Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 25, 1844, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 25, 1844 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. New York, HoiiiUjr, November H?, 1844. " "" " 'I'M WW. " ' We gave yesterday it very ample rttume of the interesting intelligence brought from Europe by the I an i nUinjme.r, comprehending chiefly the com raeicml, domestic, theatrical and other matters We give to-day a number of additional extract* equally interesting with those published oft the preceding day, and which illustrate the course of events in the old world in relation to politics, liter ature, society and every thing else. Europe is very quiet at the present time. France itod England are in a state of j>erfect repose al most in the embraces of each other. Not only do the sovereigns of these two countries visit and revi sit each other, but theirsubjects.takiug the cue from their rulers,are enabled, bv meansol the greatly in creased facilities of travel,atlorded by the improve ments in railroads and steam navigation, to make themseves better acquainted with each other, und to indulge in social intercourse. In fact the introduc tion of st?am power and its application to naviga tion and to locomotion on railroads,is changing the whole face of society in Western Europe, and in deed throughout the world. Peace reigusin Fiance and England. Trade appears to be very good, and there is a good deal of work for the operatives, and on this depends in a great degree the domestic tranquillity of both these countries. The only thing that appears to disturb the nerves of til" privileged classes across the water, and equally affecting the sensibilities of all those be low them, to the base of the pyramid of society, is tbe progress of the United States?the growth of the Model republic?the mighty power both, so cial and political, which is now generating in tliis western hemisphere?and the extraor dinary influence winch this vast community ot independent Suites is gradually acquiring over t!ie public inirttf of ih? whole civilized earth, ilence we see up:inking from motives ot jealousy thuu awakened, all those petty complaints uboul the repudiating States?all those ill-natured criti cisms on every local outbreak in this republic? and thwse ridiculous ellbrts by the clubs ot London to taboo Americans because they hanpeu to belong to o great nation, some ol the members of which have failed to pay their dbbts. We are very glad that the clubs of London have black-balled the Americana. It will keep our "natives" outof bad company. But in the midst of all the appaient prosperity which we see in England and France there is a vol cano b urning underneath the outer crust of society The movements in this country in relation to tlie Texts and Oregon questions and other matters may bring thing3 to a criris between the two countries sooner than many imagine. In such a elate of thing', it is the duty of this country to look at the .state of their naval force and their naval resources in contrast with those of England and France. Look at the immense naval resources those two countries possess in their steamships ! What have we to contrast with thern in this respect 1 Nothing. It were well, therefore, for the people and govern ment of the United States to look to this. Let every due precaution be taken and every necessary preparation made, so that in uny emergency we maybe abli to vindicate our interests and honor, maintain our position, and secure against any in terruption our progress amongst Jie nations of the world. Thb Texas Question in Texas.?We publish ed yesterday in an abstract ot recent news Irom Texas, a very important statement rela'.ivf to the relations between Mexico and Texas. It appears that Santa Anna has written to President Houston, stating the willingness of the Mexican Government to recognize the Independence ot Texas, provided the latter remains independent,and avoids any con nexion with the United States. It is highly proba ble that this iethe result ol a movement pro duced by the joint inflaence.of England and France, in reference to this ques'.ion. England und Franc* are both undoubtedly opposed to annexation, a* various indications ol their sentiments, expressed both in the public journals and in the course ol their diplomatic mov?ments, wurrant us to believe. We have no doubt that every eflort will b< made in a diplomatic way, both with Texas and Mexico to prevent the annexation. The news of the recent Presidential election will, when it reaches England, stimulate the govern ment ot that country to increased energy in the work of defeating, if possible, the success of the project of uniting Texas to this republic. If, then, England and France can hold out suffi cient inducements to prevail on Texas remaining separate and independent, there is at once rn end ol the question in this country. Of course, in such a can'-, it is ot no const quencc what the Pre sident fc.tys, or Congress proposes, it Texas hersell is induced to withdraw from the field. Tiif.oi.ogicai. Excitkmbnt.?The lectures ot Er Pine, at the elegant church dedicated to St. Peter, have created quite a theological excitement in thif city List night the church was densely crowded, and probably one-third of the uudience consisted of Protestantso| various denominations. This Iihs been chiefly owing to the Interest excited by th? publication of Dr. Pise's first lecture in this journal The Doctor contiuued, in last night s lecture, the argument in delt nee of the dogma of praying to the Saints. We have a tull report of the lecture, and a i it is curious, we shall give it in to-morrowV paper at length, accompanying it with some re marks on this really interesting subject. The conduct of the audience was in general ex emplify and proper in the highest degree, but we noticed a tew instances of a levity which was ex ceedingly unbecoming. One individual, we particu larly noticed, a Rroartway lounger, with a verj plebeian face and " brass barnacles," and accom panied by a giddy young lemule, who con ducted himself in a manner exceedingly unbecom ing a place to which he was so evidently unaccus tomed, and mucti to the noiioyance and pitying contempt ot those around him. Ct'Riotm Statu ok Irish Affairs.?We give in this day's paper two very curious letterB or mani festoes, which throw a great deal of interesting light on the present condition of uflairs amongst the Irish Repealers on the other side of the Atlan tic. "Young Ireland"?in influence which has started into existence within the last year or two, and embraces much ot the youthful talent, energy and patriotism of the green isle?is, it appears be. coining a little restive. O'Connell will, indeed, find it a difficult matter to keep these fiery allieH in the traces. His old dupes ot the Repeal Associa tion are now getting into a disorganized state, and it is of email importance with what measure of success he humbugs them. But with " Young Ire. land" it is a different matter. This new influence may, indeed, be destined to do something towards the liberation of their country. At all events, they give good promise of continuing the agitation, in spite even of the schemes of O'Connell. Thr Baimno System?We have just heard of another very cutiouscase, developing the character of the bailing system in this city. It seems that two of the persons recently engaged in the publica tion ot ii sheet called the " Republic"?Wikofl and Doyle?were indicted for an atrocious libel on some private individual A bench-warrant was ii sued for tl.eir arrest, and they accordingly went before the Judge, and became bail for each other?Wikofl bailing Doyle in #200, and Doyle hailing Wikofl' in a like sum. Both happen to be in the same indictment. A curious enough illus tration of the ball system, ol which we recently h^srd ao much ! Ai.iianv Boats.? Hereafter, till further notice, two steamers will leave here at 4 P. M., and two at ft P. M Niw Yon bLKotloK ?We hav? now tutor* u? the entire official return* of the late election in the Stat' of New York, and are able to give the aura mary of result* to our readera, aa follow* ? WW* Wright* majority in th* whole St*te, official, i* Hi.nso Polk'? " " " O.SWU Uitturenee in favor of Wright, ,v, 4.71? Aggregate vote for Wright. ............... Ml 0S9 "? .. roJ? 317, MM Wright mora than Folk 1,001 Aggregate vote for Clay 331,806 ?? ?? Fillmore 331,009 Kill more leaa than Clay .". 1,340 Aggregate Abolition vote 10,813 Aggregate vota for Preiident 480.70* " " Governor.,. 467,367 Exceia for Governor 1,009 The first thing that strikes us on inspecting this table, ia the grtiit disparity between the majority of Mr. Polk aud iuat of Mr. Wright. The difference in favor of Mr. Wright amounts to 4,750, Mr. Polk's majority in the State amounting to 5,280, whilst Mr. Wright's ia 10,030. The inquiry here naturally arises?what has produced thin disparity 1 To what has it been owing 1 How is it to be ex plained 1 We have aeeu some elaborate efforts in several of the democratic papers, endeavoring to explain this subject in a manner quite different to that in which we would explain it. Our expla nation is that the defection from the ranks of Mr. Polk, which might have been fatal to him, in thu State, was owing to the private influ ence of the friends of Mr. Van Buren, who were represented by the Evening Pott, and who were chagrined in consequeice of that gentleman be iu? thrown overboard atthe Baltimore Convention. This explanation lias been very indignantly rejec ted by some of the democratic papers, for fear of its infl lence on the mind of Mr. Polk on hie ad vent in Washington. These papers endeavor to make out that the disparity in the vote was owing to the greatly superior popularity of Mr. Wright to that of Mr. Fillmore, aud uUo the accession of a number of whigs to the ranks of the democratic candidate for Governor, on the ground of certain principles of State policy. Possibly these consi derations are worthy of account, but we still ad here to the original opinion that the discrepancy was produced by the private efforts of personal friends of Mr. Van Buren,jind we are quite con vinced that had the election in the State of New York been very close on the Presidential ticket, Mr. Polk would have lost the State and the Presi dency. We are, indeed, more and more satisfied than ever that one of the principal influences which se cured the election was that exerted by the f riends of Calhoun and Cass in reference to the " native" voters here. (J[ this, we think, there can be no doubt. We happen to know all the factB of the movement?the originators of it?every thing con nected with it, and we are decidedly of opinion that it was the intention of the special and confidential friends of Mr. Van Buren to defeat Mr. Polk's election in this State, and therefore defeat his election to the Presidency, whilst they secured that of Mr. Wiight. If they can prove the contrary, we are very willing to believe it. But we want to see the proofs. Cabinet or Mil. Polk.?This subject now en grosses the attention of all the politicnl speculators of the day. It is, indeed, a very interesting and important subject. The selection of the Cabinet will enable us to form a tolerably accurate conjec ture as to the character of the policy which the administration will pursue ou several important questions. Some suppose that Mr. Calhoun will be retained. No doubt the friends of that great statesman will endeavor to effect that, but we think it is very doubtful if Mr. Polk will acquiesce. Strenuous efforts are already made to operule oil the mind of Mr. Polk through General Jarkson's influence, so as to defeat the retention of Mr. Calhoun in the cabinet; and not withstanding the rumor in Washington, that Mr. Calhoun will be retained, we doubt it very much. At all events, the great contest has commenced be tween the northern and southern sections of the democracy in these matters, and the movements, private and confidential, between this time and the 4th of March next, will be of the most curious and startling character. Lawyers and Witnesses.?We have observed during the last few days several reportB under our Police and Sessions head of a case before the lat ter court in referance to Mr. John A. Monroe, grow ing out of some professional conduct cn the part ol Mr. Chari?s O'Con >r during a trial before another court anme time Biro. Our reporter appears to view this matter in ..iu*iiher a different light from what we do, taking a comprehensive view of the whole question. We do not know exactly all the details of this particular case, but we know very well that there has been of late years a practise amongst a certain class ol lawyers in this city, which would certain ly be more honored in the breach than in the ob servance?a practice which has been indulged in to an intolerable extent?we allude to the inso lent and outrageous manner in which the feeling* ol witnesses and parties are lacerated during the trial of causes in the various courts. About twenty years ago, when Thomas Addis Emmett, Martin Wilkins, and John Welles were the leading spirits ol the New York bar, agentlemanly feeling and an amenity of manner, characterized the demeanor of counsel, in all proceedings before the courts, which have been entirely disregarded of late, in consequence of the introduction of men to practice at the bar, who are altogether destitute of the feel ingsor acquirements of a gentleman. On many oc casions of late, we have heard the most atrocious and insulting language applied by counsel in their pleadings, not only to the parties before the court, hut often to others not at all implicated in the case In such cases, the sensitive feelings of honorable men being strongly wrought upon, may impel them to inflict summary chastisement on the offender; and probably this was the origin of the breach of the peace in the case of young Mr. Monroe. At all events,without going into the merits of this particular case, which we really do not know in all their details, we are constrained to think that there was a degree of severity exercised towards Mr. Monroe by the decision of the Court of Ses sions, which hns been very properly reviewed by the tvnie authority. It is more than probable that had the offender been one of the rowdies attached to any of the political fighting-clubs of New York, whose business it is to create riot and disorder, such a tutiden and severe sentence would hardly have been passed without a prodigious effort origi nating from various quarters to eave it* subject. From Port ait Prince.?The Hayti,Captain Cur tis, arrived last night from Portau Prince. The go vernment, when the Hayti left, was perfectly tran quil The President arrived at Portau Prince on the 4th inst. from the north, with his army, said to be live thousand strong. The markets were dull,una American provisions low; coffee scarce, and coming in slowly. The port healthy. Tub Eclipse last Night.?'The cold of lant night was intense, so as to keep the different street* of the city comparatively deserted, at the hour fixed for the eclipse to come off. The moon was obscured by the new visitors up to about nine o'clock, when the gloomy appearance of the hea vens was gradually succeeded by a bright moon light, and the intense cold moderated a good deal up to 12 o'clock. The Steam Engine.?We call attention to Mr. C. Emmons' lecture, this evening, on the Steam Engine, illustrated by a splendid model which ex hibits to view the whole internal and external movements of the engine in operation?at the Hall of the American Institute, ia the Park, as adver tised in another column. Wuarr AOAtn.~That poor ereetere, Wtkoff, haa published a card in the Exjntu, not of much length; but atill full of unqualified faloehood'from beginning to end. He charge* u^a U? tt?U ?f '"' "inhaled an indictment against him. A more ridi culous falsehood was never penned; but in order to set this matter right,we publish the following To Jams* Uosimmi Bewmtt, Km. ?-* . , , . 4'' . 8i??I have just seen a CMd puMlihed in a***}"?*, signed " Henry Wikoff," in which the writer, ia alluding to the tact of sajr having obtained an indictment against hia, lor tba publication of a ualicioaa libel upon aa. which apaaared in a number of the late Republic, take* occa*ion to state, that tal^ indictment was procured at your " inatigation," I beg leave to give ay unqualified contradiction to auch a itateaent. In procuring the indictment In qoeaUen, ( have pro ceeded altogether upon ay own reaponaibiiity , without ayaelf peraonally and deeply aggrieved, by the mallcloo* Rublication referred to, 1 iaaedlmtely coniulted ay iwyer, and aoae of ay frienda ; and, inaooordance with their advice, I brought the aatter before the Orand Jury; but, with yon, I repeat, I never had, directly or indirect ly, any comaunication, whatever, relative to this sub ject, to induce me to proiecute Mr. Wikoff. Very truly, youra, GEORGE D. DOWL1NG. Nov 23, 1844. So much for this matter, and we may say the same of every other. Alter his repeated attempts upon ua and the expenditure of #16,000 to put the Htrald down, to cry out persecution in droll enough. Can he who has been filling all the newspapers with attacks upon us, cry out persecution 1 Does he forget that he commenced his labors with the "Republic," to decry us 1 Does he forget all his publications which have disgraced him?and the disgraceful charges made against him, when the public were laughing at his vile pen 1 And now he has the ineffable impertinence to talk about perse cution, at the very moment he ia commencing his ridiculous suits. Never mind, Chevalier?you will be satisfied before you get through. Melancholy Accident and Proha'mle Loss or Life.?One of the moBt sickening and heart-rend ing accidentsoccurred on Saturday afternoon, No vember 23d, at East New York, that wbs ever wit nessed. The circumstances are aa follows, viz:? Ayoang lady, 15 years of age, Miss Almira Smith, eldest daughter of Mr. Ezektel Smith, of the vil lage of New Lots, had both of her legs crushed and cut off* in the act of jumping from the Long Island Railroad cars on their passage east. The cars had passed about sixty yards beyond the usual stopping place, when she was in the act of getting out, and supposing they were not going to stop, she jumped; her basket caught some part of the car, which dragged her under the wheels. This is her own account, and the result was as above stated. Doctors Mason and Hurd, of Brooklyn, visited the young lady, but found her too much exhausted to attempt amputation. She is not expected to live. A gentleman in the next oar behi"d was also in ttie act of getting out, when he was told by the brake man to jump; that he must jump forward; he did so, and fell, tearing his clothes in the fall. This may be attributed to the continual changing, and uncer tain policy pursued by the head of the establish ment towards the inhabitants of this place, aa will be seen by a late communication to the Hoard. Fashionable Movements.?There have been fly ing about in all directions, for the last few days, a number of highly scented billets, containing carda of invitation to the grand complimentary ball to be given this evening to Captain Isaiah Rynders, ol the Empire Club, at Tammaty Hall, by the Democratic patty. At this doubtless there will be present the principal leadere of the party?Martin Van Buren, the Hon. B. F. Butler, Judge Vander poel, ex-Mayor Morris, and several otheie, as it is to be a first rate afldir. This ia only another step iu what we before mentioned, that the Empire Club of this city waB determined to take the lead in the fashionable movements this season, which have now commenced in earnest. We have the Italian Opera in full force in Chambers street, and have had Anderson's chaste and classic performan ces at the Park, Mrs. Smith's, Mrs. Jones's, Mrs Brown's, Mrs. A.. Mrs. B , and all the other ladies of the alphabet, giving, or about to give, balls and ioiritt without number. Amid the foremost of these we have the Enpire Club, aa they ever have done, determined to take the lead. They took the lead in politics for six months previous to the elec tion, and during the election?they took the lead in preserving the peace, and kicking up mwe-and they now appear determined to take the lead in every thing that ia genteel, polite, and gallant; in doiug the amiable in the best possible style to the lidies. It is not to be wondered at that under these circumstances, Monu. De Korponay, and other fashionable instructors of dancing, are so over crowded with pupils. There is little doubt but that Polk and the polka will be in great repute du ring the ensuing six months. Italian Opera.?Thia evening produced, at Palmo's Opera House, for the first time, Done zetti's beautiful opera of " Lucrecia Borgia,' which is said to be quite equal to hia 14 Lucia De Lammetmuir." In this picce we shall have the pleasure of seeing the beautiful Borghese again re stored to us.- She takes the sopiano part, and Signoru Pico the contralto, the latter a character in male attire. There are in this opeia some beautiful ariat, particularly one, a drinking song by Signora Pico, to which doubtless she will do every justice. Borghese has also some beautiful tcenat, ariat, See. to execute, whtch will bring out her exquisite powers as an actress to the greatest perfection. There is little doubt but that there will be a great house on the occasion, as it is seldom that the combined powers of two prima donnas are thus presented to the public. It may be expected that all the beanty and fashion of the city will [be pre sent. It will be a tremendous house. The opera is now right and is bound to go ahead. Frauds in the Flour Trade.?Let all those who are interested in the business in flour read the article under the "Corn Trade" in this morning's paper. Let every one look out for the "rogues in grain." Mlieatrlrnla, Ac. There are to be great doing* at the Circus, this even ing, in eommomoration of the evacuation of thia city by the British troop*. Flag*, banner*, martial music and transparencies, will be displayed in front of the Atnphl theatre on the occasion. Th> Baulk give a Concert in conjunc tion with the h.thiopian Minstrcls.tUis eveuiug at the Min. crva Room*, Broadway. The programme is rich, and the attraction*, and peculiarities suitable) to the memorable day. The Northern Serenaders give their farewell concert to-morrow evening in Washington. The Columbia Theatro opened on Saturday last with a most powerful and talented company. Among those en gaged to appear during the season are Messrs. J. G. Jonea, J. B Booth, H rr Cline, J 8' Silsbee, and Mil* Gannon. The Kochestcr papers say the Hutchinson Family sang mo?t sweetly last evening (Thursday) to a crowded and high'y delighted audience. They will give one mote Concert, on their return from Buffalo, next Thursday evening. A grind complimentary concert to Mr. Burke ia to come off on Tuenlay neat at Albany. Mr. Andrews, oi Ttoy, and his two gifted daughters, Messrs. P. A. Mayer, L. Undorner, H. Swift, O. J. Shaw, and other accomplish ed musicians, have liberally offered their services lor the occasion. Messrs Howe and Maine's circus have opened for ex hibition in (Georgia. Tho " Great Western" had a bumper benefit on Friday evening, at the Albany Museum. The Srguin troupe, consi-iting of the admirable buffo Seguin ; bis talented lady and Mr Fraaer, the new tenor, will soon open at the Chesnut Theatre, Philadelphia, with a succession of novt I operas. Dr. Lardner is unsuccessful in Philadelphia lecturing He fails to attract with all his learning. Fihe i.n Richmond - About hall-past 1 o'clock, Thnrfdny night, the " Shockoe Foundry" ol Tal bot & Brothers, on < ary Mieet, was discovered to be on Are. The most prompt effort* were made to suppress the (limes, which were so lar snccesslui aa to save about half ol the largo building. The portion destroyed w is the ptiticipel woik and pattern shop of Messrs 1'. V B., and therMore their loss is heavy, amounting, it is beiifv ed, to $10,000, with an insurance ol $40ti0 All tlnir pat tern*, have been eleven years accumulator, were destroyed The house belonged to Wm. Mitchell Jr., and waainaurad.?Richmond Timet, Nov U3. ?mrnttKammsmmmmammmmmmmmmmmmf I'atvmttf OfeafiUBr. PtMfc Considering the coldnesi of the day, the number of persons who attended the ministry of the word K? I* !?.>?. St.hh.tL ,i.m in ? inw to the frienda of religion. A large proportion ol them were ladiea. The Doctor ia a handsome mui; he looka well in the pulpit?hia eloquence_ does apt. K II not the eloqaenc**? tSe pulpit, but that of the Senate. Hia affirmations eome forth like the decrees of an oracta?hi* discourse in enounced with the confidence of " a man with authority," whose conviction ia that there can be but one right way, and that the one which he pointa oat. For peraona of atrong faith, thia mode of preaching ia admirable, but tor that claaa of per sons who are given to reason a little?to enquire to analyze?to compare?it ia by no means eaay of digeation. Wo are grieved to ?ay that, being ac emtomed to the latter mode of receiving the word, the aermon now under consideration did not come home to our apprehension. It waa a sermon fair sized ? albeit from a brief text?it was a sermon, in short, that will not be forgotten?3iuiply because it was not remembered. The portion of scripture selected for the Doctor's meditation was from? St. Mathew's Gospel, xxii. Chapter, 43d Verse?'" What think you ol this man/" He began by suying, that it had been his purpoie for *ome time past, to deliver a series of discourses on the divinity, character, attributes und mission of the Mes siih After a very long and discursive exordium, in which he detailed his intended plan of treating the sub. ject, reviewed the prophecies concerning Christ,and their confirmation by events occuning at his advent and dur ing his ministry?argued, the soie and all-sufficient au thority ol revelation, and then proceeded to consider? first, thu general importanci of the subject; secondly, the necessity for its discussion. As to its importance?it was thH subject ol Ood's revelation to mankind, showing the various and infinite heads which compose the divine dis pensations, both beiore and since the coming of the Mes siah. Th divinity of the Saviour was not to be regarded as a grand episode in the concerns of the world, it was the fubject itsell to which everything turned Dr. Totts then dwelt at length upon the Sciipture history of the Messiah, and quoted many texts to show that a bsliei in the divinity of Christ was requisite to salva tion ; that the iasue declared in the Old as well as the New' Testament, was belief or condemnation, us was shown by the following text, and several others which he quoted " tie thut believeth on tbo Son hath everlasting life, but he thut believeth not ou the Son shall not see life?but the wrath of God abidutli on him." The I'sgan world had some faint glimmerings of the truth, but want ing revetation, the wisest of their philosophers wrre at fault Their system admitted tne degeneracy and guilt of man, but knew of no means to avert the punishment All must admit that an infinite importance attaches to a doctrine, that is made the indispensable condition ol the soul's salvation. John says, " He that hath not the Son hath not the Father," showing that a knowledge of the Son is as necessary as a knowledge of the Father ; they must march hand in band, and reflect light on each other. This passage was not to be con sidered of Importance as a matter of curious specu lation, but because it was in itsell her highest in vestigation, and most momentous in its results taatcan be conceivcd. Ignorance of the reason why this beliel is indispensable should not permit an indulgence in a spirit of scoffing : lor so long as It is known thut that be li?r i<i made an essential-the very turning poiut?it must not be neglected. It was a common subject of conversa tion as to what were essentials and non-essentials in a person's bclief-but if it were recollected that all scripture was given by inspiration, itconld hardly be considered that any part was trivial or unimportant. Still there might be an attachment to certain peculiar tenets whieh would not incur the penalty of uubelief, but the distinc tion between essentials and nonessentials was dange reus. As a tree could no longer be a tree ii deprived ol its outside covering, which was the medium of circula tion for the vital ssp yet it might remain a tree aliei be ing divested of u portion of its branches ; and as a m?',i could be no longer a man if he lost the organs of vitality, yet ho might remain a man after sepa ration of some of his limbs; so doctrines might he cousidered essential as they affected our faith. They were not to set up their own opinions as stan dards of what was essential or not; for that begun, it would be difficult to stop at the right place amidst a gradation of belief, whose modification blended into each other like the day and twilight, like twilight and starlight, like starlight ?nd total darknets. Dr. Potts then dwelt upon the kind of belief which the scriptures demanded of men on the divinity of Christ. Mentioning the heresies of the Gn sties, the Arians, the Sibillians, und the Sweden horgians of our city, he said, that in the present day it was frequently wondered at that the word of Ood should be made the cause of sugh various and contradictory er rors?contradictory not only to each other, to themselves, but to the truth ; and many are tempted to atk why God allo'ved any amhigutty to exist In his revelation?why was it not made ho plain that none could cavil at nor mis take it 7 Now, his (Dr Po ts') answer was tbis-tho am biguity wis not in tbe Scriptures?the diversity of views which were sought to be supported by Scripture autboii ty, showed no want of plainness in tbe word 01 Ood, but in the reader's mind : for every day life showed that no fact, however piaih or certain?no document, however carefully drawn up in its words, can eucape the subtlety of men bent on cavilling about its meaning. By going into the courts of justice, and hearing the arguments of the special plea ler, this will be proved nt once. What grand truth was so legibly written on the universe as the being of a Ood; yet the being ol u Ood is openly and often called in question. If we were called upou to add anything more explicit to the evidence we now have of our own existence?if we were called upon to advance any clearer argument to prove our own cor poreal reality, could we do so? Yet all acquainted with the various theories of mental philosophers know that the reality of our existence has been called in question, nod that not by madmen or fanatics, but by philosophers.? Does any one think, then, that he could, by other forms of express! .n. make the doctrine of tbe proper divinity of Christ so plain that none but a fool or a madman could cavil at it. What language, it may be usked, could he employ more explicit than that found in the first chapter of St, John's Gospel. So with all articles of the Chris tina faith, which we say am plain unough lor nny candid enquirer, who takes the written doctrines oi Christianity as infalliblo-who takes the obvious meaning of terms-who does not interpose between his own con viction and the truth, the authority of his own reason. Bring any doctrine to such a judge and who can know what decision may be passed upon them, and for this ica ?on?that the world, degeneracy and sin, perverse habits of mind and body have unfitted man to be a judge?huve disqualified him from deciding free from error. As the price of liberty is sleepless vigilance?the price you and I, dear h< arers, have to pay for a knowledge ot truth, is attention to the best sources of knowledge, and sleepless watchlulness against the intrusion ol error and the promptings ?f u depraved heatt. Search the Scriptures ; and let this employment be continued, not in an iudolent lor indifferent-a soeptical, nor scoffing manner, and we are engaged in our highest pursuit Truth is not so ob viotis that men must see it; for il that were the caie there woula be nothing voluatary in searehing for it This fact should comfort and encourage every one?that the measure of responsibility is opportunity, and tha> allow, anew will b t made for those deficient in knowledge and means of piety. From him to whom m?ch is given, much ?hall be expected. Let the glory of the Lord be the watch word of the Church First oure, then peaceable. In this spirit we propose to answer the question, 'What think you of Christ?" and may Ood give us his blessing, to whom, with tha Son and the Holy Spirit, be all glory and honor for ever and ever. Amen. Hereon at Movements. General Wm. II. Marriott has been appointed Collector of the port of Baltimore, in the place ol Nathaniel F. Wil liams, Esq., removed. The Hon. Isaac Van Zindt, late minister from Texas paasing through Alexandria on h a return home, was tendered the compliment oi a dinner by the citizens of the place on the 7th inst. The Han. J. Q. Adams visited the Chesnut street Thea tre, Philadelphia, on Friday evening. It is rumored that John V. L. McMahon, Esq., will be appointed Chief Justice, io place of the late Chief Justice Buchanan. The case of Mr. Fairbank and Miss Webster will be dis posed of during the term of the Circuit Court to be held this mon h. The Grand Jury have found true hills against them on achatge of negro stealing.?Ltx. (Ky ) Enquirer The order iu Chancery for a special term at .viorua town, on the U?th Inst, is revoked ? 7Ysn State Gnz. Dr. Wolfl^y. late Surgeon of tho United States ship Decatur, iell from a cliff of rock* on the coast ot Africa and injured himself so as to cause his death in iotir hours The Roman Ca holies are projecting a literary instl tution in Beacon county, Aikansus. Smooth shillings have been reduced in Miramichi to 0J. and Pistareeus to Ud. About IftOO emigrants arrived at New Orleans in two day i last week. Tho lady of Gov. Haines remains at the point of death Tha schedule of the new Constitution provides a remedy for theomission of the State law, and autlionzea the Vice President of Council, (theHon James P..ttersun, el Mon mouth,) to preside over the Board of Canvasser*, incase of the inability of the Governor to act. The Board will meet on Tuesday. The Hight Hev. Dr. Walsh has been appointed by thu Pope to the exclusive administration of the western por- I tion ofthe Province, or Halifax District, his diocese in- I eluding also the Islands of Bermuda The Itlght Hev | Dr Fraser is to be the Bialiop of the eastern part ef the Province, including Cape Breton by tho same authority Dr. Walsh hus arrival in London on his way to America. Eliction in Tk.vas.?The official cmnvaaa gives Jones 1,KM) majority over Burleson, for President Dr. Anson Jones, the President eleat, wjs once a resi dent of this city. He is a brother of tho late William Jones, Ksq., formerly a city surveyor, and studied medi cine with Dr. Pomeroy seme twen y years since. Burle son, the op;>niing candidate, ia also, we believe, from this Slate ? 17/ira (Jhterrrr. Norwich also puts In a claim to having ur a seasou harbored one of the great men of the o?rth, although at the time probably unaware of It. Mr. Jones, the Presi dent elect ol Texas, was a resident of this village, son e ft teen or twenty years since, and while heredevotid himself to selling pills and powders. If he has not for got!. a bis plodding neighbors, w? wish him joy of the station in which he finds himself.?Ntrwich Journal. Tna Drowned .Man ?The name of n person who was drowned yenterdsy morning was Benjamin Fradenburgb. He resided near Chatham or Klnderhook in Columbia county He was about rr? years of age, and is said to have bt en unmarried. Tiik Mormon Vote ?The vote of Nauvoo city stood 3000 lor Polk, ft for Clay. ?iMttM. mm mi CoutUitl. Hat. KB. Clay. Polk. Bibb 1M 748 706 902 Bry?n,. 80 23 lu8 7i Hul loch, 26 184 17 410 B rke. Vj3 2U3 SM 411 *?er. itm ? ?..... MS l? M 4SS C?ad?u 166 Id 1*4 118 CsMpbell 161 ?*7 m S48 Carroll re <S7 m 76# Cam. 361 70S (64 1IJ9 Chatham, ... . Mo 647 917 839 Chattooga 186 ? 201 284 324 Cherokee 369 416 SI7 813 Clark SI7 318 M* 420 Cobb. 428 668 66S 943 Columbia 470 228 492 307 Coweta 791 768 777 714 Crawford <35 468 377 464 Dad* 38 163 46 247 Decatur 20 1 383 346 DeKilb 666 719 680 968 Dooly 226 296 269 307 Earlv. 268 ?3 211 419 Kffincham 168 66 193 ?6 fcjbert 967 103 9WI 186 Kmanuel 80 113 107 231 Fayette S3T 54 2 4 IS 701 t-'oyd.- 275 2tiT 360 425 Eor?>?l> 348 457 4 39 731 FrankIU 3i3 jgi 379 J058 Xjlmer 127 104 219 511 ffj""' 88 U 9f 23 ? 889 126 780 132 ifwynnett 624 76J 779 Haber.ham 2<X) 7ei 322 9<M Hall.. . 4#9 697 Haucock 2HJ J15 330 V,arri! *53 292 845 464 year"> 315 3^2 293 416 frory 931 793 868 819 Houston 667 572 669 723 ',"T *? 121 23 221 Jackson, 572 543 493 495 438 M6 J.fferson 468 89 579 108 J?ne? ?1 353 397 45) Louraua, 566 4 627 13 304 77 335 m Liberty 144 78 180 19? Lincoln 317 123 28U 179 Lowndes 422 90 ? ? Luintkiu 366 786 665 1254 Macon 169 301 331 245 Madison 357 286 347 327 varion 401 193 150 ? Mclntoih 119 135 127 114 Meriwether, 755 7(12 688 926 Mouroe 796 675 7S8 706 Montcomery 167 8 218 34 Morgan 478 280 442 348 Murray 273 462 303 699 Muacoiio 1044 811 1190 58(1 Ne?t?u 98 8 361 10 !6 .'53 Oglethorpe 654 127 826 211 Paulding 227 207 247 467 Pllf'. . 660 621 653 871 nilask* 241 276 247 457 Putnam 168 310 429 350 nab"",. 30 212 33 221 Randolph. 509 5I'J 6l!6 736 Klchino-.,d 939 407 902 647 Scriven, ]gu 199 267 278 Strwart 082 619 892 813 Suw.'fr 419 176 650 414 ?albot, 912 807 8i5 912 Taliaferro 431 47 304 67 Patualt 263 2H 301 70 1 el fair 201 63 177 198 Thomas 425 60 348 JJ67 Troup 1071 310 1055 487 Twitta, 411 373 ;t89 467 Union 107 360 237 554 Ul'iou 632 2V3 613 3K4 Wa'ker, 387 541 417 687 Waltoi 5 IB 619 555 763 Ware 215 35 160 160 Warren 553 213 641 368 Waa'.intttou 593 463 629 595 JXW?? 74 51 139 9i J}, likes 438 332 430 389 Wilkinson 328 474 387 560 3I.S21 42,300 44.311 42,309 Harrison's majority 8,310 Polk's maj 2,1,02 Aw-Kate vot* in 1844 86,620 " in 1840 72,182 Increase in four years, 11,413 City Intelligence. Police Ofllce?Suninr.?A quiet, peaceable day was yesterday? a well observed 8au oth? an orderly Sab bath? a day to b? remembered throughout thd year was yesterday. Under our ..present admirable Police arrange meoti how could it be otherwiie ? Thia it a great city, andofcourae there were rome trifling occuirences to mar the quiet ol'the day, and perhaps it is hardly lair to mention then-.?but here they are: ? Thikle No. 1 ?A tolerably respectable looking fe male. decently dressed, named Susan Favour, met an old acquaintance named Charley Marshall in the o.reet, and an neither of them were church goers, they quietly walk ed to 118 Rivington street, where they sat down to talk over old times over a glass of something comfortable - After an agreeable Itlt a Ute both grew merry, aud Miss Favour, iu a jocular way, happy creaturp, took out a kni'e and (.tabbed her companion in the aide. Some ill nature,! persons present took Susan to the Tombs. Trifle No. 2 ?A couple of jovial fellows met yester day in Water street, for the purpose of amusing them selves quiotly, and were soon joined by a number of ac quaintance*. After some little pleasantry, Win. Franks and Billy Tucker, came < cross Mr William Mark, of 366 Water s'reet, and by way of amusement, attacked him? h<t repelled them ; friends ol both parties instantly i*H< tnbled in largr numbers, and a genera' rarfre ennui d. Mack was repeatedly knocked down and Jumped upon, and will probably die, as ho was taken tip bleeding pro lusely, and entirely insensible Franks an 1 Tucker were arrested and placed in the Tombs. TUey were only a little "high " "itirLK No. a ?Three men named Thomas Hays, Mi chnel Hays, and Michael Quinn, paid a visit to a liiei.d named James 15 than, at No. 20 Cherry street, and altei the customary salutations, proceeded to make themselves agreeable by locking the daor and falling upon Behan in a very delightful manner, knocking him over und jump ing upon him, add for fear they could not make an im pression upon him, one of them took up an axe, and just as officers Ives and Martin broke in the daor, were iu the act of leashing hla ?kail. The gentlemen were ull arrest cd and remmitted. Pickino a Pocket.?Aa Mr. Francis Alexander of the United States Navy, was waiting at the Post Office yes terday to enquire for a letter, some person deprived him 01 the means of paying for one, by picking his pocket ol $7o in bank bill." Common Plena. Befote a full Bench. Nov. 33.?Decisions ?Jinn E. Yatrn a-lt. William Da vidt and wife, administrator, $-c. of fVtlliam Quilt way, de ceased ?Tnis was an action of assumpsit on promises to tne intestate in his life timo, with the money counts, and an account btatcd brought by the administratrix and her husband, and it stated that there is no count in the decla ration, or promises to, or an account stated, with the ad miniitratrix. Delendunt pleaded the general issue, and offered no set off". The c.iu-e was referred to three referees, who re ported ^t>00 43 for the plaintiff. The defendant movedto set aside the report, and therefore obtained a special re port. which is the usual practice m this court, which lat ter contained their reasons for allowing aud disallowing the claims of the respective pat.ies, antF their reasons lot disallowing the cross examination of a witners by the name of i,erby. The defendant now excepts to there portot the referees for several reasons?1st, on the gronnd that the plaintifls had no right to recover upon evidence ol an u. count stated with the administratrix, undi r the declaration in this cause; also, on the fjrouud that the de fendant had a right to cross examine Derby, as to every item ol the bill of particulars, and such cross examina tion would hove impeached his direct testimony on seve ral items; also on several other points The court deci ded that the referees erred in no: allowing the cross ex* mination of Derby as to the items iu the account stated.? An account stated is not conclusive against the party ad mitting the balance to be against him. It is but prima facie evidence, anu the aocuracy of the account may be impeached. Report to be set aside, with costs to abide the tvent. But if the parties const nt, they may prweeed bi fore ti e referees, as if the case w as continued for their testimony, so as to cross examine the witness, and sti Iking out the estimony ustu character. If they do not agree then, a motion must be made at Chamber* for new referees to reuew the case. Court Calendar?Thia Day. Common Pleas.?Nos. 18, 23, 10, 27, 111, 29, 30, 83, 2, ?. Disastrous Firk at Saraiooa Sprin(3h.?By an pxira from ihe office of the Saratoga, He public an wo learn that between 2 and 3 o'clock, on Friday, a Bre bioke out in a wooden building on the ea?t Side of Broud way, which was entirely connumed, together with five other buildings, embr. cing altogether fourteen tenement?. The buildings consumed were owntd by Brninard 8p-i,. ccr, ofll.rtlord ; Smith Mitchell, Hugh McCready, John A. Waterbury and Robert Gardiner, of Saratoga Sprints. I'he occupants were A. C. Bi.-chard, druggist ; J. Van Pelt, barber; L J. Vibbard, hatter: K. Wild y, potter celler ; Mescrs. Avery, law office ; Joseph Beach ; Gran ger & Cole, butchers ; J. L. White, grocer ; Allen it Dai row, grocers ; Phillips, Williams & Co., R H. St J B. n diet, me.rchmits. The uggregale lo?s is estimated at $14, 000, a part ol which was covered by insurance. Court for the Correction of Eriiors, Albany, Nov. 23, 1844.?Prewni?Senator Foster, pre siding, a id 10 other Senators No. 26 ns 21.-A. Luwrence and al vs. The city ol New York ,V!r W. W. Wagunen was heard'and concluded lor deft, in errjr. Decision postponed till December. Vermont ?^The official relume ol the late e|eC. tion from alt the towns ol the State, stand-Clay 28 770 Polk 18,041 ( Birney 3,947. Clay's plurality over Villi' 8 729; Cla)'s majority over both Polk and Birney 4 772 Whig gala sinco September 3,089. Oranoss.?The Baton Rouge Gazette of the 2d iustunt, says We were presented the other day by a lady In this town with a beautiful cluster of fine oranges, growa in her garden. They were as sweet and delicious as any we have tver tasted. May her day be long and har shadow never b? less.'' Cireat Dispatch.? Ou the ol October Mesarp. G. W Wail en & Co., dispatched an order to Glasgow for Scotch goods. Vestorday, by Britannia, the order was answered, and the goods received This morning tbe> paved through ti-e Custom House, and are now on sale at the Liilies' Kxchange, Washington street; thirty seven days, only, from the d ite of the order. A dispatch un precedented ?Bi.Mton Trantcrip', Nnr. 23. StroAR ?We learn hy the lust Plantft' Banntr, that the planters in St. Mary parish are now actively en gaged in the manufacture of sugar. The article is ol uiiiiMiaily fine quality, but the yi.M is not good. The weather, so lar, has been favorable. Wool. Growing is about to be commenced in the western part of the S ate of North Carolina, in Bun .lombe county, by a gen'lemati of experience, who has carried thither a Urge quantify of eicellent sheep. Quick Work ?Hv un ingenious process, wheat 'landing in Michigan in the morning is lreqti' iitly floui at night. It is cut, threshi d, and made ready for the mill at once, by a machine which goes over from 26 to 80 acrts per dij.?Fulton {Onctgo co.) Sun. trttni m Mute In Amartea t, UTILITY or MUSIC IN OgNXlAl.. ?n Wtirn mnmr bad hardly tini singing He own cradle song, Shakspe are said : " Tb? man that baa no munic in himself, Nor Moot moved with concord of sweet so an da, li fit for treasons, stratagem, and spoils." How beautifully is here expressed the goodne that divine art! Yes, music is really a divine divine fiom its close, not to say inseparsble nection with religion and religious ceremoi from it* being one of the greatest levers of c zation, and from the manifold blessings it is < ble of bestowing on the sorrowful mind. Cu has placed music after poetry, plastics, and a branches, which fall into the category of the arts; and in accordance with this classifies which I do not hesitate t? pronounce uniubt an judicious, the painter, the sculptor, and the i claim the pat before the musician. Nobod course, denies that Handel, Haydn, Mo Beethoven, and Mendelssohn,rank high in the i of public estimation, but are those names nounced by the people at large with the snm< verence as the names of Aogelo, Rubens, Raul Titian, Dante, Tasso, Goethe, Schiller, Byron even Walter Scott 1 Who has done more to n mankind happier aid better, Handel or Mi Angelol Beethoven or Tasso 1 I will not < mention that painting and sculpture require say the least, a partially cultivated mind, not a to be duly appreciated, but to be in seme mea understood; where on the contrary music amis preparing and producing this cultivation. They ihe exclusive property of a few chosen minds, are aristocratisal; but music is a free, a republ art; it finds its way into every heart, like the which sheds his rays over- the strong and w< over the sage, and over the poor ignorant peo it is universally felt, and more or less unders by all. And through this universality music poetry of tones and sounds, is superior to the try of words. In its Messing career, it knows o obstacles Not so the poem, bound as it is in strong fetters of one particular idiom; and evi these fetters are loosened, or to speak plainly, poem is successfully translated from one langi into another, the thorns and briars it encounter its passage, retain many beauties which are voidably lost; th*y are more useless than the I pieces of wool torn from the back of a wande lamb with which the sparrow keeps its nest wi Another reason for its superiority is its indest table purity; it cannot be turned to bad purpi an advantage which neither poetry nor the ai painting or sculpture can claim. There are s poems which have been productive of great ir to the morals of youth. Don .1 u,af forinsta or the art amuttdi, of which there arennfortut lv many good translation* in every langu How many lasoivous pictures are there in the wo Look only at the shpekwg statuettes in windows of a store in Broadway, and you excuse that ultra moralist who vented his a in a hearty curse on Canova and Thorw sen. In fact, there is no art, no holy object w has not been defiled by evil spirite?even qu tious from the Bible are said to be powerfuh pons in the hands of the devil. Music alone never been polluted?music alone is pure. The cultivation of music it an object of highest importance, which should engage th< tention ot every philanthropist?because it is of the purest sources of pleasure?because it is nemly calculated to call forth a religious entl asm; and labt, not least, becaus" it Is an unq tionable promoter of morality in the lower clai It is n fact, which cannot be denied, lha those countries in which the knowledge of in has been made accessible to th? lower classes eye is very seldom offended with cases of dr enness. I have never seen a drunken Italiar his own country). In Germany, where the Iot music is stronger than in France, drunkards less frequent than in the la'ler country. Wh con'rast is to be found in Russia, England, America ! In looking over the statistical tablt criminality, we find that the amount ol criir, an English population of twenty-five millions ia ly one-third larger ihnii in France, with a popula of thirty-lour millions? ia that France which gions England calls atheistical. This dispropor cannot, *>i course, be entirely attributed to ihe sence of musical feeling in England; hut it cat be denied that the degradation of tlv lower cla may be, in some measure, traced to it. These utidimputable faats, (Cormenin calls a more obstinate than a woman,) on which my partial remarks are ba:ed, strongly prove that promotion of the study ot music requires bey private and individual exertion, the fostering ? of legislation. This all the governments of rope, with the exception of England, have and we see there the most gratifying results duced by their public school?, academies, cor vatories, Arc. Every petty Italian principe or i patronizes ihe opera not alone with hit name? would be a paltry pitronage indeed?but with purse, in spite of the proverbial ttgh'iiesa of r< purse-strings. The French government allow the lyrical theatres of Fans a yearly subventio two hundred thousand dollars, independent the expenses of the conservatoire royal, whit bears alone, and numerous p-nmons to meritor musicians The provincial theatres are asais'et the cities and the department. In Germany, country of philosophy and tobacco smoke, of m andmuei/craui ? soug-uuious. meflettr.fHii, Ver <cademies, conservatories Sec , are innumer-t Ti.ere rules the goddess of music with a trelod hand. How happy are the Germans through mi notwithstanding the political absolutism. I amia'ile are the German peasantry, superior e " lo the finest pisaiitrv in the world " Till now very little has been said of musi America?its present state?its future proepf This, with ocrasional glimpses on music and m cians in Europe, will be the object of these lett for which I crave that indulgence of which t undoubtedly will stand very much iu need. I Detroit. [Correspondence of the Herald.] Detroit, Nov. 18,184 Description of Detroit?The Ladies? Their Bea and Good Taste?Smugglim* from Canad Politics ? General Cass? Friend Bennett:? In th^ absence of all local, foreign, and politi news, a few lines respecting the morals, cuato fashions, and general character of the citizen this burgh, may not be unacceptable to you or y numerous readers. At any rate, having a li time to spire, and lota of material for a " cor pondence" on hand, I thought it would be no trusion to mail them, diree'ed to your pleasure Detroit is very pleasantly situated on the ri Detroit; is undoubtedly the best harbor on inland seas, boasts of some beautiful sire excellent buildings, distinguished statesmen, merous churches, charitable and benevolent stitutionsand societies, handsome, lovely, bewit ing and enchanting ladies-no, that name is inappropriate, ho let me call them "eart angels " Indeed I doubt if more lovely and apj ently accomplished member .M :he delicate can be found in the Union i,.., ,ide in "his ? ion. Though generally void of a finished edu ion and assumed superiority of manner.-, I c didly assort that I never spent hu m r h< urs, or joyed more agreeable and sociable company tl with the ladies of Detroit. Considerable ntteut s paid to rires-', but seldom runs to that vanity i folly so characteristic of the New York b iles, | digiou bustles are bir seldom me: with, in cor luetice of the naive fashion of exceeding low wai the artificials ate done away with, und nntui bustles institut-d, tvhicli at first sight appear rat odd; but as the fashioii i? generally prevalent, oddity is soon lost i-ight of in admiration. Visit occupies much of the time of the older Indie*; you never find ?>ne without her sewing or knitt apparatus On first introduction they make th< ??elves perfectly "lo hum"?as the expression i and seldom display any degree of bashfuilneas, matter whit may be the topic ot conversation, tn what company. A large amount of goods are nnmtally smugg from the opposite Bide of the river?Winds Canada?in consequence of the hi>|h duties t would otherwise attend their introduction here, know of three ?ir's, w!io are employed in a la hat and can wi rehouse in this city, who smug all the cloth used by their cmployeis in the ma facture of their wares Each store on the ot side has n room expressly for purchases to f pare for miugglig; which in done by wrapp ? lie eloth around the b-dy underneath the g meats, and 'here are numbers of females here w make a handsome profit in smuggling for any < who may demand th*ir services t;|oth purchai ?n Canada at $2 50 per yaid, meets a ready s here at jjt.), and oilier goods in like proportion. Polities like the handle of a jug, is all on i side, both here and throughout the State, Pol majority is about 3,500, being a gain ol &on e h like .0000 votes lo the Democrats since th? I Presidential eleetion. Gtn Cass lives in this city in an outwan plan frame building, but inwardly splendii though not extravagantly furnished. His politii influence is of some extent, and he is much reeled as a citizen, by all classes. On the Sal day night preceding the I tte elecion, a processi of whig* halted in front of his house and *alm lira with three groans! Such conduct tow* ?aich n man is unwonhy Americans, and deeen ?he rebuke so justly given to ihe whi* pa: hroughout this State?throughout the Union Our present popular Governor (Bnrry) will be candidate for the United State* Senate this w er, and will, undoubtedly, be elected to tl highly honorable and a responsible station ; is every way a worthy and capable depository

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