Newspaper of The New York Herald, 28 Kasım 1844, Page 2

28 Kasım 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. Ttew Yarlt, Thursitny, November '48, 1H4*. '1 he War of lh? Rival Sections. The commotion amongst the menibersof the two great contending sections ol the democracy, waxes greater and greater ait the great day of decision draws mgh, when Mr. Polk, the President elect, will make his advent in Washington, and introduce the new dynasty of democratic spoils uK(^ demo cratic ascendaucy. A prodigious eflott is made by the Van buren division, to show that they weJ"e the very firmest friends and advocates o< Mr. Poik, that they hailed his nomination with joy; and thai from first to hut, throughout the whole camion, which terminated in his election, they were his cordial, zealous, energetic, and faithful supporters. This effort indicates, at all events, that that por tion of the democracy in these regions, which is known and recognized as the Van Buren eection, have somehow or other been impressed with the conviction,th it th?re is a rather preying neces sity of putting this business in a more favorable light, than it is at present regarded in many quar ters They have at last discovered rh it their cou doot dunn? me cam,?a'gn wis looked on with suj ptc'oo; And that a variety of movements set on foot by them.vfe'-i interpreted acd understood iu a somewhat different ligHt from that iu which they nr- now anxious to have them planed. The re m^rkable and stubborn fact of the great dUpanty between the vote cast for Mr. Wni^i and that lor fat Polk, naturally led people to inquire into the causes which had produced it; ani the common s-nse of the indepsnct-a' portion of the public having helped them to an enswer, not alto gether calculated to reflect much eredit on ihe sincerity of the professions of 'he (trendsi ot Mr Van B iren, and they are now laboring witS a degree of commendable zeal, but not remarkably placid temper,to convmco the aforesaid public that i,? common sens, has been, in this instance, at fault and led them to a grievwts ^conception of the true facts of the case. Accordingly, we find the Evming Pott, which is the accredited organ o! that particular clique from which the memora ble " confidential circular" emanated, coming out with an elaborate vindication of the action which it represents, from the charge of infidelity to Mr. Polk. Here it is:? ^ -.-I., n.inta nenitt in statin* that tho difference be vote m forMr. Wright .ad that lor Mr Po lk Jcaa.?,l by th.du.tfect.on of M;.V?nBuren'. . 21 ,h? ulieaation bring that some five thousand irtanda?the >?? Mr wmm, *>ui a?a fri?na? ?(?'? *p'iu ' xhia result they ascribe to that ?Cir'0u*ar? 'ahoat which ao much noise has been made CW;,'?opo?e therefore, to .late a lew fsels,Ianother.to rp?iifAt the mint* in quentton to repu|>li*h them, and lieiipJutt them or hare the candor to come the eU5HItion ?f what will then become deliberate untruth. "C'r.r-atUmctiTn Wt in tb.s Mate, an. largely throughout the country, with tho proceeding, ot the througli u was not because of any ixclusive Baltimore Buren, nor 011 account ot any hostll devotion to Mr. Vanjiuren,no . ,h(>b lief that ^r'Van Ba0?- w!i.?crS to' an sUrd and fanatical ? . tL., *ivvim question. The thousands who were in whii w- don? at Baltimore, felt no opposi tlon to Mr. Polk, no luUewarmness "bout the ancierit bated, but th y be mer(?e(j jn the anuex &"TeS? ooX ^gert liberty construed into an 1 r reuse of the slave bat is ot representation. ~ Buch were the impulses that dictated the circular let tef .uch the cooviclion. o> duty that prompted it ; and when at the Syracuse Convention the bl-nd artherent. o annexation were ?o completely routed, and Mr. VV right (for nothing batter Ismous than lor 'l1* h?',11|''y Jj Tyler-wretchad Treaty,) was nommated-the path of tiavi* ilntihted as to hi* course ol conduct, all such doubters were Vrever fixed by Mr Clay's absurdly ,n consistent con luc.t on thi? very question When that gentleman declared in his famous letter that slavery had nothing to do with the question?that he had no personal objection to the annexation of Texas, and {hat a permanent advantage ought not to be rejected ?n K 0{ a temporary institution, that moment the JcruX mast h^e'/singular indeedth t would have induced a democrat to vote lor Mr Clay in preference to Mr. Polk or abstain lrom doing his utmost to stcura the 0^r:.?h.hve S in Sited * .orry democrat who either by his vote or bj abstaining lrom voting, would have contributed to the restoration of a l.ank, to the pts'petua lion ot the present abjmmable tart IT, iho di.tr.but.on of the public lands,and the ultimate assumption of tr.e debt, of the States, in order to elect a gentl. man who had no personal opposition to anexation-a slaveholder him.ejl, anil who thought surh a permanent advantage was not to be foregone for th ? sake of a temporary ,u*'llu,'""_ . The New Votk Dmoctats, therefore, those most friendly to Mr Van Buren, became the most friendly to the election of Mr. Polk; and supported the u-mination with a vigor and earnestness that ensured it* success ? The true friend, of Mr. Van lluren comprise, with trilling exceptions, the whole democracy of the Statu We challenge the production ot he name of a single N.w York democrat friendly to Mr. Van Buren, who did no' vote lor Mr. Polk. Such there may have been, but if so we should be happy to know it. The object ol the misrepresentation on this subject is nil ve'rv otivious. The dritt ol it H to convince Mr Polk ?ha*he wan noteordia 11 y sup.orted by Mr. Van Buren". friends, and in that way to neutralize their Influence then -aralvze their action, and break down nil opposition to the b'ldmen. who-ought to maku th, Bait more Convention an agent in the sordid work ot perpetuating lURVutrythese modern lagos will Aid their dirty; work ?? dim ult as it 1= dirty Mr Polk knows full w< M that hu nomination was not ihe re?ult ol tne devotion ot .hese few frienda He knows full well that they wanted the nose of w.x which the warmth ot southern temp, r.jmei, mixht moal'l to what they pleased. He knows full well th it it is to the " Iriends ol Mr. Van Buren" that heowes his nomination as he 4o?s hin election? to men, who find int themselves disappointe.1 in their first choice,were de termined that the plotters should bo defeated?to men, in ihort, who were determined to save their country from the cabal that seefca to govern it True Mr. Polk had wrote a letter in favor ef annexa tion True, be'oie Mr Tyl^r'. treaty was known-bv fore ?he subject had been developed, in a le"?'r which discussed the question without reference to Mexico or slave repre.eniation, Mr. Polk briefly exprewed a desire "(or immediate annexation." But the "f.iends ot M-. Van Buren" were too acute not to nercuive that Mr. Polk would come into the ad minis tration with his hands untrammelled und his judgment untorest.lled -that he would have it in his power to form a cabinet which would not be a heterogeneous jumble ol all colors, shapes and sues, but one which w?ul* ??"? mandthe confl lence of the counlry-that be *onld be free to treat the general questions, not like statesmen who can ?ee nothing iu the world but a cotton plantation, but lik- a man familiar with the great interest, and true destiny of this country. . . , ,, ' Friends of Mr V.n Buren," indeed ! Ve reject alto aether the epithet. We love ( a:<ar much, but we love Home more We are fi lends of the country-to (hot conn, try Mr Van Buren lus been sacrificed. We are prepared to make every other sacrifice except that ef the everlast ing principle, ol honor, justice and freedom. This defence is earnest enough, but it contains rather more assertion than argument. It bear.*, in deed, a considerable resemblance, in this point of view, to the defences which are dailv made at the bir of the C- urt of S ssions, by unfortunate gen tlemrn, who, without counsel or witnessed, are obliged' to trust entirely to 'heir own impassioned eloquence for deliverance from the accumulated weight of testimony produced against them. They protest that they are innocent?they solemnly ss aurethe court and jury that they are innocent?they are ready to call ail the saints in lh?? calendar to witness that they are as innocent ol the crime nl leged against them as the babe unborn. With equal earnestness?with equal solemnity?with equal corroborative testimony?the Evtning Pott, end its respectuble coadjutors, aver and protect that they are innocent of harboring, at any lime, the slightest feeling of hostility towards Mr. Polk that, on the contrary, they sacrificed their dearest Sympathies for him?and, waxing warm in their asseverations of attachment, they wind up 111 quite ?n eloquent burst of patriotic devotion to the tauee of the new President. Well, now, let us just glance (or a moment at the past, and see how the conduct of the very par ticular and especial friends of Mr. Van Buren du ring last summer, corresponds with these protesta tions. It will be recollected that we pointed out again and again in the course of the campaign, the lukewarmness, the cold indifference, which per vaded the Van Buren section of the democratic party in this State. It was in the midst of this ominous state of affairs, that the " secret circular" was issued, the pernicious tendency of which was universally admitted; and there cannot bo a doubt, that if the esigns of its authors had not been timely detected and frustrated, the most serious disaster to the fortunes of Mr Polk in this State,would have been produced. At it was, the movement was not without its injuri ous effect. And then, it will be well recollected, how systematically the old leaders o| the party hung back and kept aloof from the public gather ings of the democracy, and when they wer? dragged forth reluctantly to take active part in the canvaea, how exceedingly cold, and cautiou?, and snail-like were thtfir advances towards any thing like an open, manly, energetic advocacy of the claims of Mr. Polk upon the aupport of the demo cratic party. All this was notorious. It was matter ot gen-ral remark Every one ?aw that the hearts of the Van Buren men were not in the work. The disappointment and chagrin produced by the dt feat of Mr Van Buren atB-tliiinore, w? *re quite uuconceal td. Even Mr. Van Buten's own letter,on the veiy eve ot thr Prea.deulial#eleetiC'n in this State, tur nished evidence that serio* disaffection existed. And what was the result1! Why the official re turns discover a disparity of" nearly five thousand votes between the majorities of Polk and Wright. When the remarkable extent of this discrepancy, and the exceeding clo6tuesK of the contest in tins State are considered, who caa avoid seeing the ab solutely perilous condition in which the chances ol Mr Polk were placed 1 All attempts at explaining these singular facts on any other hypothesis thau that presented by up, have completely f tiled. Our explanation, that the chasrin and disappointment of a large portion of the V,in Buren per-iion of the democracy, on ac count if their favorite being thrown uncere moniously overboard at the Baltimore Convention ?the movements o! the anti-Texaa-aecret-and-con fidential digue of the Evening Pott, and the cold nets and apathy of leading "old hunkers, pto duced this dip parity in the vote for Mr. Polk and that for Mr. Wright, in favor of the latter, and consequent jeopardizing of the chanccs of the former, is the only rational and satisfactory one that can be offrf.red. We are not at all surprised that great efforts are made to set aside this expla nation. The ma tter is one ol immense interest in a variety of aspe cts. We are peisuaded, that un less extraordinary efforts had been made in some quarter or other in the democratic ranks, in this section of the country, to counterbalance the cold ness, apathy, or mill more injurious activity in other*, Mr. Polk might have lost New York; and the wfoigu might have now been fighting for the spoils instead of talking of raising pillars to the memoiy ot "Harry of the West." Meantime, the Calhoun Bection of the demo cracy are equally busy in establishing their claims to the ascendancy. They are lond and energetic in their protesrationB that they saved New Yotk, and secured the election of Mr. Polk. Thus the war rages. It is the grand and decisive struggle between the north ?rn and the southern influences. And not only is the all-important question of the distribution of th? spoil*, involved in the i? sne of the contest; hut also the general complexion of the policy of the next administration itrelf. It is this which gives universal interest to the conflict, which, in other circumstances, would be merely the paltry squabble of contending factions; but becomes invested with dignify and importance, from its bearing on the future disposition of great questions of national concernment. Hence we watch, with all attention, the movements of both parties, and as the chief theatre of action will now be at Washington, we shall take cspecial care to put our readers and the public in possession of every thing, public and private, that transpires there, in connexion with theBe matters. The great ques tions now asked on all hands, are?How will Mr. Polk act"! Will he take to liiaembraces the Van Buren section 1 Will he adopt the Calhoun sec tion 1 Will he be the shuttlecock of both 1 Will he be himself the President 1?Let us wait a few months and we shall see. Who arb the Saints'??We give on the first page of this day's paper, a number of very curious extracts from the "Lives of the Saints," which will enable our readers to know something of the character of the canoaized faithful, to whom Dr. Pise so zealously insists that we should ofler up our prayers. It is quite clear that the practice of venerating the saints originated in that poetic en thusiasm which was so characteristic of the early believers in Christianity. Those who fell in the defence of the true faith, were at once honored with the crown of martyrdom, and were exalted in an excess of admiration to the rank of demi-gods. All this was but another direction of the poetic spirit which pervaded many of the observances and practices of Paganism, and was a sort of refined continuation'of the mythology of the Greeks and Romans A perusal of the curious extracts we have published to-day, will enable the reader to discover that a great deal of Biiperstitution and fa ble is mixed up with .the popular Catholic belief relative to the character and history of those who are designated saints. It is really pitiable to see intelligent men, like Dr. Pise, contending for the do^ma of invoking such personages. Nativr" Musical Entertainments.?The " native" organs are very savage against theatrical entertainments. The opera?the ballet?the acted drama?are all abominations maintained by "fo reigners," and imported iuto this country by " fo reigners." But they profess a great love for music, and in the published programmes of several " Na tive American Concerts" and graud "American Republican Jubilees" lately published in Philadel phia, they have afiWded us a very ample opportu nity ot judging of their musical taste. We annex the varied contents of one of these " programmes." " President's Grand March ;" " Triumphant Co lumbia ;" "All round my Hat ;" "Come Nix my Dully ;" "Americans shall ne'er be slaves ;" " On the Binks of the Blue Moselle;" " The Old Arm Chair;" "They have given thee to another;" "Land of the Free;" "Come, oh, come with me;" song, from tne " Maid ot' Aitois." Written expressly for Maltbran. First ume. " Oh share my Cottage;" " Columbia, Freedom's Home is Thine;" " Pilgrim ol Love j" " I'm a Constable;" fantasia, "Ethiopian Medley" Band. "LaFilledu Regiment; "Red,. White and Blue;" "Come sit Thee Down;" comic duett, "Fanny Gray;" "My Own Native Land;" "Lazy Family;" "America's Eagle;""Trumpet of War;" "Ma?rimonialSweets;" "Pilgrim Fathers;" "Sailor's Courtship;" "Taking Tea in the Arbor;" "Star Spangled Banner;" " Place none but N itives at our Posts;" " McKin ley, Native American Original" Hail Colutn bii;" "The Days when we went Gypseying;" "The Newfoundland Dog;" "My Bark is upon ih" Deep, Love;" "Come, Natives Arouse." ?Liok out for steamboatp, big guns and rockets " Finale, "Notional Medley." Band. Tickets 26 ceuta. * Literature of the Bible Party.?We cannot take up any of the organs of Mayor Harper and his associates in the Corporation, or of their breth ren in Philadelphia, without meeting with some indications of the refined taste and christian feel ing, which characterize the conductors ot these prints. Here is a specimen, which we cut at ran dom from one cf them:? " Back to jour holet, ye ilimy, utinking'reptile*! We verily hegin to think, Horn the n yriad* of vermin, that aru inte?ting our lan'1, that 8t Patrick hat heen com mitting anothei miracle In hU " iwi'e land" ol bothering olunderer*?driving out thu vermin." Such is a fair sample of the respectable litera ture of the " Bible party "' . M*. Anderson in Philadelphia.?The theatri cal "revival" appears to be aagreat in Philadelphia, as it has been in this city. Nothing is talked about but Anderson's acting, and the Chesnut Street Theafre is crowded to excesa every night. So we have no doubt it will ba with Anderson wherever he goer Card Enqravino.?We perceive by an adver tisement in another column, that Jervia, of Broad way, one of the finest engravera in the countiy, is prepared to aid in the great fashionable movements of the age?by furnishing elegant cards for toiriri, balls, weddings and other elegant re-union of the cluba. Arrivals.?Hon. T. H. Moore, of Maine; Hon. If. Hamlin, do; Hon. B. White, do; Hon. I. P Hale, of Dover, N. H.; members of Congress, ar rived at Howards' Ho'el yesterday m rrm/f for Washington DemoeaJ jzatiom of the Pa*ty Pkk-s?We al luded ihe other day, in becoming terma of rebuke, lo a |Tota ne allusion to one ot the *ublimeat paa aages in the sacred volume, with which the Morn ing Nmti commenced a fulsome panegyric ou the character and services of Andrew Jack-on. in the column.* of the Jluhmond Whig, the other day, we found a etill more glaring inatance of bUopbemous application of a portion of the holy scriptures.? That print?one of the moat reckleaa and violent partizan journals in the country, and which helped materially to defeat Mr. Clay, had an article in tended to console the Whigs, with the impious head ing, "Why art thou cast down rnysouir* This was no doubt regarded aa a very smart and apt ap plication of the text, but no one wiih proper feel ings of reverence for what is sacred, can regard it without the strongest disapprobation. The truth is, these party organ* appear to be ut terly devoid cl reverence for all that is sacred and I pure. We had occasion frequently, last summer, to expose the gross licentiousness of this class of newspapers1; and we believe that we this performed a meritorious .service,in leading the intelligent and virtuous portion of the public to & proper apprecia tion of these jouna's. This was discovered clearly enough when the great contest began. So entirely disgusted hud th? lenpectable portion of the public been with the violence,recklessness, and falsehood of the mere party papers, that they very wisely re fused to give credit lo their statements of the tlec Hon returns, and sough: the desired information in the columns of the independent pr?as. Etenm I'iripfll?r 1*1 armor*. O.v Hoard SritAM Ship Makmoka, or* > tub Hook, Nov. 24th, 1844 J Dkar Sir,? Ihe Marmora is one of the finest vessels I ever had my foot on board of, and her gentlemanly commander so determined to give satisfaction, that it would be impossible to make a more de lightful experiment than to try her the first oppor tunity they may have. We were just 1 hour 45 minutes frotn Castle Garden to the Hook, and the only vessel attempt ing to go to sea to-day. With a tender of my services at Havana, F. T. N. 't heatricals, &c, Italian Ofxka.?The opera house was more crowded than ever last night, and the opera went cfl- with still greater eclat than on the first night of its representation. BorgUese wai in fine voice, and her exquisite tinging and spirited and impassioned acting wore throughout rap. turously applauded- Pico looked very fascinating, and added many to her lift of admirers. Site sustained her role, from beginning to end, with unsurpassed brilliancy and effect. Perozzi and Valtellina were, as usual, worthy of all commendation. Ma. PHiLLira'CoHcaaT.?Mr.Henry 1'hlllips'sacred con cert at the Tabernacle,last night,was very numerously at tended. It was one oi the greatest musical treats enjoy" ed in this city for many years. He gives a miscellaneous concert at Niblo's this evening. A new drama called theDuelliit, or Source of Sorrow by Wm Barrymore, Eiq., is shortly to be produced at the Boston Museum. The new Kentucky Minstrels, at Washingtonian Hall. Boston, fill tlie house to ovei flawing. The "Child of Avon," Miss A. Phillips, continues to be J Sreat favorite at tho Museum, and is a prodigy of The Swiss Bell Ringers are in Philadelphia, and will be id Boston in a few days. Braham, assisted by his sons, Charles and Hamilton Braham, were adveitised for three conccrts in Dublin commencing on the 7th November. ' A morning Concert of vocal and instrumental music waslannouuced for tho 6th November at the Dublin Ro tunda. Amongst the celebrated artists ne find tho name of, as the advertisement expresses it, "the celebrated Henry Russell," from Americ.i, who will sing some of his most highly popular descriptive songs. Personal Movements. Among the members who have reachel Washington are the) distingoisBed ex-President and Representative from fr'assachusctt;, Mr. Adams, and the Senator from Keutucky, Mr. Crittenden. Ojv. Roberts, of Lib-ria, arrived at Port Tray*, from ^Philadelphia, on the 16th September. Rumors have reached Boston by the last English steam packet, that there had been difficulty between the English and American naval cfflceis at Malta, and some duels had been the conscquence. There is probably no ground for the rumor. George Hicks has baen chosen Chief Justice of the Cherokee Nation, in place of the late Jessy Bushyhead. 8. Penn, of the Mitiouii Rtporter, has been caned in the streets ef St. Louis by one of the Reveille men. The latter was brought btfjrc the magistrates and fined $1$. Exact cause ot the caning not knowr. Mr*. Polk, the lady of the President elect, is a niecc of the la e Judge White, of Tennessee. HpnrVrL proposed in Philadelphia, by the friends of Henry Clay the propriety of " a National Conv. ntion composed of delegates tqnal to thu Representation* in Congress from each S ate and Territory, to meet a. such time and place n? may herealter be agreed upon, to testify In a suitable and enduring manner the seuaeentertain, d of his character, abilities and public ser vict s." A?bley democrat, has been elected United 8t ites Senator by the Legislature of Aikantas, in place of Governor f ulton, deceased. Mr. Quincy, the whig candi.lato for Mayor of Boston "-'"i?, "v. the Native American party of'his ever ^ he disclaims all sympathy with them what Rev. Septimus Tustin, chaplain to the United 8tat?s Sundiv^h^htifBf dikC0',M'' in Philadelphia, on mindly, in hthali of the Home Minaionary Society. Stetiioa.of the Astor House, hnve conthbut* e>l $60 lor the snfTarers by the late gale at Buffalo. City Inte 1 licence. Police Office.?Nov. 27.?9inco the arrest of John Sullivan, one of the chief of a gang of burglars who in fested our city a few months since, this clais of depreda tors have suspended operations j but now they are again 5CarC,l ly " ni*ht !'?"?? without at least aS attempt to commit n burglaty. On Tuesday niglit the ikteve* efiected their purpose in two instances, and i i another a large robheiy was committed, although it is probable that no burglary was committed. The store of H?iri, ? . i Greenwich street, was entertd during the night by false keys, and hardware, consisting principally if knives, to the amount of $300, carried V rnr "Cf10t Mr- John,A ^"'ck' aM Greenwich fi '? c?ru?r of Vesey, was alto entered, by cutting out he pinelof the door, and nbout $300 worth of silks, sa case ,tolBn- There is no trace of the thieves in either The Justices, in both oflbes, were engaged in disposing of petty larceny acd disorderly cases during the day. Coroner's Office?Wednesday ? Melancholy Sui pL%7n,nK,D?q".''S,#Wv?" he,d at ,he Alms House in the ? , i- r I- iy /,r*,ret Lee. n&ed about 34 years, ni^K. K-0. L B ?Jwhocom,nl ted ,u'cWe on Tuesday night by taking laudanum It appeared Irnm the testf. mony, that the deceased some time since married a man ^h?H !i?m ,l"'1h"d lwo children?that a lew months since ah* discovered. t>iat at the time oi his maniage to her, he had ano her wife in England, and she consequently left him, and he has since married another, with whom he is K-?iw h'!I Cuy,J Afu r "'Rsration, she sup ported herself and children by taking in wash.ng.but lately had b?en reduced to great diitress, and turned out or the apartment which aim occupied. On Tuesday morning, about 10 o'clock, she went to the house of Mrs. Skeron, 176 Kesde street, with whose fami ly she was acquainte<l, and went up stairs and lay down j'i j?ro1v"lV th" room tw,ce during th? afternoon, and finding her asleep, did net disturb her About seven o clock m the evening she got up and left the house, and It was remarked she appeared to be under the it.fiiienae of liquor. Soon afterwards Mrs. Skeron went to make "laudanum " * anl0:,& 'he clothes labelled It further appeared from the testimony of Mrs. McOee residing at 107 Murray street, that the dc leased came there between I) and 10 o'clock, and requested to be n t mitted te remain all night, which was given. B.ing charged with having taken liquor, she denied it. and said she had taken laudanum. A bed was made for her, and 5 5 7 o clock next morning she was found on the floor lead. A post mortem examination wns held on th bod* rJX'I-'Tr .^,U r',,m,'1*''h?t?hAt she had died from the '{? f c s of the laudanum she hid taken, and a verdict to that effect was rendered. Neither the druggist's name or re phial0*' ero lhe l#udanum was pnrcjiased, was on the Superior Court. ? Belorc a Full Bench. ? An '7> *C,"I("" -jL"! A- MiUi.et al.rt John Han ? ' An appeal from Chumbers-ruled that the nnhr kf be.mo,11fie<1 ?? ?s to permit the plaintifl to . l on Paymtn? of $10?costs ol th? mo rhon!ii ^ alter notice of rule, otherwise the # t ft S itand confirmed. Z Offf. Ktnreth, et. ml. -Appeal din mi* ed, and order at Chambf rs confirmed with costs, $7. John Peter, vx f.nmiut Cot. - New trial denied. it*a y\ Th' - ^ -Motion for new trial denied. Judgment for plaint.ft. V. M. Circuit Court. . ^0V-^7;-'I7,?wOr8n,| Jury are in session. His Honor Judge Betts discharged the petit jury until Monday next, no jury cases being ready. 7 ' Court Calendar?>Tlil? Day. ^Common Pi.*a?.-Nos. w, III, sa, a, 98, .17, DP, 11, sa, ArpoiMTMRNT ny THR PRKSIDKNT.--J. B. Lac?y.?( Virginia, to be Consul of the United States for the port of Neuvitai, in the Island of Cuba, in the place of Wil Ham flofan. Meeting of tk? *' Motional Reform Union )Ut Evening at C'rotou Unit. A crowded meeting of the members ot this rtssoci.niwii was held last evening at Grotou Hall, Vlr. Perkiua in the chair, to hear the report of the committer, and adopt the necetsary measure? to draw up a suitable memorial to Congress, with u view to draw the attention of the National Legis lature to the t)bject8 und principles ot the associa tion. Twenty thousand copies of the report have been printed, to which the following pretace was attached:? The N?tional Reform Union ot the city of New lork, although in exiatenceonly a f?w weeks, ha* ?4*"| p.irlect organization. They have held upward* of twenty public meetings? e*tabli*hed a newspaper for the pui j??.e oi expounding their principle* and recordiug their pro ce dings?aui' have fixed a Head Quarter* at thecorner oi Chatham and Mulberry *iree;?? where they meet every Thursday evening. . , . ? _ This hat bben done by a limited number ol woikmg men. They do not comprise among them a single nume ot hieh note in public affair*. They do not eurol in their rank'uMDgle man of wealth. Tluir expense*, though cou.ii'lera' li', have been all paid by themselves-and they now print twenty thousand copies ot the following docu ment, tor the purpose tf effectually placing before the 11 lellow-citiz us the great, and truly National object fcr which th.-y contend. _ . ?b On the 13th ol March last, at a public meeting of work ingmen, a committee was a pointed to iriquire intotUe CHuse* which bioducu in tlu* Republic a depression oi labor, and a social degradation ot the laborer, ver> ?"niUi to that which prevail* under the detestable governments ?f At'thtT'next pnWic merting of the workiofmen that Committee submitted tho following Repoit, which wa* adopt, d unanimously nearly in it* present foim H^ad it, working nun, you that would escape the fate thut over whelm i your biotber men in Europe. II your wives, your ohilarwi, your hearthstone* are dear to you-it >our own independence, and the liberty ol the Republic ire ol nny valuo iu your eyes-give this document an attentive perusal Even it you leel no spaik ot patnotism within you it your daily toil, aud your hopeless condition i-ave ciii.k your mind irom it* human dignity-have broken your spirit, a* they have bent your frame-still read Rend, even, f r curios ty. Read to learn what m n think who will net bow te the inaolonce of wealth?who will not give up the country to a counterfeit aristocracy a wretched imitation of the vile " Nobility " of Europe. The following pledge ol the members was solemnly read by the Chairman:? Pleduk or the Nation H> ioim Ahocutioi.?"We, whose names are ann? xrd, desirous ol restoring te Alan his Natural Right to Land, do solemnly agree that we will not vote for any man,for any legislative otnee, who will not pledge himself, in writing, to u?o all tho influ ence of bia station, if elected, to prevent all further traffic in the Public Land* of the State* and of the United States, and to cause them to be laid out in t arm* und Lot* for the free and exclusive use of Actual Settlers

Alter which the form of . the memorial to Con gress waa read and unanimouoly adopted, lhe Chairman then introduced Mr. Godwin, who addressed the meeting. He com menced his lemarks by thankiug tho member* for the invitation he had received from them. The pre*eut he considered a most important period, after the pol.tical excitem ent they had ju*t pa*sed through?which had ?wept through ihe land like the surging billow* of the agitated ocean, absorbing every energy of the popular mind. The excitement wa* now passed away, and quiei nei* and apathy had succeeded. It was natural for them to inquire what was the meaning of all this excitement r The stump orators, to be *ure, aaid it was all for the good of the country: but they had been telllr.g the same story ihacc the day* oi Jefferson. At one time they talked about " Bonk," " Internal Improvement," and '? 1 arm, and the next time they wouid.as if to vary the matter, make it "Tariff, and Bank, and Improvementbut still the ?li story wa* the same (Loud Lughter.) Dr. tr ronklin lied *ome idea that he wished to be bottled up?(Immoderate laughter)?for sixty years, and to bo able to get uncorked alter that period, and see what change* had taken place? and it would seem that if a politician who had been bottled up in the days of Jt-fTsrion had come among them fit the pre* sent day, he would Just seethe same thing going on. It seemed that the politicians did not know the want* of the people. (Loud applause.) The first fundamental want of all grown miii, wa* the light to labor. Mr. G. went at length into the question of man'* right to labor, and showed that the object of the politicians wa* to impose upon the people, aud depriv. them ol the advantaged of their labor. There was a radical defect in that *ysiem cl government, under which large masse* of the operative classes were in want of employ, and the system of sell insr the public domain gave a monopoly to the man of wealth which, if not checked in time, would gradually bring this country U the same position a* the Luio pean despotisms, and would establish in this free land the very worn kind oi aristocracy?a monied Aristocrn cracy? if the system of selling the public land, by which man was deprived of hi* birthright; the tree right to the toil wa* not put down. (Applause.) He wa* therefore in favor ot maintaining the treedom of the public lands. (Applause) He had known one poor man that went with no less a sum thin one million dollars?(laughter)?to eaeb sale of tho public lands in the west and make his purchases, and if the system were not checked in time this splendid country, for which their lathers had bled, and in which Americau freedom wa* established lor its hardy sons (applause) to freely breathe in, would pass In to the hands of a monied aristocracy, who had no s> mpa thy with the laborer or tho mechanic. It was now in their power to chcck this system and to do it at the pro per place, namely the ballot box Mr.G. alter stating hit inability to continue his address on that evening, intima ted his intention to give the continuation at the next meeting of the Association; when after disposing of some routine business the meeting separated. Common Pleas. Before Judge Daly. Nov 27.? The Gas Light Company vs. William Williams. This action wa< brought to recover a balance of $7? M, alleged to have been due, on account by said defendant. Itapp ared that previous to 6'.h January, 1888, defendant made application for, and had been supplied with gas by the plaintiffs, for which he had settled ; the present suit is brought for the gas consumed between th>* 6th August, 18.10 and 18th February, 1840. It further appeared, that wh.in a consumer make* application to have the gas In troduced into hi* house, he mu*tdo *o in writing. It hi* application is accepted he receives certain printed term*, belonging to the company with which he must comply. Iu th^se printed teims, it is rxpresily stated, that if a con. sumer wi*he* to cea*e using the gas he must give imme diate notice of his intentions to the company, and proceed in the same manner, should tho metre prove defective or inaccarote. This it vty?s satlsuctorily proved had not takeu place. , , .. It was put in for defence that the me're was defective, that the person appointed to inspect the metres was inac^ curate in his report, and also during all that time he had used oil in liis establishment. The (Jou't charged 'hat no information had been received by plaintifli-defend ant* must be liable according to ?he printed term* he hart received, and that the only accurate inannei ol a'certain ing the quantity consumer! is either by the metre iu use, by another, or by the quantity coiiaumed in a correspond ing period : and that us the consumer had not|given no tice nf his having ceased using the gas, he would charge tho Jury to render a verdict for the plaintiff Verdict for the plaintiff, $79 64. Brady and Msurice for plaintiff; Mr. Brewster for de fendant. Jam's Murphy vs FAiis T Mdrich?ThU was nn ac tio,, of trespass to recover damage, alleged to have been sustained in cons, quenca of the removal ol merchandize from the (tore ol defeudant. It appeared that plain iff, (who is a grocer in I7f. Washington street) had been in the habit ol transacting business with defendant, and ii-irrb 'ii.tT >!l his liquor* and groceries. That he paid ?.,rt'.if" ? " i" ?um. vaiying from $14 to $.10 Thit ,,T 14 h A<i?'i t last, he was owing the difjudant ?h,i' <70 t.i ton said day defendant came with hi* car man Viid without any legal authority, removed from said itore a ' he?t of tea two barrel* of brandy , and one ol gin. Some Madeira, snuff, Ice. It wa. put in for defence, that ?aid irojds were taken away with the consent of the nUlntiff and that he had him?elf assisted in putting them out of his store, Adjourned over to Friday. Mr. Blunt for plaintiff; Mr. Harrington lor defendant. More of the Beauties of Hatlvlsm. Mr Editor:?" Look on thia picture md on thnt " Kx'ract from the Street Inspectors' report of the Third Ward-" It has been customary lor the Washington Market and neighborhood to be Hwept at I'Mat three tnnea each week, at this aea aon " Now if this has been the case, ho v cornea it thnt the inhabitants ot Vesey street tay it has not been swept for months. A worthy citizen ol Vesey btreet yesterduy said it had not been swept or . leaned tor six weeks previous. Extract trom the Eighth Ward Inspector: 1 delivered trie Watd into the hands of the Cont. ac tors in ?..od order ? It by "good order" he means H most tilthy condition, then we agree with him ; it ia notorious that the streets of both these wards have been sadly neglected, but thank heaven we see a gleam ol sunshine ; yesterday wc saw evi dence thit the contractors were at least alive and k,Que?? 1 How ia it that the Street Inspectors re commend throwing coal ashes into the streets Yours, ?Scc., JSx-Wativk. Kiuk in New 1!aven.-A destructive fire took place this morning in the building th?? Qutnnioiac House, but lately known ?sth? City Ho 1??1 situiU'd on tho corner of Church and Court rrwets. opposite the Tontine, and tionting the^he house, with most of its ap|>eodv.ge?, was burnt to the around. A Urge number ol boarders In the iipjier*torles escaped with great difticulty, ?ome of them losing their money and clothe*, and one old gentleman retreated in a state of nudity to the County House. One person lo?t hi* watch and hi* wallet, containing a considerable quan tity ol money, which he lett under hi* pillow. Mr. llot^h kiss1* loss is quite severe, comprising the best part of his furniture, winter stores, and about ?170 in cash, a part ol which only usaved. The other occupants of the huiking, James M Reese, barber, and Mr. Luca, shoemaker. . le also considerable suflerers. and wa do not learn that either nf th?<A were insured. The premises were owned by Lucius Lefhagwell, of Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio, and were under an Insurance ol $2000 in the .V.'na Otttce, 11 art ford. Peter Tomlinson, the former occupant, had also an inwiance of $1000 on the furniture. Tho orpine building was an old one, iormerly owned by Ilu*sr) C|irk and occupied oce of the mo*t eligible position* in the town The preml*c?, wetnut, will now be Improved In accordance wFth the Myle and spirit of the age. The loss in this respect will hi a public gain. Nru. Ihnrn llerulil. Nor. art _ Election in Florida.-The St Augnatine He rald ot the 10ih instant, speaking of tlw: Territorial LeRialatnre, aay*-"The (?1 It leal comptexion of our nex Terrltorlall.egislBture.it it impossible to VtW Florida, the Senators elected, are one democrat and three whias To the lower house, as far n* hesrd from, three deao'irat* and two whig* We understand Mr. Hancher intend* to contest the seat ot Mr. CUM. aet* Conrt at Oyer and Terminer. Richmonp, Tuesday afternoon ?J o'clock. The Orand Jury wcro cal ed in, and having no busi ness before them, were discharged. Along Interval sue ceided waiting the reiurn ot the Sheriff to the writ lor summoning jurors which took i?lace about hall past 4 o. Stofc Aootiar long delay ensued from the preparation ?.l tue list, aud the arrangements for balloting lor ? Jury Counsel lor .lefenca objetod to the return to the writ ol the court, and leaerveU ih? point lor future conMdeni.ioi.. fhey abo r.quesUd that the Court shouU stay proceed ings until next day. that time might be to wroun.io tho names ofine Jurors returned, alleging that it *as but justice to their client to see who and what'W*?1 qualification.of those person- summonedou a short notice and appearing in court lor the first lime by candlelight. It being the opinion of the bench that although tliH in couvenituce was great, yet, as they desired to <*xten<\ e?e ry consideration to the cane ol the prisoner, thoy^granted the application of the defence, and adjourned at 6 o clock until 9 A. M. next day. Thus two davs passeJ without auy progress being made, and it ia difficult to suy how many more miy be expended to as little purpose. Wednesday Mormxo, 9 o'clock. At nine o'clock thla morning,the judges took their npHts on the bench, but, with the excep ion of tho fi.ty jutors, summoued on the evening pruvieus, there were lew or none in Court. It is said that the paucity of the numbers who attend as spectator!, is not owiug to apathy, but to the aversion that prevails Hgiinst serving on the juty, and accordingly the precaution is taken ol keeping out of the way almost universally until ulter a Jury is '"ouUte reading of the lint by thecletk, the following persons not having unswered to their names, werei find *10 euch? Jn*M'?? H Seguine, Edmund Van Dyke. P W Jew. son, Isaac Frost, John Stevens, J. G BriUon. Josepu ICghert, John C Oarretson. Th'? clerk then proceeded to swear in a jury from the '''thomas*3 J* Butler, (challenged by the defence) sworn ?Had tormed an opinion on the case. Set aside. Aakon Svmes, Westfield, (challenged) sworn-Under went a long examination, i > the course of which he a< ? mit ed having reart published accounts of the former trial; had conversed on it repeatedly, and had expressed him self to the effect th.t. if thnie accounts were true, and he thought they were, the rritorifr WW guilty ; yet he be lieved he had no biaa in the casi-. Counsel on botn sides argued the law baanug upon the disqualification of juron bv thelorination or the expres sion of an opinion, ft wan alleged by counsel for the pri soner that Sy mas, having read and converieu on the m it ter?having at one time received an impulsion, be was not iudifferent, and therefore unfit to try the case. Coun sel for the prosecution contei.ded that conversing and reading newspaper reports, was no evidence that iwptes> sions were conveyed thereby Taking that test, it would be utterly impossible to empannel a jury in en intelligent and enquiring community; that the Juror in the present case had regarded the gnilt cf the pnsomr tiy nothetically, and nuking it dependant on the truth or untt uth of what he had read; that as the Juror had stated that he had sometime* hought her innoctnt, sometimes guilty, it proved that his was an opinion fonaed by an un certain and vacil ating state of mind, and therefore not that cool and deliberate conviction which alono Is good ground for challenge. The r.ourt oveiruled the challenge. Counsel for prisoner then challenged the Juror peremp torily. Set aside. Loren/.<> D. Decker challenged by defence for favor Walter Betts and Stevens P. Stevens were, at the demand of defence, appointed as tryers to pronounce on the fit nrss of Lorenzo D. Decker, sworn ?Resides at North field* knows tho case before the Court $ believe it to be the people of New York against Mrs. Bodine, lor murder; has heard some statements mude concerning this case; has never expressed any opinion that he knows ol as to the truth of those charges; has conversed on more or less on the ca-.e like people generally ; has talk ed about the prisoner's killing Mrs Houseman ; cannot recollect wha: he said ; may have said that it what was said were true, it looked suspicious ; did not suppose that ullofuvhat was said was true ; could not come to any conclusion as to what was or was not true ; never set down that any of it was true, because knew nothing of it ; does not mean to say that he never formed any im pulsion,but may have held some portinns of it as true ; believed the part relating io the murder by the prisoner as much as any other ; the gnilt always looked to him o? a mystery s could not seo through ; if the impressions were unfavorable to the prisoner it was from reports ; did form opinions as far as the reports were true, but never said or beliaved they were true ; could not come to any conclusion from the reportsjchorglng herewith the mur der : it might have appeared to him as if it was true ; hav.' thought, perhaps, that it seemed to him as though it were true ; might hive thought within himself that it was likely to be true. CroiJ examimd ?Does not recollect that he forTed an ftpinion ; thinks there is no doubt that he was led to con elude that it was the case : could not make up his mind positively that it was so, but thought it was so ; cannot say I have any opinion at present, lor I have not heard tho evidence, and do not want it; has no feeling about her more than other people. , ? , After tho c oncluaion of the cross-examination, Counsel for the prisoner addressed the Tryers at length?Judge Kent followed and charged upon the law ot the case. The question, he said, Wore them was, Whether the juror, Decker, was free from biBS in the cane ; in judging of Mr. Decker's testimony they were to take it altogether; if they found that he hod a bias, or had formed an impres sign, they must set him aside ; but if they regarded his opinions as merely hypothetical, they could not do so. Ilts Honor then read over the testimony, which he huJ taken dawn literally, and left tho case with the Tryers, whose was that the trial was true. The iuror was ac cordingly set aside. , , , Kdwahd Tati.or-1 hallenged for favor-Sworn-I have|tormed a settled opinion as to the guilt of tLe l''T?uf*r An'priw^Wett?Challenged?Swern?I have formed an opinion founded on reports I read} I have a fixed opinion. Sit aside. . _ , . jAnrts D Brittoji?Challenged and sworn?1 hive formed an opinion on this case. Cross examined.?My opinion proceeds from what have read; 1 have expressed it; 1 did not know the re ports to be true, but I thought they were; from what 1 huve he .rd, read an J seen, I thought the charges against the prisoner were true* fet aside. , , Cornelius Shea?Challe |jid and sworn-1 do not know whether 1 lormtd an opinion, hut thought il what 1 iend was true the prisoner was guilty; 1 cannot say I male up my mini that aiie was guilty; my opinion was that irthc statement was true, she was guilty, and I be liivdd at the lime it was true Sot aside. Uarhitt M. Lafohoe?Sworn? I have both formed and expressed an opinion as to the guilt or innocence o the pi isoner. Set aside. John F. Liik, sworn.?1 havo neither formed nor ex pressed an opinion upon the case. Croi,-examined by District Attorney Ci.mk*?R?co1 lecu n conversation h?' had with Mr. i.larkt; in l*>rt Richmond; the conversation may have been two or three months a^o ; perhaps I did state that I had hear I of tho evidence, and lhat I thought she was not guilty?in inking, and mmely tolk ; is uuable to sny that . passed ?n opinion upon her guilt; like a mail who gets m lor sake ol a Joke or an insinuation, may have talked and joki d on tho case ; can not say ihat 1 gave an opiuion one way or other; recollects having a conversation with Mr. ltich ards ; in speaking of the else cf Mrs. Bodiue, might have said somi thing like that I gloried that there was one man who would nJt take lire ; has had manv conversations on the Matter. [Mr. Clarke here asked the juror if he had any conscientious scruples?which question was objected to bv theldelonce, and not persisted in by the prosecution.J The District Attornkt herecalltd Mr Pnelps,ol Poit Richmond, in whos* house the conversation between Li'k and Mr Claiktook place. The defence ohjectfd to the right of intioducing oiher witnesses to nrove what was foreign to the issue oftheir (the delenco's) challenge, which was simply the question ot bias against the prison er. A lengthened technical controversy ensued, which ended in the withdraw.il of the challei ge, which was fo. io wed by a challenge by th* prosecution. Th is was ob iected to by counsel lor the prisoner, but judgment was given by Judge Kent that tho people had the right to ' "john't. Lisk, sworn and challenged by the profrcu tion.?Has uoionsciHntiously scruples against bringing in a verdict against Mrs Bo line; is no relation to the prisoner, or her family; is not an enemy of cap.tal pun ishment; does not know that his wife i* connoi led with the prisoner's family. The examination heie ended, and the court overruled the challenge. Mr. Phm.i's, callid by prosecution, as a witness to prove that Li>W had exprt sstd anopinicn in l'avor of the prison er, being sworn, it was objected to by counsel lor defooce on tho ground lhat all a Imissib o on the principle chai lenge sllotild have b en exhiusted, and that thii point could not now be raised by counsel for prosecution, they having lostthr.ir opportunity to do bo. The Court allow ed the admissibility of Mr. Phelps, wh ch wai according ly proceeded with. Ohjm?We are in receipt ol tiles of the "Gactta del Comercio," from Valparaiso. In the lairt numbers we fl-id little of interest, but in looking oye< some of the earliest dates, we find un account of the Its tivlties held on the last anniversary of the mdepen.lenci of ttia United States, by the American citisens at Valpa raiso. The D'Cioration of Indepeudence was first read and at the dinner which succeeded, topsts were given ic the memory ol the great and good yf our revolutionaij sires. What, however, struck us among the many pa'r.. otic toasts, as bordering upon the ridiculous, was o ir, "To the mi mory of the immortal names ol Washington Bnliv.li and U'lliggiiiS." A decided sliding scaled in mortality, In our opinion.^- Philadelphia U. t> Uazetir Noktii fAROt.iMA.-We have been permined le ex mime the otiicial return of the vote ot North Curoli.ia 'or President, as filed in the Executive Depart ment, and find tho following result: - For Clay and Frelinghuysen Polk and Dallas a l Whig majority, 394*?^?. It is proper to slate that tho vote of nue of the precincts in Hy.r., where there was cons, d.rably^veranlmnjl mBlorilv for Clay, was not returned by the sherin .01 M??e cause, and U not included in the Many persons have bet on 4000 whig " the reaj >rHy will exeetd that if the lull Hydeit te I f counted, we pre?um?? there will he some ditticnlty in justiug the wagers.?Jtifa'g* Hegiitn Navioatino thr Chickasawhay^?-A ateamer l,as been built for this river called the Piney W< ods, which is intended during the ensuing season to ctnvey cotton, produce and passengers ? ' \?w Orleans. Pricaof freight downward, $? per oaie ? . iinw7k's landing I all below, ftO per bale. Price of up freight from New Orleans to Howre's ferry, and all Inlemcdlate landings, on wet bar ; dry bar els *J 041 sacks of collee and salt, $1 60. measuri ment *1 60 ; small parcels requiring esjK-cial caie, lrom xmoM cents. The Chirkasawhay rises in Clarke coun ty ? near the southern line ol which is Howie's Htvd passing through Wavnn and Oreene, enters the Pas o icon la at the northern beandary of Jsckson. We an pleased to notice this Improvement In the ^ilities ol out "oulbem trade. This pmey woods country, ; ,n destined at no rennet- period to /h"':on'? Die portion of our Stale Jar.kion (Mis#.) IIrformer? (a- Mount Vernon is not for aale, ae fhc ,ion fob^y a (or Mt. Clay would imply. The Al. *andria (la/ette says, "Wo have to'J1' story now it-.;?ys, about once every year " n?f sale, and long "may it remain ln. p,^nd,nt? wha present escelTcnt iiroprleton, and hU descendant wna bear the nama of Washington." Very Lute fttm Ttkfth-Progicu Of that Acpubllct Wo have received paper. from Galveston to the I6ih instant incluaive. They came by the way of New Orleans. These journal* give us a pretty clear idea of the progress of Texas. We annex a lot of extract* containing the gist of everything. Texas possesses elements enough to live alone, f From the Oaive?ton New* to Nov. ]g I rh?"; ^,id<;e.w J, Donaldson recently appointed Charge d Affaires from the United Slates to thin Sriand".'' amVCd m ,he 6tea,ner New York, ihe streets almost impassable. 1'iom the "Planter," we learn that cotton pick ing an the Brazoa goes on well, Urid the weather as favorable as the heart could wish The editnr state, that the roads are in n.ost excellent Coud" liun, and cotton begins to roll in. Businew t meB Vv77eTrnT?n,,?and Col"mbia ia dull no more We learn from conversation with some of Hie Vher prisoners, thai their liberation was effected through the exertion and influence of Gov Shan non, the American minister, and not by the dvin* request ot the wife of Santa Anna. A portion of the pusonerB were making arrangements to effect their escape from the castle, when their release was made known to them, ft appears thev were confined in lour separate rooms, twenty six in each amrtmeut. The men in oneot the rooms had suc ceeded in cutting a hole through the wall sufficient lor a man to get out, and replace the rock h.-> as their whs no possible chance of detection. This had bt en done lor several days, and they were da.ly secreting provisions for their flight, when Gov. S lannou visited the prisou. Their object whs made known to the minuter, who requested them to.desist uuti! Ins arrival at the capital, an it was his intention to make an eflort to have them liberated. The result of his influence in the cau?e 0 humanity was made manifest by their inimedi a e release, which no doubt has prevented the los* 01 several lives and many hardships and difficul ties they would have eiicouiitt-red before thev could have effected their escape from the country. A gentleman who passed through this place last week,on his way from Matamoras, informs ua that the yellow fever was raging in that city when he left, which was about fifteen days ago. The Ame rican Consul and many others have fallen victims to the epidemic. . No tidings can be heard from the shooner Atlan tic, bound to this port from New York. It is the general impression she is lost. She had on board several resident citizeriBof Texa?, who were return ing from a visit to the north. The public debt of Mexico, besides what she owea to the United States, is said to be eighty-two millions of dollars, upon which the annual interest is nearly five millions of dollars. [From the Houston Telegraph, to Nov. fl.1 .i . m?n haa jU8t arrive? in this city from the vrest, who states that a report haB been brought to San Antonio, that all Northern Mexico along the Rio Grande is now in a state of revolt against the Dictator. The report, as brought by a Mexican Major, who represents himself as having deserted Irom General Woll's Army, is, that Arista is now mrairTrC?* n?r. '?* cily,of Mexico with an army of 17,000-that he is already beyond the moun tain?, and that Ins numbers are daily and rapidly increasing by fresh recruits from all the surround ing country. It is stated that the spirit of revolu tion is universal and overwhelming. Carabaial ia well acquainted with the deserting Major, aud pledges I.is life for the truth of liis fctatemeiite . A statement is in circulation that Ashbel Smith ia now on his way from France to accept the ap pointment of Secretary of State of this Republic? and , that Judge Ocheltree ia to be placed at the head of the Treasury Department. Judge Terrell is now in this city, being on his way to France to siipp y the place of Mr. Smith at the Court of the Tuillenea. The Comanchea were again ravaging the Rio Grande, and had killed 300 Mexicans. How much ot this is true, or -whether it ia entitled to any credit at all, we cannot determine. We believe it haa been the usual practice of the several tribes of Indiana, after making a treaty with ua, to com mence operations by hostile movements against our enemy, and conclude by more secret attacks upon our own citizens. Their treaties with the Mexican authorities have resulted much in the same way. We see it stated in the Civilian that Captain Daniel Boon, of the U. S. Army, attended the re cent Indian treaty as a Commissioner from the United States, and also that Lt. Stephens, of the U.S. Army, arrived at Washington on the 12th met., with despatches from the United States government, represented to be favorable to Texas A gentleman who has travelled of late in tho eastern counties, aud is extensively acquainted there, says that only one complete anti-tanff man lias been elected to Congress in the whole of that ^arlu m i?8- A,t,1<n,?h a reduction may be made in the Tariff in some particulars at the coming ses sion of Congress, those beet acquainted with the views of the membera elecr, give it as their opinion that no material immediate alteration will ulie place; and we think that importers will be safe in making iheir calculations to 6uit the existing stale ot ihings. M. Bourgeois d'Orvanne has arrived from the west. His impression of this part of Texas arc completely favorable to the enterprise of coloniza tion. He considers the west very suitable for Eu ropean settlers; and he forthwith returns to Europe lor the purpose of sending on a large body of emi grants. The Act of Congress of January last, in reference to the authorizations given to the Executive for Colonization contract*, has interrupted, for some inu , the movements of emigration, and prevented <he Ernpressanos from settling iheir emigre* on their grants. But as a proof ot hia energetic will to cariy out his projects ot colonization in this country, even previously to the decision of Con ?rets on the grants, M. Bourgeois d'Orvanne bus treated for a large tract of land iu the lorksofthe Cibolo and San Antonio rivers. These lands are considered as the best in this part cf the Republic; very fertile, and perfectly suited to the cultivation >f any kind of production. The waters are pure and healthy, the timber ia abundant, and good lor every purpose. M. Bourgeois d'Orvanne haa already made some preparations to receive the emigration on tlvs tract. Some settlements are established on it, and a new town, called ?" San Bartolo." is to be erect ed in a beautiful situation. ThiB city, situated midway from the sea to Sun Antonio, by the road of La Bahia, is about forty-eight miles from Co pano. It is destined to become an excellent stop ping place for travellers and emigranta, and to give great aecurity to this part of the country?distant from Laredo, on the Rio Grai:de, about 140 mile?, its commercial prospects have u large chance of success. It is believed that Rio Snn Antonio, from its mouth to the junction of the Cibolo may be made navigable. M. Bourgeois d'Orvanne, therefore, lixs the intention to execute this important woik, the expense ot which will be almost without im portance to him. In this case, San Bartolo will <{ain a large consideration, and become the princi pal market in the Weit. The rich lands in this part of the Republic will then soon acquire a great value. Further from Mkxico.?On Monday last, the llth instant, .he U. S. brig Lawrence, Com'r. Jur vi?j arrived at IVnsncola in eight day* from Vera Cn z. <Juj,t. Jarvit brought despatches for the government, which wrro forwarded to Washington immrdiudy ?.y Lieut. Per nock The news brought t>y the Lawrence ii not very im portant. (Jen DulF Of -a wan still in the city ef Mexi co at the time of her sailing, and I am iofounedby an of ficer, that the Mexican Congress, io larfrom guuting <he sum di m inded by flant.i Anna for the invasion nt Tcxnv, nave determined to call him lo a strict account for live millions disbursed by that sapient chieftain, for whicH* no vouchers are recorded It would cecm that the Vexi cans arw dnily losing confi lencc in tbi ir dictatorial Presi dent, and jrr lit numner* ,>t the people have icfused, un conditionally, to entertain any proposition lor further taxation. A member of the lower house of Coi grtss roue in hia place, ond "bearded the lion In his den," by stating his entire conviction that what 8nntsAnna ?n'd his satellites said shout the piosperity aud happiness of 'he Mtxican nation was utterly at vciance with the true statement of the case, snd mado with sinister motives, lo iggratidize himself and his adherent i ai the expense of the sovereign people. This language a>tonished many of tho members of that I'igust sh emblage ; but when s motion was m?de ?nd cariied to ii.quire into tho conduct of the President, th* y v< r? petrifl?d with consternation and alarm. The citizens of Vera Cruz, with whom my friend fen versed on the anbject ot the invasion ol Texa* deteimit ed up?n by fanta Anna, shrugged their shoulders and smiled incredulously, and their manner evidently evinced that they viewed the in Hated idea as prepoUetoua in the extreme. There were lying at Sncnllcios, two French men-of war brigs ?La Purouso and Le Mercuro? and one Knglish trigate In the upper hsrbor a few merchant men were anchored, but theie appears but a tiifling display of com mercial business?trsiie and commerce being too much trammelled and interrupted at this principal of the Mi x. ?an seaports. The U N ships Falmouth, Com. Sands, and Vandalin, Com. Chmtncey, sre now getting reaiy far sea at this place, having received order* someday* since. The Ful uouth's cruising ground will be down in the (iail off the Baize, Galveston, Tiimpico, VeraCruz, Suslacd Campeachy ; thence *he will go to the island of Cuba The Vandal! i will go to windward, and prrhnp* may visit the island of llayti and the Caribbean grotiii? vfartliilgae, (hmlniottpe, and so on, Which will be s pi. a *si\t ctnise during the winter season; this, too, m&y be rhyme or reaion? M ?sl, fslse or true?as ruch I give it you; for it would not do to spreid the news ot a vessel's ciuiae for certainty ere that she has made it; for I for -.ne, should be afraid it would bode ill-luck to all the luture movement* of the great Improvement* contemplated in the naval service.?Car. AT. O. Fir, S<n . 10 '

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