Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 7, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 7, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. ??w Work, IhuritUjr, Noveuikcr T, 1?44. The Hocnit hllcrtloii?I la Itameroni ilraulu, From the return# all ady received, givi-ig ihe result of the recent presidential eleotiou in tin* couuiry, it is very evident to the phtloeophical ob server, that a more important election has never been held since the establishment of the present constitution. It is probable, that on this occasion three inillious of independent men throughout tnese tweaty-six States, iiavi* coine up in the compass of two or three days?at almost contern|>o raneous periods?and declared by their vote*, de posited in the ballot boxes, who is to be ihe clue! magistrate of this mighty country. At this mo ment we are unable to say who is elected Presi dent?wheth-r it is Mr. Clay or Mr. Polk?for the treat mass of the whole population are so nearly divided, that it may take some days yet before that extraordinary result is ascertained aud when it has been ascertained, it is highly probable that the successf.il candidate may triumph by one of the smallest minorities that ever has determined such a contest. In thi ? contest a variety of issue* have been in volved? floral, political, social, religious, and, per hv?, commercial. From the extreme close aesi of the contes* it might be nrgoed that these is?ues, to a certain extent, have not been decided m?on, but yet we believe, fiom the general charac ter of the result ifiua far ??<>Mriained, that most likely the most ot them have received either a new im I'Ul .a or a depression, trom which the philosophical inind can discover the uatnral results growing out of this extraordinary movement of the people t>l the United States. Let us examiue this matter a little more closely. And first growing out of this extraordinary popular struggle for the chief magistracy of this great country, we have evolved the distinct ttuth aud great fact, which is still denied by the monarchists of Europe, that a free people?an intelligent people?a religious people?with cer tain exceptions in all points, ate yet capable ot going through one of the most extraordi nary movements?that of an election for chief magistrate, and presenting to the world at the same time, a spectacle of moral sublimity that the sun has never heretofore shone upon?and that is, in a population of twenty million*, such a contest should be peacefully determined without the shadow of military force to maintain the laws? without riot?without insurrection?with nothing whatever to mar or deface the moral beauty ot the movement, except the tolly and mismanagement of the press and certain politicians preceding the contest, and u. few little, paltry, contempti- j ble "rows" here and there in some of ihe large cities. This ought to teuch the monarchists and aristocracies of Europe, as well as the great popu'ar misses there, that the grand experiment ofmanV ca pacity tor self government is successful here to 11 degree transcending even the hopes of the friends of tree institutions. The enemies of republicanism in Europe are in .he habit of exclaiming agaimt tli<? insurrectionary spirit, which, bs they falsely ull'idge, prevails in the United States. That is all a silly fable. Popular outbreaks have, it is true, occasionally taken place?but what have they beenl Sudden, brief, and evanescent astbe explosion of a rocket. But here we have s^en the great princi ples of the government applied, and the right of u niversal suffrage exercised, whilst unusual popular excitement universally prevailed, and not an inci dent occurring to occasion the slightest pain to a true patriot?without any of the riot, and blood shed, and tumult which are exhibited at every elec tion in Great Britain. This is one of the principal points or issues es tablished and strengthened by the recent election. Another result is the complete and utter destruction ot all thoje mistaken ideas promulgated by the enemies of this government in Europe, that we are a divided nation?a divided people?and that there are elements at work among-tt us which will tie ft-oy ihe unity of the people and the government. But the very division of such a mass of intelligene .is is comprised in three millions of people, into 'wo great parties, distributed almost equally in every State?in every geographical division of the country, prevents any such idea from obtaining an aecendsncy in this country, as a division or disso lution of the Union. What can South Carolina on one side, and a few demagogues in Vermort on the other, or a little fraction of abolitionists in Boston, effect by their denunciations ot the Union, or resolutions declaring its dissolution, when w e see immense masses of the population all uniting oordially in one great movementl The perpetuity of this Union is therefore atrengihed and establish ed by every succeeding election for the Presidency. To thes? two most important points, there are a number of subsidiary or less important ones to be added, all growing out ot the ptesent election ? Amongst these, the most iinpoitnrit.ia, probably, the moral re-action that will now take place, both iu the press and th* people, when they cast a glance bt - hind th-ni.and see the excesses and errors they have committed in the recent canvass?when they re flect upon the outrages against both correct taste and sound morality. In public meetingc?in private conversations?in various associations of both par ties, errors and excesses were committed, of which all, we are sure, will now feel ashamed. A great re-action will now take place, in consequence ot this calm retrospection, and we are encouraged to hope that it will tend to a more rigid adhe rence hereafter to the principles of good taste and ' sound morality. Another result affecting oar foreign and domes tic relations will also grow out of this election. The very closeness of the contest between Polk and Clay, and the peculiarity of the issues in volved, have certainly given an impetus to that measure which is called the re-annexation o! Texas and also the acquisition of the Oregon tern tory. A strong opposition has been made to thi measure in New England, but we are persuaded, from the extreme closeness of the contest, that even if Mr. Clay should be elected President, that measure would still be successful sooner or later, together with the acquisition of Oregon to its full est extent. Another point which may be consider ed as established, is that in relation to the toriff? the gross delusions on this subject, to which the popular mind was subjected by the extreme aud unscrupulous electioneers of both parties, will now he understood. The whole country, with some slight exceptions in South Carolina and else a her., 1*, we believe, in favor of a reasonable tariff?not an exclusive tariff?hut a reasonable tariff, giving ample revenue to the country, and affording a fair and honest support to manufactures, agricultures, snd every otlvr industrial pursuit of life. We do not bel.eve it will be possible to make the tariff a parly issue hereafter. It is a broken reed at best, and nas been used by both parties in the recent nontest, merely to throw dust 111 the eyP? of tl.e people. With respect to the United States Bank, to the distribution of the public lands, utid to the great question ot internal improvements,we nre sati.fitd that, even should Mr Polk be elected, the charac ter of Congress will be such, and the position and power of the country are so peculiarly situated, that all those measures will, in process of tune, gradu ally acquire strength; and that, although it muy b some years, we think it is highly probable that ?very succeeding election will only increase popu lar opinion in favor of a National Bank, establish ing a new currency, and 01 a measure for the dis tribution of the public lands to aid the delinquert ?Stales, and probably of the principle of supporting internal improvements by the funds and energy t! the government. I he whole tendency ol the gre. popular movement ot the age is to give power an J momentum to the great central government of the country. Prom ihe peculiar abstractions of the Southern States, and particularly Virginia, the ma ris! movement originating in the middle .and in da stria I States ha. hitherto been retarded by that dreamy, vague, impracticable idea originating in the South; but we believe that a alow, silent, yei sure revolution in the social condition, as we as in the political opinions oi the Southern States, has commeucrd, ?ud is now going on, and that it will be developed in a lew yearn m some sig nal political result as to these opinions. Mary land, Virgiaia, and the Carolinaa have been depressed of their agricultural wealth during the last lew years, as much from exhaustiou ol their soil as from the successlul rivalry of the South-Western States on the Mississippi; without the ancient affluence which they possessed, they become discontented and dispirited, and have been in the habit lor some years past of attributing all their difficulties to the action of the general govern ment, while they really had their origin in their own social condition. The time is propitious to correct all these erroneous uotions, and to put an end to the unreal and unphilosophical abstractions, which had their birth in the time ot Jeflerson in Virginia. The movement of the present day is a material movement, embracing an in creuse of wealth, industry, camfort, and every thing connected with the improvement of mechanics and the arts. The rising gen eration are all imbued with that new industrial spirit, and as new fl iodi of voters come into the field, we are pi rsuaded that the old Virginian no tions of abstraction and restriction will be eutirel) overlooked and swept away. These are some ot the views which occur to us ?? irvwiog out ol this important election But they are not all. From the very importune* ??*' oc casion, and the influence exercised by the abolition vote in the free States,we are persuaded that there will be hereafter both in Congress and in the State Legislature, a full opening up of the abolition question in all its vaneties. But we do not apprehend any difficulty from that, nor from the isolated " native" movement in a few districts? These are mere sporadic eruptions?excrescences which appear every now "and then, but are speedily removed by the intelligence of the age. They can not and will not be allowed to impede in the slight est degree the growth and progress of this mighty land in any thing connected with civilization. And so we can contemplate,without the least draw back, the one grand result of this election?the triumph.nt vindication of the practicability and success ot democratic government, and with that the ultimate annexation of Texas?the acquisition of the Oregon?the establishment ?f a National Bauk and national currency?the principle of a protective tariff?-the distribution of the sur plus revenue for the benefit of delinquent States, and generally the gradual concurrence of the public mind in all schemes for internal improve ment that may advance and unite the country in one great community of freemen Our prospects, therefore, are brilliant in the extreme; and we can now point with hope and triumph to the great movement et independent men in the election of their chief magistrate, as a spectacle that ought to astonish and alarm the monarchists of Europe, awakening in their minds the conviction that their day is coming. City Affairs.?Now that the general election is over we wiil expect the corporation to pay a little attention to the city affairs. They merit great praise for their efforts to preserve the peace of the city, which the intelligence and good sense of the people happily rendered an easy work. First ol all wewillexpuct attention to a munici pal police. During the heat of the contest, the Common Council passed a bill for a new police system, which did not receive the at tention it deserved. Now let it be taken up pro perly. We now want a good police more than ever; for as the political fighting clubs will ol course rapidly dissolve into their original elements of burglars, thieves, rowdies, and pickpockets, the want of nn efficient police system will vefy soon be much felt. Again, the steamboat landings are in as bad a atate as ever. The cabmen are as disorderly aa ever, and all these matters must be attended to promptly. Then the had streets demand notice. Broadwav i? in a shockiug 6tate. It must be re-paved entirely?and not in the bungling manner heretofore seen. Let it be paved with blocks of granite, which can be so readily procured from Staten Island, and then that noble avenue will bo what it ought to be, a comfortable, clean, elegant and respectable thoroughfare. But perhaps the most pressing matter ol all is the taxation. It has been enormously increased in di rect violation of the solemn pledges of this new party. If they don't look to this and relieve the city from a portion of this intolerable burden, they will find out their error in the spring. Pictorial History of the United States.? We give in our columns to-day an extract from a very valuable work just published in Philadelphia, entitled " The Pictorial History of the United States, bylPro'essor Frost, in four octavo velumes, and embellished by three hundred and fifty engrav ings ftom original drawings. This is one of the most interesting, ss it is one of the most elegant histories of this country tver published, and is par ticularly adapted fur the use of schools arid col leges. In our paptr to-day we give an extract irom inis work, with an engraving illustrative of the landing of the. first emigrants or "foreigner#," on Ply mouth Rock. It will be perceived that these first bands of the " offscourings of Europe" were re ceived with a great deal of politeness and hospi tality 1 y the "natives" of that day. The spirit of enlightened and intelligent republicanism, which now exists in some quarters, had not then, it is to be presumed, appeared. It certainly excites some curious and not altogether unprofitable reflections to contrast the interesting period thus recalled to our mind w ith the present. Wm S. Archer of Vikqinia.?Some ol the " native" papers have, we perceive, nominated William S. Archer, as their candidate in 1848. A weaker and more contemptible candidate could not be selected from the lists of weuli politicians. He's an amiable man, but in intellect and capacity, be low the level of Captain Tyler. If the "natives" waul to do anything, let them take up the name of General Scott. Silas Wrioht in New Yore ?So far as the re turns have been received they indicate that Mr. Wnght is running ahead ol Mr. Polk. His vast popularity is, doubtless, one cause of this, but rt also indicates the depth and permanence of the hatred of the Van Buren clique to the nomination of Mr. Polk. They can't forgive that. Olr Bull.?This great genius passed through this city yesterday from Philadelphia en route to Boston, lie appears to have quite recovered from his recent indisposition ; indeed we have never seen him appear in better health and spirits. He will doubtless favor *he Bostonians with one or more of the new pieces which helms recenilycomposed The " Requiem to the Memory of Washington," is said to be equal if not surpassing his former compo sitions ; the "Solitude ol the Prairie," is alco worthy of the great artiste, and the " Falls of Nisgara," by those who have heard it, is estimated one ol his sublimest productions. It is hoped that ere long the residents of this city will have the op portunity ot hearing one or all ot these composi tions. Benefit of Mr Lennox ?The admirers ol Scot tish character will perceive Mr. Lennox takes n farewell benefit at the Chatham Theatre to-nigbt, i aided by Miss Nelson mid Mr. Freer. Pongs, danc ing, dec., make u;> an admirable night's performance We say, ro one, no all Vot. 6.?Owen Daily, of Brooklyn, wm arrested *t a late hour on Tuesday night, rhsrgad with illeiallr vet. iog to tits lata ward. UNPRECEDENTED EXCITEMENT. BOTH PARTIES CLAIMING NEW YO&t. Doubt and Closeness of the Election in this State. Chaneeiof Mr-Clay Increasing. We are in the midst of an unprecedented ex citemeat, alter having passed through an ex tremely quiet election in thia city; but the returns from the interior counties in thta State, throw a cloud over the proapecta of both parties. Both claim their candidatea as having been suc cessful?the whig* claim Mr. Clay; the locofocos present the same claim far Mr. Polk. The ex treme closeness of the conteat, compared with that of 1840, make the chances either way very doubtful. The extreme excitement of politicians, the crowds in the streets, the commotion that is gene rally prevailing in the city at the present time, ex ceed all we ever experienced during 'he laat quar ter of a century. All partiea are dissatisfied, except perhapa the American Republican party, who, with the aaaiatance of the whiga, have ear ned their Araembly ticket?and may thus hold the balatce of power in that house? besides the Senate, and several members of Congress. Amidst these conflicting views it may be asked wnat is our opinion 1 As far aa we can tell, all appears to depend on the Abolition vote in the weotcru couNtiwB, and in consequence of Birney's conduct aa respecta his connection with the Loco tocos, Mr. Clay may carry the State. In Ohio, the Abolitionists lost aome strength, but whether they will do so in this State remains to be seen. How ever, the neutrals have the power to aecure it if they have exercised their vote; whether or not, at present it ia impossible |to say. Nothing but the actual returna will do it. Some 600 or 700 vot#a may decide the question in this State. We have added the lateat returna up to the hour of going to prear, which will be found aa accurate aa can possibly be obtained at the present time, flew York Election. 1844. 1840. Count in. Clay Polk. Har'n. V. Bun Kings. 447 ? 3293 3156 New York, 22716 24560 20956 21933 Orange, ? 650 4371 4845 Richmond, ? 8 908 861 Rockland, ? 924 537 1657 Westchester, ? 201 4083 4345 Suffolk, ? 1150 2415 3482 Queens, ? 251 2522 2550 Columbia, ? 450 4290 4478 Greene, ? 529 2991 3258 Albany, 4593 4375 6371 5944 Montgomery, ? 326 2828 3298 Herkimer, ? 1500 3118 4350 Saratoga, 450 ? 4416 3873 Rentsellaer, 650 ? 5752 5424 Schenectady, 190 ? 1752 1579 Dutchess, ? 300 5356 5362 Ulster, 300 ? 4492 4280 Oneida, ? 300 7156 7769 Putnam, 938 1686 920 1583 Fulton, 125 ? 1964 1645 21 counties, 30409 37210 90485 95672 30409 90485 Democratic maj., 6801 5187 5187 Democratic gain, 1614 in 21 counties. There are fifty seven countiea in the State. Members of Congress Elected. Whig fy Native. Democrat. District 1, J. W. Lawrence, ?? 2, H.J. Seaman, 3, Wm. S.Miller, " 4, W. B. Maclay, " 5, T. Woodruff, ? 6, W.W.Campbell, " 7, J. H. Anderson, 8, W. W. Woodworth, " 9, Arch. C. Niven, " 10, Samuel Cordon. ?' 11, John F. Collin. Remarks on the Above. It is to be seen by this, the above returns being correct, that the whiga out oi the city hold their own?that they are, indeed, nearly as strong us in 1840, when they carried the State by 13,290. It ia possible, however, I hut the abolition vote may afl-ct the general result, but it is difficult to tell how far that vote has had an influence on the whig ticket. In Oneida county, the strong hold of aboli tionism, where the abolitionists polled 1148 in 1843, the whiga have gain> d 396 in seven towns?show ing that Birney has, moet likely, been deserted by a portion of his party who have gone over to Clay If this runs through the western counties in the same way, Clay has certainly carried the State All is in doubt and contusion, and Polk may and may not come oil' with the thirty-six vlectoiul votes. Should Polk, however, lose the Stale, Wright will probably be elected Governor. It appears probable from the evidence we have received, that there has been a small defection in the de mocratic ranks on the part of some of Van Bu ren's friends. It is supposed that owing to Van Buren being thrown overboard, some of his ad mirers bolted the course on the Presidential tick et, und went powerfully for Wright. This ia madr more cleurly manifest, by thelact that Wright iun> ahead of his ticket in every county heard from. In the present aspect of the returns, it will b^ difficult to tell with much accuracy how the State has gone, till we hear from a few counties on th other side of Cayuga Bridge. Till then, therefore, let us watch and pray. To-day, look at the Post script head for later returns trom the interior, ami see what they indicate. Pennsylvania Elections, October. November. Oov. 1844 Preit 1844. Count iet Markle. Shunk. Clay. Polk 47 counties, 111,652 114,168 71,382 74 79!) 111,652 71,382 Dem. maj. 2,511 3,417 2.511 Democratic gain in three weeks, 9% Twrlve Commas to Hkak From. Armstrong, Clearfield, Cliaton, Crawford, Clarion, Tilk, hirie, Jefferson, McKean, Mercer, Potter, Warren. These gave a democratic majority of 1886 on the Gabernatorial ticket three weeks ago. Tin. added to Polk's majority in the above table will give him 5,803 Virginia Electlan. 1844. 1840. Count m Clay. Polk. Har. V. B. Richmond City, 824 276 580 17(i Henrico, 505 341 445 39s Petersburg, 40 ? 245 262 Chesterfielrt, 836 597 298 888 Frederick, 762 818 756 743 Sussex, ? 215 100 3-17 Brunswick, ? 51 261 380 Charles City, 150 ? 173 30 Dinwiddle, ? 88 302 23.'> Prince George, 16 ?? 124 237 Carolina, ? 18 399 467 Spottsylvania, 15 ? 858 Wis Stafford^ 105 ? 266 295 Greensville, 63 ? 110 15<> Hnnover, 90 ? 450 462 King George, 49 ? 168 12!) Fairfax, 48 ? 866 221 Loudoun, 950 ? 1269 881 Hampshire, 624 636 729 605 Berkeley, i2l ? 599 37<J Shenandoah, ? 1200 102 1218 Rockingham, ? 1500 256 144-1 Page, ? 700 45 528 Clarke, ? 26 174 191 Twenty-four counties,4701 6404 8582 1023;! 4701 8682 Democratic majority, 1703 1661 1651 Democratic gain, 52 since 1840. There are one hundred and twenty-four counties in the State. In 1840 th-y gave Van Buien a ma jority of 1,892. According to the Richmond Enquirer (dem ) of th* 6th in*., th* abort haa confirmed th* oonvi* tions of thai paper, that the State is wife tor Poik and Dalits by at least 0,000. Ohio BImUwi. . Oct 1M4 , Nov. 1844. Counliti. (fTi. Dent Mo. Clan. Polk. Mo Ashtabula 3210 1086 Ml (18J 1132 537 Bel in out 3091 2867 233 m Cuiyh'Jg* 3172 2377 364 914 Kfit I38H 1311 73 197 Geauga 2077 1042 2S2 11*3 Uke, 1737 M4 114 1117 Ml Lotaiu 19K I860 463 176 Poriagf, 3167 3J60 334 169 Summit 2623 1999 .. 174 703 Vetliua 2022 1940 .. 330 130 Union, 966 704 .. 35 303 Marion 1433 14 15 50 86 Clarke,. 1193 .. 1328 Fairfield 1183 .. .. 1119 Guernsey 49 .. .. 316 Kruiklin 393 .. .. 471 .. Harrison 206 .. .. 285 jtfwMa 35 39 Licking 413 .. 349 Madiaon 568 .. ?C? Muskingum, 1116 .. .. 1229 Perry 789 .. 7 80 Pickaway 77 .. 33T> (Jallia, 321 .. .. 681 Washington 350 .. .. 500 Moss 693 .. .. 846 Montgomery, '61 .. .. 176 Huron 395 .. .. 374 Hamilton 6951 8836 373 5728 73*3 1 Meigs 1256 717 37 653 Thirty count)* 39838 3J184 3*56 22778 11534 1 31604 11534 Whig majority 8154 11344 ?154 Whig gain in three weeks 3090 Conueetloat Election. 1144 , 111* , Countiee. Clay. Polk. Bir'y. liar. V. B. M. Hartford 604J 5294 379 6316 4496 2KK New Haven, 5314 4351 32* 5100 4012 2JI Fairfield 5348 4599 133 4871 38t>! 143 New Loudon 3642 3170 378 3815 3148 2i7 Tolland 3007 1948 84 1991 1509 114 Middlesex 2333 2153 130 2176 3276 14C Wiudh?m 3477 3411 361 2790 2188 4?> Litchlidd 4089 3731 311 2542 3W)li 381 TOW 37867 1726 31601 25296 1989 37*67 25296 Whig majority,. 3471 63*5 A fsn gate rota ia 1144 6093* M40 68886 Increased rota 3060 Rhode Island Election. 1844. 1840. Counties. Clay. Polk. Harr. Van B Providence, 8756 3186 2482 711 Newport, 1180 410 914 417 Kent, 786 361 669 1372 Bristol, 589 109 476 126 Washington, 969 711 737 666 Total, 7279 4777 5,278 8,301 4777 3,301 Whig maj. 2,502 1,977

Aggregate vote in 1844, - - 12,056 '? " 1840, - - 8,579 Increased vote, .... 3,477 Presidential Election. Retubns Received. PolkK Certain. Clay, Certain. Pennsylvania. 36 Ohio 23 New Hampshire 6 Connecticut 6 8. Carolina 9 K. Island 4 Virginia 17 Maryland t> Returns to come in. .... JPolk,probable. Clay, probable. Illinois 9 N. Carolina II Michigan 5 Kentucky 12 Arkanaas 3 Louisiana C Missouri 6 Massachusetts 12 Mime 9 Vermont 6 Alabama 9 Delaware 3 Mississippi... 7 Total 106 Total 91 _ DouBTrtJL States. Georgia 10 New Jersey 7 Indiana 13 New York 3* Tennessee 13 Total 35 Total 43 36 Total doubtful votes Personal Movements. The Hon. Charle* P. Adam* addressed the whig* ol New Bedford on the subject of Texas, on Tuesday even ing. Com. Moore, of the Texts Navy, i* now in this city. Dr. C. F.;Wia*low>nd family, of Nantucket, arrived at Tahiti, in June, well, and would leave there for Maui tome time in July. Mr. Calhoun i* expected to arrive at Washington cn Saturday, to reaume hi* official dutiea. The Hon. Martin Brimmer decline* to be coniidered a candidate for the Mayoralty of Boston, for re-election at the December election. The11 Washington Constitution" aaya?"the member* oi Congress will soon begin to wend their way to Washing" ton. 8>me have already arrived. We have heard of the ar rival of the Hon. I*aac E. Holme* of South Carolina, the Hon. John Wentworth of Illinoi*, and the Hon. GeorgtjC Dromgoole, of Virginia." Qjv. Crawford, of Georgia, haiiuuedhi* proclamation, declaring Me**r*. Thome* Butler King, Seaborn Jonea, Washington Poe, Hugh A. Haralson, John H. Lumpkin1 Howell Cobb, Alex. H. Stephana, and Robert Toomb*, t be elected to the Congres* of the United Statea, for t* < year* trom and after the 8d ?( March, 1846 Midshipman George W. Harrison, died on board XI. Brandy wine in Maeao Road*, of conge*tive fever, after *!? illness of 14 day*, Dr. Tappan, of Stenbenville, ha* bronght enaction fo. libel against R. W. Middleton, Esq., editor of the ''Pitti burg Age," for publishing in hi* paper that Dill A. Smith, of Pittsburg, had been robbed and atterward* shot at bj the Doctor on board a steamboat one day last week. It ii mmored that Col. Jo*. Graham, ef Cincinnati, ha, been appointed Consul to one of the principal pert* oi South America. , Samuel St. John died at hi* residence in New Haven, on Monday evening, at the age of about 80. Ha waa out of the wealthiest men in New Haven. He has left Rt family. Capt. Stockton ha* received order* to proceed to Go* port Navy Yard with the steamihip Princeton, where sht ia to be put|on the Dry Dock for repair*. From thence aba is to proceed to sea. Capt. S. arrived here on Tuesdsy. The Msyor elect of Baltimore, Jacob G. Davie*, Esq , was sworn into office on Monday morning, and took hi ?eat as Mayor of that city. The official majorityfor Dr. Jones,a* President of Texas, over Bur.eiton, appear* to b* 1,66:). Thi* gentleman is said to be in favor of annexation. Mr. William Duff", (uperintendent of the locomotive de partment at Canton, Md., ha* invented a new " Hydro (tatic Safety Valve," fur the purpoie of preventing < *' plosion* on iteamboats, fee. The inauguration of the Governor of Ohio la December next will present a novel feature. The robe* of office will be transferred from son to sire?acting Gov. Bartli will give place to Gov. Bartley, elect. Major General Scott, U. 8. A., passed through Balli more on Sunday last, on his wsy to Washington President Ssnts Anns espoused the Senora DonaDi - lore* Fo*t*y Gome*. The ceremony took place at th< National Palaee, with the lolemnity due the rank of th? illuatnou* pair. Theatricals, dec. Oi.a Bi ll.?The Boston papers state, that the Narut I ion ?' Mahtrnom," as that bright enthuiiast, Mrs. Chilil baa called him, i* to bring all hia (form* and hurricane/ ol feeling, all hi* patho* and witchery of *oand to bea again upon the muiical sensibilities of our people, and i to pour them forth from the Great Mailboro', on Frida; tvoning. It will be toe first concert In a Hall, nicel* adupted by all the laws of acouitica, for the pure melod.> of sound, and it will accommodate an abundant audience. " Niagara'' it to " come out of him" in Boiton?and *o i> hi* tribute to "Washington," and another new piece o great beauty announced in yesterday ?* paper. We under ?tand tha: Ol* Bull ha* made an agreement with s South ern violinist to set n* leader of the orcheitra, wherevei he shall go, and that this artist enthusiastically appn ciates overy composition ef the groat ma*ter, and relieve, him of a weight ol anxiety in their prepiration forth' public. A hope is expressed that Madame Arnault wil be prima donna on ths occasion. Mr. Hill, we are sorry to hear, ha* had a severe sttarl of the pleurisy, which hss compelled him to postpone hi entertain meat* at the Boiton Muceum ; but he is now re covered. Rice repested the never-tiring burlesque of Otello fo the last time, and a Mr. Meorr, ityled a young lri*h tr? gedian, made hi* flr*t appearance in America, at th Chesnut street theatre, Philadelphia, on Tuetday?venlng. A new piece,called "Whig* and Democrat*," has b?ei performed at the Arch itreet.Theatre, Philadelphia. Mr. Fraxcr.the new addition to the S*guin opera troupt 1* laid to be the fined tenor w* have ever had in thi country. If ?o, ha ha* improved wonderfully of late. II bore no *uch reputation in England. Yet he is a ver; good vocalist. It is ststed that tha Metternich of the Knglish Opsin the great negotiator between managers snd prima- Ion nai, Mt. Seguin, of Bond (tieet, comes over a* ehaptrnt male to Tsglioni. Th* Polick Bii.l.?The Board of Assistants frill meet this evening to act upon the new Police Bill, whloh lately passed the Board oi Aldermen Bcknm at Miutaky Hall.?On Tueaday even ing last, this renowned rendezvous for vita and soldiers partook ol a tegular ahare of the prevailing political excitement of that long to be r> member ed day. Aa the shad?-s of evening droo|>ed upon that broad thoroughfare called Bowery, ita ample trottoiri were crowded with a bevy ol smart young men, cute politicians, ana a due sprinkling of pre cise, unbending, enthusiastic old heroeB, whose mathematical cut habihmenu and evangelical as pects, shewed they were determined?piously bent ?upon exhausting thescaut remains of their earth ly pilgrimage iu defence of the Bible?the whole Bible?the book ot the Maccabees and the whole Apocrypha included. "Here's to the Pilot that weathered the Storm," sung Geoige Canning, ol his departed prototype Wm. Pitt. Here's to the skilful voyagew, who, by good luck as well m good guiding, pas?ed the entrance door?fenced through the hall,and scrambled up the stairs to the room where the Native foices were assembled, without cut or contusion ; and from all we wit nessed alter our perilous arrival within the boister ous precincts ot that chamber, we are piously in clined to say?in relation to all who may " go and do likewise"?" may the Lord send you a happy deliverance." Arrived, however, inside the large assembly room, what sounds, what tumult fell upon the ear What were the orgies celebrated bv that sage, ss I aiduous, sanctimonious conclave of Native Ameri can Republicans? "Oh, there can be little loss to opine that," you are ready to say, "surely men who love the Bible akov# everything else, as they say ; men who hat# the Pope and the devil, who are jealous for the cause ot orthodox, could not spend the passing heuria aught else than "in improving the time, us the days urc evil " No, no. Sutely theae champions ol scripture, who are ready to cut their neighbors' throats lor God's sske, ate not so ready to anticipate the stern necessity ol that sanguinary ordeal, us to talk of deeds ot violence, to blast the reputation ol political foeB, because not possessed ot pliable consciences, to malign a nation, aye, & nation, whose greatest lault, they allege to be, their desperate fidelity to tne precious "lagacy of generations, to the lessons of their Jyouth and the guide ot thcii mature pilgrimvge in foreign lands." All this is quite plausible speculation ; nothing of the sort should be; but alas! since the days of old Oliver, who said that the Lord had moved him?to " take away that bauble"?to be " delivered of Sir Harry Vane," and maaeacre the garrison ot Drogheda in cold blood?there has been lar too frequently pei ceived an incompatibility between the practice and professions of those who become crazy by drinking deep of religioaa fanaticism. Hear what the na tives said?hear what the natives applauded?hear what young and nld.big|and little of that fastidious, tunny, lurious, farcical aad fulminating conclave, called the Native American Republicans, who niei in Military Hull and scattered somewhere on Crack Skull Common?Baid of theirvneigbbors?for verily the Bible Baith all men are our neighbors and out brethren. And now ye victims of Cromwell, who said he was moved by the Lord?who put his trust in him and kept his powder dry in the meantime? ye shades of Patrick, Bishop of St. Andrews, ex terminated by that champion of the Bible, John Knox?and fervetus consumed by the godly fana tics of Holland?hear the endorsement ol the acts ot your assassins in Young America, in the lan guage ol the " natives" of iliat renowned Common we&lih ? Orator this Kisst- Rejoice, njoieo?I say again re joice, fellow-citizens j lor you have great cause?gram) came ?to rejoi'e over the victory you nave won this day (A voice, " Wnat victory 7 silence, order, Jce.") We am no longer to be ruled by knaves, cut.throats and villuim. (Loud cheers.) We have oriseu in our might, and crush ed the foreign reptiles, who?who?who?htm?catno to our shores?to our shores?and?and?(A voice, "Aiid saw the wonders of the Lord in the great deep." Crm of order and much confusion.) Ves ; but below the de<p there is a lower still?aa .?:op said when he tell in k oream-churn, broke the bottom, and fell into the cellar (Bravo.) And 1 tell you, fellow-oitizens, that we will pat these foreigners into that deep? IK voiee, " The d* vil serve them with cream-give them buttermilk, what they're used to, and much laughter")?where they won't rise out ol that there place for a pretty considerable time, 1 tell ye. Here there was loud and long continued cheer ing, and calls for several persons, whose names we did not hear. At length, the president announced Oratos the Skoo.ib.?Fellow-Citizens, said he, We have this day kindl* i a blaze that will march triumphant on the wings of the wind?that will illuminate the inrti tulioni of our country and give light to the constitution ?(a voice was heard to say very auJibly two or thru times?tudge, fuJge, fudge,)?aud skip lrom every bill top aa fast as the bull in a bowling alley. (Loud cheers and cries of well done ) 1 will aak you, will you ever consent to be ruled by the Pope, or kiss his Holiness' hi* toe 7 (Loud cries ol, never, never, by O?.) Will you any longer submit to foreign domination at the hands <>i a set ol scouudrels?the ett scouriegs of the earth?who think to do aa we do, in this great country. (Nevao never, and tremendous applause.) That cheer tells m you are wide awake?that you read your Bibles?anf fellow citizsns read that hook?that founda'ion of civil Ubi'rty?that blessing which comforted eur pilgrim f? thers?but above all be ready for the fight. (Bravo, bravo.) We have put up with oppression too loni( fro;>. those awarms oi miscreants, who came fiom ould Irelan - ?hell, or some other place. Great applause.) Will you believe it?one ot those ragged Irish had the insolence at the pell to-day, to wave his papers in the face of a na live born citizen, and ted him that he would vste and the davil thank him, and that ha would not give up hia rights (Several voices?O, the villain.) I tell you what, wr . will have our Bible in our schools?we will not allow those black-hearted Jesuitical scoundrels?the popish priests?who by their flattery snd scheming have banish ed the wo d of God from the hands of our children?te carry on the game. The time has come for ns to be up. (Loud cheers.) And now I ssk you are you ready? (ye., yes, and applause)?are you ready to do like your Phil# delphia brethren, spill year life's blood for your Bibb (Protracted cheering, and S cheers mors for vhelr Philn delphia friends.) The speaker continued in this strain for nearlt an hour, and seemed to have somewhat fagged hi audience ; one of whom got up and said Mr. President?1 have to say that I would like to see i mentioned, that the speaker* would finish what the havetosuy in five minutes, or five and a halt if necess.' ry. (Cheers.) Manyjhere woold like to say something and turn about is a good plau. (Cries ol qaostion, than chair, order, lie ) 1. have done, but as I am on my fee* I'll tell you a s ory about these rascally Irish?it woa'i take me more than about ten minute* (\ voice?Whs did ye say about Ave minutes a while ago?and mucl. laughter.) Long sgo, in the days of General Washing ton, one ol these roue ally Patlanders said to him one day "Misther Washintin, .may be ye'd hire me 7" "What could yon do 7" said the General. "Is it me?Oh, I'd do anything at all?I d bring ye water to shave, or polish vour boats, or take a turn at the fightin' on a pinch, Gini ? il " Well, the General hired him, and one (lay he wen? for a vessel of water,and when he was at the well he spied a set of the enemy lurking Bmonx the trees a bit ol!. Tat dropped the water and took to hi' heels, and comiug in out of breath, ha says? " Och, isn't it myself that's after making them run. I towld ye, G ? aeral, what I could do " " Make who run," said Wsih ington. " The inimy, faix I made them run as hsrd a. if they were bound lor a christenin- but it u<as afth.tr me ' (A sally of uproarious merriment followed this anrcdose of which, heaven knows, we oould not (or the life oi us see the point, moral, or application Ths narrator took his seat, however, with an uir of conscious tr umph ) Another call, lrom 600 throats, again fil ed the ,oom lot several speakers, but we did not cj'ch any ol the names PassiDCNT ? Order, gentlemen -(rap, rap, rap, snd con fusion) Is there (a rush to ths front) any (speak out)! want to know is there any mors returns, (a voice?Aji is there plenty?for, you sen, they can't st nd the hea and stink of this here room,) I mean returns lrom any o the wards (A long pause.) The ?ac*BTART - who had just received that news fre:i one in the crowd, said?I have the pleasure to inform yoi that tha ward has gone a thousand tor Clay?(trcraendom cheers snd s good deal ot hissing.) Ths third speaker then proceeded to address th?- lions* He observed that he would strongly recommend them t< abstain from all expression ol ieeiing when the nsmes o the candidates tor President were mentioned?they wer. neither Polk nor Clsy men, snd they did not care u straw about either?apptobation or disapprobation should 1? avoided for the sake of harmony. 1 for my part, said tb speaker, am content to be called a " Native American,' md a toe to foreign influence?(cheers)? and mark, yoi know that sems say of us, and some ot ourselves, or thos' who profrss to know ns, affect to think we sre not hoj tile to strangers ; to that I tiy let them think awtty. I now hire declare for myself, so help me God, thut I am n friend to ^foreigners?(loud cheering)?and ifjws got n. of them to-morrow, 1 say it would be s hat>py deliver snce. (5Io mistake.} To our teeth the vagabonds?tb< Irish papists tell us tnat they ero as coo l Americans ? us ; and the other day a Boston paper h id the audacity ti say that they are the defenders, and have fought the tat ties of the country. I nil you what?they shell not fight oar b.dtles - we csn do our own fighting, and we don' want their ssrvicss. I, for my par, am their enemy. I am tholoe to those whos* religion tells ihom it is a s-ienri duty to muider heretics, and that lot s few cent* they csn buy absolution lor it. (^i:veral roars, "well dona" ann cheers) But we hsve this dsy given them a blow that thsy will fael ; and, lellow citizens, if wo follow it U|>. we will not be troubled with these for> ign vagrants much lonjrnr. This address was coatinued for a good while in the above strain, und before it ended the apeakti said,that perhaps next time thev would elect Mayoi Harrier us Governor ol New York, and W. 8 Arener President of the United States. This scene ot spouting, chcering, hissing, grin ning, blasphemy, and anathematizing, continued until midnight, up to which titna there was a most provoking, and withal suspicions mystery us to the returns. Now, a minor came flying up stairs thin such a ward gave them a smashing majority; in i few ininuts it was learned it whh any thiug bu> authentic. Again,every thing was going well ii city and country?anon, the announcement was re called; the cheering and delight were, notwith standing the conflicting rumoi \ as gr< at as thouf I. they had not been mostly fabulous; whilst even now and then some animated engine?bursiim with patriotism?love of the Bible, and hatred tj the Irish, would oyen his safety valve.and edify el round by exclaiming, "I'd as soon be hanged as vote the Irish ticket?if I would'nt damn me. Feeling strongly tempted to say "Amen" to the latter pait of hi* lenttnee. we came twly, ano thus avoidad the iinputy of dolnf ao. P 0 S T s CRIPT. FIVE O'CLOCK, A. M. New York Klectlon: 1'y the steamers Rochester and South America, arrived at five o'clock thia morning, we have re ceived the following returns in addition to those already given, from which, as well as from all wo could learn from persona arrived from several parts of the State, it appears the democratic ticket is at present on the increase The friends of Polk and Dallas from the interior o( the Stale, are more confident than ever that the majority presented below will be largely augmented. 1844. 1840 Clay. PoUc. Har'n. V. B. 21 Counties 30409 37210 9<H85 95672 Otsego, ? 1442 4806 5580 Onondagp, ? 400 6557 6561 Monroe, 1200 ? 6468 4835 4115 3007 Madison, ? 200 4266 Oswego, ? 600 4192 om,/ Cayuga, ? 260 5172 4?64 2472 Seneca, _ 125 2166 ?"elda? ? 7H9 7156 7769 Warren, 71 1036 ,4? 31)24 4820 5630 1718 1755 ? 4309 3996 1100 ? 4828 ^451 Washington, 1750 ? 5074 Steuben, _ jooo 4081 Jefferson, _ 787 6257 ? 400 1718 i/jo Wuyti/*, ? 350 4309 3996 OuUiio, 1100 ? AK2A X1SI 34,459 43.614 159,188 159,882 34,459 159 188 Democratic mnjorily, 9,155 674 674 Democratic gain, 8,471 in 36 couuties. Albany Cixy and County. Polk. [majorities ] Clay. City?1st ward, 147 City?3d ward, 63 2d ward, 69 4th ward, 18ft 7th ward, 80 5ih ward, 4n 8th ward, 155 6tli warn, 126 9th ward, 17S 451 10th ward, 81 Coeymans, 275 Watervelt, Bethlehem, 17 Gailderland, Rt-nsselaervllle, 265 Knox, Westerlo, 75 New Scotland, Bern, 1083 1285 Majority for Clay in the city and county 196. Majority in the city for Clay 230, for Fillmore 121, tor Haynor 134, for Wheaton 110, Crosby over | Temple 114. Wood, dem. probably elected to Congress. Common Council. Nev. 8 ? Present?K. L. Seheitfelia, tho President, and a quorum of the mtnbiri of each Board. Jai.iT Ballot?Stated Mhtiio.- Tb? minutes of the lint meeting were rend ; they wera approved. | Prtitinn of John H. Karris, to be appointed an inspector of marble?Granted. | Communication from William Cox, keeper of the City Prison, iu relation to a watch and tome money taken I fiom Alexander Hoag, and stating that the property had ' been delivered ;o J. B. Hoog, his assignee, as by reoeipts exhibited?Referred. Report of the Kireand Water Committee on the (abject ofalracas which took place on the 34th of lait May, ia | which Hose Company, No. B, and Hook and Ladder Com pany, No. 6. were assailed by the member* of Engine Company, No. U, and recommending that Edward Kear nan, the foreman of No. 38, be expelled, and that the engine and apparatus be disposed of and tho rest ot the members disbanded?Adopted. The Chief Engineer*! Monthly Report for October, was received and read. It contained a statement of resigna tion1-, appointments to til vacancies and expulsions. That |.art ot the return which related to resignations and ap pointments was confirmed; the esses of expulsion were referred to the Committees on Kire and Watar of both Boards. The Joint Ballot then adjourned. Superior Court. NovKMSta 8?Decisions - Rule or Covnr.?John Ray nor vs. AT. Y Fir* Insurance Company.?New trial denied Samuel H Hawity, Executor of Jacoh Hruih ads Thmaai C. Doiemut.?Judgment lor the plaintiff, wi'h liberty to defendant to plead, on payment of costs within ten dsys after notice el rule Daniel A. Baldwin adl. Jliraham Vanderpool.?New trial j denied John fi White vs. Jamei F. Depeyiter et ale.?Judgment I for the plaintiff. Peter Murray vs Peter Smith ? New trial granted. Jf. H. Lanark, impleaded, fc. ads The People.?Judg ment lor Plaintiff, with liberty to defendant to plead. Joieph Pollock, impleaded, 4rc. vs. The P'oplt ? Like rule Edwin C. Corwin ads. Mannin folaten ?New trial de nied Charlei Griffin vs. Stephen Burkhalttr et mU ?Report set aside, uale?s tbe plaintiff consents to radaceit ta $M, with interest to be adjusted. William A. Wheaton vs. Jamei M. Brown ? Judgment reversed. Marine Court. Before Judge Sherman. Not 6. -Michael Gentner vs. Samuel Stran.?This was sn action of trtspssi, to recover damages alleged ta have been sustained in consequence of the dampness ef tha loor and want of certain repairs In the dwelling al the plaiatiff. It appeared that plaintiff, who is s baker, rested premises in 8th avenue from dsfendsnt?it subsequently bec.mie so damp that he applied to defendsnt to build hiss a new bakery at the back ot the former, at the same time telling him it would not cos: above $5" Defendant did so, it was alb ged at an expense of f-JIS, hut the new bake ry wm found to be as lamp as the lormtr. It was pat ia for deface, that defendant only agreed to put up the pre mises, snd that there wss no agreement shewing that ha was to keep it freu fiom damp or any ether external in juries. Verdict for defendant. Common Pleas. Before Judge logi-aha- . Not. 8 ?foloman Mann vs. Gideon Mtad and Frederiih L. Vultee.?This wtsan action of trespass, lor the reee very of goods alleged to have been fraudulently taken away (to the value of f 10,008) defendants spprepristlng them tethel.' own use. It appeared hat plaintiff, who is sn auctioneer, had entered into an agreement with de fendants, wherein ha was to sell the goods entrusted him by Mr. Mead. Subsequently defendants were obliged ta mortgage all tha goods then in plaintiff's possession, snd alterwerd**the mortgage* had the goods resaevad. De fence put in was that when a merchant lives his geods ta n second psrty to be sola, be has a riant te tske them l ack again when he has a mind, or make over thst right te another Adjourned over. D. E.Wheeler lor plaintiff; Bsrker k Co wan for de fendants. Gene rati Hesslon*. Before Recorder Tallmadfe. sud Aldermen Winshiuand > Hasbreuck M. C Paterson, E?q , Distrist Attorney ' Not. 8 ?Trial for Burglary ? John Sullivan was put en trial indicted for a turgia-y in the first degree, in breaking into the ('premises No. 6M Broadway, on the night ef tae U I of August last, part of whieh was ocen I pied as s dwelling by Mr. Thomas Pools, snd tha other by Messrs. Scott k Co., dealers in laces, kc.. and from the I premises of Messrs. Scott k Co , steelier from $4 000 te *8.0003 werth of ireperty, consisting of ribbons, laces, \ kc. kc. As the full partisulsrs ef tha harglary were 1 given on the trial of Ireland, who has been aenviated, snd also sentenced to the state prison lor ten yeers , as the eo> ceuplice of the arcuied, we datm it unnecesssry to wsde agsin through sll the testimony ; and, therefsre, shsll he brief in the. detail. Suffice it, therefore, to ssv, thst Jus tice Matsell, officer Relyea, snd I\ S Bsker, Constable ef thf Fifth Ward, arrested the prisoner in Greene s reat, finding in his possession in a small store s part of the stolen propery ; a very large hunsh of skeleton and othi r keys, alio tools ured by burglars, streag avideneea of his hsving been engaged in the leleny The prisoner wesahly defended by Mr. Jobban, and the Distsict Attobnxten the part of tha people, displayed ? p?ifeet knowledge ef the case, as well as tbe law gov* | t-rnlng it. a Iter the Recorder hsd charged the jary, they retired, and were absent about one hour, and returned into court with a verdict ef burglary in tha Srst degree. Senterae wss deterred lor some riajs. 1 jThe Court then adjourned te Thursday, at 11 s'cloak. Court Cnleit?lnr_Thla Day. Common Pless-27, SO, SI, 8J, S3, 1, 14 H, 8, 0, 13, 19, [10,44, 41,,8 Mysterious Affair.?The Kuglish brig Amity, Captain J. C. llouge, (query, Hodges) failed from Lonlon upon the 7th of M*y last, bound to Tajsnra, a port in the Red Sea, and srrivtd upon the 'JSd June in 1 sight of the Islands of Trinidalo, near tbe C4est of Bra zil; and as it was calm tho msater tended on one ef the islands to verify tho chronometer, and to abeet. In au | tempting to regain tba vessel, the boat wes upset in the ?erf, broken te pieces, end a sailor drowned. Thus de prived of meana to return to his vossel, the master was compelled to continue upon the Islsnd with three sailors. The Amity wss in sig t during two dsys, but the mate made no attempt to succor them, and she alterwarJs els appealed in the horizon, tbua abandoning them on a de sert Inland. They remained there for twenty.threa dsys, sustsinlng them-elveaon shell fish until the 18th of July, when they were rescued from their painful situation by the American ship Brandt, which brought tham to Rio de Janeiro. Thk Lost Fou.hd.?The Chtrleatown Bunker Hill Aurora snys?Mr. John Lowry,muricinn,w|io was reperted in the New York papers, sad by his oil ss aociates, two years siuce,t j have been killed In that city, sad for the benefit of whose widow aconce<t was given abcut that time bv the Ohio's bsud in our Town Hall.has recently returned to this towu, hnle and hcoity, sfier a silent SDeeiice ol two yi ars Navai. nFNKRM. Cotiitr M amAf. ?'I'his Cottrf, sitting at W>.rliu f'ot'. ii'ijui iiMl ,?itie die on Sa turday. Thet' i' - I hi? i t Midshipman A. Cook, charged wl'h pm I . n if 11...,. i., <>i mecey, was closed onlSatur lsy nioii.iug. On the s me day the Court went into tha investigation of the rase of Midshipman Higgine, charged with disobedience ol orders, and soon dupoiecf of it. The decisions of the t ourt htvs sot transpired

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