Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 5, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 5, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. W>w TwwUy, November 5, ISM. Kxtittonlinnry Kxpreex to PblladelphU. The Camden and Amboy Railroad has iwued the following: ?Editors and others wishing to send on slips or papers with the election news, are in armed that the Camden and Amboy Railroad Company, with a view of meeting the wishes of he public, intend running an express to anticipate Jie arrival ot their regular line on Wednesday next leaving Pier No. if/North River, at 54 A. M , pre cisely, and arriving in Philadelphia at 10 o'clock* Th* Election In New York. The general election takes place in this State t?>-day, beginning with sunrise, and ending at sun down, and embracing President, Congressmen, Governor, State Senators and \ssemblymen. It u is one ot the greatest aiid most' important elec tions that has ever taken place in this city t,r ^tute. The excitement produced is extraordinary. With respect to the city, only two important parties come into the field-the American Demo crats, with their candidates, and the "American Republicansfor it is a singular fact, that during la8t *ew da>'8> ?ld Whig party have all bu' entirely abandoned their owp. tickets and their ?>wa organization. The confused and misty con djtlon of tluugs in this city, as to what may proba cy be tae result, is well known to the community and to the couu.ry. Th. ,rea, fermentation ot a locai, as well as ol a general character, wtiab taken place in New York during the last lew years, lias now been brought almost to a heud, and we are at last presented with a new party under the name ol "American Republicans," entirely ab sorbing the old Whig party, who have abandoned their own standard, with a large portion of the Democrats. The election, therefore, with regard to members of Congress and Assem bly, has been generally conceded to the American Republicans; but the fermentatien d uring the last lew days, and the symptoms are of such a contra dictory character, that we begin to doubt what the result will be. We think it is altogether uncertain as to who will have the majority in New York. To-night will tell the whole tale. The mysterious character of the reault in this city is also heightened by the extreme closeness of the Presidential contest throughout the country. It is now generally believed that although the re cent results from Pennsylvania give a preponde rance to Mr. Polk's chances, yet that this city will decide the State, and that the latter will decide the question of the Presidency. Hence arises the unprecedented excitement at present prevalent in this city and State. We trust, however, that what ever may be the result, the peace of the city may be preserved, and that no collision will take place, and no obstruction be offered to prevent a fair and impartial decision at the ballot boxes. We shall give to-morrow morning a full report of the election in this city, which may possibly de cide the question of the Presidency. Sermons and Churches.?We gave in our ????lumns yesterday, a very interesting report of the religiousservices and sermon at St. Patrick's Ca iliedtal on Sunday last, and we continue, in this day's paper, the repmts of the sermons in three other churches-St. Paul's, the Church of the. Messiah, and Dr. Spring's. Accompanying these sermons in our weekly edition, we mean to pre sent beautiful engravings of the edifices in which they were delivered; in the same way as we ser ved up to our readers the Church of St. Thomas Indeed, thut novel effort, in the way of reporting religious services, and accompanying the repoit with a good engraving of the church, has been ap proved of so much by all classes, and all sects, that we mean to lollow it up after the election is over, I and we have quiet times, until every church in the city has had a pictorial representation in the I columns ol our weekly paper. I It is well known to the moral and religious por- I tionol the community, that in the hundred churches open in this city on every Sabbath, discourses of the most eloquent and interesting character are fre J quently delivered?but which, in consequence of I their not being reported, are confined to the com- I paratively very limited audience to whom they are I addressed. As. for instance,we learn from a morn- I mg contemporary that on last Sabbath a very I important sermon, constituting a species of re" I ply to the discourse of Major Noah, on the I restoration of the Jews, was delivered at the I University Chapel, by Dr. Potts. Had we I known that su?h a thing was in contempla- I tion, we should have had the discourse re- I ported at full length in our paper yesterday mor- I ninp, as to bring to bear on that important subject of the restoration of the Jews, till the I intellect and talent available. The sermon delivered in St. Paul's, which we report, has some I bearing on the recent controversyjahout Puseyisrn; I and we understand that in the afternoon another I discourse of a similar tendency was delivered in [ the same churfch. All these facts, therefore, show that it is time for the press?an independent and I honest press-to unite with the various religious I societies of the present day, with reference to sec- I tariamsm, for the purpose of endeavoring to pro- I mote the spread of morality and religion, by the circulation of whatever is good, impressive, and I edifying in the discourses delivered at our various I churches. And why should we not 1 Surely such publications are likely to be at least as important and beneficial in their influence, as the reports I which we are in the habit of making of trials iu the courts of law, and sketches of police, which I are sometimes esteemed of doubtful utility. This subject is one which deserves a good deal of con- I sideration. AbOUTIOM AND FtNAT. ExTII^CTION OF THE WhIO Party!?The Courier Enquirer of yesterday I morning?a journal which first officiated at the birth.and baptism of the whig party, has now, alter a somewhat eventful existence of a few yeare pronounced the funeral oration over the remains of that organization, and screamed a sort of re quiem over its grave, in a long manifesto, giving up every thing, and going over, bag and bag gage, to the American Republicans. Here is an extract from the long manifesto to which we I alludei? ( We, ha* ever, trek no modifloation. O ir object in I their total r>p<-al; but is their repeal we would ffu?rd I serupuloiuly against the possibility of inlnsticc, by pro- I viding that every unnaturalize 1 foreigner now in the I country, mid every one who may arrive within a year I ?furr the re|*alol the esisting laws, should be entitled to I all the righu they confir. Nor would w?mop here. Wr I would piovi le that Irom the moment a foreigner aet? hi>. I foot upsu our shores aad (ilea acwrtiBcateof tun intention I to become a resident, he ihould be entitled to every I right, power and privilege which a native citizen ihii I ????.. except that he .huuld n,?.-r have the prmlegi ol voting but Iiy a special act of (. ongrea*, and should nevei I he required to do military duty i We of course speak lor ourselvea only, hat there ia no doubt hat j,ut in the rat,,, that th, Whig ,lir,v em^rnce, the intelligence anH patr,ot?m of the country ,1 cardial!,, I r..Ponda ?,<he call ?f the Amer/can Rep, A kr"y ' ii it it is diveited ot its ; roKcnptive ch ir*ci? r The are, in po,nl nf fact, the legitimate American Republican* because they struggle at all ttmes and on all occasion" flint aiu thr great principlea which ran alone secure to tin I country proaperity, mud to our institution* perman.no and re?p?<ct. It ia to THK WHIOS, therefore, and to n'!, other party, that thoao who denominate themselves th. I American Republican Party, turn in th*Ir appaa] for aid I And whnre else shoull they turn I With whom el?< I should th y vote 7 Krom what other party can they ex I pert aid or sympathy I la net the Locofoco Party pledrt- I .mil and body, against every great National measure, un> I above all against any interference with ths existing Na turaluation Laws I To rote for that party, or any of lt> I candidates, would indeed be suicidal. Ha! ha ! ha! Aud these are the sentiments whicl our ancient friend and pistol, Colonel Webb, aayt he has secretly maintained fer fifteen years past, I and now, for the first time, divulges them to thr I pvblio. A man's nest, truly ! Well, then, th. whole matter is now sMtled There will hereafte: be no " Whig Party" in this country. It will n '""ire be the " American Democrats" on one side, and the " American Republicans" on the other i'i? latter possessing principles and elements which' ? , "i all probability, lead them to th- same re -?in* u ciuracterued the old FedwiU Republicans. Thk Presidential Election?Further R?* turns?Chances against Mr. Clay Increasing!? The political excitement is increasing every mo ment as the (eturns are received Irom Pennsylvania, and expected from Ohio and other States- We have already given a number ol returns from Pennsylvania, indicating the most extraordinary defection which has taken place there in the whig ranks, when we compare the elections of the pre sent year with that ot 1840, when General Harri son was the candidate. We have received additional returns from that Stale, einbraciug nearly forty couuties, and their character presents the same geueral features as the first returns exhibited. The chances are, and still continue to be in favor of Mr. Polk's obtaining the State of Pennsylvania by an increased majority over that of Mr. Shuuk, and that Mr. Clay has not the remotest chance in that State, thereby indicating that if the same spirit and sentiment pervade other States of the Union? and there is no reason that they should not?Mr. Polk will be elected next President. There-action that has been going on for a few years past in favor of the democratic party, now reaches such a point us points very decisively to the utter defeat of Mr. Clay, the prostration of the whig party, and the utter discomfiiufc; of all their hopes and expecta tions. But an appeal to facts aud hisiory carries more conviction to ihe mind than probabilities and spec ulation. We all remember the cummer and fall of 1840; during the canvass lor General Hartison, when State afier State came iu previous to the final contest, all ohuwin^ u archied increase?a decided rising of the tide in favor of Harrison. There was then no fear?no despondeucy on the part of the whigs?no fear of the popularity and strength of their candidate. From the very mo ment that General Harrison became the represen tative of the party, commenced that rising spirit iu the whig rank9 which even iu the State elections, when contrasted with those of the previous year, nhowed a great increase of strength; and when the first returns were received from Pennsylvania in the great contest when Geueral Harrison himself was put directly before the people, every one raw that he run beyond his party, and that there was not at any period the slightest doubt to be entertained of his election by a most triumphant majority. This presents a brief view ol the contest in 1840. How different the scene now presented ! In the re cent State elections throughout the country, in stead of a rising tide for Mr. Clay and the Whig", every return from almost every part of the country, presented a retiring tide?a diminishing majority for the Whigs?and a steadily increasiug strength in the Democratic ranks. We can illustrate this view more distinctly by an appeal to the official re turns in all those elections in several of the States which have been heretofore set down as certain for Mr. Clay and the Whigs, and which, by the recent returns, are shown to be anything but cer tain?in fact, they are extremely doubtful, and the chances are that they will go the other way. Here is the table:? 1844. 1840. Stale Election. Slate Election. Pre'I Election. Statm. whig, dkm, whhi. dkm. whi?. UtM. Oliio. 147,731 146,161 145,412 129,312 148,157 124,782 N.Jeriey, 37,949 36,591 30,273 29,911 33,351 31,031 Maryland, 35,04 0 31,192 31,401 29,284 33,528 28,732 Ut-oifia, 38,304 10,534 39.438 35,408 40,261 31,933 259,031 250,078 216,551 223,983 255,300 116,501 238,078 223,9?5 21C.501 W. maj. 953 22,509 38,799 All these States have been claimed for Mr. Clay, and in looking overthe returns of the election in 1840, we see the rising tide in favor of General Harrison mounting from 22,509 in October, to 38, 799 in November. But when we come to look at the results during the present year, we are presen ted with the remarkable and significant fact of the Whig majority dwindled down to 953 ! Now, if we apply the test to this mass of signs, and calcu lating from known facta to coming conclusions, we tit once have the presumptive evidence that the whole of the States will most likely go against Mr. Clay. Take, for instance, the following table on the Pennsylvania election :? Pennsylvania Klkction. Thirty Seven Countiet. 1844. 1840. State Elec. Pret't Elec. Stale EUc. Prtt'l Elec. WHIII. DEM. WHIG. DEM. WMUi. DF.M. WHIG. DEM, 87 2(14 86 171 47.2M) 105,400 105,643 116,679 115,077 86.'171 47,260 105,400 115,077 1.033W. m'jr. D. m'y, <26 D. ma y, 243 1.602W. m'y 1,033 243 Whig logs in 1844, 1,459 Dem'c 1oj? in '40 Aggregate democratic gain iu 37 countin, 3,304 Here, in thirty-seven counties, is a re-action of 8,304 votes in favor of the Democratic party, as compared with the election o( 1840, and the re turns which are yet to come to hand will most probably only give still stronger manifestations of the working of the same general movement which has been in operation, sapping and mining ihe foun. dation of all Mr. Clay's hopes, and upholding and buoying up those of Mr Polk. If we estimate the effort of this movement in the other States, in the same ratio as we have just seen presented in Penn sylvania, we should have a majority of from six to eight thousand in favor of Mr. Polk in the several States of Ohio, Maryland, and Georgia, and if we extend that principle throughout the Union, we should then be led to the conclusion that Mr. Polk will be elected by a clear mujority of from 60,000 to 100,000, almost equal to that of Gen. Harrison in 1840. Such are the only conclusions to which an impar tial mind can come in a philosophical and accurate examination of the election returns of the various years enumerated with those reccntlyreceived from Pennsylvania. It seems, therefore, that during the last six months, the tide has been running in favor of Mr. Polk, and receding in the same ratio against Mr. Clay. Had the Presidential election taken place immediately after the nominations at Balti more last spring, we thiuk that Mr. Clay would have had by far the best chance of election, and so we said at the time. The Democratic party was then broken up into fragments, by the unpopu larity of Mr. Van Buren, who was then thrown overboard, and who, if he had been run, would have been undoubtedly defeated by Mr. Clay. But in the course of the last six months, the divi sions in the Democratic party have been healed for the time?the fragments have coalesced?the cliqiut have united, and the party presents itself in an attitude of unprecedented strength. 'As an ele ment of this strength, it is proper to remark thai probably two-thirds of the youthful voters admitted to citizenship within the last four years,have united with the democracy, and the naturalized voters hi the same ratio. The causes which have produced this extraordinary state of things, are numerous moral and political-and will be investigated and descanted upon when we have all the returns in, and have ascertained the general result throughout the Union. At present the chances are decidedly in favor of Mr Polk'selection, and against that ol Mr. Clay. What ark the Principles involved in th*. Prhsknt Election in this City 1?The papers ol both, or,as you may say, all the factions ol the day in this ciiy, aie calling strenuously on every one to come up to the polls and vote lor their tespectivc tickets. They are appealing to all sorts of political, religious, local, sectional, and general prejudices ; yet it is remarkable that in the rallying cries ol each and all of them, there ib a totul absence ol any reference, to any practical measure or practi cal principle. We want in this- country a cheap postage system?yet which of the parties make thai an issue 1 We want a repeal oi the absurd and oppressive militia laws?bat with the exception of a few paragraphs in the ?? native" papers, we Have not met with a single allusion to the subject in the party prints ! Oui?ht no' the-e matters of unusual concernment and practtni i parlance to beat tended to in some degree 1 Common Council.?The Hoard ol Aldermen met last fvrnmg, and after receiving a few petitions, adjourned about 8 o'clock. (treat M??*iag of the Utmocr?cy k( H pee ill of Oanaevoort Slelrllle?The Blen ??id Women of the Weit-WW?? tak ing Po*aeaaloii of Salt River?A Scene at the i. Hermitage"?The Spirit of the Old Man Still Live*. An immense gathering of the democracy of the city of Newark, took place on Saturday evening last. Washington llall,a roomoi spacious dimen sion?, was densely crowded, and hundreds were obliged to go away unable to obtain admission. About two hundred ladies were present, and cer tainly presented a glorious sample ol the lair dem ocrats of New Jersey-none of your uflected, puny, fashionable ladies-but like Wadsworth's mai den? "Creature* not too bright nor food Kor human nature"* daily good ? whole-souled women, with the hue of health 0.1 their cheeks, and its rounded grace in their forms worthy mothers and daughters of the republic. Dr. Darcy occupied the chair, and introduced to the meeting, amid tremendous applause Ganskvoort Melville, of this city. The recep lion of this gentleman was indead enthusiastic in the extreme. After the applause subsided, he ad dressed the meeting for about three hours, in a speech of singular force and eloquence. Mr Mklviluc commenced by ?tating the iisuea involv ed in the present contest. He then ducua*ed tha q?Ml">" ot a bank -rhowed that the whig* are itill bound to that u*ut> and pointed out the di*a?troua consequence* whic . would iollo w from tha election ol Mr. Clay and the adop tion of the whig policy with reaped to the iu-e*tabli*hment of a national bank. He than adverted to the importance of the roamtainftnce ?f the veto power?and Mr ( lav's avowed opposition to it? i?called the signal oSona on whiciiiU exercise had aavod the count.y uom meat ovil*. and by a reference to the past politic I car"er onienry ' cur, ??..? hi. veto power aru a from hi* insatiable ambition. Mr. Melville then took up the Texas question, and hanoled it with treat ability and much originality ol argument. He ?rave a succinct and comprehensive view ol the history, ieoeraphlcal po?itiou, and undeveloped re?ources ol Texai andldeiundod at length the constitutionality and expediency of re-aunexation The objection* urged again*t the measure,'hat it would render the 8t a tea liable to the debt of Texas, he disposed ol by ahowing that the resouices of Texas were Ur more than adequate to paj that debt. He then eatered into a very Ingenious and lucid argument for the purpoae of demonstrating that the annexation ol Texas woufd necessarily load to thegi* dual extinction of slavery in the slave-holding States, and their coi.aequont vastly increased prosperity. We have lull note* ol his remark* on this topic, and hereafter we may give them to the public After glancing at the probable result ol the contest in the various States, and rtfcrring to the brUliant prospect which was presented of the speedy triumph of democratic Pr*n0'P'e,> Mr. M then gave some interesting detail* of hi* lata tonr in the Wist, in the course of which he spoke ol an inte reiting interview which he had with thaHero of the Her mitage. He ?ald?And now 1 come to speak of Tennesa e ?the "home of the hickories " That', a State worth talking about on many account*?it* striking physical features and great natural resources-tbe chivalry patriotism ol ita men?and the beauty of its daughters. 1 can tell you that the bachelor who goes there has an or deal to pass through, which I, for one, conl^hardljr ver- | ture upon again. (Cheer* nnd laughter) Why, here, if a gentleman offers his hand to a lasfiionab e lady she re ceives it in a sort of minimy pinimy, don t touch me *oit ol an air, that may perhaps affect him unpleasantly j but these Tennessee girls take right hold as if they meant it, and In a way that is really delightful to a plain,backward, bashful man like myself. (Great laughter and cheer*) And then the Tennessean* ol the man tex have peculiari li s of manner which are decidedly interesting and cho raoteriitic. One of the*e peculiarities is, that they make a man talk sufh an unconscionable time. If a man gets up to (peak, and they don't hapi*n to like him, they *oon shout out?"Hallo, stranger, you've mistaken your voct tion?slope(Hoars ot laughter.) And it he wont slope, they make him (Renewed laughter ) Tennessee is. Indeed, the land of social democracy. I have seen men clad in linsey-woolsey garments, and wlth iinshod feet. setting in Colonel Polk's parlor,and at the table of Andrew Jackson (Loud cheers ) They are ever frank and free in expressing theiropinion.be it pleasant to the hearer or the reverse. On one occasion, alter 1 had addressed a large popular assemblage, a sturdy frontier s man, who was about six feet high, without a superfluous ounce ot flesh upon his stalwart Irame, eneofyour men who never turn their b icki on either friend or foe,and who looked a< if he could whip his weight in wild caU, (laughter) strode up to me and grasped my hand with an iron energy that gets up reminded me forcibly of a vice,and suddenly *it!) drawing hi* grasp, slapped me on the back with tremen dous force, sung out?"Old horse-1 love you. (Itoarsot laughter, repeated again and again.) Speaking of west cm adventure, reminds me ol a scone which I had ima gined was risei ved for whig ayes alone; 1 crossed tha far-fained stream?Salt River-(laughter and chaer*)-l looked at it with utter astonishment The upward view was certainly anything but inviting, dark dreary and de nial, and 1 could net help exclaiming, ? Toor whip, what a *ad and weary route you have to pursue next No vember (cheer* and laughter) But looking down the h'ream, Divli'ifpriw ??? rodoui'led. 1 here I actual ly saw an n*h polo with the ' <:lnJ if,!!!?, huysen" floating from its top. It ? thus clear that *<>". tain are the whig* of being compelled to navi ate that river in this present month of November, that they have actually already .taken possession of its mouth (in memlous cheering.) A few additional remarks, and i will close? I have already talked to you nearly three hours, and they must be brif't. (Cries ol " go on, g>> on," and loud cheers ) Brief as they must necessarilj be tb?v' have reference to the *age and hero of the Hermitage. (Long coi.tinued chirring) It was u source of peculiar pleasure to me, when fin anticipation of my late Journey to the west, I reflected on the prospect of once more looking uponAndr w Jacks in. ^ After the rreat mass convention at Nashville, 1 had the honor of receiving from hiai an invitation to sj end some days t^t the Hermitage, and I need hardly say that the impression made by that visit can never be eradicated. If any thing had been wanting to relume the lire* of democratic im pulse* in my breaat, the glance of that old man a eye, the pressure of that old man's hand, the patriotism instinct in every line and lineament of that old man's couutcnaiice would have done it all. He has numbered seven and seventy years. His life ha* been one scene of struggle On the detail* of that great life 1 need not linger. He is now very ieeble-a feeblenes* not arising from a wai t of ctrength in hi* limbs, but because a large Portion of hi* lung* i? ?o disorganized, that the slightest exertion produces a hurried.iea* and difficulty painful to himself and agonizing to those around him. But be ru< s from his chair and walks without assistance. He wnlU in his garden almost daily, and every Sabbath is foundI in his seat in the house of prayer. He opens and reads hi' letters-he examines with great interest the new*psper> from the principal points of the Union: he takes n greut and constant and all-pervading interest in this election - Letters bearing his name have, as you are aware, been extensively published and commented on ol late, havinu reference chit fly to the re-annexation of Texas. Tb# whig press have been disposed to cal. their authenticitj in question. Tncy were each and all either written by hi* own hand or dictated by him and written under bl own eye by Major Donald.on, who wa* hi* private Seen - tai v during the eight years that he was President of the U 8 To them all he has affixed his signature with hu> own hand. With the snows of seventy seven winters o* his brow, and the thoughts und struggles of a thousand ordinary live* having left their traces on his Ilorm. daily awaiting hi* summons to the grave, hi> memory, not only of events long since transpired, but of those ol the inost recent date, Is as tenacious and ready -his judgment as clear?his will as staong-hi - affections as warm?his patriotism as ardent a?[ "?e> ever were. When Andrew Jackson dies.' he will not drivel his path to the grave like a alobbering dotard, as the whig press falsely call him; but when hk die.-whei. the g. eat soul within shall have utterly consumed Its outer tenement of c?ay?why, then, a maw will die. An" our children, and children's children, will go up to the corner of the little garden at the Hermitage, where his wife now lies-and by whose side he will sleep in death and that will forever be to us and our descendants, nev to Mount Vernon, the holiest and most sacred spot on American soi. (Loud cheers-continaed applause) I might dwell long on this fruitful theme-hut tim. forbid*. 1 will only aivert to General Jackson a conduct when bis physicians .ndeavored to dissuadei him from presiding at the great Nashville Convention; they justlj feared that the great rush and shouting of the people at they pressed to look upon him, wou d be dangerous to him in his present feeble state He heard this opinior. ] exptessed.snd after a pause.he lifted up hi#voice and fSid , and hi* words fell upon my ear like thoseof a patriarch of old - lam very old; I cannot stayhere much longer; I can do iittle or no geod by remaining, so il I can do any goo ' hv presiding at that Convention of the Democracy, carr> mn th. re ! Place me in the chair and I'll die in my seat. (Orent manifestation of feeling amongst the audience ) Altera brief exhortation to energetic action, and a com plimentary allusion to the ladi?s who had honored the meeting with their presence, Mr. Melville concluded - Hi* speech | throughout wsg listened to with the mo marked attention The Democracy of Newark are full of animation an I hope, and the contest in New Jersej will be extiemely close. St Lttcia?'Tcnunu Thunder Storm and Db t unit rt?rr. 30?"We feel at a lorn for languagi sufficiently forcible to convey to our friends abroa.l any thing approximating to a correct description of sn awiu. storm which pas*ed y. *terdny over this town. For ???' time part, a scarcity ol rain, sttch a* the month ol nep teinber Isnot retnem'.ieted to have *u*lained in 8. Ltici? before, nrevniled?the thermometer dally ta glttg as higli h< n9 to 90 degree* in th# shnde, from noon to S and 4PM Not the slightest indication of any change In the wea ther was to ne observ?d, until about 3 o'clock in the alter noon of yesterday. Then the sluice-gates ol the heavem seemed opened indeed; the river of Castries, swollen b) the tributes of the iidjacent hills, soon oveillowed its banks, and dispersed itsell with impetuosity through eve rv street, the waters lorciug themirlvas Into the grouni' floor of each home aleng their coursn, so that between ? and 9o'clock the greater portion ol the surface of in is town was literally covered with water, fn the burial ground, situated on a hill side, several graves were up turned by the violence of the draining water, end coffln? of the dand exposed to view ; besides these, several houses have been washed away. Much solicitude is manifested br His Kxcellency the Governor in having messursij adoptod for the temporary re opening of ths mean* ol communication." ____________ MANsr.AW?HTM ? Joseph Atkinson was killedI in Lower Town, on Saturday last. It apppars thai 'hare was a rmarrel between Samuel Davidson and a man named Cooper, st Wilcox'* home, in which Atkinson in terferod, for the purpose of preventing them lrom??ht ing whan Davidson turned upon him, and with a blow ol the li?t knocked him off the platform on which they were standing, down a stone cellar way, by which his ssnll was cracked, and death ensued in about two honrs^ Da vidson was arrested on a charge for manslaughter, and after an examination before 8 < averno, committed to juil Atkinson was n stranger hi the plans; is suppo.*! to u?vo beau about 40 yaars 01 age- lesidanoa unknown.?ISC'*art CM- M. The Furorry oh Jambs G. Bikney ? By the following letter Irom James G. Birney, the aboli tion candidate, which we find in the ^'Buffalo Ga zette" ol Saturday last, it will be seen that the letters attributed to him, and affidavits annex ed thereto, firnt published in the "Courier and Enquirer," is a forgery. Even Thurlow Weed was ashamed of it, and did not publish it:? Batavia, Oct 26 1844. Dkab Sis?Tbs statement in the affldavit of W. 8 Driffgi, that I pledged myself to Mr. J. B. Garland, ol Saginaw county, to refrain lrom agitating thequeation ol abolition in tho liouae, (in the kvent of my election to the Legislature,) ia wholly false. Mr. Uarland never

proposed such a thing, nor was it ever offered on my part. . , Equally false ia it that I wrote a letter ts Mr. Garland, authorising him to make the above statement, or that I wrate a letter to Mr. G. containing any reference to such a statement. A* 1 never made such a statement t* Mr. Oarlsnd, and as I believe Mr. Oarlaud to be a man of ve racy, 1 therefore believe that Mr Drigga has either mis understood Mr. G. or inieutioualiy misrepresented his conversation with him. The above was'my conclusion on first seeing Driggn' affidavit. Yesterday 1 conversed with Dr. Fitzhugh, a whig, ol Livingston couuty, in this State, (who has just now returned from Saginaw.) Dr F told mu that Mr McReynolds, the Indian agent, going to or returning lrom the Indian payment at Saginaw city, a lew days ago, con versed witn Mr. Garland in relation to the statement ol Drigga, and that Mr. Garland informed him that Drlgg1)' statements were wholly unauthorized by any thing ho (Garland) had told him. This Dr. Fitzhugh had lrom Mr. McReynold* himself. 1 have always claimed to be a democrat, but not a demo crat of the stamp of that party which l.sa assumed th? name of democratic. 1 am a democrat alter the Doclar.i t on of Independence. 1 believe that Declaration when it asserts that 'all men are created iqual; thut they are en titled to liberty and the pursuit of happiness." Mr. Gar land well knows that such is my democracy, and such are the "democratic principles" that I would be t lwayti ready to carry out in any puhlic station to which I might be called. That he intended to reprexent me otherwise, 1 cannot lor a moment believe, esptcinlly on the tes'imon}' of a per?ou wholly unknown to me, who was especially sent by mo whip into Saginaw county, to 1 ascer. tain t he lacts ami circumstances relative to mjr nomina tion Very truly yours, lie. JAMES G. BIRNEY. F. C. D. M'Ksy, Esq., Warsaw, Wayne Co., N. Y. These aad attempts ol the whigs to destroy Mr Birney, by forgery and fraud, will undoubtedly operate againht Mr. Clay in the west, and cause him to say, "save me from my friends." The contemplated "Native" Procession and Meeting of Yesterday.?It was intended by the native party to form a procession and march through the principal streets on yesterday, but the weather prevented them from making their appearance?the rain having fallen in torrents during the day. They will doubtless be found at the polls to-day?the most effective manner in which they can Bhow their strength. No meeting of the " native" party took place, as had been advertised, (a stand having been erected for the purpose in the Park,) in con sequence of the wetness of the day. Naturalization.?It was impossible to obtain the full returns fr#m the Marine Court, the Court oi Common Pleas and the Superior Court, which were engaged up to a late hour in the naturalization of foreign-born citizens. It is, however, estimated that between lour and five thousand have been ad mitted since the Spring election, the great majo rity of whom, it is said, will vote the democratic ticket. The Post Office Express.?The express train of cars over the Long Island Railroad, with the Hibernia's mails, run off the track 45 miles this* side of Greenport, which detained it four hours. Personal Movement*. Mr. Calvin Tapper, Jr., has been depo'ed from the office of President of the Liberty Association The Albany Pat riot says, that he neither contains the elements of an abo litionist, or a man of integrity to principle. He can never make a Liberty man therefore, but may make a tolerable Whig nevertheless. The whigs of upper Middlesex intend to have a gre> t meeting to day at Pepperell. The Hon. Linus Child, Cu verner Lincoln, Hon. Rejoice Newton, and Daniel Web ster are to be there. Mr. Ambrose Colton of Agawam, Massachusetts, about seventy years of age, hung himself in an outhouse ad jnininir hi* residence, on Thnrsdav nirht the 17th ult. The Hon. Vespasian Ellis is now in Philadelphia, and has taken passage for Laguayra on board the brig Carac. cu, which will sail from that port early this week. The Arkansas Intelligencer mentions a rumor that George Loury, second Chief the Cherokee Nation, is dead. Himes and Storrs, two of the principal leaders,of tbe Millerite delusion, have confessed their errors, and ad vis i. all their converts to resume their respective callings. Professor Liebig, th? celebrated chemist and physiolo gist, ha* been recently on a visit to Jane* Muspratt, Esq of Seaforth Hall, near Liverpool. John Overs, the author of a clever volume, "TheEveii ings ol a Working Man," to which Mr. Dickens contribu ted a preface, has recently dfed.lesving a widow and fan ily unprovided for. He had long been ill, and hoped by publishing his productions,to compensate in some degrt e his inability to work. Theatricals, die. Mr. W. G. Jones is starring it at the Savannbli Theatre The New Orleans Picayune say*, that Md'lle Borgher intends to visit N. Orleans city, professionally, thi winter. Probably Perozzi Will also come. Ole Bull gave his last conccrt in Philadelphia, ia> evening. Laov Cowhidino a Manauer.?MissXlarendon, of tk< Pittsburg Theatre, is t aid to have administered person* chastisement with a cowiiide to Mr. Simpson, the owner Ice., of the establishment, on last Saturday week. Tb^ Pittsburg Daily says it occurred immediately after th' performance?at the time the house was being closed Mr. Edward Simpson, the person who exercised ownei ship over the building, entered the front of the house an gave'orders concerning the closing of the theatre. It sils appears that he had insulted a lady of that estahlishmei some time since, who wished for an opportunity to teaci him that ladies are not to be insulted with impunity. Sht heard his voice, propared herself with a horsewhip, as>l then told him that she owed him a whipping for his un gentlemanly conduct. He made no reply ; she drew h< t whip and gave him a sound drubbing. He cried te* thousand murders, but she whipped until the byntandei interfered and rescued him. It is said that Garrick, tho celebrated playwright am' and actor, when placed in a witness box, wsa so canfusen that he could not give an intelligible answer. Mr. T. Placlde is drawing good houses at the St. Louu Theatre. Mr. Hill, with hi* Yankee whims, is amusing the pec pie of Philadelphia. Mis* Petrie i* playing in Pittsburg city with great sue cess. They have started a new "School of Art" in Boston bj the name of the "Pantechnlscholeon." De Bonneville, the Mesmerizer, is lecturing at Pitts burg. Naturalization?Duty of Inspectors of Kler. tlon, Ac. As much has been said about the legality of th? naturalization of foreigners in the Marine Court ol this city, and the supposed determination of som< of the inspectors to exclude the votes of all wh? bring papers from that court, it may not be unpro fitable to call the attention of the inspectors and others to the law upon the subject. In the first place, the Supreme Court has decided such naturalization to be legal, which ought to b< a sufficient guide for the inspectors, and certainly would be, but for the great excitement which pre vails at this time. In the next place, no inspector has a right to re quire the production ol any papers whatever, froni any voter, whaiever be his language. If a voter be challenged, he has only to take the oath re quired by law, and if the inspectors refuse to ad minister it, or to receive the vote nftor it is taken, they are liable to an action at the suit of the part) aggrieved, and also to an indictment lor a misde meanor, in refusing to do their duty. The result* of our elections cannot be mode to depend upon the will, ignorance or caprice of the inspectors, at they would, if they were authorized to require sa tisfactory pa|>erB as a qualification of voters. A native bom citizen uiay not know the English lan guage, and have all the appearance of a foreigner, and yet lie is not to be disfranchised for want ol i papers. The only security the laws have provider! is, the oath of ttie voter and punishment for illegal voting; and the inspectors cannot make a law of their own for the occasion. A Member of thr Bar. Tobago and Dominica.?The earthquake wa* felt at both these places on the 30ih ult. We learn that on Friday morning last, about five or ten minute* after throe o'clock, these islands were visited by one of the severest shocks of an earthquake within the recollec tion of the oldest inhabitant*. The tremulous motion of the earth, gently commenced, apparently from the South East, and increasing in violence, proceeded in a North Wast direction.?Rapt Mth. !*? Chancery. Before Vice Chancellor McCoun. Nov. 4.-Daemons -Otu Wood vi Chart,. 0???This ,u 8 motion to compel a purchaser to take the value of a certaiu vale The chief uueitjon belore the Court waa m to the necessity ef amending the proceeding!. Ordered that the purr.haier complete hit purchase, and each uartv bear his own costs ' Smith, it alt vi. Lambert Wykojf, et als ?Ordered that complainant have leave to dumui the bill u relates to oneol tue parties on payment of hia coats. Common Pleats?lu Chambers. v Belore Judge Uisheeffer ? Louisa AnderK>n, au infant about seven ??. ami ?f?' Wl" b">ught UP under a writ of habeat cor her y .er father irom 4 Mrs. Maria Weasel, it appeared frnm^' "uder whose protection she has lived iTo^We&l^' The *??* wluiiw lUd~' Common Plesus. ST-SI?5 tU3P plaintiff'a, entered into said store, and without imIw vocation attacked the plaintiff, andfollowed him ^? a back room where he tad fled for protection, aTd struck him several times, whensickness ensued in conZu^ce and plaintiff waa unable to do his usual work. Jor the defence it was put in that if the store had been closed \u, it ought to bavu been on a Sunday) no such aasaul: cuuld have possibly taken place; that the defendant waa himseli SU?dVf'mDS! What had occurrt(1 afterwards waa in ?eiyefence, which was coiroborated by his witnesses ? Verdict for defendant. For plaintiff, T. W Smith ; for defendant, Mr. Phoanix. ? , Weneral Sessions. Before Recorder Talimadge and Aldarmen Winahipan.l Hasbrouck. kl?q Distriot Atiorney. ^ ue Nov. term of this Court commenced to ,uLh'SnU:ii"rJ Thekllowirg is a liit of the cues to be disused of dunng the sitting of the Court, viz new uSSSrJ 25* ?y' *! f?rfwy- l> ff?nd larceny, 6; petit toT a Tnt0^8' n; i l)ru,*n'e< 'i M?ault and bst. 2">~ 4TA? Grand Inquttt ?The following persons were called ?0r^nn,Wiir0taaOJn,nd JUr0?' " :~Zeb"dea CtJik foreman, William Anderson, William Bakewell Wm n wSfVrvE ,Brrn, Andrew Carrigan, James H Inland ra,U ^' i"^ LDEiy' Ch8ries Gould, Wm II Ireland, Carle,King, John|R. Lecount, Nahemiah Miller John Morehead, Mangle M. Quackenboss, J.C. Reynolds' P W?d-" ' T- *3iaomou- Wn> an<l John %The Char ft? The Recorder briefly charged the Grand duties" ?d a principle features being the subject of their tin. ?f !?? ? al,pe8/ to *ut'd W|U> vigilance any viola 7T, D ^ re , ',Ilchi,e' and ,h?y retired a u customary,84 gentlemen were sum moned but only 37 appeared to serve. "e*-Tnree Jurors were fined each, for non at tendance at the last term of the Court. B^th^X^Ihu'?I John 8ullivan and Thomas smith, placed on the calendar of to-day, to lie disnosed nf SZShttZL? rW* M Mr uiwllX Co?n: JnH w r in,lstwl on ? peremptory challenge Sv UJ I8" J?e,lt Jurors were in attendance C ' Trial for Grand Larceny - Abraham Kin* was then tint Saoo'on the ?8th n#fMg 'i *' J"0*?00 #nd harness worth juuo.on the 16th of May lact, and which van th?nm, s^, of Mr. James D. McMann, No. 161 Varick treet NBLforv H. Simons, in the employ of Mr. Mo Mann Hp. crflrnin?1? P*|,onerthe horse,&c.for the purpose of going to Hackensack, N. J , but did not retura with the pieperty, and that he traced the Iwagon and harness "??le time afterwards to Chatequay 4 Corners Putnam J.h*lU/':?Dder 5 from the Recorder, found lite """"???'? TA co'orc(1 mu named Jamts o^ the mm? ^ a, f j1? f1r 8 ?r#nd l?rceny, in stealing ^ la,t' ,ome ???tings, cut velvet, \rn'?o?v! ?' P?1, "'or* ?f Messrs. Washburn 1c Co., No. John itrect. The prisoner, in company with others ul st8re whi'e 8 lafl was in attendance, on pre^ tence of making a purchase, and after they left, the roods were missing. The Rtc.rder charged thVjVrV at som. length, andjtmenrit other remarks, deprecated the nrac m^e?ladl.e^oantfi 7a7in?f their property in the custody oi e*Piyhour in the morning;he also spoke of the c.xisting practiee of dealers, in various articles in ex .e|f g ? on .th? ,ike walka "n<l out of the door* fncrwse t0 th?". ^ consequenUy an The jury found the prisoner guilty, and hs was sen. TCh^ rnnrttk"' V^"?n ,or 8 yca? and 8 months. o'cT^k A. M n 8dj0Unied t0 Wednp,day n?t at eleven Decision or thk Sdprkmk Couet BN. w? h X ?F T?K Naturalization of Ali .t already.8,ated theefiect of this de cision. But the question is of so much interest and importance, that we are induced to copy at lei^th from the Rochester Democrat, the intelli "",n,A" >?r oiarflSice Nelson : p,?.n? Court?October Term. Tu'snir Oct m"1*?? ,nd Ju,tico Be?rdsley In the matter of JIUxander Paul, an alien? This i? an o* plication lor naturalization; The applicant emigrated {? er'since" 7i'i>!'v-tl-^?T1y,ed.in 1836'a"d haa resided here ev Actsof rnni^. preliminary steps requisite, under the been taken ,?.C0n/8r th? lighti of citizenship havi r^HT-?sawfiBa?s went on .^vl i'' '?r Pj^sengers ? and while there, h. K! ra??M w ,fc insisted, that this act of voluntary denarturn tram teZT,ary, the Uuitpd States .disqualifies him?4?th in the act of Congress, 81st Marck, 1813. ' a?' of Congress passed April 14, 1803, provided h?A It?W'ttjng the alien should be satisfied he ha.l resided within the United States five vears at luao one SS-AS e?r Terriior' SSJSiSySsB toT'deu^rtM?! 'Jmm the bruad '?nguage used, is opei k if ^ by 110 Means intend to admit that sue) rind. ?f* rU" interpretation) whether interrupted p. nods of residence wittin the United States, maiing^ the aggregate, five years, prior to the admission, mfrh> J?? compliance with the requirement He would at nn?.i0.IS?,0|theflWora,of ,he *?otion. have rosidld in the United States five years, at least, though not continoui But, however this may be, it is quite clear that ? t?m fiuainess or nleasum U' fKmit n>... :..l a. ? SlflttSj Oil teen- ?r any intent"^ chin^' hi dearee';AhUfrili2rircSnt WUh w^i'ld*henufihrre'0re' W!\.? had ,aken up his domicilhftx , Pursue the ordiaary business of life, like noL during' the five yeani!Um ?Ut 0< ,he Umted 8,ate" 01 question arises."1* *Ct ?' MarCh 8' lel8' uPon wh^h tb. ,ulhie V!lh.Vc!i0Jn Provid?? that no person who shall sr '!?? ?? tits United States after the aet takes effect ahsii e?n?i !l!e(1 tto bc?ome B oitizen, who shall not, forth#. htyV?.'!?.**."" "C1"? year* n*xt Preceding his admissioi have resided whhw the United ^tates, without being^t' ??ytime out oi the territory of the United States. lars. ' D V?riM from the act of 1902 "two particu. mi^.?I.tir,qulr<,Va c?nt'nued residence of five years im ?nlndi lP.r ,DB .he admiM?on to Citizenship ; thlu excluding m express terms any implication that the fnh ?Vt be made up by infern.Ppted peri^olres dence. inrhe aggrsfrtf amounting te five years.i 3d It lorbids absence out of the territory of the United States, for even a tuinporory purpose, such as business oi rioa e' w ww 0 arly a,lowed under th? act oi -.fcTi?" ?uh0,e ?.bJeCt, of t!he act of 1818 seema to be, te change the existing law, in the two particulars mention Congress meant, undoubtedly, to put an end to ail questions on the admission of the alien, as to whether hi' absence from the country during the live veais was for c temporary purpose, and therefore not incompatible wi'l. residence, or with intent to change his domicil, and to bring the case down to a simple question of a remaining Within the territorial limits ef the United States for th full five years, and that without any interruption or de partur? therefrom, during the requisite period i f time. We ?re of opinion, that the alien is not entitled to ad mission Chatham Tiikatik.?Mr. Lennox, the acknow ladfrd and worthy delineator of Scottish charac | ter, takes n benefit at the Chatham Theatre, or. j I huriiduy, the 7th inst. His talent is known and appreciated among hiscountrymen, and has alwayt been acceptable to the American community, (wr appeal in the full assurance of au acquiesance) to his countrymen, and others, for their support. Hi* BailieJarvie is a correct and highly worthy per formance. See advertisement. Dr. Potts delivered an interesting sermon Sunday morning nt the Univerxity Chs|>el, upoi, the treatment of our Saviour by the Jews, in person, an I bv modi ru Christians in the neglect and contempt ol hia character, sufferings, services, works, fco. His sermon was eloquent and impressive In the course o( his re maiks upon the Jews, he alluded to the recent address ol Major Noah, which has elicited much remaik in religious circles, and spoke of It as defectivo in its conclusion He would not siiy it was false, but he regarded It as en tirely erroneous. No excuse could be made for the be trayal and persecution of Christ, not even had the conse quences been all they were predicted to the Jewish Church and people. At the same time the reverend apeaker thought that the Christians ot the prexent age could flnd no excuse for their treatment of the Saviour which in some rwp?cts was as inexcusable as that of the Jewi.? Erprut. To Drricr Arhknic.?A capital idea has been promulgated by a French chemiit, and that is, that arse nl? should never be sold snless mixed with one per cent of sulphate of iron and eyanure of potash, which would L*il.T !m-i5u 0t c'ian.'e Color of any fo?d or drink with which it wm nlssd . Extraordinary Limig Nature.?There i? now in this city one of the most remarka ble specimens of nature's tantaatic workman ship that haa ever been presented to the eye of the meat curious searcher into the arcana ol her multiform productions. This rare combination of proportions without model, symmetry without beauty, and excess without delormity, is in the person of a male infant, born some short time since of highly respectable parents, in New Oxford, Adams county, Pennsylvania. The size is a little above the ave-rage of new born infants; the the formation ot every limb and external organ as perfect as can be imagined. The wouder, how ever, is the plurality of heads, there beiug two per fectly distinct heads and necks, entirely disjoined and independentol each other as far down as the point ol contact at the lower vertebra of the neck. The formation of these members, the heads es pecially, presents the highest indications of care bral organization, and, aa ia observed in almoat every aucn case, the expression of the ieaturea oi the face is placid, mild, and if the term may be applied to infants, intelligent. The contour of the whale figure ia so remark ably graceful, symmetrical and elegant, that the spectator is at once struck with it, and more readily imagines himself regarding a classic model after the antique, than a vagary ot the plastic powers of nature. In most cases a survey of objects coming under the epithet of unnatural, ia accompanied by a feeling of repulsion, disgust, or abhorrence? iust according to the susceptibility of the individual; iu the present no such sensation ia felt; but on the contrary an emotion is excited very much akin to tliat felt in contemplating an elegaut design of the first of all origin* Is?the human figure ; and it is only upon looking at the head?which ie truly an object of wonder and admiration more than vulgar curiesity?that one is reminded ot the dis tinctive feature of the object?and which ia felt in reality to be one of excess rattier than deformity. Dr Phelfer, Principal of the New Oxford Medi cal Institute, the gentleman whose professional ser vices were employed in the case, is deserving*of much praise, and haa shown by tha manner in which he overcame the difficulties presented there in, that he is a most expert and scientific practi tioner. From causes quite satisfactory, the Doctor haa been unable to comply with the nu merous solicitations of the (acuity in various parts, that he should give them and tha public the opportunity of examining (hia object of cu riosity, but has at length arranged to exhibit it in tnis city. Since his arrival, several medical gentlemen ot the first standing have visited him, and expressed themselves in terms of approbation of his project; and we were informed by him that so strong was the admiration ot Dr. Meigs, of Phi ladelphia. upoa seeing this lusus naturae, that he employed at heavy expenae a first rate artist to commit to canvass a faithful representation of the Grecian elegance and grace, the general propor tion, and partial distortion, of which it is an em bodiment. We understand that in two or three daya the ex hibition will open, under such regulations as will ensure to all who are so desirous the means of see ing it. We hope that from the remarks above made after a visit to the subject of them; it will be per ceived that thia exhibition is not intended to satis fy mere vulgar curiosity ; that its effect upon visi tors is advantageous and agreeable; in addition to which we will merely ada that the proceeds will be applied to support that excellent and admired institution, which is under the direction ot, and built by Dr. Pfieffer?the New Oxford Medical In stitute. The Weather in Canada.?Of all the many in stances experienced and recorded of the midden changes ia Canada weather, none is mars astonishing than the present Th<> weather, which lines the lata storm had been beautifully clear and pleasant, causing many to mistake it lor the Indian summer, took s indden change on Saturday night, and continued cold and bins try during the whole of Sunday. On Monday meriting the ground was covered with falling and drifting snow, and a strong North East wind whirled it through tha streets in clouds,^nearly blinding the few-pedestrians who ventured nut. This continued all day, and towards eve ning sleighs were in requisition. To-day,the wind has somewhat moderated, but the fall of snow haa so prodi giously increased that an average ilcpth of eighteen in ohes lies on the ground ; while in places the tops of rails and fences are out of sight. Pasting in carriage* or wag ons is imponible, and the lew vehicles in use are sleighs, but cold, wet and comfortless, and aay thi.g but types of the merry sleigh bells of winter. In consequence of the storm, no boats have arriv ed from either the Lake or River since Sunday, and con seqently no mails have been received since then From the present apprarauee of the weather, there will proba bly te no arrivals to-day. The American mall has not yet arrived either, being unable to cross the channel, se that we are in a regular fix for news. Thia is doubly an noying, ua the election returns from the w e stern puat of the Province are anxiously looked ior.?King$ton Whig, Oct 39. Cu^MBu ItAii.noAD Accidunt ?On Saturday ?vening a mail named William Mann waa run over on the Trenton railroad, about one hundred yards abive the depot, at Kensington, by a train of cars, and his sight leg was severed above the knee, his left ancle crashed, and the stump ol his right arm, which, about twentv-iour years ago, had been amputated ia conse quence of an injury sustained while working at the Fair monnt dam, was further fractured Ha was taken to the hospital, where his lelt foot and right leg were ar putated He is not expected to survive many hours. Those who had charge of the train ef oars say, that the unfortunate man was lying upon the track of the load when they crme up, and deeming the object a cow, they merely put the steam whistle in operation to frighten her away, without stopping the engine, and that when the mistake was discovered it was too late to prevent the accident? Philadelphia Timtt, Nov 4. Launch ok the Dry Dock ?We much regret to state that an accident occurred in the launching of the Dry Dock yesterday, which we fear may be pro ductive of delay in getting it into operation. At the hour appointed fir the launch, the mammoth mass glided easily on towards its destined element,until about f .'i-ty-five feet ef the structure had passed beyond the edge of the wharf, whea the wharf itsell (which had previously sottied somewhat from the immense weight which it had sustain ed) yielded, causing the ways on oue aide, on which the Dock tested, to break away .and prevoating its further pro gress. In thia situation it now lies somewhat atrained, but precautionary measures having been taken by tha enterprising owner to prevent further injury, It ia hoped that it may be extricated from its perilous state in the coarse ofu few days. The Dock we learn meaaures 166 feet in length, by 64 in breadth and will be capable of docking a veaael ol from >00 to 1000 tona burthen. The public spirited projector and owner, James Marsh, 'Jr. Esq., deserves much praise for bis energy and onterprize, and it is sincerely to be hoped that this accident will not either materially retard the time of getting the dock In operation, or occasion much pecuniary loss ? Charleiton Cour. Nov. 1. Another Burglary.?Last night, the Manaion House of Mr. Yale, in Hicks street, was entered by four thievea, and robbed of coats, hata, silver spoons, fee. They were traced to the ferry-boat, and the ferry-master, Mr. VanCleef, suspect.ng the iellowa, kindly detained tha boat and gave information to Mr. Folk, captain ef tho watch, and they were all arrested. They are oolored men, named George White, Riahard Jones, Thomas Jef ferson, and William Jackson, all from tha city of New Tork.?Brooklyn Star, Nov. 4. Naval Court Martial.?The decision of the Naval Court Martial, at Washington, in tha case of seaman Richard Muxzleton, tried for assaulting Mid shipman Bohrer, is that aaid aeaman be reprimanded, and that Midshipman Bohror be censured, it being proved that that officer first assaulted the sailor. The Court ia now engaged with the trial of Midshipman Agaligan Cook, charged with "aoandalous conduct, In purloining two sumsot money, tending to the destraotion oi good morals in the service." Supreme Court?October Term.?Oct. 81? Present?Chief Justice Nelson and Justice Beards ley? Jared N. Stebbena ads. Thewiaa Jenninga. Mr. H. Humphrey waa heard lor the defendant; Mr. H. Gay for the plaintiff; New trial granted ; coats to abide the event.?Wm. B. Hutchens vs. Benjamin Hutchena and othera. Mr. Stevens was heard for defendant ; Mr. F. M. Heigh', for.tlie plaintiff; Mr. Stevens ia reply.? The People, plaintiff in error va McBr de, defendant in error. Mr. Gilbert, district attorney, was heard for the People; Mr. F M. Height lor the defendant j judg ment attirmed with costs.?Nathaniel Adams ada. John A. lloss. Mr. J. W. Gilbert was heard for the de leadant; Mr. M. Cbapin waa heard for the plaintiff; aaw trial denied.?The People, ex. rel, he. vs. Augus tus P. Hascall, a judge of Genesee county courts. Mr. ?. Fitch Smith was heard lor the delwndant; Mr. H. R. Selden for the relator ; ordered that th-' pro ceedings belore the commission in this matter, b" affirmed. ?James Strong, administrator, fcc of ( liver Hinckley, deceased, vs. Rebert Hinekley. Mr. H. K. Jerome was heard ior the plaintiff: Mr. Theron It. Strong for the de fendant ; Mr. Jerome in reply. Great Work of Catlin?Mr. Catlin has just issued in London, a prospectus for an elegant work, which he calls "Catlin'a North American Indian Portfo lio." It ia to be published only by subscription, and tha patronage ef Queen Victoria, the Emperor of Russia, and the leading nobility, is already secured. The work will contain twenty-five viewa or subjects, taken frem the moat admired pictures in the Inditin collection. These will comprint Indian hunting scenes?mode of catching and taming the wild horse -favorite Indian games -land scape scenery of the Rocky Mountains and Prairies ? and the, chiefs of several Indian tribes. The prints will be executed in the most finiahed style. Rome.?A letter from Rome of the 20th ultimo, stales that several new Cardinals were shortly to be appointed by the Pope, and that the Arckbiahopot Co logne, who had been received with the greatest distinc tion by hia Holiness, would be in thenumhsr. There ere now, throughout tha world, 147 Catholic archbishops, *84 bishops. 7) vicars apostolical, nine pretests, three xpostolicals, and 3-187 missionaries. The number of faith ful may amount to aoo,000 000,000. In the course of the present century (from 1800 to 1843) 40 new epi.copal sees had been created.? 7Ymet. Obermn ?The catalogue of the Oberlin Insti tute shows ih" li<l'Mvipg eitmrnary *? Theologlc >1 ... 82 College .141 Male Prepmatorv . .148 Female College Preparatory 11 Young La lies' course 14t) Whole number ol Males , 'Mi Do do Females, ..... .188 Total ,4M