Newspaper of The New York Herald, 13 Kasım 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 13 Kasım 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. XH No. 31?.Whola Ho. 3014. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 13, 1844. I*rlc? Two Ceata. THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. I'O the Public. THE NEW YOKK HERALD?Daily Newspaper?pub lished every lay ol the year except New Year's Day and Fourth of July. Price 3 cents per copy?or $7 X per annum?poetagse paid?CMh in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?published my Saturday morning?price 6X cents par copy, or $S B par annum?post ages paid, eaah in advaace. ADVERTISERS are informed that the firculatioa of the Herald ii over TH! RTY-Fl VE THOUSAND, and incrtaaing fast It hiu the largest circulation of ana paper in (Ail city, or the world, and, ii, therefore, 'he Sett channel for kxuinri< urn t'n the ctty or cow.try. Prioea moderate?cash in advance. PRINTING of all kinds executed at the moat moderate price, llH in the moat elegant atyle. JAMES GORDON BENNETT. PaorRicToa or the Hcbald Establishment, Nnrthweat comer of Fulton and Naaaan streets. w/nTYiTaIi i-apy iHars shillings krom pater?'?v to JERSEY HTY. t n ' jIut tii' lit of October tne can will leeva 1 STtiSO* ukpot I Nkw Yolk i o -oca A ^1- I 9 o'clock A.M. V V ,;M | ?* v. fy UK SUNDAY!. I o clock A M. | ? o'clock A. M. J " . M | 4 " P.M. IW tl ac FOR HALIFAX ANEi LIVERPOOL. The Royal Mail Steamships ACADIA and HI BERN I A, will leave Boa ton, for the above porta, aa followa Acadia. Win tlarrison, Esq., Com., on Friday. Nov. lat, neat. Hiberuia, A. hyre, Esq., Com., on Saturday, Nov. 18th, neat. Passage to Liverpool .. 91M. Passage to Halifax 30. Apyly to 1>. BKIGHAM, Jr.. Agent, at mm otter of Harnden It Co., oZir* No. I Wall atreet. BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAIL STEAM SHIPS. _ Of 1304 tona and 440 horae power each.? Under contract with the Lorda of the Ad| ?miraky. nutbttniA Captain Alexander Ryrie. CALEDONIA Captain Eaward G. Lott. AC A I>1 A.. Captain William Harrison. DRITANN IA Captain John Hewitt. CAMBRIA, ..... . .Captain C. H. E. Judkins. Will tail from Liverpool and Boston, via. Hail fax, aa follows: f rom Boaton. From Liverpool. Caledonia, Lott. Aegustltth. ? ? Acadia. Harrison. ..Sept. Uc. August 4th. lliberuis, Ryrie '/ Itch. y 30th. These vessels carry experienced surgeons, and are sttvlied with Life Boots. For freight or paaaage, a??T to 4 V. BKIGHAM, Jun., Agent, aairc No. 1 Wail street. FALL AND WINTER ARRANGEMENT. NEWARK aND NEW YORK. FARE ONLY I?j_CENTS. THE** NEW AND SWIFT STEAMER RAINBOW, CAPTAIN JOHN GAFFY. ON and after September 10th will ran daily, ?as follows (Sundays included)Leave Naw .ark, foot oi Centre street, ? o'clock A. M.? Jew York, foot of Barclay street, J o'clock P. M. *|M rre rLtAbANT AN D_ CHE APEACU RSI ON B. NEW W BRIGHTON, PORT RICHMOND. (STATKN ISLAND,) AND NEW YORK FEllRY. From Put No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Place. ygflL'l'he Steamboat CINDERELLA, will rnn aa follows. Daily, from May 30th to October 111, 1844?Leaves New York at 9 and Ll o'clock, m., at 3>?, 6 and! P. M. Leaves Port tUitoinond, at 30 minutsa to I, and 10 minatea to 10 A. M.; at 1, 4J4 and OX P. M. Leaves New Lrighton al I and 10 A.M.; at IX. '?> end 7X P. M. on Sunday?Leaves N?r York, at 9 and 11 A. M.; at 3, 6 and I P. M. Leave* fort Richmond, at 30 minutes to 0 and 10 Aid; at 1.5and 7X P- M. V-w VnrfiT Mav 13. 134 myll 6m*rc FARE KI-JDUOED. FOR CROTONVILLE, 8INO SING. TARRYTOWN, IRVINE WILTSIE'S iJoCK,HASTlNOd ? AND YONKERS.?On and aher Saturday. ?.August 31st, 1344. the new and substantial TaSHINGTON IRVING. Capt Hiram Tuthill, J foot of Chamber street for the above places, daily at 3 P. M.. Sunday excepted. Returning, will lease Crotouville at SX, and Sing Sinn at7 o'clock A. M., landing at the foot of Hammond street each way. For or freight, apply on board, or to STEPHEN B. TOMPKINS. 192 Went street. s33m*rc rOil CAXtl, UAKDlN&H ANtl HALLUW1.LU The uew steamer PENOBSCOT, Captain ?N. Kimball, leavea the end of T wharf, Boaton, .every Tuesday and Friday evenings, at 5 o'clock. Stages will be in readiness on her arrival at the above p>-es. to convey passengers to the neighboring towns MORNING LINE AT7 O'CLOCK?FOR ?ALBANK, TROY, and Intermediste Land .ings, from the Steamboat Pier at the foot of | B relay ?cirri (Breaklast and Dinner on board the boat) Tlie uew low pressure Steamboat TROY. (. apt. A. Oorham, leaves >>rw York at 7 o'clock A. M., on Tuesday, Thursday and Satnrday, and Troy at 6 o'clock A. M., and Albany at 7 o'clock A. M., Monday, Wednesday and Friday. Noncf.?All goods, freight, baggage, bank bills, specie, or any other kind of property, taken, snipped, or put on board this bo-it mutt be at the risk of the owners of such goods, freight, baggage, lie. For passaged* freight, apply on board, or to F. B. HALL, at tlie Office on the W nsrf l??" Notice.?The Empire has discontinued running for the seaj.nn, nil rre jrtrUPLE'Si LINE OF UTEjxMBVA'la K>R ALBANY. DAILY, Sundays excepted?Through direct, ?at? P. M., from he Steamboat Pier betweea *Wi~ M ?.i 0ti Cni>uaiii ll (^ourtlaadt and Liberty streets. The Su.wboat KNICKERBOCKER. Captain A. P. St. Johu, >loudav, Wednesday and Friday Evenings at 6 o'clock. Tiie Steamboat ROCHESTER. Captain A. Houghton, on Tuesday, TiiursJay aad Saturday Evenings, at ? o'clock. Viua> dscloot orBarclay street.! .. At Five o'clock. P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Places. The titeamboat NORTH AMERICA, Captain R. G. Crut tsnOrn, .vlonday, Wednesday, Friday aad San day Afternoons, at i o'clock. 'aw- ouui.iboot COLUMBIA, Captain William H. Peek, I Tuesday, 'llinn4ay and Saturday Afternoons, at i o'cloek. i Mongers tuiug etther ol 'M above lines will arrivt in Albuny in ample usm to take the Morning Trains of Cars foi the east or west. '11m boats are oaw and ?uD?uuuial. are far aisbeti with new and ?legant state rooms, and for speed and ac coiumo?bttions, ate anrieailed on the Hudson. All prisons ars 1'oibid trusting any of the boats of this line, wunout an order Iron the Captain. 1'ur I'ruMge or freight, apply oa board, or to P. C. Schults. ?I the Otlice OS Cme wlwrf o33rc NEW LINE OF LIVERPOOL PACKETS Packet of 2lst of November.?The well known and ____l'av?rite Packet Ship HOlTlNGUER, (1100 tons,) ^apiaiu irailuraley, will sail positively as above, her regular day. The ships of this line being 1000 tons burthen and upwards, persons about to embark lor the old country should uot fail tu select this line in preference to any other. Their great capacity renders them more comfortable and convenient Uiau ships ol a ?miller class. The accommodations of the Hottinguer are unsurpassed for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers. To secure berths early applicstion must be made on board, foot of Burling Slip, or to w. it j. T. TAPscorr, nu 76 South street, corner Meiden Lane. FOR NEW ORLEANS?First Packet Khip-The >slup SPLENDID, Captain .will positively sail >u tlie 13th November, or passage fiee. i in. superior ship has unsurpassed accommodations for cabia second cabin and stesrage passengers, who will be taken at a low rue. Apply on board, at pier No. 13 E. R. or to u6ec John HERDMAN, SI South St. PACKET FOR HAVRE-SECOND LINE.?The ship BALTIMORE, Edward Funk, master, will rail i in the 1st of December. . glit or passage, apply to BOYD It HINCKEN, ii j ec No. 9 i'ouune Uuilding, corner Wall and Water sts. WANTED FOR CHARLESTON, S C. A number of VESSELS from 100 to 400 urns, to load with stone. The highest freight paid. Apply at ,tl,e office ol tlie ST A It. N ISLAND GRANITE cu.i.i isN Y. No. 3 Wall street nfe 3w*ra OLD ESTABLISHED PACKET OFFICE,(I South street?Passage to snd from Great Britain and Ireland, via Liverpool. Passage cau at all timea be ' "rom Ll' eug.i*pu at the lowest rates, to snd from Liverpool, by the regu lar nickel ?hip* sailing under the uew arrangement every lew day?, and drafts can as usual be famished for any amount, paya bl> at tlie National and Provincial Baak, Ireland, and their branches, and throughout the United Kingdom, as well aa ?( all thi-priucii al booking institutions in Eugland, Scotland and Wales, w itliou t discount or any other charges. For further par tKuUrs, if by letter, post paid, apply lo ? .4? I if IN hV.KI>MAN, ?t Hnuthst EXCHANGE ON ENGLAND, IRELAND, SCOTLAND AND WALES.?The Subscriber has lit all times lor sale Drafts from ?1 to ?1000, |*yabl? at. all ule principal Banking Institutioiu throughout the yniteo Kingdom. , "JOHN HERDMAN, 61 South st. N. H. Passage to and from Liverpool can be sacared at th? lowest ratee by any ol the line of packeta sailing on the 1st. Ith Utli, I tut, 31st and 98th ?! each month, oa application as above. jy34 ea ?KOK LIVERPOOL?The New Lin?? Regular Packet 31st November.-Thespleudid New York built packet ship HOTTlNOUi.K, Captain Ira Bursley, northern, will sail as above, her regular day. For freight or passage, having very sui*r or accommodations uu?urj>axKi*tl bv any ?nip in port, apply to th? Captain on board * 4,1 Wi&HULL a MINTL'KNS, 37 South street. Pri<" < f P?M<?e 3lftO. ?34re ?k.W UKbtAi>?-Uhiou Liine?Pirn ,regular packet with <lesi?lck?The fast sailing l?Ckel UNION, J. B. Battorne, master, is now loading >.n aave immediate dispatch. For cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, having superior accommoda' ion, early ap rlicauon should be made on board, at Murray's wharf, or to JOSEPH McMUKUAY, ?lf.ee 100 Pine stseet. forcer of Soath street FOR LIVERPOOL?Tha fast sailing ship II BELLA, Captain Bright, will be despatched in a I ISA* faw ?.?ilays. ins npleudi shi pollers a moat desirable conveyance for eabia and kteerage passentera. For l inage. a|>piy to JOHN HERDMAN, FKEIGHT WANTED FOR BOS'l'ON-Foi I* ticulars eniinire on board the >hip GEORGIUS, Pier i>o. i, N. R., or to OWEN PREicOTT, 333 Water street, corner B^ekmsn UiSJSflUltPs AlNTimNu. ?t MMks* LA HI)?iofl kegs superior pure Laaf Lard. For sale in lota to | unit purchasers, bv n?rc E. K COLLINS It CO.. M Snath street. jfe jsT m m> ^? KEwToiuni HAVrCTacKETS. | Second Liue?The Ships of this Line will hereafter leave New York on the Ut, aud Havre on the IClh of each mouth, u fol Froni Nrvo York. From Havre. New Ship ONEIDA, ( l?t March, ( 16th April, Captain , < lit July, < 16th August, James ft unck, ( Ut November, f 16th December, Tn W Tl iher _ _ t pamp, ttjiL.lv to BOVD k IllNCKEN. Agents, 1M Buildings, cor. Wnll and Wa , 16th August, 16th Becen' Hud BALTIMORE, ( Ut April, I 16th May, "aptain < Ut August, < 16th September, Edward Funck, ( lit December, r 16th January, tJhip UTICA, t Ut May, I ttth June. Caiitain, < Ut September, < Bth October, h rede rick Hewitt,( Ut Jannary t 16th Febraary, Nsw Ship St. NICHOLAS I Ut June. ( lbtli July, I Captain < lit October, < 16th November, X B. Bell, r 1st February, . f 16th March. The accommoifttious of theee ihipe are not surpaiied, com bisiug all that mar be required for comfort. The prioe of cabin passage ii *100. Passengers will be lupplied with every rwiai site, with the Mceptioa of winei and liquors. Goods intended for theie veiaela will be forwardee by lk* sub icriben, free from any other than the ex|ieuiei actually incurred on them. For freight or | e >25 sc No. 9 Touti PASS \ ?r?M tiREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND JK JgL W7XV n|v jMu SHcKBALL oWffi LINE LIVERPOOL PACKETS. [Sailing from Liverpool on the Tth and 19th of every month, j Persons wishing to lend to the Old Coantry for their frieudi can make the aecessary arrangements with the Subscribers, and have item come out in thii superior Line of Packets, Sailing from Livevool punctually on the 7th aud 19th of every moulli They will alio have a first rate clan of American trading ships ?ailing every ail days, thereby affording weekly communication from that port. One of the firm, (Mr. James D. Roche,) ii there, to we that they ihall be forwarded with care and des patch. * Should the {>art!fi agreed for, not come out, the money will be returned to thoie who paid it here, without any reduction. The Black Ball or Old Line of Livepool Packets, compria* the following magnificent Shipa, vii.:? TKe OXFOllDT The NEW YORK. CAMBfUbOE, COLUMBUS, EUROPE. SOUTH AMERICA, ENGLAND, NORTH AMERICA. With luch iU|wnor and unequalled arrangement*, the Sub icriben confidently look forward for a continuance of that rap port which ha* been extended to tkem so many yean, for which they are grateful. Thoie proceeding, or remitting money to their relative*, can , aU timet obtain Drafu at tight for any arnonut, drawn direct i the Royal Bank of Ireland, Dublin. al?o, on Maun. PRESCOl^r, OR6TE, AMES k CO. Bankers, London, which will be paid on demand at any of the Banki, or then Branchea, in all the principal towm throughout England, Ire land, Scotland and Wales. ROCHE, BROTHERS k CO. 35 Fulton street, New York, next door to the Fulton Bank. N. B.?The Old Line of Liverpool Packets tail from thii port for Liverpool on the Ut and 19th of each mouth. Parties return ing to the Old Country will find it to their comfort and advan tage to select this favorite Line for their conveyance, in prefer nice to any other. jel5 5m*rc LOST?TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS REWARD T OBT?Ou Sunday, the 10th of November, between two and -L* three o'clock, P. M , in going from 31 South street to the t corner of Wall and SoutL thence up Wnll to tlie Express Office in Broadway, a roll of bills tied with a twine string; amount [ not oertain, supposed to be from $150 to $175?tlie prinrii>al raxi five and ten dollar bills, mostly|of this City and State; two shiu plaster bills, one twenty, some torn, one five Farmer'i Bank o (I think) rhu State. Alio, a check on Tradesman's Bank foi 1100, filled up but not limned, ilated Ith orStli of November, 1144 Whoever will return laid roll of money shali receive the abovi reward, or any perion giving information on (he lubject ilial receive a liberal reward, and the many thanks of the owner. nl3 3t?rrc EDWARD FRISBY, 31 South it. POST OFFICE, New York, Nov. 12, 1844. "E'NOLISH MAIL.?Letter Bairi per Steamer HIBERNIA, will be closed at the Upper aud Lower Post Offices in this city, on Friday, the 15th instant, at 45 minutes past 3 o'clock, P. M. The overland postage of 18V cents on each single letter, must be paid. JOHN LORIMER GRAHAM, P. M. nil 4 tec FOOT RACE FOR ?144)0. Fourteen Hundred Dollan will be paid for a Foot Race, to I take place on the BEACON COURSE, Hobokcn, opposite New York, on the ltlli of November, weather permitting, a* follows:? lltOO for a Me ten milea. $700 to the fint, $350 to tlia second $150 to the thirfl, $75 to the fourth, and $25 to tne fifth. Alio. $200 for a foot race, three milea?$150 to the firit, and $50 to the second in the race. The following persons have entered their names for the ten mile race:? No, I?John Gildersleve, the winner ?f tl" last race. 2?John Barlow, )The two iiedwtriani late from 3?Thomas Green halgh, $ England 4?J. P. Taylor, No. I?Thomas McCabe, 5?John Underhill, 9?J L. T- Smith, S?Wm. Carlea, 10?Thomas Ryan, 7?James Bradley, 11?John Steeprock. The following persons have entered for the three mile race:? ] Thomas Greenhalgh, Wm. Fowl, J. P. Taylor, Edward Brown, Stephen Mbrgan, Lewis Edwards, W m. Carles, Ambrose Jackson, David Myres, E?lynp?kePr'OCk' | Iud"l,,, ?rSnleca Tribe. In consequence of the great excitement at preaent prevailing in thii city and its vicinity, the above race, which was an nounced to come off oil the 11th inst., is positioned until the ltlli al 1 wdkltw* rrc "WANTED TO REN T-A part of a respectable two I ' story houie, with kitchen, two bed-roomi end parlor ? ^Location either in the Seventh or Fourth Wards. Ad M., at this office, stating terms, kc. nl3ec LEGS HANDS, AKMS, tec. The Lou of Feet anil s no Hindrance to the Jet of Walking < JOHN F. THOMAS, Cork Leg Maker, kc., 472 Water itreet. Ne.v York, respectfully informs the public that he continues to manufacture ARTIFI CIAL LIMBS, on a plan the moat correct and leas complicated, having, through necessity, invented made and worn an artificial leg for forty vears, snii been a manufacturer for thirty-five years, feels confi dent of giving satisfaction to all who call on him for Lees, Hands, Arms, or the common Wood Leg. N. B ?All letters must be post-paid. ii 12 2m*ec NEW YORK BRASS HAND f'HE Memberi of the New York Brass Baud would respect I fully inform their patrons end the public in general that at a meeliug of the Baud, held at Military Hall, Bowery, 2nd Nov., 1844. Mr R- WILLIS was unanimously elected Leader, and C. S. URAFULLA Composer of laid Band?and they now feel assured that the Band will be inferior to none in thii country.? The Band would return their thanks for the very llattariiig pa tronage bestowed upon them the put season, and will use eren exertion to merit a continuance of the same. Applications for the Band will he made to Richard Willis, Leader, 49 Bavsrri street ; James Conner. Secretary, 33 Bayard strest, or any of the followiug members; Wm. Wallace, 49 Spring street; Alfred H. Pea tea. 19 Norfolk street; Daniel Underhill. 114 Wooster street. M, Me Tie, 150 For-yth street; John Wsllace. 7 Clark street; Joha Bleaklsy, 109 Walker street;J. Fuysing, it Orchard street; 4J*?. O?oller, 130 Forsyth street: E. Wheeler, corner 9th Aveuu and 18th street; 8 C. Lain, 145 Centre stiee', Doc'orC. Mather, 114 Wooster streeti C. 8. Grain I la Composer, 33 Bayard street RICHARD WlLLlS, Leader. Jamei CoHrraa, Secretary. _ N. B ?Bands proV'ded lor Public Balli, Private Soireei, Berenadei, kc., by applying to Wm. Wallace, 49 Spring atraet. nil im*m ARTIFICIAL TEETH M. LEVETT, Dentist, the introdacer of inserting iacor ruptible Teeth on the priaciple of atmospheric preasare, al lowtd to be the greatest improvemaat ia dentistry ever intra dncad, invites strangers and the pablic ia general to examine hi> new method, which will be foand greatly superior to ANV NOW IN USE, embraciag amongst other* the advaatages ol great and permanent comfart. cleanliness, durability, kc. To narroas patieats it is particularly adapted, as it precludes tin necessity of extracting stamps or roots of teeth, aad retains the mouth ia a healthy itate. The nameroai testimonials from thi most distingaished ia society, with the highest dental and otlm mthorities. will easure to thoss requiring artificial teeth, oi those who nave had them unskilfully set, tlie happiest and mos latisiactory results. M. LEVETT, Deutist, n 13 Im*m 260 Broadway, entrance in Wgrren st. A MOSi BLESSED, SIKAM1E, A8TOUNDINU AND SUPERNATURAL INVENTION, TO CLRE CUTANEOUS ERUPTIONS AND CLEAR DARK, SUN-BURNT. YELLOW. DISCOLORED ORFRE'CKLED SKIN. 11*ANY?Ay, there are many who have been cheated with lY-i trash, aud therefore think the powrrs of the genuine Jones'i Soap are exaggerated; let luch give ita fair trial. It u indeed the moit liugularly wonderful curative nrepartioa ever made, ia all skin diseases. In fact, it seldom or iiever faiU in curing Pimples, Blotches, Freckles, Taa, Morphew, Salt Rheum, Scurvy, Erysipelas. Barber's Itch, Ringworm, Old Sores, and Sore Headi. Bat mind, it U Jones' Soap has done, and still effecu these raras. (Jet it no w lie re else in tins city?or yoa will be iwiadled with a coanterfeit?bat at the sign of the Ameri can Eagle, (3 Chatham itreet, and 323 Broadway, N. Y.; ia Bostou, at Kedding's, I State itreet; Zeiber, 3 Ledger Building!, Philadelphia; 119 !? ulton street, Brooklyn, aad Tease, Broadway, Albaay. n!2 lm?ec MEDICAL NOTICE. the foliowicglei?. - . Dr. Coot?r?Sir :?Lait July I contracted a certain private dieeaae, anil immediately applied to a doctor, who promieed to care me in a week. I continued with him two months, boi was gradually getting wane : I triad oae after another, all the advtrtiiiag doctira, aad each oae promised positively to ease me. I at length discovered the object of these men waa mo ney. and that tfwy were not doctors. I concluded to go into the hospital, where the doctors kept me auder a coarse of mer carv for eight weeks ; my throat and nose were ulcerated, pains ia all my joints, aad my body coveted with alcera. I was a complete ikelKoa ; the doc tori coaiidered it daneeroni to give Saay more aiedicine, and adviied a aoathern climate. I left hospital, and by advice of several fnrads, placed myself ander your care on the firit of Jannary last. I am now well and Metered to p-fcc, l~lth. 1 (/trpenter and Joiner, Harlem, N.Y. Dr. Cooper warrant* to ewe erery eate, no matter bow Ion* standing, of GUei, Buietnre and Krminal WeaicnrM, and mild caMB of private maladi? cmrad in 41 hours without interfering with the patieot*s habits. Dr. Cooper'i Office, 14 Dnane itreet, two doom from (Chatham ft. Nn enrenopay nl21m,>rrc UMVEROITV SUROICAL AND MEDICAL CLINIQUE. rPHIA Institution has b?en established by the Medical Faculty of the University of New York, for the purpose of enabling '.hose eitiieas who are affected with sargical diseases, aud whose circainstaucM preveat them obtaining relief, to have the neces ? ary operations vrformed gratuitously, aad likewise to furnish >d? ice aud medicine to the sick poor free of chsrge. Oa every ?iaturday throaghout the year, Dr. MOTT will be in attend ees at the Cliniqae, (50 Broadway, to give advice, and |ierforin ay surgical oicration that may be lyqaired. The Clinique will ?pea at nine and close at one o'clock. P. M. UNIVERSITY LYING IN CHARITY .-This ckuity is jnder tlie direction of Dr. BEDFORD, and is also nilsndsd to famish grataitoas asaiitanee to poor women in their confine meat. All women who may require the aid of thii charity, are requested to register thsir names with Dr. BEDFORD, 741 Broadway, aad they will be attended at their owa hoases Ires of IMV, o4 tew lm* rrc HIGHLY INTERESTING FROM SXESTEATSLSS. An Infidel Community Organized. We have received several copies of a strange journal, issued at Mottville, Onondaga county, New York, by a new social organization, who call themselves the " Skeneatelea Community." This singular community is founded on open and avowed intidel principles?opi>oaition to Christianity, and all other religions?for they look upon Christ and Moses as on the same level with Mahomet and Buddah. They muster nearly one hundred persons of both sexes?occupying and cul tivating a farm of several hundred acres, Situated on the shores of the lovely lake of Skeneateles, in Onondaga county, in western New York. They publish a journal weekly, called the Communitiit, ib which appear all their views, doctrines, and movements. Annexed we give a number of most strange and singular extracts, exhibiting their views and actions. This community had its origin in the efforts of John A. Collins, who is a believer in this new system of socialism, derived partly from Fourier, und other socialists in Europe. These people form -tn isolated community among themselves. They marry, and are given in marriage?but only as long as they see fit?they have all properly in common ?and express, openly, every opinion in religion, or philosophy, that they believe to be true. This is truly infidelity in a fctate of organization ?and, during the next few years, many new theories, and new movements will be attempted all over the country. Mormonism and Millerism nre too ignorant, and too vulgar for the times. The Skeneateles formation is the most startling oi all. Love?Marriage. Lovn, in the most comprehensive sense of the term, ii that universal good will which flow* out iu act* ef Itind n?Bi toward* all that come withiu the iphere of ita influ ence. Ina restricted sense, it d-notntlio attachment which is felt between two ptrsonsof the different sexes, beyond mere friendship. This more restricted meaning ot the word has also two different senses : sometimes to desig nate that strong and permanent affection wlich steadily seeks the good of its object, at other times, it signifies no more than the transitory attachment arising Irom mere animal desire. In this last and lowest sense oi the term, o?b can be considered no more than a blind instinct, a selfish propensity. That persons may act up to their duty in the marriage relation, wwk erring nature stands in need of every pos sible guard. Thus from time immemorial, we have aeard ol the plighted faith between lovers, and its solem nization in the presence of those whom they most vene rate. I may be told that it is absurd to promise to love ; because our affections are not always in our power.? With all due deference to the example of those who have gone before me, I must aay, that the pledge of " loving till death parts" the affianced pair, rffeems susceptible of improvement Love, it is true, has its appropriate ob jects. We naturally love that which is lovely. So far as an object is presented to the mind in the light of a hateful one, we cannot love it, But love ia partially un ler the control of the will. One of the parties in married life has it in hi* or her power to cherish or to obliterate the feelings of love, according as their attention is habi tually turned towards the excellencies or the taults of the other. It is, to a very great extent at least, in one's pow er to restore harmony where it has been interrupted, by overcoming evil with good. This is the grand panacea which, if perseveringly applied, is destined to cure the norai maladies thst have so long poisoned the founds tions of domestic, as well as every ether department of auman life. A promise between the afttanced parties to >reat each other with kindness ond fidelity till death parts (hem, is not liable to the above objection. This acquires nothing more than the will of one party to fulfil it. 1 can treat my worst enemy with kindness, though his own oehavior might be so base as to leave little room lor fither love or respect. I can show him my self-respect, tad the example that is due to sll around me by acting up to every honorable engagement, though he may have wholly swerved from them. There is one species of slavery that is not accounted dishonorable, viz: that of being a slave to one's word. At least, if any one deems .t a dishonor, it has not been my misfortune to be ac quainted with him, and to learn his character in that re pec t. jl-he length of my residence in the community has been t year. My opportunities for observation hav? been as food, perhaps, as those of any one in it. During that tin e ny attention has been habitually, and anxiously directed 0 whatever in manners and character seemed calculate i ?o strengthen society. 1 will now state a few general tacts in relation to the subject before us, leaving others to (raw their own inferences. For the past year there has o?en on an average, a dozen families of married persons residing here 1 can snfrly say that no exhibitions of un tindnec* has been made in my presence between a man and his wife in any ol its forms?am satisfied that soarcely <ny thing of the kind has occurred at this plsce. The iverage number of old and young during the year would all between sixty and seventy. With thp single person* 1 have become well acquainted. The general behaviour ol the young of both sexes is marked by decorum. Have never heard an ocscene song sung here?scarcely any ex pression of double entendre. The songs used among a people are allowed to furnish the best indices of chanc er. Those commonly sung here, partake of the spirit of :he various moral enterprizes in which the generality ef its members have been engaged, as the temperance, anti ?lavery. dietetic, and above all, thesocial reform. These are occasionally interspersed with others of the narrative, lesoriptive, or sentimental kind. Tbeie is scarcely any '.hiug in vogue of the light, the frivolous, and the low : such for instance, as the Jim Crew songs. In dress, there is a prevalent taste for plainness among >ur females as well as others, much more than in com -non society. Though prior to our assemblage at this .ilace, some of us, at times, attended "vanity fair," the fondness of ftnery is fast dying away. One more view may be taken of manners here, which from its generality may be considered rather the expres lion of opinion, than the assertion of general fact*;?and that is, a comparison of the indicationa of character here with those of the Church. As the Church verily think hey do Ood service, by saying bard things of us, there is tittle danger of our conceding too much in their favor.? But there is no doubt in my mind, thst so far as licentious ness is concerned, the church is much more free from it han the common mass of society?"tho world" around ihem In speaking of tho Church, rslerence is had in my mind to that with which I hsve been chiefly acquain ted from my infancy, the various Protestant sects of New Kngland, and New York. 1st So far as dress is indicative of modesty, the exam ple here is in advance of the church. ?Jnd. In decorum of conversation, we are at least on a pur with them. 3d. In the use of the combined powers of Music sad Poetry for moral effect, we have the advantage. 4th. With regard to diet as evidence of moral purity, lie sdvantage ia all on the side of manners here, as no one of the numerous Churches has,as a Church issued its manifesto against the use ol meat, grease, tea, coffee and the insiduous train of condiments, stimulants, and narco tics, but appear contented under th*irbondage in Egypt, provided they can have the use of its flesh-pots R S. 0RVI8. Organic Remains. The language of science is finally becoming firm, de ?ide.d, and imperious, in regard to truths which lie at the very foundation of natural religion ; and which, in their idmission, strike s deadly blow at the root of all the su perstitions on earth. We intend, ia this article, to retouch i subject heretofore presented to our readers, but in such i manner us to mske it interesting and instructive, and highly calculated to advanoe the great and good cause iu which we are engaged. Before taking our poaition, we would observe, that we may have some idea of the wreck of former ages, when we are informed that the immense masses of coal spread over extensive regions, of countries of marble, chalk, limestone, sre animal or vegetable matter ; that all rock

is originally the same, and hai bean made to assume its various form, color, density, and specific gravity, in con sequence of external agencies, as volcanic fire, electrici ty and water, effecting a chemical solution and condensa tion ; or else, leaving it to precipitate and more slowly ss sume its present torm ; and from the fact that the whole ??arth now visible has evidently been thrown up from the bottom of the sea. Not only islands, as Great Britain, but continents, the loftiest mountains, containing marine effluvia which bad once evidently with them as a bed, rested for ages benesth the ocean. The evidences that there hail been three distinct periods ot vast duration, are (he following :? The fossel remains 'in each, are distinct petrified re mains of a vast variety of animals and plants embedded in solid rock, evidently in a state of solution at the time they received these remains. That these remains have been deposited under the same circumstancee at distinct intervals, separated bv "a series of agss of vaat duration," is evident, as prima facie evidence ; since it is msnifest -hat the first, second and third series could have flourish Mi and been deposited in no other manner. F.ach is a vo lume of "authentic records." It is no lusus nature Na ture cannot have deceived universal mind by creating three distinct regions of organic remains. NatnraJists and anatomists, chemists and philosophers cannot be de solved. These snimals have lived and flourished in sun shine, on the herbs of the field, the beasts of the 'hase, or ?he fish of the sea Three universal convulsions of the earth, alter periods of vast duration, have followed each other; three periods of ages have successively followed, luring which, every thing hss been adjusted to a similar economy in day and nigh', summer and winter,seed time snd msturity We now come to take our position by assuming pre misfs of a legitimate and important bearing. Since such is the truth with regard to the changes which the esrth has undergone, the Mossic account of the creation of the world ia false, and tho bible, with all ' * toparsmiena, uttM, fates anJ <W rZS lu. , ****** ?* ???? rmbM is ielse I- V#t "ta ,u ?|?r* l*"1 reatLT? llT ?"*' #n4 ?* '"I '? M ><xi rt?t ^ **????? ?nJ the MniMi ?u ib? SLSyflJ? v>4 unik Say Om the l^!?'- k ?2* '?**??? ?he Bahhsah, WilttlrNl, hro^iafa I .H,th* ,r"?. h^U **??& ?><< Ml are broogLt f?rti ,B e itar wJ IntUiMi Kerb da* JJ . w**^ " the Lard (M created Bat gaak> ion! 22M?Si *** ?"*?. *ora ?o th.n historic fact ? Halle i. ?, asMpartea, reed nlh^l .1.h ii '? ?*??* *??esal* kai? Dm V ??*? leriltt.ee W UMHl wMriiea, mil plants. irtaa, mnmi, aad nr?i and marine animals in aaaa Messed aitk auaikia* -- j ??'?*?? ara aaIs b^irfi) Tb? Muea? traditional, '? tlahla ta ba fsiaiS-d tkreegb wtaatiaa <h *' noraaee," u4Mi(aU petals .?h . ?,?rm *Ji unchanging. aal eternal raalradatwa. ertke gislaainl1 H*" ^ Tha randuaNHi h lartiuNt tka it tet& ZZ2J07L T** ,h? ??**? Thr . ? j **Tk hM *e ><tf*rra4 mm at <Mt. r V * "?? >-a? ?t p*er?el govsniasata aaiiJ Iba aerieat rams a< a?? awM o ties Uil rapitala, possessing a Inline a urskii uaa la memorial; lunaauilM by turns rti^mly ike week ?{ ? faint race anJ ia |eaeeeswi, al aartanl ? a primitive cUa.aci.r, and aa aeUa.-my e.ui. 17^17 ,rn irara iZL. ib.,1.. JZ. . ? ? M fStl" l?*?eee ta t?, or ara >.?uir?4 in the eternal reality of tktuga. aad tkat aetaral . b.laa. phy, cbemistr) and geology, u, caotiadiritag tfce ?ari?aa SH2UM,? ?* lb" aap?wtally tka Javtak and ( t}' "* Wiiusad aa tka itaiaiUag baaw al a an>ai Moaei WM aelfMeet ivrd, ar an impaatar All tkat kaaa ?uccaaded him hare cither l?. a diceia.d, ?? ll deceiaed ?P#c,r't"' or i^iiaatuia. du|>?t?liiM>a atanda ?ell cum "" i .i!.!* lwP0,-fc?'. ???'?r prafieaatr. iciatic* >e iieral intelligat.ee and ci?U libarty, ta retra? a ker atetM It i? too late tacali for a near tranalati^o aud ta lalai it UDM tha world What mu.t ha daua ? What wiU ha lha final mult I Why. tk.ae high .upr,aiMWM natad by Buddah ( onfucini. Mine. Makomet and I i?ui muat have thair day. and in the light of aayartor arteoce and aooial Ubnty paaaaway. aabata tka aurahit. ml idal. under blood* ritea, atingUug tka hload af anmLl* ?i h the aahaa of human victima. It cantiol ha atkarwiae The mairh ol truth cannot be impeded It ia tha nuatu* energy of uniaer.al mind acting on the praaent and*, r uai reality ol thinga?itaadvance ia aocurad by thaaaia tence itaell of iheae unchauging n aliiiea It i. tha hmh cycle, infinitely above and beyond auparetitutMn itaell Hare la our encouragement ; and to am*o al tkw raanlt WM tha object of our pteaeut article The object arh.a* ad, we conclude with a tingle admonition- to each and to all?reflect. The Liberation of (TConiirll, or TrlMwaph tf Non-Haalataura. Ireland i? crazy with joy at the unoprvted Uheratioa of her Liberator! So completely la ahoalwoihad in thia idea that every thing eUe ia forgotten In her irana?>rti icnd ectacie* After year* of hopeleai struggle for jua. tice, poor, antt-ring Ireland haa achieved one victoi v ' the toalea have turned in ber lavor, and aha haa nothina to look for in the future, but good fortuae The world l"?la 'heabock;and with hrr the ay mpathetic corda that i ind the human family together, vibrate in umton It |. . ?natter ol solid importance to all-a cemmon cauae~the triumph of right ever might! What wrs the course of the Iriah people when an at mwlet? intimi late them by stationing among 'hem their impudent aoldiery. or rather to i rovoke their natural iraaiblllty, and thus'lead them t. ccmmtt lon!J overt act, and thereby make a show al justice for the war which they thirsted to commence/ Whilst they wara taxed with a useless Viceroy and h!s court, a heavy nle thoric Church with its p incely livings, with th111\ hv. thousand bayonata upon them; tinder all theaa burdens with repeated provocations Irom the British soldier* they hava tamely and i|uietly submitted. Even when thev saw O'Connell?tha centre of Ireland, in whom all their hope concentrated, torn from tham, and undar false pretences, thrust into prison, they made no noise-thev got up no exciting meetings ta harangue the people anil exeite them to rebellion-nothing of the kind; but to use 0 Connell s language, "In the hundred thousand strenath they were as the playful lamb, that crop? the hert age as it passes along;" again, "Ireland was never aotrannuil as or ?oTT'' moment' Never wa* her people so peacelul And what ia tha result? The grcat-the boasting court , England succumbs; reverses her decision; O'Connell la free ! and Repeal ol the Union certain ! What has done the mighty work I What haH achieved the end for which Ireland has groaned, and sweat, and struggled and neti tione, for years 7 It is a victor'y. won Sfb?pi?oi,C shillelah, nor cannon, nor sword ; It is a victory of non resistance ! Let it be an example both to tyrant* and re formers. Where is Thomas W. Dorr ? MARIA LOOMI8. Dr. lloyiiton'i Lecture*. We have been favored, during the past week, with lee tures Irom thin scientific gentleman, on a variety ol sub jecta cornier ted with electricity or magnetism He has been 1 ngsged in investigating these subjects lor several years -has lectured in nearly every State in the Union-gives evidence of much mental labor- and if we were to fudge from his own statements, together with what we have witnessed, ahoulu aay. as a magnetizer, he it superior to any we have seen. He exhibits Morse's Electric Tele graph, conveying intelligence Across the room, in pre cisely the same manner that it is now tiansmitted with the rapidity ol lightning, between Baltimore and Waah ington. It at ems to open the door to a broad field ol in vestigation. It awakens all my religious feelings, which are very strong. I ieel. when I witness ita operations, or when reflecting upon it, that I am in the presence of an Almightv Power. Awe, reference, and wond?r are exci ted. 1 naver entered a church, with all its sanctimoni ous atmosphere, whan I felt half the solemnity ! Here reason Is addressed-something tangible ia presented to i our senses?we know that we are in the immediate pre sence of an nnseen power, capable of explaining nature in its thousand meanderings, and of doing many mighty works! The philosophy ol ancients and modems is to be brought to judgment, and pass the ordeal of this omni present and imniscient Dhinity Man is to learn through this medium, his susceptibility of being moved by lorces over which he has no control. Electricity, or Magnel tism, is to be the Schoolmaster.both in Pbvaical and Men. tal Science. M ? Married. Commukitv Pi.*i i, Oct. 39. We, the undersigned, acknowledging neither the au thority of church or state officers, or any other power above or beyond ourselres, as esaential to this act, have ?y mutual agreement, united in this relation; and do now regard ourselve* as husband and wife. JAMES SMITH, MARY L. ROBGlNS Itwm or Indian News ?From the Arknnsas Intelligencer of the 19th ult.,we gather the lollow* mg:? It appears that the report of the death of Oeorge Law rv, the second chiaf of the Cherokee Nation, is untrue. Although we learn by the Cherokee Advocate that ho is in a critical state of health. We learn that the Cherokee Council has elected some of their Circuit Judges, will elect a Chief Justice, and then probably adjourn until the return of Mr. Ross?Mr La wry, second chief, being too ill to attend on the Coun cil. The Chickasaw annuity will be paid some time in No vember. The Choctaw annuity will be pnid about the name time. The Creek annuity will be paid about the lit of November The dead body of a Cherokee Indian was found a few days since near Evansville, hanging over a fence, with several wounds upon it, wbich appeared to he inflicted by a knife. He was r.o doubt mnrdered. A command of U. 8 Dragoons passed through Van Bu ren a few days ago, on their route to Little Rock, with two prisoners In charge, whom they were taking to the custody ol the U 8. Marshal. One was Corporal Kinney ol the 6th V. 8. Infantry, lor killing Hardage, a Creek In dian. The other was named Harvey Wyatt, a white man, marricl to a Cherokee woman, who was detected in passing counterfeit gold in the neighborhood of Port Oibson. The spurious pieces were fit and $10. Interesting to the Owners of Heal Estate ? The Supreme Court, at the Inst term, held al Ko Chester, have decided a question of great Importance to this city, which was argned here in May last by the Hon. Daniel Webster, on behalf of the anti-assessment commit tee, and by Robert Kmmet, E?q., for the corporation After upwards ol thirty years recognition of the validity of the act under which streets and avenues have been opened an 1 improved, and titles to property, amounting in value to several million*, have been pMsed, an objec tion was raised that the judge* of the Supreme Court, ia appointing commi'sionets of estimate and assessment, and confirming their reports under that law, did not act judicially, but a* commissioners or highway*, and, there fore, that they hail acted in violation of the clause in the constitution of thia State which prohibit* the Judges of the Supreme Court from holding any other oltlce Thia objectian.il valid, would hava made void all the proceed ings under the above act of the legislature, and put in jeopardy every title acquired under them, has, after full consideration, been decided to be untenable, the Court holding, no doubt, that all their act* under tha* law have been of a judicial character Thi* decision will enable the holders of property on Msdison Avenue, thirty seventh, thirty-ninth, and tome other atreet*. which have been kept in suspense for some time by the objec tion, to go on with thefr improvement*. Lake Commerce.?Buffalo Bay never presented a more beautilul display of sail craft than it now does, st 10 A. M.. from thi* city. The lake i* smooth, s mild November sun is reflected from its surfsce as ftom s mirror, and yet there is breeze enough to fill the sail* of some forty or fifty ve**ela, all hesvily Isden with good*, and bound for the great and fruitful west. The commerce of these inlsnd sew is slready four time* *s Isrge as the whole foreign colonisl trade of the tl irteen revolting provinces in I77?. And yet, thi* internal trade it now only in it* infancy. It I* less thin a tittle of what it will *>? in a few veer*, provided the Erie t,anal ahail be en Urged, leke harbor* ihall be conatnicted, and the work* of internal Improvement In he new State* (hall be com pleted.? Buffalo Jito., Nov. 9. The Ten Dragoons ?The last Galena Gazette nays: "The Otter is in this morning from Fort knelling. There was no troth In the report thst ten Uni ted State* Dragoon* had been mnrdered ny the Rooasteng Indians. Not a word ha* heea heard from tha detach msnt sent oat sgainst the ladiaas since its departuia." r>narrt' CI wU-American Institute?Th* IM him In Potato**. Yesterday the regular meeting of the " Farmers' Club" took place in the theatre of the American insttute, in order, if possible, to ascertain the caueea which have produced the " Disease of the Potato*," and how lar it could be remedied in the future culture ol that invaluable but highly alan dered vegetable At half paat twelve, the chair waJ occupied by the Freaident,<*eneral Tallmadge, aad the dutiea of Secretary devolved upon J. Meigs, F>| The President brierty atated the ape. cial object of the meetiug, * nd requested, a? the usual courac pursued on (miliar occaaiona, that each Urmrr preaent would lurniah verbally hia in dividual opinion on the ?ubject ol enquiry, begin nmf on the left o( the chair. Previous, however, low lurk, he expressed .his readineaa to receive any oaoimuiiMiiiii that might be reaerved lor the Club, diapenaing with the reading of the proceed lags ?d the laat meeting. A communication waa trie* rea^t hmm iJm Secretary ot an Agricultural Society at Havana, requesting Irom the harming Sociaty ot New York such information tor the growth ?l rlover in Cuba, aa would justify them in trying awch a* experiment upon that laland. A di*w'ii?ioa ii|on the relative menta of white and red i lover, clearly justified the impreaaion that in warm latiiudea the latter, unleaa muted with Ti mothy, prodn?*d n di*es*e in cattle tailed the water brash. The communication waa eventually 'rft to a committee ot three, with full power to de . ide and report upon the question There ?n also another communication Irom Mr Van Alps, Albany, soliciting aid tor the introduction of a H.Ik hluure, A c., to thia city Thie alao waa re lerred to a committee. A motion waa submitted .Hid adopted that the meetiuga ol the Farmers' Ciuband Agricultural Societies' Committees should tie held annultaaeou?lr The President then announced his readineaa to l?ear the Hueatioa ?d " Disease in Potatoes" re umed, when Mr Baow* offered a long extract coined trow the Jhtb/tn Fat Nut *' <ianttr, into the Nnr t ngland Farmer.' Journal 1 hia article em liracea two questions??'" What ia the cause . dial '? la there a remedy t" The attempted answer to the first inquiry, waa then met by the universally ackaowledged liberality inherent in every plant to 'terome drtertorated, and the reply to the second rrcommendrd a rhtuf oi tb^ Wfiiuclio# <>| a new generation from lubours, and not Irom aeeda-the planting ol the whole eye, and early .?laming. T hia extract contained a few other re marka ao obvioualy inconaiatent with the general practice ol cultivation, aa to carry ita own con dernuation upon the surface. Mr Mxn?s atated that during the year 1SB, de sirou* of procuring all the information he could, an to the eflectol the duease on the vegetable xyatem, he discovered that the potatoe grew vigorously, bui ihat the leavea became crisped, dried, and were prematurely withered. Mr Meigaalwaya doubted whether polatoee like men, do not wear out by emigration ; and that in caae ol fa-lure, an appli cation ahould be made to South America, their ancestonal habitation, from which they have been absent 3W) year*, and thereby reatore them to their primitive health. Aa a preventative, Mr. Fish tnarsli, a New England farmer, recommended ihe free uae ol salt; attnbutea the diarase to an inaect, which feeda on the leavea, and descends to the toot, and Irom thence into the ground Mr WiaMALR, of Orange county, aaid that he raised |K>tatoea lor live yeara with great auccet# iiut thta year hia crop latled. He planted Irirli itniiorted cups from tubora; they grew luiu riantly, but subsequently the top# presented the appearance, aa il maided with water All potatoes were more or leaa allected, but thoae aown on new land did not yield one third ol an average crop. He hesitated in leeiimg Iiih cattle with the withered potatoe; and in boiling for family uae the substance evidently decreased, and seemed to melt away. Thia gentleman con aiders, geuerally, n?*? land more lavorakle lor the production of the potatoe John Ei.wku., of Cayuga county, New York, next voluntered hia experience. For two year* kia crop waa excellent; but laat year'a planting waa in two different lielda. In oue he did not discover a defective potato*?in the aecond there waa a consi derable lailure He attnbutea the cause to the great difference ol local elevation The In Id thai produced the defective crop wascultivatr d varioua ly for aeventeen yeara, the other waa uew (round Mr Elwell waa ol opinion that one variety ol the plant ia more liable to diaeaae than another The very pale, red (>olatoe he com idera leaa liable to de tect In some potatoea, the diaeaae develop*a itsrll on the aurface?in othera, in black spots, destaoy ing the llavor. Among other causea, he believea he state of the atmosphere may be a prominent one, producing an effect like the runt in wheat.? The diaeaae begina at the top ol lh? plant and de acenda into the fruit. He doea uot couaider that early or late aowing makea any differenoe The next farmer who gave hia opinion waa Jamrm SmyleV, of Schenectady couuty. *Je atated that lor two years potat??ea planted in hia aection M the country, lor early uae, never tailed This year, hia corn crop tailing, he sowed the ground with potatoes about the 25th ol June. They at hrat grew luxuriantly, but aubsequently dwiadled down to '"Mr'^BLEAKsi-KV, of Colville, New York, des cribes the first appearance ol the disease in Sep tember by the yellow tinge ol th> leal The farmera were generally of opinio a that the *,ip was insufficient to sustain the tubour j that the tubour became injured by the drop; redn cing the atarch of the potatoe, that the tibrea were perfect, while the tuboura were deticieal when the potato was presaed matter Ire. ly laaued Irom it lletned two expenmenta with two row;-astir* l. 11C iiiru *?i' 7 . lime 2, gypsum 2; those wliicn were limed were moat deticient; the manuie urodmed the moat vig orous crop, thr br?t Kfc, bfiM thr tlfM?cowrf(i potato raised the year lielore in hia nt uhlHXlimm The pink-eyea moat decreased; none ot the ared waa imported. _ , . , u Mr. Mosiitii. of New \ oik, atated that Mr Tames Hay, of Westchester, had three-lourtlia ol hia crop manured with farm yard manure, and that all waa loat; but when he applied concentrated manure, or poudrette, his crop was healthy and abundant; tha potatoes were aown m the aame field. . Mr. BhADKNtiBRo g?v? it aa his o|>ibi??, that some kinda ol potatoes are leaa liable than others A year ugo he first discovered thedeleit.no n he tops but in the root; thia year he chang* d his seed seat to Maine lor Mercera, and one third ol hia crop waa deleclive. He ia ol the ot.i?ion. that ihp red uolntoe is lest Imblf tliM Mffffi Mr. Claekic, ol Brooklyn, thought that Hm -t. ea?e proceeds from an anitnalcula existing on the leavea, and that the tuboura i^nsh Irom w?at of nourishmeBl. .... u u Mr. Hoi.mes, of New York, knows Mr Hsv above alluded to, o| Weatch.sler, who w.wed ?? bushels of jioudrette to the acre, and althouaH he yellow fly got in, he aaved ? Visheb to t i. acre, weighing 60 pounds, and the flv ?i^srM tw have been extinguished by the l??t?na?re tk? "fyfr. Brown, of New Yo?k. considered thol the diaeaae waa itnftorted, being identn al with ih't n Great Britain, from potato* arriving Irom tfm country lor planting Mr. Fishmarsh, in making a mierowo^ic invr. ligation, diacovered a lungus. which is a vegeiai ie pfodtMcd from needs, and capable? ol being U thea.rtoagreat distance. The fangu.is. ?deto Iv an Engglish plant. During moist weather it take. M hold Was ol opinion ihat ?"mmim *alt waa - flectiv* remedy The reason why jw.tat.--s are not so much lnlused on new land, results Iroin its incapacity to receive the fungua Mr Cooprr,oI N. J., usedthe same seed lor lorty yeara upon the same larm. He alwaya cho< ? ed the largest and plumpest eyes; he has no doubt of the existence of an insect pteying the po tato, bnt|of a distinct character from ihat which nausea the present diaeaae. The President here ro*e and atated that, upon hia farm he had twopieceaof land, one he denomi nated, by way ol distinction, "the garden, the other, "the larm." On the garden he put thia season tiO buahela of lime to the acre, aad laid ao ume on the larm, and no manure, except that pro duced by sheep?both were old cultivator* or a oomy soil. The r*??*toes in the garden lot were planted in the middle of April and dug out in An ^ust. The farm was planted early in June. In th? garden, where the lime waa laid, the crop productive, while in the farm, the crop wa*a teta> failure?the one waa early aown, and ?ticceeded? the other later aown, and lailed The Preeident ntered into a lengthy and learned dissertation i upon the connection of botany and chemistry >? I i he formation of planta. lor which we have no space ; and after the exhibition by Mr . Ro? ol some specimens of poratos from which the atarch was ab stracted by the drought, and of tome magnificent apples by Mr. Boswell, ol Pennsylvania, it was re solved, that this interesting subject ahould be con tinued on the next meeting of the Farmer's Club, an well as the subject considered as to the most lavors ble time ot applying manure to the wheat crop. In thecourae of this enquiry a remarkable lact was stated, that the tubours which proceeded from the decayed tubours after the rain, were all healthy and good ; (hat the want of vegetable vitality was produced by drought, while a surcharge of rain pro duced the fungus, which is ruinous to the health of the potatos. Mormon Affairs ?We saw a statement in the Missouri Republican, that the Mormons and In dians had uwmi led in grest force, near Csithsge, in Han cock couuty, Illinois, a* it was supposed with hostile intentions toward* some of tlie good citizens of the conn ty, Icc* The fact*, ni weTiave learned them from aa authentic ?ource, are about ai follow*:?The Circuit Cotit of thai county met on the Slit. There were recojnUed to at tend this Court, ail ihe common council of the city of Nauvoo, and many other person* of that plaoe, ohargsd with a riot in destroying ibe press and materials of the Nauruo expositor in June last. These persona sndthoir witnesses, making in all about one hundred persons, being poor, and most of them unable to pay tavern bills in town, and wishing to avoid the ahow of so large a Mor mon force about the Court, came to the very laudable conclusion of camping out some three or four miles from town, where they could beat all times ready to attend Court upon a short notice to snswer the charges sgainst them. In addition to this, some 30 Pofswstsmie Indians, with I their woman and children, on their way to bunt muskrats I in lows, passed through the county about sixteen miles from Caithage. about the same time. They had no con nection with Mormons or any oiher persons in thecoan tv, but passing through without meleaiing any one, and thin was Ihe great Mormon and Indian force referred to. Now for the object of getting up this atory, and the use that was attempted to be mado of it. It waa well under stood that at the court an attempt would be made t"> indict the persons who were guilty of murdering Joseph and lliram Smith, while they were conlined in the Carthage jail, in June Ust, to prevent which something must n* .lone by tho mob party in Hancock. They appointed a committee of safety, and directed that the Judge should be informed ol the resolutions of the meeting, that he might consult his safety, Itc. Judge Thomus did not wait to be called upon, but with out much form or ceremony, he let these panic makers know that he should not obey their order to adjourn; and they with all their force could not deter him trom doing his duty And furthermore, if any of them appeared shout the court house with arms or any other hostile de monstrations, that he would order them instantly to Jail, >?nd if necessary he would be one of the posse to aid in the execution of the order This so deterred tbeouU hreskers that they dared not even present their resolu ions to the Court. The county ? ourt of Hancock county, all of whom were Mormons except one, at their last teim selected twenty-three (I rand Jurymen in their county, not one of whom was a Mormon; end this aati Mormon jury haa had the honesty to indict both Motmoim and nun-Mor mons lor alleged violations ol law; and umong others, tkey have indicted Levi Williams, Thomas C Sharp, Mark Aldrich, Jacob C Davia, William N Orover, John Allyn, William Davis, John Wills, and William Oaliiher, or the alleged n urdt r ol Joseph and Hirum Smith It will he remembered that ti e whig paper* ol Illinois said (hat nothing would b? done with those meu lor this out ilgr.?lUinoit tlatt lit filter, Nov I. From Florida ?We have St. Augustine dates to the 3d, and copy the following paragraphs from the, S?l. Augustine News:? Loss or imi: Bchookkb Maaia M Klotts.?The schr. Maria M Klotts. Captain Hussell, bound to Wilmington (N r ) was lost, while endeavoring to cross this bar on ?unday evening Ust She had gat nearly over, when tho wind suddenly dud away a calm. Heranchora were im mediately dropped, and soon the wind sprung up Irom N K . when she parted her cablea aud went ashore. > ea >el total loss. I'asaengers and crew saved. lloaaiaLic Act ikkkt - On Wedneacay evening last, n legto woman bs longing io Nir. S J Hejui, had her dress o take ftrr, whilst sta <nng near the Are place. She was >o badly burned. ?*lore the Are could be extinguished, hat she died in s few hours. Oram.ta ? Forty thousand ol this fruit was shipped .lown tu. St. Johns, a lew days since, from Drayton's I.land This fruit was the staple of Kaat Kloiida previous to IMA, and si me trees ware known to be 160 years old, t ut one night iu the month ot February of that year, a .? v?ja ln ?t killed them all, since which the proAtabla nee ha- been lost. A lew l<egan to bud at St. Auguatins, wb?a a small insect ol the Coccus tribe made its appear nce, and bids fair to destroy every orange, lime, and ci ? mntree in the whole countiy. The weather waa remarkably cold on Tueeday sad Wednesday lost. low* ^onvkmtion ?A convention in Iowa for 'tie purpose of training a constitution preparatory io coming into the Uuiou ss a State, is now in seaaion.? ? Ir t ? Bin n proposed that loreignera be allowed to vote .or county olticeis alter e residence of three year* In the mm I hi- lesolution waa lost. JV in favor, and S? (tint it. We team Horn the Iowa Standard that the ? tai of oAtce of the Oovernor was flaed at two years, <nd the Merretai y ol Stale made elective by the people.? The repot t ot the committer on State d bta, imjiosing re ?t not tons, acd making it necessaiy to submit to the peo t ie prejects that would cease indebtedness, waa consider ed, simI ordered to be read s third time. Keeidence before tMiiyj admitted to vote, was fixed at six months?voting ii la- by ballot The committee on the I.egi(lative de partment haa reported iu favor of biennial Legislatures member* to be paid ?-J a day lor 30 days, and $1 after i aids. Mr Hall, ftom 'be committee upon the petition ? king thet the rights of citizenship be granted to colored ,?rsous, made a repoit against such a grant. KaN?in-r'? Towrr ? J ust as our paper was going .j press the beautiful Hhot Tower in the course of encsion in this city, by Ferdinand Kennett, k>q , fell ? itk a tremendous crash It had been reieod about 140 net, and eta In be raised 40 leet higher. It was S fine ixulor column of Mich Ker some weeks past It baa ?eea crocking, so aa te cause alarm in tho aMf hborhood. But en w be are good judges ol such matters espreasod lie opinion that tne re was no Janger of its falling. It ?as lerently eaemiaed by very skillful engineers and rchitecta, who believed that the cracks ware *anerfclal rd would nsi endanger the Tower. M L Clark, Ksf] , bo is a very ahiillnl end acientiAc architect, gave a written opinion aa la the safety ol the building. But, otaitbstandiiig all this it fell, and aew Ilea a huge mess f crushed end broken hnrk It crashed in two frame rnesneuta. in one of * tie h some ol the worshippers of Venaa were congregated. hat none of them were hurt ? I he other ten< n.etii had l-eett eccupled by negroee. who oa yeeietday tussk the ela/m and remoeed It is supposed ?ee thet some |*iwi'i.s are buried under the pile of ? but the beriee opti len is thet no person baa bean uurt H ia truly wonderful that such a vaat column > boa Id I all wi-kout lees el tile The loaato the builders ? ill tie tor> renei'leral.W lis election, we leant, had already ooet near US iaei M f*au Crs.lTsi.l I*cerat'< rixs Fiaa.-Tbe only aetiouahre which has ?irrurred n this city for a bag while, says the at Leuia HepwblraM ot <he 1st ineiawt, took PMSeen TattS) Bfght. a host! 11 e rlorh H deatreyod the build .1 a knew o aa 'he Hope Mill* on the earner ol Fifth ead Ita/el streets, rotvasetn g of S Aearii g mill, oil mill end adiss lertsri The) were ewnod l>y Jsttsas C IMtaa, ir i vleer a*J Mr. Block Th> .elel liahasent waa p?^ kesed s yawl ^e I t flfi rwa. sitd many improvements See* sii re bee* *w>1? 1 here were akast SS barrels af ( ew bead, at ski k hy great ? aerfiea, some ISO or _ horieta w. r sere Ti ? mill had beea run daring <ka day. Nst was et.-n <t at ni?kt a?d the Ire Is sappoaai ? kove ooogh' a> ? toei.leil) >><? Ihe luriiero Tkemaio ^wilding weat f st?o? w?tk traaaea attached to ft Wo m4fril>ii<( tWf* ??? ifcHifHi ? !? t%m ?li? urn4 fl mm ttw tlwch ? Hi atiftl ? I (he* *t?*f ? f l>if* * frjr 4 K eeaav at Nat vws? ? The MotntoM still ieem ??think that the? read'? service by robbing iho i ses tile* ??a ?ke t ?M et tke |e?h *1 tH tobor, the .seee of Mamas* kMBkoel ? was lokkaet A ?moll earn. w-.Med greet mm take*. <osstesMMg ahavt MSS M g*>I asl< er and r money A r reaps for aonk o> saM ? ,eaa. *>y ? lemMe k Walker. certi atee at etssefc lot f IO MS* of Ike ? mtwees asad Met ka .re leswieaiee I ?twi aey of ttt l esaas owe psere n4 blae oak ewe | n ri of httse Ry leans Otto ptero miasd cloth awe ye ee attee cSmk. tkstiy aaeaa i eaaSs lu.a, t ioe I*stts hisartsed ?liHis|a owdoo' fie is., aw ike i. earn ? eossty leal Vw Tori go 41ft strto- A * atkssia hoe leas Oeeed of the gsstt es mot ey siaoo iOey ao mysaeriaaaly it sn*awt Taa .ai fnltRTtt?Mt - 1'a-sraaera a* thrwttgli to l?tr?it ia mm hsswfw laeavitMf in the saeanthwat naaysas et Oarlsrb A M . they reork at jeaopk tt I I M aad leave in itssee isamedtai'dy Ridiog all eight, tkey reork ktarakolt at I I V tke neat ley where 'key .rry oil asgh*. aad tette tho eoe* ie ike n"tsisa *S i tforh Iwof roore l>-U?M Sit M . ol Ike third day, una glviag poseergeva esse i?av "a Ike lake, ere ma .'Mr aadsarNtk* wttrasit dteoawae hy tke ease ? mUaa, dmtettee fcy rail aod I ie miles It a enpsrls I that ?lift f iiifati4 ||4 Wl IMNWlV WD w iw Tti it ? n? > r? ?? WuHiH ft ^ ataholl tw Detroit M eil> T^el tare gie SO gosfa leave em Buffalo aa seos> aa ike rors get W Hottest -Chieege Tlemorrer. A ^rrsa Mim - A aew ff.emoofy sl csffsi ?nineral ha. hern wade on Kirhaps*, ahoul |J ?T ie aheee Prarie da l View aod sis mala* irom the Mia mi|e> ane?e rrs? ? ? ? . L ? ... tit* trees wfcjrh ie Mhaly ?eprooe eery eolwoMo - ^eTre ie formed tket akeat ssee yoonds osetakew ewt I?te that the lode is K^od a m? dieussoe ekeod sad aottie mineral locreoeee rn q .aotHy aa they adeswoe -; , He ere is said te ha 1 pot catt' rtcher tkaw that lewod mr Mineral roiat, wkich everagea, we hefleee aaowt IS er Seat ? Mi aota at !?ra -John Smith, s native of Can^ -cticut atHleoek of the t^ig < srte?oo wkick srrtrod ? tr? t?v ter>m greoaee. ia r?r"',r^ *a here evaaaae a i ? . r *iff l)ft* Iflli.?