Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 1, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 1, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Ho. XW-Wholt Ho. 3004. NEW YORK. FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 1, L844. , Vrlat Tm Cutit THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORIJ). To the Public. THE NEW YORK HERALD?Daily Newapap?-l?nb llslied every day of the year evcept New Vhi'i Day sad Fourth of July, Pnee 2 oeuts pet copy?of $7 36 par annum?postages paid?cash iu advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?pnblbhed svery Saturday morning? prior GJ( cents pot eo;>y, or 93 It per um'ffl?post sgu paid, cub iu advance. ADVERTISERS are informed that the cirenlation of the Herald it over TH1RTV-KIVE THOWSA^D, and laeicwma (mi IX hat the I arte si circuiMlivn of any paper m thu city, <r the wm Lti, ittid, iii, therefore, ".e oetl channel for bunneti ren in rx city sr lotm'ry. Pri?^ moderate?caah in advance PHINTINOof all kiadi executed at the inoit moderate price, and ui the moat elegant ?tyle. JAMES (JORDON BENNETT. PaopaiKToa or tri Herald Eitablishmkwt, Northwaat aoruer of Falun and Naaaaa streets. NEW YORK AND HARLEM RAILROAD* COMPANY. . ,n .. ni. urwiT i mini win I an loar times a day earb way. Leaving City II II fnr Harlem, ilittth street.) Monvania, Ford* ham, \Ci|iinm'< Bridge, Haut'a Bridge, Underbill's, Tuckahoe, li rt'a Hoadand W hue Plains, at 7.30 A. M., 10.30 A. M., 1 P; M. \u ' 3 .10 P. >1. Hemming?will leave White PUina, at 8 A. SL II A M.. 1.30 P. M . ?ud l P. M. 'IV Westchester Train will stop only, after leaving the City HaII at tlie corner of Broome and the Bowery Vam 1m 11 Gar daa ?ad *7th atraat. An Kxtra Car, will, however, precede ?arh Train, tan ininnlea before the time of starting from the CifJ II II.aid will take on PMMMM slong the line. ? itra Harl- m Trains, for Harlem and intermediate places, will run as follows:? La ant? ii t Hall: Leave Hablem: At ? A. M. At i A. M. 10 A. M. 10 A M. IP.M, il A. M. 4.3<i P. M. 3 1' M. n?|?? ?r 5 SO P. M. WL\ Tt K A K K A "u E ? ?N T FARE THREE SHILLINGS FROM PATERSON TO JER8KY CITY. Oa an'1 after the let of October the ears will leave? Para ??> Depot. I New Yoaa. tat of October I r . Depot. I ... ? o'clock A. M. I t o'clock A. M. " p. M. I U* '? *-*? en ttVTOAVt, ?o' KIIK HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. The Ron] Mail Staamshipg ACADIA and /^gjT^^lXHIBER.NIA.will leave Boaua, for the above porta, u follows > AeaJjA, Wui. Harrison, Esq., Con., on Friday, Nov. lit, next. II i harm a, A. Ryes. tea.. Cow., ou Ma tarda y, Nov. 16th, next. ftSS u b35?.- y:::::: *?: A,vlr ta l?. ?IUOHAM. Jr., Agent. MiMoBceof Haradeu It Co., OH No. 3 Wall atteat FOR NEW ORLEAN*-8teara Ship I ALABAMA.?1This s enmer is expected back ifrom New Orleans iu a few days, and it is in tended to des|iat h her nam lor the aame ?pl ?:?? an a day to be hereafter named, between tlx- 10 . And o li ot November. Slie may touch at Havana to land laiaeturers, should enough oiler to make it an < Uj-ct. Kiw lA'Uii' or light freight, apply to O. MERLE, a JO Iw'sc 286 Front St. BHIIISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS. . Of UM tons aad 441 horse power each.? Under eon tract with the Lords of the Ad| ? uuralty. lllbr.HNIA. Captain Alexander Ryrie. < At.a.UONIA, Captain Enward G. Lott. A' AU1A, ('aj?Aiu MtUnun Harrisoa. BHITANNIA Capuiu John Hewitt CAMBRIA, ..... .. Captain CVH. E. Jndkins. Will sail free, Liverpool sad Buetou, via. Hwlfax, as foUowi: From Soaton. From Liverpool. (.aiwtoaia, Lott Aacast ICth. ? Acadia. HarrtMa. ..Sapt. tec. Atuput4th. Hibernit, Rfris . 1M. ^ 30th. TVee VMaels etLrry eapenaaeed saqreons, and are supplied with Lifr Knats. For iieiclM or paaeaaa, apaly la D. oKIOHAM, Jua., Agent, aw tr No. ] "Wall arnet. '"????.J li!>. NKVV ZfMAUBUA* 11144, i'-r*P!RE, 1 CAriAIN D HOWE. e?ou. aTfollows':? WUr,y <,Brin? ^ " Jndaa; Au* II, .. at 7 P. M aMicauo. BatUrtJay, r...?t 4m Monday, " 4o Tv2<Urj ?*.1. ' *? W.da.sfc^ a.,.al ? 1 lninNLiv, N.it.T # TV tMHIUL _ wt t inctof hoM, i Tharadav "31... at 4o linnMUv, Nov.7 ..at do | Friday, Nov. 14... at do IV EMPIRE is tot fast ia leagth, 31 feat ? inchee beam, 14 rt i indies hold. avaaaniHl ISO loae, aad is the largest a team boat alloat ui kilaad wakwa. Eagtue M0 horsepower, boilers Provided with Evau's Pafeat Mairty Valval, to prevent the posai biiity of au earioeioa. 1'hr < abia it wtt teat laag, with separate Halorais for Ladiea aad < ?eotl?a?e??scaeioat (Mate Rooau esisiid the whole length, venulatad by daors opraiac froas the lueide aad oat, and all parte af the boat sf ftniafced aad famiehad iu a atria naeqnailed by a?r other in tlte ?ar1d Ample acoommodatieas for Steer iff* I'asaaugera, ia tumr laics well vevulated Cabiaa, one of which s awtropnair-l esclaslvaly ta femaUa 1'ie boat is provided wtlh a good band of masic. Wi^eins, Maui It Ui? Buffalo, 1 H- Noaroa k Ca? Chicago, > Ageats. J. S. Ei.eaar, Detroit. ) i> N. BARNEY, It CO.. Aogt't'. 1, 1*44. Clevelasd. nntaoDvlrc gSXLA teaaac staten island FERRY. Foot or Whitehall 1T> Koais will raaaa lol Ion a oa and after Sapt. 30. LEAVE NEW YORK: 8, and It, A. M.; 11%. Ik and P. M. P. 8 ?All gooda aa>t be particularly marked, and are at the rfak of the awuera thereof. sSt ~HOUR CHANGED TO SIX O'CLOCK, P. M.?Oh and after Monday, dept. 16th, 1344. the Night Line to ALBANY AND TROY willcaiiii* trie hoar of tt^yanure from 7 to (o'clock. P. M., aud will l.uid at Ponghkeepaie during tlw great Fair ana Cattle Rhow. K :kp To eeniaiwly to Poughkeepeie. I'ko stMnnar SWALLOW, Ca|>t. A. McLean, Moaday 16th, and Warfniwdav, lit*. The tteamer ALBANY, Captaio R. B Macy, '1'anaday, 17th, T'aarsday, lwh, at 6 o'clock, from Cort lauili air et i<iar. Vioiaing l.aiie, at 7 o'clock, from Barclay street paer, tha TROY Mid EMPIRIC. J nig ilie gmu Fair and Cattle Show, Tuesday. 17th, Wednesday, Isih, and Tbarsday, 19th. will redace the fare te 7t Till; to and from Poach keen <10 and New York. al3 NEW YORK. Ai.MANY IND TROY STEAMBOAT LIN*. F40R A1.BANY AND TROY.?Moruag ?Line from the foot of Barclay street, landing .at intermediate places. 1'l.e HiMiaf-r EMPIRE, Captain 8. R. Roe, Monday,Wednes day and Friday Moeamg at 7 o'clock. The Hwamer MlOY, Captain A. Gorham, Tneaday, Thmrs day fuiil .'Utnrdar Vionnna, at 7 o'clock. keening Line lioia -he toot of Courtlaadt street, direct. The Steamer RWALLOW, Captain A. McLean, Monday, Weilui-ailny uid Frolav Evening, at I o'clock. Ti? Steamer Al.tfANY, Captaiu H. U. Macy, Tneeday, Thunder and SaUi|.Mv Evening, at t o'clock. The lloats of 'tua Line, owing to their light draaaht of wa ter, are able at all Laarai to paas the hats, aad irach Albany and Trey m <Am;>le tiitae to lake the morning train of cars lor the -ast or west. Pol pnpaage or frfight, snply oa board, or at the oAeae on the wharr-A a* PLEASANT AND CHEAP EXCURSIONS! .-/; mw<Cii JiHlUiNOKMENT. NEW BRIGHTON, TORT RICHMOND. (8TATKN l?LAIit>,) A.ND NEW VOHK FERRY, From Pier No. 1, North River, fiKit of Battery Place. Th* Blramboat CINDERELLA, will ran la ? toljijws. Daily, from May *tth to OcCiO-m in, ?I?I1 ??leaves Nsw York at land li a'clocg, A. v.. X.L J>a, ? audi I*. M. L. w 1 Port MsiVunnnd. at 30 minutes to 3, aad It minutes to 10 A. HI; tvt I, ijf ae.1 0^ P. M. ^ Le.ivei New B, mid ton a) 3 and 10 A M.; at 1M, 1 aad 7J( tru Sticday?Lenvas Nia* York, at 9 and 11 A. M.; at 3, 6 aad (P.M. Li-evea I'urt Kiefc ood, at 30 minutee to I aud It AM; at 1, :> and 7K P. M. V-A. Vn4i M?r 1*. Itt mvll ?m*re FARE REDUCED FOR CRGTONVJLLE. HlNii SING, TARRYTOWN. .Mrn mm Ill'MNt/. WlLTSIE-SboCK,HASTING# flTT>i?3*A\u YttNKF.RS.-On aad after Saturday, w" mi AT 3l?t. 1M4. thd? n?w aud subttuiual atei.ulxiat W ASHINGTON IHVING. Cant Hiram Tuthill, will leave the tool of C'hiitaher street far the above places, daily at 1 P. M.. Sunday eir.epted. Returaiug, will lea we Crotonville st h>4, anil ^ing Sinu at7 o'clock m M., land lug at the foot of liaHimond itreet eaiTn way. 1* or i>asaage or freight, apply on board, or to STEPHEN B. TOVPKIVH. \<n Weet atieef. s3?m?re FOK BATH, GARDINER AND HALLOWELL. 'ilie new steamer PENOBSCOT, Captain ?N. Kimball, leaves the end of T wharf, Boston, ..every Tneedav and Friday evenings, at 5 o'-hx'k. Singes will be in readiness on her arrival at the above pi-~?e. tuafnyet iwaaeng?e? 10 the neighhorins 'owna PtiurisE'a1 l.iiME of f> TLA.MBua 1 s Hul ALBANY. DAILY, Sundays excepted?Through direct, ' itH P- M., from he Steamboat Pier between otutlendt and Liberty streets, ? flw Steamboat KNICKERBOCKER. Captain A. P. Bt. John, Monday, Wedaeadar aud Friday Eveuiuas at 6 o'clock. Tlw Stwimlve* KUilllrJTEH. Captain A. Houghton, on Towd>.v', Ttiursdav aeW Wasnrdav- Evenings, at 6 o'clock. ?<</aa ase laot of Barclay street. At Five o'clock. P. W.--1 raiding at Intermediate Places. I'n ' .ramh'MU NORTH AMKftlCA. t-apuiu H O Cut trnaien. vloaiday, Wednesday, Friday ana fhsnday Afternoons, 'ih?''."^asmboat COLUMBIA, Captain William H. Peek, ITnea^ay, 'l%?r?dav and Satnrdav AOernoona, at 3 o'cloak. ,.. .- I.'II uaA?ag rutin of Ute above lines will nrrivr 1* A'^Miy in ample t?a?? to take the Morning Trains of Cats fot tlw nil or west, 'l^w boau am new and aunatantial. ars far *i*k*4 witii nrw aad ?''?at (tat* rooim and for spsed and as soaomoitationa, an aunvalled oa the Hm. All persona am favbid trusting any of tha boati of tMl line, withont an onlav tram the Captain. atu?'"u f c OLD ESTABLISHED EMIGRANT PASSAGE OFFICE MM MM HEHDMAN, 61 SoutI^tn*t7Naw The subscriber continue* to make arrangi-mants to bring ont liosaengers from Great Britain and Ireland, (via Livarpool), who may be ravaged at this office, or with any of hi> areola in the United States, on board the packet ships sailing from Liver pool every fire davs?aud in order to afford every facility, lie will have despatched superior American shi|* in New Yorkaud Boatou,'every week, during the year. Those sending for their friends may rely that the same due and diligent attention will be shown them aa heretofore, and should any of those s*nt for not embark, tlie money will be refunded, as customary; and thsse remitting money to tneir friends, can have Drafts uia Bills oT Exchange for sums to rat, maud at the followiug banks, (without diacoun i?yable on de iscuunt or any other w?Maaira. J. Bult, Son It Cn., Bankers. London; J. Barnod & Co., Liverpool; the National rrotiucial Bank of England and Branches, throughout England and Walas; York Ct District Bank and Branches; Birmingham Banking Co.; caster Banking Co. IRELAND? National Bank of Ireland and Branches, and Provincial Bank of Ireland and Branahas, in all ths principal towifWjhroughoat the Kingdom. SCOTLAND?Easieru Bank of Scotland ajid Branehaa Greenuck Banking Co. in Glasgow and Oreenock. Persons residing in the oountry and wishing to send money to their friends, may insure ita being dona satisfactorily, on their remitting the amount they wish sent, with the name audaddresa of the person for whom it is intended; a draft for the amouut will then be forwarded per first packet or steamer, and a receipt for the same returned by mail. 'SSittf AliKMS'.ffto ?. OLD LINE LIVERPOOL PACKETS. " The CAMBRlDOE. The ENGLAND,'C B"*tOW,{ Jut. /? ? 73,t0n,>a? , \<JZ I* Dec. ! The OXFOKD, BMtUtt- < 1? April 1 *?? toi., Lt < Nov. } &?? \t The MONTEZUMA^ "'1 '] ,00#tor? , ? J Nor 16 52?* } The EUROPE, Lowbar.r March 16 May 1 ^ \ dX } jli'' g TkuNFW vniilr'i i '>4'"" ' May 16 rk"rawi?S'7'? j ^ Art m1, 1 Feb. 16 T^VOHlK1U:'<^W, ^y >< No" " The ' l>.G.B?leyJ^y % ^ } not ?un?ssed iu j>omt of elegance or comfort l.y>^C^^mCU^^l'0,',? ?r m ^''ffutMiling qualities <wil?!j?.NM,nT^,i"te ,rr> we" known as men of character and oaperisiice, una jhfi strictest attention will always be uaid tn promote the comfort and con venienee of passenger*. heretl'.fore, ** reg1lrd" ^ day of ?"!???. will? be observed as DolUn1*?.?Si ?it?***' 10ntw""1 ??. now (lied at One Hondred pruvidwlWith thewSE? ,t0?' 01 tytryA description, will he neither the> captain or owners of tlieae Ships win be maDon ?OODHyE k CO. 64 South street. From New York N. Ship QUEEN OF THE WE8T, i UiW tons P. Woodhouae. New Ship ROCHESTER, 160 tons, I John Britton. Ship HOTT1NGUER, 1060 torn, Ira Bursley. These substantial, fast sailing, first claaa Ships, a the city of New York, are commanded by men of experience and ability, and will bit despatched punctually on the 21st of each month. Their Cabins are elegant and commodious, and are furaislied with whatever cm couuuce to the ease and comfort of passen gers. Price of Passage, f 100. Neither the Captains or owner* of these- Ships will be respon sible for any parcels or pscbses sent by them, on leas regular bills of lading are signed theMor. For freight or passage, apply to YVOODHULL fc MIPCTURNS, ?7 South street, New York, or to FIELDEN, BROTHERS, It CO., j 14 ec Liverpool FOR >KW ORLEANS?Union Line?Firat |sM> Kagular Packet with despatch?Ths *ast sailing packsi jffifilbship AUBURN, Capt , will sail as above. Havnig very superior accommodations for cabin, second cab it and steerage pas?en>srs, persons wishing to vmbark, should m ike early application on board, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, n!J3rc 100 Pjne street, cornsr of Ssuth. FOR LONDON-Packet of ll* 1st Nov .-The fine ? new packet ship VICTORIA, Captain Margan, will HM^Hapuuctnaily sail as above, her regular day, and has very superior accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steeragr passengers, who will lie taken at very' reasonable rates, if earl) application be made to W.kJ. T. TAPSCOfrT, <>?) 76 ftoiith afreet. corner Maiden ~5?F PASSAGE FOK LIVEKPUUL?Packet of the Mtfk 1 s' November. The splendid, fast sailing packet ship JHBBhOXFORD, C apt. Raihbons, sail* positively as above, her regular day. This ship has excellent accommodations for cabin, second cabin and .steerage passengers. Those wishing to secure berths make early application on board, or to W k J. T. TAPSCOTT, o30 76 Bonth streets comer Maiden Lane. "tJg- for LIVERPOOL?Ths faat sailing ship ISA tJjWW BELLA, Captain Bright, will be despatched in a few This splendi 4 ship offers a most dasirabla conveyance for cabi n and steerage passengers. For r&ssage, apply to JOHN HERDMAN, oJO 61 South street. KOR LIVERPOOL?The New Lme-RrkuUt s^JVW Packet 21st November.?The splendid New York built JMK??cket ship HOTTINGUER, Captain Ira Bursley. 1660 tons ^nrthern, wilt sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having vary superior accommodations unsurpassed by any ship in port, apply to the Captain on board west side Burling slip, or to WOODHULL It MINTURNS, (7 South street. Price of Tasaage 1100 o24rc KOR LIVERPOOL Regular racket of6th Nov (?MSWThe sple' did first class, fast sailing packet ship IN JBttbDEPENDENCE, Captain F. P. Allen, will sail as above. Iter regular day. Having accommodations for cabin, second cabin and steerage passagers, far superior t > those of any other ve-o-ls in port, per sons >< isliing to embark should make early application on board, ?oot of Maidru Laue, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, o29rc 100 Pine street, coruer of South. iff PACKET FOR MARSEILLES?Of lst.Nov. JffWThc uew A. No. 1 barque MISSOURI John Silveatrr. will sail as abova. For lieight, or iNisssge, having handsome state room accom mo<l tuoua, apply on board at 1'ier No. 1 N. R., to LAWRENCE k PHELPS, No. 103 Kr?nt street, or to BOYD k HINCKEN, Agents, otjre No t Tontine Bailding, cor Wall and Water sta. f.iK NEW l?RLEtNS?buiou ums-h irst iMLnvulu locket with despatch?The fast sailing packet iHLhip UNION, J. B. Battome, master, is now loading and will have immediate dispa'ch. For cabin, second cabin and steerage (auengers, having superior accommoda ion, early ap plication shouQ be '?ade <>u board, at Murrey's wharf, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, ?len ?tr-?t cim-f of Houth street K OR LONDON?Regular Packet of the 1st Nov. The splendid, first class, fast sailiug packet ship -VI TOKIA. ( ai'tam Mornaii. will sailaa above, Iter M ?The tiilendid. nr?t clais. last sailiua pacaM ? ,Vl'/rOKIA, ( squill .Morgan, will sail as above, iu?mg Tery superior sccommodsti^ns forc?bin, second cal>in sad iie^rsfe |??sse?ners, persona wishing loembark snoulu inaae ^ TosKPH McMURRAY. t nttrt l?0 Pin* strest, Co ner of South. KOR LONDON?Packet of t?f 1st Novrmbw,? ,The packet ship VICT<iJt!A, Captain Morgan, will I as above. Iter r gular day. MS ngfci Ml AS moitwr. in i "-7 ? . b,K ...?i<kp Imtuh ??i<ertor accommodations, spplv to ir' 1 JOHN HKHDMAN, ?1 Honth street. "iiiT t,LU ESTABLISHED. PACKM' OKFU E.6I mSVWSouth street?Passage to and from Oreat Britain and ABLlrelaad. via Liverpool. Psaaage ran at all tiinea b? rTlTTTl the lowest rales to and from Liverpool, by the regu tarWket ships sailing nsdsr the new arrangement every If days, and <k?ru can as asual l>e famished for w?y hie st the Natioual and Provincial Bank, keland, awl then branches, and dtrosghoat the United Kingdom. ?? wall as atjsll theismc pal banking luatitutiona in England, Scotland and Wsi? without discount or any other charge.. For farther par ticulare. if by letter, poet paid, ()MAN. ? ,L " PASSA<iK FOR NEW ORLEANft-Poeitively ribe first racket or pMifr free, MHbt?rket of the if November?The ?pj?ndid faat tailing aTnTip ORLEANS. Captain Saars, will |M?mvly sail aa r^hi^fo^arel^rtha should not fa.l u? make ~ly application on board, foot rf Maidejs Lane, or^n^ ;OTT oM 76 South street, corner Maiden Laae. _ iti a< k"sALL OR OLD LINE OF LIVER ML POOL P ACK ETS? FOR LI V ERPOOL-Only -t '*?. 1st of November. T'hfSa^iifcLtanJ remarkable fast sailing pMket .hip OXFORD, < a|>nain John Rathbone. will positively sail 01 Kriday the 1st of November, her regular day. .. . ? It is well known that the aceommodaiions of the Oxford, and all tt? eight sh.|S ?;( this ?runrt^xataaBaiK in preference 10 any other. . ??.k. url> anoli to tha subscribers ROCHK. *?OTHERS k CO., 0lfrc 16 Kulton street. ee?t door u> the j? ullon Baal. ^ JgjyU^.r November. Korrreight or paaosfeapyly to >ovy ^ ?,N(;R?N ollee No. iTnsti*. Bsilding. eo? Wall and V> ?'er sis. PASSAOE FOR SAVANNAH ?Packet of the 2Hh October -The sr lead id faat sailiog b"? ,EXC EL, t opt- Smiui, sails pnaitively aa abova, hat ^V'he'vaseels balongiHt W? tbia line an wall ksows lB sail pun? milT asadrortisedans their sccemmod-tions to ba unaqusllsd o. tJSPr... of a^jTj.VT*rjKgrfrT_ The Episcopal Pastoral Letter. To the Clergy and Membert of the I'rotettant Epis copal Church in the United State* of America. Brktbkkn:?Since our last Pastoral Letter loyou, our Heavenly Father Itaa been fit, in his mysterious providence, to take from us two of our number, our venerable presiding brother ot the Eastern Diocese, and the no less highly esteemed Bishop of Virginia. . Very wor'hy persons having succeeded in their respective Dioceses, the tears which their deaths occasioned were, in a measure, dispersed by the hand ot Divine Mercy, which otten strikes but to heal. . ., . . . The association of States which had composed the Eastern Dioceas, over which the Right Rev. Alexunder V. Grmwold presided, has, by hiadea'h, been dissolved, and three others consecrated to take the pastoral charge of separate portions of the same flack, viz i the Rev. Dootors Manton East burn, over Massachusetts; J. P. K. Henshaw.over Rhode Island; and Carlton Chase, over New Hampshire. Thus the spirit of heaviness at the loss of our Senior Bishop, has been exchanged lor the " gar ment of praise;" and the same may be truly said of Virginia "In the place of mourning" tor good Bishop Moore, the oil of joy has brightened the lace of that beloved Diocese, arid caused all hearts to rejoice in the consecration of the Kry. Dr. Jonn Johns, to be the Assistant Bishop, and the elevation 01 the Right Rev. William Meade, D. D ,to be the Bishop 01 that Diocese. Two other Bishops have been consecrated during this Convention, viz: the Rev. Nicholas H. Cobbs, to fill the Episcopate of Alabama, and Cicero Stephen Hawks, that ot Mis souri. Thus are we comforted in announcing to you the decease ol our beloved brother prelates As with Elijah and Elislia of old, the mantles ol those whom God hath taken to himself, we trusty have fallen on others whom he hath left with us. Brethren?In the pastoral letter of the House ol Bishops, issued Anno Domini, 1835, from the pen ot good Bishop White, it is thus recorded: " It has been the practice ot the Bishops, that in each of their triennial addresses, they have taken occasion to call your attentto i to some point or points characteristic of our Church, and attention to which is especially invited iu existing cireum stances." The points to which the present House of Bish ops, under existing circumstances, would most res pectfully invite your attention, are such, aB we trust, will tend to settle and strengthen your minds on the true principles ot our holy religion, viz: Fai h in Christ, as distinct from merit in man, and obedience to the will of God, as evidence ot the truth of that faith. Thus guarding you from the errors of Rome on the one hand, and those of the Antinoniians and Solofidians on the other In short, it shall be our aim to show you that "Christ is the end of the law lor righteousness to ^very one that believeth," and that "if ye will enter into life ye must keep the commandments." Nothing is more characteristic of our church than these scriptural truths. The law was given by iVloser, but graee and truth came by Jesus Christ -St. John, i. 17. And again, "The Scripture foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through l.iith. preached before the Gospel unto Abraham"?Gaf. iii. 8. . " The Covenant" made with Abraham, called here " Trie Gospel," or good tidings, was not " a covenant ol works," as the unbelieving Jews as serted. It was a covenant of grace, mercv and truth, through faith in Jesus Christ, whose ' day Abraham saw and rejoiced." It was aGos-pel co> venant which the ceremonial law could not disan nul. Four hundred years passed between this ??"" pel covenant with Abraham and the setting forth of the law asgiven by M<>?es. " Therefore,' saith the Apostle, " the law given by Moses, could not make the promise of salvation through the Mes siah ol none effect." It remained in the Apostles days the same as in the days ol Abraham, and it remain* the same now as then. It was and is a Gospel covenant ol unbounded love and free grace, through the atonement of the Son of God. The only difference between Abraham and ourselves, is in that he looked forwsrd, and we, in point of ume, look backward. He to the Savior then afar I off' to coine, and we to the Saviour, the same Sa viour, who hath come, now eighteen hundred years and more, to suffer ouce lor all upon the cross for the sins ot men. He in the dawn, we in the evening of the day of grace. The covenant made with Abraham to give him the kingdom of heaven or everlasting lile, signified by the appellation '* ol that better country,' (and the earthly Canu;ir. as ty|?e of it,) wis a distinct thing from that which was " addeil afterwards by reason of transgieFsion." Just as distinct from each other were these, as the firm foundation rock is distinct from any frail temporary superstructure. The Jewish ceretntnial law,although itself built on the promise of the Mes siah, was trail in itself, and servrti only a tempo rary purpose. It consisted of types and allegories, alluding solely to the Messiah and lulfilled in him The Apostle, speaking of Abraham, said, "The promise that he should be heir of the world was uot given to Abraham and his seed through the law, but through the righteousness ol failh. For, it ihey which are of the law be heirs, faith is made void, and the promise of none effect."* Let it here be asked: On what was this "faith based but on the promise of the atonement to fee made through a then future Redeemer!?a faith as firm as the promise was sure, that God would cer tainly fulfil the same, in his good time; as the same laith in His word was firm, that God would raise Isaac from thejdead the moment after he was slain. In this tremendous transaction, "Abraham saw Christ's day and rejoiced." "God will provide him *lf with a lamb." saith he. In his own laithtul mintl, he saw this "Lamb of God, slain lrom the foundation ot the world, and looking on the jromise, that it he slew his son Isaac, God would raise him instantly from the de_ad. In him he saw, as Jesus denominated himself, "the Resurrection -tnd the Life " Yea?in this transaction Abraham saw Jesus Christ overcoming death, man s greatest neiny, and his greatest punishment; he sa w him rise from the dead for the justification of all who -hould believe on his name. In this sense he re ceived his son Isaac in a figure of Christ risen ,r?Thehfew<s were blind to this blaze of divine truth. They shut their eyes to its divine instruction. Thev " loved darkneBS rather than light, because rheir deeds were evil. " The chief corner-stone, elect and precious, the builders refused. Uuterly rejecting him their true Shiloh, the ?um and sub stance of all their religion, they fell back on the trail fabrics ot thsir ceremonial law, declared by the Apostle to be only " shadows, types of good things to come,' and to be fulfilled in Christ. From this source, as from one fountain head, were all the religious errors of the Jewish faith derived. They vainly supposed that their sacrin ces atoned for sin, by inherent and appointed vir tue And it is remarkable that in this respect they are imitated so closely by the members of the Ro mish communion, who affirni that their Mcnhce in the mass, atones for siu. Nwthing can be more evident than that they are both in deadly errur both blind to this everlasting truth, viz: that <?od never accep'ed anyy?acritice/otlering, or atonement for sin but that which was' made by the Messiah, his Son Jesus Christ, "once for all, on tlhe cross A truth so plain that it is matter of wonder that *ny who know the scriptures should be ignorant o it. and at the same tune a truth so necessary, tha rrhffioii 18 vain without it. The ordiuauceii ot i rod b**for** the coming ot his Son, adumbrated i .or the most part, not gospel ordinances, but the Saviour himssifupon the cress; and gososl ordi nances commemorate the same Saviour*; both re reiving their plenitude in ChriBt Jesue. Ihe tor merTn the morning ; the Utter in the evening o the day of grace; both being shadows on the dial i iim? iiurinr the day of probation allotted to ??? ct'i? W? If" "" and ih' only Gnomon,martini "7"".'" by his ordinances iron, the creation to the end of "onthl.dial at high noon, emphatically .tyled "the fuln.iol time*" wb?D th? Bun ol N?Uteou.?MWM?t nil own meridian no .hadow wli ca?t on ths dial. All, 111 fSlflllsd "It i* ftni.hed," ...d the .polls.. Lamb hi (loJ a. he poured out hi. life-blood for .inner*. . tni.h " -MhT.tonemen'. I. maie, which nothing ?!., o<aid or can make, frsm the beginning to the end ol "lfhe .upper sf the Paoover.did f.intly .hadow 1ihi., in antieliltioE The .upper of the Crow, by res-cno. liaht esftts s de*per .hade to commemorate the ??me. In ueHk-r ca<e wss there, or oan thsrs he a rssj xtonsment, but by luv-Uing tue bl..i. )ernou. d?^tnne ol rr?n.ub.tantiaUon, snd ths ai.saninauls idolstne. ol Ihe "i!a.?* lot. .b. o? anddwended lor .Walton on thsoutwa.d -eremonie. of theirlew, believing that their .ncrificf.ol hemaelve. atoned for .in How widely ipreari among the Knmanl.ta I. a similar opinion, that the ?aor "ccaol th< Chriatian altsr atone for s?! Yea not only^in th?i Re r sss-s; ,??? lo Aoit ?IU oot < huroh, u he did Jerusalem of old for this sin f^Tbs ?Resn tv. U r thi? Nin were rejected of Ood,and f?w ?ince have become outcasts fiom the diviiu favor. They lean ad on that lalse principle,that brokeu rued, that dangerous supposition, in believing that their ajcritice* and ritual solemnitie* atoned tor ?in ; and, in consequence of this, they rejected their true Messiah, and were, and are (till rejected el Him. In thi* condition of excitement they wiu remain until they repent and beliere the gospel, whioh unto Abraham their Father was " preached be fore, and for this teaaou was called "the everlasting gospel -vit. that by the blood ot the "Lamb of Ood, ?lain iron the foundation of the world, and once lor ail

poured out u:on the cross, is the atont ment made and sin ful man justified." Till they believe in this true found* ?JS.? 'trUe r*'lf'on, they remain in their siu?. rhe same may be said of those who believe in the false atonement set forth by the Romish mass in the decrees of the Council ot Trent. By these decrees that whole com munion> wastthrown into a condition similar to that of the Jews ; both the one and the other held and still ho d that ",'e ia"' and the ritual solamuity do atone lor ' Tub articles ot our Church afford us stable ground On which to atand in guarding you froni these errors ol the Church of Homa Take these articles in the sense of their framera, and aa set forth and investigated by the most distinguished divines, and there can be no mutake. 1 hese articles thus interpreted, we hold in great rever ence, and entraatjyou to consider them in the same light listening te no Interpretation that will draw you Irom the Prote taot faj'h Besides the articles, we commend to your serious conaileraticn the Hoasiliea of our Church : and next to tbaa the pastoral letters unanimously adopt oa by thin Haiim nf Rrahopx:, and mot lorfl. tu the WllOie Church. Examine these pastoral letters, and you will see how decidedly they oo.demii all leaning to papal Rome on the one hand, and Antinumiun er rora on the other. How they warned vou against the over-valuation of the Fathers, so aa to rank with the Holy Scripture* as a joint rule of faiih, and at the same time bow they freely admit their authority as evi dence in matters ol laot when determining what are the book* of Holy Scripture, and what were the primitive worship ot the church Nothing cas be more decided than the testimony of disapprobation borne by theae pas toral letters against the Romish doctrine ot purgatory, the'invooati n ?< saints, the supremacy of the Pope, and thn idolatries involved in the doctrine of Pransubstan tiation Being pledged by our consecration vowa to drive from tbe church all false doctrine, that the pure faith of our fai hers may be transmitted to our descendants as wc re ceived it, we cannot but feel deeply anxious concerning the ordination of candidates for the ministry; for on the.e the character of our Protestant Church, in lutureages entirely depends. We feel it our duty to t eclare that no P?'"0I* ahould be ordained who is not well acquainted ? !o landmarka whioh separate us from the Church ,n<1 bein* ,0t who will not distinctly declare aJ hBW,ilr *<ljuring her oorrtip'ions, a? our Reformers did; and It Is our aoiVmn o.un.ri to all (?releasors in our '(Geological seminaries and all othe a who are concerned in the preparation ot candidates for Holy Orders, to be faithful in their duties, that neither Romanists on the ono hand, nor the enemies ol the Epis copal Church on the other may have cause to boast that we have departed in the slightest degree from the spirit and principles ot the Relormation, as exemplified in the Churoh ol England. To keep the priciplea of our reformation frem contami nation, a careful readiug of the Holy Scripture is a sure menus ; and we do think it our bounden duty to enjoin I this practice of our relormers on all, especially beads of families. The Old Testament being read with the New, as appointed in our Calendar, is here alluded to. We have taken them in connection, aa you sea, in this Pasto ral ; and we hope with good effect, in imprinting the truths ot our H*ly Religion on our minds, with a view to holiness of life. We have maitf ainexl that the covenant made with Abra ham is an evangelical covenant. It must follow, there*, font, that all things whioh attended it, as to Its operations id Abraham and his immediate descendants, are ol great importance to us If we be children of Abraham's taith, baseen the same iruit* aa in Abraham. Ood called him o?t of Un of the Chaideea, Irom his country polluted by idolatry, and Irom Ins wicked kindred theie A nd to induoehim so to do, he set befote him the land of Canaan?a land aa yat unknown to him, but by Divine promise. Abraham believed this promise and obeyed this call. He want out from his country and kindred, and proceeded on hia journey, " whither he knew not" And having arrived in Canaan he repoaed on its aoil, though us yet having no poasessions in it? no, not so much aa a bury ing-place. Theae things teach us that be "aeught a Heavenly country," and considered the earthly only aa an emblem thereof. Thus the whol becomes, aa the apostle teaches, "an ensample unto us." We also are called out of a wicked and idolstroua world, andfromfour kindred in transgression unto a land of promise," not tDjoyment; into a Churoh militant, not yet triumphant. In this Church wa arc to live the life of faith and hope, as Abraham did. The unbelieving inha bitants of the land saw this holy man ot liuth among them; but they never thought of his being, at that very time, heir to the whole country; least of all did they dream that he had set his , flections on a heavenly coun try , ot whioh the earthly Canaan was oaly a type. The case is the lamoet the present day. When ungodly men sea true Christians renounce i he world in their baptism, and freely g.ve up it* pomps and vanitiaa, in order to 4r. herit the promise now, and he aafter to enjoy the reality of a Heavenly Canaan, u land of rest and peace, all it an enigma?au unexplained thing?a matter of doubt, it not ot ridicule and contempt. But let not true Christians lie discouraged Like Abtaham'*, their gains shall he gieut er than their looses; and our blessed Lord hath said ? " Whosoever will save his lile shall lose it?but whoso ever shall lose his lifi- for my sako, and th.* gospel's, the name shall save it"?' lor w hat shall a man give in ex change for his own aoui.'" It's the characteristic ol unbelief to rely on present ai> pearances But the word of Ood tenches a different les son. This lesson Abraham learned from the inanuer of life which Sod caused him to lead. Krom its unsettled and wandering state, he learne I that the earthly promises and possessions themselves were but shadows of heavenly things ; that thefand which Ood covenanted to give him was but a type ol a heavenly country ; and so long us he believed and had hope in that which was above, the full I enjoy ment of that whioh was upon earth was, to his taith ful mind but of minor consequenoe. As scholars in the same school of heavenly instruction, the Apostle comprehends both Isaac and Jacob, as heirs ol the same promises with their father Abraham; though i they, like him, never owned a foot of ground in Cariam j and he expressly speaks of their raising their hopes aliuve this world to a heavenly country by faith in Ood'* pro mises. " By faith Abraham sojourned in a land of pro mise, as in a strange country, dwelling In tabe nacles with Isaac and Jaceb, the heirs with him ol the same pro mise ; lor he looked lor a city wh ch hath foundation, whose builder and maker Is Ood These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them .?far off; and were persuaded of them ; and embraced them tud confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth ; lor they that say such things declare plainly that ther srek a country, a better country, that is an heavenly, where Ood ia not ashamed to be called their Ood j for he hath prepared lor them a city." We hate Irom thia statement, the Church's doctrine concerning several particular*. The Abrahamical being a (Jo-pel covenant, the same aa the Christian?both rest ing 011 the atonement ol tt.e Messiah, aa the only met itori otis causa of proff. red salvation?it is evid. nt, that he in ititutions ot both avail only 'When considered as represen tative, and are accompanied by faith iu their reception. The sacrifices of Abraham, and those commanded by the Law of Moses, had no value in themselvea ; and when Grformed without faith in the atonement of a coming essiah, they had no eiflcacy. They were hut aa sha dows to the aubstance ; and when that substance was re moved from the eye of faith, even the shadow was dia pleaaing in the eyes of tbe Lord. " To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices unto me 1" saith the Lord. " I am full of the burnt-offering of rams and the fat of led beasts, and I delight not in the blood of bullocks or of Iamb* , bring no more vain oblation* " Isa i. II. Even so it is with the ordinances of the Christian covenant "The letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life" Hence the Church inters the true import of all those expression* in Scripture which tend to exalt faith and deny works ; they are aroiks of unbelief which she denies; works done without taith in Christ. These she declares are not pleat ing to Ood, in herxiii Article. But docs she the same with the works ot laith a* In Abraham I By do mean* : she condemn* snoh work* as the Jews relied on : such work* as tbe deluded < hurch nf Rome telle* on aa meritorious and saving by their own nperatiou ? works as a cau^e, not condition ol salvation ; and such works also the Apostle condemns ; such works eve y true Christian condemn* But in so doing, neither Abraham nor tbe Apostle, nor the reforaieu Church of England, nor the Protestant Episco pal Church of these United States ol America, sets aside the ne< esaity of work* wrought through faith in Christ. Such " good works" as these, all branches ol the Univer sal Chuiohof Christ, aa the Apostle exhorta, " are care, lul to maintain " (I Titus, Ui 8) Again: Contrary to the opinion of thoae who assert that the promisea to the Patriarchs either failed in them selves, er were fulfilled to their posterity only in ? tem poral sense, you have seen, dear brethren, that they were all, in a due ? ourseof fulfilment even then, when it might be most truly aaid of them, that " they were stranger* and pilgrim*" in the very land of promise ; lor they sought another and " a better country, 'a reality nf which Ca naan was but the shadow. Even so now, we have i more during promise ot a better land, compared with whieh the world and all ita enjoymenta are but a* shadows. Tbi? land ha* been purchased for ua by the sufferings ol the captain of our salvation, Jean* our spiritual " Joshua.1' We know this i* taught us through an allegory; hut we are also sut* this allegory i* divinely appointed Ood'* word, like the ray*of the tun, reveals this heart-cheering doctrine to us, that this life is but a journey to a land ot everlasting rest. The light ofOod's word reveals it to us," by mean* of o mirror, which he hold* up to us In bis di vine providence, with Abraham aud hi* deicendents, in a divine parahls Thus, "the thing* ot Ood are clearly seen," which, while in thl* world,would beotherwi*e out ol sight; which samethings, when we come to die, and enjoy the realities of another world, "we shall see face to face." Consisting ot body and soul, this method of teaching!* necessary to mm. It i* ner? ssnry now, as in days of old Ood teaches tu by visible ordinances to realize by faith heavenly blessing*. The former are "outward and visi ble signs," and the latter, "Win inwaid and spiritual I races,1'given unto u* Tbe former, being or<!ained by ' ivine command, are the means whmeliy we receive the Ult*r,*nd alio pledges that the faithful shall rereivethem. None but infidel* deny this. But wn must receive the doc 'rine ns a whole,[not In pa<ta Tlx* very nature ol It im plies that we can receive the outward and not tbe inward part. The wicked children of Abraham, al ler the fle*h, lived in great number* In Canaan without beatowlng one thought on that heavenly reat which that blessed Lamb represented. Even *? we have too much reason to believe there are mw many at the Ooapel tfaaat "who hava notion the | wedding garment" of faith in thu King's Son. and hi? everlasting *on*hip with the eternal Father ; but have clothed themselves with only a gtnnent Irom material* of their own Irntiiing, th' irown belt- r? ated opinion* and wicked unavailing woiks, in many who are circumcised but uot in heart nor in spirit; niuiiy " children ol the pro mite," who by reason ol their wicked live*, " will never Inherit the promises," many "ingraltud by baptism" into the vine, whom the "husbandman will lake away" be came "they do not bring forth good truit." All ?uch Ood will cttt out iu the great day. On thacoutrary.it i* with tqual truth assert td, that aa he who uaaa the out wanl ordinance in laith, to the niott evangelical and ipi ritual intent, in a true child ol Abraham iu the beat a*n?t ; even *o, he who despises the outwaid part, asd disobeys (he divine command to uie it in laith, and give* (or a rea son ol hi* conduot, hia eitraordinary love for tha inward part, moat dishonors God, who appointed the on? and givetli the other, according to hit promiae. Let thoie think of thii who talk ol Abraham'* faith, and do not a* Abraham did. Kiually, dear brethren in the Lord, members of the family ol the laithful: we, your apiritnul lathera, deeply cuntciou* of our own unwortbtne**, while with the Apostle, we would 'magnily our olhce," which we re ceived of the Lord by the laying on ol hand*, in. ft < ar nestly and aftectiouuteljr exhort you not to be earned about by diver* and struiige doctrine*, but that jc be steadiest in the faith once delivered to tha saint*. Je*u*, the mediator of the new covenant, whoae work of re deeming love Abraham law and leioirr.i. >?*?? niuoa Of sprinkling, .p?aaUi Heller thing* than the blood of Abel," it th grand object of our faith and joy "Let u* then go forth with him without the camp, bearing hi* re proach, for here we have no continuing city, but seek one to come." Like the holy Patriarch let u* believe and obey. When Ood giveth us his prumiie, let u* inauilest our laith by our work*. Let u?, aa he did, leave a wicked world and all it* ainlul prac ices. I.et u* leave behiud u* our idole trou* relation*, the Homunists, a* he did hi* wicked kindred in Childea. Let u* avoid every vice ourielve* and discountenance it in other* to the utmoit of our ability and influence. Lit u* love holiness, without which no man shall *ee the Lord ; no shall eur Apostolic Church distinguish herself ac did Abraham and hi* lami ly, Irom the nation* aiound, by " a closer walk with Ood." Let u* " follow peace with all men," being courteous to all, meek, gentle and " ea*y to be entreated," aa he was; yet when the worshipper* ol idol* would make war upon ua, and take our " kindred and their little onea" in the true faith Irom us, let usarm ourcelve* and our household with " the sword ol the Spirit, which i* the word of Ood," and like Abraham go forth to their rescue. Let is dwell in this land, though " other* cluim to be Lord* thereofand (o all let us manifest that justice, meicy and truth, which that true charity more than all empty professions, will show that we are denizen> of a better city, and inheritor* ol abetter kingdom in heaven. To conclude Ti e members of our communion 111 all place* of our extensive country, have cause for fervent gratitude to theOreat Head of the Church in heaven, that by the mighty power ol Hi* Holy Spirit the preierit Con vention ol a ponton of Hi* Church here on earth, hath been overruled for good, and ha* concluded in great peace, eapecia ly in that Ha hath inclined the hearts ol the members thereof to elect, with great unanimity, Mi*, aionary Bishop* for Arkansas and other territories of the United State*, and who I* to exercise supervision over our mission in Texas ; and also three brother Bishop* to *pread abroad, in foreign lands, the glorious Oospel of Jesus Chriat our Lord. Brethren, may the Oracu of our Lord Jesu* Christ tie with you ail. Amen. *1 Cor. xiii, 12. [From the National Intelligencer ] Calculations of Facta agMlnst Supposition* j and Theories. Nothing surprises us more in our daily inter course with our fellow citizens than the pertinaci ty with which intelligent meu still persist in their declarations that the signs of the times and the re sults of the recent elections most clearly evince the certainly of Mr. Polk being elevated to the Presidency at the ensuing contest. We can only ascribe it to that conventional expression of couh dence which partisans on such occasions take Irom each other, and, by repeating, become per suaded of iis truth ; tor, il ever " coming events threw their shadows before," we thiuk that the events oi the last six mouths lead to a directly op posite conclusion. We know not what new issues may be raised during ihe next six days, or what additional elements ot strife may be thrown into the political cauldron ; but, arguing respecting itu future from the tacts with which the past has made us acquainted, and the appearances which the present exhibits, we can see no cause for appre hension, but every motive tor confidence iu out expectation that Henry Clay is about to leceive the greatest honor which an American citizen can receive trom the handso* hiscountrymeu. Let us examiue how matters stood about the middle of October, 1840, and what wus the result in the following month. Can our opponents desire a fairer standard from which to deduce the proba ble result of the approaching coat?Ki 1 In 1840 the Whig Governor of Connecticut was elected by a nwj >ri?y of 4,673, General Harri son's majority was B.306? gam 1,738 The Whig Oove nur of Vctuiont was elected by a majority of 10 69', O.neral Ham son'* majority wa> 14 4-3-2?gain 3,930 The Whig Governor ol New Jersey wa* elected by u majority ol 3,310, General Harrison'* majority was 1 317- gain 107 In Pcnnaylvtiiia the democratic majority on the Congressional election in 1840 wait claimed aa be ing 8,000, General Harrison's majority was 843? gain 8,348 In Alabama the Legislature was elected by a demo cratic majority of 7,840, the majority against General Harrison was 6,630?gain 9,0*20 In Louiiiana the whig majority on the Cengrei tional election wa* 3,076, General Harrison's ma joriiy wa* 8.060?gain I,(OS In Illinois the democratic minority for the Legisla ture was 6,370, the majority at the Presidential election only 1,939?being it whig gain of 3,831 In Indiana the Wh'g Governor wus elected by a ma jority of H,637. the majority fat Oeirctvl Um?isen wit* IS,(WH-gain 6,0fll In Ohio the Whig Governor was elected b> a ma jority of 16,130, a month afterward* General Har rison had a majority of 33,37ft?being a whig gain of 7,34ft The Whig Governor ol Kentucky wa* elected by a majority of 15,7^0, General Harriion by one of 311.878?gain 11,168 The Whig Governor of North Carolina was elected by a majority of 8,300, General Harriion by a majority of 13,694?mowing a gain of. 4,398 Making a total gain in eleven State* of. 48,733 We might go on adding other States, showing a corresponding result. We might add in the great State of New York, whe'e the Presidential and Gubernatorial elections take place simultaneously, and we might show that in 1840 the Whig Gover nor was elected by a mnioritv ot 5,285, the whig President bv a majority ot 13,280. We could state abundant o'ther tacts to show that the resullB ot the late State elections, taken alone, lurnish no sure criterions by which lo judge ot the approach ing Presidential one. Nor does the Presidential election of 1840 aflord the proper elements of com parison with subsequent Slate elections; yet it is upon conclusions drawn from this comparison that our opponents base all their calculations, and Ihe supporters ot Mr. Polk all their confidence. But the result ol die Slate elections in 1840, when compared with that of the Presidential election in that jear, do logically, morally, politically, and mathematically form the legitimate firn and se cond terms of an arithmetical proportion, of which the results of the State elections m 1844 as legiti mately lorni the third teim; and trom these num bers we will endeavor to wotk out ihe fourth, or the result of the Presidential elections of the next monih in those Sta'es which ou; opponents, tl they do not absolutely claim, think we hold by i very uncertain tenure. We do not suppose that Miey will seriously object to our claiming the State* ol Connecticut, Massa chusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Delaware Maryland, North Carolina, and Ken tucky, which give a Presidential vote of (W Pennsylvania has. at her late Congressional elec tion, given a whig majority of 4,770. Now, if in IH40 we overcame at the Presidential election a majority of S.OOO against us, we certainly go into the contest with a tnpenor chanoe of mere** with 4,770 in our favor. Put down for Mr. CJay her vote*, 38 The democratic majority In Louisiana at the Con gressional election was 868, but when we remem ber the jxctiliar circumstance* attending that election, aud the fact that in 1840 the whig* gained I 008 vote* at the Preiidential election, we may salcly class her In the same category ? The whig majority for the Legislature ol Indians in |M8 was on a air raiculut on H9 j the rule of pro pmtion which we have established will iai?e the vote for Mr Clay to 141 majority. Addher votes 11 We rUim Indiana by a majority ol several thou sands,hut we are now making a calculation upon a severe nnd general mle, and we are willing to abideh/the Issue We know that thousands of Whig* did not attend the poll* at the late State el. echoes in Indian i, Illinois. Maine, Now Jersey. G> orgin, Louisians, lie , but we expect they will do their duty at the coming ctiai* and give over whelming majorities In thoie tttntea. Our object 1* to *how our opponent* that, even taking the late election* as a l aais of calculation, their cause i* a hopeless one. The Whig majority for Oovernor in Ohio Is assum ed a* being only 1,100; but thi* number, when tested by ?h?: vote* of 1840, will give u* 3,170 ma jority for Mr. Clay 3.1 This make* an amount of Remember that 138 votes will elect the Preai dent. Now if, in addition to the above, we gnu he thr>*e votes ot Arkansas, we have achieved ih> victorv; but there are yet Tenuessee itnd Georgia ?tnd New Yolk and Virginia to contend tor, and we maintain that in the three first of these States the whig chance of success is ranch better than that of the democrat*, and that in Virginia it is ut least aa good : the odoe are much in ourlavor that we ohall get them all luur, making Mr. Clay'* vote 212 Wi I the most reckleaa ot our opponeut* i-ay that they Lave any hrn>e ot getting all tour t They niuat do ho to elect Mr. Polk. We beg distinctly to be undetatood that the small whig majority which we inserted in some of the Hbove eutemcnta is not to be considered by our opponents an eipret-sive of the vote which we ex pect Mr. Clay will receive. We believe those maioritiea will be luctea-ed by many thousands, peinup* tens of thousand*. We have liven our opponents every pohsible advantage, and we have shown that even then they will be in a minority. We do not wish,however,to gain a lean and meagre victory ; we would honor the great champion ol all our country'H best intertsta with a civic triumph worthy ot his exalted character and his public worth ; such u triumph as wnl be creditable to the country to accord and glorious lor him to receive. We leel con^dent that such a triumph is at hand. Common Pleas. Before Judge UlsliosJfar. Ocr. SI a. nonet vs. Jaiuet McflkiSrs?Thi1 an action ut assumpsit to recover an amount of rent claimed by plHiiilitT aa landlord out ol certain premises in the viciliity ol 86th street. The defence put in wtu tiiat agreement bad between the landlord and utfendsnt wis non-fulfilled. Vol diet I. r plaintiff, $388 76 Patrick H t'uy, (a miner ) Ay kit next friend, VS. Dm%4 T. Lai man end Oeorft Krmji ?Tl. u w action of trespass lor si-suuti und tminry, and alto lor false im prisonment, brought by the plaintiff to recover damages tor both offences. It appeared that on 33d July last, Fay, the plaintiff, went intp tne s'ore ot the detendsnta in com. pany with a man who pissed on them a counterfeit $6 bill, when they followed the lad Kay to a house in Wat' r street, and assaulted him as- alleged, and eventually lodged him in the Tombs, rhaiged as sn accomplice, where the led was detained ovti six hours in custody, when he was liberated. The case stands adjourned over to this forenoon. Marine Court. Before Judge Sherman. Oct. SI.?John C? Morriton its Khtntier Weltk anil John H Hi like ?Aii uctiou ol assumpsit, iu leoaaer i he value if aqnautity ol goods sold und delivered, to wit : 84| lb* nutmegs, at cents a lb, und Jh lb* at 7a cents a lb De fendants pleaded non-assumpsit, and nonce sntcial matter. The i lai tilt proved sale and delivery oi ine gotdt, I ut the defendant* proved their offer to leturn. ana also tkai they were ol such inlenor quality that tiny wnemt mercbantable. S-veial poiou ol law w< re lain.I \.y the defendants, which were reseived by the court lor their decision. For the plaintiff, R. Ten b roe: k, Esq.; lor th* defendants B. L Billing!*, E?q Naturalisation. Over one hundred applicants lor ad mission obtained their qualification, the threej Oges le* iug actively engaged in ? xantining the p.rtlts up lo lour o'clock. The court is still open. Common Council. Ho* an or Ai.ossMKN- Srsciti. Msetin* ? Thcksdav, Oct. lil, 1844 Piesit't nt Kchitfft'iin in the stair The Municipal Police bill, presented by Aldetnan rtCUitffelm, wns taken up. Section 1st being odoptsd at the preceding meeting, the ordinance was progressed In by sectiona, some cil which aie at folios s Sac. 3?States that the Mayor shall selict hob tke watch department two hundred suitable m< n to b? nonii nated to the Common Council, to constitute a Municipal jioiice or mglit und day uatcli- adopted sec.. 3? Piovidis for the appointment ol asuperintendent of the same by the Common < ouncil, but lo be nominated by the Mayor?ulso 8 captains, 8 assistant captains, aad 16 serjeants?adopted. The following <re to be the police atationa Ne. 1?In Krankiiu Maiket, tor the 1st ward. No. 3?lu the City Hall, lor me 3d, 3d, and 4th wards. No 3?In the Halls of Justice,lor ibe 6th and 6th wards. No. 4 -In Watch House, ILasex Market, for the 7th,10th, and 13th wards No 6- In watch house, corner Prince and Woostsr stieeta, for the Sih and 14th wards. No. 8?In watch houae, Jeflerson Market, for the ?th, 16th, and all that part oi the 17th ward west of 6th ave nue. No. 7?In watch house, Uniou Market,for the. 11th,17th and easterly nurt ol Itlth waid No 8-ln House ut Detention. Harlem, for 12th ward. Hec. 7? Mukes it the duty of the suiierintendont and captain of the station in which any fire, riot or other emergency muy occur forthwith to repair to the same, with a sufficient force Adopted. Sec. 8 -Oivea the Mayor paramount authority over the whole lorce?adopted. Sec 9 is as follows : It shall be their duty to preaerre the public p?hc.o and good order throughout the city, to report all violation of the laws and ordinances, to report all suspicious persons and places to advise and caution, and, if requested, lo direct strangers and travellers, ana generally to watch and guatd the city, day and night, lur the prevention of crime and arrest of offenders.? Adopted. Article 3 prohibits any hut American citixena to be ap pointed and they at the pleasure of the Mayor and Com mon Council?witb|piori?iniiR 'or neglect of duty, fee ? Adopted. Article3?The superintendent is to recaive a ?alary of $1S(mi per annum, the captains $7uo, assistants $600, ser geants $6M), and policemen, or day and night watch, $300 each. Captain- and Assistants to give security in $3000 aach for the faitblul discharge ot their duties. No peisens belonging to the Municipal Police shall la ceive, directly or indirectly, any reward, fee or other compensation, except rewards offered, or that recom mended by the Superintendent for faithful servlcea, and granted by the Common Council The Mayor is to prescribe a distinguishing badge or dr< ss fur the members of the foice. One halt at least ot the force shall be on duty at all times. The ordinance is not to be construed to affect tha Watch Department in any other way thsn as it tenders necessary an alteration of the watch posts to conform to the diminution of that force by transfers into the Munici pal Police Th? ordinance was then read by its title, and adopted by a vote ol a iu a a Mermen Seaman and Haabrouck being in the negative. Hepnrt of the Special Committer* on the case or d?dJ? inin J Pentr., alleged to be a non reaident of the ad di* trict, 4th Ward-elicted last spring an Inspector of elec tion for said district. Mr T was examined under oath, aa well as other witnesses, and the Comnittee unanimoualy report him a non-resident and appoint Benjamin D. Welsh in hia place?Adopted. The Ordinance relative to Pence Officers, and regnla* ting the compensation'for extra services, ?er?ing pro cessea, fee., was taken up?and by sections adopted. It makes sume reduction in the leei, and especially for extra services, and which into be authorised by the Mayor. The Board'then adjourned until Monday evening next Chippbwah.?A company of Chippewa* from the shores of Lake H'iron. arrived here jesterdav, in tha steamar Nile, on their way to Europe, under the care af Vlr McKee Thev pur|>o*e giving a public exhibition before they leave tne city ? llujfilo Mv. Canadian.?The 8<eepte Chase for 0180, which come off on Friday lasf. at Longue Poii.t, was gained by ? Quebec Buffer " Lobsconse," ridden by the owner, Mr. Duchesney, cumc in second. Northeaxtkr ?The weather n-nce Sunday haa been diHitgreruhle und i omlortleta, the usual effect of a northeast blow. On Monday we were vitited with a Iriz7.ling rain most of the day, and aftei midnigh* it In created tn torrents, with a heavy wind, and eoiitinued luring the greater part of yesterday forenoon '1 he steam iioat mail ol Monday afternoi n. from Ne w York, had not arrived at a late hour l*st night -its contents were antici pated by the Ixing Ulsnd car?. which lelt ) aster Jay morn ing?Alton Courier, Oct Uft Kaii.v Wintkr ?txtrari oi ? letter dated " Ruf falo, Monday morning, Oct 38 ?We have ii tremenootia northeaster this mon ing, and it has b> en mowing ait night It is gocxl sUigfiinr now 'I he water i* vei y low at thla end ot the lake, and we I ai we shall h> ar is isti r towanls the un|>er end You will get hu' little mom ftaur from here this year. The f<oata are still detained here by (he breach nt Black Rook And after u i? re paired th? re will not be time for them to go down und re turu tor snoiher load " Abiansam Et,?ction ?We huve returns from aix additional (.utilities, being 15 iii all, in which the vote mauds- ? Drew, demciat 3 018 Gibson, whig 1 014 It) id, independent democrat a< 8 These returns show a democratic gain of 319 votes ? nice IMtl It appears to tm concedatl that Drew la sleet ed Oovemor, ami Yell, dem . lo Congress. Thk Si.av* Qi'dtiiir ?The ?ynod of Cincin nati, ut its receiu sesKicin, adii|?ted resoliKiona ex planatory ol Itsviewann the subject of slavery, being prompted thereto by misunderstandings on the subject "till prevalent in some of the chu?ch>? The resolutions Iti-lere slavery, aa esi-ting n the United Mtates, to be manilest!) contrary to the principlts of 'be gospel, ?nd 'herefnre sinful ; but that there a e, In the opinion of the Hynori, indivkluals in the church stsnding ia the relation d master and slave, under sm-h i>eciilui circntestaneea, list thev est,net he Justly ehsrged with sin merely be cauae of that relation 0O- It id 8 piteous fhir g to see thr poor gills who pw II. ,S. Military clothiog, comi>elled to walk in urlement weather aii the wa) out to the Arsenal, on the '?ra>'< Kerry road, with their work The prices paid hem sre very in?igniflcsnt? scarcely enough to keep larvation from their doan?and lo be ci mpelbd to wall 1 msny nnle? besides ia any thing but reasonable ( ol. Ronton, the Commissary, should look to S. His prade Hssorssfwsys kept an offlc in the city, and a himdred :,?ll?rs or s? |?er y?ar deducted Irom his annnal picgts f from t. n to twenty thotiso i dollars, wonld not be .It, andiould leave a much larger balance in hia la ir in the great book of the herralter ? Pkiladelfkim Pinies, O't 31. Hatb Op? Aoain.?The Collector of New Or esns has renewed the onler for gentleman doing bttal* > as at his a flee, to take off their hat* when they ap proach him

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