Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 7, 1844, Page 1

December 7, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Prtea Two Cento. REPORT OF THE SECRE TARY OF STATE. Dkpartmint of Static, > U T ? Washington, December 2, 1844 < siui?Io obedience to your instructional have the honor, herewith, to transmit copies ot a corres pondence with the governments of Mexico and lexas, growing out of the proposed annexation of Ihe latter to the United States; and also of the correspondence wuh the Texan autboritiea in rela tion to the disarming of a body of Texan forces under th? commaiiu ol Major Snivley, by a de tachment of United States troops commanded by Captain Cooke, and the forcible entry and taking awuy from the custom house on Red river of sun dry Roods und merchandise by certain citizrns of the United States. By a note recently received from the honorable C. 1^. Raymond, acting charge d'affaires of the rep.iblic of Texas, I am informed that the evidence referred to in my note to Mr. Van Zandt, of the 14ih of August last, has not yet been received bv him. J All which is respectfully submitted To the President of the United States. CALHOtJN? Correspondence with Mexico ami Texas on tins subject or Annexation. Mu. Calhoun to Mr. Shannon. Detaetmknt of Statk, > Washington, June 20, 1844 $ r>irt:? I have the honor to acknowledge the re ceipt of your letter of the 17th of April last, an nouncing your acceptance of the appointment ten dered you by the President of the United States as envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the republic of Mexico, and notifying this de partment of your readiness to enter on the dis charge of the duties of your office. You have already received your commission; and l herewith enclose to you a full power, a special passport, printed personal instructions, a sealed let ter accrediting you to the President of the Mexi can republic,and an open copy of the same for your u^-1 In pr? sentiug this letter of credence to the President, you will avail yourself of the occa sion to express to the President of Mexico the sin cere desire ot the President of the Uuited States to maintain the most amicable relations with the government ot the Mexican repnbhc, and his pur pose to promote (his end by every proper means in nis power. By a convention between the United States and the Mexican republic, signed on the 11th day of April, 1835), ajoint commission was agreed upon, for the purpose of adjusting the claims ot the citi zens of the former on the government of the lat ter. This Commission, ugreeably to the provisions ol the convention, met in the city of Washington, in August, 1840; but much of the time allowed for the transaction und close of its business was con sumed by the commissioners of the two govern ments in discussing the organization ot the board, and proper forms ot procedure to be adopted before it. The const?|ueiico was, 1 hat, at the expiration of the period when, by the terms of the conven tion, the commission should expire, mauy of the claims submitted for its decision remained undeci ded by the board ; while others referred to the um pire were left in the same state, as he considered his functions terminating with those of the com mission. The convention also provided that the claims which should be allowed might be discharged by the payment of Mexican treasury notes; but as these were much depreciated in value at the lime when the commission expired, it became a matter ot importance to effect some arrangement by which specie should be tubstituted in iheir stead. To this end, your predecessor was empowered and in structed to enter into a negotiation with the go vernment of Mexico; and a convention was con cluded on the 30th day ot January, 1843, providing tor the payment of the awards, and the interest ac cruing thereon, in specie, in five years from the aOfMar of Aunt.W43..ift1?Mft)1I\rlt>lWDfeen paid punctually, withthe exception ot that which tell due iu the month ol February last?apart only of which was paid on the day: and though the balance has since been discharged, it ia important to the inter ests involved that t*ie strictest punctually should be observed. The last instalment, due on the 30th day ot April, 1844, had not been paid at the date of our fast advices trom Mr. Green, the charge d'affaires aa interim of the United StaWs, though repeated appurations had been made by him to the Minister ol 1< oreign Relations. This neglect of solemn and express stipulations cannot be otherwise regarded than as violations of national faith, injurious alike to the honor of Mexico and the interests of the United States. It will therefore, be your duty to remonstiate, in the strongest terms, against this apparent indifference to the obligations ot contracts and to urge upon the governmeut of Mexico the necessity of complying with the stipulations of the convention agreeably to its terms. You will find on the files of the legation a corre spondence between your predecessor (Mr. Thomp son) and ihe Mexican Minister on Foreign Rela tion s, m regard to au order addressed by the Mexi can Secretary of War, dated the 14ih ot July,1843, to tac governors of the States of California,Senora, Suialon,and Chihuahua, directing ihe expulsion ol the citizens of the United States from their Terri tories respectively. The result of this correspon dence seems to have been none other than an en largement of the terms ot the order, so as to em brace foreigners generally, or such of them as might be deemed vagrants, or dangerous to the public peace. It is not designed to enter into a grave argument to expose the character of ruch an order, or to show its opposition to the treaty of the 5th of April 1831 The correspondence relerred to will put you in possession ol the pointB in issue, and of the views of the government in regard to them. As a large number of our citizens, for the purpose of trade, have settled themselves in the States re ferred to. whose property and liberty may be en dangered in its enforcement, it will be necessary that you give to the subject your earliest attention. You will perceive, by reference to the correspon dence on the files of the legation, that the gover nors of the States to whom the order is addressed are empowered arbitrarily to fix the time when those deemed obnoxious shall leave the country, while no opportunity seems to be vouchsaf ed to the suspected to vindicate their characters. In the ex ecution of such sn order, it is more than probable much individual wrong and sufieiing may be inflicted ; and while you will protest in strong terms a?amst the order itself, as a flagrant violation of the treaty ol 1881, you will, at the same time, exert your utmost vigilance to protect ihe peraons and property of those who may be made unjustly the subjects of its operations Enjoining on our citizens, on the one hand, a proper obedience to the laws ot Mexico, as a condition of your interference in their brhalf; and on the other, giving the Mexican government 10 understand that ihe United States cannot allow their citizens, induced to take up their residt nee in its territorits under ihe solemn sanction of a treaty, to be driven from their abodes, or otherwise injured in their personB or properly, on frivolous pretexts. Another question of very grave importance, and which is still |*iiding between the two govern ments, grows out ot the Mexican decree of ihe 28J 1813, prohibiting foreigners resident in Mexico from engaging 111 the retail trade. Your predecessor (.vir. Thompson) w as instructed to pro test against the application of this decree to the ciur.ffts ot the United States, as a direct and palpa ble infringement ol the 3d article of the treaty of 1881, mid incompatible with other stipulations contained in it. The Mexican Minister tor Foreign A flairs attempts to sustain the decree on the general ground, that by the treaty the citizens of each country resident in the other are subject to their res|>ective laws and usages. This, aa a gene eral truth, limy be admitted ; but surely it cannot be pretended that rights guarantied by treaty be tween two independent powers may he abridged or modified by the municipal regulations of one ot ihe parties, without and against the consent of the other. Such n position is so utterly untenable, that it would be needless to dwell on it. This subject will demand your prompt attention ; for It is of the highest importance to prevent the injustice, injury, and distress which must necessa rily a tend the execution of the decree, rather than to retort to protracted negotiations iu order to re pair them. You will, therefore, inform the government of Mi wro. in lirnt but conciliatory language, that, while ihe United Slates concede to Mexico the "Kin t<> enact law is not inconsistent with her treaty stipulations, they cannot tamely submit to the exe cution ol this decree ; and that it ia confidently ? x pecied it will be countermanded, so far as iheir citizens are concerned. Anoiiier decree, dated in August last, was also issued by the Mexican Government, which appears to conflict, v. ry clearly, with ihe stipulations of the treaty of 1H31 By the Ith article ?f this decree, mercii.tndise lawfully imported into the territories ot Mexico is subjected to forfeiture, after a limited time, unlew it be sold or reshipped in one year? This ia ao obviously in contraventioo ot the 26th srticla ot th? treaty ?listing between the two coun trips and so hostile in its spirit to those relations of friendship which it wasiutended to secure, that, in* the last interview between your predecessor (Mr Thompson) and the President of Mexico, a promise was made ty that fnnctuary so to modify the said decree as to divest it of its obnoxious pro visions in respect 10 the citizens of the United States . Yon will avail yourself of the first occasion, al ter your arrival, to bring the subject to the notice of trie Mexican government, and to urge the im mediate fulfilment of the promise made to your predecessor. You will embracesome convenient opportunity, after you have complied with the foregoing in structions, to address a note to the Mexican go vernment, in which you will say that you a.e in structed to infoim it that the President perceives wiih regret it has entirely misconceived the object of the communication which the secretary of the legation of the United Stales, in conlormi gwithhis instructions, made to it, in re rence to the treaty recently entered into with Texas. Its ooject, as it plainly im ports to be, wa? to announce to the govein 'mentof Mexico that the treaty had been signed, and submitted to the Senate for ita approval; that the measure had been udopted with no unfriendly or hostile feelings to Mexico ; and that the gov ernment of the United States was ready to adjust, on liberal terms, the question of boundary, and any other that might grow out of the treaty. It constituted no part of its object to invite a discus sion as to its right to make tne treaty. To suppose 90, would be to atssume that it had made it without duly examining and establishing, to its entire satis faction, its right to do so; a supposition which would neither comport with the fact, nor with what is due to its honor and dignity. Such being the case, it cannot, consistently with either, per mit itself to be drawn into a controversy wuh the government of Mexico as to its right to make the treaty; and you will inform it, accordingly, that you have been instructed to pass unnoticed the inconclusive arguments by which it has attempted ' to controvert our right to enter into it. We hold I Texas to be independent de jure as well 1 as de faeto ; tu?d as competent, in eyery respect, to enter into a treaty of cession, or any other, as Mexico herself, or any other independent power; and that, in enter ing into the treaty of annexation with her, we vio lated no prior engagement or stipulation with Mex ico. We would, indeed, have been glad, in doing ! so, to have acted with the concurrence of Mexico, i if circumstances had permitted?not because we I believed that she had any rightful claim of sove reignty over Texas, or that the latter was not com petent, of itself, to transfer the lull and complete right and title to its territory; but because, in our desire to preserve the most friendly relations wuh Mexico, we were disposed to treat her with re spect, however unfounded we believed her claim to Texas to be. It was in conformity with that desire that the instructions were given to make the communication to the government of Mexico, an nouncing the signature of the treaty, and our rea diness to adjust all questions which might grow out of it, between the two countries, on ihe most liberal terms. You will also state that you are instructed to pass over unnoticed the menaces and offensive language which the Government of Mexico lias thought proper to use. It makes a great mistake in supposing that the United States can be deferred by menaces, from adopting a measure, winch, after mature deliberation, they have determined they have a right to do, and which they believe to j be essential to their safety and prosperity. Ihcy are desirous of peace with Mexico and all o her nations; but they always stand prepared to defend themselves, if need be, against any attack to which they may be subjected in pursuing a line of policy deemed by themselves just and expedient. Nor can they be provoked to retort the offensive lan guage used. Tne Government of the United States is too mindful of what is due to its own self respect and dignity, to be driven, by any provocation, how ever unwarranted or great, from that decorum, of language which ought ever to be observed in ihe plncial correspondence of indepej^cUtni amies. In port, and a bad one cannot be strengthened by it From the failure of the Senate to approve the treaty of annexation with Texas, it is not deemed advisable to instruct you to make any overture or propositions to the Government of Mexico in rela tion to that subject; but should any disposition be manifested on its part to open negotiations, or any propositions be made in reference to it, you will receive and immediately transmit them to this De partment. I am, sir, your obedient servant, J. C. Calhoun. Me. Howard to Mr. Calhoun. [Extract ] [Confidential.] Legation of the U. States.) Washington, (Texas,) Aug. 7, 1844. J Sir ; I have the honor to transmit, herewith, tne copy of a letter received by me, on yesterday, from the Hon. Anson Jones, Secretary ol State, ifec., dated the 6th inst.; also, copies of several docu ments referred to in his communication by the let ters A. and B. ; besides a copy of a letter to him from the Secretary of War of this Republic ; ac companying which, will also be found a copy of my reply to ihe letter ol Mr. Jones. ?*# ? ? * ? * * Mr. Jones to Mr. Howard. Department of Statf, ) Washington (Texas), Aug. 6, 1844. J The undersigned, Secretaiy of State of the Re public of Texas, has the honor to transmit, here with, to General Howard, Charge d'Afl'ures of the United States, near this Government, the copy of a communication from the Hon. G. W. Hilt, of this date, with accompanying documents A and B, containing the information that Mexico is about to recommence active hostilities against this The undersigned is aware that General Howard has already been informed of the efiorts making by General Santa Anna to raise funds in Mexico, and an army of thirty thousand inen, for the subjuga tion of Texas; and that troops in considerable numbers have already been moved towards our southwestern frontier, under the command of Gen. Canaliz, of the Mexican army, an oflicer appoint ed to carry tltis object into eflect. The information now in possession of this go vernmeut leads the undersigned to the conclusion that Mexico intends either to renew a system of predatory warfare against Texas, or else to make a formidable attempt tor its conquest; and mat, whichever alternative she may have concluded to adopt, she has been induced to her course by the negotiationspending between Texas and the United States on the subject of annexation. In view of these facts,and advening to the assuran ces given to this government by General Murphy, charge d'aflaireB of the United States, on the 14 h ol February, and by Mr. Calhoun, Secretary of State, on the 11th of April last, the undeisigued, by direction of his excellency the President has ihe honor to request that General Howard will, as early as convenient, take the necessary steps to cause to be carried into eflect these assurauces, and to extend to Texas ihe aid which the present emergency requires. The undersigned embraces with great pleasure this occasion to present to General Howard the assurances of his distinguished consideration and regard Anson Jonks. The Hon. Tii.ohman A. Howard, Charge d'Afl'iires of the United States, A*c Department of War and Marine. ) Washington, (Texas,) August 6,1844. ) Sir 1 am directed by his excellency the Presi dent to ask the attention of your department to the facts recently mude known to this government, and contained in communications recently received from General Adrian Woll, of the army of Mexico, and Colonel John C. Hays, commanding on ihe southwestern froniier of Texas, a copy of the for mer, and an extract of the latter of which, are herewith transmuted. The facts contained in these communications, taken in connexion with other intelligence which has been received, leave no doubt of the objects and intentions of the Mexican government; and that a considerable military force is now being concentrated on the Rio Grande, with the avowed object of immediately following the attack ol the cavalry alluded to by Col. Hays, by that ol a more formidable foice. No duubt can, therefore, longei exist of the propriety and necessity of placing im mediately on our south western frontier, for the dt fence of the nation, all the troops at the disposal of the government, whether of our own citizens, or by existing arrangements between this govern ment and that o| the United Stales. I have the honor to be your very obedient ser vant, G W. Hill, Secretary of War and Marine. Hon. Anson Jones, Secretary of State, Ate. A. [Extract.] Head Quarter*, Southwestern Command,) Bexar, July 21, 1444. S The following is the information alluded to i? About tea days ago, a secret *py in my etaploy ar rived in town, and informed me that preparations wi re in progress to mount on good horses a force ol mix hundred men, to be divided in.o three divi sions?one of which was 'to proceed with rapid marches to this place, and enter the town, if practi cable; it repulsed, 10 retreat Immediately on their return, another division would advance with the same instructions; und so on, giving time to each division to refresh, and keep up u constant annoyance on this portion of the frontier. Two days ago he returned, confirming his previous state menu and, in addition, a communication from a gentleman whose statement cannot be doubted, confirming the report of the spy, und stating that they had already 400 fine horses purchased to mount the Hoops, and that their o(>eraiioiis would commence during the month of August. This statement cannot be doubted. *????? I have the honor to be, very respectfully, tec. John C. Hays, Commanding Southwestern Fiontier. To the Hon. ti. W. Hill, Secretary of War and Marine. Department of War and Marink, ) Washington, (Texas,) Aug. 6, 1844. S I certify the wuhiu flRoregoing] to be a true ex tract from the original on tile in this office. M. C. Hamilton, C. C. Dept. War. B. [Translation.] Head ^uahters, Mike, June 19, 1844. 1?< Brigade of the North-Commander in Chief. The time prelixed by the supreme government of the republic for the duration of the armistice celebrated with the commissioners of Texas, ontliel6'.h of February of the present year, having expired, hh Kxcellency the Prerilent has been pleased lo determine that hostilities are renewed, aod declared to exist from the ll'.h day t.f the present month, against (he inhabitants of that depart ment. While 1 apprize you of thh resolution of his Kx ceilency, 1 will also represent to you the tact that my government is highly indignant at ihe peiti lioui conduct of these sail inhabitants towaidi the republic, which, eve-generous to them,believed they were acting in good faiih.until the contrary Ucamu manifest by gatd of the promises made in the same treaty of armistice, as relates to theJcummi?ionera,accoidiug to article 4,who were to have procetded to the capital ol Mexico, in order to arrange the terms whereby their propositions might be admitted. His excellency the President, convinced that thd honor of the nation demands that such dishonorable conduct should bo punished, and that it should ba understood that his motives for the delay in declining the renewal of hos tilities has not proceeded horn the want of the ability or ol resources, but purely Irotn motives ol humanity, ilesi e* me to meke this intimation. In the performance of this duty, although the r< flection that human blood must be shed is painful, yet I have the satisfaction to know that our cause is just, an 1 that it is sustained by sacred and imprescriptible rights, in w hich we have no less confidence than in the valor of our troops : and tho struggle once renewed, the civilued world will become the judge ol our rights, while victory will crown the tftbrts ol those who fearlessly wage the battle for their country, opposed to usurpation. I have the honor to reiterate to you the assurance of my high consideration and esteem liodaud libei ty. ADRIAN WOLL. To Gen. Sam. Houston. Mh. Howard to Mr. Jokrs. Legation to the United States, ) Washington, (Texas,) August 6, 1S44 ) The undersigned, Charge d'AfTtirs of the United States near the government or the republic of T.xas, has the honor to acknowledge the receipt ol thecommuni utim of the Hon. Anson Jones, Secretary of State of this repub lic, of this date, together with its accompanying docu ments. The umleitigned is uware of the incipient step* which have been taken by thechiel ot the Mexican government, with the alleged purpose ol invading ar.d tulijugating Texas ; but how far the preparations nave gone,'he ii not informed. He has no reason, however, to doub. the information commuiji'.'ati d by the honorable Sectetar} ; on the contrary, he has received similar information Iroin other quarters. How far the relation* of Texas and lhe Uuited States may have excited the Mexican g-vernmrut to additional t Hurts to reconquer Texas and hastened the renewal ol hostilities, the ui.d ;ingiu J has no means ol judging Whatever ^?yJ^^iKRWjfhobi'rnwVtAttfoW th5subjectotuniver?al .r?SrnUich h#i lnRtke(I ,h? lions ol Texas at d MexLo since the revoiuti >n of 1830, should not be brought to a close. If, however, the recommencement of this conflict has been owing to negotiations between tha governments of the United States and Texas, ai d if the United State* have Kiven "asmranees" to "extend to Texas the aid which the present emergency requires"-by-which Ihe ucder signed supposes is meant military aid, in repelling the an. ticipated invasion by Mexico?the obligation* thu< incur rtdought to be, and he doubt* not will be, obseivtd by his government. The underiigned has taken occasion to re-examine the letter* ot the lace General Murphy ol the 1-lch ol February lart, and of Mr Calhoun, Secretary ef State of the Uuited State*, of the 11th of April ensuing j he ha* also turned hi* attentiou to the letter ol the Hon John Nelson, Secre tary of State ad interim, to General Murphy, of the 11th of March, 1844, aud ol the Hen. Isaac Van /andt, of the 17th of January of the same year. The letter of the Hon. Mr. will be seen, limit* very much, the ussuran ce* given by the Hou. Mr. Murphy, and disclose* in expli cit language the constitutional limitation* uudei which the Kxecutlve of the United State* must act in regard to the military power ol the country. The question, then, is mainly leit to rest upon the letter ol the Hon Mr. Van /andt of tho 17th ol January, and the answer of Mr. Calhoun of the 11th of April, 1844 Mr. Van /andt submits the following inquiry to the Secretary ot Slate (vlr. Upshur): "Should the President of Texas accede to the proposition of annexation, would the Presi dent ol'the United States, after tho signing of the treaty, and before it shall be ratified and leceive the sanction ol the other branches of both government*, in case Texas should desire if, or with her consent, order such number ol military ami naval forces of the United State* to *uch necessary point* or place* upon the territory or borders of Texas, or the gull of Mexico, a* shall be sufficient to protect her against foreign aggression 7" Mr. Calhoun, after referring to tho oruer* given to the naval ar.d mlli tary force*, give* the assurance that, should the exigency arise duriug the pendency of the treuty of annexation, the President w ould deem it his duty to use all the means placed within hi* power by the constitution to protect Texas from invauop. Thn undersigned assure* the honorab'c Seeretary of State of the disposition of hi* govt rnment to fulfll uii her obligation* to Texas, and of the deep interest felt both by the government and people of tho United State* in what ever concern* her welfare ; to whi h he will i dd hi* own anxiou* wish to preserve the mo?t perfect faith toward* both the government and people of I'exa* But he is not able to perceive that an assurance given that tho military power should be used, so far as it constitutions ly might, to repel invasion during the pendency of the treaty, (to which alone both Mr. Calhoun and Mr. Van Zjndi seem to have had reference,) would raise an obligation on the President of the United State* to interpose, by allot ding military aid to Texas on the present emergency. In communicating this opinion to the honorable Secre tary ol State, the Undersigned ia happy to know that he addresses one who is familiar with the lundnmental law* and government of the united State*, which prescribe certain rule* of action for any public functionary. Nevoithele**, as the subject is one of great moment, and ? enti'led to the consideration of the government of the iUnited State*, and a* the lact* commu icated are import ant, he will transmit as speedily a* practicable this cor? reipondence, with the accompanying documents, to hi* government, and a a sit her initrnction*. The undersigned, with the most unfeigned pleasure takes this occasion to present to the Hon. Mr Jone* the assurance of his distinguished consideration and esteem T. A HOWARD. Hon. Anson Jones, Secretary of State ol the Republic of Texas. Mr. Calhoun to Mb Shannon. Department o? State, > Washington, September 10, 1*44. ) Sir?There can be no longer aiyr doubt that Mexico in tend* to renew the war against Ttxa* on a large scale, and tt^rarry it on with m<>re than savage ferocity. The lean she h?* authorised, and the expensive preparations see is makiDg i.y land and sea, ore sufficient proofs ot the formsr; and the order* of the commander of the army of the north (General Wool), issued the aotli day of June last, and the decree of Santa Anna, ganeral of division aod provisional President of Mexico, on the 17th day of June, 1843, ol ihe latter. The decree makes Ihe genersl in-chief of divisions of the army, and the commandant general ol the coast aud frontier, responsible for it* ex act lulfiim. nt. It was under that rerpjnsihility, it woulJ seem, that General Woll, to whom the Texan frontier wss assigned, issued his ore'erof the JO'.h June. After announcing that the war was renewed against Texa*; that all communication* with it must cease, and that every individual ef whnti ver condition, who may have communication with it, shall be regarded as a traitor, and a* inch be punished according to the article* ol war, tho order announce*, in it? 3d article, that " every individual who may b? found at th?di*tance of one league from the left bsnk of the Rio Bravo will be regarded a* a fa vorer and accomplice of the usurper* of that part of ihe national territory, and a* a traitor to hi* coun trv," and, after a summary military trial, "ahall he pun ished accordingly." And in it* 4th aiticlc it al*o states " that every individual who may be embraced wlthla the provision* of thu preceding article, and may be ia?h enough to fly at the light ol any force ha.ouging to the aiipi i me government, *hall he pursued until taken or nut to death " In what spirit tin decree ol the 17th of June, which the order is intended < xaetly to fullil, u to h? executed, the la'eol the patty under General Sontmsnht, at Tnbssco afford* on illustration. They weto anested under R, a id executed, without hearing or trial, against Ihe indignant remonstrances of the French and Spanish ministers near the government ol Mexico, who in vaiu invoked th voice of humanity, thn sacred obligations ol the constitution, and the sanctity of treatie*, in behalf of their countrymen who were executed under thia illegal and bloody decree. II the decree Use f was thu* mlorcod, in timeol im ace, on the sul jecta of lilendly power*, and against the re. monstrances of their ministers, some faint conception msy be formed ol the ferociou* and devastating spirit in which the ordsr of Gen Woll i* Intended to be executed against the inhabitants of Tessa, and all who sasy in any way aid their cauie, or even have (communication with them. U was under a decree similar to that of the I7lh of Jun?, 184*. acd issued >y the sutne authority on the 30th of October, 1835, but which waa not <o comprehensive in ill provisions, or so bloody and ferocious in ita character, that the cold blooded butchery ol Kannin and his party, and other Texan prisoners, was ordered by Santa Anna in his invasion ot lesti. That decrw was limited to foreigners who should land at any port of Mexioo, or arrive by land, being armed and having hostile intentions, or who should introduce arms and munitions ol war, tube used at any place in rebellion, or placed in the hands of its enemies. As savuge and out rngeous as its provisions were, the order of General Woll, intended to cairy out that ol J uno. I His, ?oi s far beyond. It embraces eveiy individual who may > 1 iouud east of a line drawn three miles east of the Rio dei Norte, without distinction ot age or sex, foreigner or citizen, condition or vocation ; all ot every description, whether they resist or surrender, are to be treated as traitors, and all who flee ate to be shot down. The war is intended, in short, to be one of utter extirpation. All that breathe are to be de stroyed or diiven out. and Texas Ml a desolate watte ; ond ao proclaimed to the world by Mexico, in advance ot her projected invasion. The first question which presents itself for considera tion on this statement ot facts, is, sholl wo stand by, and witness in silence the lenewalof the war by Mexico, and its prosecution in this blood-thirsty and desolating spirit T

In order to answer it fully and satisfactorily, it will be necessary to inquire first into her object for renewing the war at this time. There can be but one?and that is, to defeat the anucxa tion ot Texas to our Union. She knows full well that the rejection of tho treaty has but postponed the question ol annexation. She knows that Congi ess adjourned without finally disposing of it; that it is now pending before both houses, and actively canvassed before the people through out the wide extent of our Union ; and that it will in all probability be decided In it* favor, unless it should be de United by some movement exterior to the country. We would be blind not to see that she proposes to < Meet it by the projected invasion, either by conquering and subject ing Texas to her power, or by forcing ner to withdraw the proposition tor annexation, and to form commercial and political connections with some other po-vir less conge nial to her leeling* and favorable to her independence, and more threatening to her and our permunent welfare and safety. Of th . two, the latter is much the more pro bable. She once attempted conquest, but signally failed although the attempt was made under the lud of her most skillful ard renowned general, at the head of a well-ap pointed auny, consisting rf her best disciplined urd hravast troops, and while Texas was yet in her infancy, without a government, almost without means, and with an inconsiderable population. With this example before her she can scarcely hope to succeed now, under a leader of less skill and renown, Hnd when Texas nas settled down titider a well established government, and lias so greatly I increase d ia means and population. It is possible she may ! be overiuu ; but to expect to hold her in Mibjectian, with her present population and m< sua, at the distance ol more than twelve hundred miles Irom the city ot Mexico, with a diltii ult intermediate cotiutiy, demitut* in ? urmt d v gree ol resources, would be extreme folly. The very at tempt would exhamt her means, and leave her prostrated No ' the alternative is to drive out tke inhabitants and ile-olate the country, or force her into some foreign and unnatural alliance ; and this, the lerocicm and savage order ot General Woll shows is well understood by Mex ico, ai?l is, in reality, the object ol her policy. Shall we atand by, and permit it to be consummated, and thereby defeat n meassure long cherished, and indis pensable alike to the safety ami welfuio ot the United State's and Texas ? No measure of policy has been mote steadily or longer pursued, and that by both of tho great parti's into which the Union is divided. Many believed that Texas was embraced in the cession of Louisiana, and was improper.y,it not unconstitutionally, surrendered by the treaty of Klorida in It* 19 Under that impression, end the general conviction of iu Importance to the safety and welfare of the Union, its annexation ha* been an object of | constunt pursuit ever since. It was twice attempted to acquire it during the administration of Mr Adams?once in 1824, shortly altet he came into power, and again in 1827. it was thrice uttempted under the administration of hi* successor, (General Jackson)?first in 1829, imme diately after he came into power ; again in 1833 ; and finally in 1836. just before Texas declared hur indepen dence Texas herself made a proposition for annexation in lt-37, at the commencement ol Mr. VHn lluren's admin istration, which he declined?not, however, on the ground of opposition to the policy oi the measure. The United State* had previously acknowledged independence, and the example ha* since been followed by Krance and Oieat Britain The hilar, soon after her recognition, begun to adopt a line of policy in reference to Texas, which lias given greatly increased importance to the measure of annexation, by making it still more essential to the safety and welfare both of her and the United S ates. policy, J*n'V "UblUhed ng promptly in order to prevent the defeat ol the mea sure, the present a Iminisiratiun invited Texas to renew the preposition for onmxation, which had been declined by its predecessor. It was acceptul; and, as hns been stated, is now pending. The question recurs, shall we stand by quietly, and jiermit Mexico to defeat it, without makihg an ell'jrt to oppose her I Shall we, alter this long and continued effort to annex Texas, now, when the measure is about to be consummated, allow Mcxi o to put it aside, pel Imps forever! Shall thu "golden op put I unit) " be loit, never again to return 7 Shall we per init Texai, for having accepted an invitution, tendered her at a critical moment to join us, and con&umma e a fea ture essential to their and our permanent pens.-, welfare, and safety, to be dasolat* d, her inhabitant* to be butcher ed, or diiven but; or, in oider to avert so great a calami ty, to be forced, against her will, in'o a stiange alliance, which would t rminato in producing lasting hostilities between her atid us, to the permanent injury, and peihap* the ruin, of both I The President hi* fully and deliberately examined the subject, and ha* come to the conclusion that honor and humanity, us well a* the welfare and safety of bothecun tnes, loroid it; and that it i* hi* duty, during the racers ol Congress, to use all his constitutional means in oppo?i. tion to it; leaving that body, when it assemble*, to de cide on the course which, in it* opinion, it would be pi j. per for the government to adjpt. In accordance with lii* conclusion, tho President would be compellulto regatd the invasion ol Texas by Mexico, while thu question of annexation ia iiending, as high ly effusive to the United States. He entertuins no diubt that we had the right to invite her to re new the proposition for unnexatlon : and she as an independ.ini state, had a light to acopt it with out consulting Mexico or aiking ner leive. Heregirds Texus in eveiy rcspcct,as independent as Mexico, and as competent to transfer the whole or part of Texas, as she would be the whole or part of Mexico. To go no further back: under the constitution of 1814, Texas and Coahuila were members of the federation formed by tho United States of Mexico ; Texas, with Coahuila, foiming one State, with the right guarantied to lexas, by the consti tution, to form it separate Statu a* soon as her imputation would |>ermit. The several States remained equal in rights, and equally independent ol each other, until 183*, when the constitution was subverted by the military, and all thu States which dared to resist were subjugated by force except Texas she stood up manlttlly and bravely in defence of her rights and independence, which she glo riously ond auccefilully asserted on the battle ground of San Jacinto in l?3<5, and has evor since maintained. The constitution of lf-'J4 mode her independent, and her valor and her sword have maintained her so. She ha* been acknowledged to be so by three of the leading powers of Christendom, and regaided bv all ai such, rxcept Mexico herself. Nor ha* she ever stood, {in relation to Mexico, a< a rebellion* department or province, stitiggling to obtain independence after throwing ofr her yoke: much less as that ol a band ol lawless intruders and usurpers, without government or political existence, as Mexico would have the world to believe The true relation between them is thai of independent members ol a federal government, but now subverted by lorce; the w? ake: ot which has successfully resisted, tinder fearful odds, the attempts of the stronger to conquer and subject her to its power, it is in thut light we regard her; and In that we had a ri*ht to invi'eher to renew the pioposition for annexation, and to treat with her lor admission into the Union, without giving any Justoff'ence to Mexico, or violating any obligation by treaty, or otherwise, betwi en us and her. Nor will our honor, any more than our we| fire and safety, permit her to attack Texas while the question ol annex ition is pending. If Mexico has thought proper to take e(fence, it is we, who invited a renewal of the proposition, and not she, who accepted II, that ought to be held responsible; and we, as the lesponsibie pai ty, cannot, without Implicating our bouor, permit another to sufpr in our place. Kntertaining these views, Mexico would make a great mistake il she should suppose that the President would regard with in Hlb rence the renewal of the war which she has proclaimed against Texas. Our i honor and our Interest* ate both involved. But another, and a still more elevated consideration, would forbid him to look on with indillerence. As strong a* are the objections to the renewal ol the war, those to the manner in which it is fo be conducted are still more so. II honor and interest forbid a tame acquiescence in the renewal ol tho war. the voice of humanity cries aloud against the manner ol conducting it. All the world have an interest that the iule? and usages of war, as establish ed between civilized nations in modern times, should lie respected, and are in duty bound to resist their violation, and to *ec them preserved. Iu this case, that duty It pre eminently ours. We are neighbors; the nearest to the scenes ol the proposed atrocities ; moat competent to judge, from our proximity ; and, for the same reason, en abled more readily to inter|>oso. Kor the same reuson, also, our sympathy would be more deeply wounded by viewing the mingled scene* of mi*ery which would pre sent themselves on all sides, and hearing the groan* ol the Hideiing ; not to mention the dangers to which we would be exposed, in consequence, on a weak and distant Irontier, with numerous and poweiful bands of Indians in its vxiaity. If anything can add to the atrocity with which it is proclaimed tho war will lie wa^ed, it ia the bold fiction, regardless of the semblance ol iinth, to which the govern ment of Mexico bus resorted, In order to give color to the decree of June, inn, and the orders of General Woll (?'hiding noihing in the conduct of the government or |ieo pleol T<xas to jUNtily their bloody and lerocious clmrac i?r, it has assumed, In wordiug th? m, that there is no such government or community as Texas ; that the individuals to be f,.tind there are lawless intruders and usurpers, without political existence, wnomay rightfully be treated a* a gang ot pirates, outcast* from aockty, ami, as such, not entitled to Ih|>rntection of '.lie laws ol nations or hu manity In tlw* assumption it obstinately pirsnts, in spite if the well-known and (excepting the government t f M?xico) the universally admitted tact, that the colo nists of I'exaa, instead ol being intruders and UMtr|xr*. were invited to settle there-llrst, under a grant by the Spanish authority to Mosea Austin, which was afterwards confirmed by the Mexican authority j and, subsequently, | by similar grants from the Stall "I I'exas < nahuila, which it was authorised to issue by the constitution of 19M ? | They came as invited guests ;--n*t invited for their own interest!, hut lor those of Spain and Mexico ; to proti ct a weak and helpless province from the ravages oi wander ing tribes of Indiana; to improve, cultivate, and render productive, wild and almo?t uninhabited waatea ; and to make that valuable which win beloru woithieis. All thia they effected at great costs, and with much danger and difficulty, which nothing hut American energy and per aeverance could oveiceme ; not only unaided by Mexico, but in despite ol the impediments caused by her interfe rence. Instead of a lawless gang of adventuieri, ai tLey are assumed to be by the government ol Mexico, these invittd colonisfk became, la a lew yean, a constituent portion ot the member* of the Mexican uni;n, and proved them (elvea to be the descendants of a free and hardy race, by the bravery and energy with which they met the subverters of the constitution of ltW4, and successfully preserved their independence. Thia done, they gave a still higher proof of their descent by establishing wiao and free institutions, and yielding ready obedience to lawn of their own enacting. Under the influence of these causes, they have enjoyed peace and security j while their industry and energy, protected by equul laws, have widely extended the limits of cultivation and improvements over their beautiful conu try. It is such a people, living under a free an J well-esta blished government, and on whose soil " i.o hostile foot has lonud rest" tor the la>t eight years?who haveffceen recognised an 1 introduced as one ol its members into the family of nations?that Mexi :o has undertaken to treat as alawless banditti, and against whom, as such, she has proclaimed a war of extermination, lorgetful of their ex alted and generous humanity, when, during the farmer invasion, they spured the forfeited lives oi him who or dered, and those who butchered, in cold blood, the heroic Funnin and his brave associates, regardless ol plighted laith. The government ol Mexico may delude itseli by its liold fictions ; but it cannot delude the rest of the world. It will be judged and held responsible, not by what it may choose to n gttrd as (acts, and to act unon as such, but what arc in reality facts, known and acknow ledged by all, save herself. Such are the views which the President entertains in reference to the renewal of the war, after so long a sus Knsion, and under existing circumstances, and the bar rous and bloody manner in which it is proclaimed it will be conducted. He instruots you, accordingly, to address, without delay, to the proper department ot the Mexican g.vernment, a communication, in which you will state the views entertained by him in reference to the renewal ol the war while the q lestion ot annexation is pending, and the manner in which it is intended to be conducted ; and t? protest against both, in strong language accompa nied by declaration* that the President cannot rev aid them with indifference, but as highly offensive to the Uni ted States. You nre also instructed to renew the decla ration made to the Mexican Secretary by our charge d'affrirs, in announcing the conclusion of the treaty,? that the measure whs adopted in no spirit of t.ostility to Mexico ; and that, it annexation should he consummated the United States will be prepared to unjust till <}uestions growing out of it, including that ol bouuJary, on the most liberal teims. 1 a in, Sir, rCMIiocUullf, yont ubedient nflrrsrrt, J.C.CALHOUN. Wilson Shannon, &e. wnmiia or uknkrai. vyom. [Referred to in the instruction* of Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Shannon of the 10th ol September, 1844.) HtCADqUARTKRS OK THK AllMT OK Till: NORTH, Mikh, June :M), IS 14. I, Ailrian Woll, general of brigade, fcc., make known :? I. The armistice agr<ed en with the department ol Texas having expired, and the war being, in consequence, recommenced against the inhabitants oi that depaumtnt, all communication with it ceases. J Kvery individual, of whatever condition, who may contravene provisions ot tlio preceding article, (hall be regarded as a traitor, aid shall receive the | unishment prescribed in articlo 4a, title it), treatise 8, of the articles of war. 3. Every individual who may be found ut a distance cl ono league from the left bank ot the Kio Bravo, will be i eg aided as a lavorer and accomplice of the usurpers of that part ol tho national territoiy, and as a traitor oi his country ; and, after a summary military trial, shall re ceive the said punishment. 4. Kvery individual who may be comprehended within the provisions of the prtceriing article, and may boraih enough to fly at the sight of any force belonging to the Supreme Government, shall be pursued until taken or ant to ueath 5. In consideration of the situation of the towns of La leda and Santa Kita de Ampmlia, ax well us of all the iurm house* beyoLd the Itio Bruvo, in which remain ail the in terests of the inhabitant* of the line committed to my chaige, 1 have this day received from the Supremo Gov ernment orders to determine the manner by which those interests arc to be protected , but, unlit tho determination cf the Supreme Government be received, I wain ail those ? hn nit. h..yond the limits here prescribed, to bring them within the liue, or to abandon them ; as those wno diao ertabli*? ed r v' ^ infallibly suffer the punishment here ADRIAN WOLL. TtB ABLATION Or A DKCRM Or THK MEXICAN OoVKRNMKNr. [Referred to in the instructions ol Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Shannon, of 10th ol ptimbor, 181*. Dkpartiiknt Was ai*d Marine, ) National Palace, Mexico, Juno 17,1843. ] I, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, htneme tin ol the coun try, General of Division, and Provinoiml President of the ?Mexican Republic, hereby make known to tLe people I that? 1 r ' < oinidiring the criminal and detestable abuce wl.lch bos been, ami is now, committed by many foreigners, be longing, for the most part, to nations in peace and friend ship with Mexico, in usui ping its territory, invading it with arms, in lighting the troops of tho republic, in rob bing property, and committing other acts of violence worthy of hordes cl banditti and pirates out of tho pale cf the laws cf nations ; and that the time has at length come to put an end to these eviis and v.Denies, by exer ciMng the rights and employing tho forces used by na tions in such cuses, inasmuch as the same persons, whom the government has pardoned through its generosity and clemency, have returned to try their fortune by commit, ting new aggressions for the advancement of their nelari I ous end*: ?1 have resolved, lor the good cf the nation, in order to preserve it irom the attacks of such adveu turt rs, and to prove the firmneas with which I uphold the | rights ol the republic, to cause the following* to . be observed, which I hate decreed in virtue of the 7th aiticleol the Ba^es oi 7'acubaya,sanctioned by thu na lion : ? , Article I. fti future, no quarter shall be granted to | any foreigner who invuJes the territory of the republic on his own account, whether he be accompanied in his enterpiiie by a few it by m ny adventureis ; and e*c u if hedo so ostensibly with the pretext of protecting civil discords, in which a political object is set forth ; uiul all such peisons, taken with arms in their hands, sliotl be immediately put to death. This punishment shall be in ll.cted on all foreigners, from whatsoever country ; he. cans* as Mexico is at peace with all nations,every one who (nukes war on her does it purely on Ins own individual responsibility, and places himself out of the protection cl < listing treaties. Art. J. The Generals in-chii I of the divisions of the army, the Commandants-general of the coast and irontler department*, and any other military authority whatso ever, who may take a foreigner Id tho act of invading our territory, or promoting civil war with arms in hand, shall be responsible for the most exact fulfilment ot this decree ; and tho penalty for non-compliance with it shall be loss of employment on the part of the person responsible ANTONIO LOPKZ UK SANTA ANNA. Joik Maria Toiinki., Si' rrlaiy *J War anil Marine. Mr,. CalhOi n to Ma. Donimon. Df.rARTMKNT or Staie, > Wathinglon, St pi. 17, 1814. $ Sir: Annexed hereto is a copy of a despatch recently forworded to the late Charge de Affaires of the United States to Texas, which, should you accept tho appoint- I ment co ferred on you by the f'resfeent, will ha regarded as il directed to yourself The package containing the original, and other papers, was delivered to Lieut. Geotge Stevens, who, as a special messenger, was instructed to deliver it into the bands of the Charge, Gen. Howard. It is not improbable that owing to the untimely death ol General How aid and the absense of any representative of the United States at the teat of the Government ol Texas, Lieutenant Ste vens may return it to this department. To obviate the in convenience wlii h might arise fram such a state of things, I forward herewith a copy olthedespatclixnd accompany ing paper*. Since the data of the despatch to Mr. Howard, informa tion has been received at this department, through Mojor Butler, agent lor the Cherokee fndiann, that Mexican emissaries, or agents of the Mexican government, ire em ployed in instigating the Indian tribes on our southwest ern Irontler to acts of hostility ?;;.iinnt ottr citizens, and those of Texas, residing in their respective neighbor hoods. Tina, if true, is in direct violation ol the treaty ol amity between the two countries,ol the 6th of April, 1831 ; a printed copy cf which I herewith forward to yon, calling your attention, at the same time, to its 331 article There seems to he but little doubt u* to the conr.ctim* of the information communicated by Major Butler; and the President instructs and authorize* you, in cusa the gov< riimtnt of Texas should apply to you to lulfll the treaty obligations of the United States, to maintain peace and harmony among the several Indian nation* who inha bit tho lands adjacent to the lines and rivers which form the boundaries of the two countries, and to test rain, by fore, nil hostilitiea and incursion* on the part ol the In dian nation* living within our boundaries j and if you should, upon examination, consider the ground* aufftci ent to warrant such application, to make requisition on either or all of the commandants of the at Korta Jetup, Towson ond Washita, lor sn?h por tions of their respective aommand* aa may be deem ed necessary for the purpose, te be marched and stationed at such taunts a* you may, on consultation with the Texan authorities, deem best adapted to sicure the object-either within the limit* ol the United Statea, or, if riqnested by the government of Texae, witbin its limits, it being nnderplood that the objects are limited to the fulfilment of our treaty stipulations. I herewith enclose copies ot tlieorder* which have been issued by the proper department to the several offlceis in command at the rtsnectlve po*t*, to comply with your requisition You will tike carc, in mnkmg the re rial* j lions, to leave a mfflclcnt force at the rwpectlv* rt*',on? to protect them and the public property the dsn gfrs to which, In yrnrJudgment, they may ho exposed. I am, lit , with high respect, your obedient *ervant, _ . . , J. C. CALHOUN. To A. J. Donii ion, Knj , lie. A.. [t omnRSTUL ] Ar jutant Genssai.'s Orrtcr. ( Washington, Sept.17, ltM4 jj Sir?Thu general in-chief ha* received instructions, through the Department of State, from the KxeeuUre, (? hold the troop* now between the Had and Sabina rivers ready to march in caae ot a r? qaiiition being made by the United States charge d'affaires refilling near the go vernment of Te*ks, tosuch point within our limits, or tbore oi Texas, as the said charge may designate, in or der to restrain any hostile incursion on the part of the border Indians, as required by the provisipus ol existing treaties. You will plea.e take such preliminary measures as may be deemed necu sary to put the greater port ot thti forcM under your command, designated above, in march lor the above purpose, at short notice. Should the apprehended hostilities with the Indians alluded to|hieak out, an officer ol rank (probably your? sell) will bs sent to command the United States torces placed in the field, and who will receive henca fuither intti notions for his government. I have the honor to b? Sir, your obedient servant, L. THOMAS, Assist. Adj. Ot n. Brig. Oen. Z.Tavi.oa, Commanding 1st dept. Fort Jessup, La.. B [< omiukntiai. ] Adjutant Gckkrai.'s Orricc, ) ^ Washiugtoa, Sept. 17,1B44. j Sir?The general in-chirf has teceived instruction*, through the Department of Slate, from the Executive, to hold thu troops within your department, at Forts Tow Hon and Wa?!u:n, ready to march, in case ol a requisi tion being made by the United State* charge d'affaires re siding near the government of Texan, to fuch point with in our limit*, or those.of 1'cxai, a* the charge may de ?ignate, in order to re-strain any hostile incunion on the part of the border Indian*, a* requited by tho piovisiou* of existing treaties. You will please take luch preliminary measures a* may be desmed necessary to put thoie troops in march lor the above purpose at ihort notice. It i* understood that any requisition that may be made upon Korts Towion and Wasnita will leave at lea*t one company at each of tho*e po.ts to guard the tame. Should the apprehended hostilities with the Indian* al luded to, break out, an otticcr ol rank will lie sent to command the United State* lorce* placed in the field, and who will receive hence further instruction* tor hi* government. 1 have the honor to be, *ir, your obedient (errant, ? L. THOMAS, Assist. Adjt. Geo. Brig. Gen. M. Arsl-ckle, Commanding id dept., Fort Smith, Arkansas. [Copy of a despatch from Mr. Calhoun to Mr. Howard, reierred to in h s letter to Mr. Douelson of the 17th of September, 1844. j DriABTMKMi or State, ) Washington, September to, 1044. S fits Your despatch (No. I) transmitted through Gen. Taylor, enclosing a copy ol your correspondence with the Secretary ol Stato of the republic ol Texas, has been laid before the President who has given to it that delibe rate consideration which its importance claims. He approve* of the construction which you placed on the letter of Mr. Nelson, acting Secretary of Slate ad in Itlim, \u tor. Murphy , >n4 an minnto Mr. Van Zandt, in relation to the assurances to which the Texan Secretary ol State refers in his letter, to which yours is a reply.? But ho instructs you to assure the government of Texae that he leels the lull force ef the obligation of this govern ment to protect Texas, pending the question ol annexa tion, against the attacks which Mexico may make on her in ronsi quenco of her acceptance of the proposition of this government to open negociations on the subject of annexating Texas to tha United States. As lar as it re lateatothe Executive department, ha is prepared to use ail its powers lorthct purpoie. But tho government of I exas it fully aware that they are circumscribed by the constitution within narrow limits, which it would not be possible for the President to transcend. All that he can do is, to make suitable representations to the Mexioan government against the renewal ol tho warptnding the the question ol annexation, and tho savage manner in which it is proposed te conduct it, accompanied by appro priate protests and indications oi the feelings with which he regards both ; and to rccommend Congress to adopt measures to repel any attack which may be made. In the execution ol the first, a communication (a copy of which it enclosed) has been addressed to our minister in Mexico, and forwarded to him by a special messenger, which, it i* to be hoped, will not be without effect in ar resting brr hostile movement*. You will give a copy of it to the Texan government, and you will assure it that, when Congress meets,the President will recommend the aJoption ol measures to protect Texas effectually against the attacks ol tt.exico pending the question of annexation. He hopes that there measure* will prove satislactory to the government ol Texas, and that no serious invasion will be attempted, at least, belore the meeting of Con gr ess. 1 enclose a copy of a despatch to our minister at Paris, which you may show to President llou'ten and the Secre tary ol state. It Mill douhtieis bo satisfactory to them to learn that 1* ranee is not disjjosed, in any event, to take a hostile attitude in reference to anuexuiion. A despatch of a subsequent date to the one to which the enclosed is an answer, gives a conversation between Mr. Uui/.ot and our iiiinuK r, equally satisfactory as that with the king, tie stated, in reply to a question on the part of our mini, ster, that rranceliad not agreed to unite with Eu? land in a protest against annexation. I am happy to add, in conclusion, that the indications of public, sentiment are highly favorable to the cause of an nexation, and that we may now look forward with mach confidence, te the consummation of that great measure at no distent period. 1 am, sir, respectfully, your obedient . u . J- C- CALHOUN, i o Tilghman A. Howard, sic., kc., kc. Ma. Cai.hou* to Ma. Kmc. Department or Static, t Washington , August la, 1644. \ Sia-I huvc lai l your despatch No. 1, belore the Presi dent, who instructs me to make known to you that be has rend it with much pleusure, especially the portion wh ch relate* to your cordial reception by the King, and hifi assurance of friendly feelings towards the United States. 1 he President in particular highly appreciate! the (.eclbrotion of the King, that in no cve;4 would any steps ho taken by his government in the slightest degree hostile, or which would give to the United Statea lust cause of complaint It wu* the more gratifying fiom the lact Umt our previous information wn? calculator to mako the impression that the government of Fiance was pre pared to unite with Great Britain in ajoint protest against the annexation of Texas, and a Joint < flort to induce her lo withdraw the proposition to annex, on condition that Mexico should be made to acknwledge J I.01'.0?. c?- happy to infer from yourdes patch that the information, as far as it relates to France, is, in all probability, without loundation You did not go further than yeu ought in assuring the King that the object of annexation would be pursued with una bate . vigor und in giving your opinion that a decided I?.' American peoplu were in its favor, and i i kJV4l? . L.L' 'r aone*c,i ?' no distant day. I leel confident that your anticipation will be fullv re alize 1 at no distant penod. Everyday willtend to weaken thut combination ol |h>iiticnl causes which led to the op. position of the- measure, and to atrrngtken the conviction that it was not only expedient, but just and nccessary. You were right in making the distinction between the inten st ol l>raiicu and England in reference to Ti xaa- or iuther, 1 would say, the apparent interests ol the two countries France cannot |>ossib]y have any other than commercial interest in desiring to see her preserve her s?| orate independence ; while it is c.ettain England look* beyond, to political interests, to which she apparently attache* much impoitance. But, in our opinion, the in teiest ol bolii aaaiiist the treasure is more apparent than real ; and that neither Krance, England, nor even Mexico hersell, has any in opposition t > it, when the subjict is lairly viewed and consioeied in its whole ex ent and in all its beotings. Thus viewed and consider* d, and assuming that pesce, the extension of commerce, ar.d security, aro oi jccisol primary policy with 'hem, it may, as it seems tu me, be readily shown that tho policy on ihe part of those powers which would ocquiese in h measure so strongly deslud by both the Unit) d States ai.d Texas, for their mutual welfare and safety, a* the annexation ol the latter to the former, would be Inr more promotive of these great objects than thst which weird attempt to resist it. It is impossible to cast a look at the map of the United States ai d T? xus, and to note the long, artificial, ard in convenient line which divides them, and the* to take into consideration the extraordinary increase of popula tion and grouth of the former, and the source from which the latter must derive its inhabitants, institutions and laws, without coming to the conclusioa that it is thair destiny to be united, and, of course, that annexation to men !v a question ol time and mode. Thus regarded the questi n to be di r.ljrd would seem to bo, whether it would not be belter to permit It to be done now, with the mutual consent of both parties, and the acquiescence of those porveis, thsn to attempt to resist and defeat it If tha former rouise Ire adopted, the rei tain Ir nits would Ire the preservation of peace, great extension ol commerce by tho rspid settlement and improvement ol Texas, nnd in creased security, especially to Menco Tho Isst, in re ference to Mexico, msy ?re doubted j but I hold it not less clear than the otheetwo, ft would be n great mistake to suppose tliat this govern ment has mry hostile feeling towards Mex co, or ony dis position to aggrandiTo itrelf at her expense. The fact ia tho vety reverse. It wishes her well, and desires to see her settled down in peace arid security; and is prepsred, in the event of tho anni xation ofj exas, if not forced into conflict with her, to propose tu settle with her tho question oi boundary, and all others growing out ol the annexation, on the moot liberal terms. Nature herself has clearly marked tho boundary between her and Texas by natural limits too stioiig to be mistaken. There are lew countries whoao '??its are so distinctly walked ; ?unl it wotihl bft our da* site. If Texas should b: united to us, to see them firmly es tablish* d, aa the most certain means of establishing per manent pesce between the two countiies, and strength ening and ri mooting their fiiendsbip. Such wruid bo the cettain conseqm nee of permitting the annexation to takeplsce now, with the acquiescence of Mexico, but very different would be the case it it should bo attempted to resist and defeat it, whether the attempt should ho successful lor the promt or net. Any attempt of tho kind would, net improbably, load to a conflict between ua and Mi sico. and involve const quences, in reference to hi r and tin- genernl peace, long to be deplored on all aidae, and difficult to be repaired. Hut should that not be tho case, ami the interference ol another power rfefeet the anm xation lor Hie present, without the interruption of peace, it would but postpone the conflict, and render it more fierce and bloody whenever it Bight ocour. Its defeat u ould b>> attrit tiled to enmity and ambition on tho psit ol that power by whose interference it WM occa sioned, and excite deep jealousy and resentment on tho part of our people, who would be ready to aelae the first tsvorsble opportunity to i fleet by force, what w as pro venttd from being done peaceably by mutual consent. It is not difficult to see how greatly such a conflict, come

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