Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 25, 1844, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 25, 1844 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. JL, mo. 3KO.WlMl? No. 30X0. NEW YORK. MONDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 25, 1844. t*rlc? Tw? CeaU. THE NEW YORK HERALD. AGGREGATE CIRCULATION THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND. THE GREATEST IN THE WORLD. To th? Public. THK NEW YOKK HERALD?Daily New.papei^-imb lished every day ol the year eacapt New Year's Day and Kouitb ?f July. Price S cento per copy?or $7 M per aanuoa?poatogee paid?caah in advance. THE WEEKLY HERALD?pnbh?hed every Bawrday morning?pnoe cento per copy, or II IS per aimam?post age* paid, cash in advance. ADVERTISERS nre informed that th# circulation of the Herald is over THIRTY-FIVE THOUSAND, and increasmi fait It hostile tin gist circulation <tj any paper in tkit city, or Ike WiH'ld, and, it, therefore. 'he or it cnnniirlj or hunneii mtn in the city or country. Pnoea moderate?caah in advance PRlNTINOof all kind* executed at the most moderate prioe, and in tlie moat elegant ityle. JAM ICS GORDON BENNETT. I'itoraiicToa or thi Hekai.d Establishment, Northwest comer of Fulton and Nasi a itreeu. NEW YOKK AND HAKLEM RAILKOAD~ COMPANY. WINTER ARRANGEMENTS. On and after October 2tiJiihe cars will ruii aj f ) Iowa :? _ Leaving City Hill for Harlem, (126th st,) Morrisiania, Ford ham, William s Bridge, Hunt'* Bridge, Underhill'a Road, rockahoe. Hart's Coruers and White Plains. 7.30 A. M.. 10.30 A-' M., { P- M. and 3.30 P. M. Leaves Williams' Bridge for re,',. "j ?? ?!..?.? r. m. i.e.tves f"' CltVtHall 8 25 A. M.. 11.26 A. M . 1 55 P. M., i?5 ? n Whlt?,,rl.*'ns for City Hall 8 A. M., II A. M'l-M P.m., 4 P.M. Hreight trains will leave City Hall at White.Plains at 8 A. M. I he Westchester '1 rain will stop only, after leaving the City Hall, at the corner of Broome at. and the Bowery Vnuxh.tll Gar den and 27:li street. An Extra Car, will precede each Train ten in limit's before the time of starting from the City Hall, and Will i kr up passengers alongthe hue. Extra Harlem and Morisiania Trains, for Morriiiauia and in termed i it* places, Leav- City Hall for Harlem aud Morrisiania,7 A. M., 9 A. {J . loA . M., 2 I. M., 4.30 P. M. Leave Morris auia for City Hall, 8 A. M., Hi A. M., U A. M.. 3 P. M., 5.30 P. M. By order of the^JSoard, nl? 3wc W. 8. CARMAN, Secretary. _1* ? E iUt KA.. ^ ^ ? A* If THRXK SHILLINGS KROM PATE?I^?V TO J ERSE \ CITY. Cu au ? after tti * lit of October me can vill leave I'sTt.iso < UwroT. I Nrw Yosv. t o 1..00K A M. I t o'clock A. M. ll'a ?? " I 12H " P.M. 3 ?? P. V. ! , ? OS SUNDAY*. I o clock A M. | 9 o'clock A. M. 1 " .. M. | 4 " P. M. nti tl ec BRITISH AND NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MA1I 8TEAM SHIPS. Of 1200 tons and 410 horse power each.? Under contract with the Lords of the Ad! miralty. HIBEKNIA, Captain Alexander Ryrie. CALEDONIA Cap lain Eaward G. Lott. ACADIA. Captain William H/urisoa. BR1TANN IA Captain John lleWflt. CAMBRIA, ..... ..ttapuinC. H. E. Judkius. Will soil from Liverpool aad Boston, via. Hailfax, as follow*: From Boston. From Liverpool. CairJonia, LoU August Mth. ? Acadia, Harrison. . .Sm*. 1st. August 4th. Hiberuia, Ryrie ,r loth. ,r 20th. Theae vessels carry experienced surgeons, mil are stfciplied with Life Boats. For freight or paatage, apply lo U. BRIGHAM, Jan., Agent, ?u5rc No. j Wall strt STATEN ISLAND FERRY. "FOOT OF WHITEHALL." Phe liuils wilt rniLts follows oil and after Nov. It. LEAVE NEW YORK : I, aad 11. A, M.; IK, 3X, and 5li, P. M LKAVE STATEN ISLAND : 8. and It, A. M.; 12*. 2* and 4k, P M. P. 8.?All goods naut be particularly marked, and are at the risk of the owners thereof. n!3 FALL AND WINTER ARRANGEMENT. NEWARK <NI) NEW YORK. FAKE ONLY lai CENTS. THE? NEW AND SWIFT STEAMER RAINBOW, CAPTAIN JOHN GAFFY. ON and after September 10th will ran daily, as follows (Sundays included)Leave New ,ark, foot of Centre street, 8 o'clock A. M.~ ork, foot of Barclay street, 3 o'clock P. M. PLEASANT AND CHEAP EXCURSION*. SUMMER JlUMM/QEftfLNT. uuiuil'I'ilM, PHIIT RICHMOND, (fcil'AT itH.AND.) AND NEW YORK FERRY. From l'ier No. 1, North River, foot of Battery Place. 0$k The Steamlioat CINDERELLA, will run m ' "follows. Daily, froui May 20tli to October Isi 1844 ??(.naves New York at 9 and 11 o'cloca . at J*, ft uniil P. M. Leaves Port Mdninood, at 20 minutes to t, aad 10 minute* u 10 A. M.; at 1, 4K rani 1'. M. Leaves New llrighlou U 8 and 10 A. M.; at 1 3 aad 1% P. M. On Sunday?Leaves New York, at 9 and 1! A. M.; at t, I and I P. M. Leaves Port Kidlimond, at 10 minates to 8 aad 10 A.M: at 1. 5 and 7)i P. M. New York, M*v 18. 184 mvll tm*re For ALBANY-HOUR ( HANGED.? ? The steamboats KNlCKERBOf.'KEll and -ROCHESTER will, on and after Saturday, November 23d, leate for Albauy at 5 o'clock instead of t> as heretofore u20 6t HOUR CHANGED. FROM ?T0 5 P. M. NEW VOUK A NY AND TIldY ulNE. FOR ALBANY AND '?ROY DIRECT. ? from the foot of Courtlaodt st. No freight ____aftrr 4 o'clock, P. M. rhe low pressure steamboat SWALLOW, Captain A. Mc Lean, This Evening, at 5 o'clock, Saturday, Nov. 23d, 1844. For passage or freight, apply on board, or to C. CLARK, ou the wliivrf. Freight taken on the most reaviuable terms. Freight must be i-iii in rh trge of the Freight Agent, or the Company will not be responsible for losses. Regular days from New York Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sa turelays, at 5 P. M. n23 pm PEOPLE1 B LINE OF STEAMBOATS' fc-OK ALBANY. 9Cn9C3E>Coart]aiidt and Liberty streets. The Steamboat John, f The Tursilay, HPB Finis Use loot ofBarclav street. At Five o'clock. P. M.?Landing at Intermediate Places. T* tlteambooi NORTH AMERICA, Captaiu R. G. Cnit tenden, .tloudav, Wedr.*sdjy, and Friday Afternoons, it i o' clock. i lie St-wnboat COLUMBIA, Curtain William H. Peck Tuesdav, Thursday ?ud "4?turdsy Afteraoous, at i o'clock. Passengers taking either of '.he above lines will arriyi ia Albany in ample ciaie to take the Morning Trains of Cars for the BMt or west. 'J'lw boat* are new and substantial, are fer aisi,iH with r-w .-nd .I'gant state riKitna, and for si<eed and ? coninio?uti(ins, an unrivalled on the HuBson. All (?i?ins are fu:bid misting any of the boats of this line, without an order Irom the Captain. DAILY, Sundays excepted?Through direct, ?at 5 P. M., from he Steamboat Pier betwe Far passage or freight, apply mi' lioard, or lo P. C. Hchnltt tt 'hf Ofiee on the wmrf n23rc NEW STEAMBOAT LINEToITHALTIMOKE Vis DklswaRC skd CH>.ssPK*ar. Canal. FARE REDUCED T?> ONE DOLLAR It FIFTY CTS. The only real Opposition Line between Philad-lphia and 11 iltimo e, leaves the first Pier below CliesnBt street every morning, (ex Crpt Sundays) at half pas! 7 o'clock, per the splendid steam bo it PORTSMOUTH, Captain J. Devoe, to Delaware City ; thence 14 miles through the Canal to Cheia|ieake City, iu first rale fackel Boats, ami thence by the Steamer OSIHJS, Cspt J. D. Turner " MARYLAND, Capt L. G Taylor. And arrive at Baltimore early the same morning The public are assured that (notwithstanding the false reports iu circulation, of this line having stopped) U is, and will be continued, ai.d m> exertion will be spaied to give comfort and iiiee ' to jisssentfeft. 'Pile only change that has been made is that II. T. Rees is no long, r Agent for this Line. 1 ook out t r imposition. The " Pioneer Line" is rnn by ll.e Railroad Company's Agent for the purpose of putting ? own the n uiilar opposition. If you wish to keep the fare re duced fro . bI to $1 50. go by the xteMner Portsmoiilh, and no oilier. The accommodations by this Line are warranted to be eipal lo any on the river. Pasteugers for Newcastle and Salem will txke this Line from lowersidr of Cliesnut street. Kare 2'icents. Apply to MORRIS BUI,K>1 AN, Agent, or to JA.Vlh.S HAND, 30 South wharvrs. N. B.?The-eare two Daily Lines or Stages lietween Balti more nd Washington City, at a tare ?>( $1 541, making the whole fare from IhiUdelphia to Washington City, by this route, only $1. ul!)2ts*m e OK U ATh7? JAR DINER AND KALi.OW ELlI _ 1 he ww steamer PENOBSCOT. Captais (tg r Kimb II. leaver the end of T wharf, Bob'ob Hk? ?TKjBL.eveiy 'li -sdev and Friday evrniogt, a*. 4 o -l<? 1 Stores will be in resdineas on her arnvai at the Above f'????'< if, cenvay pasienffef. to the neighboring town* SAM U EL THI )M H^ON ?? OLD ESTABLISHED PASSAGE OFFICE. No. 273 Pearl strret. THE Subscriber* in announcing to t en friends anil the pub lic tlieir continued and extended arraugcin''iits for bringing out Emigrants from Great Britain aad Ireland, would merely say, that for i lie year 1845 considerable ex|iens? had already lieen in cur ed, and no pains will be spared to enable lliem to retain that I Meier en ce, which for more than twenty years hare been extend ej to this Line The >lii|n employed are only of th* first class, commanded by compel, nl and efficient men, well known forth"ir kind and con stant attention to tlie Coin fort and convenionce. of passengers, anil as a ship of th? Line sails from Liverpool every sn days : detention al this port is entirely avoided. When thole settled t.-r, decline coming out. the pmsoge in >nev is returned lo those frmn whom it was received, without any deduction. A free oatssge, per 5 earner, Irom ilie varioiM pints in Iteland and S'otlai.d, can be secured, if denied. For further particu lar* enquire of SAMUEL THOMPSON, 271 IVirl ?tree!, or C. GUIMSHA W ?i CO., lOGoree Piaxia*, Liverpool. DiaOs and Exchange a', sight for any 'mount, can lie fur II Kited on the Nat nnal ll<uk of Ireland, ihe Norther J B inking l oinpanv, t' e National UauM of Scotland, pavable at the nu merous Branclie* throughout the Couiitry: on C. Grim-<haw & < o? Merchants, Liver|>oul; and II. C. Glyn Ik Co , Banker*. London. n21 I in ? in ~?0R~LONDON.?ILynlar'Packet of lthe tot De HCV^Vcember ?The .tplendid, first class,fast aailina pack, i JBBfiMB*hip I'RINf E \I.BERT, Captain Fr. S. Sehor.will sail as anove, her regular day Hiving very suie-rior accommodation* forcibin, second cabin (lid <ti . rage pnaaengers, pcraOM ? ishnii| to einnirk should make immediate application ou board, foot of Mauleu lane, or to JOSEPH McMiJRRAY, Ii21 rrc No. 100 1'ine street, corner of South. COLT'S REPEATING PISTOLS, WITH the litest Improvement* of 1843 and 1844. 1. Hammer of Pistol?1 Receiver with lire Chamliera ? 3.Trigiger? <1. Wedge lur holding barrel upon pin?4. Lever or rammer to ram the ball down with. The abovelis a true ^presentation of the Colt'* Patent He ? peatiug Pi*lolj great impositions have lately been practised up on the public by repr?v nting and tellmg the Si* Barrel or Self Cocking Pi*hil a* Colt's 1'ateut 1'iatol. which, with all it* im- 1 provement*, i* American aud made of the very be?t material*? nocast or nialeable iron a* in t^e si* barrel piatol. and highly finished in every re*pect The 8i* Batiel or Self Cocking Pu tol i* a Belgian invention?the pattern pi?tol wa* iminried by a O-rinan importer from Kurope For a manufacturer of thi* ailicle some ye rs since in this city. Colt's Pa'Mit, Pricket, Belt and HoUter Piitol*, with the ram mer attached, is the latest and most approved of improvement in fire arm*, ana for safety , *ure fire, accuracy and diatance. they are inferior to uoue. The Pocket and Short Barrel Bell Piatol can be fiied without powder, loaded with ball* and caps only, with great accuracy, at 10 to 12 pace*, and with great force, they can be loaded and fired Ave times iu lei* than half a ili um-. Certificate* from tlie most icientific and practical navy and military officer* of high r oik aad reputation iu the United State* ?eivice, a* well a* French and Eagruh navy, can be r? ?? ,t? proprietor's (tore. 'I he Colt'* He|>eating Pistol*. Carbine* and Shot Oun* are ?old for ca*h at 171 Broadway, New York, by JOHN KULAKS, Proprietor. At 7 Chartre* itreet, New Orleans, by II E. Baldwin 1i Co. and 122 Baltimore street, Baltimore, by Beuj. Daffta. Consign ees?at Messrs. Birckliead Ik Co's Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and at Hyde k lioodnch's, New Oileans. u20 liu'ec FR E N C H * S HOTEL. PROPRIETOR respectfully informs his friend* and, ? the public that he has opened hi* new aud splendid hotel at 133 Fultou (tree1, a few door* east of Broadway, iu the imme diate vicinity of invrciuitile business and the principal place* of amtuemeait. and ha* funii*hed it iu a style that will bear favor able compariaou with the very be*t hotel* in the city The pro prietor iu building and filtiu|[ up the above house has had strict 1 regard in elegance and comfort, and that lie has combined eco nomy the following price* will *how :? A ROOM FOR ONE NIGHT 25 A WEEK I 50 The room* will be wanned gratis, and upon no occasion will there be more than one bed in a room There is a HEfKCTOHY attached, in which there are mrala served up at all hour* of the day aud evening. There are also Bull Room* connected, for wfcrin, cold and (hower bath* Tli* l'oiter will be in attendance at all time( during the night, to admit lodger*, and to let them out at all honra. N. B.?Tliobe who want Lodting* after the houie clorei, will ring the hall bell. u 19 3m* m newyork brass band. I 'VHE Member* of tlie New York Bra*s Band would respect 1 fully inform their natrons and the public iu general that at a meeting of the Baud, held at Military Hall, Bowery, 2nd Nov., 1844, Mr R. WILLIS was unanimously elected Leader, and C. S. uRAFULLA Composer of said Bind?aud they now feel assured that the Bind will be iuferior to none in this country.? The Band would retuni their thanks for the very Mattering pa tronage bestowed upou them the past season, and will use every exertion to merit a continuance of the same. Application* for the Band will be made to Richard Willi*, Leader, 49 Bavard re >1. Vle'lie, IXJ rorsyui si reel; joiiunwiw, ? ?? John Bleakley. 109 Walker street: J. huysing, 54 Orchard*trwt; Oeo. (Roller, 130 Fonyth *treet; K. Whe?ler, corner 9th Avenue | aud 18th *lreet; S. C. Luin, 145 Centre *tieet, Doctor C. Mather, 114 Wooiter street; C. S. Grafulla, Composer. 33 Bayard *treet. RICHARD WILLIS. Leader. Jamks Conhcr, Secretary. N. B ? Bands provided for Public Ball*, Private Soiree*. Serenades, he., by applying to Wui. Wallace, 49 Spring *tre?t. nia lm*in NEW YORK RIDING SCHOOL. Noh. 1)5 and 01 Watt at. near Canal. THE Proprietor of thi* popular establishment, bfgs to render -I- his grateful acknowledgement of the distinguuned patron ace which lie has received from the public, aud io state that Ills Kvrmifo School tor ICquestrian Tuitiou and l&xerciat Hiding will open for the season oil MONDAY next, the 20th instant. Hours from 7 to 10 P. M. The kveniops of Monday and Thurs dav are s>*t apart for gentlemen auU the ladies of tlie lainiiMw exclusively. The ridinK m-tater i well known to be oue ol tlie ! most experienced and successful m thia couutrv. nil) lmdh* JAM 108 CUDDlNOruN. Proprietor. DISHROW'S RIDING SCHOOL, No. 408 BOWERY, ^ v Nhak Aitoe and La Fayette Places,. New Yoek. IV/fH. 1). has die honor to announce that his School m opa? 1YI i)iy ami Kveniug, for Kquestrian Tuition and J&xercist Hidi""- TERMS t I.kCTI'tK LKSIOrCI. fcXKRCIIfc inuirtn I Mouth <11 Ot 20 Rides 1# 01 10 " ? 0( Single Kidrs 75 16 Lesson* 915 00 10 " 10 00 4 " J 00 Single Le**on( 1P0 Road " J 50 N. B.?Highly trtii.ed and quiet Hoik*, for tlie Road or Parade, to let. ktttvtvo*. 12 L***on( ?? U0 I 20 Rid** $10 0(1 Single " 1 00 I Single Hide 76 HULKS: I.?All Lesson* or Rides paid for on commencing. I.?One hour allowed on each L?((ou or R>de in tlie 8chool. I.?One hour end a half to a Leason ou ; iw Koad. I.?Hour* for Ladies, from ? A. M. to Jf M. 5.?Hours for Oeutleinen, (rum I u 5, Irorn 7 to 9% P. M 6.?No Oenilemeu admitted during tin hour* appropualed u l L-idn*. ' A card o (address i* requested previous to eommeuciug. (LrMJeutlemeu keeping iheir horse* at this tstaliliaiimeut, will have the privilege of riding them in the School giati* oifi im>ri; ROGERS' GYMNASIUM. No* 15, 17, and 10 Canal str?ct. THIS SPLENDID KSTaBLISHMKNT k nowo|>endi) and evening, for the reception of pupiU. All pc(on( ol (edentary nabit* should praotiae tiwse exrrciies, wmch are th< only remedy for cantracuons of the Cheit, Dyspepsia, See,, the oidinary results ol CMsiwilr brudiug u?tr the deal, *n? >to dying. t Parents and (iaardians of Bovs, and all interested, are in vitedtocall. J P ROOKRS, Proprietor N. B ?J. P. R., iu connection with W. J. VVver, lias opeued a large Oyranaiiutn in Bro< klyn, at No. Kulton itreet. Oeutlemen doiug bustneu iu New Yurk, who reside in Brooklyn, will find ibis rstiblijtiiuent a complete one for the purposes of exercise. 0|Hn day aud evening. oil im*ec COURSE^OF FRENCH LANGUAGE ON THE ROBERTSONLAN SYSTEM. ANKH' Course, will he oiiened on Wednesday, 27th Nov. by Mr. EDMUND DU Bl 1SSON, A. M.,at 5 o'clock, P. M., 811 Leonard at. Person* wishing to follow the Course are iuvited to attend at the first lesson All the subscriber* shall hive the privilege of following the | oilier courses, except the ladies' one A coorse for Ladle* will be opened on Monday, 2ith?day* ol i tuition will be Monday, Wednesday and Kriday, from Il>* to 12S o'clock. i<?ir information apply to Mr. Kdmuud du Buisson, 400 Broad way, from t o'clock to 10 A. M. and from 2 o'clock to 4 P. M RavKBEncKS. M. M. DeLaforeat, KtenoliCon- Dr. Porter, 1 Barclay (l sol Ueoeral. Dr Croumaa, 400 Broadway W. B. Draper, 37 Beaver it. W. H. Cary hCo , IK Pearlu. K. Kabreiiuettea,61 Maiden lane. C. C. Carter kCo , lTl do. K. Logan, Esu., 4 New it. Berard Ik Mondoo, K Court R. Rowley, Esq., 49 Nassau It. laud It. Rev. Dr. John Power, 16 Barclay it.M. Melly, 58 Mnidea Lane nIA 2w*rrc APPOINTMENTS KOR MR. J. B. OOUOH1, the Elo ijoent 'lVmi*raiice lecturer Rev. Dr. Patton'i Church, Spring street, Suuday eveuing, Nov 2-1, 7 o'clock ; Kev Dr Skinners do, Mercer street, Mon day evening ; Rev. Dr. Cox's do, Bmuklyn, Tuesdiy evening ; Allen atieet Metliodiit Episcopal rt.i, Weduesday evening ; I lev. Mr. Burchard'a do, comer of Thompson anil Houcon, Thursday evening. ntJlfm COURSE OK FRENCH LANOUAUE ON THE ORAM MATICAL SYSTEM.?Adopted in the Collekes ol France, 75 Lispeiiard street, corner of Broadway, New York Lyceum?By K. R1CKARD, Professoi of Krencli, Latin aud Oreek, ancient Inapvctor of the lu?utntioii Chataing at Pari*, Exproleuor Repetitor of the Royal Coll-jje Charlemagne at Pa ri*. for tome year* tutor in an American lamily. The Course of French, by Mr. F. RI(>KARD, will lom meuce ou Mouday eveniug, 2ud of December, at 7>i o'clock, P. M., and will lake place every eveniug following, Sunday* ex cepted. Tlie pupils will be divided in two classes, oue for those already advanced, and another for beginner*. The first will take piace ou Mondays, Wednesday* and K'idays, the se cond ou Tue*day*, Thursday* and Saturday*. Mr Kickard ha* engaged several Professor* of Freucli, lirrman and Engliah, for the establishment of a French Day School, which wilfbe kept Iu tlie same place, from 9 o'clock, A. M. till J o'clo k. All those wishing for private lesson* of French, Oermau or Italian, will please call at tlie above place. Subscription* will be received by the following, at $15 per iiuarter. Meiirs. D. Appleton 8c Co ,200 Broadwiy. " Henry G. L oigley, 8 A*tor llou*e. " Roe, Lockwood &. Son, 411 Broadway. " William Radde, 322 Br adway. " Williams Hi Stevens, 343 Broadway. " Bartletl h Weldford, 7 Astor House, " Max ton (d Miles, 205 Broadway. " Mark H. Newman. 19) Broadway. " Lockwood tt Co., 45? Broadway. " F. O. Berteau, 315 Broadway. Reference*.?Messrs. Fox a Livingston, Broad street; Anson l.iviiigstou, Anthony Clsrk, 25 Nassau street; S Drapt, Inn , 10 Warren stieet; John Tyler Briglmin, 57 Walker street; Ja*. Thompson, 40 Broadway. o21 tfrc E'LI/ABETH CLASSEN, daughter of John tleiiirich Clas I *eu. formerly residing in Philadelphia, ue*r Chesnut sud Twelltli streets, will hear important new* from a we il'liv rela tine, in Euro)*, at the Counting llou*e of JAMKS I'ATTI SON, Commi**ioii Merchant*, 5 Chnrch Alley, Philadelphia. I5lh Nov. IH44. n!3 l.iwlw ' rc WHEAT?24O0 bnilieU prim" Illinois Wheat landing ix baik Stratford, from New Orleans, and for sale by q!7 ??<: fc. K. COLLI NS It CO M South it. lilt, iki>nek, i:onsi i/nN<i i;.\i;inkm;. A CARD.?The Public i* informed, that Dr. LARDNKK continnes the practice of business a* a Consulting Kngi giueer, which he followed on au extensive scale for many year* in England aud I" ranc^. Inventor*. |>atentee*, inauuUctnrers, , merchants, and others engigedni the arts and inunifactures, maytotisult hitn ou mattets requiring the application of the | principle of |>ractical science. Certificates and oi iniotii on the validiiv and iiselulness of new inventions and processes in the arl(. Reports ou disputed questions and doiibtfnl points, ex ivriireuial invastigalions, with a view to the discovery or test ing ofiinpruved piocesses, will be supplied or undertaken when required. Office No II Spruce street, New York. All Business letters mnst be post-paid, and to prevent time baiug lost by frivolous applications, all applicants will be ex peeled to pay a retaining lee of $10 before consultation. n22 :iinre _______________ Express pricks reduckd-tv sut>*enh?i* ruv* ie?lneed ilieir ka res* pries on all ituall packag* of law tnd other d oca menu, from 'A cent* to 25 cent* i*r package, from tnu ?iiw to Buffalo and tlie intermediate point* Alio, th i tigli Wellt \ Co.'i l!.*p.-?( from Buffalo to Chicago, at 5# eei.u p?' pukage froia Ona cur to C^lC?go, and th? miermedi lie !).!?:? oa tils Lake. aal LIVINliBION ,<'KLIJ4 * POMHHOV y |N(C-M cssite y afloat?lor sale by -v?/<>|i|it,LL k M1NTUSN?, 0ATMKAL?About 50M lbs Irxli OkUneal, in ifod order for sale by JOHN HKflDMAN, nl? tt **???*> .?e< O l RA W BOAHDS?10 ton* a**ort?l No* for *ale by n? PEH88E k BROOKS, ?5 and 67 Na**aa st. J PI HITS TURPF.NTINE?70 barrel*, beat nnslity 9<iuther ?3 afloat, for sale by WOODHULL (k M1NTUHNH, 1 >?,?,?.?. .tw< POTATOES.?I5#i_ bushels Irish'Potatoes, fcr *ale ia hits to ' suit fiarchaors. Familie* desirous of being (uppli 1 will ..-a** send th'ir order* to JOSEPH McMURMAV, litre 1M Pin^ifiiiii " Young Ireland" to O'Gonnell, AND OLD IRELAND TO THE REPEAL ASSOCIATION. Duffjr'i Letter to Daniel O'Connell. ,, _ Rathmines, Oct. 18th, 1844. My I'rar Sir?As you state in your late impor tant letter to the association that you are at present balancing the respective meriu of Repeal and Federalism, 1 am anxious to throw a few thoughts on the subject loosely belore you. If 1 were still a member of the association, 1 would do so there ; as I am not, 1 prefer the familiar medium of a let ter to the leas kindly and respectful one of a news paper article. I learned, during the three happy months I spent in Richmond, how considerate you can be ol adverse opinions?how coutteously you treat and how candidly you weigh them?a circum stance which I would be equally unwilling to forget or abuse. \ ou are aware that I am not prejudiced against Federalism. Last year there was an unjust and unreasoning clamor against it among KepealerB of great enthusiasm and small capacity. They called it names, made jokes about it. and did everything but try to understand it. At the risk of abuse and misrepresentation, I and those working with me in the Nation stood iu the way of this prejudice, claiming the Federalists as allies, and demanding soft words and fair treatment for them W? in*ia ted that men of trained intellects and great per sonal respectability, who had formed their opinions deliberately, were entitled to have them treated with respect. We asked and obtained lor them a recognition of that principle, without which co operation it> impossible?" the right of differing." It is clear, then, that prejudice is out ?f the ques tion. But I confess I should be sorry to see the Re pealersgo any further in that direction. The Fede ralists are useful allies, but most unsafe leuderB. As we are going the same ro.?d, it is good to march cordially along with them; but those who go far thest are clearly entit'ed to go foremost. We oueht not to change or confound our places. You see I assume, and I ihink it is capable ol easy demonstration, that whether Federalism be a better thing than Repeal, or a worse thing, it i?, at all events, a totally different thing. I think it essentially a worse thing. In the first place, the " imperial representation" on which it is based is calculated to perpetuate our moral and intellectual subjection to England. It will teach the aristocracy still to turn their eyes to London as the scene ol their ambition. It will continue to train them in English manners, feelings and prejudices; and to establish permanently a centre of action apart from their native country.? By the same process it will plant deeper the physi cal evil ol absenteeism. It will compel our Lords and Commons to reside out of the country, and continue the drain upon our resources, on which you found so st-ong an argument for repeal. In this respect, I think it a worse cure for absenteeism than Dr. Maunsell's teetotum parliament. In the second place, it becomes necessary to canvass the use of this imperial representation.? Cut bono7 We are asked to give up a part of the powers und prerogatives of our domestic legisla tion to secure an influence in the parliament of the empire, and we ought to be shown very distinct ly the benefits that will flow from it. How will an Irish minority then, be able to influence a house, where it is powerless now 1 A strong and substan tial claim for domestic legislation arises out of the indifference with which our interests are treated by the English majority?what guarantee is there, or can there be, that it will be different hereafter? This is a subject which I respectfully think claims your earnest attention. In the third place, federalism, as it is interpreted by some of the soundest men of that party, de mands local parliaments for the three divisions of the empire, and an imperial one in common Now, if this principle be insisted upon, federalism ia an impracticability; for it implies a re-organization of the British coastitution. Apart from any other ob jection to it, it raises a new and tremendous diffi culty which does not exist against repeal. We want to restore an institution of whicn we have been robbed ; te federalists, who insist upon push ing their principle as far as it will go, want a recon struction of the empire upon a n?-w basis. If T am not deceived in believing this to be the object of the party, are we not wooing shipwreck if we embark in the same boat with them 7 Moreover, some of the Federalists do not eon templa e a House of Lords for Ireland. They would give us a legislative council, consisting ol one chamber. Here we have n Mtoond innovation, and, of course, a second difficulty. They ask a thing foreign to the British Constitution, and a thing which, for thut very reason, (however good it may he intrinsically), would undoubtedly be re fused. But is it good 1 It would leave us a demi parliament, about as useful relatively to an entire one, as half a pair of scissors to the whole ; and it would exile the chief landed proprietors in the country?vi/.: the the peerage. Very bigotted and heartless that peerage may be; but while it pos sesses the soil of the country, our business is to keep it under home influences The section of the Federalists who would have no peers in our do mestic legislature, while they would have them in the imperial parliament, contrive to make absen teeism a duty. Federalism ap|>ears to attract you chiefly be cause it seems to provide a better security than Re peal for the connexion with England ; and I am not surprised at this when I recollect your strong feelings on that subject. But you (or Ireland) are but one party in this transaction; England is the other; and she is keen and selfish enough to secure her own interest, whatever form the alliance may take. You are the arbitrator, not for both coun tries, but for Ireland. The gentlemen on the other side will take care of the stability of the bargain Federalism has undoubtedly the advantage of Repeal in one point: it is less hated?ignorance and prejudice have not blown it. Anti-Repealers are n>.t trained to regard it as a raw-head-and bloody-bones They look with comparative calm ness upon it, and are certainly more likely to be come reconciled to it than to Repeal. But it would not be in a better, but in a worse condition, for effecting this purpose, if the national party adopted it to a man. The Lords used to think it an excellent logical reason for rejecting bills, that they were countenanced by O'Connell; and 1 fear party prejudice at home would treat Federalism in the s-tme way. To be misunderstood and mis represented, is the tax upon greatness; and since you are a millioruirt, you cannot complain of being taxed in proportion. But if it has this advantage, it has on the other hand the pervading and incurable evil of aiming in the wrong direction. Its prevailing idea is Eng land, as that of Repeal is Ireland. The two prin ciples might be represented by lines running paral lel but tending to opposite directions, which will chose, upon mature deliberation, I have little doubt. Forgive me if I step aside, and question the po licy of embracing federalism. This is beside my original purpose; but as no sovereign prince of the world of public opinion was ever more tolerant of counsel, I do not fear that you will dismiss my suggestions without some consideration. At all events, since 1 have been a yitudo martyr, I have some kind of claim to be a real confessor. I am fully convinced, then, that if federalism were desirable, it would be retarded, not ad vanced. by the nations! party falling back upon it. With all respect lor the federalists, it must be said, tint they are haunted by a petty and ridiculous

fear of ngitauon. Perhaps th< y have not vigor for it?perhaps their habit* disincline them to publicity ?but at all events, they have always kept care lully a day's march behind the people II you had commenced by asking federalism three years ago, the majority of th?se men would be speculating at this hour upon " justice to Ireland," and the resto ration of the whtgs This may not be true of indi viduals, but it is true of the party; and I prophecy that, it you ever, by any chance, fall hack upon | their ground, you will find it deserted. Federalism is the shadow of repeal?it recedes and advances with it, and you cannot get nearer to it, or farther from it. Again, they are a Jtule Milieu party, between rei>ettfers and anti-repealers?the precise conve nience which the ministry and the people inny re quire to open a negotiation. Sir Robert Peel could ofl'er to Mr. Caulfield or Mr. Porter, what he dare not offer to Daniel O'Connell?lor the English aristseracy will never forgive you your triumphs Would it not be well to leave this bridge where it stands? 1 learn from the whig journals, and from the re port in all men's mouths, that the Federalists sre about to make a decided movement, embracing men that we had no hope of twelve months ago. This is well?it strengthens you tenfold in over throwing the present system; but it leaves the poli cy of a junction w ith them where it got it. That must stand ?r fall upon other grounds. I do not gather from your letter- that if you set tled down into a preference for Federalism, you contemplate proposing the adoption ol that princi ple by the association. I earnestly hope you do not. Either the adoption or rejection of it would be an evil?the rejection of it as a breach of disci pline towards you, the leader of the movement; the adoption ol it, upon many aerioua grounds. 1 The overwhelming majpriiyof the membera-^ clergymen and laymen?joined aa repealers; it would be all out impossible to collect their aullra- , sea on the proponed change, and no chance meet ing at the Conciliation Hall would be entitled to al ter the fundamental principle upon which the body w?a organized and supported. 2. The committee of the association ia, 1 take it, no more entitled 10 abrogate ita constitution, than the Irish Parliament waa to abolish its functions. The great constituency outside is, in both caaea, the body in whom alone the power reiidts. 3. Any such general change would weaken the moral weight of the association. In an individual a deliberate preference of a new opinion to an old one may argue courage, candor, and magnanimity; in a nation it is generally a sign of weakness; and in our caae, surrounded by enemies at home and abroad, it 1a sure to receive '.he worat interpreta tion. Finally, need I aay that I regard the Federalists, as I always have done, with respect, and that I quarrel with their opinions no more than is neces sarily implied in preferring better ones. . Forgive me for occupying you so long, but the im portance ol the subject would excuse a worse offence. I Believe me, my dear sir. very faithfully yours, Charlks Gavan Duff v. To Uu Acting Mwntary of the Loyal Na tional EUpcal Anaoolatlon. Dakrynank Abbey, Oct. 26. Si*?Having recovered that state of mind in which the anguish of one frightful calamity t? 'ne gated by an eacape from another of a like featful nature, I can, with submission to the Divine will, and gratitude for the Divine mercies, again turn my attention to the affairs of an afflicted but con fiding people. . i-i Under such circumatauces, I earnestly implore the attention of the Association to a most impor tant article which appeared in a journal once de voted to Orangeism, and still highly Protestant; 1 mean the "Warder" ol the l?ih October lost. That erticle would be calculated, in many re spects, to give me pain, if I were not for half a cen_ tury habituated to have my actions falsified and my feelings and intentions misrepreaenltd. But, whatever be untrue or offensive respecting myself, in that article, 1 most ireely aad cotdtaHy forgive, and turn my attention exclusively to the important and inspiriting tenor ol much ol tne contents of that paper. . How full of hope and ol generous feeling is the following passage : would that the words were im pressed in letters redolent of the perfume ol t-hrie tian charity on every Irish heart and every Irish soul! The words are these?I quote tne Warder: ? Irish parties were never s<> fusible as now? there is a promise of good in this, but there is also tauger?it is well that internecine bigotry should sleep the sleep ol death?it is well that long worshipped ?nd monstrous prejudices, the hideous idols ol civil feuds, should crumble and vaniah ; it is well that men should prefer to enlarge upon the interests and hopes of their common country, to dwelling contentiously upon their own present dis tinctions and ancient civil quarrels " True, true beautifully true ! Oh, my God bless the man who wrote these words?they have the muck of the true Christian feeling, and ol genuine patriotism?may the man who wrote that paragraph live to have his honest heart gratified by the prosperity and rational freedom of hiB native land! There is another paragraph of still deeper >n>por tance; one that should be maturely weighed by our governing powers. If we had one being de serving of the rame of a statesman amongst the Ministry, this passage,from the pen of an ultra rro tefltant writer, would sink deeply in his soul: "There are influences ol change abroad which cannot be re-imprisoned?deep in the heart of the country lie the volcanic elements of earthquake there are physical masses outnumbering the three armies of Waterloo?wnose misery reprouches hu manity and cries to God?who would bless heaveu for such food and lodging as Englishmen give their swine. Creatures who have none to he p them? who are starving?whose despair will yetburst into delirium?here, indeed, is trknt poltmoto, a hard and ?i?*iuic roulity?du iMiedieul while It eXlbU will mnke Irish agitition deathless. Depend upon it, when the long accumulating misery of a coun trv combines with its ambition and its vanity, and its energy, it is a tremendous combination to cope with Sueh a combination revolutionized b ranee; and all influences seem to work together to effect niich a union here. Come when it may, it is one before which no little-hearted hesitating Govern ment can stand. We canuot, it we would, shut our eyes against the signs of the times-the strange disappearance of all party barriers and hostilitiea the manifest shifting of general opiriion-the ob vious preparations for new and vast political com binations?the unsettled and excited state of the public mind throughout the educated middle classes, felt in every domestic circle and private coterie, and exhibited in a countless progeny of pamph lets tracts, newspaper articles in hngland as well as here; and all these agencies backed, supported, and driven onward by the irresistible momentum ol millions who cannot rest as they are. In such a state of things it is fatuity to exclude from political calculation the probability ol great organic changes more or less resembling those demanded by the Repealers. other |,dB8age which I desire also to have appear on our minutes. It is a passage ol much greater importance than either ol the others I earnestly, I cordi illy, 1 fervently agree in every word,syllable, and letter of it. 1 adopt it entirely as the sole basis upon which I pro|K>ne conciliation to all. Here it is:? . " If Irish parties are to unite, it ought to be in a spirit of equality?neither submitting itself to the other's power?friendly, brotherly, but indepen dent, so that if, at any future time, it may seem good to those who shall lead the Protestant jk oplf of Ireland to co-operate with the great party who seek a new constitution for this kingdom, the movement may be made with the grandeur and harmony of justice, which can alone wake its re suit peimanent, happy, and secure. The struggle for a constitution must not be followed by the strile of faction?if parties are to co-o|*ratc, it must be upon a clear and faithful understanding?a treaty whose terms must be no less equal than intelligible. Should such a treaty ever be concluded, and should there be the wisdom and the virtue to ob serve its conditions 111 a spirit ol inanly honor, our country will, with the triumph, enjoy also the re 'Tadmlta't once, and the Repeal Association will admit with me, that the great principles on which a national confederation of all the people of Ire land ought to be based, are accurstely enunciated in the "Warder." . We call upon our Protestant brethren to assist us in carrving out these, their own principles. We are ready to concur in all the details that are con sistent with these principles, We say that this co operation ought to be in a spirit of equality amongst all sects, persuasions, ana parties?' neither sub mitting itself to the other's power; friendly, bro therly, but independent." We insist that the movement should be made with the grandeur and harmony ofand that justice alone can make 114 results permanent, happy, or secure. We do not desire the restoration of the constitution ol Ire land upon any other basis but that ol pc rlect jus tice to all?to every sect, persuasion, and party : no partiality?partiality is, necessarily, inJ"?uc" n','' strife of factions must t e put down by the consti tution of the In.h parliament or their constitution is totally worthless, and would be despicable and Come, let all Irishmen co-operate?let there be a clear and faithful understanding between us-let there be a treaty in terms no less equal than intel ''*Comc, let those terms be proposed?justice to all and to every one being the busis. ....... Come, propose your clear and intelligible terms, limited by that great principle. We are ready to adopt your terms beforehand-all we require is to measure your terms by your own great principle ol justice to all and to every one. Let our treaty be concluded?equal, clear, and intelligible. The Repeal Association adopts your terms founded on that basis?is ready to co-operate -appoint your agents for regulating the terma-lei them be men ol that stamp, rank, and station, and mental energy, as to command the confidence 01 the Protestants of your party. We are ready n? nominate our agents, to meet and confer?among^ them yon will hud, perhaps, a majority of I?1** tauts; certainly some Protestants of rank, fortune, and high intelligence should be aelectfOby us. There is one thing perfectly certain, that, wh n ever that section ot Protestants, of whicn tne "Warder" is the orgnn, shall think that the time if oome when every irishman should rally for Ireland, they will be met in the spirit of the most cordial, ave. and affectionate conciliation, and in a spir ut perfectly intelligible and clear equality and 1 Perhaps it may be said that a paragraph in ? newspaper scarcely deserves so much attention a I have paid to the article in question; but I anxious ly avail myselt of every opportunity to reconcile and conciliate my fellow-countrymen ?f every class, greed, persuasion, and party Our lovely fatherland would become ao prosper ous, her people would necessarily become so com fortable in a land literally Howing with milk and honey, that every possible chance of advancing that prosperity and comfort should be seized with avidity?that every offer made, no matter by whom, for peace and harmony, should be culti vated with affectionate attention, aid cherished with cordial care. For my part, 1 teel that my first duty is to com bine the people of Ireland?all the |>eop!e of Ire land?in our peaceable, legal, and constitutional struggle to restore to Ireland her domestic Legisla ture, without which there is no prospect before us but ot increasing misery and accumulating dis content. Protestants of Iieland !?non-Repealerswe hold out to you the hand of perfect conciliation, and there is a heart in that hand. In conclusion, 1 beg to give notice that i will propose a series ot resolutions the next day 1 am able to attend the association?resolutions em bracing all the sentiments, and embodying as many as possible, of the words, of the paragraphs which I nave cited irom the ??Warder." In the meantime, let us all adopt the great prin ciple upon which conciliation bhould be founded? Justice to all?Partiality to none. I have the honor to be, your faithlul servant, Daniel O'Connxll. (extracts from Foreign Papers. Texas and America.?If the language ot <*ene ral Jackson on the subject of the annexation ol Texas to the Uuited States is to be taken as a lull and formal declaration ot the policy and the opi nions of the democratic party in America wi'h re ference to that important question, we concur in that part ot his letter to Mr. Moses Dawson, in which he expresses his conviction that no ques tion has arisen of so'great importance toth?: wel fare and satety of the United States. But we adopt these words in a sense diametrically op posed to that attached to them by the stout cham pion of annexation, and we can hnd uo exprefcdionp too strong to convey our opinion of the enormous mis-stdtements, the excessive bad faith, and the deplorable impolicy by which the partisans ot an nexation seek to pervert the judgment ot he Ame rican people, and to win the sanction of the I'nr th?ir schemes. We dealt wiih th*Lj lln(i?r treaty of annexation, which was negociated uuder the auspices of Mr. Tyler, as a mere expedient ol that miserable politician to snatch at a popularity which he never enjoyed, and to retain the l!?^r which ia fast slipping from his grasp: and, it the matter had ended there, it would deserve to be forgotten with the other incidents and ""rava gancies of a Presidential election. But, although Mr Tyler has retired from the contest, and the chances of Buccesa at the approaching election up( pear to be decidedly in favor ot the candidate and the party opposed to annexation, ii is evident that the question of Texas, and the relations ol that State with the American Union, have lost nothing of their embarrassing importance, and that this great subject is not only one ot extreme interest at the present moment, but ot paramount and over whelming intluence over the luture destinies ol northern America. . . ... Nobody can be surprised at the views which General Jackson has recently published, tor they are in strict accordance, not only with his own te nacious and unscrupulous character, but with the | positive acts of the latteryears ot his own adminis tration. He ventures to assert, by a very paltry artifice of language, that as it was his duty to keep the United States trom being a party to the quarrel between Mexico and Texas during the war ot in dependence, that duty was faithfully performed, and no interference on the part ot his government was encouraged or countenanced. But every inci dent of that contest demonstrated, beyond the ppt sibility of dissimulation or ol doubt, that tne in terference of privute bands ol armed citizens ol the Union was encouraged and countenanced by the government, though not with the '"signs ol the government. General Jackson awaited the rebult ot this underhand and piratical mode ot warfare; and the plans tor dividing the territory of lexas in o six or seven States, upon their annexation to the Union, were actually drawn out on maps winch, doubtless, still exist in the archives ol Washington The pear was. however, not ripe, and General Jackson closed his administration by an act which, it it had been sincere, would have set the question at rest tor ever.? He was the first to recognise the independence ot Texas, not only as against her former sovereign. Mexico, but her absolute independence as a tree nnd single nation, as completely severed, trom th* future destinies ot the United States ns she wa> Irom her past allegiance to Mexico. That act ol recognition was, however, altogether insincere; and General Jackson's present avowal establishes the existence of that design, which was always, and not unjustly, imputed to his secret policy. He meant by the independence of Texas, no more th -n a pretext tor the transition, effected, by the most scandalous means, Irom the condition ol n province herelotore belonging to Mexico to that ot a State or territory hereatter to be swallowed ut by the Union. But the real motives for this acqui sition of territoiy?the desire of strengthening the preponderance ol the slave-holding interest and the restless und intrusive spirit of a democratic [>eople, which tends, like water spilt upon the ground, to inundate a whole continent with its shallow civi lization and its unstable institutions, instead ol deepening and concentrating its lorce in the ori ginal seatB ol its power-are still kept in the back ground: a lid the question is brought betore the public under false colors, and argued upon grounds which evi ry American citizen knows not to be tin tru- ones Ut these arguments the most crafty are those which profess to discover a s?rt ot right to the acquisition ot Texas in the treaties existing be tvvreu ihe United Slates and her present or former neighbors. The most audacious are those which throw the burden tl the case on the sinister dcsigm ol Great Britain, nnd which represent the anm x fttion ol Texas as the only means ot securing the Union trom a desperate project tor the invasion ot ihe whole of North America by British torces. aud the ultimate conversion ol the'I exian territory mti a dependency ol Ennland We are really surprised at the degree of confidence in the diplomatic igno ranee and the military inexperience ol the Amen cau public which Gen Jackson hss ventured to display in this letter. Both these points may be disposed of in n very lew words. The treaty ot 1H19 finally and completely determined the Iron hers ol the United Slates and ol the Spanish possessions in North America, and no Ame rican Mutesman has the right at the pre sent day to talk c>f the errors ft that treaty, or to raise a question as to the validity ol its stipulations, any more than he would h;.ve to deny the force of the treaty ot Washington, which acknowledged the right of Kngland to a por tion of territory which had been claimed l>y the State of Maine. In itself the plea is not only bad, but absurd ; it deserves notice, however, as an at tempt on the part ot one of the most considerable politicians ol America to apply to solemn i ublie acts and treaties the same ingenious process ol rea soning by which the bankrupts ol Mississippi can celled their debt and dishonored theirbondf. I h? annexation of Texas is the repudiation ol the trou tier treaty with Spain; and such an act on llie pan of the government would the exact counterpart of those private or local delinquencies which have stamped indelible shame upon so many ot the citi zens and states r.f America. Toe niilitsrv argument is equally irrational. Does General J ickson, or sny one e|-e, suppose, thst inthe eveni of a wsr with the United State-, the attack of this or any other country would directed agsmst the most distant, uncivilized, and unprotected portions ol the whole terntory ot tin Union?that the iheatre ol war would be transport ed to the Oregon or Sabine rivers, and that an in vading army would be disseminated over an immea surable line ol outposts, from which no regular ope. rations ci uld be carried on, and where no regular de jencf could be sustained 1 Are Texas and Oregon tr become the principal military stations ol the powei which has at its command the Lakes, the St. Law rence, llaliiax, Bermuda, most ol ihe West In diati islands, and, above all, the terrihe war-crv ol negro emancipation 1 And, whilst th'* whol? coant and the principal cities ol the Inion ar? without defence, will the Americans be bo mad a to believe that the acquisition of Texas is the c,n? thing needful to their security at home ? Then conjectures sre really too extravagant to be dis owned without contempt. But ihe manner it which they .ire obtruded on the public on the other side of the Atlantic is an unpleasant proof of tin odious spirit of suspicion and hostility prevailing in tlie democratic party against this country. T< pidire by the tone of the most liberal organs (<o they cm 11 themselves) ol public opinou in Fr.m<? and the United States, it would seem thst demo cracies are far more lealous and featlul of tl e mo nrtrchical and aristocratic State* than th# latter are ol democracies They have chosei their form of government : they certainly c* hibit ;i very striking and candid picliir" ol its vices, anil we brtve them to the enjoyment 01 it; bi^t we should claim from men ot more tair net* and moderation than they can be expected to possess, an iinn<unity lit in then** imputations which they shower upon u>* to aueen their own internal weakness and external rmbitu n. Let us, too, remain what we are, anxious only to uphold the peace and order of rhe worid ; whilst they burn to indulge the passions for foreign conquest, lor war, lor territorial aggranisement, and for na tional jealousies, which they appear to have caught from trie worst urns of absolute power, and the worst men who have abused it.? London Times, Oct 23. The Chinihk Treaty ?We find in the Debati a long article upon an alteration or suppression of certain parta of the commercial treaty concluded between Kngland aud China, which it atributes to the translator of the clausea having been bribed by the Chinese government. We subjoin the aub siance of this article, only stating, as a tunning commentaiy upen it, that the treaty in question has now been some montha before the English go vernment and public without the falsification being discovered?a most unlikely circumstance, were the facta reallv as they are stated by the Debate. " The Hong Kong Gazette ol the 17th April laat contains a paragraph, which, if its contents be true, will seriously aflect the commercial relationa established by the supplementary treaty entered into between the Chinese government and Sir Henry I'ottinger:? In consequence of the death of Mr. Morrison, the chief interpreter to the mission, while the treaty was being prepared, Sir Henry Pottinger wan compelled to entrust the translation of it to another petson, who, it would appear, has been bribed by the Chinese government to suppreea some passitges, and ehauge the meaning of others iu the copy ratified by Sir Henry Pottinger. The result of this trickery, if means are not adopted to defeat it, will be to entirely ruin the recently esta blished commercial town of Victoria, in which the British merchants have expended vast sums of mo ney, and to carry the monopoly of the trade back ugatn to Canton. The following articles will show where the deception has been practised, the parta in italic having been either totally suppressed, or their intended meaniug perverted:? " Art. 13. In luture, when the Chinese mer chants shall desire to export merchandise for sale at Hong Kong, thev are to begin by paying the du ties, according to the new tariff, in one or other of the live ports of Canton, Fouchou, Amoy, Ningpo, and Shangliae, and receive in exchange pat-sports irnro Whon ChiAfftA merchants desire to proceed to Hang Kong tor car goes of European merchandise, they are to present themselves before the Chinese authorities of the Korts of Canton, Fouchou, Amoy, Ningpo or Shang ae, and apply for a permit lor the introduction of this merchandise on payment of the duties. But no Chinese merchant who snail pur chute merchandise at Hong Kong shall ship it in any other than Chintse vrssels, provided with passports deliveted at Hong Kong. These passports and permits shall be backed each time and at each voyage by the officers ?/ the Chi nese rustoms, in order to prevent all breach of these re gulations. As to the other ports of Kwang-Tong, Fukian.Chekiang, Kiangsto^surh asChapou, Ate., us these are not authorised factories, it is not per mitted to merchants to solicit passports for Hong Kong, and if they proceed from these poita to Hong Kong without perniiwion, the Knglish and Chi nese Custom-house officers are to unite their effort* and denounce them. Art. 17.?The small English coasters of every kind, such as schooner?, cutters, yawls, or fast-hour, have hitherto paid no duties. It is now agreed that all these boats, whether they come from Hong Kong to Canton, or return from Canton to Macoa, (except those which shall be ex clusively attached to correspondence and passen gers) whenever they shall have on board any bale of merchandise, even though it shall weigh only 1001b., shall pay in future duties proport.oned to their tonnage. Hut as it would not be just to apply to lliem the same scale as to large foreign vessels, and considering that they go and come several times in a month, they shall be classed in the fol? lowing manner:?The smallest shall be considered as of 75 tons burthen (whether they be so or not), and the largest 150. Both shall pay one mace per ton every time on entering into port. ? very vessel exceeding 160 tons tha II be considered as a large vessel, coming from abroad, and according to the new tariff shall pay Jive mates per ton. As to Fou chou, Amoy, JS'mgpo, and Shunghae,asno coastire enter those ports, it is unnenssury to make any regu lation respecting them.? Ualtgnttni's Messenger. Lovk and Suicide?A gentleman named Ueorge Leisler, a native of Darmstadt, who came passen ger in the ship Frederick Jacob, Captain Wanieken, front Bremen, which arrived in this port a few days ? mitted suicide on Deiii u street. Third Manicipeiity, on Thursday night, by shooting himself through the head with a rifle. From all we could learn, the deceased was it gentleman in good circumstances, and con - aected with some of the first fsmilies in Darmstadt Ttiere were lound on his person and in his trunk, several drafts on mercantile houses in this country, with let ters ot introduction to some ot the moat respectabla iiicichuats iu the northern cities. On an examination of his papers, it appeared evident that he was desperately in love with a young lady, a lel'ow passenger on boaid tha Frederick Jscob, who was engaged to b* married to a gentleman now living in Arkanssa. to which place tha s oung lady was proc< eding, and finding his passion hope less and unretnnied, he put an fend to his taistencess above described - If O. Pic , Ntv. lft. I" A Somnambulist.?The Troy Whig lella a strange adventure of a youug man who, on a re cent tripof the riwallow from New York, managtd to get out of liis berth window in his sleep, and did nat awake until his leet touched the water. Iu this situation he shoutr.l lor help, lint in vain, lie managed, after soma little time, to throw himself on to one tf the guard bra ces, and hence he u-t perched for Home time covered with ?piny from the dashing of the wheels, and in a momenta ry i xprctation of getting knocked on the head by tbe bur sets, lie, bow ever, by knocking at a berth window, wok? up the occupant ol the berth, who roused the cap tain, aud he was releuied Irom his comfortless situation. ( vkri,am> Mail from ?Williutn *mI pin, Kiq., brought upwards ol 160 letters Irom Oiegon to i'iti/.ens of tbe United States NKW LINK OK PAt;Kit 18 KOH L1VKHPOOL. , ? Pai ki t of B>th of Novetnlier ? The splendid aud ?favorite Packet Ship ItDSi IUH, (1110 tons burtlieu) iplaiiTKIdriilge, will s.uf |>ositively as ,sbove, her rrau l?r day. The >lii|? nf this line being 1000 loot burthen asd upwards, ivrnuiii about to mi bulk for the old country nhould not fail to ?elecl this line iu preference to any other. Their great ca|*city renderi them inure comfortable and convenient inui shi|? of a tmaller class. The accommodations of I bete vessels are unsurpassed for cabin, second cabin and ilmur passengers. To secure bertha early application must be made on board, foot of Wall tlrvet, or to W. k J V. TAP84JOTT, At iheir general passage office, nP rc 7> Boath street, comet Maiden Lane. KOH LI VKltPOOL?Tbe New Line? Hegular 21st IV einber.?The?up-nur fast tailing New flHKsVorli built packet ship LI V hit TOOL., ( upturn John t.ioridae, IIM torn burtheni, will aail as shove, her regular day. ? Kor weight or |awaage, having very superior accouimortittiuaa, aosurpassed by any snip in port, apply to the! aptaia on board, weal aide Burling Klip, or to WOODHL'LL k MINTUHN8, (7 ttosth streat. ^ Price of Passive f IM. The fine packi t ship Queen of the W?st, ( apt. Philip Wood house, 12?? Ions I art hen, will sacc-ed the Liverpool and sail ou her tegular day. list Jan att K)K OLAMGOW?The line MW British ship HAHLK.Y, Dqficau Smith, mast?r, now on JHlb'ii'r way to this port, aial on arrival will hate imme diate ilr?i?tch !Sti. is mt-iideil fsi r-s?l) aaa tegular uadei ba tweeii this and Islasgow Kor frriaht or passage suply to WoOiniULL h MlftTURNS, *7 South street. The packet ship ADAM CARK will sncreed the Aaa Mar ie y. n 19 re HOK MAHHi.lLLU-I'aakst of lat Uaeeinbar ? ? Tile JiiiiTKKlU OTTT. Wm W. Lawrence, inasur, a? ill sail is above. for luligbtor passage, apply on board, u Pier 9 K. U. to LAWitfcNl h k PMK.LPH, 103 Front at, or to HOVI) ta IIINt KLN. Agents. uPl rc 3 Tontine Building, cor. Wall and Water sts. pAt KKT KOHIIAVHfc-KKt OND LINK.?Tha ship lALTIMOHIt, K.dward Kuah, master, will'SU I ion the 1st of December. ,IISI KKN Kit! Iretght or passage, apply to BO V D k III Nl ? Kb. . uJ 0C So ToUkin* Hli?Win?, eorm Wall and >> lU* ?ta> ? or Irrig ?J ?c AAA.'- KOH NEW ORLKANB-L'iiiou Line?Kega HJp^V'ar pack-t of tbe 25tll Noveinlier ?Tt>e splendid fast JHH|b*ailiug ship t;OUKA, Capt. W R. Uanluer. will sail as above, her regular tlay. Hiving very superior accomniod.i tin, for cabin, second cabin and t^jrrage paaer igert, i?rvnin wiiliiug to embark, should make eaiTy application "n board, foot of Murray's wharf, or to josbl'il McMI.HBAY, n22 1,0 rise street, eorae of h..tub u. Wa.NTI-.M I OK CHARLESTON. 8. C. A a J riber of VKHHKLH from ISO to IIH) tons, to ifSCVlo'd with slotie I lie ho(hest freight iwid. Apply at flttbihe offl'i- .if tbe mtatkn islavp ora.niTk ' - 0>i i'AN V. No. 1 Wall street nS 2w*re ~AdU? K.XCIIANOK ON KNOLAND, IHKLAND, JIKki (I M.AM) AND WALKH.-Tha Hubscrtber haa SHbat all times for sale Drafts from ?1 to AISS0, liayable vt all r tie priucip'tl U an king lusiitnti.ais throughout the l!nite? Kibgdoin. JOHN Hoath st. U. Passage to and frt.m Liveniool can be secured at the lowest rales by auv of the hue of pai k-tt sailing on tlie 1st. iUl I ftli.viarb, list and Jbth ef each month, oa application as above. jyM ce 3K JK.RHKY < ITYFLOATINO DOt K.-Tbis new NfJ^Vaml improted Dork haa commenced o|>eratton. t'sp JBMHb'aii.s and owners of vessels are invited to call and ei tmine II, and tliey will at once see that it is ss well adapted for raising aud repairiny teasels as auy Dock now in operattoa. I here is also atlarlird Ui this Dork, Blacksmiths. Hhip-car|?aJ trrs, Caulkers aud Painters. All Work done in the most expe ditious maimer and at reasonable rates. nil I in ? err (III.I. k Mcl.AITOMl.tIV WOOL?7 bale* of verv iiiivrior Weateiu WihiI, ItnOisg e? ship Vetnoli from New Otlears Kor sale t>) al K. K I I'M.INS k t O . M foaih it