Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 24, 1844, Page 1

November 24, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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??<??? 11 -1 " o ' I ' f T HE N E W Y ORE H ERALD. vol. X., no. 3a3.wiioi? mo. 3ws. NEW YORK, SUNDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 24, 1844. Price Tm C??tfc half a month later FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF 7.IE STEAMER BRITANNIA. NEWS FROM INDIA. AMERICAN TREATY WITH CHINA. STATE OF THE COTTON MAMBT. RIOTS IN CANTON. abundance of money. AFFAntS IN IRELAND, 4rc. 4rc. $-c. Tue Britannia, Capt. Hewitt, arrived at Boston on Saturday morning at 7* o'clock. She left Liver pool on the 5th inst. Her passage was prolonged by westerly gales. 8 The nyws is of very little importance, excei. t from China. ? " No agitation in politico any where. The Queen was well. Ireland waa quiet. The monster steamer "Great Britain" waa afloat?out of dock. The Caledonia was to leave Liverpool on the 19.h inst. for Boston. The Acadia to follow on the tih proximo, and the Cumbria on the 4'h of January. Affairs in Spain were becoming critical. The Com market was firm. Canadian flourhad advanced 6J. a barrel. The cottou market remains in a quiet state, with a fair demand from the trade; speculators nibbling occasionally. The overland mail arrived at London on the 4th Money continues abundant. The government securities, m the teeth of thia abundance do not improve. By the monthly official returns, just published we perceive that the Bank of England has com menced diminishing its issues as nearly as possible to the amount of drain upon its gold bullion, and what is still more worthy of attention, its deposits are increasing, while its paper currency is also de creasing. Business in the manufacturing districts ia as good generally as it was ever known to be. The iron trade is firm. Buyers hold off, in ex pectation of lower prices. Twenty persons were kilted on the 1st inst. by the fall of a cotton mill at Oldham. The Caledonia arrived out on the 29th, in 14 days from Boston. The London clubs persist in their determination not to admit Americans, so long as any of our States repudiate their debts. Dreadful! To satisfy our curiosity we would like to know how many Lord Huntingtewers belong to these moral and honest clubsT Accounts from Spain speak of continued conspi racies in the capital; and there ia a rurror that an important one has been discovered frustrated at Saragossa. A survey is making for an important railroad traversing the mountains of Jera, in Switzerland! Espfcrtero recently passed through Paris, on his way to Italy, in a vary k>w state of health. The " Paris National" recently came ont with a furious article against Queen Christina of Spain, which caused some excitement in the French mel tropolis. Great damage waa recently done by a violent hail storm in the neighborhood of Harfleur, in France. The troubles in Valais, Switzerland, are not yet over; tLere ure threats of an invasion from some of the neighboring cantons. Since Victoria's return from Scotland she has shed h tear on the quarter deck of Nelson's battle fahip Victory, and opened the Royal Exchange in London. So great has been the dronght this season at An cona, that the magistrates were obliged to distri bute a certaia quantity to each family from the public cisterns and wells, as is practised in time of blockade. Th^late crop of potatoes in Ireland is found to exceed the produce of any year on record. The abundant growth of thi3 vegetable has surpassed all expectations. Barber, whose case excited so much interest in connexion with the will forgeries, is said to have died of fever on the outward passage, and to have left behind him some document* throwing light on the transactions for which k? was transported. Mr. Wheaton, the American Minister at the Court of Berlin, was received by their Majesties on Saturday evening. The Theatre at Beccles, built a few years since, at an vxpense of JC2000, is about to be converted into a corn exchange. Lord Ellenborough, we perceive, has had addi tional honors showered upon him by the home go vernment?showing no signs of dissatisfaction with his conduct in India. A few days since, he was gazetted a Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honorable Older of the Bath. The enormous steamship the Great Britain, has at kngth got afloat. It is expected that the Arcbe median screw will be fixed in a fortnight, after which the vessel will proceed to the Thames. Alter remaining there som? weeks she will come round to Liverpool, and sail from that port early in the spring, on her first voyage to America. Her Majesty's Burname before marriage wasGu elph; it ih now Uusici. Three sharks hnve been recently ceptured near the inoutli of the Tweed. Counterfeit aovoreigus are in circulation, exe cuted of nlatina, worth about 12s., and so well ex routed, H it it iS difficult to distinguish between them amJ the genuine coin. 1 he Courier Francais announces that the Kins dol,? worth lO.OOOf. to the Su" h" Letters front Canton, published in the Ecalish panels, represent tlm piracies committed on the coast m exceeding all belief. on A great number of sudden deaths recently occur red At Dau-yilles, a village in the Department de la Meuse, hi Prance?the cause remains a mystery The authorities of Moravia have rejected an offer of 40,(MK) (1 inns, by the Btron Rothschild Brnnn <''tUlbllJsUrnent ol a Polytechnic school at The royal children are said to have exhibited an extraordinary degree of attachment to Lotlis Phi. Ii|?pe during his recent stay at Windsor. A vessel with 98 bales of coiHraband t*baceo was recently siezed nt Dartford, bf the officers of the customs. M. Arago has predicted that the impending win ler 14 likely to prove iHe coldest known for many mi" Prince George of Cambridge is to be married to the Grand tiutchess of Olgia married to A small riot recently occurred at Leeds in Fn* At Manchester, recently, a dinner was given to Charles Kemblr, E?j , by a number 0f directors and r ier members of the Athenaeum. Piedinoul<:* gazette of the 15ih nit. states that three sharp shocks of earthquake were felt at Dumonte on the 13:h. re lelt at ' Young Prince de Joiaville is getting to be con ?!;?' rC'na,k*bl* ^ro, unions tile *e,urn ?* .O'Connell from Derrynane to triumph a co"t,nued f<*ne of enthusiasm and as |Ajb,I'ia, ^present that province m.T S, IMHial state of revolt against the govern Z 'co^ZulZ."'"'" "ai" * P,n?T?t,^ercent|y *iwn bJ the King of mvTd ,HWv!lC l,heSran^ r'?,)hi ot 'he Jews was "v,'i^V?i ^guV? mof,al ?Aeace to some digni taries of the Christian church in Prussia. Prince Albert is following the occupation of a grazier, by fattening oattle in Winder Park. On of ?l5jo. ?M,f?" ?l>ioh brotiglti The PariB preeBes state, that, at Spain nZ !i? "rll r a "Fr e8CH')ed from ? mr riag.-rfe ? One of the lions devoured a child and wounded the mayor of the town. BUM] drowned ""7 ch,,drefl and tw* boatmen At an execution o? twp murderers in Hunaarv recently, the two culprits contended with each other for the honor of dying first one bent? a no ble, the other of humble birth. The poor wretch? get to blows and were with difficulty separated It is said that Earl Powis is to be the new viceroy of Ireland, and Irom hi. qualiSeafionS and connexions, it was supposed he would be popu O'ConnelPs surrender of repeal for the new scheme has not been so favorably received as he expected by his party. It is calculated that if the duty were paid on the whole of the tobaoco at present m bond in London alone, including manufactured and unmanufactured !E??CC? a c,*a?? l*p sum would amount to little short of Beven millions steflmg. ft^St0?0? a,tk*toimr.^Caseo? Conscience. ?A good deal of amusement has been excited by the announcement,in the last monthly "Corn Cir f0ulf" ?f f^ MeasTB. Sturge, that the firm intend, ""m?8 tarl" Bodt or a Mam Found at the Guano 1st _ iTa?i' ? ottne Will Watch, at Ichaboe, to his father at this place, dated Aug 20, states that "the bodv ol a man has been dug out of the bed of the guano in a preserved state ; the captain intends bringing it to number of years'" PP? t0 ha?e b"u buried a r TIIK fH?A7?,TRA?&?The Melpommene arrived at Cove of Cork from Ichaboe, lift about nine weeks since, at which time there were 240 sail there. No fewer than 40 vessels arrived there in cne day. ?India Gazette, Nov. 2. ' The proportion of males to females in New South Wales is now said to be ten to one. . to America were dull. The new packet ship Northumberland, of 990 tons, sailed from Liv. erpool for New York with 400 tons of Newcastle coara, and this shipment was made in consequence I of the want ot a mora valuable cargo. Last year the collection for Mr. O'Connell V7 l?. ?28.00t, and the repeal rent was ?l'U 10d, making a total of ?75.614 17s'10d. I Ihe weekly collections made during the i?r<.sent I year amount to about ?89,000. - I .. Cotton Manufacturers tn Prussia.?The Ber I Iin journals announce a great rise in the price of I cotton goods in Prussia, and add, that the mnnufac I s"ate? ID ml C0Un,ry ure in ltie most Prosperons I PA?i.rAM*jrr.?At the Court at I Windsor, the 7th day of October, 1844, present, the I Queen s Most Excellent Majesty in Counci l?It is I .'^iHordered by Her ilajesty in Council, that I the Parliament, which stands prorogued to Thurs I day, the 10th day of October instant, be further I |.roregued|to Thursday, the 12th day of December I next. I Private letters from New Zealand mention adue' I between the Solicitor C'.eneral and Mr. Hugh Row, I The former was killed at the first fire.and the lutter I who wns slighily wounded, has since been held to I bail in 600 pounds. I A duel with sharp foils took place the other day, I 7.ea,i-l Jc4Ul Lue, between Mr Canning, an I Lnghtihtnau. ar.d M. Dhoho, a Frenchman, the ri I valI editors of tw o light weekly journals, published I at Bayonne. The latter was seriously if not mor I tally wounded I n T-,eL e*ci,?5in*1" which recently existed in the I British dockyard*, on account of the expected I trouble with France, has died away; and riererttl I orders from ihe government, for fitting out vessels I tor service, have been countermanded. I The Wkatiik* in France.?The Sentinelle des I Pyrenees of the 26ih ult. publishes the following I paragraph : " For the last 20 days we have lived in I an atmosphere of continual storm The wind never I ceases to blow, and the dilutian rains saturate the I earth. A considerable poruon of the maize crop, I which is still to be saved, will be seriously in I ured." I . .Th* English brig Heron, which arrived from I wt 12thf sailed from Gibraltar on the I 5:h of last month, with a general cargo, and her I papers regularly made out lor AJgier*; when, on I the 9th, about thirty miles south of Carthagena she I wasfchased and searched by a Spanish guarda-cost t. I Alter some delay, and the seizure ol her cargo bv I the Spanish authorities, she was conveyed to I Almeira. J lie Warspito had received instructions, I to demand her liberation. There was a battle fought ou the 15'h of Octo I her, between the Fienr.n troops, under General I Comman, and a body ol 7000 Kabyles. The French I loss is staled at about 150 kiilt*ii and wcundtd,and I that of the Arabs at 600 The French were com I l>elled to retreat?and ?'marched 40 miles without I once halting," harrasfed by their enemies. I Her Majesty and Prince Albert are expected to I leave Windsor this day on a visit to the Marquis of I bxeter, at Burleigh House, near Stamfoid, in Lin I conshire, and after returning,(to honor in a similar I manner the noble owners ot Goodwood, Arendel I it>ui Strathfieldsaya. Galignani's Messenger saye I 'J,1?' 'V? pa" hive promised the King of the I r rench to visit Paris in the course of next year. I _Th? grand ceremony of opening the new Royal I Exchange o) London, took place on the lht inst., I i ^a8 a,tended. in ?reat state and splendor, by I tlue Queen, accompanied by his Koyal Highness I Prince Albert, her Cabinet Ministers, many of the I nobility, Foreign Atibassadors, andfother disiin I guished individual*. The Queen's Visrr to tm* Victort ?The parti I eul"rs attending Queen Victoria's Visit to the I \ ictory, a 120gun ship, on the 21st ult , are gi^en I tu tne English oaj^rs. We are told that "she I looked remarkably well, and appeared in excellent I health and spirits. She was attired in a white I strew bonnet with a black 'leather and black nb I bons, a black silk dress, aad black satjn mantilla. I Prince Albert wore a suit of black. The Queen I wjis shown the spot where Nelson fell, and also I where he expired. The places are marked by I brass inscriptions. I Attempt to Murdek Cai^t. WooDHorew.?We I deeply regret to state thata murderousattempt was I made at this i.ort upon the life ol Cep'.ain Wood I ^u#e\.of ,hf! N<"w York P?cket ship "Queen of the I Weet," *n the j?th uit.. about 4 o'clock, P. M.? I At the homaxentioned^Capt Woodhouje wuslcav I ing his vrssel, in the Prince's Dock, and, when I passing through the gnte, he was sssatled by n tall, I powerful man, ia a n,tilor'n drew, who, wiihoui I saying a word, sr rung towards him, and struck him I a tremendous blow with a heavy leaden ball, *lun? I in a piece ol thick leather, traced and fashioned I something tn the form of agentleman'sridwq v, hip I The blow took efl'ect pn the fore part of the tem I pie, near the eye, and laid him senseless on the I pavement. He was picked up by n few persons I who witnessed the attack, and carried to the North I era Hospital, where feceiV*tf immediate aiten I tionfrnnl the honse surgeon, who reported that the I injury, although of a most serious nature, did not I 'mol,nt fo fracture the skull, which was, no I doubt, the villain's object. The assailant, on see I ,n? jJP': Wyodhouse fall, uttered some expressions I n.?. ^'stinctly heard by those who wTtne*fe*d the J attack, took lo his heels, and, in the Confusion, er I caped He is known, jiowever, and cannot long I enca4>e detection. He is one OfCapt. WoodhouaeV I crew, amotg whom a mutinous leeling had exist I lata (>?aMgr from New York, though I with thif^man, we understand, he never had an ill I r^!?iT. ctr* t,?ve been placed on I board the Qnefcn of the West, for the protection of I u?. ?"'Itfi vHe- Wa* removed to the Waterloo I Hotel; arid having seen our friend Cant. Wo6d | house to-day, it affordi us great pleasure to see that he is improving. The villain who perpetrated this outrage, up to thin hour, Iiuj escaped the vigilance of out town police. The Jfsuits.?A letter from Geneva says:? "Daring the last month, a French gentleman, At. Claude (rdillaid, having abjured the Catholic faith in thii city, ana embraced the reformed religion, Hie tact was announced in our journals. lie im mediately received an invitation from a person styling hinuself a member of the Order of Chrw 11411 Doctrine at Geneva, couched in extremely polite but .very pressing 'terms, to pass the next morning with his intended host at the parlor of the fraternity, there to talk over the particulars of his convention. Treating the overture as au imperti nence, M.Gnillard only mentioned it to his friend?, and declined going. Within two days, he havir g left his house on busii.ess, and not returning, his friends became alarmed, and sought lor him every where, but without success. Information has been obtained that he 1ms been kidnapped at Geneva, and transported by the road of Trungy to Chambe ry, where the JesnitB of that place detain him in close concealment. If this be true, as there iB lit tle rensou to doubt the quarter from whence the information has beea received, the reclamation of a French subject by the French government will iollow ot course, and the whole iniquitous mystery be uuiaveled. Tub. Anti-Corn Law Lf^our.?The winter campaign commenced at Manchester on Thursday week. The place of meeting was the Free Trade Hall. The chairman was Mr George Wilson,who read some elaborate statistical tables of ibe parlia mentary regis'ration in Lancashire and its bo roughs. The League instituted a searching inves tigation rnto the registrations of one hundred and forty boroughs ; but his report chiefly related to the county named. There are the most striking results. In Liverpool the League have gained 452 voter; and such another .advance would change the representation of the borough. In South Lan cashira they have secured a working majority of 1,153 votes; in North Lancashire they have gained 638 on the register, but not a majority The county and its boroughs ut present return 14 Monopolists, and 112 Free Traders; at the next election llie League exp? ctthat there will lie returned 21 Free Traders and 5 Monopolists. He had reports ol seventy but of the hundred and for y boroughs ; and in sixty-eight the Leaguo hud a cleargain upon the registrations Sutli is th? statement of the League. Mr. Cobden made a telling speech; with some palpable hits at agricultural meetings, at Lord Stanley's boast of the number of tiles mat he and his father have laid down?Jchn Bright mighi ut well boast of the millions ol bricks he, had just.laid in building a factory?and at the premiums given to laborers. Some interest had been excited in England at tlu. opposition oa this side ot the Atlantic to the League's distribution of its pamphlets during our contest for the Presidency. It was questioned whether Ihe tree trade philanthropists were justified in busying themselves with the domestic concerns of another country, notwithstanding their belief that the protective policy is a moat delusive one for America. They state that about the mere party distinctions ot the candidates they are nothing, tree trade with all the countries of the world being their only impelling motive. Piracy and Murdrr.?The Pomona, of Glas Sow, a fine merchant brig of "20 tons burthen, un er the command of Capt. MnnrO, was unfortu nate enough, on the 25hh of July last, whtlst on her passage Jroin Jamaica to Europe, to be over taken by a pirate schooner, earning Spanish co lors, with a crew of apparently about 150 men, most of whom were negroes and mulatoes. She was a beantilul craft, with a large gun on a pivot between the main nnd foremasts; painted yellow on the starboard side, and black on the larboard. Captain M. deeming resistance vain, surrendered and the result was the immediate slaughter ot him self, his chief mate .Mr. Goygh, followed by the murder of mrtfet of the rest of crew, excepting sume who threw themselves overboard, to avoid the savage cruelty of the pirates. The remaining few, after the most cruel treatment, were bound id cords, and left ip the tore-hatchway by the piraUs, who, having plundered the vessel of all they wish ed, cut away the" topmasts, destroyed the rigeing and sails, and scuttled her in several places^.The unfortunate vessel was fallen in with a few days after the massacre, when she was water-logged, and nearly in a sinking state. The second mate and three seamen, after the pirates lett the vessel, contrived to extricate themselves, and were iouud by the brigaoline in a deplorable state. uxtensive forgeries of JS100 notes of the Bank of En?lund ha t been discovered. The paper upon which they were printed muu have been manufac tured tor the purpose, as uie water-mark is real, and the forgerieu umoi have been got up at great expense, and are said to be so excellent that None but experienced inspectors ot the Bunk of England could detect them They were all dated Decem ber 5,1843, with difierent number*, ai.d it is sup-1 posed that they were manufactured at Paris, as the , ISatik of England is in possession of a real note, *hieh contains the same ante and letters with the forgeries, which note came troin Paris, and is sup posed tu be the original from which the forgeries were executed. They were intended, without doubt, for the foreign markets, where the Bank of England notes are always rendily accepted. KnqIish AccottNT of the Grobkrt Business in New York..?Extracts of a- letter from a young clerk, who emigrated a short time ago, to ins late employers in this country:??? The grocery trade id among the best in this city, and wiTh a tew hundred pounds an extensive busine&i ean be done. Merchandise, from the small duty imposed on it, is uncommonly cheap. SpKar, such as the fine Jamaica you used to have, sells at 41: tea at 2j. to 8*. for young hyson; coffee from :>Jd to 7d. per lb , nnd everything else proportionality cheap A working man here lives like a gentkfpau, ai-.d every table i? loaded with all the delicacies ot the season. Fruit is a great articte of commerce for a S;rocer in New York. In the morning hegets up at ive o'clock, and seta off with his wagon to the wharf, where ull the steam, boats arrive loaded with fruit of every description. He goes through amongst the sellers, aiH mailt a his bargains; comes home with his wagon load, aud is not long in getting it all disposed of, when he sets off lor the fruit market for another load. On Satur days Mr. always goes three times. You may think this a very strange trade tor a grocer, but then it is a very lucrative one^ and the good folks here care not what they traffic in it they can make a profit by it. Sometimes we sell at three tourths profit, very often- a half, and seldom less than one-third. As regards the retailing of groce ries, the customers purchase quite differently from thope in Scotland. They buy ten in no less quan tities than a quarter, half, or pound parcels. Sugar in one cwt., half ewt., stone, half stone, and quar ter stone weight. There is no trifling ol time with pennyworths of Ich. and pennyworths ol rugar, butter, coffee, Vc?London Uazcttr, Oct. 29. Iceland* Charles Gavan Duffy, editor of the Nation, and late fellow prisoner with O'Connell, has rddresecd a long letter to the leader, dep.rcauug adhesion to the federalists, on the part of the repealers as a body. Mr. D contends that federali-m is essen tially a worse thing than re(ieal. Firat,?Because it Still leaves'Er.fland the head quartern of lush politics and HtnUition ; perpetuates the Irish sub jection, and fail* to discourage absenteeism. Se condly,-- l>cabse in itself it is ot no use to Ire land. Thirdly,?Aa (demanding a re-construotion ot the institutions of the empire, it is impractica ble. The aecoud point to which Mr. Duffy con tends, is, that it is bad policy to embrace federal ism ; and lastly, that the Repeal Association hav ing been organized on re|teal principles, baa no more power to make that body federalist thnn the last Irish Parliament had t<> vote away the inde pendence of Ireland. Mr. Dutfy is, however, wil ling to have the federalists for friende, though not tor leaders. FanBRALis*?O'Connki.!,.?We eppy the follow ing letter from the Ktrry Examiner. If Mr. O' Connell has been considering Federalism, it is a Federalism of Lhg highest and most National order. A subordinate Federalism for Ireland?the Ireland for which he so long?so nobly?so geiievously?so aaoeeskfully?labored, he would reject with ineffa ble scorn. When hi* letter in reference to Feder alism appeared, we did not hesitate to say what the Federalism was to which alone onr Leader would eoiaent. Hear bn own word*?1" I, for one, never will consent to receive less for Ireland than she had be foie " This is the principle, but he givea td his people the details also. Ireland uivst have every thing she won in '82; nothing lew will satisfy the leader?nothing lees will content the people: ? O'Pfnndl'f Letter. Dkrrynanr AbbrV| Botfy Oct. 1811. Sir i?I have read your article in yesterday's Examiner, headed "Federalist," and I feel vrrv very much obliged to you for the civil and kind things which you have said to me in that article. To be aure, I have been working for upwards of fotty yeans in the popular cause ; and .though 1 have often opposed the popular sentiment for a time, one way or other the people have ultimtttl? comd round to my opinion, and such temporary disagree ment has only tended to augment the public con fidence. If there be any difference of opinion between me and the people at lame on the present occasion, which I am not disposed to believe, yet the time is not come when any explanation can be given or received, for this simple ieHScn, that up to t?ePre" sent moment there is no plan ot Federalism petore the public. The Federalists have beenjuvited to declare themselves in precise and specific terms they have not as yet done so. _ When they shall have d< olared thi-naseUres, it will b?* the duty ot every public man, whether at the press or as con nected with the Association, to declare luily and freely his sentiments upon that plan. At present those who assail Federalism, moan the creature of their own imagination; without, however* in general going so far as you facetiously have done by converting a Federal Lord Lieuten ant or Speaker into an. auction bell-mau ; a trans formation that may easily account for your hos

tility to Federalism in the abstracV My object at present is to set you right as to some matters of pre-existing fact; in order that you may understand me, I subjoin the following imsoag" Irom your article?I talie up the paragraph with the following wordfi?'" We have been rob bed of our nationality, and we, Repealers, demand its restoration in all vts pre-existing amplitude. Then to show your notion of the " pre-exist iug amplitude" of our loriner parliament, you add these words? - ? . > 3 "A parliament sitting in Iioland, to govern only the affair* of Ireland, and not daring to think on muiterj ot iinp'-nal potior, would bo converting Ireland into one great borough, and continuing our ruiinmont a munici pal corporation on a large ?cale?that ii not.tho sort of parli*m?nt secured to us in 17SJ." Now see how you mistake, how totally you mis take the fact?that was precisely the parliament se cured to us in 1782. It was in your words, "a parliament sitting in Ireland to govern only the aflairB of Ireland' ?aB to its not daring to think on matters of imperial policy, thought is free?but it certainly could not, and therefore did not dare to act on matters ot imperial policy. It had no kind of power, or control over, or interference with the colonies, or with ihc treaties between Great Britain and foreign powers; or with the appointment of the British ministry, that is in point of fact, with the nomination of the executive power in the country.t , D<> not imagine that in describing the powers ot the Irith parliament as they really were (una as you say they wet? not.) that I deny its efficiency, or its ability to protect the interests and the prosperity of Ireland. I say directly the re verse. From the momentat which it Bhook off the trammels of the liritiah Legislature, it showed ub efficacy, and demonstrated its utility in the protec tion of all Irish interests?ol lush agriculture, commerce, and manufactures. Having thus set you right upon an important fact, you will, I am sure, not think I do so in any spirit of hostility?my sentiments towards you are quite different. I know that you have toiled for, and suffered?severely suffered?in the public cause ; and I do not hesitate to Bay, that the popu lar party in Kerry have not treated you with suffi cient gratitude. .. 1 however think it would be well if you n well as others postponed the discussion of Federalism until it had assumed " form, shape, and pressure ?it might then be attacked or defended for what it really is?at present every anti-Federalist makes his own giant before he kills him. , n 1 Federalism may be much worse than simple Re peal; that is, than the restoration of the parliament of 1782 in a reformed *tate?arid if it be, if it shall affect to take away any ef the powers which the Irish parliament formerly had, it is uot in that cake at all likely to make way among the Irish people. But Federalism may aU>o be much better than the mere rettoration of the Irish parliament?it may restore the IriBh parliament with all its former powers, and it may nuperinduce a right to Ireland, and a mode'Of a-bertitVg that right, to interfere di rectly in imperial' concerns?in foreign tr< uties? and in Colonial affairs. The modes ol that inter ivrence would require much conoideration, but it would have the advantage ot tn#king the connec tion with the British crown more strict, permanent, and inviolable. ,j. . ? , .... The Federal plan Will, in all probability, appear very shortly before the public Whatever it shall prove to be, there is one thing certain, that its sup porters ahouid be treated with the utmost courtesy and deference ; that their plans should be can vassed lu a manner the most reepecilul, argumen tative, and conciliatory ; and that every mode of inducing rational and patriotic men to join the p e sent Association should be resorted to There is nothing derogatory in the most strenuouu and al most supplicatory afiorts to combine the Irish gen try of every persuasicn with the Irish people in the cause of their ooiimion couutry. Whatever shall be the result, you may easily venture to believe that I, lor one, will never con sent to receive less for Ireland than she had before. I am ready to accept as much more for her as 1 can potoibVy^t |j0n0r t0 Your obedient servant, Dahikl O'Connilu France. Tiie Paris papers Announce that Francris taking Step* to abolish negro shivery in its colonies. 1 he eovemor of the Wand of Bourbon, in opening the Oo'onial Council on the 20th of May last, made a similar ptntemrnt. Into that iMand fx^e Ji'boirra from China and the Hast Indies will be impoited. Violent storms ravage the South of France, in Marseilles the inundations have becnEo great that , the wau r^ e above the carriage wheels in the < nireets. A terrific storm visited Toulouse on the 2I'll October. At Avignon and nther towns, the K hone, the. Durance and the Saone, huve over flowed and committed much injury very destructive etorm and whirlwind ravaged Cette, neur Montpelier, on the 22d ot lafet month. Many buildings were destroyed, and two hundred more or less injured; and u number of persons were injured by tin' falling houses, while two urc known m be killed, and several are missirg. Wood and Water-TIic Prtisc efates, that for more than ten years past there has been remarked a successive diminution of the waters in the north ot Russia. The invebtigations made on this subject by scientific men having demonstrated that this phenomenon hia no other cause than the devasta tion* made in the forests, the Minister of the Im perial domains is at this moment occupied in regu lating the nnnual consumption of the woods. English Aggressions in Africa.?TheNation al tie I'Duett has the following article:? We have this moment become informed of a new usurpation by our welt beloved ahy. The Englibh have taken possession of the north point of Prince Island, on the western coast of Africa, belonging to the Por tuguese, under pretence of establishing there a de pot of coal for their transatlantic steam packets. ? Authorixitiun for this establishment had been re f used them by the late Governor, whom they cou tnved to get removvd. Ilia successor also protest ed sgsinst this usurpation, but he has been com pelled to yield to the law ot the strongest, although he at the same time hps made most energetic repre sentations on the Subject to his government. The following is the real object of England in taKin#? forcible possession of tnis important point, lor the making it only u depot for coal may very well be believed to be a mere pretence, Wauce has jujt established a factory on the Gaboon, a point eseen tially military, for hernavy in time of war.Prtnce s Island being at the mouth of the Gaboon, and Hie lingli.h have evidently determined to secure to themselves n point from which they could block ade the river against our ships in the event of a col lision. Thus besides the violation of a friendly territory, an excess which the English have the shameful habit of committing, their attempt on Prince's Island is dirtcted against iu. It bs confessed, alter so many instances, that it the<n tentt corrfialc produces any fruits*, they are bitter to us." _ . Spain. We have received by Extraordinary lixpressea from Bayoune and Perpignan, the lollowing im portant intelligence from Madrid and Barcelona; " Mapkio, Oct. 27.?A fresh conspiracy has been discovered. General Narvaez w?h to have been asasasinated at the entrance ot the French embas sy, where he dined. '!? General Prim was attested thirt moi nmif Other arrests were made last night and thi* morning. ?'Rauchlona, Oct. 27.?Four hundred or five hundred persons, with the assembled on the Rauibla.and surrounded the Alcalde and ma deputy, who were aooa rsacued by the " Mosos of the Foreign Legion. . L " Other troops arrived* and the rioters were dis persed The B.tron de Meer, on leaving the thea tre. proceeded on foot along the Ramhla.and a num ber of persons Were arrested, after two officers of the police being stabbed." anotiirr Lrrro*. " Harcri.oha, Oct 27 ?At eight o'clock two as sassins were arrested anhemoinent of their making an attempt on the life of Baroo de Meer ; but these I men were rescued from thfTgitard who were con i ducting them w? the Ataraxanas, by a mob, consist ing of at least 000 men." Belgium. The King ol the Belgians tins opened the parlia mentary session tor 1844-5. The speech an nounces the conclusion with the German Zoilve rt igQ of a treaty of navigation and commerce, and that by recent convention, the postal commu nications between Belgium ana Great Britain have been regulated on a basis at oRce more extended and more tavorable to commerce. Hanover. _ At Clausthal, a mining town in the ilartz Forest, in llanover. a dreadful conHagrution broke out on the 16;h ol last month, and in the short space of a t>w hours destroyed a church and several public offices, swept away 218 dwelling houses and a great number cf stubles and barns, and left 8000 oi the inhabitsli's without a roof to shelter them from thv rigor ol a northern winter, to whi'-h the town ot Cfousthal, owing to its situation on the top of a mountain, ia particularly exposed. AlgleNi The outbreak of th- Kabyles, near Delly's, ap pears to have been a much more at rious nflair than was at first supposed. The engagement to Which that movement gave rise reunited in a iofla to the French of thirty killed and one hundred and thirty wounded, among whom were not fewer than fifteen officers. The insurrection was whol ly unexpected, for General Comiiiau had only a short time before, sent troops throughout all the districts in that neighborhood, without meeting with any opi>ositiou. Having occasion to visit one ot the tribes, however? he lound that formidable redoubts had been constructed, and every appear ance of an organised resistance established. He attacked these defences, but was ultimately obliged to retreat with the loea above mentioned. On the receipt oi the news, Marshal Bugeaud left Algiers with four regiments, only recently arrived from Morocco, lor Uellys, constituting a force ot upwards of 2.0(H) men. The position ol Abd-el Kaiier is described as being far less desperate than had been supposed. Morocco. The " Moniteur P..risien" announces, that the Emperor of Morocco had ordered the treaty made with France to be proclaimed, by beat of drum, through nil the cities of the empire. According to this journal, Abdel Kader had retreated to the mountains which are the farthest removed from the French positions and the strong places ol Mo rocco, with only a few hundred followers. Africa. Accounts have just reached Lisbon of a signal defeat experienced by the Portuguese troops in An gola Three companies of infantry ol the line,un i?er the commauo of u onptaiu xa?iei, **r>r ,l? pieces in an encounter with the blacks of the Quis sama tribe, upon a question ot disputed right ot fishing, where the justice was all on the native s side. A lieutenaut, named Fogo, two sergeants, and twenty-five men were killed, and about hfty more wounded, some of them mortally, and the navaget) remained inaatersof the field, having taken possession of the two pieces ol field artillery, which the Portuguese brought with them into the action, together with all their ammunition and a number of muskets. The killed and wounded ot the Portuguese having been about eighty, and the loss ot muskets bv Portuguese admission, near two hundred, at least one hundred and twenty oi their soldiers must have thrown down their arms to ta cilitate their desperate ardor in running away irom the blacks. _ Brazil. The new crusade made by the Brazilian govern ment against the admis:>iou ot British produce, is another blow and great discouragement against the commerce of this country. It is just such u species of retaliation bb might have been expected. An ait valorem duty of thirty per cent, is imposed jn British goods. Th?j Brazilian representative has proceeded to Germany, the country ol exclusive latills, and lie is armed, in all probability, with powers to direct his tactics according to circum stances. China. Advices from Canton notice the gradual increase of the import trade urising Irom the jieaee. The American ambassador, Mr. Cushing, has negociated a treaty on the same terms as Sir Henry Polluter's, but has obtaiued a alight concession in the duties oil lead, which the Americans expect to supply in large quantities from their western tcrn The opium trade wr.s brick, and the price will certainly be high at the public sales of the ensuing season, probably not under 1,400 to 1,500 rupees ^The'public here is anticipating with satisfaction j I the establishment of a regular monthly line oi steamers, which will relieve it irom the expense oi the conveyance of letters Irom Bombay, and the uncertainty attending the bad geographical position ot that pott during the S. W. monsoon. Fitrthkr DtsTiiBnAHCES AT Canton.?Disturb ances had again taken place at Canton. The hug lish last year repaired the walls of the company s I garden, which had been broken down at the lire in 1S42. They put on a gate, and were in the habi; of walking, playiug at quoits, nnd otherwise amusing themselves. On the loth of J-uly, the Chi nese endeavored to force themselves into the gar i den, but were opposed. Upon this they threw brickbats, and broke down the gate, compelling the Englishmen to take refuge in a boat, in which they made their escape to the Consulate. I On the tallowing evening a party of Chinese went arnied with brickbats, and attempted to take pos ses-ion of the other garden. Resistance being o - I fered, they commenced an indiscriminate attack upon all the foreigners who caine within their reach. Several American gentlemen immediately armed themselves and drove them Irom the Iront of the factories. Htill continuing to throw brick bats, they were fired upon, undone man killed, nnd I another wounded in the arm, whichended the aflair ^Vlext nm'rrung a meeting of the mob leaders of Canton was held, ami a placard was stuck about i tin streets, informing the foreigners that unless 2000 dollars were, paid on account ol the man who ?as shot, the factories should be burnt down. Treasure, books, papers ol value, <Sec. have conse quently been sent away, and measures adopted for , defence. The Euglish and American consuls have applied to the Chinese authorities tor a sullicient force to protect the factories, and a message has also been sent to the American man-ol-war at the Bo'iue, to request assistance. That day, however, passed oil quietly, partl7, it is believed, in conse quence of u considerable number of sailors arriving Irom Whampoa, and partly from the efl^cts ol a very high tide, which flooded the iront of the lac tones. On the 17th, a large number ot sailors and marines irom the United States nblp St. Lou.s ar rived, and the sailors belonging to the merchant vessels were withdrawn. A good deal ol petty mischief had been done, but nothing requiring the interference of the marines, Every one there, however, is in expectation of an attack, when they must either maintain themselves by force, or be again burnt out; they are lortunately said to be well prepared lor defence, and the resectable part of the Chinese community seem to have no sym pathy with the mob. It is pretty evident, however, that the authorities at Canton are either unable or unwilling to adopt measures sufficiently vigorous to check the riotous disposition of ihe commonalty. We Hated recent ly our conviction that it would be found necessarv to strengthen the small guard posted at the conml s residence, and that a vessel ut Whampoa was too far off to give protection and security against an unexpected attack. So far from this being done, however, the Wolverine has been withdrawn, and no otheT sent in her place, and in consequence, 'he Britith residents and British consul have been obliged to apply to a foreign power lor protection j and while a number of our vessels are crowded in the roads here, they owe their ?alety to the pre sence of an American guard. Letters of the IRth, subsequently received, speak with apprehension of the 20th, whiiMit being the "Dragon** Festival," was considered a time likely [ to be taken advantage of by the rabble to create a riot We are happy to state fnrther intelligence to the2lst, informs us ol continued quiet and return ing confidence, several of the houses bringing back their books and valuables. Up to the 28th, no lurther disturbance had taken place, though confidence is by no means restored, and business continues to be interrupted. The Chinese guards at the factories have been eon siderablf increased, but their cowardice ia too Will known to allow them to be trusted to, as they would either desert their posts, or mingle with the crowd, in case ol an attack. ThetChinese Autho rities have paid 5o0 taeles to the widow nnd family of the person who was shot. Mr. Forbes, the American Consul* has been applied to deliver up the person who shot him, aad to order the the St. Louis to leave Whampoa. neither of which ia he likely to comply with. This applicstion is report ed by some to have been mad? by Keying, but ?s he would more naturally atldrefs Mr. Gushing, It probably proceeded from the local magistrates. H. M. ship Wolverine has returned to VThampoa, with duecuona, it is said, to proceed to Canton and I lie < IT the factories, should that be considered ne cessary. This is an it should be; and though such it measure would probably be remonstrated against by the Chinese, it is proper they should he made I to understood that England will not allow heroeli to be obstructed by tke bare letter of the trestv from defending the lives and property of her lub jects when the* are endangeredTn the tffiuSw tot! thim I J XOA W Ut tP? fai,hl?" to pro tect them. Indeed, we consider our government ought to assume higher g?tmd, and plainly inti mate to the Imperial Commissioner, that a riot eo curring by which any of our countrymen ahall jnifUrm person or property, and which they, the hinese, well knowing it wu threatened for wfeks, yet took no adequate measures to prevent, will be considered a breach of the peace existing between the two naiione, and lead inevitably to a renewal of hostilities. We are satisfied such a uee-laration would be productive of the beat effects, ""i1,." '8 what the occasion sufficiently justifies. J lie British residents at Canton have, throuh I'e'tier^T!! l Ee^ , forwarded a letter ol ihanka to Captain Tilton, of the United btatesKhiu 6t. L.?uw, loj the protection aflordrd them, untl the consequent " fetlmg of security " When tbey " had but .lender meaofol self-defence against the outrages of a violent u.ob." India. 1,1 ?,?e.h moP?,i0n ,hatan engagement had taken ji. ic. on the 2J August, between Akhbar Khan and Auddool eammuiid. in which a great deal of brave ry hud been displayed on both sides. The laane was frequently doubtful during the contest; but at last the former came off the victor, capturing among Ins prisoners, rwo generals of the enemy! The lugs on the side cf the people of Cabul was estimated at :JOt)o while that of the enemy w" stated to be .>,000, besides prisoners. Kngllih Personal Movement!. Da. Wolff.?Lady Ceorgiana Wolff haa ac quainted the president of the committee of the tttoddart andI Conolly Fund that she haa received letters Iroin Dr. Wolfl and also from the Persian Ambassador at the Court of Bokhara, translated into English by the favor of Col. Sheill. Dr. Wolff in letters dated July 29ih, and August (no day mentioned) states that he expected to leave Bok hara in u few days, and had received a present ,7? h? A,"?,er of 2 horee. R bridle, a robe of honor ;.n<l ninety ducats, but had not yet had his audience of leave. The Persian ambassador, m a letter dated July 23 stated that he ?pected ,o brinj away Dr. Wolff in about eight days. As the second of Dr. Wolff's letters, published a few dsys ago and dated August 1, or some days after tiie date specified above, contained no mention of these encvu(aging circumstances, but, on the con trary, wus indicative of considerable anxiety, there seems no way of accounting for the inconsistency ditte^jf ihTTetter ^f'thV'fiMt'o/'Ofilgust^an^v'ffi^/J as no reports whatever could claim any credence u opposition to the statements in Dr. WolfPs own at that tmie? * "U8c01,c<'l"i0n of hi? ""1 Potion ft lectures at which foundation commenced a week ago, he was obliged to decline the invitations re ceived Irom several scientific bodies. . Mu F-H. Bowiing, son of Dr. Bowring, M P bridge"? * W of Trinity College,Cam: ?icM Iladcliffe, Esq., town clerk of Liver* pool, died on Friday at Leamington. . ?^nis* a yonng and beautiful lady, has been preaching termons in some of the Methodist chapels, in the Midland counties, with much tdat. . f.lie ?'D* Sweden has recently sent the order ol the iNorthern htar to the following distinguished ZlTrfr* Alexander Humboldt, M. Arago, Herr Schelling, HerrTieck, Herr Gauss M A Lamaruue, M. Victor Hugo, and M. de frocqul: M. de Lamartine, the French poet and orator was at Naples at last accounts. It ia said that be CaTro 8 W Uc m rwr' W*.Alexandria and t /??"n l^Anl TKK Ex-PuaiLiaT?Mr. John ? , better known in ihe sporting world aa Haleeta"Tr'^ Jr,wre^J,UrchMe^Th??to" iiuii estate l?r The property is aitnata Bar? 5" w T" o/s,r W,,liat" Stanley* Bart., of Hooton, near Chester. Laogan has amasred a considerable sum of money in the busi ness o an hotel keeuer^near to ihe Liverpool dockr Kngltsli Theatricals, Ac. The magnificent danttute, Taghoni. has smeH sara ? rts ?? Mr. frenk is to pay all travelling and other ex^ penBi s, and share the produce with Mdlle Taclio 5l<KM>l"arantee,D8 l? huron,>' * 'ninimum benefit of Mit. Macrkady.?Mr. Macreudy arrived in m?n yesterday by the Caledonia frtm Imenw, wheTe an our readers are aware, he has been playing with' immense ?uccess for some months J.?. Mr Macreadv has amassed a considerable ram of m<v ney during his profeestonal tour, a large portio?!!? secifrUiea " XT*"1 '?,ha^ '"vested iS American securities. We can ouly account for this extraor dinwy ebullition of misplaced confidence, bv the supposition taat Mr. Macready anticipated sbarinc ,Unna?m, .r;00r JI0W". ?Cn wiSiSf to an amiable weakness, he preferred that his hard earned fia.ns ^.oald be swXwed% by thi dr? Pot? me" syhvaDla "?*e?d of the fishes. Accidsnt atCookb's Ciacrs^-On the 2nd mat on? of the guide rojies, extending from the ground staves to the open of the- centra ^ole, was found to have been wiltully cut through by a knife or eh.rn instrument. Ihe rope was inrtanfly forwarded to the police station, when immediate steps were fukeii to apprehend the EU8]?ected party. Mrs Law s chUn, who was injuitd by the fafl of the pole, died on Friday night. ExpLosroif at Astt.xy'b Thkatm.-Oii 1st inst , l,la.c? of amusement was placed in Vreai danger by an explosion or gas, by which foSI persons were much burnt. It appears th?t .K?^ nail-past six o'clork in .the evening, four females named Cha;inian, Sheppard. Baptiste, und Oriel' a I belonging to the pit saloon, on Opening the n 'Ti. ?0'"' nol*cedl* ?'r?ng smell of gas, and one ?.em imprudently procured a lighted candle when an explosion took place. ?-??Kue, Mr. Charles Kemble has been sivinir oh>it,>.. i. /.or?ic? sTfap-Bar I he members of the Athenaeum, Manchester in vited him to ?|i dinner, at which, a wiah beinc ex. pressed .hat the humble classes of soc^?7ihSuld have an opportunity of hearing the readinsVasuS a guarante^d - fSUSS: KnKWte Rachr| Bti,l engaged studying f h?.,or purpose of performing a series cf reprrsentatiom in the British metropolis. Talma the grea. trench tragedian, was once impelled to a similar ell,,rt, and was only deterred by hia friend John Kemble, who strove?vainly for a Ume?to convince him that bin pronunciation, however cloae it approached that of n native, would mar, if not render ridiculous, his great talent. W ebster continues to besr up manfullv th?? tide oi competition which lias eel in so stronc* ly Iron all quarters, fits baik Bails briskly wiA windward oanyats. Legitimate cemedy reians supreme at the Haymarkel. f?rivn. from iJK lum elsewherr, it has taken up its abode here Mr |?aniel Marble has been added to the company^ He Is engssed for a brief period, and is now ^21. mg a round of Yankee characters wh^ehTw .7" ?aste of the Cocknieu ama.mgly The J. fJu^nisht 'ihh !nd hi* wile ?P?D?d at Liver pool iasi nigtit, with apparent success. W.6' ^'"le DmiwWttre sppmred on the id inst rh. hSLIfS?^S!,reJ? tb? " Beauty of Ghent," the ballet which Mr. Bunn produced in the latter part of last season during the career of Mdlle. ^T*8 HsiTiforih and Miss Roman are at this house. 4 An amusing farce, called " Watch and Ward ** a translation from the French by Mr. A. Wigan in which the actor-translator plays an Irish officer with a g??od deal t>f fua and drollery, has varied the doiags of IVe Lyceum. At the same hoase the 4? Seven Csstles of the Passions," a bold ver sion of oi*? of the most recent Parisian noveltie. " ?'as been produ ced- T he Seven CsBtlci &rf. of counie nirv built, being tenanted by Pride, Lnvy, ldl?S7 Rage, Avarice, I.ove, and Luxury S?t?n \ pfayed by Mr. Diddier, in a livery^ fire turaed up with ?moke. Mr. and Mrs. Kceley, as . comio f?yei?, are very funny. ' The Syren," at the Drury lane, and the same piece at the Princesses', have -brought into direct Cnrf ?k?V ??its of Miss &ainh>nh and the Stench vocali t, Mademoiselle Nsu. The respective peculiarities of each in absolutely

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