Gloucester Musical Fes tival. Miss Whitnall has been recently singing at the Isle of Man, where her vocal tHoriawere greatlv admired. This lady is engaged to sing al the Phil harmonic Concert, at York, in company with Mr. Braham and liiasons. Mademoiselle Rachel is devoting her genius to the study of l.nglish, tor the purpose of acting the leading characters of bhakspeare. Arrangements are being made in Manchester for the election of a new Theatre Royal, which is to be ten yards longer and iwenty inches narrower han the one recently destroyed. The new theatre is to h ive four Irontages to as many streets, name lv, to Peter street, Museum street, South street and Windtlllil street. Mrs Nisbett has quitted the stage, and entered into the bondsnt wedlock with a gentlemen ol tiile and large fortune, holding u high appointment in the customs. Mr Templeton is engaged at the Liverpool Me chanicB* Institution, to give his entertainments at the commencement ot the eusuing month. . He proceeds fiom thence to Dublin. Mr. Compton, ol the Thea're Royal, Liverpool, has accepted nn engagement with Mr. Maddox, leasee of the Prince's Theatre, London Mr. Chas. Pitt and Miss E. Montague, are per forming the leading characters at the Theatre Roy. al, Liverpool Recently, Mr Harry, one of the clowns of A al ley's Amphitheatre, sailed on the Thamea from Vauxhall to Weatminister Budge, 111 a washing tub drawn by two geese. The river was lintd with spectators. The Haynmrket Theatre opens 011 th? 30th nit. with a powerful company, including Farren, Chas. Matthews, Madame Vestrs, Buckstone, Mrs. Glo ver, &c The piece selected lor ihe opening *u ihe revived comedy ot "The Confederacy Mr. Hime and Grant, are engaged at (he Princess' Thentre, London, which opened for the season on Ihe 3uth tilt. A Mr Mansfield, of Di-bden, a second Dsniel Lumber', is shout o exhibit in London. He weighs 33 stone 10 lbs, and six men can button comfortably in his coat. Speaking ol the beneficial influence of cheers on a player, it wan remarked that they give one outage. " Ay," said Mr* Siddons, " but what is better, they give one hrratli " The bride o| the Ojibbeway Indian, Nottenakm, irthe "Siron? Wind," has?e'urii> d to ihe parental root, she and her spouse not having been able to live comfortably together. The Haymatket Theatre opened on the 80;h ult. Among 1 lie company are ihe high names of Farren, Mrs. Gfover, Charles Matthews, i.nd Madame Ves tris. The mil,mew paid lo 'he two latter are enor mous?exceeding juiriily ?70 per week. The Princess' Theatre, 111 Oxford street, opened on the 30ih ult, a comparatively new but prosperous concern. Opera and ballel, wuh li^ht dramatic pieces, constitute the entertainments. A favorite Parisian vocalist, Mademoiselle Nau.has bee# en* <Hged to succeed Madame Thillon, who, has trans ferred her services to Drury-Lune. ..Covent Garden is to be opened, it is said, for Promenade Concerts Rumors are afloat thai Mac* ready, on his return Irom America, will restore it to its departed glory, and that he will be joined by Mrs Bit'ler, who returns to the stage. The theatre at Matkei Drayton has keen turned into h barn, a rev> rsal of the old syaiem. Burkstone snd Mrs Fiiz?illi?m have been very successful at Manchester, their eiigsgement having been renewed thiee times. J. Knowles, jiiii , is about to erect u splendid theatre at Manchester, on the site ol Wellington Hotel and Concert Room. Measures are in progress for the erection of a new concert hall in Preston. S< mewhere about ?5,(100 of the required capital has been already subscribed. The Rev F. Close, of Cheltenham^ denounced the Gloucester Musical Festival, which is under 'he patronage of ilia bishop, as immoral and pro fane. The Italian ar'lsis, who were lately at the con certs here, are plnymg " Norma," " Serniramide," ami other operas at the Thealie Royal, Dublin The collection made at the cloae of ihe first day's performance at Ihe Gloucester Musical Fes, in behalf of the charitable fund, amounted to ?IR1 IHi 41; in 1841 the sum was ?130 124 4d. 'I he members ol tlie musical protessioo in Man ches er have formed themselves into s society, with a view to att'ord to the inemuers assistance when ige or disease shall have rendeted them incapable ol pursuing their profe^-sion. A child of the sge of eight yesrs, named Miss Heron, is drawing crowded houses at the Liver pool Amphitheatre, performing the favorite charac ters of the lamented Power, The papers state she appeared in the character 'if Paddy Murphy, Tim Moore, and Teddy the Tiler On eech occasion she evinced the utmost self-possession, and, by her archness, drewlor'h the loudest acclamations. The theatrical world of Norwich snd C ambridge have been recently delighted with Mr and Mrs. Charles Henri's performance of some ?t their best charactt rs They were enthusiastically received in both cities, an.f the local journals speak of ihem in th* bis best term*. (insi, Favanti, Mario, and b Lablacne, were to iisve perloimed Kossim's " Mater" in tha rheaire Royal, Dubhn, last week, but Mr O'Coa tiell limitsied .igainst the performance ol such a Altered composition within ths walls of a Ihestraj ihe manager, Mr Calcralt, waited upou Mr O'Con nr II, to remonstrate with him, but without success. Madame Tsgliona is said to have accepted an eugigemeiit in the United States for one year; ?10,000 being secured to the fsir Sylphide, with probable oontingenm < f n much UrK'*r sum ? vVtth this tour Lu Si/iyuMi lakes !> iveol tin' Ht**e,