Newspaper of The New York Herald, 5 Aralık 1844, Page 2

5 Aralık 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 2
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NEU YOiUK HERALI). Mc?* lurk, IllU ailu), UtiMulKI U, IB*-*. Stkamsiiip Calkdoma ? No appearance of thU ship mi B <sioa, ai 8 o'clock yesterday morning.? U*ing u? the return if the Worcester, Inst uuht, we shall have no muil this morning, and cannot, therefore, heat from Boston again till ttou evening. President's message?Opinions of the I Press?Its Influence In Kurupe. The Message of the President has now been be fore this community lor twenty-four hours, and has been universally read and criticised. It is justly regarded by the great mass of intelligent and un prejudiced minds as a very excellent, intelligible, business-like document, ixhibitiug a clear, euc cinct, and interesting view of the present condition and prospects of the country, and the position ot the several great public questious which await the deciaiou of the natiosal legislature. The newspaper press of the city have also made their comments on the document?comments quite characteristic. By the Courier and Enquirer the Message is regarded as very " harmless," and un worthy of any aerioua attention. The Exyreu Hilda fault with its grammar, and seems disposed to think that Mr. Tyler treats syntax and the WhigB With equal unkindiiehS. Accoiding to the Joumul of Commerce it is " in the main a well-written docu ment,presenting a truly gratifying view ol our pub lic tttldirs " The Morning Aev>? regurdsthe Mes a t^e as far superior to any former ones winch have emanated from the same quarter, and says it is "business-like and to the point." Tins lavorable opinion is re-echoed by the Plebeian, by which the document is regarded as " highly creditable to the President." The character of the remarks of the&e journals on the various topics dwelt on in the Mes sage, may be readily guessed at by all who know their political complexion, in the comments on the declarations of the Message with regard to Texas?the tariff? the finances? Mexico?foreign relations?the usual demonstration ot partizan leel iui? is made by the various "organs" of faction? the abuse and the laudation being dispensed in about proportions. But there is one all-important subject, presented in the clearest and most intelligible light, by this Message, on which the party organs are all .utterly dumb. That subject ia the influeuce which the example of republican America is exercising on the European world?the revolutionizing power which is thus slowly, silently, but surely and inevitably sapping the foundations of the ancient despotisms of the elder world. But this, these mere party organs cannot discern. They see nothing in the " Message "?they see nothing in the great business of legislation?they see nothing in the ten thousand si^ns and tokens around them, suegestive of this great and most interesting fact. They have an eye for nothing but the movements?the schemes?the sm?cessof "theparty " Indeed, weseeoneot them ?the to York American?actually abusing the President for the introduction of the interesting and really eloquent remarks on the triumphant vindication of the practicability of our political system, with which he commences his message. Tne miserable tool of a miserable clique cannot excu-se the chief magistrate of the nation for pro claiming to the nations of the earth the gr^aUtruih that republicanism works well! Such is the pa triotism?such is the sugacity?such is the healthy moral feeling of grovelling partizanship! The exhibition, then, of this highly interesting view of the influence ex? rased in Europe by the rn"f-siges of American Presidents, is left, it would appear, altogether to the independent journalist It is one on which we d*eli with peculiar satis taction. It is one which is calculated to ex cite in the bosom of every genuuie friend ol the free institutions of this laud, and the pro gress ot liberty throughout the world, emotion? ot the purest and most unteigued pleasure.? ~No7tifrv^j?t observer of the signs ot the times can have failed to matk, that the circulation iu Eu rop<- of those annual proclatnttions ot the safety, security, and prosperity, which are guaranteed to the nation and to ludividuuls by the operation of a popular t? rm of government, has beea gradually preparing the way for the final overthrow of des potic and monarchical institutions. Every one of these "Messages" has been a revolutionary docu inent, spreading before the oppressed people ot Eu rope, not wild and impracticable theories of free government?not mad and ultra speculations?not violent and declamatory denunciations ol venera ble dynasties?but plain, calm, intelligible, and in disputable demonstration of the practical utili ty and perfect success of the experiment of man's capacity for self-government, tried on the broadest scale, and with added triumph each succeeding year. To the revolu ion in France, historians aud philosophers have been ac customed to ascribe a prodigious influence in the propagation and enforcement of republican princi ples. But the influence of that event has been as nothing compared with that exercised by these " harmless" unpretending " Messages." That terrible baptism of fire and blood, to which Prance was subjected, scared and afinghted the timid ad vocate of human rights, and on the whole it may be disputed whether it did not strengthen, rather than impair the stability of European despotisms. But the tendency and influence of the President's Messages on the mii.ds of the great masses of Eu rope are not to be disputed. Slowly and imper ceptibly?like the gentle dews of heaven, which, falling unseen of any, yet spread life and verdure over the whole lace of nature?the great truths . thus circulated and scattered abroad, ate sinking into the minds of men ; and the seeds of the mightiest revolution that the world has yet seen, are already germinating far and wide on the soil long trodden by the iron hoof of despotic authority. Look, for instance, at the thoughts which must naturally be excited abroad when men read that the people ot this great 'confederacy of State?? twenty millions of freemen?have quietly, peace fully, without the slightest semblance ot disorder to mar the sublimity of the H|iectacle, proceeded to the choice of a Chief Magistrate, and elect ed to that high office an humble citizen, with out personal influence, without any torce to aid him, but the strong moral power of purity of character, integrity of conduct, and unsullied patriotism 1 The conclusion is irresistible? that a political system thus tested, must in deed be sound and salutary. And then let us con sider how tnumphautly vindicated the institutions of the United States must appear before the intel ligence ot European nations, when our vast and growiug pros|?eriiy, as put forth without any pre tension in this m scage, is regarded. Little mor^ itmnhalf a century since, a petty colony, paying tribute to a distant kingdom?now a gigantic em pire, sir-tching from the Atlantic to the Pacific, contending with the greatest maratime power ot modern times, for the commerce ot the world and the sovereignty of the seas! And all ttns triumphant vindication of republic canism is promulgated, we mnst recollect, by tlx presses ol the very governments whose perpetuit) is thus so surely endangered. What intelligen American, then, need care for the peevish and ill natured criticisms on our literature, our socia, habits, our manners and customs, our want of re fiueinent, wiiti which some ot the presses of Enrop may teem 1 What, after all, is the amount of the charge preferred against us, and ot which we may lit some degree be guilty 1 Why, that we do not possess all the elegance and high refinement ol social manners which prevail amongct the most polished circles ot luxurious European society ! Ouly imagine, however, what material for ridi cule and censure the tourist would find in the ?teamboatsand hotels of Great Britain, were the masses emancipated, the distinctions ot cutte obli terated, and the whole community presented on cnc broad platlprm of social equality But if w? want, to aome respects, the rraoe and luxu rioua taw of England, we are alio free from the bloated vices of her aristocracy, and from the squalid misery of her misses. We, too, will ha\e the polish by aud by. Meanwhile we are enlarging our borders. We are successfully engaged iu sub jugating <t great continent to ihe influence of civili zation, religion, and the arts. We are making vast solitude* r< sound with the clietrlul hum ot industry. We are yearly waxing more powerful, and tee no limits but those of tbis great division of the earth to our future imperial greatness. And all this under a system of equal rights and equal laws. And the press of Europe, surely no partial witness, is every where proclaiming that " the system works well!" but what, meanwhile, sa>s tlie press?the party presi of America itself! What does it proclaim*! It may surely well be aahamtd to ausner! War of the "Sections"?He-Election of Senator Benton.?We have received from Mis souri the important intelligence ot Senator Benton's re-election for six years, from the 4ih of March next, by a majority of tight votes. There has been a great opposition made to him by the Tyler and Calhoun men ; and this electiou is a very interest ing feature in relation to the future movements of the democracy at Washington. In a correspond ence from Jefferson City, the State capitol of Mis souri, we find the following announcement, which we take from the Mittouri Reporter: ? Fur the information of your reader*, and of the demo cracy ot the whole Union, it should be published at once, llidt it wui knowu here ut the time ot Col. Bentoii'a le election, that he had declared in Ut. Louis, just befoie leaving fjr the East, a lew weiks ago, that if Col. Polk put the word " immediate annexation" into his message, or failed to t xpel trom his confidence thoiie concerntd in what he bag ternml " the Texas intrigue,he (Ool. B) would make Col Polk's administration hotter than John Tylet'a ever has been. The time lor commencing the onslaught was tixid by Col. Benton for April next. The sou ice whence 1 have derived this iniormation, u* well as the course of Col B since the nomination ot Polk and Dallas, leave not the slightest doubt on my mind that Col. B. has gone to Washington to war upon the democratic party. Mr. Benton is now in Washington, and if this prediction be correct, we may expect sport when the measures recommended by Captain Tyler are brought forward. Of the senti. menu and feelings entertained by Mr. Benton towards the Captain, there can be little question; but it is not so certain that lie will make war on Mr. Polk's administration. It is yet to be seen whether Mr. Polk will go "North" or "South." But, at ail events, it is clear that matters are coming to a head in the democratic party, and that we will have plenty ot quarrels for some time to come. The Ecclesiastical, Episcopal, Apostolical Investigation.?It is earnestly insisted, in certain quarters, that the trial of Bishop Onderdouk be conducted with closed doors. By all means let it be so. "Closed doors," of course?double barred, too, if you please. Certainly, closed doors?who is as silly as to talk of open door&1 It would be altogether contrary to the genius, the spirit, the use and wont of the "order" of Bishops, to have open doors Open doors, indeed! No, no. The spirit of the age is that of independence, free in quiry, publicity. But the spirit of the order of Bishops is quite a different character. So closed doors by all means. Canadian Afpairs.?We have a slip from the Montreul Htruld office, dated 29th ult. It gives the first day's proceeding of the Provincial Parlia ment. Sir Allan McNab waselected speaker, after it was ascertained that he could understand the French language. To-day we shall probably have the Governor General's speech. The Musical Dkama.? We think we may now aafely felicitate ours* Ives in having the Italian opera permanently establi.-h? d for this season. The houses ihus far have been profitable in the highest degree, md the troupe comprises an amount ot talent suffi cient for the production, in a style of great excel lence, of all the best operas. Last night the great inclemency ot the weather operated somewhat agdiust the fullness of the house, but even in these adverse cTrcumstances it was highly respectable. Belitario, besides,was not a very popular opeia last season,although it abounds with many admirable passages. It is probable that it has been re-produced foi the purpose of bringing Signor Tomasi before the public. He is a very re spectable artist, and in some passages acquitted himself remarkably well, but in this part at least, we do not think that he is equal to Valtellina.? Many of his notes lose in effect apparently because he fears to throw himself out sufficiently, an ex treme the opposite of that into which Valtellina occasionally falls. BorgheBe acted her part to perfection, and sang with her accustomed abi lity. The part assigned to Signora Pico is an un gracious one, whilst the music is exceedingly diffi cult, but she sustained it in a manner entitled to much commendation. Perozzi gets the best bar gain in this opera, and his management of it dis covered that he had really some good claim to it. He sang admirably. We should not recommend many repetitions of this opera, for we do not be lieve that it is by any means so great a favorite as many others. Let us have Im Gazza Isidra, Normi, Semeramidt, or Centrentola. In the latter we would have the admirable Sauquirico as "Lan dim," and in the first we might have the entire strength of the company. The Italian opera attracts all the fashion and aris tocracy of the city, and fo steady is the current, that the attempt at English opera at the Park has quite failed to divert it in any degree. The " Bo hemian Girl," however, is a good deal of a showy "spectacle," and attracts tolerably large audiences of the theatre-going people. We do not think much of the music. It cer tainly has not great pretensions to originality, being chiefly made up of familiar airs und melo dies. Then, with the exception of the Seguinsand Mr. Frazer, none of the company can sing. Frazer is not an artist of remarkable powers. His voice is wanting in volume, and at all events, is quite in capable of filling such a lar^e theatre as the Park. I lis figure is unwieldy, and he does not appear to xdvantage on the stage. Stcuin himself is an ex cellent buno, and is more accustomed to the stage. Mrs. Sguin is 11 highly educated und accomplished musician, but with a somewhat thin toprano voice, and not much of an actress. Altogether, we be lieve, that so far as English opera is concerned, for the present, at least, the "Ethiopian Minstrels," m l the " Guinea Serenaders," are likely to retain possession of the palm, if we understand that term to mean the favor and half dollars of the multitude. Highly Important Mkd:cai. Discovery.?A native of New Jersey, who has been engaged tor years in a series of successful experiments in rela tion to the diving beil, under the patronage of the Government, has ascertained by actual experiment that catarrh, bronchitis, and even consumption it ?elf, may be effectually cured in a few hourn, by a novel application of the agency of the diving bell We have been promised all the particulars oi the history and iliacoveries of this remarkable genius, >nd we will give thrm iierhaps to-morrow or next lay. Of the tact that, Wy this means, a dangerou lisease of the lungs wascureo in half an hour, not \ doubt can exist, and the theory by which the extraordinary cure was explained, is altogether rational and philosophical. This discovery is des tined to make a wonderful sensation. Steamship Acadia, Harrison, was to have left Liverpool yesterday lor Boston. Till spring there #ill be but one steamer a month. Navigation Closbb ?The Penobscot River has frozen up hard enough. A larger number of vea j*la ready for sea are detained in Bangor harbor, han has ever wintered there Sitnday Service ?No trams except to convey :he mails, are hereafter to rua over the New Jersey Rulroad on Sundays. Nfcw Hours to-Aleany ?ihe railroad betw?ta Springfield and Hartford it open Great Meeting of the New York Historical ttot-lety?Interesting KtMjr on America* (*rovliiciaUams?Their Origin, &c. The largest and most enthusiastic meeting oi this distinguished and highly honorable association i tat ever was held, took place on Tuesday night, in '.tic hall o| the Society's library iu the Uni versity. Many of the most intelligent and promi nent citizens of New York were present, aniOngat whom we recognized Gen. Tallmadge, Dr. De Witt, Hon. Philip Hone, Gen. Wetmore, J. G. Cogswell, Eaq., J. R. Hroadhead, Eiq., Giles F. V tties,sEtq., of Schenectady; Dr. PLnyrEarle, Dr. Ward, Col. Murray, Lieut. Hallack, U. S. A. Lieut. 3cott, U. S. A., Hon. Geo. Folsoin, Hon. VVm. Ingli', Kev. Mr. Bedell, Arch'd Russell, Shepherd Knapp, B. H. Field, 3. J. Bebee, and H. tt. Schoolcraft, E-qs. The meeting was organized by W. B. Lawrence, Esq., the Society's first Vice President, being called to the chair in the absence of Albert Gallatin, Esq., the President, who was confined to his residence by a severe cold. Mr. Gib?3, the librarian, read several letters, ac coiiipanyiug donations to the Society. Among them was a letter from Mr. J. R. Brodliead, wilh I, acopy of the "Vertoogh Van Niew Ncderland," and a copy of the first edition of Van der Donk's History nt New NetherlandJ published at Amster cidrii in 166o; and 2, a &mall volume coutainiiig the "a rt Y^bd"1 Vun Viewer Nedreland," publish ea in 1662; 8, two bundles, containing extiacts and cumngs from several ot the leading London Journals 01 articles relating toibe American Colo ines, I rovmcea and Plantations, from 1(>6? to 1783. Uii motion oi Mr. iiarria tb^ne extracts and cut tings were referred to the Executive Committee and a vole of thanks passed to Mr. Broadhead. Mr. Grass presented next a long and valuable letter from Mr. John F. Watson, of Ge.rmautown, 1 enn , on the subject ofthe sixteen AISS Jolio t>o lurnct, <? 1 the Journals of the House of Commons, on tne Hhelves of the New York Historical Socie ty. These volumes extend from 1650 to 1675, em bracing the record of the transactions of England in the time of the Commonwealth and the Pro tector. A letter wus then read from Mr A. Edward Harrkcht, the. Swedish and Norwegian Consul at New York, piesenting, on behalf of the author, a learned work on the Icelandic Sagas, by ihe Hon. Jacob A till, ot Nas, in Norway, dedicated to the King ot Sweden and Norway, and published in 1633-9. A letter from Mr. Geo. A. Ward, enclosed a communication from Mr. Gabriel P. Disosoway, respecting the early emigration of the Huguensts l?r .. e ^'ro'iin plantations on the invitation of William, then King of England. Mr. Ward men tioned the recent discovery by that gentleman in his researches on Siulen Island, ot an illuminated parchment graut, from Queen Anne, lands on the western side of that island, to certain Hugue nots who settled thereon. This document will be presented to the Society at their next meeting. The communication of Mr. Disosoway mentioned, among other things of interest, the existence ot a 'are curiosity, belonging to ihe first settlement ol the trench Huguenots in Virginia, made under the encouiagihK auspices of William of Orange, about the yeai 16!)!) This relic belongs to a gentleman in Petersburg, Va. Mr Fomjom, the Domestic Corresponding Secre tary, read a letter from Mr. Robert Greenhow of Washington, presenting copies of his '? History of Tripoli and the other Barbary States," aud of his " History ot Oregon and California," with an ac conn?nying map A note was submitted from Mr. Thomas F. Field, presenting two earthen plates, designed and imported by himself, one iu 1823 and *4, to commemorate the canal sele bratiou ; aud the other to commemorate the un wavering c> f. nee by John Quincy Adams of the right ol pruiioii in ihe Huuse of Representatives.? Letter* wne Ulan received from William lteiley, from C:>uir4 K. West presenting two MSS ser mons ot the Rev Thomas Allen, of Pu'.sfield, Alans., written in short hand. Mr. Jay presented, ou behalt ?t Mr Richard Kingsland, a very rare and^ valuable work in two volumes, folio, entitled "lA'at'ijriinfium ut que Itineiarium Bibliutheca; or, a_ complete collection ol voyages and travels, consisting of above six hundred ol the most authen tic writers, negiuuing with Hackliut, Purchass.Acc., in English ; Kainusio, Alaiiuuduii, Carreri, &c , iu Laiian ; Theveuoi, Henandot, Labat, kc, in French; De Brve, Grynaeus, Matweus, &c., in La tin ; H<-riera, C)viedo, Uoieal, icc , iu Spanish ; and ihe voyages uudei the direction of the East India Company, in Holland, dcc. ttec., with proper ".hurts, maps aud cuts, by John H'rris?new and enlarged edition in two volumes. 1748 " A vote of thunks was passed to Mr. Kingsland. Mr. Jay also presented " Historic de Pologne, par Joachim Lelewel," with an atlas, Pans, 1844 Tnis work was transmitted 10 the Society by the author, through Mr. Martin R. Zabnskie. It was published under the direction ot the Poles. Mr. Lelewel lor many years filled the chair of history in the University ol Wilna, aud obtained a high reputation throughout Europe, but having become obnoxious to the Russian government, he was honored by their especial nonce, a reward being offeted for htm, dead or alive. Mr. Lelewel was nominated as an honorary member of the Society. Among the other donations of value during the last month are an atlas ot battles ot the American revolution, with maps showing the routes ot the British and American armies, plans of cities, har bors, <tec. from Messrs. Bartlett and Welforcf.? Correspondence of Mr. Ralph Izard of South Caro lina, from 1774 to 1804, from the authoress, Mrs. Aune J. Dean, and Cunoen's Journal and Letters, 2d edition, from the author, Geo. A. Ward. On motion of Mr Gibbs a resolution was passed that a memoir on the discovery and exploration of the Atlantic Coasts of America, presents a subject deserving of investigation, as connected with the history ot the continent, and requesting Robert Greenhow, Esq., of Washington, one ot their cor responding members, to prepare such memoir for publication, and offering him all the facilities in their power for itssatislactory completion. The Hon. G*o. Folsom offered the following resolution:? Resolved, That a committee of thi* Society be ap pointed to atcertain the spot where Col. Knowlton of the American Army fell at the commencement of the Revolu tion, with a view to the erection ol a permanent monu ment to bis bravery and patriotism. A very young member of the Society, attempted to slur down this resolution by on attempt to say something witty. He moved that the committee should be chosen from ihe committee on cleaning streets in the New York Common Council (Some laughing here.) But Mr. Folsom eloquently sup ported nis resolution, und appealed to American patriotism, whether it was not called upon by the highest and holiett obligations to save Irom oblite ration by the ploughshare of tune, the reminis cences of the heroic conduct ot those who louglit and fell in our revolutionary struggle. The reso lution (when Mr. Folsom concluded) was most en thusiastically received. Gen. Wetmore, of the Executive Committee, presented a report on the nominations made at the last meeting, nud the following gentlemen were elected : Corrrtpnndinn Mtmlitn-~riiny Karle, Watertown, New York; Itev /Monro loiter, Schenectady, New York. Rttif/rrt/*?Jotiah Howe, K-lgar U. llicharla, Samuel Wanug, Joseph Brigham, llenry Max, ClurleaChauncey. Ed win Bartlett, Augu-tus Cleveland, J I). Biudsur, W C. H. Wsddell, John Jucab Amor, Jay Jarvis, Hon I). P Iu. graham, Welcome It. Bibee, Sharmun Day, M. Dudlev Bean. Oilks K. YATr.a, K.sq , sf Schenectady, theu read r piper (renting ut the aboriginal names of places in thin State, and Nhowing by numerous illustrations, their ljiitory, etymology und definition He couijed to prove certain grammatical p iaciples upon which the language ol the earliest tube* iu this State vim based In particular, he contended that the 1 riguage of tile Levape.s aud Iroquois was ol Grecian origin, aud in?tanced many of the most prominent words in tho language of these tribes, siiil in >ue amongst us, to show how close wan their connection, in both sound and spelling to their Orecian purentnge He said that nothing had ever appeared tc induce the be liel that tne language ol any other tribe in Ibis S:a e, wi'h the exception ol the Lev-apt s and Iroquois wa-. ol Grecian origin. Ha commented ujion aud reprehended the prac tice which k emed to have been gnining lavor ol lain, ol driving into o'divion the aboriginal names of piacea which no oiteu comtuued rare beamy with gieat loice ol expres ?don, and suiistituting lor them " modern aboiniuatmrM " He elat orated, ot some length, upon the great change thst had taken plac>' in the language ol ihe tribes ?ince 'heir mixture with the Kucopeen*. The original tongue bad been m many instances *o grossly corrupted that its umilarity io words bearing the same meaning in :b<: Ian gunge ol the fame tribes, ol prt viois tunes, could scaire I ly be tr.iced. He raid liiwevt r, that he believed that out ol the aboriginal namen nuw iu use in tins h;ate, seventy fl^e |iercei,t might be fairly iMoed to the Iroquois, and . wenly five per cent to the Lerupe tongue Ol ootlrse, in ill* calculation, he would tiike tne bemflt alwa sallow ed to a persoq introducing philological inveMigittion, viz: the admisiion that it was uncommon among no pet.ple for the same word, in the fame language, to carry different meaning at different periods At the close ol his rctnarkn, Mr. Yates received the thanks of tkegjeiety fur his interesting labors. John R. UtniLtTt, Kn^., closed the basinets?and this war the prominent business of the cveulng?by u hnmor "us disquisition upon tne birth aid parentage ol America Provincialisms. He set out by remarking that as some paople had contended thit the provincialisms ol a lan guage were not woiihy of grave investigation, it would Oe necessary for him to say a few words sbout the power of language There was nothing whicn so dihtiuclly mirked the nationality of a people, as their language The Oolor ofthe skin had baen considered a sure test?tiiat t> s on Id only lie iippiied in certain cases and in no rase w as | oior M reliablna ti st as language. Language had iilwaj n remained the imperishable source, by which the histon ot a people con Id be traced to its fountain head It was true that in various nana of the globs, there were various nations speaking what strangers to their tongues would rail different languages?such, for example, aa the hoa's ol people clashed ai the Hindoo Uermanie family, but an eximin.i'.ion into the ditfi renrn hetwren th? innguagenl thess cotsrminom rscei, which oonsist almast altogether in their prosincisliama, l?ft no doubt ?t ?U thst llisy api ung from ? common a ock All nation* had their pro vinciuinu*, uJ ba oon?ider?d it aa unn?ice?i*ry scrutiny tor u* to trace our provincial jma to ourEngluh ancestor*. He contended, however, that iha provincialism? oi a p<-o pltt were a legitimate subject oi hiatory. In (lie United Stats, the. difference between the provinciaiiama of the various (ecliou*, couaiated mot* in the wanner thun in any thing elm. They were doled out, in the Eaatern statei in u drawlii g, unimpasuoned manner-*-whilst in the 8911th, they were pronounced with a quickneas and it fiercen?t>* (Uafe toial y changed their feature*. He be lieved that he could prove, that out of the provincialiam* or " Yankeei*ms'" (*? British wiitera were in the haOit of calling them ) oi the New Ei.gland Statea, aeven eighth* are gcod Eugliah word*, or, at leoat, were *o wt.en our ance*tor? came here nearly two hundred yeaia ago. The provincialiam* oi the weatern State* were pure English word*?word* that had been ado t ed oy the niJti eminent British author*, and word* generally of strong meaning. One of the moit com mon ProvineiaUrate in the New England State*, wa? the word "gu?M." Every foreign writer put* this word i own a* an Americanism or Yankeei.-m. Such ia not the case There may be, in tbUcpuatry, home little abuie of the word by a too general application of it. The *trict meaning of the word "gun**" i* to conjecture. The American applies it, however, when he kuotv* anything, t .ink*?anppoita. The word can bear all the*e applica tion*, and tie i* quite right in to applying tliein.? He then (howeri by extract* Irom Shakt-peare. Dry(len, Locke, he., that all theao greit writer* had used the word '? guess" in different senses. Next he w?uld tsika the word " click," and ?how that even that wbh ol baxon origin. He quoted Chaucer, and a varh tj of English authors, to show that every one who had made use ol the woid, vpelt and pronounced it " *lic? " except a'lokupuaie, who alone set it 0own " *lerk." In succes sion he illuttrated isoruttinie* with burst* of humor) the origin of the word* "heap," " mightily," "mighty" In lelerence to the laat word, he presented R sinking con trast between the use of it by Pry or of England, and Davy Crockett of America, who, on one occasion, exclaimed, " What mighty Iihim land this i* !" (A laugh.) The word* " hear tell'' were quite common in New England, and could be traced beck a* lar as Chaucer. The words " to lick,"meaning to whip,were oi old date They came from the Saxon, and c >uld be traced bock as far as Chau cer. They wtre, at this day, used as a provincialism in England, in the name *? nse a* here. A great deal had 1) en suid by English writer*, and they had let off a good d ial of fun about the word " swap and yet, that ob noxious word had teen used in the Spectator?it had been used by Bishop Hall,?and Dryden had put it into ttte month of one of hi* personas, '? I would have iwapped youth for old age." Judge Haliburton eiv>* a description of the baleful effect* of " swapping," and

make* his hero wind up with saying, '? I've seen awap* where both aidca got tuk in." (A laugh ) The words "power," "plaguy," " plaguily," "tiptop." "touchy," "strange going* on," "great," "greenhorn," "rump tion," ?' spunk)," "spoony," "beat nil hollow," ar.a " wapprr," were prominent provincialism* here, and th^y were all in uae in England. Mr. Bartlett then referred to a few word* and expieu-ion* of anothercla** to which no English origin could he assigned. AmoDgit these were ''I'm proud to *ee you"?"A crowd of |eo pie"?" To atump it"?" To slope"?" A shaver," meaning a boy, See. " Peskily"?1, slewed," or " half slewed," meaning on the road to get drunk?" Store," " caucus"? " Stir up sticks," &c ?"Drat," (? word common in the aouth)?"Cocked hat," &c. The last word had lately sprung up, and waa applied variously in thia country, although he could not discover that it had any meaning whatever. He would relate to them an anecdote about it, however, which would show how it was appreciated by the people of England. About two yeara ago, there waa a severe storm in this lection ol country,the mail* were all atopped, and the New York Commercial Advertiser on the morning of the (ailing of the iteamer for Ergland, apologized for the paucity of it* new*, by aay ing that the storm had been so heavy as to knock all tho mails into a cocked hat. Upon this the London Spectator re marked that the newa from America, by that an ival, was very light, which was accounted for hy the New York Commercial JJJrertiier in a very strange way. That pa per stated that there bad been a heavy itorm there, ?n<' that all the mail* had been knocked into a cocked bat, a singular position of thing*, which it waa impoisiblo to define, ((treat laughter.) There were, also, the words "whole," "worry," "poke," Sic, to which no origin could be asrigned, but tho great maa* of provincialism* amongst us were in quite common me in three pails ol England?Norfolkshire, the West Riding of Yorkshire, and .he North if England Nine-tentha of the pro vincialism* of New England came from these lections of England, and it was Irom there tha our anceitor* chii fly came. Mr. Bartlett laid that he would have liked to pursue tho aubject further, but be had already detained the large a**emhlage too long for the present. Hp received a vote of thanks from the Society for his able elucidation of the origin of American provincialism*), and the meeting adjourned. The Misses Sloman's Corcert last Night ? This concert was very well and fashionably attend ed at the Apollo last night, and these interesting young ladies were received with the greatest en thusiasm. In the duett irom " La Gazza Ladru" they acquitted themselves with remarkable sue cess. Miss E. Sloman sang the exquisite ballad, " Kathleen Mavorneen," with great taste and feel ing, and was loudly encored, and her performance on the harp was artistical and effective in an emi nent degree. Mih3 Aunt 's performance oil the pi ano, which concluded the concert, was listened to with evident delight. Mr. Sloman himself con tributed his share to the highly agreeable enter tainment, which will, we trust, be Boon repeated. Another Relikious Discussion.?A very violeBt controversy is ruling at present between Bishop Cha*>c and a lay polemic named Thompson. The subject of dispute is the difference between tweedle-dum and tweedle-dee. It promises to be as protracted and as interesting as the Potts and Wayiwright discussion. Steamboat Worcester.?This steamer, which left here on Tuesday afternoon, returned last eye ing in distress. We learn from a passenger that she ought never to have attempted the trip, weak and leaky as she was from her recent disaster. It is a wonder that her passengers are now safe on Bhore. The Express to Boston ?The express which started with the President's message for Boston, on Tuesday night, broke down on the Long Island Railroad, arid the document will therefore go on in the regular mail. It was an unfortunate acci dent, but could not be avoided. Wind, fire und rain upset the whole arrangement. It must not be forgotten that the Sacred Music Society generously contribute their services this evening, at the Tabernacle, in a Grand Con cert, for the patriotic purpose of perpetuating sub stantially, by a suitable monument, the memory of the gallant Capt. James Lawrence. Solar Eclipse.?There is to be a partial eclipse nt the sun on the 9th inst., visible throughout the gnater part of tho United State*. The meantime of the beginning i? 3 o'clock 81 minuter, tho griatut obscura tion o'clock, andtlie tun tcU eclipaed at 4 36 with 8-0 digits ua its north litnb obscured. Serious Accident on the Sound.?We learn that the Hoe steamer Massachusetts, when on her passage to Stonington, last Monday, she was run into by a sloop which stove a hole in one of her boilers und otherwise damaged her; in fact, to disabled her that she could not proceed. It is re ported tlmt the sloop immediately sunk; at any rate, nothing has been aeen or heard of her since the collision. Eliction in Nf\v Orleans.?1Two whig dele gates to the State Convention were elected in New Orleans, on the 25ih ult, by 300 majority. To our Albany CoanEtroNDSNT?Yes. LouliUiin Election. rornciAL.] Pariiic*. . 1844?-> .? Clrvu. Polk. V. Plaquemines 37 1007 St. Bernard 186 81 1' New Orleans 30% 2612 2? Jefferson 131 403 21 St. < liarlea, 96 42 ( Mt John Il.i| tilt 142 113 I: St. lamea 3)1 1SI 31 Ascnaion, 239 2 4 2 \??uinplion, 236 279 21 l.afonirhe lull nor, 471 117 Y Terretiomie, 265 164 3 lher?ille 251 23* 21 \V. Baton K'>ut:r 20J 101 II K. Baton Itoaice 325 399 31 Kaat Krlii*;an* '.<29 419 M Wea' Kiliciana 2l3 3H8 2' Si. H> leni, 164 2i t 11 Uvi irataii,.., 100 229 I! W.i hingtou, 177 2ill I' St. Tammoiy 169 199 21 Hoi't C?ii| M 174 175 I* Concordia 188 96 2( 'IVimiin 157 108 IV St. Mary 3.2 112 31 St Martin 479 .3113 41 Ufayrttr 193 .199 St. Landry and Calcaaien,. ..... 831 511 8: Avoyelles 189 361 2: Haphiea 419 586 41 N ?lrliit'ieh?? 452 650 U Claiborne, 19.1 375 Is OuncliiU 106 2fl?> 2l CatnlioUla 213 3(14 2.' Carroll 190 221 < Madison 208 198 ll Caldwell 69 191 P> I'aildo, f''j ? f Union 205 213 1 Botaier 59 103 ^ Krniiiilin, 134 168 ? ? Sabine 255 311 > D? Soto C6 ? I* \1oreln me, 1(17 71 l> Vermillion 176 101 I*i Total 12,873 13,561 11,296 7,616 12,871 Polk ? majority 690 Aecres*!* tow in I8h? " " in WW,, Iiionm* iu four yo*ri,. T.SM Amnmunli. UofesiN, the Griinaldi ol Americ#, is carrying everything before him at the Bowery Girtus ? The houses ure crammed ererj evening with nil the wit and beiQty cf the town. H? it roof? j opular with "the boys*' thun tbo Pwiidffit of the United Slates They give bd afternoon peilorwence on Saturday next. This evening Mr Hubiall give# an exhibition of his strength. The Uit named gentleman challenges any 'nan in the world to come forward and wrestle wi'.h him (or a wager ol $600; open till January 8th. Treasury Noikb outstanding, Dec. 1, 18-14 ? Amount of tbe several issues outstanding, as per the record* of this office $1,913,713 17 Deduct cancelled notea in tho hauda ol the accounting officers,. 4,350 00 ll.OO-t.attf 17 Tbkssl'Iv Dki-artuknt, Rkcusi ait's Orrica, Dec. 3, 1844. T. L. SMITH, Register. Court for thk Corrkction ok Errors, Dec. 2 ? Preeent? Senator Bockee presiding, and 26 other Senator*. No. 17.?W 8. Slocuin vs. M. B. Hart, Sherifl, Its.? Motion to amend-denied without costs. No 31.?The Jackson Insurance Company vs E. I). Hurltiutaiid al. Mr. J. B. Cutting was heard for defend ant in error ; Mr. H Ketchum iu reply. Decision post poned. No 83.?The Board of Sup-i visors of Onondaga county vs. Jerome J. Briggs. Mr. D. B. Noxen was heard for plff. in error. Thk Kivkr.?The weather is again mild to-day, and the.river is clear el ice. The suu is pleaisaiitly -.timing, and will shortly dissipate all the snow on the *rouin? Evon now the walking is very had. The s'eam h iu'. Ko-ciucko arrived thia morning about nine o'clock. The Columbia got up yecterday.- Mbany Jltlat, Dec. 3. Truth akin to Nature i?Have you pain 1 Be thankful. It ist a vigorous effort of Nature to throw off morbific nutter, from what may the morbific mitterarisef? Kroin a biuise. or unwholsome air which lias become, mixed with the blond, not incorporated in it, but which is liable to taint the whole mi>isil' not speedily removed Or the pain nuy aiise from bile which lias become bad, rancid, puiric, in conse quence of the want of power in the piojer organs to discharge it. This rsift which so kkiohtkns ikoplk is only the symp toms of the i fforts of Nature, (or the vital principle of the blood,) to rxpci. the peccant or impure matter, which w ould otherwise destroy the human fabric. All diseases are of the so lid* or lluids. or both. When we hare pain in our head, or iu our loot, in our throat or in our back or bowels, let us but lie satisfied that it is produced by the efforts of our blood to throw out morbific matter, a"d if this be so, if we can but lielieve and understand this our cure will he eisy and generally sure. For eur course will then be to help Nanre to throw oil the morbid matter, not to take away the blood. Forihe bbod EVERY' DROl WE HAVE IS KEHUIRED TO INSURE ULTI MA IK HEALTH to the body, we mast NOT LOSE A DROP; neither must we use any medicines internally which are not |>erfectly haimless, if applied externally to the body ? So we must not use any or the preparations of merenrv, neither must we use any vegetable medicine of CORROSIVE PO ?V ER. in order to discriminate between truth, which is eternil, and conjecture, which is like a transient vision, we must lie guided by the light of EXPEKlENCE. To what does experience di rect/ To the FREE USE OK DR. BKANURETH'S 1'ILLS in all cases of bodily suffering. As this advice is fol lowed, SO WILL THE HEALTH OF THE BODY BE The wit**rhas long used them, and has never found 'hem fail of importing relief. Iu all acute diseases, li t Brandreth Pills anil mild diet be used, and the pa'ient will soon be restored to good health. In chronic complaints let the Pills be use! as ofie>i as convenient, by which means the vitality of llie blood will be improved, and a crisis will be generally brought aboui; the dis ease In-ing chauged to acute, a lew large d-ses of Pills, anil a few days confinement to the house, will chaise the chronic illy diseased individual to a sound man. This is no figure of th? imagination; it can be proved by a thousand mvter-of-fact men who have experienced it. KEMKV1BEH, in all cases of dis ease, no matter whet her it be a cold ora cough; whether it be a thma or consumption; whether it be rheumatism or pleurisy; whether it be typhus or fever and ague, or bilious lever; cr imp.i r whooping couifli or metsles; whether it be sciilel fever or small pox- that the Pills, knowu'as Hrandreth's Pills, will surely do more than all the medicines of the drug sto-es, for your restoia Hon to health, and what is more, will surely do you uo hirm TRUST TO HHANDRhTH'jt PILLS, u>e them so as to produce a brisk effeei, and your sickness will be the affair ol a ?lay or ?w?, while tho-e who are too wite to follow this com mon sense advie-.will be sick for mouths Let 'h? sick enquire of ihe agents for Brandreth's Pil's whether these things I* ?oor not. Let thein euouire aminiR their frieuds and ask ihs same mies'ion Verily if E VIUENCE is wanted it shall be pro cured. To the sick let me say, use the BRANDRETH PILLS ii the best advice mortal man can give vou. told at Dr Hrandreth's principal office. 211 Broadway; (274 Bowery, and 241 Hud-ou street, lJr Brandreth's retsil offices,) at 3) c.-uis per box with full direclious in the English, Spanish, Portuguese and French languaRes. Jt A Famous .Shaving Preparation ?Henry'* Chinrtr Cream.?Thin new and delightful oriental com pound, is the best Shaving Soap ever jet introduced. Km xjl't- iimi; the beard, allaying all irritation I rem the acti n of the razor and removing ull smarting and roughues* from the sk n, it cannot be surpassed by any artirle now in use. The follow ing lecoinmendi'inu from editors who have used it, will be considred proof positiye of it* superiority:? Henry's Chinese tJhivinz Creain ia a new article in id line, and a< we hare had a mouth's exterience in testiug it* qualities, we deem ou'se'.ves competent to speak of ila merit*. f or mv ny year.i tie Krench chemist* excelled all others in the mann lucture of fine and delicatu sapouaciou* compound*. hut we know of nothing of Kreuch or buglish manufacture which ex ic s in richness or strength of t^e latlrr. or in the delicacy of its aroma, the Chinese Shtving Cream, made and sold liy A. B. Sa> d* <k.Co., corner ol' Broadway and Chambers street. Let th ae who wish to shave easy give it a trial?[N. Y. Tribune. W e have never used an article tor shaving more pleasant to the face, than the preparatio ol Messrs. Sands of this city.? Betide* producing the ino*t agreeable effect uron the skin, it in jure* a quick and easy ahive. We recommeud ittoall 'iud= pendent gentlemen." who, like ourselves, do tlwir own barber lug.?[N. Y. fe.vening Mirror. Hsnrv's Chikiii: Shaving CnKAit.?Mes*r*. Hands It Co have succeeded iu pioduciug an article for the icntlemau'* toi let which, we hesitate not to say, has no superior. We have tried the shaving soap, the name of which precedes these re marks, and it is but an act of justice to the proprietors to say, that it ia superior to any thing of the kind we e\er used, and is nil that ean poxsib y be desired for shaVing purposes. It produ ce*, with the smallest possible quality, a rich, *oft, durable lather, whi h sinks into and softe. a the beard, and leaves the skin, after the ciop has Wen removed, in the most imoath and pleasurable state. The hirdest faces will b- agreeably softened, while the tenderest cannot fail to be greatly improved by its emollient and healing qualities. We most cordially recom mend this toap as the best we have ever tried.?{ Boston Bay State Democrat. A New StiAviMi Soap ? Shaving ia a serious business to esery body except the youugliui;* who are shaving for a beard, not to get rid of one. Any thing that facilitates the process is a public benefaction, whether imp ovement in the alio", soap or ragor. The Chiue?e Shavi g Cream of Mr. Sandthe well known druggist, coines under the second category; it* perfume is very ' lensant, and it makes a thick, cream); lather, which help* the mowing process very esseutially. Kor very tough, briitlv beard* it is thought t o delicate; but to a gentlemanly, well duposed beard, which is shaved every day, we know of nothin* more effective or agreeable.?[New York Commercial Advertiser. Prrpaied and sold, wholesale, and retail, by A. B. SAN09 U CO., Chemists and Druggist*. 273 Broadway, corner Cham bers *treet. Sold also by A. B it D. Sands, 79 Kulton street, mil 77 Kast Broadway, rric; 50 cents per jar. A liberal dis count to the trade. lllcord'a Parisian Aiteiatlva Mixture, for tne permanent cure of p.imary or secondary sypftlis, venereal jlcer*, nodes, orany Complaint produced by an injudicious use of mercury, or unskilful medical treatment. All |<ersons ins isting a venereal ftint remaining iu their system should use his powerful purifier without delay, a* no |>ersou can consider 'iim*e|f safe after having the venereal disease, without thorough ly cleansing the system with this justly celebrated alterative, sold in single bottle* at SI each, in cases of half doxen at $5; carefully packed and sent to all pails of the Uniou. Sold at the (yollegf of Medicine and Pharmacy, 96 Nassau *t. W. 8. R1CI1AP DSON, M. D., Agent Kxtrart of Culxbt, Copalva, and Harnapa rilla, (Dr. Olnver'i.)?This i* the most speedy, certain, and ef fectual remedy for the cure of Oonorihwa that has ever been used. It is pleaaant to tlie palate and grateful to the stomach, uid easily taken. It is a concentration of all the mediciual pro perties of snch remedies ax have been found most efficacious in curing fleets, seminal weakness, and all discharge* from the urinary passage. It ia wholly a vegetable compound, and acts like a charm in producing an immediate o|>eration upon the part effected. KuM directions accomi any the m dicine, which may be had at No. it Ann street. I'rice SI. 1'lia Concentrated Kxtract of Snrsanarllla. (iestian and Snisafras, prepared hv the New- York College of Medicine and Pharmacy, established for the suppression of luackery. This relined and highly couc.'i rated extract, pos iessi:ig all the purifying qualities and cur.'iive powers of the ibove n?rb?, is confidently recommended bv the Collegers in ruiitely superior to any extract of Samapari la at present before 'h-unihlic, and may be relied on as a cet ain remedy for all liseisea ari. ing from an impure state ?f the blood, such a* ?crofula, aalt-rheutn, ring-worm, blotches or pimples, ulcers. [<ain in the bones or joints, nodes, cutaneous ei options, ulcerated tore throat, or any disease arising from the secondary ellects of syphilis it an injudicious use of mercury. Sold in single Bottles, at 75 cents each. " iu cases of half a doren Bottles $3 50 " one doxen " 6 00 Cases forwarded to all tarts of the Union N. B.?A very liberal discount to whole* lie purchasers. Office III the College, 96 .Nassan street. W. H. RICHARDSON, M. D.. Agent. liatl breath, grinding the teeth during slo p, and re>,lle**ue?s, are iudicatite of worms, anil are symp toms lint should he imincdively attended to. Sliermau s Worm Lozeuge* will give immediate reiief. The Lumber of cases which have occmred within a short time, where the noun* have been hr Mglit aw u in immense quantities, and per fect health reatored to ti e sufferer, placis the Doctor * t.o/.eri ge* far above every O'her worm medicine which ha* ever hern discovered. The) are pleasant to the taste, administered to the niost peliilent child, and cau always te depended upon when i^ive.1 according to directions. |)r. Shei man's Warehouse is I Mi Nassau street. Agents, 227 Hudson street; 1*8 Bowery; 77 East Broadway; 139 rnltou St., Brooklyn; 3 ii dger Buildings. Philadelphia; arid H StJte st, Boston. Aledlcul Advice In Private Ulscases.? i'lia memliers of the New York College of Medicine aud Pharmacy, thblMiihti for (Ae sujiprtmum of iftMckrry, Lont.nue to direct ineir particular iitteiitiou to all diin-aaei of a private uatnrr, and can confidently promise to persons requiring medical treatment, I sale ml Iirrmanent cure, without injury to the constitution or milhllHIfrom btisineas. Invalids are particularly requmted 0 make application to the College on the fir*t appearance ol Jloae diseases, as a vr.m amount ol suffering tud lime may be 'hits avi.ided One of the ineintiers of tlie t 'ollege, for many ,ears couuected with thepnncipal hospit il iu Kuroj* for the -ure i.l those complaints, atreud* for cousulialion daily from h A M. to 7 P. M. Terms?Advice aisd Medicine a cure guaranteed. IMPORTANT TU "OUNTkY INVAMDS?Person liviint in the country, and finditiE it laconveiiient to make |*r tot .1 implication,ean hare forwarded to thetn a chest containing ill mealiciue* re<|ui*ile to perform a radical cure, by statute then snae explicitly, together with all symptom*, time of coutrsctioc uid treatment received elsewhere, if any, and enclosing $5, post paid, addressed N) \V. S. R1C1IAKDSON, St. D., Agent, Off ci and Consultina Hoonis ,#i tie- College, r> Nassan st All Hlillaflelphla Subacrlptlons to the HKNat.r uuist he paid to the aueuts, Zieber ik Co.,) la'dgn building*. 3d and Cheanut st*., where single coprs may also be ibtaii.eddally atjl o'clock 3m Conatltntlonal lleMllty Cured.?The Tonic vlisture, propared by the ('olleire of Medicine and Pharmacy of the city of New Ynrk, is confidently recommended lor all cases }l detnlity produced by secret indulgence or ekcrss of any kind It is uu invalitalile remedy for impotence,sterility, or barrenness juntas de|iending on mal-forination ) Single bottles |l eacli; cases of half a dozen |5; cateftill) pnek-d and sent to ull [lai t* of the I'niim. Office of the (/olleeeof Medicine and I'hanriaey, <5 Nasfai >tr<et W. ?. RK/HAB DHON, M. D.. At;rnt. Velpeau't Specific Pills, for the lladlral enre of gonorrhi?a, uleet, s.-minil emissions, and *11 mocopnro lent discharges from the nrethn. These pills, the revolt ol twenty yenrs experience in the Hospital de Cl irirfi in Paris, are pronounreil by their celebrated inventor, Pre lessor Velpeau, as ?n infallible remedy for nil diseases of the nreihra. They effect 1 core in a mot h shortening than any othei remedy, wilhont ^ nttiiii the breath, disagreeing srilh the stomach, or confinement fro ? bu?iM?st. I';ire. il |>er b'>i. Mold at llm College ol Medi tine ao l rh^nngey, W Nussu street. W. ? HI CHAR DION i M, D , ApM. tfORRY NAIKCT. WtdncMUjr, Dec 4-41 P.M. There was quite uu improremeit to-day in tho ttock markrt. The soles were very large, but a better feeling pievaiis ia the (tract. Stonington went up J; Norwich U. Worcester IJ; Long 1; Canton J; Ewt Boston J; Reading J; Farmers' Loan J, Pennsylvania d's Indiana j; Kentucky Ohio 6'j, 4; Illinois cWted Arm at yes terday'? prices. The message of the President meets with general ap probation, and has restored the r oniidence ot the public in the pcrinanency of the policy now carried out by tho administration. The position taken by the President in relation to the moat important subjects that have occupi ed the public mind for some time put, ia calm, but Arm and decided, showing a disposition to bring all the exist, ing difficulties between this and other governments to a [teaceable settlement A large put of the message ia de voted to Mexican and Ttxian affairs, and the question of annexation ably discuised. The finances of thogeneial government are in a very favorable condition, and are du]>o<ed of by the President very briefly. It is estimatod th'it the surplus on the 1st of January .will not vary much from seven millions of dollars. The disposal oi this sur plus is considered by the Executive to be of the most vi tal importance, and calls for some legislative ac ion at once. It it suggested that a sinking land be created, for the extinguishment of the national debt, and that the go vernment have power granted to enable it to purchaie it* own stock in the market. Any possible plan to prevent the accumulation of a surplus revenue is desirable, end we hope will receive the attention ot Congress. The go vernment banks are directed not to extend their opera tions on the public deposits they may have, or to consi der the puMic money in their possession as any addition to their capitals, far the purpose of making loans or die counts; any use ol the deposits lor the extrusion of speculation, will be immediately followed by a withdraw al from the institution implicated. This is sound policy, but it is abused every day by the government banks of this city. It may be difficult to fasten the charge upon any one of them, but we ft el the (Sects of the operation* of these hanks in all departments of business. It is pos sible the report from the Secretary oi the Tieasury may go more into details on tho sj stem of distributing and keeping the public deposits. Tho li gal notice has been given that application will be made at the en-uing session of the Pennsylvania Legit, latureforthe charter ot now banks as follows;? The L.ckawana Bank, at Centreville, Luzerne Co?? with a capital ol $60,000. The York Savings Inmitutior, in the borough of York, with a capital ot $100 (KM). f-armers' Bank ol Clinton County, at Lock Haven, with a capital of $100,000', s? cured by real estate. Farmers' Bank of Schuylkill County, at Schuylkill Haven, with a capital ol $'J?0,00<). Farmers' and Mechanics'Bank of Dauphin County, at Hurrisburg, with a capital ot $100,000, with the privilege of increasing It to $200,000. ilarii'burg Savings'Institution, under t!.c name of Um Dauphin Bank, at Harrisburg, with a capital of $200,000. The City Bank in the city of Philadelphia, with a capi tal of $800,000. The Armstrong County Bank, at Kittaning, with b ca pital of $oii,000, with the privilege of increasing it to $100,000, the stockholder to be personally liuble for its circulation. Notice has also been given that application will be made forthe re-chartering of the following banks:? The CJirard Bunk iu the city of Philadelphia, with a ca pital of $i Bank of North America, in Philadelphia, with a capital of $1,000,000 The Western Bank of Philadelphia, with a capital of $500,000. The< ootmetcial Bank of Tcnns) lvtrnia, iu Philadelphia, with a cnpital of $1,000,000. Thn Carlisle Bank, iu Carlisle, with a capital of $300,000. This is a very f<*ir beginning. Here are applications to one Legislature for an increase of banking capital, amounting to six millions of dollars, in a tingle State ? We have uot the least deubt but that mmy.if not all, of the applications will be granted, although there is a very large democratic, majority in both Louses. This fact ia rather lavorable than otherwise. There have been mon bank* chartered by demociatic than by whig legislatures. They are both corrupt enough, but democratic legisla tures are mare easily purchased, bribed, bought up, than the whig*?hence charters for banks aro more easily ob tained Irora a democratic Assembly. The Legislature of every State in the Union will thij winter be beset with the jietitiona of our modern financiers lor banks, and the banking capital of nearly every Statr, will, no doubt, be much increased. This is the first step towards the ex pansion of the State banking systun of the country, that must, unless checked, lead to as complete a revolu tion and ievulsion in commercial alfajsascver were ex* purienced in this Republic. The first seeds of the last re ? vulsion were sown in 1829, when Martin Van Buren was Governor of this State, in the establishment of the Safe. ty Fund system. At that time the banks of this city ap plied lor re-charters, when the Salety FunJIystem was brought up and accepted, merely for the tine, the banks supposing it merely a temporary thing but it be came a fixed plan, and extended the bilking capi tal oi this State enormously. Other Stales extended their banking systems at the same time, rad a very infla cd movement immediately followed, which result ed in 1SS7, in the suspension ot specie payments, and a complete destruction of credits and fortunes.? The same plan has been commenced again. We see movements made in Pennsylvania?a bankrupt, delin quent, almost, in fact, a repudiating State, with on im o-.ense debt hanging over and ready to crush th< people to increase the banking cai ital of the State lis millions of dollars in one season. The legislature of Ohio will no doubt follow thetxample, and increase the banking capital of that Statu ten or fifteen millions oi dollars this winter, by the establishment of a frse bankisg law.? That State has an immense debt, whick it is hardly able to control. It uquircsthe shrewdest fbancieiing to pro vide the semi-annual interest promptly, and we have no doubt but that the creation of a large bmking capital m that State will hasten iu insolvency and even tually place it along side the d4inquentf. F<r a time the greatest piosperity would, no doubt, exist; but speulation, kc. would p?duce, in time, | a revulsion that would sweep awaf the resourtet of the State end make it bankrtpt. This will eventunlly be the res jit of the financial movements that have been and will ba made in that State. Banking capi tal, in this State, is gradually increasirg under the Iree banking law, and, iu time, must be very great. We annex a tabic showing the total value of ixports from thiii poit, from January 1, to Dec. 1,1844: ? Value or Mkbchandisc Extorted mon tiik District ok N*w Yoex i or Elktkpc .Momihi kndimi 1/ec. 1st, 1844. Domestic mJio from Jan 1 to July $11670 724 Domestic merchandise, July 1,6:44,616 Domestic merchandise, Aug 1.631,297 Domestic merchandise, Sept 2.066,606 Domestic merchandise, Oct l ,s87,88.t Domestic merchandise, Nov 1,480,034 Foreign mdse.from Jan I to July. . .3,442 310 Foreign merchandise, July 386.698 Foreign morctmudise, August 106,906 Foreign merchandise, September... 366 629 Fo'eigu merchandise, October. . ... 262 96} Foreign merchandise, November... 262.288 23,876,0; 9 3.866.790 Total value of exports for eleven month*.. .. 37,731 94ft Total value ol imjairls for eleven months 72 084 649 F.xcessol imports over exports in 11 mouths.. $14,362,704 The expoils of specie from this port fiom July 11? D< cj t, a prrio l of five months, have been as follows: ? EtroKTAtiow or Sr>eiic. Gold Stleer. For Europe $793 261 $1,836 141 Indies 13 213 74 412 West Iudies 7 379 ? 991 South America 7,663 14 616 $*11,406 $1,929 060 821,406 From Oct 1 to Dec 1. goll and silver $2 760,466 July I to Oct. I, gold and silver 1 984,973 Tot exportation $1,736,438 Deduct excess imports ol m !?e. over < xports .. .44,362,704 Net exeens iir ports over expnits for II months, $39,617,266 We give below a lablo showing tlje quantity of some of '.he leading articles exported from this pott frem January 1st to Dec. 1st, this year, compared with the same time lest year:? Extorts raoia thk Port-or Nrw Vo??. Jan I/O Samel/me fnrr Dtcri Dee I. 13. 1841. Apple,. 1,Ms .. "."J ii-ft I v. iw mw ?.vn ? B^f.l'kUlid.bbU.".: ???? ??$ V'irL OU Ui.ese, casks, 67.JII 10,67.) ? ?BiCT'iii: '???* JM3 I9.M4 Miisw 173,48.4 ? l,7f9 Com, bushel1 v ? vjJJ 3.*6 Corn meal, |g w 87# t ii2 Barrels,. ". i4r!ia"? i??.oW ? Cotton. nalPi.'?? ?? ??-? * 90 714 li.og) ? 8,706 ???? ? " - us i!? = ^iV^.-Hnain bids.. 77 V* 1016.9 ?4. >7 = "w ?:So4 - ?.?? p kr^w.4?r bbU:::::::: Oil AOIjre.' baskets Z Mpeim. 13 4'iiT ? 4,?t4

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