Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 10, 1844, Page 1

December 10, 1844 Tarihli The New York Herald Gazetesi Sayfa 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. Prlc* Two Ccnta. HALF A MONTH LATER FROM EUROPE. AXLRZVAZi OF THE STEAMER CALEDONIA, AT B08T0N. (^MOVEMENTS OF THE COTTON SPINNERS. APATHY IN EUROPE. Agitation in Ireland Again. The Caledonia, Captain Lott, arrived at Boston harbor on Friday night, about 8 o'clock, but, owing to a dense fog, was unablfe to get up to the city till Saturday forenoon. She brings London and Liverpool papers to the 19th inst., the day of sailing. The advices by this arrival are neither important nor iuteresting. Money seems to be increasing in value, and the cotton market continues in a quiet, healthy state. The steamship Acadia, Capt. Harrison, reached Liverpool on the 14th ult. Mr. White, the newly appointed Consul at Liver pool, has arrived there, and having been approved of by the Qneen, has commenced his official duties at the port of Liverpool. . At a large meeting of the Manchrster Chamber of Commerce, strong resolutions were adopted for securing the repeal of the duty on raw cotton. The amount of the duty is three quarters of a million sterling?a large sum, forming no inconsiderable item in the Chancellor of the Exchequer'* annual budget. But the tax is found to be so oppressive, so icjurioua to the operations of the English manu facturer, crippling his power, and preventing him from competing with his foreign rival, that it is thought probable Ministers, during the ensuing meeting of Parliament, will consent to give it up. Queen Victoria and her husbaud appear to be in the enjoyment of excellent health, and but little oppressed or burdened with the cares of govern ment. Accompanied by her consort, she has re cently been on a visit to the Marquis of Exeter, at his splendid seat, called Burghley House?where according to the papers, they were having a glori ous time. There have been more severe gales in Liverpool, attended with unusual high tides Several vessels were driven ashore, and met with other disasters. Incendiary fires continue to be frequent in differ ent parts ol the country. Tlie packet ships England, Capt. Bartlett, ar rived out on the 9th; the Rochester, Capt. Britton, on the 13th, and the Garrick, Capt. Trask, on the 18th. Steam Ship Geeat Britain.?It was generally supposed that this vessel would have left Cumber land basin on the high tides of the early part of the week ending 19:h. She could not, however, be got ready in time, and her departure was post poned to the corresponding period of next month, when it was confidently expected she would pro ceed to sea. No doubt was entertained of there being a sufficient rise of water to carry her out with safety. There is again a dearth of foreign or domestic news of interest. All the world, except Spain, seems at peace, and commerce is thriving every where The Queen and Prince Albert having rested themselves sufficiently after the fatigues and ex citement of their reeent excursions to Scotland and the Isle of Wight, have commenced a round of country visits, which seems likely to rival in splendor tnoBe paid by her Majesty to tne Dukes of [Devonshire and Rutland last autumn. The Mar quis of Exeter has been the first honored this sea ton. Some ministerial changes are spoken of as being in contemplation, hut nothing definite has yet transpired as to the new arrangement. In Ireland ell has remained quiet for some time; the Liberator having been refreshing himself after his incarceration, with the mountain breezes of D*rrynane, but he has recently given notice of his intention to visit Conciliation Hall, and resume his active labors for the regeneration ofhiscoun try. No material change has occurred in the value of Government storks; the public securities have not varied much. Freights Irom Liverpool are rather higher, owing to the quantity of goods offering being greater; but the shipping trade, neverthe less, is tar from being brisk. The American Minister transacted business on Saturday at the Foreign office. A letter from Frankfort states that the mother of the Rothschilds, who is ninety-three years of age, is seriously ill Sontug, sister of the Countess Rossi, has just entered a Carmelite convent at Prague. On dit that Mi?s Burdett Coutts is about to be stow her hand and her immense wealth on a youth ful surgeon. The Anti-Corn law league has, it seems, taken Covent Garden Theatre for the next season, at a rent of ?3,000. An American seaman was fined ?5, at the Liv erpool Police Court, or be imprisoned two months for an assault on another seafaring man, named McDowa 1. Satnroay, the 9:h inst. was the birthday of the Prince of Wales, when his royal highness com pleted his third year. Mr. Hurst, M P. for Horsham, has suddenly discharged his servants, given up housekeeping, nnd departed with his family for the continent.? His debts exceed ?130,000 FT Enormous Railway Speculations.?The follow ing statement appears in the circular of a snare broker, published a few days back:?"Since our last mon lily circu'ar, there nave been put forth 41 new prosp'-ctuses of railway schemes, and the shares applied for in each have far exceeded the number to be issued Taking the above 41 lines into ihe account, the following will result:-On the 14th of August upward.'of 90 new lines, re quiring more than ?60,000,000 of subscribed capi tal to complete them, were put forward, to which add ihe above 41, stating a requirement of ?35,2(55,000, toother upwards of 131, needing an investment of ?95.266,000, with the power of bor rowing one-third more, devoted to the uame object; making a grand total ol ?127,020,000!" Ministerial Chanors.?Rumors of ministerial chanxcsare rife. It is very generally believed that three offices, all held at pr< sent by peers, namely, the offices ol First Lord of the Admiralty, President of the Bocrd of Control, and Postmasier General, will he vacated hv their present occupants before the meeting of Parlament. The lirst-named office, it is said, will be filled by Lord Ellenborough, mid the second by Lord Stunley ; in which case Mr. Gladstone would have the management of the Co lonies, and ihe Board of Trade will fall to Lord Dalh"usie. The rumors otiginate with the Morn ing Post. Sir Robkrt and Ladv Salk at Windsor.?Sir Robert and Lady Sale have been paying a visit to Windsor Castle, where they were received with the most marked kindness by the Queen and Prince Albert. The Queen manifested the most intense interest to hear from the lip* of La dy t*ale, a u.irrative of these extraordinary privations and dangers to which her ladyship had been exposed in the east. The Queen lijteued with the deepebt attention, and expressed herself in the warmest terms of congratulation at LadySale'a hap py and providential return to her native land. Sir Robert Sale, in addition to being anointed to the command of a regiment, haa received the lucra tive appointment of Quarter-maater-General to her M?je sty'a forces in India, for which country he will proceed in December. It is estimated that if the railways now projected in In land were in point of fact undertaken, they would afLrd employmeut to above 200,000 per sons. The Journal dtt Debah states that an electric magnetic telegraph, on Mr. Furady's plan, has been attached to tne Taunus railroad, which lies between Mentz and Frankfort on-the-Maine, the extent of which is about 16 French leagues. The numb-r of Protestants at preaent in Bava ria is 1,226,758. In the laat four yeare there has been an iucrease ?f 25 531; in that peiiod 8806 Protestsnta emigrated from the kingdom; 281 turned Catholic?, and 179 Catholics bream- Pro testauta. FmaimrnL Steamboat Accident ?A lamenta ble accident oc :urred at Black wall, on the Thames on the evening of Tuesday last, produced by au explosion on board a steamer called the Gipsey Queen, a new iron vessel, of (iOO tons, and 300 horse power, by which seven persons lost their lives, and five more were seriously injured.? Amongst the sufferers is Mr. Samuda, one ot the partners in the establishment Iwhere the engines were made. The engines differed in some re spects from the marine engines generally in uee, and they were regarded as improvements. Before the accident, the vessel had made her first trip do.vn the river with the greatest satisfaction. The vessel has been built for the Watetford Navigation Company. Three more of those wh? were car ried to ihe hospital have since died of the injuries they received. Mr. Samuda Was the patentee of the Atmospheric | ltailwav, in carrying out the principles of which lie has been engaged for some years past. Mr. Dan Marble, the American comedian, after delighting the cockneys with his amusing persona tions ot Yankee life, is now in Liverpool, fulfilling an engagement of twelve nights. He is a creat fa vorite. He appeared last night in the "Vermont Wool Dealer," and experienced an enthusiastic reception, which he increased by the fun and drollery of his acting. Mr. Marble has two popular writers engaged in the production of a brace of new farces, in which his pecu liar talents will be shown to the highest advantage These farces will prove a rich treat to his country men on his return home. IUduction or Dock Hath at Livebfool?A tub committee of the (lock committee, to whom was lately referred the revision of the dock and light duties on ton nage, aud the dock rates on gooJs, have recommended in a report (which was adopted), that the rates to be charged upon the seventh class of voyages be, on ton nage, Is 81, and on lights lfd per ton, making Is 7J<i per ton. The "seventh class ot voyages" relates to all ports in South America to the southward of Rio de la Plata, in the Pacific Ocean, in Africa and Asia to the eastward of the Cape of Oooa Hope. Tbe present duties are, for tonnage, -is 3d and for lights 2d. The loss to the estate from the reduction, is calculated to be only about ?4000 per annum. The redaction is to take place on the 10ih of December next. The sub-committee, in their report, sar, that they consider it desirable to ascertain whether the whole question of dock rates should ndt be revised. The Hop Duty The return of the hop duty, on this year's gtowth. was issued on Saturday. The to'al is ?JS0 340 15i ajd, of which the old duty amounts to .?140,.. 8W, 17s. 2Jd., the new duty to ?103,716 17s. 11J , and the additional duty of 6 percent, per Act 3d Victoria, c. 17, to ?11,301, Os. Ojd. Illinois Bonds ?Court of Chancery.?The Vice Chancellor gave judgment in the case of Huxtable vt the State of Illinois, on Monday the 11th inst. Before July, 184t, Maria Sarah Lang stone, who in that month married Anthony Hux table, clerk, by the advice of Mr. John Wright, of the firm of Wright & Co , her bankers, invested a considerable sum of money (?6541) in bonds issued under the seal of the Governor of Illinois. Messrs. Wright were the agents for the State, to which they were largely indebted when the bank fuiled. Messrs Magniac, Smith Sc Co., were then ap pointed agents for the State ; that firm subsequent ly undergoing divers changes of partnership, and becoming known us Magniac, Jardine tte Co. ; while since April, 1842, Messrs. Baring Brothers & Co. have been the agents. In ft 'arch, 1842, the agents refused to acknowledge Mrs. Huxtable's bonds, or to pay the dividends upon them, on the plea that the bonds and Bixteen others had been irregularly sent into the market by Messrs. Whrighi Sc Co., that the coupons had not been severed, and also that the agents had not sufficient funds. The plaintiff denied that she was liable for the irregu larities of the State's agent; and further alleged, that Mr. Jaudon, as commissioner for the State, had proved a debt against th* estate of Messrs. Wright Sc Co., amounting to ?17 920; whichsum included the money that she had invested She therefore filed a bill against the State and vnrious 1 persons, including the partners to the several firms, (we observe among the names those of Anthony Huxtable and James Houghton Luigntone,) pray ing that the dividend upon Wright's estate might not be paid overto the State until her claim should hav? been satisfied. The State of Illinois did noi appear to the bill; but Messrs. Magniac & Co., and Messrs. Baring Brothers Sc Co. demurred to it, on score of a general want ot equity as regards them The Vice Chancellor observed, in givingjndgment, it did not tollow that if the State of Illinois had re pudiated the transaction, they repudiated it in the offensive meaning intended to be given to that word, or that they had done so without reason; for if the State placed bonds in the bunds of it* agents with certain directions how to use them, and thev were improperly dealt with by those agents, it would be too much to say that the State acted dishonestly because it refused to sanction what it had not authorised. He thought the trans action a fair one on the part of the State. The question here was, had the plaintiff by her bill made out a sufficient case against Messrs. Mngnise Sc Co. as one party, and Messrs Baring Brothers Sc Co. as another party 1 The allegations in the bili were too indistinct as respected the several parties : and though there appeared to be the substratum of a good case. lie did not think that it had been sut- I ficently maae out. The demurrer therefore was allowed.? WUlmer Smith's 'limes, Nov. 19. Repeal of the Duty on Ilaw Cotton, Qn Thursday, the 14th instant, the Manchester | Chamber ?!' Commerce held n special general meeiing, tor the very important purpose of consi dering the propriety of memorializing the Lords of the Treasury for the repeal of the duty upon cotton wool. The meeting was very nu merously attended, most of the leading mercantile men in the district being present. Amongst others were Messrs. R. Cobden, M P, John Bright, M P , Henry Ashworth, Robert Gardner, Richard Birley, Thomas Ashtoo, J. B. Smith, Thomas Houlds'vorth. The President of ihe Chamber, Thomas Bazley, jr., Esq , took the Chair. The Chairman, in opening the proceedings, I said:?Gentlemen, in having summoned this spe cial meeting of the chamber, to promote ?he repeal of the duty on cotton wool, your direc tors have, in my opinion, exercised a very sound discretion. Public opinion, condemning this tax on the trade of this important district, is now evincing the determination to demand, in terms not to be resisted, the abolition of it. (Hear, hear.) The occasions are, I hope, becoming more frequent where gentlemen of generally different sentiments can meet together in harmony, to seek by their ef forts. such objects as shall be beneficial to the com munity in which they exist; and I regard with pe culiar satisfaction the meeting of this morning, be cause I see individuals present who arc nraongstihe most wealthy and most extensive of those engag ed in the consumption of raw cotton. They come for the purpose of relieving themselves of vexatious impost, such as, I believe, has never been before inflicted upon a great national interest, such as the cotton trade has become; and I believe that their efforts will be continued m.til that tax shall be an nihilated. (Hear, hear ) From one individual I learned that so oppressive is this tax upon his own industry, that taking the amount ot dutv and the amount of disadvantages collectively under which he labors, us compared with the United States of America, supposing he could transfer his spinning and weaving concern to the United States, those disadvantages amount to ?20,000 per annum.? (Hear, hear ) This is an amount of competition that cannot permanently be maintained by any indi vidual house. (Hear, hear.) The memorial was then read. It stated that? " It will be fouud that this tax alone now increas* s to the British cotton spinner the co6t of his raw material to the extent ot ten per cent, for at the present time the price of middling notion of the class most largely in consumption is tyi. per pound in New Orleans, 5-16ihs thereon being exactly ten p 'l cent; but the American spinner possesses the convenience ot contiguity to ihe markets of the cotton planters ; and in freight by the difference in distance, in the saving of time, and in other dimi nished charges, a further advantage ia secured to him ot not less than 7-16 ha per lb, thus making the disadvantages of the British spinner, aa contrasted wiih the American, into 24 percent: and which, upon all the American cotton used in Great Britain, will amount, according to last year's consumption, to upwards of a million and a half sterling, clearly establishing advantages in competition against tins country, which neither ought to be nor can be per manently sustained." Mr. Robert Gardiner moved the first resolu tion, which declared tbe repeal of the duty upon raw cotton to be essentially ne.c< ssnry to the main tenance of the manufacturing prosperity ojl this country; the resolution wus seconded by Mr. Thou. Ashton, and supported by Thomas Cook and Mr. J. A. Turner. The aecond resolution was moved by Mr Richard Birley, and seconded by Mr. Jamej Atherton, and supported by Mr. Marshall. i*ir. Henry Ashworth said, we did not need to refine upon calculations as to bow much per cent that duty pressed upon individual clashes of manu facturers?wr took in round numbers the payment ot ?743,000 last year as the cotton duty, a duty imposed by the government of this country upon one individual branch of manufacture most unjust ly. The manufacturer met in distant markets | iimil.tr manufactures produced in different patts ot [ tha world, and mare especially he found American i manufactures in every market to which he had ac cess The prices of his goods in those distant martlet* were the market prices of the place, and he could expect to receive no more than the mar ket value lor what he ?ent there. There he met hu riv.tls upon tqucl terms, he having himself paid 5 lG.ha of a penny per lb duty; und 116th ot a penuy duty more upon the waste in making these goods (hear); and thus we found that the British manufacturer was not ot.ly htmhened hs h manu facturer, by that conuunt claim from the govern ment ot this country, winch he had to bear in ad dttioa to his rns'.a and charges', biu that that sum went in the shape ot a bomny to hii> foreign rivak. He found,from a | arliamentaiypiicr^omc remarks and observation!", collected hy Mr. Thorn, who Slid, in s.euktog ot China; " Of the sum put down for grty long clothe, one ha'f may b:* at-ourned as British, afid the other halt American. Domestics are entirely American, ai.d we li id it impossible to compete with litem in that articl?." The Chairman said, that Mr. Wvr.tK, a gentle man engaged in the American trade, was present; and, dfl some specimens of American manufac tures were now h lore the chamber, he would, perhaps, oflersotue obscrvAticig Mr. A 11. Wyive, of the firm of Gorton, Wylie St Co , London, suid he contrbsei) lie wa only surprised that they had so ion* remained in abey ance. (Hear) fhey hud allowed tli'8 duty io increase in the ?pace ot teij yrars from ?370,000 to ?713,000, and that wjn a ^urn winch no govern ment would be willing to give up He had in Ins possession an account-ralts ot cotton s Id within the list two wet ks in Liverpool,? ot fi3 biles ol New Orleans; an actual account Mies?the amount of which w** ?330 7 a. 81 , and the duly upon which was ?88 5i. Id., or a dung-? ot fully 13 pei cent. (Heat, hear ) It lMd been said, ilut if ihr duty were taken off, it would be. to give a bonur to the American planter. Now, we nil know very well that the laws ot demand and supply regulate the supply of cotton; but it was r.ot ol this that wc complained. Now, the consumption of cotton in the United Staus in 1812, which was a year tiirre of depressed prices and bad trace, was 267.850 bales. In ilie present year it was 387,000 bales; but this was fat from being all the cotton consumed in America. The return* from New York only included what was consumed in the northern and eastern states, north of the Potomac; the whole southern and western manufac tures were not included, for this reason, (and he hoped he should be understood, for this was in important fact,) that the cotton consumed by the*emanufactures did not generally enter into the ieceipts at the ports, as they were taken perhaps irom the internal maikets, without going to the seaboard ; and the consumption there is stated? (and he believed it to be within the fact, from his own persoual knowledge)?to be 100,000 bales: which brings up the consumption of America inthe last year to -187,000bales, which, if he mistook not, was more American cotton than waB consumed in this country in 1825, and more than the cotton of all kinds consumed here in 1820; wiiich was bring ing the progress of American manufactures within the recollection of many present So much tor the consumption ol the United States in 1828, The ex ports ol cotton goods to China lroin America, in 1841, amounted to 188,000 dollars. Inthe first nine months pf1843 the amount was 1,063,000 dollars.? Now, this amount seemed, in comparison with our exports, to be rather trifling; but it ceased to be so, when compared with what the American exports were two or three years ago, In only two years I they had leaped from 188 .000 to 1 ,(,(>0,000 dollars. If, for the next two or three years they went on at the same rate, they would not only rival us, but al most drive us out of the markets. In one recent price current Irom Brazil, he found in 1840 Great Britain exported 28,840 bales of cotton goods to that country, and in 18-13 only 1-1,000, (hear, hear,) while the Americans in 1840 exported to Brazil 6,100 bales, and in 1843, 7,300; and so, in propor tion as our trade, there had been decreasing, theirs had been increasing. If ever a country was f orm ed for commercial purposes it whs America, nnd it appeared as it the legislation of thiscountty and America ti|K-n commercial questions,was as hostile is it possibly could be,and const quently assuicidal. (Hear.) He conletued he d id not think there was any chance of any commercial treaty being entered into .vith America. The time had been allowed to ,i<isb ; but there was u struggle going on there lor the election of their President, and (he taiiH was made the starting point. Jf the tariff purty auccet-d, our hopes are at an end. Mr. Oukit (aid our coarse manufacturer! were, gen? rally .thriving nnd increasing until the American* became jur rival*. (Hear.) He haj himself a very extensive rade in them, an soon a* hu bad commenced buiinaas with America, (hear, hear ) but, afterwards from their be coming manulaoturert, a d supplying their own want* tirst, lliey began to interfere with hi* customer* in the stouth American trade. (Hear, hear) That branch wa* aow to him entirely extinct. (Hear.) Mr. John Buioht, M. P, said there werntwo obierva 'ioni that he wished to make; one of which had ariien from observation* made by preceding apeakers. A good teal hud been said with regard to the rivalry of fenign (Countries,and especially ot the increase in the manulac.tn ' let? power of the Americana. Pet h op* part ie* atadutaaci reading the report of the meeting might be !rd to auppote that we had *?me hostile feeling* towards the manufac turer* of America, or other coun rie?; but, although we admitted their rivalry, and deemed it a matter of deep im portance to us, and that it mi^ht, in certain branehea ot trail", become injurious to certain mrnufactiir.rs here,yet he believed there waano intelligent manufacturer in tliar room, or in thi* district, who frit anything like a hostile r?fting that would induce him to wl*h tor anything that could he done to cru*h the rising manufacturer* nnd the rising prosperity of any country. (Hear, hear.) Ail they wisbe lior wasaimply that government?that government which ought to be paternal?that ought, in the true sense of the word, ba a protective government?that it ibnuld not be one that wonld lay burden* upon one branch cf in dustry, and aubject it to a pre cure wiiich made it unable to bear that competition, and to run in that race from which thete wa* no i *;ape for ut (Hear ) This cotton U* appeared to him, therefore, a taiitt exactly of thh de ?cription, msde ttpon uh by onr own government. (Hear hear,) for it had precisely the same rffVct upon onr trade -is if a tariff ot an iquat per centage were levied by all foreign tuitions to which nre ex|<ort. (H'-sr, hear ) A tier n few words from other gentlemen, the resolution* were passed unanimously, and the meeting separated.? ft'ilmtr If Suiith't Timet, Nov. IB. Theatrical*, dtc. A new piece entitled " A Trip to Kissengcn,' has been produced ut the Lyceum Theatre, Lon don. It was highly successful. Mr. Balfe is expected shortly from Paris, with his new opera "The Queen of Cyprus." It is for I)rnry Lane, and will be the first musical novelty. Balfe's " Bohemian Girl" is etill drawing good house'. It is within afew nights of the hundredth representation, when he is to have a piece of plate presented to him. Mrs. Balfe is shortly to appear at this theatre as Anna Holena, with Burdini, a good baritone, and an Englishman, notwithstand ing his Italian sounding name. He has been edu cated in Italy. Maik Lemon and Gilbert a Beckett are again at work in the production of a witty burlesque for the little Strand Theatre ; and the Olympic*opens in a few weeks, tinder the management ot Rayner, once great in "domestic tragedv." Julian opens Covent Garden Theatre the begin ning of Dec. with concerts ; and, about a month thercalter, the regular drama is to be presented, under the uutpices of M. Laurent. Miss Kelly recently opened her bijou theatre in Dean street, lor an umateur performance by her pupiln and others, in aid of the distressed needle women of the metropolis. The nieces were " The Hunchback" ar.d "The Irish Brigade," both of which were well "mounted" und well performed. Astley's Ampitheatre narrowly escaped being burnt tor the third time, on the 17ilt nit., a fire having broken out in the shop of a draper, only three doors from it We learn from Dresden that while the family o. Weber wero expecting his rem tins for inter ment, their number wan reduced by the death of his younger son, a youth of twenty, who was stu dying punting with ihe most brilliact hopes of sue cesn Only one son now remains. Mr Lumley, the director of her Majesty's The atre, Lvndon, pasted through Paris a few days ago for Italy. Nina Sontsg, sister of the Counters Rossi, has just entered a Carmelite convent at 1'iague. Mr. Temolelon, who ib to appear Hutftly at the Liverpool Mechanics' Institution, hits lst? ly been renping a rich harvest, both of opinion and gold, in the principal towns of the north of England. The King of Denmark has issued two ordonnan ces; one for the establishing of a conservatoire ot music at Copenhagen, end the other for vocal in struction at the schools throughout the Danish do minions. Mr. Wilson has been giving his Scottish songs in the lund <?f Burns with great success Professor Rislt y and his sons have been playing in Hanover before the King, and more recently in Brunswick, where the Grand Duke of that name saw their astonishing and classic Icata, and marked his sense of them by <i handsome present. From the two sovereigns we have named they received several valuable presents; and the King of Holland urged upon Professor Risley the propriety of going to Ruesia, giving him at the same tunc an intro duction lo nis relative. the Emperor. Before visit ing St. Petersburg, the Professor will appear in Berlin. Mr. Wm. Grieve, of Dmry lane Theatre, whose talents as a painter of the highest rank have, oa so J many occasions, been appreciated by the public, died on the llih ult. There i? a report in the musical circles thatTam burini is,to form part of ihe company of her Majesty's Tiieaire in the ensuing season. Fornasari was not

engaged lor that establishment. Mr. Templetoa, who has been making a tour of the principal towns of England,has been realizing a golden harvest by the exercise of his vocal talents. He will shortly, we hear, visit the United States. Mr. Lover, the exquisite delineator of Irish char acter, and whose versatility as a poet, a painter, a musician, a'id a composer, is so well known on both sides ot the Atlantic, has recently been sing intf at the Liverpool Mechanics' Institution. The Auq-sburzh Uiizttte of the 1st lust., announ ces the fiirt appearance of Fanny Elsaler at the Cc.urt Theatre of Munich, on the 30ih ult. She *?.>* most enthusiastically received, aud was repeat ed recalled to receive the homage of the public. MissCunsima Weller, the celebrated vocalist, is about to take up her residence in London. Mrs and Mr. Kean have been playing u round of lavnrite characters, in which their respective ex cellence is familiar to tl.e play going public, at the Theatre Koyal, Liverpool. On the 7Ui ult. the distinguished party of musical performers, Dohler, Hivori, F. Lablache, Henry Ruaneli, Jee , made their first appearance in the City Hall, Glasgow. Mr. Marble lias been performing with considera ble success at the Theatre-royal, Hiymarket He made his first appearance in Liveri<ool in apiece called " The Vermont Wool Dealer." Miss Ellen Fawcett is said 10 be in treaty for the Tictori* theatre. The Queen nr.d Prince Albert visited Drury-lane tiieoire oil the 11th ult. Miss Davenport, who has tckenihe Olympic the a're. opened it on the 13 b ult. with "Itomeo and Juliet, Mr. Hu.itou Kirby being the hero, and iVtns Dtvenport the love-sick Italian girl. tv-nor Marine/, de la. Rosa, the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affiirs, hue found time, amul his many occupations, to compose a comedy entitled "The Daughter at Hume, and rh" Mother at a Ball," which has been anuounc-d for representation at the principal theatre <>( Madrid Mr. Hutl Mies Vandenlu fT and G. V. Brooke are playing the legitimate dram i at the Queen's thea tre, Manchester. It is no-.v positively nat. d that there will be anew Philharmonic Society next seasou, und that it will embody among its members men of rank, position, and talent, who have hitherto kept aloof i'rom joiu ing similar institutions. The new society, it ia said, is to hold its concerts at the Italian Opera House, and the following names are already spoken of as a portion of the eminent men to form the new society?Cramer, Mendelssohn, Benedict, Costa, Si vori.Thalberg, Leopold de Meyer,Berlioz, Auber, Halle, Sierndale, Bennett, Mactarren, Smart, aud C. Horsley. On Dlts. According to the " Record," about thirty Mas ters of Arts in Oxford, and, including the whole country, about one hundred Tractarian ministers of the Church ot England, are ready to go over with Messrs. Newman und Pueey to the Church of Rome. Mr. Erie has been appointed to the justiceship of the Common Pleas, vacant by the retirement of Mr. Justice Erskiae. According to the " Morning Post," Lord Ellen borough is likely to become First Lord of the Ad miralty, vice Lord Haddington; Lord Stanley, President of the Board of Control; Mr. Gladstone, Colonial Minister; Lord Dalhousie, President, and Mr. Cardwell, Vice President of the Board ot Trade. Nkw Mayors.?We give the names of the gen tlemen electcd to fill the office of Mayor, at Ihe following places:?London, Alderman Gibbs; Li verpool. Alderman Jam~s Lawrence: Manchester, Alexander Kaye, Ls<i : Leeds, Alderman Lupton; Sheffield, Alderman D?nn; Preston, Alderman Paley; Lancaster, E. D. Salisbury, Esq ; Birming ham, Alderman Phillips. The " Constitutionuel" mentions the report cfa marriage between M. Gudin, ihe celebrated ma rine painter, and the daughter of Lord James Hay, a relative by marriage of the Duke of Wellington. Earl Howe will be duly installed Provincial Grand Master of Freemasons of England for War wickshire, on the 25th iust ,Ht Coventry. Mr. S. Crawford, the great Irish lanuowrfer, has commenced the publicattoi of a series ot lett? rs in tavor of local legislation for Ireland, retaining the imperial connection. The Rev. Moses Maigolith (a converted Jew) has been appointed 19 the living of Glasnevin, by the Lord Bishop ot Kildare. A Mr. John lawless has withdrawn from the 1 Itepeal Asaoei ition, in consequence of Mr. O'Con ueli's declared preference tor Federalism. General Sir Richard Armstrong, who is now employed on the stall of the army in Canada, has tie en placed on tin* list ot general officers who are in receipt of the increased rate of pay of 25s. per diem. This gallant officer has seen considerable service in'he Peninsular and India For his gal lantry at Busaco, Vittoria.and the Pyrenees, he has for some years past held honorary medals. Griffon, brig, Lieut. Jenkiu, is expected to leave the Norih American station, on her return home, in December. Capt. <? rover has published a further letter from Dr. WolH, who had arrived at Meschid, but lie did oot consider himself beyond danger, lie has been aole to gain his liberty, thus tar, only by engaging to pay a sum of ?2 5(H). The nuptials of Lady Augusta Somerset, eldest daughter of the Duke of tteuufort, and his Excel lency Baron Nieumiinn, the Austrian minister, are to be solemniXfd o? the 30th inst. The marriage will take place in town. Mr. James Hogg, the only son of the Ettrick Shepherd, was to sail on Tuesday last for India, seeking his fortune in the East, as the sons of Burns and the sons i f Alian Cunningham have done before him. Mr. Hogg h:is been appointed to a situation in the bank at Bombay. Th" only sur viving son el Sir Walu-r Scott is now doing duty with his regiment at Madras. Chief Justice Penuefather is confined tohischam ber by a heavy cold, with mflarnmaiion of ihe eyes. The state ot his lordship's health, although not such as to create the slightest alarm, has given rise to the opinion thit he will soon retire from the b-nch. The Earl of Shrewsbury has given ?10,000 to wards the building of the beautiful new Roman Catholic Church of St. Barnabas, Nottingham. A Frankfort paper states that the insect called ttntnnia auratu, reduced to powder, and given to the patient, is a perfect cure for the bite of rabid animals. Vice Admiral Sir William Parker has been crea ted a baronet. The Anti-Corn-Law League has taken Covent Garden Theatre for the next season, at a rental of ?3000. The National Bank of Ireland has sent ?10 to the Matthew fund, throngh Daniel O'Connell. Obituary. The Dean of Limerick, who has been long in a declining state of health, died on the 9th ult. in the 83th year of his age, at his residence near Rathan gau, county Kildare. Mr. Ilcnry Morland, brother to George Morland, the distinguished painter, died in London, on the 29h ult., aged upwards of 80 years. Mr. Sergeant Andrews, who attempted to com mit Biticide, the result of a depression of spirits pro duced by losg study, died on the 13th ult., Irom the effects of the wounds. He his left a widow and two children. He was the leader of the mid land circuit. The death of I^ord Saye and Sele, took olace on the 13tti u|t. Ilis lordship was in his 7tith year, and is succeeded in his title and estates by his only son, the Hon William Twistleton Fiennes, who was born in April, 1798. General Edward Dunne expired on the 9chult.at his seat in Queen's County, Ireland. The Countess De Soiinaz, wife of the King of Sardinia's (rrand Chamberlain, was killed lately, in a very shocking manner. She was looking lor something in a cabinet that stood in her boudoir : and accidentally shaking the cabinet, it toppleo over, fell upon her and crushed her to death. Alter ?n illness of some duration, aged 78, Mrs. Holland, a lady to whom the younger por tion of society has been much indebted for amuse ment, instruction and beneficent udvi?e. On the 11th ult.. tn London, Major-General Sir Leonard Greenwell After tervine in South Ame rica, he landed in Portugal ia 1808, and waa pre sent at all the battles in the Penmsulaf except two, when he was hori derombat. His services were acknowledged by a medal and two clasp?. Lotd Western died a few days back nt Fel:x II ill. His lordship was horn in 1767, and altrr re presenting the borough of Muldon in the House of Cnrnmous, obtained a seat for the County ol hssex, which he continued to fill until 1832, when he was raised to the peerage. Literature, Arts, Ar. Allison has just brought out his History of Eu rope. It is in ten volumes. Price about $23. A new work on Farming, by Henry Stephens, P. R. S. E., in three large volumes, has just made jis appearance. Price $21. Mr. Lever (Harry Lorrequer) intends to open the conruni year with a new atrial work. We un* derstand the scene is laid in the south of Ireland, in (he latter part of the last century. The first volume of "The Nelson Despatches," by Sir H. Nicnolas, has come out; the whole is to be completed in 3 vols. Mr. Warburtnu's new work "The Crescent and the Cross," in 2 vols in highly spoken of. "My Adventure#," by Col M. Maxwell, in 2 vols, has recently made its appearance. On Monday, the -Mi ult.,a General Assembly of the Academicians waa held at the Royal Academy of Arts, in Tra'* ^sr fquare, when Mr. William Dyce and Mr. W lliam Calder Marshall were elec ted associates 61 that institution. A new * nrk entitled " Agincourt" by that vo luminous author'James* is announced f?r pubh cation. A new periodical has been started at Edinburgh, which seems destined to make a rtir among the Trans-Atlantic cotemporaries. It is entitled the "North British Review," and among its regular contribute? are the celebrated Dr. Chalmers and Sir David Brewster. The articles are grave and evangelical in their tone. The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council have extended lor fourteen years the Earl of Dun donald's patent tor a totalory engine. A curious and interesting discovery has recently been made, which will probably throw considera ble light on the text of one of the most popular plays of ottr great dramatist. A? contemporary manuscript of Henry IV has been found in the ar chives ol a lamily of title in the east of England, tt"d I it has been most liberally placed in the hands tir Halliwell for the purpose of publication, we understand that this unique relic, which con tains numerousjimportant variations from the play as we now have it, will be shortly printed by Mr. Halliwell, under the uufpices of the Shakspearc Society.?Timet. The Ea:l of Eldon, it is said, has acted most li. b'-ruliy towards the biographer of his grandfather, having presented Mr. Horaae Twiss, not only with ihe copyright of all the Eldon papers, but with a check for ?1,000 info the bargain. It has been facetiously reuurked, that the deli cious and piquant flavor of Punch is imparted by three lemont?Mark Lemon, LemanRerle, and Le man Blanchard ; who, with Douglass Jerrold, are the principal contributor1*. Mohuu Lai, the oriental moonshee of Sir Alex ander Burnes, has paid his visit to Mr. Burnes, his patron)s father, and we henr has delivered to him many interesting books and papers. ( Ireland. O'Conuell, alter a long rest at Derrynane, is about returning to Dumiu. li Is said itiii lie lias abandoned the " Federal" protect, and is more ureent in favor of the " repeal" movement than ever. Tne rains have been so heavy, recently, ir some parts of Ireland, that the rivers have overflowed, and great damage has been done by floods. In Kilkenny, Tipperary, and other places the devas tation has been extensive. bridpeB having been swept away, houses flooded, and iu some instances submerged,and roads rendered impassable. Mr. S. Crawford has commenced the publication ol a series of letters, in favor of local legislation for Ireland, retaining the imperial connection. Oranue Outranks in Tyrone.?A letter from Dungannon gives an account of some outrages by incendiaries. The victims are Roman Catholics, who had taken land from which Oraoqedieti had been evicted. Some persons are in custody, charged on suspicion. Notice, had been posted, that " No Papist would be allowed to take the lands" These outrage* have occurred in the parish of Killymau, rendered notorious by the former proceedings of the "Killynian Wreckers " Father Mathew, the great apostle of temperance, his become involved iu embarrassments arising out of his philanthropic exertion?, A movement is now going on, and that it will prove successful there is little doubt, for not merely discharging his ni hilities, but raising him a fund which will place him beyond pecuniary need hereafter. Meetings have been !x Id in England, as well as in Ireland on the suSjfct, and from the liberality of the sub scriptions, the required sum??20,000?will be forthcoming. Latkst from America.?Our readers will find in another page the latest intelligence from Ameri ca. It will be read with the utmost interest. The Repeal cans? proceeds triumphadily, ar-d even at the dale of these accounts the enthusiasm of our transatlantic friends could only find appropriate expression in jubilees and mats meetings. We rejoice to learn by these accounts the great probability which exists that the American whtgs with their allies, the "Native Americans," alias chapel burners, will be defeated in the conttst for President. Ii is all but certain that Polk will be returned; and one of the strongest indications we ean point to in proof of it is, that the jViw Votk Herald alr? adv abuses the Clay parly and the "Nu lives."? Dublin Weekly Nation. Loyai. National Reveal Association.?The usual weekly meeting of the Loyal National Re !>eal Association was ou Monday held in the Con ciliation Hall, which was crowded to exc. ss in eveiy part. Mr. T. M. Ray, seer ^tary, entered the liall at one o'clock, and was greeted with the warmest acclamations of applause. Mr. Maurice O'Conuell, M. P , and Captain Seaver were re ceived most cordially. On Ihe motion of the honorable and ienrned 'nember for Tralce, the chair was tuken by Cant Broderick. Mr. Kay concluded a speech by readiig the fol lowing letter from Mr. O'ConiieM :? Darrynank Anngy, 7<h Nov. ISM My Dear Ray-I send youulutcr from New \ ork and an address to me from the Repealprs of 'hat en v, together with a draft oh Buring Brother* far JL50Q. I wis>h I could he personally prevent to reply to th* address, and to tp. ak of the splendid support we receive from the true-hearted friends ofiIreland in New York. Pray get Maurice to make commemoration of the generous liberality of our American friends. It Will delight them to hear of the bright pro spects that ojien before ns of restoring the nation ality of our beloved fatherland, by a combination of Irishmen of every sect and per-uasion, in the cause of Irish leg'ulative independence. Payall honors to our friends in New York. I intend, please God, to be in the association on Monday, the 25th, in full health and renewed anx iety to forward tne cause of old Ireland. We had glorious hunting on Tuesday, 5th, and to day?nothing could be more splendid. The weather fine, the scent lying, and the cry magnifi cent, and continues Iroin the start to the death near two hours. In my letter about the Rechabites the word 'tents" is printed "tenets " The Rechabites call their lodges tenth. Correct the copies ymu send to Scotland. Yours, most sincerely, _ ,, _ ,, Daniel O'Con.nbl. T. M. Ray, E*q. Mr. Ray read the following letter from the Li berator, which evoked loud and enthusiastic plau dits:? TO T. M. RAY, Efy., secretary to the loyal na tional RKPKAI. ASSOCIATION OP IRKLAND. 'Still (halt thou be my waking theme, Thy glories mill my midnight dream, Aud every thought and with of mine Unconqu.red Krin, Khali be thine ' Darrynank ArnBY, Nov. 8, MM. My I)2ar Hay.?Under the present circum stances ol the great Repeal cause, nnd espe cially after the sagucious piuse that Ins been mnde in direct agitation, I hep; it will not be deemed presumptuous in me to give a direct intimation to the association, ol my intention to attend their meeting on Monday, the 25th instant?that is, the day fortnight alter this letter is read I preside at the election on the 25th aa Alder man of iny ward, but as there is to be no contest in the ward, the election will be over long before the hour at which the association sits, and I will thus be enabled to attend the meeting of the men to whom Ireland is chiefly indebted for the past progrefs of the great cauue. and to whom history will attribute the principal means of the restora tion of tha Irish parliament. My inten ion of attendlrg the meeting of the 25th would not be tuflicient to justify the parade of this announcement, but ihat its real object is to niform the members of the association of my de sign on that day to bring forward two topics of great and vital importance. The first involves the subject of an application to parliament lor an impeachment of the persons prin cipally concerned in the late monster persecution: and in particular to consider deliberately the pro priety of addrersing the people of Cheat Britain, in order to | rocure their aid in enforcing on parlia ment th<- necessity of such an impeachment. If such an address -hall be agreed upon, it will re. main to be determu.ed, whether it shall take place by |tersonal attendance in England of a delegnti< n ol the ati-ociation, or through the medium of the prem. 1 he second great object for the consideration of the association on the 2<Vh is one which has en grossed much of my thoughts, und from which my mind is full of the anticipations of great utility if it can be b gaily arranged?I mean the spooint me.it ol a Preservntivn Society oi three hundred It m quite trfte that the legal difficulties are very great; the Irish people are oppressed by the u ran noua weight of the convention sot?an enactment from the ir.ffction of which the people of k^i ,are JHlectly free. Jt may be worth while, by oi parenthesis, to remark, that the present connection with England is call ed a Union, though the people of England are free from the burden which thus most crueJly embar 'he |>e?ple of Ireland in their political exer A Union, fotsooth !? I shall not dictate either rfthese measures to the ilepeal AssociatWm ; it is as little within my power as it is within my inclination to do so; they are subjects deserving the most grave consideration, and upon which the most honest of mankind may reasonably and lairly differ. h*l?'n??,Vhei?,08t ^""eat attention o( ,he mem, ihJT Jk k ^P*0' Association to these topics; lo?. . .uhpL,S8t'J8Inof,t 18 ,he impeachment, be cause it that be adopted, our arrangements must be wlffmn IT krM,h'?'U'D* ?' wjijch will most]probably take place in the first week of man' aTy u ^ 'act connected with the management of the Jury list must be investigated ? JniiCn fD<ik' au In pwticular, call the attention of the association to the conduct of the I<ecorder. At first 1 thought that lie was not to blame, but farther reflection upon his most unne cessary journey to England at a most critical period, convinced me that the public are entitled to astrict and critical Inquiry into his condnct upon that oc casion. The mode of his deportment in parliament on the subject dissatisfies my mind very consider h^mi Sir*kCa?not J ?* .a'lowpd, as I think, to cover ^,'f by his judicial situation; he was ministerial ble to pariiaroenj ' ,n b?,h c#Paci,,e? A full investigation is required, because if he hod taken proper care that (he jury lift was duly made out, the jury trial upon that list would never be de nounced by the highest legal tribunal in the land as a delusion, a snare, and a mockery.' lie may be able to vindicate hia conduct, bot in quiry is absolutely necessary to satisiv ihe public mind; and it is strongly my purpose, if approved of by the association, to have the entire case, inclu fore* Parliament 8 COn('UC,, brou?hl durt,nc"y ** There has been a longer pause in the Repeal agi tation than I had anticipated, but I do not by any means regret it; there was in that pause a defer ence to the opinions of those Irishmen who differ from us, which was calculated, I think, to con vince them how respectfully their opinions have heen treated, and will be treated, whenever the* jo?n the j an Its oi the Itrpcal Association. It was an experiment we made,1 and 1 claim . ? ra?iTof r frnen t I fit h n/i'Vnc lpal Promoters of that expe riment. ff it had been immediately successful iis importance is almost incalculable; it would have effie nT 'T? '/"Ji*8' fire,?lhe enunciation of a spe I| gentlemen of fortune, rank, talent, and patriotism, deemed most useful to 'e 8r i"11/'' .Rrievuncr8> ,he Poverty and destitution of Ireland, and to give to her the powr i of domestic legislation iu all aflairs relating to her own concerns. It would,secondly, have given the opportunity to us,thorough and out-and-out Repeal d iHer?w h?pr't*by and conciliation where we iner with the Federalists, and also our readiness to concede eveiytl.ing for that conciliation con Irisb naUonah'ly*real and immulable PrinciP'? This experiment hns not been as yet successful the federalists have not come fotward with anv fL'e u p L? ',ave "o public movement .r?y e e^oted no organization among them jTcturil ?Ur noUcnB aa 10 P,UD" ?? purely con It would, uuder snch circumstances, perhaps have pen better it a perfect silence had been adopted by hose who formed particular ideas cf what federal niH1nl!?u"t' an opposed the creature ol their own imaginarion. But I am far from thinking that those who adopt ed the course diflerent from that which I should have ndvised, were therefore in the wrong. This ft wiV. n??? V?r- ,?c*'r,ain. fhat the discussion, if it were prcmaiuiely entered into, was at all events conducted with good temper snd civility ; no im BLT'"1 b' The experiment, it is true, has not as yet been em.fiT.'h y*1 1 ,hjnlf " hafHllorded grounds of ^.10."!,!:;^^"?''''"'?'?????-" f??>e These things have been ascertained? First-that here arc a number of protestants of various Hawses but ... ..articular ol rank and station, who dissatisfied with the working of the Union statute "s. I ?ni, and who sre as convinced as I am of the .niqtinons means by which the Union was effected -who also are as thoroughly persuaded as I am, 'hat the mitery and destitution of the Irish people must continue and utiguieut yearly, unlet* the pre t?-i?S?i; c^^cuonbetween Great Britain and Ireland is e.-apiMally altered. Jrl ;"W-fo t0, kno^ l!"fl fac,-"'e declaration of Mr. (rrey Porter is deceive upon it, and I am bound to say that 1 have abundant reasons to be convinced that the abhorrence of the present Union is more extensive among the wealthier classes of lielnnd especially the lauded proprietors, than Mr. (irev Porter Was aware of. 1 The second impoitant fact ascertained is, that i?. or whenever tile tederalists shall announce their plan, it will be received wiih deference and respect -it will be discussed with coolness and temper and il we are compelled by our great principle ol mii tonality to reject it in part, or in the entire, it iTillj counity 10 * oi lhe mo8t concilia Thirdly?It is also ascertained lhat if the Reoeal. era should lind the plnn of Federalism is one by *hic?. Ireland could get all tliatsimnle Bepeal could give her, and something more? that in sach case the t'-rferalists will be permitted, and even solicited, 0 lake their natural station acoordisg to their ta 'ertt, wealth, and rank, at the head of the move ment. * Let me then tell my IHIow-countrynien that our experiment has not totally failed; it must uecessari V KHve behind it an impression ol the entire ab ^'0 ,nn,; fln*ry, irr.iafing. or vexatious spirit tmon? the Repealers?)es, and an impression also indelible, of our anxiety lor conciliation and har mony iimorigHt Irishmen of every claw, creed, per HUHMion and political principlr. I think it right to express my very strong opinion that we should have had a very powerful Federal lemonstration, it the Kn?l.sh Whig party had not succeeded in sliding it for the present There is somethi g exceedingly ludicrous in the fact, that whilst ihe English Tory press were abusing the m i nn ab"!inK me for having, as they untruly alleged, entered into a compact to substitute Fed rkB u/7 Repeal, and thus to assist in bringing the Whigs again into ofhee, the Whigs were at that very lime counteracting every effort of mine to procure a declaration Irorn the Federalists; and 'hey actually succeeded in preventing a Federal decliMtion, which I believe would have long since appeared but for their antagonist exertions. There is nnother thing certain, that whether or not we snsll have any other Federalist t..ake an appeal lo Ihe Irish public, Mr. <;rsy Porter has in his pamphlet pledged himself to produce his plan of l ederaliRm before the end of ihe present year and judging from his chnracter it is to the last de-' gree probable that he will redeem that pledge ? 1st us, however, i?i the mear.titne exert all onr ener gies to forward the Ife|>ral cause, as if this inter I'tde had not occurred. It is quite tnte that according to the constitution of the Repeal Association. Federalism is un open ?mention, and wr have admitted, aa avowed Fede ralists many .ndividuals cf ihe lir>t resrectabiiiiv lor one instance, the Bight Rev. I)r. Kennedy, the' Oaiholip Bishop of Killaloe; yet 1 am very deci dedly of opinion, arid respectfully submit that opi nion to the association, that it is much better to i ''0n8 l.? ^rTali "nd confine our eflorts to the restoration of the Irish parliament, ItrT,??eeH:,n*. aniyth,n? farther, marking how! ever distinctly, the limit between simple Bei*al and Federalism. ' ^ Simple lteiieal, 1 take it, consists in this?First* on the preservation ol the connection between Oreat Britain nnd Ireland, through the mesns of a sole executive and the golden link ol the crown. the R^'l'e8' ol Union statute ?0ih (?co. III., chap. -17. Ihirdly?In the restoration of the Irish House of Lords in all its integrity. Fourthly?In the reconstruction (upon reform principles) ol the I-ish House of Commons, con sisting of 300 members distributed upon the basis 01 population, thai being the basis adopted in the Kngl sli reform bill. Fifthly?That the restored Irish parliament should have all the powers which 'were vested in the Irish parliament before the Union,'that is lo say, cnnplite legislative nnd judicial authority in Ireland. ' I think it right to state my thorough conviction, as well us my perfect determination, that we saould never consent to receive less for Ireland innn what is contained in these five propositions : (his would be giving Ireland to the Irish, but it Wr01!! 'hem nolurther share in the advantages I of British connexion. It will, however, amply eonient ine.became the Irish parliament would have III 11m !I inherent uicai.s ?.| . rpo?ing ihe abuse 1 by ureal Britain of the power* which are vested ig

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