THE NEW YORK HERALD. Vol. A., Nu. 348.WhoU Ho. 3V4M. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 27, 1844. Price Two CeaU. FOR HALIFAX AND LIVERPOOL. Th? Koy?I M,,| Su*m*hin* BH1TANNIA and CALEDONIA, will leave Boston, for ^ the above ports, u follows Britanuia, J. Hewitt, K?q., Commander, on Friday. Dec. lit. Calt'uouja, l!*. <i. Lott, iliq,, Commander. Monti iy, 14 16th. tester':::::::::: For freight or passage apply to D. BRIGHAM, Jr.. Agent, u (Ike office of Haruden It Co., ?*fC No. i Wall street. HOUR CHANGED, FROM 6TOS P. M. NKW 1TOKK /M.HANV AN!) TKOV UNE. KOK ALBANY ANU TROY DIRECT, from On' font of (^ourtlandt it. No freight after i o'clock, P. M. The low pressuresteamboat SWALLOW, Captain A. Mc Lain, This Evs-uiug, at 6 o'clock, Tuesday, Nov. iiOth, 1844. For pissage or freight, a|>|>ly ou board, or to C. CLARK, on tli? wharf. Kri iglit taken on I lie most reasonable term*. Freight mutt be put in charge of the Freight Agent, or the Company Will not be respousib!* for losses. Heicular day* from New York Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sa turdays, at 5 1'. M. u26 Ft)It LIVERPOOL?The New Line? Kegular wyyVPacket 21st December.?The superior fait sailing New JMiMabYork built packet ship LIVERPOOL, Captain John Eiuridije, 11M tons bur (.hern ^ will sail as above, her regular day. For lYeight or |?*sage, haviug very superior accommodations, unsurprised by any ship in port, apply to the Captain on board, west side Burling Slip, or to ' WOODHULL ft. M1NTURNS, ? . 17 South street. Price of Pasture S104 Tlie (in- |>ack* t ship t^ueen of the West, C?|it. Plilip Wood house, 154 ?0 tons I'lirtheu, will succeed the Liverpool and sail ou her regular day, 2l*t Jan. U22 fiffS* FOR GLASGOW?The fine new British ship rojRtV AN^ HABLEY, Duncan Smith, uuufr, now uu JMWHahrr way to this port, a'.id ou ariival will line imme diate despatch. She is intruded eapressly as a tegular trader be tweeu this and Glasgow. Kor freight or passage, ?pplv to WOODHULL k MINTURNS, 87 South sreet. l'lie packet ship ADAM CAUR will succeed the Ann Har ley. ul'l re Foil NEW ORLEANS?Union Line? Han ? lar packet of the 23t'i November?Tlie splendid last ?<ailmu slop (OREA, ('apt. W. R. Gardner, will sail ive, her regular day. Hating very superior accommoda' iou, for cabin, second cabin and steerage passengers, |>er*ons wishing to embark, should make early application ou board, foot of Murray's wharf, or to JOSEPH McMUKRAY, uS2 l'.O Pice street, corner of South st. EXCHANGE ON ENtiLAND, IRELAND, tSflfyscOTLANI) AND WALES.?The Subscriber has JHMilEaat all times for sale Drafts from ?1 to jEIUOO, payabls Rt all tlie priucipal Banking Institutions throughout the United Kingdom. JOHN HERDMAN, 61 South st. N. 11. Passage to and from Liverpool cau be secured at th? lowest ratus by any of the line of packets sailing on the 1st. 6th 11th, 16th, 21st and 26th of each month, on application as above. jy34 t<c JERSEY CITY FLOATING DOCK.-Thi* nsw ? and improved Dock has commenced operation. Cap. Btains and owners of vessels are invited to call and a*. amu.e u, and they will at ouce see that it is as well adapted for raining and repairing vessels as any Dock now in operation. There is also attached to tliis Dock, Blacksmiths. Ship-carp<-u ters, Caulkers and Painters. All work done in tlie most expe ditions manner and at reasonable rates. nl.1 lm?rrc III I.I, & MeLAlTOIIHN. OLD ESTABLISHED PACKET OFFICE, 61 ? Soiitli street? Passage to and from Omil Britain and .Ireland, via Liverpool. Passage can at all times be eugaged at the lowest rates, to and from Liter|iool, by tlie regu lar imcket ships sailing uuder tlie new arrangement every few days, and draft* cau as nsu.il be furnished for any amount.paya ble at the National and Provincial Bank, Ireland, aud their branches, and tlironghout the United Kingdom, as well as at all the principal b inking institutions in England, Scotlaud and Wales, without discount or any other charges. For further par ticulars, if by letter, post paid^ ajipljp to DMAN. (t Haatk st FOR MARSEILLES?Packet or lit December - Tin* ship TBESCOTT, Win. W. Lawrence, master, |Will sail as above. t or lidight or passage, apply on board, at Pier 9 E. R. to LAWRENCE k PHELPS, 103 Front st, or to BOYD It H1NCKEN, Agents, n 19 re 9 Tontine Building, cor. Wall anil Water st?. PACKET FOR HAVRE-SECOND LINE.?The ship BALTIMORE, Edward Fniik, master, will rail _ jon the 1st of December. >or Ireight or passage, apply to BOYD k IIINCKEN, u3 ac No. 9 Tontine Building, corner Wall and Water st*. FOR LONDON.?Regularll'acket of the 1st De cember?The iplpudid, first class, fast sailing packet aship PRINCE ALBERT, Captain Fr. S. Sebor, will sail iu above, her regular day. Having very superior accommodations for cabin, second cabin aud steerage passengers, persons wishing to embark should make immediate application on board, foot of Maiden lane, or to JOSEPH McMURRAY, n21 rrc No. 100 1 ine street, corner of South. SPARRING ROOMS. JOHN McCLEESTEK It GEORGE KENSETT beg re y specifully to inform their friends arid the public that they intend to o|>en the LAUOE ROOMS, in Monioe Hall. coriTer of Pearl aud Centre st'eels, on Monday, Nov. 23. for the jur pose of giving Private Lessons in the Art of Self Deleucc, in ihe modern and improved style. Thi easy and safe manner (fee from violence) in which the pupil acquires tlie Art, will be ap preciated. This exercise is recommended by our first physi cians to persons of sedentary habits, and especially in cases of contracted chests,organic diseases, kc.;a* it will invariably im prove the symmetry of the human form Dyspeptic subjects par ticularly, will be surprised at tlie r.-lief attained from this ex ercise?many persons have been enlirtly cured after medicine* have totally Tailed. Strict decorum will he pmerrrd in their room. Oemleinen will be waited on and taught at their residences. For terms, (which are modeiate) apply as above. n23 lwje DISSOLUTION.?NOTICE.?The co-partnership hereto fore "listing between JOHN MYERS and HENRY LYON, as Watchmiker* and Jewellers, at No Eighty (80) Chatham street, in the City of New York, is this day dissolved by mutual consent, John Myers retiring from tlie firm. The business will be hereafter conducted by Henry Lyon at the above named place. Dated New York, Nov. 25, 18H. JOHN MYERS. HENRY LYON. All debts due by the said parties to be paid by^olin Myers. 11'Jf. 3frc PHYSIOLOGY OF THE PASSIONS. STUDY OF HEALTH. Anew and original MeJico-Phyliological Work on tlie Phy siology of the Passion?, illustrative of the rise, progress, attainment aud dccliue of the human reproductive powers; por traying the results of youthful improvidences, tlie indiscretions of mature age, and tin follies of advanced life. By R. J. Cul verwell, M D., Member of the Londou Royal College of Sur geons, Licensed Practitioner in Medicine, and author of "Love, Courtship, Marriage, Green Book, Manhood," Sold, wholesale and retail, at Christie's, No. 2 Astor House, New York. ngti 3i*in PRINCE EDWARD'S ISLAND POTATOES. AC ARGO of this superior article, n|ual to Irish, for sale at a much lower price, in lots to suit purchasers, at n26 3t*m No. 21 SOUTH STREET. MEDICAL CARD. DOCTOR FAWCETT. of 196 Fulton street, New York. Member of tlie Royal College of Surgeous^ of Loudon and Edinburgh, lnjt Graduate of the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia, also autnorof a work embracing the following -ubjects, vir..Matrimony, Impotency and Sterility, anato mically,, physiological!; , and medically explained, with a com lwtheiisive exposition of tlie nature aud modern treatment of Syphilis, Secondary Spinvtoms, Uonorrhae; Gleet, Strictures, Nocturnal Emissions, and ali thieconsequences arising from self pollution. Doctor Fawcett coutinues his private consultations on the alKivr-inentioued diseases, at his long established office, 196 Fulton street, where the most aggravated forms of all affec tions of the generative organs will yield to hi* mode of treat ment, without reAraint in diet or exercise, aud without mer cury. Eren when the procreative euergie* become torpid or pnslfnd, Iroin eseewive indulgence, or from m.u.turl itl(in, he will be able to restore the parts to health and vigor. Penons at a distance, enclosing (I, can have a cnoy ol' tlie work. All letters must lie post |wid, sndtlirecled to Dr. II. Fawcett, 1% Fiiltou street, New York. ni?; Im'm STEEL PENS- 105* WILLIAM STREET. TXT EDELES It M K Y EH. Importer', have received by kit ar ? v rivals, and offer for sale at tlie lowest prices? i.l.KXJ gross John Myer's Sterl Pan*. ? wo do Genaon '? do ?j.biO do Eagle du 6,490 do J*hn*on's| do 'j,W0 do Amencaa do ^.lion d > < ?mliTierg Silver Steel. o30 tDZtM WfcF*rt 10a WILLIAM STREET. WEDELES It MEYEIl, Importer* of French, German and Eni0iili Fancy Good*. Iiava received by io.it arrival*, and offer fur fcale, Sirlli and otner tin!tons, Dressing and Fancy Combs; Silk uiid Kirncy I'm so; tOO dozen Cigar Ca*et; Ix-au Pencil*, he*t quality; Sti.ii<rnders; liair Pin*; a great a**ortrnent of Perfumeries; Silk and Worsled Embroideries, etc., etc., and many other Fancy Good*. 30.Mil gross Sieel Peus, by tl.e beat manufacturer* of England. Writing Desk* and Fnncy Boxes, ?te., eie oil t DMM Wki< * rre HARE CHANCE FOR. A ROPE-MAKER, 9(WHO WISHES TO ENGAGE IN THE BUSINESS. s |>HE (nbseriiier, d< cliunm husines*, wishes to ilii|Kise of hi* A Ro|<^VVnlk, Maclnuery, Steam Engine, Itc. For a perion who wislies to engage m a lucrative busineas the above presents a rare, opportunity, there being from 70 to 80 ships fitted in the ?lulling bnnin-ss from this piece, besidrs a large number in the vtcimlr. Engine and floiler, (which is of about six horse in?wer,) will be sold *?piuiite if deiited. Kor term* or other particulars, address ROBERT HOLT, ii# 3w WfaS" i re New London, Coon. BAHN'Hir.L'M INDELIBLE INK.?The *u|?riori'v ofthi* Marking i lk is now vary geneially acknowledged by 'he dmggist* .old consumers of the artiele in Philadelphia?a large mmnat of *mim have already tented it, as may be seen by their adi ertlsemebu. and have pronounced it superior to any other indelible ink wlrther of domestic or foreign make. The whole process of marking may be completed in thrss niiuute*, even at midnight, if desirable. it i* called Batahil) * Indelible Ink, oiler the Christian nam* of on* of our fiuii, who invented it. Manufactured and for aide tf rom LINN k HARRIS, Wholesale Druggists, No. 1I3M> Market atreet, Philadelphia. (Prom tlie United States (.alette, of March llth.) (ndklibi.1. Irta?Messrs. Potts, Linn It Harris, No. >1IX Market street, above 6th, mauufactnie and have for sale among articles in th*ir line of business, n* druggists, an admtreble Ink, tmly indelilde. It will, by ita beauty and the simplicity of its use, coinmcud itself to the regard of those who like to set a iff'uk upon their apparel, and would like that nuftk neat and plain. (From the Editor* of the North American, of Mweh 10th,) liDKi.mi n Inn.?We have tried some of llarnhilr* Indelible Ink ; mid cheerfully recommend it to all thoie wishing to mark on linen or cotton. It runs freely and requires no previous rre purai. ai. It is for sal* by Messrs. Potts, Lina It Huns, No. MMt Market street. (Copy of an advertisement of April 19 th.) ft Mi ph i i,i.'s lnuu.iBi.it lis*.?Just received, a supply of this celebrnUMl Ink, and haviug lasted it thoroughly, am prepared to warraut it equal, if not superior, to any maw M the United Staf i or of the imported. Also?Urug*. Medicines, ''tints, Acids, Dye Stuffs, Tar nishes, Ue., Ike., which wi4 I be *old on the most leaaonable turns, by , ALEXANDER HAMPER, Wholesale I) i nggist. Market St., above lttb. iel?m?.e Wfc? POTATOES.?1000 buihel* very luperior liidi I'outoes landing ex ship Siddon*, from Literixiol, and lor *nla in lot* to suit purchaser*, by n26 ec E. K. COLLINS It CO. M South st. S~~HEATHING FELT.?M caaa* of the vary *nperior |?tent Sh-ailmig Paper, admirably oaJcnlated for alieathing vaaaela COLT'S REPEATING P18T0LS, WITH thelatett Improvement! of 1843 null ISU I. Hammer of Pistol?2. Receiver willi live Chambers? 3. Trigger? d. Wedge for holding barrel u|iou |>iu??. I?ever or runnier to ram the. ball down with. The abovejs a trne representation of I he Colt's Paler.t He. pealing Pistol: treat impositions bate lately been practiced up ou the public by representing and se)Iiittf tbe Six liarrel or Sell Cocking riitul as Colt'* Patent Pistol, which, w ith .ill its im provement!, i? American and made of the \ery beat materials? no cut or maleable iron a* in t> e six barrel pistol. and highly finished in every respect The Si* Bair-I ?'r Self Cocking Pis tol ii a Belgian invention?the pattern pistol waa imported by a Grman importer from Euroi*- fora manufacturer of this article aome ye?rs since in thia city. Colt's Pa'eut, Pocket, Celt and Holder Pistols, with the ram mer attached, is the latest and most approved of improvement in fire arms, aud for safety, sure lire, accuracy mid distance. they are infrrior to none. The Pocket and Short Barrel belt Piitol Can be fired without powder, loaded with balls and capa puly, with (treat accuracy, at 10 to 12 paces, aud with great force, they can be loaded and lired five timet iu leu than hall ? ai ume. Certificates from the most scientific ?nd practical .navy and military ollicers of high rauk and reputatiou in the United States seivice, at well as Freuch and English navy, cau be teen at the proprietor's (tore. 'I lie Colt's Itepeating Pistols, Carbines and Shot Guns are ?old for cash at 171 Broadway, New York, by JOHN EHLEH8, Proprietor. At 7 Cliartres itreet, New Orleans, by H. E. Baldwin k Co. aud 122 Baltimore street, Baltimore, by Benj. Daftia. Consign ees?at Messrs. Birckhead k Co's Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, aud Hyde It Goodrich's, New Oileaus. n2U lin'ec FRENCH' S HOTEL. 'THK PROPRIETOR respectfully informs hit friends aud tlie public that lie lias o|ieued his new anil splendid hotel 133 Fulton stree', a few doors east of Broadway, in the imme diate vicinity of mercantile business and the principal places of amusement, aud hat furnished it in a style that will bear favor a'ile comparison with the very best hotels iu the city '1 he pro prietor iu buildiug aud fitting up the above house has hsd strict regard to elegance aud comfort, and that he hat combined eco uomy the following prices will show A KOOM FOR ONE NIGHT 25 A " " " WEEK .1 50 The rooms will be warmed gratis, aud upon no occuiou will there be more than one bed in a room. There it a KEKECTOHY attached, in which there are meals served up at all houhs of the day and evening. '1 here are also Bnh Room* connected, for warm, cold aud shower batht The. Porter will be iu attendance at all times during the ight, to admit lodgers, and to let them out at all hoars. N. B.?Those who waul Lodgings al ter the home clo-ee, will riug the hall bell. ul9 3in?m NEW YORK BRASS BAND. THE Member* of the New York Brass Baud would ret|iect fully inform their patrons imd. the public in general lliat at a meeting of the Baud, held at Military Hall, Bowery, 2nd Nor., 1344, Mr K. WILLIS wu unanimously elected Leader, and C. S. GRAFULLA Composer of said Band?aud tliey now feel assured thu the Baud will be inferior to none in this country.? The Baud would return their thanks for the very flattering pa tronage bestowed upon them the put season, and will use every exertion to merit a continuance of the tarne. Applications for the Band will be made to Richard Willis, Leader, 49 Bavard street; James Conner, Secretary, 33 Bayard street, or any of tin* following me.mbert; Wm. Wallace, 49 Spring street; Alfred 11.' Peates, 1'i Norfolk street; Daniel Underbill, 114 Wooiter street; M. Merue, 150 Korsyth street; John Wallace, 7 Clark street; Johu Bleakley, 109 Walker street; J. Fuysing, 54 Orchard ttrevt; Geo. Geoller, 130 Forsyth street; E. Wheeler, corner 9th Avenue and 18th street; S. C. Luin, 145 Centre street, Doctor C. Mather, 114 VVouster street; C. S. Oral'ulla, Composer, 33 Bayard street. RICHARD WILLIS, Leader. James Conner, Secretary. N. B.?Bands provided for Public Balls, Private Soirees, Serenades, tic., by applying to Wm. Wallace, 49 Spring street. n!2 lm*m NEW YORK RIDING SCHOOL. Not. 115 and 07 Watt at. near Canal. THE Proprietor of this popular establishment, begs to render hit grateful acknowledgement of th? distinguished patron age w hich lie has received from the public, and to state that his Evknino School for.Equestrian Tuition and Exercise Hiding will open for the season ou MONDAY uext, the 20th instant. Hours from 7 to 10 P. M. The Evenings of Monday and Thurs day are set apart for gentlemen ana the ladies of the families exclusively. The riiliug matter i well known to be one of the mott experienced and tuccestful in thit country. ii 19 Imdh* J AME8 CODDINGTON. Proprietor. DISliROW'S RIDING SCHOOL, No. 401 BOWERY, Near Aitor and La Kavkttk Places, New York. V/TR. D. has the honor to announce that hit School it of?d "1 Day and Evening, for Equestrian Tuition aud Exercise Riding. TERMS: LECTURE LEMONS. EXERCISE RIDIKO. It Lasso nt $15001 1 Month fit 00 10 " 10 00 20 Ridaa : 10 00 I a $ 001 10 " 600 Single Lessons 2 00 Single Ride* 75 Road " S SO | N. B.?Highly mined and quiet Horse*, for the Road or Parade, to let. ?VSIH50 CLAM. 13 Lessons $S 00 | 30 Rids* $10 00 Single " 1 00 J Single Ride 75 RULES: 1.?All Lessons or Rides paid for on commencing. 2.?One hour allowed on each Lesson or Hide in the 8ckool. I.?One hour and a half to a Lesson oa (lie Road. (.?Hours for Ladies, from ? A. M. to > P M. 5.?Hours for Gentlemen, frem 3 to 5, nrd Irnm 7 to P. M. No Gentlemen admitted during tic hours appropriated to Ladies. ... A card o (address is requested previous to commencing. BTT" Oentleineu kiepiug their horses at thu establishment, will have the privilege of riding them in the School gratis. o!5 lm'rc ROGERS* GYMNASIUM. Nob 13, IT, and 10 Canal-street, rT11119 SPLENDID ESTABLISHMENT is now open day J- aud evening, for the reception of pupils. All jwrtons of sedentary habits should practise these exercises, wnich are the only remedy for contractions of the Chest, Dyspepsia, be., the oidmary results of constantly bending over the desk, and stu dying. # Parents and Guardians of Boys, and all interested, are in. vitedtocall. J P ROGERS, Proprietor. N. B-?J. P. R., in connection with W. J. Wyer, has opened a large Oymnasiuin in Brooklyn, st No. 1G5 Fulton street. Gentlemen doiug liusiuett iu New York, who retide in Brooklyn, will find ibis establishment a complete one for the purposes of exercise. Optn day aud evening. nt2 im'ec COURSE OF FRENCH LANGUAGE ON THE ROBERTSONIAN SYSTEM. ANEW Course will be opened on Wednesday, 27th Nov. bv Mr. EDMUND DU BU1SSON, A. M.,at 5 o'clock, P. M., 98 Leonard tt I'ei so us wishing to follow the Course are invited to attend at the lint lesson. All the subscribers shall have the privilege of following the other courses, except the Indies'oue. ... , A course for Ladies will be opened on Monday, 25th?days of tnilionwill be Monday, Wednesday aud Friday, from 11>? to 12>f| o'clock. f or information a|>ply to Mr. Edmund du Buisson, 400 Broad way, from 8 o'clock to 10 A. M. and from It o'clock u> 4 P. M. References. M. M. DeLaforest, French Con- Dr. Porter, 1 Barclay st. sul Gencml. Dr Crossman, 480 Broadway W. B. Draper, 57 Beaver at. W. H. Cary k Co , IK Pearl st E. Rabre<iuetcas,61 Maiden lane. C. C. Carter k Co , 171 do. E. Logan, Esq., 4 New at. Berard k Mondon, W Court R. llowley, Esq., 49 Nassau St. land st. Rev. Div John Power, 15 Barclay st. M. Melly, 51 Maiden Lane. ii 15 2w ? rrc COURSE OK FRENCH LANGUAGE ON THE GRAM MATICAL SYSTEM.?Adopted in the Colleges of France, 75 Lisiieiianl street, corner of Broadway, New York Lyceum?By r. RICHARD, Professor of French, Latin and Greek, aucient Inspector of the Institution Chatamg at Paris, Exprolessor llepetitor of the Royal College Charlemagne at Pa ris, for some years tutor in an American lainily. The Course of French, by Mr. F. RICKAHD, will rom inence on Monday evening, 2nd of December, at 7)j o'clock, P. M., slid will take place every evening following, Sundays ex cepted. The pupils will be divided in two cluses, one for those already advanced, and another for beginners. The first will take puce ou Mondays, Wednesdays and F'idays. tlie se cond on Tuesdays, Thursdays aud Saturdays. Mr Kickard has engaged several Piofessors of French, (ierman and Euglisli, for the establishment of a French Day School, which will be kept In the same place, from 9 o'clock, A. M. till 3o'rloik. All those wishing for private lessons of French, German or Italiau, w ill please call at the above place. ^uiMCiiptious will be received by the following, at $15 per quarter. Messrs. D. AppNton 8t Co., 200 Broadway. Henry O. Lingley, 8 As lor House. " Roe. Lockwood St Son, 411 Broadway. " William Radde, 322 Bruadway. " Williams k Stevent, 343 Broadway. " Bartlett k Weldford, 7 Attor House, " Saxton k Miles, 20j Broadway. " Mark H. Newman. 199 Broadway. '? Lockwood k Co., 459 Broadway. " F. G. Berteau, 315 Broadway. Iti ferencet.?Mestrt. Fox ? Livingston, Broad street; Anson Livingston, Anthony Clark, 25 Nassau street; S Draper, Jun , 10 Warren street; Johu Tyler Brigham, 57 Walker str-et; Jas. Thomiison, 4ti Broadway. n2J tl'r ELIZABETH CLASSEN, danghter of John lleinrich Clas sen, formerly residing iu Philadelphia, near Chesnut aud Twelfth streets, will hear im|K>riant news from a wealthy rela ti?e, in Euro|ie, at tlie Counting House of JAMES PATl'l SON, Coinmisiiou Merchants, 5 Church Alley. Philadelphia. 15th Nov. 1814. n 19 3aw4w *rc TO THE DAGUERRIAN ARTISTS. JUST RECEIVED from Paris, by packet thip Francis the 500 French Daguerreotype Plates, large sir.e, (star brand.) 12 Arrcmatic Glasses, Vi inches diameter. 12 dozen of Gilt Frsmej, of different sixes. G (Jerman Instruments, for tasing family groups. And for sale cheap for cash by F. A. ARTAULT, French Materials Importer, Lafayette Bazaar, 149 Broadway, cor. of Liberty st. n25 Im'rc ?\ITHEAT?2500 builiels prime Illinois Wheat landing ex v" bark Strafford, Irom New Orleans, and for sale by n!7ec E. K. COLLINS Ik CO. 56 South st. _ DR. LARDNEK, CONSULTING ENGINEER. CARD.?The Public is informed, that Dr. LARDNER ? continue! the practice of business u a Consulting Eugi gineer, which he followed on an extensive tcale for msny yeart in England and Kranee. Inventors, |>ateutees, manuUctureri, merchants, and others engaged in the arts and minufactures, may consult him on niatu-is requiring the application of the principles of practical science. Certificates and opinions on the validity and usefulness of new inventions sml processes in the arts. Reports on disputed questions and doubtful points, ex periments! investigation!, with a view to tl.e discover)' or test ing of improved processes, will be supplied or uudeitaiun when rejuireiL Office No 11 Spruce tlrref. New York. All Business Letters must be post-paid, and to prevent time lieing lost by Irivolout applications, sll applicants will be ex pected to pay a retaining lee of $10 before consultation. n22 3mrc C*XPRES8 PR1CK8 REDUCED?The Subtcnbeia have ^.reduced their Evress prices on all small package* of law and other documents, from 50 cents to 25 cents per package, from thi* cut to Buffalo snd the intermediate pomu. Also, through Wells k Co.'s Express from Buffalo to Clricago, at 50 ? 1 package from thit city to Chicago, and the lateroaedi s oa the Lake. LiviN?#BT<)rv h roMr.nnv 2INC ii.caak- c *i MJNTURNs, fYATMEAL?About 5000 lb* Irish OalmeM. in good ordei, lor *aJe by JOHN Hr.RDM/VN, si* ?l street QTRAW BOAKDS? 10 tons assorted No*, for tale by ii20 PERSSE fc BROOKS, 05 and 67 Nassau st. POTATOES.?1500 bushels IrishfPotatoes, for sal* in k>u to ? suit purchasers. Families desiroas of being aapptrd wiH m?? send their orders to JOSEPH Me MURRAY, ?5 rrc loo Tine stmts American Institute. O. Emmons' Lectvrk on the Stkam Engine.? Frequently as we have attended the learned delib erations which issue from this fountain?somtimes of fertility, but more generally of folly?it was re freshing last evening to find that the inexhaustible subject of the "decay of the potato," and the va rious and innumerable privileges and properties of the Croton water have yielded to the development ot the steam engine, practically illustrated by a large model-exhibiting atone glance the whole external and internal movements oi the engine in iis full operation, and eloquently and scientifically illustrated in a lecture on the subject, by Mr. C. Emmons. To a mere casual and tuperficial ob server of the powers of this invention, still we may say in its infancy, in the propulsion of vessels of gigantic tonnage, the numerous intricacies by which each peculiar function is adapted to its posi tive utility, the harmony with which every action llows to the aid and operation of the combined in lluence of the whole, is a spectacle which gives to the inventive genius ot man, to the interminable re sources of science, and the expansion and diflusion of knowledge, u something ot more than human apparent capacity. Well might the venerable pa triot, John Ciiiincy Adams, in his speech at the re cent meeting ot the Historical Society, predict that "steamboats and stenm cars would form a connect ing line from the Atlantic to Oregon, and the wa ters ot the Pacific." The lecturer commenccd by observing, that steam in a subject which present* many atrong auil peculiar attrac tions Because, in the first place, of the beautiful com bination ol philosophical ami mechanical principles. And in the next place, became ol i'? having so much to do, either directly or indirectly, with our every d.iy affair*? that whether wo consider the history, or the effect* of the invention, wo And much to command our admiration? that it is a work ot modern times. That lor rulined inge nuity, it stands without a parallel in tl>e annals of human invention, and that it only requires a clear explanation, tec., aided by i roper models and diograms, lor it to be un derstood. That the principal', agent in manufacture* is motion, which in a rude state of society is communicated by the hand That observation and nilection points to more effectual means, and that being surrounded by inan imate nutter, undergoing various changes, in which mo I tion plays a conspicuous part, leads u* to so modity the natural motions already in existence, so ns to suit our purposes. The means or instruments by which these mo difications are produced, are called machines or enginrs ; that a machine or tngine is on instrument interpon-d be tween some natural torce or motion, stid the object to which torce or motion is required to hetiansmitted. The construction of the machine is such as to modify the natur al force or motion, and transmit to the objact to be moved, the peculiar species or kind of motion it is required to have. That in every machine there are three objects to obieive?tha power which impart* motion called top prime mover?tho machine itself, and the object to which motion la to beconveytd. In the steam engine, tho prime mover arises Iron phenomenojexhibitud on applying heat to liquids. It is found that on imparting heat to a body 0:1 enlargement of volume takes place, and the body be comes warm to the touch?these two effects always ta king place together?the one has b?en taken as the men sure ol tho other, and upon this principle is the thermo meter constructed. Change ot bulk is not the only effect produced by imparting or abstracting heat. In many ca nes a total change of toim and mechanical qualities is if tccted by it. li a sufficient quantity ol heat be imparted to a solid it will beconiu liquid; ana an additional quanti ty to the liquid, it passes iu the form ol vapor?and by the abstraction of liout u series of change* take place in the opposite order. If from steam, heat tie abstracted, it be comes water, and a further abstract on of heat from tho water, it becomes ice. The transmission of liquid to va por is called vaporization, and it is laid to he evaporated. The reciprocal transmission ol vapor to liquid is called condensation: and the liquid is said to bo condensed. The body hero to be attended to so lar as the effect* of heat upon it are concerned, is water. This body is observed to exist in three different state*, the solid, the liquid, and tha vaporous, according to the voryine temperature to which it is (xposed. Wate: may be heated to Jt'i de grees, the barometer standing at 30 inches, when it ceases to become water, although heat is still being im parted. Bubble* ol (team wil lnow be formed at the bottom of the vessel, over the flame, and, ri*ing, e*cape at the surface of the water, r.x UibiliDg, by thus disturbing thu water, the phe nomena nf water boiling; during which a thermometer, immersed in the water, will constantly tie at the eleva tion of 3IU. One cubic Inch ol wat?T evaporated and maintained at St'J degrees, will produce about lT^&inches of steam, of an elastic force equal to the pressure ol the at mosphere under which it U produced. (Here follows an experiment to illustrate the atmospheric pre?*uro and the condensation of steam, by expelling the air from a retort and glass tuoe, by filling it with Hum, which, when in verted, and the nod coned of the tube placed in a vessel ot colored water, the watpr rises and fill* the tube and retort, and would do 10 ii 34 feet high.) A cubic inch ol water, converted into steam, swelling into about 17-.J8 time* its own bulk, exert* a mechanics! power capable ol raising 16 pound* about 1728 inches, or 4t feet high ; or will raise about UlOO pound* one loot high; and if applied to a piston within a cylinder will raise about a ton weight one foot high, and the tame power is produced by coiiden sing tho fteam; consequently by heating and cooling, one cubic inch of water, about two tons weight, can be raised one loot high.flWhut ha* been here illustrate* is, how ever, confined to the temperature of 'J13 degrees ot heat, at which tin: force ol the steam i* only equal to atmos pheric pressure, or 15 lb?. per inch ; bui by applying to it a greater degree of heat, we find its expansive force to ra pidly increase. At the temperature of 241 degree*, it* larce is equal to two atmosphere*,or 30 lb* per inch,and at ?J7ft degrees its expansive force is 4ft lb* , or three atmos phere*. The model exhibited represents a vertical scction of alow pressure condensing engine, of thu mo*t improv ed construction, a* u*ed in the boat* upon our river*? they usually have two boiler*, the section cf one ol which is hero represented in the model, (here two cro?* sections ol the boiler were exhibited. Kach boiler hss n blower, where anthracite coal i* used, nnd each blower ha* a small, separate engine to drive it, by which the v& locity of the blowers and intensity ol the fire* may be increused or diminished at pleasure.? The water should alway* cover the lire* ol the boiler, Sic, gage cocks to ascertain the level of water, auother mode by a glass tube, lie. Steam !gage i< a bent tubein which i* a quantity of mercury: ono leg of the tube in communication with the boiler, the steam pre*?ing upon the mercury in the tube causes a gnage rod to project from the other end ol the tube, kc.., safety valve, tkc., throttle valve, steam side pipe, exhaust side pipe, valve chest, steam induct on valve, exhaust valve*, condenser, cylinder nnd piston. During the pressure ol the steam upon the upper side of the piston, a vacuum la produced in the cylinder bolcw it, by tho steam which had raised the piston being condensed, and when the steam llows from the boiler under the piston, a vacuum I* pioduced above it liy the steam that had loreed it down escaping in<o the condenser, and being th",ro ul?o con densed by meeting a jet of cold water,which is constant!) playing into the condenser when the engine i* in motion The piston is thus alternately forced up and down in the cylinder by the *team, with all the force due to the pres sure of the gteam above th" atmospheric pressure, and also with the additional force due to the degree of vacuum existing on the opposite *ide of tho piston?air pump for drawing off the water and air that accumulates in the condenser?hot water cistern?supply pipe and lorce pump for feeding the boiler with hot water ?hot water well-the power and motion communicated to the liston by the steam i* transmitted through tho medium of the pi*tnn rod, connecting links, working beam nnd connecting rod, to the crank on the paddle wheel shaft. Kccentric, ditto rod and hook, rock shoft, valve rod* nnd lifters, the arrangement ol which is such** to opon tho resnoctive valves at tho precise time required?the dead centrss, from which there is no practical Jiflculty, by reason ol the momentum of the paddle whet Is, crank and connect ing rod. F.ngines, when first introduced, being *ubsti tuted for the power of horse*?the *i*e or power ot the engine, u*nally designated by saying it is equol to the power cf a certain number of horses, but to avoid ambi
guity, engineers hava adopted a standard value ol the horse power, which is, that each harsc jwwer shall be must to tho raising of 33,000 lbs one foot high per minute. Mode ol estimating the power ol *n engine?vacuum gage. Bteam used expansively?the difference between the high and low pressure engine*, locomotive*, fcc. This interest ing and useful subject whs rendered perfectly intelligible to the audience by the clear nnd explicit references of the lecturer to the mo del, put in motion by a small high pressure engine attached to it, which developed the various evolu tions ot the machinery with uertect precision ? The interest of the subject, and the scientific ex planations by Mr. Emulous, has induced him to repeat his lecture on Friday next, when, we hope, all interested in bo important a subject, will avail themselves of so favorable an opportunity ot wit nessing ihe operation of the noblest and most im portant invention of ancient or mcd.-rn science. Honors to the Vic* President.?The beaulitul schooner < ieorge M. Dallas will be launched .rom tha wharf ubovathe Kim Tree, Kensington, on Thur* day. the 6th of December, 1844 The cammittee lor ma king arrangement* for the launch are Me**r*. James Byrne and John Batti**. Thi* i* ono of the trimmest models ever ret afloat by our enterprising townsmen, and in addition to it* sell* ell net. will have a fine bust of Mr. Dallas on the cutwater.?fhiln. Timn, Nov 96. River* in Ai.abama.?ltecent heavy rains in Alabama, have rai*?d Ihe water* in the interior. The Alabama river ha* rlien ten leet, and at last account* was still rising. There is plenty of water for the largest class of boat*. A Mat? for a Giant ?There is now residing in Cincinnati a yaung lady Irom Kentucky, whose height is *ix feet eleven inches. She is stout ill proportion to het altitude. State Normal School.?The friends ol Educa tion will im with pleasure, by ths notice in thi* day's Argus, that the Kxacutive Committee have completed their arrangements for open! g the State Normal School on the l?h of Dec. next.?Jtlbany Argut, Nov. 3?. Albany. [Correspondence of the Heralc'.] Albany, Nov. 25, 1S44. Movement) of the Cli'/uet?Office Seeking?Jjjairt in General. Dear Sir :?As the result ol the recent political content is, like the strife itself, a matter of history, it may not be inappropriate to say something ol the future course of the victorious army. Governor Wright, as you are aware, has recently been in town, making his arrangements for the wiuter. He wao the guest of his old friend, the Compt roller, but was not unfrequenlly closetted with Mr. Croswell, and Gov. Marcy. The barn burners, and the old-hunkers, will, like the lion and lamb, now lie down together, at least as tar as the Governor is concerned, who will not be governed by a regency of either division. It is said that Mr W. has taken the three story hoise, attached to Congress Hall, of Mr. Landon, and that Mr. L. is to supply table, attendance. &c. \'c. It this is bo, the Governor's guetts will be sure of excellent /?</? at least. ..... There will be Bome changes in high places, first, Attorney General Baiker resigns, and returns to hiB practice; and not, as many say, to be a candi date lor the United States Senate. There are nu merous apolicauts already in the field; the first is John Van Huren.Etq., whose chances ot success 1 deein the best. Judge Parker, who succeeded last winter in getting the appoinnneut of Circuit Judge over Mr. Van Buren, is also a candidate; but why he leaves his seat on the bench, is a mys tery to every one. Your city furnishes several candidates. Robert II. Morris and John W. Ed monds are most generally spoken of; and western New York will have its applicants. It is a singu lar fact, that the three Attorney Generals prece ding Mr. Hall, as also Mr. Birker, were western i men. Mr. Talcott, Justice Hronson, and Justice Beardeley, were all from Oneida county. There being but a corporals guard ot old demo cratic members in the assembly this year, the speakership is rather a puzzler. Mr. Horatio Sey mour, who has been twice a member, is the Ar- I gus candidate, and from what I can learn, with a good look, as thty say, for the place. Mr. S. is wealthy, has been Mayor ot Utica, and is a man of respectable talents. He is a readier debater, but in other respects, is about on a par with Hon. R. | H. Morris ot your city. Mr. line? of city, the present clerk, and Mr Dean of O sego, first deputy, and Mr. Welsh of Utica, are now the pro minent candidates lor the clerkship. Gov. Wright will, it is presumed, make a new adjutant general. Gen. Niven, the present incum bent, has been elected to Congress, and does not ; care about the otlice?Mr. R. E. Temple, ot this city, will receive the appointment. Mr. lemple is a tine, intellisent, gentlemanly young man ; was formerly of the army; married wealthy, and lives | in handsome style, and litis done much, personally and pecuniarily, for the i-arty. He whs a candi date, not personally, but by his tnends, to Gov. liouc'i for the same place; Gov. B , however, ap pointed hiB son-in-law, and thereby incurred the first of the. successlul hostility of the Atlas clique. Navigation on the canal will probably terminate to-dny, but it is said that there are very tew boats on the way, as uearly all the goods tor the west were de-patched in season. Mr. Joseph Durke, better known as Master Burke, who has been residing here for several years as a teacher of music and student at law. is about to visit Europe to complete his musical education, especially on the violin. Many of the dilrtavti, place him between Vieux Temps and Artot, and think, in a few years, he will equal ll not surpass the former. He has a complimentary concert on Thursday, which will be a most crowd ed a flair, for Burke is a very great favorite with the Mite of society here. Phillips gave two concerts here last week, with fair houses, nothing more. The Swiss Bell Riugers have also given two exhi bitions, with bo-sois!i success. Our theatricals con sist of a Museum Saloon largor than the Olympic pit and first t er without the second and third tier. The stage is a very good size. Mrs. Henry Hunt has been the star, and a very great la vorite, till last week, when she went to Baltimore. Her last benefit, and she had one nenrly as good every two week*, was 800 persons, hall clear, bet ter Hian ?nine of your Ui?er theatres can do. But I'm getting rather long. Yours, See., Hamilton. Cotton and Woollen Factory in Natchez.? The enterprising S. T. McAliater, of Natchez has succeeded to the proprietorship and management cl the new Cotton and Woollen Factory, at Natchez upper landing, and it now vigorously applying his ample re sources and his energy to the business ot manufacturing cotton bagging and negro clothing. Under the direc tion of a person who ha* been engaged six years in the Lowell Factories, he has commenccd the employment ot young negroes and negresses, and the skill and agility with which they attend upon the carding machine*, the spinning jennies, and ply the looms, settlei the question in regard to the complete success ol the enterprise. Ne (rroes can be as ptofitably employed in manufacturing cot ton as in growing it. This first successful factory in the South will be the nvanl courier of a hundred like it. The cotton bagging, which Mr. McAlister ha* wrought from the cheapest and most indifferent qualities ol cotton, is ol an astonishing fineness and beauty. It is much thicker, more eveu threaded, and ol stronger texture, than the bust hemp Kentucky bagging. For sale in quantity it could not be at present, perhaps, afforded any cheaper than the Kentucky bagging; but it can be wrought irom tho re fuse cotton ot the planter, foriwhich '.he could not get price enough to warrant its being sent to market. Jo. Dunbar, of J? fferson county, sent in lour bales ot his in ferior cotton to Mr. McA., who has had a most beautiful fabric ol bagging wrought from it, ?uperiortoeither Scotah or Kentucky?specimens ol which, if exhibited in various parts ot the Stale, would attract univorsal at teution. Besides bagging, Mr. McA. will turn out all the mixed fa^ rics ol cotton and woollen lor negro clothing. Tho factory edifice is delightfully situated in the natural cove, above Natchez, is a three story edifice, With a strong steam engine power in the basement, leeding itself with water from a pereauial spring near by?the luel used being Indiana coal. It contains carding apparatus sufficient to card all the wool raised in the State?woiks about a doz n looms, nnd has jennies for several hundred spindles. 8. T. McAlister, K.tq , the senior partner in the New Orleans Commission House ot Watson and McAlis ter, and in the Natchez House of McAlister St Watson, may expect in thi? great southern enterprise to ndvance manufactures, the best wishe* and patronage ol all southions.? Vii kihurg Stntinel. ?Manufactures of Rhode Island.?The exten tion of the manuluclures in this ( ountry forms one of the most remarkable and Instructive portions of ita his tory In 18I<> the manufactories of lthode Isiand, as as certained by the census of that year, were as follow* twenty-six cotton mills, containing ii ,<M0 spindles j two woollen mill*, containing !2U spindle* ; twenty-five full. Ing mills ; twenty-four carding machines ; four thousand, five hundred, aiul sixty-five looms, principally in famlliea; two paper-hanging manufactories ; one snufi mill | two sugar refineries ; one salt wsilu: one brass foundry ; nine rope walks ; twenty eight saw mill* ( twelve water mills for making machinery, two for grinding bark, and one lor dressing leather ; twelve rum di*tillerie? ; three gin diitilleries ; one steel lurnace ; two iron works : three forges : two bloomerie* ; s?ven air furnaces ; one slitting mill ; thirty-three trip hammers 5 one screw manufacto ry ; and six cut-nail manufactories. The amount ol cot ton cloth made annually wai 3,111,710, and the average price was forty cents a yard. The total value of article* manufactured in the State was 13,847,6:10. What e contrast doe* this pre*ent to the present condl. tion of manufacture* In Rhode Island, The number of cotton factories now excoada two hundred. Several 01 the eiUblisamtnt* contain more spindle* than the total number reported in 1910. The amount invested in manu I act ii re* of various kind* in the ^tito excttdi ten million* of dollar*, ind the export* trom Nanaeansett Bay exceed thirty million* of dollars annually Thousand* of people ot both 'exes have found profitable employment in these manufactories ; and the firmer ha* louud at hi* own door a market lor hi* surplus productions At the same time the price of cotton cloth hs* been reduced from forty cent* to seven cwits, ?nd the wages ot labor have materi ally advanced. Such are some cl the fruits of the benefi cent system of protection to our own industry under which all this has grown up, and under which, il con tinued, the whole industry of the country will continue to flourish, and to extend lt*elf in every direction, following capital in the *enrch (or profitable investment. Had it not been for this tho greater part of tho capital inverted in manufacturing win mechanical purtuiti would have been invested in agriculture, and the neater part of those em ployed in these pursuit* would have been engaged in til ling the soil. Thl* would have immensely increased the production of agriculture at the *ame time that it dimi nished the demand, and the prices of manufactured good* would hsve been much higher than they are at present.? Providrnet Journal. Colored Members in thp. Baptist Churches of Georgia?The Georgia Chrittian Index says : ? "From the be it information I can obtain, I am Inclined to 'hink that out of rtu,0<)O communicants, <t/>,fNH> are black persons " In the church in Augusta lie says, "there are about 1004) Macks and WO whites, being a* f> to I. In Savannah, J,600 Mucks to about 30U whites, being ?< to I. In most of tho Southern counties," he presumes, "the proportion is itlll greater." Wild Pigeons.?For two mornings, says the Nmhvitle Gazette of the *25th ult., the skies have been literally hid Irom the view by immense flocks of wild pigeon*?so heavy that they csn only be computet by square miles and acre* Towder snd shot ate In great demand in conseqnonco, snd many an old fu?ee ha* been put in ahooting order for the occasion. Gmat Ghana* in thi Wrath**;?'On Saturday, the 'Jftt Hut., at noon, the mercury **? Fahrenheit waa ftfl. On Sunday, the *i4thf at noon, at 40; and in eight houra it sunk 12 degrees, vi/; to 36. Adtlrt'?a of the Aaaos-lutlon for I lie Improve ment of the Condition of the Poor. To the Citizens of New York,? The recent organization of this inbtilution hav ing enabled but few, comparatively, to become practically acquainted with its diameter and de sign, the Executive Committee respectfully invite your altention to a brief exposition of its principles, object, and modes of action. Its primary object is to discountenance indiscri minate alms-giving, and put uu end to street beg ging and vugranry. Secondly, it propoe-es to visit the poor at their dwellings, carefully to examine their circumstances and extend to tin in appropriate relief; and through the friendly intercourse of vi sitersto inculcate among them the habits ot frugal ity. temperance, industry, and self dependence. To effect these im|K)rtant object*, the city from the Battery to 10;h street, is divided into hixteen Districts, which are sub-divided into sections. Each District has u responsible Committee, and each section an efficient visitor. Connected with the arrangement are a general agent, and a central office, where is kept a register of the persons who receive aid from this and other benevolent associa tions, and from the city authorities. A pocket Di rectory is lurnibhed to every Member ol the Associa tion (that is, every contributor to its funds), which shows the name and residence of every visiter, and the section committed to hia care ; also printed tickets for referring mendicants to visiters. By thissimple arrangement, the prompt visitation und relief of the poor are secured, and the public no longer constrained |by appeals to their Immunity, to bestow alms 011 unknown applicants, who may be deserving, or otherwise. Long experience haa I shown the practice of indiscriminate alms-giving 1 to be contrary to every sound principle of philan thropy; yet it has hitherto prevailed to a great ex tent, for want of an instrumentality which would protect the claims of the deserving, while it nut an end to the impositions of the unworthy. Such an instrumentality is furnished by this asso ciation. By co-operating, therefore, with it, every benevolent individual may follow tne impulses of his own heart, und contribute to the comforts of his suffering lellow beings, without the hazard ol encouragiug imposture or vagrancy. The experience of the punt season has so nearly fulfilled the early promise ol the undertaking, that the Executive Committee feel assured that the principles upon which it is based are sound, and deBerve public confidence and tupport. Notwith I standing the occurrence of a few minor dilliculties, incident to ?v?ry new nn<i?rtaL.inn, lUo aydtm t??? worked with precision and effect. In nine months 1 it has relieved SDiSo families, and the extent of per sonal exertion in behalf of its objects is shown by the number of visits, of enquiry and sympathy, made to them, which exceed 10,5<)0. The great object of the association, the diminu- | tion ot pauperism, by elevating the condition ot its subjects, and the establishment of a permanent sys tem of alms-giving, without risk ot individual or public injury, can only be. attained by prolonged continuance of the means employed. The Execu- I tive Committee are deeply sensible of the responsi bility which rests upon the Association. The im perious necessity ot some measure ot this nature lias been long and generally felt. The success of the past season, and the extent to which it is known that the public will rely upon the instrumentality of this association, have conferred upon the un dertaking a high degree of importance. No exer tion has been spared to perfect the system, and to provide u caretul supervision of its operations; but unless the resources placed at its disposal bear a due proportion to the burthen that will be imposed, it is evident that its efforts will be in vain. To the contributions of the public, therefore? embracing, it is hoped, a greater or lets sum trom every family able and willing to assist those who are in distresd and want?must the association look for the means ol sustaining the position which has been taken with nidi encouraging results. The rapid approach ot an inclement season demands early and liberal provision. "The poorsliall never cease out of the land." Multitudes must sutler the accumulated evils of sick new and poverty, unless relieved by private charity. 44 It thy brother be waxen poor, then shall thou relieve him that he may live." 44Thou shalt not harden thy heart nor shut thine eye against thy poor brother. Therefore thus do I command thee, Baith the Lord Almighty." The Executive Committee are gratified in being able to state, that, byan arrangement with that excellent association of ladies, the Female Assist ance Society, the aick poor referred to our visiters, wil! receive lluir kind and valuable aid and atten tions. Donations and subscriptions are now greatly needed, and may be sent to it. B. Minturn, Trea surer, 78 South street; to R. M. Heartly, corner of Grand and Elm streets; to the advisary committees in the diflerent wards; or to the following named oflicera and members. James Brown, President. Vice-Presidents. George Griswold, Wm. B. Crosby, J. Smyth llogeis, Jaines.Boorman. Edward W. Laight, Josei'U B. Collins, Secretary. Stanard'b Rock.?The rock was discovered on the 16th August, 1835, by Captain Stanurd, the present commander ol the steamer Bunker Hilt It is 1 situated in Lake Superior, in about lat. 47 deg. 16 min. North, and Ion. 87J dag. We?t from Greenwich. It ii about SO miles Southeast ol Toint Keewaiwona, and 30 miles north ol' G'boeolote river. The nearest land it Ma nitou island, some 20 mile* to the Northwest. C?pt. Smith ric.ol the schooner AIgor.qnin,in 1843,wan the flint person to land upon it. In June, 1S44, Csntain B. A. htnnard, of the brig Astor, and Mr. Mendenhall, landed upon the rock, and took l?oiing? and sounding*. The rock lie. longs to the class known as trap rocks, and is in or 20 leet long, and a or 10 broad, rising above the stirlace of the lake 4 or 6 leet; and resembling, in the language of its diicoverer, " a battrnu bottom upwards." To the Northwest of the rock, a reef puts out to the i distance of a quarter of a mile, hut on all other ?ides no bottem could 1 e found with a forty fathom line. The situation of this rock is lather dangerous, as it is only about 10 or 12 mile* to the South of a direct line liom White Fish Point, ntar the lower end ol Lake Supe rior, and Copper llaibor, on the Northerly side of I'oint Kccwaiwona. This singular rock, could it be exposed to view, would present one of the mom extraordinary w? tutal curiosities on the globe ; and who can tell if such a thing may not chance in the eountlc?* age* that have yet to pansrre "the heavens Khali be rolled together like a scroll, and the earth shall melt with fervent heat"! We know that the lofty summits of the Alltghanies once re 1 sounded to the roar of the troubled ocean, and that our | own dry land formed at one time the bed of the " great deep." It is not improbable then, that at some distant pe riod, pilgrims from the whole world may congregate at the bate ot this stupendous column, and how themselves in adoration before that Majestic Tower, at whole bid ding the "waters were gathered into a heap, and whole continents rose up in the midst of the ocean.''? Cleveland Herald. Dotnos in Wisconsin.?The last number ol the Lancaster (Grant county) Herald, contains a long account of some transactions which closely resemble un attempt at Lynch law, by what that paper calls substan tial farmers und order loving citizens. One Judge Thomp son, formerly a man of wealth and influence, has recently become noxious to his neighbors, between whom nnd himself various disputes have arisen. Several barns were destroyed by Are, and the acta were attributed to Thomp son. tie was arrested, and not giving bnii, wai commit ted to prison, and after remaining there for several month* made his escape before trial. A frv/ weeks ago another burn and a number ol large stacks of wheat were destroy ed, the latter being the property of a man to whom Thompson owed an inveterate enmity ; this, connected with ether circumstances, led to the belief that he was the author of the fires, and in a abort time scores of armed men were scetiring the country In swarch of him. l or two or three day* the search wn? ineffectual, yet it was thought they had tracid him to where he bad encamped and drawn up b>s canoe on the Kast bank of the Mlwlsiip pi. Thia discovery, or something else, led to faither search in that quarter, and his arrest by the sherif the same evening, on an island in the river. As soon as it was known that he bad been arrested, forty or fifty tf the settlers, all armed, attempted to take summary vengeance upon him. Tbe sheriff sent an express for aid, which came in time to protect his prisoner, who was lodged in jail, and the illegal assemblage dispersed. Mackinaw Trout.?The Cleveland (O ) Herald thus speaks of thia excellent fishMackinaw trout have a celebrity almost as wide as the kingly isle itself ? They are taken from sixes ranging Irooa two to thirty or forty ponnds, and drawn from the pure eold waters that encircle the romantic rem ol the Northern Lakes, are fine eating at all times of the vear. H iring the season of navigation, steamboata obtain a supply for their Ubles, and packed inioe.they are transported iresh to the various lake ports. For a fuw years past our city lias been sup. plied fall and spring with fresh White fish, taken in ihe Detroit river. These excellent Ash are sold here at from 12J cents a piece, or three for a quarter of a dollar; and wt learn that those engaged in the business now di>poae of soma 2,004 per week. Extraordinary Increas* op Vert**.?-Many of the counties in Pennsylvania polled more votes at the recent Trenid. ntial election, than they contained white male inhabitants, at the recent census. Th'n>, I'.ke county, with H48 adult*, polled NO votea ; Monroe county, with 2034, (tolled 2W); Tioga county, with 8.142, polled S*rt7 ; Terry county, with MO?, polled 3671; Co lumbia county, with '.1138, polled 6101; and Totter coun ty, with 732, polled 794. I U. 8. Senator prom Arkansas ?A letter re ceived in this city dated Little Kock, Nov. 7. say* that 1 ol ' heVer Ashley was on the previous day elected V 8 1 Senator for two yean in place of Mr Hoi too, deceased. Court of Oyer and Terminer. Richmond, Monday, Not. Ut, 1H44. Cue of Polly Bod In*. Monday mora log, his Honor Judge Kent, assisted by the County Judges. Ward, Richard D. Little, Daniel L. rUweon, Nickolai Crochercu and Lawrence H. Cor telyou opened thia Court rnd immediately pi oceeded to Luiin. su. The fust thin* done by Judge Kent waa to charge the Grand Jury, which he did in a briel manner and then referred to the caiu ol 1'olly Bodine, whoie counsel not being pres.ut, aevrrol other cases were call t'd upon, but none were ready. It being now twelve o clock and nothing before the Court, it took ? rcccaa to one. At that hour there waa a punctual attendance of all partu s, judges, counsel, clients and spectator*. The let. ter c.utu, although numeious, did not muiter near no strongly uh peraona might be led to iuppoae from the re markable nature of the principal caae to be decided, and the great publicity given to it. Very much of the excite ment and profound leeliDg, called forth by the sad occur rence at first, haa clearlv abated. People now talk of it aa ol any other year old event, rndaatianger would never suppose that the quiet and retired Staten Island had echoed with the lamentutionaof sympathy for the victim and-denunciationa against the author of a moat loul and [ barbaroua crime, committed within her retired precincta. On the ro-astembling of the court, the pretence of the prisoner was ordered, upon which Ike sheriff proceeded to execute the command, in about ten minute*, ahe en tered, lerning upon the arm ol one el her counael All eyea were upou the approaching figure. She waa baited in a complete suit ol mourning, her atep was light and confident, and but fortne spectral paleness ol her visage which a very thick black veil could not hide, none' would be led to suppose that her position wbi thai of a prisoner, or that she betrayed any symptomaof apprehen sion Irom the result ol the impending trial. ?> Vi"Tr,lc.T. ATT?M',K, Clan** moved that the case of Polly Bodiue, indicted for murder, should be called on upon which ' Counsel lor the prisoner offered a plea ?n abatement, on the ground that the case beta* sent up by writ of certiorari before the Supreme Court it wus still in that court, and that it had not power ti> i em and the case beloro this sp<cial couit of Oyer and Terminer, because, by a rule olits own, motionain crim inal casus must be heard in term time; that the caae waa not remauded by the Supreme Court, lor it had been dono by but one of its Judges in Albany?therefore that it would be. prudent to stay procecdinga until at least the matter should be enquired iiito. Counsel lor prosecution replied at great length, and the argument waa almoat in tei uiinable, but of little interest, and hardly more intelli gible, to any who heard it, save the gentlemen learned in tlio law. About halt past 6, it came to an end, and Judge Kent gave judgment in a briel and explicit man ner. His Honor sustained the jurisdiction of the Su preme Court,; which, he was clearly ol opinion, had a right to regulate the proceedings o( subordinate courts; therefore the case was remanded, and now before the Court cf Oyer und Terminer m luchmona. u"1"ro Mr. Da Witt, for the defence, filed some exceptiona with the peimission ol the Court. The jury Jist being pioduced by order of his Honar. that o jury might be empanelled, Counsel lor the prisoner challenged the array?or. in other words, objected to the panel of jurora on the ground that the list of names put in the box waa not that lurmsbed by the town (officers?that there being a nowi paner published in llichmond, the clerk did not; by pub lishing it thetcin, give the regular six day's notieo-that the residences and other particulais demanded by law were not specified in the list- that alter the completion of the list, the Suerill? added other names thereto |The challenge gave rise to a second technical argument by counsel on both sides. * Mr. Whitinu averred that the objections to the iurv list were trivial, and unlit to vitiate it; for although there might bo some minute discrepancies perceived between it and the statute, yet ti ey were merely of loim, produced no detriment to the prisoner, were not caused by neclect or with pievious intention, and then Iota not valid. The Court, alter a shoit consultation, gave judgment rnd renewed the points raised, ttrUtim, all of which it re garded as untenable, except that setting forth non-com pliimce with the statute, bv publishing in the newspeper of the county, a notice cfthe drawing of thirty-aijt jurora from the general list, fix clear day a before. Hia Honor. Jtii go Kent, waa clearly of opinion that in that instance the statute had not been complied with, aad that it waa the duty or the Court to allow the challenge of counael "<}*enc;?? and to discharge the jury accordingly The Court, alter a few suggestion! as to future pro ceedings, adjourned at 9 o'clock, P. M., till next day at 1' A M. Tuarnsv Morniro, !) o'clock, i T"? Vourt WM opened punctually at the appointed hour this morning. Mr. whitinu arose, and cited a number of ca<iea bearing upon the decision just given as to the challenge of the jury, that the Court might review the same. Judge K*nt, Piter listening to them, conault ed the other Judges on the bench. The result waa, that the decision ol tne Court waa adhered to, and the jurora diacnarged. Mr. tun then made a motion that the Couit should direct the sheriff to summon a new panel oi Jurora forth with, to try the case, which waa resitted by the comsel lor the delence upon the ground, among others, tuat the case atood prcc.iely as it did beiore there waa any atri> taken in the matter, and that as there could be no tales a new list would be mceasary, Md the statute muat be complied with in every particular, without any reference to the panel which ha,l just been quashed. 7 After hearing a large number oi authorities by counael on both aidea, the motion oi the Diatrict Attorney waa granted, and the Sherifl inatiucted to summon from the county at large fifty neisons qualified to serve aa Jurora in the case. The Court then adjourned till three in the afternoon. Personal Movements. Messri. McKay, of Pennsylvania, Pool, of Vt.,McLel lan and Hunt, oi Michigan ; Ellis, of Waterford ; Rath bone, of Aubtlrn ; Wm. 1'armenter, Mass.; and C. O. Atherton, New Hampshire, are now in this city. The Mobile papers mention the death of Judgo William Hale, ol that city, at the age of about ?.4. Ha WBta nativo of Albany, end hod resided more than twenty years in Motile. Ex-Oovernor Corwin, oi Ohio, is spoken o( aa the pro bably successful candidate for Cnited States Senator for that State. The American Republicans, of Cincinnati are going to run their cwn ticket lor city officers at the next charter election. Some of Mr. Van Bnrcn'i friends say he will not again return to public life, unless some unlooked for exigency in the affairs ol the country, should render hia services desirable. An Amwicrn Republican paper called "The American Standard," ia advertised to be published in Portland, Me. Mr. March, late associate editor with Mr. Buckingham, of the 11 oston Courier, has retired Irom hia post and en tered into a business mare suitable to hia disposition. Mr. Fitzgerald lias been superceded aa editor of the (Catholic) Boston Reporter. Gov. Thomas is on a visit to the iron and coal region* of Allegany county. The Princeton Whig has enrolled its name on the cata logue of American Republican publications. ? The house ol the Hon. Marcua Morton, Taunton, took fire on Monday, tail little damage was done. John Tyler, Jr. is announced aa a candidate for Con gress in the first District of Virginia. The body ol Mr W . H. Whitely, who had been missing seventeen la>a, waa washed ashore at South Boston on Friday. ' irrl'Tii.* Herald states that, a lew days since Mr Vfilliuin Stait, ol that county, camn to hia death, near illoom'ifld, in an affray wbicn he commenced with Mr elix W. Itsmick, oi that vicinity Mr. Rhett, ol South < arolina, was at Washington at last dates. Mr Marsh, ol Vermont, is also there, ill. Lonh itv Fiji*.?We learn, that on Wednesday evening oi Ik*i week, the granary and carriage house ol Alfred Misbrow of this town, was discovered to on fire, and was entirely consumed, with moat of ita contents, comprising a large quantity of corn in the ear potatoes, apples, fVc. The wood-house, we understand wns also consumed, adjoining tha granary, and at oaa time It was feared the dwelling would be destroyed. Tho loss is variously estimated at Irom 9IOC* to $1600 Tha Are Is said to have originated from a barrel or aahea or rather Irom a barrel having ashea in it, placed in the tra nary. A portion ol the corn waa saTed ; but two good carriages were destroyed, and a common one consider*. My injured?1V> 'tthmtir HtraH, Nm, M. Mai KgRgi. Fiatttav or Hinoiiam ?1The "Hinf ?ela"from'that a. Iiw twenty-three vea u P I Which have boon employed in tho I i?h .trLlTU' ? P*rt or the whole of last sum ??h n mb*M0' J,arreU ol mackerel packed by J l,'.!!,? ? * w"1 ^ barreia, or an average ol . M,Cb ?"1- Th"0 live other veTsals Mek Ji "??" ?r? nut given, which packed 117o barrels, making in all !>3?7 barrel*. Koundlimos.?1( people will leave araall animate parcels about in " spota" we would recommend them to accompany tha package aa in the following in stance, an account oi which we And in the Rochester Democrat: ^ . Psais*, Nov. 10th. Mr. Dswtna?A* one ol the Overaeers of tho poor ia this town, I waa cslled upon to take charge of a basket left at the door of William Shuail. I pon opening it I found it contained a female child Irom four to aixters old. With it waa a note containing ton dollars. 1 have taken charge of the infant lor a lew days, In hopoa tha parents may repent of their unnatural eondnct and ?h)in their offspring. JOS1AH DKNTON " N. B ? The >10 bill it on the Rocheater City Bank ? On tha envelope were these words' Mora will be seat when this is exhausted.' " Tag Navigation.?A cold nor-weater to-day be token* the nrur approach of winter. The canals. with such weither, will speedily close. They bare done the State good aervioe during the past seaaon, aad there is but little freight shipping or on it* way to tide-water. I ha receipts at the Collector's office in thia city during the season, have amounted, as wo learn from the jfraui. to fSM,?77 HI. Last year the receipt* ware %M,49b lo uicroase for 1M4, |7?,0W tl.-.ilkmny Jturml, Aar.